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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS 'AND TIMES; THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19M,
LIMIT HOURS OF LABOR
Gii (it mil tn nfl rrssemea lu
.(inn iiinni in r ecu .i uuiiiniu
ate as Shown by Iteport of Com
mission Appointed by the
Diocese of Vermont.
e Rev. cnaries unasc wnson or at.
cnuren reaa last oven nc nt n
tb l ir inn i wiiKr tin nnn.iHi i 'imni.
In Our Own State," the meeting be
held In the small lecture
of the Y. M. C. A. nnd
of a series of educational lectures to
leld during the winter, eight lectures
II being planned, among the speakers
Judge E. C. Mower. Mrs. II. S.
'trd. nrejddent nf th tenmnv nt.
d at the meeting last evening.
Wilson's paper laM evening was the
1 at the convention of the Kplscop.il
ese at Bennington on September 23.
commission, which was appointed In
consists of Joseph T. Stearns of this
and Newman K. Chaffee of Rutland.
des Mr. Wilson, and the duties of the
mission Wern tn irnlher InfnPTtintfnn
Wilson's paper, which it- herewith
Lea in nn. mrms tni nriKia nr sl mil
ch Is to be presented at the present
REPORT OP COMMISSION.
commission was created, has limited
Investigations to tho Industrial corn-
been undertaken, a very serious
tflnn fit affairs In urn. rural .-ttn.
tlin hHR heen mvejilprl liv .T. IV.
ss of vergennes, the superintendent
ho State Industrial school. Howvit
ruling a discussion of the problems
is reDon. f or mis reason our rn.
does not purport to give a fair lm.
sion or conditions In the State as a
In Tl nnM VwmII lV Mr, tnr.nnu mlr nnl.i
ern to discover what was lacking In
Industrial system. We have endeavor-
to form a Just estimate of existing
Bennington, Rutland, Burlington,
ows Falls. In addition to these
lita ut jiiiui umuuii, me commission
received valuable assistance from
ned workers In the State nrlsnn at
nKnr. inn nn iha nr rnrroM nn at
and tho Industrial school at Vcr-
p. ir wnn mir mrnntinn tn hnim
worK ot investigation done by or
ethlng for our Men's clubs to do, In
i lu . uoliiv LiiTTH r Ai.ir nrr. rinr i nr
reason or another none of the work
the commission has been done by
Men's clubs. This failure is a matter
ret The information upon which
report is based has been gathered
clergymen and interested churchmen
he towns above named.
arawicK, fiarre ana uetnel owe their
trv Th unfnna fit V .,!..
' . . . , n".i,ii: Luiicii
very strong and well organized. With
elcrht hour dav nnd vhup mnai
nr. BTriii ft t ii n n rnn at niimi - w v,
mo, me (jiniiiio uuuer IB wen assured
is no complaint of child labor.
. in una
Bennington, Burlington and Wlnoo-
capci-itiny in me lexuie millf1, wo
confronted with a different situation.
ft rule In these factories, 10 hours eon-
rusn or. Dusmees ana men. wompn
children work 12 and 13 hours a day
days and week 8 consecutive. In some
apparent. It has been maintained by
1. r.mA O . . .1
ill not 'nmwrn in tiir. nron miri,,,
secure the business which Is nece.s-
jr iw men lummuui jij OSptTIiy. It
however, the opinion of your uom-
W i. i
Hi rill n w M H I TTlflV IlUTirwin In I. . .
unreiegatea industrial system of our
ao noi vemuro to say that it hnnnnn.
gin oi io ye-ars oi age, was employed
a textile mill at W. It was during tho
ho season last winrer. liar
o:3o- p. m., or almost 131-2 hours a
V. throuch tho week, with sLitnrrin,
Rrni mnx fin. J i inn Hnn nr a mnnti.
thlB work, tho girl's "boss" came to
r house at ".'no a. m. Sunday morning
n rffiiipwicri npp in Lrnr iiti jttin ,nm.t f.
nhn..i1 lm mi.il I . ..1 ., U..1. n . M
upon the statute book In this State
limit or to regulate the hours of labor
men, women or children. Tho casual
sh rv ' r in ii v hi i nrinun i ii-ir i nniin n
uiiuh neeu nni worn me nxira lime, un-
Hhe chooses to. It Is, however, a
L'niiun. in rnti.MT nsi: nrn.i. nr wnrmn r
extra time or not at all.
careful examination of the Industries
the State reveals the fact that we have
our mills and factories several hundred
... uviwtcii ine hkch oi id to zi. v or
em a normal day's work Is 10 hours in
V nfternrinn fran It, n ...... .n.. I
e, ariwH tw iium it. weeK, or i nours
day. At an age when u child Is grow
g and developing rapidly, such excea-
clous effect, It Is tho opinion of your
mmlsslon that a per.Hon who has worked
uer Miifii pnniiiii.itm ir.tni rn.. jiifn .,r
Is unfitted for the dutle.i of parentage.
riMr x v,i i ro n r mta i mn t... w n
I'Uwnll nf tl,.. U.uf.1 i,ll.ll ..nil., rmtrt-
Isslon, Iiuh ha1 tho cordlul support of
Is commlHJ'lon. Tho hill Is modelled
ion the Massachusetts act which went
to effect on Ju!lUl 1, 1111.'. provision
mode for a nlnu hour day or 01 hours
week for women, and all minors under
years of age. In "seasonable" trades
hour a week aru allowed, provided
e average for the year Is not moro than
hours a week, or a nlno hour day.
ntatlon of this bill in tlio (coming) I,eg-,
tslature to be assembled In October.
Considerable time and attention have
toeen devoted to the question of regulat
lng the hours of work for women and
children. Your commission has felt that
in thla particular matter there waa need
for Immediate action. It Is not a matter
for hysterics or sentimentality. Yo,ur
commission holds It to be a question of
protection for those, who under the ores.
ent system are without any safeguards
Against a ruthless exploitation. A sad
part of the story is that In some Instances
this law Is needed to protect the children
against the greed or poverty of
their own parents. Pew men will
be bo rash as to dispute the truth
or what has been said regarding thl
matter of woman and child labor. To
, our minds, it is not only a question of
wnat nas happened in the past, or what
the present conditions of industry may
do in mis atate. Vermont Is rapidly be
coming an Industrial community. Wo
may look forward to see the history of
Massachusetts and New Hampshire re.
peated possibly on a smaller scale. May
wo profit by their example! To our
minds, this measure is much more.
preventative for evils which have borne
bitter fruit in our-sister commonwealth,
Tho Vermont law provides with certain
exceptions that no child under fourteen
years of age shall be employed In
mill or factory, Furthermore, that no
child under sixteen years of age shall
be so employed during publlo school term,
Provided that a certain specified amount
of work has been done In school, the
town superintendent of schools may
grant a certificate to children under six.
teen years of ago which will permit of
their employment In a mill or factory,
This certificate Is deposited with tho em
ployer for his protection. As regards
child labor. It Is the opinion of your com
mission that the law Is all right. There
Is some evasion of the law. It may be
In some cases due to the carelessness of
the employer. In some cases It has been
duo to the mendacity of children, or
their parents. No adequate provision has
yet been made for tho proper enforce
ment of the laws which have to do with
this subject. The truant officer, or the
town superintendent of schools "may'
visit a manufacturing establishment to
examine the children therein employed
That Is to say, he may or he may not,
It will bo obvious to the convention
that what is needed Is a system of State
Inspection for all manufacturing estab
lishments. Without at all questioning the
ability or Integrity of local officials, It
Is a matter of fact that a State official,
In virtue of his position, would be more
competent to secure the enforcement of
the law. Tho experience of other in
dustrial communities teaches u this
lesson. The commonwealth of Massachu
setts expends $136,000 annually in
thorough and efficient system of State
Inspection of mills nnd factories. New
Hampshlie spends $7,000 annually for the
same purpose. Without nn efficient sys
tern of fnctory Inspection, the best laws
on theBe subjects may be of little value,
The question of Sunday observance has
been a matter of discussion. It is well
known that some of our manufacturing
establishments have paid little heed to
the Lord's day. The Vermont law on this
subject, while It may be so construed as
to prohibit physical activity of almost
any description, upon Sunday, is sufficient
for our needs. Here again the difficulty
is that we seem to have at present no
official whose duty it Is to take th
Initiative in securing the enforcement of
the present law. It cannot be expected
that any worker In a mill or manu
facturlng establishment will complain of
any violation of this Sunday law. Such
a complaint on his part would simply
mean the loss of Ills position. No citizen
In an Industrial town, as a rule, cares
to Interfere in such a matter. Hp may
be opposed to Sunday work as unneces
sary and burdensome, but to tnke action
seems only to Invite trouble and un
pleasantness with men upon whose good
will he may be In some ways dependent
Town and city grand Jurors and State's
attorneys decline to do detective's work
The employment of professional de.
tectlves or "spotters," In these, or other
matters, troubles the conscience of the
people. Here again. In the opinion of
your commission, there Is need of a com
prehensive system of State Inspection
which will afford the machinery for the
prompt and efficient enforcement of tho
It 'will be well to note the effect of
such regulation of woman and child
labor, as your commission advocates, up
on the scalo of wages for men. As con
ditions are at present, In our Industries
where women and children com
pete with men for the samo
class of work, the unregulated com
petition of women and children who
can afford to worV cheaper, tends to
force or to keep down the scale of wages
for men. And precisely because a man's
ability to earn Is forced down by such
competition of woman and child labor.
that sanm man many find it necessary
to take his own cliildren out of school
and his wife out of her home to work
with him in the mill in order to main
tain his household.
THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC.
In asking for reports of social condi
tions tn the industrial towns of the State,
attention was directed to the liquor traf
fic. It seemed best to ascertain what in
telligent and Informed opinion is as to
the enforcement of the present law.
One of the strongest arguments against
the old prohibitory law was, that It did
not prohibit; that intoxicating liquors
were sold Just as freely in hotels, drug
stores and dives as If they were oper
ating under license. Not only that there
was free and open selling of such in
toxicating liquors ps If the sellers held
a license, but aUn that the existence of
buch a prohibitory luw upon tho statute
book, openly disregarded and flouted,
brought nil law Into disrespect and con
tempt, To drunkenness and disorder
there seemed to be added tho crowning
bhunio of public hypocrisy. Any public
minded citizen must view with gravo
concern the natural results of such pub
lic hypocrisy. It might happen, and it
has happened that those men most
Btrongly convinced of the wisdom and
necessity of tho prohibitory law would
do llttlo to secure that prompt and vig
orous enforcement which alone would
make It of value to the community.
When men favored tho local option
Jaw and when men votto "yes" to-day,
It may be with the conviction that they
are voting to regulate a traffic which,
In their Judgment, It is unwise or Im
posslblo to dispense with altogether. We
liavo substituted regulation for prohibi
tion. And the name criticism must bo
made of tho prehent system. Prohibi
tion does not prohibit, and regulation
does not regulate. Under cither system
wo have In addition to drunkenness und
public dlsuider the crowning disgrace of
publlo hypocrisy. When our evidence
gives us tho opportunity to form a Judg
ment, it Is our deliberate opinion that
It Is seldom, If ever, that a determined,
consistent and systematic ottent Is
niado to enforce our laws dealing with
tho liquor traffic. Whether a town votes
"yes" or "no," thu illegal and unli
censed traffic is not seriously disturbed.
Perhaps this statement should lm
qualified a little, us to conditions In
ceituln towns or cltleH voting "yes"
Given good license commissioners who
exercise care and discretion In granting
licenses, and who mako frequent and
unheralded examinations of the licensed
places licensee, who respect the law and
live up to Its provisions; good prose
cuting officers and a good police force;
wo believe that there Is leas illegal sell
ing than would be the case If a town
voted "no," or If wo had a prohibitory
law, and that social conditions are bet
ter. In other words the matter of social
conditions In a community where the
sale of Intoxicating liquor Is licensed,
depends upon the men of such a com
munitythe men who fix the amount of
license fees and grant the licenses, the
men who are so licensed, tho men chosen
for prosecuting officers, and the person
nel of the police force. If these men are
of the right standnrd, social conditions
(we believe) should be better In a town
voting "yes." If they aro not of the rlirht
standard, conditions may be Infinitely
worse than If the town had voted "no,"
or If we had a prohibitory law. Regula
tion can regulate, but perfect regulation
is nn Ideal difficult of attainment. That
this Ideal has been approached In certain
instances wo are glad to record, but we
lament that In many other Instances,
mere nas Deen little, if any, attempt to
The present non-enforcement of the
liquor law has the same Influence upon
public morality as the non-enforcement of
the old prohibitory law. Slowly but
surely It breeds disrespect and contempt
for all law.
The Innocent observer might suppose
that when a town has voted "yes," a
man who pays $800 or $1,000 for a license
to sell liquor would be quick to secure Un Jress were the style, a great tempta
tho conviction of a druggist, hotel, or
dive-keeper, who is selling without a
license. Tho strong motive of self-lntcr-ost
to protect himself against an unfair
and Illegal competition would, It seems,
Impel the licensed dealers to secure a
vigorous enforcement of the law. As a
niattcr of fact the ordinary license holder
Ii living in a gloss house and darc.i throw
no stones. If he Is not violating somo
provisions of the law by selling to minors
ct habitual drunkards, he Is afraid that a
case may be "framed up" against htm.
That is to say, If he Is notconsciously vio
lating any provisions of the law, his
method of conducting his business Is not
so careful and scrupulous as to Insure
him against a so-called "frame-up."
Of our prosecuting officers It may be
said that our town and city grand Jurors
snd State's attorneys do not consider
themselves to be detectives. If a formal
complaint Is made and satisfactory evi
dence Is forthcoming, the authorities will
act. Town grand Jurors, especially In
the smaller communities, are very un
willing to Institute proceedings against a
neighbor or fellow citizen. It Is to the
failure of this official to do his duty
fearlessly that much of our present trou
ble Is due. If tho State's attorney is will
lng to act, it is when some public-spirited
citizen Is willing to take upon himself the
onus of responsibility by making com
pliant and securing or helping to secure
the evidence necessary to a conviction.
In the last resort It Is not a question of
blaming the town or city grand Jurors or
State's attorneys. These officers arc con
venient scapegoats who bear away the
sins of the people. The real responsibil
ity for the non-enforcement of cur liquor
iws rests upon the small groups of Influ
ential citizens In our communities. These
leaders, social, business or religious lead
er, may move heaven and earth In holy
cr unholy zeal for license or prohibition.
A great campaign is carried on and tre
mendous commotion is aroused to secure
yes" or "no" vote In March. But once
the desired vote Is secured but little of
that samo zeal Is directed to secure the
Igorous enforcement of that policy
tvhlch their votes have made law. Your
commission feels that churchmen who
ere for that reason, good citizens, can do
much to arouse the public conscience.
ew, even among well informed men,
realize the extent to which kitchen dives
and kindred resorts have worked havoc
In our midst. The vigorous enforcement
of our liquor laws means a measure of
protection for the habitual and helpless
liunkards and their wives and children
who need to be protected against those
who exploit them. The helplessness of
the habitual drunkard and the sufferings
of those dependent upon him, may well
excite our pity and compassion. The un
scrupulous greed of those men who pan
der to and exploit human bin nnd frailty
must arouse our righteous indignation.
their work can be of no lasting valuo
unless the public conscience Is aroused
and publfc opinion Ib behind them.
Truly wo hava self government with
a vengeance nnd pay well for It
when prominent citizens, many of
whom are churchmen, aro willing ao-
tlvely to support our proascuUng of
fleers there will be an opportunity to
develop nnJ pursue such a policy as
wisdom may suggest.
If In this report your commission
has Jono anything to arouse church.
men ond cltlzonB generally to the grav.
Ity of the situation our labor has not
been In vain. The enforcement of the
laws on this subject calls for the ut
most discretion. Your commtssron ap
preciates the many difficulties of a
situation which calls for prayerful
thought and patience In action.
It will be Interesting to report th
cases of 23 iniien gins nnd women
who were Interviewed as to their for
mer mode of life and the reasons for
their downfall. Two of tho twenty
three ascribed rt to be Inability to liv
on their wages; the other twenty-one
SBCrlbod their downfall to tho desire
to possess fine clothes and Jewels and
other adornments such as thdlr more
fortunato sisters possessed. Tho con
vention will see that one of the Items
In the cost of high living Is the down
fall of those who desire to dress well
and will sell themselves In order to
dress extravagantly. For their sakoi
clergyman Is bound to exhort the
female members of his congregation
to simplicity In dress. If simplicity
tlon would he avotdod,
In this State there is no aiequato
provision for the care or reformation
of fallen girls and women. We ne.iJ
a Christian Homo for such. The In
dustrial School may bo useful for sonn
cases. In the State's prison and House
of Correction no adequato care can h
given to all who so sorely necil thu
beneficent influence of a Christian
Home. When tho time comes that the
church of Vermont can support an In
stitution for tho glory of Ood, your
commission feels that it should be such
a home. Our physicians will bo more
Inclined to operate when they knoiv
that there are hospitals and Sisters of
Mercy to nurse their patients back to
YOUNG NURSE ARRESTED.
Wandering In Village of Mrndon nnd
Ilutlnnd, Oct. 13. Wandering in the
rain of early this morning through the
village of Mendon, a small hamlet, a
few miles from this city, a young wom
an nurse, giving the name of Sarah
Meader, was found and later detained
by the locnl officers after her Insane
actions had caused a complaint to bo
lodged by C. E. Aines. The woman's
appearance caused tlfc police to bellevo
they had Amelle McAulcy Leonard, tho
nurso who recently acquired notoriety
by escaping from the Worcester Stato
hospital for the insane. This theory was,
however, exploded when this afternoon
the matron and nn attendant, together
with a member of the State police, came
to Rutland and at the House of Correc
tion said she wns not the person want
ed. The story told by the oman gave
rlso to the suspicion that she was the
fugitive wanted. She talked with a
Scotlsh accent and told of working In
hospitals In various parts of the coun
try. Her description tallied In almost
every particular. The woman under ar
rest here has been in the vicinity for a
few days and her actions were regarded
as queer by the authorities at Poultney,
where she passed the day, Friday. She
will be held here pending nn investiga
tion and probate examination as to
her mental condition.
The Meader woman Is about 2S years
old, has brown hair and gray blue eyes.
and weighs about 120 pounds. She says
is a Canadian by birth.
X-SzWm m T!?ere ,re Mverl Winchester Repeating
There are several Winchester RnMtfno.
Rifles specially adapted to shooting W
u u . . . o o o w,
.u u 8 ucvotees. Whichever one is selected will be
found perfectly satisfactory, as they are all tried and
true. Don t make any mistake in selecting a rifle for
big-game shooting, as it may mean a serious matter.
wmcnester and take no chances. They are
sold by all dealers and their cost is moderate.
Send postal to Winchester Repeating Arms Cn ..,
kinds of shooting, and ammunition for all make! It firearms.
TBMYmVMR FAIL TO MBUT REQUIREMENTS
Conking mid Serving Conducted
MKNU FOR TO-MORROW.
Cereal with Raisins and Crerim
Eggs in the Shell
'ream of Potato Soup
Chicken with Spaghetti
Caramel Ico Cream
Shrimps In Tomato Sauc
Orange Layer Cake
THE SOCIAL EVIL.
The report of the Chicago vice-commis
sion has been of great assistance In this
branch of our work. Dean Sumner of our
cathedral in Chicago was at the head ot
this commission and his part In that
great work will add to the Interest It pos-
besses for all churchmen. Naturally one
cannot compare conditions In Chicago
with those existing in small towns ot
northern New England. But human na
ture Is tho same and Dean Sumner's
commission and report have much to
teach us. If one may speak of a reve-
ation coming from the lower regions
society, we have In that report i;
revelation of what may be found under
the veneer of a Christian civilization.
Our Information from the smaller
towns Is to the effect that there are
few if any disorderly houses ani no
treot soliciting. In Uurllngton and
Wlnooskl with Fort Ethan Allen, the
ituatlon is different. It la a matter
of common knowledge that there ire
disorderly houses and houses of as
signation. At Wlnooskr the presence
U. S. troops creates a situation with
which the local authorities seem un
able to cope. When the canteen was
abolished, the soldiers wen driven
moro than before, to seok their amuse
ments elsewhere than on tho reserva.
tlon. Consequently these amusements
aro provided for in resorts along the
rghway from the reservation to WI
noosS village. In these resorts up J
others of kindred nature there have
been murdors nni dlvors other crimes
hlch have created great scandal, hut
ave not availed to awaken the public
conscience. The most repulsive aspect
of this bad business is that it is all
commercialized. Serious crimes and
even murler Itsolf, are but Incidents
In the day's work of a lucrative and
well established traffic In 'human sonic
anl bodies. Gambling, drunkenness.
rioting and Jealous passion, together
with the carrying of concealed weap
ons, furnrsh at any and all times tha
necessary background for bloody
rimes anl murder, Your commission
wishes to put itself on record In this
matter, When a man leases property
to be used for such purposes he should
know as well as tho proprietor of the
resort that In the long run hloodv
rimes and even murder Itself urn
necessary Incidents to such a lucrative
What Impresses your commission u
grant deal Is the fact that the officers
f the law appear to have no consist.
ent policy either of regulation (of such
resorts) or or constant repression wtth
annihilation as tho Ideal, Here again
private citizens hesitate and UUHko tn
net. Officers of the law do not con
slder themselves to be detectives. Thn
use of professional detectives Is not
popular among our people. Prosecut
ing officers complain very Justly that
tllFFEHK.N'CK IN FAIISI PRODUCTS.
(From tho St. Albans Messenger.)
It is pretty hard to convince some
men who have been on a farm for
years, and who have always found
the ways of their fathers sufficient In
the tilling of the soil. It is difficult
to convince some of these men that
new tangled methods of agriculture
are worth while. But every now and
then there comes to view some com
parison of tho old ways with the new
which must tend to shake such firm
belief In tho valuo of the old.
Such a comparison Is now receiving
considerable attention in the press of
the eastern section of tho country.
There are two farms not far distant
from Elmlra, N. Y. They adjoin each
other, and thore Is no great difference
In the climatic conditions or n the
fertility of the soil; one might well
be added to the other. So It may bo
seen that they aru about equal In all
those things which go to make up the
Starting out at tho beginning of tho
year on equal footing, what Is tho
standing at tho ond of tho twelve
months? The difference is the differ
ence betwoen the old and the now,
there can be no other way to account
for It. The first farm after paying five
per cent, on tho capital invested
yielded a net profit of $131, while tho
second showed a net profit of $1,788.
And that is some difference. It Is, in
truth, the difference between success
and failure, for If a given farm is
able to make a roturn of about $1,788,
someone has failed If that possible
amount Is In renllty reduced to less
And the high cost of living comes
In a bit, too. It is very evident that
under the old conditions of loose cut
on the farm, It will bo a difficult task
to keep production up to the pace of
consumption. There Is only one thing
that can bo dono by tho farmer out of
Justice of himself and to his fellows,
nnd that Is to tnko what science offers
him, go In for such crops as his soil
Is flttod for, and to cultivate Inten
sively. This, to many minds, Is plain;
some minds will refuse to see It, it
Is one of tho duties of the government,
through Its agriculture department, to
keep everlastingly at Its educational
(From tho Cleveland Plain Dealer
Only one Interruption now before the
filial stretch of the campalgn-the world's
series. Then we shall bo nblo to renter
attention on such secondary matters as
electing a president and n governor.
Alaska Ih holding hor first agricul
tural fair and next year will export
wine, fruit, vegetables and grain to
British Yukon and tho States.
Albeit U. Stewart, foreman of an Ice
house on the Kennebec river, says; "I
have tiMd Foley's Honey and Tar Com
pound personally for a number of years,
once for a severe cold I contracted whlhi
working on the Ico. Two bottlos com
pletely cured mo." J. W. O'Sulllvan, u
Church street. Adv.)
Allow to each pint of flour two eggs,
one and a half cupfuls of milk or milk
and cream, butter thu size of a walnut,
sprinkle of snlt and thiee level tea
spoons of baking powder.
Mix salt nnd baking powder well Into
the flour, rub the butter In evenly, then
me eggs, well beaten, and stir in the
Have thu waffle irons hot and well
gi eased. Pour the batter In nnd bake
Immediately. The batter should be
rather thin, uhoiit tho consistency of
SHRIMPS IN TOMATO SAUCE.
Cook a sprig of parsley and one table
spoon each of finely cut onion and carrot
in one large tablespoon of butter, blend
In three tablespoons of tlour, add one
half teaspoon of salt, one-quarter tea
spoon of paprika, two cloves and a bit
of bay leaf, then add slowly one cup of
stock and one cup of tomato pulp. Stir
until thickened, let simmer 15 minutes,
then strain and reheat. Dip a pint of
shrimps in milk, roll them In Hour and
fry in bubbling hot butter. Pour the
sauce over slices of toasted bread, cover
with the shrimps and sprinkle lightly
with parsley and lemon Juice.
CHICKEN WITH SPAGHETTI.
Singe, clean and truss a nice, fat
chicken. Lay It on a trivet, or a per
forated stew pan, and add boiling water
to half cover, and one level tablespoon
of salt. Let It cook very slowly, till
tender, from one hour to one nnd one
half, according to the age of the chicken.
When tender pour off one pint of the wa
ter and set It aside to cool. Cover tho
chicken and let It stand where It will keep
warm but not cook longer. Into another
stew pan put one tablespoon of butter
and cook ( In It without browning, ono
small onion sliced, then pour In the pint
of chicken liquor freed from oil, und when
boiling add one cup of macarnl broken
In Inch pieces or about a dozen long
sticks of spaghetti, colling them in as
the boiling broth softens them. Let it
boil until the broth is nearly absorbed.
then add one cup of milk or thin cream
and cook slowly until the spaghetti Is
tender nnd has absorbed tho liquor.
wnen tnis is nearly done draw the
chicken forward and let It become boll
lng hot again. Remove the chicken to a
platter and cut it in convenient pieces
for serving. Let the liquor boll
down to one pint, skim off the fat,
and then stir the llquod gradually
Into the tablespoons of tlour which have
been cooked In two tablespoons of hot
butter or of the fat which was skimmed
from thu liquor. Add celery salt ond
paprika. Turn the spaghetti over tho
chicken nnd pour the sauce over the
whole. Onrnlsh with parsley.
Six tomatoes, one egg, one-half cup
dried bread crumbs, salt, pepper, flour,
Cut tho tomatoes In halves, crosswise;
tut oif a thin slice from the rounded part
of each section; season with salt and
pepper. DL) in flour, eggs und crumbs,
and broil over a clear lire.
ORANGE LAYER CAKE.
Yolks of two eggs, tvo cups of sugar,
grated rind and Juice of one orange, grat
ed rind and Juice of one-half lemon, cne-
half cup of cold water, two cups of Hour,
one heaping teaspoon of baking powder,
whites of three eggs b- atcn stiff. Bako
In layer cake tins.
FROSTING FOR ORANGE LAYER
Two cups of confectioner's sugar,
whlto of ono egg, grated rind of one
half an orange, Juice enough to smooth.
WHOLE TOMATOES, CANNED,
The tomatoes should be smooth, sound,
and small, thu Juis should liavo a wide
mouth and new, tight-fitting rubbebrs.
Put the tomatoes lu n wliu basket, und
plunge them into a kettlo of boiling wa
ter, then Into cold water. Drain and
slip tho skins off with as little waste as
pcikslble, and without breaking. With a
spoon lay them carefully Into tho Jars
ns closely as can bo done without crush
iug the fruit, und with the stein end up.
Adjust the rubbeis and covers, but do
not fasten the screw or clamp. Put a
board In a boiler, arrange the Jars so
they will not touch, then pour In cold
water to come nearly to the top of the
Jars and boll about nn hour after it bolls
all over. Meanwhile have plenty of fresh
boiling water, and when you remove the
Jars, stand them on a folded wet towel,
or In a pan of hot water, fill to overflow
ing with boiling water, put on the covers
and seal Immediately. When cold, tight
en the clamp, turn upside down, and If
they aro tight put them away In a dark
place. Mary J. Lincoln.
Four pounds of hard pears, four
pounds brown sugar, six lemons, one
fPunce of white ginger-root. Peel, core
and quarter the pears, nnd cut Into thin
slices. Cut the lemons In the same way,
(leaving peel on, remove seeds). Mix al
together, boiling three or four hours or
until the syrup looks clear. When about
half done remove the ginger-root, and re
place with one cupful of candled ginger,
cut into small dice. Mrs. Richard C.
Eighteen rlpo tomatoes, three red pep
pers, four onions; chop these all fine,
one cup of brown sugar, two and a half
I cups of vlnegnr, one tublespoonful salt,
one tablespoonful of mustard; stew all
together one hour or more.
(Walking to church)
(In the collection)
S. S. Dessert.
Corned Beef. Cabbage.
Mashed Potatoes. Turnip.
Rulsln and Suet Pudding. Cream.
Cottage Cheese Sandwiches.
Well, tho fireless cooker will take care
of the corned beef. By starting it lust
as late ns convenient Saturday night
it will be all right for dinner.
The three story steam cooker will
tnkc earn of all the vegetables. The
coffee Jelly will be made the night before
and John will turn the cream freezer,
so thcro will bp a chance for me to rest
and attend church, whllo also providing
a good and substantial dlnne. Wo sure
ly need to have espclally good nnd nu
tritious dinners on Sundays, but also we
who must cook them need to have as
much of the rest and church opportunity
as reasonably possible,
STEAMED RAISIN AND SUET PUD
This pudding will he easily kept by
making ahead and re-steamlng before
serving, or, as it requires about three
hours to steam, it can be set on to
cook the Inst thing before starting to
church and given immediate attention
Chop to a powder enough suet to mako
one cupful nnd add half a cupful of
brown sugar, thiee well-beaten eggs and
one cupful of sour milk. Stir in two
cupfuls of sifted flour mixed with half
a teaspoonful each of cinnamon, nutmeg
nnd salt, add one teaspoonful of soda
dissolved In ono tablespoonful of boiling
water and finally add one and one-half
cupfuls of ftoncd raisins well coaoted
with flour. Turn Into a greased pudding
mold, cover closely and steam about
three hours. Serve with hard sauce.
lard, one level tablespoon each of singes
and soda, a saltspoon of salt,
one tablespoon of vinegar and
four cups of sifted flour. Add the lat
cup of Hour carefully, because the mo
lasses may be so thick that it will no.
all be needed. Bake In a shallow pan
and serve with a lemon sauco or steam
In a mold two hours.
FRUIT OA KB.
2 oups of butter.
2 cups of sugar.
3 eups molasses.
2 1-3 cups sweet milk.
6 eups of flour.
1 teaspoon soda.
2 teaspoons cream tartus.
1 teaspoon cinnamon.
1 tea noon mace.
1 scant teaspoon clov.
1-2 teaspoon nutmeg.
2 cups Sultana raisins,
2 cups citron.
2 cupq chopped dates
Put together like ordinary cake mix
ture. Stenm four hours in a brick lojf
bread pan. This quantity will mnk
thteo loaves. Mary Macdcna'd.
Cream ono cup of butter and two cut
of sugar together. Add the yolks of flv
egss. and the whites of thieo well beat
en, ono scant cup of milk
and four level teaspoons of baking pow
der sifted with three cups of flour. Bak
In two shallow pans.
Pue and remove the bruised parti
nnd core good wind fall pears, or thos
which have fallen from the trees, cut
them in miii.11 pieces and fill a deep
pudding dish. Sprinkle over them half
a cup of sugar, add half a cup of water,
cover cloely and bako very slowly three
or four hours, or until red and clear.
When one has a quantity of fruit to
save In this way, It Is a good plan to
can it after the baking, as then It may
bo kept somo time, and the flavor ob
tained by baking Is more delicious than
that of tho stenlng common to canned
fruit. Drain oft the syrup from the bak
ed fruit, and put it on to boll. Fill the
Jais with the fruit, being careful not
to make it mushy, then pour In th
boiling syrup, working the spoonhandle
well through tha mass to break any air
bubbles. Then seal as usual. Mary
G. W. Delano, South Waldoboro, Me.
states: "I have used your Foley Kidnej
Pills for lame back and kidney troublt
caused by lifting heavy weights. It hat
given me great relief. My wlfn was af
flicted with bladder trouble and Foley
Kidney Pills have cured her." .1. W
O'Sulllvan, 21 Church street. CAdv
STEAMED BROWN BREAD,
Mix one and one-quarter cups of corn
meul, onu cup of wheat meal or graham
and three-quarters cup of rye Hour, one
level teaspoon of coda and one-half level
teaspoon of salt. Sift twice, then stir In
two-thirds cup of molasses and two cups
of sour milk. Beat and pour Into a but
fered mold, and steam four hours.
AGED RUTLAND MAV DIES.
Rutland, Oct. 13. Alexander Moul
den, one of the oldest men In the city,
died this morning nt the home of hla
kon after a few weeks' illness. Ho
was 90 years old and a native of Eng
land. Mr. Moulden served as a polloa
man at tne first world's fair In 1851 at
London. He is survived by two sons
and two daughters In England, and s
son, John, of this city. The funeral
will bo held Tuesday afternoon at two
Mrs. Mary Bracken, another aged
resident, died this nfternoon. She wit
S5 years old anJ Is survived by a
brother, John L. Downs of Washing
ton, D. C.
BAKED BEANS WITH TOMATO
Soak two cups of beans in cold water
over night, drain, cover with cold water
and bring to tho boiling point, then cook
until the skins will slip off when press
ed between tho fingers. Put tho beans In
an earthen pot, lay on a third of a
pound of salt pork and cover with boil
ing water. Let the beans bake one hour.
Meanwhile make a sauce from one onion
chopped line and cooked In a level table
spoon of butter for live minutes, being
careful that It does not bum. Add a
bit of buy leaf, throe pepper corns, and a
rounding teaspoon of flour. Huh smooth
and cook two minutes, add two cups of
canned tomato, a rounded teaspoon of
sugar, cook quarter of an hour, then
strain through a wire strainer coarso
enough to keep back tho seeds, but not
the pulp of the touinto. Add to tho
beans nnd continue baking threo hours
moro In u moderate oven with tho bean
pot covered until the last half hour.
G I NO EH PUDDING.
Mix mm cup of molasses with ono cup
of milk, ndd two tablespoons of melted
SATURDAY'S FOOTBALL GAMES.
At Hanover Dartmouth 55, Vermont o.
At Worcester Norwich 6, Holy Cross 0.
At Troy Rensselaer Polytechnic 38
At Cambridge Harvaul 25, Williams 1
At New Haven Yale 16, Lafayetto 0.
At Mcdford-Tufts 23, New Hampshire
At Amherst Amherst 11, Springfield J
Massachusetts A. C, 12, Boston College a
At Providence Wesleynn 7, Brown 6.
At Hartford-Trinity 27. Bowdoln 0.
At Orono Maine 18, Rhode Island 0.
At Watervllle Colby CO, Fort Mr
At Exeter Exeter 6, Bates 0.
At Schenectady Union 7, Worcestei
At Annapolis Lehigh 11, Navy 0.
At West Point Army 19, Rutgers 0.
At Princeton Princeton 31, Virginia 0.
At Philadelphia Swarthmore 6, Penn
At Ithaca-Cornell 11, New York 6.
At Syracuse Carlisle .".0, Syracuse 0.
(From the Washington Post i
From the way Ettor and Glovannltti
are being played up, wo have come to tht
conclusion that the Metropolitan Oper
company must consider them stars.
A. M. Mason, a farmer living near Ca
nann, Me., says; "Foley Kidney Pll!
have entirely cured me of sciatic rheu
matism caused by uric ncld In my blood
It hns alfo removed numerous blaclr
specks that were continually before mt
eyes. I nni only too glad to say a goo,'
word for Foley Kidney Pills." J W.
O'Sulllvan, 21 Church stiect. (Adv.