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THE HURIiTNOTON FHI5E J'JIKSS A VII TIMER : TTIUKPDAY, TSTIRTAKY 27, JUJ3,
FARMERS' WEEK HI
,lng was not explained, but tho attentive In nddltton to theso eo-oporntlve bank-1
, hcnrcr roulil not but have gnthored ma- ' Ing associations, there nre nil sorts of
tenai wiictowiin sno could llio bottur linn associations for marketing prodit. .. (tnil
elude Ivluch of Interest to Wom
en as Well as Men.
Tin inunl Pinners' Work opened on
wi'l at t"i verslty yesterday afternoon
was present then, and a
i In tho evening. Addresses
- l'i an J. Is. Hills on "Kami
' 1'iof. I A. Itleh on "Tho
Management of tho Work
K. I'lctorson on "War
Amort, 1' i th . nnd by Or. C. 1''. Ijting
wortl y ( f t . S. department of ugrl
r I'tt.rc on t i" woik of that department
. ! i a About 100 persons were
Pus spoke in substance as fol-
Aifun .i ii
err . 1 ''I
wcr- iv n
Ai.i r. .
. e. p.. I
hersilf a'.'altiHt this horrid Bpoctio.
Illustrations of homo economic train
ing nn offrrod In foreign nnd American
schools and comments thereon closed tho
PROGRAM WAS INTERESDTG
Second liny of Farmer' Week n Unl
vrrMly of Vrrmnnt.
Tho rteeond day of Farmers' Week nt
me university ot Vermont came to a
cheese, butter, milk, etc) and for the
purchase of seeds and fertilisers.
I''arm labor Is scarce and Its cost Is
rising, Kvcry year over 750,000 emigrants
como Into Germany to bell harvest tho
crops, returning again n tho f nil. The
farmers nnd their laborers are well
housed and fed. That thoy aro contented
Is shown by tho fact thnt last year only
:2.(X Germans out of a population of
Tho tariff on ment nnd grains has help
ed thoso Industries, making It possible
dose Tuesday evening with a registration i for the (lorman farmers to compete
fully up to that of previous years, nnd
with a program that held tho close at
tention of all during tho day and ovenlng.
The principal speakers were Dean J. W.
Votry of the college of engineering, who
against the cheap wheat nnd meat of
Cnnocla nnd Argentina. Although theso
protective duties nrc assailed by the
urban and Industrial classes, they will
undoubtedly bo retained. Their repeal
Wants All Mankind to Benefit by
Discovery of Cure for
Tho hope of tho nntlfln Is to bo able to
feed Itself, especially In tlmo of war,
am1, tho it ten Hon of the protect! vo tariff
on farm produce Is In n way a war
i r m nent innmlros aro barnynnl
i . k .mil neat and ureen oroni '
0 r 1 manures aro highly variable
i. ii. pn, ilue to differences In anl
1 tl r aui , ronilltlon. food, to various
nitti in of tiii'agc, preservation, use of
II ti r .it ,! of i in mii-nl aluorbmeiits, etc..
The points -tn -si-d In the nddress were:
0) Tb.it feeds should be bought with
n 'mnrip io tin ,r pi int food contents ns
wi p s 1) tli- ir animal food constituents.
t i i" ..t the (lvc points of good manure
b nil' i ,-. (,i Well fed nhlmnls. (b)
"Well , til' a animals, (c) Well pre
sent! tnniuire (d) Well rompacted
iv at. u (. ie) Well (and quickly) spread
m ir ,irc
( ) Tl- 1 it Is wKer to conserve what we
l.avr nil t) -ise it more judiciously, than
to tpi nd to much for commercial fcrtlll-
t in Ti-l ing peat and murk, t!u spenker
stati 1 th it the experiment st.itlon survey
of tbr St itc indicated Its omnipresence;
thnt innoiit fanners do not appreciate
the nl.mt fui'il winlth thev have at their
TWO MORE PERISH
I Ii THE ANTARCTIC
discussed "Water Hnnnlv Systems for would mean tho ruin of German agrl
Farmv"; Forecaster John K. Hooper ot i c'ltl"'n nnrt ,ur weakening as a nation,
tho local station of the Unltod States
weather bureau, who explained thnt In
teresting mvstcry, "How the Weather .3
."Undo"; nnd Prof. 1). I l.utman, who
brought to IiIh hearers many suggestlnn.-i
of vnlue, In a talk upon "German Agri
culture." From .1:00 until G:(0 p. m. thera was a
serin of demonstrations in agricultural
woik of various kinds. Owing to lllnesr,
rrofessnr 'Messenger was unable to speak
upon "Tim Iturnl School" us he had been
Summaries of thrco of the addresses de
livered Tuesday aro as follows:
WATEK SUPPLY SVSTU.US
FA 1 IMP.
(Hy J. W. Votoy.)
A water supply to bo satlsfnctoty for
nl! farm purpoies should meet the re
quirements of health so fnr as Its purtu
Is conci i ned; should be sufficiently soft'
to be satisfactory for laundry purposes'
and domestic use; the quantity available
should supply the entire farm demands
In tho driest times; If storage Is pro
vided under sufficient head, It should
furnish some lire protection for nil of
tho farm buildings.
A water supply may be secured ns rain
water from tho roirs of tho buildings;
from MIlI'lllUS Oil Ilia lilllulilnu fivin, i'..11o
either th common ,,,, ,1,- ,lnii.' coinpanicd by a Inrgo body of sclentlllc
driven wells or deep dillled wells; brooks !mi" t0 l''01'" thoroughly tho regions
CONSENTS TO OFFICIAL TEST
Albans report la or will employed nnd
ntnto thai a lu' k of srow has Interfered
with r.-tall ti nl, r.ivorablo condltlntis
ii "r reported by tlin mnnufnrturers nt St
Jolinsbury end the winter trndo at tin
stores l reported n little better than una
o).iectfil. Muntpcllnr lo.Miits but Utile
change In cither Its manufacturing or
among tho retail Interests. Harm grnnlto
manufacturers report labor very well em
ployed nnd state tbnt now business for
dprlng delivery Is coming In well. Hol
lows Falls reports certain changes are
being made but at the oilier mills In this
lino plants aro operated full time. Hrattlo-
boro reports lubor well employed and
state that rotull business U as good ns
could bo expected under conditions, lion
nlngton reports but little chnngo In gen
crnl trude or manufacturing Interests. At
Hethcl nn nddltlon Is being built onto one
of tho granlto manufacturing plants, ltc
ports from Woodstock sho domand for
baskets Is In excess of what It generally
Is for this time of the year.
I ThoWsGsRsynolilsGo. ii
Government Surgeon Meets Ger
man Physician Who Comes
to Treat Son-in-Law
English Officer and Swiss Scien
tist Were Members of Aus
tiydnoy, N. S. VT., Feb. SS. Another wns
added to tha list of Antarctic tragedies
by tho report received horo to-day of the
death of two members of tho expedition
commanded by Dr. Douglas Mawum, an
Australian, who left Tasmania in 1011 ao-
or running streams; or from ponds or
lakes. Itnln water, the softest of nil
ni'iMt be collected from clean roofs nnd
around the, southern magnetic polo.
Once ngnln the llritisb army Is affect
ed bv the loss of a brilliant officer.
stored In suitable cisterns. KnrlnirH musl i I-b "l- 15- H- 'Innls of the famous
vcrv ckiii, , m he nail tor ine iiigging nnil ' be above nil buildings and sources of Koyal Fusiliers lies uonn nmiu tno n
tb v cat) '-'n. that, while It Is a slow
purve -or pl.int food, pent or muck i
well wc'ri'i i --ing and ought to bo a bene
fit ti an' soil
Crni ernl i crren manuring, tho speak
er remarked thnt It was a procedure sel
c"om rerrtid to in Vermont, but worth
considering In f-pcrlnl cases, ns In orch
ards ns a rowr crop, for Icechy soils,
13 lletins irs, lS.'i and 1G-1 dealing re
spectively with farm manures, with greet'
rr .inuring and Vermont peats und mucks
ivr re distributed at the clofu of the ad
dress, FACTS FOR IIOUSHKKIJI'KHS.
"The Work o. the United Statics De
partment of Agriculture for House
Keeper " wef the subject of Dr. Lnng
worthy's address. He said thm the United
Btates department of agriculture has
been i ngngeJ In the study of human
nutrition for homo "0 years. This work
originally was carried on. in co-operation
with Wesleynn I'niversity and one ot the
Connecticut Kxp'erlmrnt stations nnd
under the direct supervision of the Into
I)r W. O. iwatei, formerly of ll'ir
lington and a htudent of tho University
Of inte year-i ine work has been sub
divided nail being done by the Cnrnegle
Institute Nutrition laboratory In Hoston,
'ind part by tbr department at Washing
ton The main line of work pursued had
o do wit. i tho employment of the
rcsiiini'l'in calorimeter, a complicated
mcc danism wherein food values are
Jelermlned, not simply by means of
iimlnl analysis, but by measurement of
Ihtir aetunl bodily usages, trials in which
th" Inlef and outgo are nllke measured
in terms ot chemical elements, of
ti trim's and of eneigy. Several im
lortart r . suits have been attained In tho
;e rt th,s mechanism
Tie titer Hhowed several lantern
Hide i Illustrating the composition of
torn nf th. common foods bread, ment
n-gs milk, cereals, vegetables, etc. Theso
pr-ir'Mr Illustrations served to make clear
the relttlon of tho several materials to
bodily iv Mis. The dilution of thu vege-
ta' le, the limitations ot tho egg, thu
Mmilarity of the cereals, tho virtue of
the bean ar.d many other matters were
clearly irvelop- d. The cost of high Uv-
pollution. Wells must be similarly , tarctb- snows although far from the spot
located nnd nre n source of danger If from where his comrade, Capt. Lawrence
close to occupied buildings and must bo
safeguarded from possible pollution. All
surface supplies such as running streams
arc liable to dangerous pollution except
near th Ir sources. In ponds nnd lakes,
look out for local pollution.
Where a gravity supply cannot be se
Uales, of the Innlskllllng Dragoons
perished while returning from tha South
Fold with the late Capt. llnbert F. Scott.
Switzerland also has suffered a great
loss by the death of lr. Mcrz, a capable
scientist ns well as a leading sportsman.
New York, Feb. 2S. The United States
government took olllcinl recognition of
the claim of Dr. Frederick F. Frlcdmann
to the dlcu ery of a euro for tuber
culosis, when, by the order of tho
surgeon-gem rnl, a physician of the United
States mailno hospital service, Dr.
Milton H. 1 oster, was sent to meet the
young Oerman physician on his arrival
hero aboard the steamship Krouprlnzesslii
At the request ot tho government sur
geon. Dr. Frledmnnn, after hnlf nn hour's
confeience aboard the steamship on tho
trip up from quarantine, consented to
turn over a quantity of his bacilli to be
tested by the government anil to demon
strate tho efficacy of his cuio before
physicians of the hospital service. He
ngived to meet a laboratory expert of
the government In this city on Thursday
to arrange for the demonstration which
will be tried on tuberculosis patients.
Dr. Frledmann, who comes to this
country at the Invitation of Charles K.
Flnlay, a vw York banner, who hopes
th" physician will be able to euro his son-in-law
of the disease, declared to-night
thai his remedy was not a secret and
that he purposed to make known "to all
the world" the method by which It Was
administered. It consisted of bacilli taken
from a turtle Into which tubercular
bacilli from a human being, had been
Injected, be ixplalned.
"I bavo bei n working upon the euro
for 14 years and In the last two anil a
half years 1 hnvo treated from u.Sne to
After winning th" si I Jumping chnmpion-
curod from an elevated sourc. the water I ship in Switzerland In Hi., he offered his
may be lifted bv hydraulic rams, or by services to Dr. Douglas Mawson, believing i 3,000 patients." he asserted. "How many
pumps operated by bund, by windmills, I that Ills great ixpirience among Ice nnd 1 1 liaveobsolutr.lv cured I cannot estimate,
by hot air mglnes, gasoline or kcroseno Bnow would !i of m rvlee to the exprdl- but their number has run into the hun-
CENTRAL VERMONT RAILWAY
Time Table lu Hired .Seiili-iuber all, 1!HS!
TIIAIXS i.havi; iiuiii,in;to..
4:05 a. m. lial,y For llt"ureo1'
Ottawa and Chicago.
7:15 a. m. l:xl,'Pt Sunday For all
New KnglnnJ points.
7 '25 a. m. I;!"'rnt Sunday Local
'for Cambridge) junction.
1001 a. m. Hundays nly For St.
a. 111. J'-"00" Kundny Local
'for '.Montreal and Ottawa.
a m Dally New Ungland
Rtnte's Limited for all Now
12:40 p. m... :,t Su"drjc!
IOr M. Alllllliw iljl'l PPi'ii"""'
Whlto Hlver Junction and
New Ungland points.
13 m. l:x('rIlt Sunday r or
Muiit'renl, Houses Point. Og.
densburg and Illcbfoid.
A'n n m Hvcept Sunday Local
i.ou tol-ComhrUgo junction.
fWfi n m Dally Kxi'iesH for Mon
U'aU P' "real ..nd Chleago and local
for Whlto Hlver Junction.
11 -m n m Dally Express for Bos
1J..J.U V. New Lon(lon, sprlnelleld
nnd New York.
TIIAIXS AltlllVt: miltl-lNC.TON.
a m Daily Express from
' 'Hoston, Now London, Now
York and Sprlnglleld.
a. m. i-xcepi nuiniiv
cnglns or by electric motors. Hams nr
the cheapest menns of raising the water,
but require u large supply on account of I
tho wns Windmills ate nlso Incxpen- I
slve in operation, but require u tank for
storage on account of their lntermlttency
action Hot nlr engines will work on
any kind of fuel with little attention. One
gaolunt or kerosene englru eun pump
the water nnd do all of the other power
work on the farm. If cheiip electricity
is available, the electric motor Is a most
satisfactory means or operating the
Waler may be stored In wooden or steel
tanks If above ground, or in brick or
conci'te reservoirs under ground. The
pneuin.it lc system, consisting of u closed
steel tank in the cellar and u hand or
power pump nt nny convenient point, is
an idiMl arrangement as water can be
delhereil at any point in the house or
barn and a hose supplied for fire purposes.
HOW THE WEAT1IEH LS MADE.
(I5y J. K. Hooper, Local Olllclal In
Charge U. S. Weather Bureau.)
Tho speaker discussed:
The development and history of me-
teoiology, or atmospheric physics, slucu
the earliest cl lliz.itlons of the world as
an example of evolution.
The constituents of thu atmosphere
and their distribution; the physical proc
esses and natural laws underlying nt
Tho source of heat and Its distribution;
the complexities ot the problem due to
the Inequality of heat distribution, tho
unhoino genelty of the earth's surface
and the rotation of the earth ami at
mosphere. The convectloiinl currents of tho at
mosphere. The general wind systems of
the world; trade winds; monsoons; land
and mm breczci-.
'1 be water vapor of the ntinosphere, Its
(uuiiv : i the methods of distribution.
Atmospheric, condensation Initiated by
lie 1st winds blowing over cold sui faces;
iib i ruling eonvectlonnl currents; currents
of air forced to aBCetid when encountering
tamers, such us mountain ranges.
The inability of man to effect changes
In tho weather by artificial means, or to
pi event changes beyond his control.
The secondary circulation of the atmos-plii-r,
; ei.is.es of storms, their eh iraeter
istles and behavior; observations of their
paths the bals for attempting weather
Tin discovery by Itcnjaniln Franklin
In 1717 that storms were lotatlonal In
chnr.ii'ter, and his announcement that
those of this region known ns "northeast
ers" really moved to New England from
the southwest instead of from the north-
tion and that his " lentlllc knowledge
also would aid its leider.
The expedition suited out, not with any
' .lfnAa " lliu vi.marlv nurpa nil flirfilR nt
tuberculosis except such cases as aro
quite hopeless, that Is on tho point ot
Idea of ruining to the South Hole, hutiib-nth. The process is a slow onu, but
with thu intention of exploring nnd nnm-j the first effects aro to bo seen Wo or
ing the unknown lands of the Antarctic ' tlueo weeks after innoculatlon. The time
which had never heretofore been traversed , wl'en an absolute cure enn ho said to
by human Int. lie efficted Is a matter of months. Tho
Accoiding to the report: of Dr. Douglas methods of .administering is CO per cent.
Mawson himself, the principal objects of "' cure
FEDERAL COURT IN SESSION
Only One Cnc Set for Trial by Jurr
nt I'roent Term.
Thcro was a stir In tho federal court
room Tuesday attendant upon to. open
ing of the February term ot the United
States district court for the district of
Vermont. Judge James L. Martin pre
sided. Indications point to a short term.
United States Marshal Thomas Hooves
made the opening proclamations. There
wore i grand jurors present and C. C.
Craves of Waterbury was selected as
foreman. About K witnesses had been
summoned to appear before tho grand
Jury, which went Into bossIoii during tho
forenoon. It Is probable that the grand
Jury session will be short. The petit Jury
has been callcil for Thursday morning.
During the morning the docket was
called. Hut one case was set for trial by
Jury nt this term of court, being that of
Ada Fitleld vs. Travelers' insurance com
pany. This rn.e will be continued, It Is
understood. . thnt there will probably
be no work for the petit Jury unless
somo criminal cases nre taken up. He
sides District Attorney Alexander Dun
nett, only two out-of-town attorneys were
present. They woro John O. Snrgcnt of
Ludlow and E. W. Smith of Wells Hlver.
Attorney E. W. Smith of Wells Hlver
for tho plaintiff In the enso ot Frank E.
Kimball vs. II. F. Andrews Sons com
pany, asked that Haymond U. Smith of
WoodBvllle, N. II., be appointed master
to take the New Hampshire testimony In
tho case, anil the lequest was grunted.
There Is one Uuilington case on the
docket, the matter of Vlrn A. Flanders,
alleged bankrupt, which stands on peti
tion nnd answer. V. A. Mullanl, one of
the attarm ys for the petitionee, stated
there wiw to have been a Jury tn.il
originally, but It had been later decided
to take the enso up before the court.
Max L. l'owell, attorney for tho peti
tioners, announced thnt It was not im
probable that an agreement could bo
reached between parties, so the matter
was left for the present.
the expedition were attained and special
in portaut Information was gathered In
regard to the southern magnetic pole
Increased Cost of I, It Ing n Very (7cn
(From the Washington Host.)
That bugaboo, "the cost of living," Is
not conlinlng lt attentions to America
alone, If one is to Judge from some of the
I want all mankind to benefit by my
discoveries. I have already turned ovoi
sotiie ot my bacilli to the Herman gov- ' recent consular reports. Stunrt K. Lup-
rnfortiinately Dr. Mawson and six of ernment and I am very glud to turn i: ton. consul at Karachi, Indiu, has a very
his companions after they had been pick-i over to the American government." , soiry tnle to tell of the Increased cost of
ed up by the Aurora undertook another Dr. Frledmann denied that he had been living.
expedition and were unable to Join tho i offered $l,'00,fl by M r. I'inley If lie would "Thrco years ago." ho says, "n four-
ship which was compelled to leave them ' cure K out cf 100 pntlents In this coun- room house rented for $30 n month. Tho
Carpets. Furniture. Linen?
I personally guarantee (he
absolute and literal truth of
every statement made in this
THANK a LYON
to spend another year in the cold south
FELL INTO CHEVAS.SE YEAH AClO.
Lieutennnt Innls, aceoidhig to a later
despatch, was killed by falling into a cre
vasse nearly a year ago. Ills death was
practically Instantaneous. Wo first de
sired to Join Captain Scott's South Polar
expedition, but a there was no vacancy
he turned to Dr. Maw.-on and was accepted.
er's son-in-law to-morrow.
STOCK FARM ON DECREASE
Thle 1- unit n by Hit- lleport of Hie
! anrf incut of grlenltiire.
A ecoi dims to the onielal report Issued on tin average $131! a month
Ills fath(r In mtlrivl niiVfll sni'npnn
who served under Sir C.eorge Nares on ! n rl"a'"l,v of hls "''"
linnrrt th,. aw. ,t..i a,.,..!,. ,.ii.il expet is to administer to tb. hanu-
tlon In 1876-1.V7H when the explorers de
elaied the pnssagc to the North l'ole to
Piutt'ssor Da-vld, who was a member
of Sir Ernest Shackleton's expedition
which reached within lit miles of the
South Polo In 1WJ, received the following
wireless despatch from Addle land:
"Dr. Douglas Mawson and several of
his men missed the Aurora which had
fcone to fetch them under the command
of Capt. J. K. Davis. This happened ow
ing to unfortunate circumstances.
"Lieut. 13, E. S. Nlnnls of the London
Hoyal Fusiliers and Dr. lic-rtr. who was
ski champion of Switzerland In IMS, who
were members of the expedition are both
dead. All the others are well.
"Dr. Douglas Mawson and six other
members of his party probably will win
ter on Adelle land.
"Some very successful sledding expedi
tions' were made during the sojourn of
I'r Mawson and tin, companions In tho
The last previous message. received hero
lit-m the Aurora arihed on February 17
nnd said that all the members of tho ex
pedition were on board the vessel which
was on thu way to pick up tho party
under Dr. Wilde, who was formerly a
member of the Scott nnd Shaeklcton ex
pedltlois and hud been left with soino
companions, early In 1012 ut the bas( of
i Tci initiation glacier. it would appear
try. lb' admitted that be was to iccelve same house now rents for 500, although
n "substantial compensation" In the event It is less desirable, as certain streets
thnt he cured the banker's son-in-law, j have been closed, rendering it less easy
Hay I'm Is, '-f this city. of access. The ordinary staff of servants
"I am not mercenary," he said. "All 1 ' employed by tho couple consists of a but
care iilpuiit is r.uffli lent reward to enable ler, second boy, coolie, cook, sweeper and
ine to di nii'iistrate my cure to the world." 1 possibly a gaidener. In 1W9 tho wages
Dr. Iii ilmnnn. who was accompanied of these servants amounted to a Uttlo
by an li'-'-t-int and a prhalo si 'ivtary, more than a month. In VJ12 tho wages
was n , .' the pier by Mr. Flnley and of the same servants amount to more
taken a-- 'is m:t to a banquet to-nlglit than t'- a month."
nt the 1 "lus club The .-'irfenn brings, He'its in China of the sort of apartments
To bet Your J
In which Americans reside very often are,
ncrordlng to Lester M.ivnard. conwul at
Harbin, in Mnnchurlu. even higher tbnn
tin so In New York city for the same ac
commodations. In Harbin an apartment
of three rooms nnd kitchen, without bath,
heat or light or any accommodations at
all, is $30 a month, and six rooms nnd
bnth, without heat or light, would cost
ast as the direction of tho wind would j t)l,.,.efon., Ulnt Pr. uouzln .Mawson with
nmio of Ills companions must hnve landed
by the department of agriculture January
20, theie were fewer cattle, bogs and
(Jieep on farms Jan. 1 than therewere last
year. The icport In detail shows SC.'CO.Ca'
cattle, compared with Ifl.KO.iJOO head a
year nio The supply of sheep Is RI.IM.Om)
head, cnmpuri d with 52,3G3,(h'0 head a year
ago. '1 ho hog .supply is over t.Ouu.ueo head
short of a yeur ago, tho total being
Gl.lTi.OOQ head, compared with Co.llO.U"')
head a year ago.
This accounts lu some reason for tho
Increase In the prico of beef, mutton and
pork, and also for the increased cost of
The market for cowhides Is world-wide
no duty on hides. Hides as they are
taken off hy the butchcri and packers
have Ineriasi'd In price during tho past
two years fioin 'J to 50 per cent., accoid
ing to grades.
The Invention of telegraphy Initiated . , Rono on lm ,.XI,(1,o fiom which
R'.flK si. m.
from St. Albans
10 '35 a 111 Hxropt Sunday Local
' from Whlto Hivor Junction
10-40 a m Except Sunday Local
' from St. Johnshiiry and Cam
a m Sundays only Local
'from' Whlto Hlver Junction.
a m Dnlh KxpresB ftom
'Chicago nn.l Montronl.
1 -OR n m Hxcopt Sunday Local
x.su w, ni.m Kt AIIinns) whHo ,Uvor
Junction and Montpollor
W m Except Sunday Mall
'from Providence. Hoston.
Worcester nnd Sprlnglleld.
w. Dally Hxpresa from
'llost'on nnd Now Yort. Local
from St. Albans dally, from
Montreal except Sunday.
8 '40 m Hopt Sunday Local
from Portland, St. Jolinsbury
nnd Ciimbrldgo Junction.
2:05 a. m. Df,,,5:-,p(rrt:s"i 'rm
Chicago and Montreal.
II. If. HICKOK, City Pass. AgenU
170 Collogo Street.
i n Important step In the .scientllle devel
opnient of meteorology by making possl
ble the rapid collection of simultaneous
America, the llrst country to recognize
tho value of a weather service but th.)
fourth to inaugurate It, owing to tho Clvi!
Holland organized tho first ono of tho
woild in m;ii; England tho second In 1SB1;
Finnic in l;n, the United Stntes In 1S70.
The strvlei. in this country began under
the direi tlon of the signal corps of tho
army; it was transferred to tho depart
ment of ugrlculture In Hill.
The present status of tho sclenco.
O HUM AN AGHICULTUHI3.
(Hy Prof. II. F. Lutman)
Oerman agriculture like all other
branches of fJeimnn Indubtry Is to-day
In n highly prosperous condition. Al
though the urea ot the country Is only
about 2OU.000 square miles, It Is oxpected
that it can be miulo to support all the
The lainl . small holdlnga Is carefully
tilled mid every Inch of space utilized.
The laigei farms uro lu the chargo of
well trained, educated owners and ovcr
biers und tli- most np.to-dat methods
r.re employi d.
A distinctive featutu of Oerman agrl
cultuic is tlin i'0-operntlvo ricdlt associa
tions and loan banks. From those as
sociations, a farmer can borrow money
up to 2-3 of the value of his land nt 3-1
por cent. Interest. These credit associa
tions are carrying over SI 000.000,000 of fnrm
mortuagen. The Oerman farmer can bor
row money fiom his loan banks for
periods up to ill months, at 4-t per cent.
they were unable to get back in time to
teturn to the Auroi.i before she was
compelled to leave on account of tee.
The expedition headed by Dr. Douglas
Mawson set out from Australia In the
latter part of 1011. It consisted of nearly
Tfl men, most of whom wero graduates ot
the I'nlveisltles of Australia anil New
Zealand. H was financed by subscription.
Dr. Mawson was not seeking the pole,
but proposed to make a complete geo
graphical and magnetic survey of the An
tarctic legion between Cape Ad. if" and
(lanssburg, a dlstanco of over 2,i) nillus.
The expedition landed nn Adelln land,
which Is n barren tract of what has also
been known ns Wilkes land, and the men
thm o divided Into three parties.
From time to timo there have come re
ports of the success of the exploiors in
tho discovery of new Islands and only re
cently, after having been out of com
munication for several months, what
purported to be a wlieless was plckud up
from tho Aurora reporting "all well" on
HOW JAMES IS HUTIIEHKD.
lhltod Stato.i Senator ollle James
ot Kentucky Is bald.
"Does being bald bother you much?"
a canJld friend asked him once.
"Yes, a Uttlo," nnsworeil tho truth
ful Jntm s.
"I stipposo you feel the cold severe
ly In winter," went on tho friend.
"No; it's not that so much," said thu
senator. "Tho main bother Is when
I'm washing myself unless I keep
my hat on I don't know where my faco
stops," Montgomery Journal.
"Ft V9 rpFTi'.T'S WEEKLY
VERMONT TRADE REPORT
..eports '7 I'.rndstr, , t's for the week
state there Is a good demand for both
marble nnd uranlte for building work
also for monumontal work. Manufactur
ed slate foi Interior finish nnd meihuulcal
purposes Is in good d 'inand while roofing
slate Is moving rather slow. Labor In
tho stone htisincsa Is well employed. Ma
chine Int' rests ate fully employed and
lone state machine manufacturing com
pany hns commenced work of building
an addition to their plant. Lumber men
report unsatisfactory tesults In getting
logs to mills. In one or two instances
about 4! per cent, of the cut has been
hauled while with otheis hardly anything
hns been done. Warm weather for tho pet
iod has generally pievnlled. Mnnufiu tui crs
of garments and overalls report week's
sales of a satisfactory nature but this it
Is believed will bo felt a Uttlo later.
Htislncss among boot and shoe Jobbers Is
reported Inclined to be iiet. Much spec-
illation centers around tho possible
outcome oi mis sen son's niaplo sugar
crop. The demand for sugar apparatus
and tools bus neon reasonably good and
the shipments of the past two weeks
shows sipme gnlns over what was done
enrllei. ileiieral retail buslnesn is bctlor
In the i Hies than back In the country
tonus- I" "le inner places trade ha
been restricted. Wholesalers report that
slow collections prevail gcneralv. Two
mercantile failures are uotid fur tu-
At Htirllm'lun one of the lumber man
ufacturing Plants was destroyed by flro
the past ween. Lalior generally is well
employed and relull business Is reported
fairly B,,'' considering conditions. Hut
land i''irts labor well employed and new
business comlnii In well. Uneven trndo
conditions nre am noted among tho rr.
tall merchants with collections below
normal. The manufacturing plants at St,
The ser am (lUestlon Is so much in
; 'iey. nice In Chlnn na yet that the cost of
Ki'vlce off.-ets that of rent. A Chinese
' ook, warranted to servo three persons
with perfectly edlblo viands, la to be had
for $10 a month. The wages of a Chinese
hoy who w 111 be a very good valet are
irom 7.iVi to $10 n month. Russlnn women
servants usually take positions In foreign
families, their wages being from 10 to
$15.50 a month.
From Aitdtcnlln comes a wall that
prices in living commodities hsve ad
vanced about 10 pr cent, during the last
year. Beef has advanced from four to
seven cents a pound and potatoes fiom
$41 to JM a ton.
in England tho cost of an average
weekly family Older has gone up 11.3) per
cent. Ma con, butter, cheese, lard, meal
nnd sugar have Increased In cost, and
tho only items in the averago family gro
cery bin which have lessened In price are
Hour and tea.
Hut the report of the consul at Dawson
Yukon territory, should muke even the
American housewife remember her mer
cies. In Daw-bun they .ro paying Jl a
dozen for bananas and f2.M each for wat
er melons, not to mention $10 a box for
oranges and 50 ceutb each for cantaloupes.
A VISIT TO Xi:ilUCIIAII.i:z3SAIl'S
From tho engineer's camp I followed
the course of the old river of Habylon
down to tho famous city ot Nebuchad
nezzar, where tho Oerman Oriental so
ciety Is digging up the records ot four
thousand years ago. I saw tho famous
stono lion; tho bas-relief of Nebuchad
nezzar himself, with bis quaint, curly
beard; the stone goose which wn.s the
Ktnndaid mensuie of weight In Babylon
Ian grocery stores; tho odd tribe of kinky
tallod cats; the thousandsof queer dishes,
urns, vases, utensils, figures of men nnd
beasts, bath tubs, bowl-shaped cotllns,
and cunclfoim tablets which havo been
unearthed by the careful Hermans. They
showed me the magic name of Nebucnad
nezzar slanipiil on numerous bricks, and
I walked through the very banquet hull
where, pat-adventure, the hundwiltlng
enmo on tho wall at the feast of Helshai
z.ir and "a thousand of his lords." On
the perfectly preserved walls of the pal
ace I beheld tho strange figures ot my
thologtcal beasts, and the overla-stlng
bull, which held a high place In H.tbylon
Ian worship. Under Oerman guidance a
host of Arabs havo tolled tolled for a
quarter of a century digging carefully,
as thoy dig ut Pompeii, not to cracK or
ruin the ptlcolcis treasures which Ho
burled everywhere. And each day brings
somo new surprises. Tho Christian Her-
Home In 1
An incoiiiiiifr season dcvit broiiftlil us so miu'l' !
di.l furniture as the present stork displays.
AVe have been gradually raisintr our standard 1
ity ever since this store opened, until now we -;m irut1,
fully say that the best things from the furniture wnvld iny
be found here.
We believe that buying trashy furniture is Ihe most ex
pensive investment one enn make. So wo say buy only the
good, honest kinds furniture that will wear and hold to
gether, even though you may hnvo to pay a little iii(.r. for
But here this good kind doesn't cost any more than
the other kind you'll find elsewhere. Handsome styles,
highest qualities and reasonable prices are the foundation
stones of this business.
.Suppose you look through our stoeks the nexl time jo .
are prepared to buy a chair, a table or a house full of furni
ture. 3Iore than likely we can serve you to your entire
Our "Good As Life Insurance1' credit plan is a boon
j to those of you who haven't the ready money to invest in
! their new home furnishings. You can buy as much or as
little as you need pay us a little down and a little every
week it's an easy way and an honest way. VThy '"'t hj
it? If anything should happen that death removes the one
responsible for the account we give the survivor a receipt
in full for the uncancelled balance. Pretty HVral plan
don't you think?
Vou can put a whole lot of money into imtm ts an 1
rugs and yet fall short of being satisfied. The l-nu d var
iety, the quality nnd style of our goods nnd the pit es Me
ask you to pay in linyinir carpets and rugs eoi. 'I'ue to
give you every satisiaetion Foremost in our shoinj: ar
Tckt , "the Want Ad Way'
thut rentable properly!
floor fabrics, known from coast to coast as America's finest.
Anglo Persian Wiltons, in their quaint far East pat
terns, woven from tho finest of imported wools.
Anglo Indians The Wilton so much in demniid by
those who like arts and crafts designing.
Hoyal Worcester Wiltons. The peer of all Wiltons at
a medium price. A pattern and color range so large thnt
every want can be fully satisfied.
Axminster Runs and Carpets in most every known
quality. Brussels fabrics that by years of use have proved
their merits. Then the novelty stock good for most any pur
pose. There are lohairs, Sin, runs, Biirmah- Fibres
(Jrass Ingrain and Pruseletle. These stoeks are ,i,l 4
now nnd deserve your attention. Will you calP