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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1918.
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JJURLINGTON, VT APRIL 4, 1018.
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ivery week anil one cent a wold will reach
It ! tlmo to begin to get your garden
tools In order for your war garden. All
tho sunshine now being saved may help
give uti an early spring.
While England, France and America are
struggling to save wheat Australia an
nounces that she has no less than 150,000,
000 bushels of surplus wheat she Is anx
ious to send this country and Canada, pro
vides the necessary ships are forthcom
ing. Tho Star Spangled Banner Is now on
the tlghtlti; front. If there Is any man
In this iRnd the cockles of whose heart are
not stirred by this announcement, then he
is not a real American no matter what
he may call himself or supposes himself
When you sing "The Star Spangled Ban
ner" now, you can think of the words as
applying to our beloved flag flying day
and night over our brave boys fighting our
battles for us against the Germans In
France. Pray every night that the morn
ing will And us able to chant that "our
flag Is still there," and that the close of
day may repeat the story.
The destruction of the ammunition plant
at Swanton again brings the war "close
home." It Is natural to charge that an
enemy was responsible for the explosion.
It is not improbable that this was the case.
On the other hand we all know that ex
plosives are handled with great risk under
the most favorable conditions. Even a
powder factory Is liable to have a spark
struck In It accidentally, to say nothing
of other and more powerful explosives.
WOMEN AS RURAL MAIL CARRIERS
It may surprise some readers who hav
known of women serving as mall carrier!
In the rural free delivery to learn that on!
of the many effects of the growing short
age of man power as a result ot this wal
Is a federal order making women ellgtbll
to this service. Hitherto for the most part
women could serve as rural mall agent!
only In the capacity of temporary substi
tutes. There was a time previous to 1911 when
the rural delivery service was open to
women, but owing to climatic condition!
In the Northwest It was deemed best to
dispense with their services generally ex
cept In rare cases requiring the subtl
tutlon of the wife for the regular agent
According to an official order Just issued
from tho office of James L. Blakslee,
fourth assistant postmaster-general,
women are to be taken on as rural route
mall carriers all over the country as a
war emergency. The first examination to
which women will be eligiblo will be held
on April 27 In all sections where there are
vacancies and where men carriers are not
Postofflce department figures show there
nre now about. 200 women carriers in the
ervlcc who have held over from the period
up to 1911 open to them. The fourth as
sistant postmaster-general says the serv
ice has been very satisfactory, and the
department looks for gratifying results
from the general opening of the service to
the fair sex under new conditions.
INCREASING FOOD PRODUCTION.
The United States Food administration
Is devoting Its natlon-wido organization ta
a campaign to Increase food production.
Tho energies of this department, so vitally
essential to winning the war, have hith
erto been devoted principally to the con
servation of food supplies In order that
both the people at home and the allies and
their armies may bo properly fed.
It is evident that Increased production of
food supplies Is quite as important as the
conservation of existing supplies. The
Federal Food Administration, realizing Its
responsibility as the chief commissary
department of the allied cause, is bending
itself to this task.
The efforts of the department are being
directed In no small degree to the "war
garden" that Is the small piece of land
that has hitherto been Idle. Tho city
dweller whose back yard has been occu
pied only by tho family clothes line and
has served merely as nocturnal battle
ground for stray cats, Is being taught
that even a small plot may be made to
produce valuable food for the family
Much land that has served for ornamen
tal purposes, lawns, flower beds and the
lllte, can better be devoted in these stress
ful times to raising vegetables and gar
don truck. The average garden of one
tenth of an acre can be be made to pro
duce from six to seven hundred pounds of
In Columbus, Ohio, a committee of public-spirited
inon has canvassed the city
and listed 7,503 vacant lots, The city will
compel tho owners cither to cultivate
these themselves or will parcel them out
to other cltlzons who will do so.
An Important feature of ' r
den Is that It produces fo i . n
the spot whero they uro to he used. Thla
rolievos tho ovor-lai' ti railroads of a huge
-mint of transportation. If the 6,000,000
families In the United States not now
engaged In farming were each to raise an
average garden It would annually relieve
the railroads of carrying 160,000 carloads
In Vermont F. D. Abernethy of Bur
lington, the merchant representative of
the State Food Administration Is to begin
at once a campaign of publicity through
the leading newspapers of the State and
through the retail merchants In every
town to urge every loyal and patriotic
citizen to put the land to work for the
"THEY SHALL NOT PASS."
If the Huns could break through the
Western front at all, they manifestly
would have tho best chance to do so dur
ing the early days of the dr'.vo, before the
nllies had gained time and ability to mo
bilize men and munitions necessary for
the reinforcement of the points attacked.
Tho fact that nearly two weeks have
passed without the achievement of their
main purpose, points to the gradual dis
sipation ot all hope on their part of gain
ing the goal sought.
Premier Clemenceau of France, well
called "The Tiger," has unquestionably
voiced the sentiment of the entire French
nation in declaring anew that the Huns
"shall not pass." The British forces that
for days bore the chief brunt of the drivo
have re-echoed that sentiment over and
over again In deeds of heroism that will
go down In history.
Our American boys, chanting our na
tional anthems and singing patriotic songs
as they hurry to the front, have also Join
ed In the grand chorus, "They shall not
pass." Tho people of the United States
as a whole are saying over and over
again, "The Kaiser must he crushed,"
which Is the same sentiment In another
In the meantime we must bear In mind
that another great offensive by the Ger
mans Is probable. Even while we rejoice
In temporary gains of a local nature by
our forces, we must consider what the
enemy is likely to do.
Tho Huns' wedge at its apex is only a
few miles from Amiens. That city Is on
the trunk line four track line built by
Americans for the supply of war necessi
ties to our troops at the front. If the Ger
mans can cut that lino of communication,
and hold their gains permanently they will
almost inevitably force the British and
French to retire as far back as the line
held by them in the westernmost drive of
the Germans in 1914.
In other words so far as that particu
lar region Is concerned and speak
ing geographically the war would
have to be fought all over again. From
tho man-power point of view, however,
the number of Huns killed or put out of
service In the four years constitute a stag
gering price for the Kaiser. The struggle
of the allies In that period is far from hav
ing been in vain.
With the Germans so near this Impor
tant line, by which the allied lines are pro
vided with supplies from the channel
ports, it is natural to expect the Kaiser
will Insist upon a renewal of the effort to
cut that chief line of allied communica
tion. Whether Foch can attack In force
at some other point or so manoeuvre
troops as to center the battle elsewhere re
mains to be seen.
PROBLEMS OF FOOD PRODUCTION.
While we are all engaged more or less
patriotically In saving food and thus con
serving one of the most important of our
resources for tho winning of the war, we
should realize that the first duty is to see
that we have something to save In the
year now begun. If we conserve and Im
agine that food saved will make it less nec
essary than before to produce'an abund
ant harvest during the present season, we
It Is gratifying In this connection to note
the various ways In which the heads of
the different federal departments are co
operating with farmers In preparation for
effective work in both seed time and har
vest. We have already shown how post
masters and rural carriers are constituted
agencies to bring farmers Into touch with
the labor needed on our farms. News
papers are oo-operattng in this work and
affording all necessary publicity.
Measures are also being taken by Secre
tary Houston of the department of agri
culture to assure a sufficiency of seed for
farmeres throughout the country In order
to promote certainty of an adequate har
vest. The department Is directing Its ef
forts against profiteering as well as to
ward the provision of seed where neces
sary. To enable the department to continue
and extend, during the fiscal year 1919,
the war emergency activities Inaugurated
this year under the provisions of the food
production act of August 10, 1917, Secre
tary Houston has asked Congress for an
appropriation of $19,730,893.
In submitting an estimate for this
amount, Secretary Houston explains that,
while the provisions of the food production
act will continue in effect during the ex
istence of a state of war with Germany,
the appropriations made by section 8 of
the act are limited to the fiscal year end
ing June 30, 1918. "When the regular esti
mates of the department," the secretary
says, "were under consideration last fall
It was decided to make no provision In
them for the continuation of the emer
gency activities under the food production
act. It was thought best to defer consid
eration ot this matter until the needs of
the next fiscal year could be more accu
Of the total estinftte submitted, it Is
proposed to use $8,000,000 for the purchase
and sale of seed to farmers for cash at
cost; $6,100,000 for tho developmkent of
the co-operative agricultural extension
work In co-operation with the State agri
cultural colleges; $1,269,655 for combatting
animal diseases, stimulating the produc
tion of live stock, and encouraging the
conservation and utilization of meat, poul
try, dairy, and other animal products;
JtUl.MO for the prevention, control, and
eradication of insects and plant diseases,
and then conservation and utilisation ot
The sum of $2,a8,M8 Is to be used for ex
tending and enlarging th Market News
Service of the Bureau of Markets, pre
venting waste of food In storage, In tran
I sit, or held for sale, giving advice concern
ing the market movement or distribution
of perishable products, making Inspec
tions and certifications regarding the con
dition of perishable agricultural products,
and gathering Information In connection
with the demand for and the production,
supply, distribution, and utilization of
food; and $1,080,980 for dealing with the
farm-labor problem, enlarging the Infor
mational work of the department, printing
and distributing emergency leaflets, post
ers, and other publications, nnd extending
the work of the Bureau of Chemistry, the
Bureau of Entomology, and the Bureau
, of Biological Survey In certain directions.
This appropriation, If granted, will sup
plement the funds Included In the regular
agricultural appropriation bill which Is
now. pending In the Senate.
If our national lawmakers provide funds
for the various purposes ennumerated,
the farmers of Vermont and of other
States will profit accordingly. Wo have
seen how nearly every week and some
times days in succession witnessed new
developments In connection with the ex
tension service of the State agricultural
college and the federal extension service
Included In this proposed additional ap
propriation for emergency service In this
All these measures of co-operation from
the outside should encourage all produ
cers to make extra efforts to assure a
bountiful harvest this year. Wheat and
some other crops recommended require
little attention after the seed Is once In
the ground until harvest time. By thor
ough preparation of the soil and care in
details producers can make a good start
during the coming weeks. Co-operation
In the provision of help for the harvest
will come later.
In the meantime, If you have not suffi
cient help for seed time, consult your
postmaster or rural carrier. If any failure
to give proper attention to this matter Is
noted, drop a letter to the editor of the
FREE PRESS, and we shall act In ac
cordance with the request of the authori
ties in Washington.
WEEKLY TRADE REPORT.
Bradstreet's Burlington office reports
the general feeling among manufacturing
Interests with tho close of the first quar
ter of tho year is that, everything con
sidered, the present conditions are reas
onably good. There Is uncertainty re
garding price valuations of raw ma
terial and with this In view manufactur
ers are accepting orders for domestic
purposes for Immediate delivery, but for
future shipments they are not being en
couraged as much as In former periods.
The week Just closed has been attended
with seasonable weather, which has ma
terially benefited retail merchants' trade,
although among merchants In certain lo
calities the volume of business Is more
or less restricted. Some work has been
done in the maple sugar orchards and
as the product comes slowly Into the
market the establishment of prices is de
ferred. Sap is reported as containing a
larger proportion ot sweet than usual.
The best runs will be attended .following
a storm. Labor conditions are" such as
to interfere with a larger working of
Woolen mills and producers of shoddy
report specially active demand and out
look Is for a further continuance of the
demand. Flannels are moving well.
Overall manufacturers report "good busi
ness." The general time is for an im
provement in collections. Country travel,
as Is to be expected at this period of the
year, is not good, owing to poor condi
tion of roads.
The failure reports for the month Just
closed, four In number, were less than
those for the same month a year ago. A
like number was reported during March,
1916, but the amount of money involved
this year was 17 per cent, greater. Tho
year 1916 showed the smallest amount of
money Involved for any of the past four
The first quarter of the present year
recorded 16 failures with total assets of
$34,402 and total liabilities of $107,318. This
was less In number and In money In
volved than was noted for the same quar
ter In 1917, and while 1916 recorded as
many failures the amount of money In
volved for the quarter Just closed was
only $2,000 greater.
March 30, 1918.
THE SUMMER SCHOOL.
BatUetU, Oat To-dny, Gives Courses and
List of Instructors.
A new picture will annear In tho num.
mer school bulletin, which comes out to
day. It is a vow taken from the tower
of the Old Mill last summer, and includes
Mount Mansfield, Camel's Hump and some
distance beyond. The other picture which
will appear is of Lake Champlaln and
was taken the year before.
The summer school will ha from inK- a
tO AUBUSt 16 and Will inrllliln tho fnllnwlnir
coures: Agriculture, education, English,
history, social economics, applied physiol
ogy, hygiene and first aid, German,
xrencn, apanisn, popular school art edu
cation. nUbllC school music, unnk'en V.ntr.
li'sh-volce, physical training, English for
foreign students, department of expres
sion ana music, including violin, voice and
This year the faculty will consist of J.
Franklin Messenger, Ph. D., director of
the school and professor of education;
Wellington E, Aiken, A. M assistant pro
fessor Of EnKllsh! Plare Tliwllnv Tliir-U In.
structor in the School of Expression, Bos-
ion; rreo. uonam carpenter, A. B assist
ant profesor of German; Elizabeth V. Col
burn, A. M., art director, public schools,
Lakewood, Ohio; Amy Dean Cram, School
of Expression, Boston; Samuel Silas
Curry, Ph. D LIU. D president School of
Expression, Boston; Samuel F. Emerson,
Ph. D professor of history; Oeorge a.
Groat, Ph. D., professor of economics;
Beryl M. Harrington, supervisor of music,
public schools. Burlington: Flnv.i n
Jenks, B, S., professor of agricultural
eoucation; uoDert T. Kerlln. Ph. D., pro
fessor of English literature, Virginia
Military Institute; Mary E. Keyes,
A. A first assistant, director of practice
and training, Boston public schools; John
W. Nichols, Instructor In vocal music;
Mrs. John W. Nichols, assistant Instructor
In piano; Shelton J. Phelps, A. M pro
fessor of secondary education; Iluth Mario
Roarers. Ph. 11.. nsslstnnt In 1'nnMxli
speech, Vassar Colege; Robert Kllve.r-
cruys, cnnuiaat en pnnosopnio ci leuros,
University of Louvaln, candldat en droit,
University of Brussels, Instructor In
French; Henry C. Tinkham, M. D dean
of the college of medicine; Charles Lee
Tracy, instructor In piano, nnd James H,
Worman, Ph. D LL. D profcsior of
It costs more to live so you must in
crease your earning power. Why not ad
vcirtlse for a hotter position T
TUB NEW SURGERY.
(From tho Scattlo Fost-Intclllgoncer.)
Tho grim necessity of war has "j ,
surgeons go nbout operations which In
times of peace would have bcon regarded
as too sevcro to attempt. Tho fact that
the surgeons have succeeded In saving
lives which must havo been lost under
trio old surgery Is n proof that there aro
certain recompenses for war. While
there has been a tremendous wastago of
human life In battle, tho knowledge
gained In surgery nnd of hygiene cer
tainly will result In a great saving of
life In the future.
Technique cannot bo bestowed alto
gether through text books or lectures,
so that surgical skill, which comes only
from long practice, must Bprcad slowly.
Howevor, tho certain knowledge of the
achievements of the army surgeons will
enable skilled surgeons elsewhere In tho
world to attain results which formerly
were considered Impossible.
Already tho literature of medicine and
of surgery contains news of wonderful
things done In the hospitals of Europe
but tho printed page cannot compore In
valuo with tho oral descriptions mado
by tho very men who have dono things.
For this reason tho visit of Sir Berkeley
Moynlhnn of Leeds, England, to tho
American clinical congress of surgeons
at Chicago, aroused unusual Interest
among tho surgeons of tho country.
Ono of the most Important develop
ments In surgery reported by Sir Berke
ley was In tho treatment of shrapnel
wounds In tho lungs. If the methods
only were applicable to bullet and shrap
nel wounds, they would not be of tre
mendous Interest, for the reason that
presently the world will remove the
cause of those Injuries. However, the
new surgery of the lungs opens a wide
field, and among the possibilities Is a
surgical operation for certain forms of
Sir Berkeley described an operation on
tho lung to remove shell splinters, which
surgeons nt tho congress formerly be
lieved to bo Impossible. When the pleu
ral cavity is opened the exterior pressure
of the atmosphere causes the lung to col
lapse. This docs not dismay tho surgeons
of tho new school. While the patient Is
breathing with tho unimpaired lung, tho
splinter is removed from tho Injured or
gan, Incisions aro mado If necessary and
Infected tissue removed. The lung Is
cleansed of silvers and shell pieces Just
as one cleans a sponge. The amazing
thing about It Is that tho patient suf
fers no shock, and neither the pulse nor
the temperature Is affected.
The surgery of the thorax, while per
haps tho most Important, by no means
exhausts tho list of wonders performed.
Every branch of the sclenco of saving
human life has progressed marvelously,
and this at a time when tho science of
destroying life almost has attained per
fection. OUI IN OLE VERMONT.
Perhaps you hear de papers tole
Of beeg man on, de State
Who boss ra'lroad an' politique.
An' h'ever t'lng dat's great.
Jus' kip dis on your head ma frlcn'.
You fin' pour ccrtalnment,
Do bes' of nil of dem was raise
Back oup In olo Vermont.
I got me one mos' firs' class Job
Dat's valet for rlche man
Who don't stay long on do sam' place
But pass so soon he can.
Some tarn' Bos'ton Some tarn' Spo'kane
I go Jus' w're he want.
But w'cre I lak to place ma foot
Is oup In ole Vermont.
W'cn Central Parle lit' oup her head
An' sout" win' blow some more
W'en all de leetlo bird sing out
Dat Winter tarn' Is o'er.
He t'lnk do sam' t'lng I do me
Je ne sals pas comment,
'Tls dat de sugar tarn Is come
Back oup in ole Vermont.
He say, "Pierre: Pack portemanteau.
Leev out ma beaver hat
An" full-dress suit. AV'ere I was go
I hav' no use for dat.
Depeche-to! done! I'm beeg hur"ry "
An' he look tres savant.
An' say, "I've got somo beez'nesse, me,
Back oup In ole Vermont."
W'en we was start on ra'lroad train.
Ho tak' a drawing room.
An' say, "Bien! Resiez tranquille.
Jus' mak' yourself to home."
Ho laugh an' talk lak he was boy,
An' tell me wit' vraiment
De happiest days of all his life
Was oup In ole Vermont.
We drive oup w'ere hees fader leev
Rlto troo de leetlo town.
Les enfants know who dat was dere
An' pass de news aroun'.
Les amis come for say, "Bon Jour";
An' all de habitant,
For dat's de welcome dat dey geev
Back oup In ole Vermont.
De wick we pass oup on de farm
I mos' forget ma place.
We work, an eat at sam' ta'blo
An' t'lnk it no disgrace.
Ba gosh; we mak' de ham an' egg
De pie an' doughnut. Pork an' beans,
W'en oup In old Vermont.
New York's all right for mak' monee,
An' Washington for fame,
But h'lf you want to leev, mafrlen,
Vermont's de place an' name.
We all de better man I know
H'lf wo could go souvent
An' tak' a wick in sugar tarn,
Back oup in ole Vermont.
Mary KIkins Gardyne.
VALUE OF ALSIKE CLOVER.
Many farmers havo been discouraged
In trying to grow and secure a good
stand of red or mammoth clover. This
be due to a lack of limestone In the
soli, which tends to create an arid con
dition, or tho land may not be suffi
ciently underdralncd. The common red
clover cannot stand wet feet nnd does
not grow luxuriantly on worn boIIs.
Those who realize the necessity of
growing a leguminous crop In their rota
tion and cannot grow the red or mammoth
clover successfully, cannot afford to over
look the valuo of alslko as a worthy sub
stitute. While It does not make quite as
desirable hay as the red clover, a good
stand will mako as large a yield. We
have put up some mighty good alsike
hay and a large quantity of alsike and
timothy mixed. The combination makes
a good feed for horses and young grow
It has a slenderer Btem than the red
clover and while It makes as largo a
growth, It has a habit of sprawling, but
If timothy Is sown with It, It is held more
erect. I havo seen alslko growing In
soil so wet that red clover would be
drowned out or killed In a short time.
It does not mature qulto as largo second
growth, but the Bocond growth provldos
pretty good into pasture.
Alsike makes nn excellent pasture crop,
as It makes a continuous growth through
dry summers, putting up fresh shoots,
and produces many fine leaves. Wo have
always found It to bo a good pasture
crop for sheep. Sheep will crop tho
smallest, freshest nnd most sucenVnt
lenves of any crop, and If the ntnllvJ l
not pastured too heavily It will lea
putting up frosh growth through a long
period of tho summer It makes an early
growth In tho spring, piovldlng good
pasture fr.r nil kinds of llo slock, and
will provide, pasturo when tlm blue graBS
l browned hy t'lo heat.
Due to the v'.wrt urowth, It will not
mako a see,'. i ;ii-o red clover nfter
It hns been cut for liny. It may bo
pastured for n short tlmo In tho spring
and a seed crop secured If It I" ,lot
Wo have found Its greatest value as
a pasturo crop, or for hay when grown
with timothy. We havo not had good
success In obtaining a seed crop that
Is, securing more than n bushel ot seed
per aero from an excellent stand, with
heads well filled.
One year wo stored a particularly prom
ising crop In tho barns, threshing It out
a few weeks Inter, hut It only made
about a bushel per acre, which Is not
sufficient to compensate for growing for
seed. Farm Life.
WHERE THEY BUY SMALLPOX.
In dangerous nnd Infested Africa the
natives to live at all must learn something
of tho human body and certain remedies,
And they have dono so.
They know a good deal about herbs and
their curative properties. A case Is rec
orded of a black In Bcchuanaland who
was able to cure a'Boer woman when tho
English doctor had given her up. She had
bolls nnd blood poisoning nnd seemed In
extremity. One of the Boer's native drivers
received permission to call In a bush doc
tor. The bushman sat silently watching
the patient for a tlmo and then trotted
off over tho veldt for some distance
gathering a variety of herbs as ho went.
Returning, he boiled water over tho fire,
throwing Into the pot his collection of
medicines. When the Infusion was ready
he gave the patient great bowls of It to
drink and nlso bathed her sores In the
decoction. Within twenty-four hours she
was able to laugh at the white doctor and
thank the black.
Other tribes like the Ekol practice a
simple surgery. One man who was gored
In the abdomen by an elephant was nicely
patched with a calabash placed Inside to
keep his Intestines in place. To be sure,
you could see the shape of the calabash
forever after, but the patient entirely re
covered. The Akamba, also, are said to be very
skillful In surgical operations and very
knowing about the human frame. They
set broken legs In a very sensible fashion,
placing tho patient In a hollow In tho
earth, where the leg is burled In heated
loam while his upper body Is free. There
ho sits, guarded by his companions from
wild animals, until the bone Is knit.
Cupping and scarifying nre common
means of reducing Inflammation. In fact,
they are so much used that many a
patient Is badly enfeebled from the loss
Baths arc appreciated In Africa as a
health measure. Kroo women bathe them
selves and their husbands and children In
hot water every day. Sick people are some
times wrapped in a blanket and steamed
over a bath with herbs in It They are then
made to take a cool walk and another
bath, quite according to the methods of
But the most surprising practice that
the Africans have worked out is tho sn
callcd "buying of smallpox." Somehow
they have discovered the principle of vac
cination and the theory that a light attack
of smallpox renders the patient Immune
from worse attaoks. The mother who
dreads the Illness for her children, when
she learns of a case In the neighborhood,
goes to the afflicted hut and asks to buy
tho smallpox. She Is given some virus for
which she pays with the gift of a handker
chief. At home she scratches her child's
arm and applies the virus and feels as re
lieved as an American mother when It
begins to "take." By Hester Donaldson
Jenkins, In World Outlook.
CHINESE ARE DOCILE STARVERS.
(From the National Geographic Magazine.)
No other race is as docile as the
Chinese In times of famine. Their resig
nation In the face of calamity la amaz
ing. For instance, In the food shortage
of 1906-1907 a starving army of 300,000
peasants camped beneath the walls of the
city of Tslnklnngpu. The grain ware
houses of the town, a place of 200,000 In
habitants, were overflowing with wheat,
maize and rice, and these supplies were
constantly on display; yet there were no
riots. The thousands outside the walls
sat themselves down to die, while those
within continued to transact the ordinary
affairs of cvery-day life.
During this famlno parents found It
necessary to sell their daughters to
wealthy families In which they becamo
slave girls. Early In tho period of dis
tress girls of 10 to 15 years of nge brought
as much as $20 each; but when suffering
was most severe the customary quotation
In the slave market was 60 cents each,
while In one instance a father Is known
to havo accepted 14 cents and two bowls
of rice In exchange for his child.
A plant for condensing buttermilk has
bceen established at Grand Forks, N. D
and during this year will use 6,000,000
pounds of buttermilk, making 33,000 bar
rels of the condensed article. This is part
of n chain of buttermilk-condensed plants
projected for that section, and after the
product has been Introduced for baking
and other commercial uses It will be put
up In small Jars for family use. Barreled
condensed buttermilk Is also packed for
hog feeding. Malted buttermilk Is said to
bo a satisfactory soda fountain drink.
(From the Detroit Free Press.)
Gold Worth S300.000 la n!nr-,l In th.
of Londoners every year.
Scarcity of cyanide Is'restrlcting the pro
duction of silver, .particularly in Mexico.
The partridge Is among the most pro
lific of birds. The hen lays from 44 to 18
eggs nnd usually hatches them all.
Bath, England, claims to have tho oldest
permanent orchestra In existence. It was
founded by Beau Nash about 1705.
An electric elevator has been Installed
In the Btalrway which leads to tha mnni.-L
of St. Peter's Cathedral In Rome.
IIKKOHI: TIIK WAR AND NOW.
To what extent, writes an English
newspaper, the demand for boots in Ger
many has grown can be Judged from a
case brought recently before the public
prosecutor, where a wnmnn wnMinhnwn tn
have paid 3 18s for
i shoes, the original prlco of which was 13
HE CAN REST PINE NOW, ,
"I suffered greatly from kidney and
bladder trouble," writes P. H. Fairbanks,
DT. Grand River Ave., Y. Detroit, Mich. '
"Had to get up six or seven times during
tho night. Foley Kidney Pills have worked
wonders ami I mil riininininil ihoni n u
tho best medicine I have ever taken."
Tonic In action; quick, sure. Sol by
J. W. O'Sulllvan, :;o Church St. Adv.
"I am afraid you do not practice econ
omy, my dear," complained Mr. KJones.
Ills wife cast n contemptuous glnnco at
him. "Come with mo to the nttio." sho
commanded. And he followed her thither.
In tho attlo she opened a trunk and took
out a bundle wrapped carefully In tissue
paper. Tearing off tho wrappings, sho
disclosed a lovely, tilniy gown. "That."
t o said, "is my wedding dress." "And
do you cull It economy to savo your wed
ding dress?" he .chortled. "That's not
economy, it's sentimentality. It would
havo been economy to wear that dress and
.Lf Wor,h out of B"t e0 It no
earthly good to you nor anybody else.
Economy! Huh!" "That's whero you are
wrong " she said, calmly. "I am saving
that dress for my next wedding." That
held him for a whlle.-cieveland Press.
A good boarding house, well advertised,
lu a good business proposition.
SINEWS OF WAR
SUPPORT the Government .
and Support Your Bank
That It May Support the Gov
ment. :: :: :: :: ::
The Burlington Savings Bank
SECURITY SAVINGS SERVICE
Our conception of DUTY as between our fellowmen estab
lishes the following- order:
TO THE NATION
TO THE STATE
TO THE COMMUNITY
TO THE INDIVIDUAL
, . tL A TO OURSELVES
We embrace every opportunity to serve all to the best of our
The BURLINGTON TRUST Co.
City Hall Square North.
LIBERTY BONDS W.S.S.
Look for (Ms farce
electric ale ve the
Assets over three million dollar
Surplus over 10 ot deposits
tntarsst at 4Si compounded semi
annually Jan. 1st and July w
0 rears In anecesszul
Are You Enrolled In Our
Christmas Club ?
Our third year Is now ready for your membership. One dollir or fifty
eonts or twenty-five cents a week for flftv weeks makes Christmas merry
for you. Figure it out or call and ask questions.
HOME SAVINGS BANK
190 Main Stmt Burlington, Vt.
Of course clothes do not make the man,
And yet one must confess
The more new suits a lawyer has
The greater his success.
Hope springs eternal, lovely hope;
Hope springs eternal, that's tho dope,
And when the snowdrifts disappear
I plan a garden every year.
QUITE AN ART.
There's really quite an art, you know,
In bringing up the young
AVe teach tho baby first to talk
And then to hold his tongue.
"I've been thinking It all over and I've
come to the conclusion that perhaps aftere
all we ought to have a standing army."
"But I don't think it fair to keep
all those men standing all the time.
The least we"can do Is to furnish each
man with a camp stool." Detroit Free
ENVYING THE ENGINEER.
"It must be great to bo a railroad en
gineer?" "Still clinging to your small boy am
"Oh, it isn't that. I was just thinking
what a Joy It must be to be able to drive
and not have to listen to the advice of
tho passengers." Detroit Free Press,
UP AGAINST IT.
Young Husband Didn't I telegraph you
not to bring your mother with you?
Young Wife I know. That's what sho
wants to see you about. Sho read the
telegram. Boston Transcript.
The old lady rushed up to the warden.
"Oh, Isn't It grand!" she cried; that
prisoner In cell 67 has promised me that
he will never do again the act that got
him In here."
The warden bit off the end of a cigar.
"Fine," he said, "only he's In for life
for killing his fatlier."-Sun-Dlal.
Walter (to guest who has been wal tine
a very long time) "Did you ring the bell, !
sir?" Guest "No, 1 was tolling It. i'
thought you wero dead." Pearson's
UP TO THE REGIMENT.
Customer "I want to make a flag for a
home regiment. Now, will these colors
run?" Salesman "Madam, that will de
pend entirely on tho regiment's line of
i-.ctlon." Baltimore American. i
CHITTENDEN COUNTY TRUST COMPANY, BURLINGTON
Fight And Save
The soldiers are fighting and It Is
your duty to save. Save money ay
well as wheat, sugar and meat. Our
savings department will help you savo
money It Is at your service.
i;. J. BOOTH. President
E. D. WOHTHEN. Treasurer.
. tok t this large
WINUUSKII Uerto sua etw
Deposits received on or betora
Friday, April Bth, will receive In
terest from April 1st. Writs for
fto. 11 Wlaooekl Mot
THE ELUSIVE ONION.
The new curate's wife was a very sweet
natured and truly kind little soul, and
did a great deal of practical good In her
husband's parish. During the festive sea
son she decided to give a feast to the
aged poor of the district. All went well,
and the old people -were having a fine
time, when the curate's wife suddenly
noticed that one old fellow did not seem
to be getting on very well with his din
ner. "What Is the matter, Mr. Smith."
she asked. "Isn't It cut to your liking?"
"Fine, ma'am One, thankee!" mumbled
the old chap. "But, ye see, ma'am, I've
a pickled onion in me mouth, and, hav
ing noa but one tooth left in me head, it's
a bit awkward like to catch it. I'll be
all right, thankee, ma'am. Just 'ee wait
till I git hold on 'unl" Philadelphia Star.
A cyclist who stopped at a village Inn
boasted about his abilities as a rider to
such an extent that the landlord ven
tured to make a wager with him. "Look
here, mister," said the Innkeeper, "you
can't ride up and down this road till tho
church clock strikes six." "Done," said
the cyclist. "Its just five now," and tho
next minute he was speeding down the
road. After about an hour's riding the
cyclist shouted to one of the bystanders
of whom many had assembled: "I say,
has the church struck six yet?" "No,
you Idiot," was the blunt reply. "Our
church clock never strikes at all." Lon
don Tlt-Blts .
KNEW HIS PLACE.
Sister Smith was called upon for testi
mony tn a revival meeting. She humbly
declined in these words:
"I have been a transgressor and a black
sheep for a good many years and have
only recently seen the light. I believe
that my place Is In a dark place behind
Brother Jones was next called upon. Fol
lowing Sister Smith's meek example, hs
"I, too, have been a sinner for mors
than 40 years, and I do not think I ought
to stand before you ns a model. I think
my place Is behind the door in a dark
corner with Sister Smith." Ladles' Homo
WHEN SCIENCE FALTERED.
A woman of intellectual tastes found
it difficult to remember all the facts she
collected. She therefore secured the serv
ices of a professor ot one of the best
memory systems. Scarcely had the pro
fessor taken his departure after a suc
cessful tlrst lesson, when a loud doubts
knock was heard at the front door.
"Who was that, Mary?" the ladjr In
quired ot the servant.
"Oh, It you please, ma'am," said Matv,
"it was the memory man; he forgot hut
umbrella!" Pittsburg Chronicle Tels
graph. JOHN J. FLYNN, Vice-President.
HAHRIE) V. HALL. Asst. Trrasnr