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MONTANA~ ARABLE LANDS. e
An Agricultural as Well as a Stock r
'Producing Country. e
The Elcud Lat:<ls the C'ctring Wheat t
Fields of the West.
So much has been written of the C
live stock interests of Montana, and
so little has hitherto been known of
its best agricultural lands, that it is
generally understood in the East to
possess no resources worth mention- a
ing as a farming country. The val- .J
lays o1 the upper Missouri, the Grdl-a
tin, the Madison, the Jefferson, and
also the Deer Lodge, have boen known 2
for a numbeo of years a.; fertile agri- t
cultural sections, but it is only within I
a sLort time that the immense agri
cultural capacity of Northern Meon
tana has begun to be appreciate:d. In C
fact it has just ceased to be an Indian
and buffalo country. Four years ago,
five or six different tribes of Indians
were chasing buffalo in the Judith
Basin where to-day are the homes of e
hundreds of prosperous farmers and t,
That part of Montana bounded on o
the west by the Rocky and Belt c
mountains, and extending as far east
as the 1090 of longitude, and lying p
between the Missouri and Marias riv- '
ers on the north, and the Musselshell t
river on the south, possesses more
and better agricultural lands than
can be found elsewhere in Montana.
This area embraces about 3D,000
square miles of territory, and is but I
little traversed or broken by mount
ain ranges. It is divided into valleys s
and bench lands. The valleys though
rich and fertile, like the other val
leys of Montana, cannot generally be
successfully cultivated without irri- tl
gation. This territory, however, more i
than any other, is favored with large tl
streams and an abundant supply of.
The important feature of this part i
of Montana, is its extensive table i
lands, which have been found within t
the past two or three years to be ex- i
cellent wheat land without the aid of i
irrigating canals and ditches, and 1i
when cultivated the same as the wheat ii
lands of Dakota and Minnesota. The
old timers of this section. like the old
settlers of California and Washington a
territory, have been slow to believe I,
that any land in Montana can be cul- '
tivated successfully without irrigation.
It is now, however, a settled fact that
vast stretches of bench or table land
in this part of Montana, will, one h
year with another, produce wheat
averaging from twenty-five to fifty s
hu hPlE fn +he nnrnx i
The Highwood farmers on the
benches twenty miles from this place,
have grown large crops of wheat dur
ing the past two or three years. Last
year, which was not particularly fa
vorable, gave them a yield of about
forty bushels to the acre. A farmer
of large experience from that section
told me last fall that he considered
the benches of this part of Montana
the best wheat lands he had ever
seen in any country, ahd that his ex
perience had demonstrated that they
would produca large yields of wheat
and oats with only the natural supply
of moisture. Let any man driving
from Great Fall to Fort Benton, on
either side of the Missouri river, note
everywhere the rich soil and abund
ant grasses. He will see no sage
brush and no alkali land. If he ex
amines the soil he will find it mellow
and well mixed with silica, the "grist
of the mountains,"--so essential to
the rapid growth of grain and to the
retention of moisture. These are
some of the fine wheat land: of North
ern Montana. Because you see no
cultivated farms or fields of grain, do
not condemn these lands the same as
we condemned the rich prairies of
Northern Minnesota and Dakota, a
few years ago. Remember that the
wave of immigration is still moving
westward, and will soon cover this
country, and that those unoccupied
lands will become the homes of thons
ands of industrious people. I am
aware that my statements are contrary
to the traditions of this country at the
base of the Rockies, and at variance
with the numerous accounts given by
correspondents, but those who have
writtrn of Montana's resources know
little or nothing of that part of Mon
tana whose boundaries I have given.
The bench lands that stretch from
Sand Coulee to Belt creek and to
Highwood creek, and also from the
* Highwood to Fort Benton, cannot fail
to become great grain-producing sec
tions. For immediate settlement,
those lands lying within a convenient
distance of the Sand Coulee and Belt
creek coal districts are especially de
sirable, cheap and abundant fuel be
ing always an important factor in suc
cessful agriculture. Farmers who
take up and occupy these lands can
nbt only raise large crops of grain
- v~id vegetables, but they can, from the
unlimited summer and winter pastur
age, make stock growing an impor
tant branch of their business. These
valuable lands can now be taken un
der the ?ere-emiption and Hometead
acts, eme of .tlehoicest tracts being
within five to ten milos of GreatFalls,
t coin~~giolling center of ontana.
'UCohanes of settmisr looking for
homel orthwgst would
. eiamine these unoccupied lands. It
will be but a short time before rail
k roads will enter this country, attract
ed by the great coal fields and the
rich mining districts of the Belt moun
t tains. There will never again be as
favorable a time as the present for so
e curing these choice lands of northern
d Montana. PARIS GmsSON.
f SPRAY (IF THE FALLS.
o The umachinery for the roller flooring
I- muill, now being built for ('howen &
l Jennison, at this place, will be shipped at
Minneapolis within thirty days.
d The church fair at Sun River, on the
n 2d and 3d inst., was a financial success,
I the total receipts being over xo00. Miss
ui Ella Brownson was voted the most popu
lar" lady and tas awarded the crazy quilt,
ai handsome piece of needlework. IHonor
enme where honor was due in this in
Skeptics and those with ponderous in
tellects who have any doubts as to the fu
tuore of Great Falls, might probably lie
benefited by a visit to the place and an
examinllation of the many advant:ages na
ture h::s ber twed upon it, and also the
varied resources which surround it, and
a of which it is the natnral and practical:
t J. J 11ill is expected here soon, accom
I panied by .an eminent hydraulic engineer
who will imake a careful survey of the
l rapids and falls in order to determine the
e best plan for the improvement of the
water lpower. Mr. Hill being the owner
of a large part of the water power at
Minneapolis, and having ha:d much ex
perience in constructing canals and dams
at that place. will be apt to colllllence the
- work here on a most lermanent and stlub
s stanti:al tisis.
Ileeona, always alive to any interest
which will in any way benefit her, is clann
e oring for a shorter route to Great Falls
thlu that offered by the present read. It
e is clained a wagon road can be made over
o the Bird Tail divide leading into Sulli
f van's valley, thence down the Missouri
riv-e. to a point just above the mouth of
Sun river where a ferry could be operated.
i Parties cl;:inl it will slorten the distance
e from fifteen to twenty m~-it-between tlhe
t two poonts, and that the road will in every
r-espect be better than the present one. It
r is probable a practical ;agineer will short
1 ly go over the route to determine its feas
t ibility and the probable cost of putting it
e in good condition.
3 In the vicinity of Great Falls are found
a almost unlimited quantities of varied
SbIuilding to:le of the finest quality. One
variety, in plarticlular, of a brownish color,
I is of a remarkably file grain, susceptile
t of a polish nearly equal to that of marble.
Several parties from the east, after a care
ful examination, state that as regards
e beauty f finish and durability it sur
p passes the famous so-called brown stone
y so extensively used by those whose wealth
I ill admit, nl building in the east. This
e stone is easily quarried and is found in
Ssufficiently large quantities as totuake it
pro'lible that with the advent of a rail
road it will find a market in all the east
ern cities, where its great beauty will give
it a vaine which will place it alongside
the many other resources of northern
George Westerfelt has returned from a
short visit in Helena.
It. O. Chowen left last week for Mimeu
apolis, where lie he will remain about one
J. II. McKnight. of the firm of J. II.
MIcKiglht & Co., of Fort Shaw, has re
turned from an extended trip east and
Mrs. S. A. Ink, of Green Spring, Ohio,
is here visiting with her daughter, Mrs.
Will Hanks, and will remain during the
A. B. Keeler, a representative of that C
sprightly paper, the River Press, accom
panied by Mrs. Keeler, was in this section
a fe.: dlays the past week, and favored us
with a call.
James s ibson, well known throughout
this section of Montana, was married to
Miss Jennie Fleetwood, on the 3d instant.
We join his many friends in wishing him
a pleasant journey through life in double
THREE BOOKS GIVEN AWAY.
We will send the following three books
free: LADIES PRIVATE COMPANION, a com
plete medic'd adviser, for women, illus.
trated and hound in cloth, (former price
$1), FUN AND CANDY, a 48-page book tell
ing how to make over 100 kinds of candies
and other sweet things, handsomnely bound
(former price 50 ets), and LADIE.GUIDEF
T.) FANCY WORK, a Practical Instructor in
all kinds of Art Matters, containing 64
h.rge 4-column pages, over 200 handsome
illustrative engravings. and well bound,to
any lady who sends 50 ets for six months
trial subscription to .TIE HOUSEWIFE, a
large 1.-page journal devoted to Fashions,
Fancy Work. Art, Recreation, How to
Cook, and Household Matters. If you will
send $2.00 for four friends, you will each
receive all the above, and we will send
you an elegant Hand Mirror. For club
of 50 we give a Ladies' Gold Watch. Ad
dress THE HotSEWIFE PUBLSIMII.O Co.,
Nunda, N. Y. tc
PICTURES 0F PYOURSELF! D
To introduce our handsome new style
pictures throughout the United States, at
once, we will send Four Dozen finely fin $
ished photographs of yourself, postpaid,
upon receipt of $1.00 and sample photo.
º to copy from. (cabinet size preferred), pro
vided you wi:l pronmie in your letter to
show pictures, and -act' .s agent in case
they are satisfactory. Are sure to please
everyone. ,Refer to Postmaster, American
Express Agent, or Nunda Bank. Remit j
by postal note or registereti etter. (no
stains taken), antd meati t japer. Ad- a
dress, ~ N w ias N ue Co., .
Nunda, N.Y. t.
HomeTa knUp. '5
.DLAC €iai- M ,lsrsndedQ OR i. s
Smarks. & 3r+ _white him footbrandi A m
10 en la1t ehond iit sl 1.
SIMANUFAiCTUIIG1 MTrBOPOLIS I
Located at the Falls of the Missouri, the
--GREATEST-- WAT ER-POWER
ON THE CONTINENT.
IN THE PART
OF THE TERRITORY
Agriculaural and Stock R1aising interests'contend
for pre-emiiinence in the surrounding coun
try, every acreof -which is available for
Sone purpose or the othe~.
Within Seven Miles of the Town is the
Largest and Best Coal Field
In the Territory, Under!aid by Great
i The Neighboring Mountains are Rich in Precious
Metals and the Coimbination of
Goal, Lime, iron and Power!
Insures th3 establishment of large Reduction Works and the treatment of
the ores of the Territory at this point.
SManufacturers of a!! kinds should correspond with us. Liberal reductions made on lots to
those wishing ts improve. Address, H . CiiHOW-VEN, AGEPNT.
TUE DIR1ECT LINF BETWVEEN
And all points in
"Minnesota; , I)tkot:., Montana.
Idaho, Washingt:n Tec ritory,
riltish Columbia, Puget ouu.d and Alaska.
Express Trains daily, to which are attache.
PULLMAN PALACE SLEEPERS
And Ele-ant Dining Cars
No Change of Cars B.tween
ST. PAUL AND PORTLAND.
EMEGRANT SLEEPERS FREE
The only all rail line to the
For further information address
CHAS. S. FEE,
Can. PassEnger A'ent,
St. PPaul, Minn.
Notice of Final Entry.
LAND OFICE AT HELENA, M. T.,
April 6, 1815..
NOTICE is hereby given that the following
i named settler has filed notice of his intention
to make final proof in support of his claim, and
that said proof will be made before John P.
Dyes, Notary Public, at Ulidin, Montana. on May
16th, 1685, viz: ('harles Sntherland, who made
preemption)D S No 6630, for the Eti NE'j, N'!
JE½cisee'5,tp18, -of 1 W
lie names the following witn esses to prove his
continuous residence upon, and cultivation of,
said lanm. vie: O(harles J bnohson, Au$tust
Wadsworth, George Furheeon and Enrebius F
Butler, all of Ulidia, Montana
F. ADKINSON. Berister.
Notice of Final Entry.
LAND OFFIxc AT IELaNA, MONT..
NOTOOE is hereby gived that the following
named settler has hihd notice of his inten
tion to make final proof in support of his ch-im,
and that the said proof will be made b-ifore Ed
wardC. Garrett, Notary Public in and- for Chul
teasLeunn M.'T,,T on May 2,1885, via:
Son'ist erield, who-made Pre-emption D.
&Nho. bIl for te hiV N W N-W. NE)4, section
e.na - wing i tnnes..s to robit
continuous `residceuoa and lliaatitim o
aJait vis: Eld 42. Matchew Ii
ree Morrow, l#on ;.C urd, of
New Store! New Goods!
C LOTHI ER.
IClothing, Geits' Firishiulg Goods, Boot, Shoes, Et.,
n AND EVERYTHING FOUND
In a First Class Clothing Establishment.
?lease call and examine goods and prices,
O)P :ta L-mrnt lous3, Bun River JULIUS H IRSH BERG
J H. I McKni ght & 0o.,
GENERAL MERCHANDISE '
A Full Assortmet of New and Fresh Goeds
Which they offer at the lowest market price. Cl
,Orders from the surrounding country solicited
FORT SIIAW, - MONTANA. K.
. u Ft. Shaw & Florence RIoad.
Iood isccommodations for r :
all, beast.. Best be Cliqran igans. CA
w r.m I[L-itI
FIRST NATIONAL :BANKE
OF HELENA, MT.
Paid-Up Capital ....................................300,000
Surplus and Profit .................................. 250,000
Individual Deposites .............................. 2,000,000
Government Deposits.............................. 100,000
T. A. HAUSER, President, nih DIRECTORS: ( •'
A. J. DAVIS, Vice-Pres. : S. A. Houser, A M. Holter, J. Mi
E. W. KNIGHT, Cashies E. W Knight, T. IH. Kleinschmdt,
T. H. Kleinschmidt, As3t-Ca C. Curtin, R.L. Hamilton, C. P. Hi,,
; A. J. Davi, IL M.~ Parchen, T. C. P.o
Associated- Ban ks: st Nationa, Fort Misoula Nati" onal, s..
Total Capital and Surplus, $750,00 '
A Ceneral Banking Business Transacted.
Montana ,=ational BanI
OFl H.LE.-NA, MONT.,
OR3ANIZED NOVEMBET, 1882.
C. A. BROADWATER .............. ............................ Fresident
A. G. CLARK~ ,.......................... .....................Vice-President
E. SHARP ......................................... ............. Cashier
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
Paid-Up Capital, - - - $250,000.00
Surplus and Profits, - - - - 50,000.00
8. C. AEIRY, B. F. POTTS, N. H. WEESTER, BERMAN OGAS, S. H. CROVNSE, H. F GALEN,
R. B. HARRISON, C: W. CANNON AND A. H. WILDER, OF ST. PAUL.
BOOTS & SHOES,
Main St., Helena.
Agency for Burt & Mear's and Burt & Fackard's
Mail orders solicited. Repairing promptly attnnd3d ta,
&S. ale C o..
(HALE'S NEW BLOCK),
Who:esaloe and Retail IPcaers in
Drs, Chemicals ad Mlecine
Fancy Toilet Articles, Paints, Oils & Brushes.
And all go-ds to be found in a tcoroughly stocked drug stre. Particular attention given to ord-.
from country physicianm and cu tomrs. All medieines warranted fresh and g, nuine and
of the best quality .E 3rse a.r d C3.ttle condition powd'rs; sheep dip, $a.
Orders by mail will raceive prompt attention.
C. B. Jacquemin & Co.,
..Ani Deoalta in Watchos, Glocks, Silver
W;are, Etc., Etc.
Filne Watd~i anid Jewelry RlepiriIng a Specicaty.
S ITISFACSIOJN CUARANTEEE.
MB:i! orders mclicit'd HELENA, MONTANA,
THIS SPACE RESERVED FOR
T7~ TX7"T.IR..' d CO., .--+
Deai:,Coiboy Saddls, Harness
Shaps, Bits, Spurs, Etc.
SOLE MONTANA AGENT FOR HILL'S CELEBRATED CONCORD BHAR. i.
-' · -~ER -M---A' - ... ...
SM. S L VERMAN,
Pwprietor HELENA ARMORY Dea
Anoiu F.tioaniFr, Tobaco9& t ,ip .
Of Fort eatotn1 Moni saa.
a..,. =.+,,. .: aca .
3o. W. Pr. =,.i. .Nx '~ e
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