Newspaper Page Text
A Light Brown Dog With a White Collar
and Blue Blood.
A collie of what issaid to be the per
feet type is here shown. He is light
brown in color. This beast has probably
won more prises at dog and other shows
than any other collie now living.
He is an imported dog and has the
onor of being the sire of one of the
cAMPION c('OL IF.
t beautiful collies on the English
neon's farm. He now belongs to a well
own show kennel in Philadelphia.
In this handsome animal's face, brute
though he is, are more life, kindliness
d intellig',nce than in some people's,
d we would rather live with himi. A
collie on a stock farm is invalu
ble, and a bad one is worse th:ul a bad
A Horse's Leg.
"The measurement of a horme's leg be.
low the knoo is no correct indication of
e size of bone in that region any more
it is of its general quality, " says a
espondent of the London Live Stock
ournal. "In large, course draft horses
is is particularly tio case, and the
ser they are the more deceptive is
eir measurement. A leg clothed be.
ow the knee with a lhick skin and an
abundance of subuntaneous tissuo will
rth considerably more than another of
ual and even larger MIne. Many Shires
neath their long, silky feather have re
arkably clean legs, and the fieneuess of
o feather is generally indicative of
lean limbs underneath. Large knee
ints are highly prized, and rightly,
ause large joints are evidence of large
noe beneath them. Each joint has a
lative proportion to the boine innuedi
telybelow it. In quality it is admitted
hat bone differs greatly-that the bone,
for instance, of a race horse, although
smaller, ins of greater density than that
of a dray horse. The eannon bone of the
antelope is almost as solid as ivory,
while the ponderous wild mammalia
have leg bones of considerable porosity.
Thick skin, a large amount of subcun
taneous tissue on the legs and coarse
hair from the knee downward usually
denote a sluggish lymphatio tempera
ment and vulgar blood ligaments, and
as to 'flat bone' it is a misnomer, but
flat legs are desirable, for to approach
this form the back tendons must be well
developed, whereby strength and dura
lity of muscle are assured at one of
he weak points in the exterior of the
The acidity of the stomach, which is
he result of feeding hogs exclusively on
n, may be temporarily corrected by
ding charcoal. But in this case, as
_ost others, prevention is better than
re. The hogs fed with a properly bal
ced ration, including some fine wheat
iddlings and a few roots each day,
11 not be troubled by acid stomach.
cidity is a sign that fermentation has
gressed to its seconc. stage, the first
ing alcoholic. It is not possible to
use food to ferment in even the slight
t degree without some waste of its
utrition. When fermentation pro
grea.es so far as to make acidity of the
stomach, the loss is much more consid
erable. This is in addition to the loss
by impaired digestion, of which men
tion has before been made.
There is no reason why hogs should
be troubled by poor digestion. The
power of the pig to get nourishment
out of all food given it is greater than
that of any other animal. If pigs were
never, even in fattening, kept on con
centrated food, they ought always to
keep the perfect digestion with which
the young pig nearly always begins life.
We say nearly always, for it is one of
the most serious facts in pig breeding
at by feeding a breeding sow mainly
corn or other concentrated food her
gp will be stunted even before their
rth, and. if we may use the word,
estined to runthood during their en
re natural life.-American Cultivator.
The Shire horse, the descendant of
Lineolnahire black, is bred for the
oat part in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire,
kahire and Oxfordshire. The hoare
ed in these counties differ from one
other in size and character, each
ty, perhaps owing to differedoes of
1, poseesing its own peculiar type,
although such is the case they are
true specimens of the Shire horse
ashibit the distinguishin oharao
of this bree in their sine, form
ISpt growth of hair about their
They usually have large heads,
muscular shoulders, wide chests,
backs, with well developed pelvis
These animals are bred to the highest
a in the fens of Lincolnshire,
growing to 1 hanads high before
third year. From this fact it
seem that seil had smne efect in
else. Youatt, who wr.e ape.
- but considers that certain sitls
re better saited than others for
vaeless kLndes farming and the
of dlerent animals eand "that
Sdies ent dstad on the sail or pe
tans" It way b, however, attributed
to the metue of thesol and the invig.
mrating atanepherewhlh pervades this
ountr.-N-iateth COestu ry.
THE cHICAGO SHOW.
W.t Stock sad osse ExadthitiUes Will ae
has drafted the prize list for the Ameri
can horse show, which exhibition will
be resuscitated at Tattersalls of Chi.
cago's big horse mart Nov. 99 to Dec.
1. The fat stock show will be hold in
connection with this exhibit, but it is
not probable that this show will be of
an extent that will encroach seriously
on the space for horses. The prize list is
i.uite comprehensive, including classes
for thoroughbreds, standard breds,
Cleveland bays, French coachers, Ger
man caechers, hackneys, Morgans, road
stor stallions, gaited saddlers, Shetland
ponies and all the draft breeds, together
with rings for four-in-hands, tandems,
carriage pairs, hunters, jumpers, etc.
Each breed named is given three rings
-4 years old or over, :1 years old andti
2 years old-in both sexes, and prizes
are uniformly $25 for first, $15 for sen
end and $10 for third. It is greatly to
be regretted that the rings for yearlings
and foals have b) en omitted. The ne
commuodations at Tattersalls are limited
to 880 stalls, and Superintendent Pace
states that It- could tnlt possibly figure
out room enough for the youngsters, and
solely on this account rings for the
yearlings and faols are not lprovided.
There are no stables in the immediate
vicinity to aoullllodato an overflow,
and it is thonehtr, that the stall room
,vill b+, taxed to are for the older horses
which will b, shown.
We fear thi.s rmission will militate
gret; ly against the show of draft hbrses,
rand it iý to ho hoped that after the en
tries give s.o011. idea of the numbers
rooml ally i.b found to accommnnodate the
young thi:ngs in the exhibition of which
our breeders take such great pride. In
vi: w of the limited number of stalls at
tihe dlisposal of the board, it will doubt
less hs, well for exhibitors to file entries
in.tndiately, as late coiers may have
to l, rej.,:t+1, fir lack of room. The
bIelrd has been colpelled to adopt a
rt iu that not more than two entries in
a:iy ring will be accepted fromn any one
A totalof $15,00t0 in prizes is offered,
which amount exceecds by about $2,500
any previous offering at this show. The
prizes are not large, but it must be re
membered that the chances for gate
money are not nearly so good as when
the show was located on the lake front.
A guarantee funl of $10,000 has been
subscribeld in this city, and every effort
will be made to bring out a crowd.
Special at tractions will be arranged for
the evenings, and over $7,000 of the
total prize uloney has been set aside for
light hors, s,in the hope that the en
tries and support of those who drive and
ride in this city nmay be enlisted. The
exhibition is undertaken under disad
vantages, but if horsemen give it hearty
suplport it will doubtless lead in time to
the erecttion of a building in this city
which will be in every way suitaule for
I the holding of the greatest horse show
t in the world.--Breeder's Gazette.
The largest pair of horses shown at I
the cart horse parade, remarks the staid
London Spectator, were two buys that c
stood 18 hands and probably weighed t
at least a ton each and were capable of i
drawing a weight of over four tons in
addition to their driver. Compared with s
the average size of the nearest approach I
to the wild horse existing, the tarpan c
of the Khirgiz steppes-for the animal I
which Prejvalski claimed to have dis- I
covered in the highlands of Gobel is I
too like a wildi ass to be accepted as the
primitive ancestor of the horse until
more evidence is forthconing than is
at present available from such remote I
and inaccessible regions-these maulm
moth horses show an increase of about
one-third in height and three-quarters I
in bulk and weight as the result of hou
man effort directed mainly to the in- I
crease in size in just proportion in a
particular animal. The natural infer
eunc front this fact is a doubt whether I
the limit of size i hicih nature seems to
have set to the growth of particular
species is really as fixednd arbitrary
as might appear fromn the experience of
ages, even in cases where the conditions I
are more favorable to their perteet de
velopenut than are the Asian steppes
to the growth of the horse. The general
weight of what is called "paleontolog.
ical" evidence seems to favor the last
Live Stemtk Ploints.
At the tat. Louis fair the live stock
that made the poorest showing was the
horses. There was a mule race, though.
The celebrated running mule of the
editor of the Arizona Kicker ought to
have beenl there, but he wasn't.
To put fl.sh on an old or thliln animal
Professor tSewart says: "Dissolve a
pint of molasses in a gallon of water.
Mix 3 pounds clover hay, cut to half
inch lengths, with 2 pounds buckwheat
flour and 2 pounds of wheat bran. Wet
this with the sweetened water. Feed
this amount three times a day, giving a
little laes for the first day or two."
Cows that are handled by rough and
violent drivers and stablemen are much
more subject to abortion than those
treated gently. A man in Pennsylvania
kept a dairy in which the cows were
continually aborting. They were tied in
stals so short that it was with great
dimculty one cow could squeeze behind
anothe. They arunaed and injured one
another in paeing into and out of the
stalls. Besides th e boys who took
care of these unfortunate cattle used to
raise a geat hullabaloo and rack wagon
whips over their heads to rush thaem in
to the stable. Then the farmer waonder
ed that his cows gave birth to dead
In building a cow stable be sum to
make the doorways wide enough so that
ows near to calving time may pass
through without erowding or eashing
their side agait the doorwry. This
is sometimes a cease of abortion. Yet
another case is horning among cattle.
Pregaat ows should not be allowed
in yerds where cattle hook one another
Causes of Pallure---RequisItes to fuees. C
Winterlng on lummer NsndIs. C
There are so many cases of failure u'
that the problem of a successful winter- b
ing of bees cannot be too thoroughly ti
studied. The main causes of such fail- 4
ares are: A population too weak to
maintain a stfilcient degree of heat in' n
the hive; a quantity of food inadequate ti
to the needs of the colony during the o
winter months; food of so poor a qual- ti
ity that bees living on it cannot remain v
in good health; a hive which cannot c;
sufficiently protect bees against the cold Il
of winter; a hive so close that the I
dampness produced by their breathing o
wets the bees, their comb and their food" ~
a sequestration of bees, too long pro- ii
tracted to allow thcem to get rid of their j
feces before they become sick with di- p
arrhea. To overcome thesl. diflniulties u
beekeepers have tried several ways of
wintering lbees-on their summer stands. r
in rooms above ground, In silo:', inll el
lars. ('harIs Dndant, whose successful I
operations in the apiary intstle his
opinions to consideration, says in a p
conlunnication to Prairie Farmer: I
The lirst vequisite to succeed in win- e
tering bees on their sumelnlr stands is a
large population. A part of it ought to I
be young b-es. A large population t
maintains easily the heat inside the e
hive, and the bees can easily pass from n
an emptied comb to another containing t
honey. A colony containing a quantity t
of young beos succeeds better in its winl t
tering than ::tother with old bees only, I
because the young bee.:, who have gone 1
out of their hives but a tlw times, are r
more careful and do not rush out far
from the hive, as do the ilder bees.
Honey is the only food necessary in I
winter for bees on their sumnnt r stands, c
but it is to be noticed that the food is c
used not only to sustain life, but to pro
duce the indlispounsable warnmt, for it i
has been often iescertainel tlhat a large c
population has consumed less in winter I
than at smaller onei, whose bees were I
compelled to eat more to keep warm. It
is generally admitted that Y:5 pounds of I
honey per colony are not too much to
spare the beetkeepers all anxiety about
the needs of their bees during the winter.
When but a few colonlies of an apiary
are short of hloney, the most sitple 1
means is to take fromt tlose which have 1
solue to spare what the others lneed.
Such tin operation is easy witl movable i
frame hives. But when ino colony has
any honey to spare, and this happens
often to beekeepers who use smittll hives,
the best food to give is sugar sirup, fed
to the bees ill October. This sirup,
made with a quart of boiling water and
4 pounds of granulated sugar, to which
a pound of honey tr more is added to
prevent crystallization, is given at even
ing, when yet tepid, in old tin cans cov
ered with a piece of cotton cloth and
inverted on the upper bars of the fraunes.
The bees suck the sirup through the
cloth. The Hill bee feeder, made on
the same principle, but entirely of tin,
is also used and saves much labor. A
strong colony can put in the comb in a
single night the contents of three or
four of these cans. But the insufficient
quantity of food is not the only want to
be supplied. Its bad quality slhould also
be feared, for Ihoney dew, or dark Iloney
from fall flowers, contains too much in
When the cluster of bees is unable to
produce the indispensable warmth dur
ing the cold days of winter, they die
sometimes partially and often wholly.
To prevent such accidents somne bee
keepers use chaff hives, or hives with
double walls, the interior of which is
filled with chaff or with sawdust. Some
other beekeepers, for wintAr, lodge ev
ery one of their hives in a large box
furnished with a passage for bees. We
prefer to protect our hives during win
ter only against the northern winds.
Our method is to heap around each hive
a pack of dry leaves or straw, which is
kept against the hives, on three sides,
with rope ladders, each of which is
made with about 12 half laths, leaving
the front side of the hive free, so as not
to prevent the sun from warming the
entrance during the few warm days of
winter. Before winter we remove the
airtight ceiling which covers the top of
the frames of our hives and replace it
with a straw mat, on which we heap up
dry leaves. The dampness produced by
the bees passes through the mat and
condenses in the leaves which are wet
by spring, while the inside of the hive
is very dr.
Husking Corn by Machinery.
There are corn huskers and fodder
cutters with a capacity of 200 to 800
bushels of corn per day and requiring
six to eight men to manage the same.
An Indiana correspondent of The Na
tional Stockman who has had his shook
corn handled by one of these machines
thus describes it: The large size has a
capacity of from 200 to 800 bushels per
day, owing to corn and time of year.
With low wheeled truoks, two or three
hands and teams will deliver the fodder
to the machins, one man and team with
two wagons will care for the husked
cmrn, and one man with the aid of the
16 foot elevator will cae for the chafed
The machine has two mnpping rollers
that mash the stalk, and the four knives
ear it in piees, so that there are no
whole seotlcos to hurt the mouths of
stook. The husks that are taken o by
the husking rollers are not out, but are
elevated with the fodder, and the corn
is elevated into the wagon without ay
head work. As soon as the oorn will
keep in mall bulk your fodder is ready
if yes will be sure c one thing-avold
ald foreig moisore. The sap that is in
the stalk will not tinjure it if you tramp
it down and do not stir it. It will heat.
but do not molest it, and it keeps very
well, coming onu a little dark, but stoo.
relish it as they do allege
EGG8 IN WINTER.
ow. a Small ulock of Elseod ea Wore
It is very desirable to have hens lay
well in cold weather, when eggs bring a
good price. To sncceed in this is within
the reach of all who keep fowls. It can
not be accomplished without effort,
however, which must be kept up as
long as stonrmy or cold weather contin
Much delpends, of course, upon the
breed of fowls. An American Agricul
turist correspondent, v. riting on the sub
I uam inclined to think that a flock of
mixed herns will produceo more eggs
than any one kind. Not only does my
own experience teach this, but observa
tion among otlhr poultry keepers as
well. While some breeds may well be
called general purpose fowls, the Leg
horns are pr:obably unexcelled for eggs.
it is us.iless to look for large quantities
of eggs from the hainioer breeds. Where
(allt v,:tst.; both eggs ndll market fowls
it is well to keep m:toro thant one breid.
An etitre thwck of uniform:t color is more
pleasing to the ,yt, but a mixture is
more s:tilTactory as an all around flock.
Last winter I had a flock of 85 hens,
ranging from Itllots to hens 4 years
old. They were a mixed lot. Some
Plymouth Rocks, sone grade Lang
shans, a few Light P-aituls andel a
tgowodly proportiuon of L;rown Leghltn s
and the.ir gradh. They had hIen laying
well .ll oltunl i, with se:arely any de.
crema int eggs producition at moltingr
time, ai the pullets w-re then leginning
Sto lay. At the beginning of cohl weath
cr their house was lined with iuildingl
Spaper atd six or eight inches of sand
( throuwn on the earth floor. As long as
the grouml was bare they were allowed
the run of the yard, but were ki pt shut
in on cold and stormy ilays. Thu feed
Swas a warm mash in thll morning, with
a teaspul nful of cayennte pepper in it..
This mttti is vt ry easily madte.
At blrakfa:st timlte every morning the
Steakettle was tilled with water and put
over to heat. Ity the time breakfast was
( over the water was hot. It was put into
- a large pail and stirred with a mixture
t of bran anid middlings as thick as it
s could be. On tlhet floor we hald a quan
r tity of iut straw and chaff, attnd into
o this were thrown four quarts of mixed
t corn, olts alld whltat at alout 4 o'clock
I in the afternxon, so that the hens coult
a scratch it out bIefore dark. Fresh water,
t with the chill off, was before them ev
.ry day. All the imeats scraps from the
F table oand the offal of butchering days,
bones with some mteat on, all went to
furnish anitual food in absence of in
sects. Now for results. On no day
a through the entire winter did they lay
s less than half a dozen eggs, atnd through
s January and February the average ran
from 10 to 20 eggs every day, with oc
I oasionally as imany as 24. In extreme
cold weather they were kept in their
4 house all the time. The house is 16 by
i 24 feet, and besides the ihens there were
o two cocks and ten hen turkeys kept in
it. With eggs from 18 to 24 cents a
dozen, it is worth while "to fuss" with
Select Sweet Corn While Husking.
The progressive farmer always breeds
form his choiccst stock and plants seeds
selected from the very best of the crop.
By this means he overcomes the con
stant tendency to degeneration and se
cures strains of varieties and breeds
which are best adapted to the soil and
olimate of his farm. This is especially
true of maize, of which only the best
filled ears from vigorous stalks should
be used for seed. At husking time this
selection can eh made to the greatest
advantage. Whenever a choice ear from
a good stalk is found, the husker should
throw it into a separate pile or into
the front part of the wagon. When un
loading, these best ears may be thrown
into barrels or boxes, and when resorted
may be stored in a dry room for the
winter. Such continuously selected seed
corn will soon make a neighborhood
reputation for yearly improvement.
A New Departure In Fairs.
The Farmers' Review calls attention
to a novelty in way of fairs reported
from Peru, Ind.: The first day of the
street fair proved that the exhibition,
which continued one week, was to be a
complete snccess. Broadway, the prin
cipal business street, was crowded from
one extremity to the other with exhibits.
It is an attraction somewhat similar to
a county fair, but with the exception of
being held on the streets and being free
to everybody. All themerchantsereoted
booths in front of their stores and dis
played their goods, and in the center of
the streets t!o stock and other farm ex
hibits were shown.
Agricultrmal News and Notes.
Corn is one of the cash crops this
Considerable waste molasses is pro
duced at beet sugar factories in France
and Germany. The latest plan is to mix
it with bran, meal or palm not meal,
dry into cakes and use for feeding cat
tle. It has not given good results with
Rural New Yorker says that the feed
Ing of wheat to live stock will have a
doubly good effect. It will decrease the
market supply and perhaps help up the
price, and will show farmers the advan
tage of feeding some more nitrogenous
food than corn.
Paris green is made by dissolving
white arsenio and aoetate of copper
separately in boiling water and mixing
while bolling. There was once a
"boom" for white arsenio alone as an
asectioide but this has died out.
The latest novelty is "artilcial
aream," which may be used to enrioh
skimmilk or mixed with any other liq
aid It ismade by emulsifying any salt
able oil with a solution of gelatin and
dilating with water to the prper o
Thelargst silo in the world is sid
to be one built by J. T. Polk of Indi
ens It is 160 feet long, 4 wide, 18
deep and has a capacity ot 8,000 tons
for Infants and Chlldren.
SCastorls issowelladapted tochlldrenatat Castoria cures Colic, Coastlpation.
Srecommend It as superior to any prescription Sour Stomach, Diarrhma, Eructation,
known to me." IL. A. Arcun , M.. D., Kills Worms, gives sleep, and promotes dl
111 So. Otlod St., Brooklyn, N. Y. gestlon,
Without Injurious medleaston.
"The u.s ef 0 ' a'toria i so unlversal and "For several years I have recommende
its merIta ht o,, ; known that it s* nus a work your ('astoria,' and shall always continue t'
of se'prer.-ntti.n to e.ndorsn It. Few are the do so as it has invariably producedbenelats
Intelligent families who do not keep Casturla residts."
within easy reach." Eawai F. PanasD M. D.,
CAnwos IITarx. . D., I 1th Street and 7th Ave., New York City
New Y,,rk City.
Tur Ca'arra CoareAn, 77 ML.raw iraenr, Naw Yoas CinT.
Mince Meat, Largest Stock of Fancy Gro- Apples.
Boiled Cider, Oranges
Sweet Cider. ceries, Teas and Coffees wIrn.
Pop (orn, and I mons.
Sw ss'.,oa rtoes, Bottle Goods. Pears, etc.
Now m..lad AT Fresh
W nuts, rszil, EAT ., ON Lettuce,
Pecans, tllberte. Radishes.
Almonds, 416 Central Ave. ,-.
Penauts, eto. TaE.IEPRONt, 150. Ranch Eggs.
Our stotter is Roquefort, Bire, Swiws, Edam, I your Tens and
the IBet ('ofles are not
Moey can lBy,. Neufchatel, Cream, Pane Apple, satisfactory, call
Pounds Club House, Limburger and guasntee to
for p tea o
*t.et,. Brick Cheese. o_ .
WILT & CO.,
FLOUR, FEED, HAY
311 First Avenue South. T_... _elephone 33.
Great Falls ...
IS AGAIN ON THE UP GRADE.
You can buy now on a Rising Market, and at "Hard Times" Prices.
Balance in three equal payments, one, two and three years, seven
per cent. interest. Invest part of your savings or surplns cash.
At Sro a month, (paid monthly) amounts to to per cent. interest on
- ,25o. In many instances double what the property is worth. Fig
ure the rent you are paying on this basis.
And get the advantage of a Rise in Value.
GREAT FALLS WATER POWER & TOWNSITE CO.
A. P. CURTIN & CO.
Lace Curtains, Elegant
Window Shades, New Line
House Furnishings. Twenty New Styles.
EsEAL AI 1N . -E.
Buylng as we do for Spot
Reductions Have Been Cash . solid car lots,'direct from
Made in Every De- ,t, .mnuct e bl to
make lower prices thaaour com.
817-819 Central Avenue.