Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. I. No. 11. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, FRIDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 2. 1888. PRICE 5 CENTS.
THE BURLE5GH SPEECH.
A Few Facts and Figures
of in an
Eloquent and Honest Man
ner by a Gifted Repub
As Mr. Burleigh arose to speak, the
audience was convulsed with loud and
continued cheering. When the cheering
had subsided, he said:
M.. CHAIRMAN, LADIES AND GENTLE
MEN: We have had the pleasure of lis
tening to a very able speech from Judge
Wade, who for nearly 18 years has been
a prominent figure in the public life of
Montana. I wish to commend that
speech to the careful consideration of all
who heard it. He has stated clearly and
.convincingly many of the statistical facts
of our history, tending to show the im
pregnable position of the republican par
ty and its stand upon the economic ques
tions in this campaign.
On Tuesday next the people of the
United States will exercise
THEIR SOVEREIGN RIGHTS.
Every citizen on that day will be a king.
No matter how humble his calling or
how plain his clothing, his expression of
opinion at that time, as indicated by his
vote, will be equal in point of determin
ing the policy of the government, with
the wisest or the richest citizen of the re
public. [Loud and prolonged applause.]
It therefore behooves you, fellow citi
zens, to give careful thought to the effect
of your votes upon the welfare and fu
ture destiny of our common country.
Our democratic friends tell us we are
CITIZENS OF A TERRITORY,
that we cannot vote at a presidential elec
tion, and for this reason our votes are of
small importance. While this is strictly
true, we are not in any degree a factor
without importance in the body politics.
In point of intelligence and ability to dis
oriminate upon great questions of na
tional polity and expediency, we think
we are not behind the
Af the American people. [Great applause.]
in this country public sentiment is mold
ed from the returns of the ballot box;
though some of our democratic friends,
notably in Ohio and Indiana, have es
sayed to stultify this fair expression of
political sentiment by methods which ul
timately must prove as
DISASTROUS TO THEIR OWN
party as they are subversive of the popu
lar will. The admission of Montana into
the Union is a consummation devoutly to
be wished. Our opponents assert that,
to attain that most desirable end, it is im
perative upqn the people of Montana to
themselves into accord with the demo
cratic party; in other words, to elect Mr.
Clark, their candidate to congress. Now,
my fellow citizens, can one of you in
form me how the election of Mr. Clark
would aid us a solitary iota in securing
admission to the Union? Tell me, my
WHAT MR. CLhU. COULD DO
in that direction. Have we not for four
years successively sent Joseph K. Toole
to congress, and has he not had a seat in
the house of representatives, controlled
by the democrats? And what has he
done looking towards the admission of
Montana? He has introduced ust one.
bill for this purpose, which, being re
ferred to the proper committee, has re
mained in its hands till this day, and
WILL REMAIN FOREVER.
Has Mr. Toole ever once raised his voice
in congress to advocate the admission of
Montana? The congressional records
say he has not. And yet they have the
effrontery to tell us now that, in order to
bring about this desirable end, we must
elect Wm. A. Clark! I may say to you
that it was not Major Maginnis' fault
that, during his incumbency as Montana's
HER ADMISSION WAS NOT
attained; but he was certainly at fault
that he never put forth an effort in that
behalf. Peradventure, also, it is not Mr.
Toole's fault that Montana was not ad
mitted while he was delegate; and for
the very excellent reason that he belongs
to a party which, for more
than thirty years, has been
OPPOSED TO THE ADMISSION
of the Northwest Territory or any por
tion thereof as sovereign states.
It has been the traditional policy of the
democratic party, ever since the founda
tion of the government, to oppose the ad
mission of the states. The same policy
dominates that party today. See! on
our eastern border lies Dakota, in area
standing third among the states and ter
ritories of the federal union. She has a
population of 640,000. She has a school
domain of 6,000,000 acres of land, worth
$18,000,000. Her assessable property is
valued at 320,000,000; and there are 40,
000,000 of property not included in that
assessment. She has
MOlleR MILES OF RAILROAD
within her borders than twenty-five
states of the union. Of the census of
1880 she had a population exceeding that
of twelve states. She has more school
houses and more churches than twenty
wo states of the union. Like Montana
and Washington, her population is in
telligent, wealthy, patriotic and loyal.
Tens of thousands of the veterans of the
war have cast their lot and made their
homes there. The representatives of
THIS MIOGHTY PEOPLE
have gone to Washington and have pros
trated themselves at the foot of the throne
of King Grover humbly importuning for
the admission of their great territory,
embracing 152,000 square miles, as two
soverign states. Was this an unreason
able request? A republican senate
promptly acted upon the people'srequest,
and passed two bills providing for the
admission of South Dakota as a state and
creating a territory out of the north half.
Thesebills have gone over to the demo
cratic house and,
TRUE TO THE TRADITIONS
of the party, there they have remained,
and there they are likely to remain for
ever. Why should the good and loyal
people of Dakota be thus treated like
dogs and be by Grover spurned from the
foot of his throne? I will tell you the
whole secret: It is because Dakota on
election day, would roll up
A REPUBLICAN MAJORITY
of 50,000 votes. [Tumultuous Applause.]
It is because there is no earthly hope that
the British free trade, democratic party
could ever get a United States senator
from Dakota. [Prolonged shouts.]
As Ij gaze upon the intelligent coun
tenances before me, I cannot restrain my
righteous indignation against a party that
would deny to you your constitutional
rights of citizenship. I cannot; contem
plate the atrocious action of this, so-styl
ed democratic faction, in denying to more
than 1,000,000 freemen, in the three great
territories of Dakota, Montana and
Washington, their constitutional rights,
without a deep and intense determina
tion welling up within me to exert my
self to the utmost to throw off from our
shoulders this incubus, and clear our
THIS DEADLY UPAS
that would drag us down to hopeless dis
pair and ruin, paralyze our grand sys
tem of free government and poison the
fountains of life, liberty and the pursuit
of happiness among the sons of the
patriotic founders of our glorious Union.
[Tremendous cheering.] Mr. Burleigh
conscious of the lateness of the hour, it
being then near midnight, was about to
close, when shouts of "Go on! go on!"
arose from all parts of the house.
Fellow citizens, true to its ancient
British antecedents and proclivities,
this presumptuous, arrogant and aggres
SELF-STYLED DEMOCRACY ,
(but which should be designated dema- a
loguery, or groggery strait, without the
dem.) upon its restoration to political I
ascendency, raised its old free-trade bat
tle-cry of tariff for revenue only, under a
plausible disguise of tariff reform. Our e
democratic friends are somewhat sensi- t
tive over the term free trade. At this late
day in our history, they don't like to be e
openly labeled free-traders. It is decid- a
edly unpopular. It savors too much of c
the toryism of the revolution. [Great t
cheering.] They think that, if called by t
some other name, it will not smell so t
bad, so they would charily
CALL IT REVENUE TAIIIFF.
Now let us see what there is in this tariff
matter. A protective tariff is simply
that amount of duty levied upon imports I
which is equal to the difference between l
the cost of a commodity produced or
manufactured abroad and the cost of the C
same produced or manufactured at home. I
The republicans of the country believe I
in maintaining such a protective duty as I
will place our industries upon a basis of
SUCCESSFUL COMPETITION WITH
foreign productions, while maintaining
the higher rates for American labor. The
democrats want to reduce these duties to
a mere source of revenue, without re
gard to the principles of protection, the
amount of this revenue being only what
may be necessary to defray the expenses
of the government. This amount they
would raise by laying duty only upon
COMMODITIES NOT PRODUCED
in the United States and allowing all
commodities produced here to come in
free; whilst the whole theory of the re
publican tariff policy is the very reverse
of this, to-wit, to lay its imports upon
those foreign products and commodities
that are also produced in the United
States, admittingfrce such as are not pro
p duced here--thus at once affording both
revenue for support of goverlnment and
protection to our industries.
In common with the whole people of
the United States, my fellow citizens,
- you are now called upon by your ballots
to either approve or conlltcden
TIneS DEM,10tC ATIC 1 I.ItESY.
To vote for W'n. A. Clark is to vote for a
tariff for revenue only. On the other
hand, to vote for the Ioln. Thomas 1I.
a Carter is to vote for that policy and sys
a tem of customws duties from)l which a rev
enue is derived both to support the gov
a ernmeiot and protect American labor.
0l [Great applause.]
I Some of my hearers may think that
I Mr. Clark is a better man than 1[r. Car
- ter. You may have for him some per
it sonal partiality. But when we are called
upon to make a choice between public
servants, we should look more at
i THE PUBL'.IC INTEREST
if than at our private preferences. The first
it enactment of the American congress iIp
1- on the question of protective tariff was
in 1816. This bill was supported by the
two great statesmen, Henry Clay andI
John C. Calhoun. Mr. Calhoun was then
a warm advocate of protection on the
floor of congress. Mr. Webster did not
support the bill, because he supposed
that it would imperil the commercial in- I
terests of some of his Massachusetts con
stituents. A few years later Mr. Webster
became the champion and leader of the
protection hosts of the country, and Mr.
AN ENEMY OF PROTECTION,
because the South had no labor to pro
tect, they themselves being the absolute
owners of the laborers. Cotton was the
southern king, and the product of the
cotton fields gathered by the hands of
slaves, was deported to the factories and
looms of Leeds and Manchester to be
made into fabrics for market. The
ebonied menial serfs who "Toiled in the
cotton and the cane," received for their
compensation only the meager rations of
IOE-CAKE AND HOG
sufficient for their subsistence. The
white laborer, who came into competi
tion with the Southern slave was the
veriest mudsill. The slave occupied even
a higher social plane than the
FREE-BORN WHITE AMERICAN
in the South. The foundation of their
wealth was in human slavery, and their
social fabric rested upon an oligarcha
From the inception of slavery at the
South, protection was eliminated from
their politics,I and "free trade" became
the motto on the standards of the South.
In 18382 this condition of affairs became
so pronounced that John C. Calhouq,
standing in his place in the United
States senate, declared that South Caro
lina stood in battle array to resist the ini
quitous tariff laws of the government.
General Andrew Jackson, who was presi
dent at the time, immortalized himself
by his prompt suppression of
THIS HNINATURE REBELLION,
and told Mr. Calhoun, in unmistakeable
terms that if he persisted in his mutinous
measures, he would hang him on the
sour apple tree, "by the Eternall" [Ap
Gen. Jackson did not have so much
sympathy for the southern secessionists
as President Lincoln at a later period.
Mr. Lincoln was disposed to temporize
with the despotic slave-masters, hoping
that they would retrace their steps. He
did not know them, probable, quite as
well as did Old Hickory, who was a
The panic of 1837 came upon us as a
free-trade simoon, paralyzing the indus
tries and wrecking the fortunes of the
country. Consternation spread its plight
ing breath over the land and commerce
and trade, with enterprise and agricul
ture languished and were ready to
perish. All hearts were faint, and
TREMBLING AND TERROR STARED
every one in the face. The end of all
things seemed approaching.
For relief the people again turned their
eyes towards protection, and demanded C
a revision of the tariff laws, a repeal
of the free trade enactments and a return
to protective duties; which resulted in
the most overwhelming triumph of pro
tective principles and the almost unani
mous election of
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON,
under the battle cry of "Tippecanoe and
Tyler too," as president. Thereupon, in
1842, another protective tariff act was
passed. This had scarcely been in oper
ation two years when James K. Polk, a
democrat, on a strong protective plat
form, was elected president. With Polk's
inaguration came the Mexican war, and
in 1846 the democratic party, then in
power, passed the famous tariff act "for
revenue only".-that act from which dem
ocratic statesmen and orators, even in
DRAW TIIEI INSPIRATION.
[Applause.] Fellow citizens, if you will
go to-morrow night and hear the Hon.
Robert Buncombe Smith, United States
attorney for Montana, you'll hear him
quote that act of 1846 and tell you that
under that act the country prospered as
it had never done before. Let us not be
deluded, however, by his sophistries; but
look at the facts. We labored along
under that act until 1857, when we were
found drifting again upon the
SHOAI OF NATIONAL INSOLVENCY.
Our country was flooded, as Judge Wade
told you, with the worthless paper of
state banks in Indiana, called wildcat,
because it was here to-day and to-mor
row gone to flinders. Some of the older
men before me will remember the shin
plaster currency of that day. In Ken
tucky, where there was more chivalry
and no rowdyism, they called the trash
skunk-tails. In Illinois they called it
red-dog. This was the best money that
the democratic party could produce. It
was not current from state to state, and
even in the state where it was issued. no
I ma coucld tell, froml day to day, when it
would not e '-worth the paper11 it was
printed on. If you was going so travel
out of the state, a disc ount of fromt
TEN TO) FIFTY 'Pitl( iENT.
was always calculated upon, ecvel if it
t was taken at all. [Applause.j (ompar
ing this state of affairs with the present
financial condition of the country, and
I the solid republican currency that fill.
c our pockets now, we may forln a just es
timate of tihe distinction between the ef
fec ts of protection and free trade--the
relative merits of republican and demlo
cratic principles in advancing
e of our common country. Refering to
Sam Word, Mr. Burleigh said that sev
eralyears ago he had meta certain gen
ius by that name-commonly interpreted
"Slippery Sam." He had always heard
of him as one of the democratic heavy
weights of Montana; that he was the
democratic Goliath; that no ordinary per
son could approach him; that he had sev
eral scalps, if not more, ldangling from
his oratorical belt. He was Mr. Clark's
oracle. He exulted in saying that he had
raised the bristles on the back of Mr.
Carter, as well as Col. Sanders. This
man Word had made a bitter and cow
ardly attack on Col. Sanders, here in
Great Falls, last Monday (fight, when he
at the very moment well knew that the
colonel was six hundred miles away.
This was fighting at a safe distance, and
wholly in keeping with Slippery Sam's
cowardly, braggadocio character. Doubt
less Sam will have an opportunity of
hearing from Colonel Sanders to his full
He closed by an earnest admonition to
the voters of Cascade county to stand by
the Hon. Thomas II. Carter for Montana's
delegate to congress, and the united
county ticket, and thus secure honest,
intelligent representation at Washing
ton, good home administration, and
grand strides of progress for glorious
On Friday evening, Nov. 2, 1888, Prof.
Spear will deliver his free lecture on
"Me and My House." The lecture was
to have been delivered on Wednesday
evening last, but was postponed on ac
count of the republican rally at the Park
hotel. Ladies and gentlemen are most
cordially invited. This lecture has won
applause wherever given. Come earlyto
the Minot hall to-night.
Pictures copied or enlarged at Beck
Good bright boy about 13 years of age
wanted at this office to learn the trade.
For ladies' and misses' wraps go to the
New York Cash Bazaar.
J. H. McKnight & (to. have just re
ceived a large stock of Spring Wagons,
Top Buggies, Phaetons, Buckboards and
Road Carts. Call and see thenm.
Gloves and mittens at prices that defy
competition at New York Cash Ilazaar.
J. H. McKnignt & Co. are age nts for
the Eldredge Sewing 3Machine. Quality
the best. Prices the cheapest.
When you go to lelena (all and see
Mr. Beckwith's muaguiiicent eularged
photographs of the lovely sceneyl along
the Montana Central railroad.
J. PFEFFERLY, A
Wagon No. 5.
Charges Reasonable. Great Fills. Mont.
W. P. BEACHLEY.
Genera' Stationery and News
A Fill Line of Legal Blanks for Sale.
Corner of Central Ave. and Fourth Street.
See the Great Assortment of
C. P. Thomson's
Reliable Dry Goods House.
C.mplete In Every department. Agents for the
HAHN & WALTERS,
GOLD BLOCK, HELENA, MONTANA.
First National Bank
OF GREAT FALLS.
Authorized Capital, - 81,000,000.
Paid-Up Capital, - 100,000.
T. E. Coli.s NS - President
JhON LEPI.EY - - Vice-President
L. G. PHELPs - - - Cashier
A. E. I)rcxEnlrN - Ass't Cashier
V. A. 11ROADWAT'ETR, MARTIN MAGINNIS,
P'ARI.S G(IlSON, IRA NIVYlio,
IIROERT VAUlGIIN, 1. 0I. ('IOW1IN,
J. T. ARMIIMGTON.
A general banking business transa
Exchange drawn on the principal orits in the
States anld Europe.
Prompt attention given to collections.
Interest allowed on time deposits.
Next Door to Lapeyere's Drug Store, are the
TEstey and Camp
PIANOS AND ORGANS.
Parties Desiring to Buy or Rent a Piano or Organ
Should Leave Orders with them,
as they are e
Agents for Montana Territory.
Stationery, Cigars, and
C. W. COLET,
Mover of Light
Orders promlptly attended to. Prices reasonable.
ANDI)EILS. CULLEN & SANDERS.
A TTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT
Main St., Helena, M. T.
JOHN P. DIYAN,
J NSUIIANCE, REAL ES'TA''TE,
AUCTION and Commission, Luniber, Shingles,
and General Agent.
OFFICE-Between Central and First Avenue
North, on econlld Street.
UIT. G. CA IMPELL,
TI) CHlRtiltONI l)1lsEA''1,
OFFICE-Harris Building. corner 7th Avenue
..outll and .tl Street.
A. ". LON)GEWVAY,
SOLOU NTY I'IIYSICIAN AND
(GREAT FAL.IS, tlotitllla. Ilite Hlose Surgeon
to the Montreal Western Ihospltall and Attellning
Physiciant to the Montreal Dispens:try.
II. P. Il) OLI'i.
1T'I ( NI Y AT ILAW.
III till' ill.her Courts. Splclal attenltion given to
l.tld h sllilliss.
OFFIC - - - - - . - -- Minot Block.
. 'I1.'LLIA :t. I 1R T:i N,
I I\VIL EN(GINEI'EI:
01'l" -i.oll 'tl t' ntti s. I[lteth s;. et. llraught
OFIu'It' - - - ivr hciturellli & Webster's.
PLANS. Specifictlions alid l istilatles givent at
(I.'FI - - - - e Ne it td r to Post Ofi',i .
, : 1ot S: ti sIINING : ilVIN .
A H.ll KAluIt ADON,
C IDIC-( 'Lvtrn Bllo'ck, liar the wt,'l O. s t
oil First Vii.
DT. , , . C itf ,CHlli,
SUIRGERY AND DI`EASES
SIRGEON l'E"r Montnta Cetitra t Railroad, Great.
OFFk(CE-('nnttnry's Builing, Centrial n.tnue.
1. H. McKnight & Co.,
FARM , SPRING WAGONS,
Road \iagons, Buckboards, Road Carts, Superior Grain Drills, Sulky Plows, Break
ing and Stirring Plows, Harrows, Cultivators, Tents and lWagon
Covers, Barhed and Plain Fence Wire, Mud Milli.
Team and Buggy Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Whips,
Cooper's Sheep Dip, Sewing Machines, Etc.
Perkins' Wind Mills and Pumps.
Hay Rakes, Hay Presses, Hay Loaders, Threshing
Machines, Full Line of Mowers and Reapers.
mFWe are Agents for Woods's Mowers and Binders, John Deer Plows, Bain
Wagons, Cooper's Sheep Dip and Eldridge Sewing Machines.
Central Avenue, Near Third Street, Great Falls.
The Shoe Man
t st Ope isl his Fi.1 iy Equipped
Boot and Shoe Establishment
in tlh LLuther Ulio onk o Seconlld St., Bet.
C.ntral and First Avenues south.
Al Inexhaustible uand LLndsnome Varletlpof
BOOTS AND SHOES
0 OARRIED IN STOCK.
lVlail Orders tilled Carefully and
Exped i tiou.slv.
./,i.NDR 'IL E.NSE.N'
(UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT.)
Every Co,, rn e.,ece Furnished that the Traveling
Public nuay desire.
SA-DDLE ILITO)ISES SPECIAL
THE PATRONAGE OF TIIHE PUBLIC SI RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED.
P'./1 UL & ,'LYT(! H-IT I, ,ronprietoris.
El. R. CLIN A. N,
- DEALER IN -
GROCERIES, DRY GOODS AND. GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
THE BEST PRICE PAID FOR GRAIN AND COUNTRY PRIODUCL.
Belt, : : Montana.
W. B. RALEIGIIH, F. H. MFYEt. .J. W. BELLIS.
W . 1. 11ALlh I Gil. & CO.,
For Fine Dress Silks,
Imported and Domestic Dress Goods, Carpets,
Curtain Material, Flannels, Blankets,
Comforts, Ladies' Scarlet Knit,
Saxony and Silk Uncicr
Me-_. Knited and Califo-i ,,.de... .r, I.:aies'
an , Childre- ,n r h
At Hemarkiy Low i K ea
l-v(;i\e us a call and p.rt pric.e. ':.ll . r rs ' . ,.
WV. B. Ilteii.c'h & (-1 ColLpavi'.
I CErNR AVE VNE. GIREAT FA..I. M IN..