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THE GREAT FALLS LEADER.
Hlstorical Society of Montana: DEVOTED TO THE AGRICULTURAL, MANUFACTURING AND MINING INTERESTS OF NORTHERN MONTANA ,
V O L , 1i, G R EAO F L A -
VOL 1 GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1888, " ..N. N, I
GREAT FALLS AND HELENA.
County Argus Says of
Before one gives vent to his skeptici:sm
he future of Great Falls he should visit
that city, note its size, progress and the
great scheme of its founders. Its size, lo
'ation, and the character of its business
Juildings and private residences were a
great surprise to the writer. The city has
t beautiful location, in a bend on the east
side of the Missouri, just below the mouth
Vf Sun River, the city limits extending
,_k .to the gradually sloping bench
ands. The Falls has the finest hotel build
ng in Montana,capable of accommodating
ever one hundred guests; the rooms are
dcely furnished, heated by steam and
provided with gas fixtures and fire alarms.
Under the new management the hotel is
doing a good business. There are be
t.ieen 10 and 20 brick and stone business
buildings on Main street, and others in
the same character in course of con
ction or contemplated. A new wagon
ge a thousand feet long, has just been
.pleted, costing $50,000. The branch
oads to Sand Coulee and the reduction
ks has just been completed, and large
.sgs of men will soon be employed on
Both terminals. The Falls has a good
louring mill which will be kept running
luring the coming fall and winter on
The future of Great Falls rests in the
faithful carrying out of the grand projects
upon which its origin was based. It is
ot the work of weeks and months, but
e work of years. So far the trium
ate of captalists interested have given
cause for doubt or fear and the busi
tas men of the city, though trade is a
tie quiet now with them, are hopeful of
e future and have all confidence in the
alls and the faithful prosecution ol
ery scheme mapped out. There can be
false play. It is upon the of promises
e by honorable men the Falls has
bed its present size. It cannot be
led a net to catch suckers or tender
t, for we believe the majority of the
isiness men at the Falls are old Mon
nians. No doubt the Falls has passed
e "boom" period of its existance, and
f there is a slight reaction it shold alarm
o one but the timid and short-pursed.
rent Falls like every other town, has its
rsimists and kickers.
But Great Falls cannot and will not
pend upon its immediate surrounding
untry. It would not hold up a town
If its present size" It has a better
butary region farther away, upon which
. eyes of the capitalists are firmly set.
e trade of the Judith basin could be
.ed beyond all r. :arly and division by
railroad to its center. Cattle, sheep,
rees and wool would all go east via the
eat Falls, and, 5,000 people would be
aced within 4 hours ride of the northern
etropolls. The mines of Fergus county,
well as her stock and agricultural
eatness are worth looking after. The
amtoba company and the people of
eat Falls must look to this country for
pport in build.ng up their city and
The men interested in Great Falls,
an business. There are now about 200
n employed at the reduction works,
ich will be built in 4 sections, each
plete in itself, and it is expected that
first will be turning before fall. The
ihart ann Barker railroad, and a branch
the Judith Basin, we are informed,
sure to follow. Following up Otter
ek front Belt could be found an easy
de into the Basin at Stanford.
rest Falls can become all that her
zeus hope for if the projects now
lined and decided upon are faithfully
tied out. Works that have a monthly
-ioll of hundreads of men and a rich
utary country, are all that is necessary
ake it one of the leading cities of the
elena is enjoying a steady, healthy
wth. It is rapidly becoming citified.
as theatres, street car lines, electric
t. water works and several lines of
oads. Its streets are crowded with
s and the sidewalks with rapidly
ving pedestrians. A number of fine
sidences and public buildings have
en erected in the past two years. The
w court house is a credit to Lewis and
,rke county and the pride of the city
lens appears to be on the verge of a
t mining boom. Men at the hotels
constantly tu!king quartz and the
t reduction wvorks. The capital for
e works has all been pledged, and
ject is in the hands of men who never
de a failure of anything they under
k. The initiatory steps'now being taken
e aroused in mining matters and more
ty, if possible, established the sup
acy of Helena among her sister cities.
ergus County Argus.
Where to Locate.
e American Settlers' Guide, pub
d in Washit on, D. C., contains the
wing impoSo advice to settlers
the public . *s, which is founded
the experle as of the past--the
x of the future:
ther things being equal, choose a
ement near mines and manufactures,
pid streams likely to be used for
ufactures; near the junction of rivers
alleys; where a valley crosses a river
ds at a lake."
3uch locations always secure good
-es for farm products and rapidly ad
the price of land, becoming centers
siess and sites of future cities."
is should be gratifying to the people
Ireat Falls and the owners of land
"ssible thereto by railrsad or other
. When the townsite was located it
hear mines varied in character and
apid stream then likely to be util
for manufactures, and within an al
incredible short period advantage
een taken of it in this particular.
have here the junction of rivers
alleys, and what is equally impirt- 1
f railroads. The fertile valleys
supply the miners, mechanics and manu
facturers with products; the river, with
a unlimited mechanical power, makes the
mining and manufacturing possible and
profitable, and the railroad facilitates the
progress of all and practically places the
producer at the very door of the con
It The rivers of this section seem to have
naturally combined to make this point
e the available center of the most stupeud
uous network of nature's flumes for wood
s and lumber in the world, not excepting
the Mississippi and its lumber loaded trib
Even the casual observer will conclude
that Great Falls, with all the favorable
advantages in its location, must become
what the American Settlers' Guide proph
esies for a locality with any one of the
requirements mentioned -"a center of
business and the site of a future great
A Passage in Sheridan's Life.
Philadelphia Times: The raising of
Lieutenant-General Sheridan to the rank
of general recalls an incident connected
with his promotion to his present grade.
I The autumn of 1868 will be remembered
by many as having witnessed a series of
n Indian atrocities on the Solomon and
I Saline rivers, of Kansas, as fiendish and
1 revolting as any in the history of fron
n tier experiences. Major-General Sheri
dan then commanded the department of
the Platte, with headquarters at Fort
Leavenworth. With his usual celerity of
action he sent out detachments of troops
in pursuit of the savages, to keep them
occupied while he massed his main
forces and his supplies at Fort Hays and
other points on that line. He resolved
to make a winter campaign, an untried
and hazardous venture, and determined
to take chadge of the expedition in per
son. The Indians had been routed at all
points, villages had been broken up,
ponies captured and utilized or killed.
Many proud wariors had been laid low,
and Moketavetah and his band of dog
soldiers of the Cheyennes, the chief per.
petrators of the Kansas massacres, had
been annihilated with the exception of
one warrior, who escaped. Upward of
10,000 Indians of the Kiowa, Cheyenne,
Arapahoe, Comanche and Apache tribes
I had been brought into subjection and
placed under military surveillance in the
valleys of the Wichita, near the mouths
of Medicine Bluff and Cache Creeks.
The campaign was ended. Victory had
again perched upon the colors of Sheri
dan. One day towards the middle of
February there was a stir in camp. The
general was about to return to the rail
road at Fort Hays,whence he had started
in November. The general, a detach
ment of the Tenth cavalry, Col. Lebo,
Col. Schuyler Crosby, Maj. J. W. Clous,
Col. McGonigle and the writer constitu
ted the party, and before them lay a vast
Indian waste of 400 miles. The distance
had been traversed. While approaching
the Smoky Hill river, less than twenty
miles from the fort, a fleet courier was
seen advancing. It was March 6, 1869.
The courier saluted proudlyand galloped
up. An orderly was sent to halt him.
The courier, being informed that the gen
eral was at the head of the party, turned
his horse and dashed gallantly up to the
general. Bringing his animal on his
haunches by tke suddenness of his halt,
standing in his stirrups, and raising his
saluting hand to the visor of his cap, he
"I have the honor of saluting the lieut
enant-general of the armies of the United
States," simultaneously handing him a
The general took the yellow envelop.
His face was flushed with mingled sensa
tions of pride and emotion. His hand
trembled with feeling as it never wats
known to under the heat of battle as he
opened the packet. It was a telegram
from General Sherman substantialy in
these words: 'trant has been inaugurated.
He has just nominated me for general
and you for lieutenant-general."
"To timhe lietenant-general I" went up in
shouts along the little column of officers
and troopers which broke the solemn
solitudes of the Smokey Hills. "To the
lieutent-general!" again and again in
in rounds of dheers.
If ever a brave sa ldier looked an elo
quence of gratitude and pride Sheridan
did on that hright middayon the banksof
the Smoky Hills. Spurring the prancing
steeds, who seemed to feel the inspiration
of the stirring martial scene, the column
soon galloped across the intervening
stretch of plain to Fort Hays.
The next day the general, Col. Crosby,
and the writer went to the department
headquarters. Before the middle of
March they reached Washington, where
the lieutenant-general was laden with
social honors by tne President and army
in recognition of his victorious campaign
and well earned promotion.
How to Carve.
First, remember that the easiest way is
not always the best. Supply yourselt with
a sharp knife, fork, and chair somewhat t
higher than a common dining room chair.
A roast of beef should always be carved
toward the bone. The slices should be
thin and even. Boiled ham should also i
be thin, but mutton and pork and veal
should be somewhat thicker. In carving
fowls, it should be remembered that the
true way to carve is to sever the lgi- c
ments and joits without breaking the i
bones. Inthe first place, the fork bet
inserted firmly in the breast bone, with
the neck of the fowl toward the carver,
thus holding it solidly on its back. Re
mere the legs and wings at the joints,d
and then disjoint the leg. Commence at I
the wing joint and make a diagonal cut- (
ting of meat on the breast. Cut throught
the thin place Where the breast bone be
gins and through the middle of the back. s
This divides the fowl. As the pieces are I
cut off they should be put on a smaller r
plate than the one on wldhich the fowl |
rests. To carve Ish, run the knife down [
the back; small fish may thns have the c
backbone and meany of the sides removed !
without breaking the flakes of the fish,
GRAND JURY REPORT.
A General Summary of Their Work
-The Needs of a Jail Set
To the Honorable Thos. C. Bach, Judge
of the District Court of the Fourth Ju
dicial District of the Territory of Mon
tana, in and for the County of Cascade:
In reply to your charge of the seventh
instant to the grand jury on that day em
paneled, we beg leave to submit the fol
We have diligently examined into all
matters and evils' referred to by the court,
and found that there was much reason
for complaint. Especially is this the case
respecting the social condition as it now
exists. Three indictments have been
found against the proprietor of the Park
theatre ir Great Falls, under the three
special sections of the statutes of Mon
tana, referred to by the court in its in
structions to this jury.
Indictments were also found against
parties keeping disorderly houses. II
the matter relating to Chiiiamen, touchec
upon by your honor in your charge, we
have to report that we find no cause for
The matter of garbage has been thest
oughly investigated, and we find that in
most cases the offenders have already
taken steps to remove the nuisance." We
earnestly recommend that the proper au
thorities be specially instructed to enforce
the law in this respect.
The carrying of concealed weapons by
cow-boys and others has been the cause
of much disturbance. Under this head
one indictment has been found.
Vagrants-We find that there are many
men in the town of Great Falls who have
no visible means of support, and have be
come a fruitful source of annoyance and
breeders of crime in thiscommunity. We
recommend that the county commission
ers procure proper quarters for caring
for these despicable characters, and that
the latter may be compelled to contribute
to their own support, we suggest the or
ganization of a chain gang under the
sheriff of this county, who shall work
these vagrants upon the public roads.
Butchers.-We find that the butchers
of Cascade county, having been ignorant
of the law requiring them to record the
brands of all slaughtered cattle, have
neglected this important matter until re
cently. But now they evidence good in
tentions to comply with the law in this
respect. As the county clerk is instructed
to report all offenders against this statute,
we believe there will be no further in
fringement of it.
The jail at Great Falls is unfit for hab
itation of single individual for a day. At
present it is crowded to overflowing, is
utterly devoid of decent ventilation and
its present condition is very favorable to
the commencement and spread of disease
in this community. We desire to earnest
ly impress upon the board of county com
missioners the importance of procuring
at once a suitable site and of erecting
thereon a jail building which shall be
adequate to the present and rapidly in
We find that some of the justices of the
peace courts of Cascade county are con
ducted in a manner unbecoming places of
justice, and respectfully urge that the
county commissioners investigate the
competency of the justices of the peace
of said county and that they proceed im
mediately to remove all those who are
found lacking in the qualities requisite
to a justice of the peace.
In regard to the lynching affair which
occurred at Sun River during our session,
we would say that every effort has been
made by the grand jurors to ferret out
the offending parties, but to no avail, not
withstanding the officers of the law have
acted with the utmost diligence in this
case. We deem it of utmost importance
that an officer of the law be stationed at
the town of Sun River, and recommend
that the county commissioners appoint
an under sheriff for this district and grant
him the full power of sheriff, the same to
be compensated by a reasonable salary.
The books of the county officials have
been casually examined, but none of the
members of this jury being expert ac
countants, we feel incompetent to make,
in a limited time, a thorough and careful
We have visited the different county
officers and were received with uniform
courtesy and attention. We believe that
the several officers are attending to the
duties of their respective positions with
diligence and ability. We feel especially
grateful to the efficient county attorney,
who by his zeal in furthering the ends of
justice, has been of inestimable assist
ance to this jury. .Iolr T. ATIIEY,
Foreman of Grand Jury.
ARTHUR W. FORD, Clerk.
The Railroad Party.
The Helena Independent says: A large
party of distinguished railroad magnates
are at present visiting Helena. They
will leave this morning and go over the
Northern Pacific road to Cinnabar in the
Park region. They are headed by Mar
tin Hughitt, president of the Chicago &
Northwestern railroad. They are on a
pleasure tour which is unmixed with
business, further than to see and note the
appearance of the country and observe
its resources and the condition of its
enterprises. After looking through the
scenic country in the south, they will on
Saturday start east, returning through
central Dakota and northern Iowa, arriv
ing in Chicago on Tuesday next, in full
time for the Chicago convention, which
Mr. Hughitt declares is not in the slight
est sense an object with himself.
It was largely upon invitation of Presi
dent Hill, of the Manitoba, that the party
came into the country, and the Montana
Central have extended them all the cour
tesies of their road. Mr. Hughitt says
he has been greatly pleased with what he
saw and is much impressed with the imil
eral resources of the country and the
richness of the Sand Coulee mines, which
he viewed carefully. He told the re
porter that an amusing incident had oc
curred in his trip, which consisted in his
being mistaken for a distinguished
gentleman, which mistaken identity, he
says he has no reason to feel ashamed of.
It was communicated from Great Falls to
the papers of Helena that Mayor Hewitt,
of New York, was in that town viewing
the smelter in which he is interested. In
point of fact the mayor was not there by
some thousands of miles, but the railroad
president, whose first name is Marvin,
which was mistaken by the correspondent
for Mayor, was set down as being Abram
8. Hewitt. He was much amused to
think that in the guise of the mayor he
was billed to speak on politics at a demo
cratic jubilee in this city on Wednesnay
night-and more especially as he is a
died-in-the-wool republican. IIowever,
as was observed yesterday by a well
known gentleman, these mistakes will
occur, and the more distinguished the
personage who is made the brunt of them,
the more ridiculous they appear.
Our Coming Congressman.
Editor of TaE LEALEB.
While the republicans of Montana are
anxiously awaiting the action of the Chi
cago convention to select a national
leader our pulse may vibrate with theirs
and our hopes for success may be as ar
dent, but the question of most importance
to republicans in Montana is, who shall
be our standard bearer here?
The political complexion of Montana
for the past six years has been a matter
of doubt in the minds of all republicans.
Have we ever brought out the full repub
lican vote? The nearest we ever came to
measuring swords with our opponents
was in '84, when 100 votes would have
elected Hiram Knowles to congress.
The change in Lewis and Clarke county
demonstrated the fact that the young re
publicans of that county gave J. K.
Toole his majority and elected him, while
the legislature on joint ballot was re
Now let us steer clear of 'the sheals
upon which we have "oie been wrecked
and with careful consideration try to
select, agree upon and bring out a man
who is a vote winner; one that will not
prejudice or imperil the party, but or
ganize and draw to his standard, infusing
new blood and progressive ideas, and
hold the young men that naturally be
long to that grand old republican party.
Many republicans in northern Montana
believe that our most available candidate
fir congress is young Andrew F. Bur
leigh, of Helena; and our reasons for
thinking him a strong man are very
plain. He is of the young school of
republicans and in no danger of falling
irto the trenches of the older politicans;
he is not as bitter partisan as the states
man of twenty years ago, while he is a
strong believer in and advocate of the
the principles set forth by the republican
party; and as to talent and ability Mr.
Burleigh is second to none and peer to
many of our rising young statesmen.
Although in the morning of life he is one
of the most polished orators and bright
esg younc. trnp of our day and time,
who might reflect credit upon any state
or territory hlie hails from. Mr. Burleigh
is a man of very limited means, sur
rounded by all the temptations of west
ern life and Montana's great wealth, yet
lie has never sought to work in the har
ness of corporations or monopoly.
These are ai few of the many reasons we
have in asking for Mr. Burleigh and re
publican success. It matters not who is
pitted against him; no democrat in Mon
tana can defeat him as the full strength
of his party will be sure to follow
Andrew F. Burlergh. DAN McKAY.
What They Say About It.
Chicago Tribune(Rep.)--Mr. Clevelant
was willing to forego his pre-election
pledges, and it if no injustice to him to
say that he has been a candidate for a
second term since 1885. His public pol
icy has been directedin the aid of that,
appointments have been made in furth
erance of it. His partisans have skill
fully cultivatod the idea. His success is
necessary to their supremacy in the party
councils and their retention of office.
Their plans have been promoted by the
lack of capable and available men in the
party. The managers of the organization
had to go to the brink of the grave for
their candidate for vice-president.
Chicago Inter Ocean (Rep.)-The dem
ocratic party of today is .t fortuitous and
irregularly cohesive concourse of ill-con
ditioned atoms. In the main It is Cal
hounish; three-fourths of the delegates
from the southern tier favor a fiscal pol
icy, which would reduce this nation to
the rank of purveyor of food and raw ma
terial to England; allied to these are a
few Anglo-maniacs who are at variance
with the southern tier in all except free
trade policies. Another group of atoms,
drifted from western and northern states,
is allied to the Calhounites of the south
ern tier in the heresies of state's rights
and "strict interpretation of the constitu
tron," but is opposed to the low tariff pol
icy. There is not a single political idea
which can be said to be common to all
or a majority of the delegates to the St.
Inter Moountain: Major Maginnis added
nothing to his repution as an orator by his
speech at St. Louis convention applaud
ing Cleveland and denouncing Blaine. We
think bad he expressed his honest con
victions he would have denounced Cleve
land and applauded Bluine. The Maine
statesman, many times in congress, went
to the rscue of Martin Maginnis, who
was then delegate from this territory.
On the other hand Cleveland not later
two years ago postively refused to ap
point Maginnis governor or to appoint
any of Maginnis' friends to office in this
territory. We do not think the major
has a very high opinion of hiniself after
his St. Louis effort,
Saud Coulee Coal.
Dr. G. C. Swallow has just completed
an examination of the Sand Coulee coal
mines. He states that four feet of the
coal will coke, and as much more of the
vein can be used for smelting ores with
out being coked-its heating properties
are of such a high order. The doctor
brought home with him today a large
specimen from the mine of the Montana
Central Company. lie says it is a sample
of soft coal that would be hard to beat in
any country.-Helena Herald.
O 0iYOU WONDE
That my store has fairly swarmed with eager buyers every day this year? Well, its
no surprise when you know the bargains I am giving in everything in my
line, and that I tan selling goods at fully 25 per cent lower
than they have ever been sold here before.
Coats,- Pants - and"- Vests.
Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Rnbbere and Slippers of all kinds, Boys's Suits of the latest styles, etc., etc.
eHATS! HATS! HATS!
Silk Hats, Derby Hats, Fur Hats, Cow Boy Hats and in fact every style known to
the Hat-maker. iHats for old men, Hats for young men, I-ats for
r- boys, Hats for children, hats to fit every head and
ae every pocket-book at about 25 to 40
11 per cent less than ever
sold here before.
SMy assortment this season is immense in qualte and great in variety. All of the popular
shades and colors, made of the finest fabrics and in the latest and mosat aproved styles are shown
by me. Some are silk faced some are full silk and satin lined, and all of them are nade ap in the
e helghth of tailorinl art. MS prices on all goods cannot be equalled in the city. Yon'll make
make money by seeing me pefore buying.
ONE-PRICE ATCentral Ave.
CLOTHIER. , I, Great Falls.
Furnit e and Hoouse Frniminas,
g DECORATED AND PLAIN CHAMBER SETS.
- Pier Mirrors,
Curtain Poles, Book Cases,
PARLOR DESKS, WALL PAPERI, BABY CARRIAGES,
Bedding, Lounges, Bedroom Suites, Parlor Suites,
CHAIRS, RIECLINING CIIAIRS, ETC.
In fact anything you want int the Furniture line at Reduced Prices.
CENTRAL AVENUE, (GREAT FALLS. M. T.
New York Cash Bazaar.
THE SPECIAL BARGAIN STOREI
The Almighty Dollar, the Many have
too Few and the few too Many.
NOTE THE FOLLOWING EXTREMELY LOW PRICES:
Ladies' Fine Kid Shoes ...................... my rico $2 00 Montana price $2so
Ladies' Finest French Kid ..................................my rice i M ,l tana price 7 00
Ladies' (Goat worked lluttonhole hies i... ............ my piliCe 1.10 Moatiana price 200
Ladies' Goat worked Buttonhole Shesl . int se....my pri:e 225 Mont.ttia price e 0u
Children's Solar Tip Shoes ................................. rie 1 n e Montana price 1I50
('hildren's Fine High (Cut Sh s .......................... .my price 1' Molltalll prjce 2 0
Men's ongres, Whole Vamps .............................my price 2 00 Montana price 0s
Men's Bals, Whole Vaips . .......... my price ( Montana price so
Men's ('ongress or iale, Fine ('ailf, tioicor Welt ....... lly price 275 litna trie 400
Men's Saxony Hats ....................................... . . .......my re I t6 a price 51(O
Men's ine r Hats............................ ....... y ri 1 75 Mo tana price 2.50
Men's Stiff Hats ............. my price 1.25 lMoitana price 200
Boy's Hats from 25 cents to $1, worth 5 i per cent inore.
Everything else in proportion. A full line of Dry olods, Millinery, Notions and Gents'
farnisning Goods at l'inic P'rices.
R. D. BECKON, Central Avenue.
Insurance, Loans and Abstracts.
W. B. rliALEG . EIGH Iii Ll J. W, ^ ELLIY
W. B. RALEIGH & CO.
The Leading DRY GOODS House.
W Cairr the lar ogt o lnse.sce stock of
Dry Goods, ICarpets, Notions, Ladies and Children's Shoes
In Northern Mantans. Buying in elnialmctiun with I'i. lhtesa ht,tri sidirect friii factories
wenre a i slle io n Oll Is ii t dls 2es wti Iwei liullS's thll~n tl, s.nsll r
hnt,n si whli iiuy ho f jiE b lorti. e /til for sUIIPhsl.
Mail Onero W, B. RALEIGH, & CO, 'lintitt,,.l. ...l..
Holicital ';ant k'allrj