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llST NATIONAL BANK
OF GREAT FALLS.
Authorized Capital, Si,ooo,ooo
Paid-Up Capital, $100,000.
T. E. COLLINS, . . President
Joas LEPLEY, . Vice-President
L. G. PLps, . . . . . Cashier
A. E. DICKERMAN, . . Ass't Cashier
0. A. BROADWATER, MARTIN MAOINNIS,
PARIS GIBSON, IRA MYERS,
ROBERT VAUGHN, H. 0 CHOWEN,
J. T. ARMINOTON.
A general banking business transacted.
PIchange drawn on the principal points in the
States and Europe.
Prompt attention given to collections.
Interest allowed on time denosite.
THE GREAT FALLS LEADER,
PUSBSlBtsD WZtLY BY
THE LEADER PUBUSHING COMPANY.
zmaO. a. ansP'ERn. altor.
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 5$ PER ANNUM.
All communications should be addressed to
THE LEADER. GaRAT FALLS, M. T.
BSATURDAY, JUNE 2s, 1888
THE MANUFACTURE OF IRON AT
Reducing the ores of gold, silver
and copper at-Great Falls, will con
stitute industries almost as perman
ent as the mountains themselves and
will give steady employment to large
numbers of men. And yet as large
as this business is sure to become at
this place, it will be surpassed by the
iron industry in magnitude and im
portance. We are entering upon an
age which is pre-eminently an iron
age. Wood is rapidly giving place
to iron in the construction of ships,
of bridges, of fences, and especially
in the construction of large buildings.
A few years ago iron buildings were
rarely found in the great business
centers of the United States. T9day
there are tall fire-proof structures in
every city in the union Raving a pop
ulation of mere than 25,000, and in
all these buildings the interior is
mainly of iron. In a few years more
the railway ties of the whole country
will be made of iron, and in all prob
ability iron will soon be used freely
in the construction of dwelling houses
throughout the land.
Iron and steel, to meet the increas
ing demands of the American people,
will be manufactured east and west
wherever the greatest natural advan
tages exist for the making of it.
Birmingham, Alabama. where a few
years ago was a great forest has i
sprung to the front among the iron
centers of the land, because she pos
sessed a wealth of iron ore, coal and
limestone. In respect to these advan- I
tages Great Falls is scarcely second j
to Birmingham, while it has what Bir- 1
mingham has not-an immense and 1
steady water-power. The advantages
possessed by Great Falls for making t
iron and steel will, in-a short time, be f
appreciated by our western people, t
but at present they are uunderstood by ii
a few men only, who have been quiet- P
ly investigating the coal and iron re
sources of this locality for the past
three or four years. It will be a sur
prise to many to know that in Sand
Coulee, within eight miles in a direct
line from Black Eagle Falls, are found
coal, iron ore and limestone, all of ex
cellent quality and so situated that
all can be loaded on the same train of ti
In this Sand Coulee valley the d
limestone is pure and the iron ore, a
called spathic iron ore, is of excellent
quality and carries but a small trace p
of phosphorus. These three essen- e
tials, coal, iron and limestone, are f
found in this valley sufficiently exten- fi
sive to supply the wants of the great
west for centuries to come.
Beyond Sand Coulee and within f
forty or fifty miles of Great Falls on u
the proposed line of the Manitoba E
railway to the mining camps of the
Belt mountains, are found everywhere of
immense leads of magnetic iron ore,
especially adapted to the manufacture to
of Bessemer steel. s
The fact that all this essential ma- hi
terial is found within half an hour's
haul from Great Falls, renders it ab- s
solutely certain that capital and la
bor will unite in making this one of
the most important iron and steel
producing towns in the United States. at
In treating gold, silver, copper and of
iron ores and in the mining of coal, to
we venture the prediction that at least it=
five thousand men will be employed lie
at Great Falls before the expiration Pi
of three years from this date. co
THE TERM OF COURT.
The term of court-+ust held h
been of great benefit to the comm
nity. It has shown the law-abidit
citizens that life and property will 1
protected and the criminal class
have been taught severe but good le
sons. The conviction of the mu
derer, Havens, is worth ten time
its cost in showing eastei
parties that such terrible crime
will not go unpunished an
that Cascade county is hand in han
with older communities. The resu
will be that investors will not hesital
to place their capital here.
The efforts of the court term as
already apparent. Prostitutes n
longer ply their calling so openlJ
saloons are free from disorder an
criminals hunt their holes and see
towns where they may pursue thei
ways unmolested by the officers a
The cost of this term was much les
than was anticipated. One of on
heavy tax payers said in a converse
tion the other day: "It will probabl,
cost $10,000 dollars but it is moneo
well spent." But we are informei
that the entire expense is less than
$2,000 and probably will not exceei
$1,500. A gentleman from Choteat
county tells us that the cost of a tern
of court in that county is frequentl3
One of the reasons for this difference
is that Choteau county is so large
while Cascade is small and compact
and its fees for mileage cannot be
great. However this may be, none of
out tax payers will grumble at ex
penses if court terms are as effective
as this one has been.
e ENGLAND FOR CLEVELAND.
t The attitude of England in the
e election of Cleveland is very notice
able. The news of his nomination
u was received with manifestations of
n joy. Cleveland means free trade in
e America, and free trade in America
, means relief for England. Great
9 Britain is like the fox in the fable.
her tail is cut off, and now she is try
e ing to persuade all other nations to
a follow her example. America is her
great rival in manufacturing. More
over England is filled with a vast
army of starving workingmen who
will work at any price. no matter how
s small. Could free trade be estab
lished tomorrow England's great
army of workingmen would be set at
work, while the laboring men of the
United States would be thrown out
of employment or forced to accept
the starvation prices paid English
operatives. This explains England's
great interest in Cleveland's election;
and when the campaign is in full
blast for every dollar contributed by
democrats in this country for Cleve
land's election, the English manufact
urers will contribute another.
The great election contest of this
year is not a contest between the
democratic and republican parties.
It is a struggle between England and
America, between the wealth of Eng
land and the laboring men of the
The results will be far reaching;
they will not be confined to the manu
facturing states but will reach even
to our own territory. The approach
ing contest has already affected the
wool-srowers and miners of Mnnsan.
NURSING THE BLOODY SHIRT.
For years weak - kneed northern
men have been denouncing the bloody
shirt and crying for reconcilliation.
Now we are getting it and this is the
talk that Gen. Bradley Johnson gives
the friends of the "lost cause' at Bal
The south is progressing. She is not
dead. These eld Confederate soldiers
and their descendants elect ninety out of
every hundred congressmen, thirty-four
of the United States senators, and the
president of the United States. The gov.
ernment of the United States is controlled
by Confederate soldiers. These old Con
federate soldiers are not idle. Their work
for twenty-six years in government, in
railroads, and in industrial enterprises of
all sorts is making itself felt all over the
land. In 1890 Texas will send twenty
five men to congress. The anxiety will
then not be who can carry New York in
the election, but who can carry Texas.
Every confederate soldier carries with
him chained to his heart a casket of his
dead hope and aspirations which he will
carry with him through life as Douglas
did the heart of Bruce to the Holy Land
to show his devotion to the cause for
which he fought. I cannot forgetJeffer
son Davis ICe is a patient statesman and
There is more truth than poetry in
some of Gen. Johnson's statements.
TIHE HELENA INDEPENDENT.
We have been shown a copy of the
above named paper published in one
of our Montana towns. It professes
to be a Democratic paper, but who
its editor.is and by whom it is pub
lished is a mystery. Like the River
Press it is impossible to tell from its
columns who is the proprietor. As
we are Republican we might, however.
be thought to be tinged with green
as eyed jealousy should we advise the
U- Democrats to throw itout of the party
g but we forbear. In the hurry of get
be ting out the first issue our name was
es omitted. Perhaps a similar mistake
s- accounts for the omission in the pa
pers above mentioned.
n THE REPUBLICAN PLATFORM.
id There is no uncertain sound about
id the Republican platform. It takes
It issue at once against the administra
te tion's free trade measures; it opposes
the Mills bill and the removal of the
re tariff on wool, which would cripple
o one of the leading industries of the
v; United States as well as of Montana.
d By giving seats to all of the Dakota
k the convention showed the opinion of
ir the Republican party as to the admis
if sion of Dakota and the platform favors
the admission of Dakota to statehood
is as a right due to it. It denounces the
r fishery treaty as another instance of
truckling to England. It clearly
y shows the friends of civil service re
y form how the promises and protests
I tions of Cleveland when first elected
n have come to naught and that no pro
I gress has been made in civil service
i reform, but the old cry of to the "vic
ti or belong the spoils," is as much the
end and aim of the administration to
day as in the time of Jackson. It ap
peals to the laboring men to vote
against the party which endeavors to
reduce them to the position of the
panper of Europe. Polygamy re
ceives the condemnation of the party.
The reduction of the postal rates to a 1
cent is a recommendation which will
meet the approval of the people.
Upon every point the Republican
platform, as meagerly outlined by the
telegraph, takes the rig.t side and it
n FREE TRADE AN ENGLISH IDEA.
n The Irish World of late issue has a
a cartoon representing John Bull ex
it pressing his pleasure at Cleveland's
e nomination, and the World says:
"The London papers, the St. James
Gazette, the Pall Mall Gazette and
r others, express unbounded satisfac
. tion with Mr. Cleveland's renomina
t tion. One of them says with calm
o effrontery, 'We may well reckon that
w enthusiasm on this side of the water
_ for the re-election of President Cleve
it land means the adoption of his pro
it gramme of Tariff revision, and his
1e ideas on that subject go a long way
it toward free trade."
h IT is astonishing how quickly the
tables are turned. For months the
1. Democratic papers have been issuing
I imaginative reports concerning the
state of Mr. Blaine's health. Then
came Blaine's letter peremptorily re
fusing the nomination for president
and immediately it was admitted that
he was as strong as ever. Then came
Thurman's nomination and now all
the Democratic people are industri
ously striving to prove that Thur
man's health is of the best and he is
not so old as it is possible that he
could be. The twists that they are
forced to take are very amusing.
ONE thing is certain about the Re
publican nomination, it is no "put up.
job," and it was not known for weeks
beforehand who would be the nomi
nees for president and vice-president.
Whoever is nominated by the Repub
licans will aet there.
What They Say of Us.
The Great Falls LEADER, a six-column
folio weekly paper, made its first appear
ance in the Montana journalistic field last
Saturday. It is issued by the Leader
publishing company and announces itself
devoted to "the agricultural, mineral and
manufacturing interests of northern Mon
tana." As to politics its salutatory says:
"Politically the LEADER will be Repub
lican and it makes no apology for being
attached to that grand old party which,
under the leadership of such men as
Abraham Lincoln, Grant, and Garfield,
saved a nation, restored its credit, re
sumed specie payments, opened up the
great west, struck off the shackles of an
enslaved people, made the Declaration of
Independence something more than a
"hollow mockery," inaugurated civil ser
vice reform and now seeks to protect the
farmer, miner and manufacturer from
the machinations of Great Britain and
her American adherents."
It's editorial columns have the ring of
true metal and its news service is first
class. We wish the new venture success.
May it be a leader with a large following.
Rich Strike in the Drum Lammon.
A new and immensely rich strike is the
latest from the Drum Lummon. The
vein is said to be anywhere from eight to
eleveli feet in thickness, is free milling
and of a very high grade. It is regarded
as the finest gold hearing ore in the ter
ritory. The vein runs parallel with the
old vein, and about 150 feet east there
from. It was discovered .by running a
continuation of the Cruse tunnel. The
mine will not put any more hands on
until the new hoist is completed, which
will have a sinkage capacity of 8,000
feet. This will be about September 1.
er, The COnventio..
mn- At 5 o'clock the evening of the 21st,
he Estes, of Colorado, seconded the nomi
ty nation of Alger, Egau of Nebraska hav
t- ing made a good speech in Alger's favor.
Hiscock made a rattling speech for De
kpew, but little enthnsiasm ensued, how
ever. Depew's nomination was seconded
a- by a Minnesota delegate. Depew was
cheered. About 5:40 the convention was
in a tumult. Ohio was called amid great
cheers. General Hastings of Pennsyl
vania proceeded to nominate Sherman
t the cheers were immense. Governor
98 Foraker of Ohio seconded Sherman's
a- nomination. Governor Foraker stood on
3s a chair and waived a flag, and the con
vention was in an uproar. The convention
te was rapped to order by the chairman. It
le was thought an endeavor was made to
make a stampede in Sherman's favor.
About half past 7 o'clock the convention
a* adjourned and met on the morning of S
a the 22d pursuant to adjournment, and at
11:37 the balloting began. The result of
the third ballot was, Sherman 244,
I- Gresham 123, Alger 122, Harrison 99,
. Depew 90, Allison 88, Blaine 35, Rusk
16, McKinley 8, Phelps 5, Lincoln 2,
Miller 2. After the result of the third
e ballot was determined the convention
took a recess until 7 o'clock.
Gentlemen of the convention: I thank
you all in the name of the states and ter- Is
ritories of the Pacific coast, as well as mni
from my own heart, for the distinguished
honor you have seen fit to confer upon
me. I appreciate to the fullest extent
the grave responsibilities devolving upon
me, and this being a republican conven
tion, I shall in all things ask its charitable
judgement and its candid and earnest
support. Gentlemen of the convention,
following so illustrious a gentleman as
your temporary chairman, I shall not at
tempt to detain you by any lengthened
speech. I only want to say to you that
we live so far from the center of the re
public, over on the Pacific shorse, I can
not even guess who your nominee is
going to be. (Laughter.) I am not able
to say exactly what you platform will be,
Ibut the people of the country have echoed
its sentiments in the rattle of the skirm
ish line heard only two weeks ago from
Oregon. "God willing," resumed Estee,
'next November you will hear from
Cleveland's Appomattox all over this
great republic." (Applause.) Friends
and gentlemen of the convention, again '
thanking you for the hdnor you have con
ferred upon me, and impressing you with
the belief, with all my heart and soul,
that our duties are of the gravest and
most solemn character, and trusting from
the depth of my soul that every act may
be done to promote the best interests of
our common country and advance the
great republican party, I will call for the
next order of business. (Applause.)
Mayor Roche, on behalf of Chicago,
presented Chairman Estee with a very
beautiful gavel of silver and gold, set
with a solitaire diamond. He said it was
"not of silver alone, as the one presented
at St Louis, but of gold and silver, the
bi-metalic standard of our fidaneial pol
icy." Charles A. Works, of Illinois, also
presented to the conventiou a gravel
which he said was a plain tool, made
neither of gold nor silver, but it is con
nected with a great name in American
history. It is made from a piece of wood
from a desk in a tannery in Galena, Illi
nois, which wais left by that silent soldier
U. S. Grant, when he took the field to
fight for his country. The mention of
Grant's name was greeted with an out- -
burst of cheering which lasted several
moments and was the warmest demonstra
tion of the day. The chair accepted the
tokens in a neat speech.
b6 The Democratic Comet.
_ The democratic comet that recently ap
peared at the St. Louis national pow-wow
will be visible to the American people
at from now until next November. The
ae comet starts out on its mission with urore
tail than head, but it has even got head
enough for the average democratic voter.
1- When democrats go to the polls they do
not care a snap whether the nominee has
got either head or tail; they put their
Is little vote in just the same. --Corvallis
le New Idea.
re For Rent.
New house for rent-ready on July 1st
-on Seventh street, (orlner of Fourth
5 avenue, three minutes waik lfrom church
p. and school; four room.s and cellar; well
: of good water. See ,'wnr ", house, or
enquire for Tyler, at Par'k lIotel.
Coal ana L im
Leave Orders at the
Eclipse Stable. ! i s'ýft iL.
W. P. BEACHLEY,
If GENERAL STATIONERY AND
d NEWS DEALER.
A Full Line of Legal
Blanks for Sale.
Corner of Csntral avenue and Fourth Street.
s (1 H. BENTON,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR
e AT LAW.
Office in Phelps' block, Great Falls, Montana
WILLIAM E. KERN,
Office over Churchill & Welster's. Surveing
of all clases--Ranches. Ditches, etc. Draugt.
ing and Blue Copying. Cellers Measured.
. A. TAIT,
Office over Churchill & Webster's, Great Falls,
. F. LONGEWAY. C. M., 3I. D.
COUNTY PIIYSICIAN AND)
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA.
Late House Surgeon to the Montreal Western
Hospital anAennding Physiciss to the Moot
H. P, ROLFE,
Will practice in higher courts. Speeial atten
tiou given to land business. Ofice in Minot
DO YOU WONDER
That my store has fairly swarmed with eager buyers every day this year? Well lti
nb surprise when you know the bargains I am giving in everything in iY,.
line, and that I am selling goods at fnlly 25 per cent lower
d than they have ever been sold here before.
Coats, - Pants - and - Vests.
Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Rubbers and Slippers of all kinds, Boys's Suits of the latest styles, etc., etc.
HATS! HATS! HATSI.
Silk Hats, Derby Hats, Fur Hats, Cow Boy Hats and in fact every style known to
the Hat-maker. Hats for old men. Hats for young men, fats for
boys, Hats for children, hats to fit every head and
every pocket-book at about 25 to 40
per cent less than ever
sold here before.
My assortment this season is immense in qn.alty and greet in variety. All of the popnla
shades and colors, msde of the finest fabrics tad n the latest and most a" proved styles are show5
lesgith of tailoring art. y priceson all k osld cannot he equalledt in the city. voB make
make money y bseeing me pefore buying.
ONE-PRICE A N THCentral Ave.
CLOTHIER. , A, Great Falls,
Furniture anti House Furniashigs
DECORATED AND PLAIN CHAMBER SETS.
Curtain Poles, Book Cases,
PARLOR DESKS, WALL PAPER, BABY CARRIAGES,
Bedding, Lounges, Bedroom Suites, Parlor Suites,
CHAIRS, RECLINING CIIAIRS, ETC.
In fact anything you want in the Furniture line at Iteduied Prices.
CENTRAL AVENUE, GREAT FALLS. M. T.
New York Cash Bazaar.
THE SPECIAL BARGAIN STOREI
The Almighty Dollar, the Many have
too Few and the few too Many.
NOTE THE FOLLOWING EXTREMELY LOW PRICES:
Ladies' Fine Kid Shoes ...........o n ce
Ladies' Finest French Kid. ......... price 200 Montana price $20
Ladies' Goat worked Buttonhole Shoes ........ . y o. d price 5 00 Montana price tO
Ladies' G(lot worked Buttonhole Shoesh , n .heat. my pri ie 40I Montana price a2 O
Children's Sar Ti Shoes , y price 2. Montana price . .
(hildren's Fine Hitgh Cut Shoes d ......................... y rice 15 Montanaprice 1
Men's ('ongreso, W hole Vamps.... . .m rice Montanaprce t
eun' as Whole Vamps ..........m....y.m price 200 Montana price 200
.......A..................my price o prce i
Men's ongres or lals, Fine Calf, Goodyear Welt......my price 2 Montanaprice 40
ens yH i .... ... .. ......... rcmyrc e 15 Montanaprice pr ice
M,,]l'N Fine Fur Hlts ................... .... . my price 0 Montana price 10
Meno' Stiff Hts ....... ...... my price 175 Montana price 260
Bouy's Hts fro lat cents to $1, worth ~ $ P rice 125 Montana price 200
Evarythini g ols int proportion. A full line of Dry Goods, Millinery, Notions and Gonts'
furnioning Goods t!tt lalic Prices.
R. D. BECKON, Central Avenue.
All kinds of rough and finished lumber, both Pine and Cedar, also
Cedar Doors, Sash, Lath, Moolding and Cedar Shingles.
MILL WORK IN CEDAR A SPECIALTY.
Ninth Avenue North and Smelter Railroad. City Office in 1. M. Telegraph Office, Central Ave.
CHAS. T. DAY, Gilchrist Bros. & Edgar.n
S1. ltAt.lagen- fo
W. B. RALEIGH F. H. MEYER. J. W. BELLIM
W. B, RALEIGH 8& CO.
The Leading DRY. GOODS House.
We carry the largest and best selected stock of
)ry Goods, Carpets, Notions, Ladies and Children's Shoes
In Northern Mantana. Buying in eonnectijn with the Helena house direct from factories
we are able to sell yon goods at great deal lower figures than the smaller
honses who buy of jobbers. Send for samples.
Mail OrdersBolicited W. B. RALEIGH, & CO central Avenue,
- Great Falls
DOW & TUTTLE,
Geieral flardware ercbanits.
Crown Jewel and Cold Coin Stoves and Ranges, Tinware,
Refrigerators, Window Class, Blacksmith's Ma
terials and Builder's Hardware,
TIN 1SHOP iN ('ONNEHTON, KINGSBURY BLOCK CENTRAL AVENUE