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THE GREAT FALLS LEADER.
DEVOTED TO THE AGRICULTURAL, MANUFACTURING AND M[NING INTERESTS OF NORTHERN MONTANA,
VOL, 1. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1888. NO, 6.
NEW YORK AROUSED.
Organized Republican Clubs Show
a Membership of Eighty Thous
and --- Letter from Gen
SARATOGA, N. Y., July 11.-The state
convention of republican clubs met it
Saratoga last week. President R R. HI- I
ferd, of Buffalo, In the chair. Presidelnt
James P. Foster, of the national league,
of republican clubs, was invited to th
platform and spoke briefly. There we.
18,000 school districts represented. It
was proposed to organize a republican
club in every one of them, which are
twenty or more republican votes. In this
way the question at issue would be
brought directly home to the people.
President Hefferd, following Foster, ail
dressed the convention. He outlined the
possibilities of liberal education and the
republicanism of the people by the work
of these league clubs. The organization
was not projected to aid any political as
pirations or to raise campaign funds.
These were issues to be met by republi
can clubs. New clubs should be organ
ized and a link should be thus made be
tween the state and national committees
and voters. The standards of citizenship
should be lifted, the assimulation of the
herds of foreigners should cause study.
The excess of votes to congressmen north
over the votes represented by congress
men should be remedied. The republi
car. party was lauded
BECAUSE OF ITS RECORD,
And the convention was congratulated
upon what the speaker deemed its bright
future. The committee on resolutions
reported a resolution enthusiastically rati
fying the nomination of Harrison and
Morton, heartily approving the national
platform, and also appeals to all citizens
to co-operate in organizing and securing
victory for the national and state tickets
of the republican party. The convention
chose four delegates at large to the na
tional convention of republican clubs at
The report of the secretary shows that
there are 550 republican clubs in the
state, which aggregate a membership of
75,000 to 80,000. Adjourned till to-mor
A ratification meeting followed, at
which speeches were made by E. O. Wol
cott, of Colorado, Senator Evarts and ex
Senator Warner Miller, of New York, and
-others. Letters of regret from General
Harrison and Levi P. Morton were re
,ceived. After indorsing the republican
GENERAL HARRISON SAYB.
"'The democratic party has heretofore
loudly professed its competency to deal
with the tariff question. It has now, for
tunately for the country, been compelled
to formulate a schedule which is neces
sarily definite and incapable of that
double meaning so familiar in its plat
form and resolutions. The issues now
made are very sharp and clear, and the
American people will adjudge them in
favor of American interest and govern
ment by majorities carefully ascertained
and honestly counted.
The Festive Rounder.
We are often asked by eastern parties
what kind of an animal a "rounder" is.
He is known in the states as a "bum."
The name "rounder" is picked off the
range, taken from the hardy men who
used to go about every year rounding
up the cattle. When they struck a town
they kept on rounding up. As the cow
boys were about all the white men there
were here in the early days, a cattle
rounder and town rounder became iden
tical. Now that the old cow-boys have
become millionaires and have little time
for fun, the term "rounder" has been ap
plied to all those jolly fellows in town
who go about the saloons and other
places of amusement and have a hurrah
time. The "rounder" which we see every
day is not all bad either. He is a little
tough, fult of nerve, will fight at the drop
of a hat and then make up as qui skly.
He is a stranger to fear, is chivalric when
;the weaker side is being worsted. He
-rill spill his last drop of blood in the de
ifezseof a good woman, or a child and
sheows christian magnanimity to a fallen
tae. He will "bet 'ur" on anything. He
is :a Miince today, and a beggar tomorrow,
his Sueerosity being limited only by his
"pite.' Rounder is rough ready and rol
licking. He drinks deep and swears loud,
is an angry lion this minute, the next,
when a tender chord is touched, as gentle
as a young mother. Rounder is a strange
combination of good and evil, but is al
ways frank to acknowledge his failings.
Perhaps when the final accounts are bal
anced, rounder may have a larger credit
on the big books than some of us who
profess more, but have done less in pro
portion to the favorable circumstances
which have surrounded our lives.
"Be to his virtues very kind
Be to his faults a little blind."
But build a jail to chain him in when
he starts out on a rounding expedition
with "King Alcohol."
Served with a Subpoena.
Lawyer De Witt, county attorney of
Silver Bow, returning from the Chicago
convention, stepped into the Common
Pleas at St Paul on Wednesday last to
see what if any new wrinkle Minnesota
had over Montana in the administration
of court justice. Almost immediately
after he appeared in the room he was
pounced upon by a deputy sheriff armed
with a special venire and earnestly inteun
in filling out an incomplete trial jury.
"Your name, sir,"
"William H. De Witt."
"You are summonled fcr jury service i in
With other names that of the Silver
Bow attorney was drawn from the hat, and
bowing and smiling he took his place in
the jury box, ready for subsequent devil
To the question of the eminent coun
sil he repeated his name.
*'Do you know the parties in this case."
Other interrogatories applying to the
cause in hearing were similarly respondl
ed to. Presently came the questions.
"What is your business or ctalling?"
"Where do you reside?"
The court and bar were upset. There
was a roar from the judge, lawyer: and
speotators, as the Silver Bow attorney
stepped down and out of the jury box,
and submitted to the handshakings and
other good natured greeting of the St.
Paul barristers who gathered in a body
There was a banquet and other hospi
talities of the Minnesota capital broached,
but De Witt excused himself, pleading lie
was ticketed through on the afternoon
train and was obliged to get home. -
Quite a fever has been created here
within the past two weeks on account of
the announcement that a new and vast
field of coal had been located in Montann,
about 12 miles from the flourishing young
city of Great Falls, which is the term
minus of the Manitoba R. R. This mine
is known as the Sand Coulee and belongs
what is known as the drift order of mines.
The present Spring Valley Coal Co. being
interested, a number of miners and
skilled superintendents left here oin
Thursday last for that faraway region-
1,500 from here. About 40 in all went.
We understand others are soon to follow
Among those who have. gone and are
most familarly known, are Chas. B. Egan,
undergrond surveyor, Thomas Dwyer, Ed.
Anderson hitherto amanuensis to Mr l)De
vlin, John O'Beirene, M. Garrity, Archie
McNeal, Geo. Raban and a host of others
whose vocption in one department or an
other will be found to fit like paper on
the wall. From facts gathered there is
a hopeful prospect a head for this new
enterprise, and we hope all our Spring
Valley boys will return in the near future
loaded down with the treasures of this
new Eldorado. Mr. Egan will furnish
through the columns of the Independent
from time to time full and accurate des
criptions of the country climate, resources.
etc.. so that he who runs may read.
In conjunction with their many friends
we wish them all an abundance of future
prosperity.--Spring Valley Independent.
Senator Mitchell Says it is Satis
factory to the Pacific Coast.
Senator Mitchell of Oregon says: "It
is a mistake to suppose that Harrison's
record is objectionable to the people of
the Pacific slope, and to those who are
familiar with it it needs no apology. liar
rison voted against two measures provid
ing a form of restriction of Chinese im
migration. I talked with him about the
matter, and he gave me the grounds on
which he objected to the proposed legis
lation, which were that the measures were
in direct conflict with the existing treaties.
He held that before the bills passed stat
utory laws should be made to abolish the
existing treaties, so as to avoid a conflict.
That is the position I occupy. But the
Chinese question will not be a par:mount
issue in the approaching campaign on the
Pacific coast. We have secured as much
restriction of immigration and as niuch
restriction of the rights of Chinese in our
country as we will get at this time. O(ur
people are practically quiet on the sub
ject, and the issue in November will be
fought on the tariff. The recent election
in Oregon shows what position the people
there hold on this subject. The nomina
tion of Harrison, it seems to me, was the
best possible solution of the complication
in which the convention found itself."
The popular belief is that girls grow
old faster than do boys; but perhaps, after
all, the reverse is true. The interesting
race between brother anti sister in the
following story, in which the brother
went ahead, may be taken as typical of
Miss C. was bornonly two years earlier
than her brcther Tom. When Tom was
ten years old she gloried because she was
twelve; When Tom was known to be 14
she confessed to be sweet 16; when Toni
proudly boasted of 18 she timidly ac
knowleged herself past 19; when Toin
came home front college with a mus
tache and a vote, and had a party in honor
of his 21st birthday, she said to her
"What a boyish fellow he is! Who
would think that he is only a year young
er than I?"
When Tom declared he was 25, and old
enough to get married, she said to a
"Do you know 1 feel savagely jealous
to think of Tom getting married. But
then I suppose twins are always nmore at
tached to each other than brothers and
And two years later, at Tom's wedding.
she said, with girlish vivacity, to the wed
"Dear old Tom! to see him married to
night, and'then to think holw, when lie
was only five years old, they brought him
to see me, his baby sister! I wonder if
lie thinks of it to.day ?"
NEW JAPANESE MINISTER.
t iatsa Mumemitsu Is His Name, and Bere
Is His Pleture.
Mr. Mutsu Munemitsu, the new Japanese
minister to the United States, is one
of that progressive class which has
brought about such remarkable improve
ments in the government and social con
I dition of Japan during the past decade.
He is ranked among the greatest states.
- men of Japan, is a thorough English
scholar and a prolific writer. Some years
ago he made a tour of the world in order
to study the different social systems, and
has written several books dbscribisg his
impressions of the
sevenyears ago he
accidentally in -
curred Lhe dis
pleasure of the
mikado, who sus
pected him of tak
ing part in an up
rising, and came
near losing his
head in conse
quence. His for
mer loyalty and
the close friend
ship which had ex
isted between the MUTMv MUNEMITSU.
mikado and him
self saved him, however, and he was
simply imprisoned in his own house for a
number of years, when his innocence was
proved and his guard withdrawn. It was
uring this imprisonment that he mas
tered the English language, and it is said
that he has a larger acquaintanceshipwith
the literature of the world than any other
man of his nation. He was at one time
chairman of the senate and governor of
The position of minister to the United
States is in Japan considered, next to the
ambassadorship to the Chinese court, the
highest in the gift of the mikado. Even
the great foreign powers are subservient
to the United States in this respect, and
Japan is more closely allied with the
United States than with any other country
on the globe. Nearly all of the recent im
provements in Japan have been imported
from this country, among which are the
postal system. the railroad and telegraph
The Japanese legation at Washington
takes a considerable part in Washington
society, and there are few notable recep
tions at which the almond eyes and im
movable faces of some of the nattily at
tired attaches are not to be seen. During
the past season Mme. Kuki, the wife of
the late minister, did the honors of the
legation in a very graceful manner, and
she was so much lionized that her health
gave out, and she was obliged to return
to her own country. She is a remarkably
beautiful woman, and all her dresses came
The headquarters of the Japanese le
gation at Washington are very splen
didly furnished. Nearly everything in the
house was made in Japan. Unique vases.
8 and 10 feet high, heavily inlaid with
gold, are distributed about the rooms,
and the mantels are covered with many
beautiful specimens of the fine ivory carv
ing of the ingenious Japanese. From the
walls hang some fine, though rather odd.
Japanese paintings, which, unlike those
of China, make some attempt at perspec
tive, and the whole house is fragrant
with a subtle perfume brought from the
land of the mikado.
Piloting Vessels by Sound.
Steamers are constantly running among
r the islands on the coast of Maine during
the summer. This is the season of thick
and persistent fog. When pilots can
hardly see the length of their vessels they
keep up a constant noise with their fog
signals. The open sea gives back no
sound. But the near or remote vicinity
of cliffs, bluffs, or even high shores, is in
dicated by the strength of the echo re
ceived back from them. In fact, running
by echo is recognized as one of the neces
sities of the navigjation of those waters.
This method is also used to some ex
tent by steamers on the great rivers. And
it is practiced on the great lakes to some
extent, notably at a certain bluff jutting
out into Lake Superior. Passing steam
ers, knowing themselves to be in the
vicinity, when befogged, feel out these
bluffs by sounding their fog signals until
they get back an echo; then they use the
bluffs as a nev- point of departure.-New
A Grand Ball at Rothschild's,
A ball given by the Baron and Baroness
Alphonse de Rothschild in their palatial
dwelling on the Rue St. Florentin might
justly have been called a dream of falr
women. The ball room was a perfect
picture, hung with vieux bleau silk
damask, lighted by electric light, reflect
ing on the art gems of Greuze, Watteau
and other great masters that adorn the
walls, corbeilles and orchids and roses
placed in every available corner, and
spreading their fragrance on the already
perfumed air. A collection of pretty
bibelots were distributed in the cotilion,
a novel figure being that of a large goldet
boa constrictor coiled around the trunk
of a tree. In the hollow at the top hun
dreds of chenille snakes of all colors were
found and presented by the gentlemen to
the ladies, thus reversing the biblical tra
dition. Dainty silk aprons, embroidered
with silver and gold, golden Spanish
combs, artistic book covers, satin jockey
caps, whips and a thousand and one
things found their way into the cunning
reed baskets, gayly decorated with rib
bons, that each lady guest carried away
with pride and triumph after the dance.
A Chinese Religliea Sees,
Playing such an important part as they
do in their country, and in the life of such
a superstition ridden mortal as John
Chinaman. the duck itself has not escaped
superstition. There are in China quite a
numerous sect who religiously abstain
from eating duck. and regard their duck
devouring neighbors as wanting in rever
ence. They are the followers and wor
shipers of a god named Hon-Yuen-Shnee,
whose mother was cured of some dread
malady by a mysterious duck, which
her herbs in its bill every day
until she recovered health. Out of grati
tude for this the woman brought up her
sona under strict njunctions never to eat
duck. He became the patron of ducks,
and one day when pursued by robbers a
big flock of ducks appeared between him
a and his pursuers and hid him from view.
At his death he was canonized, and be.
fore his shrine his followers nowadays
e dedicate their children to his principles.
s and train them up to regard ducks as sa.
cred birds.-Thomas Stevens' Letter.
Perssan Carpet Weavers' Secret.
A native of Finland named Runen was
h sent about two years ago to the east, at
a the expense of the government, with the
ir object of endeavoring to discover the art
d of Persian carpet weaving, the secret of
is which is strictly guarded by those en.
gaged in the trade. He made the journey
disguised as a simple workman, but it w.s
only after long and fruitless efforts to on.
tain admission into a Turkish carpet maza.
ufactory that he succeeded at a smill
place near Smyrna in acquainting himself
with the process and making a design of
a loom. A Persian carpet manufactory
has now been established in Finland, aid
important results are anticipated fro:n
the new branch of industry thus intro.
Value of Sympathetic Personality.
There are some sympathetic doctors in
Philadelphia who are practically sup.
ported by a few wealthy women, who, if
there is anything the matter with them,
have been no better or worse for yenrs.
" They console themselves with the fancy
that none but these doctors could have
:s kept them alive at all, and that to them
they owe the continuance of their exist
d ence. With many doctors, especially if
they are young and unmarried, their syn.
h pathetie personality is their principal
e stock in trade.-Philadelphia Times.
Senator Sherman's Suggestion.
d How to become an orator is too broad a
a question for a newspaper article. The
a best reference I can make is to Cicero's
Book of Orations. I know of no way to
it acquire the gift of oratory except of a
d person having natural attainments, a good
e voice and a good manner, who will study
9 carefully the subject upon which he
1- speaks and consult the best writers on
rd hetoric or rules for advice.-New York
ie Mail and Express Interview.
A Storm Foretelling Plant.
a Weather prophets will be interested In
n learning that one of the exhibits at the
3. Jubilee Flower show in Vienna was a
tropical plant belonging to the order of
t- Mimosa, the owner of which claims to be
g able to fortell storms and earthquakes
f forty-eight hours in advance by observing
e the appearance and position of the most
d sensitive leaves of the plant.-Chicago
A Woman's Invention. .
A new double pointed nail is the Inven.
tion of an ingenious wotnan. The points
t. tar In opposite directions. They are
. especially useful for invisible nailing In
1o woodwork. It is simply two nails joined
firmly, the sides of the heads being placed
h together.-Detroit Free Press.
Polygamy Practiced in China.
in the greater part of Ohina (except per
haps in the province of Chantung) polyg.
amy prevails. A Chinaman is practically
free to take as many wives as he can sup
port. One cause of this practice is the
desire in the heart of every native to raise
up a large family to be a support in his
old age and to do him honor after he is
dead. Another cause of the prevalence of
polygamy lies in the fact that the first
wife is chosen for a man by his parents,
and the result is so often unsatisfactory
to him that he gladly embraces the oppor
tunity to choose a second for himself.
Usually the first wife is of a higher
class than the others and exercises a
natural suprr.acy over them. Indeed,
so long as second or third wives have no
children they are little better than slaves
in the house; as a rule they are not per
mitted to sit down in the presence of the
first wife. Occasionally, however, the
positions are reversed when a second wife
ingratiates herself into the affections of a
common husband, but she cannot claim
his title, which belongs to the first wife.
When a second or third wife, who is child
less, is sick unto death, she is taken to
another house, and not suffered to die in
the house of her husband.
In the case of a second or third mar
riage the ceremonies are simple. At the
conclusion the newly married woman is
presented to the first wife, whom she
promises to respect and obey.-New Or
Where Copal Is Found.
Copal is allied to amber, but differs from
it in its age, being much more recent.
While insects are also common in amber,
they are all of extinct species, while those
in copal are still in existence. A peculi
arity about copal is the appearance of the
outside of the pieces as found in the
natural state. This appearance is similar
to the skin of a plucked goose, and from
this similarity it derives its name. The
goose flesh appearance by some is sup
posed to be due to the sand in which the
copal is found at a depth of a few inches
to six feet. But as all the lumps are
oxidized on the surface, this would prob
ably prevent any action by the sand, and
it is more likely due to some kind of con
traction. The copal is found along the
coast of Zanzibar in the desert sand and is
dug up by the natives. They stick long
poles down into the sand and strike the
lumps of copal like they would strike a
stone. The pieces are of all sizes from
three or four inches through down to a
bean or pea size The fine quality is used
to make the best coach varnish. The
guam is worth from fifty cents to $1, ac
cording to quality, that is, according to
its clearness and the absence from im
purities.-New York Evening Sun.
The Emperor of Brazil.
Dom Pedro, besides being a wise and
liberal monarch, an accomplished musician
and an experienced traveler has been a
profound student of languages, and is
well versed in Hebrew, Arabic and San
scrit.-New York Eve.ing World.
A Timely Suggestion.
Guest-Sirloin steak, waiter, well done,
and I'm in a big hurry.
Waiter-Yes. sah; if yo' is in a big
nurry. sath, why don' -' ih s int steak
Msike-l rah-?-New Yosk Sun
C, C. A. BROADWATER, President. C. M. WEBSTER, Secretary.
a PARIS GIBSON, Vice-President. A. E. I)ICKERMAN, Treasurer.
THE GREAT FALLS
Woate r-P er & Towlnsite Co.
THE INDUSTRIAL CITY.
S CGREAT FALLS, having tilhe gretest available water-power on the American
continent, is dtestinld to Iee the chief industrial city of the northwest. The Montana
Smelting ('ompany is now erecting here the largest works for the reduction of ores
in in the United States. and othler extensive manulfacturing enterprises will soon he
1 GREAT' FALLS, is now the terminus of three railroads-the St. Paul, Minne
a;. ipolis & Mlanitoba, the Montana ('entral and the Great Falls and Sand Coulee line.
It is the Commercial Center of Northern Montana.
1. It has a population of 2,00110 and is growing rapidly. Enterprises now under way
l and to be inaugurated will more than double the population this year.
No town in the Rocky Mountain region offers greater inducements to the settler
or investor, ald all such are respectfully invited to come and see for themselves.
a For information regarding GREAT FALLS and surrounding country, address
CHAS. M. WEBSTER, Secretary,
a Great Falls, Montana.
DO YOU WONDER
Thalt my store has fairly swarmed with a.tger buyers every day this year? Well, its
no surprise when you know the bargains I am giving in everything in my
a line, and that I tam selling -goods at fully 25 per cent lower
than they have ever been sold here before.
Coats, - Pants - and - Vests.
Al, "0 IN
Gents' Furnishing Gods, Boots and Shoes,
I I uhbbers and Slippers of all kinds ,: ys's RSuits of the latest styles, etc., etc.
Y HATS! HATS! HATS!
1r- Silk lints, Derby lists, Fur Hats, Cow IRoy Hats and in fact every style known to
thei I lat-niaker. IIsts for old men, Hats for young men, Hats for
y boys, iHats for children, hats to fit every head and
P every pIocket-book at about !i to 40
per cent less than ever
se sold here before.
SPRING OVERCOATS I
My assortment this season is immens i in qualty and great in variety. Al of the popular
shades and colors, made of tih finest fabrics alll in the latest and most approved stylee an ihown
is - m. "osme are silk taclvl, soile are full silk and satin lined, and all of them arc umdea up in the
he ighth of tail.ring art. My prices, on all got de cannot be equalled in the city. You'l make
r nltke- msloy ) by s.iillng te pefote, huinyg.
L ONE-PRICE Central Ave.
CLOTHIER. A, I , Great Falls.
New York Cash Bazaar.
THE SPECIAL BARGAIN STOREI
The Almighty Dollar, the Many have
too Few and the few too Many.
NOTE THE FOLLOWING EXTREMELY LOW PRICES:
SLadies' I'ine Hid Shoe ....................................my price 6200 Montana price $20
a lis Fiest French Kid ................... ............ y ille Montana prie 700
l, alit-s' (,itl. worked Ilttohott lehto'h. i ..ts..............r.y price 140 Montana price 200
LLadit-s' Goat wrketl Illtonholt t.le,S. bes ..............my pritce 225 Montana price a 0
('lil trn-'s tltair Tipl.ll's ................................ my price 1(1 lMontana price It
0 ('hittritn's Fitce High 'lt t Shoes ... .. my Iprice 1 t Montana ptrice 200
I.dn's ('ngre,,ss, Whiltt Vatls.. .......................tmy Iprice 2 Montana price 30
tMen-'s lale, Whsole Vaitps.......................... tr.... ly ce Montana price W
Lies's 1tgrtss r Hals, Fine ('ilf, (islytar Welt.......my price 275 Montana price 400
SMe hn' s ' n.xttts Htiuts ....u....................... my price fi Montana price 100
e ien's Fin tr ltts ....................................... my price 175 Montana price 250
Mtin's Still liats .......................................... . m y price 1 25 Montana price 250
iBoy's lhts tromll 25 cents to $1, worth 55 per cttt Itlore.
Evtrytling elset in ptrolortion. A fill lint- of Dry GtAss, Millinery, Notions and (lenta'
fttrlsitnillg t(ood aiti liPtatic Prices.
R. D. BECKON, Central Avenue.
ENrthwester a FAuel ol pa y.
ICoal delivered direct from the mines - $7 pen r ton.
Lime - $15 per ton.
Montana baled hay . . . . . . . . $16 per tor,
Oats . $1,50 per l00 Ils
Expert Tonsorial Artist. Park Hotel, Great Falls
Itt (.ortnctiort, the Bist-Apputittel Bath-liootis in ths City