Newspaper Page Text
JOSEPH BRANTS WATCH.
IT IS IN POSSESSION OF DANIEL MIN
THORN AND 18 WELL PRESERVED.
ra.m HAmself ad a Bomantle His.
ery. nid eme Are a Few Facts Con
eeaing im Which WI.1 Interest the
An rndent silver timepiece, valuable
for its historical associations no less than
for its antiquity, is owned by Mr. Daniel
Minthorn, of Watertown, N. Y. It
weighs five and a quarter ounces and is
250 years dld, yet it keeps good time when
wound iad.has not been repaired since
1847. The waitch Is of the pattern known
as the "British Bullseye," and is an inch
and a half thick. The face is of silver,
roughly chased, and has a double row of
figures, both the Arabic and roman num
seas appearing. It bears this mark
"Thomas IjhaIrd, London, 110." A
eaeh through ancient directories of the
city of London,
made by Mr. Min
thorn at the cen
tion, revealed the
act that this jew
see did business
on Fleet street,
between the years
1m88 and 1858.
This cumbrous JOEPH I T'
timepiece was JOSEPH IRANT
once worn within WA' 'c:.
the buckskin coat of the celebrated Mo
hawk war chief, Joseph Brant, whose In
dian name was Thayendanega. regarding
whose accomplishments as a warrior,
chief and courtier many legends abound
in western New York and C.,nada, and
whose influence during the latter half of
the past century is unprecedented in the
annals of the Indian race.
Accoriung to tradition, Joseph Brant
first drew the breath of life in 1742, on the
wooded banks of the Ohio river, where his
eopie were temporarily sojourning. The
bone of his famiy was at the anajoharie
eastle, in the Mohawk valley, and his
mother returned there while :foseph was
quite young. His ancestry and the origin
of his name are mooted questions, but
Brant himself declared that he was a full
blooded Indian. It would appear from the
rather legendary evidence presented that
Tha"endanega's father was a distin t
warrior, sometimes called Ar
ghyalagha and at others Nickus Brant, h
wholi became achem of the Mohawks on
the death of Kin endrick in 1755. Aro.t
ghydagha had th ,sons the English a
amy, and his daughter, Mollie, became
the Indian wife of Sir William Johnson,
the British superintendent of Indian
afrsin Nortbh America.
There are no accounts of the early youth
of Thayendanega, but from all that is I1
mknown he must have been a lad of un
common enterprise. When but 13 years yc
ofa he eind the Mohawk warriors on
under Sir William Johnson, and received Ti
his balptismal fre at the battle of Lake e
Geore, where the brave King Hendrick cit
was killed. In the English expedition of
17 aganst Fort Niagara, then occupied
by the Franch, Brant, then about 17 years ab
or age, was in the Mohawk contingent eb
that took part in the campaign, and is Ti
maid to have acquitted himself with a at
bravery almost rah in its reckless fero- th
delounes. Brsnt received an English
ene through the liberality of Sir
.. m Josnson, who employed him in
public business for several years, and con
ihbuted to his advancement until he be
came a leading man of the Mohawk nation.
At the beginning of the revolutionary
war Tryon county included all of the
colony of New York west and southwest
of ,chenectady, with the county seat at
Johnstown, the residence of Sir William
Johson, who died suddenly on June 24,
1774. The official positions of superin
tendet of the Indian department and
`major general of militia, held by Sir Will.
lam, ware conferred on his son-in-law,
Col. Guy Johnson, and Joseph Brant was
made secretary to Guy Johnson. The
ading meln of Tryon county at that date
we al in some way connected with the
Britishb vernment, nd all bitter parti
sans of the king. They looked upon the
sit of independence, which was then be
nning to manifest itself in the colonies,
with eyes of hatred, and by dint of many
rosate promises, false tales and general
persuasion and toadyism, they had long
before succeeded in infusing something of
thi hatred into the minds of the Indians.
Nor many years these Indians had received
htir supplies through Sir William John
son, gone to him for advice and counsel
end looked upon him as an oracle. At his
deith their affections were transferred to
his family and successors. They had been
taught to reverence the name of the king.
believed him all powerful and considered
the encersof the crown.heirbest friends.
uN.m It was but nature that they should
se with the British in the contest be
tWeenking and colonists. At the first
mutterings of the colonists Guy Johnson
.oralasdd his forces, composed of English
air.en t and the Indians, of whom
Joseph Brant was the leader, and ravaged
'Tyon comunty with relentless fury during
the war. Brant was commissioned a cap
tain in the British service, and visited
iBolnd in 1775. Returning to America
In 1776, he entered into the conflict with
all the force of his fiery nature, and was
ieU nen master spirit of the British In
din allies. His name was associated with
every affair in which Indians were en
gaged-often unjustly, it is said-and be
came the terror of the American border.
The atrocties committed at Wyoming,
Chery Valley and other frontier settle
ments induced congress to attempt the
detructionof all the towns of the six
Natisss in the British interest. In 1779
Gen. Sullivan in.
vaded their coun
try, and on his
march up the Che
mung, near Elmi
as, encountered a
large force of Brit
ish and Indians.
under Col. Butler
and Brant, which
he defeated. On
the arrival of the
arm at the head
of Conesus lake,
(len. Sullivan sent
a party, under
JOaIn uaMiT. Lieut. Boyd, to
discover the Len.
eescafle. Boyd's p.rty passed through
the lines of Bntler's forces, which lay in
ambush on the western side of Conesus
Inlet, end reached a deserted town near
the Canaseraga creek, undiscovered. On
attempting to return on the following
morning Boyd was led into the ambush
e efor Sullivan's entire arm. , his
p ary t to pieces, andhimseli and eg.
f. Parker made captive& Butler, knowing
nothing of Boyd 's presence in his rear.
hearing the firing, supposed that Sulli
van had outflanked him, and at once reo
N treated. Boyd had by some means learned
D. that Brant was a Free Mason, and soli
citing an interview with tile chief, made
himself known as a "brother in distress."
Us. The appeal was recognized, and Brant
immediately, and in the strongest lan
gnage, assured Boyd that his life would
te bespared. Brant, however, being called
upon to perform some service which re
ble quired a few hours' absence, left the pris
oners in charge of Col. Butler, who, upon
en their refusal to answer his questions, de
ilivered them over to the Indians for tor
is After the revolution Brant devoted his
en time principally to the interests of his
ce people, who were then settled in Canada
en He displayed great executive ability in
eh the management of the affairs of his
r, tribe, and his business training with Sir
of William Johnson stood him in good stead.
n-He died in 1807.
Brant was a man of handsome person
A and agreeable manners. When with the
e whites he dressed well in the garb of the
English, kept a white valet, and com
manded respect by his dignified deport
ment. When with his people, however,
he assumed the garb of the tribe, had his
face painted, and was a perfect specimen
of the Indian, with the exc, ption that
his face bore more marks of . liture than
those of his fellows. Brant '-as a thor
ough believer in Christianity, and trans
lated the New Testament and the Book
of Common Prayer into the Mohawk
tongue. Two years ago a monument of I
heroic size was unveiled at Brantford,
Canada. to the memory of Brant. The
unveiling was made the occasion of cere
monies which lasted two days, in which
Indians representing nearly all the tribes I
in the United States and Canada took n
THE TREE WALES PLANTED. b
It Is an Oak In Central Park, New York, b
and It Is Very Sickly. fl
When the Prince of Wales was in Amer. -s
iea in 1860 he planted an English oak in at
Central park, New York. In those days re
Fernando Wood was the mayor of New K
York, and he appointed a committee to 05
entertain the prince. On Oct. 12 the royal Pf
visitor accepted an invitation of the com- di
mittee to visit Central park. The prince Re
and suite were met at the entrance by As
the park commissioners. They all then an
proceeded to a spot in the park west of
the Mall, a short distance southwest of NI
the concert grounds, where the ground
had been prepared for the reception of Tr
two young trees. When the party ar
rived at the spot, where there were as
sembled a number of people in carriages ha
and 200 park laborers drawn up in line, Cl
Mr. Blatchford, president of the park ge
commissioners, addressed the prince:
LoaD R .rnaw-The commissioners of Central fat
park, to whom the state of New York has in- n
trusted the construction of this great pleasure
ground for the people, have requested me to ask r a
you to do them the favor to plant theretwo trees,
one an English oak, the other an American elm. Yo
They trust that these trees will long flourish and ma
remain a lasting memorial of your visit to the salt
city and this park. lit
The prince--with assistance, of course the
-placed the trees in position. With a 186
shovel he threw clay about the roots. The uat
elm was first put in, and then the oak. clai
There was a cheer by the workmen, and ted
afterward a banquet at the residence of tar
the mayor. ass
THE OAK THE PRINCE PLANTED.
After standing in its place for twenty.
eight years the oak is at last found to be
dying. Every effort has been made to
save it, a portion of the top having been
cut away, but it is feared the tree will
The whirligig of time brings strange
changes. Something more than a century
ago there was a ceremony at the other
end of Manhattan Island not at all in
accord with the ceremony in Central park
in 1860, or the efforts of today to save
this tree. At the opening of the Ameri
can Revolution the people of New York
found in the Bowling Green a lead eques
trian statue of his majesty King George
III, an ancestor of this same Prince of
Wales, Baron Renfrew and a great many
other aliases. They proceeded with great
disrespect to take down this statue, and
it was melted into bullets to fire at the
redcoat soldiers of the said George III. If
these people knew of a tree planted on
Manhattan Island by one of his subjects
they would doubtless turn in their graves,
and should a ghostly group of Continentals
be reported by the park watchmen at
midnight about the British oak, poison
ing the roots, there would be some who
would not be disposed to question the
A Tendency to Change,
From the reports of local correspond.
ents made to the agricultural department
at Washington, it is learned that in
Florida there is a marked tendency
throughout the state to change from cot.
ton to other crops. Truck farming is
largely increased, and other crops are be
ing experimented with by those who for
merly grew cotton. In Alabama a dispo
sition is noticed to increase the area de
voted to mowings and pasture and to be.
stow more attention to the raising of
In Texas there is only a slight increase
in the area of cotton. The diminished
oat acreage on account of bad weather at
the sowing will be covered with corn and
forage crops. From Arkansas there is re
ported a noticeable tendency to change
the usual proportions of farm crops.
There is a decided increase in the planting
of forage and food crops, corn, Borghum,
oats, grapes and fruits. In the north
western counties hundreds of thousands
of fruit trees have been planted, princi.
pally pples. In IKansas the tendency
last spring was to put is sgore oats and
corn. There was also a large increase in
the corghtu acreage in anticipation of a
demand for sugar manufacture. In Iowa
there is a general and marked falling of
ia the c crage of spring wheat as com
pared with last year.
The famous Texas cattle trail to Colo
rado and the northwest will soon be wholly
wiped out andl the land will be thrown
open to settlement.
REV. FRANCIS JANSSEN.
He Has Been Appointed Archbishop d the
a- Province of New Orleans.
sd Right Rev. Francis Janssen, Raman
II- Catholic bishop of the diocese of Natdhez,
le who was recently appointed archbishop
of the province of New Orleans, as suc
it cessor of the venerable Archbishop Leroy,
a- was born in Tilburg, Holland, Oct 17,
.d 1843, and at the age of 18 began his stud
d ies at the seminary of the diocese cslled
s- Bois le Due. There he remained for ten
- years, passing through the departments
n of the semimry,
and in 1866 he en
tered the Aneri
a rain, Belgiam,
s with the diew,
when he slnuld
a be ordained, of de
voting his life to
- pastoral duty in
the United States.
He was ordained
priest Dec. 21.
1867, and cane to
Richmond, Va., in
REV. FHA\NCIS JA.NSSEN.w e o he re
mained from that
time until May, 1881, each year becoming
more and more beloved by the Catholic
community. He was administrator of
the diocese of Richmond from 1871 to
1878, and was senior priest under the
successive administrations ~f Bishops
McGill, Gibbons and Kean. lIy the last
named he was appointed vicar general of
Before leaving Richmond, at the re
quest of his parishioners, the Rev. Jans.
sen was there confirmed as bishop by
Archbishop (now Cardinal) Gibbons, of
Baltimore, and his many friends and ad
mirers presented him before le:,ving Rich
mond with a purse of $10,Ot:0. Bishop
Janssen succeeded Bishop Elder as the
head of the diocese of Mississippi, April,
1881. During his incumben:y of the
bishopric lie has placed the diocese in
first class condition, and has made thou
sands of friends outside the faith as well
as in it Bishop Janssen is spiritual di
rector of the Supreme Lodge of Catholic
Knights of America, and is h-Id in high
esteem by all prelates of his chblrch. The
province of New Orleans embraces the
dioceses of New Orleans, Galve:;ton, Little
Rock, Mobile, Natchez, Natchit oches, San a
Antonio and Brownsville, seven bishops S
and an administrator.
of NOMINATED CHIEF OF ENGINEERS.
f Thomas Lincoln Casey, Who Comes of
r' iitary Stock.
Col. Thomas Lincoln Casey, whose name
is has been sent to the senate by President
,' Cleveland for confirmation as brigadier
k general of volunteers and chief of engi
neers, comes of an old army family. HIs
l father was Gen. Silas Casey, of the army,
and the son was born at Madison bar
| racks, Sacketts
] Harbor, New
York, in 1833. He
| may, therefore, be
a said to have been
literally born in
a the service. In
| 1852 he was grad.
sa ated first in his
class at the Uni
I ted States Mili
tary academy and
assigned to the
corps of engi
neers. From 1854
to 1859 he served vsona T-- r,( av.
as assistant pro
fessor of practical, civil and military en
gineering at the academy.
When the war broke out in 1861 Casey
was in the west, and was not ordered
to the east until the engineer corps
was so depleted of officers that
no more were allowed to accept
positions in the volunteers. This kept
him at engineer duty during the whole
war. He was on special duty at the at
tack on Fort Fisher in 1864, and for serv
ices on that occasion was brevetted, and
reoved the brevet of colonel and lieuten
ant colonel for faithful service during the
civil war. For ten years, from 1867 to
1877, he was in charge of the division of
fortifications in the engineer department
at Washington, and was then placed in
charge of public buildings. Under his
supervision several important structures
were reared. In 1868 he was sent to Eu
rope to examine the torpedo system of
foreign nations. Ten years later he
undertook the completion of the Wash
in on monument, which he effected in
- Two years ago he was made presi
dent of the board of engineers at New
A Noted Hymn Writer Dead.
Rev. George Duffield, the well known
writer of hymns, who died recently in
Bloomfield, N. J.,was born in 1818. Hewas
graduated from Yale college in 1837, being
a classmate of Senator William M. Evarts,
Edwards Pierrepont, Samuel J. Tilden
and the late Chief Justice Waite. Mr.
Duffield studied for three years in the
Union Theological seminary of New York, I
and entered the ministry of the Presby -
terJan church. He presided over churches
in Brooklyn, N.
P a.; Galesburg,
ills., and several
places in Michi.
gan. He married
in 1840, and his
wife died thirty
yyears later in
Michigan, and at
the time of her
death he retired
from the ministry
REV. OEO. DUFFIELD. and went to fDe
troit. Last fall
he went to Bloomfield, N. J., to live with
the widow of his son.
Mr. Duffield was the author of a num.
ber of hymns, fugitive poems and several
volumes on religious topics. He is best
known, however, as the author of the
hymn, "Stand Up for Jesus," which for
many years has been sung at religious
gatherings, It has not only been used all
over America, but translated into French,
German and Chinese. It was written for
the conclusion of a sermon preached by
Mr. Duffield on the Sunday following the
de'nth of the Rev. Dudley S. Tyng, in
1i e4. It begins:
- Stand up, stand up for Jesus I
e solmers of the creoss.
Lift high his r.oyal banner;
It moust not suffer loss.
From vct'ory unto victory
His army he shall lead,
Till every foe is vanquished.
And Christ is Lord iddccd,
An entomologist has been engaged at
the New Jersey station to give iniorma.
tion concerning the best known remedies
for injurious insect pests. Allwhodesire
to take advantage of this arrangement
are asked to send their correspondence
and specimens to MIr. George )D. Hulst,
New Jersey agricultural experiment sta
tion, Now Brunswick, N, J. L.
ýXarres & Oll1ett,
Real Estate, Insa.uac Aen and MilUin.'.. Bgokeo
PROPIIETORS OF THE
"Fairview Addition" to the City of Great Falls.
Office on Central Avenue Correspondence Sol.
H. MATTHES & ROEHL,
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA.
Elegantly Furnished. Dining Room Unsurpassed.
RATES $2.00 PER DAY SECOND AVENUE B0UT
.... ...... .......... I_
MRS. JAMES LAWLER'S
t ~I;IEAT SAL:I Ok'
Spring -- and -- Snmmer -- Goods.
THE fLARGEST STOCK IN
r THE CITY.
Near Milwankee House, Great Falls, M. T.
HOUSE, SIGN, ORNARIBENTAL
SI&GNS PAINTED IN ANY
Oraiinig and Paper Hanging. Kalsomnining
and liaizing. (Gilding on Glass. Third street
Sonth, between First and Secod Ave. Sooth.
F. M. MORGAN,
Architect and Superintendent
Plans, Specifications and estimates given on
short notice. Office next door to postoffice
H. L. HULL,
Contractor and Builder.
HOUSE RAISING AND
All kinds of jobbing done promptly. Shop on
Third street between Second and Third avenues
C. A. CROWDER'S
FIRST-CLASS DINING ROOM.
First avenue South and Second street, back of
Morphy, Maclay & Co's store.
C. T. GROVE,
A Shaae of your Pat
Third Ave. South between Third and Fourth Sts.
John M. Huy's News Stand.
A full line of
Blank Books. Cigars,
dies, etc., etc.
Postoffice block Central avenue.
PIleasure oats of all kinla constantly on hand
C. W. COLE,
Mover of Light
FREIGHT AND BAGGAGE.
soO ers promN tly attIndl to. Price Iben.
JAMES H. BAILEY,
FED A1) SAlI', .'ABIII
II(ltSES F(,lO SALE.
First Avenue Scuth tiret IIls.
HORiSE SHOEINGC A SPEC.IALTY.
Corner Third Ave. South anu Third street South
W. P. BEACHLEY,
GENERAL. STATIONERY AND
A Full Line of Legal
Blanks for Sale.
('orner of 'sntral avenue and Fourth Street.
Coal and Lime
Leave Orders at the OGILVIE,
St.E. l FRANK OGI LVIt,
.. SECOND AVENUE SOU
SMURPHY, MACLAY & C
ljO . (CENTRAL AVENUE, GREA' FALLS, ,. T.
Goods.Staple and Fancy Groceries,
SWINES, LIQUORS, TOBACCO,
Fine Tea and Coffee, Leistlkow's Patent Flour, Platt & Washburn's Mascotte Coal Oil
LFAMILY, MINE'S SHEEPMEN AND RANCIER's
Lter Hrwar, Siash, rs a s
.on et Window Glass, Tron Roofing, Giant and Blasting Powder, Caps, Fuse,
Cement, Plaster, Hair, Plain and Tar Builting Paper
Stoves and Tinware, Crockery, Glasware
and Miners' Tools.
Tin shop in connection with store. Prompt attention given to mail odrs
Parnilur I an H se FurnisingS
DECORATED AND PLAIN CHAMBER SETS.
Se. Pier Mirrors,
Curtain Poles, Book Cases,
PARLOR DESKS. WALL PAPER, BABY CARRIAGES,
Bedding, Lounges, Bedroom Suites, Parlor Suites,
rthSts. CH(AIRS, RI('ILNING ('HAIRS, ETC.
In fact anything you want in the Furniture line at Reduced Prices.
1e CENTRAL AVENUE, GREAT FALLS. A. T.
All kinds of rough and finishedl iunllr, both Pine and Cedar, also
FI Cedar Doors, Sash, Lath, Moulding and Cedar Shigls.
MILL WOIK IN (CEDI)AR A SPECIALTY.
Ninth Avenue North and Smelter Ilvilroad. City Oflice in R. . . Telegraph Office, 'entral Ave
ta CHAS. T. DAY, Gl or
CA Gilchrist Bros. & Edgar.
W. '. 'AL... .... ----- z_3!:.
W I. IITAL IGH F.II. MEYER. . WI. REId lS
E . W. B, RALEIGH & CO.
1- The Leading DRY GOODS House.
We carry the largest ond besat rselected stock at
Dry Goods, Carpets, Notions, Ladies and Childreis oes
1 ai Nolrthlrn Inttn. Al aing in eaouettion with ti H elet i hist .Ilrect fros factorie .
we tre ahble tt sell yon gatoda at grett dieoad gwvr figures tltam t he. smallrr
houses whI bay of jahls 'a. anal far sautplds
l Mailnles licited W. B. RALEIGH, & CO (tentral Avenr.uer
OW & TUTTLE,
Gelieral llardir re erchanits.
o: AENTS FOR
Y CrownJewe and Cold Coin Stoves and Ranges, Tinware,
, Refrigerators, Window Class, Blacksmith-s Ma
terials and Builder's Hardware.
TINS P N ('ONNERTION. KINGSBURY BLOCK ('ENTRAL AVENUE
. RINGWALD & CARRIER,
Are headquarters for
e Clocks .'. Watches .. and .. Jewelr]
FOR NORTHERN MONTANA.
IE. easfh.t bI-direet y from manutaeturers in thi est anst their pries are as low as any ir
satisa c lttiong ralt. Hreairinga Sl'ialty' O ha~lr ba k liiuh g, ('entral Awel' (t