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THE GREAT FALLS LEADER.
DEVOTED TO THE AGRICULTURAL, MANUFACTURING AND MINING INTERESTS OF NORTHERN MONTANA,
VOL. 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1888, NO. 8,
IN THE NORTH WOODS.
HOW THE TREES OF THE ADIRON
DACKS ARE SENT TO THE MILL.
Work of the Loggers on Little Black
Creek-A Vocation That Is Dangerous
at Times-Cooks and Their Assistants.
During the last week in April last spring
the snow disappeared from the greater
part of Little Black creek, and on April
28 the drive began. On the morning of
the 28th the creek was running bank full,
which meant a depth of perhaps a foot or
fifteen inches over the rifts. The mill
men and log drivers, to the number of
forty, reached the ground early. While
the greater part of the drivers were dis
tributed along the stream to break the old
jams left when the water fell a year ago,
one gang went to the dumps near the res
ervoir, and began to snake, as they said,
the logs into the running water. These
logs floated along, a lively spectacle, till
they reached the first rifts. Here they
bumped and rolled over the rocks till one
long spruce, driven by the weight of
water and logs behind, and directed by a
glancing blow on a big boulder that reared
its black head a few inches above the water,
was hurled end on between two big trees
that stood close together on the bank.
It shot ahead till half its length was
ashore and then the end caught among
the roots of a big birch. It could neither
go further nor swing around with the
current, and in less time than it takes to
write it the logs behind were piled over
and around it and a jam was formed. fn
a few minutes 500 logs were lodged there.
A big, humpbacked man, dressed in an
old slouch hat that was on the back of
his head, a red shirt open over his chest,
brown trousers tucked into the tops of
long legged, red woolen socks, and a pair
of shoes with spikes half an inch long,
came along. He gave one glance at the
jam, and then, dropping the cant hook he
had carried over his shoulder, went up
the stream and came back with an ax.
Then he gave nine blows on the up stream
side of the long spruce log just where it
rested against the tree on the bank. The
log broke, and the jam of logs continued
rolling and bumping along over the rift.
The logs that lodged along the edges of
the stream were allowe4 to remain. These
usually lay with the down stream end
further out in the water than the up
stream end. By Sunday night there was
scarce a rod of bank for twenty miles
where there was no log. Where jams had
been broken as many as a hundred logs
were piled along each bank of the rift
within a space of thirty feet. Sometimes
the logs would form piles of thirty or
forty on each bank, where they would lie
almost as if designedly dumped there by
the men one on top of the other, the pile
not being over two logs long. These
piles narrowed the stream until an active
man could easily jump over it, and the
water would rise up between the piles,
crowning in the middle, and of double the
depth of what it was above or below this
partial dam. Thus what might be called
a natural sluiceway, since it was not built
by man, was formed, and the logs, guided
by the opening sides of the sluiceway,
would go shooting through like arrows.
The weather gradually grew colder, and
on the fourth day the reservoir was
opened. The water came down in a flood.
It had got down to a jam of perhaps 500
logs below what is known as the old Bax
ter mill, an abandoned structure, and had
lifted up the mass, but had not cleared
the one key log which in this case held
thejam. The key log was lodged end on
against a rock square in the middle of the
stream, and the other end was somewhere
under the logs, above and against the
bank. One of the Wall boys ran out on
the jam when he saw that it would not
move, and, finding the key log, put his
cant hook on it and gave it a twist. It
failed to move. Then he threw his whole
weight on it, and the log rolled over so
easily that he tumbled into the water,
right under the logs as they came rolling
and plunging down. Two companions
had started out to help him, but as the
logs moved they started back to the shore.
When they looked around again Wall was
nowhere in sight. He had disappeared
under the logs, and they thought he was
being ground to pieces upon the stones of
the rift. Bu he was not. He had clung
to the forward end of the first log that he
could get his hand on, and in a second
more he bobbed up between two hemlocks,
and a little latter he was standing on the
bank and saying: "The old man will give 1
me thunder for losing that cant hook,
The resources of civilization, as O'Dono
van Rossa would say, are lessening the
dangers of log driving. Dynamite is used
not only to blast the rocks from the beds
of the creeks, as it will be used this year
in Little Black creek, but when a jam is
formed in a large stream, and it is plainly
seen that one log holds the jam, a charge
of dynamite blows the smithereens out of
that log, while the loggers look on from a
safe distance, instead of going down into
a gorge by a rope and taking the chances
of getting ground up after the jam starts.
The log drivers get from $2 to $4 a day
and board. They work from daylight to
dark. To feed and lodge them so as to
get the greatest amount of work from
them requires foresight and care. Six
comfortable shanties were built along
Little Black creek, before the drive began,
from three to five miles apart. The shan
ties were manned with a cook and two to
ithree assistants each, and stocked with
stacks of corned beef, pork, ham, flour,
potatoes, tea and coffee. The cook and
his men got $2 a day each. Breakfast was
served by-lantern light to the men who
lodged in hemlock bunks in the shanties.
Then the men were off, and the cook and
his help turned to and cooked the first
luncheon. It consisted of bread and but
ter, meat, and tea and coffee., Each as
sistant strapped a pack basket filled with
bread and meat to his back, and took a
huge can of coffee in one hand and au
other of tea m tlp other. Tin cups dan
gled in a bright profusion all over him.
One assistant went up the creek with his
load and the other down. As the snow
averaged two feet deep in the swampy
bottoms along the creek, the task of the
assistant was not enviable.
Wherever he found a driver he served
to him all the food he wanted. This first
luncheon was served at about 10 o'clock.
Another like it was served to the men
along the banks and on the jams between
2 and 8 o'clock in the afternoon. Supper
was served at dark. It was really a din.
ner, for the men in addition to the bread.
meat and potatoes got some sort of sauce
and a pudding. A look at the quantity
of food that an old driver will eat in a
day would make a dyspeptic groan, but if
the ordinary dyspeptic ,.!:-. 1 merely fol
low a drive, let alone len .. hand with
a cant hook, he would, r - ..invigor
ating influence of breeze. . with the
perfume of spruce and .! :..i boughs,
and of the influence of suui dilv uand spring
water, get a like appetite hhunsdtf.
iA SHORT VISIT TO JOPPA.
Interestling ketch of What a Traveler
Saw In That Scriptural Town.
Landing at Joppa, Dr. (eikie begins his
observations at once. Joppa is one of the
oldest cities in the world, and the first
possible landing place as one sails north
ward from Egypt. Yet there is difficulty
in landing. iefs of rocks defend the
shore, the bay is shallow, sharks are not
unknown, and the coast is much exposed.
Your vessel anchors half a mile out at
sea, and a throng of flattish bottomed
cobles soon surround the ship to carry
passengers through the opening in the
reefs to land.
A babel of cries, unintelligible to west
ern ears, fills the air; but by degrees the
motley crowd of deck passengers, of the
most varied nationalities, veiled women,
shawl covered Arabs, black Nubians with
their red fezes, brown Levantines, tur
baned Syrians, or Egyptians with their
flowing robes of all shades, all drift by
degrees into the boats, and for a time, at
least, you see the last of their red or yel
low slippers, and hear their noisy jargon
no more. Then you, who have shrunk
possibly from this crushing crowd of
urientals, have your turn, and the skill
ful and strong armed oarsmen whisk you
through the opening in the reefs across
the shallow harbor, and then suddenly,
when you are twenty or thirty yards off
shore, you are seized, and carried in the
bare arms or on the back of a boatman
through the shallow water to the tumble
down old quay built of stone from the
ruins of Casarea, and at last you find
yourself treading on the soil of the holy
Not a verJy dignified entrance, perhaps;
but the boats could not approach closer,
and you have fared no worse than the
bead eyed Greeks or the hook nosed
Romans did thousands of years ago. At
one period Venice organized a spring and
autumn packet service (how strangely
modern that sounds!) to Joppa and built a
mole to protect the shipping; but since
the reign of the "unspeakable Turk,"
everything has relapsed into a state of
nature. And so from earliest times
Phoenician and Egyptian, Roman and
Crusader, English and American, all have
to acknowledge the power of the treacher
Pursuing our way through the street,
we find it rough enough. Once paved,
the stones have long since risen or sunk
above or below their proper level Dast
bins and sewers being apparently alike
unknown to the idle Oriental, every kind
of foulness bestrews the way. The build
ings are of stone, with little or no wood
anywhere, timber being scarce in Pales
tine. The arch is hence universal; as
you ramble on you nee that no light en
ters the shops except from the front
that they are in fact something like
miniatures of the gloomy holes sometimes
made out of railway arches in England.
Tables of cakes or sweetmeats line the
narrow streets. Rough awnings of mats,
often sorely dilapidated, or tent cloths,
or loose boards resting on a rickety struc.
ture of poles, partly shade the roadway.
Now we meet a turbaned water carrier
with a huge skin bottle on his back. The
bottle is in fact a defunct calf, with water
instead of veal within, and without legs,
head or tail, and offering a most forcible
illustration of the reference to the plac
ing of new wine in old bottles.
Farther on we see a bare armed and
bare legged individual in ragged skull
cap, cotton jacket, and cotton knicker
bockers, chaffering with a roadside huck
ster for some delicacy, costing a farthing
or two, from some of the mat baskets on
the table; the bearded vender, also bare
armed and bare legged, sits as he tries to
sell, his head swathed in a white and red
turban, and his body 4n pink and white
cotton. Of course, there is a lounger at
his side looking on.
Then again we see an Arab in "keflyeh"
or head shawl, with a band of camel's
hair rope, very soft, around his head to
keep the flowing gear in its place, and a
brown and white striped "abba" for his
outer dress; he is bargaining for a bride
at a saddler's, and trying to cheapen it;
and the saddler sits cross legged on a
counter and under a shady projection of
wood and reeds, which gives him much
needed shade. And thus we see glimpses
f ordinarry evey day life in the old town
of Joppa.-The Quiver.
A Parisian's Punetilious Suleide.
What, for want of a better term, may
be called jocular suicides, are decidedly
nn the increase in Paris, where people
shuffle off the mortal coil in a goo
humored, devil may care way, which
scarcely suits the tragic nature of the
act. The latest suicide of the kind we
allude to is that of a respectable Paris
tradesman; and the poor man's good
humor was the more extraordinary, see
nlug that his rash act was prompted by a
painful malady, from which he had been
suffering for some time On the eve of
the day which he had determined should
be his last, he inquired of his housekeeper
and servant if they liked to see people
hanging, and on receiving a negative re
ply he advised them not to put in an ap
pearance on the following morning
Naturally, the question and the advice
were looked upon in the light of a joke;
but on the arrival of the servants the
next day the master's body was found
hanging in the psasage. Before carrying
out his resolution he sad even taken the
precaution of affixing to the outside of
his shop shutters the usual formula when
premises are closed owing to a death in
the family "Ferme pour cause ds deces;"
and he had prepared for the undertaker
full instructions regarding the funeral,
the number of mourning carriages that
would be needed and so forth To omit
nothing, this order loving tradesman did
not forget, either, to write to his doctor
to inform him that his attendance would
no longer be required.-London Standard.
THAT MAN FROM SALEM,
HE GOES INTO SOCIETY AND DEP
RECATES THE OBELISK.
New York City Done Up in Crisp Sen.
tenses--sene on Lower Broadway-Ped.
dlers on the Curb-The Battery-Several
Went to afternoon reception at friend's
house. Stupid piece of business. Lots of
folks wandered in. Didn't seem to know
what they'd come for. Didn't seem to
know what to do when they had come.
Talked thus: "So glad to see you."
"What weather we're havingi" "Have
you seen Smithy?" "Let me introduce
you to Mr. Catoninetails." "Happy to
make your acquaintance." "Same to
you." "When are you coming to see
us?" "Two years from next June."
"Dear! dear! 'Why, we shall all be dead
then!"" Hope you will." "Thank you."
"So kind of you." "Have you read the
last thing out, 'The Fair Bog Trotter? "
"No. Can't read. Neverlearned." "In
deed! How much trouble it must save
you!" "It does. Save money by it."
"Been sick?" "Yes." "What was the
matter?" "Oh, several things, doctor
told me. Forget the names. New com.
plaints, you know. New styles. Just
imported from Paris." "You say youhad
a bad cold?" "Yes." "We never have
colds now. We call 'em vitalic suspen
That's the way they rattled on and
finally rattled out. Took abundant stook
of each other's dresses. Few men pres
ent. What were twirled thumbs looked
amiable, sheepish and tired. Lagged out
after their feminines like little dogs after
their masters. What a helpless, hopeles
being a man is in a shoal of petticoats on
such occasions! Looks as if he wanted
somebody to put an end to his misery.
OBELISK AND OTHER ANTIQUITIES.
Saw the obelisk. Doesn't compare with
Bunker Hill monument; edges chipped
and worn. Why import stone from Egypt
when we've so much of our own? Quincy
granite just as good; geologically just as
old. Visited park museum. More an
tiquities in stone; regular stone yard;
statuary from Cyprus, nicked, banged and
mVisited Second avenue and East Side
generally. More Germany than in Boston;
Smore pretzel, bologna sausage and Gam
brinus; more children to the square yard:
more smells, more cats, ash boxes, swill,
ancient fresh fish and human bawling ma
chines peddling them.
Visited the Rialto, Union square, swarm
ing place for actors looking for work.
Pavement strewn with talent a foot deep.
Full of future stars. Bareheaded statue
of Washington near by on a horse, with
arm extended. Seems to say to the his
trionic throng, "Go west, young men; go
west." Statue of Lafayette ditto, danc
npas sul for Wash.
wer Broadway. Bustling at noon.
Everybody on the dead rush. All sorts
of men. Sad men. Solemn men. Run
down men. Seedy men. Hungry men.
Men whose legs can't carry 'em fast
enough. Men with all their minds a mile
ahead of 'em. Men working, rushing,
sweating, slaving like peons, making
money, while the woman is spending it as
fast if not faster two miles up town.
Terrible street to cross. Drivers merci
less. Wagon tongue threatens one's
back. Ditto going for your front. Men
skipping everywhere, chased to death or
near it by teams. Newspaper offices
piercing the heavens. Street corners con.
gested with crowds reading bulletins.
More sunburned Italians trudging along
with bales, bags and boxes. Every third
basement a beer tunnel. Mad car drivers.
Raving, howling teamsters. Teeth gnash
PEDDLERS ON THE CURB.
Serene policemen playing solitaire with
their clubs. Gimcrack, shoestring and
shirtstud peddlers on the curb. Sun
baked, cake, cooky and candy peddlers
ditto. City hall park benches full of
gents who've made their fortunes and
iave now nothing to do but enjoy them.
Can afford now to wear their old clothes.
Court house. Full of law, lawyers and
lost souls. City hall. Justice on top
weighing out legal prescriptions. Was
shown William M. Evarts. Dried, but
not yet smoked. Necktie slewed. Won
derful limb of the law. Not much left of
him to bury. No fat. All gone to brain.
If cremated, won't burn. Nothing olea
ginous on him to kindle with. Am told
he is a chronic objector. Objects to
everything but his fees.
Went to the Battery. Crowded with
foreign fathers and mothers of our future
presidents. Don't speak English at pres
ent. Some lookingover to Communipaw
thinking it Nebraska.
Went to restaurant near Washington
market. Attacked at table by a ruffian.
Turned out to be a waiter. Impressive
language: "Beef steak, gilt edgedI A cup
of coffee, milk outside.' Ordered broiled
shad. Waiter fired plate and all at me at
four feet distance. Wonderful precision.
Coffee cups half an inch thick. Nicked
about edge. Pieces probably bitten out.
Visited The Herald office. Full--of
editors waiting for jobs. Their spring
suits not yet ready. Was informed most
of 'em had been furloughed for writing
brilliant articles. Sent down stairs to
have sharp edge taken off them.
Was shown Chauncey Depew. Nice
man. Genial. Eight day speaking clock
at public dinners. Never runs down.
Self-acting stemwinder. Impromptu I
speeches built by the mile like Maine
schooners, and cut off in various lengths
to suit customers, times, places and op
portunities.-Prentice Mulford in New
York Star. _
An Unsinkable ateafmship.
. iae new Inman steamship, the City of
New York, is warranted by her builders
to be unsinkable. That Is, one condition
tid down in the contract by the company
¢fas that she should be unsinkable,
although she is of iron and has a capacity
cf 10,500 tons.-Ohicago Herald.
Don't ornament truth. It doesn't need
it, and, besides, embellishment gives it
much the appearance of a lle.
The bloom stalk of a centur plant at a
Florida ezposition grows at the rate of
aiz Inches a day,
Northern R. R.
Leave Great Falls 4:3 P. M. via St. P.. M. & M. By
Arrive at Snint Paul 7 A. M.
0.......Lv. St. Paul ........... 7:0 pn
116........Ar. Winona............... 11:15 pm
132........ " LaCrosse.............. 12 1 am
191........ " Prdu Chien............ 1:49
258........ " Dubuque.............. 8:58
278........ Galena . ........... . 4 5
285........ " Savanna .............. .. 4:10
21 ........ Oregon ................ 6:10 8
11........ " Chicago ........... 90
439........ " Peoria................ ::0 pm
570........ S" t. Louis............... 5: "
Peerless Ding Cars and Pullman Sleepers on
all through trains. No change of cars to
Chicago or St. Louis. For Tickets Sleeping Car
accommodations Loceal Time tables andl other
information, app'ly to
Freight and Passenger Agent, Great Falls.
Or, address W. J. ('. KENYON,
Gen. Pas. Agt. C., B. & N. By., St. Paul. Minn.
C. T. WERNECKE
Groceries, Notions, Fruits.
BARGAIN COUNTER GOODS.
Crockery and Lamps,
FRESH CANDIES AND NUTS.
Kennedy's Fancy Biscuits in thirty different
FI-S ZINT TA.C.CLE.
Fish, Salt and Fresh. Poultry.
CROWN SEWING MACHINES.
CAMP AND RANCH OUTFITS.
On Central Avenue,
Next door to Layeyre's Drug store, anr the
ESTEY AND CAMP
Parties desiring to
BUY OR RENT A PIANO OR ORGAN
Shou!d leave orders with them as they are agents
for Montana, They also keep in stock a fine
Delivery wagon makes regular daily
rounds and delivers
Bread Free of Charge.
ZINGEL & GIES,
Second street South between Third and Fourth
Second Street. Between Central and First
R. A. MOORE Proorietor.
MRS. A. B. FAIRFIELD
Millinery and Fancy Goods
W. B. RALEIGII & CO'S STORE
Great Falls Montana.
F. RAMBE('ECK, Proprietor.
Central Avenue and Fourth Street, (;reat Falls
MRS. E. McLEAN'S
And Lodging House.
First avenue Smiutih Ihtween Park Drive
and First street.
PRATT & RICKARD.
BLACKSMITHING and REPAIRING
Livery and Draft HIorse and Mnle Shiming.
Corner First Avenue South and Third Street.
J. K, CARSKADOON,
All kinds of general work carefully at
tended to. Lutheran block near the post- I
oflice on First street.
C. A. BROADWATER, President. C. M. WEBSTER, Secretary.
PARIS GIBSON, Vice-President. A. E. DICKERMAN, Treasure,.
THE GREAT FALLS
ater-Power & Townsite Co.
THE INDUSTRIAL CITY.
GREAT FALLS, having the greatest available water-power on the American
continent, is destined to be the chief industrial city of the northwest. The Montana
Smelting Company is now erecting here the largest works for the reduction of ores
in the United States, and other extensive manufacturing enterprises will soon be
GREAT FALLS is now the terminus of three railroads-the St. Paul, Minne
apolis & Manitoba, the Montana Central and the Great Falls and Sand Coulee line.
It is the Commercial Center of Northern Montana.
It has a population of 2,000 and is growing rapidly. Enterprises now under way
and to be inaugurated will more than double the population this year.
No town in the Rocky Mountain region offers greater inducements to the settler
or investor, and all such are respectfully invited to come and see for themselves.
For information regarding GREAT FALLS and surrounding country, address
CHAS. M. WEBSTER, Secretary,
Great Falls, Montana.
WE ARE HERE!
We have just received a large
DEERING - ALL - STEEL - BIN I )ERS
and the new Deering mowers.
We are not here for a few days but to stay
and don't you forget it.
We can furnish you with
Extras for all of our Machines.
We have just received an invoice.
We will be glad to furnish you everything
in our line and at
Prices that will Astonish You.
Please call on us on the corner of First av
enue South and Second Street.
William Deering & Co.
Per C. C. RAY.
Northwestern Fuel Conipainy.
Coal delivered direct from the mines $7 per tee.
Lime - $15 per tee.
Montana baled hay - - - - - 1Il per tea.
Oats - - - $1.50 per 100 lbs
MO rehanliur nnd furniture moved to any part of the city. Freight received and forwarded.
Office corner of (entlral aIvenute and Fourth strreet.
II. O. ('HOWEN. PRESTON KING P. H. WILCOX
Prensident. Vice-President. fSec. & Trm.
CATARACT IlLL COIPANY
Manufacturers of the followingHBrands of High-Grade Flour:
Diamond, Gold Dust,
Cataract, Silver Lehii.
CASH PAID FOR WHEAT. MILL FEED FOR SALE
FF1O(': - t`ent Avenue, near corner of Park Drive. MILL - Foot of Central Avenue.
.I R.E T FA L L.S.