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AUWSe NARROW GAUGE RAILWAY
As apoems Went Omes the Old Worid's
seey-Ada to Risawkes to Coemer
eraUe sw--Medsa Ctvtn em cb
,A at event in the Old Worlds'
sry-ibeen the eompletion by Russia
's a orrow saue railway from Oren
hurg in heTrncslan province, to
f r d. the hol Mohamedan city
of Bokhara or western Turkestan The
shrill shek of the locomotive within 850
miles of the gam of erst and within.
too. bout 00tadles of the northwestern
military rotier of British Lndia is an
meant to give panse to the observant pub
heist Io solland . just as surely as it will
m es another spsm of terror and de
agar nmceg our British cousins. especially
Va" teage fltthI in politics
The appeara by rail of the Russians
wilMe y easy campaign dia
teanea of the gateway of Afghan
stn. ad of Teheran, the capital of Per
ls. Is equestionabl as affairs stand. a
maer to the British Indian empirn It
is perbaps an even more direct menace to
the groat Chinese kingdom and power. It
certanly threaten, as a near prrosbility,
the dependence of Persia, and if so, the
possible and probable absorptiorn of Beelo
hbas taeon the Persian gall But the
military character of the situation will be
found. when analysed, to be the smaller
factor in It
Without doubt Russia has driven this
little track across the Mear desert to the
eas of te Cseptan se and over the fer.
tile plains or prries of Bokhara for a
military purpose But on its existence
Russia can have but slight hope, as any
one can see who has any experience in
military matters, of making it the means
-ofr ,prEcl tacting opertlos against the
bttl power Inindla There is in the
lusian (aneesus but one railroad. and in
te adjacent pats of European Russia
but one oherwell equipped road on which
troops to y number could e moved to
the aohres of the Cssplan The feet on
that Inland water Is quite large and could
be rapidly made available for military
t.rasportetlaee It has been reported that
at least one thousand vessels naviggtt
that sea, of whclh one-half are steamers
of considerable tonnage The railroad
east of the C(plan, which is now at
emareand, 00 miles beyond the sea, and
thepmlanm fields whihe have created
i tP3Ir . but a poorly equipped
#o It will not ary over ty
lens per train. according to David Ker
and other travelers Its cost is said not
to have esceedad 86,000 roubles per mile
-that Is to say. about $18,000 in our
mousy. A bare statement of the fact
that this fmareaud-Caplan road is of
the charater indicated shows quite plainly
that the BRssian war o1es, which Is ably
di.seted and understands of necessity the
sceo of logistic. , especially in view, of
the territorial dimculties they must over
ceae in all their movements, can have
no idea of precipitating an army on Brit
b lndi. AU Russia can do nowlna
boetile sense by means of this new rail.
ad of hers Is to annoy the Anglo-Indian
p-- . and prevent, perap. that full
Ocanteion about Constantinople which
tish statesmn are now likely to deem
In otter an more Importantly parm&
-t w sto. ncem of the locomotive
tism cant.t of amo, the
,'se It is far more likely to tell, and
Semrly too. In favor of the peaceful
apU 4e dvelopmant and rehabMlla
. oeitra Adsi then to the provoking
pt . power mby its existence,
a alt o w foefsiZe the diplomacy of
lautrlgs Rhtlch its ambition treated at
thi new center, one thousand miles be.
'O.. the Trasaspis province, now
whoy secure In the hands of its perma,
enat army of 100,000 Russian soldiers.
Mm umaaod will and toit will
.cme the agnt who wll bring all Tnrk.
Isa smads to the Russian standard, who
will pint and cabal in Persia who will ex.
p .es Tlbet and the great malmsyan
phesa. who will pro forward into the
ecrtwast amongtha Y a Chinese
of the empire of China,; and also those
who w o w and another creep
h_.alo 8tlab . rth th view ov te .
mesng dldiselstion there smong the vast
ative population which it L conceded
by sllm sumecently disturbed to begood
fmateral for such operations
,Al this Prsu pose that neither the
=_t-rm,- th AngloIdian soldiers
x- men. uor the very astute rulers
of the vast,Celetla nastionsality, will do
ptlný tfo prevent or counteract the ex
movdeents of Russ.a It also
_the rst factors in the problem
whc the railroad exploitation of central
sia and Siberia must produce. Those
metbes are involved in the new industrial
and commercial relations and conditions
that are onstantly belng evolved Ca,.
Curas ince all this central Asia region
was the east of powerful and prope s
gpeoples We Ine that they have al
hr pUsed into what might be " i,
ut the traditions and some of the. rees
of their former power and actiity have
not been entirely obliterated Tf~e e.
ealesnc of Bleycllt Thomas Stevens, in
journey round the rorld, have provea
Th Samac Ciaspia railroad will
aly coanquer a nAw development and a
reb power fox native races of Asia The
oammer J prnie for which Russia con
tends is a greater one than the territorial
acquisitions to which of necessity she yet
aspire., She wants to get to the India
oeoa., and Great ritain will be wise to
allow her to do so. by means of a road.
through Persia andBlo histan.New
The Anelent Roman Cireus
Such curious and beautiful creatures
were brought before our eyes as I had
scares known even In my reading And,
as If their nastural beauty were not
enough, art had been called In to inerease
their attraction There were ostriches
'tisa bird, if you will believe me, of full
six cublts in height-dyed with vermilion;
and lions whose manes had been gilded,
and anutelopes and gazelles, which were
curiously adorned with light colored scarfs.
and gold tinsel. I should wearyyou were
1 to enumerate the strange creatures
which I saw Besides the more common
kinds there were river horses ('tie a
clumsy beast, and as little like to a
borse as can be conceived, except,
they say, as to the head when
the upper half Is protruded from
the water), and rhhinosceroses, and
sebra (bests curiously striF and not
unlike to a very strong and swift ass),
and, shove all, elephants. Though I liked
not the artficial adornin of some of these
creeturs-whlh, t I thoqght proof
Io a certain vulgaTty ia thISe lm nas;
i could not bOt admire the skill with
which all these animals had been taught
to keep in subjection their natural tem
pers and to imitate the ways of men. This
was especially manifest in the elephants
One of thesehuge beasts, balancing him
self most earefully. walked on a rope
tightly dawn Other four, on the same
most diffcult path. carried between them
a litter in which was a fifth, who repro
sented a sick person.
And even more wonderful than these
were the lions and other beasts of a sim
flar kind. It has always been a favorite
marvel of the posts, how Bacehus was
irawn in a chariot by leopard which he
had trained to be as docile as horses But
here I saw Bacchus outdone Lions and
tigers, panthers and bears appeared pa
tiently drawing carriages; lions being
oked to tigers and panthers to bears
wild balls permitted boys and girls to
lanee upon their backs. and actually, at
the word of command, stood upon their
bhind" feet. Still more wonderful again
than this was the spectacle of lions hunt
mg hares, catching them, and carrying
the prey in their mouths, unhurt, to their
nasters The emperor summoned the
lion tamer who had trained the beasts in
this wonderful fashion, and praised him
Shighly for his skill The man answered
w-i as pretty a compliment as ever I
t.eard. "It is no skill of mine, my lord,"
lays he; "the beasts are gentle becanse
they know whom they serve." - St.
asts to the Fait Sea,
The blonde suffers during the summer
season- for extreme warmth will ,ive her
face a dry. colorless look that is by no
means desirable If she is a wise woman
she will not waste her time on any washes,
but will rub her face every night with a
little pure olive oil She need not put on
sufficient to make her face look greasy,
but just enough to make it smooth and
make her conscious of the sensation of
smoothness For the other extreme
reached by the blonde-an oily skin-a
teaspoonful ,I borax in a basin of water
will be found a good wask The little
black spots, that come oftenest on the
nose or about the chin, are most easiy
removed by a watch key. Put a little o
or vaseline on the spot and then press it
out with the rim of the key. Because of
the broad edge It hurts less than the
squeezing with the fingers and is more
certain. The wise maiden would be the
one that attends to this at night, so that
if the spot is braised or red a little oil
can be put on it and by morning it will
be in good condition.
Our grandmothers were beautiful at
70; nowadays the rose is cultivated until
its enormous size is wondered at, but its
erfme is gone. o it with our women.
oo many of them are passee at 26; l
though the fact that the fashionable
novelists are recognizing, as Balzac did,
the charm of the woman of 80, still her
attraction is as yet confined to the
Frenchy sets in large cities. There should
be no lines on the face or hollows in the
cheeks of the woman of 28, and if there
-e, they must come from lack of sleep
or improper food, for even care will
scarely show itself so soon, Eat well,
sleep well and bathe often will be the
beet prescription. To.eat well is an art;
for to eat so that, the stomach may be
satisfied and re glated and the personal
ppearance Improved Is to be desired.-
"Bab" in Phiadelphia Times.
T'e .ndiana of "Ransch Chieo.
'The Indian village, Mebchoopka, Iabont
tan minutes' walk from the Bidwell man
slon, beyond the orchard to the west. It
lies in a group of ottonwoods, and is
pretty and healthy. There Is a school
taught by a refined young American girl;
the houses are plain wooden ones, quite
Sneat as ordinary Portuguese laborers'
bouses. When one enters, a few pictures,
decent furniture, curtains, In some cases
sewing machines and musical lastmu
ments are seen. They show great dignity
and simplicity in their intercourse with
strangers When better aequained they
re happy hearted and childLke; they
enjoy life, and have a delightful sense of
humor. They seem entirely to lack pe
sonal pride In dpess (except on sea
grand occasiona), but they have solid self
r-pect, and show th constantly.
The little girls taught in their scheeo
and in Sunday school are as modest and
well behaved children as one could wish
to see, no. darker than the Italian peasant
children, and often quite as pretty Their
c-hladreI The children, too, al now the
strongest InBuence to civilise the elders.
for the Indians are all proud of their edu
cated children. Most of tbk little nice
ties of dress and home ooja in this way.
The children read and org~e and use Eng
lish; and so the par1nts follow. It is a
pretty sight to wat,& the older children,
after school, telllag to their parents all
they have IarTed, et playing with the
h abies, In tic0 village streets, like any
other Calitasaian girls and boys, healthy,
happyand sy.-C. C. Parry in Overland
Joke on the Professor.
Aoertdna Kansas college professor, who
enjoysa joke on himself just as heartily
as hadoes on anybody else, once upon a
time'dellwered a lecture in a Kansas town.
As il the custom an such occasions, the
principal choir of the place furnished
music. Before the delivery of the lecture
the cloir melodiously inquired, "What
Shall phe Harvest Be?' and after listening
to the;lecture came forward and mourn.
fully sang "Nothing but Leaves."--To
(On the porch of a summer hotel.)
Jags (to new arrlval)-How delicious
the long dreamy twilight of theseaommsr
New Arrival-H'm! I rather fancy win
ter the best.
Jaggs-Indeed! You're in the coal bust
Hess, I suppose?
At the Baseball Match.
Jobson,-Yes. Kuehne is a fine batter.
Snobscm-Oh. Kuehne is nothing beside
Mike Mulin, the middle fielder of the
Kankakees. Why. only 'last week he hit
a ball so hard that it stuck against a
cloud They called It a four bagger, and
gave MIke a home run.
Jobson--Did they recover the ball?
Snobson--Why, cert. It came downl
when it rained.-Pittsburg Bulletin.
We sometimes congratulate ourselves at
the moment of waking from a troubled
dream; It may be so the moment after
King Liumbert's palace in Rome, the
Quirinal. contains 2,000 rooms, only 125
of which are occupied by the king and his
According to the naturalists, .waps re
member the locality of their nests just
Fishing for compliments Is doubtful
SI FLOWERS IN FOLK LORE
REGARDED AS BENEFICENT IN POP
ULAR LEGEND AND STORY.
Sreetld Wide Admiratoa of the Dese-Aa
S emoea Amaaath mad Asphodel-Dat
tesne sad Daisles-The sorget-Me-Nee.
traditle of the Wy-Modest Voles.
The Syrians regarded the rose as an
emblem of immortality. Chinese plant it
over graves, and in the Tyrol it is said to
produce sleep Germans call the rose of
Jericho the Christmas rose, and it is sup
posed to divine the events of the year, If
steeped in water, on Christmas eve. It is
said in Persia that there is a certain
charmed day in which the rose has a
heart of gold Another tradition relates
that there is a silver table on a certain
Mount Calassy. in India, and on this table
lies a silver rose that contains two beauti
ful women who praise God without ceas
ing. In the center of the rose is the
triangle-the residence of God
It is said that if a white rose blooms in
autumn an early death is proostilatel
while an autumn blooming red rose
flea marriage. The red rose. It ao
said, will not bloom over a grave. ise
leaves are sometimes thrown on the fire
for good luck, and a rose bush may be
made to bloom in autumn by peaning it
on St. John's day. Here, as well as in
France and Italy. it is believed that rosy
cheeks will come to the less who buries
a drop of her blood under a rose bush
In Posen, young women assure the fidel
ity of their lovers by carrying a rosebud
in the breast. osa leaves are chosen for
divination in Thuringia, the maiden hav
ing several lovers scattering a leaf named
after each one on the water; the leaf that
sinks last is the true lover.
AN.EONE AMARANTR. ASPEODEL
The anemone was regarded as the sym
bol of sickness in ancient Egypt It was
fables to have sprung from the tearawept
by Venus over Adonis. The amaranth
would, says Pliny, recover its color if
sprinkled with water. It was a symbel
of Immortality, the word meaning "ever
lasting." The asphodel was its opposite,
meaning "regret." The spirits of the
dead were thought to subsist onr this
flower The bachelor's button is sonamed
because youths carried one in the pocket
to divine their success in love. If the
flower died, it was an ill omen. The
flower basil is a test of purity If it is
put under the plate of - impure maiden
in Volgtland, she will not touch It.
Our familiar buttercup was so named
from an Idea that its consumption in
creased the batter producing quality of
the cow's nmik. Cows never eat them.
but they grew only in dry, rich pastures.
The columbine was anciently called a
'thankless fower," and was the emblem
of forsaken lovers. The meek little daisy,
oening Its eye with the light of the
planet Venus, has,always been a favorite
with the poets Its star-form caused it si
to be an object of superstition, and Ge. -
The forget'me.not Is one of the flo ers
that in Gru:au lore guard treasures en
tombed in caverns. The Swiss regard
with supertitious feeling the little edel
weiss (our rat's foot or everlasting). Its
Swiss name signifles noble purity.
LE.CND A.ND TRADITION.
The common marigold is named in
French So sein.are). In Breton legend,
iftouched by the bare foot of a pure
hearted pete' on a certain morning, it
gives powerSto understand the language
of ida The crocus signid. es unre
quited lowq, The poppy is a well known
symbol of death. The snowdrop is sacred
to the Virgin Mary The primrose Is an
hnportant flo· r in folk lore. The Gete
manannme it Schlussel blume," or key
flower. It is iabled to open the way to
The lily is traditionally the emblem of
Diana and Lilith. Adam's second wife.
Tothe people of India and Egypt it typi
fied fertilility. to the prophets it had a
mysterious signification It is potent
against withcraft in Germany, If gath.
ered with prayer Spanish superstition
credits it with the power of restoring to
the human shape any one who has been
transformed to an animal. It is a remedy
for venomous bites in England, and it
was formerly thought that the number of
flowers on the finest stem indicated the
price of grain for the season.
The thistle, gathered in silence, was
formerly a valued charm. It was sacred
to Thor, and was one of the many plants
that protected dwellngs from ightning.
In England, the milk thistle is "Our
Lady's thistle," and the plant is well
known as the national emblem of Scot
land. Lastly, there is the modest violet,
type of humility. Mohammedans are fond
of it, as their founder revered it as a type
of his religion It was the badge of me
dlnval minstrels, and a golden violet was
the prize in the poetical contests st To-.
l_ ous-F S. Bassett in Globe-Demorat.
The Bali and the Band.
The village of Strinesville has a new
brass band. It played its first piece the
other day. considef.ately going some dis
tance out of the village to do It. That
delicate consideration probably saved the
life of a Strineeville small boy, but It killed
Farmer Stauffer's valuable young Jersey
bull At the time the band went out to
play the bull was feeding in its pasture,
which was near the spot chosen by tbhe
band While the band was getting its
collective lip ready to compel a tune from
its horns. the small boy referred to was
taking a short cut through the pasture to
reach the band. The bull took note of
the small boy's presence, and proceeded
at once to hasten his trip across the lot.
The band had not seen the procession
moving through the meadow, although
the bull was mouthing his displeasur
lustily as he ran, and the small boy was
lifting up his voice in audible and pene
trating tones. The bull was within three
jumps of the boy when the band had got
ready to play. The band played. At the
first burst the bull stopped short, threw
up his head and sniffed the air. Thein.
struments blared again. The bull turned
and rushed wildly toward the stone wall
The band threw Its soul once more into
its horns, and the bull sprang over the
wall. He came down on his hed on the
other side and broke his neck.-Harris.
burg (Pa.) Cor. New York Sun.
Advertlese Rates of Hotels
A correspondent wants to know wh
the proprietors of summer resort hotes
seldom or never give the rates for the dif.
ferent classes of rooms in their houses
The inquiry is a pertinent one. It would
certainly be a great convenience to the
large number of people who must study
ways and means before going on their
summer outing, if they could know by
consulting the advertisements just what
the rates at the different summer hotels
are Doubtless the proprietors of these
houses would be quite willing to print
their average rates if they were aware
that it would meet a want.-New York
4 a* n.es c Ocllett,
Real Estate, Insurance Agents and Mning Kro
PROPRIETORS OF THE
"Fairview Addition" to the City of Great Falls.
Office on Central Avenue Correspondenee
H. MATTHES & ROEHL,
GREAT' FALLS, MONTANA.
Elegantly Furnished. Dining Room Unsurpassed.
RATES $2.)( PER DAY ECOND AVENUE
MRS. JAMES LAWLER'S
GREAT SALE OF
Spring -- and -- Snmmer -- Goods.
THE LARGEST STOCK IN
Near Milwaukee House, Great Falls. M. T.
HOSE, SIGN, ORNAMNTAL
SIGNS PAINTED IN ANY
Graining and Paper Hangi ng. Kalsomining
and (ilatineg. Gildin~ on (ilass. Third street
ounth, between First sad Second Ave. South.
F. M. MORGAN,
Architect and Superintendent
Plans, Specifications and estimates given on
short notice. Office next door to postoffice
H. L. HULL,
Contractor and Builder.
HOUSE RAISING AND
All kinds of jobbing done promptly. Shop on
Third street, between Second and Third avenues
C. A. CROWDER'S
FIRST-CLASS DINING ROOM.
First avenue Mouth and Second street, back of
Murphy. Menlay & Co's store.
C. T. GROVE,
A Shaae of your Pat
Third Ave. South between Third and Fourth Ste.
John M. Hoy's News Stuad.
A full line of
Blank Books. Cigars,
dies, etc., etc.
Postollie llock Central avenue.
P'lsun. IMuat of all kinds constantly on hand
st4-a.:,- lAt landing.
MRS. E. McLEAN'S
And Lodging House.
Fir-t :venue S'ulth between Park Drive
and Tir.t street.
C. W. COLE,
Mover of Light
FREIGHT AND BAGGAGE.
Orders promptly attended to. Prices Iea
JAMES H. BAILEY,
FEED ANM SALE ~STABLE
HORSES FOR SALE.
First Avenue South. Great Falls
W. P. BEACHLEY,
(GENERAL STATIONERY AND
A Full Line of Legal
Blanks for Sale.
Corner of ('sntral avenue and Fourth Street.
Coal and Lime
ic'el , . ab"e I FRANK OGILVIE.
KElipse IBtable. ,
MURPHY, MACLAY & C.,
CENTRAL AVENUE, GREAT FALLS, 1. T.
Staple and Fancy Groeerie
WINES, LIQUORS, TOBACCO,
Fine Tea and Coffee, Leistikow's Patent Flour, Plait & Washburn's Mascofte Ceil
FAMILY, MlINER'S SHEEP3MEN AND RANCHEFR's
llanware, Sash, Doors an6 ,
Window Glass, Iron Roofing, Giant and Blasting Powder, (aps, Fuse,
Cement, Plaster, Hair, Plain and Tar Building Paper
Stoves and Tinware, Crockery, Glasware
and Miners' Tools.
Tin shop in connection with store. Prompt attention given tq mail 01d
DECORATED AND PLAIN CHAMBER SETS.
Curtain Poles, Book Cases,,
PARLOR DESKS. WALL PAPER, BABY CARRIAGES,
Bedding, Lounges, Bedroom Suites, Parlor Suites
CHAIRS, RECLINING CHAIRS, ETC.
In fact anything you want in the Furniture line at Reduced Prices.
CENTRAL AVENUE. GREAT FALLS. M. T.
All kinds of rough and finished lumber, both Pine and Cedar, also
Cedar Do00s, Sash, Lath, Moulding and Cedar Siiih. s
MILL WOLK IN CEDAR A SPECIALTY.
Ninth Av.-nn, North and Smelter Railroad. City Office in R. M. Telegraph Office, Central Ae.
CHAS. T. DAY, Agent for
9 Gilchrist Bros. & Edgar.
W. t. RALtEIGH F. H. MEYER. J. W. BELL
W. B. RALEIGH & CO.
The Leading DRY GOODS House.
We carry the largest and best selected stock of
Dry Goods, Carpets, Notions, Ladies and Children's Shbo~
In Nil, hrn Mantana. Buying in eonnection with the Helena house direct from factories
we are able to sell you goods at great deal lower figures than the smaller
houses who buy of jobbers. Send for samples.
Mail OrdeSolicited W. B. RALEIGH, & CO. Central AeF
D O W & T U T T -- - ---- -;7---. -- ----~
DOW & TUTTLE,
General lardiare lerehants.
Crown Jewel and Cold Coin Stoves and Ranges, Tinware,
Refrigerators, Window Class, Blacksmith's Ma
terials and Builder's Hardware.
TIN SHOP IN CONNECTIION. lNGSDBURY BILOCK CENTRAL AVE.IE
RINGWALD & CARRIER,
Are headquarters for
Clocks .. Watches .:. and .. Jewelry
FOR 'NORTIHERN MONTANA.
e.tshe1 buy directly from manufacturersinthe e t and heir prices ar lo I i the
satisfactnguaranteed hepirin aspecialty. Old Imnk builling ('entral Awn""