Newspaper Page Text
J. W. BOWIM, DITOt AND ftrHTO- V
i January 94, 1SGT
Democratic State Ticket.
..; ;. For Governor, - , .
AXLES G. TD CRM AN, of Franklin.
Fer Lieutenant Governor, ' '
' DANIEL S. TJHL, of Ilolmes. .
For Treasurer, .'" .
Dr. C. FULTON, cf Crawford. - ' ":
' For Auditor
JOIJN McELWEE, of Butler. ,
' 1 For Attorney General, . L '
' ' FRANK Ft. HURD, of Knox.
For Judge of Supreme Court,
Judge THOMAS M..KEX, of Hamilton.
For Controller of Treasury, t
WMILLIAM SHERIDAN, of Williams.
. For Board of Public "Works,"
ARTHUR HTJG HE3, of Cuyahoga. '
To the Democracy of Vinton
and Adjoining Counties!
' Through the Influence of many friends I
' .Jiaye established a Democratio newspaper in
" McArthur the Dcvoct atic E.nquireb. . , I
have been induced to do sa from the fact that
such a paper has long been seeded ; and I
hope and expect to receive a liberal patron
age from the Democracy of Vinton and ad'
joining counties! am .not without experi
ence in conducting, a paper; and having
praetioal .experience as a printer, it will
f ;.t my aim to present my readers with a
: tUm sheet, advocating the principles of the
- party, and readable matter which will ren
' derit a desirable companion for, tie fire-
' 'There is no longer any reasons for .dig
' sentions among Demecrats. Our Eighth of
January. Convention, throwing aside
policy and expediency lhos9' barrters
and impediments to united action and pros
' perity has returned to the true faith and
given us a platform - of principles based
upon the teachings of JtrrEasoi and the
founders of the Democratic parly, worth y
of our- endorsement ani our admiration.
To these doctrines will this paper sacredly
: adhere and lend its influence in advocating
them. While -ever ready t combat for
. principle, petty .dissensions and discords
. the result of personal feeling will be sttu
diomly avoided. Maintaining this course
It is expected to increase our strenth, re
gain our foothold in county affairs and se
cure for the paper the support it shall de
erve. Democrats I your patronage' is re
spectfully solicited, in aiding .the efforts of
the DcMocBATic Enqdikee to bring about
these results. Each one has' his duties to
perform-. The terms ' of the paper are low
U Is as cheap as any paper' can now be
published; and it will be the, constant aim
of the Editor to render, it both interesting
and instructive. Do not stand upon.-the or
dr of your subscriptions 1 Send them along
and have your friends do the same I The
greater your subscription, the more able -will
we be to send jou'a good paper. Please let
u have, your name at ence ' -I .1
J. W. BOWEN.
Democratic State Convention.
This body met ty Columbus, Ohio, on.the
Morning of the ever' glorious and memor
able 8th of January. The number in attend
tjanee was not quite so large a s at acme of
the-former State Conventions of the gallant
Democracy of Ohio, but there was one con-
Clnsite fact that the solid men of the Stale
were in attdndanoe every county and dis
trict being fully represented. ' The - dele
gales present from Vinton County, were
Dr. H. C. Moore, Hon. A. J. 5taim, .aud'
3on. Arch. Mayo.
At 9 o'clock in the morning the districts
net in primary meetings at the various
ooms selected for them and chose members'
f the-various com u Hues. At io o'clock
the Convention met, and was called to order
by Hon. J. Q. Thompson, Chairman of the
Democratic State Central Committee.
Dr. f..M. Christian,' of 'Marion county,
'if if chosen temporary Chairman, and A. J.
Mallane, of Hamilton, was chosen .Secre
'tary.j;; ' : -;: .:. "' ' '
Committees were next selected'.' This dis
trict was represented on the Committee on
Credentials by John Rodgers, of Gallia, and
on the Committee on Permanent Organization
Rules and Order of Business by J. W. New
man, of Scioto, . and Commtttee of Resolu
tions by I, T. Monahan, of Jaskson, and on
Committee to select a State Central Com-,
mittee by H. C. Moore, of Jinton.: The
Convention then took a recess until 1
. e'elook. Met at 2 o'clock.. '
The Chairman of the Committee on rules
and Permanent .Organization, reported as
foUows; President Hon. Geo. H. Pendle
ton ; Viet rrtsldentHon. John Larwlll,
ad ent from each district in the Slate ; Sec
retary W. C. Gould, and one ' Assistant
roia ea oh district in" the State: " ' ;
Oa'UVlng the Chair, Mr. Pendleton made
a exaellent speech, which we shall publish
la ouraext issue. ; " f- ji
Tie next business la order was the nomi
nation of a Stat ticket. The tioket noml."
sated, will be found ia the proper place in
... . I .L-l tO. I.. tlr lV
nhls pP'r.. we ln-nc iuH di
el could hive been seieotea.
The' following resolutions, were unani
mously adopted; ; Y ' '. : .
Ectolud, That Ihe Demoorscy of. Ohio
steadfastly adheara lo the rrinoiplei of the
pary as esponndsd by the Fathers and ap
Droved by experience. . That, in nccordanoa
wiih these prinoiples, we deolare, that the
Federal Government is a Gav(rnmenl of lim
ited powers', that it possesses to powers but
aucfi as are. .expressly, or by necessary im
plication, delegated to it in the Federal Con
stitution; that all other powers are rs'erved
to the Stat es or the people repaetfully ;
tbat a strict construction of the Constitution
is indispenaible to the preservation of the
reserved rights of the States and the pao
pie, that all grants of power to govern
ments, whether btate.. or; f ederal,, stiouta oe
strictly construed,' because, all such grants
abridae the natural rights of men thai the
preservation of the equality and rights ot
the mates and the rights or the peopie is
necessary to the preservation or the union
that the Frtleral Government is unfitted to
logislate for or administer the local con
cerns ol the States; that it would be mon
strous Ibattbe local affairs of Ohio should
be regulated by a Federal Congress in which
she has bnttwo senators, anu tne new
land Bfates with but a little greater popula
tion, have twelve, that the tendency of Fed
eral administration is to usurp the reserved
rights of the Rtatos and lo the people; and
that, .therefore, a centralisation of power
in its bands i's An ever .impending danger,
that such an absorption of power would,
while it lasted, be destructive of the liber
ties and interests of the people. nd would
end either in despotism or a disruption of
the Union, that a national debt, besides im
poverishing fhe people, fosters an undue in
crease of the powers of the Federal Govern
ment, hat high protective tariffj have a like
effect,' sacrificing the interests of the many
for the emolument of the few, and plainly vi
olating the equity and spirit of the Constitution,-
that the collection and disbursement
of enormous revenues by the Feder'U- Gov
ernment have the same tendency,' besides
corrupting the government and' that there
fore eoonomy is essential, not only to the
prosperity, but also to the liberties of the
people, that uuequal taxation, is a plain vio
lation of justice, of whioh no government
can safely be guilty; that to each State be
longs the right- to determine the qualifica
tions of its electors, and attempts to impair
this right, either by congressional legisla-.
tion or constitutional amendments, are uu
wise and despotio, that the tendency of
power is to steal from the many to the lew,
and that thsrefore, eternal vigilance is the
price of liberty, that the tendency cf gov
ernment is to enlarge its authority by usur
pation, and therefore government, needs to
be watched," that another of Us tendencies is
lo govern too much, unnecessarily and vexa
tiously interfering with the business of the
people,.', tbat' freedom of speech and of tho
press aro essential to the existeno9 of liberty,
that no person, not in the military or naval
services, or where the civil courts are pre
vented by war or insurrection irom exerci
sing theirfunctions, can lawfully be deprived
of life, liberty or property without process
of civil law, that the courts should always
be open for the redress of grievances, tit
no tz poit' facto law" should dver be maTe,
mat in the language of the Supreme Court,
"the Constitution of the Unite 1 States is a
law for ulers and people equally in war
and in peace, and covers with . the shield of
its protection all classes of men at all timps
and under-all circumstances." No doctrino
involving more pernicious consequence was
ever invented by tire wit of nan than that
of any of its provisions can be suspended
during any of the great exigenoies of Gov
ernments, such a doctrine leads directly lo
anarchy or despotism," that the right of
ine people to peacably as setnble and consult
upon public affairs is inviolab'e, thai the
miliiary should be held in due subjection to
the civil power, that wile the mvjority, as
prescribed by the Constitution, have the
reght to govern, the minority have indefea
sible rights and that a frequent recurrenic
to nrst principles is essential to the safety
and welfare ef the States aud the people.
iraeioivea, inai ine Bia:es winch litoiy
atsempted to secede are still Stales in the
Union and have been recogr.ized as such by
every department of, the i Government. Bv
a -. n . . . t nti - in. nil v
President' Lincoln who, in the midst of. the
war, invited them to elect members of. Con
grecs. iij. rresiaent jonnson in various
proclamations, and official acts. By Con
gross, which-permitted Andrew Johnson to
set, in the Senate as a Senator 'from Tennes
see, by his inaugarajion as ;Viee. President
and President of the Senate, and by tho ad
mission of members from Virginia, Tennes
see and Loursiana to set in the Jlouse of
Representatives,' after those States had
passed their,' ordinances of . secession aud
while the war was , carried on, and which
further recognized them as States in the
Union by the Congressional Appointment
Act providing for their 'due representation
in Congress, by various tax laws and es
pecially the Direct Tax Aot, by the resolu
tions submitting Amendments to the Con,
etitution for their approval and by various
other acts and resolutions importing the
same recognition,' all which were pussed
ed since lie attempted ' secession of those
States. By the Judio'ary of the United
6tates which holds Federal Courts in all
those States,-and especially by tho Supreme
Court which entertains jurisdiction of cases
coming from them, Which it could not do
were tney 'not in the Union.. That being
thus in -the Uo4n. tbfy stand in u enu il
footing with their sister State; States with
unequal rights a ' thing unknown to the
tonstitution. Thai by the express terms or
the Constitution, each State. is entitled' to
two Senators and a due proportion of Rep
resentatives in the Contrress. and to vote at
all elections of President and Vice Presi -
dent. That though these rights are subject
io interruption by a slate of civil war be
xtinguishedvor in tima of peaca, be so much
yun euspenuea, without a plain violation
ef the conntihirinn That iu..oni nt
three-fourths of all thnHtt. -i.mt.
resented in Congress or not, is essential lo
the validity - or Conilitutional amendment j
That Congress la as power to depriv. a
State of It reserved rights and reduce it to
'territorial oondition. That therefore the
exclusion by . the so-called ; Congress of all
representation from ten Slates, the propose1
exclusion of those Stales ttVn all voice in
the next Presidential election, threatened
overthrow of their 8tate Governments, and
reduction of those States to the condition of
territories, are, each and every one ot them
unconstitutional, and desnotis measure. A,.
structive not merely of the rights of those
States, but also of ihe rights of everj other
Btate in the Union. That those meaiurts
re parts-er tbe plan to nulifythe Constitu
lion, virtually overthrow the State Govern
meats, to erect a consolidated deer.attam n
their ruins, and to establish and perpetrate
a tyrannical rule of a miuority over ma
jority of. the American ; people. That the
people cannot, without a loss of tbeir'libar
ties, prosperity .and! honor,' submit to such
result, and we. therefor.: In ih hnn th.i
the wrning will he heeded, and the danger
to oar institutions be peaceably a verted, do
of the, plan,!
to, r I
that. It will not te submitted
3. prtolved, That congress is not an ora
nirttent, ,law making power. That "the
Constitution provides that no bill shall be
come a lawiwithoutthe approval of the Fres
Went, unless- it be pass&d by two-thirls of
each House of Congress. . Thai one of the
objicts of the preseut so-called Congress in
, ... i!i.,.. i
eXClUUinC ion utabvo iimu i rut csuuiM'-i'.'u is
to pasi' bills "bv a two thirds- vote which,
.... . ... ,i .
were ait ine mines reiresenieu, couiu n'Ji
so pass, and thus. to vli'tual'y abolish the
constitutional provision n, roresaia. i nar. n
this precedent be acquiesced in. there will
be nothing to prevent a bare majority of
Congress., at any time in, the Titure, from
nullifying the constitutional veto 6f tits
President and usurping uncontrolled legis
lative power, by an exclusion of the minority
from "their seats. That the exclusion of even
a single State migU give the control, and a
pretext for push an exclusion would be want
ing to an unscrupulous ani revolutionary
party. r '..'.-
4. Resolotd, lhat the people, and especially
those of Ihtf-n-Kiicultiiril States, have suf
fered tod lonir th e exactions of high protec
tive tariffs, and, as the representatives of
an' agricultural and laboring population we
demand that their Biibstnncejhall no longer
be extorted from them in order to fill ' the
pockets of Eastern monopolists ' '' -
6. lietoh'cd, That unequal taxation is con
trary to the firsLpriuciplns of Justice ani
sound policy. nnT we oall upon our Gov
ernments, Federal and . Sta'es, to use all
necessA ry constitutional means to remedy
C. Rewloei. That the Radical majority in
the so-called Congress have proved Ihera
selves to- be in favor of Negro Suffrage by
forcinsf it upon the-people of the District of
Columbia against their almost unanimous
wish solemnly exprossel at the polls, by
loroing it upon all Ihe territories in viola
tion of tit) Constitution, and by their vari
ous devices to coeroe the psople of the South
to adopt it. That we ars opposed to Nejro
suffrage, believing that it would he proauo
tiveof evil to bdtu. whites and blaoks and
tend lo produce a disastrous conflict of
7.. Resolved, That for all their efforts to
uphold the Constitution, we tender to the
President and to the majority of the judges
of tho Supreme Court of the United States,
our hearty thanks.
8. llisolvei, That we are in favor .of a
Domocratio Convention of delegates from all
the States, to bo held .fit such lim; and place
ns may hereafter bo agresd upon. And hat
the Stale Central Commtttoe be authorized
to concur with ether proper committees in
fixing the tim? and placa. tha', we prefer
Louisviile, Kentucky, ns the place.
9. Risohtd, That the Democratio news
papers of Oh io deserve an enrn'iU and lib
eral support, and that an early and thorough
organization of the party is iodespnsible.
solemnly warn the advocates
We gW" below t brief abstract of tho
message of Governor Cox : '
Tho financial condition of Ilia State is
satisfactory. Qo the 15h of November
there was ao unexpended balance in the
Treasury of S 1,02 1,734 41, after expen-
ditutes amounting to neurly seven and a
half millions. According to the Audi,
tur's estimate tha.hurdcns of taxation
lor tho ourr9oi yoi" will fco" tigliitfued
neatly $3,000,000, and eMl lcave a bnl
ancc, over an estimate civering all ex
penscp, of S328,287 05 in. the Treasury
oo tho 15;h of November next. The
publio debt is also being rapidly reduced.
Over one raillitja was paid off during the
ta9tyear, and when tho January duos
nrd met, tbo total debt will ho 11,341,
743 87, ngiioHt 12,912,014 15. At
this rale the enlire dabt ought to be dis
charged in tho next fix yoar?, without
increasing, tix,aiion. . .-Tho-Governor
rodomraends d modifi
cation of the law, goveroitij' the State
Treasurer. in the manDt-oniont of the id!o
balances' io the peverpl funds.; Without
aoy increatiod risk of loss, authority , to
quake temporary transfers would sivpin.
tcrest to the State, amoaoting tb'frotrj
840,000 o 850,000 par annum. :
The expoDfios of tht penitentiary Ftill
exceed the reeeiots from ootwict labor hv
over 816,000.-' Three-fourfbs of tber
convicts arc' Under thirty years of ege,
fcnd the Governor yuggosts whether' it is
not advisable to Bcpsrate young offenders
irom the old, end modify tho discipline
for them. -. : " -
' Ha advoeales the adoption of the Con
The total taxation of the State amount
ed io the egereeate to 821,000 000, of
whioh 85,000,000 ore for State purpesfl?.
anu noany tfuuuVjiiuu tor local rjur-
poscPv .. '.!.
National Democratic Convention.
At a meeting of tho National Damn
cratio Resident Committoe, held in Wash
ington on ihe rveninrr nf 20th nlilnu
Huir.-Oh-rrtes Mason preBUea,lina -noo;v-Va4V-t,"r
T. B. Florence acted as Secretary.
object ot toer meeting was to discuss the
propriely and necessity of no early call
of a Democratio National Convention.
Itwa, during the discussion, conceded
on all hands thnt the time had arrived
when the Demooraey. reinforced by all
persons and parties dcpiring a govern
ment of constitutional liberty and law
should commonce an active campaign. .
We havo no doubt that the committee
will call a. Convention. There is ho
roan sounder or stronger in the Demo
cratio faith than Judge Mason ; no man
more active Ibaq Col. 't! loreuce. Uor
readers know that we are wholly and
emphatically in favor of euch a Conven
tion. We as truly believe as we believe
anything, that if the people, of this coun
try ever opsin enjoy their ancient free.
dote, n will bo through, and in conse
quenee or, tho Democratic paity at Ibe
next Presidential election. . We want no
long platform, no multitudious'resbla
tion. Enongn to deolare our mo'to od
aim to be: The CoNsnroTioif, the Uft
io and the aupreroicy of Law;. We
must come back to this soon, or wo never
hall get back to it in our day, ind'nev
er in any day without fighting for it.
This is no time to idle or be ieditTatent
If liberty is worth biving, it is worth
An From a High
Gsnssai, Butler taid a fow days tgo
at .Providonce, tbst grand politics, by
which he meant impeachments and jo
forth, are as imperative in times of peace
as crand tactics re in times of war. Thif
nnnd vert wise--o-nlv. what does the
gallant General mem by grand tactic?
Baoause fue only grand tactical opera
tions whioh be eve. inaugurated wero
Ihose o( Dutob GapT'wbereiu he odIj
succeeded io tasking a useless pigiDiio
ditch: Bermuda Hundred. where be suc
ceeded in bottling himself Dd Fort
Fisher, whore, he wasted au immense
quantity of Uncle Sim's go.npowder.in
making himself ridioulous. Ktw York
TbA'lwiij.1 Providence Herald and Pott.-
There are two months io whioh Uan
fjress mav adont and .promulgate fouie
defioite plan of restoration. If that is
done during this session the best part cf
the Rspublican party will begin .to lose
oonDdeBCo in their leaders. .Of course
the whole question may be, nnd we have
no doubt it will be, postpgned to the For
titli C'ongrrss; but.ench postppnement
will he an evidence both of weakness and
cooriicn: weaknessbocauso there baa
already been timo enough for an under
standing as to what the r.lan . ought to
be, nnd cowardice because after bavins'
oheated the people once to regara to me
amendment, . nothing but fear woula
prevent the bold aDnouncement of 6ome
The truth ia, that the question is too
large for the party. With their v-iew3
purposes end position, it is utterly im
possible that they should fairly and fid'
ally solve the problem of restoration.
The Radical, having no faith in the peo
ple, devoted to the theory of high tariff-.,
anxioti", above all, to retain power, can
not olTar the South its rights, for to do
so, would, without the aid of a Southern
vote, destroy their party. How long
woald Tbad. Stevens remain in the party
with the Union restored and sueh legis
lation "as would promote the development
of the resources of tho country, Ihe or'
der of the day I And it would be". W ith
out a vote ia Congress,' the bare and
truthful statement of tho condition of the
South, her necessiticp,-her crpabilities
and her incalcululb resources, would
cause ibo West to compel het members
to open up that groat rgion to tho trade
and energy of the country. . The' differ
ence to the West hctwcpa the South as it
now is -and ihe South as it would be
with its land cu'tivated, its mines in
process of development, and it3 water
power used fur manufacturing purposes,
is something incalculable.' A.ud ihe
is not to shut its eyes long fo this itn-Lj,gcutp,
portant fact. Lven the Itepublicans ot
the West will not Jong eacrifiee their
pecuniary interests tef'the' caricature of
i-Wfc.Thc. Jlepiiblicans of, the Ea?t
luvn fourd Itidioaliam a great pain, and
would not he's'tatc a roomen. to Incite
another war, if certain to make as mueh
money thereby as they havo out of the
Tho whole question then, will ifrift.
So I mg as nothing ia'dooe, the llspubli
cans have full swaj, unlimited power.
This they hope to perpetuate by keep
ing out tho South until after the next
Presidential election. . fljreio is their
mistake, as we think.. There are some
shrewd 'u:anufacturirs .who seo well
enough t bat-.no more protection is desir
able; but more i asked for by those who
do not like to lose thoir "recent gains,
To add to the present prices'whioh pro-!
lection would do, would..bo to sour, trie
Weit ; not to do i will cans? lo3ses. in
the K ist. Bui. if done, It will prrfrc cn
ly a temporary alleviation; there has
been over produolion,, and prices must
aomo.down..' Just nssoon cs lladicalhm
fails to pay 'it .will be -given up. Those
who have influence will be willing to ac
knowledge tl)6 true aactrino of . demand
and suyply of trado aod of busmen?, and
then we shall return to n revenue tariff.
When that is dore, or whe-n the West
finds that it is not to be none, llspubh
J?-.. Tf .t.. n..:,..i:.i -'-..
cmtiim dies. If the Presidential
. ' i. i l....'.u t.i:
took placo in 1867,, we should believe
that the policy of the -Radicals might
succeed, but two years more of their ru
inous measures will suffice to open the
eyes of the people, and secure their over
New Eogland, indeed, is ready for
centralization. and despotism as a perma
nency, but the great West is not. When
it finds tbat it has abolished slavery only
that it may bo placed under en eternal
. i . i i t r r ' .
Tne Demodratio General Committee
of New Haven, Cone., lias opened a free
reading room in that city fonthe benefit!
or those who desire reliable information
on the treat politic il questions of. the
day. This is an excellent idea, and
should be adopted in every city, town
and village in the country- . Now is the
time to diffuse correct .political senti
ments, if (hose who hold them would
carry the Presidential election next year.
Will Democrats in the different States
please make a note of this ? iV. J".
World: - . . . .
'.Tne Pardosiso l'owEa . or m, raKst-
!ekt. I lie act just passeu oy eacn orancn
of Congress to deprive the President of the
pardoning power, repeals the following eo
I'an of the Confiscation Act.
' "Skctioh 13. And It it furlhtr enacted, That
Ihe President is hereby authorized at. any
lime heteafier, by proclo nation, to extend
to peraoni who may have participated in the
existing rebellion, in any btate Or part there
of, pardon and amnesty, with sucn excep
tion and at inch tiros and'on suoh condl-
tions at he may deem expedient forth pub
lic welfare.", ... ,. Ti.'..
A whU man in Nashville was fine J fifty
dollars for thrusting himself into f negro
[From the New York Times.]
Impeachment of the President.
Westj(jonj,reBg j9 strong, but it is powerless to
It has no band by which it
elect'onl(ngyaee upon "them, unless they can
r .. r . " . ;i ! e
jnE Imreacurrieot of the PresHent
. t .....ki.
esoiles a good oeai oi luten .u.j
the cou otrv. but no more then it deserves
There .is a general disposition to regaro
rt as less serious man it reany io. . xu.
aftnl find t diEiou It lo believe tna a
project ol lmpeacouieni uu icmy".
offioe U seriously- ctertaioed -p.y respon:
sible leaders of the Republican party, or
. a i i A WMimAirn'l t mm
lhat the mass of that party iu congress
can be brought to support V. Yfe see,
therefore, that'll is widely assumea tnai
the inquiry will be Buffered to sleep io
h -.nmrnitteet-which has if in charge.
at least through tho remainder ol tnej
present session, and that prourPiy not
ing more will over be heard of it. We
think this a mistake, and that the coun
try will MI into terieus error if It reBts
oo this belief. . .;.
Those who have brouebt forward this
projeot are not only serious, but tbey aro
zealous aod resolute in pressing it to ex
ecution; no on its own account; not
merev or mainly to punish, the rresi
dent for alleged misconduct, but because
it U absolutely essential to tne aaoom
plishment of their political purposes.
The removal of Andrew. Johnson from
office is sought as a means, not a9 an
end.' . "
Wendell Phillips, who is the author of
the Eobeme denounced the rresident,
more than a year ago, not as a criminal
to be punished, but as an "oltlacle to be
removed." lie was io the way of the
Phillips policy. He had not, then done
any of the acts for which Mr Phillips
now arraigns him; he had vetoed" no
bills, and made no removals from office;
nor branded Colonel Forney as a "dead
duck." '.Yet Mr. Phillips' demand for
his impeachment and removal was just
as lmoerative as it is to day. ueoera
Butler.' who came somewhat- later into
the field, and who now considers himself
the leader ot the lmpeaobment movemeo
ia not nuite 60 open in his avowal of
motives ; but none who know his char
acter and ambition can believe -that a
disinterested and holy indignation
against official misconduct has alone in
spired tho fervor whioh he displays.
Goveroor Boutwcy, a member of Uon
gress, and also a member of the Judi
ciary Committee, whioh has this matter
under consideration, said in a recent ad
dress, after enumerating the difficulties
in the way of reconstruction.
"I see no possible way out of these
difficulties while the present Chief Mag
istrate h at the head of tho Government.
can wield the va3t power? of this govern
msct. During the?e two years, ttom tne
4th of March next, if .Mr. Johnson con
tiouoB to be President bf the United
States during that period, I do not know
how long the restoration of this govern
ment wi'l be dolayed. I make noi pre-
dietions ns to what the future basin
stcre lor us with reference to the Presi
dent ia office; but I only siy that it he
continues in office durirg these two years
to come, I know of no means by which
human life eao be protected, by whioh
human rights shall be regarded as sacred,
or by which aoy efficient means can be
takon for the restoration of these ten
States to their, ancient place in tho gov.
ertmett of the country," ' ,
These dchrations from leaders of the.
impeachment movement might be multi
plied" indefinitely; but we' have gjven
enough to show that hia.rorroval from
officio is deemed absolutely essential to
the sucsess ol their political programme,
and that they aro therefore profoundly
and resolutory in- earnest ia pudhing.it
forward to consummation,
If they abandon that, thoy abandon
their whole scheme of reconstruction.
Thev must give up their attempt to re
duce tbe Southern States to a territorial
condition, or to abolish their present
State Governments and substitute others
in their Btead, or to impose universal
remove the President, who, while in of
fice, is aniotincible "obstaole" to all
their schemes. . Are they likely thus to
abandon all their cherished. plans? If
thfty do, their .career m ended..,, lhey
have gone, too far to retreat or to halt
Their failure is the President's success.
Unless they reconstruct the Southern
Stato governments, those .governments
stand as they are ; a a every day tbey eo
stand add to their strength, and increas
es the difficulty of oyerthrowng them.
But will the ereat body of the Repub
lican party follow them? Not willingly
perhaps but tne past snows wuat we
may expect in this regard for .tie future,
'the extreme men have never yet failed
to lung or arive tbe mass of the party to
thoir position ; aqd this has more than
once been done in the teeth of their most
vigorous protests and struggles,- On
this very question a large majority of the
party in caucus decided that no steps
looking toward impeachment should be
taken, without preliminary inquiry by'
committee; yet on-the very next day
formal articles of impeachment were
presented in tbe lloose, and a committee
was authorized to entertain and examine
them ; and scarcely ha)f a doron members
of the party dared to go on record
against this proceeding.-. .: .'.;:
. The "yeas and nays" have a very vagtfe
but potent terrqr for the statesmen of
Congress, and the extreme men, -who
stake every thing on success, avail them
selves of it with remorsoleBs. and, unre
lenting rikori ..Many member?,'. wtile
voting for" the reference, protested .that
they were only voting" for "inquiry";
fhat tney were not to 'be held, committed
in th mf.!mnf 'hut thev are tri .lhe
current, and it will be much morediffiou'lt
for tbem (o turn baok than It would have
been for tbem to. keep out, At what
point will they' r top ?, Do thej rxpect .
vote' thati the ects of which the com
mittee may eceuse tbeS" President r'npl :
proved, .r that they aie , not offeosee
ucservinc iiupoBouiHciiii iscv Wi nnd .
t . I. ... 4 ' FTM ... - . .
. . - bf ded'iS.f.i,WiIi-lll
uWaiaa well as lo party, if tbey go on
reoor. thus. ' lhey .have committed
themselves to the movement, and they '
win ub cuervpu inio carrying ii mrongn.
until toe l resident is actnallr im
peached, the public v clamor for his in '
peachment .will be Incessant and com '
manding. The scheme wi'l be pushed, -
just as every kinarca tefieme has been
ushed hitherto with vinQr. coursee
and determination.. A&d tbe-nan who
ventures a oppose it at ifny stage will
very soon be denounced as Johnson
man,- a '.Lopperbeadv aaa a rebel, by the
leaders f ' the'movement and the preea
which they control. v: rf-. . j.
. . Their" action will be govern'
ed for more by their views of public pol
icy and measures by their estimate of
party and public exigences tbatj by any
distinct purpose and predeterminatid'n
Tbe committee is wholly in the hands of
men who hold openly and avowedly tk
most extreme views oo all the questions
wbioh divide the country . They are all
xealous to the last degree o support of
the extreme poncy oi reconriruotion on
the basis of rebel disfrinohisemcot and
negro suffrage. Wilson of lows, BdaN
well of Massachusetts, Wi'liami of Penn
sylvania, Lawrence of Ohio, Cook of
Illinois, K. Thomas of "M.ry land the
country can jidge whether these mefa
are likely to halt in tbe march' tbey ha v
oommeocrd, or to exaggerate the difi.
culties in their way. Tbey eertainly
will not err on the side of caution.' They
will not be too fastidious, to say the least, '
in their estimate of offioial short oomings.
The chances ar two to one
that the committee will bring in an im
peachment ; and as only a majority voto
is required, the chances are also two to '
one that this impeachment will be sus
tained by the House of Representatives.
Mere impeachment will not answer the
purpose of those who have started this -movement;
that, indeed, is thf opjy
means by which their real object u to
be reached. That objoot is the removal
of the President from office ; and that
removal, to be of any service io ths
attainment of their political ends, must
take place at once. It can' not Wait for
the trial and cooviotion. Besides, con
viction is by. no means certain, II
requires two thirds of the Sonete'to
convict, and it is scarcely" probable thai
two thirds of the Senate can le secured -for
such a purpose. An oiiential part
of the plan, therefore, is to remove lbs
President upon impeaohment, as erim-..
inal io custody awaiting trial, without ,
waiting for bis conviction, ..... ,
At attempt st removal io the alien ee
such a law would unquestionably involve
very .serious consequences It is scarcely
probable that the President would yield
to it. It is certainly possible that he
would resist its execution by all . the
means at his oommand; and, io tne
absence cf an explicit law on the subject',
ho mighwfeel warranted and compelled "
to use the army and navy for fhi.'
maintenance of his Constitutional
prerogative; If Congress should persist .
in an exocution of its purpose, the-,
country would again encounter the perif
of a civil war, nol seotional in its.eharao
ter, but following more or less closely the
divisions of political parties.
We do not think tbe issue it likely (i
be pushed to this extremity, The gen-i
eral sentiment of the country is already '
pretty distinctly pronounood against the
whole project of impeaohment; and a
its contingent perils, become bmm and
more apparent, that sentiment will grow
stronger and stronger? ' ' 1 ' A
Still, the loaders of the movement bav
placed themselves in a critical poiitiow.
Tbey are comntitted distinctly and une
quivocally to the impeaohment and re-C
moval of the President, .aqd both art
regarded by "them (probably with justice)
as absolutely indispensable to thoirjplanf
of reconstruction for Ihe Southern States.'
Retreat and ' failure are equally fatal to
their pucce e, and will equally discredit
and damage them as a political party.C
They can not be expeoted, ,therefore,"fol
abandon fhe scheme or submit to defeat
withouf a strenuous Brag'gle, whilti may,,
in Ua progress, seriously' dis'arb Ibe'
peace, business, and credit of fhe courjfry,
even if if does not involve it in still gra-'
ver, peril.'-.- . " - vi
A child In Tbetford, Vt., was killed a- .
few days ago by being bitten through the
neok by a, horse. rcj
' One hundred and fifty tons of hay, pres"
sed and ready for shipment,' were lately
sold at auction at Middlebury, Vt., fer i
fourtet n dollars and fifty cents per toav ;?
Thc snow drifts in Pittsfild,'Mesvjar ;
so deep that buildings story and a half v '
high have only their roofs visible above ' " :
the snow, And the streets are like deep tut -v
canals; -' , ' '' .' . '
WES" During ' the Revolution, Washlnrtest L
said he was afraid to tnaroh his little army
through Chester Countv Pennsylvania, be ,
cause, of. the Tories. That Is now one r of '
tbe strongest Radical oountlfll in the State.
Botton Pott. , . .
That is very .natural.! The Tories were' - ,
the loyalists of ihe Revolution, and prated.'
of thai "loyalty" as the Radicals' do now. ' ;
Both the old Tory and the modern Badleal
have substantially the same creeds'.,' ;
', -t8f The Columbus correspondent of the .
Cleveland fO. ) Wain. Deafer, ia spesklag ef
the Conventlon. says ; ', j... j,' .
"Mr Pendleton nresided. with .H tht . .
graeone wonli texpeot of this aeeotpilshd,T -statesman:"
Ills epesoh, on tali in a theohair'
was model of eloquence and tower. " TB
Of Mr Thurman, on aooepting tbe nomina-- ..
tion; was aa effort tbat piaoea ntea sign i -the
list of statesmen." . .?. ' .