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I Fobiliher and Proprietor J
M' ARTHUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO: WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1871.
f "J I i f I I ft. Bk. . k
J. W. BOWEN, Editor.
"FRANKLY SPEAKING, WE
AVER THAT 'THE LIVING AGE'
HAS NO EQUAL IN ANY COUNTRY."
HAS NO EQUAL IN ANY COUNTRY."---Philadelphia Press.
Littell's Living Age,
Of which moro than One Hundred
Volumes have been issued, has ro
- coived the commendation of Jiidjro
Story, Chancellor Kent, President
" Adams, Historians Sparks, l'roscott.
Uancroft, and Ticknor, Rov. Henry
"Ward Boccher, and many others;
rnnd it admittedly -'continues to
. etand at the head 01 its class.
Issued every Saturda,, itgivca fifty
two numbers of sixty-tour, pa
ges each, or more than
Three Thousand Double-Column Octavo
of reading matter yearly; und is the
only compilation that presents, with
11 satisfactory completeness as well
us freshness, the best EssayR, Ro
viows, Criticisms, Tales Poetry,
Scientific, Biographical', Historical,
nnd Political information, from tho
entire body of Foreign Periodical
Literature, and from tho pons of tho
ABLEST LIVING WRITERS,
It is therefore indispensable to
every one who wishes to keep pace
with tho events or intellectual prog
ress of the time, cr to cultivate in
liimsolf or his family general intelli
gence and literary tnsto.
Extracts from Notices.
From Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
"Were I, in view of nil the com
petitors that are now in tho field, to
chooso, I Bhould certainly choose
The Living Aok.'
Nor is thoro, in any library that I
know of, so much instructive und
cntortaining reading in tho same
numbor of volumes."
From the Nation, New York.
"Tho Best of all our clcctic publications."
From the Illinois State Journal.
''It has more real, solid worth, more
useful information, than any simi
lar publication wo know of. The
nhlest essays, the most cntortaining
utories, the finost poetry of tho Eng
lish language are hero gathered together."
From the Lutheran and Missionary,
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tion, becauso thej are tho produc
tions of theablcst men of our times."
From the Pacific, San Francisco.
"Its publication in weekly num
bers gives to it a great advantage
ovor its monthly co temporaries, in
tho spirit und freshness of its con
From the Advance, Chicago, Sept. '70.
"Every weekly number of 'Lit
toll's Living Ago' now-a-days is
qual to a first-class monthly. For
ftolid merit, it Is the cheapest maga
zino in the land."
From the Christian Register, Boston,
"It has novor borno tho marks of
moro careful research and wiser se
lection than it docs now."
From the Chicago Evening Journal.
"It stands at the head of nine
teen tli -century literature, however
From the Christian Examiner, Richmond.
"It is the groat eclectic of this
From the Chicago Daily Republican
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other periodical. Tho subscriber to
LiTTELLrfinds himself in possession
nt tho ond of tho year, of four largo
volumes of such reading .as,' can bo
obfainod in no othor form, and com
prising selections from every do
partment of Science, Art, Philoso
phy, and belles leltres. Thoso who
desire ft thorough compendium of
all that is admirable and noteworthy
in tho literary world will bo spared
tho trouble of wading through tho
sea of reviews and magazines pub
lishod abroad ; for tbey will find the
essence of all compactod and con
Published weekly at $8.00 a year,
fret of postage. An extra copy sont
gratis to any ono getting up a Club
of five Now .Subscribers. Addross,
LITTELL & GAY, Boston.
Civil and Printed
Criminal Dockets for Justices
of the Peace.
Wo' buvo for sale Dockets of tho
nbovo description for tho uso of Jus
tices of the Peace: Tho form is
vory elmplo and conciso, nnd .papor
on which thoy aro printod is tho
very bost, such aa can bo Writton
upon without tho liability of tho
pel going through. It, .or tho pen
scratching it and the printing,
ruling, and binding aro dono in tho
finest stylo. '.That Pockets aro got
ton up in much bottor stylo thim
tho old blank papor Dockets, and
are sold at the same prices. Cull at
this office and see thm.
A BEAUTIFUL PREMIUM !
FOR THE SUBSCRIBERS OF
Mne lithograph Portrait
At considorablo oxponso wo havo
l,IOO Large Lithograph
Of our cstocmed U. S. Senator, Hon. Allen ?. Thuuman, to bo mado to
our order from a fino Photograph furnished by Hon. J. II. Putnam, Ed-
itor ot tno vniuicorne Aavcruser, wmcu
,.. . .... . !.!,.!.
making a vory .
Handsome Ornament for the Parlor or Library,
WOKTEI $52 EACH!
which we will present to
Eraj Oli & New Sntorita to lie
On tho following conditions:
Each ono of our subscribers in arrears who will pay up his indebtedness
and n year's subscription in advanco, will bo entitled to the Portrait.
Each of our subscribers who have pnid ono year in advance, from Jan.
lo, 1871, (commencement 01 voi.
Each subscriber who has paid less than a year nnd will pay a year from
tho timo already paid, will bo entitled to tho Portrait.
Each new subscriber paying ono year
Each person sending us a new subscriber, with cash in advanco, will bo
ontittled to a copy of tho Portrait for each new subscriber sont us.
Tho Terms of Subscription, whether nt Club Bates or otherwise, aro
well known to all our prcssont subscribers.
Tho Democracy of Vinton and adjoining counties yea, oven mon of
all parties now havo a good opportunity to obtain a nice Picture for
rarlor Ornament, of the most popular
timo tho rising man not only of tho Democratic party but of tho coun
try a man whoso namo and frame is national, and whoso course in tho
U. S. Sonato has won for him tho profound rogard of every honest man
throughout this broad land, and tho love of tho Democracy of Ohio. His
namo has boon canvassed throughout tho Union in connection with tho
Presidency, and is now floating at tho mast head of many influential pa
pers in tho country. In Vinton and adjoining counties ho has many
warm friends who havo know him from boyhood, who corlainly will
consider this ono of tho bcBt prosonts wo can offer thorn.
Lot all our subscribers and thoso
and other counties, avail thomsolvcs ot this opportunity to socure a Por
trait. Begin tho work nowl Remember tho timo runs only to March 15!
It is our purposo t purchato a now
Democratic Enquirer, and wo havo
already large subscription list but to
bo required to aid us in tho undertaking. J. W. BOWEN.
Portraits! (Size 11 x 16 inches!)
Democratic Inprcr, til March 15, 71,
o,; win oo uiuuiuu iu mu jrunraiu
in advanco, will bo entitled to the
man in America nt tho present
who aro not subscribers, in Vinton
pross and greatly improvo tho
take tho way to not only incronse tho
raiso tho sufficient means that will
A Dashing Ex-Confederate.
General ' P. Mi B. Young,
who was in Concrress two years
ago, has been returned from
fifiortria. and also took his scat
a few days ago., He owes his
placo chiefly to that eccentric
diameter. Thad. Steven's.- His
disabilities had not been re
moved when he arrived tere
in lRfiO to nresent his creden
tials of election. . He called on'
wrU TimI nnA frtlH h m hA
Vyjli 11(114. .tfcllll
wnntfid his assistance in erettinjr
. u w
his disqualifications removed.
The tollowing colloquy ensued :
Ucneral loung Mr. Ste
vens. I am a representative
elect from Georiria. but I wa3 a
general in the army and they
won t let me talco my scat.
. . .a 1 . m
Old Thad. The h 11 they
wont't. A Representative,
with the credentials of vour
State, and a general in the ar
my, and retused you vour seai r
General Young Mr. Stevens,
I was a Major General in the
Old Thad."Well. of course
you aro going to act , with us ?
General, loung .No sir, 1
wont, l tougnt youin the
Imttle-field. and I exneefc to
fight you in Congress. I am a
Old Thad. A Democrat, a
Major General in the rebel ar
my, and you come here asking
mo to lieln vou I I like vour
impudence, and I'll be d d if
1 don t.
And ho did. . In a few days
Young was sworn in.
Tho Delaware Legislature is
a healthy body being unani
mously Democratic in both
branches. There is not even
one Mongrel left for seed.
J. T. Alexander has sold his
famous Champaign county, 111.,
farm, consisting of twenty-seven
thousand acres, to a Cana
dian of large wealth, for 6ix
hundred and fifty thousand dol
lars. Mr. A. has another pmall
patch lift, valued at one million
We havo reports from dif
ferent parts ot Kentucky, of
negro outraor9. such as mid
night robberie?, burning of
barns, hay stacks, etc. ine
farmers in some of the counties
are organizing for mutual pro
Brownlow and Mortottj the
two staunch friends who stick
to Grant, are paralyzed and
have to be carried into the
Senate Chamber by negro ser
tronta Tt is a succrestive sieht.
that of negroes carrying, the
paraiyzcu jyiongrei m
A Dashing Ex-Confederate. The Surrender of Paris---
France Crushed and Broken.
ken. ' -
The end has come at last.
After a defense of four months,
which has given , to history
some of its finest examples of
heroism and fortitude. Paris
capitulates to the invincible
German. We say the end has
come; fperhaps it were better
to say the beginning or the
end : for poor France is in such
an anomalous condition, polit
ically, that it cannot be known
positively whether peace will
be the issue of the armistice
just concluded between Favre
and Biamarck. -The latter finds
no regular government with
which to treat, and everything
will have to be left to the Na
tional Assembly, which, ac
cording to the terms of the ca
pitulation, will be summoned
immediately. There are doubt
less plenty of hot-headed peo
ple in Paris, and in the provin
ce?, who possibly may set up
the insane cry ot no surrender,
and try to inaugurate a desul
tory guerrilla warfare ; but the
capture of Paris breaks the
power of France completely,
and virtually ends the war.
It seems like a dream, this
spectacle of France, but a few
months ago one of the mightiest
of nations, crushed and con
quered half of her splendid
navy, two of her finest provin
ces, one of her colonies, aud
1,000,000,000 francs wrested
from her 1 It is unneccspary
to recapitulate the wonderful
story of the most brilliant cam
paign on record ; it has been
burned into the world's memo
ry in letters of fire, and will
never be effaced therefrom. It
has left France broken and
helpless, but with a hatred of
Germany and a fierce desire to
avenge her humiliation' and
disgrace, which do not bode
well for a lasting peace. But
France will have to produce a
coramnnder combining the ge
nius of Turenne, Marlbourough,
Napoleon and Moltke before
she can hope to make headway
in the tuture against Germany,
which has now well nigh grown
into an invincible colossus.
Superstitious people will find
in the sad experience of France
an apparent justification of their
morbid notions. That expe
rience is marked with "black
Fridays :" war was declared
on Friday, July 15th; Napo
leon prepared to leave for the
front on Friday, July 22d ; the
bombardment of Strasburg
begun on Frida)T, August 19th ;
the surrender of the Emperor
and his army at Sedan occurred
on Friday, September 2d ; the
siege of Paris begun on Friday,
Sept. 9th ; Toul capitulated on
Friday, Sept. 22d ; the surren
der of Metz, with the last rem
nant of the regular French ar
ray, was communicated to Faris
on Friday, October 28th ; and
Paris surrendered on Friday,
Jan. 27th. The movement
inaugurated some time ago, to
remove the popular prejudice
from Friday will come to
naught ; the disasters of France
have fully confirmed its bad
character, and black it will
It was Agreed, when the" in
come tax was adopted, that it
should cease in 1870. That
was the provision expressed in
the law. It is very doubtful
whether Concress will redeem
its pledge. All history proves
tnai wnue it is ay w uve
taxes nut unon the people, it is
hard to get them off. The
American people are now tax
ed far more than they were
durinc the wan when we were
expending $1,000,000,000 a
The practice of keeping
children in after school has
been dismissed is attracting
considerable attention in many
localities. The press os ft gen
eral thing speaks out against
tho practice, arguing that no
gooa arises therefrom, either to
teacher or children, ... :
A Milwaukee baby drained a
... . . .
quart bottle ot ink the other
day, and now he .looks like one
of Horace Greeley's hastiest
A Chinese thief having sto
len a missionary's watch,
brought it back the next day
to bo shown how to wind it up.
A school-teacher in a town
in Ohio was discharged because
he would not carry lteh-medi-
cinc in his pocket. The child
ren in that town now itch for
Said one man to another :
"If it wasn't Sunday, how much
would you take lor all that
lumber ?" "If it wasn't Sun
day, I'd tell you."
Dinner Scene. Charlev
"Well, Jack, what will vou
have first ? "A littlo soup,
eh V" Jack "No, Charley.
I never like pour Interferes
with one's mustache so doocid
ly." A Missouri newsnaner claims
that the hogs of that State are
so fat that in order to find out
where their heads are, it is nec
essary to make them squeal
and then judge by the sound.
Woman suffrage in the Dis
trict of Columbia has been
defeated in the National House
of Representatives by a vote
of more than two to one.
The total valuation of real
and chattel property in Ohio
in 1811 was $128,351,657; in
1870 it is f 1,167,731,797 I
This is amazing.
We heartily aree with the
Cleveland Plaindcaler, that the
next campaign should not be
run in the interest of any man
who may aspire to the Presi
dency or the Senate.
Irish potatoes should always
bo kept in the dark. Rural
house-keepers do not need to
be told this, but many others
living in towns and cities should
know that potatoes exposed to
the light, tor a day only, have
their flavor injured, and the
longer they are exposed the
worse they are. JN ever use a
Grant says he is assured that
violence and intimidation car
ried Georgia for the Democrat
ic party. Well, then, that
ought to teach the fool better
than to send his soldiers into a
State at election time again.
He has carried on this business
of "violence and intimidation"
until he has disgusted all the
deceut portion of his own party.
The Supreme Court of the
State of California has decided
the Fifteenth Amendment to
he unconstitutional. The ques
tion arose in a case entitled
"The People vs. Hrady," the
exact import ot which we are
not annrised of. but its consid-
eration involved the validity of
the Fifteenth Amendment, and
the court held it to be inopera
tive and void, for the reason
that it was not within the
scope of the powers covering
amendments, and because it
had not been adopted in the
manner prescribed by the
Constitution. There can be
no doubt that this decision
will be ultimately sustained by
the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted States. It being a tact
perfectly clear to every per-
son laminar wiin me vxmsmu
tion, that in the incorporation
of their amendment to the or
ganic law, the legal require
ments governing feuch cases,
were hot observed, either in
snirit or letter. The amend
ment is an intrusion in the
Constitution, a swindle and a
fraud, and the dav is not far
distant when the decision of
the California court will bo sua
tained by every judicial body
in the country,
Letter from S. C. Steinbrook,
COLUMBUS, Cherokee Co., Kansas,
December 31, 1870.
J. W. Bowen, Esq., Dear
Sir: It is now over two
months since I came to this
State. The greater part of that
time has been spent in travel-
over the country and convers
ing with the settlers, some of
whom have been out to the
very "verge of civilization,"
and they have given me ac
counts of the country further
west than I have been. v This
country is by no means level,
but gently undulating. South
ern Kansas is in places trav
ersed by what are termed here
nHrr. T : ,1 v r on .
150 feet high, but of eo gentle
ascent as to be scarcely discern-
able; these elevations afford an
unobstructed view of the coun
try around as far as the eye can
reach. But no description can
give an adeqnte idea, it must
be seen to be appreciated.
Not more than one acre in
twenty is yet under cultivation
The crop of growing wheat
looks finely this fall, aud more
than an average crop may be
expected next harvest This
is not as yet a good country for
a, but will improve when
brought under better cultiva
tion; all kinds of garden vege
tables grow in profusion on sod
broken in the spring. Two
crops of beans and early pota
toes can be grown on the same
ground in one season. I have
seen sweet potatoes 6 inches
in diameter grown in Kansas;
cotton grows here and about
one half of it ripens. The
prairies are often 15 to 20
miles wide with little or no
timber; the soil is from 15j to
30 inches deep and thickly
covered with grass about 10
1 1 t ft i m t
inches higu. uoai is lound in
in veins from 18 inches to 4
feet in thickness and of good
quality. Timber, scrubby and
scarce except along the rivers.
Fruit trees are not old enough
to bear, the country having
been settled only two or three
Good prairie claims can yet
be had in some of the western
counties, on the Osage purchase,
the timber claims are all taken,
aud no coal has yet been found
west of Montgomery county.
Goods and provisions are
dear, as nearly all the supplies
have to be hauled a long dis
tance by wagon. At points
reached by railroad nearly ev
ery thing can be hod at about
the same prices as m Ohio.
Beef cattle are worth $2 50
per hundred, beef 5 to 7 cts.
per ponnd, pork 8 to 10 cts.,
flour $3 00 per hundred, wheat
75 cts. per bushel, corn is now
selling at 50 cents per bushel.
Stock raising is the best paying
business in this countrjT, the
prairie grass being so rich that
stock will live on it all winter,
unless burnt off or covered
with snow. Very little hay is
provided, as stock growers do
not expect to feed for over a
month or "six weeks in any
A few vacant claims aro yet
to be had in this vicinity but
the choice ones arc all taken;
others are offered for sale at
prices varying from $150 to
$800 according to the improve
Chills and fever prevail here
to some extent. There are no
swamps here. The country
here U subject., to 'frequent
high winds and sudden chan
ges of temperature. Stone . is
found in sufficient quantity
and of the best qnality for
building purposes; it is usually
found in the bottom of the
branches and on the tops of the
ridges, nnd in some places it so
covers the ground a3 to render
it unfit for cultivation. In this
locality there are sand stone
similar to that found in Vin
ton Count', but in thcicinity
of Fort Scott and Humboldt
lima stone ia found. Springs
of water are scarcer here than
in your part of the country,
wells generally about 25 feet
deep, soft water is sometimes
found: what is termed fllknTi
is also sometimes found and i
unfit for use. Roads are ex
cellent for a new country.
Prairie land with a perfect
title can be had for $5 per acre
timber land $15 to $20. Tho
winters are shorter here than in
in Ohio; the ground is now
covered with 5 inches of enow,
and the thermometer has bee n
down to zero every night for a
week; the ice on the creeks is
from 8 to 10 inches thick.
Wheat will be ready to cut
by the 10th of June; garden are
often made in March; melons
are ripe by the middle of July.
Prairie chickens, partridges
and rabbits are abundant, but
deer are scarce. There are
buffaloes about 150 to 20O
miles west of here.
The Mo. River, Ft. Scott &
Gulf R. R., and the Lawrence,
Leavenworth & Texas R. K.
are in operation as far south as
the line of the Indian Territo
ry; several others are process of
construction of which -I will
write you more hereafter.
S. C. STEINBROOK.
We are glad to state U. &
G. has at last found a friend in
England, who will speedily, it
is hoped, bring the Alabama
claims to a speedy settlement.
This friend is a hatter, who
had the courage to present U.
S. G. with a hat. U. S. G. ac
cepted it. Of course he did.
And sent a letter to the hat
ter. Ana the uaicer nas puo-
ished the letter.
There is good reason to be
ieve that Mr. Fish will remain
in Washington, and that Sena
tor Morton will not be called
upon to act . as Secretary . of
State next spring. ,
It is expected that a bill for
the admission of Colorado as a
State will shortly be introduc
ed into Congress. The chan
ces are supposed to be againat
lis passage inw session. .
The Small Fruit Recorder
and Cottage Gardener.
The January Number of this
paper is on our table, in an en
tire new dress and enlarged
form. Its best recommend is
that speaks for itself. Every
lover of a good garden, of veg
etables and fruits or the beau
tiful, fragrant flowers, should
send for a Specimen Number;
The Editor has over two hun
dred acres in fruits and flow
ers, and should therefore, bo
. .' .. ...1. Al.
able to till us pages wnu iue
most practical matter, and,
judging by the January Kum
ber before us, he seems to ba
fully competent for the' task.
It is a Sixteen Page Monthly,
at only One Dollar per year.
Edited by A. M. Purdy, Pal
myra, N. X., to whom all com
munications for the paper, or a
should be !