OCR Interpretation


Democratic enquirer. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1867-1873, July 26, 1871, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86079037/1871-07-26/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

C i i1
VOL,
5.
(.J.W.BOWEN, I
t Publisher aud rropriotor. 1
M'AUTIIUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO: WEDNESDAY, JULY 20, 1871.
fll.fiO PER YEAR, )
I In Advauce ,
N0.28.
t--1-- t -
l)e (Enquirer.
J. W, lOEN, Ellttr.
AI'Artlmr July U, 1871.
Terms of Subscription. -
Ono copv, ono your,... si 0 I '1"' oiy. inn. .SI
One cu(iy, 0 munllia 1ft I One 'l)'i 4 ..
If nnt tuilil wlllilu the vmr 2
nn.
01)
Oluhj of Twenty i i.u ..?2 00
Tim Vrmnnmtlc Knquirrr (ifiiln.lcS KP.KK OK
.i'oYl'AUK .within tlio limits of Vlntoli Cuunty.
V frilura to nolllV illncontliiiinni-c nt lib hwl of Ike
" ie MiiliirlNi1 for, will be lukon itew i-hgnfeoniotit
tihiwrl"i-i.
Advertising Rates.
fTli Wittfoeet'l'le'l '' lolmi'nof tlil(N'"tipfirp!l
.1 Am hull j3mi.MIu a imr. ,
J j nqiiurc, ono w-k 81 Ull I One qtlr, 8 S2 "0
j oil wl.ll'.l.iiml Inaertlon Inwrllnti.. .. .......... "
All aiUurtMii for n tlmrlvr orluil tlinn lliri-v
Stiiitlia.almrm'iUt. tlieabofoniloa.
focal AilvriUi'iiiiiilUw-Jl 00 phr iT"nt far rut
Irturtlun; Mil W) coal per iHri) for racli aililititinul
liiraloii. . ,
little ara H?ar wurK s cow Mniimii.ii
1! mo.
t Kill!
III 00
1!! 00
lft 00
f II 00
87 OO
4 1 00
Ojo qaait
!(wll Slllf II',
J'hrfe wi trc,
Four q ires,
Six HqiiAtoa,
) ClllllfllU,
J nail
b nil
7 01
0 00
10 00
14 oil
1.1 00
It inns'.
9 f 00
f 00
0 oo
11 0
i.'i oo
w on
H7 IK)
(1 Hint.
i
'Ono imlHMn,
MID HHHRini V" - -
itimlili'M (Vtila, riot podllns 0 Hues. THilr ypar.
a no
41 ao
SO 00
All Mlla ilnu on nri iiiwriiiin "i n.rn
1UIU with iviijiilarti'lvorllwM to he i:il.l qnarti-TV.
ltunltiew Notliwa 10 cnt n lint". Mmriaj! Null
oraaer.llii(S tothollbrrnlUy orflie partli. Di'alh
jlutlcoa fri'0. , , ...
Natlcet of IliiMtfny W ives or Hofhnnils-iloitlilo
brice,
Voarly alvortlnors riitltli'il In quarterly clianjje.
AilvertliMinnt not titliprwlan itiWimI, will lie con
tluur.4 until nlnMililisi'iiallime'l.l'H rliarg"' accoril
inirlv. Itllftnm anil Chnrralilo Nntlcea-frce.
Railway Time.
Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Road.
TIME TABLE.
tS)iind fi'rtorJufta23, 1S7I, Trams will
run as follows:
r
::::::
i- is tri p -r
o is
: x
'1.
3
ft
CO
W
B
g
: : : : : :::::::::::.::
: :fc : :
8 : ? S !; fi "fl 2 S 5 2 ?i S S T-. S S r S !c
c i I ci ? n rr i: w -t t ir' .(5 1
9 '
s ? 21 . ?s ? IS 2 5 S 2 fS 5 5 ,7? 3
r a S 4f S 4 i y iS ri tl it n w h .i
-4
9
S '
' :
-S t ' K ii o
-! n f. .:
2 twjjsii! .HjS&siS.B'O
a .
,t IKCINSATI KXl'KI'SH will run dully.
Allolher IValtiH ilnlly, exwiit. Hiiiuluyi
CINCIXSATI KXI'UKSH KAHT liinkiis 110
fop between Uamili'ii nml AIIkmim.
Portsmouth Branch.
iicYt If otrfdrV)
,IarlHoti
Ar'T. I'oftHinoiitk
Jinn. I'ortHiMi.Hin
Ar'v. .Iimkion
Hnmilun
MttL Aooontmnilttttfin.
4.0 "
tVV, '
9.15 A. M
11115 '
U.tr I.M.
S.M I'.
7.011 "
Kl.l'O "
l.'IO!'. M.
4:00 '
5.:'0 "
(1:011 A. Mi
Trains Connect at Loveland.
Tor nil points on fliV I'lttlo Miami Il11ilrnn.1l, nnd
ftt thu iMilinti'tipirii At iiulniiiiti Haili'uathJuuti
fioti (Dl'llll piiliiU Wiist.
W. PEABODY.
Master of Transportation.
"BEE LINE."
Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and
Indianapolis Railway.
; On nml Hl'lcr MONDAY, Mhv Will. 1K71, F.x
jrossTrniin will BKiVK ('Otil.'lUlU.H nml
WlI0 n,INU anil arrive at points iianiod ho
lnv, its 1'iiIIiiwh:
( 1 1
Stntlims.
Coltiinlius
Crtstllno
If velnml
DuITiiIii
KlaiKurftPiilU.,
Kix'lmslor
Alb.tny
N. 2. ' "
.IIiIOhm
. 8:45 pm
llliWnm
..1:00 11 ur
"xi: 1. -
4ilQ 1 m
li:i!.lp III
9:l5p in
4:10 pill
:4!V0, in
7 :(). y m
2:1X1 pm
11:20 p in
6:fl0pni
ffa."i"p in
I Sr. a in
II 2.-i a in
i 40 p in
0 T- p 111
8li p ni
7 4") p 1 01-
1 15 H III
7 ao 11 in
No. fl.
2:35 a m
4 :50 11 111
7 :W n in
1 :00 p ill
4:40 pin
5 :05 p in
1:31 11 III
11 :00n 111
0:40 n m
"8 ji ii "ri
45 p in
2 40 a in
..l:Wlniii
,.R:I5 Hill
,. .A;'JUpm
,.:aOptn
7. 12 4o p ni
.. :ir p m
.. 7 ID am
..10 40 h rtv
..110 p 111
. 1 1 15'a lit
. .Hail i 111
.. 5 80 um
..1210 p m
'
lloatntt
Kuw York City
frrfou !
riltslmiif
Hurrlshurg ....
laltJniortt
Witalilntflort ..
ritlliiilolpltl,t..
rreMllino . ...
Fort Way Ha ..
( hienfrn
n'T
7 00 ij 111
5 rijfni
II '.'.i a ni
n no p ni
. BfelV"N. 4, lenviit.tr I .inlinnjiiia at 4 :1H p. m,
naa ThroKh (!iiffi DclnwiirflfiirSprliiirllolii,
Mat'.lilnKSpl-lnjfriKliI wiMioiiteliAiiiroul 7:!!0 u ui.
, Tritiii No. 2 1111 the ColitnilnmA Hoi'kliiK V11I
Ijr RnilrotiHcOiiiioctwItliNo. 4 Train. Thionull
pickets fttr snln nt Atjiens.
PAHSFAIJKH THAJNM vfltiirnlnn avrlv (it
ColuintroN nt Itt.'Ma ni. 11:15 a. in. nnd 9:50 11. ni.
Palace Day and Sleeping Cars.
on All Trains.
at a m, on
fiiatiMy, rana 1Hrni(rh wlllimit iltitiMilion, by
with Krle Mild New Vtirk Onlml Hiillwavn,
ArH 1njjittNoW York on Monday morntiig'Ht
or HiirUeiiliir Information . In reirard to
tfirniiirh HrkolN. time, ejiiintittliimM, at., to (fll
puints Mant..- Wst, North ami HonMi. npplv to
oi nddM.ts K. rmtO.O ilitinliiiH.Ohio.
r... PI. INT. ;en. Snprrlntondcot.
v JAMKri l'ATTKIIHON,
fifp. Aucnt, Clumbiis,'0. 1:
tvar.fiv.fmn, m
J'uttcngor Ajrant, Oolnnihua, Oi
on All Trains. Railway Time.
Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad.
Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. TIME TABLE.
Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad. TIME TABLE. Took Effect on Sunday, May 28, at 12M.
Through Car.
From COLUMBUS (via Athena) to PORTSMOUTH
From COLUMBUS (via Athena) to PORTSMOUTH Over the Columbus & Hocking Valley and
Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Roads.
Going East.
Ko. l.lNo
LEAVE,
f ( ) 1 1 1 1 II I 1 1 1 , . .
(Jltivi'pott,.
Wlni'liasler
Iiimeiirr, .
A M
tt 'l
H :lv
u vx
'. M i
3 .TO,
4 '
4 :i'.i
T,-l
5 41;
ft 1'
11 Ho:
B4ll
7 001
!HarOrtive.lU4!
LoKtin 11 17
llnydfiivlllo II ;I0
Ni'Umii villi'.. II 50
f?uljj(a . ...M.1-J1I
Athens IKfi
1(1 '.5
7 85
Going West.
5o.'
Nu. 4
I.KAVK. A.M.
Alht'iu 11:15
1. M
Haliita fl:!U
:IMI
9:10
9:40
:5.rl
4:19
4:41
4:SS
5:K
5:4H
H:!io
NuUiinvlllo H:M
l)uyiei)vWk'7:10
lliiraii 7:!i"
Uar GiiiVirt :55
l,uiifaor . .8:1.1
Vlini4)t'slff.H:5ll
jt olli III lilts . . II :4"j
UroTitodrt . 11:17
Portsmouth wliliniit flutnitc, nrrivliiir at Mr. Ar
il nt nt y .",. i it.: ami Cur for the 3.00 P.M.
Ciifun tlioS ft'i A.M. Tralii runs llii'miirlt to
Trill n li-onl I'ortMinnnth lor t'oliuiibiitt arrives
nt Mi'.riiinraurj:.iii r. si.
Closo foniierfimiK niaile at Laneaalor forClr
'leville.Ziieville,anilull points r llm Cin
cinnati eSMnskiiiKiini valley uaiiwav-
Kliveteoimeetion made at Colniiibns for Day
ton. Kpi tiiKlli'ld, IndiaiiitpollH, l')ileni;i, anil nil
imiiits West: also, for ( levelnnd. Htillalo, Pltts-
linrii, I'lillnilelphla, New Yolk, amlull points
KiimI.
( oiinectlona matin tit .Iimii by both Teal 11a
Willi nil Twins for NtraitstTllB and all points
on lh Stinltkvillo llraucli.
I. W. DOHEKTV,
rliiperintunduiit.
E. A. IlUKl.l.,(;cn'rricknt Aa't:
KANSAS & MISSOURI
-VIA-
OHIO AMD MISSISSIPPI
UA I17WAY.
O EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY O
O EUN through rncM o
I
THE OHIO & MISSISSIPPI
01TXj"3r EOAD
(iwiied and opernteil by one Company frnm (la-
fiiiniili In St. Louis. I hetelore pitssenners 1110
SI UK ol lielnireiUTloiltlirniiBli Vi IWiotil faiiinmt
01 ruis
THUS AVOIDING
the possibility Incident to oilier mutes (which
aio inailu u of si'veriU'Shiirt roaiU) of lainsliiK
connei'tioiis. ind hiiIiJci'IIiik tlicirpnsseiiKcra to
nisitKi'ccaoiui'iian;eit.
Families and It hers Seeking Homes
in the rich vallevs anil on Hi fertile prnirioa of
eicrn n-rtiMiii, KMtisas, neiirasKit, uoiot'Hiio,
or the ntoru I i t ti lit. State ol CmIII'iii ii in, will con
sult their own interest by ''iillinjr on or .-.(1I nt-k-ItiH
the tindei'Kiiiitl, CnntriielliiK Ai'lit, as 11
IOIIJV li-MHi'iicn III 11IU ucnil'lTl l iillllliv iiaf in
uiiliiu i.ed hint with tint l)i'M loralilles.
Tills Rauto is 37 mile Shorter than
via Indianapolis.
' tiii: ok; 11 TicK.vrs
C1111 he inncliiiReil all the I'rlneiaiil Ticket
tllllces ol' CuiincctiHU Lines, nml in Cincinnati
at the (irncml 1 llii im til t lie Coiupnny,
11!) Viii Slroet.
Broadway, Corner Front Street,
Main Street. COrner Levee, nnd nt De
pot Foot of Mill Streat,
C. E. roM.KT, .1. l..(iltlsW(I.ll,
lien. Pass. A Ticket A'trt, tjeii.Siiperintenilen I
St litiis. HI. LuiiIn.
.KDAVAHI) GALLUP,
Con tract in tt Pnssenjter ARPitt,
111) Vine St., Uiicliinttti, Ohio.
FOJt LOUISVILLE
Ami T!if
SOUTH!!!
VIA
OHIO AND MISSISSIPPI
RAILWAY.
Tliocoiiipletloti of the Louisville Division of
IlilK i'onilai)it the splcnillil tinuipnieiil lor pass
eiitter travil makes this th
BEST ROUTE TO LOUISVILLE,
AND ALL POINTS
.S011II1 and Southeast.
O THROUGH TRAINS
O Dalit.
With Direct, Ceniiections from tlio Kast for
Louisville Without Change of Carsl
This islhcnnly roml whoso tralna leave Cln
ciitnnli nnd imsseimers tire ilelivetetl at ilcputH,
Itu'lelH or resliluneua in Louifville KUKK.
Ash for Tickets via Ohio ifr Miss.,
and take no others.
TlIUOliesilTICKKTS
. ( fin lit piireliiisKilat all tlio
Principal Ticket Offices of
CONNECTING LINES, AND IN
G I I1T1TATI, .
At tlio General Ofllccsnf tho Company
1 1 VINU STKI2KT,
Broadway, Corner Front Street,
Main St., cor. I.evca,
nml nt the Depot, Mot of Mill fitucot.
C1IAS. T.. KOM.KTT. T J. I..C1.THWOLD,
Uen.I'ass, & Ticket A't Clou. Btlp'b
r. Louis. I Ht. l.ouls.
Edward Gallup,
(,'ritiiiio4lnir Passenger Airent,,
llll Vlati St.J'Incinnatl, Ohio.
ST. LOUIS AND CHICAGO.
SHORT LINE ROUTE.
SHORT LINE ROUTE. 1871 Spring & Summer Arrangements '71
Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette.
RAILROAD.
The. OiwntTh roach Moil ami Kxprewi Passen
lerl.lnti to lt. Louis, Kansas City, Ht, .Tosepli,
Henwr, Hail Kraneistv), and all points in Mlnaoit
ri. Iuinn and Coloriiilo,
Tim ahfirtt'Nt and only direct route to Indian
apolis, Lafayetto. Torro Haute. Cmnhrldmi City.
Hprlnirllulil, Peoria, IttirllnKlon, ('hlcno Mil-
wnnkeo, t. rntti, anil all points 111 tne.Koi'in
west. ,
Tim rndlnniipolla, Clnelnnad and T,nfnyetto
Iliillionil, with its eonnoctlnna. now oilers nass-
eiiKtirs moni fuclllties In TlirohKh Ooaelt anil
Slenpltiir Cnr Nervieo than than nqy other linn
I'rtiin Cincinnati, liaUlnir tho lulvantngu of
Throujih Daily Cars fmmClnrlilnntitoflt. Lotila,
Kansas City. St. ,lostih, 1'oorla, Jiurl liifrton,
Clilrnn', Oinnlia, nnd llll intermediate puints,
ttresein injr to union ism an r 11 tr. 1 ut'saiic 11 ci un
ions and Hccommoflatloni ni are afforded by
no other route,
ThrottcUTicketa and Bairjrrura Checks to all
points.
Trains leave Cincinnati at 7:00 A. M. i 1:10 r.U :
6Mt.ji., and WM i'.m.
t icKoin can no nnwiinou nr. nn. 1 jiurnat
IliuiHe, aornor Third and Vines I'd hi In Lnndlnii.
corner Mnin and Kivcrinlno, at Depot, corner.
Plum nnd Paarl Htrcel. Cincinnati, O. -
Haatiro to purclmae tickets via Intllanapolla,
Cincinnati and Lafayette Itallrond,
w. 11. 1,. Noni.r,
enl Tloket Ajr't. Indlanapulla.
r). JT, Moonn, Biip'i, Olnclnnutl
A CUTTING REVIEW.
A SYNOPSIS OF
A SYNOPSIS OF Gen. Morgan's Speech at Mansfield,
June 22, 1871.
THE FATAL MISTAKE.
friciHl, would the South
have inaugurated secession .and
war had Southern statesmen
been satisfied that they could
not obtain tlio aid of the South
ern officers, who were in the
service of the United States to
organize and command their
armies V It is not probable.
Unhappily, no sooner did Mr.
Lincoln become President than
civil war M as regarded as inev
itable, and Southern officers at
once commenced to resign their
commissions. The inaugura
tion of the new President took
place on the 4th of March, and
the resignation of Colonel Sam
uel Cooper, Adjutant General
of the United States Army
was accepted three days alter
ward five weeks before Fort
Sumpter was fired upon. The
acceptance of tliese resignations
was taken as n notice that
Southern officers could resign
and "go South whenever they
desired to do so. This fact
emboldened such of the South
ern leaders as desired a conflict,
and the destruction and surren
der of Sumnter was the result.
What would you have done,
my republican mends, if, after
the surrender ' of Sumpter,
Southern oflicers had tendered
their resignations for the
avowed purpose of taking 111
arms against the United States
would you have, accepted
them? I think not. AVould
you not hnve arrested them as
prisoners of war? Had that
course been pursued, confeder
ate armies could not have or
ganized, and even had they
been, without generals to lead
them, the conllict would have
been shnrn and decisive; The
opposite course was taken.
Between the enpture ot Sump
ter and the 2d of June follow
in the resignations of more
than one hundred and eighty
oflicers had been accepted, and
the Republican administration
fnrnih( d JeflVrson Davis with
great captains-like Kobert E.
Lee, Albeit Sidney Johnson,
Joseph E. Johnson, Jam en M.
LoDgstreet, and scores of oth
ers of scarce less skill and dis
tinction. Prior to leaving our
service, they held the highest
rank in our army, and each of
those elicits was experienced
in war. This fatal blunder
cost half a million of lives, and
thousands of millions of dol
lars, and such, my countrymen,
will be the judgment of histo
ry. Uncontradicted I have
twice charged this fact on the
floor of the House, and as I
held in my hand there, so do I
hold in my hand now, the of
ficial evidence of what I
charge the Register of the
Army of the United States for
1861. And once for all I de
sire to say, that I will, in a
spirit of kindness, answer all
questions which may be Asked
mo concerning the subjects I
discuss.. I do not charge the
Administration with treachery
in accepting those resignations
but I do say that,at the least, it
was not only unwise to do so,
but a stupendous blunder. .
THE WAR DEBT NOT NECESSARY.
Hut to the proof. In Europe
as in tho United States, a cer
tain clnftf of men have long
professed to believe that n na
tional debt was n public bles
sing; that debt and capital are
the same. Such was the doc-
trim?' of those who created the
funded debt of England. Such
was' the doctrine of Jay Cooke
when acting as agent of, the
Federal Government for the
sale of its fronds. There are
but two rtfef hods, by which the
expenditures: of a government
can bo maintained. ,' Taxation,
without debt: or borrowing
first, with heavy debt nnd op
pressive taxes nttenynrds.
The . latter, plan was 'adopted.
Was it necessary t After
the facts you shall answer for
yourselves. I hold in my hand
the last report of the Register
of the United States Treasury.
On pnge 27G it appears that on
July 1, 1801, four months af
ter Mr. Lincoln became. Presi
dent, the entire outstanding
debt of the United States
WOB !,807,80S
n an iiDiiiiuieo III Hit) Treasury or
(pp a',..) :,,
Lcnvlmt. tilt; actual (loot 58.90:t,I71
The debt could have' been
paid during any fiscal year
without being felt. The ques
tion was how should revenue
be raised to carry on the war .?
By tixntion during the war,
and low taxas and no debt after
the war was over ? Or by
borrowing, and low taxes du
ring the first year of the war;
and heavy taxes to lie made
perpetual, and a fearful debt
also intended to be made per
petual after peace was restored?
The latter plan was adopted.
Was it necessary? It was not
only unnecessary, but the debt.
was intentionally created for
the express purpose of build
ing up a moneyed oligarchy,
and it lias been clone.
THE PROOF.
Had taxation been equal to
the expenditures of the Gov
eminent during the war, at its
'close there would haA'o been
no debt, nnd to-day Federal
taxation instead ot more than
four hundred millions. This
policy would have prevented
an inflation of prices, and re
duced'one half the cost of the
war. When greenbacks fell
to be only worth fifty cents on
the dollar, it required twodol
lars in greenbacks to buy one
dollars worth ot supplies, and
thus the cost of the war was
doubled. The expenditures of
the first year of the war were
less than l.-37,(.)UU,UU(). Had
$500,000,000 in greenbacks
been issued as became "necessa
ry to ninke purchases, and
made receivable for custom
dues as well as for the pay
ment of other taxes, they
would have maintained the par
value of gold, and been paid
into the treasury tor taxes du
ring tho next year. Hut
could five hundred millions of
taxes have been collected in a
year ? The answer is casy.-
More than six hundred and
nineteen millions were collected
during the first year of peace,
notwithstanding the four years
of war; and the voluntary con
tributions of the people during
the war nearly equalled the
amount paid in taxes. Hence
it is clear that the expenditures
of the war could have been
paid while the war continued,
and at its close we would have
returned to low taxes, anil been
free from debt.
But my kind friends, that is
exactly, what the oligarchs did
not want. A great debt was
their especial object, and that
could onlv be obtained by low
taxes during the war, and high
taxes forever afterward. Let
roe invite your careful atten
tion to the following official
figures which I read from the
last Register of the Tieasury.
During the first year of the
war, Federal taxes amounted
only
fBI ,1X17,1)44
Tho second venr 74.4IS.iri7
Tho llilrd yoiir W.i.7l:!:V4
The last year of tha war .m.(Kl;'.7N.1
Thu (list .rear of peace IU,llltl,64U
Borrowing and inflation
were hand in h.indduring the
war. aifd at its close we had an
unliquidated debt of more than
'six hundred millions ef Feder
al taxation. It is true that
owing to the sleepless fight
made by the .Democrats in
Gontrress. the debt Las been
reduced to a little over twenty-
three hundred millions, and the
Federal taxes to a little over
foui hundred nnd eleven mil
lions. But had the Govern
ment been wisely and honestly
administered,' the debt would
have been reduced three hund
red millions more, and the peo-
nle been relieved of a corres
ponding Amount of taxation,
--. lnis is a ury euujeuu uu& iu
you it is one of life or death.
Our-', system of government
jnakes'ou legislators, and as
legislators I address you.
When you vote, m'ou vote to
make or repeal laws; to do so
intelligently you must investi
gate- think earnestly and hon
estly, for it is only By so doing
that you can protect your rights
and liberties.
THE TARIFF TAX.
A tariff is a tax which com.
pels a person to pay more for
any article than it is worth.
And of all taxes the' most op
pressive, insidious and odious
is thfi, .tariff, for what is called
protection, it is oppressive
because it maiuly tails on 1
bor; , insidious, , because it is
paid in the increased price of
the article, bougnt; without be
ing seen; odious- because for
every dollar of tariff tax which
goes into the treasury the peo
ple are compelled to pav the
t i
lome mainitacttfaer a bonus of
three dollars. Only one fourth
of the woolen goods used in
the United States are imported
And for every four pair of
pants worn the stuff for only
one .pair is manufactured
abroad, and for the other three
at home. On woolen goods
tor pantaloons there is a tarifi
tax of sixty cents on the dol
lar. If the imported stuff to
make a pair costs three dollars,'
the tax is $1.80, nnd the value
of the goods $1.20. The home
manufacturer then adds sixty
cents on tho dollar to the value
of his stuff for pantaloons, and
sells three times as much as is
imported, it follows that the
people pay him a bonus equal
to three times the amount paid
into the treasury on the same
materials. Deducting the tax
of twenty millions on tea and
coffee, and we have ! ft a tariff
of about one hundred and six
ty millions. And assumim
that we consume three times
as much of our own manufac
tures as we import, it follows
that the same year we pay one
hundred and sixty .millions in
to tho Treasury as tariff, we
nay four hundred nnd eighty
millions to the home monopo
list more than his good are
worth.
A PROTECTIVE TARIFF IS OPPOSED
TO AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE.
Between the States of the
Union we have absolute free
trade. The farmer sends his
products into Pennsylvania and
New York, his only cost being
that of transportation. Sup
pose that he had to pay tax of
hve cents a bushel upon deliv
ering his wheat, where would
be his profit ?
Absolute free trade is not
proposed with other countries,
but wc do propose a large re
duction of the tariff-tax, nnd
thereby not only reduce taxation,-
but the general price of
goods.
Commerce means the inter
change of commodities, and
that system must be wise which
enables the people to Sell the
surplus of their productions at
a good profit in a foreign coun
try, lint this must be mutual.
If we raise more wheat than
we can use and England makes
more goods than she can use, it
becomes our interest . to ex
change the surplus of our wheat
for a part of the surplus of her
goods, nnd we are both gainers.
She gets-bread and we get
clothes. But our wheat and
her stuffs have to be carried
across the ocean, which requires
ships, and ships open to us the
trade ot the world. Then,
Ohioans, which do you prefer
the interests ot Ohio or ot
Massachusetts V
RETRENCHMENT AND REFORM!
The whole expenditures of
the Federal Government, less
the payments on tho public
debt from the adoption of the
Constitution till July 1, 1871,
were less than fourteen , hund
red millions, and that sum in
cludes the cost of the last war
with England, thirty ycars'of
Indian wars, aud the war
against Mexico, while tho ex
penditures of the past six years,
without a dollar expended in
war, withotit including a dime
paid on the public debt, amoun
ted tons much as the entire
cost of the Government during
a period of eighty-one years,
nearly . all that time under
Democratic Administration.
That there has been a good
reason far this vast expendi
ture, no intelligent man be
lieves and no honest, man will
assert. In the name of the
people, the Democracy demand
reform, and invite all good
citizen's to unite with them in
this common cause.
I could not in many days,
citizens let alone a single-how
explain to you how all this
money has been squandered.
Since the Republicans came in
to power, swarms of new offices
have been created. Before Mr.
Lincoln became President the
highest officer in the navy re
ceived a salary of $4y)00 now
he receives more than 1:1,000.
Under the Democratic rule the
highest rank in the navy wa-
Post Captain, called flag officer
wjien commanding a squadron.
Since l8.r)2, the Republicans
have created the grades of
Commodore, Hear .Admiral,
Vice Admiral and Admiral and
titles borrowed from monarch
ies, and opened to the spirit of
republican simplicity. .During
the fiscal year, ending JurVe the
30, 18G1, the entire expendi
ture of the Federal Government
hss the sums' paid on the pub
lie debt, was only sixty-two
millions, while for the last year
the expenses for the same pur
pose amounted to over one
hundred and sixty-four mil
lions. 1 charge squarely that since
the Republican organization
has been in power the legisla
tion of Congress has been un
der the control of the monopo
lists, and has been against all
who do rfot belong to "rirrgs"
organized to plunder the treas
ury. The charge is a grave
one ; you will be convinced of
its truth.
DEFALCATION OF TWENTY ON MILLIONS.
IN ONE DEPARTMENT.
The defalters and their al
lies seek to divert the attention
of the people from the condi
tion of the treasury by crying
Ku-Klux, but the cheat is to
shallow to deceive nn'y one, ev
er were ho blind.
The Secretary of the Treas
ury concealed from Congress
and the people, tho fact that
balances amounting to many
millions stood charged. a'gain'st
Collectors of Internal Revenue,
who had been removed from
office. The House of Repre
sentatives alarmed nt this con
cealment called for the facts on
the 21st day of March, 1870,
and Executive Document 2G7,
Second Session. Forty-first
Congress, which I hold in my
hand was the result. During
the canvass of last year I call
ed attention to this matter and
denounced the attempt to con
vey any defalcation as a grave
offense' against the people. To
avoid this odium Mr. Senator
Sherman and other distinguish
ed persons leagued in the de-
tense of the abuses which every
one knows exist, declared that
the detaujting collectors were
Democrats who had been ap
pointed by President Johnson.
This flimsy defense was a con
fession ot guilt. VV hat greater
absurdity could be utteicd
than to say that a Republican
Secretary of the Treasury con
cealed defalcations because the
defaulters were' Democrats;
and that1 for the same reason
the defaulters were not sued on
their bonds r
Bear in mind that Presi
dent Lincoln has been dead
more than .six years; yet this
eport shows that ninety-four
Collectors .appointed by him
stand charged in this official
document under the hand of
the Hon. George S. Boutwell,
with ' having , large balances
due the United States, charged
against them.
Secretary lioutweii declines
to give the cause of the remov
al of these' Collectors, although
the. cause .was called for. Why
did he refuse to tell why tli'esu
collectors were removed ?
Let me .call your attention to
ano'ther fact, citizens. Out of
three hundred Collectors charg
ed Mrit!i balances' .only fifty
have been" Sued on their hndf.
My friends, Sherman would any,
'because there are only fifty
defaulters." Only ifty I)'h.
faulteks ! When befor6 in'
the history of (his or any other
government, did you hear; f
fifty defaulters at one" time in
any one Department t but thi
answer of th'e' Senator,. if m'n4e,;
would bo a! mistake, , JJii me
give you tH proof. Here, oiv
page 7, of fdiis document under;
the head of Xew York, at Xo;
.'32, we gnd the name of Josuffa1
F. Bailey, charged with a bal
ance against him of ?5f)2,7G.
This document shows th'at lie
was appointed by Grant; and
that he absconded March 15,
1870, and it further shows that
he has not . . lcen .sued on his
bond: Will1 the honorable
Senator explain why suit has
not been brought on tho boad
of this defaulter.
..Tlid' editors' of tho Circlcf i'llo
Herald nro tho IIcpsi-dam-ifeHt fools
who ever published ri jifijipr.
Washington O.) HetjiSltr and Ad
vocate. Of co'tfrRc',- hiVd it is caslfy. ftcco'uti
tccT for. i)'oni Piatt Bays tlVe)v nre
often pccn stumling upon their tieafltj
after they liavo visited certain re
tail establishments'.
The True Flag— A Journal
for Every Home.
This True lao' continues its ca-,
rcer under tho most favorablo aus
pices. Aclrnowlilecf to lie lh pi
oneer newspaper or its' class, having
originated tlio System of Complcto
First Fago Stories, it has outlived u
host ot imitators, and still distances
all competition. Its circulation ex
ceeds by several thousand that of
any similar publication inNew Eng
land. Ifr.it not limited to any class
or district, but cheers tholioniJfl
gladdens fio firesides of eviy
Sutto in the Union:
it is not riis'tiiVgaisliCtit merely fr
its Unequalled TulcS and Sketches,
nit every number 66n tains an en
tertaining -and useful variety of
; ANECDOTES, Biography, Edito
rials, AdVontni-tts, ilistoryY.Footry,
Wise Sayings', f&riips of Wit, and
; Carious information oi" every de
scription. Tho Corps of Contributors com
prises tho liveliest s't'orj' tellers, an4
numbers" iffariy of Hi6 best! authors
of the day- Only $2,50 a year, or
81,25 for G months-
jlonlton' & Lincoln, Publishers,
50 Bro'nifiold St., Boston, Mass.
TrtB Pooria JievieW, (Republican,)
in speaking of tho pardon of Bowcn
by tho President, says :
"For our pari V?e' aro glad tnat
Grant partfonpd' Tijiii, but bo ought
not to bo allowed to tako his seat ia
Congress, llo has shown that lie
is either a lffi'aVo or a fool. Becanso
it is tho gcnoral sentiment of tho
country that ho tho latter ho ha
boon allowed to escape Bat ho
ought not to bo sent to Congress."
. Well, sir, if Bowen is either a
knavo or a fool, is not a Republican
body, liko Congress,' just tho placo
for him ?
Gen, No—yes and the Cullud
Folks.
We obsorvo that Gen. Ko-ycs will.
assist the African population of
New Richm6hd, Ohio, to celebrate
tho 1st of August in windy stylo.
That will bo his first effort at speocb:
making in the presont campaign,
and thero isn't tho least doubt but
what his twaddle on tho occtuioa
will ticklo all the black and white
Republicans in the State.
North Street is iho most pleas
ant ond in McArthuf. .The dwell
ings show much refined taste. Tlio
bcantifnl shade trees mako every
thing look liko homo.
PEorLB in Church on Ssndays,
just now, havo tnsks to perforin;
first to fight tho flics that alight up
on tliolr faces ; socond, to keep tbeir
mouths closed that the drops ef
perspiration shall not roll in te them;
third, to combat tho natural drows
iness that stoals orer the ssnaet
when tho thermometor is wrestling,
against tho temporature.
Potting Tip' berries is now la
order. It is berry expensive.

xml | txt