M'AUTHUR, VINTON COUNTY, O'HIO WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1871.
' J 1 .50. PER YEAR. I
( in Advance-, i
J VOL- f) (ptit?4Pw)riU)r.
. Ijc (Enquirer.
J. ff. EOWEIT, Editor.
SI 'Arthur November 1, "71.
r"T8rms of Subscription.
eopy. year.... H 1 "M "" J?
On. eopr, '" ... 75 I Ou.enpy. 4 mot.. 6n
If not pU wllhinthe rtu 00
Tho Dtmneratie Knqutnr crenlstes FUI'.K 01'
rOSTAOB within the limits of Vinton OiUnty.
V fsllnrs t notify a oeontlntianc t the .ml of Iho
i n inliwrl Sad for, will bo tsken to now snjagwiiunt
.nherii1,w ' ' '
Th spsc occupied by 1 t'1" (Nonparril
trpe.liaH oiinsllliie s squsi.
J j .Vnitrisnn. week 1 HO I On. .qnw.,'9 weeks J2 on
a'sh ..MlUimal ln.rtl.m liiMrtlmt.... .......... "
All a.lwtlnlng fr shrtr perlo! thn three
iittis. e iirao'i w,w BU"T- . - ..
l!lVl AaTrtlaem.nlt-l 00 V
Icinrtlsii; sail w I" ' "
tsnarslM. J' .... ..vii.i.i
Kills erd Flfur ww ' """J ""'
31 1 aqui'M, .
t 8 00
10 01) .
5 I rth
. I') 00
Ail mill nntron urn .. ...
Jllll. with ntnlnrawllMr. J b. pjM q;;t..rr.
J-i" riling to Hi. llbrtamy f A P
NouJMof'llonnwny Wires or llnnls -double
""rcirly alartln entitle! to qnirtetly cWneM.
A.lvrtlmein nnt nMierwIii nrnn.1, wll be eon
tlnnml until ordered dlscontliiuwl, and cbrgoJ noonM-
Rillt'lnn. ami Obnrl'ubU Notlwu-free.
Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Road.
On ni ftr June 21. 1A71, Trains will
pun us follows:
fjt :::::: :::::::::
M 11 -i -
.at : : : : : :
' : : : :
s ffi tc r i
:. -t -a
:::: :? :
' B ;
10 e .-5-3 fli;5
: : . : ; . ; ........ . : .
.r u 3 iJ ? ii ci w w ? i "f V c o
I'lNCINMATr RXl'KKiH will run dolly
4 II .ll..u U.
1IIIIIIH I I mini iiiiiiv, n.xi Tin riiiiuii,, .
CINCINNATI KXl'llKrtH KAMT ntftkOH no
top botwoitn llani'len una Athona.
Ar v. Jaoltton
n.30 p. M, U:iXA.M.
4.09 " 7.0H "
ft,35 ' lll.;t) "
9.15 A. X. r.MOp.M.
11:15 " 4-.IW
la r r.w. fi.ai "
Train. Conneot at Loveland
For all poluta on thn Mttle Miami Railrnml, anil
hi tne imlUMfipoiu A,uii''luntitl Kaiironu juiu'
lion tor all poluU Wot.
W. Wi PRAtlOliT,
1 .Vnniiiro 7Voiipi7'i((ni,
Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and
On and after MONDAY. Mav will. 1H71. Ex
preM Train will kbv cOLUMIlUrl nnd
tJRKsri.I.NK and miuvi ul polutt named be
low, an follow:
. :45l m
, .9 :45 am
1 :45 p ni
7 :30 u m
6 :05 p m
. C'f eMtlf imT . . JT. .,
; iu p m i xn a m
1040 am t40pni
,110pm 1 25 p m
II 16 a m 3 15 it m
I 45 pm
jfroMlllun . ...
Tort Wayne . .
,Ii 3(5 p in Hlpm
. 5 30am 1 15 a m
..1210 pm 7 90am
11 15 am
WjfNo. 4, lonvinir Coiiimmm at. 4:10 p. m.
Baa Through Cnr.ln lalawHrenrSiilnillld,
t rain .no. h on inn uoliimtnia A UncKlnr Vnl
1j Railroad connect with No. 4 Train, 'i'hrounh
Tlokoti for enle at Athena. .
passenger TRAIN'S itornlnt arrive at,
Colnmhiia at 19:36 m. 11 il5 . m. and :M a, m
jtsifPalaco Cay and Sleepintr Can
w All im . - - a
wii m ii frnio..
trv"yo(l"loaviniOoliirnnimat 8: am, on
inoiTiv, rnna tlnifli without datnton, by
tiath Erin and Maw York Cnntral n Mwav.
jrrjelnatK.wyQrk on Monday morniog at
Por nnrtlonHr Information In rwarrt to
hronfh toka, Mm.., oonneotlona, .to., fn all
oln Pii., W(, North and8o'iH, apply to
IN uurvM r.' f 'iviMI'iUiDlllin, vnio. ,
K., rtTH't. ,.en.anp.rlntDdnt.
. ""JiiAliat, Columboa, 0. .
'' fawaogef Iffcat, Cilna".! J5, 0,
Indianapolis Railway. Railway Time.
Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad.
TIME TABLE Took Effect on Sunday, May 28, at 12M.
FiomO0HJMBU3Ui Athsw) to F0ET8M0DTB
0v; tb Oolambai 1c Hocking Valley ft&4
HarinM & Ciuolnnfttl Ball Boa 'ir
Ooinc Eat. I
" I.RAVR. AM P. M I
Columlmn.. . . (Ml S 50'
(troveport,.. . 9.1"J 4 2"i
Wlhchciter. . 9 4 3Cj
Surilt (Jrove 10 4
lKn ... ..II H H
llftvdenTllle.il 30 B 30;
Set..illlp,..ll 50 Bl
Srtllrift . .r.a.isn 7(.6'
Athorn HS5 T2.'!
4rtllll ... . 6:W
-ur '1 rnvcT :W
I,incnH(er . .8:13
Ornveoort . .9:1
l olumblli. . .0:4o
Car on tho 8:55 A.M. Train rum throuitli to
Portsmouth illiout chiiniifl nrrlvinK at 1c Ar
thur Hint i-.MP: M. ; an.ltarforthr8:00r:M.
rrirln from Porwrnoulli for Columbm arrlven
ut Mi A 1'ihiir nl n u.
(;iosopini)nclionn nimlc at I,nruter rorMr
olevlllc..inMsvillcandAll point on tha Cln
I'innntl AMtuklnguro V11hj' Hallway.
DiVHCt coimwtion made at Columbus for Day
ton, Hpriiiffileld, Inillanaiiolls, Cliii-apto, nnd all
noinw Weiti m1u, forClcTclftnd, ltliltlo, Pltti
IrtirK. PhllailBluhla, Hew York, ami all iioluti
rmnco.tlnna made atLoicnnby both Trains
with nil Train tor Straluville and nil volnti
on tlicbtrnilsyUle Itnmrli.
J. W . DIJHKK'I v,
E. A. ni'Ei.L, flon'l Ticket Au't;
KANSAS Bo MISSOURI
OHIO AND MISSISSIPPI
D EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY O
O RUN THROUGH FROM O
THE OHIO & MISSISSIPPI
Owned mid operated by one Company from Cln.
cinnntl toSt. IjOiiti. thnnd'orn ponNen((C'ri hi
UltR ol being ciirrlod through withoni change
the !iosllilttv Incideut toother routeii (which
are made tip nrnuveral ahoi t roil) of minslng
couuRKlimii, mill mibjectlnK their puMeiigerx to
Families and Others Seeking Homes
in tho rich Tiilleys and on the fertile prnirlea (if
VVeatern MImoihI. Umieiis. Nebraska. ColormJo.
or the more distant .State oi l :il i torn i.i. will eon
itult tru lrown iiitemst byirnllin on orcddrcn-
liiK me iiiiiiniKiL'Uwi, Luiiiriii'iiiiK A Ren I, ana
lonp resldenoe In Hie wonlern rountry ban fa
iu II l;ii iy.od him W illi thu host localities.
This Route ia miles Shorter than
Oiiu he piiir.hnvpd nt .ill the prlnrlpnt Ticket
Oiliei'Hol C'linieotiiiir Lines, and in Ciuidonati
at the GciiunU otlicea ofthM Oompany,
Broadway, Corasr Front Street,
Main Stvet., COrnr l.av&n, and t De
lict Font, of Mill .Street,
t'lititrnclltiR it nenxer Agent,
110 Villi St., Cincinnati, Ohio."
FOR L O UIS VI L L K
OHIO AND 'MISSISSIPPI
Thn completion of tho .oul.vllle Dlylslon of
una romiaiiii tneapienuin tquipmeui torpusa
enger travel make this the
BEST ROUTE TO LOUISVILLE,
AND ALL POINTS
.South and Southeast.
O TITltUOOIl TRAINS
With tdrecl Cennectluna from the F.aM for
Louisville Without Charigo of CarsJ
ThU Imhennlv rnadwho.e trnlim leave Cln
cinnntl iiml piinii.'liRiM'i me ilellvered lit depulH,
noieiH or reMHuiionH in i.oiilfviii i itr.i';.
Ask for Tickets via Ohio it- Miss.,
and take M others.
C an lie pureiuisudnt all the
Principal Ticket Offices of
CONNECTING LINES. AND IN
At tho flencml Odlcoiof the Company
lit) VINE STKEET,
Broadway, Corner Front Street,
' Main St., cor. I-evee,
nnd at the K:p..t, toot of Ulll Htreet,
Controcttnir Pawner Aptent,
119 Vine SI , UiK'iniuill, Ohio.
ST. LOUIS AND CHICAGO.
SHORT LINE ROUTE.
SHORT LINE ROUTE. 1871 Spring & Summer Arrangements '71
Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette
Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette RAILROAD.
Thn nmntThmiiffh Mnllanit Kxnrcua Pacn
lerl.lnotoHt.lmlii.Knnaaa Oily, 8t. iloseph,
lienver, an r rnne.ion, biiuuii iiiiiih. in wismiu'
rl. Katia and Cnlo.-iido. .....
Th.hnrfet nnd onlv direct mntoto Indian
apulla. Lafayette, Torre Haute, Cambridge City,
aprti'lllieiil, rennn, inn iinnum, vumnis", ran
wiinkoe, BU Paul, and till point. In the .North
The rndlnniipnlls, Clnclnnitl and Woyctlc
HHIIvdnil, wiln 111 nonnemioui, nuwmium mni.
anirnra mnrn fnellltlea III Thl'Ollirh Coach nnd
l.uMilnir f'nr 8errleu than tlllllt ailV Oth"T HnO
frnni Clnr.lniintl. hnvloa- tho ndvnnlniro of
ThniiighDuilvOnn from Cincinnati to St. Iuia,
Kaniaa City.' 8t. Joieph, Peoria, Hurllnirton,
tnii-jign, omnh, and nil iptarmeniaie notnia
nroKenllnr to Ciilnnlnte nnd f nmllloniueh com.
iorla and aontitnmodiillon. a are afforded by
no other route.
Through Tickets and Bnfrff3 Checkito all
Trntni leave Cincinnati at 7:00 a. M,t:10r. U
5:00 f. M and iimw r. .
Tlnkou pan b. obtained at. Vn, 1 Bnrn.t
ITenao, enmor Third and Vlni Pit bile Landing,
corner Jlnln and River alio, at Depot, corner
I'lnm nnd Paarl 81 veeta. Cincinnati, O,
Ue mru to purchnie tlcketi via Indlanapollt,
Clmilnnau aim wiiay.n. Mnnim,
n TIcketAff't, IndlanapolU
.0. F,Moo, p
Vnv All WTtrr ftp-ftd.
We.ean wltbnnti bcalt.ntlnn, recommend Al.
DKN' RFAt'Y BOOK BlNDltUa. tb.beijwe
h iv.eT.ryin lor thpnrpotea lnt.nd.4. It
irea oonwi.nlanfle, perfect alaptitlon to
ni xti" want and ItiiVcrylow prifwl!lortal
irta t lPcofvinriii, 1 nut tiniwcra; vw.
0C4 HIVO. ..wC.Qet,
TAXES OF 1871.
TAXES OF 1871. NOTICE TO THE TAX-PAYERS OF VINTON COUNTY, OHIO.
TN purenanco of tho law. I, NELSON RICHMOND, Tpeanurcr of Vinton County, l.orebv notify tho TnT-Payors of 6aid eonnty
JL rate of Taxation for 1871, is correctly stated in the following Table, showing the number of Mills levied upon each Dollar valuation of
proporty in each Township and School District in said county': ' . -
Names of Townshipt and School
McArtfiur Independent School District
Part Attached to McAr'r Ind. Sc'l Dist.
Zaleski Independent School District
Wilkesville Independent School Dist...
I will attend nt tho Trensurer'a Office, in MeArthnr, to receive Taxes, from the 6th of October 18. until the 20th of December 18. 1, after
which all taxes romnining unpaid will be subject to a penalty of 5 per cent. A iailnro to pav one-hali the taxes charged on Chattel Property on
or before the 20th of December, renders tho whole due and subject to-collection, in caw of Delinquent Puxes.
The Road Supervisors of the several townships will take notice that receipts ior roau iax can not uo un.cn.umcw written it im inu.uto amount
I n.a . . . .I.f b...hl iliiit 4aA I ti ii ItArtfli T "
. l. :.. 1 Jrt.al
Jfc.irtAr, Orfofcer 4, 1871 6w
f1 mif onrl thn nilma Ot t lB tOWllrllllD
o o . i EL o
g 1 s - ?
a : o. Z' -5
. : s H
: ; , O. p
' ... . , J4
! : : :
': i i i
U. M.- M. M. M.
3.5 0 5 2 1.5 7.5
3.5 0.5 2 1.5
.15 0.5 2 1.5
3.5 0.5 2 1.5 "
3 5 0.5 2 1.5 "
3.5 0.5 2 1.5 "
3.5 0.5 2 1 5
3 5 0.5 2 15
3.5 0.5 2 1.5
35 05 2 1.5
3.5 0.5 2 1 5
3.5 0 5 2 1.5
3 5 0.5 2 1 5
3.5 0.5 2 1.5
3.5 0 5 2 1.5 "
3.5 0 5 2 1 5
mini, nc i iin-n wu iiic idcu.jm-
TmrtwTr Fiiifou County, O.
16 4 0
tt iff f).W, PJntoa Connry.
Catharine Olamow, Plaintiff,
Ell..-. Ann lluttin, et. at, Pefendnnta. .
In Vinton County Court of Common Plea.. Or
der of Sale.
Pursuant tothc command of an order of anle
laaned from tha Court of Common Plea of Vin
ton countr, and to me directed an Sheriff otald
coiintv, 1 Will offer for aale at the door of the
Court 'Hon.. In the town of MoArthur, Vinton
county, Ohio, on
Monday, the 27th. Day of November,
A. D. 1871,
nt the Imnr of 2 o'clock r. M , ofaald day, the
following described premise, to-wit:
In-I,ot. Numhcr One hundred iindeljtMr five
(1H"i) Mini One hiiudrerl and iilnoty-one (191.) iti
the Town of MeArthnr, Vinton county. Ohio.
Takun a the prope'ty of Kliza Ann flutton te
natldfv ajiidumt'iit of aald Court In favor ol.
( ntha'rlne Gla-Row.
Aupralaud u folloWBt
!n-l.ot No. lKf. at IOOi In-liotKo. 191, at (60.
Knch Lot miiRt bring two-lblrdi of the appi'm
Terms of Sale. (.'aah in hand on the day ol
Sheriff Vinton Co.
P. R. RMyoJ. Atfr for Pl'ff.
TIMES FOR H0LDIN& COURTS
Sewi Jlcial District of Ohio,
FOll THEYE Alt 1878.
HY AITTIIORTTV OK LAW, the nnderalfrn
ed. JudRos of the Courts of Common Fleas
ol' the Hcveuth Judicial District of Ohio, ordor
that the Times for Holding tho Courts of Com
mon l'lens and District Courts, In the several
Counties ofsald Dlmrlct, be fixed as followH, for
tin year 1S72:
WashliiKton, April 11th;
Oiilllit, April 18th :
l.aivreuco. April 'M;
ti-lti), April Utth ;
Piko, April 2U(hi
Perrv, AiiKttst !Mt
FHlrtlcld. AtiKust !i7th;
Athens, Hepteniber M ;
VI n ton, September 7th:
Jackson, September lOlh.
Common IMeas Courts:
Rerry, .lanuarv 59th, Mny flth, October 1st.
oi klntt, Fehruarv 12th, Muv !0lh, October ISth
t'nlrllnlu, March 4ih, June 81,Ootolcr 20th.
Lawrence. January 20th, May Oth, September
Scioto, Mnrch Uth,.TnnoSd. Ootnhor20lh.
V ljtna February 12th, May 6th, Huptomber
Jackson, Mnrch 4th, Mnv 27th. Octoher IBth
Pike, April Sod, Junelttth, November lllth.
Athens, March 7th. Mnv SOth, November lot.
Washington, Mnrch 4th, May i)7tli, Octoher Hist
Midjra, February 6th, April Htlth, Beptembor
Gallia', February 10th, May 13th, Oolehcr 13th.
W Itnem our hands, this 13th day of Bcptcm
her. A.U.. IS71.
hilas n. wnroiiT,
J... A 1U I 1 1" I P.,
JNO V. PLVLF.Y,
W. W. JOHNSON.
TUB STATU OF OHIO, I
Vinton Cofstt. 5.?. I
I, Chahi.kb W. HOM.AMU, I lork of tho Court of
t nmmon rtesa, in ana ror tnc county ana
Rtnle aforesnld, do hereby certify tho foreg-o-Inj?
to bratruo eopy of the order fixing tlio
Times tor hold I mk OourU In thn 7th Jiiiliniiil
District of Ohio, lor the Year I8T3,
irnHte, WITNESS my algnntnre and ent of
IKlIJ uld Con i' t, tlila ISUi day of October,
eitov A.l 1811.
CHARLES W HOLLA'T
Ootohcr 18,U1l-8w Clerk.
i ei- - 1 '
Martha A. Gunning's Estate. ,
Frobnt Court, Vinton County, Ohio.
NOTICB la hereby (tlven that Oeorfja OralB,
Administrator nf the estate of Martha A.
tiunnlnKdeoenierl.has'nied herein his Account
with said estate for final nettlementf and that the
he.rlni of the isnin ia set for the 16th day of
Noveinoor, 1871, atll e'olock A. M.
October SO, 187Mt Probate Judge.
Thomas Torpey's Estate,
PrSbat Court, Vinton County, Ohio.
NOTICB la tiereby (rtYsn that George
Craig, Administrator of tbeeatsta of Thom
as Torpey,dC4Mied, baa flTed heroin bit Aoconnta
with said (stat. for flual Mttlam.ntt and tbat
the bearing of the tarn, is s.t for the ttt&day
W fiOT.ajuw.KKJsanuQcioca a. m
H. S. MATO,
Important Discoveries and
Gold nnd silver coined nt
Arpos, B. C. 891.
Copper -monpy coined at
Rome, B. C. 580.
Sun Dials at Rome, B. C.
308. s .
Time divided into hours, B.
Glass first used in England,
A. D. GC3.
Clocks introduced into Eu--ope
from the East, 801.
The Bible translated into
Arithmetical figures intro
duced ly the Arabs, 96G.
Glass windows first used in
Chimneys first used in Eng
Magic Lantern invented (Ba
con) in England, 1252.
Linen first made in England,
Magnifying glasses invented
in England, 1260.
Tallow candles first mado in
Spectacles invented, 1299.
AYax candles invented, 1300.
Mariner's Compass invented
by F. Gioja in Italy, 1302.
Paper first made fiom rags
Clocks made first in Eng
land by Wnllingford. 1326.
Gunpowder invented in Ger
many, (Schwartz) 1330.
"Weaving introduced from
Blankets were first mado in
England,' 1340. '
Cannon and firearms invent
ed in Trance, 1315.
Oil Painting invented by
Van Dyck, 1410.
Metal Engraving invented,
Printing .with Types invent
ed in Germany, 1414. -
First Book (Vulgate Bible),
First Almanac printed, 1470.
Violins invented, 1477.
Paper money first used iu
Maps nnd Charts invented
in England, 14S9.
Discovery of America by
Spinning "Wheel invented in
Italy, 1505., t . ,
Knit Stocking-invented in
Spain about 1525,
Iron cast in. England, 1534.
Xeedlea first made in Eng
Telescope invented, 1549.
Knives made in England, 1563
Potatoes first fleer! as food
from America, 15G3.
Coaches first used in. Eng
First Newspaper (E'uglish
Mercury) July, 1581.
Electro Galvanism discover
ed by Dr. Gilbert, 1600.
Logarithms invented', 1014.
Circulation of the Blood
discovered, 161 8-.
Thermometer invented, 1620
Barometers invented by Tor
celji, 1(543. .
Air Guns invented, 1046.
Coffee first used Europe, 1651.
Tea first used in Europe,lGGO.
Fire engines invented, 1663.
Chronometers invented, 16G4.
Bayonets invented in France
Wooden Railroads invented,
Telegraphs invented, 1GS7.
First N ewspaper in the Unl
ted States, 1G90.
Stereotype Printing invented
in Leyden, 1009.
Iladleys Quadrant invented,
Artificial Magnets invented
Lightning Rods invented in
the United States, 1752.
Platinum discovered, 1760.
Diving-bell invented, 17 GO.
Steam engiuo invented by
Iron Railroads first used in
Balloous aruj Red Hot Shot
Cotton Gin invented, 1795.
Lithography invented (Seue
felder) at Munich, 1795.
Vaccination introduced by
Life-boat invented, 1802.
First Steamboat invented by
Fulton, (U. S.) 1807.
Power Looms introduced into
the United Stales, 1813.
First Steamship crosses the
Friction Matches invented
Daguerreotype invented in
Magnetic Telegraph invented
in the United States, 1844.
Sewing Machines invented
in the United States, 1846.
Atlantic Cable laid 1866
Dr Solomon Howard, Presi
dent of tho Ohio University, at
Athens, has sent in bis resigna
tion, to take effect at tho end
of the present term. Failing
health is the cause assigned.
HON. THOMAS EWING.
An Account of His Life and
Public Services. His Early History and Political Career---
Public Services. His Early History and Political Career---An Interesting Article on One of the
Nation's Great Men.
[From the Cincinnati Enquirer.]
ITon. Thomas Ewinc is dv
ing :tt Lancaster. The place of
Mr. juv ing-s nativity was Ohio
county,. Virginia He was
born on tne 28-th- day of De
cember, 1785),. and h conse
quently in tho eighty-second
year of his age nt this time.
His father a man of pome
means, became considerably
reduced during tire progress of
the Revolutionary War, in
which ho took ft part. A.fter
the establishment of peace the
paternal Ewing removed his
family to tha valley of the
Muskingum, in Ohio,, and in
1792 ho repaired to a froutier
settlement, now known a
Athens county. It was in this
wild region that young Thomas
spent his boyhood, nnd is quite
jvobablc that thorough exper
ience of a frontier lite aroused
nnd developed that, fortitude
and self-reliance which were
such distinguishing element"
in his character in after life.
Ho was taught to read by an
elder sister, and gave early in
dications of remarkable intel
lectual activity. Ho read ea
gerly all the books that came
within his reach, pursuing his
researches at night by the glow
ing light of hickory bark, or
iiiu luuvicnom pino Knot un
failing sources of light to our
ancestors, and always at hand.
Ilavincr attained his twentieth
year, he left the paternal roof
ana set out lor Iho Kanawha
salt mines to work on his own
account. In the course of two
or three years, by the exercise
of prudence and economy, he
saved enongh from his scanty
earnings to purchase a farm for
his father, and with the meagre
surplus bo entered: the Ohio
University and pursued his
studies energeucallyf with oc
casional interruptions in conse
queuco of failing funds, until
the year 1815, when he grndu
atcd, receiving the first degree
of A. 13. ever issued by that
.a a a
educational institution. -.
, Ilavina previously detcrmin
ed to adopt the profession" of
the law as a mean's f II vol
hood,. He immediately com
menced his studies- nt Lancas
ter, Ohio, and1 wrrs admitted to
practice im 1816. From tho
first his efforts were crowned
with pnecess, and1 he rnpidly.
achieved wealth anV reputation
muclnof lii practice in. the Su
prcme -Court of the United
States being of. a remunerative
character,. ' '
About tins time lie began a'
take an- active part in politics,
and in lS31..1u was elected to '
the United' States Senate as1 a
Whig, and. became, the frieiuV
and colleague of Clay and,
Webster. - -
lie took, a prominent and'
leading position by the Senate ,
and assailed the Admihi'tratidiir"'
for its apparent encroachments..
He took, strong ground against
the confirmation of Martin'
Van Biiren, who had been des
ignated by the President n
Minister to the Court of St. ;
James, and was a. warm adher
ent nnd supporter of the pro
tective tariff' views of Mr.
It. w.ik through the instru
mentality of Mr. Ewing that
the much mooted question of .
the boundary of Ohio was set
tled by- a. bill introduced bv
him December 21, 1835, which
reached its final passage the
following year, on tholltUof
March in the .Senate and on
the 15th of Turn; in the House
Upon the expiration of his
term in 1837, Mr.. Ewing re
turned to Lancaster and re
sumed the- practice of law.:
Upon the election of General
Harrison to the Presidency,
Mr; Ewing,. w-ho. had been, "a
warm supporter,, was made n
member of the Cabinet,, occu
pying the position of Secretary
of the Treasury,, the duties of
which responsible office lie con
tinued to discharge under Pres
The Department of the In
terior having been creator! un
der the adminietr.ition of Pres
ident Taylor, Mr. Ewing. ac
cepted the Secretaryship and
organized it.. During his terra
of office he recommended sever
al measures of public impor
tance in his reports..
Mr.. Ewing differed with Mr.
Clay and others of his associ
ates on the question of Congres
sional! legislation on the subject
of slavery. Mr. Clay contend
ed that the question should bo
settled at onc, and M r. Ewing
that the legislation of Congress
was uncalled for.
The death of General Taylor
and the accession of Mr. Fill
more, on the 9 th of July, 1850,
precipitated the question, and
rendered the resignation of Mr.
Ewing necessary', Hon, Thom
as Corwin was 'appointed MP.
Ewing's successor, ftud Mr.
Ewing was appointed by the
Governor of Ohio to servo in
the Senate the unexpired term
of Mr. Corwin. During this
period he was an active defend
er of General Taylor's adminis
tration, He was opposed to
the fugitive slave law, tho
compromise bill of Mr. Clay,
advocated the establishment of
a branch mint in California, the
reduction of postage, internal
improvements and various
measures of public importance.
He did not retire to private
life until 1851,when he returned
to Lancaster, his old home, and
resumed the practice of the law.
lie was engaged as an attorney
in many important litigations
requiring the exercise of the
highest order of talent, and ,
always acquitted himself with
distinguished credit. HU abil
ity as a lawyer was only ex
celled by hh ability ns a - pub
lie fpeakcr and a statesman.
Tho destruction of tho Conn--ty
buildings, containing deeds,
mortgages and other real es
tate records from the earliest
time, is one of the worst resalts
of tho Chicago fire. This will
bo the-source great confusion
iri "title", nud afford in fiitnre u
rich harvest tVr Uus en,
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