i -. tea
VOL. , .'. pniir?d0PMprie?or.''' ', ;;"
M'ARTIIUR, VINTON COUNTY, OHIO; WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4, . 1872.
f $1.60 PER YEAR, I
t . In AdTBc,
NO. 47. '
rntf AAA rrftfv rrf&'A A
- I LP
JJ IV! 4 'j U I
i ...! ;
Marietta & Cincinnati Rail Road
On and after Nov. 8. 1872, Tarins will
run as follows :
-Ik : : .
00 00 t- 0 V so
:::::': . . :
' fc '
in . .
,? 3 S 3 - - ri
: : : : :
IF : i i : : :
oo a oo di i :s
. (Jl.VOi.S'.V vn KXPltB-tS will run dally
A II ntlwr rr.ilm ilullv. xcDt XundHV.
(HNOIMNtri BXPBEs8 EAST miikes no
gtop hntwonn Hitmden una Atlmnw.
4.00 p. m. 0:15 A. M. ,
R.4& A. U.
11.10 " '
Trains Connect at Loveland.
For nil miliitaon the l.lttle ulninl ll illroail, unil
at the niUiiiiitpolis ACiuuinuail Uiillruad Juuo-
tiaururnii pomw west.
Master of Transportation.
BALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD.
Great National Short Line Route
Great National Short Line Route East and West.
Only Direct Route to the National
Capitol and Eastward.
On ami aftr Min lay, November ID, Train
will run as follows : .
B4STWA.BD. gpll Lltu. g'p'f't.
P.irltorHi)ur 0 85 Am ( 40 Pin
Cumberland 9 85 Pin 188 Am 8 44 Am
IIrper' Ferry 8 08 6 61 1 12 I'm
WaslilnstonJuuo'n. 8 88 " 888 f' 4 46 ".'
Baltimore 8 65 8 45 " 6 05 '
WttHUinirton ....... 1000 " 10 00 " 8 96
PhiladelpbU ....... 885 Am I 80 Pin 12:24 Pin
New York 0 16 - 4 10 "
Depart . .
Now York 80 Pin 8 80 Am 9:20 Pin
Philailolpblit 13 61 Am 11 45 Pin 4:00 Am
Washington ... ... 8 45 Pin 3 00 " 8:00 I'm
Baltimore 8 00 " 405 Am 8:&0Am
Wahlnton Juno'u. 8 90 ' 4 85 ' , 9:20"
Harper'a Kerry.... 19 08 Pin 060 " 1S:04 ".
Ouinberlnnd ...... 6 00 Pill 10 8i " 8:45 Am
Parkenhurjr 0 85 " ; II 00 "
Pullman Palace Drawing Room Sleeping Cars.
Which are an comfortable, oleicantly Hi rn lbed,
andalmoeteiiial to a flre-aide, are on all Tr&im
from Cincinnati to Baltimore and Watlilnirtou.
BeeSobnduleof Marietta and Cinoinnatl Rail
way for time of arriving and deputing from
Mc Arthur. .
The advantages of thin route ovor till other
ll, that it gives all traveler hoklinif tliroi((h
tlckon the prlvlleiro tf visiting llaltimore,
I'lilladolpbla, and the National Oupltol freo.
Tlmeqiiiekerand rnten of fare lower than by
any other line. " , I
The scenery along thin Hallway Is not equaled
for grmideur on tlti Continent. ' I j '
TO SHIPPERS OF FREIGHT.
Tills line olfeis niiporior liidiiiwnienu the
rntna being one-third lownr to mid from Diwton,
New York, or any other Eastern point In nr
lerlnirg(Hd of any description from the Flaat
f;lvedlreotlons to ship iia llnltlmore A Ohio
t. It., mid lnllmlnK, lit give sHinedlroc.tlonrt.
Kreightoxhlopeii-by this route will have es.
pstuh, and be handled with oare and lave
ehlppon mnuh money., J. Ii.WII.SON. I
Master Tnnaportatlon, Bultimore.
a , ,Oon. freight Ag't',Ba1tfmrei. 1
L.M COLE. .
H. B. JONE9, Oen. Tloket Ag't, Baltimore,
'Oen, Pass. Ag't., Cincinnati, k I .
R O U T E W E S T
23, MILES THE SHORTEST.
3 EXPRESS TRAINS leave Indianapolis
d illy, except Huuday. for ST. jJuiUtt uud
TUB WKSTi , I
JIIE only Lino running PULLMAN'S rein,
brntod Drawing-room Bleeping Our from N,
, l'lttabnrgh, rjolumbim, LoiiInvIIIo, 'Iji
olnniitl, and Indianapolis, to Bt.Loul" without
change. ,, i j 1 -
riiseongors should rotnnmher that this n tlio
(iroat West Hound Hontefor KaiwasClty,
: iion uity, rortscoic ana bi. josepn,
j.eaveiiworin, iiawrence, i oiman, .(lino
TO KAN3AH, for the pur
Dosoof iwtubllHliliiir tlimn-
tiiatton Biailoln tholi favor by thin I.lno. - Hat
'sfnctoryonmirtutHtloa on regular rates will be
Klven n Onlonlsta and lurxe uartliM tmrallnu
olvos lu new homes, will Imvelllier il (liicrlm.
iegelhori tnd their baggage, emigrant outlet
mi iuiuk win on ninppiiiiou 1,119 niUHi ihvurs
lo toriim, presnntlng to . ,.. j
COLONISTS AND FAM
8uon comforts and anoommodntloiu ware pre.
onted by NO OTHER HOUTK. , ;
TTl'KBT.8 oan he obtained st all the principal
Ticket onices In the Uustern,. A luille and
Southern Hiatus. ,
O. K. FOM.ETT,
. General PasNnnger Agent, 1 1., trills.
ROUT. EM MBIT.
Kaitern Passenger Agent, Indianapolis,
Jo II N R. HIMPHON.
: aflAnAWnl noel at tnl AM t f n 1 1 a n biS1 I
Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and
On aud alter. 41 (AN UAY, Way Hath, 1871, Ex
liresa will kbavi COLUMBUS and
OUtMl'LINB anU abuivi ut point onmed be
Stations. No. 2.
Clrvelund .8:45 in
Hull'alo -.,r, -,10:80pm,
Niugiira Fnila, .7i00 iu
RoiHiesUir .1 :80 a ni
Allmny 9:45 am
No. 4. VOit. '
IilOpm 8i35 ii
:tof di. .. 4J)0am
4:10 pm n a:00pm
0:45 am A :40 pm
7:05a m .5:06pd
mw iorn uity.)K3U( m
1 :80 p m
Crestline ........ 124S p m 086pm
I'lltHburg........ 996 p nC" lS6am
8 45 n m
Hurrlaburg. 7 16am ... 11 25am 840am
naitimore 1040am 140pm '
Washington 1 10pm i . 0 24p m ,V, . i
PI)ilailBlphlit...H15am ; 816p,m, 7Wi
Crwitline U 80 p in JP Mt ; (Win
fort Wayne . , ... B SO a m "1 15 a m 1124 a m
i.incago in p m 7 8Usiu 6 00 p m
i flfeyNo. 4. leavini Columbus at 4:10d. m
has u Through Cnrefa Delaware for SprlnKneld,
Train No. a on the Oolumhtin As Hocking Val
ley Railroad connect with No. 4 Train. Through
Tickets for snlr nt Athens.
P.BENUKR TRAINS returning arrive at
uoiuiiious at inn in. ii:id a.m. an(l;W a. m.
Palace Day and Cars
On All Trains.
vav'o 0" leaving Columbna at 3:85 a Ji.on
Sunday, runs through without detention, by
lnth hVU ..J V - . u., 1 tl 1 1 ... . ...
arriving at New York on Monday morning at
For particular Information In regard to
through tickets, time, connections, etc., to all
points East, Went, North and South, apply to
oraaarens n. riKi),uoiitmius,uiiio.
K. B. FLINT. Gon. Superintendent
Oen. Agent. Columbus, O.
Passe -... . nbut.O;
. Is the jrShoirest,' ...Quiektst
diitl only, Kofid ruiim MsO'ts Vn
tirtJ titling th rough' '.to .''t " T
ST,,; LOUIS' AND LOUISVILLE
Oil arraii irin' ii ts ' iViitl '.'. c'dti
iiecnous-wicn au ;iBes irjun J?r
Loui.s' ' a"iiil.'.'Loiii8villt? .di ner
.t,.. Reliable pnA,;)iujj,ettt,'15r
" This is thn Kbortest and best
route to ICtu8i''C.iiiv, Leaven
worth, Atchison,' St.. Joseph
tiidtd' All points in Missouri,
IViinsas and JNeNraskii..
.Tli rough Tickets" and lull
information as to tinie and
'are, can lie obtained at any
II. R. Ollice or at our office in
K. GALLUP, ' Gen, feaat Pas. Agent
W. B. IIALK, Gen. Pass, and Tloket Agt.,
Indianapolis, Cincinnati & Lafayette
Rail Road. GREAT THROUGH PASSENGER RAILWAY
To all Points West, Northwest
IS THE SHORT LINE VIA INDIANAPOLIS.
The Great Through Mall nnd Express Pas-
nonger Line to St. Louis, Kansas City. St.
JoHi'jih, Denver, San Franclauo. and all points
In Missouri, Kansas ana coiorauo.
The shortest and only direct route to Indian
City, Springlteld, Peoria, Burlington, Chlcngn,
it- T.. . .. ITlAn . !., .
Milwaukee, eu raui, ana an points in tne
The lnillnnapniis, uinoinnnti and Lnrayette
Railroad, with Its connections, now offers pas
sengers more facilities in Through Coach and
Sleeping Car iervlce than any other line from
Cincinnati, having the advantage of Through
Dnilv Oars from Cinolnnatl to St. Louis. Kan
sas Cltv, St. Joseph, Pooriu.Burlington.ChlcaMo,
Omuha, and all Intermediate points, presenting
to Colonists and Families such comforts and
accommodations as are afforded by no Tther
Through Tloket and Baggage Checks to all
Trains leave Cincinnati at 7:30 A.M.. 8:00 P.
and :00 P. M.
Tickets can be obtained at No. I Burnet
House. corner Third and Vine Public Land
ing, corner Main and River) also, at Depot,
earner Plum and Pearl Btreeta, Cincinnati, O.
Bo sure to Diirchano tickets via Indianapolis.
Cincinnati and Lafayette,Ra!lroad.
U.K. MIKO, U IkUAKKINUKIS,
'In lof Ticket Clerk, Master Transportation,
Columbus & Hocking Valley Railroad.
On and alter Uuouiuber 10th, 1871, Trains wl
un an follows: i ) i! JA ; 1 I
' Depart. - ' J ' - Dmak
Athens' i..,'. 0.80 a. n. ' !" 1:15 r. u.
Columbus... 9:60 A. at, - 6.40 f a),
Arriv: . ArtHvt.
Pittsburgh:; 0:88 P. -. 1 :00 a.
Dayton? i il'OSi' i n-, nr 9ifl . t'
ItlchmouitH :a V. i .(..'iUH-.W J
OhlongOi;.V,lSlil A. at. ' .i:v";Mi
hMHanapeit o:io s : ., -i v,o .. ,bo
; Clme connection' made at LanciNtcr' for Clr.
rtlevlllo. Zanesvlllo. and all uolills on the Lin.
oinnatlaud Musklllgum Volley Railroad, '-n
Olrece connections made at ( oiunuma for
n.,....n a,,ln..Al,l lnilla.annll. .Ckl..
L'"-J .71 ,f,IIV.'l. .HUIOII.JIHH viimnnii,
ami all point West, Also, for Cleveland,
pnlrnlo, Pittsburgh, anil all points East. "
' Take the Kocklnn Vnllcv and Pan Handle
route to Chicago and the Northwest. It Is the
qhorlosthy sixty-six miles, giving passengers
tne ineneiii oi qmcaer tune ana lower rates
J. W. DOHERTY.,
E. A. BUELL Gen'l Ticket Ag't.
To Stockholders of the G., McA.
To Stockholders of the G., McA. & C. R. R. Co.
ALL persons having subsorihed to the Onpl
.tal Htonk Of the Oalllnolls. MoAilhur
toluinhna RallMftil Co., sra hereby required to
miiKe paynii'ni hi nio neermsry or tne Uompa
ny. nt lllsnlllco In Gnllipolls.Ohln, and parties
living In Vinton county. Ohio, may make pay
ment. If more convenient, to 1U NHL WILL.
l'.ruNiilent of the Vinton County Bunk, Instal
ments on tlielrauliseripllons as follows I
A 4th Instalment of 10 per oen t.. on or before
Jiil.vM, 1871. '
A 6tu instalment of 10 per cont.,on or before
A 8th Instalinentof lOoereonL on nrli(Vr
1 7th Instalment of lOpercent,, on or before
October 88. 1H79. -
An Hlh Instalinentof 10 per cent, on or before
November 18. 1872.
A Ith Instalment of 18 per eont., on or before
Pei'ombertfl, 1M78. , i.. . , .,
. By order of IieaH of Of Motors t
:. ',-, , ; w. buober, 1 ;
' JnlyJ,18T. , . .
D. B SHIVEL,
Will attend promptly o a. egal business
entrusted tn his care In Vinton and adjoining
iiotinties. Ofhcic In the Keeunior'suuice
J. M. MoQILLIVRAY,
A.TT03a3STE"y A.T LAW
WILL attond promptly to any btulnesai
given to his care end management In
.niv,iirtnn( Vinton anc adlolnlna counties.
iinnrlii tlidtiii't House. Un Stairs. 13-tl
. McAp.THU R.OHIO.
OrriCB-AT DRUG STORK, MAIN STREET
U. S. CLAYPOOLEr
&.TTOB1TBY A.T LAW,
(FrMeontlng Attorney of Vinton County,)
iTTri.T. nrar.tlce In Itoss. Vinton and adjoinlnjr
VV counties. All legal business entrusted to
bis care promptly attenuea to. eo-u
A.TTOIllTE'S' A.T LAW
OFFICE 1st door West of Dan. Will ABros.
al attjmtlnn .riven to ihfi collection
CHARLES W. Q I ST,
Attoraey at Law auJ Notary Pile,
WILL attend all legal business entrusted to
hiu iare. SuddIv nf Blank Deeds and
Mortgages always on hand. OKriOB-No. 12
West Wins: Batnbrldge Hlnck. t(
J. Wt VARNER - - Propretor
IHIS notol la fit tlio most convenient par
. of the city on Front Htreet.belween Mar
nArner lllirh and State Stlietn.
(Nearly Opposite Stnlc House
E. J.'BLOTJIiT Propriet'r,
THIS HOTEL is furnished throughout with
all tho modern Improvements. (JiiestHcan
rely on the best treatment anil very low hills.
Street Oars pass this Ilotol to nnd liom all
Kail mail ucpot. .
- DEPOT HQTEL,
TniS Hotel, a row root rrom ino ivaiirimu
lepotnnd whore all travelers upon all
trains can tuko mouls.bns Just b-eii greatly
enlarged atul thoroughly repaired, painted,
fcn I. maw In AnmnWA nnl.f fCT t.llS TO-
. . . . , i
itnntinn ofviiests. OMTTralns stop ten mili
ums for meals. BST-TItKMH omi'fc
Dr. I.T.MONAHAN. - Propriator
THIS House, formerly the Isham House, ha
been thoroughly renovated and beauti
fully furnished. Having superior facilities,
everyininK win un tuiiie w uiukc
forta'ble. Table always supplied with best
mn.ir.t afTrtfrtii. Nlnelv furnished Rooms and
cleanest Beds Good Htables. Every effort
maxlefortheoomfort of patrons. All charges
DRY GOODS, &o.
gSTABLISHED 18 YEARS
; J". TOWE3LL
WIOLK8AM Da 1KB IN
DRY GOODS AND NOTIONS.
Front Street. . . .Portsmouth, O.
J. F.TOWELLIs agent for serein I Wills, and
ills house Is headquarters for Uany desirable
makes of Kastern Goods. All goods will be
sold at the lowest possible price.
Close Cash Buvers, First Class Tlnio, Trade,
wnniesaie roauiera ana rurnncemen are par
ticularly Invited to an examination of his stock
' ' B. R. : HIGGINS & BR0.,
' Maknfaotnrars of
M AltBLE MONUMENTS,
MANTLES, FURNITURE, Ac, &c,
001) assortment of Marble constantly oa
nana, ah kiikis oi
' Done to order In the Itnest style 14
AMERICAN SUBMERGED PUMP,
'The Best Pump in the World-' .
OURAgonts report over 1100,000 worth of
propertyaveui from Fire this ' eur hv these
mimna l,i,l,ir .1,. n, t.. . . . ,
In tbo world, as well as Noii-freealng.
no viuuuvr minnier, pafru oini, eiso ins rree
inlum List, page8H8of tlio Am. Agriculturist.
This paper never deoelves the farmers. He
notice In February number, page 40. Try one.
If it don't do the werk claimed, send H hack and
gutyonrmonoy.'a we warrntour pumps to
to do all we claim for them on our circulars.
fc " v.. - Min..i ..Intl. - ,w 1110 ..rifiBrttpnrt
IttTf Co., No B5 Chambers Ht , New York.
An order Air ulna No. 1 Pumps securss an ex
cluslre town aiisnoy. . . . . No 17-f.
ON MARRIAGK. Happy Rnllerfor toxng
Men rrom theeffmits of Krrors and Abuses
In early lire. Manhood restored. Nervous
debility cured. Impediments to Marriage re
moved. New method of treatment, New ami
teniarlcSlilA rnm.rllM UnnXr bh.I ri 1
sentrren. in saaIiwI ....ImiM
aaoutltlllBthBt., Phlladelphla.Pa, 1-
Aiiuress HOVYAKI) AHHOOIATION.
Grant's Re-Election — The
—The Rings— Use of
The Springfield, : Republican
says "the Kepubi -can Daiiots
cast for Greeley, were enough,
twice over, to have elected- Mm
if the Democrats had polled
anything like their full party
vote, and relemng to those
Democrats who either, voted out
right for Grant, threw away
their votes, or stayed -, ?t home,
Ti j I i ' . t-v
says : "it is to xtwm demo
crats that General Grant owes
his re-election. If AVithout the
support, direct and,iutJh,ect, that
they have given hinij he would
have waked up this morning to
find himself a beaten man. Two
powerful forces have steadily be-
menaea mm tne commonj
Northern distrust of the South,
left over from the war, and tb
nervousness, amounting to tim
idity, with which capital and
business contemplate the idea
of change. Partly from a not
ignoble sentiment of gratitude
to the party, but chiefly from
ignorance and unfounded appre
hension, the negroes have given
this ' Buchanan Democrat their
solid vote, turning their backs
upon one of their oldest and
most deserving benefactors. All
the rings in the country the
railroad ring, banking ring, iron
ring, coal ring, Indian ring, the
carpet-baggers, the jobbers and
plunderers of every name and de
gree, have contributed of their
time and substance to this re
election. But the chief factor
in General Grant's success is
money. He owes his second
term to the mos.t profuse and
corrupt use of money ever wit
nessed in an American election
The men to whom he has en
trusted his .fortunes have bought
right and left by wholesale and
retail. Every step of the road
by" which ' he returns to the
White House, is firmly paved
The horse disease, ereat a ca
lamity. as it has been, has had
one good effect. It has awakened
the energies of scientific men to
a determined enort to meet the
great necessity that exists for
some other means' of operating
street cars than by horses, and
it is now stated on most reliable
authority that the problem has
been solved. The motive power
is steam but the method of an
plication is entirely different
from any heretofore known, and
it secures absolute safety, econo
my, cleanliness and speed. In
steaa oi naving an engine or
"dummy" on the track with fur
nace fires and smoke stack puff
ing and belching out its volumes
oi smoke and sparks along the
street, mere are placed on each
line a number of small locomo
tives, with quiet compound en
gines. These locomotives are
supplied with movable - boilers.
capable of containing about three
nunared gallons ol water. .This
water is heated at the beirinnincr
of each trip, by connecting the
boilers with the stationary fur
nace at the outer depot, and it
is claimed that enough of .steam
can thus he furnished to run the
car a distance of .nine or ten
Thrice the age of a dog is the
age of a horso. : :
Thrice the age of a horso is
tho ago of a man. r -
Thrice tho age of a man is the
age of a deer. '
Thrice the ago of a deer is the
age of an eagle.
lance tho ago of an eairle is
the age of an oak. !
Coal was discovered in Fnc-
land in 1234, and first dug un
der a charter granted tho town
of New Castle by Henry III. ' It
was first used about 1280. Dy
ers, brewers, etc., began to con
sume it extensively in 1350., In
consequence of an application
from the nobility and gentry,
Edward I., in 1398. published a
proclamation against it as a
public mus&nco. 1
Taxes to be Raised.
Every man who voted for
Grant or those who refused to
go to the polls to vote, may look
for an increase of taxation. - The
increase will come, anc all, ex
cept the holders of bonds, will
have to pay an equal share. Not
a word did we hear of the in
crease of taxation before the
elections;' the Grantites were
silent upon the subject. The
first thing will be an increase of
pay of Long Branch Grant's
office, commencing with the old
drinker and smoker himself.
causing considerable of an in
crease in taxation. A Washing
ton correspondent of( the New
York Times, the leading Grant
organ, favors and predicts a rO
grading and increase of the sal
aries of the most important offi
cers in the civil service, as one
of the first acts of Congress. The
correspondent says :
: "The salary of the President
must be raised between now and
the 4th of next March in order
to have it take effect during any
part of President Grant's second
term. It is certain that he will
not ask to have his own salary
increased, nor will he exercise
any influence to have it increas
ed : but if the proposition is made
in Congress to raise it $50,000
per year, it will hardly meet
with much . opposition. , It
more likely that an apprppria
tion will be made for a new exe
cutive mansion. It is an old
plan to have a dwelling house
for the President in a different
part of the city and use . the
White House, as an office, and
now it is quite time for it to be
carried out. -
Not one of - our readers per
haps can tell why the Confeder
ate General Mosby turned Rad
ical and favored the re-election
of Grant. It is easily explained.
Tho St. Louis Democrat, the
Grant organ of that State, can
give the reason in its own lan
"Gen. Mosby, of Virginia,
owns a stone quarry, and is re
ported to be fishing for a contract
to furnish headstones for the
riational cemeteries. Having
materially assisted in furnishing
the " corpses, Mosby now wants
to see tho graves handsomely
There it is, reader. Ho wants
a contract; he had heard while
fighting the North during the
war that thousands of dollars
were being stolen by Northern
army contractors ; and he was
fully convinced that ho could se
cure a contract for furnishing
tombstones for the tenants -of
the national cemeteries,' if - he
should come out in favor of four
years more of Grant thievery;
a few aays since, a young
lady of ,;Urbana, who had been
ill, a short ;time, died, and the
body was prepared by sdrrowing
friends and attendants for inter
ment and placed in' the coffin.
The night before the day of the
funeral, a number of young lady
watchers were seated in a room
adjoining that in which the coffin
had been placed, when, greatly
to their consternation, the figure
of the dead girl appeared before
thorn and spoke faintly. When
the horrified attendants had
somewhat overcome their fright,
seeing that the. supposed corpse
was really a; thing of life, they
took measures to care for their
friend so startingly restored to
them, almost from tho very
grave, and : she roceived proper
attention, and is now, it is said,
likely to recover. ' This ' was
doubtless ono of those . cases of
suspended animation, which fre
quently occur, " and, naturally
enough, create a eonsation.
Fred Dowlass says ho would
not accept a position in Grant's
Boston and Chicago.
While the losses by the Bos
ton fire have been so large as to
nave a perceptible effect on the
business of the whole country,
they - will not fall as severely
upon Boston as . the Chicago
losses fell upon Chicaco.. The
destroyed property at Chicago
was heavily mortgaged, and
large proportion of the mortgages
were held . in UoBton ; ; but the
property destroyed by the Bos
ton hre was all owned in Boston.
In other words Boston owned
itself, and a : part k of Chicago,
while Chicago owned only a part
of itself! " Boston was a great
reservoir ol accumulated wealth.
The assessed value of its real
estate for taxable purposes for
1872 was $443,283,450, and the
assessed value ot its "personal
property $239,440,850. ' The in
crease in the value of real estate
over the previous year was $48,
068,500, and ,thet increase;, in
personal property was $21,992,-
ZoU. lhe total real and per
sonal property was $682,724,300
which is three times as great as
the total taxable wealth of Chi
cago, although Chicago, had a
considerably larger population
than Boston. There is no city
in the Union, New York hot ex
cepted, that is as able to bear
this calamity as Boston. ' That
it will recover from it there is no
doubtrnot, perhaps, with the
surprising Western vigor of Chi
cago, but with a no less stead
fast resolution and advancement.
It possesses its own peculiar and
strongly marked character as a
centre of ideas, learning, wealth
and art. It has impressed its
character upon half the country;
indeed it has left its mark upon
tho habits and institutions of the
whole country, and it will have
the lively sympathy of the whole
country m its great disaster.
Instinct of Turtles.
Audubon, the naturalist, sta
ted that at certain places on the
coast of Horida, sea-turtles,
those huge, stolid-looking rep
tiles on which aldermen are fed
at the expense of tho tax payers,
possess an extraordinary faculty
of finding places. Working their
way up out of the reach of tide
water with their flippers, quite a
deep hole is excavated, in which
a batch of eggs are deposited and
then carefully covered up. On
reaching the water they not un
frequently swim three hundred
miles out at sea, foraging for ap
propnate food. When another
batch of eggs are developed,
after a lapse of about fourteen
days, they will return unerringly
in a direct line, even in the re
moving of the sand, more are
deposited and -secured. Away
they go again, as before. They
instinctively know the day and
hour when the young brood, in
cubated by solar rays, will break
the shell, and are promptly at
the spot to liberate them from
their prison. As soon asTairly
out of the hole, the mother turtle
leads them down the bank to
the waves, and there ends her
parental solicitude and maternal
duties. ' . i
It seems that Senator Wilson
was not much f a Grant man
last spring. Frank Bird, of
Boston, says he was among those
who depreciated tho nomination
of Grant. His gushing remark
was as follows: "Oh, if we could
only get rid of Grant our path
would bo plain."
, ITall Columbia, plundered land,
Hall ye Urantltes, thlovlngband.
Hi ornlng all restraint of laws,
Firm united still we bo,
Grabbing at the Treasury.
Who filched and stole in HIi
1 ram's oause,
In.digging-for a sink under
an elevator in Peoria recently,
the workmen came upon the
skeleton of an Indian. The
bones were nearly complete.
Among the trinkets found with
the skeleton was a lot of copper
and earthenware, and also a
franc, which was probably usod
as an ear or nose ring. The
piece is pretty well worn, but
bears date of 1739.
A Missouri paper has hoisted
the namo of Hendricks, of Indi
ana, for Prosidont in 1876.
A Buried Ancient Town
;The : Portland (Oregon) Her
ald, of the 29th ult; says: Trav
elers irom Monttcello to Olym-
pia all have noticed the singular
formation of ground in what is
known as Mound Prairie. There
is a large mound say' 300 feet
high and 300 yards; diameter at
the baseat the' southern end
of the prairie, about twenty-five
miles from 01ympia,! ;and scat
tered over the prairie for a dis
tance ;of fifteen miles are many
smaller mounds, . not -more than
four feet high .and, twenty or
thirty in diameter. Many con
jectures have been made for the
last twenty years', as to what
could have caused so singular a
formation, but no one was ever
curious enough till within the
last few ' days to make any ex
amination of the interior of these
mounds. A few "tlays ago .one
of the engineers of the North
Pacific Railroad opened one of
them and found remains of pot
tery, and a more thorough exam
ination of others 'revealed other
curious' relics,5 evidently the
work of human hands; in fact,
in every mound , that has been
opened ' there is some curious
relics of a long-forgotten race
discovered. ; The theory1 now i3
lhat this prairie was the ceme
tery of the people who inhabited
the country in ante-historic
times. "a Specimens of the pot
tery have been sent to Professor
Agassiz, and it.t is expected that
he will make a visit to the place
and make a thorough examina
Do Flies Spread Disease.
A writer in ' the : Washington
Star asks : Has it never oc
curred to your mind that flies
have something to do with the
spread of small pox? This season
they, are everywhere, in utterly
unlimited numbers, and, aided
by the wind, probably there are
no greater visitors in the world.
Clean and dirty hous.es are alike
filled with them. The most in
genious devices of housekeepers
fail to expel or exterminate them.
It is hardly possible to exclude
them from the hospital or the
sick chamber, and the small pox'
patient is the recipient of their
provoking attention. " Escaping
from the chamber of the sick,
they are blown about, with the
virus of this loathsome disease
upon their wings and legs, and
then perchance light on some
person constitutionally suscepti
ble to take the disease, and who
may accidentally, have the in
cision by which it may bo con
veyed.,, If you have a scratch or
a cut upon the face, the flies are
sure to seek it out and light upon
it. In this wise, against all pre
cautions of the widely-abused
board of health and of tho public,
may not the small pox be spread
New Potato Rot Theory.
A correspondent ' of ' a : New
York paper advises' the follow
ing theory: I am satisfied from
the little experience and a few
experiments that 1 1 have made,
that the potato ' disease arises
from Y superabundance of alka
line "matter, absorbed 'by ! the
plant from moisture' ''and heat.
Any-one may test this for himself
for a half penhyrCut off the
shoots and water the ground
with a watering can, taking
ounce of sulphuric acid diluted
with l to 2 gallons of water.
If it has rained, examine in 24
hours; if not, wet the ground
with plain water to carry down
the solution 'to the tubers, and
examine in another 24 hours,
when it will be found that tho
disease has been arrested, and
the part affected ' restored to its
natural state, the acid counter
acting the superfluity of the al
kaline matter absorbed. If our
chemical, friends would analyze
the sound' and unsound potato,
and bring out something practic
al from this hint, they would
confer a great boon on the hu
man race. ' ; '
Toe season ' for sausages is
hare. Is your dog's life insured ?
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