Newspaper Page Text
" [4E $ý FROM
O0g 8 ICES.
:, tot--o re in It
it AlasIappe S o--Indirect
Taxtioq A usiderate
Debtor, Et&, jtc.
"Down~ih oep" said he,
"T at ks this A4 lnd
Mlthe ener t plssasd
So araous labor 4lal I shirk,
To c se Would I 'dain,
Andlhck inasions eul way
And When he finshd his address
Hi i mnd~0 each hearer's sol
Hi iehad builttit kitchen fire
And carried in the coal.
3O PLEASU nI Fr.
ipst e.y-"No t iy mother never
ips me. It don't do her any good."
Second Boy-"Haow's that?"
`W'h she's deaf, yen know, and she
me yell.",0 York Sun.
rTALWAYS RAZpES So.
Tom-gal , you know what side
your bread is buttered On don't you?"
Dhickelq guess I dg. 'It's buttered
on the side that strikes `the floor every
tne happen to drop apiece of bread."
SHE FORESAW TEi'vATIO.
"By George!" said a man last week,
to his wife, "this is delseious weather."
"Yes, it is."
"Almost like summer. If it keeps like
thi I think I will go fishing."
"Then I will pray with all my might
for a cold wave. It isn't a month smnce
you joined the church."-efrchcant Tray
A CORSIERATE DEBTOR.
Collector "When are you going to
pay this bill? I can't be coming hear
every day in the week."
Debtor-"Wel, what day could you
aull on, conveniently?"
"I could call on Saturday."
"All right; from now on I shall ex
pect you every Saturday.."- Taeas Sift
Tramnp-"It's the taxes, mum, that
keep us so ragged an' thin."
Xind Lady (spreading him a lunch)
"How so? Do taxes fall heavily on
"Not directly, mum, but they fall so
heavily on the friends we visit that we
get but few luxuries, and very poor
LATE AT THE OBSERVATORY.
Viaitor-"Please tell me where I am
togo. 1 was invited to see the transit of
Attendant-"I am extremely sorry,
madam, but you are too late. The tran
fit- was over fifteen minutes ago."
"Oh, that's no matter. The Superin
tendent is a friend of mine, and I am
arre he will have it done again for me."
MM oni nEcTED.
S&Fawlwet &arest,"- she sighed, as
walsy against the ltpe1` of his double
breate4 csat, +W, george, you may
kiss me onee, m my fd ehead, ere you
"ulhsnk, &Agaslla,' thoughtfully
,mb~4~eyon malt, "but the last
atp time 1us.glr1 on toe forehead I got
yAet itter helet the house look
g ft Ie baa been eating marshmal
ON VERGE oW A PANIC.
Jacks n (whoseehiaandal credit is gone)
I .-"I you, Witerbee, we are on the
aof u'fmacial panic."
he.b "Psbaw I What makes
F)f-`Well, sir, Bagley
uedato lend me small sums
fbetwhen I go to them nowa
e or a 'ten, they tell me
p ±bt h avent got it. Bagley
r wobur best business
S o r, weore going to
deal of human
g e queried of the
seems to be just
ne; you must see
a working for
rk ,, } cabs, and if
+ around it has
- Detroit 1ree
ry to please
is one King
eked very well,
my boy, I
it affords me
n be useful
hat i before
o whom you
had an oppor.
he liked that
:.t Vou con
waist to a
reasonable extent not only harmless but
at times positively exhilarating."
And that dense, stupid, wooden
headed youth sat there for an hour and
argued with the young lady on the evils
of tight lacing.-Chicago Tribune.
ROUGH TALK TO A BISHOP.
A venerable and dignified bishop re
cently was having his portrait painted
by an eminent artist. After sitting
steadily for about an hour in silence, his
lordship thought he would like to break
the monotony with a re:nark. Accord
ingly he said to the artist: "How are
you getting on?"
To the astonishment of his sitter, the
knight of the palette, absorbed in his
work, thus replied: "Move your head
a little that way, and shut your mouth!"
Not being accustomed to be spoken to
in this fashion, the bishop said. "May I
ask you why you address me in this man
Artist (still absorbed)--"I want to take
off a little of your cheek."
Collapse of the bishop.-Thankee Blade.
HAVING SOME F N.
Sothern, the actor, was noted for hlil
practical jokes, and he was not all dis
criminating in choosing his victims.
Lionel Brough tells of one of the actors's
pranks as follows:
"Sothern once asked a number of
friends, including myself, to dinner. One
of the guests was very late, and as he
rang at the front door Sothern said:
'Now we'll have some fun. All of you
get under the table.' We did, and in
came our supposed victim. 'Oh,' he
said, 'I'm glad to see I'm the first. I
feared I was late.' 'Well, as a matter of
fact, you're the last,' said Sothern;
'they're all here, but for some extraordin
ary reason the moment you rang they all
got under the table.' As you may imag
ine, we crawled out in a very limp fash
ion, and it was a long time before some
of us forgave our host."
AN ORIGINAL BELLE.
Mr. Lightfoot-''Miss Summerfield,
you must pardon me, but really I cannot
longer forbear to tell you how much I
love you-oh, Julia, say that you will ac
Miss Summerfield--"Oh--a--Mr. Light
foot! This-is-a-so sudden, You
a-must give me time
Mr. Lightfoot-"But do you not know
your own heart? Do not trifle with Ine.
Speak! Suspense would be cruel."
- The truth is a- You a--Weil,
really, Mr. Lightfoot, I-a-must say
that- I don't know how to decline
Mr. Lightfoot (about to embrace her)
-"My darling, I knew that you loved
Miss Summerfield-"Oh, n3, you mis
understand. I mean to say that this tell
ing a man one will be his sister is such
an awful chestnut that I must have time
to think up something else."-Life.
TWO PER CENT. ON $40,000.
About a week ago a Detroit real estate
dealer became very tired and had the fol
lowing sign printed and posted on his
"No tramps need apply."
"No money to lend."
"Haven't a postage stamp to spare."
"No matches supplied."
"We have had the grippe."
"Have seen a dozen such winters."
"We are not 'in' to bores."
"We have no railroad pass."
"We don't want to invest in mines."
"No corns to be pared off."
"No stationery wanted."
"We don't sign any bonds."
"Don't want any life insurance."
"Interviewers will please keep out."
The sign had been up a day or so when
an old man opened the door very care
fully and walked in, and after a bit ob
"I've been reading your sign out here."
"Then profit by it," was the brusque
He shut the door and went away, and
half a day later that sign came dowin.
The old man had $40,000 worth of land
to sell, and he called upon another dealer
and left his memoranda, with the remark
that a man who was so mighty exclusive
as that could never get get near enough
to the public to sell anything.-Detroit
Observations From a Ballo on.
The observations made during night
ascensions, or those which were
continued into the night, on tempera
tures at different heights, gave results
different from the theories previously
held on the subject. An increase of the
temperature was notice4 after sunset.
The rate of decline of temperature with
elevation when near the earth was sub
ject to variation as the sky was clear or
cloudy. From an elevation of three
miles cirrus clouds were seen apparently
as far above the observers as they seem
when viewed from the earth, and that
under such conditions that it was hard to
believe that their presence was - due to
moisture. The audibility of sounds
from the earth depended considerably on
the amount of moisture in the air. The
noise of a railway train could k heard
in clouds at four miles' high, but not
when the clouds were far below. The
discharge of a gun was heard at 10,000
feet; the barking of a dog at two miles;
but the shouting of a multitude at not
more thon 4000 feet. Many differences
in the results of observations were sup
posed to depend upon atmospheric con
ditions, while these vary with the time
of day and the season of the year; so that
a great many observations would be re
quired to determine the true laws. Hav
ing followed up one of the observations
recorded above with a captive balloon
and by other means, Mr. Glaisher de
elated to the Meteorological Society, in
1870, that the theory that the tempera
ture is always lower at higher elevations
is not true.-1Ppuelr BeissceeMonthlyM.
A quarter of a. century ago iron fur
iaceR were unknown in the Soathwest.
To-day there am eotha x.400 of these
furaac is operation in -tet na.
11F Iý w
PLEASANT LITERATURE FOIL
SINPLICTTY THE STYLE.
It may be interesting as well as profita
ble to the young ladies who have limited
means to dress on th know that the com
ing queens of society make a study of
simplicity. Not a particle of jewelry is
worn, and even the belles eschew every
ornament but a string of pearls. In the
hair aigrettes half wreaths of lily of the
valley or white violets are often seen and
occasionally small side combs bound with
carved silver or gold hold the hair in
place. A girl who prides herself on her
good taste would as soon wear a girdle
and chatelaine pendants with evening
dress as a bracelet or earrings. (lauze is
the regulation fabric for her dress and
ribbon bows or garlands of flowers the
only garniture permitted.- I/i/himtun
French women are clever in the little
niceties of 'dressmaking which give fin
ish to the appearance. For example,une.
less a skirt sits quite eveuly, it looks un
sightly. They insure this by sewing a
lirge-sized dress hook on the stays, not a
big stay hook, which might show, but
just an ordinary one. Every skirt has an
eye which fastens on to it and renders
moving impossible. Possibly some reader
would like the dimensions for the foun
dation skirt of a good French dress. I
think vou wiil find that it hangs well.
The front is 29 inches at the hem, and
diminishes to 9 inches at the waist.
There is only one side -ore at each side,
tu inches at tliii hem, 16 inches at the
top. The back is straight and 37 inches
wide..-3ail cold Erpr exs.
A rE1iALE rAwsu.itoKEct.
There is a women up in West Fifty
,ourth street who does a thriving busi
ness in the sale and exchange of what she
:alls Jadies' miscellany. Party dresses,
street suits and wraps, tea-gowns, furs,
hats, bonnets, shoes and silk underwear
ire brought to her by ladies' maids and
sold for a song. Trie owner may be go
ing in mourning, going abroad, or in such
straitened circumstances as to recard a
few dollars as a fortune. Brand-new
gowns and bonnets are daily received
from ladies who are penniless. They
have unlimited credit, but tie get spot
ease orders are sent to the modiste, and
as soon as tilled their garments are dis
posed of to the female Fagin for a tenth of
their cost. Legitimate sales of second
hand, slightly worn clothing are made by
economical women, who receive an extra
dollar or two for the waist-band or bon
aet-lining bearing the name of some good
house. Nine-tenths of the sellers are
carriage people, and of these sixty per
cent, demand spot cash. The rest are
content to give a wrap in exchange for a
yard of good lace, mm carved fan or some
such confection as a manicure tray, bon
nonniere or viniegrette. For a sealskin
wrap an old cabinet has been accepted.
Quantities of gloves, slippers and shoes
are almost given away, and so ignorant
of value are the patrons of this "miscel
lany" that jewels watches and shell goods
ire bought by the house at a profit of
from 200 to 300 per cent. The buyers
for the most part are actresses. Ttuey
ire capital judges of fabrics, they buy
closely, and when the garments are re
made get a lot of good out of them.
New York World.
It is feared that Boston women can
never claim the title of being well dressed,
says the Boston Herald. Do what the
few may to aspire to that favorable ver
dict, there is always the ordinary, un
corseted, hygienic majority to counter
It would be laughable, were it not pa
thetic, to note the shortcomings in this
one direction of the average Boston
woman. She has as much opportunity,
as many means of dressing well as women
elsewhere, but she invariably fails in pro
ducing the effect which strikes the ob
server in !cw York.
Regard the throngs of women who daily
pass up and down Boylston street, for
instance, and point out ten, if you can,
woo become their clothes, or who carry
themselves with grace and elegance.
Nearly all have been to fashionable tail
ors, who have done what lay within their
power to give chic, air, style; but the
Boston woman is stubborn. She will
not permit her preconceived notions to
be displaced by the newest fashions; she
will wear a hygienic waist, if she wants
to; she won't wear her hair except so,
and she will kick up her skirts at the
back because her gymnasium teacher tells
her to bring all the muscles into play
when she walks.
Beside this, she is in haste. How can
she take life easily and gracefully when
sixty different 'calls are being made on
time and brains all At once?
Tne art of wearing her' clothes well is
unknown to her. She puts them on.
She does not make her toilet. 'She
wouldn't be guilty of "prinking," nor of
)ieing sure her boots were well blacked;
nor would this usual Boston woman con
sider it worth her while to take a hand
mirrorto see if the angle of her virtuous
bonnet corresponded with the angles of
her-prolile and her back hair.
It is these little omissions, this forget
fulness of detail, which renders, two
thirds of our women dowdy-in the eyes
of appreciative, though critical observ
FOR WOMAN'S WRISTS.
The favored bracelets just now must,
first of all, be unique, and the Expo
sition has, because of its wonderful ex
hibit in jewelry, afforded opportunity to
whoever had the good taste and ducats
to get just the jeweled band that one
woman would most envy another. One
of the most beautiful is of Indian work,
the' background being of that soft gold
in which the Indian workers so delight;
it, this is -set a circle of every known,
an4, I do believe, unknown gem, uncut.
The;MeOet is marvelous. A pink purl
Is wooing your eye and claiming admi
ration close to an opal, while a black
pearl is making more beautiful the depth
of color in a ruby. Three different
shades of turquoise are shown; a dark
and a light amethyst form a contrast,
while one of the most perfect emeralds
imaginable seems to be throwing out a
ray of hope as it nestles closely to a
milk-white pearl. The ordinary, every
day bracelet designated by even the
extraordinary jeweler sinks into insig
nificance beside this wondrous band of
color, which can be traced to opal and
pearl, turquoise and emerald, ruby and
diamond, chrysoberyl and chrvsoprase,
onyx and amethyst, Alexandrite and
moonstone, garnet and sapphire, and all
the wondrous family of gems that mean
so much in color, and delight so the
artistic or poetical mind.
Another bracelet which also had its
birth in ladia is lucky to wear because it
is made of iron; but unless you had it is
your hand and knew what you were tc
look for, you would never be conscious
that such an unromantic material was used
for it. It is entirely overlaid with gold,
which on the other side is smooth, and
on the upper is etched out in the finest
way possible, after a curious design of
flowers and birds, giving the effect of a
gold band heavily enameled in black; on
the tap a medalion outline is achieved,
and engraved on this, in the most in
tricate manner, is one of the thousand
blessed names of Allah. This bracelet
was submitted to a jeweler to be made
smaller, but he said it was imposib>e for
him to do it, as it might be necessary to
pass it through the fire, and the etching
once injured or defaced, there was no
one in this country who could restore it
to its original condition.
If you haven't an Indian bracelet, then
get one such as is worn by the Chinese
women. The lady of the higher classes
wears one of gold, the next grade of
silver and the next of iron; in pattern
they do not differ, being a twist of the
metal that can be slipped over the hand
-that is, not a complete circle. The
Chiuese ladies are far-sighted in possess
ing these bracelets, for whatever the ma
terial mar be, it is reil and solid.
Whenever Madame Chinois nets a little
hard up she doesn't create a racket in the
estabiishhme:it trying to get a little more
than her u:,ua "llowiance from monsieur,
nor does she borrow from her women
friends, or play against her luck at poker:
not she! She simply marches oil to the
place where they make the money, takes
off her bracelet, throws it in the scales.
and the obliging man heaps up the other
side with money until the weight of the
bracelet is reached; it is worth exactly
what it weighs in the money of the
realm, either in gold or silver.-scm
Nearly every dress is double-skirted.
The polonaise dress will be the rage in
One of the Yankee notions is a glove
with a purse in the palm.
A rosette of colored velvet ribbon
trims a large muff of black martin fur.
Velvet sleeves and chatelaine are added
to elegant evening gowns of satin of
The Russian collar of fur, lapped tc
the left side, remains the favorite finish
for long cloaks.
Very large muffs of beaver, sealskin o0
sable are shown by modistes among the
Dressy waists of soft silk or satin it
some brilliant or artistic color are wort
with various skirts at the theatre.
Useful dresses of serge, cashmere and
plain merino are trimmed with a good
deal of braid, especially of fancy weav
A substitute for the boa is found it
the new capes of coqs' plumes with lon&
manilla fronts, with tasseled bits o:
plumage all over them.
French furriers combine sealskin and
Russian sable in the same garment, in
the same way sealakin and " Persian lam"
are used in this country.
Plain dresses of cloth and serge are
made with jacket basques and straighi
skirts, relieved by straight rows of braid
ing in various arrangements.
Jacket bodices, with a deep pointed
Swiss belt and full plastrons laid it
tucks, are very fashionable for complet
ing the walking costumes of young girls.
Entire toilets of velvet often have petti.
coat fronts of satin in a contrasting color,
and the rich effect is sometimes enhanced
by garnitures of gold cord passemneateries.
Ostrich feathers in profusion trim the'
large-brimmed hats worn by little girls,
and the rule seems to be, the smaller the
girl, the greater the number of featiers.
The very swellest visiting costume
consists of patent-leather shoes, brown
gloves, a close-fitting bonnet and a long
polonaise buttoned diagonally from neck
Combinations of velvet and broadcloth
are now made up in such similar styles
for cloaks and costumes that it is some
times difficult to tell which a lady may
Fur-trimmed, tailor-made costumes of
brown or gray cloth are very much af
fected by young ladies, the only outer
wrap worn by them being a princess of
other shoulder cape of fur.
Garnitures of silk cord, male up in
V-shaped pieces for the front and back
of the waist, and in deep Vandyked
borders for the bottom of the skirt, are
the usual trimmings for costumes of
Full velvet sleeves, darker than the
material of the costume, and half.
breadths, inserted between the breadths
of the skirt, give a striking effect to
many of the newest gowns of dark or
black cloth and silk.
The late Thomas Parker, of Washing
ton, became so attached to a cane, which
.he had carried for years, that he kept it
in bed with him during his illness, and
before he died expressed a wish that the
favorite stick be buried with him. His
wish was carried out, the cane being put
in the coffin.
TOPICS OF INTEREST RELATIVE
TO FARM AND GARDEN.
DOUBLE WALLS FOR BEE IIIVEZ,
With proper protection bees will win
ter out of doors better than in the cellar.
This is given by making the walls of
their hives double. This keeps the bees
at a nearly nuiform temperature, what
ever the weather may be outside. In a
sunshiny winter's day the bees are not
tempted to fly, as they are when kept in
hives that have only one thickness of
wood. The old-fashioned straw hives
were not bad ones for wintering bees.
The moisture from the inside worked off
through the straw, and the bees were not
prematurely started into activity.
FORETHOCGHxT OF GOOD SEED.
By planting poor seed farmers waste
millions of dollars each year. The season
of 1R90 will be remarkable for this loss.
Wet weather hindered ripening and suc
cessful harvesting of garden seeds. Severe
cold, the earliest ever known, over a
large area of the United States, found
considerable of the corn crop in the
fields in a (lamp condition, which doubt
less injured the germ and rendered it
worthless for planting. Potatoes, to a
great extent, were blighted, causing the
vines to decay before skin had set on the
tubers. Bad as such will be for seed,
many farmers will make a bad matter
worse by planting small potatoes that
were set but a few days ere blight struck
the vineq. Such seed will not produce
three-fourths as much as fully ripened
tubers.-Fei York Tribune.
ECONOMIZE IN FEEDING.
Many a farmer defrauds himself and
wastes his substance by lack of discrimi
nation in feeding his stock at this season.
Some one has pertinently said that the
average farmer cleaves to the ideas of his
ancestors and feeds out his winter sup
ply alike to his mixed herd, equally sur
prised if this one gains or that one loses.
He does not feed -rain "because he can
not afford it," and he will not raise it
because he can buy it cheaper. His ani
mals are simply machines for converting
crops into fertilizers. Instead of keep
ing a few at a profit he keeps many at a
loss. But whatever our calling in life,
we should always be ready to lift a hand
againt this ruinous practice. With the
means at our command, better things are
expected of us than simply to follow the
footsteps of our fathers. Economy in
feeding is the great study of to-day, and
if we do not contribute of our individual
support in its solution, reproach will
fall upon our own heads"and it will be
deserved.-Ncw York Witness.
Different methods are sometimes
adopted by orchardists and others to in
duce greater fruitfulness in shy bearing'
trees. Not infrequently trees are slow
in coming into bearing and expend their
forces in luxuriant leaf and branch
growth, rather than in fruit. Root
pruning acts like magic sometimes in
bringing barren trees into a bearing state,
especially when unfruitfulness is brought
about by undue luxuriance. When trees
are making very strong shoots they are
found on examination to be making roots
in proportion, and so long as this goes
on fruit prospects are very much jeopar
dized. It is the small fibrous rpots which
command the formation of fruit spurs,
and in some soils there is difficulty in
maintaining a fruitful condition. In
gardens where the surface is light and
open, with a clayey subsoil, there is a
tendency for the roots to go deep in
search of moisture, especially if the as
pect is at all open and windy. On such
soils mulching is of considerable value so
long as it creates and maintains moist
By depriving a tree of a certain por
tion of its roots, its too rapid growth is
checked and the young branches and
buds assume a more fruitful character.
That excessive root pruning will injure a
tree is shown by the fact that when a
young tree in its early bearing season is
taken up and removed to another place
it almost invariably receives a shock
from which it never fully recovers. From
this we may learn that there is a natural
balance to be observed that may not be
too severely interfered with, either by
root or branch pruning.- i1c's A1 vy
UXEQTZALLY YOKED. TOGETHER.
How often one sees teams unmatched
in size-one small, ill-fitted for heavy
service, the other strong enough to haul
his part of 5000 pounds on any ordinary
road, and each horse drawing an equal
share of the load. If the driver is asked
why he does not give each horse an equal
share of the draft according to his weight,
he may perhaps answer that the little
horse is fed just as big a ration as the
large one, and he must take his chance.
Perhaps the small horse is getting at least
one-fourth more grain than his stomach
will digest; and would be far better off
with less grain; whIle probably the ration
too large for the small horse is not suf
ficient for the large horse. Thus we may
find teams driven for years at service
which would be easily performed by the
larger horse alone, if judiciously fed,
while the small horse, whose lot would
he hard enough under any circumstances,
is made to suffer still more from over
feeding. Each horse in the team, if
sound and of age for good service, should
in general be made to perform his share
of the team's labor, according to his
To accomplish this in a simple man
ner, the hole in the double whifiletree,
or evener, by which it is attached to the
tongue of the wagon, should not be mid
way between the two ends, but so far
from the middle point that the distance
from this hole to one end will be as much
greater than the distance to the other
end as one horse is heavier than the
other. If, for example, one horse weighs
1200 pounds and the other 800 pounds,
then; one horse being one-third heavier,
one arm of the evener should be one
third longer than the other. Then hitch
the heavier horse to the shorter arm and
the lighter bnrse to the longer arm. ftt
is true that horses will not always draw
in proportion to their weight; a small;
wiry animal may work more easily than a
large, loose-built one; and if the owner
can make due allowance for this, so much
the better; but even if he should leave
this out of consideration, give up guess
work in equalizing the draft and do noth
ing more than is shown above, he will be
surprised to find how much of an unfair
advantage he has been giving to the
larger horse.-Nero York Tribune.
MISTAKEN ESE OF ('LOVER.
In wheat growing localities the old)
fashioned practice of plowing undei
clover every other year and growing all
ternately with it a crop of wheat, was at
the time thought to be the perfection of
good farming. It was not considered to
be an exhaustive rotation. Was there
not every other year a clover growth,
mainly secured from the atmosphere, to
replace what the grain crop took from
the soil? Further experience has shown
the fallacy of this reasoning. Green ma
nure necessarily cannot make additions
to mineral fertility of the soil. If every
atom is turned back to the soil without
waste, it gives only the mineral elements
first taken from the soil. The grain crop
was always sold, and if the farmers kept
work horses and a few cows the manure
from these, fed mainly on hay, corn
stalks and straw, was duly drawn upon
the land. It was not rich manure, and
was usually especially lacking in phos
phates. Most of these wheat growers
have for fifteen or twenty years been pur
chasing mineral manures to replace those
that were exhausted.
The trouble began when even a large
clover crop plowed under would not
pwnduce a large crop, while without the
clover good wheat could be grown witl
a dressing of 200 pounds of phosphate
drilled in with the seed. This convinc
ing proof of the benefit of mineral ma
nures opened the eyes of many farmers
who had not before doubted that theis
two-year system was not keeping up their
farms to the proper standard of fertility.
Yet ever since, though more stock has
been kept, and clover has been fed out
and thus made into manure, the buying
of commercial fertilizers has continued.
In fact, it is easy to see that this method
restores less of plant food than did the
plowing under of clover under the old
practice. Wheat and other grain are soles
as before, so that the difference is that
the summer fallow gave the land the en
tire clover growth, while the policy of
feeding it to stock saved for the soil only
what was left after it had passed. through
animals eating it, and had contributed to
growth, muscle, milk, wool or other ani
It is clear, also, that the best use of
clover is to feed it at home on the farm,
and with it enough of grain, oil meal or
other nitrogenous food to make asrich
manure pile. But if oil meal and grain
are to be bought for farm use, it will re
quire a much better class of farm stock
to make it pay expenses. So that, even
for securing the fullest advantages from
clover growing, there must be better
stock, which, in every way it can be
looked at, is seen to be the basis of im. -
proved farming.-Americas Cultivator. :
FARM AND GARIDEN KOTES.
It is a good feeder who is able to judge
of the quality and feeding value of foods
at his command.
It is said that vegetables put into a
barrel or box and covered with earth
keep crisp and nice.
It makes all the difference in the world
whether the man runs the farm or the
farm runs the man.
Don't ventilate the poultry house
through cracks in the walls and floors,
and holeb in the roof.
No system of buying and selling or
swapping animals will improve the stock
of the country. It must be bred up.
Forest leaves are not as good absorb.
eats as straw, but they add very much
more to the value of the manure pile.
There is no sense in keeping a hog up
fattening after it is already as fat as it
can be. It is a waste of food and time.:
Don't cram fifty cents worth of drugs
down the throat of a sick chicken that
wouldn't be worth over a quarter if it
If you cannot give your. cows the best
shelter, give them the best you can ,
Show your good will. They will app
While there is economy in co'opera
tive dairying, there is not as much as
many have been led by the boomers to
If you cannot buy a good male to
breed up your stock, hire the services of
one. It will pay in the first calf that is
There is no disputing the fact that
corn gives the most- profitable returns
when converted into condensed animal
Why should not a working animal
have a working sire and dam? What use
is there in keeping breeding animals in
idleness the year around?
When horses bolt their food, chaff and
hay or clover cut fine, a handful or so
mixed with the oats, will cause themn to
give their food better mastication.
A variety of food is always relished by
animals as well as by man, and is bene.
ficial as affording all the ,nivcessary nu
tritive elements to nourish the system.
Butter will never grain finely in "com
ing" !f the fat globuies have previously
been injured by overheating-of cream or
too much violence displayed in churning.
In feeding calves skim milk don't for
get to make up for the butter taken out
in the shape of cream; gome supplemen
tary feed should be givh with the skim
milk. Linseed oil-cake, cotton seed
meal, bran, oats and peas are all good.
To keep the trunks of apple trees
smooth and clean use a wash made by
slacking one-half bushel of lime with hot
water, and adding one gallon of soap and
two pounds of crude varboile eid. It
applied as often as thle acid loses its odos:
it will also keep off rabits and At