FARM AND GARDEN.
lrinrln l'tnillr? For Market.
Dressed fun In should always look
nice and plump aud should be packed
in nice cleanlinen. Plumpness ap
peals to the appetite and neatness in
spires confidence, both being points
worth looking after to buildup a first
class dressed poultry trade.
Virtue of Huttermllk.
The growing practice of utilizing
the waste products of all mairufao
tures ban brought out the fact that
buttermilk possessos many unsuspect
ed qualities. A medical paper says
its reputation as an agent of superior
digestibility has beootne firmly estab
lished. It is, indeed, 'a true milk pop
tone that is, milk already partially
digested, the coagulation of the
coagulated portion being loose and
tlaky and not of that firm, iudigesti
lile nature which is the result of the
action of the gastrio juice upon, sweet
oot,V milk. It is of great value in
tue treatment of typhoid fever, and,
lieing u decided laxative, it may be
turned to advantage in the treatment
of habitual constipation. It is no
less valuable in kiduey troubles, from
its diuretio qualities. It is iu great
request for the treatment of diabetes,
cither alone or alternately with skim
milk, and in cases of gastrio nicer and
cauoer of the stomach it can often be
retained whon no other food can.
Chemical analysis shows that in its
nature it greatly resembles koumiss,
witt the exception of which it is the
most grateful, refreshing and digesti
ble of the produots of milk. Eastern
Tnrnlp a a Catch Crop.
Ho many farmer sow turnips as a
catch crop in corn and potatoes that
they forget there is auy better way.
As a rule catch crops do not pay.
They always interfere with the late
cultivation of hoed crops, which is al
ways important and sometimes neces
sary if there i is a dry time late in sum-
or. JNftw that tuo-jt farmers culti-
ate 'hoed crops very shallow late in
the summer, merely scratching the
nurface to kill weeds while they are
mail, there is less objection to late
cultivation than used to be the case.
In the old days, wheu a plow was
used at the last cultivation to pile the
aoil up agaiust the hills of eoru or po
tatoes, the lesnlt was always injury
and often ruin to the crop. In such
case, too, there was little chance for
turnips to g - as the soil piled up
against the hills tni'jed the -vater in
to the middle of the rows, or rather
the corn leaves themselves did so, as
they bend over to the middle of the
rows by July and often in June turn
ing the lightest blower into the mid
dle of tlvs row, where most of the corn
roots are. Under the bill the soil is
ost alwan dry until the corn is
The potato top does not Ion
r "-to niuoh, but it, too, throws a
Seal of the moisture that falls on
V- ; the space between th3 bills.
t' Sweet Mover For lien.
- ' 7. . jelover is one that yield a
lonnt of honey. It begius to
. ,. 7iu this latitude iu the early
: '", July, usually; some seasons u
1 y'.ier, others a littlo later. By
. 'whiie aud alsiko clover and
d are going out of bloom,
, . clover is well out in bloom, and
abundant a continuous bloom
be bad for securing surplus
y of two .nouths or more. Wheu
, SHIFTING THE TENT FKOM
a part of this clover is pastured or
mown for hay, such will bloom the
vecoud time, and continue iu bloom
until after hard frosts. I have seen
liees working on this bloom iu Oc
tober, writes F. A. Suell in Bee
Culture, wheu all other honey-yielding
plants were killed with one ex
ception, that being giant white-spiral
mignonette, whioh is sometimes'
thrown in flower gardens.
Sweet clover stands drought well,
lmt givea better yield of honey and
pasture with frequent showers. The
honey is light in col.ir, but, to my
.'taste, not of as fine a flavor us that
i(n whita or alsike clovers or buss
woo. In the dry regions of tho
WestJs sweet clover ond alfalfa "have
proved" valuable plants for bees .aud
xtock. The hay is largely fed to
ntock. Here cattle pasture on it
freely, and the bay has seemed to
fiive good satisfaction, as stock soon
learn to like it.
This plant should be grown iu all
-waste places, and thus take the place
of the noxious weeds which grow
Kflaelt of Fend on I'isu'.
Anyone who has observed eggs
closely has noticed that some egg
Jiave what poultrymeu call greuter
consistency than others. That is, out
of a dozen eggs bought at a store half
-will have whites and yolks so thin
that they will spread out thin and
wide aud he almost flat.
This is the etl'oct of the feed given
the bent produoiug the egs. liens
that are fed ou milk and grass aud
allowed to pick up their liviug about
the .manure pile produce eggs with
thiu yolks and whites, and these eggs
nre invariably insipid and tasteless,
nud when boiled or poached are not
exactly appetiziug. There is a flavor
- nbout such eggs that is not altogether
loasaut iu any case and often it is
jositively repulsive to one who under
stands that this flavor comes from
I'stiug impure food.
I Take lot of beus and feed them
juilk aud grain ami their eggs are Ui ni
-ftud consistent, aud they nave a navor
hat makes them relished by the. most
' "is. The grain furnishes the
v.tittient u,l the albumin
Iu ccuuectiou wilu the
1 Mi vim1 . r 1
milk, and the combination is one that
makes' good eggs. Hens fed ex
clusively on grain do not produce
eggs of the best flavor, but their eggs
are infinitely better than those from
bees that must depend altogether ou
themselves for their living.
The quality of eggs depends alto
getlier on the feed the bens eat, and
where this is understood, consistent
eggs are valued'as being worth twice
as much ar those lacking consistency.
Screen For "teble Window.
' The wire soreeus commonly used iu
houses to keep out flies are now so
cheap that they can be profitably used
in stable windows for the same pur
pose. But it must be remembered
that the stable is itself the most com
mon breeding place for flies, iu the
excrement from animals iu which the
flies deposit their eggs. Unless care
is taken to gather tip and remove the
droppiugs before there in time for
eggs to batch, the window screens
will serve rather to shut the flies in
thau to keep them out. Stables should
never be built near houses, because if
they -are nothing can keep bouses
from being overrun with flies. Next
to the stable as a breeding place for
theso pests is the sink bole, where
slops of all kiuds are thrown to pass
off through drains uuderueath. It is
possible that where these eouditions
prevail, (lies, thongh annoying, are
really beneficial. Flies doubtless de
stroy much tilth, and thus lessen the
malaria whioh would prevail it they
had not been created. But it is fur
better to plaoa all decaying sub
stances under ground, where the earth
will absorb their bad odors, than to
leave them ou the surface to breed
Fumigating; an orchard.
The ouly remedy which is absolute
ly effective for all kiuds of scale is that
of fumigation. This was first prac
ticed in California in the citrus belt to
ch6ck the ravages of the cottony cush
ion scale and the red scale. Hydro
cyanic acid gas proved most effective
and is now used almost exclusively.
C. V. Woodworth, iu bulletin 122
of the California Experiment Station,
describes iu detail the process of fu
migating trees in an orchard. Briefly,
it consists in coveriug the trees with
some sort of tent, generating the gas
and allowiug it to remain until the
scales have been destroyed.
The tent generally used is what is
known as a hoop tent and ranges from
eight to fourteen feet in diameter.
The hoop itself is of three-quarter-inch
gas pipe, but half iuchwill do for
smaller sizes. The manipulation of
the tent varies acoording to its size.
If the trees are small, it can be easily
thrown over a tree, put iu place aud
then taken oil'. If the ttees are of con
siderable size some effort will be -required.
Iu the-illustratiou the method
of chaugiug from one tree to another
is shown. . After the fumigation is
completed, the hoop is lifted until it
is in the position bIiowu at b. Two
men, holding the sides of the tent,
carry it to the next tree and place itiu
the position shown ate. Then, with
out pausiug, and while the tent is full
of air, the upper end of the hoop is
foroed over the tree and down the
other side to about d. The hoop can
then be easily pulled down to the
ground to e. If there is any trouble
in pulling over the cloth, the third mau
with the pole goes round the tent and
lifts the cloth away from the tree, re
lieving some of the friction and enab
ling it to adjust itelf to the top.
Common duck is used for making the
tauts, most of them being of eight-
ONE TREE TO AXOTHEfl.
ounce canvas. After the tent 's made,
it is rendered gastight by one of three
methods. Tho first is coating it with
thoroughly boiled linseed oil, applied
with a brush nutil the entire cloth be
comes saturated. If properly done,
the tent remains strong aud tight and
is not too stiff. The second method
is the use of sizing aud paint. The
sizing is applied in the same manner
as oil, and penetrates the fiber iu the
same way. As soon as this ooatiug is
dried, it is followed by a ooating of
flexible paint, usually on both sides of
tho tent. The third method is to satu
rnte the cloth with decoction of
chopped leaves of common prickly
pear cactus. This is made by filling a
barrel two-thirds full of chopped stems
and adding oold water uutil the barrel
is nearly full. Allow the stems to soak
for twenty-four hours aud then draw
off the solution, which is ready for
use. lents treated in this way nre
liable to mold, but by adding to the
solution a little tannin this is pre
vented. Soak the tent iu tho solutiou
over night aud then raise in the morn
iug and Allow to dry. The cloth is
scarcely stiffened aud seems to be very
satisfactory. Potassium cyanide, iu
au earthen vessel, is introduced uuder
the end of the tent, sulphurio aoid is
added, and the hydrocyanic pas is geu
erated. The amount of cyanide will
vary with the size of the tree. A tree
four feet high, three feet in diameter,
will require two ounces of dry cyanide,
one-third ounce acid ami half ounce
water, if the tree is seven feet high
and four ieet ' in diameter, use one
ounce of cyanide, one-half ounce aoid
and two ounces of water, and 00 on in
proportiou. . Foitjjr minutes are re
quired for the gas to do its work ef
fectively. The fumigation is best done
at night. The gas is a deadly poison,
and greut care must be used wheu fu
migatiug. American Agriculturist.
Worgo Than tlio Dumdum.
The 1'ritisU Government Tt now
manufacturing a new bullet whioh is
even more deadly thnu the dumdum
The new projectile has a soft metal
pouit, whioh oxpauus with the friction
of flight. ,
There are 700i pianos iu Chieo,
or ouly one fur every DDI) iuhttbitauts.
SPAIN'S PAGE OF GLORY.
HANDFUL OF MEN HELD A C.HURCM
ACAIN3T A HORDE OF FILIPINOS.
lliVr'n llerne Worthy lo Hunk With the
CM unit With I vrnrRiiK Held Out Yar
.1:17 lJ, Pestling on lint mill Hnake.
and Itejectlng All Term of IHurriitider.
Hollow-eyed and exhausted, the
emnant of the Spanish garrison at
Baler has arrived in Manila. They find
themselves heroes, for the word of
their plucky light has gone out to the.
world. They have endured a siege
uch as few troops in history have en
dured. They have starved, and many
of their comrades uccep'.ad honorable
death rather than an inglorious sur
render. Thirty-one came back, in-
luding a Lieutenant who is the
iou of tue notir and a surgeon.
Twenty-nine are enlisted men, but
they rank as heroes. The sufferings
they endured were terrible aud the
adds agaiust them were great. But
for more than a year they held back
the insurgent forces, and at last won
from them such admiration that the
garrison was allowed to march out
with all the honors of war. It was
this for which they bad fought, as
they had long given up the hope of
beiug rescued or relieved. 4
Baler is a little town on the east
soast of Luzon. There is the least
bit of a bay there. The Balor River
(lows iuto tho bay. Just before it
reaches the tide water it makes a
turn around a hill, and this high
ground shuts the town out of flight
from tho bay aud sea. It was around
.1 t , il l Tf' . .
mis ueiui mat Jjieuteunni unniore
and his boat crew with rapid-fire guns
from the Yorktowu were captured by
the insurgents. At that tiuio it was
made known to tho world that a Span
ish garrison bad been left by tho con
quered nation and apparently hai
been forgotten by its Government.
Tho history of the siege is tis fol
A garrison of fifly-ono ofllccrs and
men was in isaler when tue insur
rection broke out against the Spauish.
But the soldiers were able to hold
their own and live iu the barracks for
some time. As the insurgents pro
gressed and grew in strength a stroug
force was sent before Baler and an at
tempt made to capture the Spaniards.
The Spaniards were under tho com
maud of Captaiu Don Enrique de las
Morenas y Fossi, with two Second
Lieutenants, Don Juan Alonzo y
Zayas and Don Saturniuo Jilartiz
Cerezo and Medico Don Rogelis Vigil
de Quinones. Ou the Captaiu s order
all ammunitiou and supplies were
taken into the church, aud ou Juno
27, 1898, the little garrison took
efuge in that strong edifice. The
stone floors were pulled up aud tho
material so obtained was used in
barricading the windows and doors.
The belfry was fortified and used as a
place from which to carry on shaip
shooting while the soldier was pro;
tected from the insurgent fire by an
extemporized stone wall with port
holes. The insurgents sunered
severely from this method of warfare
and attempted on many occasions to
dislodge the Spaniards. The first
attempt was in August.
The siege had been thoroughly laid
in the meantime. Trench building
wa carried on under cover of dark
ness until the iiveurgents had two rows
of trenches surrounding the church.
From the nearest t;ench a charge was
made on the churok. It was at the
time the Spaniards were preparing
their evening meal and the kettle of
Boup was bubbling over the lire in the
court. The call to arms brought the
little garrison to its post, but not be
fore the insurgents were under the
wnlls and battering at the doors.
They were so close that they were
safe from the Spanish guns and wcro
shouting iu anticipation of victory as
they hammered against the great
door, the side door and windows.
Captain Fossi made a tour of inspec
tion, aud iu doing so passed the kettle
of boiling soup. He hurried ou his
rounds and snw that his stronghold
was fast giviug way undor tho blows
of his enemies. "When he again
entered the court two soldiers were
with hini. They were directed to
pick up the kettle of soup and hurry
to the balcony leading to the window
over the great door. Tho stones that
were piled before the window as a
barricade were torn down aud the sash
was thrown open. The besiegers sup
posed that a parloy wax wsuted aud
ceased their battering, stepping back
to see what was going on. The kettle
was poised ou the wiudow sill and
then its steaming contents were spilled
upou the besiegers. There was a cry
of pain as the scalding liquid fell upon
the upturned faces and bare shonl
iers below. Those thu were uu
touched ran awuy, and their less for
tunate fellows writhed and staggered
toward their trendies. olley after
volley folio ivod them as they ran, aud
when dn.rkness fell they bad retruated
to the farthest trench, defeated in their
a;tempt to force tho stronghold of the
The suffering was terrible. Pro
visions ran low. From the start the
garrison was put ou short rations,
which were reduced as time went ou
uutil the soldiers aud officers were
compelled to live on rats and mice,
of which there seemed to be plenty iu
the chinch, and on au occasional dog
which would come within range of the
guns and close enough to the walls to
be retrieved. This may seem dis
gusting, but it was life or death to the
besieged. They tell of a day whan a
snake made them a meal. Aud as
they stood about their officers at the
traiu last night their suukeu ohoeks
and sallow skins attested to the suffer
ing they bad eudured.
But all did not endure. Worse thau
that all would not endure, aud it
must be recorded that four meu de
serted when they saw the helplessness
of the situation. These are , their
names as given in the official report,
together with the dates on which they
abandoned their fellows:. Fclippe
Herrero Lopez, deserted June '27.
181)8; Felix Garcia Torres, deserted
.imie 1, 1MJM; Jaime (Jaldouto y
Nadul, deertWuIy 3, 1898, aud
Jose Alcaide yiayoua,feBerlet' '
MioV... doftvA 111 A 1ffa
uitiuom came, ana
Vera opened to them f1 n lft"'lle
release eighteen of tlifvfort3r-uin9
died. They w-r-'" 'piled to bury
their de.fl in 1 .from time U
time, and the church became vcrj
foul. Fevers prevailed, uud the sur
geons said that the building must be
aired or they would all die. But thi
could not be done. A wiudow could
not be freed from its barricade ol
stones without admitting a shower id
bullets. Tho door could not be
opened without lettiug in the army.
Tucy said that they would die whore
they were. The Captain camo down
with scknoss in the early part of Oc
tober, and on the 22d of that mouth
he died and was buried in the chuich.
Lieutenant Juan Alouso y Zayn was
buried November 18 almost a mouta
after his superior officer.
Fuel became exhansied, and noth
ing was left with which to cook the
littlo rice that was left to each man,
Tho insurgents themselves solved thu
problem. This was along in April,
and the besiegers were growing im
patient with their stubborn enemy.
Great piles of wood were gathered
and brought into camp and carefully
tied iu bundles. The Lieutenant
watched the work progress and after
awhile realized that he was to bo
smoked out. His force was theu down
to thirty-five, while the insurgents
scorned to bo swarming behind tho
trenches. Yet he determined 011 n
movement that would end their careei'
iu open tight lather than be burned
like rats iu a hole.
Th,o day came wheu all was rea ly.
The order was given Aud silently the
native soldiers shonldsicd their bales
of wood, and under t'u3 cover of dark
ness advanced ou too church from
every direction. Then it wu:i tha.
tho great door of tho church swung
open and tho Spaniards poured out.
They made n charge, living us they
ran, Tho insurgent leader was sur
prised at tho suddenness of the sully,
aud before he could check his troops
his array had abandoned the trenches
nearest the church and wcro seeking
tho protection of the farthest
earthworks. The Spauiurds threw
themselves down aud kept up as
hard a fire as they could. Part of
their number were told oil' to bury
their dead in the trenches, and thu
work of disinterring their comrades
began. The church was opened and a
sweeter air penetrated beneath the
gloomy arches. And thero was fire
wood. Iu no place had the Filipinos
succeeded in lighting a fire. That
night the soldiers worked like demons
and brought iu great quantities of
wood, so that for all time they bad
sufficient. Tho next day the insur
gents rallied aud the Spaniards with
drew to the church. But they found
it habitable unA from that time on tho
The attacks ou the church were few
after that, aud the siege settled down
into a wait, the inteutiou being to
starve the Spaniards into surreuder
iug. But the Spaniards would not
starve. At uightthey gathered cabaa
leaves in the garden. They cooked
their rice aud ate whatever they could
find. The story g'oes that the bat
which flew about n the dusk were
captured. Be that as it may, the'yato
what the cook set ' before them, aud'
they asked no questions. t
Many times they were in communi
cation with the iusurgeut commander
aud were asked to surreuder. Thu
auswer always was: "Weave outnum
bered, but we will dio of starvation
uud fever or die fighting. Vie will
surrender only on honorable terms."
So it was that terms were made and
acoepted ou Juue 2,, 18!)!), by which
they laid down their arms and marched
away with the honors of war, having
received passports from Aguinaldo as
suring them safe conduct through his
lines. And they were fed, for they
were Admired by their enemies. Slowly
they came across the mountain road
the roa.l that Lieuteuant Gilmoro
traveled as a captive until they camo
to San Isidro, where they embarked
on the Kio Grande do I'ampauga, ar
riving at Caudaba. Then they wero
in the American lines, and since theu
they have been showu the courtesy
clue to such brave soldiers.
So ended the 'defence of Baler and
so ended the one page of glory iu the
chapter of a uation's dishonor. '
Vill i ml Career of it Tree.
Men vorsod iu woodcraft in tho
vicinity of New Brunswick, N. J., are
puzzled about the experiences of a
large cedar tree on the property of A.
V. Schenck. Until about six mouths
ago there was nothing to distinguish
the cedar from many others except
that it was one of the finest lookiug
trees on thu place. Thou a gale of
wind gave it a decided leau to the
Shortly after it recovered from this
another gale of wind blew it back to a
verticil position. Ouoe again a gale
of wind blew it ou the slant, and n few
weeks ago a gale from tho opposite
direction not only restored it to au up
right position, but overdid matters to
such an extent that the tree has a do-
cided slant to the northwest again.
Through it all the tree continues vig
Audacity ot American Women,
The remarks of Emperor William
to the two American women who cor
nered him ou his yacht aud forced
him to listen to long arguments 111
favor of the new woman will doubtless
become historic. None but American
womeu would have attempted such au
act. Their arguments must have
beeu tiresome to his imperiul majesty,
yet he cannot be half a bad fellow,
for we are told that he heard them
through with patieuce.
The Emperor replied to mora: J.
agree with my wite, wuo says xuat,
women should not meddle with any
thing beyond the four ks kinder.
kirche, kuohe and kleider (children,
church, cookery and clothing).
He Waited Twenty-five Veitr.
De Witt C. Cregier, ex-Mayor of
Chicago, went to the Windy City ia
1853, and was urged to acoopt the
nomination forMayor. "Of a city ot
60,000?' he asked. "Wait twenty
five years and ask me then." He was
elected just a quarter of a century
A Soldier's Lamp.
A German olficer has inventod .1
lamp for use iu war times, which can
be carried ia soldier's knapsack
without adding much to the weight.
It is supplied with aoetyleue gas and
destined for use 011 the battlefield to
assist the search for wouuded, ,
SKILL OF A MAN SLEUTH.
EXTRAORDINARY FACILITY OF AN
INDIAN SCOUT IN TRAILINC.
Arklchltit, Alan Known the "Orn
welker," Who Perred In Our Yt'ealern
Army, Had en I nerrlin I've and In-
Hurt One of III Exploit.
"Arkichita: A Talo of au Indian
Deteotive," is a true story of Indian
skill in trailing, that would have de
lighted the heart of Fonimoro Cooper.
It is told in the St. Nicholas by Lieu
tenant W. C. Bennett, Sixth Iutautry.
U. S. A.
Arkichita, a typical Indian, was
chief scout at Fort Sinseton, Dakota,
in 1882. Although he knew English
well, ho held the old Indian hatred of
its use, and would never speak it ex
cept under extraordinary circum
stances. He stood about five feet
nine inches in height, was slender,
but wiry, nud was about thirty-four
years of age. Ordinarily he was slow
and sedate in his actions very dig
nified; but when the necessity arose,
he could be as quick as a flash, aud
bad, liko every Indiau ou the North
western plains, a pair of eyes that
could oqual any field-glass.
His services for be had beeu em
ployed as a eeout for some years
hal benu very yuluable to the Gov
ernment, and, in recognition of this
fAct, the officer in command had se
cured authority from tho War Depart
ment to promote him to the rank of
sorgeant; consequently he went
around iu a neat uniform with chev
rons and stripes, very much impressed
with bis own importance, which he
considered second only to that of the
commauding otllcer; aud he took care
that every one elso should respect his
rank and dignity.
As his nativo name is tho Sionx for
"soldier," it is easily seen why ho
was so named; but he bad still an
other namo, which the Indians had
given him before his entering mili
tary ircles, and that, translated into
English, was tho "grasB-walker," or
"trailer," from his absolutely marvel
ous ability to find the trail ot any
thing that left even the slightest trace
on the ground as it passed over it.
A desperate soldier named Brice
broke jail, one night, and was pursued
the following morning. The trail led
to the west for a trifle over a mile;
then it turned north for a quarter ot a
mile, and we followed until we came
to a tree At the, edge of a slough to the
northwest of the fort, called the "gar
den bar slough." Here Arkichita
pointed under the tree, And said Brice
had lain down there to rest.
The trail here led into the slough.
A Dakota "slough" is a shallow lake,
the water of whioh is from six inches
to three feet deep, with a soft, muddy
bottom, but not general miry. The
center of the slough is usually free
from grasses or weeds, but along the
edges, frrui twenty to sixty yards out,
long tule-grass grows.
Th,s particular slough was a milo
long, aud varied from an eighth to a
quarter of a mile in width, aud there
was a foot of water covering as much
soft mud. During the night the wind
had roiled the water up considerably.
It seemed hardly possible to track any
thing through it, except where the tulo
had been broken down. Where that
was the case, even I could follow tho
trail; on reaching open water, bow
ever, the case was different.
' The eastern end of the slough readied
to a point near the fort not more than
a hundred aud fifty yards from a brick
yard, ou which was a kiln that bad
been built during the summer. . The
kiln was now ready for tiring.
Once I thought Arkichita was baftled,
after all; he had come to a dead stand
still near the tule. Then au inspira
tion struck me; perhaps by a circle I
could find tho trail. Happy thought!
I put it into immediate execution, and
found one. Bather elated at my suc
cess, I called: "Come quick; heap
trail!" He came over, took one look;
just the suggestion of a smile ployed
on his face as he said: 'Cow."
I did no more trailing, but under
stood what was botheriug him. The
post herd also lmd waded through
here since Brice's escape, aud it took
all the scout's eudless patieuce aud
wonderful eyesight to keep the trail
where the cattle had passed through
it. The grass-stem was of uo uae
Wo bad passed over half tho slough
in this circuitous route, wheu sudden
ly Arkichita started, straight as the
crow flies, for the edge of the slough
near the briokiln. Was be following
On he went uutil he came to the
shore nearest the kiln ; here be stopped,
evidently bothered again. There was
a scarcely discernable footprint ia the
mud aud water right at the edgo of
the slough, apparently the last step
the deserter had taken before reaching
hard ground. This footpriut showed
the toes, so the deserter was now bare
footed. Another thing about this
priut was its direction: it stood at
right angles to tho line previous fol
lowed, Either the mau had taken a
sideward spring for the land from his
right foot, or ho had turned around
and started back over his own trail.
Arkichita went down on his knees,
aud inspected the grass, blade by
blade. I kept a respectful distauco at
one side, astonished at the turn tho
affair bad taken. Now, inch by inch,
ou his knees, he wrenched the secret
from the apparently unwilling surface
of the earth. Eighty yards.frora the
kiln, be looked up aud glanced at it.
The same idea evidently instantly oc
curred to both ot us. Tho trail was
leading to the kiln! Then he rose,ond,
bending over, slowly advanoed to the
edged of the brickyard.
After reaching the yard, Arkichita
walked slowly around the outer edge
of it, examining the ground with the
utmost care, until be came to the
point from which be startod, when he
said: "Trail come in no go outj mau
iu there, poiuting to the kiln.
And .circamstauces proved bun to
be right, though it was thirty-six
hours before the fugitive was located
in the kilu, and captured.
An l'nncry Act.
recent duel the parties dis
charged their pistols without effect,
whereupou one of tha seoonds inter
posod, and proposed that the com
butants should shake hands. To this
the other second objected as unueces
sary. "Their hands," said he, "lir.ve
beeu shaking for half an hour."
A DANCEROUS CALLING. !
Anlinsl Trained Are Always Likely tt
Loae Ihelr Live.
When yon see an animal trainer per
forming with ferocious beasts yon maj
be quite right if yon imagine tho man
as a fearless master ot them ; but if you
think for an instant that there is m
danger you are wholly wrong. A
trainer never confronts the beasts and
compels them to do his bidding with
out literally taking bis life in his
Lands. ' "
He is so nsed to the danger that be
does not think ot it each time, and ho
holds his mastery ot them by a sort ol
powor ' that becomes habit, second
nature, as it wore, just as he eats hit
meals or performs other common em
ployments.' Or, to make the case
more plain, ho forgets the dangers
that surround him, just as men in auj
other dangerous calling do a painter,
for instance, who stands upon n nar
row platform hundreds of feot from
tho ground. Nevertheless, the dan
ger is ever present, and all tho more
terrible because of tho uncertainty of
A trainer must inspire constant fear
in the brutes. What a power for harm
there is the elephant, for instance!
Ono swing of that powerful trunk,
and he could crush the life out of tho
man; but he is possessed of an ungov
Some animal trainers live to a good
ago and never have an accidjut. They
are absolutely fearless iu their work,
and yet they may be no bravor thau
you or I wheu other Animals are in
Ihoro was ono trainer who. gave a
wonderful performance with a number
animals in tho one cage. He would
take nil manner of liberties with the
ferocious brutes, compelling them to
do his bidding; making them form
pyramids and lying down on them.
V hen you consider how n oat or dog
will sometimes turn upon you if not
bandied just so you must realize what
a tremendous power thu trainer must
exert over such huge, savago beasts.
Iherowere always a dozen other
keepers about wheu this performance
was being enncted, aud they were
armed with pistols, hot irons and raw
hide whips. One of the lions turned
upou this trainer oucc, aud his arm
was badly lacerated before ho could
Of all animals, keepers say the tiger
is the worst and the most treacherous.
It is necessary to keep tho oye fixed
pretty constantly upon it, or it may
revolt at any momeut.
Chicago pses every year 11,000,000
pounds of soap.
Fried wasp soup is considered a
great luxury iu China.
Herod is the name of a judge who
sits iu police courts in Chanute, Kan.
Among the exports of Mexico last
year are to bo noted two tons of dried
Tho doll is probably the most an
tique of toys. It has been found in-
sido the graves of children of ancient
Peru possesses such a 'diversity ot
elevations aud climatic peculiarities as
to be able to produce almost auy prod
uct known to mau.
In the fourteenth century armor be
came so heavy that in auy soldiers only
thirty years old were deformed or per
manently disabled by its weight.
In Switzerland a milkmaid gets bet
ter wages if, gifted with a good voice,
bocause it lins beeu discovered that a
cow will yield one-fifth more milk if
soothed during milking by melody.
Hildesheim's famous thousand-year-
old rosebush, which it had been feared
in the last two years was flying, has
sent out new shoots And runners from
a thick root stock this year, and seems
now to be safe to lust for a good many
years to come.
The first stage coach in England
started in 1G50. Its paoe was about
threo miles per hour. The first stage
coach in Amerioa started from No. tiO
Aun (North) street, Boston, for Ports
month, N. II., aud occupied eighteen
hours upon th journey.
The speed of au otter under water
is amazing. lieu havo no chance
against them. In some plaoes in In
dia otters are kept by the natives to
fish for them. They are tied up to
stakes like dogs, when not working,
wear plaited straw collars and seem
Near the town of Capljina, in Bos
nia, archtvologists have exhumed a new
Pompeii in the form of a Koiliau camp.
All the walls are well preserved, and
some of the rooms are decorated with
fine paintings, while weapons, lamps,
and various other objects have beeu
found in them.
Smart Woodpecker in Mulne.
Processor Eastman J. Clarke, with a
party ot students from Counectient, a
few days ago returned from a long
trip after natural history specimens in
the Maine woods. While ou the
headwaters of the Allagash, ha says,
he found a family of downy wood
peckers which seemed to be endowed
with more intelligence than falls to
the lot of the average bird. Wood
peckers feed upon worms that burrow
iuto trees. As an active borer makes
a gallery three or four feet long in, a
single season, the woodpocker is often
obliged to make many punctures in
order to get at its prey. The family
of birds whioh come uuder Professor
Clarke's eye has adopted a labor-saving
devioe whioh has proved of great
service. The rankest plant that
grows iu the Maine woods is tho
Indian poke, the berries of whioh are
charged with an alkaline juioe that ia
very offensive to all animal life.
Aooording to Professor Clarke, the
Allagash woodpeckers, haviug opened
up a gallery made by a borer, drops
pokeberries in the office. The berries
give out such an odor that the grubs
are foroed to oome outsido for fresh
air, and the woodpecker does the rest.
New York Bun.
A Novel Bight In Ecuador.
The most novel aud amusing spec
taole in Guayaquil, Ecuador, is don
keys wearing pantalets. This is not
due to motives of modesty, for most
of the children go naked and many of
the peon womeu nearly so. The pan
talets, made of cotton cloth and bus
peuded by strips of tape over the
shoulderi and haunches, are ahumaue
invention to protect the animals from
the vicious niei wuivu attack them.
emrnraa "in T.,.
. r ' 1 ..1
French the Single Tower f p0l.tjj
Parisians had heard of tlnf- ,! "'
Gould and his high-piled m,f '
1 . , ""tun fa'
money, but for tho past twoy up t
have been receiving a speoi'i !"
lesson titt the powor of weald1 '1"T'i,'
world hands, iu the effort Uia'Lt
daughter, tho Countess de (fa'.utac
to reprodnco in Paris tho paJJ
Grand Trianon, as built by tl ,Lu
Kings at Versailles more tuatf fr ii
tnries ago. Three-quarter (f
of land was bought at tho in'Jrv t'vTn
of the Avenue tin Bois de p" !:
and the Avenue Malakoff, ma!,";,i 1
pense of close to a million o 5,;"1,l''j1','
this boing the most costly tA.
site in Paris. Publio inteJ";;;
been made keen by the aunoj-fm tin
that while theoxterior would ij 'J',",,
to the fourteenth century, p. 1 .
terior was to be a blending J",";
fourteenth And fifteenth pe-o t- r-.--the
Gould millions and the j.A'.'r
of the French architects coj's
pass this nnique desire. Th-inflrtt
of two historicperiods in Frcrr M'
tectnral history was so tfX
an undertaking that from it.'- Tcu
niug the progress of this hf," n"
been followed with such atro"i"o.i
torest as has been given to feriin.i
private building projects. Iiftme"
family was occupying the cen J -tion,
but the interior decot;' r".
the t wo wings probably ca the in
completed iu less than two Vi'if.l'L2'
When it became known snch,i ,
was to be attempted niatmtToj
French said it would tab Q''" 4
years to build and furnish 'u
treasures; but Western enter g.'xn
local ingenuity promise its cut Dooi
in a fifth of the time. The t,D lt
will then have cost thirty iu'i Stilts
francs, or six millions of dollulln r:
the Count and Countess arc c l'in
of rare art works nnd brio-s-L:
iu a single year, it is said, tt(j'ril
pondod 11 million of dollars rex.
ohasos for their new resideiioflrlpll
the matter of ceilings was lmlyn
iauged for the Castellanes ;..r
Italy aud sought the splemliiipouifh
of Verona. They did not v,1-hul
palace, but coveted the olevi link,
ings it contained from the lot cl"1
Tiepolo, and these could he K(v
only by the pnrchaso of the (i!rnnte
ture. Edward Page Gaston, uif
Woman's Home Companion, j ine
WORDS OF WISDOV!.'"iK
They also serve who only sli
wait. Milton. " C
The man who pardons ensihi ,t
injury. Corueille. Otll
The best teacher one can
Good manners, and good mr' rr
sworn friends aud fast allies.-- .
To be good and disagreeable ofl
treason against tho royalty of 7.
Hannah More. f5 '
Xli la uut tun M1UI 1U1U?,
;e that luali!,
erson that 10
r Trt fin tiiifipl''
person, but the perso
the place honorable
The opportunity to do luisc!
found a hundred times a V
that of doing good but once a;!
The oonditions of conquest 11
ways easy. We havo but to
while, endure a while, bolieve
and never turn back. Simnis. rr
So remarkaWy-f ernefHi?"fa"(:lritoii
turo of man that ho despise i free
that court him, and admires 'iona
will not bend before him. 'Lflcan
Mental pleasures never cloyk0 1
those of the body, , they are iii h"a
by repetition, approved
aud strengthened by
Much ostentation aud murli
ing are seldom met together1"
1 i- -.'W
huh, using aim oeciiuiug, miw.
1 i t - 1 t . 1
snauows; ai miaaay, wuen ue i f
est, net at all. Buhop Hall.
Whet Soda Water In.
Soda water, so called beioti1' v
made with soda, is a mineral Jj l
made of carbonic acid and wult no
flavored with various kinds of ir
Its common name has now uojou
ing, because the soda water tjv
present day has no soda in i(- 0f'(.
bonio aoid will mix with water jet(,
common heat and pressure of ii.
...a. m 11.- 1. --1 1 1 1 1 J8 I11
dui 11 me neat ue lesseueu ar
pressure iuorensed, much uiorr j
cau bo forced into tlfe- wuttJwn
making soda water tho caibou wtl
is obtained by pouring weak siilf jnt
acid over marble dust, which t')y a
the gas. This id then fufWrt
means of a powerful pump -water
contained iu a very stri:'
tight vessel. The water tlw
pregnated with gas is drawn 0' ,
fountains or is bottled. TLJ
nothing iujnrious about the liq
copt that its coldness may 1 '
digestion aud thus injure the si .
Tin. Vital Need ot C'iml.
The industries by which
are supplied and the commuuir.jf
laud or Bea, by which theso w" "
nre reached, have, since lSlj.f",
to depend more and more upuu
The twentieth century will "
marked increase in the priae "t 1
coa'. of the United Kingdom. 0! - ;
peau Powers Iiiusia has by '!
greatest reserve of coal. Iudi J ,
tiia, and South Africa will ( t ,
the aid of the British Empire;; (
Uuited States must become the f
of the world's coal supply, to y 1
the far future, perhaps suppla1 ,
China aud Japan. How these et- :
will affect the relative sea-po''
nations it would be rash to atte
prediot. Nineteenth Century i
Queer Companion. f
The Kenuebeo (Me.) JonruiJ
ot a man who has a fox and 0 '
that are boou companions,
both animals were in the pi'l
they were placed together, au:
now enjoyed a year of eaoh oil"
nmfv in nAftnA mill liftrmnnT.
- j 1 r
sleeD too-other aud nlav witl
other much after the inaunei'
Killed the Flock For an Ktti4
k ...If. n A a a. Wullll'
Mo., while feeding. chickens rec.
dropped an earring, which was
ly gobbled up by one of tuej.
She oould not pick out the paf'j
chicken, so killed them on by J
twenty-seven in all but failed
the earring. Then she began t
around and found it in the
whore the old ben bad dropped;
an .object-lesson In
xml | txt