Newspaper Page Text
1 FARM AND GARDEN.
wrr wtt or wtowr
- I'mparlnc Von I try Tnr Market.
Dressed fowls should Always look
tiiee aud plump and should be packed
ia nice cleanlinen. Plumpness iip
jioaIs to the appetite and neatness in
pirea confidence, both being points
rortu looking after to buildup a first
class dressed poultry trade.
Ylrlne or Buttermilk.
The growiug practice of utilizing
the want products of all wairufao
lures bss brought out the fact that
buttermilk possesses many unsuspeot
d qualities. A medical paper says
its reputation as au agent of superior
digestibility has become firmly estab
lished. It is, indeeda true milk pep
lone that is, milk already partially
digested, the ooagnlatioj of the
nagulated portion being loose and
flaky and not of that firm, indigesti
Me a are which is the result of the
action of the gastric juice upon sweet
mows' milk. It is of great value in
the treatment of typhoid fever, and,
being decided laxative, it may be
turned to advantage in the treatment
of habitual constipation. It is no
less valuable in kidney troubles, from
its diuretio qualities. It is in great
request for the treatment of diabetes,
utuer alone or alternately with skim
milk, and iu rases of gastric nicer and
cancer of the stomach it can often be
retained when no olhor food can.
Chemical analysis shows that in its
nature it greatly resembles koumiss.
wut tue exoeption of whioh it is the
most grateful, refreshing and digesti
ble of the products of milk. Eastern
Turnips as Catch Crop.
So many farmer sow turnips as a
catch crop in corn and potatoes that
they forget tbere is any hotter way.
As a rule catch crops do not pay.
They always interfere with the late
cultivation of hoed crops, which is ai
ways important and sometimes neces
sary if there ja a dry time late in sura
tflir. NAw that moit farmers culti--vate-'lioed
crops very shallow late in
the summer, merely scratching the
nurface to kill weeds while they are
email, there is less objection to late
cultivation than used to be the case.
In the old days, wheu a plow was
used at the last cultivation to pile tlie
soil up against the hills of com or po
tatoes, the lesult was always injury
nd often ruin to the crop. In such
case, too, there was little chance for
turnips to g -- as the sr.il piled up
against the hills turned ttie ater in
to the middle of the rows, or rather
the corn leaves themselves did so, as
they bend over to the middle of the
tows by July and often iu June turn
ing the lightest i ower into the mid
dle of tk"j row, where most of the corn
roots are. Under the hill the soil is
ost always dry until the corn is
The potato top does not lop
to muoh. bnt it, too, throws a
Ueal of the moisture that falls on
'. the space between th hills.
. SMt Mover Tor Keen.
Jclover is one that yields a
- onnt of honey. It begins to
(in this latitude iu the early
jluly, usnally; some seasons a
lier, others a littlo later. By
,'-, white and alsiko clover anil
-;d are going out of bloom,
v ..clover is well out in bloom, ami
o abundant a continuous bloom
be had for securing surplus
jr of two .aonths or more. Wheu
SHIFTING THE TENT FllOM
a part of this clover is pastured or
mown for hay, such will bloom the
vecoud time, and continue iu bloom
until after bard frosts. I have seen
lieea working on this bloom iu Oo
tober, writes F. A. Suell in Bee
Cnlture, when all other honey-yielding
plants were killed witb one ex
ception, that being giant white-spiral
mignonette, which is sometimes'
groifn in flower gardens.
Sweet clover stands drought well,
but gives a better yield of honey ami
pasture with frequent showers. The
houey ia light in col.r. but, to my
taste, not of as tiue a flavor as that
from white or alsiko clovers or bass
wooL Ia the dry regions of tho
West)-sweet clover and alfalfa 'have
jroved valuable plauts for bees and
tttock. The hay is largely fed to
stock. Here cattle pasture ou it
freely, and the bay has seemed to
give good satisfaction, as stock soou
learn to like it.
' This plant should be grown iu all
-waste places, uud tbus take the place
of the noxious weeds which grow
KReett or Fend on l'.ait".
Anyone who ha? observed eggs
closely has noticed that boiuu eggs
iiave what poultrymeu call greater
consistency than others. That is, out
of a dozen eggs bought at a store half
-will have whites aud yolks so thin
that they will spread out tbin aud
vide and he almost fiat.
This is the effect of the feed given
'the bens producing the egjs. Heus
that are fed on milk and grass aud
allowed to piok up tbeir living about
the. manure pilo produce eggs with
thin yolks and whites, and these eggs
nre invariably insipid and tasteless,
aud when boiled or poached are not
exactly appetizing. There is a flavor
Htiotit such eggs ttiat is not altogether
'leasaut iu any case and ofteu it is
ositively repulsive to one who under
(tund:i tbat this flavor comes from
i-atiug impure food.
) Take a lot of heus and feed them
im.ilk aud grain and their eggs are firm
: find oousistont, aud they have a flavor
hat makes them relished by the. most
!'). ,The graiu furnishes the
miMititents and the albumin
i, 1u ccoutetiuu with the
milk, and the combination is one thtt
makes' good eggs. Kens fed ex
clusively ou grain do not produce
eggs of the best flavor, but their eggs
are infinitely bettor than those from
bens that must depond altogether ou
themselves for their living.
The quality of eggs depends alto
getlier on the feed the liens eat, and
here this is understood, consistent
eggs are valuedas being worth twice
as much at those lacking consistency.
creni For UIle Window.
' The wire screens commonly used iu
houses to keep out flies are now so
cheap that they can bo profitably used
in stable windows for the same pur
pose. But it must be remembered
tbat the stable is itself the most com
mon breeding place for flies, in the
excrement from auimals iu which the
flies deposit their eggs. Unless care
is taken to gather up and remove the
druppiiigs before there is time for
eggs to hatch, the window screens
will serve rather to shut the flies in
than to keep tbeinont. Stables should
never be built near houses, because it
they are nothing can keep houses
from being oveiruu with flies. Next
to the stable as a breeding place for
these pests is the siuk hole, where
slops of all kinds are thrown to pass
off throngh drains nuderueath. It is
possible that where these conditions
prevail, flies, though annoying, are
really beneficial. Flies doubtless de
stroy much filth, nnd thus lessen the
malaria which would prevail it they
had not been created. But it is far
better to place all decaying sub
stances under ground, where the earth
will absorb their bad odors, than to
leave them on the surface to breed
Fumlgatlne an '.rchard.
The ouly remedy whioh is absolute
ly effective for all kinds of scale is tbat
of fumigation. This was first prac
ticed in California in the citrus belt to
check the ravages of the cottony cush
ion scule and the red scale. Hydro
cyanic acid gas proved most effeutive
and is now used almost exclusively.
C. V. Woodworth. in bulletin 122
of the California Experiment Station,
describes in detail the process of fu
migating trees in an orchard. Briefly,
it consists in coveriug the trees with
some sort of tent, generating the gas
and allowiug it to remain until the
scales have been destroyed.
The tent generally used is what is
known as a hoop tent and ranges from
eight to fourteeu feet iu diameter.
The hoop itself ia of three-quarter-inch
gas pipe, but half inch will do for
smuller sixes. The manipulation of
the tent varies according to its size.
If the trees are small, it can be easily
thrown over a tree, put iu place and
then taken off. If the ttees are of con
siderable size some effort will be-required.
In tbe-illustratiou the method
of cbaugiug from one tree to another
is shown. After the fumigation is
completed, the hoop is lifted until it
is in the position shown at b. Two
men, holding the aides of the tent,
carry it to the next tree and place itiu
the position shown ate. Then, with
out pausing, and while the tent is full
of air, tbo upper end of the hoop is
forced over the tree and down the
other side to about d. The hoop can
then bo easily pulled down to the
ground to e. If there is any trouble
iu pulling over the cloth, the third man
with the pole goes round the tent and
lifts the cloth away from the tree, re
lieving some of the friction and enab
ling it to adjust it.elf to the top.
Common duck is used for making the
teuts, most of them beiug of eight-
ONE TIIEE TO ASOTHEIt.
ounce cnuvas. After the tent is made,
it is rendered gas tight by one of three
methods. The first is ooating it with
thoroughly boiled linseed oil, applied
with a brusU uutil the entire cloth be
comes saturated. If properly done,
the tout remains strong aud tight and
is not too stiff. The second method
is the use of sizing and paint. Tho
sizing ia applied in the same manner
as oil, and penetrates the fiber in the
same way. As soou as this coating is
dried, it is followed by a ooating of
flexible paint, usually on both sides of
the tent. The third method is to satu
rate the cloth with a decoction of
chopped leaves of common prickly
pear caotus. This is made by filling a
barrel two-thirds full of chopped stems
and adding oold water until the barrel
is nearly full. Allow the stems to soak
for twenty-four hours aud then draw
off the solution, which ia ready for
use. Tents treated in this way nre
liable to mold, but by adding to the
solution a little tannin this is pre
vented. Soak the tent iu the solution
over uight aud theu raise in the morn
iug and allow to dry. The cloth is
scarcely stiffeued aud seems to be very
satisfactory. Potassium cyauide, iu
au earthen vessel, is introduced uuder
the end of the tent, sulphuric acid is
added, and the hydrooyauio gas is gen
erated. The amount of cyanide will
vary with the size of the tree. A tree
four feet high, three feet in diameter,
will require two ounces of dry cyauide,
one-third ounce acid and half ounce
water. If the tree is seven feet high
and four tent in flismeter, use one
ounce of cyauide, one-half ounce aoid
aud two ounces of water, aud so ou iu
proportion. .. Fof,ty wiuutes are re
quired for the gas tv do its work ef
fectively. The fumigation is best done
at night. The gas is a deadly poison,
and greut care must be used when fu
migating. American Agriculturist.
Wort Thau the L murium,
Tho British Government ii now
manufacturing a uew bullet which is
even more deudly thaa the dumdum.
The new projectile has a soft metal
point, which expands with the frictiou
Of flight. .
Tbsre are 7001 pianos in Chicago,
or ouly oue hv every llOi) iuhnbiUuta.
SPAIN'S PAGE OF GLORY.
HsNDFUL OF MEN HELD A QHURCH
ACAINST A HORDE OF FILIPINOS.
lia'or's tlrrnan Worthy to I'.niik Wllh the
CM nml Willi I.ymirsua Helil Out For
.1:17 Hij i, FemlliiB on llnl and Rnnken,
and lli)actlng All Trrnmor Nurrmulftr.
Hollow-eyed and exhausted, the
remnant of the Spanish garrison nl
Baler has arrived in Manila. They find
themselves heroes, for tho word of
their plucky fight ha gouo nut to the.
world. I hey have endured a siege
such as few troops iu history have en
dured. They have starved, and many
of thoir comrades accepted honorable
death rather than an inglorious sur
render. Thirty-one came back, in
cluding a Lienteuaat who is the
lion of the hour and a surgeon
Twenty-niuo are eulisted men, but
they runk as boroes. The sufferings
they endured were terrible aud the
odds against them were great. But
for more than a year they held back
tho insurgent forces, and at last won
from thorn such admiration tbat the
garri'ion w.is allowed to march out
with all the honors of war. It was
this for which they had fought, as
they had long given up the hope of
beiug rescued or relieved. V
Baler is a little town on the east
soast of Luzon. There is the least
bit of a bay there. The Baler Biver
Hows into tho bay. Just before it
reaches the tide water it makes a
turn around a hill, and this high
ground shuts the town out of sight
frjm tho bay and sea. It was around
this bend that Lieutenant Oil more
and his boat crew with rapid-fire guns
from tho Yorktown were captured by
the insurgents. At that timo it was
made known to tho world that a Span
ish garrison bad been left by tho con
quered natiou nnd apparently ha
ueeu iui gunt'u vj its uovernmeni.
Tho history of tho sioge is as fol
lows: A garrison of fifty-ono officers and
men was in Baler when the insur
rection broke out against the Spanish.
But the soldiers -wero able to hold
their own and live in the barracks for
some time. As the insurgents pro
gressed and grew in strength a strong
force was sent before Baler and an at
tempt made to capture the Spaniards.
The Spaniards wero under tho com
mand of Captain Don Enrique de las
Morenas y i'ossi, with two Second
Lieutenants, Don Juan Alonzo y
Zayas and Don Saturniuo Martiz
Cerezo and Medico Don Bogelis Vigil
do Uumones. Ou the Captain s order
all ammunition aud supplies were
takeu into the church, aud ou Juno
27, 1898, tho little garrison took
refuge in that strong edifice. The
stone floors were pulled up and tho
material so obtaiued was used in
barricading the windows and doors.
Thn belfry was fortified and used as a
place from which to carry on sharp
shooting while the soldier was pro
tected from thn insurgent fire by an
extemporized stone wall with port
boles. The iusurgents suffered
severely from this method of warfare
and attempted on many occasions to
dislodge the Spaniards. The first
attempt was in August.
The siege had been thoroughly laid
in tue meantime. Trench building
was carried on tinder cover of dark
ness until tho insurgents had two rows
of trenches surrounding the church.
From the nearest trench a charge was
made on the church. It was at the
time the Spaniards were preparing
their evening meal and the kettle of
Boup was bubbling over the lire in the
court. The call to arms brought the
little garrison to its post, but not bo-
fore the insurgents were under the
alls aud battering at the doors.
They were so close that they were
safe from the Spanish guns and wero
shouting in anticipation of victory as
they hammered against tho great
door,- the side door aud windows.
Captain Fossi made a tour of inspec
tion, aud iu doing so passed the kettle
of boiling soup. He hurried ou his
rounds and saw that bis stronghold
was fast givlug way uuder tho blows
of lfis enemies. When he again
entered the court two soldiers were
with him. They were directed to
piok up the kettle of soup and hurry
to the balcony leading to the window
over the great door. Tho stones that
were piled before the window as a
barricade were torn down aud the sash
was thrown open. The besiegers sup
posed that a parloy was wauted aud
ceased their battering, stepping back
to see what was going on. The kettle
was poised ou the window sill aud
then its steaming contents were spilled
upon tho besiegers, ruere was a cry
of pain as the scalding liquid fell upon
the upturned faces aud bare shoul
ders below. Those tint wero un
touched ran away, and their less for
tunate fellows writhed and staggered
toward their trenches. Volley after
volley followed theui as they rau, aud
when darkness fell they had retreated
to the farthest trench, defeated in their
attempt to force the stronghold of the
The suffering was terrible. Pro
visions ran low. From the start the
garrisou was put ou short ratious,
which were reduced as time went ou
until the soldiers aud officers wero
compelled to live on rats and mice,
of which there seemed to be plenty iu
the church, aud on au occasional dog
which would come within range of the
guns and olose enough to the walls to
be retrieveu. This may seem dis
gusting, but it was life or death to the
besieged. They tell of a day whan a
snake made them a meal. Aud as
they stood about their officers at the
traiu last night their sunken ohoeks
and sallow skins attested to the suffer
ing they bad endured.
But all did not endure. Worse thau
that all would not endure, aud it
must be reoorded that four meu de
serted wheu they saw the helplessness
of the situation. These are , tbeir
names as given in the official report.
together with the dates ou whioh they
abandoned their fellows:. Felippo
tierrero xopez, deserted June 27.
181)8; Felix Garcia Torres, deserted
.nine isjn; junue uameuto y
Nadal, deseftU.July a, 1898, aud
Jose Alcaide avoua',fe!,erta My 7,
1899. ..J J ' (
ftierkuess came, and Kfore the door
Vera opened to thnm n honorable
uoss came, and Kelora lue uoort
peued to thorn n l"rable
t eighteen of tl:rorly'ninw kd
Thsy wm' Spiled to bury
lead m iim
time, and the churoh became very
foul. Fevers prevailed, und the sur
geons said tbat tho building must be
aired or they would all die. But thi
could not be doue. A wiudow could
not be freed from its barricade ol ;
stones without adiu-'ttiug a shower ol
bullets. Tho door could not be
opened without letting iu tho army. .
They said that they would die where
they were. The Captain came down
with sicknoss in the early part of Uc- j
tober, and on the 22d of thnt mouth i
be died aud was buried in the chinch, i
Lieutenant Jnau Alouso y Zayas was
buried November 18 almost a mouta 1
after his superior officer.
Fuel became exhausted, and noth- ,
ing was left with which to cook the i
littlo rioe that was loft to CRch man. I
Thn insurgents themselves solved tho
problem. This was along iu April,
and tno besiegers were growing nu-
patient with their stubborn enemy.
Great piles of wao.l wero gathered i
nnd brought into camp and carefully
tied iu bundles. The Lieutenant
watched the work progress and after
awhile realized that he was to be
smoked out. His force was then down
to thirty-live, while the insurgents
scorned to ho swarming behind tho
tronchos. Yet be determined on n
movement thnt would end their career
iu open fight rather than be burned
like rats iu a hole.
Th,o day cirao when all was rea l.v.
The order was given and silently the
native soldiers shouldered their l)os
of wood, aud uuder tb 3 cover of dark
ness advanced ou tiio church from
every direction. Theu it wu-i thn1-.
tho groat door of tho church swung
opoti and tho Spaniards poured out.
They made n charge, firing us they
rau. The Insurgent leader was sur
prised at tho suddenness of the snllv,
and before be could check his troops
bis army had abandoned the trenches
nearest the church aud were seeking
tho protection of the farthest
earthworks. The Spauiurds threw
thouiBelves down aud kept up as
hard a fire as they could. Part of
their number were told olV to bury
their dood in the trenches, and tho
work of disinterring their comrades
began. The church was opened and a
sweeter air penetrated boucath the
gloomy arches. And tbero was fire
wood. Iu no place had the Filipinos
succeeded in lighting a fire. Thnt
night the soldiers worked like demons
and brought iu great quantities of
wood, so that for all timo they bnd
sufficient. Tbo next day the insur
gents rallied and the Spaniards with
drew to the church. But they found
it habitable and from that time on tho
The attacks ou the church were few-
after that, aud the siege settled down
into a wait, the intention being to
starve the Spaniards into surrender
ing. But the Spaniards would not
starve. At uightthey gathered cabaza
leaves in the garden. They cooked
their rice aud ate whatever they could
find. The story goes that the bats
whioh flow about ju the dusk were
captured. Be that as it may, they ate
what the cook set before them, aud
they asked no questions.
Many times they were in communi
cation with the iusurgont commander
aud were asked to surrender. Tho
auswer always was: "We nre outnum
bered, but we will die of starvation
uud . fever or die fighting. We will
surrender only ou honorable terms."
So it was that terms were made and
accepted on June 2, , 1899, by whioh
they laid down their arms and marched
away with the honors of war, haviug
received passports from Aguiualdo as
suring them safe conduct through bis
Hues. And they were fed, for they
were admired by their euemies. Slowly
they came across the mountain road
the road that Lieuteuant Gilmore
traveled as a captive until fhey eauio
to ban Isidro, where they embarked
on the Bio Grande do Painpanga, ar
riving at Caudaba. Then they wero
in the American lines, and since theu
they have been shown the courtesy
due to such brave soldiers.
So ended the defence of Baler nnd
so ended the one page of glory iu the
chapter of a nation's dishonor. '
Variod Career of a Trr.
Meu versod iu woodcraft
vicinity of New Brunswick, N
puzzled about the experiences of a
large cedar tree on the property of A.
V. Soheuck. Until about six mouths
ngo there was nothing to distinguish
the cedar from mauy others except
that it was one of the finest lookiug
trees on tho place. Thou a gale of
wind gave it a decided lean to the
Shortly after it recovered from this
another gale of wind blew it back to a
verticil position. Ouoo again a gale
of wind blew it ou the slant, and f. few
weeks ago a gale from the opposite
direction not only restored it to au up
right position, but. overdid matters to
such an extent that the treo has a de
cided slant to tho northwest again.
Through it all the tree continues vig
orous. Audacity ot Ainarlrau Woinxn,
The remarks of Emperor William
to the two American women who cor
nered him on bis yaoht and forced
him to listen to long argumeuts in
favor of the new woman will doubtless
become historic. None but American
women would have attempted such au
act. Their arguments must have
beeu tiresome to bis imperial majesty,
yet he cannot be half a bud fellow,
for we are told that he )ieard them
through with patience.
The Emperor replied to thorn: "I
agree with my wife, who says that
women should not meddle with any
thing beyoud the four k's kinder,
Lkirche, kuobe and kleider (children,
church, cookery and clothing). "
Ha Walled Twenty-fly Year.
De Witt C. Cregier, ex-Mayor ot
Chicago, went to the Windy City iu
1853, aud was urged to acoopt the
nomination forMayor. "Of a city ol
00,0007' he asked. "Wait tweuty
flve years and ask me then." He was
elected just a quarter of a century
A Soldiar'i Lauip.
A German officer has invented a
lamp for use ia war times, which can
be carried ia a soldier's knapsack
without adding much to the weight.
It it supplied with aoetylene gas and
deBtintd for use on the battlefield to
assist the search for wouuded. v
SKILL OF A MAN SLEUTH.
EXTRAORDINARY FACILITY OF AN
INDIAN SCOUT IN TRAIUNC.
Arklchlls, Alun Known a thn "Ornnn
walkar," Who Mrrrod In Our lot-n
Army, Had an irnxrrlna- t".v and In-
II not-One or Ilia Kxololtt.
"Arkichita: A Talo of an Indian
Deteotive," is a true story of ludian
skill in trailing, thnt would have de
lighted the heart of Fonimoro Cooper.
It is told in the St. Nicholas by Lieu
tenant W. C. Beunott, Sixth lufautry.
U. S. A. 1
Arkichita, a typical Indian, was
chief scout at Fort Sisseton, Dakota,
in 1882. Although he knew English
well, ho held the old Indian hatred of
its use, and would never speak it ex
cept under extraordinary circum
stances. He stood about five feet
nine inches in height, was slender,
but wiry, aud was about thirty-four
years of age. Ordinarily he was slow
and sedate in bis actions very dig
nified; but when the necessity arose,
ho could be as quiok as a flash, and
had, liko every Indian ou the North
western plains, a pair of eyes that
could equal any field-glass.
His services for he had beeu em
ployed as a scout for some years
bad been very yalnaWe to the Gov
crnmeut, and, in recognition of thif
fact, the officer in command had se
cured authority from the Wnr Depart
mcnt to promote him to the rank of
sergeant; consequently he went
around iu a neat uniform with chev
rons and stripes, very much impressed
witu ins own importance, which he
considered second only to that of the
comniauding ollicer; aud he took care
that every one else Bbould respect his
rank and diguity.
As his nativo name is the Sionx for
"ooldier," it is easily seen why ho
was so named; but bo bad still an
other name, which tho Indians bad
given him beforo his entering mili
tary ircles, and that, translated into
English, was tho "grass-walker," or
"trailer," from his absolutely marvel
ous ability to find, the trail of any-
j thing that left even the slightest trace
I on the ground as it passed over it.
A desperate soldier named Briee
I broke jail, one night, and was pursued
the following morniug. The trail led
I to the west for a trifle over a mile;
j theu it tnrued north for a quarter of a
i .t ...
nine, nua we louoweu until we came
to a tree at t he. edge of a slough to the
northwest of the fort, called the "gar
den bar slough." Hero Arkichita
pointed under the tree, and said Brice
Lad lain down there to rest.
Tho trail here led into the slough.
A Dakota "slough" is a shallow lake,
the water of whioh is from six inches
to three feet deep, with a soft, muddy
bottom, but not general miry. Tho
center of the slough is usually free
from grasses or weeds, but along the
edges, frrm twenty to sixty yards out,
long tule-grass grows.
I'h.s particular slough was a inilo
long, aud varied from au eighth to a
quarter of a mile iu width, aud tbero
i was a foot ol water covering ns much
! soft leud. During the night the wind
had roiled the water up considerably.
It seemed hardly possible to track anv-
thing through it, except where the tulo
had been broken down. Whore that
was the case, even I could follow tho
trail; on reaching open water, how
ever, the case was different.
The eastern end of the slough reached
to a point near the fort not more than
a huudrod and fifty yards from a brick
yard, on which was a kiln that had
beeu built during the summer. , The
kiln was now ready for firing.
Onco I thought Arkichita was baflled,
after all; he had come to a dead stand
still near the tule. Then au inspira
tion strwok mo; perhaps by a circle I
could flud the trail. Happy thought!
I put it into immediate execution, and
found oue. Bather elated at my suc
cess, I called: "Come quick; heap
trail!" He came over, took one look;
just the suggestion of a smile played
on his face as he said: 'Cow."
I did no more trailing, but under
stood what was bothering him. The
post herd also had waded through
here since Brice's escape, and it took
all the scout's eudless patience aud
wonderful eyesight to keep the trail
where the cattle had passed through
it. The gross-stem was of no use
Wo had passed over half the slough
in this circuitons route, when suddou
ly Arkichita started, straight as the
crow flies, for the edge of the slough
near the briokilu. Was bo following
On he went uutil be oamo to the
shore nearest the kiln ; here he stopped.
evidently bothered agaiu. There was
a scarcely discernable footprint in the
mud aud water right at the edge of
the slough, appareutly the lust step
the deserter had takeu before reachiug
bard grouud. This footprint showed
the toes, so the deserter was now bare
footed. Another thing about this
print was its direction: it stood at
right angles to the lino previous fol
lowed. Either the mau had takeu a
sideward spring for the land from his
right foot, or ho had turned around
aud started back over his owu trail. .
Arkichita wont down on his knees,
nud inspected the grass, blade by
blade. I kept a respectful distance at
one side, astonished at the turn tho
affair had taken. Now, inch by inch,
ou his knees, be wrenched the seoret
from the appareutly unwilling surfaoe
of the earth. Eighty yards, from the
kiln, he looked up and glanoed at it.
Ths same idea evidently instantly oo
curred to both of us. The trait was
leadiug to the kiln! Then be rose.and,
bendiug over, slowly advanced to the
edged of the brickyard.
After reaching the yard, Arkichita
walked slowly around the outer edge
of it, examining tho grouud with the
utmost care, until be came to the
point from which he started, when he
said: "Trail come in no go outj'inau
'iu there," pointing to the kiln.
And .circumstances proved biiu to
be right, though it was thirty-six
hours before the fugitive was located
in the kiln, and captured.
An I'nnacatiary Act.
At a recent duel the parties dis
charged their pistols without effeot,
whereupon oue of the seconds inter
posed, aud proposed that thn com
bataqts should shake Lauds. To this
the other second objesoted as unneces
sary. "Their hands," said be, "have
been tbakiug for half au hour."
A DANCEROUS CALLING. 1
Animal Trulnori An Always I.lkely tt
Lon Their l.lron. ,
When yon see an animal trainer per
forming with ferocious beasts you may
be quite right if yon imngine the man
as a fearless master of thorn ; bnt if yon
think for an instant that tbero is no
danger you are wholly wrong. A
traiuor never confronts the beasts and
compels thorn to do bis bidding with
out literally taking his life in his
He is so used to tho danger that be
does not think of it each time, and bo
holds his mastery of them by a sort ot
power ' that becomes habit, second
nature, as it wore, just as be eats hie
meals or performs other common em
ployments. Or, to make the case
more plain, he forgets the dangers
that surround him, just as men in any
other dangerous calling doa pointer,
for instance, who stands upon a nar
row platform hundreds of feot from
tho ground. Nevertheless, the dan
ger is ever present, and all tho more
terrible because of tho uncertainty of
A trainer must inspire constant fear
in me brutes. What a power for harm
there is the elephant, for instance!
One swing of that powerful trunk,
aud he could crush the life out of tho
iuuu; om ue is possessed oi nn nngov
Some animal trainers live to a good
ngo and never have an geeidjiit. They
are absolutely fearless in their work.
and yet they may be no bravor than
you or I when other auimals are iu
j.noi-0 was one trainer who. gave a
wonderful performance with a number
animals in tho one cago. He would
take all manner of liberties with- the
ferocious brutes, compelling them to
do bis bidding; making them form
pyramids aud lying down on them
When you consider how a cat or dog
will sometimes turn upon you if not
bandied just so you must realize what
a tremendous power the trainer must
exert over such huge, savngo beasts
1 hero were always a dozeu other
keepers about when this performance
was being enncted, aud they were
armed with pistols, hot irons and raw
hide whips. One of the lions turned
upon this trainer once, aud his arm
was badly lacerated before bo could
Of all animals, keepers say the tiger
is tho worst and tho most treacherous.
It is necessary to keep tho oyo fixed
pretty constantly upon it, or it may
revolt at any moment.
Chicago nses every year 11,000,000
pounds of Bonp.
Fried wasp soup is considered
great luxury iu China.
Herod is the name of a judge who
sits iu police courts in Chanute, Kan.
Among the exports of Mexioo last
year are to bo noted two tons of driod
The doll is probably the most an
tique of toys. It has been found iu-
sido the graves of children of ancient
Peru possesses such a'diversity of
elevations and climntlo peculiarities as
to be able to produce almost any prod
uct known to mau.
In the fourteenth century armor be
came so heavy that mauy soldiers only
thirty years old were deformed or per
manently disabled by its weight.
In Switzerland a milkmaid gets bet
ter wages if gifted with a good voice,
bocause it has beeu discovered that a
cow will yield oue-lifth more milk if
soothed during milking by melody.
Hildosheim's famous thousand-year-
old rosebush, which it had been feared
in the last two years was dyinffi has
sent out new shoots aud runners from
a thick root stock this year, and seems
now to be safe to Inst for a good many
years to come.
The first stage coach in England
started in 1600. Its pace was about
threo miles per hour. The first stage
ooach in America started from No. til)
Ann (North) street, Boston, for Ports
mouth, N. H., aud occupied eighteen
nours upon tho journey.
The speed of au otter under water
is amazing. Imh havo no chanoe
against them. In some plaoes in In
dia otters are kept by the natives to
fish for them. They are tied up to
stakes like dogs, wheu not working,
wear plaited straw collars aud seoiu
Noor the town of Capljina, iu Bos
nia, archtvologists have exbnmcd a new
Pompeii in the form of a liomau camp.
All tho walls are well preserved, and
some of the rooms are decorated with
fine paintings, whilo weapons, lamps,
aud various other objeots have beeu
found in them.
Hit art Woodpecker In Maine,
Processor Eastman J. Clarke, with a
party of students from Connecticut, a
few days ago returned from a long
trip after natural history specimens iu
the Maiue woods. While ou the
headwaters of the Allagnsh, hi says,
he found a family of downy wood
peckers which seemed to be endowed
with more intelligence than falls to
the lot of the average bird, Wood
peckers feed upon worms that burrow
into trees. As an active borer makes
a gallery three or four feet long iu , a
single season, the woodpecker isoftou
obliged to make mauy punctures iu
order to get at its prey. The family
ot birds whioh came uuder Professor
Clarke's eye has udopted a labor-sav-iug
device which has proved of great
service. The rankest plant that
grows in the Maine woods is tho
Indian poke, the berries of whioh are
charged with an alkaliue juice that is
very offensive to all animal life.
Acoording to Professor Clarke, the
Allagash woodpeckers, haviug opened
up a gallery made by a borer, drops
pokeberries iu the office. The berries
give out such an odor that the grubs
are forced to oome outside for fresh
air, and the woodpecker doe the rest.
New York Sun.
A Novel Sight In Keuadnr.
The most novel aud amusiug spec
tacle in Guayaquil, Eonador, is dou
keys wearing pantalets. Thin is not
due to motives of modesty, for most
ot the children go naked and many ot
the peon women nearly bo. The pan
talets, made of cotton oloth and sus
pended by strips of tape over the
shoulders and haunohes, areahtunaue
invention to protect the auimals from
the vicious flies which attack them.
AN .OBJECT-LESSON IN VYFjJ
now an American Olrl la T.,i..
French the Mag-le rower of R ror,,.
Parisians had heard of tli,
Gonld and his high-piled in,' '"
money, but for tho past twotV,
have been receiving a speci', f"
lesson o tho powor of weald'
world hands, in tho effortt.
daughter, tho Countess de Clauj
to reproduce in Taris tho palv .
Grand Trianon, ns built by tliu
Kings at Versailles more the '"r
turies ago. Three-quartern,
of land was bought at tho itr u"
of the Avenue d it Bois d i''1 l!l
and the Avenue Malnkoff, tr'r,
pense of close to a million ot "J",',','
this being the most costly rft-. 's'
site iu Paris. Publio nte:Jj"J
been made keen by the aunotwiu'
that while the exterior would 'JV
to the fourteenth century, p to r
terior was to bo a blending J'rR,'
fourteonth and fifteenth pttui.i
the Gould millions and tho fJvAi'i
of tho French architects co-J's'F"
pass this unique desire. Tk.jn nri
of two historic periods iu Freir, 111
tcctiiral history was so re;
an undertaking that from i. Tot
ning the progress of this li " '
been followed with such a t""ao
torest as has been given to fei ""tvl
private building projects. Iti','tM
family was occupying the cei:J - T
tion, but the interior decor."1"
tho two wings probably csthcii,
completed iu less than two ypi-'u't,
When it became known suc'tni
was to be attempted nmm-tToi
French said it would tnliefl"''
years to build nnd furnish ''u" '
treasures; but Western enteri j,
local ingenuity promise its cot Doc
iu a fifth of the time. The i'n
will then have cost thirty mi; Putt
francs, or six millions of dollr1" r
the Count nnd Countess nre c Fl
of rare art works aud bric-a-1 eyus
in a single year, it is said, it)ir
pondod a million of dollar ..'exan
cbasos for their new i'esideiivTl,H
the matter ot ceilings was ludyar
tanged for the Castellaucs 0-iC,
Italy and sought tho aplemliiijotiKii
of Verona. They did not . bu
palace, but coveted the clov-i iMik
inga it contained from the lJt '
Tiopolo, and these could he Kc
only by the purchaso of the olimnu
ture. Edward Page Gaston lrou
Woman's Home Companion, j Km
WORDS OF WISDOVI.'orlii
They also serve who only siii
The man who pardous e.isil;
injury. Corueille. Oth
The best teacher one can i.
Good manners and good iiw.
sworn friends aud fast allies.
To bo good and disagreeable
treason against tho royalty of . ,'.
-Hannah More. fel'
It is not the place tbat nul'''''
person, but the person thnt l
the place honorable. Cicero,
The opportunity to do iuisri.
found a hundred times a ihCl..
that of doing good but once :I57
Voltaire. '71 i
The oouditions of conquest t i
ways easy. We havo but toU
while, endure 'a while, believe CZTZ
and never turu back. Sinmis, iu-,
So reinarknrriT-errwrHi? Is lilrloi
turo of man that ho despise ij free
that court him, and admires loini
will not bend before him. lilcan
Mental pleasures never o!ov:Pn 1
those of the body, . they are ioV'a
by repetition, approved by ret( oel
aud strengthened by enioyc8 U'
Much osteutatiou aud mucli
sun, rising and declining, mntr.
1 1 l : 1 1 i. . ,t
BUltUUWB, Hb 1U1UUUJ, WIlOU UK
est, net at all. Bijhop Hall.
What Soda Water In.
Soda water, so called becaii1 v
made with soda, is a mineral
made of carbonic acid nnd wiiti
flavored with various kinds ol jT
Its common name hns now uoLun
ing, because the soda water
present day has no soda iu i'-iof't
bonio aoid will mix with water Lte
common heat and pressure oft:
bnt if the beat bo lessened ac
pressure increased, much mo'!.r
cau be forced iuto tCer wute
inb!nT CI 1 an4ai tlm .n.1i(itl'
is obtained by pouring weak su ;- u!(
acid over marble dust, which t';y ,
the gas. This is then fnrf'.ara
means of a powerful pump it-.
water ooutaiued in a very wtr -tight
vessel. The water tin-
prognated with gas is drawn of, , a
fountains or is bottled. Ti;'
nothing injurious about the in'-;
cept that its coldness may t b
digestiou aud thus Injure the si
Tho Vital Need ot Coal.
The industries by which n.
are supplied aud the couimuuk-f f
laud or aea, by which theso uf
are readied, have, since 1815, '0
to depend more aud more upou-1
TIlH fwotitiatli iimifiii-v . will Sfc
piarkod increase iu the prie 'j
coa-!of the United Kiugdom. 0l
peau l owers Busnia has by
greatest reserve of coal. Indu,'
tna. and South Africa will c
the aid of the British Empire; !'
United States must become tho
of the world's coal supply, to
tue far future, perhaps supnlun-
China aud Japau. How these cU'
will alloot the relative sea-p'j
nations it would be rash to att4
predict. Nineteenth Century iA
Queer Companions. :
The Kenueboo (Me.) Jourim
of a man who has a fox aud a
that are boon compauious,
both animals were iu the pl
they were plaoed together, au
now enjoyed a year of each otu
oiety in peace aud harmony.
sleep together and play witb
other much after the manner
Killed the Flock For au Karrlf
A farmer's wife near
Mo., while feeding. chiokeus rec
dropped an earring, which was
ly gobbled up by oud of the
She oould not piok out the pan
obicken, bo killed them ona bj
twenty-aeveu in all but failed
the earring. Then sho liegau
around and found it iu the I
wbors the old hen bad dropped;