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The Fulton County news. (McConnellsburg, Pa.) 1899-current, October 19, 1899, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86081889/1899-10-19/ed-1/seq-6/

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i FARM AND GARDEN.
On Mixed lirveda tor flutter Making.
When tlio cream from several cows
li churned togethe, there is often
Home one or more among them whoso
rrear.i does not liriuk at quickly as
.ocs that of the other. Churning is
practically suspended when the first
butter 1ms crauulnted, and the cream
which hivi not yet become butter
passes olT in the buttermilk, vuore it
is almost a totiil loss.
It may be that such a cow is of
another breed which has smaller but
ter globules, or it iubt be a farrow
row, in which ensethe butter is envel
oped in a toucher casing, but the re
sult is the same. A cow whose cream
is known to bo long in churning when
churned ntone should not have her
errant churned with those that come
quickly, but her cream should be kept
iipnrt ami churned by itself, if any but
ter is to be obtained from it.
Wo thiuk n thorough mixing and
ripening of the cream before churning
ton Is to lessen this evil to some ex
tent, but not entirely, and this is a
tdrong arguuieut against having a
Jim d of mixed breeds for butter mak
ing. t ilrMon l-'nr llr.ylng Weed.
To destroy e.'enninl weeds, seed
pro luetion must lt prevented and the
underground portion must be killed.
Heed production may be prevented by
mowing when the tlrst flower hudsap
pear, the same as with annuals or bi
I'uninls. The best methods for kill
ing the roothtoclcs vary considerably
according to the soil, climutc, charac
ter, of tlio ilill'erent weeds, aud the
nize of the paten or the quantity to be
killed. In general, however, the fol
lowing principles tipply:
The rootstock may be dug up and
removed, n remedy tnat cau be pira
tically applied only in small areas.
Salt, coal oil, or strong acid applied
so ns to come in contact with the
ireshly-out roots or rootstocks de
stroys them for some distance from
the point of contact. Crude sulphuric
ocid is probably the most effective of
comparatively inexpensive materials
that can be used for this purpose, but
its strong corrosive properties render
it dangerous to handle.
Most rootstocks are readily de
stroyed by exposing them to the di
rect action of the sun during tbesuin
mer drought, or to the direct action of
the frost in winter. In this way plow
ing becomes ull'eotive.
Any cultivation which merely
breaks up the rootstocks and leaves
them in the ground, especially duriug
wet weather, aids in their distribu
tion aud multiplication, aud is worse
than useless, unless the cultivation is
continued so ns to prevent any growth
above ttronud. Plowing anil fitting
corn ground in April and May, aud
cultivating at intervals until the last
of June, then leaving the land un
cultivated duriug the remainder of
the season, is one of the best methods
to encourage the growth of quack
grass, and inuuy other perennial
weeds.
A Iira1e Flood flats.
In the part of the country where I
teside, says a correspondent in New
England Homestead, there are a great
many creeks and small branches. All
the fences have to be hog tight, and
the water gaps have to be closed. I
n
Fa ir
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THE FLOOD GATE IN P03ITIOX.
have found tho Hood gate shown in
tho accompanying illustration answers
very nicely for fencing across theso
creeks. To tho posts on cither side,
which may be growing trees, attaoh
No. 1) wire, ns shown in, the engrav
ing, and stretch it tight. Secure two
crosspieces, aa, and thou select
bor.rds cf the proper length to fit the
curvaturo of tho bed. Nail theso ou
and then nltach tho uprights, pro
vided for that purpose. Suspeud
from the cross -wire, us shown iu the
illustration. This makes a very do
nimble Hood gate aud one that will
not bo carried away iu time of a
freshet. The cross-pieces should bo
2x4 scantling, and the boards used for
uprighta may bo omlinnry fonoiug
planks sawed to the proper length.
They should bo made of pine from
the tact that this is much lighter than
hard wood.
Watering Flown.
If flowers are worth planting they
are worth caring for. In inauy in
stances flowers on the farm receivo no
care after they are once planted.
Thoy nro left to bloom as .long as
drought will permit them to, and
t hen permitted to die. It is admitted
that taking caro of flower on the
average farm involved muoh labor,
though it would bo often au easy
matter to make tho labor ns light as
it is iu tho city, where thoy have
wprinkling facilities. Wherever there
is a windmill it is ulways possible to
provide the means of sprinkling the
garden, tho door yard aud tho flowers.
It requires only a small reservoir and
a line of hosu. But however great
tho labor that may be required, ilow
rs uro worth attention uud preserva
tion. Thero is only one way to water
flowers, where there is no Loud of
woter aud hose, and that is to pour
the water on them, after the sun has
gouo down or early iu tho morning,
from a pail. It is useloss to use a
springling can. . Tho ground must
have a thorough, wetting uud a
iipriukliug cno will not do it. Snob
flowers as sweet peas need to be
drenched; you cannot .jive them too
much water, aud, in fact, we seldom
nee a Hower that can be drowned.
The day following such a generous
implication of water stir the soil.
Conclude to grow either weeds or
llowers; iiover try to grow both iu the
flume bed. A letter from a subscriber
fays that her sweet peas are very
weedy. Well, that is the end of tlio
sweet peas, it the condition is a
permanent one. There ought not to
be a weed iu the flower bed. It does
not re.iairo much labor to keep tho
flower garden free from weeds, If they
are not allowed to get a start, but if
they are, there is no end of trouble.
Thero is a month ahead of ns when
most flowers, if proper attention is
given them, will bo blooming and
thriving. Hut if they are neglected,
they usually appear more unsightly
thau their bare stalks in winter do,
for they are shaggy, and it appears
such an effort for them to put forth
their incomplete bloom that it is dis
tressing to look upon thorn. Agri
cultural Epitomist.
l'lsn of a Una Jfoime.
The following plan will be fonnd to
make u vory serviceable hog houso
Figure 1 is the floor plan. B is a
brick arch with kettle set in for cook
ing feed aud heating water at killing
time. A is a cisteru which'is supplied
with water from the caves of tho build
ing. D V, bius for meal and mid
.3 0 .
r T-
o c T
, , , I I II VC
, 0 "
FIO. 1. THE I'LOOll PLAN.
dlings. E, driveway. C C C. Dens.
T T T, troughs. The dimensions of
tho building are 34 feet wido by 40
feet iu length, 12 foet iu height. How
evor, the leugth may be variod ao-
T ' p q ? Ft
rid. 2. THE BENT OP THE STRUCTCr.E.
cording to the number of hogs one
may wish to keep.
Figure 2 shows a section of the mid
dle bents. C C C 'shows spaces where
corn can be stored. Make the posts
out of 2x0 joists, doubled, putting in
two center nents only. Use 2x4 nail
ing girts. Plates are formed of a 2x0
and a 2x8 joist put togethor as shown
iu cut. Baftors 2x1. Sills 8x8 tim
ber.
Cro For Poultry.
Profitable poultry raising depends
mainly upon a liberal surply of eggs
iu winter. Among the desirable or
really essential foods for produciug
eggs in winter are "greons." A daily
supply of some kiud of green food in
winter, iu connection with the regular
allowance of other food, adds the
proper material for the so-called bal
anced ration. It is not generally un
derstood what an important relation
pasturage bears to success in poultry
raising, says O. O. Brown, in the
Baltimore Sun. It may be noticed
how quiokly a flock of hens confined
to a yard will completely denude it of
all herbage. Though many notice
this, they afterward wonder why the
hens coase to bo productive on the
bare yards. Hons will pasturo as
close as sheep. The very best natural
pasture for poultry is a well-established
sod, whore native grasses
abound, interspersed freely with
white olover. A first-class cow pas
ture is an idenl place for poultry pasture.
On farms where business attention
is given to poultry it will pay well to
put in crops for both summer pas
ture and wiuter use. Good judgment
will enable the farmer to readily sup
ply the demands of his flock, and iu
doing so to greatly increase the ready
money income of the farm. Alfalfa
is destined soon to be one of the lead
ing crops for poultry pasture. Its
wonderful recuperative powers proves
it to be just the plant for the purpose.
Jt can be cut several times during a
season for hay making. Poultry cau
be turned on it, and wheut has been
eaten down pretty close they may be
removed and the onalfa will soon be
growing again with its usual vigor.
lhis may bo repeated the entire sea
son. Another crop which will beoomo a
favorite for poultry pasture is rape.
The immense quantity that can bo
grown ou mi acre will make rape a
great favorite, especially where there
are bare poultry yards. The large rape
leaves are just the "greens" to supply
yarded fowls with, and they seem to
relish it just as much ns they usually
do the early cabbage heads they had
growing in the gardens. Where it can
be had convenient to tho poultry yard,
crimson clover should bo seeded in
August or duriug the last working of
the corn. This will afford a most ex
cellent pasture during the winter,
when there n no snow on the ground.
The crop will also be highly beneficial
to turn under in the spring, to be fol
lowed with auy crop.
Among the crops desirable for win
ter feeding when nothing outside is
nv.Mlablo are rnta bagas, mangel wur-
zels aud turnips. Auy of these are
good to feed for greens, and cau also
be boiled, mushed aud mixed with the
regular allowance of morning mixed
food.
l erhaps in the near future there
will be regular silos for preserving
green cut clover for poultry foediu g.
It is doubtful, however, wjjether en
silage, if it has to be fed in the fer
menting stuge, would prove a safe or
desirable food for poultry. Properly
cured, out quite greeu, clover cut fine
and packed dry in bugs, will in time
become a standard product ou the
markets for poultry.
Ine sooner that farmers recognize
the fact that poultry raising should be
followed on the same hue that dairy
ing is giving food and care to secure
results the sooner they will begin to
reap their share of profits aud be
come competitors with practical poul
try raisers. The idea thut "auy thing
is gL.j(Tenough for hogs or chickens"
is a mistaken one that has anchored
mupy a farmer on the wrong side of
the road to profitable farming. Noth
ing cau be attained without effort,
and the more practical and intelligent
the efforts the greater tho suocuus.
TRAIN ROBBERY WANING
DEATH PENALTY IN THS WEST THE
CAUSE OF THE DECADENCE.
11m Itohberi Wars Jnt fturnmlnff 1:.
part In the l'fl of D.vnainltft to tho
1-Hnfnn.r of Armored Cmi niilllnr
Noted Cnini of This Kind or Crime.
It is held by railway men and ex
press agents whose lines traverse
some of the far Western States that
the efficacy of a law affixing the death
penalty to n crime against property
has been provod by the utter do
ca.leuco of the once thriving industry
of train robbery. Thero was u time
when it was a common mode of mak
ing a living. Within a year of the
passage of the law defining it as a
capital offence it had dwindled in
Arizona by more thnn fifty per cent.
In two years cases of train hold-ups
were rare. Sinco then there have
been merely sporadic cases. The
men of the road have gone hack to
robbing stage coaches, or take their
chances iu looting detached expross
offices in small towns. Ninety per
cent, of them think too much of their
necks to run them iuto almost certain
nooses.
There has been, however, one
curious resnlt of tho law: While it
has enormously decreased the num
ber of train robberies, it has increased
the percentage of fatalities attendant
upon them. This is duo to the fact
that with capital punishment hangiug
over them, only the most desperate
kind of criminals have boen willing to
engage in looting trains ot all, ami
bnce iu it they were prepaied to stop
at nothing. In these days the slight
est show of resistance is met with in
stant death. Tho robbers say that ns
they are going to be huuged anyhow
if caught, they might as well bo
hanged for something worth while.
Eight years ngo in Arizona thero
was a train robbery a month, and this
is a largo number when tho compara
tively few railroads iu this territory
and the fo.v trains uro taken iuto
consideration. Into such a condition
of desuetude bus the pursuit de
scended, that it has now boen more
thau a year siuoe anything like a
"decent hold-up" lias beeu accom
plished. That which is true of
Arixoua is true also of California, in
which State the law covers train
wrecking as well as train robbery. It
is also true of nearly nil the States in
whioh train robbery once flourished.
Not all these States have prescribed
the death penalty for the crime, but
the robbers soem to think they have.
The inactivity of their brethren in the
far Southwestern States has dis
couraged them. In Texas, for in
stance, there has been no coup of this
kind worthy of the name for more
thau a year, yet in Texas, less than
ten years ago, there wero five distinct
bauds of robbers operating simul
taneously. It is a tribute to the offi
cers of that State that very few of
these meu are now alive. Most of
them wero killed before there was a
chance to send them to the poniten
tiary. The nlmost utter stoppage of those
enterprises merely through the fear of
public execution is a singnlar thing,
and it becomes more singular still
when it is recalled that the men en
gaged iu it just previous to its decline
had succeeded iu perfecting a means
of eutrauce to expross cars and safes
against which all the science and in
genuity of builders were powerless.
That means was dynmite, applied iu
large quantities where it would do the
most gooJ. Cars lined with steel,
which were good enough against rifles
or shotguns, wore uc bars to it, nor
could any express messenger, however
brave and trusted, be expected to re
main at his post when once the threat
was made that he would bo blown up
unless ho opened and betrayed the
combination. High explosives of this
kind were unknown to the early prac
titioners of the craft, and if they had
known how to use giaut powder their
hauls would have beeu even larger
thau they were. When dynamite was
Urst used by robbers they were un
skilful. They had no idea of the
proper quantity and thoy blew up
themselves as ofteu as they blew up
tho cars. They learned rapidly how
ever, and wheu suddenly and perma
nently discouraged by tho hangman's
rope wero fast becoming experts in
explosive forces. Thero is uo record
of auy express car standing against
tho use of explosives when they wore
properly applied, and the managers of
the companies were iu despair when
the Legislatures camo to their relief.
The express chiofs hud gone oven to
the leugth of sending a powerful lobby
to Washiugtuu to work for a national
law prescribing the death penalty. It
becomes speedily apparent, however,
that the national jurisdiction iu this
matter extended only to tho territories.
It could not be strotchod to cover the
States although Uuitod Stutea mail
was carried upon every train that was
dynamited. Even Congressmen with
every disposition to oblige were forced
to admit that it would be hardly the
proper thing to provide hanging as a
punishment for delaying the mails, so
the thiug fell through. Stuto Legis
latures are almost wholly responsible
for the widely-spread reform of tho
railway freebooter.
The rise aud fall of this industry,
if completely and sensibly written,
would make u book more thrilling
than the work known as the "Vililantes
of Montano," a paper covered volumo
compiled by a preacher, whioh once
had the distinguished honor of com
mendation ut the bauds of Charles
Bickeus.
Nainei of the Kouth Amerlrane.
The people of Teru aro called
"Peruauos," the people of Chile are
oalled "Chillauos," those of Guate
mala are kuowu as "Ouatetnaltecos,''
those of Bolivia are "Bolivianos" and
those of Uruguay are "Orientals."
' A ranch or pluutation iu Peru is a
hacienda, iu Venezuela it is a hntos,
in the Argentine llepublio au estunciu,
in Chile a ruucho, iu Uruguay a fiuua,
and the proprietors are called hacieu
dados, hatoros, estanoioars, raucheios
and fincaros, respectively.
To I lie Memory of m Cow.
Tho citizens of Big Bay, Ark., re
cently erected the following epitaph
over the grave of a cow whioh bad
been killed by a railroad train: "To
the memory of Suite, who raised thir
teen children. We will meet her at
Circuit Court."
WE DO HOT SIT CORRECTLY.
Atnnrlean Are (lenarAlly Car1en In Tlili
Imporlunt liefttect.
Schools for physical culturo are now
claiming that we as a nation do not know
how to sit correctly. Americaus,thcy
say, pay less attention to the hygiont
of attitudo in sitting than do othei
nations, and tho consequence is thai
we are degenerating into a nation ol
dyspeptics. In Franco and in Gor
many school children got a regulai
course of instruction as to tho correct
attitude to be adopted in sitting, and
iu those countries stomach trouble;
are far less prevalout than in coun
tries where no precautions are taken
to teach children to sit, without rolax
ing thamsolves.
A relaxed position iu sitting, it i?
siid, causes the stomach to be crowd
ed out of positioii. After a timo the
misplacement becomes chronic. When
the stomach is prolapsed the food can
not readily Hud it way out of it, aud,
being retained there longer than it
should be, uudorgoes fermentation,
and putrofaction prooesses are set up
whereby the system is not only robbed
of the nutrient elements necessary for
tho proper nourishment of tho blood
and repair of the tissues, but, through
the conversion of tho food into pto
maines and other poisonous sub
stances, the wholo body is coutamiu
nted.
On these grounds physicians who
teach physical culturo ussert that it is
not the ice water that we drink not
the soda wator, thai causes ns to bo n
nation of dyspeptics, but the bad pos
tures that we adopt in sitting. A cor
rect attitude in sitting requires propel
height and width of seat, a dosk or
table of the proper height, when desk
work is required, and a proportionate
auuuiit of caro upon the part of the
pupil to sit upon his seat iu a proper
position. The height of the chair you
sit iu while writing nud thut of the
desk you write at are matters of great
est importance. The seat of the chuil
should bo exactly one-quarter of youi
height from the floor.
Thus, if you are five foet high, the
chair should bo fifteen inches. The
width of the scat should exactly equal
its height, and it should slope back
ward three-quarters of nn inch to the
foot. The back should bo a trillt
lower thau the seat aud sloped slight
ly, but not too much. Finally, youi
desk should be two-thirds as high
again as the soat of your chair. Thus,
if your seat is eighteeu inches high,
the desk should bo thirty inches iu
height. The relation of the person to
the seat should be such that while the
hips uud shoulders touch the back of
tho seat, the other portions of the back
remain clear. The centre of tho back
cannot touch the back of the seat with
out relaxation of the muscles and re
sulting ilatness of the cheat, anil per
haps of the stomach, provided, ol
courn the seat back has a backward
curvature.
Irrigation Among thn Inraii.
The sceuiiV grandeur of the Audesis
nowhere more impressive thau nloug
tho cauyou of the Kituac Iliver, through
which tiiis railroad runs, nud on,e can
obtain hero better thuu anywhere else
uu idea of the struggle whioh tho Incas
made to sustain themselves among
theso inhospitable mountains. A sur
vey of their remains justifies the esti
mates that have been made of then
enormous population, and the people
who for centuries herded iu these nar
row valleys left traces of industry and
patience which have a pathos as well
as a deep ethnological interest. They
built their dwellings upon the rocks
aud carried their dead to be buried iu
the desert ou tho sea coast iu ordei
to utilize every inch of Boil iu the
mountains for agriculture. They ter
raced every hill aud mountain sido
like the steps of a mighty stairway.
They filled with soil every crevice in
the rocks and brought guano from the
islands of the sea to fertilize their
hangiug gardens until not au inch ol
surface that could grow a stalk of maizo
was left unproductive.
Their irrigation system shows as
great engineering skill ns that which
made the Orbya Kailroad famous.
Their acapnias, which carried water to
the thirsty crops for one thousand
years, are still visible iu every direc
tion, aud some of them are yet iu use
by the Indians, who grow corn, wheat
and potatoes on the mighty slopes.
Tho ditches cling around the hill, sus
tained by walls of masonry, uud are
frequently carried through tunnels.
Dams and reservoirs were orected to
oollect tho water that filtered down
from the melting suow aud it was
distributed by regulations similar to
those that govern tho present genorev
tions. Lima letter iu the Chicaso
Record.
Onulut Uaes of Suit.
Salt was declared by Pythagoras to
be the emblem of justice; for as it pre
serves all thiugs aud prevents cori'up
tiou, so justice preserves whatever il
animates, and without it all is cor
rupted. He, therefore, directed that
a suit-cellar should be placed upon the
table at every moal, in order to ro
miud men of this emblematic virtue ol
salt.
Cosmas, th Egyptian geographer,
stated that salt currency was in use in
Africa in tho sixth century; and Marcc
Polo wrote that salt was a common
medium of exchange among certain
Asiatic people iu the thirteenth ceu
tuiy. In Thibet pieces of salt shaped
in a mold and weighing about half a
pound each served as small exchange,
eighty such pieces having a value
equal to about $:).
There is au old proverb that "many
packs of salt must be eaten together
to bring friendship to perfection."
Wlllieliiiina'a Idea of KiiBlielimen.
Koine of the anecdotes told of Queen
Wilhclinina, the youug Queen of the
Netherlands, are iuterestiug. Ono
day the little queen was busily ooou
pied iu bringing up her dollls in tho
way they should go. One of thorn,
however, was particularly obstinate,
and the queen was seen to shake it
violently, aud say, "Look here, if
you don't behave yourself I'll make
you a queen and then you'll have uo
ono to play with." When ou a visit
to Euglaud and asked by the Prince
of Wales what she thought of the
Euglish people, she replied: "They
are very nice and amiable, but I
should never have thought it from tho
specimens I have seen iu Hollaud," a
remark that is said to have sent the
Prince iuto peals of laughter. Bufiala
Courier-
OLD, WEATHER SIGNS.
Sarin; In Wliloh Sailor, Travelers amt
Farmer Have llellevad For Tear.
Thunder on Snnday is considered
by the weather-wise the sign of the
death of a great man; on Monday, the
loath of a woman; on Tuesday, if in
iarly summer, it foretollB an abundance
jf grain; on Weduosday, warfare is
;hroatcned ; on Thursday, an abundance
f sheep aud corn the farmer may
;ockou upon; on Friday, some great
man will bo murdered; ou Saturday,
general pestilence aud groat mor
tality. Friday's weather shows what may
bo expeotcd on the following Sunday;
that is, if it rains ou Friday noon,
then it will rain on Sunday, but if
Friday be clear, theu Sunday will be
fins as well.
Tho twelve dnys immediately fol
lowing Christmas denote the weather
for the coming twelve months, one
day for a mouth. The day of tho
month the first snow storm appears
indicates the number of snow storms
the winter will bring. For example,
the first snow storm comes on Novem
ber 2!) look out, thou, for twenty
nine snow storms.
Thore is an old saying which
oiiginated, perhaps, for tho benefit of
school children that thore is only
ono Saturday iu the year without snu
during some portion of the day.
A gale, moderating at sunset, will
increase boforo midnight, but if it
moderates after midnight tho weather
will improve.
No wontlinr Is 111,
ir tlio wtud is otnl.
If the full moon shall rise rod, ex
pect wind.
The sharper the blast tho sooner it
is punt .
A light yellow skyat sunset presages
wind.
When you see northern lights you
may expect cold weather.
Hazy weather i3 thought to prog
nosticate frost in winter, snow in
spring, fair weather in summer and
rain iu autumn.
Storms that clear in the night will
be followed by a ruin storm.
Throe foggy mornings will surely be
followed by a raiu storm.
If the ico on the treo melts and runs
off rain will come next; while if the
wind cracks ofl the ice snow will fol
low. Wheu tho leaves of trees show thoii
under sido there will be rain.
Wheu the porfumo of flowers or the
odor of fruit is unusually noticed ruin
may be expected.
When the sky :s full of stars expect
rain.
If a cat washes hersolf calmly aud
smoothly the weather will be fair. If
sho washes "against tho grain" take
your mackintosh with you. If she
lies with hor baok to tho fire there
will be a squall.
Cats with their tails up aud hair
apparently electrified indicate ap
proaching wind.
If pigs are restless there will be
wiudy weather. Tigs can see the
wind.
Tho directiou in which a loon flies
in the morning will be the directiou
of tho wind tho next day.
Magpies flying three or four to
gother nud utteriug harsh cries pre
dict windy weather.
Flocks of crows signify'a'cold sum
mer. ,
AVhon the owljuests look out for a
storm.
AVheu the swallow (lies low'rain will
corao soon; wheu they fly high expect
fine weather.
If tho rooster crows at night he will
"got up with a wet head."
Six woeks lrom the time the first
katydid is heard thore will be frost
"Ditty" Hoxaa For Bailors.
Each member of the crew of the
second-class cruiser Detroit recently
received the small box, or chest,
familiarly known in tho navy as a
"ditty" box. This is a necessary
article whioh each marine carries with
him ou all his assignments, aud al
though not rognlurly issued by the
Government, it is carried by the Navy
Department freo of cost for him. It
is ono of the few things which is tho
personal property of tho marine or
bluejacket.
The "ditty box" is not a now addi
tion to the belongings of a marine,
having beou in uso for many years. It
is about fourteen inches long, eight
inches wide uud ton iuolies high. It
is made of wood aud divided iuto sev
eral compartments resembling some
what tho divisions iu an ordinary
trunk. The lid of the box contains
receptacles, with a rack, whioh hangs
nvdwny in tho other part, aud is in
tended for n blacking brush, a bos of
blacking, a triploy brush and scour
ing materials. Tho scouriug ma
terials are used to polish the brass
buttons ou tho uniforms. Underneath
this iu room for scouring rags, clean
ing cloths and other small belongings
which the marine may wish to take
along with him. In the cover of tho
box he keeps scissors, pius nud sew
ing materials.
The "ditty boxes" furnished to the
crew of the Detroit are made iu tho
nuvy yard aud are of exceptionally
neat workmanship. All aro stained n
mahogany color and aro highly prized
by thoso who wero fortunato enough
to securo them. In this instance the
recipients were not compelled to pur
chase the boxes, but will forfeit $1
each if they ure not returned in good
order when tho men's euliatment ex
'rea. Brooklyn Eagle.
Clilvulrjr on a Klicut Cur,
That tho ago of chivalry is not past
was evinced tho other night ou a
North Clark street car. Hundreds of
peoplo began pouring out of the north
sido parks and gardens about 10
o'clock, Many of the young women
being thinly clad, and especially thoso
having only a thin lace covering over
tho shoulders, suffered visibly from
tho cool night air.
One youug woman sitting with a
girl friend was heard to remark that
she was cold and that she wished she
had brought her wraps. An elderly
man ' sitting opposite aroso, calmly
took oil' his Prince Albert coat, and
politely tipping his hat, asked that
she accept tho ooat for the protection
of her shoulders. After some urging
the youug lady ullowed the coat to be
pluced around her thiuly olad shoul
ders, while the old gentleman sat
down again as though perfectly un
conscious of having done anything
unusual. Chicago News..1
INDIAN LOCKJAW CUME.
Man Saved From Death by n Simple
llean Poultice.
Doctors everywhere have a horror
of lockjaw. They realize that once a
patient is attacked by that disease his
life is sure to fade rapidly away. Had
they known of tho remedy an old In
dian squaw possessed when the cpi
demio of the disease struck the com
munity as the result of last Fourth of
July celebrations they would have
bad little fear. An old resident of
Long Island told of the cure to a
friend in this city. "The newspapers
ain't telling no lie," he said, "when
they say there's more dangor of lock
jaw on Long Ii.land than there is in
most other places. I don't under
stand none of thin new-fangled talk
nbout microbes and such, but I know
for a fact that there's a lot more dan
ger iu cuts and bruises iu the eastern
part of tho island, whore my father
used to live when he was a boy, than
there is well, even around nbout
Jamaica, where my folks live now.
"I nover heard of but one case
where the patient was cured after his
face was set, and thut wasn't by n
doctor, but by au old Indian squaw.
i.'hat patient was my father, and it
was away back iu the twenties, wheu
there were lots of Indians left on
'jong Inland. Ho was nearly grown
p at tho time, but still going bare
footed in snmmer, aud cut his foot
very badly by steppiug on a broken
bottle. Ho did not pay much atten
tion to it, being pretty tough aud
hardy. It wasn't long, though, be
soro symptoms of lockjaw set in. The
nearest doctor lived a dozou miles
away, aud if my fnthor's fuoe wasn't
exactly sec it was next door to it,
when his mother thought of an old
squaw, who lived only a littlo way
down the road, and who had quite a
name as an herb doctor.
"Sho came ns soon as she was sent
for, aud the first thing sho done was
to make a beau poultice, sprinkle it
with soda and clap it on the cut. It
kept the wound open, and I suppose
it killed the microbes. I know father
said it nearly killed him, nud if tho
old squaw hadn't stood by and pre
vented it he would have had it off in
no timo. But it cured him all right,
and afterward when he heard of doc
tors losing lockjaw cases he used to
say that it was because they didn't
know beans." Chicago Chronicle.
Short Clint on Advertising.
Every largo advertiser admits tha
he made but a small beginning.
This is a life of change. Man
wearies of monotony even in adver
tisements. The lesson for advertisers to learn
is "don't scatter your ammunition;"
concentrate your fire.
If you wish your prosperity to bo
continuous, make your advertising
continuous. One begets the other.
It is better to ndvortise two inches
every day than four inches every o'her
day. The publio must be constantly
reminded of your wares.
Success in advertising does not do
poud so much on a large expenditure
of money as it does ou knowing how
to expeud a littlo judiciously.
The primary purpose of retail ad
vertisiug is to sell specitio goods; the
secondary purpose is to make specific
goods advertise the whole business.
Whon the work is well done both ro
suits follow the single effort.
Advertising is like growth in grace,
if it be successful. One may not go
iuto it by fits aud jerks at long inter
vals. In grace it is precept upon pre
cept, line upon line; hero a little and
there a little, which finally makes
the complete moral man.
Seok after distinctiveness in your
advertising. Is there not some new
feature or characteristic of your busi
ness which a clever illustration will
bring out in a forcible manner? Study
your subject from your customer's
point of view. Study bow it would
fit into their needs.
Tho morohant who is doing effeo
tivo advertising, advertising that sellf
goods, would be foolish to chauge il
just because it does not conform tc
tho ideas of some one who seta him
solf up ns an authority ou advertising,
Equally foolish would it be to cling
to a stylo, uo matter how highly com
mended by othors, which fuiled to
briug results.
The Clalien (Mich.) Advocato qnotei
from an exchange a well written edi
toiial on advertising, advising its rend
ers to "Avoid the loud and mouthj
style as a thiug of evil," and also ad
vises against tho other extreme ol
being too dignified aud prim, because,
as the Advocate snys, it leaves an im
pression of old "fogyism." Typo
graphical display, it claims, is of great
importance, aud the liberul use of cutf
is udvauoed as well.
1"K Cutcho n lilUBtlidi.
A few days ngo n hawk caught a fist
in the Sound, just oil' Gosheu Point
Conn. While Hying with his oaptivf
towards the Waterford woods to de
vour it at his leisure, the fish flouu
ilorod from his hold aud dropped iutc
a farmer's yard, where a big mastiff
was silting. The dog caught the fish
as it came dowu, aud tfto hawk
swooped after it, but the dog turned
and rushed into the house, placing
his trophy, yet alive, at the feet of hie
mistross. It proved to be a large
bluetish, and it was served up thai
night to a vory appreciative family
The dog evej ejueJ J1 V,?e'4 cen ti
sit iu the sama plooo at the same
tia!0! with his eyas turned skyward,
evidently mipressod with the belief
that his good fortune may be repeated,
New York Post.
Our State Socreturye Humor.
That the Secretary of State is nol
without humor is evidenced by the re
tort ho made to au English photog
rnpher who, making a negative of tin
distinguished American shortly bo
fore he sailed for home, begged bin.
to assume a ploasaut expression.
"But how can you expect mo tc
look cheerful when I urn about tc
leave England?" asked tho Am
bassador.
"I know," he said sympathetically
"but won't Your Excellency try anc
forget that for a momont?" Phila
delphia Saturday Evening PoBt.
Alas and Aluukt '
With most of ns life seems to be
one oontfnual round of economy.
Puok.
THE BALLAD OF THE Print
Yonnir Janklns was printer,
A llknly youth, lint rush;
II thoiixlit hn mmlit to sliln,
Aud triad to cut a
Ila fnveil Ms mn.tr's linnet
aiiuthii mm, an nn lllQUKht
But, oti I the ways of woumm'j
Ills love It came to ;
Hn wrota a note, In which li
His clot I ii it Inner frisk;
Win cried, "Oh, what u risk t
Aud what an .
Now In tlis nota ha orloil, '((
Don't to my p 1 f . 1 i n lmr
I'll diet I'll die!"-but olie uii
His
8hn put thn noto straight In i
The fin ma but slowly HoU,.
Blio broke another coal lu t
Aud put a
And so thn roto wns bnrno I, ;
Uotirnit to bad, quit" wnt-V
Mnnnwlilln poor Jmiklus wuit
Tlio unswur to his
it novnr nnrnn. His mini cut
And fairly went to rankm-,
Onn ropH-nnd l.e 1 1 nil roniiil ,
The other round somo i
For onco, although tantoln;,
Allowml hlnn'ilt a drop;
Ami, quite out up, ho, wu-jnot
Hud come to a .
PITH AN3 POINT,
Showmau "Have you fir,
leopard for the show yet?"
"No; but I've got ono
Puck.
Passenger "What tiiuj
cars leave this comer?" (
--"Quarter after, half after,
to, and at." Puck.
Mnude "I firmly belien
should lovo our enemies.'
"In that case I declare war
at once." Brooklyn Life.
It's curious that tho avon.
only speaks ono language, d,
fact thut he is familiar witU
tongues. Philadelphia II c
Hn asked hor for u kin. !! t.
A lot, dOHpUn all sin Mul l
And yot sho brought lilm not t
For wull she likud tils Inking
13
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Hy
f.t
Hi
a.
M
is
Philanthropist "Why il
go to work? Labor ennohlc &i
Vagabond "But I am vht
tha nobility." llumorisliso(
"And you broko olT t!i
ment?" said one young mnu
not bl'lltiillv vnll kiwuv I'-
ngodit." '"How?" "Toll If
my salary is." l
"Don't you dave ki.s i.,"
cried, wnrningly. "Why, i
thinking of such a thing,"'' " ."
"Well, I was," she repiiei'ue,
Philadelphia North Anieri f
" 'It is woman's lot to suit jer
lencel' I wonder what is tin t i
that sentiment?" "Perh-if ho
corruption of tho truth that it
woman suffers a lot." Detr ed
unl. ;he
Mrs. Orobb's "I thin'; he
strange that your friend l)ol '
married." Mr. Gobbs" fov
don't know Dobbs. He i'e
such a fool as lie looks."
Weokly. ia
vie
"A mau," she said, "neve-
when he is well off." "Trite
'ah
plied, "and it's a mighty fj
thing for women who don't cij
old maids that thoy don't."- i"1
Evening Post. L:
Mrs. Beenwod "I could :i
dorstand how Mrs. Spadefa'
agod to marry suoh ahunduoiire
Mr. Beenwed "I should tliex
would be able to figure it-v
your owu experience." l1'
(Ohio) Journal.
' Census Supervisor "Yo-L
UtIO bttlhUU IUU tjll u iur. L HL1U d
people in that Indian scttlem
ir
carelessly. There are certain'
more of them thnu you havei'
Census Taker "Saro. I cou:k
half-breeds ns only one Iujut
"Well, here's another case tt0
dontal shooting." "Too bail nt
dor why it is that people wiii
fooling with guns that th iu;
know aro loaded." "Oh, tli jj;
this one was loaded all right, .y
pened nt a Frouoh duel." ire
Times-Herald. t i
1 ,
llrlllllll HolnHt) KnuiR' &
Up to the year the )'
roads of Great Britaiu were s
to thoso the llomnus built pri tic
fifth century, Tho compleb'ra
included six main roads from !ni
with thoir branches, nud t.u
network of cross roads, meip- rns
tt-ld some GOOD miles, nud cm e
Edinburgh, Glasgow, Bath, i :
Newcastle, Dover and othi
still unoccupied by thriving ijj
The llomuu roads were nan:''
built to last for nil time, 'l'-i
width was about fifteen
depth threj feet. Tho hot!;'
dug out aud well lammod, u ,
tion of larger ttones was lui,
ment and layers of smaller si f
ercd oil' toward thn top, wi: "
laid crowning iu the middle 'K
raiu. Such cement ns lloini"
made theso roads practice,
blocks of stoue.
Two Horvlet n Year.
A church in which oniy i?
viot-s are held during the c
any one year in a curiosity, y
no can bo found iu tho inMif
large Hold near tha village ef
England. It was originally
as a memorial to Lord du 4
who fell in the battle of T
1101. Service) were iasjtii'f
tho purpose of pr.i.yiug fur th
of his soul aud thosi) of hi J(
who fell iu that Imtovio bat til
might have been discoutiimf
ago did not tho vicar of l!.v
whose parish tho church is
receive the tithes from no It
ono thousand and nine noros
tunc are ueuicntou to tuo ir.
tuury.
The Kdltorlul llul-.oorf In Mb
A child is born; the doct
tendauoe rjcts .10, the ed
0. It is christened aud tho
gets $5 nud the editor gets (n
it marries the minister gets
piece of enke and the editor g?
Iu tho course of time it dies; t
perhaps, gets another !?5, ni:
taker from $25 to Tli
prints a notice of denth nud
two column1) long nud gets I)
sidos lodge r.nd society rosoln1
free card of thanks and a lot
try.

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