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Lewisburg chronicle, and West Branch farmer. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1850, February 06, 1850, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86083440/1850-02-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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1I.C. U1CK0K, EDITOR.
Tie tewlgbnru Clironlcle is issued
very Wwloe'T n"n L"ubur- Un,0
T- Pw actually in
dtarfeet 1,75, paid within three month; $'i
if pais t1io ttt M f "H pai4 before
liie yaar eipire ; (ingle uumlrera, 5 cent. 8ub
criptinoi ler six months or tes to be paid in
aJsnee. - Discontinuance optional with the
Kublisher except when the year is paid up.
Advertisements handsomely inserted at 50 cts
per squire one week. $1 for month, and $5 for
a year ; a icduced price for longer advertisements.
Two squares, 7 ; Mercantile advertisements not
exceeding one fourth of a column, quarterly, $ 1 0.
Casual dverlisement and Job work to be paid
for when banded in or delivered.
Alt communications by mail mot come poet
ry sii, accompanied bv the addreas of the writer, to
receive attention. Those relation exclusively lo
ihe Editorial Department to be directed to H. C.
liirsnn, Ei-q., Editor and all on business to be
aJ 'rtsted to the Publhhrr.
Ollice. Market St. between Second and Third.
O. X.V OIIDEN, Primer and Publisher.
rf The following lines (from dnwn east'
paper that kicked the bucket lately because it
told to such truth in loo plain a wvr) embody
a scorching satire upon the prevailing covetous
cess of the age.
j , From the Busiun Cltronotype.
The Popular Creed.
TDimes and dollars dollars and dimes !
An eopty pocket's the worst of ciimes!
It a mail is down, give him a thru st
Trampld the beegsr into the ilut !
I'resumptuvus overly s quite Sj"sliinB
k ni him do.". tht.n kick him foi falling '
If a uian is ep, O lift turn up bigiier !
Yrair soul's lor !e and he's a buyer
Uinies and dolkis -dollars and dioies !
An era; ty pocket's tlie worst of ciime !
I know a poor, but a worthy youth.
Whose hopes sie built on a maiden's truth,
but the oisidrn will break her vow with ease,
1 or a wooer cotneth whose claim are these
A billow heart with an empty head,
A face well tinged with the brandy red,
A sul veil tiained in Villainy's school
And Ca-h sweet Cah ! he kn iweth the rule.
Dimes snd dollars doilsr and Jiues !
Au empty pocket the worst of crimes !
I know a bold and an honest man
M ho strives to live on the Christian plan.
Hut poor he is. and poor will be,
scorned an J hated wretch is be;
At home he meeteth a starving wife.
Abroad be Iradelh a leper's life
They struggle against a fearful odd
Who will out bow to the people's goia !
Dimes and dollars dollar and dimes !
An empty pocket's the worst of Crimea !
S1 ye get wealth, no matter how !
No queationa a-ked" of the rich, I trow
8'el by night and tai by day
ffUoing it alt in a legal .)
Jotu a chu'ca and never forsake her.
Learn to cant, and insult your Maker :
Be hypocrite, liar, knave, and fool,
tJut don't be poor ! rememiier the rule :
Drmea and dollars dollars and dime i
Aa empty pocket' the w.hvI of crime !
CuiSLis Saiat.
Allegheny Citv, Penn.
FA3SS3Y EMM,
The Female Euriter of the West
The father of ihr; singular heroine we
are about lo sketch, was a Kentucky back
woodsnuu. Her mother died while she
was ) tt tin infant ; and wh-n she arnvto
at the age of 15 her father also died, lea- j
ving her a poor friendless orphan. It is
not surprising then at this tender age she
carried a Missouri hunter (an acquaintance
cf her deceased father,) double her years
as to age, but jjst her equal as lo poverty.
Her whole fortune was composed of one
cow, an old fe uher bed, a rusty fry ing-pan.
a broken set of tea-cup and saucers, dit'o
of knives and forks with horn handles,
two large pewter plates, and a wooden
bowl gj' lutiian manufacture. Such was
the legncy bequeathed by her surviving pa
rent. Her husband's wealth might mate
well enough with such a portion brought
into the matrimonial partnership by the
wife. A black bob-tailed pony, a large
wolf-dog, and a lon, heavy rifle, constitu
ted the sum total of his goods and chattels.
So far the nuptial contract might see in fair,
without extravagant odds on either side.
There were oiher considerations, however,
which made the bargiin, one might ay,
fraudulently unequal. She was a pretty,
rosy-checked, ruby-lipped, heat hy lass,
with sky-Uue eyes, golden ringlets, and a
cheery laugh ; slender in frame, but of wiry
elasticity, and a constitution of most tena
cious vitality. He, on the contrary, was a
pale, lean, hungry-looking hypochondriac,
ho n.ight b supposed, from the wry fa
ees he displayed when forced to any exer
'on of his limbs in profitable labor, to
regard work as the unpardonabla sin.
1 he entreaties and example of u'u young
wife, it is true, did for a while stimulate
him to just ftilTident eflort, in -the way of
deer bunting, to- keep them from starving.
The couple then lived in Western Missouri.
Fanny, with her own delicate white hands,
cleared out and cultivated a small field,
od managed her domestic economy with
" much thrift, that, notwithstanding tlie
iaxinesa of Tom, they began to accumulate
. hM an event occurred, in the sixth year
o' their wedlock, that changed ibis pros-
Parous current of aflairs, anj reduced their
"'iws to the brink of ruiu.
It was briefly this. Tom "got it into
his head one day that the scripture phrae
Take no thought for the morrow was to
be interpreted literally. And as this fan
tastic idea exactly suitej his constitutional
laziness, he at once abandoned all labor,
and nealected to make any provision
whatever for his family. The tears, argu
ments and remonstrances of his wife all
ended alike, for he would not budge a peg.
Fanny's case was now critical in the ex
treme, for. strange to say, she still loved
her husband with a love that, in spite of
every imaginable dumper, continued to
burn on ardently in her afTectionatelieurt
till death, llenre she could not make up
her mind to leave him. Besides, they had
now five children, and it was absolutely
impossible to support such a family on the
produce of their paltry, stony farm. In
this emergency that weak woman sudden
ly developed an energy and invincibility
of lofty purpose which the annals ol the
iiorld can nut surpass.
With indefa'igsble patience, she prac
ticed and learned to shoot, till no marksman
in till Missouri was her match, and then,
as a solitary huntress, took to the forest,
and soon supplied her husband and babes
with a choice abund.ince of meat.
The wild rejjion of Missouri at last set
tle J up. Sunny fields, waving with gold- I
en grain, stood in the place of the old
green woods which had furnished shelter
and sustenance for the copious game. The
bulTiloes fled farther off, deeper into the
grandr-tiries. nearer to the Rocky Moun
tains. Tlie moou beams fell broad and
bright on the open bottoms w here the brown
bears used to nestle among the matted
canes. The red deer had been scared
away by the sharp sound of Collins' axes.
It became necessary that Fanny should
mote. She sold their " improvement"' on
! the banks of the silver Osage, for a cart,
a yoke of oxen, and a small sum of ready
money ; and loading the crazy vehicle with
six children and her lazy, worthless hus
band, she started for Arkansas. In this
new country, then a territory, she selected
locality fifty miles from any settlement.
i Here wild animals roamed in the greatest
'plenty, and her rude board table groaued
! beneath (to themj heaps of savory luxuries.
I i.L i... i ...:r.. AA.,A II,-
1 ne woiiuer ui a who uuw quulu iuj'iu.
to their humble property. Her care-worn,
wuted figure grew rounder ; her step, as
she saddled the black pony, more el is'ic ;
and the whistle blither by which she sum
moned her wolf-dog to the daily hun'ing
foray. Even her laugh sometimes rang
out as in the merry, thoughtless hours of
her early youth, leud, long, and clear as
the sweet tones of bell metal.
One thought of a most gloomy character
nlone disturbed the calm flo of her joy
ous reflections. Her children were grow
ing up with the rapidity of hasty summer
weeds', and utterly without education, or
even the prospect of any epportuni'y to
ob'ain it. Thejidea haunted her day and
night. She turned it over in her mind in
every conceivable way, but still could find
no solution for the torturing problem. She
had learned to spell, when a child, at an
old field school that is to say, she had
gone as far in Dillworth as three syllables,
w
hich, by the way, was nearly the extent
of her lame teacher's accurara inlormalton
in the pedagogic art. But her memory
had long ago lost in the inverse ratio of its
acquisitions, till she could scarcely be said
to know her letters. Often did she bitterly
regret her idleness in the early school
house, and exclaim, as she fondly kissed
her children on returning at night from the
toilsome hunt If I had only learned to
read, then I could now teach you. my
dears.'' And her tears would drop like
rain.
At length an incident occurred that
brought with it a suggestion shaping itself
into a fixed plan, which enabled her finally
to vanquish the perplexing difficulty. The
author cannot do better than give the anec
dote in her own artless words, as related
to him, in Texas, some twelve months
ago.
' I used to cry about it every night,"
said she, before going to sleep, and then
1 would dream it all over again ; for indeed
it was sad to think of. I knew that by hard
work we would, after a while, be well
enough off to move into the settlements,
where decent people live ; and then I tho't
how shocking it would seem for my young
ones to have no more learning than the
wild Indians. The boys were getting
more than half as tall as their father, and
PniTv nreitv head was even as flicn as
"fcS.' t j -
my shoulders. It was enough tor nuke a
fond mother cry. 1 was then in tlie habit
of going every two or three months to Lit
tie Rock, with a pack of peltries, to buy
salt and other things that we could not get
along without. One lime I brought back
some bunches of raisins for the baby.
They were wrapped up in a largo newspa
per, which contained a number of curious
pictures. The sheet was gazed at with
wonder by the poor creatures, who had
never seen such an object in thrir lives.
Little Tommy asked nie, wult sparkling
eyes, if it were not a bird. 1 tried to cx
piaiuthe matter to him; told him what it was;
lhat it contained a tale about the whole
world; and that when persons learned to
read it, they could know all alfairs which
were gng on across the blue mountains,
and the big rivers, and away over the sea,
as well as the sights they saw every day
before their own doors.
" Oh ! ma, won't you teach us how to
read, so we can hear from our old play
places in Missouri V said Peggy, who was
then almost a woman.
The question like to have broken ny
heart. 1 remembered how luzy I had betn
when a girl ; and ihe idea was as a
sharp, shooiing pain, spiling through
my side into my very soul. I wept like a
child, till even my own children strove to
comfort me. However, my tears did me
good. Teats always relieve ihe heart;
they commonly clear the head also. A
sudden thought struck me a great plan
I might say a ho'y purpose. It seemed
impossible, but 1 resolved to try it. That
niuht 1 hurried the vouna fills off to bid,
and, having kindled a good pinc-kuot light,
picked up the newspaper and sat down to
see if I could make out anything in it. I
smiled with unspeakable delight on discov
ering that I stili knew all the letters, except
the capitals. But I soon had cause to
weep again, for ufier doing my best, and
sitting up till daylight, every line remained
a riddle. I could not spell out the meaning
of a single sei.tente. About sunrise
new noiion entered my head. I determined
to go again shortly lo Little Kock, aud
purchtse some primers and spelling-books,
which I al'erwards did. 1 ihen began to
learn in earnest. It was very hard for a
while ; but I sat up late, nfier Tom and the
chilJren wire all asleep, und took my
primer along with me when I went to hint.
I could study it as I rode, especially where
the woods were open, and before 1 got
within the range of game ; and then, when
I was resting, after lifting a heavy deer
upon my pony, or walking up a steep hill,
1 would pull out of a pocket which 1 had
prepared for lhat purpose ill the side of my
dress, and ran over the paes till I at last
could almost repeat the whole from inemr
ry. 1 then commenced on my large spell
ing-book, and mastered it in the same way.
All the while I wanted to be teaching the'
children, but was afraid of teaching them
wrong, intending first to make myself per
fect, because I thoujiht that it was not of
any use to know anything at all unless one
could know it right.
"While thus engaged, a lost hunter
stopped a few days at our cabin, and, dis
covering my studies, kindly offered to assist
me. 1 then found thm 1 had done well in
not beginning to instruct the buys and Peg
a. 1 . .L
gy sooner. 1 naa to unlearn inc pronun
ciation of a great many of my words that
sounded frightfully when compared with
the correct mode. After I got it all straight,
I bouht a primer for each one of the chil
dren, and collecting them all together one
Sunday morning, told them that I was
going to teach them how to read. It
would have done your heart good to see
them; they appeared to be running mad
with joy, for they still remPiiiboied whirt I
had said about the newspaper, and had
leased me much on the subject. Night
after night they would sit up tiil twelve,
studying iheir.primers and spelling-books ;
and all day on the Sabbath they tried more
industriously than ever 1 had done in the
school-room, until at Lst they were thro'
both books. But 1 was still ahead of them
for lon before then I had obtained a
Testament and ths Life of Marion, and
had gone over both several times. In this
way I taught my dear young ones to read,
having firsl of all taught myself.''
For the literal historical accuracy of the
loregoing extraordinary facts, we refer to
Mrs. Holley's book on Texas, where she
refers to Mrs. Moore, although in her nar
rative she only sets down the initials of
her name.
And may we not well be permitted to
doubt whether the annals of the globe, and
all the ages of time, can present a parallel
to this almost miraculous case ! The bi
ographies of the self-educated teem, to be
sure, with noble examples among the soft-
as nmonrr ihe siroueer sex. But did
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 6,
any one, ever hefore, either man or wo
man, go through the patient, painful pro
cess of voluntary sell-culture, with the
same definite and settled object? O'bers
have stru2jrd with ihe lerribie problem of
unaided mental development, Iroin the de
sire of gain or h"pe of glory ; but 'e.
that poor huntress of the backwoods, from
the purer, loftier, more angelic inome ol
an infinitely tender, holy, maternal love,
and with the sole view of fitung herself to
be the teacher of Jier innocent offspring.
cut off a9 the v were by insuperable circum
stutices from every other means of inttruc-
lion. It makes one better to read of such
instances of exahed devotion to conscious
duty, and thus to know and feel that altho'
the race of moral heroes appears lo be
nearly or quite extinct, that of domes' ic
heroines never can wholly perish, while
one mother shall be left to linger on earth
with a bright-eyed babe nestling about
her bosom !
Noblemen,
The noblest m"n I know on earth
Are men whose hands are brown with toil ;
Who, barked by no anrestnl erave,
Hewdown the woods and till the (oil,
An-1 win thereby a prou-tr lama
Than follows king or warrior's name.
The workinsjmcn ' whute'er their tusk,
To,car e the stone, or bear the hod
They wer upon their honest brows
The royal stamp and seal of Uol !
And brighter are their drops of sweat
Than diamonds iu a coiomt !
God Mens the noble working men !
W ho lear tlie cities of tlie pUin,
Who die the mines, and build the ship,
And drive the comav rce of the miin
(!od bless them! for their -anhy hand
Have wrought the glory of all lands.
THE COTTAGE,
bi u u n. eiwtuxET.
There was a laboring man who built a
cottage for himself aud Jwife. A dark
grey rock overhung it, and helped to keep
it from the winds.
When the cottage was finished, he tho't
he would paint it grey, like the rock. And
so exactly did he get the sam'i shade of
color, that it looked almost as if the little
dwelling sprang from the bosom of the
rock that sheltered it.
After a while the cottager became able
to purchase a cow. In the summer she
picked up most of her living very well.
But in winter she needeJ to be fed ai.d kept
fiom the C'jIJ.
So he built a barn for her. It was so
small, that it looked more like a shed than
a barn. But it was quite warm and com
fortable. When it was doue, a neighbor came in
and said
" What color will you paint your bam V
I had not thought about that," said the
cottager.
Then I advise you by all means, to
paint it black ; and here is a pot of black
paint, which I have brought on purpose to
give you."
Soon another neighbor coming in,p raised
his neat shed, and expressed a wish to help
him a little about the building. " White
is by far the most genteel color," he added,
" and here is a pot of white paint, of which
1 make you a present.''
While he was in doubt which of the
gifts to use, the eldest and wisest man
in the village came to visit him. His hair
was entirely white, and every body loved
him, for he was good as well as wise.
When the cottager had told him the sto
ry of the pots of paint, the olJ man said,
" he who gave you the black, is one who
dislikes you and wishes you tu do a foolish
thing. He who gave you the white paint,
is a partiul friend, and desires you to make
more show than is wise. Neither of theii
opinions should you follow. If the shed
is either black or while, it will disagree
with ihe color of your house. Moreover,
the black will draw the sun, and cause the
edges of the b mroN to curl and split ; and
ihe white will look well but for a- little
while, and then become swiied, and then
need painting anew. Now take my advice
and mix the black anl while together."
So the cottager poured one pot into the
other, and mixed them up with his brushes
and it made the very grey color which
he liked and used before upon his house.
He had in one corner ol his small piece
ol icrnund a hop-vine. He carefully gait)
ered the ripened hops, aud his wife made
beer of them, which refreshed him when
he was warm and weary.
It had always twined on twe poles.
which he had fastened io the earth to give
it support. But the cottager wi fond ol
building and be nsaia a little avbur- for it
to run upon and cluster about.
He painted the aiboi ere;. u ibe.
1850.
rock and the cottage, and ihe shed and the
arbor were all the same grey color. And
everything around looked neat and comfor-j
table, though it was small and poor. j
When the cuttager and his wife grew
old, they were sitting together in iheir ar
bor, at the sunset of a summer's day.
A stranger who seemed to be looking
at tlie country, stopped and enquired how
everything round that small habitation
happened to be the shade of giey.
" It is very well it in so,'' said the cot
tager, " for hit wife and I, Vou see, are
grey also. And we have lived so long
lhat the world itself looks old and grey to
us now." I
Then he told him the story of the black
and white paint and how thu advice of
an aged man prevented him from making
his little estate ridiculous when young.
" 1 have thought of this circumstance,''
said he, " so often, that it has given me
instruction. He who gave me ihe black
pujat, proved to be an enemy ; and he who
urged me to use the white paint was a
friend. The advice of neither was good.
" Those who love us too well are blind
to our faults and those? who dislike us are
not willing to see our virtues. One would
make all white the other all black. Bui
neither of them are nuht. For we aw of
a mixed natuie, pood and evil, like the
grey paint, made ol opposite qualities.
" If, then, neither the routisel ol our
foes, nor our partial friends is ssfe to be
taken, we should cultivate a coirect judg
ment, which, like the grey paint, mixed
both together, may avoid the evil and se
cuie the good."
An Obstinite Passenger.
The stockholders of one of the railroads
terminating in B iston, held a meeting not
long since, and, as uua', extra cars were
provided and free passes sent to all the
holders of shares. When the train stared
on its way to the city, the conductor passed
through the cars to ee if everything was
right. He firund amon the passengers ;i
shabbily dressed man apparently about
fifty years of age, wh.we appearance was
proof positive that he had not very recently
patronized a barber, or paid much alien
tion to his toilet. He had on a tarpaulin
hat, thick and dirty boots, and a suit of
clothes that never came from Oik Hall.
Notwithstanding his uncouth looks, he had
taken a seat in one of the most elegantly
finished cars, in the midst of merchants,
lawyers, doclors,manufacturers,and others,
" gentlemen of property and standing,"
thongh he kept his own counsels, and
' sa d nothing to nobody." The conduc
tor scrutinized the plebeian rather sharply.
and knowing hat many stockholders were
present, he thought he must show them a
specimen of his regard for the comfort and
pleasure of his passengers, especially those
of the " first class."
He therefore took occasion lo speak to
tha man with the tarpaulin hat :
Vou have probably made a mistake.
sir; this car is lor the stockholders; you
can fiud accommodations in one o! the for
ward cars." .
1 am satisfied with this car," was the
cool rep'y.
" Well, you can't remain here, if you
are, said the conductor, witti an air ol
authority.
"Perhaps I can ; there is room enough
here, and I don't think 1 shall move."
"You don't, eh t Well now I itll yu,
ynu thall move, and that very quick, too.
Will you go peaceably, or shall I put you
out ?"
" I shan't gnf anyhow'
Thereupon the conductor seized the re
factory man by the colar. and vainly en
deavored to eject him from the car. The
task was too urcat for him ; indeed, he did
not try very hard, for his antagonist was
a large and strong man, whom he could
not handle. Conscious of bis inability to
enforce the order, without calling for as
sistance, the conductor fell very anxious to
compromise the matter. But he had
stubborn customer lo deal with, whose cool
ness and self possession gave him great
advantage. The cars now stopped at a
way-station to take in more passengers,
and the conductor's presence was required
elsewhere. He seemed glad of an excuse
for relinquishing the attempt lo remove
the obnoxious passenger, and the stock
holders who had witnessed the encounter
also rejoiced to see it terminated, as they
had suffered no inconvenience from occu
pying seats near the tarpaulin hat.
At length the conductor passed through
the cars lo collect the tickets. The stock
holders showed their passes and went free.
VVbeaUe sUabbor-n geutltman was called
upon, in an impertinent lone, to surrender
his ticket, he leisurely pulled out a large
pocket-book.Jwell filled with bank bills,
among which was a stockholder's pass !
The conductor, to use a common express
ion, began to "smellja rat,'' and to' feel
rather cheap. He was told lhat the non
ejected man was a very wealthy farmer,
and one of the largest stockholders in the
corporation of which he (the conductor)
was Ihe servant ! It was too late to make
a graceful apology, and the discomfited
conductor wisely said not a word. He
probibly learned that it i not always safe
to judge men by their outward appearances.
In justice lo the farmer it should be sta
ted that he was not only bound to the rail
road meeting, but to Brighton Mirket,
where he intended to purchase a large
number of cattle and drive them home him
self. The weather being rather stormy,
he did not think it advisable In put on any
"go-to-meeting clothes." Iiotoa Path'
fiiiUr.
Good Advice to Boys.
The knowledge )i.u now treasure up
the h.ibi's which you mw fix upon y.a r
self, and the moral and immoral precepts
which you now imbibe, will stick to you
through life, and influence your welfare
and standing and usefulness as Ion,; as you
live.
If ynu would he a useful, a valuable and
a happy member of society, when you ar
rive at manhood, prepare yourself now
Vou must do it as you sit upon the narrow
and crovded seats of yonder school-house,
conning your lesson.or reciting to the mas
ter as he daily rails you up to the recita
tion yoti must do it in the recess, as you
join in the sports ot the Dour with your
comrades and school fellows you must do
it as you sit by the blazing fires of your
father's hearth during the long winter eve
nings, or as ynu give loose to your mirth
in the j lyourness of your heart while gli
ding o'er the crystal ire, or tripping in the
choral dance with your mates in the merry
halls. In all these situations in every
situation take heed to wmrself and strive
to attain such knowledge and form such
habits as will make you useful, and there
fore beloved and respected in every rela
tion in your future life. M tine Farmer.
Sleighing Song.
O swift e o, o'er the fleer snow.
When moon beams sparkle 'round ; '
When hoofs keep time to music's ci.im
Asjoerrily on we bouLd.
On winter's night, when heart are light,
Aud bealih is on the wind.
We loose the rein, and sweep the plain.
And leave our cares behind.
With a laugh and eone. we glide along
Aeros the fleeting -now ;
With friends beside, how swift we ride
On the beautiful track below !
O, ihe raging sea ha joy for me.
W hen gales and tempests roar ;
But give me the speed of a foaming steed.
And I'll ask for the waves no more.
Jams T. t'ltiss
Fr"in ihe Teachers' Magazine.
Education.
It iiot every tiling which passes for
education that deserves the name. Toed
ucate a child is not simply ' send it to
school, nor yet to teach it !h- knowledge
of reading, writing, ari:hmenc and gram
mar. If this were the proper idea of ed
ucating chrildren, then would the United
States be in ibis respect behind even despo
tic Uusmh, where, it is said, all the children
are rrqnired by the law to be taught these
and even higher branches, in such schools
as the empire affords.
This is instruction, not education. It
is as means to ends. To tduca e ihe
mind, is lo lead forth its powers. To ed
urate the man is to call out and invigorate
all his faculties of body and soul. It is to
dcvelope and endue the entire man, in his
physical, mental and moral nature, wi:h
a view to his personal comfort, his social
position and bis immortal dentin v. It is
to train him up to the knowledge of him
sell, of his powers, relations, rights, duties
and responsibilities, that in all respects, as
an individual, as a member of civil society
and a subject of God's moral government.
he may act well bis part here ; and finally
enter upon the rewards of a lire of virtue
in heaven. This is true education for
which instruction and the knowledge ol
letters are the great, though not only in
strumentality. Cou fined to ihe individual-
it is ptrtonal extended to the people it is
popular. The purpose of the former is to
lift up the man ol the latter to elevate the
nation. Possessed alike by all persons in
any community it forms, next t religion,
the highest endowment on earth, for whieh
God baa ordained Ihe social state.
Yoi,Aa.,No;45-305:.r.
1. has been said that tbe aUbulty I Alt
government rests upon two great piU
the intelligence and the irtue of the pen-m!
pie. It rest upon one a true fofmlar
rdWaricm.as iba common fonndatio of j
both. Intelligence is no mora the neceaan-.
rj property of a people rightfully educaied,
than is virtue ; and any system of tocv
lioaal training which either overlooka of ;
gives a secondary place to tbe cultitrattoo
of the moral mao, with a tiew tu habitual
virtuous conduct, is not the system which
meets the highest wants of a free people
If intelligence were ihe only object to ba
aouoht in educatinz men, then were its
highest attainments only to qualify 'hem .'
for beiog more accomplished villain, and J
to furnish them the means of more eaten
sive mischief.
.-!-! .1: - '-- f...-- -.
The Education of which we piaad, ,;.-?
one that shall be complete in its character t ,
hat shall call out the susceptibilities of the ,.
heart as well as the (acuities of the heai y ... . ,
that shall devrlopethe conscience so leae 4
than the reason: that shall combine the i -.
growth of moral and religioua principle, ,
with tbe expansion of intellectual lu , ; r
that shall train up the child to aettfa 0 '
virtue,' enforced by all the sanction of
divine revelation, while it leads it oe sfae'i a
by step in the pa' h way of knowledge; that j
shall teach it to feel hs obligations to God ,
its country, and its race at the same .
time that it confers enlarged capacities of .
thought, action, enjoyment, aasi service ;.v
that shall make ttv mm virtuous ae well.
as intelligent. This education we demand ,
for atl our children ; and in the keeping (
of a people thus trained, shall we be told. ;
that our institutions are not safe, whatever. ;
ills betide, and whatever dangers threats, ,
them 1 In an education like this,' liberty r u
may rejoice in the prospect of eternal per
petuity a .id vigor ; without it, we have no'
security that in a single year she will not
be shorn at least ot ber glory and bet '
power to bless. .
. - " - ,: e-i ' n
, The world is too prone to be calfietf "
away with the gtiitvr of outward pomp."
We run aHer the phantom of mtgwtjr '
names, and forget the schTofmaster and atsT-
humble charge. Prof. Murray. ' !
, Rather Unpleasant ..
The following leuer.from Capt.Wiggin,"
of schooner Eudoras, which sailed from
Frankfort Me., in February last, exhibits
one of the beauties of overland traveling
in California. The letter is dated San , ,
Francisco, Ot SI : ...
"I started from Stockton.where my ves-,
sel now lies, in come to San Francisco by
land. In coming through the mountains"
I was chased by a Grisly Bear and imme-
li.tiely put my horse to the top of his speed,' .
and while going like lightning, the saddle t
turned, and was thrown to the ground and
badly hurt. I had barely tine to crawl to'
a tree aud clamber up, w hen the bear came
with mo. He ran howling around the tree'
but it was so small that he could! nut climb
up- Out his presence kept me in the tree' ,.
top all night, bruised and bleeding', the skin
being torn from my wrist and knee and'
both bad'y sprained, I Was so woak that I
could scarrely hmld to the branches: But
most fortunately, soon after daylight,a par-"
ty of travelers came along and relieved me
from my awful situation. I shall soon be
heller as I fiud 1 am not seriously hurt. If
was a narrow escape. .
IIoXEsTE.to Exkxrriox. During M'
last few mon'ihs. bills have passed as fol-
lows : Maine exempts a homestead to the "
value of .500, and, in the absence of m
homestead personal property tothat amount.
Vermont exempts a homestead to the value
of g 300. Iowa and Minnesota. 40 acre'r -ol
laud, or a lot : California, S30 acres nf'
land," or a lot worth fiOOft; Deseret, it is "
said, secures a home to every family."
Georgia, Texas, Michigan,' VTiemnwfo.' '
Pennsylvania, and Connecticut bad previa '
ously enacted similar laws. ' ' ' ,'"
Two of our Ten perance championed
Rev. J. G. Miles and Sheriff Chatham, have
had quite an interesting time lecturing tu'
the yeomanry of Sugarvalley, upon their
'avorite theme. In two meetings they suc
ceeded in gaining 19 to sign the pledge.
They were attended by the Jacksonville'
band iu a triumphant procession from Lo
g insvrlle to Ty lersville. Clinton (Pa ) '
Dtimitrat. " " ' ''K
A Member of Parliament, alluding to
the fact that Lord" John Kuseil married)
two widows; called the diminutive Pre
mier "(he widow's mite that was caatjntO
ihe Treasury y , t
The German style a ihimble fagea
hat and a glove, a hand-sLee.-- , ,
I'M

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