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title: 'Lewisburg chronicle, and West Branch farmer. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1850, February 06, 1850, Image 2',
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I.EWISBUItQ CIIKONICL.E ANI WEST BRANCH FAltiHEIl
a-rt- ; - ,
For the Lrwuhurg Cknmiek.
Ma. rJurruB : As jou are desirous of
appropriating a portion of jour paper to
The farmer' department, I have thought
that it would Dot be amis to say a word or
wo on the subject of manures, ai in all
cases they require the attention of the far
mer. Manures are of two kinds, hoth of
which hate different characters, and per
form i different offices Jin tbe ecoqumy ol
tegeUlion. The first ol these include
all animal and vegetable decomposing,mat
ter and is mostly employed in feeding the
plant, an I sustaining life ;jthejiecond ope
rates'more on the soil than in contributing
directly to the support of tha vegetable.
Experience has fully proved that a'l an
imal and vegetable manuresaare but varie
ties of one kind of principles ; but whatever
wiyjbe the value of the elementary prin
ciples of manures.'they are'of no use as
manures until they are disengaged by
,. mitrefaclion.lf a Quantity jfstable'dunir
l piled into a heap and exposed to the
weather it soon heats, and a stream ol va
nor is been to pass off from it ; this, with
the odors scut forth, are gisses passing off,
and the heap is gradually becoming less in
weishl and size, and at the end ol si
weigtii and size, ana ai me ena oi six
mouths not more than one-fourth of the
T I ! k I mn,-;1 Mmttin lY,a rrn 1
original essential material remains, the real
manure having passed off in the shape ol
a, a .... - 1
gusset anduliquids. A knowledge of this
fact has led to the practice ol making com
l-ost dung heaps, in which the liquids and
gasses are absorbed by the earth or some
other substance. In England and Scotland
stead of having dung haps they have
dung pits, into which they collect not only
the manure but all the liquids, such as the
urine, &c. These they have covered with
a roof, to prevent the action of the sun'
rays on it. All this would doubtless be too
much trouble lor the farmers in this meri
dian, although' 1 have n doubt that it
would pay well. I have thought that when
the farmer haul out their manure if they
were to haul in earth and cover their barn
yard, or that portion of it on which they
piled their manure, that it would absorb
the liquid. ; and then if they were to covei
it with a lew inches of earth, this would
prevent the vapor and gnsses from passing
wfT. " A Yocse 0b.
Lewisburg, Feb., 1 850.
Fur Ike Lnrisbarg Chronicle. t
A Milk House.
Ua. EuiToa: I will now give you th.
plan or my milk house. II any of your
readers will build one on the same plan, I
know they will be pleased with it. 'I tol
you ia my former letter that I made a par
titioo in my ice house 5 feet one a ay an.
It the other. This would appear a small
bouse for a farm, but it is large enougl
to keep the milk of 12 or 15 cows, auci
room enough plenty to keep fresh meat anrl
butter. The bottom of the milk house
a little deeper than that of the ice hou
and the meltings of the ice is conveyed ti
the mi k hous by a very simple way
There are two fl ors in the ice house,
about four iuches apart, aud the lower ...mi
i made to convey the water in a trough
like a corni.h trough, and the end to come
in the milk house, aud let Hie water in a
rough made for the n.ilk. That trough i
H inches wide, and 8 inches Ceep, and I?
feet long. This is long enough for th
milk of IS or 20 cows; for the milk is only
kept in it from one mi-king to the other.
Whenever you bring new milk you take
the other out, and set on the shelves. On
the side where the ire is. this partition be
tween the ice and the milk bouse is mede
f boards, and will keep the milk cool in
the warmest weather ia Mimmer, for ti e
i.e being on tho other side, hi a cold spell
,.( w at her in summer, h is almost too
old for the cream to bring it to hotter.
On this plan every farmer could have a
p,.od milk hc.ue if he had no spring, for
use no spring water to cool the mux
We hava w tntaia near the door of the
.ii. i .f ... rV founiniu water for
HUM m:, "
ashini! tho buckets, tie
I am not able to give you a correct idea
nf all the advantages of a milk house on
this plan,fi you know I am a Dutch far
mer, and cannot write as well as I could
Uow it to yow. Now if you will prom'ue
Income lo visit me when the weather is
warm. I will give you a good cold drink
.f water, and some ol the fresh things
kept iu this milk h-se, and give you my
name, which you will finJ nothing more
limn A Pitch Fam.b.
Fountnin Hill, Eti Buffalo. Feb. I , 'SO.
Far Ike Lrvuburg Ckronkle.
..... I ....
trrntdimr loAii-nu'in inm wrn
ireof g. . 1 , .i . .
Chronicle, all variriir oi in Appw
ft.- .he Cab .. I hope he do
Ln the little. 7,.,ter kind that ere us.d
. t l . i
for preservrs, lor i nc -
landing in an ojten fi.ld for thirty years,
and the apple is as small and as bitter now
as it was then.without any improvement as
far as ! can tell. According U ihe account
ol the paid- n of I 'M opP"-'
there were m there than the bitter crab
for 1 think the Stiake would hae had
more trouble to persuade old another Eve
t taste such a bitter Crab apSe heing
For the LewUUrg VhnmicU. j
Mr. Kditori I noticed a piece in your
valuable paper of Jan. 23d signed R-II.L,
which ia of great importance to farmers at
present, since rail timber is getting scarce,
which will cause them to quit making
the worm fence and make post fences in
their place. According to his experience,
it must be best to set the posts in a green
state, and this will be a saving to the far
mer ; at this rate it is not necessary to lay
cut any money for posts until they are
wanted for use. 1 he writer ol that article
remaiked that it was perhaps closely con
nected with cutting of timber and sap
running : this brought me to the conclu
sion that here might yet be a secret when
to cut the timber for posts in order to have
them last. Since R.I1.L. has not mentio
ned when the timber as cut for those
posts, I hope Mr. Editor you will try and
get him to let us know through your paper
in what season of the year it was cut, or
in what sign ofthe moon, or when the sip
was running up, or running down, or not
running at all, or if he set his posts butts
down or tops down ; these seem to mo
important points to be known.
Feb. 4. 1'eer Pae.
Valne of Com Cobs.
A Friend, w ho had reud an article in
SOme paper, recommending corn cous,
ground or unground, ns an excellent and
I . I I C I C ,ilrtnnli In fPfif
valuable feed for stock, undertook to test
trnik of I he statement for hinruelf. lie
i iiiq ii 11 1 1 1 V, u - - -
naj a Hrg0 quantity on hand, and after
urovidinc himself with the proper vessel
(a half hogshead tub,) he filled it wilh cobs,
and then added a solution ol salt in water-
In this steep the cob were suffered to re
main, till they had imbibed a sufli.-iency
of the.fi'jid to make them soft. In this
condition they were then fed out to the
stock, at the rite of half a peck to a full-
rown cow or ox, in the morning, and the
ame at night. Ue remarked that all In
animals were cxremely fond cf the c b ;
hat they consumed a much less quantity
if hay and grain than before giving them
this feed ; nor did they require sal; in its
natural slate. lie has also ground several
bushels of cobs, and finds the m al an ex
cellent article for making muh.
I have used corn aud cob mral, ground
fine, with and without rats for hores, the
last 12 or 14 years, and I think it is an
xcellent feed. It keeps a horse loose in
is bowels, his hair lies smooth, and it
nakes a great improvement in his looks.
I also use the meal wilh wheal or out
halT, to feed horses. When 1 first came
live in the n ighborhnod, I was ridiculed
iy the neighbors, who raid my hores
would a'l die before spring ; but when
.pring came, they were fatter, and in far
hetter condition than theirs. I found that
hey took my advice after this, and fed the
name as mvsell'. making a great saving in
feed. A Subscriber, in Amcr. Agricutt.
From The rcnntylranian.
Terrible Explosion Awful L033 of
New YortK, F.'. I.
The melancholy casualty which occur
red at ihe machine and prinling-prefs man
ufactorr, at the corner af Ila-tueand Piarl
streets, this morning, has shrouded the
whole city in gloom, and during the whole
day.bul little else is thought of or talked of.
The exulosion occurred about 8 o'clock,
or an hour after all the hands in the estab
lishmcnt had commenced work, and you
form some idea ol its immense force, from
:he very fact the whole building (six stories
high) was raised full six fect.'he Iron! w alls
being driven into the dwtl.ings on the op
posite side of the street.
How many persons are buried beneath
the ruios,it is even jet impossible to deter
mine. The huildinu as oeeupied4hy Ta lor
&. (X, and by St. John, Burr & Co., hat
body makers.ih em,.1o ins large num.
her of workmen. There were 113 per n
in the building at the time ; 60 employed
i by Taylor & Co., machinists, and 63 by
' St l,.hn Run A: Co. Of this number it
j " -
is believed that oue hundrei lice vert
There was also in the upper story a book
bindery, in which was employed a number
of men and girl?. Most fortunately a num
berof the girls had not reached their work
al tho time the explosion occurrrd.
The boiler which was of Mr. Mongome
ry's patent, was .ated in the celbr. The
instant the explosion look place, tho upper
part of the building was blown off, and
soon after the whole establishment was in
A lew minutes before the explosion, one
of Ihe night watch was pasmg the Duna.ng,
,.H rP,.,a,ked to ihe enguiier, th .1 he was
- - . .
Ri.g ' " bul "'
P -- ten,on lo the lemark
CJing to tha contusion anu
hich i.revails at the scene of disaster, hut
few additional reliable particulars have
been ohtained- Workmen are now busily
moving 4 lire rubbish in search of the bodie
of the victim.
The engiueer in the employ of Mr.Tay
lor hi the fires this morning earW than
usual, end the extreme cold, and the fact
that the fire had been extinguished m Sat
urday evening, caused the boilers lo be
frosty, and as soon as warm the explosion
Thirty dead bodies have been taken from
the ruins up to 12 o'clock. Sixty or sev
enty bodies are still buried beneath the ru
ins ; but lew of the bodies have been rec
ognised. The bodies are mangled in a most hor
rible manner, and it will be an almost utter
impossibility for some of them to be recog
nized. A great number must have been
drowned, as floods of water have been
poured into the building.
The hat shop was in the lower storv
the steam engine in the cellar. In the
upper stories Mr. Taylor hod six or seven
double cylinder printing presses with oth
er heavy work, which completely buried
those engaged in the hat shop.
Various opinions are expressed as to the
cause of the explosion. The general im
pression seems to be that Ihe boiler was
imperfect, and had been condemned. A
man who w as rescued from the ruins, said
that it was an old steamboat boiler.nnd had
been patched up. The proprietor, how
ever, say it was a new boiler, and the ex
plosion was owing to the frost last night.
The building was owned by Messrs.Har
pers & Brothers, and was wonh $15,01)0,
partly covered by insurance.
Bricks from the building, at the time of
the explosion, were sent at a distance of 36
or 40 feet.
The loss of Messrs. Taylor & Barr, is
estimated at $70,000. As near a9 can he
ascertained, not less than 100 lives have
been lost by this calamity.
The engineer, is said to be a very
careful and experienced man, and is still
among the mis;ing.
Col. Zib liel W. Potter, newly appointed
Consul of Ihe United Slates lor the city of
Valparaiso, has had a personal rencontre
wi'n the Hon. Stephen Sullivan, a nephew
of Lord Palmeiston, and charge of her Bri
1 tannic Mnjesty near the Government of
Chili. It appears that on the 0th ol le
reitibcr, Col. Potter took lodging for him
scl! and sui'eat the French Hotel of Lima,
for Valparaiso. Afier having taken posses
sion of his lodgings and installed his fami
, ly. he walked out with a enmpunion, and
j i n his return found that his family had
! been forcibly ejected by the British Charge,
in person, notwithstanding the reiterated
request of Mrs. Potter, for delay until the
return of her husband. The very distin
guished Col. He rrera.w ho attracted so much
attention in the United Siates during the
past sominer, also intei ceded in vain with
Mr. Sullivan, who is r presented as having
used language of the greatest brutality.
Col. Potter soon returned, and immediate
ly called on this personage, but was una
ble to obtain tin intrrview. On the morn
I insr, however, he was more foitunate, and
j having it intimated that none was expected
frooi him. Col. Potter proceeded to admtn
1 ,ter on lh sp-M a sound thrashing to Mr
' Sullivan. The news was quickly spread
ihro' Lima the whole ofthe scene having
occurred in the presence of other persons,
among whom were msny Englishmen.
There was but one opinion in relation to
the matter, which was.that the Charge wa
Pirn, in Sheshequtn, Bradford Co., Ta.,
ihe '.'! h of Oct. last, J..11S C. Vamske,
aged 93 years.
Mr. Vansice was a soldier in the Revo
lution. He was wiih Gen. Washington in
nearly all his battles. He was engaged in
some of the severest conflicts of the war,
and received many wounds which serious
ly afflicted him in his latter days. lit
was present at Yorktown, when Washing
ton directed Gen. Lincoln to receive Ihe
turreoder of Lord t'ornwallis, and he dis
linctly heard Linn In say lo the Brlish
Lord : I once had the misfortune to sur
render my sword into your hands. 1 now
have the honor of receiving yours."
Bradford .ft gut.
In Nesropeck, Luxerne Co., 4th ult.,
Mauti.n AiRM'Bi a Soldier of the Revo
tion, in his 93 h year.
Washington, Feb. 2
The Hudson Bay Company, through the
British Minister, have rrnewed their prop
osition, made during the administration of
President Poik, to the United States gov
ernment, to dispose of nil their possessory
rights in Oregon, south of 49 deg., for a
million of dollars. This proposition was
communicated lo the Senate, in executive
session. The price asked is the same is
before, although the property has increased
i All that we can learn of the Nicaragua
j business is th.it negotiations are going on
( smoothly, and that Mr. Squier is instructed
to remain neutral and quiet, and await or.
dors from the President.
A true bill has been returned by the
grand jury of Susquehanna county, against
1 the late cashier of Ihe Susquehanna coun
1 ly bank, for obtaining property under false
Montreal, Feb. 2, 1850.
The Herald publishes a despatch from
Karl Grey, commanding Lord Elgin to do
all in his power 10 suppress the annexation
R. 0. HICKOK, Editor.
O. N. WORDEN, Publisher.
At nutli ln ailrnnr, $1.7S in throe mnntlm. f.2 paid
witlliu the year, and ,M at the end of the yi-ar.
Agi-nta in l-liiladrlphia V B 1'alinrr and E W Cut.
Wednesday Morning, Feb'y 6.
-'A Dutch Fanner" ia informej tliot we accept
bis invitation, and aball call on him for those
'ficdi tilings," certninly. But, query, may
we take ibe 'devil' along
"O." We fhoultl be pleaej lo receive further
coutrilniliona from your pen. Why nut let us
have your name !
"Ii " and -Ju." The eicellent and interetting
nicies fiom your respective pens, came lo
liunJ too late for the first page of this werk'a
paper. We ahall l.iy them before our reader
next week, with much pleasure.
Washington's Farewell Address.
The Dollar Newspaper objectsjin flippant
style, to the proposed purchase by Congress
of the original manuscript of Washington's
Furewell Address, which has been offered
to them by the heir of Mr. Claypoole,
who firbl printed it. It is urged that it is
probably only a copy prepared for the
press by Washington's private secretary ;
and that at any rate it would be a senseless
piece of superstition, that might soon ex
tend to his old clothes, to Kevolutioniry
pots and pans, and other still less valuable
and dignified material relies of ihe Father
of his Country. The editor of that jour
nal holds a ready and racy pen, but occa-
imionally, when hard up for a leader, is
apt, as in the present instance, lo run the
thing into the ground. There U little d in
ger of the American people making even
an approximation lo the degrading Super
stition in which the nutionsol the old world
are sunk. It is not the tendency of the
age, it is not the character of our institu
tions, nor the spirit of our people. Bdt on
ihe contrary, they are apt to leave the
"dead past'' to lake care of itself, Bnd are so
absorLed in the present, and graip so ea
gerly after the future, as to feel more con
tempt than reverence for past generations
who have done their work and are now
laid on the shelf. The bump of veneration
is decidedly below par on the American
head, und will require extra cultivation to
bring it up to the level ol a becoming pro
priety. It is a stubborn fact Ihnt in our
lin.es children do not look up to their pa
rents with hecoming deference old aj;e is
not honored as it once was, mid ouht lo
be little respect is entertained for the
persons who fill the high offices of the gov
ernmentthe sanctity which aitaches to
the sanctuary of the Most High, and its
ordinances, and to thw-e who administer
them, is not as pure and elevated in char
acter as in by-gone day and the men of
this universal Yankee na'ion drive on in
their multiplied and g'ganiic srhemes of
enterprise and speculation, with ns bold
and reckless daring ns if the creative and
controlling energies of the world were en
tirely iu their own hand?, and the Almighty
had nothing to do with them or their af
fairs, and such a thing as an overruling
Providence had no existence. Veneration
is an innate principle in the human mind,
wisely planted there by the Creator for le
gitimate purposes, and under the guidance
of enlightened intellect cannot go astray,
and bend in reverence before degrading
idols. And you cannot, ia this free land,
pervert it to gross and unworthy purposes
until the Cimmerian darkness that broods
over the masses in Europe, settles down
also upon Ihe American mind, and that is
not likely to happen this side. ol dooms
day. It wilUand should awaken a perva
ding interest in such objects as are worthv
of regard, and the fact that it, as well as
every other good principle is liableto abuse,
is no argument against its healthful and
We grant that Washington, in his
character, and deeds, and principles,
is embalmed in the hearts of his country
men, and embalmed for immortality, and
that is the best and most enduring monu
ment lo his memory ; but this dues not de
prive his manuscripts of their interest, as
personal mementoes of the man who fids
the highest niche in the temple of fame.
And there is a wide difference between the
original Farewell Address and the cobwebs
in Washington's library, the snuff Irom
his candles, hits of the old mill in which
the paper was made, and the clay in w hich
ihe types were cast with which it was
printed almost ns gnat a difference as
there is between mind and matter. In the
one case the association of ideas is more
elevated and intellectual. You are brought
into as direct and intinritceommunion asis
possible witn the mind, and heart and soul
of the mighty dead. In ihe other ihe in
terest awakened, if any, is lifeless in com
parison, and ihe associations are strained
and unnatural. It is not blind superstition,
nor any approach to it, that places a high
value upon ihis document, or that always
leads visiters at the national Capital, olf on
a pilgrimage to Mount Yernoa and the
lomb of Washington. But it in because,
standing on the spot where he lived and
lies buried, the associations of the place
enab.e them to call up the living, breath
ing presence of departed giealuess more
vividly before their mental vision, and re
alize more deeply ihe original cost, and
present value ol our free institutions.
The citizens of this Union are oot likely
lo go crazy after Ihe relics of Revolution
ary heroes. And even if ihe signs of ihe
times indicated any necessity for such an
iron ru'e as the 'Newspaper' lays down,
the name of Washington would be a stand
ing exception, for it would always oversha
dow all others, and command an homage
laid at no other shrine.
Suppose we take the opposite principle
as stated by the 'Doliai paper,' and run it
out in similar style, to the sime ultra con
clusions, and what will be the result 1
Why, you must discard all mementoes and
associations connected with the personal
existence and identity of Wash
ington, and treasure up and reverence
only his thoughts, principles, inten
tions and deeds.and the direct consequence
would be to make him, not a mortal man
that once lived and moved and acted on
this earth like other men, but an ideal
image merely of the brain ; and, a few
centuries hence, he would become to our
descendants an intangible abstraction, like
Thor and Woden, the mythic demi gods
of ancient ScandiHiivia. and they would
doubtless deny his existence ahogelher,
except as a mythological re;est utadon ol
Now all this is manifestly absurd, for
there is Di danger that this will ever
Lethe cae and yel it is not a "hit
more ridiculous than the us.ertioo, (bat
because Congress wish to buy and pre
serve the manusi-npl of the Fareweli Ad
dress, therefore the American people will
.-traighlway become heathen, sind idoliters.
We think ihere is as murh d inger of the
one as the other, and none of either.
Then we h ive the sago observation, in
;he face, ti o, of incontrovertible pioof 10
ihe contrary, that this is not Washington's
own ninnucrijit, hut Ilia' ol his private sr-c
retary. because a!':cr he retireH to private
lile he was attain appointed Commander
in C'hiel. and mu-t have hern so much oc
cupied with his new du'i'M. as nol lo have
time to " erlorm the St ij.-ant's duty of
preparing a copy for the pres." Jupi'er!
what oracles of i-dom some of these city
editors are! Washington's Farewell Ad
dress was published lo ihe wr'd on the
toth of Sep'en.ber, l"9ti. nearly six
months before h's second term of office a
President, expired ; nni if was not until
the 3d ol J ily 1708. ntar'y two years
afterwards, that he w:i appointed Com
mander in-C hief, by President Adams!
Funny " coincidence" this, as Mrs. Part
ington would fay. No wonder Phi'a VI
phia claims to le the first ei'y in the I'nion.
and her editors to kn -w every thing, and
' nohodv e'e know noth ng.'
Whether Congress will ina'se tfii- pur
rhasc or not, remain' to be Men. But if
thev should fail to do so, we trust it will le
for more ernjent arid respectable rensons
ihan the Dollar Newspaper has giveo.
The 'Northern Tcmpcrano Convention,'
composed ofdelejntes from tho counties ol
Fnion, Northumberland, Columbia, and
Lvc'iining. as-cmblcd at the Ger. K.'f.
Church in this pl.tce, yes'erJay, and con
tinued in session until this al'ernoon. The
numlier of delegates was large, and the
house was filled with spectators.
The Convention, afier a prolrncted and
earnest debate, pase 1 a resolution, by a
vote of 57 to 23,'o vote for no man for the
Legislature hereafter who would not pledge
himself before-baud that, if tl-cted, Jhe
would endeavor lo procure the passage of
a law prohibiting, under suitable ena!tics.
the sale ol intoxicating liquors as a bever-ag.-.
The minority presented a written
protest against the action of ibe Conven
tion, and refused lo be governed by its
derision. An Address was adopted and
uidered to be published, and a Resolution
also passed to petition the Legislature this
winter for the passage ofa law authorizing
the people of the State to decide by ballot
whether the sale of spirituous liquors
should he allowed.
It will be seen that a Convention his
been called nt New Berlin on the 2 1st
insi. to take tho matter into further
Mr. James P. Ross, of this borough, has
favored us w ith a mess of fine fresh rad
ishes, just out of the ground where they
were sown, and the tops green and grow
ing. Something of a novelty this, and
quite a treat for the month of February,
particularly as they are not hot-house pro
ductions. The following is the method
pursued by Mr. R., and may interest our
readers. Saw ihe radish seed late in ihe
fall, and when freezing weather sets in,
cover the bed loosely with fine brush, and
spread manure, potato vines, leaves, &c,
over the top, to exclude the frosl, and yet
leave air and room, and the radishes will
grow all winter, and you can have as con
stant and excellent a supply as in any other
season of the year.
The 14th of February, St. Valentine's
day, is near at hand, when by authority of
ancient custom, tender missives are privi
leged characters. Our advertising columns
will inform our readers where they can
find a rich assortment of all sorts, sizes
and descriptions humorous, lender, gro
tesque, pathetic, fine, splendid, coarse,
ugly, beautiful and miscellaneous. Better
take time by the forelock, and secure whnt
you want in advance, or the supply will be
exhausted long before the eventful day arrives.
. CTWi have received a Prospectus far 'The
American Magistrate" by MoBDirat M'Kia
sst, Ekj, Counsellor at Law, Harrtsbarg . Pa-
This work will comprise the flaw relative lo
criminal prosecutions, end process, pioceeJioa,
and practice ; comprising arrest, bail, and com
mitment, on primary and 'summary proceeding
therein before Justices of (be Peace, Ac
This volume is much Deeded, and will 611 a
vacancy that has long been felt by those most
interested in the subject on wliich it treats ; and
we know of 00 one better quali6ed than its
learned and amiable author, ti make it all that
such a work should be. " M'Kinney's Jostles"
was decidedly the beet extant ; and we have no
doubt this new volume will generally supercede
all others in use. Every Justice of the Peace,
particularly young oHicers, should possess them
selves of a copy, as a safe and reliable guide in
the discharge of their officul duties. It will be
Urge octsvo volume, containing 600 pages,
bound in leather ; and will be furnished to sub-
scriberson or before the 1st of Apiil next at $t
pavable on deliver,.
Subscriptions received by the Editor of Ibe
, ; TZ 7,
nr-Tac Pennsylvania Teachers' Magazine
and Family Monitor." is th. title of a new
monthly periodical btely started at Pittsburg Pa.
under the editorial management of J. J. Bccha
sis, A.M., devoted lo Education, moral, physis
c.l. and literary, sad designed to be of interest 10
the teacher, tle scholar, ihe parent and the child.
A clerical friend ha. favored u. with . perusal of
several No.'., from one of which we have taken
an extract for our first page. We like much the
apearanre of the work, and the Ulent and
practical good sense displayed in its pages. The
subject ol education is one of vast importance,
esecially as connected with our primary schools,
and every lever which can be brought to bear in
favor of its progress, is'of value. This Magazine
I'ids fair to do elH e live service in the cause in
which it is enluted, and merits liberal
Terms $1 a year, in advance.
Nisi Pnit-." Here's onr Zr, All right
a between ourlve except Athat your intima
tion that we are not 'hooked up and ihe word
von ue to riemfy it, are mnl rn')rn.didedlv.
We enteied the li.is for a single occasion, and
by acriil.-nt mir 'ly. The typos were nmking op
the form' the '.levil' was at our elbow for
copy' and Living ai.Ie lOih Barr. we pitched
into the first suljert on which nur eyes happened
lo light. As you are no douht (from your num
dr. plumt ) a biother lioib.' me will compare
no;r over a dish nf oysters, with the Col. in the
chxir, the first time we are at the Ulvoin rouiU.
Will tl.iis do ? If not. file Joui demurrer, and
let the Col. p.i jud-nii nt.
fjThe an hentic sketch of Fajiny
Moore, on onr first pig", is a touching in
stance of Ihe acquUi'.ion of knowledge
und-r difficult circumstances ; and we think
its perusal will not only stir the hearl'.s
best sympathies, hut awaken emotion of
grititudi? for the blessings which civil z.-d
society affords ; but which are, alas, seldom
proper'y opprecii'ed, end improved.
C7The Ilemocratic Slate Central
Committee of Pennsylvania, at their late
nxeiing in Ilarrishurg, appointed the next
Dein. Siaie Convention to nnrninve a
'"anal Commissioner, to meet on the
of Miy next.al ll'tUiuimparl.
iTZT'l'he Whigs of Vn'mn county have
a mee'in at New II ri in. on day ol
firs: Court week. II in. Messrs. Casey and
Pollock are to address the meeting.
U. S. CONGRESS.
In Sei.ate, rueaday, Jan. 29, Mr. Ctxv
brought forward a plan for compromising
the Slave tj'iestion, embodied in eight res
olutions. The first proposes t. admit Calilo 11
as a State, with suitable boundaries, with
out any nttempt to in'erlere with her pro
hibition of slavery.
The second, to provide Territorial Gov
ernments for the Territories nit included
in tho boundaries of such State, without
imposing on them any resiriction in rela
tion lo sl-iVery.
The third and fourth, propose to secure
the boundaries of New Mexico, and at the
sa:ne lime satisfy the claim of Texas by
assuming her indebtedness.
The fifth affirms thst it is inexpedient to
abolish slavery in the District of Colum
bia, unless with the consent of the people
of Mtrylnnd, and of tho people ofthe Dis
trict, and upon just compensation.
The sixth affirms thai Congress ought
to abolish the slave trade in ihe District
the trade in slaves imported into it.
The reventh affirms the duty nf Con
gress 10 provide more effectual legislation
for the recapture of fugitive slaves.
The eighth denies the power of Congress
to prohibit ihe transportation of slaves
from one State to another, or the inter
State slave trade.
Mr. Clay accompanied the presentation
of ihe resolutions with explanantions,com
menls, and a shott speech on the necessity
of conciliation. Au irreguiar debate then
sprung up, in which Messrs Fuote, Rusk.
Mason, Davis of Mississippi, King and
Downs, look part, all dissenting strongly
from Mr. Clays position.
Gen. Cass has made an able and elabo
rate speech agiinst the Wilmot Proviso,
averring that its passage would be both
unconstitutional aud inexpedient. He
stated his determination to resign his seal
if called upon to vole for the proviso, as
instructed by the legislutur of Michigan.
In the House a Bill has been introduced
to purchase the origional manuscript of
Washington's Farewell Address.w hich has
continued in the hands of ihe family of
Mr. Claypool who first printed it in 1790,
and who now offers it 10 Congress rather
lhan dispose of it, thiough necessity, to a
The Washington correspondent of lW
Public Ledger state that ibere has bee af
split among the Southern Delegation) ia
Congress 00 the slavery qiiestion.owiaf to
ihe illness of Mr. Calhoun and the ieaprw
dent course of Senator Clemens, f Alt
and Mr. Clingman of. N. C, and the is
consequence the prospects of the eoaatry
are brightening. Oo'ibe contrary.'.Cai.
Forney of the Peansylvahian rritrs liosaa
from ihe Capital,- that 'the South were
never more exaspeated and determined,
and the future has never been more foeany
and discouraging for the friends af tW
The old bridge at the mouih of Buflalo'
creek, stands in need of considerable) rs
pairs, as it is now hardly safe to croaa with
heavy loads. We believe it has been, and1
nv ,tli j,. j r0ntemp!ation to MDply
.... ... -
"' VUc b neW 00e' Ha!f ( ,ht "X"
,nal cmk& off by the extra-'
ordinary flood in the fall of 1647, and tras
supplied by a couple of new span for
" ' ' r
,en,norBr3r ue- W l,M rem"n
j' nT interest on account of its antiquity,
This bridge was built, we are informed, in'
1 g06, and being then the only specimen of
j(, kind jn ,njs of ,he
. . ,J , , .
I 1 e cur.osi.y, andjravelers would fs
j m,!es nut ol ,heir ""5 ,0 As it has
j done duty So faithfully and long, we think
it might justly, as well as prudently, be
relieved fromfurther service.
TazaMes In Union County.
The following table exhibits the naanber
of taxable inhabitants in each of the severer
boroughs and townships of Union county
according to the Suptennial Aasesejktol
as published by State authority ;
Chapman, . 2f)
lvtsl Buffalo, . 19s
Lwisburg, (borough,) 421
M ffl nsburu, borough.) 2(7
Middlecreek, J 2H
New Berlin, (borough,) 15:1
West R-ftvtr, 25-s
West RnfTtl.1, 294
White Deer, 315
There are Iear and Dumb Penns I.
West Reaver 1, Mifflmburg 1, Kn BuAVn
I. and 1 Deaf and 1 Blind, Union 2 Dumb
and 2 B ind.'-v'avhingfon I Draf and Dumb
and West Reaver 3 Bl.nd,
For the Lmvisbttrg dtraaicle,
You;h is the morning of life. If ia the
time lo lay the founditiion of those princi
ples which are 10 rule over us in after
years. It is therefore nf ihe utmost im
portance ilist the minds ol the young
should be instilled with pncpts that
would contribute iti'wt to their usiulene
when they come to be men,and are obliged
to act fir themselves. Men who hava
been careless about improving their mind
when yo ing. are often made lo see their
folly when called upon lo transact business
for the public, or even about their own
every-day concerns.jlf this subject was
more thought upon, there would be lets
s reel-schooling in our towns, where ihe
young scholar suffers perhaps tho first
profane word to escape his lips, or utters
the first falsehood. He is then out of
sight of his parents, and in the midst of
wirked companions, who urge him on, step
by step, until he is thoroughly in the pslbs
of sin, from which none but an Almighty
arm ran rescue him. How many parents
there are, who forget that the time to
imart instruction to those under tbeir
charge, ia when their minds are lender,
and easily turned to objects of the most
importance and thus put it off until they
have become fond of useless and wicked
enjoyments, and grown deaf to the entrea
ties of those whom they ought to honor
and obey. O.
A Temperance Convention
Of the People of Union County w ill meet
at the Methodist Chajiel in New Beilio oa
Thursday the 21t inst. (first Court week)
at 12 o'clock,.!., to lake into consideration
Ihe action of the recent Northern Penn'e
Feb. 6, 1850.
C7A. W. Benedict, Eaq., of Hunting
loo, ha been appointed Dt p- Sec. of Com.
(KrNo change iu the Lewisburg Mar
In Lewisburg, 5th inst.. by E.-v- P. j
Marr.JoiiN Bowe,of Georgetown, N,th
Co., and Miss Elizahuh, daughter
Ji.hn Bnuchman, of Kelly Tp.
In Mdion, 24th ult., bv Rev. Hamilton,
Jacob Hclsizer and Miss Catheeisi
In Milion. 29th ult., Leonard Stocch
tos, son or John II. Raser.aged 3 mouth
and 23 days.
- In Dry Valley, on Sunday the 3J in,
aged 9 years, 4 months, 15 days.W iilu
Rsadley, son ol Uriah and Harriet W
In Lewisburg. 4th inst , eg J""
6 months, and 9 dave, Thomas Pestv
1 son of John Junes.