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The morning star and Catholic messenger. (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, June 14, 1868, Morning, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086284/1868-06-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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NEW ORLEANS. SUNDAT, JUN 14. iSIS.
Irnm the Cathoto World.]
NELLIE NETTERVILLE " "
o0.
ONE OF THE TiANS NTE
He pulled down F ~ mantle"
as he-spoke, and N that, instead of
covering the bare she had imagined,
- ---°merely concealed an qpenlng into an in
ner antl smaller portion of the lut, built
right over the - creek, and made to answer
the purpose of a boat-house. Into this the
water rushed,--o as to form a basin deep
enough for the floatingof a boat, and one
accordingly laysafe within it concealed by
the overhanging roof from observstlon on
the outside.
It was t- flat b6ttomed like the native
craft, but iad been evidently built both for
strength and speed by one who understood
his business, and its chief cargo at this par
ticutlar-ioment seemed to be a qifantity of
luxuriant heather.
To this Roger pointed with a smile. "If
I were a Highlander," he said, "you might
suspect me of second-ght; for I have
gathered, without thinking of It, double the
usual quantity of heather, that wiuca we
outlaws perfore .use fore..edding. I hope
you will not mind roughing it a little."
I have roughed it a good deal within
the last few months," said Nellie "and I
do not think you will And me difficult to
please. Is the boat quite safe I have
never been out on the real sea before."
'.' fe !'' said the young man, with a little
pardonable pride in-his dark eyes. " I
built her myself, and she has weathered
more than one bad storm since the first day
that I -sailed her. I call her the ' Grana
Uaille,' afteFe stout old--hieftainess
whose island kingdom I inhabit, and which,
with the other lands of which lajor Hewit
son has robbed me I inheritoi -my
grandmother. But tie sun is getting low.
you- not think we had better start at
once, and get the voyage over before-night
fall t"
To this Nellie-gladly assented and be
tween them they conducted Lord-Netter
ville to the boat. Roger arranged the
heather so as to form a sort of couch, and,
with the mantle thrown over him to pro
tect-Mlitrffom the damp, the old man found
himself so comfortable that he settled him
self quietly for slumber. Then Roger put
up his sail, and with a fresh and favorable
wind they glided down the creek.
Nellie would not lie down, but she sat
back in the boat with a lazy kind of glad
ness in her heart, which, rightly interpreted
would probably have been found to mean
-perfect rest of body and mind. Such rest
as she had not felt for months ! The waters
widened as they approached the bay, and
Nellie marked each new feature in the
-scene with an interest all the keener and
more enToyable, ~hat every
was so unlike anything she had ever seen
before. Accustomed as she had been to
"the tamer cultivation of her native country,
the savage grandeur of that wild west, with
its poverty in human life, its wealth in that
which was merely animal, took- her com
ldetely by surprise, and she gazed with un
wearied interest, now on the undulating
ranges of blue mountains which crossed and
recro,.ses each other like network against
thle sky. the'n on the broad, black tracts of
pai;t ;atl Iog hland which covered tile coun
try at tlhir fetet like a pall; listened now to
tihe bimtt.ri and plover as-they answered
each other froent the matrshes, then to the
shrill screllnls of the curlews as they rose
-tbeforce t!.e boat, darkeninlg the air with
their uncounted numbers; or she watched a
heron sweeping slowly homeward from its
distant fishing-ground--or t grand old
eagle soaring solemnly upward, as if bent
on a visit to the departing sun ; and her de
light and astonishment at last reached
their climax in the apparition of a seal,
which, just as they cleared the creek,
popped its head up above the waves, leav
ing her, in spite of Roger's laughing assu
rance to the contrary, weli-nigh persuaded
that she had seen a mermaid. The wind
continuing steady, Roger shook out his
last remaining reef, and, responding gayly
to the fresh impulse, the boat sprang for
ward at a racing pace. They were in Clew
Bay at last, and Nellie uttered acr -.ofjoy
never had shle seen anything so beautiful
before. Masses of clouds, with tints just
caught fromn the presence of the sun, soft
greens and lilacs, and pale prinmrose and
delicate pearly white. so clear amid filhny
that the eenizig star could be seen glancing
through theoy, hung right overhead, shed
ding a thousand hues, each imore beautiful
than tile other, upon the bay beneath, until
.it flowed like a liquid opal round its multi
tudes of tribute isles. Opposite, right inl
tl--very mouth of the harbor, stood Clare
leland, all alight and glowing, as if it were
in very deed the pavilion of the setting sun,
which, as it sank into tihe waves beyond it
wrapped tower, and ct'lulch, and slanting
clilf, and winding shor-linie, in such a glory
of gold and purple asmulde tihe old kingdom
of Graena Uaille look for thIe uonment like a
palace of the fairies. Nellie was still strain
ing her eyes for a glimpse of time Atlantic
on the other side, when thedeep bnying of
a Ihound cameaijke aIi, swieet music over
the waters, and Roger slightly touched her
shoulder. - They were close to the isl:anld;
in another moment he hIad run his boat
cleverly into the little harlbr and laid her
alongside the pier. A lhuge wolf-dog, of
the old Irish breed, instantly Iounded in,
nearly oversetting Nellie in his clgerness to
greet his master.
SRog'er laid on-refstraining hand on the
dog's massive head, and removing his aim
with the other, said, smilingcourteously :
SYou must notbe afraid of Mllaida, Mis
tress Netterville, she is as gentle as sle is
strong, and has only come to add her voice i
to her master's and to bid you welcome te,
the outlaw's home."
CiIAPERlt VIII.
Nellie slept that night the peaceful slum
bers of a child ; but thie Ihablits of long
Sweeke- f~rcar were nIot to be -so easily
that .f 6nhits way through'!
window of her hambe r
her well-earned-repose. Her
ever been of
m uch with
was to tha Godwit
the oung and innocent heart
the ty Into which he. had
ed her-wt last. Then she lay baleupon
pllow, and, yielding to the ;-jhtful
consciousness that therewas now no im
mediate call upon her for exertion either
of body or mind. Mg-nced languidly round
the dimly-lighted room, and endeavored to
make a men
It was a
second oei
Roger had ke Uha , ndwn
was all that was yet remtning of the old
stronghold of Grans Usie. The apart
mentlhad evidently .no ftuC u--e*u f i. own
to boast of, but, having boeei'sed as a sorti
of lumber-room, was abundantly supplied
with articles brought hither hfom h.o2
favored mansions. Nellie aoperceive
that much of h so-caed lumber was of
the eostliest description and represented
probably the sum total of all that had been
saved from the wreck of Roger's fortune.
There were, cabinets of curious workman
ship, atable carved inoakoesbIlak as ebony,
a few high-backed chairs-of the same ma
terial, ornaments in gold and silver, some
of ancient Celtic manufacture, others in
their more delicate workmanship, bearing
marks -f~Taiitite handling, which, even to
Nellie's unaccenstomed eye, betrayed their
foreign origin. There were pictures, too,
most of them with the dark shadow of a
Spanish hand upon, them, and swords,
bucklers, wea pon, and armor of all kind
old and new, defensive and offensive, piled
up here and there in picturesque eonftsio
in the corners of the turret. Nellie had
been amusing herself for some minutes
scannng a these treasures over and over,
and guessing at their various uses, when
hep-attention became suddenly riveted
apon a huge coffer with bandseind- mould
ings of curiously-wrought brass, which
stood against the wall exactly opposite to
the foot of her bed. She was still quite
girl enough to be willing to amuse-herself
by imagining all sorts of impossibilities re
specting the contents of this mysterious
looking piece of-fnrniture, and she was
watching it as anxiously as if she- half ex
pected it to open of itself,-when the door
of the chamber was cautiously unclosed,
and the old woman, who represented the
office of cook, valet,,and everything else
in Roger's establishment, crept up to her
bedside as quietly as if she fancied her to
be sleeping still. -
"t God's blessing and the light of heaven
be on your sweet smiling face," she ejaeu
lated. as Nal_; t+m- her bright, wide
open eyes with a grateful smile upon the
old hag. " Lie still a bit, a-lannah, lie still,
and take a sup of this fresh goat's whey
that I have been making for you. It will
bring the color, may be, into your pretty
cheeks again; for troth, a-lannah, they are
-aspale-this morning as mountain roses, and
not at all-what they should be in regard to
-a young and"- well-grown slip of a lassie
like yourself."
Nellie took the tempting beverage, which
Nora presented to her in an old-fashioned 1
silver goblet, readily enough; but checking I
herself just as she was about .to put it to t
her lips, she said gayly t
"Thanks, a thousand times, my dear old c
woman, but I do not feel that I need it q
much, and this whey would-be-tht very t
thing for my poor old grandfather. He was t
always accustomed to something of the sort a
in the days when we were able to indulge s
ourtselves in such luxuries."
' 1ord bless the child-!" said the delighted e
Nora. " If she isn't as gay as a bird in its
iother's nest this morning, for all the
wi-ary worry of her last bight's travels.
But there's no need to be sparing of the
whey, omy honey, for sure I've a good sup t
of it left on purpose for the old lord as soon
as ever he awakens. So drink up every
drop of this, if you wouldn't have the mas
ter scold me; for he sent it up himself,
he did, and it's-downright mad he'd be if it
came back to him not empty."
Something in this speech, or in old Nora's
way of making it, cattied the blood, the ab
sence of which she had been just deploringD
to rush once more into Nellie's cheek; and
perhaps it was partly to hide this weakness
that she took the goblet without another
word, and drained it to the dregs, playfully
turning its wrong side up as she gave it
back to Nora, ij order to show her how
thoroughly her directions had been com
plied with. Made happy on this important
point, the old woman trotted gayly out of
the room, and then Nellie rose, half- reluc
tantly, it tmust be confessed, and- comn
menced the duties of the toilet. They were I
simple enouga in her case, yet difficult,
also, from their very simplicity. Her hair,
long and smooth and shining, was easily
enough disposed in braids, which, folded
tightly round her head, gave a grace and
elegaznce to her appearance none of the
fantastic head-gear then in vogue could
possibly have imnparted; but when she
cameo to inspect the habiliments she had
worn the day tc an bich perforce
she must wear again that day, she became 1
painfully, and, perhaps for the first time, 1
fully conscious of the dilapidations which
time and travel had wrought upon them. I
In vain shie rubbed out tiud and grass
etains, in vain she plied her nieedle. Thie
garmnents absolutely defied her skill, and, I
painfully conscious of the fact, she was
about perforce to don them as they were, I
whhen Nora burst into thle room witlh a look
of gladness on Iher face. which vanished, 1
Ilowever-, to do I(zer jlustice, as corilh.etely4
als if it had leve.r teetln, at the sight of ii(ri
Nellie, slhalne-tiheed and sad, vainly tr'yizg
to smooth hIer rags into somethling like de
cent poverty around her,.
--  [To h.. Continuedt.]
After man has pres.erved hIis innocence,
:nd performed all diiits inenlcublent upon
him. hIis tiime spent in hisi own way is what I
Imtlz-vs his lifei differ fromz that of a slave.
Strong plassionse belong only to strong :
miunds, and terrible is the struggle that rea
son has to make to subdue them.
we find a fitting tribute to one of th- most
noble institutions with which Ireland is
blessed-that which bears the title at the
head of this'iaticle-the'greater portion of
which we subjoin:
Of all the charitable institutions I ever
visited, this is, without exception, the aAp
piest. A ofjay and cheerfulness pero
vades the p use; -the sound of merry
laliger d ear continual
sand y - ttn almost on ev _
ud~t "tiro }ple of aclasso lyi
aited Ibeinjsithbse who have ner en,
or who must never see again- the .l.At of
day the fair world around them, or the
klin Daces m uLf s they love. The haeer
fiuness of the blind is, indeed; e'often
remarked by ,strangers; but a peculiar
joyfuldi i , to aryfixld iaslhto
of St. Mary s. When we camx to knmow
more of the management of the institution,
we ceased to wonder at theirlinapiness.
They are burrounded by those whose one
thought it is how t-make their life a happy
and a hplly one. The most watchful care is
exercisedfor their comfort; the most careful
training given' to their capabilities. The
superioress of the house is one of those
beings who have the gift of drawing the
hearts of others to them, and of influencing
hem for good. She has a singular aptitude
for understanding the characteristics of the
.blind,-and is untiring in her exertions to
promote their welfare. And surely a special
blessing is theirs who smooth the difficul
ties and lighten the burdens of those whom
God has stamped with the seal of sufferinm,
whom He has shut up in a cloister of His
own making; for, in whatever class of life
blindness falls, it is always a Reavy misfor
tune. There are, indeed exceptional cases,
where the mind is so richly gifted, where
the other faculties of the body-are so mar
velously quickened, that a blind person
becomes the centre of a home, the support
of all around him. But. these cases are
rare; and, generally speaking, the blind
member of a family is a burden and an
anxiety, even among the wealthier classes.
But how is this-misfortune doubled when
it regards the poor ! The poor families to
whom it is a struggle to get the children
through their early childhood, and who
look forward to each member becoming in
dependent at as early an age as possible
what a burden must not a blind child be to
them! It requires double watching through
its infancy; and when school-time comes,
brothers and sisters may go, but not the
blind child. "Siit out from the pleasures
and employments of childhood, how said
and desolate is a blind child's life ! Look,
again, at the blind children in workhouses :
what a miserable life is-theirs ! what-aggra
vations of the unhappy lot of all workhouse
children! how completely are they at the
mercy of rough officials, and when they
grow up to man and womanhood,4tow man
ifold -the hardships and dangers to which
they are exposed! Hardships mostly as
regards boys, but fearful dangers as -ards
girs. Then, in .himatter of fsith, a ,
in this respect how unprotected are the
blind ! The oitward symbols of the faith
have no power to retain their affections;
they camnnot see the altar gloriously arrayed, 1
the priests in the vestments-which each
convey a lesson, they may not look upon
even the veiled presence of their Lord; I
they cannot gaze on the beautiful picture,
the " storied window," the imposing wor
ship of the sanctuary; above all others they
are depenent on teaching, upon the efforts
of fellow-creatures to enlighten their minds
and instruct them in the truth.
It would be difficult to describe the effect
produced on themind by a visit to this
asylum. We fomindtwo large rooms filled
with thepixpils--one the older, the other
the younger portion of theschool. Looking
round on those faces, we were struck by the I
listenaig look, common to the blind when
theintelligence has been cultivated. Some- I
times the faces of the blind display a touch
ing beauty; and even when the blindness
has proceeded from some cause which has 1
disfigured the face, it is almost always ac
companied by that expression of mute
resignation which goes straight to the spec
tator's heart. The intelligence of these
children was truly remarkable;, they were
far beyond seeing children of the same age.
The love and desire of learning had been I
better -than eyes to them,_Specimens of
beautifll mnedlework- done by them were
for sale. To listen to their music and sing
ing was really a treat. The love of and
aptitude for music is proverbial among the
blind; but in this case it had been brought
to perfection. An excellent music-master
had conme constantly to give lessons; and
under his care the girls had acquired a re
finement-of taste in singing which took us
fairly by surprise. The attitude of the I
group who stood round the organ was
worthy of -aketch; the rapt faces, the
listening look, more marked than ever, as
if they caught sonme echoes of a music that
we are too detaf to hear, were most striking.
Notwithstanding all this intelligence, the
blind are exceediiigly helpless in many
things. and not all thti training in the world
will ever make them i therwise. They re
quire to be under the watchful and tender
care of religious. There are other classes
of the poor who are; lerhaps, rather untfitted
for their contact with the rough world by
the gentleness and kindness of a nun; not
so the blind. Kindness, encouragement,
synlattliy, are to them as thie air they
bu:irtlie. We couhld not help. noticing the
extraeme dioffrence between the Ib)nlin
as. il:ui and one in a provincial Irishl town,
which was under stctllar inanagenilent Not
tha:t there was anything in the mianagers to
tind ithult, with; they were kind, just, and
active, but fulfilled their work as ano irksome
duty. for which they were paid. The Sister
oft ("hiritv watches over thle Iblind as a labor
ofh lve: she is never weary- of ievihigfpan
lii their ecomfort and imiprovement; sihe is
sor: y to be called away fronm tlhen, glad to
ret'urn: she counts theum over as the jewels
that a'e one lday to .parkle in lier crown.
This helplessne.ss pirevents theblind from
fntiriely earning their owIm support, siive in I
SBlindnss generally arises
- t ordisease in
aooqmpanied
I branches " generally opento
In this matter, deaf and dumb are m
1Hetter off than" the blind; there are a
fecullpatious to which they can be
in many large houses an intelligen
r and dumnl servant would be rather an ae
quisition than otherwise. But who would
engage ablind servant ? The blind inmates
Sof the Portobello A 'Te not, therefore,
Sa  ecoatmnuflni- ncies seldom
9c r,- i n Lwe t, one child was
r ql  hy in the p little infirmary,
or breath, theeath-dew on her
brow; but she was ready to die-ready to
open her eyes at last, and gaze upon the
visiod ,Etelnal Beauty. She had only
one arthly wish : that her little blind ister
might be taken into the asylum, and there
S"taught how to die." The superioress told
us she had four pressing applications for the
bed when death shou devact
The union among the blind children is
remarkable. The Sisters of Charity, ac
customed as they are to every kind of labor
among the poor, consider the charge of the
blind the easiest anl pleasantest of their
works; there is seldom a dispute, or a re
proof needed; the children are gentle,
obedient, and loving, and most fervent in
fiith. As they pass up the broad staircase,
you see them bow their heads. "What do
you do that for?" " Because the images of
our Lady and St. Joseph are there-- they
answer-" yes told me so." Their prayers
rise up likeianinese before God, for they are
the prayers of sinless hearts. Happy are
those who, by becoming their benefactors,
have a right to be remembered by them at
the throne of God !
Though the hope of teaching blind women
to support themselves entirely is a fallacious
one, there are many families who would find
it an immense benefit to have a child
educated at this school, and then sent home
when she is grown up. Instead of the help
less, useless, unhappy being she woul
been, if allowed to pass all her life without
education, nd under the system ofpetting,
she returns home an intelligent, happy
creature,  epenaent on others for many
things, it is true, but able to render them
services in return; for, though the Sisters
of Charity show their blind charges every
possible kindness, they are never weakly
indulgent. They are careful to train their
characters; to treat them, in short, as far
as possible, as if they saw; providing, with
quick foresight, for the occasions when they
cannot help themselves; but exacting from
them what is within their capacity, and,
therefore, preventing thetm from feeling a
constant sense of helplessness.
One of the temptations peculiar to blind
ness is suspiciousness; it is, also, as we
know, the temptation of old or inflrm per
sons who are dependent on others. Who
can wonder ? How easy it is to deceive the
blind! How often advantages might be
taken of their weakness by evil, designing
people! And, not to go so far, people who
-are deficient in jdgment may .make many
mistakes and eause much suffering to the
blind. It is easy, therefIre, to see the im
mense benefit it is to have a blind asylum
watched over by religious. As soon as the
blind girls knew the nuns, all suspicion
vanished, and has never returned. Instinct
was as strong as sight, and revealed to them
the character written on those faces which
we looked upon; they felt the refined sense
of honor, the patient self-denial, the heart
felt affection which we sawe in the gentle
Sisters of Charity.
After our first visit to 'the asylum, we
were' invited by the kind superioress to
witness a play acted by the blind; and,
truly, it was worth seeing. ._The scene was
d in the-time of the French Revolution;
and Marie Antoinette, Madame Elizabeth,
and other personages of the period did their
parts with admirable self-possession; the
Abbe Edgeworth, in beretta and cloak,
gave his blessing with sacerdotal dignity. 1
Several choral pieces were introduced into
the play, to enliven the scene; while the
remarks of a comic character, who, somehow 1
or other had something to say to every one,
effectually dissipated the mournful charac
ter of the play. The burden of her tale was
the Superior merits of "old Ireland" over
any other country in the world; and some
stanzas of her parting song, composed by
herself, were as follows: .
Come to old Ireland and seek information
'Tisthere rou'll sesiht that will noon make you stare
Sore haM what yon hear of is all botheration- ]
Come Jndfe foryonurelf, and youll dnd I speak fair.
Come to old Ireland and see those fine places
They have rained in this land for the use of mankind 1
'Tia tledtrsa in bsa heat,-i'-the lent in His creatures.
That beautiful spot called the " lime .f the Blind."
Come to that placewhbere they're all no united,
Though born in eoontien dividedl afar-- v
They're from Dublin and Cork. Tipplerary and Kerry.
Kilkenny and Waterford, Limerick and Clare.
These simple pleasures are highly prized
by the blind children; and, surely, it is of
JAU little moment to give pleasure to those
who are cut off from the many enjoyments
which strew our paths.
Once a" year the blind girls -undergo an
examination, and assist at a concert, in aid
of their asylumt,-given in the Rotunda,
Dublin. ]
ST. BERNAiI, DOGs.--It has been the
current belief for some time, that the St.
Bernard breed of dogs was dying out. To
replace these valuable animal s has be'en an
oblject of much interest among the French '
andt Swiss. And at the Paris Exhibition I
there was a dog from Berne, which obtained '
thile only prize, who is said to resemble very 1
exactly, in looks and qualities, the cele- I
bratctd IHlern:trder " Barry," whomi the
monks lovedl as a brother, and whose death
they have niever ceased to inouin, i andof
whos.e wonderful smigacity they are never
weary of talking. It is said when some of
the oldest monks, who remeilibered "BarTy,"
saw this animal, they were moved to tears,
and exclaimned- "Thank God! old Barry
-has come hnek again!" The Hosice has t
been Prescented .,withl a pair of these new c
icernlarders, and tliey have begun to dtlevelola
the nlost remarkable lqualitiegs of the BUer
inmrd race. _
Woe to himin who smiles not over :a cradle, t
and weeps not over a tomb. . -
TNl¢ >IU CRURN mA ADD 0L
It is certain that thirty years ago, ffty
years ago, the foremost intellects of the
country ad pasaed sentence upon the-iai
Church. Sharp things- were said of that
hurch in the recent debate; but they were
y compliments compared with the
which Macaulay and 8ydney
it-nay, in which bafore
t i kedescribed it. Nor
fail to condemn
it during one of the
Sa aincs some years
ago, a ouse of Commons
fiercely v nst the tyranny of
LouisN apol . en remarked that,
with all hstyranny he would not ventur*
to impose the Church of a small and alien
minority on any province or dependency of
France. At no time have we wanted the
testimony and the eloquence of able men
sgtlt te monsitruqusI an se
rner a nger of re tigdi tieii"Cahuare
as a State establishment. But theouse of
Commons never heeded. fJoellu Who the
ndian mutiny, the i . n* di and
Salways meant the temporary
eeanpyng :~f the Hou iuse f otn -aetmal
count out, m before the enian insarrection
theaubjeet of the Irish Chureli wasregarded .
simply as a crotchet, the pecia property
of bores, the dream theme of impratible.
and futile Nonconformist eloquence. We
are quite ready to join with the &tatrday
Review min asking why this was so, and in
thinking it little to the creditof the House
of Commons that such questions should ever
have to be asked. " h h P
It required a Fenia 'insurrection, a
chronic suspension of the habeas corpus
act, and several executions, to aromse the
attention of the House of Commons to the
necessity of abolishing the Irish Church.
This is deidedl a heavy sin to lie at the
door of the expirlng Parliament. Legisla
tion moved onlyin obedience to the pres
sure of revolution. The worst of all avowed
democracies ever known never set up so
dangerous and. demoralizing a principle of
action as did the aristocratic peer-governed
Parliament of Great Britain. For ourselves,
we really think that one great- reason of
this was the distance at which the Parlia
ment stood removed from the people. A
few thousand electors in England, a mere
handful of voters in Ireland, returned the
representatives who were to h the law
makers. .The electors' did not and could
not themselves repr-fsent the popular feel
ing; how could the elected of these electors
be expected to uderstand, much less to
guide or anticipate i Many great ques
tions lately arose-take the question of the
American civil war, for instance-on which
the general opinion of the vast majority of
the people, when in a rough-and-ready ex
plosive fashion it came out, literally amazed
and dumb-foundered the upper and legisla
ting classes, who had not the faintest notion
that the current of national feeling was set
ting that way. We confess that we look
for something very different from the new
and Reformed Parliament, with its electoral
element permeating all classes evtrywhere
down to the very poorest. We db not be
lieve that, in the future great national in
justicesand evils will be passed over un
condemned; or, if abstractly condemned,
allowed to remain for generations unre
dressed and unhealed. The fact that the
Irish Church, tried, condemned, and sen
tenced a generation agot is found alive and
pugnacious to-day, is, Indeed, the fault of
the House of Commons, but it is even more
the fault of our old electoral system. A
good Reform Bill ten years ago would have
meant the disestablishment of the Irish
Church a year after.--Londo Morning e tar.
5CIETWIC AND NODCAICAL.
SunMARIN. LOCOxOTiON.--A German
engineer, Herr Bauer, has invented a new
machine for submarine locomotion. The
admiiralty of the Band has appointed a com
mittee for examining and reporting on its
merits. It has long been a favorite idea
with the Germans that they would one day
be able to compensate for their weakness
on the surface of the water by the aid of a
fleet that is to (not exactly sail, but) steam
below it.
INTERESTING DISCOVRIES.-- Important
and interesting archlological discoveries
have been recently made on the site of the
prposed new theatre at Angers, in Fance,
to replace tht destroyed by fire. The lo
cality was known to have been the cradl, of
Christianity in Anjou, and the, excavations
for the foundations have laid bare theGallo
Roman chapel in which the first bishops of
Anjou officmate to the pagans who had em
braced the Christian religion. Two crypts
have been disinterred, with Roman and
Gothic capitals and many curious architec
tural details. The crypts contained a large
nuimber of very fine sarcophagi, in which
were skeletons in good preservation, eccle
siastical ornaments, weapons, and a rcon
siderable quantity of jewelry, including ear
and finger-rings. All the objects capable
-of being removed have been deposited in
the mrsebun at Angers.
bSOIA WATr ON A LAIIIe SCALE.-, ci
riofs geological phenomenbo lately took
piace, remarks the Builder, at tihe thermal
establislmAnt of St. Albahn, nwhile a slight
repair was being made at the COtesar well.
the water had to be lowered some centi
metres, when, all of a sdden, a loud sub
terranean noise was heard, and the springs,
which usually gave off' a grcat quantity of
gas, but in a calm, bubbling way, were
really put in ebullitiou. Time gasometres of
'the establishment, which orldinarily take
half a day to be filled, were all raised to full
height in a few minutes. Ximue thlui occur
rence effervescing lenmonadles mlud snd water
have lI,een increasingly liroduiem'l. It isalso a
#iarkale fact, that thme naimm-.irl w-tter has
become stronger of the silt, which fonsists
of a mixed bicarbonate of-ijn and other
sabstanCees. Time village is in tIhe commune
of St. Andre d'Apclhon, on tile left bank of
the Loire, (deplrtnment of tihe Loire,) and
contains onlmy 4)nel hlundled mmmd fifty inlhabit
ants. It is shboitt thir-tec,, hliiiiirlCx l feet
above thec· levetl of tilme k'a-.
"cherish laitienee as your fivorite virtue.
Always keep it alout yoe. Yeo will find
usc for it oftener than for all the rest.

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