Newspaper Page Text
of the Stoamer
ONLY TWO OF THE CREW SAVED.
n,ci:nortof Captain Gillie. ami III,
to Keep th low,,,el Vemtel Afloat
MfrlMe i:l"-leiue In the Klg-ginfi; of
TfrrTwi Men Who Kaied-MKhte.l and
r Muel by the Steamer Mariposa When
Ahwt fro,n KP,Mre'
Buffalo, N. Nv. .-William Gill.
-k hand, and Louis La Force. Jr., Bee
!nd mate, were the only member, of the
lamer Idaho's crew who were saved.
! vei wrecked lR Lake Erle-
list of drowned Is as follows: Cap
tain Alex Gillies. Mate George Gibson,
rneineer William Clancy, Assistant En
Sneer N'elson Skinner. Watchman Louis
Gilmore Wheelsman Richard McLean.
jiooeri vviiiiaiiia, j-,wivuv
THE NEWS IN BRIEF.
Charles Relnard of Ardmo're, I. T.,
cut the throat of his cousin and sweet
heart, Miss May Heine, and then cut
his own threat. She will recover, hut
Kelr.ard will die.
Governor Mount, Jowph D.idge. de
partment command r of tile (Irard
Army of the Itc-publlc, and J. R. Uev
eridge spoke at the annual rtate meet
ing at Indlanaprlls In memory of Oliver
1. Morton, who was the war governor of
A freight train on a Grand Trunk Bid
ing near Brockvllle, Ont., was run Into
by a mixed train. II. H. Wray, a den
tut, was Instantly killed and R. J. Hick
noil of Camden Earl received fatal In
juries. General W. II. Jackson of ReUe Meade
has purchased the interest of Richard
Croker In the Helle Meade breeding
farm near Nashville, Tenn., for thor
Al Rurbank ai;1jugust Ludquest are
BEES FOR A MASCOT.
w J Richard, Lookout Henry Thom
son Fireman Conrad Blanker, Fireman
William Gregory. Deckhand Edward
lth Hell, from Mumford, Stew
ard John D. Taylor. Assistant Steward
John Leahy, unknown fireman, un
known deckhand, unknown porter.
The crew had asked Captain Gillies
in turn to shelter under Long Point.
Jut he thought it safe to go ahead, and
d?d not change his mind until he was
tin miles beyond the point. The vio
lence of the ftorm and the fact that his
boat was leaking frightened him. and h
endeavored to bring her around. She
as caught In the trough of the sea and
began to ship water in such quantities
that the whole crew was sent below to
the pumps. While they were trying to
keep the water from rising one of the
rumps broke and half the crew was
equipped with fire-buckets and a line
was formed to ball her out.
The Captain' Last Ilopr.
But the water rose steadily and soon
attacked the engine fire. Ten minutes
later the fires were out and the ship
was tossing powerless in the grasp of
the pea. Captain Gillies' last hope was
that he might catch an anchor, and in
the dark on the wave-swept decks the
crew put out the anchors. While they
were giving more line to the port anchor
the stern began to sink. Half a dozen
jailurs who were below dashed for the
deck and trampled one of their number
to death in their mad haste to get out
of the Hooding hold. Most of the crew
ran for the llfeboata Those who were
not washed overboard were drowned
when the small boats were ewamped.
Clll and La Force got on the end of the
deckhou?e as the stern sank and climbed
into the rigging. They got up to the
crow's nest and were there when the
Idaho eettled down on bottom. There
they clung, slowly freezing to death.
"It was 1 o'clock, about." said Gill
when speaking of the rescue, "when we
saw a third stack and a puff of smoke
up the lake. 'This time said the mate,
'we must stop her or die.' With that
he began to swing his hat. He told me
to wave my arms, but it was impossi
ble. An Anxious Fifteen Minutes.
"The best I could do was to wiggle
my left hand just the least bit, and
this took all my strength. He did
enouRh for us both and got some exer
cise for It. He waved toward the shore
also. Then the puffs of smoke changed
their course. 'She sees us," said the
mate In a frantic voice.
"The next fifteen mlrutes were the
most anxious ones I have ever spent.
I watched and waited till my eyes
ached. I could not believe that the boat
was coming for us, but she was. Slowly
fhe came, on and on, and In a little while
we could make out her hull. The rest
was easy. The boat ran up to us and
began to lower a yawl. It was washed
In a jiffy. Captain Root did mighty
well. He tried twice to run alongside
us. but the sea was too heavy. Then he
tried to run head on, but he missed.
Four times his boat, the Mariposa, ran
around us, and at last her nose bumped
almost against me and the second mate.
I found that I could not unfasten my
hands. One of the men on the rescuing
boat had to pull them off the mast like
a lever and two others hauled me on
the deck of the boat'
LIEUTENANT O'BRIEN IN ARREST.
I'roHprutor of Captain llomeyn May Have
to Fare a Court-Martial.
Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 9. Some months
ago, when Captain Henry Romeyn, the
convicted defendant in the sensational
court-martial held at Fort MePherson,
was granted an honorable discharge
through the good offices of President
McKlnley, he prophesied to the officers
at Uncle Sam's post that six months
would not elapse before his departure
from the ranks would be followed by
that of Lieutenant O'Brien, his prose
cutor. On the recent march of the Fifth In
fantry from Atlanta to Chattanooga
O'Brien was chief of the engineering
corps that planned the route and the
trip. On arrival at Chattanooga the
lieutenant disappeared, and for the
whole anen days of the regiment's stay
In the mountain city Is said to have
enjoyed himself. He was not on hand
when the troops went to the Nashville
exposition and when he finally did re
Port he was placed In arrest. O'Brien
represented the army in the China
Japan war and so conducted himself
in the Flowery kingdom that he was
Fire t LonUvllle, Ky.
Louisville, Ky., Nov. 9. A fire of con
siderable proportions broke cut at mid
night on Main street, between Sixth and
Seventh, in the wholerale business dis
trict. The flame originated on the top
floor of the four-story stone front build
ing occupied by Bareford & Lawson,
wholesale millinery dealers and quick
ly spread to the four-story building on
the wt. occulped by Benjamin S. Aller,
wholesale dealer in boots and shoes.
Terrible Tragedy In Tarla. .
Paris, Nov. 9.' A man named Ireyf us,
who is supposed to be a cousin of Cap
tain Dreyfus, the deported artillery offi
cer, hbj wife, formerly the Countess Ohe-
.curty, and their three daughters, re
spectively 11, H, nd 7 years of age,
committed suicide at their residence in
Marecue. The deoeased husband and
j, father was ko terribly upset by the sen
tence imposed upon Captain Dreyfus
that he changed hit name to that of his
oolng held at Anderson, Ind., pending
an investigation of the theft of $1,600
from Barney Van Hoorebeke.
John Maltern. living near Bremen.
Ind., committed suicide by hanglrg him
self. In a fire near Halifax, ,N. S., Miss
Mary Walker and a 4-year-oM child of
George Tullock were burned to death.
D. D. Bergen, who fell from the sec
ond story of his planing mill Thursday
at Franklin, Ind., died without regain
ing consciousness. s
Hiram L. Holden. 27 years old, cash
ier of the Central Natlnral bark of Pu
eblo. Col., killed himself during a lit of
temporary Insanity. He had a severe
attack of fever a year ago. from which
he never fully recovered. Examination
cf his books shows them, correct to a
R. M. Tolladay, aged .10. a contract
ing mason, who lived near Decatur, 111..
Ailled himself with a revolver.
Rev. L. T. Fisher, a Presbyterian
minister, has pued the city of Warsaw.
Ind., for $20,000 for damages sustair.ed
on a defective sidewalk.
Ralph Van Hern, a farmer living near
Unadilla. Neb., shot and killed hlf 5-year-old
Fen and then committed sui
cide. Van Horn was slightly deranged.
A St. Denis (France) suirid selected
roasting as the means of his taking off.
He built a big fire In his fireplace, lay
down close to It. ar.d wrote down his
imprepsicn as long as he could. The
body was in a shocking state when
Condemn-! .Man Commit SiileM".
LaPcrte, Ind.. New 9. cnaties imK
erton. under sentence of life imprison
ment for the murder of his nephew and
son-in-law, Charles Pinkertor.. Jr.. of
Fulton, Mich., cut his throat In the
county Jail. Death was almc;-t Instan
taneous. Mrs. Pinkertcn was an lr
mate of the same cell with her husbard.
this precaution being taken to prevent
the prisoner from carrying out threat
cf suicide, but there is evidence that
she furnbhed the knife with which her
husband killed himself.
Father and Son Sentenced.
Gladwin. Mich:. Nov. S.-Henjamin
Nunn and Roy Nunn. father and son,
were both sentenced to life Imprison
ment in the state penitentiary at Jack
ston. Their crime w as murder of Curtice
f-range peta of a, ltellef lloat Crew anl
How They Were Taken.
Relief boat No. 10, which spends most
of her time at the lighthouse, btatlon on
Staten Island, has a fcwarm of hoes for a
mascot. The relief bout, like all others of
tier kind, is likely to bo ordered out at any
time to tako Mm place of a lightship In
need of repairs. Sho inny Imvo to go to
Sandy Hook, or even as far awuy as Uren
ton's reef, near Newport, but usually she
Is at St. Uoorgo under waiting ordors.
Ouo day, a year ago last summer, Captain
Murray, her skipper, hoard a great buzz
ing In the air, und looking up he saw a
cloud of bees making directly toward him.
Doing unused to such apparitions he run
Into tho cnbiu and awaited developments.
The bees lighted on the port rail, near the
gangway, forming a bunch which ap
peared to tho captain's eyo to be bigger
than a peck measure. Before the captain
knew what had become of them they dis
appeared from sight, and then ho found
that they had gone through a hole and
made themselves at home In the side of
the vossel. '
The captain and crow goon became used
to the company of the bees, and thought
nothing of having n dozen of them buzz
Mng around their heads at once, for boos
soldom sting unless molested. One day
tho vessel wan ordered out to relieve the
lightship at Sandy Hook, nnd for nearly
two months tho bees were buffeted about
on the water, but they seemed to thrive
on the diet of brown sugar provided for
them by the sailors, and never became sua
An unlucky dav arrived, however, when
a bee fancying friend of the captain offered
to purclmso tho nueon of tho swarm and
tried to drive her from her stroughold by
the uso of tobacco smoko. The bees re
fused to bo driven out, and a denser smoko
was created with gunpowder and other
fuel. Tho result was that all the bees were
suffocated, and they were taken out after
ward from tho bottom of a vessel with a
Tho cantaln and crow mourned sincerely
for tho loss of their pots, and every sailor's
heart of them shuddered secretly at the
thouirht of eoing to sea after they had al
lowed such u manifest defiance of Provi-
donco to occur on board their vessel. Their
surprise and pleasure were therefore un
bounded when, a fow days later, another
6Warm was seen in tho rigging, apparent
iv lookliuz for a place to alight.
"It's good luck!" shouted the captain
and this time, instead of running away
ho spread out some brown sugar on ft
white sheet, as ho had been told by his
lKji..ic!.ccnlng friend to do In such emor
gonoios, placed a soapbox on edge over the
sugar and began heating a tin pan to ai
tract tho attention of tho bees. ills on on
were not in vain. With littlo persuasion
the bees entered tho box nnd mado them
selves at homo, whero they remain to thi
day and may bo seen by any ono who has
tho curiosity to visit the picturesque ngnt-
houso station. Tho box has been naucu
to tho sido of the vessel, and holes have
been bored In It, so that It Is now ns com
fortable and convenient a hive as any col
ony of bees noed have. New York Trib
une. THE ICE AGE.
Have You Investigated?
THE MIDDLE AGED MAN.
The Standingofthe Doc
tor Or Doctors You
Bo Careful of Medical Institute)
Chicago Orlu anil Produce.
Chicago, Nov. 8J
Following were the quotations on the
Board of Trade today: Wheat-Decem-hpr
onened 2c, closed 92;
opened Sc. closed 90c Corn-December,
opened 25e, clcsed 26',4c; Ma.
opened 29C closed 30c. O-Derem.
ber. opened 19c closed .
opened 21 c. closed 21 Tic. I ork-D e
cember. $7.62li. clcsed Si.6u. Jai.uarj.
opened fsW closed $S.C0 I-rd-Dj-e'n.ber.
opened and clo'd Sl.Ma. Jar
unry. opened ard closed $4.42MjC
Produce: Butter -Extra creamery.
Si per V. extra dairy. 20c; fresa
pSckU -trek. V.;r7XrV2
tf l- ltic ner dozen. Live 1 ouitr.-
Ih. l , nr ncr lb: chic kens (hrr.O,
6c: spring chlc-kms. 7c: ducks
t,,.... Vfiffhwfstern. otii
1.11. Sweet Potatoes-Jersey
Cll0ii'' Mv Stook.
Chicago, Nov. 8.
tvtimn pi receipts II mc
l.ics. $3.MK(J 3.MJ lor im n i, 1
rough Vacklr.g. .f3.50O3.8C for xed. and
$3.r.iW3.80 for neayy j
lnnZ. . iV mnoft- nuniatlons ranged at
$ 9o 5.30 fVr choke to extra shipping
Jieer- $ 1.554.0 good to choice do..
i nW4 7S i fair to good. $3.904.40 com
if medlL do! $3.6004.25 butchers
steers $2.90(fi3.90 Blockers. $3. 'Ml 4.40
feeders. $2 00 H 3. 90 cows. $2.60(f?4 50 heif
ers d $2.2.4:4.00 bulls, oxer . and sUgs
9 Kflff?1! 00 Texas steers, $3.jOW4.j w esi
!rn fangeS and $3.507.00 veal calves.
Kat Hufflilo Live Stock.
East Buffalo, N. Y.. Nov. 8.
Dunning & Stevens. Live Stock Com
mSion eMrchants. East Buffalo. N. Y .
Suite a follows: Cattle-Heceipts. 185
?JrV- market fairly active and shade
strong" for butchers and handy grades;
heavy steers slow, but steady: best ex
vort Steers, $5.0005.10: good heavy shlp
SfrTff $4 704.90; medium do 11.45 4.65;
fight butchers. $4.15Cc( 4.40: plain but fat
and coarse rteerr. $3.854.25: prime! helf-
i. 'f ."SI .ooWni
Old lO BWi." W, -cto 'in. hiitrli.
L- hvv S3 50CH.no: stock bulls,
ers ana neay. '""'., nrtive
$2.90(f?3.15: stackers ar.J to sattive
on firmer for r.ncd oru: -thets
ypr.-e. t i f
TT cair: rrniVit
?. -U i" c! eir;
btt Itrrtf r.'.'a
r : beft rr
fa ra mar
.... t'r, v:i
P. o.v' wived Tr.i-l:crK. $S.(
medium. 53 S0fJ3.r:: Yfi
and lambs ltt.rt?"
opened fteady for .nru
ler for nil but prlrrt:
fff5 80: rnll.i o fr-'ff.
?n5:-"' ..; cud. S3CCC4 25;
wethfr?. $4 CC(04 .u.
Ft. bimlf. Nov. 8.
Wheat-Lctvcr: No. 2 'eJfJ cf--ator.
96W.e bid: tracl'. 9tMc f;
2 hard envh. 85: r center. 8.vc.
May 93i(f(93':e Corr-i-trcng; M. --rllA
h 43ic bid: Drcernber. 24 :c
May. 27c. Oats-Firm: Nc, 2 mi
rash elevator. 20c bid: trnck. uya. ,ii .
December. 20c bid: May. 22c; No. 2
Snlte cash. 22c. Rye-Higher; 46c.
Milwaukee, Nov. 8.
Wheat Weak; No. 1 northern, 89Hc;
tsj s iir.rin 85V4c. Corn Firm; No. 3.
2ivj. 8Oat-Fl?m; No. whltt. 22
23c? Rye-Steady; No. 1. 47c.
, Detroit Oraiu.
Detroit, Nov. t.
Wheat Cash white, 91Hc; caeh red,
92cT December. 93c a.ked; May, 94o
bid. Corn Cath. white, zoc mku,
White. 23c. '
There Were Cold Daya In Those Times of
For centuries tho north was an Ice
locked land, and conditions of life had
changed. From tho pole to tho southern
loo limit not one mountain projected itu
i..i Kt'ii thu mihrnkim snow. EvOn
iiut mw- " - ,,
Mount Washington was deep down undbr
tho fiiirfiinn. ' I
Manhattan Island" lay burled at len,-
1.K00 feet under the too. A wllU, weird
stillness rested over this favored spot," in-
terninted onlv by tho crashing of tho ice
as pieces broke from the end of the glacier
beyond tho Narrows aim, as iuuuerKs
fl. iiited out to sea.
Aces had now passed Blnco man first
l In Ids nrimoval homo. Some
urncriiss thc race had made, but man was
still a rude and untutored savago. Ills
crude weapons were only pieces of roughly
chippod stone, but It was man with pro
iwsKivnand endless mind. And as tho
years passed tho rudo paleolithic ancestor"
gave place to muu wun a inner ii-
of primitive art. Flint tipped arrows and
axes of stono now gave man the mastery
ni-nrv nilllll.'ll. Food WHS HO longer
n. mntle.r of chatico. but a matter of skill.
Still at war with the elements, wild beasts
and savage neighbors, it was a fearful
struggle. Tho world at the best was then
in cmrrinn of Edoll.
Vfir 20.000 vears or more the Ico, with
ifa vnHmu ndvaiices and retreats, covered
rim Tinrth. Then began its final depar
turo, but It was probably as slow in going
f. It had been in coming. Tho land bo-
gan gradually to sink, tho winters became
milder and tho Bummers longer. Lip-
Electricity For Cook Inc.
"When." asked a Times representative
n, dav or two ago of an expert electrician
mq,q r to hvn the millennium In our
feUohnnsr When will electricity as a cook
Ing power becomo an accomplished fact to
that groat army of waiting housekeepers
represented by the average well to do
'Not." renlied the man of volts and
nll9. "nntll it is possible to generate eleo-
p.liennlr than now. It will be
to reach your kitchens with it when
we got if ourselves. At present the process
Is expensive, bocauso ic is rounuauuui.
You get your cooking heat directly from
thn ooal in vour ranges, it is a uiny,
Wwiniifl wnv. and much heat la wasted
but It Is cheaper than we can give It to
vou. Electrical heat comes irom coai, too
thrmiirh steam furnaces that create power
to sot the dynamos In motion and thus
cenerate electricity, but the process is sun
too expensivo ior wuuihkmd
Boston and American Art OUtcry.
Boston alone can boast a museum that
has any claim to rcprosont American art
histnrv. 'and even that representation Is
feeblo and inadequate. Why la it that we
can furnish heut, light and lodging for
Bouguereau and Vibert, while no one
nafnfl to take Gilbert Stuart and his con-
tnmnnraiif.i In from the doorstep? What
mtt. t hat West and Copley were lnima
ture painters 1 So were Cimabue and JIo
ri.th and Rene of Anjou. Some ono had
t.n miku a beginning, and West and Cop
ley were beginners of whom we have no
reason to uo asliameu. m any ruio
vara niir fl WI1. and If our Improvement 1
mrt Tina Iwian raold since their timo, all the
more reason why we should preserve the
record of the growth. bcrlPner s.
RatataI snecios of sea anemone can form
their Jellylike bodice Into boate and float
on the surface or the . water, propemug
themselves with their antenna).
The flower of eome sensitive plante are
M sensitive as the leave. -
Caprlally Thoee Whose Proprietor
Dares Not Pablleb Ille Own
On Satnrday October 2, the Copper
Country Evening News puhliehed a re
print ol the St. Louie Republic beaded,
" Trade in bogus diploma; boguecollegeg
grant fraudulent medical certificates;
hundreds posing as physicians who are
not entitled to practice, nearly all hold
mg these diplomas are ignorant of the
rudiments of medijp '
The article further goes on to state
that there are two oftbete bogus col
letres now domiciled in Illinois. Up to a
few months ago there was another hold
ing a charter from the State of Wiscon
sin, but in consequence of the removal of
its headquarters to Illinois the charter
has been forfeited at the Instigation of
the State officials.
Long hefore the above article appeared
in the local papers have we warned the
people of the copper country ol the un
scrupulous men who are practicing med
icine; there are thousand of them scat
tered throughout this country, who make
a living by praying upon the sick and
flilhcted; we have long warned the people
to be careful whom toey employ as their
physician, as he rmy be one who has
either bought or stolen a piece of paper,
and after filling in bis name, calls ita
In every walk of life, n every trade
and inevtry profession we find some
who are an honor to their fellow work
ers while othere are a disgrace. But in
do other instance can one so hoodwink
the public as in the medical profession.
Before entrusting your medical adviser
with your money, health or secrets, bf
sure that be is a physician or is connect
ed with a reputable medical institute;
avoid all medical institutes wbote propri
etor dares not use bis own name and
never having graduated from a medical
college, is obliged to hide bis identity by
advertising the name of some one as
chief consulting physician of his institute.
The people of the copper country have
been fleeced so often by these sharks, that
we deem it our duty to caution them to
be on their guard.
Be careful to whom you entrust your
lives; investigate the standing and rep-
tation of the bead of the concern or in
stitute with whom you do business; we
vcant to be Investigated; t bedhead of our
concern is a graduate from one of the
leading medical colleges of New York; be
is registered at Houghton and in almost
every State in tbe Union; always look to
the head man of any concern, thereby
judging the; reputation and standing of
the assistants. Remember we treat and
cure all chronic, private, nervous, dtli
cnte, blood, ekin, kidney, liver, bladder.
stomach, rectum and female troubles.
Our hours are daily from 9 a. m. till 9
p. m. and on Sundays from 9 a. m. till 3
m. Dr. Goldberg & Co., oyer Carlton's
hardware store, corner l ilth ana Lira
streets. Calumet, permanent brnnch of
No. 291, Woodward avenue, Detroit,
Mich. On Mondays we are at tbe Doug
lass House, Houghton, from 9 a. m. till
9. p. m.
fe Dlnoiareea on the Subject of the Once
A'hen I was a boy," said the mlddlo
id man, "there wua a bootjack lu every
homo. In some homes there was ono for
the father and ono for each of the sons,
but the one bootjack homos got ulung very
comfortably, for they didn't all want to
uso it at once. Tho boys went to bed
early and loft the bootjack for tho old
"Bootjacks were made of wood and of
iron. Originally they were all made of
wood. The wooden bootjack had a wedge
shaped owning sawed In ono end. Some
times this opening wau roundod out to fit
the heel of the boot. Just back of this
opening, on the underside of the boot
jack, a little strip or block of wood was
nailed or screwed on across to raise the
Jaw end of the bootjack off the floor. The
fcootjack was sometimes of the 6ame width
at both ends, sometimes It was shaped
down a little toward the floor end, and
sometimes it was curved In a little at the
side to give It more symmetrical propor
tions. The Iron bootjack was made much
more ornamental than tho wooden boot
Jack. "If a man's boots came off easily, he
could pull thorn off with a bootjack while
sitting In a chair. If they were tight or
damp, and so came off hard, ho stood up
to it, putting ono foot on the end of tho
fcootjack to hold it down and wedging the
heel of the other boot llrmly into tne oooi
jack's jaw. Then he pulled. Sometimes
the boot came; sometimes It didn't;
sometimes, if tho boot was wet and camo
off particularly hard, a man would upset
himself in his struggles. It was wiso,
when the boots were very hard, to hold ou
to something for support. Grown up men
have been known to lose their temper over
millina oil their b)ots.
"In those days everybody men and
boys wore boots, and tbe number ol boot
lacks required to supply tho regular do
maud was great, and tho bootjack was
also commonly used then to throw at cats
nights. Many thousands of bootjacks
were annually lost or broken In this way.
The total annual consumption of boot
jacks was something enormous, and tho
manufacture of bootjacks was a thriving
"Whero is tho bootjack now? In these
days only horsemen and farmers wear
boots, ami tho bootjack lias fallen from its
high estate.,r New York Suu.
A STORY ABOUT THE SULTAN.
Ilia Averlnn to Proper French Pronan-.
elation anil the Letter F.
Some cf Mr. Canning's fads I well
remember. For instance., he knew tho
French lauguago well, but nothing could
Induce him to pronounce it properly. He
pronounced all tho words as If they were
English. I kuow not what reason ne gavo.
for this, or whether he gave any. It was
his way, and ho would not alter it. Ho
had alwj koiiih queer idea about spelling.
Ilewasgreatlyaversetotliolettur l, ana
I have seen notes to my father In which,
the word fat was spelled "phat," and other
words in a similar manner. He asserted
that this wad the correct method of epelK
I will hero endeavor to describe MrN
Canning's dress. I well remember how
he was attired ono evening In the summer
time nankeen tights, narrowed toward
the ankle, and fastened there somehow;
nankeen walstcoast, blue, perhaps about a
shade darker than Oxford bluo; tall coatt
a broad plaited cambrlo frill all down the
shirt front; his watch in a "fob," or littlo
pocket in the trousers, with his chain and
seals dangling. (I forget whether lie had
a gold chain or the more common rlbbou.
I Incline to think it was a ribbon. A
stiff "watered" ribbon, generally blue,
was much worn at that period.) The.
morning dress had the some sort of coat,
but real trousers, not drawn in at tho
At the period I am speaking of, about
1819 or lb0, gentlemen gonerally wore iu
tho evening kneo breeches, black, with
long black silk stocking, and very small
buckles on their shoos, but very soon after
that data all the young men in the evening
woro trousers, leaving the other costume
to their elders, and speedily tho generality
cf the elders followed suit. But for rid
ing, as even to this day in tho hunting
fluids, shorts and topboots were common,
though I never saw my father in those,
great rider as he was, as lie always rodo in
trousers fastened under tho foot with
leather straps. Soon those straps oeeamo
the fashion for gentlemen all day long.
Gradually, very gradually, tho frock coat
superseded tho swallowtail" for morning,
wear, the blue sometimes changed to
brown, and the gilt buttons disappeared,
to give place to such as are worn to this
day. By tho year 1824 or 1825, I think,
men's dress was very much as it is now,
except that tho waist is now rather longer,
but it was not so short in old days as tho
caricaturists make it out to have boon.
It Is Offered ait Kxplalnlns; Why Turkey'
Navy In l'elen.
Why does tho sultan allow what was
once a respoctablo licet to rot to pieces un
cliored oil Stamboul? Simply bocauso ho
considers an Ironclad a dangerous instru
ment in tho hands of any minister or reso
lute commander. It is true that there aro
bo ships to guard his coasts, but also thero
is none to steam up tho Bosporus and
throw a shell into his palace, and that Is
tho first object to bo thought of.
Tho incident which led to tho order for
the extinction of tho Turkish navy was as
follows: A transport was bringing a num
ber of time expired men home, when they
respectfully mutinied and begged their offi
cers to go bolow, as they wished to do
something which might not bo approved
nf Sniiia noncommissioned officers then
took command and anchored off Dolma
Bagtcheh, and after firing a small salute
began shouting, "Long live the sultan!"
This demonstration caused Immediate
confusion at the palace, and various high
officials were dispatched to parley with
the mutineers, but they insisted on seeiug
the minister, and when lie at last appeared,
they said that thoy know tho sultan had
given tho money to pay them, but that
they had not received it, and they would
not budgo until thoy did. No arguments
were of any avail, and tho money had to
bo sent for and distributed, after which
tho men weighed anchor with a cheer, and
gavo up the ship again.
Tho sultan, however, reflected that
what n transport had done peaceably a
him, ho declared that.ho wanted no mnrn
nnvv. In this lluht hearted manner a i
branch of national defense, which had
been tho prldo of Its officers, was sacrificed
to tho royal fears for personal safety, and
Hassan Pasha, who has steadily carried
out his master's programme, ha over
since been in liih favor anu i-, to all in
tents and purposes, minister for lifo.--bniyrua
Letter in London Standard.
THE HONCST TURKS.
A Valuable Diamond King That Worked
IU Way Up From the Hanks.
Tho following is a characteristic anoo
When tho batteries of tho Ingour wero
taken, the first soldier who entered, per
ceiving a Hussiau colonel lying dead upon
tho ground, pluc ked olt his glove and ap
propriated a valuable diamond ring which
was upon his finger. Knowing, hov.over,
that it would bo impossible very long t
keep secret tho possession of so valuable u.
prize, he showed his usbashl, or captain,
his treasure and requested permission tcx
keep it. .
Tho usbashl told tho man that ho wn v.
quite right to bring tho prize to him, and
that henceforth It should bo transferred tiL
tho finger of tho said usbashl.
Tho soldier, not satisfied with this ar
rangement, referred the matter to tho,
blmbashl, or major, who said that both ho,
and the usbashl were highly culpable iu
daring to retain tho ring from their su
perior officer, and that he would thcrtfom
relieve them of tho subject of dispute.'
From tho blmbashl the solldor went to,
the kaima kama, or lleuteuaut colonel,,
who at once followed tho example of hi,
inferiors and took possession of tho ring.
Tho soldier still persevered, however,,
and went to the meer all (colonel), who
determined that ho was tho rightful pos
sessor of tho ring by vinuo of his ruuk
and dismissed tho rlv.il claimants irom
hid ire.-eiico in tho most tu miliary man-
heavily armed man-of-war might do with Uur
evil Intent, and, calling Hassan Pasha to 'ext day a French officer attached to
th(4 staff of Omar Pasha ouserxeu Hpmmo .
soldier prowling ne;ir tho tent of tho com
mander in chief. Tho i-tory of tho ring
was at once retailed by its original possess
or to this gentleman, who laid tl.o mat
ter before his highnc.v", and liio man had
uot only the satUfuciio:; of regaining l-os-bosslon
of his property, but of knowing
that those who had a:.ei;iptvd suceeUeiy
to deprive him of it l.:i i been M-.vcrely rep
rimanded for their couuuc-. Bluckuuvu.
Special sale for November month at the
Laurium Fair next to the Dostomce.
One hundred and twenty five boys' over
coats, sixes from G to 13, worth from
$2.50 f 5, at this sale only from $3 to
$1.75; 90-inch youth's ulsters, sizes from
14 to 19, worth from $3 to $9 5 , at
this sale from f 2.50 to $5; 150 men's
Melton overcoats, worth f 8, at this sale
$4; 100 men's ulsters in Chinchilla,
worth f 18, at this sale 10 50; 112 men'
ulsters, in Irish frif le, orth $ 18 50, at
tbls sale $11; 175 pairs men's calf
boots, worth $3 75, at this sale $1.48;
100 of boy's calf boots, sizes from 3 to 5,
worth $2.50, at this sale $1.10. Give
me a can ana convince .youreeu mai
what we say is true and that by this
special sale you can cot only saye pen
nies, but dollars as well. Tbe Laurium
Fair. I. Feinbbko & Co.
Wakjung: Persons who suffer from
coughs and colds should heed tbe warn
ings of danger and save themselves suf
fering and, fatal results by using One
Minute Cough (Jure. It Is an infallible
rrmedv for cousrhs. colds, croup and all
throat and long troubles.
SODIRQREN & SODEKGREN.
We call your special attention to our
new Planished Steel Ranges as besides
being a perfect baker, the material, a
secret process, does away with the old
complaint of the enamel peeling and will
retain its lustre. E. Rva.n.
TlUflonrpment for life bv burns or
scalds may be avoided by using De
Witt's Witch Haz! Salve, the great
remedy for piles and for all kinds ol sores
and skin troubles.
SODERORKN & SODERORKN'.
For 8aLe Six coal parlor heaters and
fonr wood heaters in govi condition, at
a bargain. (Tuas. M. Polwsky,
Over 312 Fifth St.
On the Irrawadtly.
Wohavo been tied up to tho bank for tho
night. At dawn of day tho mist lies low
on tho river, nnd tho air is chilly, so that
ono instinctively turns up the c.illar of his
coat. Presently tho mist lifts, and tho
tropical sun shines out strong and clear.
Tho stream whistle sounds, the anchor
la weighed, and wo aro off. Tho scenery
Is not exciting. No snow mountains rise
on tho horizon, and tho banks aro rarely
nrocinltous. Tho rich green, woods and
tho gray and purplo mountains, the great i
expanse or level water, rocaii mo
lake scenery, but it is the English lako
scenery with tho color of Venice and tho
sun of the tropics. Idly gliding down
stream pass gondolallko fishing boats,
with high carved stoerlng chairs ana Usii
ermen dressed in pink and crimson and
yellow, or dugouts are paddled up stream,
with a spot of brilliant color in bow and
stem. Immense rafts of teakwood from
the forests slowly drift by toward Han
goon. As the day draws into afternoon,
sheeny tints of mauve and pink shoot
across the water and sky; the sun sets
gloriously; quickly the land is dark, but
for a wondrous half hour sky and water
are blemUnl in tho gold and crimson of the
afterglow. Cornhill Magazine.
Fogg I told Bass what you said that
he reminded you of a giraffe because he
held his head so high.
Fenderson And what did he say?
Fogg He said you reminded him of an
Fenderson Becauso why?
Fogg Because you aro one, he said.
Filled the Hill Exactly.
"I've bought Smedley's new gun.
"Why, don't you know you couldn't hit
anvthlng with It? It's a beauty, but It
won't shoot straight."
"Shi That's why I got It. Fellows al
ways guyed me because I couldn't shoot,
and now I've got a good excuse for miss
ing 1" Chicago Record. ,
" 'Feel of my pulse. Is It hot?' I heard
the youngster say last night gravely to his
mother. Ana this morning," saia Air.
Gosllngton, "I hear him saying to her,
with equal gravity, 'I must have went to
Wn without . mv knowing it.' Great
youngster, eh?" New York Sun.
The Deceitfulneiie of Fur.
It detracts somewhat from one's feollngy
of prido in u liaudomo fur garment to .
know that after tho furrier, ciiemht and .
dyer have got through with tho rabbit
bkin 15 may bo a "sealskin," u "sable,"
an "otter," a "Siberian squirrel," a
"mink," u "marten," a beaver" or ony
other fashionably fur. Tho transformation
takes placo in t ho shops which sell tilt tu
hatmakers. can i t weavers aud felt manu
facturers, and l'aris and London mm tho
principal centers for this industry. In
thoso cities millions of rabbit skms aro
dressed and treated, abU bogus fun aro
sent out to robo men ud women of all
parts of tho world.
Tho fcUiis aro purciiaseu soon auer mejr
have beuu stripiied from bunny's back,
and aro stiff nnd hard when they aro uu-
packed iu the sorting room. Experts exam
ine each hkln, and thoso which come up to
the established standard aro sent to the
furriers, but the torn, undersized and
punctured pelts aro turned over to tho.
men und women who strip tho hide of it
hair for tho loll maker. Philadelphia.
Xi by Their Muitachea Are Black.
Employees who work in tho acid rooms,
of tho sulphite pulp mills at Howland,
Me., as win u.s thoso similarly engaged at '
Orono u'.id Kxiitli Breiiier, aro exed at tho
way tho MjiplHiioua aclu usuil iu digesting
the wood triuia n.elr mustaches. No mat
ter what color the mustache may be when,
its owner good to work, it turns black iu
about two weeks, and stays ho as lung as.
the proprietor holds his job. Chemist at
Ma loo Mate college and other learned men
ay tho change is duo to Inhaling tho
fumes of tho ucld through tho nostrils,
but in Hito of such hlgu authority, sever
al young men have found It haul to con
vlnco their steady company girls that the
transformation is not duo to a barber a dye
bottle. Two or threo hopeful engagements
have been broken off, and more promise
to follow. The acid is also accused of mak
lng men prematurely bald, though the Ut
ter cbargo Is not fully sustained. New
A riayw right to Be Surprised.
iloax Jagley claims to have written a.
play that will make everybody talk.
Joax What's he done that 'for? Tha
box parties alone are bad enough noW.-