Newspaper Page Text
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i..iiiiiiiiniHM.IU4tiiMliiii.4Jinii"ii' ' ifcW "
THE CALUMET NEWS
SATURDAY, NOVLMBtn 22, 1913.
Tltc vTniumct -Xcuis
Found, d 1SS0.
DAILY KXOLl'T SUNDAY.
PubllsheJ by the
MINING GAZETTE COMPANY.
U. W. OLNufi.
W. M. LYON.
Kntered at the Pest ortVe at Calumet,
Michigan, a.s SocniiJ Ciasa
iiaii Matter .
Fiuftl'inc -tu c
Ti:i:mh f si'KSi'UIFtion:
Hy Mail t Carrier.
pr rr. In advance J.'.0O
TVr year Cu t in admine) Join)
Fr month ""
PinRle Inane O.'i
dmplatnl t immilarity in 1 I i v -rjr
will iceiivo prrmi-t and thorough
SATUI DAY, NOVEMBER 22. 1913.
THE CONDUCT OF THE TROOPS.
in 1 1. ! . !
, .ft. ii
i. I .
rni:c sleds doomed.'
'. ,. fo,.,t-
o i.r.e v. .r, It, I
v .I' !i l I -, -I. IM
' i' I
t.i ; !
n,i il i l- a I !l;it til
.'. .-. i.d I a ! -I- .. I
, . oor.l i lot ,
t ,1. .' ii ... i
'.U'lH. . T!.e .1 I I. e -t;,. i-l , ..
ell' I'. I I'd. !,'''!, .11"! ' !' ': Jilt
n ppi . i .t i i 1 1. - . .i i . 1 1 . i . - -. l i , i ' it,, i-i i
her' tl ' -fl of - ' . .,;' i.il,.'
'( I ! -I . Ii,. I I l: ' I .1 : ! :i : .1 r. i ..
ri nt . i. - ill il..- -..ii 1 1 on. IM". i , i j
kIoi .-, t,, iiiimp,.
Tl ' ' -I II I'M I ..' I." ! Hi I I .- I i i I "
re pot I i the in' I ' il i.. t I '.. I i .i 1. 1 s
of in. la!., is of 'on-. I' , H i ' .ir.lv
III . . . Ill In . (ill- i! I I II'- ' i .:i. l -, ot
tl,. I ia It t 1' ( f III. I' I' IIOS III I l.e .1.
.n I t II 1 1 1 ! a - I I' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 e Win- h pal iii
the 'pa. Im Is 'J'he w u k is dot t,,.
Ilia I I' a 1 1 V . and limil !. I.'. In April I '.
ton-; ,,f seeds aie polll'd ill'o In i -
hill s. e.o II ot w hi' h W ill put Hp -''.
to . I "..' ' packets a day, or l.-.'l n linn.
Ul tor each mat 1 1 Hi..
Oeiu-ral Chilstmas is on Inn
the flout ntHlii. No douht h In Mulf -
arry vvr IU -
THE FRANK AND PUBLIC.
There Is pending ill Congress Icgls
Ii I o ti which is designed to reduce the
xpensoa of tlu (fo 01 linn lit I'V 'lit
i wis oil the franking pilule;" an 1
curtailing the amount of public piint
I ii K tli:it is done. Tin- 'iit autl lh
ol.jo. t soulu art- laudable. Iul Hi
s., willi which the incisures i 1 1 1m--in.'
shov,, through is about win;
might In- u- tod. which fMans tint
llit-y aie slill fur from !. oining law
and tli;it there is iin immediate lik.-l-
!.".',! ,.f their adoption, s.tvs tin Sa;i-
I I..IVV t . i t r-1 It i .1 !1
I n,..utlc.l!y Hi.' government vast.
-III eHormoUs ti in 11 11 1 of Ilioliov
lhl"ti!, the flanking i fi ilvue I'll. I
the e-.-ive use ..(' tli,. puM.c print -ii.
t -hop-. No oil', .it all famili.tr vv.th
ili'' i ; : . 1 1 T 1 1 .iii.l kind m.it, -rial n:
il.io,i: ih. iji.nU ill ini'.lioii this
-!. 1 1 Hi- 1:1. Tin- problem .if improving,
!!: ),!. tl e I V I . Mtl.'Ht raising .1
I. ! Il II W.Mtl. I !.' ilStl Simplified
:! 'Mil- til. of plel Mint tlio abllse
: ii;.- ir.inking pill i!- t- i oiilil b-
. ! pi '. I K.t ii - ihtlu i.li, it not im
i i' ! I'!'' i , form ni :t I"- in. ul.' by
I ': - !,.i .i:.- . spoli.-h.;.- fur t!:.' ' ll.
'! ! -..."hi. -.-hi. n nei-t , a ,.ft their
-i' priv f. If tli.,". h.ol th" .1. mm-
. ' i - i:,. .'imi.t iii.iA.- tin- i', form
-. i i i i . ino.nfv mt ih'ir own con-
i-lis of i
1- it Ilk.
i.o !.),, who is familiar
'.I t nt in. .' rial I'lintol in
nt ship's an. M nt 1'loa.l-
th" n,i.i will M'n.-tion
I i-ii .'tan. in print inu.
:' print.-.! matt, r -1 i t out
.tt-'li i. astiiliisl.il,.' .t 111!
', r.'. r.t. t" of this lias
!.. .. w r.-i .'i'. it. Hut
I., in. t: wli.i an i'si"n
v. a.-l.- milt l' f. .tin t! i ni
ls ',u.i. a .I:t1i. nil iiiat-
lii' to s,i ii t..r
ai. ! ! r.i r. k 1 1 pn i).-t's.
' -rtai'i fl'i'. atl aliu.
It th" mill.
.''. !. n
s- f I!.
I tl..- I
! ii.- Illill.lt I I. nt
-o ri.ni'-iit pi i.itinH
: '. t niiit :.t in i'l.'. In
...tn. f. r m-taiii ,
i. .f s i r . h.iNintf t!i-nuii-u
ii ,a 1 t.-latui i-
a I ! o . 1'ili.n.-.
A.i-t. t i;j m-ii..
ii. - i . 1 1 m.i 1 ; for
i t;i.H m i i' r-
'.M tal..' f tin
' r.t i.
law W ..illd
I j t I
.." ' l t hat i 'oi.ti t-s.-i
- .- ti- :: It not s.mplv'
V- : : -r.t I- t.iK- up with the
I. to ti.' . x. la-;. ,,i .r ail
I' : .- r o . ( . -tiori dis-
-.-' I ' o-itreSMtl.-M t.i
" I ' '. 1 k ( -.
.-i i.i. - Lad.- mi,, i-
' i'- I'' :t"d S'iit-s. in v. In.-li
' ' - i ; " ' '1 th. I an ..pea n
i' '" . ' ikit.K t he alt.-nia-
:-.'' M I ill! illi'l i, h. I fol -::!-.;
-- M'Ae .. (of funds
-:- I 'i, i Ml i il 1 1 assume
I ' ' It' "'ii... to lie et such
- .o ' i : I I..- ill. till. U- is
1 t : . : . . in ;.! . a : e Ihe i f -
I - I. I : : i I . M( . o W ill l.e
'I t , . t ,i ..ii .I.i tnafe w huh
-.If- ! ' . fof.-i .- ti inlel ests
.-.'.' t .i - t he i. -ult ..f lliier-
' i ' ' i-i! hi i-'in.i .-. soldi, r of fof
, I u.t hit 1- Mexico v ith an
mm'. ' o mid. a., ii rri( Ii. The t' llcial.
i hi - had wii!m- ,,f exp I letice ill
.' ' r i lie i ii a ii r ' ' I 1 1 1 1 1 . no doillit
' i' l - i ..'i- "- tl t .11-1.1 led AllKTl-
.i- i 'j i .-uf l ic. t,t I.. ( npe with any
iinoer ti,-- v,, idler vi ,f tin, rta they
. I h.ili-'.- I., no . t.
.-.'I'la-v Irani. Is wants an -1 1 i - - r 1 1
I -Mile j( i, I ;.( I i.il war ll el. lid is
I ill 1 1 , - no 1 - ::t e of t he Import a til c
M.i- Iimii' ti .,1 unlit. ny prcpared
i.. - . '- al(- wo. Iiillv weak ill war
o i o i i ins Hi ii uii, I . r, allhoiith those
. h ue are Mi' i' i,t manned. In war
.inild I"- at . 1 1 . m.-ndoiis disad-
Hit if if III' f. In. s ait fleet Wil.S
' i - t I .-'! j.el I'.l' I-i 'I'll S
T!" wralh.. hi i"-!n m ae t ti it I iff
:.. let. il;. ile .a alflatrtlo llltllf il lit
..'I-, in v i.i i im.' i...-s -f pi(.p-rty. Not
(.ol I'd mi r, in-, to.,, (., 'Vil. I. lit 'li
. idediv tiiol e , ff. .live
A nl - i i i-i t music In Mllwau-
,..( Klflke a pefleet ,) (J. Tll
;o lil'N llielil - (Xtleni'ly fMie llllleMH
thre 1 a llio'ise III I hit -ooll. Ht.
l,'uiH .;i"h. -Ik rno, riit.
Hlll,.,lj v ,s K,K lo lullke a great
,it hy 1 n I r j In the twifety-flmt Idea
,ut Mexico. Cleveland ruindealer.'.
STATE G. 0. P.
Will Take Place in Spring If Na
tional Meet Is Held
Il a national coii ,-nt mn of the IJo.
pnMi. an p.ti t' is iaj. .1 iii-M Kprin;,
wtiiih jiultini; fr.-m t!..- .Apivssions of
M iit im. nt anions tin- in.-iiilii'iM of the
national i i.iiunit t,-,- is pi .o tu ally as
suiiil. it will In- iii-.rssary to hold a
Hi pablii an tato i oii i-ntioii in Mi-i-itan
rarly in l'.'lt. ami if a at li.-ritu;
ot the Mi. liitm ii. i . I. war horses
is iftvos ii th.. i'on cntion w ill in all
ploli ill!it Im- h. hi in Laiisinc.
Various Conventions Necessary.
In r, I, i- to s.-l.'i t l. l.-tiil- s to t lit
II. pill. In an national . oii cut nm n.-xt
prin: it would In- n.ssar to hold
tlii .oiinly and ilistiht on .nt ions
III ordir to .-..-!. -.t two ..-l.at. and
two alt. iriai.s from ,-.o h . niitrission -ai
distriit. Thi-n four l.!.:at's and
four alt. i 'ii.it. s would have to l' so-l.-
t.-d from th... state at l.ute and the
only way this . .mid I . an oinplished
w.mid !' h holdinu a re-mar stato
.on i-ii t inn.
Tln-iv s i i.is to lie a pi t vailniK opin
ion throuMlio'ii tlie state that under
the term of the preferential piimary
''ill pass.d at llie speeial session ill
l'.'l;'. t!le people yot,- dir.s tly fof their
deU-jjaten to national conventions.
S'n-!i Is not the last', lioweer. The
iielepates are seleeted in retular lis
trii't and state . oii t'lilions and when
presidential and ire presidential can
dates ale to In nominated, the peo
ple simply oie I., show which candi-iiaU-.s
they want their ileleKates to
supwr' in th.- convention. Owin; to
the fact that no nominations would
le made at th.- national convention,
if one is eaihd next car, the prefer-
i.tiil primary would n.it le necessar.
Hold Club Banquet Night Before.
In ease a state convention is held,
l-iiisiim w:ll make a stiom; li for it.
'I'lie state o. invention ..f the Kepuhll
iuii party was h.-hl in I i usi liu ami
win; to its i . i.tral location, proved an
. x.'.-Ilent futhcrin: place f..r the clan.
The annual l-aii'iti.-t of the IiiKliam
'..iinty ..oh I'lnuidl.-r U.-pulilii'aii
ilul. was held the hiRht pre.-edin: the
...tn .'litiot!. and it is hoped that this
stunt mitlit 1'.' duplicated In case a
stat.- convention is called next sprin:.
Co'iuies.-man Patrick II. Kelley of
Iin.-iiij, iinl H. A. Thompson of William-ton.
pi.-sideiit of tlie Zach Chan
dler . 1 il.. are already making plans t
s. uie st ion- speak.-is f .r the next
annual l-aim i.-t. l.oth '.umrcssinan
Kelley and Thompson lieh.ve that a
'"ii,- . l icii.d-iip next sprin: would
arouse treat inihusiasm for the full
'ainpa.tn. The Xach I'haiidlcr cluli of
Inthain coiinlv is .Hi" of the oldest
Kepulilicaii cpii.s in the state and in
past years the hanipi.-ts Kivin hy that
. rr.irii..ition have In en largely at
tended l.y party leaders all i.vcr Un
A Slur on the
lloiiitvint chait'.s axainst Ihe Am
ell'an militia iiae la-en made hy the
American IVd. ration of lihor. A reso.
lution calliii--; for a coticrcshional in
vest itat ion of the miners' Ktrike in up
per Mi'-hivan. adopted hy Ihe delegates
to th.- citiv ent Ion of the fedeiiilion in
Seattle, contains this clause:
' "h t .-.is, '..'..".'"I militia have lien
.-ni jiii.i ihe strike district and these
soldiers have driven Hun horses over
men, women and children, hcatinu
I In in with u n i im. Iiavonets and swords,
.iiul outr;iint women and rirls. "
A contlessional ill est nu I Ion indeed
I'. in. s a necessity In view of tnidi
out I ;i teoils statements hy lahor lead
ers. The investigation initht will l"
tun cited. Not only should the
wronuH tlie workers in tlie copper
coiintty ;iro Hlleteil to have fiulYered
he sifted down, lull this unspcak.ilh'
assault upon mn- national honor, upon
American cili.i-ri aunv, should he
scat chinnly investinated and thoiouth
ly disproved to the world.
Many of'our Moldi.-r.s hit indeed
liil lieii f union woi kintinen hih-Ii hh
ilu- American l-'ederat Ion of l-ahor
lepteseiits and in whose Intetestsi
Mipposedl.v it has made this distniee
lul as.-ault upon Ilu- militia. When
Hi,, f.-ij. ra I j hi in an oratorical hurst
Vote.) "lilt" ml the resolution wllicl,
places iiiit mi .Pliers ill Ihe class of
;erieiati'h and lu-asts ic was slappin:
m iriv of ds own meinlu rs in the face.
What will Mexico, what will liny
ti.Hri'-iii count i; y say wlu-n It reads the
I ,-solnl h.n of Ilu- Atlieli. all l-'edefil I ion
of l.almr tiiniidiii;: our soldiers hs cut
throats who murder and pillate Amer
ican '-rfiinii ii. U !-". Tim federation
shoul'l li vi f have p. niillte, Itself to
make such iiM ran- i M unless it 1iad
Irieonl rov el l il.le proof. It has no mich
proof. There is noiie. The cause of
lahor will not he adviitiin! hy kikIi ir
I esponsil.le rt t(-ra lues, ,y shameless
tramplniK upon the f.. huts of a na
tion to H'l'.aiue Ihe interests of a
Krone. 'hi.-a5,, Tr il.une.
The lust month In the history ,.f the
Iienvrr I'riion stockyards closed Met.
when Ihe total f,,r the month show
ed that receipts of cattle had heen MS.,
pxn. Tin- host previous record whs In
Octoher, 19!-, when the receipts w ere
HiH.lfftl. In round riKiiri'M the hiislness
for tin- month represents $fi,f,iMi,i'io.
Iast year It was approximately a mil
lion dollar llowvt'r, this ap
plies only to lade and does not In
elude hogs and heep.
AeoordlnK to criiMiin fliciiren for 1 !:-,
there uro 5.1 SO
earn laundries In the
mploylnic an average
Work o( an Artist Who
Lived 15,000 Years Ago
Savants Declare It To Be Oldest Picture of
trovrrsy Is Started
What is declared hy its d'scoviror
to le the oldest known depiction ,-f a
human bcin; has ju-i h. ca unearllied
in I "lance. It is tho r:d-- limit.- of a
man entiavcd on a i-i hist u i moii
slt-r's lutiie. Acioldiiit to tl i' who
dim it up it is at I'-aM I."'. 1 years
old. datiim hack to tlx- so-called Aui
If they are l ight in tlu ir conw ntions
and the straimo drauum was actually
made hy an artist in his prchistoi io
' htudlo," il niilteliallv strentlll' lis the
theory that our aim -tors, instead of
possessinn the ape-liAC skulls of the
tvpe found at Xcand. ! I hill. .wpv. and
li Sliappclle-uux-Saiiils, were crea
tures witli skulls 1 1 sciiihlint thai
I on li( at I'lltdowii. rntlan.l. last vcai,
ilecliileil l some to haVe a I. rain de
velopment greater than that of pn-s-ciit-dav
Tliis leinarkahle discovciv was
1 1 Hide on im. I! last in the cave of La
C(5rnhiei- ifeside tin llivcr Am, in
,,-outhein Franco, hy In. l.u h-n Ma
et, protiessoi of human paleontology at
tlie I'nivclsity of l.v
t, III.' cave. The olli
treat lind was lead
I'iiris Academy of Sci
villi- ami summari.
i, a town close
il lepot'l of the
ct. -i to the
ITS hy M. I..ii
at Icnttli in
l.'llltistration of (Kt.
Tim cave of I.a C. louiliicre is .situ
ated on tho ritlit hank of tlie Am.
ahotit ivvi ntv meters ahove the present
level of tile liver, between I'olK'itl and
Nuv ille-sur-Ain. As Im,: ato ;is INT.".
a scientist, M. Mo.vi.t, call.-d atten
tion to il as liavin: heen inhahited in
prehistoric times, l'.v. r since num.-i -oils
inv est ita tors have visited it. Tiny
conducted their Inv cstitati"iis s,t as
siduously ti.al the l'V.l of tlie cave
lorined d'liiim the Neolithic a?e -coni-parativelv
recent, in tin- eyes of rol
otists and anthroio,'tists was dim
awiiy, also the conlitii"iis level of tin
i .il lit r Miitdah-nian ate. Tills low -
rod the level of the cave hv seVcllt.V-
livo centimeters and hroutlit to li-hi
ii. h liehls of Neolithic and Mat'hihn
Hut the richest t'lid of all was vet t
com,-. 1t-Kinniur last Ma.v, the latest
inv estitatoi s lu-tan to .lit deeper into
the soil forming the lloi.r of the cave,
and after they had penetrated about
on.- motor further down they found a
stratum of lino : ravel, tdiowiim un
inistakabie situs of daliim from the
still earlier Auritnacia n ;ite. This
proved to ho a clitable lleusure
tl oV o.
A Prehistoric Studio.
In it were uncovered tlio "studio"
of a prehistoric artist, coniaiuiim a
number of different soils of eimrav
t r's tools, pieces of mammoth, rhinoc
eros, and reindeer hones, pion s of
stone ready for ontravinu, and atones
and bones witli entiavints already cut
nio of the latter reptes. tits a horse
, f a remarkably finished typo; an
other shows a bison, still another a
wild sheep. Itul the prize of the whole
collection, the prize which. II is coiili
d.ntly oxpoited. will make this an
epoch-making liud ill Ihe annals of
iiiithi opoloty, is tin- piece of iiian
nioth's bone on which is cut the lituie
of a h.iman beilit. This, in tlie words
of I ln.se who have unearthed it. "
the lust document represent int. l-y,
cntraved form, the man of tlie middle
quartern. iry line, the minimum a;.- of
which is la.i'ou years."
As those who .hive into the remote
history of our race ale aware, pietur-
ni:;,-j of himself , prchistoi ic man ''
exlreiiuly rare, II.. delithtetl in dra iv - j
int iind carviit tho striinte beasts
whicli he saw ul t bin. --bisons, rein-
(leer. Ilia lUlllolh. horses, illld Ihe ike-
but when it liime lo tlvint us an id.ii
of Wll.it Vl" looked like hilllsell lie VV il s
Fspeeiall.v line are depict i uis of
man in the form of drawiiits or eii
traviims. litiilr larvlnt's of himiau
beiiifs. datint fiir be.voiid l!i- dawn of
history, liave been dim up -ill Vlllen
dorf. In Austria; at Mrasseinpoiiy. the
l.aussel cave, and Iho Kluttoes of ili
inaldi in Fiiim t and other places. w -Int
lo this paucity of liist-haiul in
foliniitioti, reconsttiictioiis of prchis
toris man from Ihe various skulls and
boms found at different times have
been largely a matter of conjecture.
Il has been a case of every one tness
liit for himself, and the controversies
thai have arisen have boon h'thm. I ini
i roup nf savanls, eiidoavorlii: lo build
up our remote ancestors from the fa
il s relics found in the Neanderthal,
near Dusseldorf. Cermaiiy; at Spy, in
lleltlum. and at I-i Chnppclle-aux-S;i
ints, in France, have shown ua
soinelhiim materially sti eimt heniim
the I liirvv iiiian .theory that, mini Is de
scended from the apo. A not her ti'oiip,
basin; Its deduct ions on the "man" -((instructed
from the riltdovvn skull,
has endeavored to prove wo are de
scended, never become ho bestial us
tin- . possessors of I he Neanderthal-Spy-La
and that tin- latter beloiitcd lo a
bra noli of the race which trudiiiillv
(leKcneraled until it dually became ex
tinct, while Ilu- other and superior
brunch kepi on Improving until man
as wo know him was Kiu.hially
What the Finders Claim.
This lattoi I henry, it is expected by
the disouvereis f the piehislofle
"htll'Ho" in the cave or l,a. Colnmhlere,
will be greatly bolstered up by what
they luiv i hroutht to light. To begin
with, th best known depiclions of
human belims of a similar sort- nota
1 ilv the sculptured forms of women
found nt Axil and elsewhere In Franco,
an well as the HketcheM of the human
face unearthed In the cave of Mar
rtoiiliiH were produced In the Mufda-b-nlan
Hue' HOi-ordltiK to the theory
noni-rally accepted by the From hineii,
and. tlnretore, are Htippose, to bo
much more recent than ari.vtlilim dat-
fivpi tin; Aurfjn;i'.l(tn ae.
Mn Known Lively Con
liraniint, Ihcii, that the pictures In
Ihe cave ,.f I.i Coloinlilcle really diltc
from the A urunaci'in ate - and the
report r ulhv M. i.uivill- shows
pretty ci itclitsiv cly that the do and
thai th, se similar to them discovered
iii to now ale of a more recent dale,
Ihe chaiucler 1. 1' the work done h
the c.'Vc i It i-l of l,;i Colouihicro is
sncii as ililllediatcl.V to rivet the cloc
cst -itteiltion oil It.
For tin "man" here shown, tlie man
of the A iiriunucia n ate, hears a most,
strikiim res. ml, I. nice t him ,,f the
l.t leli i.i I ;ur, suppose ll v a much
111' 'I e il.'V eloped iliillV iilual.
Cunpar.-.l w ith (lie hum. in face
sketcl:es I rt in tlie ciive ,if Marsdidus,
the man ot I.i ( 'olumhi, tv lias the
lllllch fi'l the , olltcllih-l s of Ihe
hnicii who liave made this re
nin kal.le hinl. h.l ki'i! up thoilth
thev are hv I a IK ' i m. n t s, it is not
lik.lv thai I hey will he swallowed
without i sti tittle, im the contrary.
I'lcv will pi i.l.iil'd.v he t he cause of still
another onttovcrsv to in, t,, th,- a.
leady stoiniv annals of a nl hiopoloty.
For tll'To is lindollliledlv another side
I,, Hie ipieslioll.
Fit. as I,, the pictures just found
of I. a 'oloiiil.il re. In spile ,. the fact
that tho-e similar i,, t hem-includiim
the hum. iti liices of tlie cave of Mar
soulas aie t n, rally ascrihcl hy
I icnclimeii not lo tlie Aurituaciaii, Inn.
lo the lat.-r Matdiilciiian ate. others
think lh ui productions of Aiiii",n:iclan
'man of I .a
i the sea iily
I hi ions -f
proves to be
W ill be iic-
one mole t, add
I. eint's. Kv en if h,
d nullum; more, I
counted a pieciuus tind
Ids value w ill not he .s,
tlio-.- ii ho have found
vv h share t heir v icw s
. bill n.it 1 1 1 .1 1 1
i enormous a
llilll and those
would have ii.-;
h. li. v e.
S ml. ;is I., w hcihcr th
l,u I 'o !oi ii I licie proves that
si . ,.', from the Xciiu.li
- ui. i u a
,v are (I'
ll h.'.l -Sp.v
(presented by him
.- too, matters are l.v no means
ii-: ,-asv ;is they look to Ihe santuine,
! reiichmeti. I leiil.v of learned men
Who li.lVO studied the subject ,if the
descent of man are of the opinion that
man may be descended from neither of
these inti ros'tjim tiollps; tliev coll
loiid that both of these races may have
become vxtunt and that mankind
spraiiv., possibly, fiom sonic race w hich
Aiiioiil-. those who arc, so i. speak.
.-till "on t he I. iico'1 is Prof, ,1am
Shotwell, of tlie history di-p.-irlmeut of
Columbia university. A New York
Times reporter showed him ilu- other
day I lie !irst reproductions to reach
tii.-, country of the I.a ColoniM, le pic
tures. The professor studied llieni and
It-id III'.- resume ot Hie rcju It coll-icriiin-;
them with lie- minutest at
tention. "This is without iiiestion a remark-
I'scovcii." In- said, "iind 1 thank
r piiiliiit' iiu- in touch with il
Hot as let In illd of it.
is espeeialli jilt il est hit because
ii is. apparent I.i, will authenticated.
The pf.lClllt of tile pictures ill the
A lll i'- naci.l 11 ate set Ills to lue tit he
probably correct -thai is shown by tli..
diflelent levels invest itiltcd ill Hie
citVe. The I fuss section of these levels
illdiiales lhal a cousiih lilble interval
has intervened heivveeii the strain in
w Ii iih the rctn.iius
.Majjdali -nian above.
le found and tlie
Moieon r, if tho
I epoft is to be believed,
I In low or sl ra I a indicii le
I ia c i.i ii Sop i hr ia u states
.ludtllit by tho resl
Ihe fauna of
of I lie A unt
il' i lllllire.
of I lie dra w -
iiits found ahnit with that of Ihe man
-(those i f Ihe horse, wild sheep, ,V .)
this would seem like a prctly accurate
representation of Jl hith tl'i"le skull
w ith a hitlu r brain capacity or at b ast
I .lift, ti nt shaped head than lh
"If von follow olio cliissiliciilinti
(omnioiiiv accepted in France, draw
iiits similar to this vv hit h' have already
been found must l.e placed in the
.Vbitdaleliiii n period, thus sticimMien
inf ili- content ion of the discoverers
of the li Coloinhicrc reins. )u tin.
other hand, you must not fortct that
llielT HIT Home people who place these
dill v ill-is ill the AllitlliH i.lll period IL
the cave dm wiims which have been
louiiil in recent years Tn Spain iind
France are ascribed to Ihe Amitna
cian artists one cannot claim priority
lor this latest find.
"Cut it still remains a remarkable
addition in k novvledte. It Is loo early
lo risk any theories, but. anyhow, it
it of t""it sltnllK .-ui' w In bud iin.v
furl her possible In, licit inns that men
of sn hith n l.v p.- existed so far back."
It in i.v not be amiss to s' t down
here .some facts about tlie Various
limls of skulls and other relics from
Which lh" nicotics ooll'eriliim the de
scent ol man have been const rucl.-d In
I econl Veal s.
May Not Be Oldest Picture.
Filsl in point of time and fame
roines the Neanderthal skeleton, nu
iiiiili.d In IsTji; in tho narrow ravine
of ih.it nam.- pear I ijsseldoi f, Klu nisli
Prussia. When oiltinally brought to
lit-lit it was probably intact, but the
workmen whn found It ,imt kimwlim
its value, treally damaged it. (inly
tin- opportune intervetit Ion of a. si (en
list preserved Homo of the bones,
which were taken to the museum of
tin- I 'niv ersify of llonn. To (pude
"Ancient Hunters." by V. J. Sollas:
"More than lifly years have elapsed
since this momentous discovery was
made, and from that time to this It
has occupied a foremost place in the,
Investitutiotis nf anatomists. When
Its discoverer first exhibited Ids speci
mens iiotore a mooting nf Cii rman an
IhropoloKist at Honn, doubts wore,
freely i-xprcssod an to their human
1 characlcr, and Huhneijuently tho fa
Was Much Too
APTY lial boon rrii.linu In tho
story of n mini who lutd discovered n way to shut nut nil tho unplein
imt iioi-o-i from a room where any one
"I don't know just how ho does II." daddy told .lin k and Kvol.vn. ' It
Kouiuls liko ,-i fiilr.v story, doesn't il? You luivo only to press a button and
I lie noises are all shut out. Il ivrtainl.v would luivo boon a lino iiiin hiiu- li
Toddy Iloiir lo luivo in his don.
"Toddy was ti youin; bonr. iind ho hadn't learned iiuhi.v tilings Uni it
would luivo liecn very useful for him lo know. When full en me, MLo all hi,
brother and cousin hours, ho bcniiu- ver,' hungry ninl nlo tiiul tito until In
tro w vory fat.
"Thon Toddy Hour lived his den-the oiivo whore ho sloops, vim know
fo thai it would bo Kint.tf iiikI com foil able for Iho winter.
"Toddy wiis boyiinnlni; o fool very sleepy. When lie IV It that In- nally
could imt ft n without a nap ho crawled into tho lilllo oieiiiiit: at id curlcl
up whore it was dark ami warm. 'iVdd.v intended In take n loii imp ninI m i
jwnko up until next s nl ii v.. w lion Iho ico and sikiw would bo ono mid (lu
'wonllior would bo (pillo eomfortiiblo titiiin.
"Now'il linppoiied Unit a lot of hinders hid oiiio into those wnnib, iind
their uns bou:.in lo jn 'Click, crnck!' us nuns do when they shout.
' "Toddy sat up strnihlof still. 'I wish they'd slop their old noise,' he
Kiovvlod. 'I ii n't tel to i-leep with all Unit row t"int' on out. I hero.'
"Ilul Iho hunters didn't slop. What did they cine about Toddy Hoar nud
his old ntip. Nolliinu nt .-ill, my dears; lutHiim; nt all.
, "If Toddy had boon a M-nsiblo hoar and loinoinhrrcd tho wise advice
Mother Hour had yivcu him In his cub days ho would li.ivp Just ! opt ipiiot tin
til Iho h ii nl ois iind their cutis and dot's passed hy.
"Hut Toddy wasn't a wiso hour, llo jumped up. yrowliny. and won! !
tho door of his den. Then lu poked out through Iho hushes o toll Iho litinii i -i
and Ilu-dot's whal ho thought nhout Hm-iii. They s:iw him lirst. however, tin. I
oiiit k wont a cmi. The bullol'hlt Toddy Hear jus between Iho eyes, iind In
novi-r know-anyt hinu inonv Ho just rolled ovi-r. and that was Iho olid of him
"Tho hunter man who shot lain look him homo, and his children had hour
meat and a nho warm ni;. which was all very well for tlioin. but do think
Toddy Hoar would have been boiler off If ho hadn't paid any allonlion to I lo
iiojso and t'm' ritlit l sloop njrain as fast as over ho could."
lions anatomist 'n
to explain .111,11 the
uic.-i of 111.- skull-ci
I hem to disease.
i lusioiis w liich wo
have In . M made Hie
to 'In- truth, lie re.
aHrihiiiiici arrived at c.ui-
liovv J el ceiV e 'o
utilized the skull
1 1 1 r i ; 1 1 1 . bui at the same lime
ist iipellike lie ha, ever bo-
held, and placed it
bclovv the Aus-
trali.ii', niii, e. letanlcil as its near -
ist cxistiiiK representative."
nthc)- dis, (ii cries beloiitiut to I his
trotip of ape-like skeletons supposed
to liave beloiitcd to
mail Wile the skele
found at la Clf.ippcll
hist but not least,
"inissiiit link," the
tin- anci-slois of
otis from Spy,
Filliei il III lll'oplis
oiscnvei'cd on the Island
,1a Va in I v,i hy I ir. l aiteiio liuhoi
When taken hi Ms Under to Kino)
this sliantesl liud aroused the keenest
ate l il
W Kb' (111
savants, and also cre
( l -clice ,,r i jew s. S, line
as an ape with human
while others (illh-d it
J loole ,1 upon it
ha i iict. t ist u'vi,
a man with Simian characteristics. !r.
I iili. us-, tin- tinder. took a middle
troiind. and declared il to be a con
iii dint link, Mtandint inidvvav Ik
Iwc' ii niii'i .iiul the hither ape.
The lliosl notable representative of
Ihe other si b- of Hie . a so is tlie I'ilt
down skull, discovered in liipj on Fill
down common, near Fckslleld. Sussex
Klltluil'l. Acc.UllllIt to olie "fee, -ll-,
structioli" based on this skull. Hu
man posscssint it was not only far
icinovcd lii'iii ad thiit is Simian, but
had a lea 111 reiiiii rkable btiiin dev.-l-opmeiit,
superior, in fact, to that of
the average man of today, i ne par
ticularly ardent in chaiiipionint this
theory was Prof. Arthur Keith, of the
Koval colletc of suitcons of F'ntland.
Ile came out in emphatic opposition
to oilier savants, anion; them In-.
Smith Woodward and Mr. Charles
liavvsoii, who. in i cc , uist 1 1 1 ei i n t a man
In mi Hie I'illdowu skull, buill up
soiu, Hunt essentially Simian and io
scmlilint Iho Xcji inlel I ha I man.
The Fight Is' On.
Tne latest news Ir.-ni abroad shows
thai II, - man of I .a 'olotnhiei e has
already set learned toimues lo wat
tint iitainst each ollur. Already
Messrs. M. i.v n. I ami I'issot, the saviinls
who found him. have a hornet's lust
about their ears. In London Mr. .1.
I, con Williams, writitm in The Illus
trated London News, has placed him
self on record as a foe to the belief
llial he of li Coloinbl.le is the earl
iest i I mi t of a man. Mr. Williams' i
Idea Is that we have to do lure not
with a faithful delineation of the hu
man lolln, but w itli a eat ioiiliiie. Ile
.is .viessrs. .iia.vei and I'issot say,
Hi,- drawiim Is very char. csh-i ially
Ihe face flu, upper part of the head.
The b.-n k of Hie head and Hie neck do
not seem to be very well l lined in
"Tlie i iscnv ciers s .; or thlsdlavv-
iii; as hiiviim none of the character
islics represented ,y the Neanderthal.
Spy or I.a Cliappi lle-aiix-Saints skulls.
In I heir opinion, the bead resembles
the fossil skull of Cham-elude. They
"The head Is larte. Die forehead
round and prominent, I horn he,) rising
slightly ohlioudy. The face is long,
an thouth pulled out from below up
ward. nil Is distinctly projected for
ward; Ilu- ihin is prominent, and
has a sholt heard indicated hv small
lines; the nose is long and very thick;
t he eye Is indicated by I wo curved
Hies, .iiul has an indefinable expres
sion.' "In this detailed description p j
unite evident that I ir. Mayet and M.
I'lsson believe I nut wo have hero
something in the nature of a roiillMlo
draw ing of A urit iiik la n man. This Is
continued by their further statement
thiit we huvo not previously found
any engraved figures that leach us
anything definite about the exact
rorm of contour of the human face of
Ihe Aiirlt'tinclan or Solutrlan perl ods,
and that this want has now been tilled
by their discoveries.
"With these statements and eonelu.
Klons I find it Impossible to agree. At
leant two other engravings of the
human fare have been previously dls
eovcrtd, one In the O rot. to dea Few
Teddy Jumped Up
newspaper. It told ilu-ro woiidorful
vvisbj'd to work or needed
Ciiomle, and Iho other in tin
..-iaiinie at l,cs IJ.vzies (l,.i-
I think it will be clearly seen that
'the ;.eat interest in this new 'disenv
i ( t i lies not in tin- belief that it is
j uuiipie. It is a matter of the deepest
j interest lo liud in these three dravvints
j certain identical conventions. The
t-lleral shape of Ihe head, nose, and
i ihin is Ihe same in all of them. Th.-
ivvav in vvhi. li the nioufli is placed is
jthe same in Ihe two whicli sliovv tin-
! ti, -lit Ii. and what our discoverers speak
-of as the "indefinable expression of
the ev ( " is produced hy i, hilt Kill lilies
lu all Hiice entriivints.
"All of this sim,;csls sev.-ril (hints,
iiinont' which we nia.v mention that
Hie" I'olonihjeie diiiwiim can hardly
bo meant to represent any particular
indiv idiuil ; il is in id l.v possible that it
was intended as a realistic product inn.
ill muv h- a rude initlim- effort, sin h
I.'im a child would mal e, or il may be a
i deliberate convention with a iiicauint
j "I which vie are iguolaiit. If Ihe
iliiiwint from Hie Font -de-( hnum-
uivc was made b.v the artist vv ho drew
the liturcs of bison iind other animals
(n the rock vviills of that cavern, then
ih.-ie is soiuelhint curious and invs
tcrious in the fact that the .drawings
of the wild animals are wonderfully
realistic, while the one intended l
leproscnt a human lace is vastly in -I
t riot- to t he ot hers.
"We have ploii.lhls not ,V et 1 1 1 1 1
lathi'itm! prehistoric man's ideas and
intentions in ail this work. Another
proof that this Coloinhicrc engraving
(iinnot i,e intended 'as a realistic
di.-iwiut is seen in Ihe photogiaph and
outline drawing of tin, skull of lie
I'omhe Capelle man. This is gciiciiil
l.v accepted as the tvpical A iirignaoia u
skull. Hut by no possiblo arriin-'
men) .of th" soft parts around thai
A ui itnacian skull cmild ho produce a
eeS'llt.ltio of (he cniiVolltion.llizcd
pi (-historic drawings shown." New
.j. .;. .i
NO MOHE TURKISH
'I'hc fields plodlli'illt Hi. best Till I.
I-l, loll in o in the world, til" kind Di ll
is sent lo I '. instil lit iliople for :o coll
itsmptioii of the Hiiltan, and which is
sold al Hie higlu st prices in Un
American market, are about lo olmir-p-
'ownership; fin- centuries Ihev have be
longed to Turkey. Today the colli' :u
between Itlllgarla and r.l'eeee for lh"
final possession of ho port ol' Kavvailt
III southern Macedonia Will deeld,
I heir fut ur- ow ner.
Iii Ilu- rich country behind Knw.ilti
glows the best tobacco ill all Ihe
Turkish empire. The finest ipialitv
conies from the mountain slopes. Ilu
crops raised on Ihe plains being mm'"
remarkable for (inutility than quality.
The best of all Ootlies from Ihe lefl
bank of ihe Karasu Hiver, above Kan
lhl. ami Is renowned throughout Ihe
tobacco woil, I under the name of (Siu
bek. phis is Ihe iTodiict that bring-
the highest prices, both in I'll I rope mid
the l iiilcd Stales
The Industry of tin- Ka valla . Im.
been built up hv Hi,. Turks slowly met
carefully through many decade
Turks make I lie best tobacco growers
In soul heasti i n I'uropo and the com
mercial miccchs of whatever power
llnallv becomes possessed of this rich
tobacco district, bo it Hulgalla i
ilreoee, will ilep'-in) largely on whether
or not Iho present Turkish eiiltivatoit
can )o persuaded, to May .and laboi
for thir new masters.
The (Sleeks are not Inclined lo care
ful agriculture In Ihe tobacco field-;,
and while the Hulgarlans hake good
farmers, llu-y have had comparatively
Utile -xporieneo In (obacco growing.
The stores of Turkish tobacco on
hand Hi Ilu- present time are an ex
tensive, however, that It probably will
be two or three year before smokers
of real Turkish clgHietUn will exper
ience any nhortsffe an n result of tin
Hiilkan war. Tin- Philadelphia Idffer
Over fiO.oon Austrian .women
member uf labor unions.