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THE TW1CE-A-WEEK HERALD
$5.25 PER ACRE
Two Sections of well improved Land, within 3 miles of railroad.
Fenced and cross fenced, l'ine crops. Large acreage now in wheat
and looking fine. Plenty of good water, and a number of fruit trees.
This is worth more money and is a bargain for the buyer. I have
several good town and ranch properties now on the market, at buy
er's prices. If you are interested in Panhandle lands write me.
W. A. CROSSETT
Cor. 7th and Poll!
Local News Items.
Witherspoon & Gough.
T. N. Rossittr. of Rosvvell, is in
C. N. Houston, of Wichita Falls,
is in the city.
F. S. Stevens, of Dalhart, is in
town on business.
II. O. Pope of Claude was in the
city yesterday on business.
Judge L. C. Ileare of Miami had
business in the city yesterday,
Jno. A. Wallace of Canyon reg
istered at the Elmhirst Wednesday.
C. II. Chenault of Bovinia was a
guest at the Elmhirst Wednesday.
A. R. Letts of Clarendon was a
business caller in the city yester
J. J. Morris, of Portales, was in
the city Wednesday on laud busi
ness. J. A. Mcintosh of Hereford was
among the visitors in the city
Edward Baumgartner, of Tor
tales, was in the city yesterday on
Cicero Went worth, of Alva,
Okla., was in the city yesterday on
L. T. Lester and son, Rector, of
Canyon were registered at the
Elmhirst this week.
James Frazier and Walter
Farwell of Channing were guests at
the Amarillo yesterday.
J. M. Jarvis, of Trinidad, is in
the city, on a prospecting trip and
will remain several days.
THE ICE CREAM
Will soon be freezing on to you. and of
course you will want the best. We have
it and sell it in any quantity. Our
and refreshing Cold Drinks from pure
fruit juices are making us popular.
Huyler's Chocolates and Don lions
ARE THE BEST
0. L. Slaton, a banker and real
estate man from Lubbock, was in
the city yesterday on business.
T. S. Bugbee, president of the
Panhandle Cattlemen's Associa
tion, was in the city this week on
Mrs. Kate Bryan and son left
Wednesday morning for Roswell,
where they will permanently re
side. Their house on Fourth street
is taken by Mr. and Mrs. Will
The companies represented in
our office have contributed largely
toward the building of this town in
payment of fire losses. Our cus
tomers have contributed to them.
It's mutual, you see. Our compa
nies pay when losses occur. Moral
Insure with them. Currie & Do
When you insure, insure with
Currie & Dohoney in a good com
pany. If you are not going to in
sure with solvent companies that
pay their losses when you are un
fortunate enough to hold one, you
had better' put your money in your
other pocket, and give yourself
credit for same. You will save
that much. 26-it
The mass meeting called to con
vene at the court house yesterday
afternoon was adjourned until to
day at 4 p. m., owing to the previ
ous call of the Palo Duro club for
the same time and place. All
citizens of the city, and of the
CAE II PAID FOR HIDES
CROWDUS BROS. & CO.
Cor. 5th and Tyler Phone IOS
WAGON YRDS AIND SHEDS
country, are urged to attend and
assist in the preparations for the
entertainment of the cattlemen
The body of L. I). Danenberg, a
prominent business man of Ros
well and who was especially known
in railroad circles all over the west,
passed through the city Wednes
day en route to interment at the
old home in Illinois. He had been
very sick for some time, and was
finally taken to Galveston, in hopes
that the change would benefit him,
but as it proved without success.
Beginning May 29th, Mrs. F. V.
Allen and Miss Jones will open a
Summer School. Place and rates
announced later. Patronage of
the public solicited. 26tf
AMARII,I.O LODOK, A. F. A A. M. 732
Meets third Friday night in each mouth.
J. Frisbe, W. M.
Sam Merrill, Sec.
AMAKII.I.O CHAI'TKR, R. A. M., I96.
Meets first Tuesday night in each
month. A. B. Spencer, II. P.
S. J. Brown, Sec.
HONITA CHAPTER, O. K. S., 184.
Meets second and fourth Tuesday
nights in each month.
Mrs. Leona Morgan, W. M,
Hortense Plenions, Sec.
KNU'.HTS OK PYTHIAS.
Meets every Thursday night in K. of
P. Hall. 509 Polk street.
C. V. Mayer, C. C.
W. P. Stewart, K. of R. & S.
I. o. o. K. 410.
Meets every Monday night in I. O. O.
F. Hall. 509 Polk street.
W. T. Bratton, N. G.
Geo. Harden, Sec.
1. o. o K. 95.
Meets every Tuesday night in I. O. O.
F. Hall, 5.9 Polk street.
A. S. Drain, N. G.
W. K. Gee, Sec.
ALAMOSA CAMP, W. O. , 502.
Meets every Tuesday night in W. 0
W. Hall, Kakle building.
F, M. Conlin, C. C.
T. W. Barnes, Clerk.
B. P. o. K. 923.
Meets every Monday night in F.Iks
Hall, Carson Building.
J. R. Bowman, K. R.
Horace Humphreys, Sec.
l'adiks ok thk macahkks.
Meet every first ami third Tuesday at
3 p. m. Visiting members cordially in
vited. Mrs. W. S. Placey, Commander.
Mrs. H. M. Hill, Record Keeper.
G. I. A. TO THK B. OK I.. K.
Meets 2nd and 4th Thursday in each
month at K. of P. Hall 509 polk St.
Mrs. Chas. W. Ford, Pres.
Mrs. Patrick J. Wallace, Secy.
I., a. To n. ok r. T.
Meets second and fourth Tuesday at
2:30 p. m. in each mouth at K. of P.
Hall. Mrs. Annie Garner, Mistress.
Mrs. Kuuice RepjK'to, Secy.
FRATKRNAI, HKOTHliRIIOOI) NO. 403.
Meets every other Wednesday night
at Hall of K. of P.
Minnie Ortuer, President.
Arthur Minchew, Secy.
AMAKII.I.O K.NCAM PM li.N'T V. I).
Meets second and fourth Wednesday
nights in I. O. (). F. Hall.
Frank Wolflin. C. P.
W. T. Bratton, Secy.
AMARIU.O SOCIALIST LOCAL NO. 82,
Recording Secretary, Carl Larson; Fin
ancial Secretary, J. B. Huber; Treasurer,
C. H. Black. Meets weekly. Visiting
Socialists and others welcome. All ses
sions open to the public.
Well Bred Clothes
& For men who dress neat. $
f Well made, well fitted and J)
p stylish. The price suits jjj
ff you better than us this 4
i season. L
Y The Famous
Thoughtful Discussion of the Prin
cipal Varieties of Cattle for
Following is the text of a nota
ble paper read before the Florida
Live Stock association, by Z. C.
Chambless, of Ocala. It is well
worthy the attention of all stock
men and others interested in the
chief source of revenue of the west
"'Prior to the discovery of Amer
ica there were no cr.ttle in the
Western Hemisphere. A bull and
three heifers were brought to Ply
mouth by the ship Charity.in 1624.
Legislation made their slaughter
punishable by death, so they multi
plied rapidly. This ship sailed from
a Devonshire port, and it is likely
that these cattle were unimproved
Devons. A.terward the colonies
received cattle from Denmark, New
Netherlands and Holland; some of
them escaped, established them
selves in favorable environments,
and, reverting to a common type,
with perhaps some mixture of buf
falo blood, they became the wild
cattle of our Western plains. It
was not until the year 1760 that
the historical period of pure-bred
beef cattle began. It is claimed,
however, that the type of cattle
from which Shorthornes des
cended, existed on the Yorkshire
estate of the earls and dukes of
Northumberlan d for a period of
300 years before this date. Dur
ing this time no herd books were
established, and blood lines were
known only by word of mouth and
sundry traditions. Coates's Herd
Book of Shorthorn Pedigrees was
the first record to be published, and
that in the year 1822, or about
sixty years after the written rec
ords were begun. The first volume
of the English herd book was made
from memoranda of cows showing
great excellence and variation from
the common type, so that in time
any annimal not tracing to this
foundation stock, could get no
place on its pages. With the way
The Temple of Economy
THESE NICKEL SAVINGS HELP SAVE THE DOLLARS
We are certainly headquarters for ieii and pencil Tablets, as we
have sold over 1700 tablets within the past three weeks.
RIX'iULAR -A 400 PACK TABLKT FOR 5c
14-tooth Steel Rake, the 50 cent kind, OCR PRICK 25c
Heavy Sheet Iron Double Ronsters 35c to 50c
THE PRETTIEST THINGS IN AMARILLO
Are our new wall pictures. The elegant designs, finish and frames are all
new ami far above the average- We bought them direct from the factory,
and can sell them at half the price usually asked for this grade of goods.
Regular f 1.50 Pictures, sold at Ol'R PRICK FOR 75c
Regular f4.,So Pictures, sold at OUR PRICK $1.75
502-507 POLK ST.
8c to 20c
made plain by Mr. Coates for
Shorthorns, record books were
later started for the cattle which
are now the three other principal
beef breeders, namely, Hereford,
Aberdeen Angus and Galloways.
In the development of these four
breeds. It is fortunate that there
was opposition, for the battle be
tween them resulted in much good
to all of them. A common object
the production of beef, was in
view, but had it not been for the
rivalry in filling the demand of a
common standard of the beef type,
some of the breeders might have
been ruined by putting pedigrees,
fashion and taste, ahead of utility,
dollars and cents.
First point is his form. "The
first point observed in an ideal
animal is his form. It should ap
proximate the rectangular; the
body compact, broad and deep; the
head broad and well filled between
the eyes, short from the eyes to
the mouth, the latter wide, with
wide, well-opened nostrils; the
whole head clean cut, and well set
on a moderately short neck; the
shoulders sloping, chest wide, ribs
well sprung and compactly covered
with flesh. Along the back the
most valuable meat is found, and
here should be the greatest width
and depth of flesh. The hips and
rump wide and well covered to the
tail; the flesh of the hindquarters
carried well down to the hocks;
legs short.straight and set well out
side the body; a coarse, fleshy head,
and thick meaty throat in
dicate low quality. The skin should
be moderately loose, thick and cov
ered with a plentiful growth of
hair. This descnstion applies to
the beef stejrs.
"Passing from the general beef
type, we will briefly examine the
Shorthorns are favorites. "As
previously mentioned, this breed
was the first to be pedigreed in
England, and they are yet the fav
orites there, for they not only make
beef for Smithfield market, but
outnumber Jersies in English
"Likewise, they wre the first
improved cattle introduced in
America. Having been used tor
many years on the wild ranges of
the West, the other breeds com
ing later gained popularity by use
on cows already widened, refined
and made good rrvlkers, by previ
ous infusion of the Shorthorn blood.
They are also the heaviest of tha
beef breeders, mature bulls in show
form often weighing 2,700 pounds,
and cows 2,000 pounds. These
weights are extreme, and without
high quality are objectionable.
Their color is more variable than
any breed it may be red or white,
or a mixture of these. Roan is the
one color never produced, except
by blood of this breed. The horn
is short, curved forward, and often
downward, In the bull a crested
neck, showing great sexual power
and prepotency; backs wide and
long. The hindquarters is its spec
ial characteristic, having tie repu
tation of carrying the best of any
breed, the line of the thigh being
nearly straight from tail head down.
The weak points of Shorthorns are
a tendency to long legs and undue
prominence of hip bones. These
weaknesses are overcome by their
fine milking qualities.
"The Scotch sort developed by
Cruiksjiank, Marr and Duthie,
which are short-legged and blocky,
with great scale and substance, are
early maturers. The wonderful
adaptability of the breed, and its
value in crossing with every other,
has made it so popular that there
are now 150.000 registered Short
horns in the United States.
Herefords. 'ln weight they are
aboutthe equal of Shorthorns. The
extreme weights to which Short
horns frequently attain are rare,
but, -generally speaking, there is
practicaliy no difference. Here
ford colo; is always red with white
face, and usually top of the neck,
dewlap, belly, feet and brush of
tail. This arrangement is not ab
solute. Their ears are usually red
or spotted, with sometimes spots
on the face, but this is objection
able, except perhaps around the
eyes. Time was when their faces
were gray. Occasionally a white
or spotted calf is dropped which is
known to be pure, but they are
likely to bring on discussion among
breeders. In form Herefords are
close to the ground, broad and
stylish: they have good constitu
tions, heavy backs and loins; smooth
over hock bones, and carry a tre
mendous amount of flesh of fine
quality. It is sometimes claimed
they lack scale and size, but both
these defects have been greatly
improved during the past twenty
five years. Asa breed, they are
less generally distributed than
Shorthorns, there being being in
the United States at present about
Aberdeen Angus "These cattle
are all solid colors and have no
horns, even scurs not being ad
missible. They follow in the ex
treme the barrel shape so much
sought In the beef type low set,
compact, symmetrical. Their heads
are characteristic of the high qual
ity behind them, and are sur
mounted by a high poll, which they
use with great effect in fighting.
They do not attain the weight of
Shorthorns and Herefords, but are
strong, prepotent and get about 75
per cent, of polled calves from
horned cows. The milking quality
of this brded has been neglected
but they are, nevertheless becom
ing popular, and there are now
about 40,000 in the United States.
OallowaysV "Many people mis
Prices are Lowest at
You should see our new line of decorated yi'EKN'SWARK, GLASS
WARK and LAMP SHADES. They are very pretty and very low priced
HKRRY vSKTS ENGRAVKD TOII.IvT CASKS
TAHLK SKTS TUMBLERS COMBS - BRfSIIIvS
Some heantiful Vases, Fancy China Plates and Dinner Sets. You
will he surprised wh.it a selection and assortment of goods we have to show
you and the extraordinary low price.
Miss Helen Thompson
take these for the Angus, as they
are so much alike; they are very
bimilai in form, color and hornless
ness, but their origin is different,
and the hair of the Galloways is
long, wavy or shaggy, and their
hides are used to make robes since
the buffalo became extinct. The
bulls are good dehorners, they
make good feeders, but being
adapted to high altitudes and very
cold weather, they will never gain
any foothold in Florida."
"In making the foregoing de
scription I have used information
obtained from sight of prize-winning
specimens, from judges' re
ports in the Breeders' Gazette, and
from Bulletin No. 34, issued by
the bureau of animal industry of
the United States Department of
Agriculture, entitled, American
Breeds of Beef Cattle: It would
be well for every man owning cattle
to write for the bulletin, which may
be obtained by addressing D. E.
Salmon. Chief of Bureau, Washing
ton. D. C.
"Mr. William Duthie said that in
order to secure success, a breeder
must know what form of anmial he
wants to buy or breed. If buying,
let him much rather put his money
on one good animal than two or
three inferior ones. In selecting a
bull he should consider:
"1. Individual excellence.
"2. Goodness of sire and dam.
"4. Whether the bull selected
is strong where the cows to be
mated are deficient.
"5. That his dam should have
been a good milker and good
"6. Attention and good manage
ment are absolutely necessary;
never pamperand never starve.
"7. Stick to your good animals
in bad times; they are a pleasure
to look at, and good times will come
RING-BONE AND SPAVIN.
A Jawhawker Scientist Describe
Symptons and Treatment.
Since olden times the term "ring
bone" has been used to indicate an
enlargement around the coronary
joint. This enlargement is hard,
being a growth of bone, and in
many cases forms a complete ring,
hence the name. A ring-bone has
a tendency to continue growing,
and in rare cases attains the size of
a man's head.
Causes. Any conditions which
favor sprains, such as fast driving
over hard or uneven roads, un
equal paring of the hoof, thus caus
ing the weight to be unequally dis
tributed in the joints, and severe
labor in early life. In addition to
these may be mentioned blows,
bruises or any injuries to tendons,
ligaments, or joints. These is no
doubt that colts inherit a predispo
sition to ring-bones.
Symptoms. Just as soon as the
covering of the bone is bruised a
liquid is poured out in the region of
injury. This inflammatory liquid
hardens and forms the uneaven
growth known as a ring-bone. If
the covering of the bone continues
to be inflamed more growth is form
ed. Before the ring-bone become
cronic the disease passed unnoticed.
If the abnormal growth of bone is
between the bones of a joint or if it
tends to injure ligaments or ten
dons when they are moved, a ring
bone is very painful. On the other
hand, a-ring-bone may be very
large and not cause very much an
noyance, from the fact that it may
not interfere with the free move
ment of ligaments or tendons or
enroach on the gliding surface of a
joint. In addition- to the growth
that can be readily seen, a horse
affected with ring-bone is very lame
when first taken out of the barn,
but after moving for a few hundred
yard 8 gradually "works out of the
lameness," as horsemen call it, but
when allowed to stand and become
ccol, and then moved again, the
Treatment. Preventive treat
ment consists in keeping horses'
feet trimmed properly, not over
working colts while young, careful
driving on hard and uneavn roads,
and avoiding all injuries that are
liable to strain tendons, ligaments
and joints of the limbs.
Even after a ring-bone has devel
oped it may be cured by proper
treatment of the feet, and Applying
a fly blister. The fly blister is pre
pared by mixing thoroughly one
Third Door Cast of Pott Offleo
ounce cf pulverized cantharides
one ounce of biniodide of mercury
and eight ounces of lard. The hair
is clipped over the ring-bone and
the blister applied with consider
able rubbing. The horse's head
should be tied so as to avoid his
biting the part blistered. A second
application of the blister is to be
used about a month after the first.
If blistering fails to cure the ring
bone, point-firing may be resorted
to, It is necessary to "fire" rather
deeply to secure good results, care
being taken not to fire into a joint.
After firing, a fly blister should be
rubbed into the holes where the
hot iron has been used.
When all these methods have
failed and the animal is not worth
keeping for a long and uncertain
treatment, a skilled veterinarian
should be emDloyed to perform an
operation for the removal of the
nerves supplying the limb in the
region of the ring-bone. After a
horse has been operated on, great
care should be taken of his feet,
from the fact that there is no feel
ing in the foot operated upon, and
serious result may come from step
ping on nails, etc., and carrying
them for many days before the
driver would notice the foreign
This disease known in common
language as bone-spavin, is an en
enlargement of the hock joint,
similar to a ring-bone about the
coronary joint. It may effect the
hock joint in such a way as to
cement the small joints together,
not causing lameness and apparent
ly no blemish, but the free move
ment of the liirib is impaired.
Causes. In addition to the
causes given for ring-bone may be
mentioned spraing caused by jump
ing, galloping or trof.ing animals
faster than they are accustomed to;
also straining by starting a heavy
load, slipping on an icv surfoce or
sliding on a bad pavement.
Symptoms. If the patient is ex
amined before any bony growth is
developed, inflammation will be de
tected on the inside of the hock
joint at the junction of the cannon
bone an the joint. While in the
stable the horse prefers to rest the
diseased leg by setting the heel cn
the toe of the opposite foot, with
the hock joint flexed. In traveling
the patient is very lame when first
taken out of the barn, but after
traveling for a short distance goes
sound. The diseased leg is not
lifted clear from the ground, but
nicks the toe in the middle of the
stride, which is very noticeable on
a pavement. Like a ring-bone, a
spavined horse becomes very lame
after being allowed to stand for
even a very short time, then moved
Treatment. The treatment for
a spavin is the same as for a ring
bone. C. L. Barnes.
Under Other Flags.
Mr. Bryan's new book is meeting
with a tremendous sale, and is tax
ing the publishers to supply the
demand. A large share of the
space in the' volume is taken up
with reproductions of Mr. Bryan's
letters from abroad, which is very
interesting, as well as the com
ments on affairs in the United
States. It includes lectures and
speeches delivered by him on var
ious occasions, and an important
chapter on municipal ownership.
Mr. Bryan has made us an offer
whereby we can furnish "Under
Other Flags", with a year's sub
scription to the Herald for $1.45,
as mentioned in our club list
All other states in the production
of livestock. The Texas Stock-man-Journal
is the official organ of
The Texas Cattle Raisers Associa
tion which Is the strongest organi
zation of its kind in the world and
besides its complete resume of the
various livestock markets covers all
matters of interest to stockmen
over the entire Southwest, reaching
each week more than 15,000 inter
ested readers. Subscription price
$1 .50 per year. Address
Stockman Publishing Co.,
f Fort Worth, Texas.
By special arrangement we are
able to give the Herald and the
Stockman-Journal for $1.50 Ed J