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"T. -ririni-ri rTfrJrmi Tnrrr rw-fCT":,g?'''-- v-MrriW?a'a?ffT '
-THE' WIITTE HOUSE.
ARRANGEMENT OF THE OFFICIAL
QUARTERS OF THE EXECUTIVE.
Views 3EVom the "Windows of thfe East
Hoom Tlie 1Iall of tha BlsappointecL."
Telephone Is Almost the Only Modern
jrovement In the Building
Buel writes a paper for Th
on "Our Fellow Citizen Of tbe
House,' devoted to the official
and duties of tbe president, in the
so of which he says:
At 10 o'clock a hardly discernible Sign
against the glass of the barrier an
nounces to the citizen "who has arrived
under the grand portal that the execu-
five mansion is "oDen" to visitors. At
2 o'clock the sign is changed to "clos-
td." The doorkeepers swing the UocrsH
open to everybody. Within the large
vestibule nothing is seen which indi
cates the arrangement and purposes of
the different parts of the mansion. It
"was not always so, for originally the
now concealed corridor, or middle hall,
-with the staircase on the right, was a
part of the entrance halL jSow the
spaces between the middle columns are
closed with colored glass partitions, and.
the vestibule is simply a large, square
room pleasantto .get cut of
" No way appears to open to the state
apartments in the center or to the west
wing, which is devoted to the private
apartments. Yet glass doors are there,
though as imperceptible to the stranger
ts a swinging panel. To the left there
is a door which is always open. It ad
mits to a small hall, across which a sim
ilar door is the side entrance to the
great east room. About this splendid
room, comprising the whole east end of
the mansion, the visitor may -wander at
will before the portraits or enjoy from
f he -windows the beauty of the treasury
towering shaft of the Washington mon
ument and beyond the ever charming
Potomac, spreading with enlarging
curves toward Mount Vernon, an
the private garden under' thenndews
he may chance to see a iserry band of
From the small Lall between the ves
Hbnle and tj?g east room a stairway as
cends jfard the medial line of the
buildfng to xi wide middle hall, on each
-Side of which are the offices of the pres
ident, ilie'arrangement is simple, and
in the floGr plan covers the space occu
pied below by the east room and the
green room, the latter being the coun
.terpart of the small hall with the public
stairway just mentioned. At the head
,' l f these stairs, over the e-een room, is
W rtBe cabinet room, whichVfe the first
" "apartment in the south side of the hall,
a jog of two steps, at the private door
into the president's room, marking tbe
' raised ceiling of the east room below
f The president reaches his office through
-? the cabinet room, entering the latter
-j? from the library, which corresponds on
the second floor with the bluo room of
" J the state apartments. President Arthur
'indeed used the library as hisJjffice and
the cabinet chamber for an anteroom,
while his private secretary was domi
' eiled in the traditional office of the pres
ident, touring iis nrst'terhr Mr. Cleve
land preserved tbe Fame arrangement.
$3ut General Harrison went back to the
office hallowed by Lincoln's occupancy,
vr? "Ti nioTToloTirl rvn Vic rotn'rn rrmi1
the arrangement so satisfactory that he
"SStte president's large, square
office is the corner room where Private
Secretary Thurbar is always either
-wrestling with the details of executive
business or standing with his sLoulaer
braced against the crowd struggling to
gee the president. It is a narrow apart
ment and might be called appropriately
the "hall of the disappointed," the sug
gestion being emphasized by portraits
cf the greatest of presidential aspirants,
Clay and Webster, to which Mr. Thurber
added, as his private property, an en
graving of the closest contestant for the
office, Governor Tiiden.
On the north side cf tho hall there
are two rooms which correspond to those
Cu the south side just described, the
small one being ceeupied by Mr. O. L.
Pruden, the assistant secretary since Gen
eral Grant's rime and the custodian of
the office books as -well as of the tradi
tions which govern the public social
routine of the executive mansion. In
his room site the telegraph clerk at his
instrument, and by the -window is a tel
ephone, which saves a great amount of
messenger service between tbe president
and the departments. Occasionally a
congressman, with less ceremony thim
discretion, attempts to get an appoint
ment with the ear of the president over
ths "telephone, end there ib a record of a
stage earthquako produced in the private
secretary's room by a furious congress
man whp fcund the telephone ineffect
ive and his Olympian btylo even les3
so. KoKvithstanding that it is almost
the sole modern improvement in tho
White House, President Cleveland was
seen at the telephone but once, and then,
aeedless td say, net on call.
NO BLOOD SPILLEDV
'Sui the Enel "Was- jFocght, and Everybody
Every one Tirho loiews anything abonfc
ilajor Winton tnows that he is withonc
& jpark of physical cowardice. That is
the reason that he incurred no risk in
foiling tho story that follows:
jejuni, niter mev.'ar i went to ltais,1
and formed a business partnership with
-T"--t-J. -T il T J. o. m I
a rcrpjrh Lnt brave and big hearted native.
Ve leased asfi sfc6ked an ertensive cat-1
tle Tanrb, hired our cowboys and estab
lished tt little community of onr own.
,3Ty partner superintended affairs at tho
iranch wiiile I did the dealing, the pur
chase of supplies included. This took
ine 10 the nearest market, and, as it was
too scon for the prejudices between the
two gpcat sections af the country to be
entirely allayed, I was very, careful to
-t !f .irvit-iurr Krtr l"nirriocc
Ui:r""; .1tt: , ,
.But cue gvv in ice notei an ex-eoio-
$Isho iiad tul a (i. tre rtf-am . he
iss ? B&rSlStejijV attached xnzr Tn3?iiJ
prlncipiesjani so clearly aimed his gen
enilittr at me that I retorted angrily.
This v, as what he wanted. He handed
me his card, and within half an hour
two Oi his friends waited on me, pursu-,
ant to the code duello. To gain time I
referred them to my partner and hurried
back to the ranch. He was delighted at
the prospect. It would be a great piece
of advertising to bowl the colonel over,
and at the same time it -would insure
m6 against like trouble in the future.
But by principle and training I was ir
revocably committed against the dueL
"It was difficult for me to make my
partner comprehend any such moral bias,
especially as -we had fought off cattle
thieves together, and he knew that I
had nerve and was a dead shot. He
himself, when aroused, was recognized
as one of the most dangerous men in the
routhwest His ultimatum was that we
must meet, but with it -was a positive
assurance that no one should be hurt.
The affair came off, and after three ex
changes honor was satisfied without a
drop of blood. My partner had simply
told the colonel's seconds that they must
load-with blank cartridges or settle with
him. They hastened to choose the blank
alternative, and in time the colonel and
I became fast friends. He confidentially
admitted to me afterward that he reck
oned he'd lost his shooting eye and must
keep out of-trouble." Detroit Free
POET OF BANES TAKEN.
Spanish Made a Combined At
tack by Land and Sea.
Havana, May i, via Key
West, Fla. The'port of Banes,
in Santiago daf Cuba province J.
held by Genral CaHxte-SSrcia
and 6oQ9rfbans ever since the
I .-l UnHoH -Y( l frTt PV
-. . . , T-V -, -
rd.Ul ctUO. Idnv-i- ' i-uu" "
pedition, has been recovered
by the Spanish combined army
and naval forces under Gener
al Gomez Ruberle and Admi
The Spanish forces combin
ed.at Nipe and General Ruber
le formed his forces, consisting
of two columns. Both columns
boarded the Spanish fleet, un
der command of Admiral Na
varro, composed of the flag
ship Legaspi and the men of
war Reina Mercedes' Nueva
and Pana. Magallanes Vasco
Nunez de Balboa,- Galicia and'
Ligeria, and, protected by ' ar
tillery, landed under a heavy
fire from the insurgent muskefe
ry at js.amon, penmsuia ui.
Banes, losing during the
. . i
moval of the troops one killed
and seventeen wounded. Mean
while the marine forces in arm
ed boats were sent to recon
noiter at the entrance of the
port of Banes. They succeed
ed in removing- three wire
bles and one torpedo.
The Nueva Espana was the
first boat to enter the port.
The Ligera followed with Ad
miral Navarro, General Ruber"
le and his adjutants on board.
The Spanish columns then ad
vanced, protected by fire from
the Nueva Espana, which bom
barded the insurgent heights,
ultimately capturing the Cuban
fortifications with a loss of forty
The Cubans, in view of the
combined attack of the army
and navv. abandoned their
stronghold without further re
sistance, leaving a large quan j
tity of ammunition. It is Kej
lieved that the construction of
a new fort outside the limit of
Jthe present town once com
pleted.-the naval forces under
the com mane of the chief of
rr -vr i j.l ,,,
staff, Marenco, and the army
under General Ruberle will
leave for Port Cabonico, near
by, where the insurgents are
now reported to be located.
-j . a v
tic XcispleiS !
larni In iS?jd
Anvone sending a Sketch and description may
quietly ascertain, free, whether an invention ia
probably patentable. Comraunlcationa strictly
confidential. Oldest agency forseenring patent
in America. We have a Washington office.
Patents tatcn through Hnnn & Co. receive
special nof !ue In the
beautifully Illustrated, largest circulation of
anv scientific journal, Treekly, terms ?3X0 a year;
?l.Msix months, fcpecunen copies and HAND
Cook: ox .Patents sentfrfi. Address
MUNN & CO.,
361 Ureadway, Nevr Yerfc.
ROW GOES ON.
Said in Dallas That President
Refused to Rescind Com
promise. Dallas, Texas, May 2. -It
is reported among the Green
men tonight that Dr. John
Grant has been before Pres
ident McKinley within the last
few days with the request that
the compromise recently
agreed upon between the two
warring- factions of the Texas
reDublicans be rescinded. It
Is said the president declined
to accede to Dr. Grant's de
The Green forces are assist
ing in holding up P. D. Gib
bons, recently named postmas
ter at Paris, and hope to de
feat him entirely. It is claim
ed that Senators Quay, Piatt,
Fairbanks and other well
known republicans in the sen
ate have as good as promised
Chairman Green that Gibbons
will never be confirmed.
The Green Grant'' row is
fiercer in Dallas' than, ever be
RIO GRANDE RISING.
T-Tnim Flnorl k Rvnftrte.fl at'
El Paso in a Few Days.
El Paso, Texas, May 2.
ti. t- r-An : .,--f :-(.'
1 1 ail
I frt p ; H
I 1 8"
Si 3 4 i
from 82 to 6 per acre. 1 he aver
banks, and a heavy flood is eK!aj:p ;SX:able value of land is Si.
pected in a fe'w days when the fhere are 82,2-iO acres of school
r J m land m the conntv. the connty
water from the meltings snow ,a5 :l total b'hool population of
comes down from" the moim 4400, and gives employment to 80
teachers. Ihe average length or
tains. The city has a force of jthe school term is tive months. The
men throwing up a -fevee toi J?n 7" from
& r the State is ?13 000- I here are a
proctect the lower part 01 the.nilll,er of public schools in the
city, where" the flood waters
j played such havoc two years
A prize of $5000
offered b Prince".. Leopold II
ofBel-iumfor the bet treat!
ise to be written 'before 1801
on The Military History of the
rrri 4. r. .!,- -Q.n Tn
DCliilclUa llUlll UJt XVUIlltili xi
I . t M l T j 1 "
vasion until tne rresent jvay.
. , .
fjr. HMct S TQsra xiauina: rowas
The .Goodrich Beal Estate
' . ANjD
5ESSS 0 WEEI&SH Secretary.
Brownsville, Cameron Co., Texas.
Cameron County is the extreme
southern county of Texas. It is
separated from Mexico by the Rio
Grande on the south and has about
100 miles of gulf coast as its east
ern boundary. Tt was organized in
1848, and contains 3308 square
miles. Farming and stock raising
are the principal industries of the
people the location, climate and soil
being admirably adapted for both.
The greater portion of the soil is a
rich loam, and nrodncesan exceed
ingly heavy ield of both cotton
And corn the chief farm products.
Two, and sometimes three crops of
corn, averaging-from fiftv to seven
ty bushels per acre, are raided year
ly, while cotton .will easily yield
from one to two "bales per acres.
Grasses grow all the year, and stock
find pasturae without 'being fed or
sheltered during the winter. But
J-hp-soil and climate of the Lou-eid
Rio Grande VaT.ey are" by -nature
best adapted for the production of
vegetables and fruits. Vegetables
of all kinds grow all the year
around, and northern people are as
tonished to faid tomatoes, lettuce,
spinach, English peas, etc., served
fresh from the gardens in midwin
ter. This is undoubtedly the par
adise ot track gardeners, and sot
sotui a rail transportation is ob
tained Cameron county Vegetables
by the car load will be shipped to
nort nern marsecs auring wuiLsr uuu
and will obtain the
highest prices, as there will be no
xceedingly mild climate. ' Fre
quently the entire winter passes
vithotit a single frost, and there is
rarely ever any coid .veather before
Christmas. Fruit culture has not
been attempted in this county on a
large scale, but there is one large
banana plantation on which this
delicious fruit yields most jihund
antly and in the greatest perfection.
Grapes are also raised extensively,
crowing in almost every yard. They
ripen from tuo to four weeks ear-,
her than in any otner section.
Many planters here make all of
their own table wines. Oranges
id lem-jns also grow in profusion,
and this section c"ulo easily he
made to rival Florida in the pro
duction of oranges Sugar cane is
also one of the most important pro
puets of this valley. The Rio
Grande plantation of Air. Geo. Bru
lav and i;he Rabb Starck plantation
produce great quantities of cane,
which is all manufactured on the
Rio Grande plantation This cane
makes sugar which is pronounced by
experts to be even superior to the
best Louisiana product. Havana
tobacco has also proven a success
here, Col. J G. Tueker having
made some most successful experi
ments with it; his samples were
clawed bv Ne"nr York buyers as
equal to the best Havana.
. The county is watered by tlie Rio
Grande with its ample flow along
the southern boundary, and nnm
erous small streams ca-ledkarroya,"
The population of Cameron coun
ty according to the census of 1890
is 13,424. Brownsville, the county
- t, has a population o
I70LH). romt isaiiei, tne seaport or
the county, has about 400 mhabi-
rants and Santa Maria, a growing
little river settlement, has about250
Improved lands sell for from d
to S25 ner acre, unimproved tor
county, atrording ample educational
Honieseekers are gradually be
ginning to Hind their way to this
land where farmers can work in the
rvf i - ti 1
l)en a . - year. uu&.
it 15 comparatively uunevmupru ar.
vvf.th the building or the
."P?1 SS h!!!T'
a crrpfit inniu or settlers mav n
expected and they wIl be heartily
welcomed. This valley is capable"
of supporting millions of people.
Tire HERALD w:U be pleased to fur
nnh any furtnpr information re
garding the Lower Rio Grande
that teidera abroar mav
1st.- 800 acres of land, two must
from city hail of Brownsvil e, situ
ated on Resaca la Guerra, and
horse-shoe affluent of suchresaca
on mail road, suitable for fruit or
chards, 30 acres now in irrigation
with pecan, walnut, chestnuts!
pfum, peach, pear, apricot, cherry
Japanese persimmon, fig grape and
ribbon cane. Can be sub-divided
into 5 or 10 acre lots, giving each
abundant water supply, there being
a depth of 5 to 15 feet of water all
seasons of the year. Price 10 to
25 per acre, according to location.
Will sell in a body at special r.ates.
2d. Two pieces adjoining, one of
200 and the other of 120 acres, situ
ated on Resaca Rancho Viejo, live
miles from city h.iM on mail road.
Both pieces almost surrounded by
water of 10 'to 15 feet in depth, 40
aces under irrigation . 'I his land
is equal to if not superior to the
Mississippi bottom lands, and can
oe made a paying investment tor a
fruit orchard or truck gardening.
Can be sub-divided into 5 to 10
acre-lots Price 10 to S25 per
acrej whole traefc on special terms.
3d. 180 acre tract two miles
from the city of Brownsville, on
resaea, with good water supply.
Ebony, Mesqnite, Ash, Hackberryj
and other timbers. Alluvial soil.
To one who desires to sub-divide in
Ismail tracts, this is a paying in
vestment. Sold in bulk only. Price
10 per acre
4tlf. 25,000 acres in one body,
having a frontage of about six
mils on the Rio Grande Railroad
on the south, and the Arroyo Col
orado on the north. Well timber
ed along the stflams and lakes; ha
lance prairie. Ricindes within its
limits the famous Battle fields of
Palo Alto and ResaSa de la Palma.
Arable and pasture. Price 3, per
5th. A tract adjoining No. 4,
which togother with that tract will
include 100.000 acres in one body
very desirable. Special terms to
6th. 10,000 acre tract about
three miles, from the Arroyo Post
Office. This land is well timbered
and watered, soil alluvial, adapted
to fruits, cotton, corn, cane, ptc.
Special terms to any one buying
tract, obligating to colonize.
7 th. 1600 acre tract, fronting On
tbe Ric Grande, about tweDty miles
from Brownsville and 8 miles from
Santa Maria, 300 ncres Under oolti-vat-OD
on low lands on river front
All good arable land. Price $3 per
Stb. 725 neres. triangular form,
fronting on Rio Grande, i6 milea
above Browrsviile cond land. Well
wa'ered. Price $3,000.
9th. Nnjuroua traota of pnatnre
landaJrom 1000 to 5000 acres each
in different parts of Ihe county.
10th. This is a very desirable
Dlace for a email frnit or truck fsrm,
containing 10 acres, with a new
brick dwelling of 6 rooms, frame eta
bla and other ont'bonsea, and large
underground cistern:.three miles from
Brownsville on Resaca de la Palma
and oo the county rOad.
Parker Row, one of tho bc.t pro
perties in Ilrownsville, centrally
locatetl on the corner of Washington
and l-ith htreeLs, for ?5,000 U. S1
AJfo GOO acres of land, at 0
U. S. currency. ilcn "V.IIo-iT.
Cor. Houston and St. Jrary's St5.
San Antonio, t:::::::::::::::::Texas
Slodern convemenci-s; cuismd :t sep- (
cialty : r ites 2 00 per d sy . reets cars
p:iis"door to :md from all depots.
LVDW5S MAIIXK, Prop.
F B. Armstrong,
DEALER IN -
Mexican and SouilieTn Birds
Mammal Skiny Bird Eggs,
and SpedimeTvs of JWU-
I SubscnbrP fr THF H'LUAF D.
Hew to Attala It:"
A Wonderful Neir
for Men Only. Oae
copy may be cad free
ERIE MEDICAL CC.
Boarding and Lodging jHous
PASGtJAL A. BPvTSENO, Prop
(Late of Miller's's Hoteh)
Meals at all honrS Coifee an3
Chocolate, Fish, served at all hcur
of day and night.
CUSTOM 10 OSS
SUCCESSOR TO iff. SCHCDTSs
Rlinds. Doors, Sash. Paints
Oils and "yarnish.
ALL E1SD OF
The verv highest Cash prices paid
foi Hides, Wool, Cotton,
Rones, Hair, Etc.
The modern stand
ard Family Medi
cine : Cures the
ills of humanity.
Office Hours From
from 3 to G p. m,
9 to 11 a. m
die, Oyposite Miller's Jots
OENKKAL AGENT fOK NORTIIEirN Me
The Best and Easie?t Kunniug
IMachine in the World. Took
the Medal forsuperiotv at
the recent Columbian
Cavts, and Trat!e-51arfcs oltolned and Uit Pat-J
Ctctbs.pcsscoiacteaior Modepatc Fee.
SaGd wc caasd jre catentaa fcss Uae tcaii inosc
"remote from Wasaia-toa. . . , .
5 Scad nod-', drawtag or p.oto., vnth desenp-j
Jtlbn. MT" adnsc, ii patentable Qr not, free o
5char5C Oar fee not Cue lull patent Is secured. ?
t a Pamphlet. " How to Obtain Patents," v"
Jcosc o same m tbe U. S. and fifcjgn countries j
A j aA
.JJ&tLAk9Ja 1 it M
4yj&nrf.a Ssid 2iid'j!i5sP4rrSjF;a5Sf