Newspaper Page Text
v ith a torce uui in eiieci in ALLAN 11. M ACÍKJMALD,
nitmi ahí rit-'i ni nu.
cmctAL pri or suvtt cirr.
f ntiart Ipi ion l'rtcrw.
TTe t'ini.ths 1 0
H Ul-Mir !n I 7
Out" y.-r 3 Oil
InvariablT in Advine.
On" III "M fRl lsi OO
( iw Ite'li n moot h 2 11
Oie tit, h wr MP1MIH i O"
Io.mU lo un I I i'H. nel ll'M f.uh lntt.tlnu.
lyK'.d writ un i ot. oer lint.
Frtoresl al the po-tniw In Silver City. M. M.,m
hatioma:- democratic ticket
GROVKK CU. Y MANI),
OF NEW YORK.
Tur Vice President,
A. I:. SThVKN'SON.
c a n d i a t i:s A 0 L . c i: n i: . T s.
I herfhv nnnotm- trivtcif n n mixltilnto fnr
tii opi.'i i( nlu-rilT nf Onint ('. iinty, suhlect to
the actiou o( the County republican convention.
I'.ollKIIT lll. tl K.
Hii.vm Citv N. M. June irm.
THE SILVER QITSTIOS.
st. ;iiii itr,uiiic.
Mr. Idus L. Fielder of Silver
City, N. M., ono of the delegates
to the National convention at Chi
engo.wns seen yesterdny (2('th ult )
at the Southern Hotel and wns
asked by a Republic reporter what
lio thought of tho 6lver plunk in
tho National platform, lio re
' If you will publ:sh nil I have
to sny, and it will be brief, 1 will
tell you. There was an error in
the published interview with me
in tho Chicago Herald yesterday
morning, in which I appear to
have said that the silver men did
not obtain a fair hearing in the
committee on platform. My state
ment was that we did not obtain a
hearing in tho National conven
tion. I was a member of the com
mittee on platform, and our cham
pion there, Hon. T. M. Patterson,
together with others of us, was
accorded a most respectful and pa
tient hearing. Col. Jones, of the
Republic, who wns chairman of
that committee, presided magnifi
cently and treated all of us with
the utmost consideration ; but
when the minority report was sub
mitted in the National convention
Mr. Patterson, who presented it,
wus not given that respectful hear
ing which the magnitude of tho
subject entitled him to.
" There are a few salient fea
tures of tho silver question which
I would like to state and which I
wish every farmer and laborer in
America would consider. The le
publlcan party in its national plat
form simply declared for bimetal
lism, the use of gold and silver as
money, and that tho purchasing
and debt-paying power of each
shall be equal. All these condi
tions exist today in as broad a
sense as republican legislation has
provided ami as tho sentiment of
that party will tolerate, and still
the jieoplo are oppressed. Hero,
for .instance, is a silver dollar con
taining 371 J grains of pure silver,
coined this year of grace, which
costs this government about C8
cents, and which is the equal of
any gold dollar on which it ever
put its stamp. It is a legal tender
for debts public and private. It
will buy a much wheat, as much
cotton as any other dollar of this
government, not lxcauso it really
contaiua a dollar's worth of silver
at tho commercial bullion value,
but because the luw of this coun
try, without tho aid of any other,
declares that it shall be received
us a dollar, and because it lears
tho government stamp. Can any
tangible reason Ihj shown why it
would not be as staple and valua
ble a dollar under free coinage ?
" The truth is, the most menor
ing and merciless of trusts is the
gold trust At its behests this
government in 1873 struck down
one-La. f the money metal of the
world and to that extent contract
ed tho b&rtia of banking and com
merco in this country. The inme
diato and continuing effect was to
make gold the basis of all values
and to entail universal shrinkage
in the prices of our staple products.
The twin monster of republican
greed-high protective tarilF and
the reuioiietization of silver luu
wrought din ful resulta. The rob
Ih t tariff has increased the cost of
nearly everything the farmer has
to buy, while the demonetization
of bilver hat diminished the price
of everything he has to s'll. While
tho republican paity, to retain its
iniquitous system of false pretense,
assert that the tirilT is designed
to protect American manufactures
and American wage workers against
the paiqxv labor of Kuropc, it
affords neither protection nor
justice to the silver minors, n
most meritorious class, who pro
duce a money substance which is
unlike any other product, amount
ing to over GO,OUO,000 ounces an
nually, which, at tho present price
of silver, brings to tho miners of
this country less than $0-1,000,000
wliilo tho free coinage of silver
would make the same product
worth moro than $77,000,000. It
would put some $21,000,000 more
into the ftoekets of the silver min
ers of this country annually, where
it legilmatcly and meritoriously
belongs, and thus add to tho com
mon wealth; and who would it ini-
tmverish ? The silver dollar
would Ik? non the less a dollar. It
would still purchase as much oa a
gold or paper dollar and it would
prevent England from purchasing
our silver at a very largo discount
or at all for any less juico than
tho United Statca government
would coin it nt and using it to
purchase Russian and Indian
wheat and cotton.
"This opportunity being re
moved would forco England to
buy wheat and cotton here rihI
givo our fanners a new and natur
al market for their products.
England buys silver in this coun
try at its bullion value and dis
poses of it in India at its coin value
on a oasis or. nucen ounces ol
silver to one ounce of gold, while
our standard is sixteen ounces of
silver to ono ounce of gold. Fif
teen ounces of silver are worth as
much in India as an ounce of gold.
An ounce of gold in this country
is worth $20.07; fifteen ounces
of silver costs in this country at
tho present price, as I sco from
tho quotations in The Republic of
this morning, $13.20, being 88
cents an ounce, giving the English
purchaser a profit of more than 50
per cent On nu investiment, then,
of $13.20 he purchases in India
$20.07 worth of wheat or cotton,
and can afford to pay even more
per pound and more for freight
and still derive an enormous profit,
while the producer of wheat and
cotton in our own country go
lagging for a market."
"How would free coinage remedy
this evil ?"
"With free coinago by this gov
eminent England would be unable
to buy our bullion at a profit for
tho Russian and Indian trade, and
would of neccessity purchase our
products because of cheaper trans
Hie government now coins
four and a half millions per
"Yes, sir; the coinago of $1,500,
000 monthly under the Sherman
bill, however, loes not remedy
the evil at all, because it leaves
silver still a commodity of fluctuat
ing and falling value. Yet whilo
that bill was pending tho prico of
Bilver rose to SI. 20 au ounce, and
our fanners felt the immediate
ffect England changed her pol
icy for the time and bought wheat
and cotton here, and it is estimated
that the American wheatgrower
and Americau planer reaped $75,
000,000 of profit Tho cry of the
gold bug that the freo coinago of
silver is the selfish hobby of the
silver miner is a misrepresentation
of tho facts, for whilo they are be
ing robbed by tho government of
about $23,000,000 annually the
cotton-growers of the South lose
more than fovir tunes that amount
annually, and the wheatgrowers
of tho Northwest year after year
have filched from their earnings
more than five times tho annual
loss of the silver miners, whilo the
millions of wago earners of this
country are even more acuto suff
erers by reasons of tho falso finan
cial policy of this government. It is
small wonder that England furu
ibhed $."00,000 to influeuco our in
nocent congressmen in 1S73 to un
wittingly demonetize silver. Tho
demand for 'honest money,' in
which all lionett men concur, is
fully answered end performed.
Tho debtor will disharge his
full legal and moral duty to
his creditor when ho pojs
him in such money as was
a full legal tender at tho timo the
debt was contracted."
" Might not free coinage tend to
flood our mints with the silver of
the world ? "
"The glaring absurdity of that
argument is apjmrent when we re-meinln-r
that we produce 40 tie-,
cent of the silver of tho earth ;
thrit Europe's only silver is In r
silver money, and that we put
11. .'H more groins of silver into a
dollar than that required by tho
European standard, nnd hence Eu
rope's silver money circulating at
home at 100 cents would recoin in
our free mints at less than 07 cents,
while her recent incn nso of sub
sidiary coin would be only 5)3.8 per
cent, of our standard silver coin.
Yes, this is tho great scarecrow
argument of the relentless gold
bugs of the Atlantic seoboord, who
intimidate both tho great joliticai
parties. Tho world's annual pro-
luct of gold is about $100,000,000,
but so much is used in tho arts
and dentistry as to leave probably
less than $20,000,000 available for
the world's supply of money. The
world's annual supply of silver is
alKHit 120,000,000 ounces, with
1,000,000,000 people of the earth
anxious to use it. It is a fact that
if wo should absorb in this country
alone the entire annual product of
the silver mines of tho world it
would require ten years, with our
increasing population., to increase
onr per capita to $30, the equal of
Franco's, tho strongest financial
country on the globo.
"I have hero in my rxx-ket some
statistics. Listen to them. Of
tho world's entire population 100,-
809,000 hove tho single gold stan
dard. Countries having a popula
tion of 831,750,000 have the single
silver standard, and countries hav
ing a population of 221,222,000
have tho double standard of gold
and silver. This shows that one
billion seventy-five million nine
hundred odd thousand of the
world's population have either
the single silver standard of money
or tho douDie standard ot gold
and silver. In tho face of these
figures aro the enemies of silver
able to maintain their assertions
that gold is the money of com
merce? When there is an unlimi
ted uso of silver as a money metal,
then its commercial value becomes
its coin value of necessity. When
wo had but 3,000,000 people in the
United States and the congress
decided to establish a monetary
6ystem, we did not stoop to ask
Great Britoin what the ratio should
be between gold and silver, but,
like brave men, our forefathers
founded the mint and directed that
the coinage proceed under the ratio
of 15 to 1. But now with more
than GO.OOO.OOO pooble, we aro told
that wo must go and ask European
permission tc legislate on this
"Were there many silver cham
pions in the convention, outside of
the representatives from the silver
"Yes, indeed. We found dele
gates from tho East and South and
Northwest, as earnest and ardent
as we were, but we were in the
"How long will you remain in
"I was detained here today by a
delayed train, and expect to take
my departure for my Western
"How is tho mining outlook in
your section of the country?"
"Fairly good. We produco
probably more gold than 6ilver in
my section of the country, and I
waut to tell you tho truth that
upon the average it requires $2
worth of hard labor to produco $1
worth of silver, though a few strike
Tho largo majority which Gro
ver Cleveland hod in tho Chicago
convention proves beyond a doubt
that he is the most popular demo
crat in this country at tho present
timo. His popularity is not con
fined to a singlo state nor to a
certain section; it extends from
oceau to ocean and from the great
hikes to the gulf. Tho ouly seri
ous opposition to his nomination
camo from his own state and from
a faction of the party which has
been against him ever sinco he was
nominated for tho Presidency tho
first time. That faction advocated
the nomination of a man whom
tho leaders know would bo a will
ing tool in their hands. They
knew at tho samo time that they
could exjH-ct nothing from G rover
Cleveland. They knew that he
had á mind of his own, and they
knew that ho considered a public
office a public trust, and that he
would lo entirely out of the reach
of the pot-houso politicians. They
were looking for offices and sent
moro than a thousand heelers to
Chicago to shout for Hill. They
used every means to defeat Cleve
land in tho convention and even
went so far as to soy that he could
not carry the state of New York.
J hey tlii t : t f . ncd and coated, but
ji . ...
u.e gM-iii inh.n oi delegates to the
N'ti.iiial convention knew who the
denioeiats of the country wanted
for their standard bearer and re
fus'd to kirn a deaf ear to
the ro'(iie.,t of tho mafses
of the democratic party demand
ing tho renoniinotion of tho only
democrat who has occupied tho
President ial choir since the admin
istration of Biichfoian.
Sinco the excitement of the
convention has died away his pop
ularity, not only among tho demo
crats of tho country, but among
tho independent voters as well,
has shown itself in many ways and
the republican leaders are prejmr
ing for tho hardest bottlo ever
fought for tho Presidency.
But for tho tariff message which
Cleveland wrote in 1887 Harrison
would never have been President.
Whilo the country had lecn grad
ually drifting toward a lower tar
iff tho people were not prepared
for the message which Cleveland
sent to congress. The timo was
too ihort to educate the people up
V, the idea lvfore the next election,
and tho consequence was that
Cleveland was defeated; but two
years later tho result of tho con
gressional elections showed plainly
enough that his views had been
very geuerally accepted and now
ho is more popular than ever.
The only question which now
remains is how largo his majority
will bo in tho electoral collcce
The opposition which was shown
before the convention has been
dissipated like dew before a sum
mer's sun . and the democratic
party will work in harmony for
his election. '
tion of the Prcf-ident nmy be
thrown into the house but in that
event it may be relied upon flint
(J rover Ch-velond will be tho next
President of the United states ;
but it is not at nil probablo that
the houso will be called upon to
decide the contest. Cleveland will
undoubtedly have ft clear majority
of all tho votes in tho electoral
If there had been at any lime
my reason for believing that the
South would not be solid for tho
democratic ticket in tho coming
Presidential election, tho sugges
tion of tho possibility of the
passago of a forco bill if
tho republican party came
into power would havo been suffi
cient to have solidified the South
in opposition to the republican
ticket The fight is to bo made
this year ns in the past in the
Northern states, and tho indica
tions are now that tho democrats
will hove the electoral votes of four
or five states to spare. The fight
is going to be carried into Illinois
this year and the republicans will
have to do some work in that state
if they keep it in the republican
(Iiuniica'h hat will bo badly
battered before the cud of this
campaign and Editor Reid will
find that running o rnt printing
oll'ce ruid running for the vice
Presidency at tho same time is en
tirely to much for on Ameiicon
citizen to undertake.
The republican senate can offer
no objection to tho admission of
New Mexico other than that it
might become a democratic state.
There's tho rub.
Cl.ANKsoH han given awny t
Campbell as liairiunn of tfi' Na-
tion.d republican committee. Thd
new I diainnan is n In avy weight
and it is safe to predict that ho
will riot bo ns activo in bringing
about republican success nt tho
polls next November as Clarkpou
Wns four yars ago.
The New York World s."ys that
Stevenson is no terrier, but that
ho will worry the rat just the
name in tho campaign this year.
WILL SLTl'ORT CLEVELAND.
Charles A. Dana, of tho New
York Sun, than whom there has
been no bitterer opponent of Cleve
land in this country, has wheeled
into lino and will support the
democratic nominees. The follew-
ing editorial appeared in the Sun
the morning after the nomination:
There is one question depending on
the oloction of the next President which
in its momentous importance and vital j
imperativeness tuuet eoem to every
phiiosophio observer to exceed every
other political question that the people
are now called upon to determine. All
difference in opinion respecting admin
istrative reform, or silver coinage, or
free trade or protection, or the persouul
qualities or antecedents of candidates,
in short, the whole ordinary array of
electoral controversies, are, in compari
son, of inferior, indeed of almost trivial
We mean the question whether those
Southern stales which have inherited a
negro population surpassing the number
of their white cit7ens, shall, by federal
law and fede'ui millitary force, be sub
jected to ihi political domination of the
negroes, to nevero legislatures, uegr gov
ernors, and nof-ro judges in their courts,
or whether they shall continue to be
governed by white men as now.
No vr, it makes no difference who may
be the President whom the republican
party electa since Mr. lilaino is now
permanently out of the line of power
that party is by its nature and traditions
launder the neuetwity of enacting and ex
ecuting an eleulion luw whose purpose
and eifect will be to put the negroes in
coutrol of several of the Southern etae.
There will be some unwillingness on the
part of a patriotic minority among the
republicans who will revolt at the con
sequences ot such a measure, but their
opposition cannot avail. The necessity
of the situation will suppress all resist
ance. A force bill is the first, and the
inevitable result of a sweeping republi
can victory in November.
On the other hand, and by the nature
and necessity of the ideas involved, the
success of the democracy is death to the
force bill projuct Killed in the election
it can never be revived.
In this view of the contest what con
scientious democrut can hesitate about
his duty T Bolter vote for tho liberty
and the white government of the South
ern states, even if the candulnte were
the Devil hiuiHolf, rulher than oonsent
to the election of respectable Ilenjamun
Harrison with a turco bill in hia pooket.
Many of the third porty enthu
siasts are of tho opinion that a
third party candidate will be able
to carry half a dozen or more
states this year, and somo of them
are haro-braiued enough to pre
dict that a third party candidato
would carry most of tho Southern
states and that, in tho event of the
election being thrown into the
house, the third party candidate
would be elected lor the reason
that the representatives from
tho Southern states would uotdare
to vota for a Presidential candi
date other than tho one who was
tho choice of their constituents.
Such talk as this may bo music in
tho ears of the third pariy men,
but" when the votes are counted
next November it will bo surpris
ing indeed if tho new party suc
ceeds in petting more than three
fetales out of tho forty. four, and
they w ill bo small ones at that
i There is a possibility that the elec-
Now is tho time for tho commis
sion appointed by Governor
Prince to push the claims of New
Mexico for statehood to do some
good work at Washington. The
session is drawing to a close and
there is no time to lose. Tho bill
has now been before tho senate
committee long enough for a re
port to have been mode if the
committee had been kindly dis
posed towards New Mexico. A
good deal of pressure will have to
bo brought to bear if tho bill passes
J. II. MATHEWS.
Th President has appointed
John W. Foster, of Indiana, secre
tary of stato, and the senate con
firmed the nomination without
delay. This appointment seems to
bo a direct slap in Blaine's face, as
the relations between Blaine and
Foster have been strained since
their little misunderstanding over
a year ago. Foster is an excellent
diplomat, as has been shown by
his foreign services, but he is not
so rible a man as his predecessor.
Gold has been shipped to Eu-
1 1 iii i m
rope recently at tue rate or. a
million dollars a day. This is one
of the good results of tho McKin
ley law which was designed to
keep our money at home and
make the balance of trade in our
favor. Sinco it went into effect
gold has boon steadily going to
Europe. Somo other prescrip
tion will have to bo tried to keep
our money at homo.
Republicans do not seem to be
very well acquainted with Adlai E,
Stevenson, and it is not to be won
dered at About tho only republi
cans who ever got near enough to
him to get acquainted were tho
45,000 postmasters who were de
capitated by him while ho was as
sistant postmaster general for
oeing oltensive partisans, iney
relapsed into innocuous desuetude
and have remained there ever since,
ir i ii Mi
the South tho republicans might
bo ablo to elect Benjamin this
year but without it there is not
the slighest chance that he wil
be re-elected. He w ill have to ride
down the aveuuo next March with
the samo man that he rodo down
it with four years before, but Ben
jomiu will not be so light hearted
as he was then.
Flour, Hay and Grain by Wholesale and Retail.
Ontf icfusire Flour, Hay and Grain Stor in tht City.
ZlvT. IK!. WHITE, Prop'tr.
Thorough Ortrhauled and Cltanttf)
Under Hew and Competent Management.
Silver City, N. M.
K. L. II LACK.
SILVER CITY. N. M., BOX 270.
Advice Given on Treatment of Ores.
Crucible Assays made by the Most Reliable Method.
Office Main Street, Adjoining Tremont House.
THE NEW HOTEL VENDOME,
HI., PASO, TEXAS.
Is the Best irept Hotel In tb.e SO'O'TII'UrEST.
Passenger Elevator. HLoctrio Xtigh.t3.
(Hot and Cold Water In all ruoni9.)
The Water used on our tables is from the Lanoria Mesa, and is
RATES $2.50 TO $4.50 PER DAY.
CLAUDE DUNJU.NS, Proprietor
W. C PORTERFIELD
Curries tho Largest Stork of
Tatent Medicines, Toilet Articles, Books, Stationery
and Druggists' Sundries in New Mexico.
400 El Ruso Street, El Raso, Texas.
SADDLES, HARNESS, CUNS, PISTCLS, AMMUNITION AND
All Kinds of Saddlery Hardware and Ranch Supplies.
JL.A.TtGi:.?T DIALKlty IN THE HOUTHWIiST.
Our leather Oood are mailc pxpremly for the Frontier and ar nnsuruasscd, ami we cannot bo
beaten In 1 .ow lrlei. Special attention clveu mall uniera.
DICK MA WSON,
Horc- ahoelng and all kinds of
Blacksmith Work .
Uroadway Hlacksmltli islmp, oposlte Old Man
SILVER CITY - N. M.
New Mexico has a population
larger than several of tho states
and yet a republican senate hesi
tates to pass a bill for the admis
sion of tho Territory simply be
cause there appears to b a greater
probability that the new state
would bo democratic than that it
would be republican. New Mex
ico is ready for statehood and
wants to be admitted.
Iowa will be added to tho list of
democratic states this fall. Here
tofore it has been roliably republi
can in Presidential elections, but
it has been twice carried by Boies,
and the democrats will carry it
this year for Clerelaud.
Republicans are casting about
for suitable devises for their cam
paign banners. The following is au
excellent one and very appropriate:
AltltlSON 4 1 ) KID
Coi.. Olarkson declined toserve
as chairman of the National repub
lican committee this year with
thanks, lie is too shrewd a poli
tician to go into a fk'ht when there
is no chance of victory.
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS.
Two doors from Poetofnce, on Uroadway.
Live Poultry, Ranch Etgs, But
ter ana Home 1 rouuee
of all k inds.
Taile Delicacies Always on Hani
RED FRONT . . .
silvir city, n.
Is now ready to sample and con
tract for the delivery and purchase"
of ores carrying gold, silver and
copper. A circular of information
will bo mailed to all applicants
who have marketablo ores to dis
pose of. Address
W. GEO. WARIHG, Hgr.f
Silver City, N. M.
Notice of Forfeiture.
H'l) JOHN COMiKK ANO NOII1.H CONG Kit,
J their helm and asalgna, and to w hom It may
Von are hereby notlHed that the underslmie
rmv ekpendi-d one hundred dullimi (film rn lir
lalMr and Iniprovi'ini nu iiihmi the. lliiniholiil
mine and niiiuiix -l.nm and f.xli', siiit;it-d In th"
Hanover hiiiiiuk district, ill the County of (irant
and Territory ot New iUxho. hualed on tiia
tullí day of January, A. l. livw, being the
nui, Mini required ly hiw to hold the said iiiIiiIuk
cUiiii for the year ending Oecembur SI, IKil;
and if, within ninety days after the service of
thia notice, by publication, upon you, Vou fall or
refute to eontrfliuUi your proportion of such ei
pendilure ai eo-owner, vour Interest In aabf
mine and iiiIiiIuk elalm will be fin fi lled to and
breóme the, property of the uliHcril)em, under
the provisión of Secthm of the revised slat
ule of the t nlled Slatea.
John M. Sioir..
May St, 18DJ. M-t3t.
Prescription. Cart fully Compounded
Cuy and Niyht.
From Cook's Peak, three large brown horses,,
branded aa follows :
Ai ou left shouddol' ;
(five pointed star) left hip ;
R left hip.
Any lerton finding the same or giving se n
Information hs tuny lead to thuir recovery will be
revürdcd by applying lo
IfiKtd A. Tkki.,
SMft Uiant Co., jN. M.
Dissolution of Co partnership.
Notice Is hereby Kiven that the ro paitnerthln
of lluils, mi ft kamuierlch has by uniliial -iihoiI
It-en dissolved, to take ellect on the I tlay of
June livj;all persons lliilcbted lo the aimre firm
w III please come forward and pay their indcOt
cd rii-M to Charles h annuel ich al once, ami Hit
bills ilue bv the said linn w 111 be pan! by t liarles
hanuuel it h.
( h is. Kimnnerlcli.
lit, loud llud.suu.
Silver City N. M., June IT, imiu. no
Tb Hoci'irwKMT Hkntinm. in void ut
llio I'obt Ollioe News Sluinl 10 cunts m