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Southern standard. (McMinnville, Tenn.) 1879-current, November 06, 1880, Image 1

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i iusa.utif'uj iiv lanniATimioi am) imiouhkmhivts in noutiikun in
iSILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER G, 1880.
FOR TllK NORTH AND WEST.
Do not fail to see that your Ticket reads by
the
NasbTille : diattauooga & St. Louis R. R.
; ",.v ' . .
Eor Speed, Safety mill Comfort you H ill find
this line to be unrivalled. ,
For the Celebrated Springs and
Summer Resorts.
Round Trip Tickets enn be purchased at all
principal oilici'8. ', ."
Emigrants winning te go Went either, m lo
cate or as prospectom will find it to
their advantage to go by this
" ' route. '
Bound Trip emigrant tickets on sale to Tex
as points. .'
By this line you have no tiresome delays.
Through coaches are run from Chattanooga
to CoUmbus without chnniMi,
coacues, goou roans, quicn uuie.
Ltave Chntlnnonga...ll.00 a. m. B.40 p. ni.
" Bridgeport 12.10 p. in. 10.05 p. in.
" Stevenson 12.31 " 10.35 "
Cowan 1.3 " 11.40 '
" Decherd 1.45 " 11.55 "
"" Tullahoinii 2.15 " 12.30 a. ra.
' Wartrace 2 45 " 1.05 "
" Miirfreesboro. 3 42 " 2.15 "
Arr. Nashville 4 40 " 4.00 "
Lfav. Nashville 5.10 ' fi.00 "
Arr. MeKeiuic 11.10 " 11 40 "
" Martin 2.13 p.m.
" Union City... 4.30 a.m. 0 5") "
" Memphis 5.00 p. i.i. 5.10 a. in.
" St. Louis 5.25 " U.15 "
'Tor Maps, Time tables, and all informa
tion in regard to this route. Cull on or ad
drss A. H. WltKN'NK,
Trav. Agt, Atlautii, Ga.
W.T. HOG Kits, 1W Agf,
L'hattauoDgii, Teliu., or
W. I,. I) AN LEY,
' Gen. I'hsm. and Ticket,
Nashville, Tcun.
jt-rFor maps and iuforiiiuiiou call on or
tddress
D. L. Brown, Agent,
Mc.Minnville, Teiineee.
Seed Wheat.
The undersigned will receive Two Car
Loads of
Specially for Seed the best variety and
farly growth.
ALSO
THIS CELEBRATED
Homestead Fertilizer,
Will produce one-third to one-half more
wheat to ncree bvsides improving the ground
nd prevents bugs find iiiaecL. iioni deViiuy-
fug plants.
Persons wanting Seed Wheat or Fertilizers
will leave their nuincaud amount, as we will
jpot brjng any only as unwed. Fur further
particular call on the undersigned and gel
pamphlets.
jn2-tm W. V. 1, 1. 1 1 ' I'. 1 1 CO.
(bQlil ijciiaWo I
TTHTnO
It).
Hill hi true of the Time-tried and Well-tested
BLACKSMITH
and
Wood -work Shop
.OF.
..AT THE
Did Stand on Spring St.,
tyhere h.' W'U be pleased to serve the pub
lic in
First-class Wos?2s
Y SK1LLKI) WOUKMKN
-in the manufacture of the-
Mountain City Wagons,
SPRING V7ACOHS,
All Kind of
KUG(HKSa!ulYi:iiiCLi:S.
Gyi'U IvIikIm ot3SD
BLACKS M I TI 1 1 N Cr.
Painting and Repairing
Pone on short notice and at reasmmhl
iirices. Thankful to the publie for the Ion
ru of work and confidence he has received,
ha now respectfully invites a continuance
f the imiie when he is better prepared to
t'ronimodate all who applv.
ar27-tiiu J. I'. G. UTMHt
FARMERS and WHEAT HO WEES
Your A. I tent ion
Mfe have uow two ear loads of ine
SESD WHEAT,
from Illinois, for sale nt J'aloon Mill's or
II. II. Faulkner V t'o,' Stro, nt
$1.25 PER BUSHEL.
ASA FAUI.KNl'.U & StN.
et&nl
T r n A TVPATPT
J.rAjAlUM
MEAD &R1TC1IEY,
3HER.ll fllOUKE BEUEK&.
pried Applss, Peaches, El:cli
bsrrfe:, and ill Fruits,
Ind Country Produce,
iod pay cash for them at the
Highest Market Price,
Give us a chance nt ny thing yon
ve for sale. At the old stand.
Mead ifc Kitcliey.
ug.SSel.
lOUMltY CUUM'll DIKECTOHY.
We have established this Directory believ
ing as we do that it is more necessary in the
country than in the town, and usk ull our
friends to aid us in rendering it as complete
as possible.
Funlkner'i Chapel Services every altern
ate Sabbath at 11 a. in. by Uev. H. J.
Cmig ; aud 2d Sabbath at 3 p. in. by Klder
J? H. Walters.
Crisp's Si'itiXGS Grange Hull. Services
2d Sabbath in March at 11 a. in. by Elder
W. Y. Kuykeii-.hill.
AVir Smyrna Services 2nd Sabbath alter
nately by Klder Ktiykeudull.
Slieli't Ford Services second Sabbath in
each muii tli at 11 u. m. by Klder Patrick
Moore.
Philadelphia Services rjii second Sabbath
in "each month at 11 a. in. by Klder W. Y.
Kuyfcendnll.
SUM.OH Services eve.v 1st and 3d Sab-
be th in ijaohjiiOiilli at 1 1 a. in. by Key. W.iL
XimiCII.
Liberty Services every 2d and 4th Sab
bath at 11 a. in. by Lev. Y. J. linden. Sunday-School
every Sabbath at 0 a. m.
Hebron Services third Sabbath in each
mouth at 11 a. in. by Klder Mulley. Also
on the third Sabbath of each mouth by Kev.
Jas. Smith.
Veroua -Rev. W. J. Iladen preaches ot
this place once u month at night on the 3d
Sabbath.
lloi.co.Mll's Ciiuncil Services once a
month oil 3d Sabbath by Klder Wesley Kid
well. Mount Vernon Services once a month on
the 2d Sabbath at 11 a. m. by Uev. Mr. Gil
bert. Xew Union Services once a month on
the 4 Sabbath at 11 a. m. by Kev. Mr. Gil
bert. SnmwilriUe Services regularly by. Kev.
C. H. Davis, I'. C.
VercUla Services regularly by Rev. C.
R. Davis, 1'. C.
DlUl'l'INO Si'HtNfiS, or Pleasant Hill Ser
vices regularly by liev. C. R. Davis, V. C.
Leonard Oiren'n Services monthly on
the 3d Saliliath at 3 o'clock p. m., hy'ltev.
A. ( 'ou an.
Hickory Grore Service monthly, on the
3rd Sabbath at 1 1 n. in. by Kev. Mr. Gilbert.
Itrtldelteni Services on first Sabbath of
each month nt 11 a. in. by Rev. A. ('. Tatum.
Moi'.HlsuN Services every Thursday night
before the first Snnday in each month by
Rev. C R. Davis.
Rli Sl'KIXli (Raptist) 3,1 Sunday (and
Saturday before) by llui,'h A. Cunningham,
Pastor. Sabbath School every Sunday.
Coney Jlconcli Knurl h Sunday (and Sat
urday before). Hugh A. Cunningham, i as
tor. Sabbath School every Sunday.
Vol: (irore, or Rarreii I'ork Second Sun
day (and Saturday before). W. M. Janes,
Pastor.
ViW.'t.'i i'i (Raptisf) second Sunday (and
Saturday before). Hugh A. Cunningham,
Pastor. '
J'ine Hhij)'. Preaching 2d Sabbath in
each month "by Kev. W. 11. Gilbert at 3 J' p.
in.
Jlyhee'x Clintc!. Preaching 1st Sabbath in
each month by Rev. W. II. Gilbert at 11 a. in.
Highland Services lt Sabbath in each
mouth by Rev. W. II. Gilbert at 3 J p. m.
W'liile II, Ul Services on the 2. id Sabbath
of each mouth ut 11 a. in., by Kev. James
Smith.
lilii)' .Vyn'.f.s' Services on the -llh Sabbath
nf each mouth at 11 a. in., by Rev. James
Suiiili.
HapiiM Church, col. Services n the 2nd i
Sabbath ol each mouth bv Rev. Mr. Trimble.
Sunday school evejv Sabbath.
liODGjiS.
P it A. M. Warren, No. 12.V-1st Monday
f . uiht in every muutu, in ili. ir h.cii over
the court room. AliAM Gkoss, W. M.
MOYAL ARCH C II A PT K U 3rd Th ursda v
It
night in every month.
R. Kksnkjiy, ll. P.
O. O. P. McMinnville, ,. Mil; every
Tuesday 11 ir Itt, in their Hail over. II. II.
r.
Kaulkuer & Co. A. C. Gross, N. G.
PNC.VMI'MKNT-lsi TIuiimIuv uigbt in
U every month.
A. M. Mi it.M'.Y.C. P.
"NIGHTS OF HONOR
Mountain City,
IV No. HO: Odd KcllortV Hall, 2nd am
llh MouUy Li'gi.ts ju evij v month.
" K. Ml .zv, I)
KNIGHTS AND LADY'S HONOR-2nd
and -Rli Thursday nights in every month.
J. C. Maktin, P.
CIIANCKRY Sits 1st Monday in May and
November; John W. Ruiton, Judge ; J.
C. Riles, Clerk.
CIRCUIT Sits Tuesday after 1th Monday
in January, May, and September; J.J.
Williams, Judge ; A. J. Curl, Clerk.
lOUNTV Siis by (jiiorum 1st Monday in
.l every month ; full court every ipiai ler;
.loh ii W. To les, Kmj., Chairman ; Sam Hen
derson, clerk.
0 I'll Kit COl'NTY (HTTC1AI.S-W. L.
Steakly, Sherill"; W. L. Swan, Register;
Sam ltrown, Tax Collector and Trustee;
Geo. T. Purvis, Ranger; R. M. Argo, Jailer;
C. C. Smith, County Superintendent ot Pub
lic Instruction
31 mi !! jia 1 Hoai'd,
MAYOR II. J). Kaulknet ; Coiiin ilmeii
II. K. Walling, titcvnUi; A. II. tirosK,
Jesse Walling
V. Whitson. "
Win Riles, R, T. Lane,
Marshal, Martin Phelps.
M JI,.t 31. It. II.
One train daily, and return.
l.l-AVKS. " .M'.mvr.s.
McMinnville l0:0la in. j- MiMinuville " ji.in.
Tullahoma 2:l i p.m. Tiillahonm 12:4.""
Connects with train for Chattanooga 1:10p.m.
" " " " Nashville 2:1.1 "
Telegraph olfiee at the depot. Night mes
kiigi: Kent ut half rates.
K. W. Johnson,
Ari'ont and Oierator.
31 All
-Leaves 10 a.
I) All. RllA H Leaves 10 n. m.( arrives ;
Jt p. m.
SPA RTA daily stage leaves Sum.; ar
rives ii p. in.
OMrniVII.I.K-Horse-b avesl p. m., and
O and arrives at 1'.' noon, mi Tuesil.ivs,
Thursdays amv Saninbivs. Ou Fridays,
leaves ii a. in., anil arrives 7 1. in.
w
TOODItl'uY Horse- leaves ti a. in.; ar
rives S p. m,. on Wed in sd.ivs and Kri-
bivs.
; i;IMi I Hl.l.t-.vilv- llorsi leaves : a.
, 1 m.; arrives 7 p.
p. m.. oo Xliiirsilays ami al
UitVS.
Post ollice hours from S a. in. to 7
7 p. in
i. V M
U. Kkvnfiy
E. ill' St OKU.
KIIANK Sl'l lU.Oi K
MUKFORD k SFURLCCK,
Attorneys at Law.
Mi'MlNNVII.LK, TKNN.
LOST!
l'v von. a vast- amount of fun and ewd
nadiio! if rou fad to suiiscrilie for the
j Si'.i.NiAi;o iiuiiicdiately. 1 a year.
Saturday, November (5, 1SS0.
Mrs. Arnold, the sole surviving sis
ter of Stonewall Jackson, resides at
Buckhannon, West Vn.
Abralmm Lincoln's widow lias been
living in Germany for some years past.
Her health is poor. Slie will sail from
Havre early in November, to join her
son Robert, in Chicago.
Miss Anna Dickerson does not appre
ciate the fact that country editors who
give abbreviated' reports of. her jday
stop at the commas " to introduce the
words "Loud laughter and applause."
"Sooner or later," says a French
writer, "everything is found out."
Just so. A married man, for instance,
is found out later about three hours
later than he should be. X. Y. Ex
press. Now that the Czar has got a wife
that is healthy enough to attend all
the dry goods openings and keep the
bonnet market active, the Nihilists see
that thei li';n i-to worry him would
indeed be futile.
The daughter of Gen. Zachary Tay
lor, a few days ago, received $16,000 at
the Treasury Department in Washing
ton. This is the balance of the salary
which her father would have received
had lie lived to complete his Presiden
tial term. Miss Taylor has been in
poor circumstances for some years, and
the bill authorizing the payment of the
money to her passed during the last
session of Congress.
Mrs. Anna Stiles had two neighbors
at South W or, Conn., whom she
hated, and sent two poisoned packages
of candy by mail. Two families were
made dangerously ill, but only one life
was lost. Mrs. Stiles was arrested,
but before the time of her trial she be
came insane. That was nine years
ago. Now the physicians of the asylum
In which she has spent the interval
pronounce her fullv recovered, and she
: . i . i .- .i . i - i i
is iu ue; uic'ti ior mi! enmo which, sue
says, seems to her to have been com
mitted only yesterday.
What we Need.
What we want is stronger men ; not
men of more delicate haiiit.s, or more
fastidious tastes. We want men of
prophetic insight, und prophetic earnest
ness, and prophetic daring men with
something of the old prophetic fire.
We want men of clear lieud and large
heart, and strong will men of resist
less logic r.nd towering imagination ;
and if to all these things there be added
the ready hand and the vigorous urai,
so much the better, iVe want, men
with the wrestling thews which throw
the world. We want men U be lea tiers'
of men, not ministers to the euterluiu-
meiit of women. We wjint mm. of
strong likes, and strong dislikes, for do
not these men the intensity of force
with which they will engage in their
work the amount of earnestness ami
enery they will bring to it? JmihIhi
Etiptitt.
Lurcku.
St. Louis Tunes.
Eureka Springs, down fn Arkansas,
will soon become the most famous und
b st watering place on the continent
if it keq.s' on Its' it has Jjegun. Nut
many days ago a stage loud of passen-
r . ..... . i i .
gi i. otra pugriuiugv to us neanng lotni-
tain was beset by highwaymen and tlni
passengi rs were relieved of their spare
cash and other portable articles of
great value, at the muzzle of the revol
ver. The passengers on that stage
coach will talk about Euraka Springs
as long as they live. About the time
that these highwaymen were going
through that stage coach certain m us-
cular knights of the spade and pickax
were digging a well at Eureka. If
they ever .truck water the fact has
' , , . .. , , ,-
Very deep lllio liiu eaiui uiey ug up;i
liahy, ami all Lureka at once became
inditfereut as to whether there was wa
ter n tha hue of that well or not. Hum
, , . i i i i . I
baby was lH'trihed as hard as adamant; I
. . , - i.i , 1 una nun I
it hud been buried at least 1,000,000,-!
,,,. , r .i 4i i . 1 1 i
000,000 years before the IPhkI and had
i.i e .. l ... ,.ii it
completely forgotten how to squall. It,
is a very wonderful baby and Eureka
is more delighted with it than any :
mother ever was with her firstborn. If
anybody wants to see a oat.y mat is g.
Ill l.l rt'OUUlieuw m"iii: mm 1'e'ic
... . . i. ..i...... ..........
.1. . I. .1 : ..: .i I .! ,,.
H.',.,n h;i.l Letter ,K,ck bis trur.ks. arm
himself against highwaymen, und set
out for Eureka.
"Keiimllallou."
International Review for November
The word originated in the State of
Mississippi, and wastishured into exist
ence by Gov. McNutt, of that State, in
1841, in a message suggesting the plan
of "repudiating the sale of certain of
the State bonds on account of fraud
and illegality."
It may- be interesting at this time
briefly to refer to the facts which in
duced Mississippi to take this action
upon the subject of its debt. In 1838
the State chartered the Mississippi
Union Bank, and, in order to provide
capital for the institution, it was enncted
Iff MitR5ui tef ll:r.i Y-i dinners" Jronhu
Iwrrow $15,500,000, aud that the Gov'
ernor might, issue seventy-five hundred
bonds for v2,000 each, bearing five per
cent, interest, redeemable in twelve,
eighteen and twenty years, and deliver
them to the ofiiceis of that institution
from time to time in proportion to the
amounts subscribed for bank stock, the
price of which was to be secured to the
satisfaction of the directors. The bonds
were made negotiable for the expenses
of the president and cashier of the
bank ; the Governor, by an additional
act, was authorized .to subscribe in be
half of the State for 85,000,000 of the
stock of the bank, and he did so. In
June, 1838, be delivered to the bank
two thousand five hundred bonds,
amounting to $5,000,000, payable in
twelve and twenty years, on the fifth
day of February, 1833, and bearing
five per cent, interest from their date.
The charter required the bank to ap
point three commissioners for the sale
of the bonds, and imposed this restric
tion on their authority that the bonds
should not be sold under their par value.
(Ju the 18th of August, 1838, thocora
iniss'nncrs sold all the bonds to Mr.
Biddle for the sum of 65,000,000, pay
able in five equal installments of 81
000,000 each, on the first day of Feb
ruary, 1838, and the first days of Jan
uary, March, May and July, 1839,
without interest. This money was
punctually paid to the bank, which
went into operation, and before Jan
uary, 1811, all its capital.
In responi'to the message of
the Governor in January, 1811, the
Legislature of the State of Mississippi
passed a resolution to the efllct that
the Slate was bound to the holders of
the bonds of the State sold ou account
of tho bank, fur the amount of the
principul and interest ; and, further
more, that the State of Mississippi
would pay her bonds and preserve her
faith inviolate. 1 lie Legislature, at
this time, repudiated with gnat vigor
the insinuation that the State would
repudiate her bonds aud violate her
plighted faith ; and, moreover, declar
ed that any accusation of this kind was
a "calumny upon the justice, honor
and dignity of the State." Having
thus acknowledged the validity of the
debt, and pledged her word for its re
demption, all further discussion as to
its legality ended. These bonds were
never formally repudiated, but fell iuto
def iqlt ; and, although sui'ci'-v-ive I im -
ernors urged payment, no provision
was made, and in 1852 the appropria
tion therefor was defeated by 4, 100 ma
jority on a popular vote, lucre
proposition is a now before the
Legislature of Mississippi for a com
promise with the holders of the old
repudiated bonds of that State. This
proposition from the English bond
holders received after adjournment of
the Legislature, and consequently a
year old, is for-a 'waver of all consider
ation of interest since 1810, ar.d a reis
sue of the 87,000,000 to begin ot 3 per
cent., and increase aunually at the rale
of one-half per cent., giving the State
the option of receiving the bond for
any unoccupied State lands, at three
hundred ami twenty acres for a thou
j eaud-dolIar IkhmI, that immigration of
i Wll-i.f,r, ni!iv i(0 i,,!,,,....!. The nrono-
.:,;m, ,ilt, ln,llNhed report, was
i retrived politely, and action was taken
j looking to a joint cuniiniitee tor its con-
l l"."ati,n ; ou u correeuy iepor eu,
its terms are obviously lmpracticalde,
! itfine; it-niii iii si i-in , mini, in
ill
; U)l be ncc,.j)tt.J
Kuril lit fore His Time.
,
Mr. II. Q- Walts, in nn sneeeh at
c , .
' oodlawn some tlava aco, ili inter-
runted bv a bolter, who said: "Mr.
' .
W alts, I don t think it is right that I
"
hull pay any of that debt, heeau-e it
was made before I was bom." This
witlieriiis; repiy promptly came: "My
- , . , 0reJorn before your time
"Oil 11 me iKUHl.iouiers nan ni"ii " i
, . . , nil III. ......
' ere Uing to U Un at all. they never
would have lent their money to the
State."
CommuuIcatioQ of Mr. Liter.
Emeu's Store, Oct. 30, '80.
iWiVor Standard: I wish to make ft
short explanation through your paper.
Ou the 13th of October, nt this place,
L. B. Waters asked Geo. M. Savage a
question which has been understood
differently by those who heard the ques
tion, dipt. Hash, W. G. Etter, aud
others, understood the question thus :
"Were you in the Legislature what
would you do with the railroad debt ?"
But I, together with others, understood
the question to be proposed thus :
"What would you do with the railroad
debt were it left to the Legislature to
rtk ?" 'r Savs- iTj.licd; --Jytm;A
wim it out." ' Hence, if Capt. Hash
was correct, as to how Mr. Waters pro
posed the question, Mr. Savage's reply
broke the "submission plank" out of his
platform. Mr. Savage denied his reply,
but it being proved that lie made such
a reply, and ho finding out that I un
derstood the question differently, asked
me if I would sign a certificate stating
that I so understood the question. 1
did so because I understood it so, not
intending to leave the impression that
others had wantonly lied, as I afterward
found was Mr. Savage's object in pro
curing my signature. No, Mr. Sav
age, if you have allowed yourself to
be entrapped, you cannot prove that
others have lied in order to exculpate
yourself. I never "made any positive
or unqualified assertion as to how Mr.
Wateis proposed his question, but told
you in the presence of Mr. Meadows,
that I gave that certificate simply as
my opinion, not thinking that you would
so far forget the dignity becoming a
gentleman as to misconstrue and mis
apply simply an opinion of mine in or
der to prove my brother and others
liars men whose honor and dignity
would not allow them to do you an in
justice. Mr. Savage first denied saying he
would "wipe the debt out," but we all
agree that he did say it. And as I
never made an unqualified assertion as
to how the question was stated, but
simply gave an opinion, I am willing
for Mr,. Waters to restate his question
as first proposed, and I will stand re
proved for promulgating my opinion if
it was incorrect, and you, Mr. Savage,
in regard to those flat denials, must
clear your skirts as best you can.
KutlKNK U. El'TLR.
Exaggeration.
Some habits are so unconsciously
I practiced that a movement to mend
them is the only way to detect them.
The beam in one's own eye is .less no
ticed than the mute in another person's
eye.
A family whilo at the breakfast table
one morning pledged to observe the
strictest veracity for that ihy. A mem
ber of the family tells the "conse
quences." As a first fruit of the resolve, we
asked the one who suggested it:
"What made you so kte at break
fast this morning ?"
She hesitated, began with, "Because
I couldn't " and then, true to her
compact, said : "The truth is, I was
lazy, aud didn't hurry, or I might have
been down long ago."
Presently one of them remarked that
she had been. very cold, adding; "I
never was so cold in my life."
An inquiring look caused the last
speaker to mnuily this statement in
stantly with: "Oh, I don't think it was
so cold, after all."
A third remark to the effect that
"Miss So-and-So was the liumliest girl
in the city," was recalled as soon as
said, the speaker being compelled to
own that Miss So-nnd-So was only rath
er plain, instead of being excessively
homely.
So it went on throughout the day,
causing much meriinent, which was
gool-iiiituredly aeeeptui by the su!
jects, giving rise to constant corrections
in the interest of truth.
One thing became more and nure
surp ising, however, to each of us, and
that was the amount of cutting down
which our most carelesn statements de
manded under this new law.
A bachelor is a man who nobly d-
dim to starve a woman and heroical-
ly proeeed.-t to starve himself.
Those women who put up their
pickles without getting into u pickle,
are among God's lx-t best gifts to men.
The Ameer i f Cabul is rejxirted to
be murdered. I.inilri!!e- iW. II 'W
1 smcerely we hope it was A n.e..r ':,.,!
giam. lie was our old hieiid, boys.
Hence these tears.
wreck iires. i. jr Trr
"Greek fire or, as it is sometimes
called "baratTn hre, was the most im
portaut war material men had before
the invention of gunpowder. Twice
tho city of Constantinople was saved
by the use of it. It is said to have
been invented by a Syrian, who, do
sertsng from the service of the caliph,
revealed his secrect to the emperor.
The ingredients, if not also tho mode
of darting the fire, were kept a secret
for upwards 400 years, and it is quite
uncertain now what were actually the
component parts of tlut-t which, Join-
ville says, "came flying through the
4ar4ike winged," ktrg'Hod- dragon; i
about he jhickness of a hogshead,
with the report of thunder and the ve
locity of lightning ; and the darkness
of night was dispelled by the deadly
illumination." It is generally -considered,
however, that "the fire" was
composed of naptha, mingled in certain
proportions, now unkuown, with sul
phur, and with pitch obtained from
evergreeu fir. This mixture, ignited
and blown or pumped through long
tubes of copper, which were mounted
in the prows of galleys, and fancifully
shaped into the forms of monsters, pro
duced a thick smoke with, a loud ex
plosion, and a flame, fierce and and ob
stinate, which uo amount of water
could extinguish. When used for the
defence of walls, it was poured in large
boilers from the ramparts, or was hurl
ed on javelins by means of tow, which
had previously been steeped in inflam
mable material. Against it the bravest
soldiers went in vain ; their imagination
recoiled from a thing so subtile and ter
rible. Horses fled from it in dire fi ight;
ships were burnt by it; there was no
way of standing against it.
The Greek emperors, sensible of the
enormous advantage which an offensive
weapon ot such a kind gave them, in
vested it with a mysterious history,
and appealed to the superstition- of
their subjects for the preservation of
the secret of tho manufacture. They
said that an angel had revealed the
composition ol Greek firo to the first
Constantino for the express purpose of
maintaining the superiority of the em
pire over the Barbarians ; and that
whoever betrayed the secret to foreign
ers would incur not only the penally
of treason and sacrilege, but the special
vengeance of the Almighty. In the
twelfth century, however, we Cud it
used by the Mohammedans in their
wars with the Christians ; and from
that time it camo into pretty general
use, until the invention of gunpowder
put it out of dale, and caused an en
tire revolution in the art of war.
An Agricultural Creed.
According to the Canada Farmer,
tho agriculturists of Canada met in
convention not long ago ami adopted
for themselves the following creed :
"We believe in small farms and
thorough cultivation ; we believe that
the soil lives to cat, as well as the
owner, and ought, therefore, to be well
manured; we believe in going to the
bottom of things, and, therefore, deep
plowing, and enough of it, all the bet
ter if it be a sub-soil plow ; we believe
in large crops which leave the land
better than they found it, making both
tho farm and farmer rich nt once ; we
believe every farm should own a good
farmer ; we believe that the fertilizer
of any soil is a spirit of industry, en
terprise and intelligence without these
lime, gypsum and guano would be of
little use ; we believe in good fences,
good farm houses, g'Mid orchards and
good childieu enough to gather the
fruit ; we believe in a clean kiteiien,
a neat wife in it, a clean ct'pboard, a
clean dairy and a clean conscience ; we
believe to ask a man's advice is not
stooping, but of much benefit; we be
lieve that to keep a place I r tvtry
thing, and every tiling in its phu- saves
many a step, and is pretty sure to had
to goiid tools and to keeping them in
order; we believe that kindnevs to
stock, like umid shelter, i saving of
fodder; we ladieve that it is a good
thing to keep an eye on experiments.
and note all, good and had ; we U lieve
that it is a good rule to sill grain when
i "w'ly w believe in producing
the lcsl nutter anil einse, uiiii mar
keting it when it is ready."
Mag N.iniinoii.s is a good hearted j Greek meets Tjik then come the reg
girl. Chlcwjo Jid'i E hU i. And i ul.ir old iroin I id propeller of fiery
Pussy Luminous is a very hateful one. combat, so to qeuk.
"I'neiuy is the head that wears a
- ! eron." has g.
I deal of p-M-try in it.
J but give us the crown an I we Will put
up w id. (he urn a y. '
I
iiionvNotc
Tolkn dotted stockings
lin new styles.
Snort dresses are to lie thd
at least another six months.
Jerseys1 will be much worn in New
York with street sui la.
lied Surah silk is still the favorite .
material fur illuminating dark or sober
tinted costumes.
A silk waist hand with buckle of sil
ver, mother-of pearl or burnished steel
or with a strap, is the fashion.
Foulard handkerchiefs are tn'nimel
with point de Kaguso aud Lang.edoo
'id made Iuto bows, jabots 'hM
fichus
Polonaises, pointed basques, skirted
basques, round waists and coat basques
with very long tails, will ull be very
fashionable this winter.
Tne plain skirt with full, unloopetl
back drapery, which is American in
origin, is reported as gaining in favor
on the other side of the Atlantic.
Elaborate coiffures are still very fash
ionable, though the close classic style
of hairdressing, which admits of but
little decoration, is growing in favor.
Princess sack dresses for little peo
ple are made with loose fronts coveied
with tucks and insertion, while the
backs are half fitted to the figure and
finished with a Spanish flounce also
trimmed on the edge.
English ladies of fashion all follow
the fashion set by the Princess of Wales.
They encircle their throats with lace,
which they fasten at the side with a
slender brooch, sometimes a lizard in
diamonds, and a fl iwer. Black blonde
is always worn by them with white
dresses.
Some of the new colors are: Ophelia,
dark heli trope ; tete de faisnn, pheas
ant red ; lapis, false blue; rouge de
Venise, tawny red ; and a great num
ber of metallic ninnies of green, blue
and olive; while for evening wear nro
shades of glaucu-s, a bright marsh-grass
gieen and heliotrope shades.
Dresses for tho evening have often
the habit jacket or priiicesse cuirnsiso
bodice of foulard or satin inerveilleue
of a difl'eivnt color. One of the new
est is the habit iueroyalile, open squnro
at the neck with collar of batiste with
frilled edging of satin, square basquo
at the wtiist and two rows of buttons,
w ith fichu of plaited crepe lisse or mus
lin. A very stylish street costume is mado
of plain black satin, with the skirt
formed entirely of kilts. The close fit
ting bodice is trimmed w ith jet and is
fastened to the skirt just below the hips.
Over the scam which joins the waist to
the skirt is a' wide sash of tho satin,
which is knotted loosely nt the left sido.
The cuffs to tho coat sleeve are very
deep and the collar is of tho "Hoi do
Home" shape.
Infallible ami (Juick lure for lMptherlu.
Cut the following out and paste it in
your family Bible, or keep it where,
you will always know whero to lay
your hand on it :
"The Hamilton Siiirluhr (South
Australia) published details of the
"Great head" cure for di4itheria. Tho
disease is declared by Mr. Greathead to
be of hydra !d growth, and that the
germs of it Hunting about in certain
impure atmospheres were inhaled by
human beings.
For agrown person four drops of
sulphurus acid diluted in thrce-quiutcrs
of a tumbler of water, with a smaller
di.se for children. Tho effect of this
treatment was instantaneous, the acid
t oneo destroying tho parasites and
the patients coughing up the olwtruc
tion. The papers have teemed with
accounts of sutlerers who Imve rooov
ered in a few minutes by adopting tho
Greathend treatment. Children almost
previously in a dying stale, were de-
! t,lilll'1 1,1 1)0 living ulxmt within ten
I mimites, and at a computation some
forty or fifty ot llie-e sudden recoveries
have Ih'i'ii placed on record, with full
particulars."
When King iMvid reinuiked "I
have said in my heart all men r liars,"
1 t)
evidently referred to tho way in
which i ! ction prolmbilities nre paU hcl
I 1'-
I King George, of Greece, w-aiili tn
! fiirht. Better Ih careful Georiie. wh-ii
L'k toit, f. I'ow eiiijti iis, iMik fit it
tli it V' tir ("m! d'-nler is a man
oeuf . i'-iik . In fiuie of whnI,
put noun hut A im r!i :u- on 'wrd.
t
t .71iv vvj
: -r
. k. ' . f
ij

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