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DKMOCItATIO IN" I'OLITICHi 1UHIC IN L.ITKUAT LJIUd AND lMtOOUICHHi VIC IN HOUTIIICUN I NTICH MMTM.
, m. a; m. burney & co.
MCM1NNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1881.
VOL. 1I.-NO. '..
NEWS AND NOTES.
i Summary of Important Events.
Jvdoe , rK.ncv Walker, ex-Kepre-seniative
In Cons-res from Aliibamn, is dead.
Gen. Rahdoli'H . B. Mauct, In-pricctor-Ge'ncral.and
Col. John Q. Barnard,
of tho Corps of Engineer, have been placed
upon tho retired list by the President.
The President will not fill tho vacancy
in the Cabinet caused by the mlgnation of
Secretary Thompson, but will continue Sec
retary Ramsay tu his double position untILi.Uhi-rIculturist, g je,,,-
mo iourin 01 jiareu.
Superintendent Walker has nearly
ready for publication a complete statement
of t He ce iifciis. Hon. William M. Springer
will-Introduce In the. Uousn an apporXluu-t-j
ment bill, bused on the present number of
members with a provision to secure nilnor
Dr. Wilson, tho gentleman sent to
'Washington on behalf of the Oklahoma col
oniets, has been granted an interview with
the Pjcsident, but failed to secure the with
drawal of the Executive proclamation de
claring the invasion -ef the Indian Territory
illegal and ordering the arrest of the Intrud
ers. vTlwonly hope of Uie colonists now lies
In Congressional action.
V - i
TnE trial of .tho Land League cases
begafi in the' Court of Queen's Bench, Dub
lin, on the 28th, before Justices I'lt-gcrald
nndjiirry, Chief-Justice May declining to
takciiny part In tho trbls. The so-called
traversers, or defendants, were all present,
and Werolustily cheered upon their arrival.
After iome dllllculty a jury was impaneled,
but tio further progress was made on the
The notorious gang of outlaws, com
posed of about twenty-live men, who, under
ihc leadership of "Billy the Kid," have for
1 he past six months overrun Eastern New
Mexico, murdering and committing other
deeds of outlawry, was broken up on Christ
mas day by the killing of two and tho cap
turing of four others, Including the leader.
The prisoners were lodged in Las Vegas Jail
and subsequently taken to Santa Fe for
Tub Dutch Boers of Transvaal,
South Africa, huvo raised the standard of
revolt airainst the British and are now in
open Insurrection. They have chosen
President and set about reconstructing their
little republic, which was "annexed" by the
British in 18T7. Among the overt acts re
ported is a recent attack upon a detachment
of 250 men of the Ninety -fourth British
lieginient, nearly 100 of whom were killed
or wounded and the remainder taken pris
oners. , It Is reported that the Home Qov
eminent will at once dispatch several regi
ments to the Transvaal.
The following proclamation is dated
Caldwell, Kans., Dec. 28: "To the Mem
bers of tho Payne Oklahoma Colony: For
the time being we have been stopped on our
way to public lands. The army would have
no right to remove us. This Is to notify all
nicmbi rs of the colony to hold themselves in
readiness to move at a moment's notice to
Mich pointB in tho Territory as may be fixed
upon, where we can concentrato at least five
thousand people. You will go in secretly,
and no one will be informed except members.
These lands are ours, and we want them be
fore planting time. Take possession of them 1
David L. Payne, President."
The extent of the various railway linos
now under control of the Jay Gould comblna
tlon is given as follows: The Wabash sys
tem, both cast and west of the Mississippi
Hirer and branches, 2,487 miles; Missouri
Papiflu and branches, 712; Central Branch
Union Pacific, .16.1; Missouri, Kansas and
Texas and brnnches, 8'i'; Kansas Pacific and
branches, 1,011; Union Pacilic and branches,
2,115; Denver and South Park, 201; Iron
Mountain and branches, (184; International
and Great Northern, (it!4; Texas nnd Pacific,
o far built, 587: total, !),4!) miles. In ad
dition to this there are 383 miles of road in
cour o of construction in Indiana, Illinois,
and Iowa, which will enter Into tho Wabash
system when completed, and nearly, if not
nuitp, 2,000 miles under contract orprojectcd
In Texas and Mexico.
Mrs. Cross (George Eliot), the dis
linguishcd novelist, died suddenly on the
night of tbe 22d, at her home In London.
She was born in Warwickshire, England, in
182', nnd was the daughter of a poor curate.
In early life h ho was adopted by a wealthy
clergyman who gave her a first-class educa-
. tlon. Mr. Herbert Spencer became her tutor
and friend, and to him she owed the rapid
and broad development of her mind.
6he was author of "Scenes of Cleri
cal Life," "AdamBede," "The Mill on the
Floss," "Roniola," "Middlcmarch, " "Dan
Icl Deronda" and many other well known
works. She was an accomplished linguist,
:brilllant talker and musician of extraordi
nary skill, and possessed of great scientific
knowledge. The one romance of her life
was her devotion to and association with the
late George Henry Lewes, himself a power
In the literary world. A few months ago
she was married to Mr. Cross, a wealthy
Keckkt Irish news : The Home-rule
members of Parliament assembled In Dub
lin on the 27th, at ParnelPs invitation, to
nettle the programme of the coming season.
It is intimated that Pamoll and other in
dicted members will announce their inten-
tlon to defy the Court and appear at West
minster. The magistrates, in reply to For
mer's circular, state that they are unable to
carry out the law, owing to terrorism.
The Monaghan anti-League Association has
issued manifesto calling on loyal men to
combine for mutual defense, nnd to combat
- the hateful teachings of the Land League
There was a riot on Christmas day in Dub
lia between soldiers and civilians. The po
lice separated the combatants. At Cork,
on the police ordering a disorderly
crowd to disperse, a volley was fired
at them from revolvers. One police
man was shot, but not mortally wounded.
A number of Lsnd League meetings have
been prohibited and police placed on the
ground to enforce the prohibition. A mob
of 2,00J pt rsons attempted to wreek the resl
denco of Mr. Downing, Justice of the Teace
, at Banniconlan, County Mayo, after he had
served writs of ejectment on some tenant.
1 T!' poli' kept the pfple back at the point
of the bnvono't Dowuing escaped on a car
to Balling where he took the train for Dublin-
The police now ovcupy his residence.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
TiikitE are reports of great destitu
tion and suffering among the Irish colonists
recently settled in Big Stone County, Minn.,
under the supervision of liinhop Ireland.
Provisions and supplies huve Docn sent from
St. Paul and MlnnenpoIs.
A Berlin dispatch reports that many
Jewish families are preparing to emigrate to
Belgium, Franco or England.
Mr. Le Due, Commissioner of Agri
culture, Is establishing an experimental tea
farm twenty miles from Charleston, on the
line of the South Carolina Railroad. .
John J. Meciii, the well-known En-
'JOT'nf L. Pike, a prominent stock
man ol tlnaway City, Iowa, committed sui
cldo on account of financial reverses.
The boilers in Dodgo & Co.'s shoe
actory a Jiewburyport, Mass., exploded at
iioon on the 27tb, killing Instantly John Har
rington, engineer, and John II. Baslcy, Are
man, and fatally injuring John Tecl and Os
car Satkins, nil of whom were in the
bollcr-rooin at the time of the explo
sion. The disaster occurred, fortunately.
during tho dinner hour, or the loss of
life among the 500 operatives must have been
fearful to contemplate, as the boiler-house
was blown to atoms and the debris scattered
In all directions, while one of the boilers was
landed 200 yards away, crushing everything
in its path. Tbe cause of the explosion is
not known, as the boilers are said to have
been nearly new and of the best quality.
A movement i3 making in Northern
Dakota to have the Territory divided into
Railway employees in Great Britain
have begun a movement for a reduction of
A collision of trains on the Mobile
and Ohio Railroad occurred on tho morning
of the 26th at the State line, sixty-three miles
from Mobile, causing the death of both en
gineers and firemen nnd the Injury of several
other employees as well os passengers. Tho
names of the killed are Savage, Heuchey and
Moody, one not being given.
The annual session of the Western
Commercial Travelers' Association was held
at St. Louis on the 28th.
The steamer City of Taking from
China brings an account of the burning of a
theater in Nomhoitner, Province of Yuchun,
on the afternoon of December 11, Some
2,000 spectators were in the theater at tho
time, nnd a great panic ensued. There was
a wild rush for the doors, and many were
mangled and killed by being trodden on.
Several hundred were burned to death,
among whom were a number of actors.
Jacou Gogle and wife, residing four
miles from Bethlehem, Pa., on the morning
of the 27th wcro found dead in bed, their
heads nearly severed from their bodies. A
bloody ax wag found in the apartment and
the walls were splashed with blood. Joseph
Snyder, a miner, who boarded with the
Gogles, was believed to be tho murderer.
He was caught by an Infuriated mob soon
after the discovery of the crime, forced to
confess bis guilt, nnd hanged to the nearest
tree. Tho Gogles leave three children.
Philip Wiiisnant, Charles Sellers,
and three colored men, riding in a caboose
on the Air-line Railroad, North Corolina,
were killed by a collision, nine miles irom
Charlotte, on the 2(lth.
The lawyers of Missouri met in State
Convention at Kansas City, on the 28th, for
the purpose of suggesting some remedy for
relieving the Supremo Court of the present
overplus of business.
At Martha's Vineyard, Mass., the
wife jof Edwin S. Baker went to the rescue
of her son, who had broken through the ice
on a pond, and both were drowned.
The recent nominations by President
Hayes of Mr. Daniels forCollector at Buffalo
and Mr. Haskell for Postmaster at Albany,
N. Y., both strong auti-Conkling men, are
creating no little talk in political circles, es
pecially In connection with the rumor, which
it by no means verified, however, that both
appointments were mnde with the concur
rence of President-elect Garfield.
The dead body of a negro, in a fair
state of preservation, was found in a hogs
head of molasses recently opened at Ox
bridge, Mass. He is supposed to have been
murdered and the body thus disposed of to
conceal the evidence of the crime. Steps
will be taken to ferret out the mystery,
N. B. Harwood, the well-known St
Paul dry-goods merchant, who recently
went into bankruptcy, has absconded. Ills
creditors are generally of the opinion that
his failure was a swindle. His assets will
not pay over 25 cents on tho dollar.
The recent severe cold snap, which
culminated on the 29th ult., extended gener
ally throughout the country. At Chicago tho
mercury ranged from 20 to 23 dcg. below
zero, and at St. Louis 13 deg. below, which
was about the average range throughout the
Northwest. In the East there was a heavy
fall of snow, and at New Orleans there was
In York County, Va., Howard Dunn,
a white man, shot and killed three negroes
who made an attack upon him, as Is claimed.
There was an old difficulty between the par
Br a collision on the Cincinnati, San
dusky & Cleveland Railroad, near Tiffin
Win. Woodberry, a fireman, was instantly
killed. He had but recently been married
and his wife was on board the train.
The Loomis Paper-mill, at Piqua,
O., was completely wrecked on the 28th by
the explosion of a steam boiler. The fire
man was the only person in the building at
the time of the explosion, and he, fortun
ately, escaped injury.
By the falling of the roof of a church
during Christmas services at Saillagot, in
France, seven persons were killed outright
and fully fifty injured.
The President, at the request of Cadet
Whlttaker, will order a court-martial In his
Herman Haarfeicher, aged fifty, a
member of the Chicago Board of Tnde, com
mitted sulnlde with chloroform. Cause not
Cambridge, Mass., on the 28th cele
brated the 2o0th anniversary of its settle
ment. Among those who took an active part
in the ceremonies were President Eliot, of
Harvard, Dr. Holmes, Longfellow, and Col
Mrs. IlERTnA Grotb was fatally
burned at Cleveland while filling a lighted
lamp with kerosene. '
Diking a family quarrel, Mrs. Dorcas
Burch field, widow, shot , and fatally
wounded her brother-in-law, Thomas
Burohfiold, The parties reside near Prince
A cash subscription of $100,000 has
been raised In Philadelphia for General
The business portion of Wilber, Sa
llno County, Nob., was destroyed by fire on
the 27th. Loss, '5,000; Insurance, $10,000.
Rev. D. E. II. Chapin, the well
known Unlvcrsallst clergyman, died in New
York on the 2Gth, after an illness of two
years, aged sixty-six.
An explosion of fire-damp in a coal
mine at St. Etienne, France, caused the
death of twelve or more miners.
A dispatch from Mentor says Gon
eral Garfield has Invited prominent Repub
lican leader to visit him at his home during
the coming month, to consult with him re
garding the formation of bis Cabinet.
The 6tearuer Garnet, of Dundee,
Scotland, was wrecked in the North Sea,
and nil on board, twelve In numbur, per
ished. The Boers were repulsed In ah at
tempt to capture the British fort at Potch
efstroon, losing seven killitd and many
wounded. They will now attempt to starve
out the garrison, which is occupied by 300
The boiler of a shingle-mill at Vsta
burgh, Mich., exploded with such force aN to
tear the structure to pieces, Instantly killing
Frank Filkins, the engineer, and Frank
Alnsley, the night watch. The main psrt of
the boiler was thrown forty-live rods, cms
ing tho death of C. Conkcy and fatally Injur
ing George Wilcox nnd M. Turk,
A young daughter of George Blake,
at Brazil, Ind., was burned to death by her
clothes taking fire from the stove.
The French iron-clad frigate Riche
lieu, lying In Toulon harbor, took fire and
finally sank. Several of the crew were in
jured The Dutch Government, it is said,
will issue an appeal to farmers of tho Brit
ish Nation in favor of the Independence of
The Florida orange crop is badly in
ured by the recent cold weather. At Jack
sonville the mercury went down to 19 dog.
J. W. Milline, a clerk in tbe Pocas-
sct (Mass.) National Bank, is a defaulter to
the amount of $3,000 and has absconded.
John Shaw, while standing at U.r
window of his residence in Glenn's Falls, N.
Y., was shot dead by an unknown assassin.
Anthony Deiters, who fought under
Napoleon at Lelpslc, Borodino, AuBterlltz,
and Waterloo, and witnessed the burning
of Moscow, died at Wheeling, W. Vs., on
the 28th, aged 03.
Jacob F'okison, a farmer near Dun
kirk, O., was found in his orchard the other
morning, frozen to death. He had been In
ill -health for some months, and it is sup
posed while walking he full, and being una
ble to riso, perished with the cold.
Mrs. William Hull, of Grand Rap
ids, Mich., while walking on one of the
streets of that city slipped and fell, dislocat
ing her spine. She died a few hours after.
A similar fatal accident occurred at I)es
Moines, Iowa, the victim being the widow
of the late Rev. T. S. Berry, President of the
Simpson Centenary College at Indiunola.
There are reports from the winter-
wheat districts of Michigan and Wisconsin
that the roots of the grain have been frozen
out of the ground.
At New Albany, Ind., twin babes of
William and Fannio Johnson were frozen to
death. The father went away to obtain cm
ployment, leaving his family without fuel.
The outbreak at Socorro, New Mexi
co, has not ended. Troops have arrived
there toguard the depot and Post-office. Jose
M. Boca, one of the prisoners held by the
citizens, was' killed by n guard, und the re
maining four were liberated on ball by J udge
LITE SEWS ITEMS.
At Hamburgh, Fremont County,
Iowa, on New Year's eve, Miss Lulu Wood,
daughter of a prominent merchant, and bet
friend and guest, Miss Kate Campbell,
daughter of Col. Campbell, of SUJosoph,
Mo., were dressing for a ball, when Miss
Wood's dress came in contact with the hot
stove and instantly burst into a flame. She
Btarte.i to run, and In passing Miss Campbell
the fir ) communicated to her dress. A serv
ant rushed In and threw a blanket over Miss
Wood, extinguishing her burning attire be
fore she had received any serious Injuries.
Miss Campbell, however, was by this time
literally enveloped in flames, and before as
sistance reached her was so badly burned
that she died the following day.
Abe Rothschild, on trial at Jeffer
son, Tex., for the murder of Besslo Moore,
or "Diamond Bessie," was found not guilty.
There was great excitement in the Court
room at the announcement of tbe verdict,
which was probably basod upon the theory
advanced by Rothschild's attorney, that the
girl committed suicide, inasmuch as the dead
body could not have remained exposed for
nearly fifteen days without showing greater
signs of decomposition.
At (Jus, Laporte County, Ind., on
New Year's eve, Henry Augustine, aged 18,
atteirspted the murder of the entire family
of his uncle, James Augustine. He first
shot bis uncle, then his aunt, both of whom
were arouse 1 from sleep by their nephew
entering their room. The two sons, both
young men, ran down stairs upon hearing
tho firing, and were met by their cousin ,
who shot one of them dead and tired at, but.
missed, the other. The assassin then flel
from the house, but returned and
expressed great contrition for
what he had done, at the same time surren
dering his revolver to his surviving cousin.
Before his arrest could be effected, howev
er, he again absented himself. Mr. Augus
tine is likely to recover, but his wife will
die. It Is said that the young assassin was
actuated by revenge for some wrong, real or
fancied, in the settlement of his father's es
tate, and it is believed he had previously at
tempted to poison the family.
An old colored woman named
Slaughter, reported to have turned a cen
tury, and her son, aged about sixty per
ished from exposure during the recent cold
spell, about six mile west of Boonville,
Mo., where they owned s small farm. Both
w to infirm. There was plenty of provisions
in tke house, and a pile of wood outside, but
Mrs. Cicero Brown, of Norcross,
Ga., was fanning the fire with her apron
when her clothing Ignited and she was
burned to death. The unfortunate lady
was young aid of high social standing. She
bad been married only a year.
Squire McClclIun's Wood-Slrd.
Fuobably tho largest wood-slod ever
built In country was one devised by
Squire John McClellan a groat-uncle
of Gen. Gcorgo B. McClellan. For a
number of years it was one of the local
curiosities of the town of Woodstock,
Conn., tho early homo of tho McClellan
family. Tho narrator's father, who saw
it frequently when a boy, says it was
nigh thirty-two feet In length , by three
in breadth. The beams were of squared
eight-inch timber, with studs to match ;
and tho 'shoos,1' or runners, were over
a foot in width. For drawing It, there
were two "tongues," or poles, in the
lorwara ena. it was never usea save
on one special occasion, when the toam
consisted of fifteen yokes of oxen, The
story of its origin is as follows : x In tho
parish whore Squiro McClellan resided,
it was tho custom, every winter, for such
of the men as had wood-lots to give the
parson - a cord of hickory wood each,
and thus make up to him a winter's sup
ply of fuel. The Squire, in particular,
was always punctual in December with
Ms cord of nicely-prepared hickory. In
that parish there was a man who had
the refutation of being "snug," nig
gardly, and apt to shirk his duo share of
tho hurdeni of paying the minister. In
deed, bin remissness in this matter had
been a standing grievance in the place
for many years.
; tJne autumn there was a revival of
religions interest iu the place, and many
members of the church were stimulated
to earnest labor, and to live more strict
ly. Among these was the penurious
man above alluded to, whom we may
conveniently designate as Brother Z .
Not a little to the astonishment of his
neighbors, who had had ample experi
ence of his miserly dealing, he arose in
prayer-meeting one night, and exhorted
to liberal aivinn. not onlv to the narson.
but to all benevolent objects. Waxing
exceedingly earnest in language and
tone, ho declared, among other things,
that. he would that winter give the min
ister a load of wood, "lea, brethren,"
he exclaimed, "the Lord has opened
my heart! ' I will give him a load of
wood, and a big one. I will give him
the biggest load you can draw from my
woods to his yard!"
ihis unexpected outburst from so
droughty a source was the parish won
der for a week. Many thought that
Brother Z must be near his end.
"Truly," said Squire McClellan at the
deacons' mooting "tho Lord must havo
opened Brother Z 's heart; but," he
added, with characteristic Scotch
shrewdness, "it may close soon, and it
may never open again. It behooves us,
in tuo paroon's interest, to avail our
selves of it. Let us build a sled that
will carry ten cords and do it at once."
- So thought the others. Tbe monster
sled was . privately but expeditiously
framed in a back yard, wid early one
snowy morning in December Brother
Z was amazed to see drive to his
door apparently all the ex-teams in town,
drawing the gigantic sled, accompanied
by a shouting throng of teamsters and
all the small boys in the parish.
lhe Squiro was ruling on the sled.
""We've come for tho parson's load of
wood, Brother Z !" he cried out.
You bade us haul the biggest load we
could, aud I'm glad to hear that you
have lately naa a nne lot of hickory
Brother Z , however, seoing the
magnitude of tho sled, tried to explain
anatouemur; Due m vain, i no crowd,
roared him into acquiescence, and with
a wTy face, he finally led the way across
the snowy fields to his freshly-corded
tiers of hickory in lhe lot.
11 is paid that fully ten cords of wood
were loaded upon tbe big sled under tho
Squire's supervision, and then, to the
tune of a most vociferous gee-hawing,
the flnormous loud was successfully
sledded to the parson's door-yard.
The worthv minister, enuaflv amazed.
but more agreeably so, issued forth to
learn the cause of the uproar.
"Good people, good people," ho
cried, rubbing nis hands, " what mean
eth this? Have the windows of heaven
"Nay, nay, parson!" exclaimed the
'Squire; "but the Lord has opened
Brother Z 's heart and that so
great a gift could have issued from so
Bmall a receptacle is one of the wonders
of saving grace. Question it not,but take
It and keep ye warm."
The minister had roaring fires that
winter, dud It was long before Brother
Z recovered his equanimity.
How IIo Pnt Up the Stove.
A short time ago an English emi
grant family arrived in , and
being destitute of everything, a few
kind-hearted people gave them sundry
articles to help them to go to house
keeping,' and among other things a
stove. Tho donor forgot, however, to
send along the necessary pipe. The
day being very cold, the first thing
which the father of the wandering flock
turned his attention to was the making
of a fire. With grateful eyes he sur
veyed the Hvove (the first he had ever
seen) and then glancing at the stove
pipe hole id tbe chimney, which was
about two feat from the ceiling, won
dered how the smoke could get up and
out oi that small nolo, ins eyes soon
rested upon some hooks in the ceiling,
wtucn a tormer tenant nad used lor dry
ing apples thereon, and he natural'y
came to the Conclusion that they weie
intended to hang the stove upon. There
was no time to be lost, and so with the
aid of chairs and table, and a good deal
of exertion, the able-bodied man lifted
the stove up so that tho stove-pipe hole,
which happened to be at the side of the
stove, rested, nicely in the hole in the
chimney, while, his better half lashed it
to the aforementioned hooks with rope
which came around their scanty lug
gage. Aftef everything was secure the
patient housewife hastened to prepare
some wood wherewith to make a fire,
while the perspiring father was design
ing in his perplexed mind some kind of
a scaffold whereon his wife could stand
to cook tbe frugal meal. But his ideas
were overthrown by the sudden appear
nce of the donor of the stove, bearing
the forgotten pipe. An explanation was
in order, and after a hearty laugh, tho
bewildered Englishman was thoroughly
Initiated into the mysteries of tho Amer
ican way of putting up stoves. Chatham
SCIENCE AM) INDVSTRV.
Tiik Brooks Locomotlvo Work at
Patorson, N. .1., turn out a finished lo
comotive every Wednesday and Hntur
day on an average, value about $8,(M0
A kactohy has been discovered at
Milwaukee from which 12,01)0 pounds
of oloomatgnrino are scntout every day,
wun no marks to distinguish it from
Geiuiai t finds that tho small quanti
ty of carbonic oxide arising from tho
combustion of coal gas can scarcely bo
detected by its effects upon animals
compellod to breathe an atmosphere
" A veuy large vacuum-pan has been
made by a firm in Chicago for a Cali
fornia sugar refinery; It holds 7,CO0
gallons, yiolds at each "strike" from
to zuu barrels oi dry sugar, and has
a heating surface of 1,000 square feet iu
the inclosed copper coils.
An observing ocean-steamer captain
says he knows at once whether a young
woman has left her lover at one port or
expects to meet him at another. If her
lover is behind her, she cares nothing
for wind, rain, or fog, but gets tanned,
freckled, and roughened in a highly
healthful and independent fashion; out,
if her lover is waiting for her, she takes
Infinite trouble with veils and other
The colossal crane at Woolwich, Eng
land, which has been upward of four
years in process of erection, and is the
most powerful in the world, has now as
sumed a definite shape in the operation
of fixing the great girder. The immen
sity of the work is illustrated ' by the
weight of the iron employed in its con
struction, which, in the aggregate, e
cecds eighteen hundred tons, while the
brass bearings alone amount to more
than three tons. When completed tho
crane will be capable of lifting three or
tour one-hundred-tou guns at once.
II. L. Corrieu, of Biddeford, Me.,
one of the proprietors of the Biddeford
Machine Works, is having constructed
for his own use a steam road-wagon,
which is expected to make good time on
any ordinary highway. The vehicle
looks very much like an ordinary wagon,
except that it has no shafts, and weighs
but 450 pound. It is designed to run
twenty-five miles without having the fire
renewed, nnd will cost about $400.
Fourteen similar machines are engaged
by people in Biddeford and its vicinity
should the experimental one prove tt
In a memoir recently published at
Christiania, Herr Sophus Tromboldt
considers that it may bo accepted as cer
tain that the aurora borealis is a local
phenomenon, circumscribed by very nar
row limits, and occurring not far from
the surface of tho earth. Tho light, he
finds, from a' careful comparison of a
large number of observations, is gener
ally white, though sometimes red or
green ; but further north than Bergen
the aurora often presents spectral col
ors. He believes, also, that there is now
evidence enough to accept the statement
that auroral displays are sometimes ut
tended with sound. Some late inven
tions ought to be able to set this last
alleged fact beyond dispute.
PITH AM) POIXT.
A queer matter counterfeit money.
A matteu of. course fashionable
The best of cigars are destined to
have a fiery end.
The business of tho man at the rail
:oad crossing is flagging.
Locked up and the keys left on the
inside the piano-forte. Louisville
A new novel h called Man Pro
poses." It is certainly not a leap-year
story. Norristown Herald.
A kiss on the forehead of some of our
modern girls is a sort of salaam bang
salutation. Boston Globe.
Some enthusiastic fashion-writor pre
dicts a revolution in underwear. Well,
a change in such things is necessary
once in a while. Lowell Citizen.
A bashful young clergyman, recently
rising to preach for the first time, an
nounced his text in thiswise: "And
immediately the cock wept and Feter
went out and crew bitterly."
A l'EarLEXEO German, who bad made
a garment for a youth, and found him
self unable to dispose of the surplus full
ness which appeared when trying it on
tho young candidate, declared vocifer
ously that do coat is goot. It is no
fault of de coat. De poy is too slim."
A Chicago physician invented a com
pound that would immediately sober a
drunken man, and the first person he
tried it on indignantly demanded money
to got full on again, as he couldn't afford
to have the money spent, wasted, and
the next day a vigilance committee noti
lied the doctor to leave town. Boston
"Chalk Tour Hat.M
The cant phrasnfc 'Chalk your hat,"
which ip still current in many parts of
the Union, is said to have had itsorifrin
in a literal illustration of the words.
Admiral" Beeside was an owner of
various stage coachc3 in the days before.
railroads. He spent much of his time
in Washington, where he lived, indei d,
for several years. At the annual ad
journment of Congress he would paa
his friends of the House and Senati
he was well acquainted with all the
prominent politician of his era over
any stage line be controlled, lie would
say to an Ohioan or Kentuckian :
suppose you're going back to Cincinnati
or Louisville, and I'll pass you through
my stage." When he was asked
"Ilo wr he would reply: Hive mo
youf hat." Ho would take the hat,
make a cabalistic chalk mark on it im
possible to counterfeit, and return it
with the remark: "mat will serve
your turn; my agents will recognize
that anywhere, and won't receive a cent
from a "man whoso hat is so marked."
Ueeside was right. All his agents knew
the sign at once. The thing became so
common that some fellows tried to imi
tate it, but they were invariably detect
ed and compelled to leave the stage or
pay their Lire In the South and West
'Challk your hat ' still stands for what
lhe. East stylus dead-heading. N. F.
" Mma, I'vo sporet," Willy unlili
" i I'll ii, men, neiore you go io iinw
" Take mo In your arms llrsl, mniiinm (V'Sr."
" Well, Mr, now tho secret lot me hear."
Will jroii promion, in ii in inn. nut lo Ml?"
" Ay, sir, und I'll keep my pminiso well."
" tn a whlspor I must toll It lw."
" Well, you muni!, your secret lot inn know."
" Aro ymi sure you'll keep It snf and sound?"
" Ay, so falo I hut It shill not bo f omul."
" Then, bring neanr t mv mouth your onr."
"Now, then?" " HushI 1 love you, iiiiuniiia
"Oh, you roRue, I'll shako you now I will I"
" ttbuke awuy but 1 shall love you still."
Ha Fi, in A'urttry.
A True Htorjr.
Will Ckockek, whose ndvonturo
amongadrovo of buffaloes 1 am about to
relate, was ayoung herdsman of the Lone
Star State, and was, I regret to sav, us
wild nnd uneducated a boy as could be
found in that far from classical region.
But, though Will was uneducated, he
was clever-witted. He was not tho kind
of boy who, as the French say, " would
tie a hungry dog to a tree with a string
of sausages;" and, if he was ignorant of
mathematics and geography, he was
well informed on all matters relating to
his father's calling. Ho could manago
a horso as well as the best man on tho
ranch, and was a fair rille-sliot and a
But Will had one great defect. lie
was extremely obstinate, and his father
had not enough force of character to
check the fault. So, at seventeen years
of age, Will was of such a self-willed
disposition that to advise him in ono di
rection was almost sure to make him
take the opposite course
On ono occasion this obstinacy
brought Will into trouble which nearly
lhe drovers had got back from ban
Antonio, whither they had driven their
herds, and were going on a grand buf
falo hunt. There were six of them
'Old man Crocker," as Will's father
was called, to distinguish him from his
son, a Frenchman named Henry Le
clerc, a Dutchmin, nicknamed
Dutch," two Mexican vaqueros, and
last, but by no means least, our friend
It is impossible to hunt buffaloes on a
horse uuu3ed to the business. But the
following morning, as the hunters were
about to start, Will appeared among
them, mounted on a powerful black
horso called Bonanza, which reared and
plunged in a manner that would have
unseated a less prantieod horseman.
Hello!" said Crocker. " What 're
youdoin on that horse?" .
'iioing Duuato-imnting, of course.
replied his son, as the animal ho be
strode stood up on its hind legs, threat
ening to fall over backward, und vigor
ously gesticulated with his fore feet,
"You can't nun
hunt buffuio on that
horse!" said his father. Go back and
get another; and be quick. We're go
ing to start right away. .
" atart as soon as you please," replied
loung uostinacy. "isut i n De the
first man past-: "
His remarks were cut short by Bo
nanza suddenly reversing himself and
standing on his front feet, causing his
enterprising rider to slide forward upon
his neck. Dutch, seeing this, spoke up.
' " You can't go to a buffalo up mit dat
iou fellows attend to your own
affairs," remarked Will, disrespectfully.
and i ll attend to the horso. He s
tho fastest beast hero, and I m lust
about smart enough to put him along
side a buffalo, whether ho wants to go
It makes me noding odds if you go
hunt on a steam-engine," observed
' Ilememher what we're telling you,"
said Crocker, ' when we strike buffalo
and that critter runs away."
' lhe horse doesn t live that can run
away with mo," replied Will, confident
ly, and the little cavalcade cantered oft
briskly toward the buffalo-pastures of
It was a beautiful morning, peculiar
to the Texan climate. The rising sun
gildod the ilower-decked plain, and
irom the tall grasses rose Hocks of gay
ietunereu oirus; wnue me Danny air oi
early fall blew, fresh and invigorating.
into the faces of the horsemen. With
spirits raised by that sense of cxhilera-
i . ..1 i e ' l . . i
lion wuiuu uuiiies oi rapiu uioiion, lue
rulers shouted and saug, as their pow
erful horses, with equal animation, bore
them swiftly onward.
The second afternoon out a buffalo
herd was discovered feeding far to the
south, resembling a flock of black sheep
in the distance.
A halt was at once called and prepa
ration made for a detenu upon the
game in tho morning. The horses were
tethered by long raw-hides, and the
nien proceeded to put their guns and
ammunition in order, lhe next morn
ing dawned fresh and clear. The bulla
loes were still in sight, though farther
away; and, as the wind blew from the
hunters toward the herd, a long detour
was made, in order to approach them
from the opposite side.
At length, the hunters dashed among
them nnd commenced the work of de
struction. Will's horse, the unreliable
Bonanza, behaved well while among his
companions; but no sooner did they
scatter than he became unmanageable,
and his rider heartily wished he had
taken his father's advice in relation to
the animal, as ho found he was going
to be leit out oi the sport.
There were no breech-loading guns
in the j?artv. and it would astonish a
crack sportsman with his repeating
Winchester and ready-loaded shells in
a convenient belt to see a horseman
charge a muzzle-loader from the saddle.
The report of the hunters' ritles
gradually diffused uneasiness among
the buQaloes, which numbered two
thousand or more, and they began to
move, followed by the relentless norse
men. In their course they again approached
tho horse of our disappointed friend.
Will tried desperately to get close
enough for a shot. He succeeded, but
a scared bull, with shaggy front and
furious, twinkling eyes, charged to
ward Bonanza, and that animal turned
and fled ignominious!.
Tim now terrified buir.il(ii cloied In
upon the panlc-strh kn hnrnc, nndnni
Will wan surrounded by tlin slmrgy
lif-rd. Ho ttiggml vainly at I ho bit: and
the loud laughter of cnttipitulon-i,
who rcnifnibrrod liU boast on starting
out, grow fainter as lie w is homo swiit
Ho wait not at all alarmed till ho
looked bnck and saw that he was fust
leaving the men out of sight. Tlitui
Hashed upon him tho thought of lnw
powerless ho wan In tho midst of tlio
unwieldy herd. Ho was completely
surrounded, and tho frightened bnlTa
loes wero running at their swiftest
sneod, which they would probably con
tinue for hours.
He thought of stopping his horse by
taking off lils coat and pulling it over
tho animal's joyes. But thou, should
the horso stop, ho would bo knocked
down by tho buffaloes, and both of
them be pounded to death beneath the
feet of the herd.
So powerful aro these clumsy beasts
that in a largo herd they aro almost in
vincible. They leave a track behind
them which much rosembles a plowed
Hold. Should one of the number lose
its footing, it is almost sure to be killed
by its companions, as those in tho rear,
crowding upon the forward ranks, make
a pause impossible.
Crocker observed his son's peril first.
He was heard to cry out suddenly, and
then, applying his spurs, ho galloped
in the rear of the fast-retreating herd.
Leclerc and Dutch followed hard upon
his heels, but the colder-blooded Mexi
cans remained to skin the butlaloes tbe
little party had slain.
Meanwhile, Will had given himself up
for lost But he looked his peril in the
face, with a courage begotten of a lifo
Suddenly, a desperate thought oc
curred to him. He had heard drovers
r nd trappers tell of Indian hunters whoso
mode of killing buffaloes was by
running on their backs, jumping from
one to another, and spearing them as
they ran. Why could not no escape
that way? The animals were close to
gether, and, though a misstep would bo
fatal, to remain in his present position
was certain death.
A dense cloud of black dust hung ,
over the herd, through which naught
waa visible but the tossing sea of beasts
near him. IIo, therefore,' had no idea
how .many of the animals intervened '
between himself and safety. His
chances of escape seemed not one in
ten, but the stumbling of his horse do-'
cided him to make the attempt.
More thoughtful than most boys
would have been in the face of a danger
like his, he unbuckled his horse's bridlo
and tied it around his gun (which he
carried strapped to his back), and then,
getting oil his saddle onto tho horse u
withers, he loosod the girth and let it
fall to the ground, intending, should he
succeed in making his escape, to go
back and pick it up. He now rose to
his feet on the horse's back, holding to
the animal's mane, and in an instant
leaped to the nearest buffalo, holding
his gun, like a balancing-pole, iu both .
The animal plunged, but he jumped
to the next and the next, like Eliza
crossing the Ohio on tho ice in "Undo
Tom's Cabin." He had accomplished
half the distance, when one of the buf
faloes, seeing him coming, jumped to
one side. The boy fell between, but
dropped his gun in time to grasp the
animal by its long hair, and with diffi
culty he climbed upon tho terrified and
plunging creature and jumped des
perately on till he reached tho outside
of tho herd, when he fell to the ground
and rolled over arid over, with his head
swimming and a heart leaping for joy.
He was yet in danger from the strag
glers on tne edge of the herd, but tho
cloud of dust and the animals it ob
scured passed by and faded into a
smoke-like billow, leaving him unin
Ten minutes after, Crocker and his
two followers galloped up and; to their
great joy, found the boy unhurt beyond
a few bruises.
Will rode home behind his father's
saddle, but whether or not the advent
ure had any effect for good on his stutH
born nature the chronicle saith not
Let us hope it had. F. Marshall White,
in St. Nicholas.
Queer Doings In Prussia.
Strange revelations concerning tho
dismal superstition still prevalent in the
rural districts of West Prussia were dis
closed in the courso of Dr. Kotlo ski's
recent trial at Stuhra for " unlawful
practices." This person had acquired
a widely-spread reputation among tho
peasantry as a sorcerer, Some time
ago a woman afflicted by epilepsy ap
plied to him for a cure. Having diag
nosed her case, he declared that she
was possessed by four devils, conjured
into her body by a female neighbor.
He then proceeded to exorcise these
demons, three of whom promptly quit
ted their human tenement in obedience
to his spells. The fourth, however,
laughed his incantations to scorn. This
fiendish recalcitrance led him to the
discovery that, in order to expel the ob
stinate demon.it would be necessary that
the epileptic woman should swallow a
draught of the witch's blood. . In order
to obtain this nostrum ho betook him
self to the dwelling of the woman, by
him accused of witchcraft, and beat her
until she lay senseless on tho floor.
But for the interference of a resoluto
neighbor he would have murdered his
victim. Arraigned for this crime before
a Prussian tribunal, he declared in open
court that he had done nothing more
than his duty to his patient and that
he had not only frequently ridded
possessed persons of their fiendish in
mates by similar means, but had often
seen and spoken to devils with whom
he had thus dealt. He was sentenced
to four month's imprisonment by the
tribunal of Stuhm. --.
The atmosphere of tbe Mosque of
St Sophia. Constantinople, is filled
with the odor of the musk with which
Justinian chargod the mortar when ha
rebuilt the church in 638, A. D.
Oje advantage we who live in this
country have over the Britishers is in
the matter of news. We get the new
of an English boat raco nearly h;ilf n,
dV hnfrvrf. JfnVog ,r"nnni iiiiii in n .11