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DEMOCKATIC 1IV lOLITlCS PUKM IN LlTEltATUHEi AN imoOUKHHIVE INT SOUTIIKIIN INTE11EST8.
BY Ai M. 'BARNEY & CO.
MMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1881.
VOL. II.-NO. 10.
i i -. i ; .
N EJV Si (AN D : NOTES.
A Summary' of Important Events.
' .7. O.' Fa ha? received the Demo
cratic nomination for United States Senator
, Tub Stato police claim to have discov
ered a now sceret organisation of Socialist
extending ovar"tJhe whole of Germany.,
JuDGjf'VriraiAsi'B. Woods, the new
ly nppolntca Associate Justico, has taken
his lilaca on thauprciue lioncli.
The President has nominated General
'athnn Goff, Jr., ofVe'st Virginia, as Sec
retary of tho Navy. ., Uon. fSoff him beou for
twelve years United States District Attorney
forWo.pt Vbrgiula and, four years ago was
the Iiniil)Hpanr'cauditlato for Governor In
IhatStfrto. Ht; l i; ;-? . ,
Tnij LandJUagiK! Iriids at Dublin are
' Jifopressing ytiletly.'' The impression pre
vails that the traversers will be acquitted. It
is requited that Enfield rilles have been for
some tinio regularly shipped from Binning'
bam to.' Ireland. The Government has or
dercd'lho removal of the locks from rilles in
the armories of volunteers.
Tub; Legislatures of California, Ne
vnda,.Xpnnee and Texas met on the Rd of
January ; Delaware, Florida, Nebraska, New
York, ''Ohio,; and Pennsylvania on the 4th;
Colorado, Illinois, Maine, Michigan, Minnc
nota, Missouri and North Carolina on the 5th;
Indian and lisisippt on the (Ith; Con
nccticul on .Ilia 7th;- Arkansas on the 10th;
Kansas and liew Jersey on the 11th; West
Virginia and Wisconsin on tho 12th.
Captain EAiis.bas returned from
Mexlfifj and states that the Mexican Gov-
. t'rnmctit Ikis (riven linn tlio ri''tit to build a
ship-rMIway across tlio Isthmus of Teliuan-
tcpcnUud gr'nnts him 1,000,000 acres of land
on the l'actlic coast for harbor purposes
. The road must bocouipleted in ten years. A
Paris tele-Tain announces that an.exnedillon
of engineer has mailed from lfuv'rc to direct
operation on' Dc'.LcsScps' Panama Canal,
mid machinery, provisions and labor had
been ordered forward from . New York and
Ten lives were lost by a tenement
house Are In New York City, on the morning
of yie 4th. numbers were thawing out
come frozen water-pipes at No. 'X Madison
f l recti wjieo a cmi of gasoline used by them
exploded, setting fire to tho surrounding
wood-work. The flumes quickly communl
cated to the slairway, up which they rushed
with terrific volume, cutting off this means
of. escape to tho occupants of the
.upper floors. .The building was five
stories high and occupied by eight families.
Those on the lower floors Jumped from the
windows and escaped with more or less
bodily injuric-i. vThe upper floor was occu
pied by Mrs. Rllen Sheridan and her family
of four children and Mrs. Cassldy and three
children. These, together with a girl named
Ejran, were all suffocated or burned to death
' General Walker, the Census Su
perintendent, has issued a statement giving
the population of tho various States and
Territories. In some instances the figures
are approximated, but they ore very nearly
correct. New York leads all the States with
a population of 5,083,17:1. Pennsylvania fol
lows with 4,'J82,7:i8. Ohio comes third with
n,li7)7!)4, and is closely followed by
Illinois with a population of 3,078,030;
Missooil has 2.1IJ!I,01U; Indiana, 1,5)78,858;
Kentucky, 1,(US,.7)'.; Iowa, 1,024,40.1. and
Michigan,. ,;i4,0!0. Kansas hag 095,335,
Nev;idtlwitlHiLV-)05, is the State of the small
est population, and Delaware's is the next
smallest, being llt!,(!54. Colorado, tho
youngcbt of the States, had 194,049 people
when the census was taken. Of the Terri
tories, Utah, with 14:1,907, has the mostpeo
pic, and Dakota, without Mormons, has
134,502 people. The total population of the
United States Is 50,152,539.
The Queen's speech, read at the open
ing of l'urliamcut, fays that the ordinary
powers, of law, have proved insufficient to
deal with the ex'sting troubles in Ireland,
and that additional powers will be immedi
ately a-ked fur. ,Tbe Irish Land Act of 1S70
has been of great benefit, but under the
strain of recent and calamitous years has not
been found sulllcient either in Ulster or
other provinces. A further development of
its principles Is recommended, with a view
to giving a larger portion of the people an
opportunity to acquire by purchase a per
nianent proprietary interest in the soli, and
this legislation will require the re
nioval of all obstacles arising out
of limitations on the ownership
of property. ,As an additional security for
Intcri'sU Involved, ameasurc will be submit
ted for the establishment of a county govern
Pient in Ireland, founded upon representative
principles, and fruited with the double aim
of confirming tho popular control over the
expenditures, and of supplying a yet more
serious want by extending tho formation of
habits of local self-government.
A Dublin telegram ot tnoist an
nounces that arrangements are being made
for tho organization of flying column
to scour the country, as was done
during the Fenian rising. It is intend
cd to start nino columns two from Dub
lin, two from the Ctirrah, one from
Athlone, one from Cork, ono from Fennoy,
one from Limerick, and one from Belfast,
Knch column will consist of a troop of cav
alry, a division of artillery with two
guns, four companies of infantry, ten
sappers, a detachment of the
Army Service Corps, a detachment of the
Hospital Corps, nnd one ambulance wagon
Three thousand soldiers are now stationed
in Dublin.. .....A dispatch from Cork says
the want of employment everywhere is felt,
and nowhere more keenly than in those dis
tricl ji where fho agitation has taken the
greatest hold, hxtraordinaryenort are ie
ing made in different parts of the country
for the purpose of starting public works
Land ' League meetings, announced
to bo held throughout Ireland
on Sunday, tho 2d, were prohib
ited by tho Government. At Drogheda
the meeting announced for Sunday was held
on the previous day. After Ilealy and
Davitl had made speeches two magistrates
summoned 'the Chairman to stop the meet
in',', and the Riot act was read. Tho people
dispersed quietly. Ten thousand persons
were pre-eut. A monster meeting took place
at lially Castle ou the same day, and a meet
ing at which S,CtX) rcoplo were present was
held at Killalla. A collision is it ported
at Tuam between soldiers and the crowd,
during which stones were freely thrown.
President-elect Garfield, on the
6th, formally tendered to tho Ohio I.egisla
tine his resignation as United States Sena
tor, and at the samo time hotiiled the United
States Senate of the fact.
A flat-boat containing eight frozen
corpses was picked up by a Government
steam-launch between Beaufort and Tort
Royal, S. C, on the .Id. It was ascertained
that the boats' crew had been drinkinghcav-
ily on the previous night, while on their trip
from SMIclena to Port l'oval. It is sud-
posed that while under, the Influence of
liquor they fell asleep, drifted out, and froze
to death from exposure.
... Mrs. IIarmas, living near Midway,
Ky., was fatally burned by her clothing tak
General John F. Miller has been
nominated by the Republican caucus of the
California Legislature to succeed Booth as
United States Senator.,
" GovEunou' ei.ect Porter, of Indi
ana, was married on the nth. In New iork
City, to Miss Cornelia Stone, daughter of a
wealthy farmer of Western New York. The
bridegroom was a widower, and has a sou
and daughter both nearly grown.
Hon. Otto Dres.el, a leading and
wealthy German lawyer of Columbus, O
committed suicide on the 5th, bv shnotiug
himself. Mr. Dressel left Germany during
the troubles of 1848, and has for many years
been a leading Democratic politician, and
has served the district as a member of the
Legislature. ' It Is rumored that recent
financial reverses induced him to commit
As the result of a saloon quarrel at
Cambridge, Tex., on tho 4th, James Curtis,
a wetl-known cattle man, was shot dead bv
Van Rice, and the latter was badly wounded
by Curtis. Rice was arrested and taken to a
doctor's office, and while undergoing treat
mentsonie person tired through the window,
the hall entering Rice's breast, inflicting
At Coalville, Bourbon County, Kans.,
on the 4th, a young lady named Davis was
burned to death by her clothing taking
lire from an open grate, and her mother
was fatally burned while trying to extin
guish the flames, dying within twenty-four
A singular double suicide is report
ed from Coffey villc, Kans., the victims be
ing Miss Henrietta Bailey, aged 18, daugh
ter of a prominent citizen, and Charles
Dilley, aired 24. The young couple were
aflianced lovers, and their wedding day was
originally set for Christmas, but for some
reason not stated was postponed until New
l car's Day. On tho day before the date
last named the young ladv died sud lenly
and, as was afterward developed, bv strvch-
niuc poisoning. Two days later young Dilley
died in the mine manner. No cause is as
signed for these suicides, as there was never
known to have been any trouble between the
parties and no objections to the wedding by
At Newark, N. J., on the Gth, Mrs.
Meirhoffer and her paramour, Frank Lam-
incns, were hanged from the same scaffold,
their crime being the murder of Mrs. Meir-
hoffer' husband in October, '1879; and at
Philadelphia, on the same day, Daniel F.
Sullivan and Patrick Hayes were hanged,
tho former for the murder of his wife, and
the latter for killing a woman with whom ho
hud lived, but who had separated from him
at the time of the murder.
A boiler in the puddle milr of tho
Allentown (Pa.) Rolling-mill exploded on
the 0th, damaging the mill to the extent of
ff3O,00O and instantly killing John Shak, aged
48, and fatally wounding Hugh Gallagher,
aged 23; Hugh Harrington, aged 19; Patrick
McGee, aged '0; James Rorily, aged 18, and
Charles McClosky, aged 18; besides badly
injuring five others.
William II. Blackbtrn, a commer
cial traveler, going on foot from
Dumas to Blackburn Station, La.,
a distance or tnree nines, was
overtaken by two tramps, who demand
ed his money or his life. Blackburn pulled
his revolver and shot one of the would-bo
robbers through tho head, killing him in
stantly. His companion turned and ran, but
was brought down by a second bullet from
Blackburn's revolver, which hit him in the
leg. Ho gave his name as Peter Brizendine,
and Louisville as his home, but the name of
his dead comrade is unknown.
Epes Sargent, well known as a jour
nalist and text-book author, is dead.
Eugene Hale has received tho Re
publican nomination for LTnited States Sera
tor from Maine.
The Missouri Democratic Legislative
caucus renominated United States Senator
Conger has carried off the Senatorial
prize In Michigan.
The Strafford County Foor-house, at
Dover, N. II., burned at an early hour on
the morning of the 7th. There were 109 in
mates, thirteen of whom perished in the
flumes. Their names ore: Frank Jones, Asa
Hall, Peter Sargent, Burnham Note, Jeff .
Holland, Thou. McDermott, Ivory Hans
corn, Joseph Cook, Cba. Riley, Sadie Ab
bott, Martha Jewell, Lizzie Wilson, Clara
A terrible boiler explosion occurred
on the morning of tho 7th in Dalbach &
Sons' smeltinic works, Newark, N. J. Three
buildings were entirely destroyed. John
Matz, engineer, George O'Gorman", J. W.
Schlee and John Queen were instantly killed,
and two others were badly Injured. All
Four men were probably fatally
burned by an explosion of varnish in a New
York brewen1, on the (ith.
Arthur Mirimiy was hanged nt
Pendleton, Ore., on the (ith, for the murder
of F. D. French, in Juno last,..
About one-quarter of the business
portion of Lockhart, Tex., was burned on
Dr. E. M. Wright, republican can
didate for Governor of Tennessee in 178, and
formerly a member of the State Board of
Health and Insp. etorof the National Boaid
rt ll.inltl. Ai.xA it f'l.nltnuwwra nn tlin I! ll 1
VI Jll.MIM, 111. V III II ill I ti.l"''.., V'.I HI" VJ.H,
of pneunn nia.
The funeral of Bltinqui, the dead Com-1
nuinist, at Puns, was the Occvsion of a great
demonstration. Thirty thou-and persons
followed the remains to the cemetery, where
several orations were delivered, one by
Louise Mi'hel, recently Returned from ban
ishment, and who received an ovation from
the populace. There were no disturbances.
A Washington dispatch says: The
withdrawal of Mr. Fry from Hie Maine
Sfi, Venal contest is an imln iU'in Ilia
B aine is to be one v' G ij liehl's Cabir.c!, tin
that Fryo Is to succeed Blaine in the Senate.
It is said to be with this understanding that
Frvo consented to withdraw in favor of
C. B. Wilkinson, a well-known ne ws
paper man, died suddenly of heart disease,
in Denver, on the 7th. -- He was sitting up
in conversation with friends five minutes-be
fore his death.
The Army appropriation, as passed
by tho House, limits the enlisted men to
25,000, nnd authorizes the continuance of
the Signal Service with a force not exceed
ing 5'JO. The sum appropriated Is $20,315,
It is thought that the Maine Legisla-
tttre will refer the Gubernatorial mutter to
the Supreme Court. Pluisted leads Davis
by 237 votes on tho straight count. The two
Fusionist factions have held a conference,
but could not agree, and consequently no
future alliance is anticipated.
A. J. Thomas .was. injured. At Nail"
Walla, W. T ou tho 7th, for tho murder oi
C. W. Bi umtield. The execution was wit
ncssed by 2,500 people.
The announcement that General
Grant is about to visit Albany, N. Y., as the
guest of Governor Cornell, has given rise to
rumors that he may be presented as the
Conkling candidate for United States Senator
from the F.mplro State. Chaunccy M. De
pew Is the anli-ConUling candidate.
Ihsuor Atkinson, of the Episcopal
diocese of North Carolina, is dead.
The court-martial for the trial of
Cadet Whittaker will meet in New York on
It is estimated that our production of
gold in 1880 was $33,522,182, and of silver
:40', 005,30 1.
The message of Governor Fostor an
nounces that the funded debt of Ohio ag
gregates $0,470,805, of which two-thirds Is
payable in July next.
Congress reassembled on the 5th....
Amontrtlie Senate bills introduced was one
by Mr. InfjaHs, to provide for tho side, of the
reservation of prairie land of Pottawatomie
Indians in Kansas. The Vice-President sub
mitted ti-oni tlio Secretary I War papers
showing tiie mnlutenam-o of a channel at
8out.li Pass, Mississippi River, for tho quarter
endni:; ovi lnberti, Jtwo. -j no bill lor tun re.
lii fitf Id n Ilollidav whs taken no. but with
out action tlio Senate went into executive
session In tlio House, Mr. Springer
(I)., in.) intiYMiticcu a oiu providing ror mo
apportionment of It'-proscntntives under tlm
new nstiB. i ue mil recognize tiie princi
r:o of minority representation. It was refer.
let to Hie I'ooiioiteo on Census, owitnrto
the Illness of Mr. Wood (I)., N. V.). the Fund
im: tiitl was not taken up, and tlio llmii-owcnt
into roiniM it e on i lie Army mil, wiu -n was
coinnleted mm i,:ssei. ino inter taici:oni
men o bill whs tuen taken up and Mr. Kengun
(I)., Mo.) snoke in lavor oi Ms suustituto lor
the penilini; bill.
Jan. 0. In the Senate, the Consular and
Diplomatic Appropriation bill was reported
and uluced on the CHlen-bir In the Housn
tl:e iiim-riintf hour was dispensed witliandthe
Fuinlinif bill was taken up In Coninil tee of
tt e Whole, siieccbes ?eln nrnde bv Messrs,
Kellev (li., Pa.), Weaver (Gr., Iowa), Mcl.ano
(r.,Md.), spii'itfer (1)., ill.), nnd others, in
opposition io tlio bill, and bv Mr. Chittenden
(ii.. N. V.) in its favor. Mr. Phillins (I).. Mo.)
also spoUo in favor of his tubslituto for the
proje"d uill. -
Jan. 7. In the Senate, the Consular and
Diplomatic Approptiatlon bill passed. Mr.
.loniis present ?d (lie memorial of ore W.J,
Moore, of New Orleans, ullt'Kiil'j that Mutator
K"1!ohr procured his election by bribery and
corruption, and asking to lie examined
b-foi-e the Coininilteo of Privileges
and Elections. Mr. Kellogg said Monro
had reecnty been rttselinrjed from the
New Oileiins Custom-ilouso lor attempted
ciiilczz:ciiiciit, and denounced him also as a
perjurer, blackmailer and liar. Mr. Hill ((ia.)
said tluit Moore had once before ottered
to testify nsninst Kelloirg, but upon be
iiiii iriven a pliico in tlio Custom-house
ho tesiilled in his favor. He was now
repeating bis plan. No notion was taken.
The .-enate adjourned till Monday
Iu the i louse, Mr. Springer (1.,11I.) introduced
a resolution calling for information In regard
to tlio Halifax llslierv award, ullegpig by im
plication Unit the f.V.tW.OOO award puid by this
lioveinnient to Great Britain was obtained
throiiL-h perjured testimony. Mr. Newberry
(It., Mich.) wade, a speech in support of the
resolution. It was referred to the Committee
on Foreign Atfairs. Several bills of a private
LITE NEWS ITEMS.
Governor Muruav, of Utah, has
certified the election of Allen G. Campbell
as Delegate to Congress, on the ground that
Cannon, his successful Mormon competitor
at the polls, and the sitting Delegate, is not
a citizen. The vote at the ele 'Aion stood,
Cannon, 18,508; Campbell, 1,357. The Mor
mons are highly Indignant, and hold that
Congress lias already passed upon the ques
tion of Cannon's eligibility by admitting
him to a seat.
A hreak-cp of the ice in the Olro
River at Cincinnati occurred on the 8'h.
Several steamers and other craft were badly
Capt. James B. Eads made an ad
dress before the St. Louis Chamber of Com
merce, on the 8th, explaining and illustrat
ing, by map, his proposed ship railway
across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Keso
lutions were adopted memorializing Con
gress to give oflieial recognition and aid to
the great work.
Mrs. C. G. Galley and Mrs. E. O.
Ellis, wives of two prominent farmers in
Gieenfleld Township, while crossing the
track of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at
Havana, about twelves miles from
Norwalk, O., were struck by a train run
ning at a high rate of speed and
both killed, almost instantly. They were
riding in a cutter, and the sound of the
sleigh-bolls drowned the noise of the ap
proaching train, which was also bidden from
st;:ht by an intervening building. Their
horse's neck was broken and the cutter
smashed to atoms.
At Lake Frovidonce, La., on the
night ofthe7th, a mob broke open the Jail
and took therefrom a prisoner,
James Brown, and hanged him to a
tree. Brown was a flatboatman
irom Illinois, in January, ibso, ne ana a
party of twelve others arrived In town, and
becoming unduly boisterous from
drinking, the City Marshal, Ber
nard McGuirc, attempted to arrest
Urown, who acted as ringleader of the crowd.
Brown immediately pulled a revolver and
shot the officer dead on the spot. The mur
derer escaped, but was subsequently recap
tured and held for trial.
A iiEAvr snow-storm prevailed
throughout the Southwest on the 9th.
The Senate was not in session on the
Sih. In the House the Funding bill was
further considered in Committee of the
Whole, a general debate being held under
the live-minute rule. Mr. Wood (D., N. Y.)
who has charge of the bill, endeavored to
cut short the tulk over the bill and bring it
to a vote, but n motion to adjourn was in
teijcctcd, which, being supported by the
iireenbackers and other opponents of the
I bill, was carried.
OCCURRENCES OF INTEREST.
FnoM a list, published in the Chioigo Trf?)
unr, of tho nam1. of prominent individuals
who died durliijf tho year 1SSJ, wo compile
the following;, belonging to tho United States:
Adolph E. llorle, ei-Secrctary of United
States Navy; Hon. William A Howard, Gov
ernor of Dakota; Richard II. Conooly, cx-Comp.
troller of Now York City; cx-Govornor Ed
ward Clark, Texas! ex-Mayor Ooorgo Opdyke,
New Yorkl ex-Uovornor Albert G. llrown,
Mississippi; ex-Uoveruor John A. Campbell,
Wyoming Territory: ex-Oovernor Herbert, of
Louisiana! Uovornor WilllauM, of Indiana;
cx-(lovc-ruor Westeot, of Florida; ex-Uovern-or
Henry S. Footo, Teunesseo; ex-Uovernor
McClelland, of Michigan; liunjamtn K. I'helps,
United States District Attorney, Now Yorli k
ex-mrmi)Khs of oo:anBss.
General John Urisbin, lV-iituylviinla; Sam
Uol G. Arnold, Haode Islah 1; William W". War
ron, Massachusetts; Th iuuis F. Rayard, Dela
Atrariii I.Mn.ph HntfijaYirtf .nlft-JH iWUbia
Pennsylvania; 12, ij. Fi-euuh, M.tine; J. 11.
Howell, Iowa; Juo b Brinkorlio. Oliio; Jo
seph K. Chatvilor, Pennsylvania; William Dig
ler. Penmylvania; James Alexander SoJdoa,
Virginia; Hersehul V. Johnson, Georgia: Len
Darttiuloinew, New Jersey; Hobert McClol
land, Michigan; It. C. Hitter, Kentucky;
Charles Albright, Pennsylvania; Fayotto Mo
Mullen, Virginia; Evarts W. Farr, New Hamp
shire; Peroy Walker, Alabama; C. D. Collin,
Ohio; Charlos Knapp, Now York; LarayotteS.
Fostor, Connect ioat; llonry D. Fostor, Penn
sylvania. united states Anv.
Brevct-Major-Gcuoral George Sykes, Malor
Genorul Hector Tyndalo, Gen.iral Joseph W.
Hevero,MaJor-Genoral Hlut.elmnn, General
Albert J. Myor (Old Probabilities), General
Alfred Torbert, Geuoral Richard 8. Sattorloe.
UNITED STATUS NAVV.
Commodore Homer C. illako, Cupttlln John
Carson, revenuo marine; Isaiah Hauscom,
Chief of tho bureau of Navigation; Commo
dore Edward Barrett, Rear-Admlral Thatchor,
Chief-Engineer John 8. Albert, Commodore
Lowry, Uear-Aduilral C. K. Stribting.
Bishop Gilbert Haven, M. E. Church, Mai
den, Mass.; Jacob Ide, D. D., Congrojationat,
West Medway, Mass.; William McAllister,
Methodist, New York City; Hev. U. 8. Mo-
Murdie, Director of tho Theological Seminary,
Emmottsburg. Mo.; He v. Ad ilph Italtzur,
President German Evangelical Synod of North
America, St. Louis, Mo.; ltcv. F. W. Kennedy,
editor SmUhern Christian Aduocdc, Macon,
Ga.; Uov. Joromiah 1). Jeter, D. D., baptist,
Klcbmond, Va.; Prof. D. L. Tresslor, D. D.,
President Luthornn Coil-go, Ca.-thago, III,
Hev. Kohert L. Dashlcll, D. D Methodist
Episcopal Church, Newark, N. J.: Rev. Georga
Puncharl,- Congrega'lonal, Huston, Mass
Itev. Hr. Osjood, Episcopalian. New York;
bishop Pellieier, Roman Catnolic, San An
tonio, Tex.; Prof. Alexnn lor Maowhurter,
Presbyterian theologian, New Haven, Conn.;
Dr. William M.ittbews, Presbyterian, Louis
ville, Ky.; Hev. Dr. William Adams, Now
York; Hev. Dr. O. E. Daggolt, Profoswr of
Divinity, YaloColloze; Hev. S. D Dennlson,
D. D., White Plains, N. J.: Rev. William 8.
riumer, D. D.. Baltimore, Md.; Bishop David
8. Daggett, ltichmond, Va.; Thonun II. So.
ton, D. D., Petersburg, Va.; Hev. John Mo-
Closkcy, President Mount St. Mary's College,
Emmlttsburg, Md.: Hev. John S. Pholps, Met
odlst, Trenton, N. J.; Hev. Dr. Edwlrt H
C'bnplu, Now York.
sciantca and enuOATiON.
Trof. 'William Livingston, Lombard College,
Galesburg; Prof. SnmuelOardlner, oleotrleiau
and inventor, Buffalo, N. Y.; Prof. I. O. Chap
man, Mount Union College, Ohio; Prof. F. A,
Allen, Principal Pennsylvania Normal School
Ptif- Frederick Pock, botanist, Washington,
D. C; O. U. English, school-book publisher,
Pittsburgh, Pa.: James Lenox, founder of the
Lenox Library, No. v York; Prof. James Das-
comb, Oburllu Colloge. Ohio; 1). K. Jones, In
ventor of luclfer matche-., Chillio .the, 0.
David M. Lord, editor IAtctani and 7'hcoo((r(U
Journal, Now York; Prof. John C. Bull, Amer
ican Asylum for Deaf and Dumb, Hartford,
Conn.; Rev. llamas Soars, ex-Presiduut
Brown University; Prof. Hiia-.n Collyer, Ne
braska State University; John B. Gordon
Profossorof Mathomatios, Faycttovlllu, Ark
Jacob Hall, geologist, Texas; Benjamin Pierce,
Professor of Maihomatiei, Harvard Collego,
tliissncbusotts; Prof. James C. Watson, as
tronomer, Madison, Wis.
Herman Roos, Swedish American, Chicago
Georgo W. Bliss, Mineral Point (Wis.) Triiurt
Frank Leslie, New York City; Thomas
Grant, Evening A'cum, Detroit, Mich.; L,
Plummor, Tribune, Minneapolis, Minn.; Will
iam H. Brewster, TraecVtr, Boston, Mass.
George D. Hebard, Gallipolis Led'jcr, Ohio; R,
P. Lee Shufer, Montgomery (N. Y.) ,St,iaird
Charles Smith, Keokuk (In.) Consfftuffon; C. 0,
Taylor, Philadelphia Times; John F. Wheeler,
Fort Smith (Ark.) Jnifcwmtoif; John Nugent,
San Francisco Herald; James J. Koss, Mays.
villa (Ky.) BuiJetm; T. W. Elehelborg, Des
Moines (Iowa) State lletiintir; chaunccy New
ton, Cincinnati (Ohio) Kniutrer; Sidney
Andrews, correspondent, Washington, D. C
Samuel H. Glonn, New York Herald; Georgo
Brown, Toronto Globe; E twin A. Tucker,
Hartford (Conn.) Evening Vit; George Hip-
ley, New York Trihune; David L. Phillips,
StaU Journa', Springfield, 111 ; J. Bradbury,
New York M'orid; Alexander W. Hook. Pitts
burgh Dispof eh; Robert Lourle, Auburn (N,
Y.) Courier; Germon Fobs, Woonsocket (It. I,
Patriot; Solon Robinson, Now York Tribune
William Stengol, H'esflfche Post, St. Louis
Hiram Fuller, New York; Charles W. Whip
ple, Louisville Commercial; Chnrles E. Smith,
Cincinnati Gazette; Edward Lloyd Ford, Chris
tian Union, Now York; Jerome li. Stlllson
New York Herald; John Nugent, Sun Franci
oo Herald; Gerard Stith, New Orleans PicavuiM.
Hiohnrd Frothingham, historian, Boston,
Mass.; Mrs. May Agnes Fleming, novelist,
Brooklyn, N. Y.; Dr. Edmund ilailoy O'Cnl
Ughan, historical wrltor, New York; Lydia
Maria Child, Wcy land, Minn.; E. D. Mansflol
New Haven, Conn.; George Merrlam, Spring-
Held, Mass., publisher Wcbitcr'a Dictionary.
A Brave F.iidlnrrr.
The bravery of locomotive engineers has
often boon dwelt upon, and many heroio acts
by the brave fellows have heretofore been
chronicled. One of the most hemic deeds on
the pnrt of an engineer yet recorded wns per
formed recently by Engineer Bond, of Wabash
Engtne 327. His engine left Toledo Sunday at
5:55 p. m., pulling tho No. 3 west-bound passen
ger-traln. When nino miles west of Defiance,
Ohio, ono of tho driving--rods broke in twain
on the engineer's side. Tho fragments tore
up through the cab, and threw Bond, stunned
and bruised, back on top of the ron! In the
tender. There was groat dangorof tho broken
driving-rod throwing the engine from the
track nnd wrecking tho train. The broken
rod kept chopping up through tho very
spot where tho whlstlc-cord hung, so that
brakes-down" could not be called. The mo
mentum of the train gradually Increased, and
tho danger of ditching the whole train was
paramount in the engineer's mind. As he re
covered himself a hnppy thought struck him.
The train was supplied with automatic air
brakes. If ho could but cut tho pipe nnd allow
the wind to escape the brakes would set them
selves. Ho put his Ideas Into action by putting
his penknife between his teeth andcliml.ini'
down the rear end of the tender, and geitinit
between that and the tlrt conch: hu reached
down while the train thundered along nt fifty
miles nn hour, and at the risk of his life tfuo
eecded In ruttlna flit in the brake-hose. The
binkes. faithful to their duty, set themelve
and brought tho train to a halt with nit any
'urther daniaue. Of course the passengers,
when they heard of their n irrow esenoe. wre
loud in their praise of Bond's bravery. (7i
mil VND F01XT.
Aw attractive but uncultivated woman
is very like brown sugar sweet but un
refined. The Detroit Free iVpss says,; .."It is
very haid to be poor That is out"
recollection of it. Milwaukee bun.
There is an old savins that "if you
keep anything seven years it will come
style." All right: then poverty is
stylish, and. we're iu style. OU Oily
A Missouri man with an ingrowing
nail chojipod his too off. This remedy
never fails. For sale at all hardware
stores. Beware of imitations. Norm-
It is the opinion of Nans Tfeiffer that
murderer upon tho scaffold, although
in a very serious position, is always
ound to have his "leedle choke."
Wk T would like to inquire if theman
who sat with bated breath got a bite?
li so, the plan might be at onuo adopted
by our ignoble army of tramps. low
I ers Statesman.
Perry Martin, of Arizona, climbed
a tree to shake down a coon. Just how
he felt when he found the coon to be a
bear will never be known, as bruin
cuffed him off a limb and he had a fall
of fifty feet. Detroit Free Press.
There wns onen a poor pitiful plumbor,
Who was meekness itself in the summer,
But the frost mndo his "pile,"
And he now lias the stylo
Of a brass-mounted St. bonis dmmmer.
"Are you a eood riderP" asked a
livery man. -'I am," replied the cus
tomer, and just then the horse snorted,
stood on its hands, came down and
bucked. And the customer went on,
from his hijjh seat in the haymow, "See
now easily i get off.;'
MEN AM) WOMEN,
"Women have many faults;
Men have but two;
There's nothing right tbev say
And nothing right they do 1
"But if naughty men do nothing right
And never say wbnt'n truo,
What precious fools we women aro
To love them as we do !"
.V. 0. Ptcaiwie.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Hydraulic cement, mixed with oil,
forms an incombustible and watcrprool
paint for rools of buildings.
In S'tme recent experiments at Paris
the fumes of burning coffee were shown
to nave a uisinlccting power quae re
Dr. Vak Lent has been commission
ed to study epidemic diseases in the
united estates lor the tiovcrnment oi
It appears to be .vttlcd now, thrcu2h
the researches of Gustavo Hausen, that
it is by their antenna) that insects are
able to distinguish odors. When the
antennas were coated wiih parafline or
removed altogether. Hies, for instance,
took no notice of tainted meat. But it
does not follow, however, that the an
tenna) kav ttther-use. .s,.
A bug has turned up in Asia Minor
wlucli feeds upon the egirs of the locust,
Where a cluster of locust eggs is exam
ined the destroying insect appears in the
midst of them. l,oeusts from time im
memorial have made themselves dis
liked in Asia, and the new bug, which i.
believed to deposit its eerss in the live
locust's body, has generafsymputhy and
From tho inquiries conducted by Pro
fessor Hermann Cohn, of llre.slau, since
18G", it appears that short-stsrhtedncss is
rarely or never Dorn with those subico!
to it, and is almost always the result 1
strains sustained by the eye during study
in early youth. A butter construction
of school desks, an improved typography
of text-books, and sudicient lighting ot
class-rooms aro the remedies proposed
to abate this malady.
One of the advantages pertaining to
the new method of engraving by elec
tricity an electric spark pen having
been invented for the purpose in Paris
is that the artist does all parts of his
work, and with no more trouble than ii
working with an ordinary pencil, and
can even operate in a dark room, with
out any other light than the glare from
the induction spark. If a sheet of thin
paper be attached to a plate of copper
or zinc, it is said that an engraving may
be made with extraordinary facility by
Dr. Cutter states that the increase
of nervous diseases, decaying teeth, pre
mature baldness, and general lack oi
muscular and bono strength are greatly
due to the impoverished quality of flour
now in use, the gluten being thrown
away in order to make tho flour white.
He urges the uso of unbolted flour, and
of eggs, milk and butter. He denies
that fish is brain food, or that Agassiz
ever said that it was, and claims that
butter, being nearly all fat, is a better
kind of brain food than any other.
The Limekiln Club being formally
called to order, Brother Gardner arose
and said: " Doorin' do pas' week oue
man tole me dat he'd got to move kase
he couldn't stand it wid his najbtirs; a
tecond had got to move kase de nay burs
couldn't stand it wid him; a third said
dat somebody frowed stuns agin his
doah an' hurled taters frew his winders,
and a fourth had some odder sorto'
complaint. Some folk fink dat de test
of goodness am gwine to church, or giv
in' to charily, but 1 doan'. I believe
dat a man's good an' bad pints am de
veloped in de way he uses his naybtirs
an' in do way dey like him. If yer nay
burs am bad, let 'em alone ; if dey am
good, incouraige 'cm. Keep no chick
ens, build no nigh fences, maintain no
howlin' dogs, have no rows, return all
favors, an' your nayburhood will be all
right. If George Washington had tried
to keep sebenty-rive chickens on a patch
of ground thirty by sixty, wid a garden
each side ob him. he could not have bin
de Father of his Kentry. If Henry Clay
had kep' a howlin' dog or a brayin'
mule, his oratory would hab bin declar'd
a fcham. If Benjamin Franklin's wife
nad trotted to disnajbur fur flour, to
dat ono fur sugah, to do nex' for tea, an'
so on arotin', de philosophy ob Poo'
Hiermrd wouldn't weih ten ounces to
de poun'. To sum it ail up, de family
who quarrels wid its nayburhood quar
rels among itself. Do manners in a
fam"ly crop3 out in outride rows." De
troit Free 1'rcns.
Our. Young -Folks.
I11S MANY NAMES.
Nk.vkh a bov had so many namos;
They t-alo-d him Jimmy, and Ji-.u, and James,
,-eoins and .Innile; and well ho know
Who it was that wanted him, too.
Tho bovs in tho street ran after him,
Snouting out loudly, "Jim! Hey, J-i-m-ml"
1 ' lit 11 the echoes, liltlo nnd big,
Seemed to be dancing a Jim Crow Jig.
And little Mabel out In tho hnll
"Jim-mi Jim-mi.'" would sweetly enll,
Until he nnswerod, and let her know
Where Bho might Und him; she loved him so.
Grnndpnna, who was dignified,
And held bis head with an air of prido,
Iddu t believe in abridging names,
And mude the most that tie could of "J-a-m-e-s."
But If nana ever wanted him.
Crisp nnd curt was the summons "Jim!"
That would make tlio ooy ou net orranus run
Much faster than if ho had said "My sou."
Biddy O'Flvnn could nevor, It seems.
Call him any thing elso but "Jeoms," .
Ana wuen tlio nurse, old .Mrs. itiovyso,
C'Hllyd bbu "Jamie," it sounded nice.
Rut sweeter nnd dearer than all the rest.
Was the one pet name that be liked tho best:
" Darling 1" be heard it whate'er ho wiib ut,
For none but his mother called hi in that.
Jugf.j'hinc IWIard, in Aiti iute.
DO UN THE RIVER.
Walter Dale wa3 a little boy six
years old, who lived witli ins parents
on the bank of tho Itiver Thames in
England. One day after dinner ho
went to the water's edge to play.
beeing a small boat tied to a big
Btono by a rope, ho pulled ihtj boat up
to the shore. V bat a nice little
boat!" said he, "1 will get into it,
and rock it, as I once saw a big boy
So he got into tho boat and began
to rock it. The boat got loose and
drifted down the river. Walter i did
not notice this until he was quite a
distance from the shore; then, turn
ing round, he saw what had happened.
bvery moment the current was carry
ing him further from home.
Walter was not a timid boy, nnd,
instead of crying, he began to reason in
this way: "The boat does not leak. It
is safe and sound. There are no waves
to make me afraid. The wind docs not
blow. Here on a seat is a thick
blanket. In this box is a loaf of bread
nnd a knife. The water of the river is
good to drink, and hore is a tin mug.
i think 1 will not cry, but hope for the
. So he sat down. He called to some
people ou the shore; but they did not
near him. lie stood up and waved his
hat to a man in a passing boat, and
cried, "Help, help!" But tho man
thought it waa some little fellow mak
ing fun of him.
ideanwhilo Walter's mother had bo
come anxious. She ran down to the
river, and followed his foot-tracks to
tho edge of the water. Then she ran
back to her husband; but ho was not in
the house. In about an hour he came
back, and film said, "Quick, quick!
Got a boat, and call John to help you.
Walter is drifting down the river in that
little green boat, I am sure.
Mr. Dale ran out of tho house, called
his man John, and they went down to
the bank. Here they took a good fast
boat, pulled it out into the stream, and
began to row with the current.
It was Eettinj late. A mist was
creepinir over the great city of London.
They could hardly see the tall stores,
the masts and steeples on one side. But
on they wcut, rowing swiftly with their
good oars, as if for dear life.
They looked out sharply on both sides
to catch a sight of tho littlo green boat.
At last, when they had rowed about two
miles, with the tide in their favor, Mr.
Dale cried out, "I see it! I see it! But,
ah! it is empty. I see no sign of a boy
in it. What can havo become of poor
On they rowed, and at last camr? up
with tho boat Still no Walter was to
be seen. The poor father was in de
spair, when all at ouco Walter started
up from under the great blanket, where
he had been hiding. Ho cried out,
"Here I am, papa, safe and sound!"
"Oh, you littlo rogue! Como here
and let mo pull your ears!" They all
got back to their horiie in time for a
late tea, which mother had kept warm
for them. Walter was kissed and then
cuffed; but tho culls were so tender,
that they made him laugh even more
than the kisses. Nursery.
In the large island of Australia an
island so vast as to be ranked as a con
tinentnature has produced a singular
The first discoverers of this country
must have stared in amazement at the
strange sights which met their eyes.
There were wildernesses of luxuriant
and curious vegetable growths, in
habited by largo quadrupeds which ap
peared as bipeds; queer liltlo beasts
with bills like a duck, ostriches covered
with hairinsteadof feathers, and legions
of odd birds, while the whole woods
were noisy with tho screechinj and
prating of thousands of paroquets and
Tho largest and oddest Australian
quadrupedis the kangaroo, a member
of that strange family, the Marstipialia,
which are provided with a pouch, or
bag, in which they carry their littlo
ones until they are strong enough to
scamper about and take care of them
selves. The delicately-formed head of this
strange creature, and it? short fore-legs,
are out of all proportion to the lower
part of its body, which is furnished with
a very long tail, and its hind-legs,
which are large and very strong. It
stands erect as tall as a man, and moves
by a succession of rapid jumps, pro1
pelled by its hind-feet, its fore-paws
meanwhilo being folded across its
breast. A large kangaroo will weigh
fully two hundred pounds, and will
cover as much as sixteen feet nt one
The body of this beast is covered
with thick, soft, woolly fur of a grayish
brown color. It is very harmless and
inoffensive, and it is a very pretty sight
to see a little group of kangaroos feed
ing quietly in a forest clearing. Their
diet is entirely vegetable. They nibble
jrass or leaves, or eat certain kinds of
roots, the stout, long claws of their hind
feet serving them as a courcr.ient pickax
to dig with.
The kangaroo w a very tender and
affectionate mother. When the babv
is born it is tho most helpless creature
imaginable, blind, and not much bigger
than a new-Lora kitten. But the moth
er lifts it careiully with her lips, and
gently deposits it in her pocket, where
it cuddles down and begins to grow.
This pocket is its homo for six or seven
months, until it becomes strong and ;
wise enough to fight its own battles in
tho wood and world. Whilo living in
its mother's pocket it is very lively. It
is very funny to see a little head emerg- i
ing all of a sudden from the soft fur of
the mother's breast, with bright eyes
peeping about to see what is going on
in the outside world; or perhaps uoth-
ing is visible but a littlo tail wagging ,
contentedly, whilo its baby owner is '
hidden from sight.
The largest kangaroos are called
menuahs, or boomers, by the Australian ;
natives, and their flesh is considerea a
great delicacy, in flavor" something liko
young venison. For this reason theso
harmless creatures are hunted and
killed in large numbers. They ale very
shy, and not very easy to catch; but the
cunning bushmen hide themselves In
tho thicket, and when their unsuspeot"
ing prey approaches they hurl a lauco
into its body. The wounded kangaroo
springs off with tremendous leaps, but
soon becomes exhausted, and -falls on ;
the turf. , , ,
If brought to bay, this" gentlo beast '
will defend itself vigorously. ' With- its i
back planted firmly against a tree, it
has been known to keep, off an army of
dogs for hours, by dealing them terrible
blows with its strong hind feet,., until
the arrival of the hunter with his gun
put an end to the contest. , At oilier
times tho kangaroo,' being an -export
swimmer, will rush into tho water, ana
if h venturesome dog dares to follow it
will seize him and hold his head under 1
water till ho is drowned.
Kangaroos are often brought to zoor
logical gardens, and are contented in '
captivity so long as they have plenty of
corn, roots and fresh hay to eat. Uar
per's loung 1'eople.
Five Cents. - 1
"Well, my boy," said John's em
ployer, holding out his hand for the i
change, "did, you get what i sent you
"Yes, sir," said John; "and here
is the change, but 1 don't understand
it. Tho lemons cost twenty-eight
cents, and there ought to bo twenty
two cents change, and there's only i
" Perhaps I made a mistake in giving '
you tho money?" . , . .-, i
"No, sir; 1 counted it over in tho
hall, to be suro it was all right." 1 1
" Then perhaps the clerk made a mis
take in giving you the ehange?"
But John shook his head: "No, sir;
I counted that too. Father said we must
always count our change before we
leave a store."
"Then how in the world doyouac-,
count for the missing five cents? . How
doyou expect me to believe such a queer "
story as tbatF,",. -.-.:.. t!rWs-,t--John's
cheeks were red, but his -voice
was firm: "I don't account for
it, sir; 1 can't. All I know is that it is
" Well, it is worth a good deal in t his
world to be sure of that. How do you
account for that live-cent pieco thai ia
hitting inside your coat-sleever'
John looked down quickly and
caught the gleaming bit with a littlo
cry of pleasure. " Here you arc!" ho
said. " Now it is all right. I couldn't .
imagine what had become of that five
cent piece. I knew I had it when I
started from tho store."
" There are two or three things that
I know now," Mr. Brown said, with a
satisfied air. " I know you havo been
taught to count your money in coming
antf going, and to tell tho exact truth,
whether it sounds well or not three
important things for an errant l-boy. I
think I'll try you, young man, without
looking any farther."
At this John's cheeks grew redder
than ever. He looked down and up,
and finally he said, in a low voice, ." I
think I ought to tell you that I wanted
the place so badly I almost made up my
mind to say nothing about the chango
if you didii't ask me." . - , ..
" Exactly," said Mr. Brown; "and if
you had done it you would have lost the
situation; that's all. -1 needaboy about '
mo who can bo honest over five ; cents,,
whether he is asked questions or not.' '
A Fatal Wedding Day. . , , , . '
It has been an open secret for some
time among their intimate acquaint
ances that Air. Douglass W arwick, of
Richmond, and Miss Nellie Burwoll, of
Franklin County, were betrothed, and r,
they wore to have been married about .
tho first of this month. Everything
was in readiness on tlio evening ap
pointed for tho wedding and a carriage
was sent to tho depot to meet tho ex
pected bridegroom, but instead of the
gentleman a message came, stating that
sudden illness prevented his presence '
and asking that the wodding be de
ferred. Three times successively it was
postponed for tho same reason. But
last Wednesday when for tho third
time everything had been prepared for
the nuptials -came tho most cruel blow
of all. 'Twas but natural that the
young lady should have felt some trep
idation at the approach of tho carriage
that had thrice failed to fulfill its mfs
sion and the sad sequel proves that
her apprehensions were not groundless.
Instead of greeting her future husband
she received a telegram conveying the
shocking intelligence that ho was dead- '
Let us draw a veil upon the scene that
followed, for the poignant grief of a
widowed bride is too sacretf to be ex
posed to tho curious gaze of an unsym
pathetic world. Miss Burwell was very
popular among her acquaintances, ..and
her sad misfortune elicits tho deepest
sympathy from all who knew her. Dig
Lick (Fa.) News.
Is 1G11 Holland offered a reward of
25,000 guilders (about $10,000) for the
discovery of that northwest passago
which Prof. Nordcnskiold has at last,
ia our day, accomplished. This offer
was long forgotten, but it was neTer
rceallod; and it is now probable that
Holland will pay the. promisod reward
to bo successful explorer, little though
ho dreamed of tho possibility of such
cuinjiensation when ho started on hi-)