DEMOCilATIO IN I'OLITICHt PUKK IN LITKllATURKi AND PBOGUKSS1VE IN SOUTHERN INTERESTS.
BY A. M. BURNEY & CO.
MMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1881.
VOL. II.-NO. 11.
NEWS AND NOTES,
A Summary of Important EienU,
Governor of Maine on the Mth.
Governor Ciuuchill, 'of Arkansas,
was formally Inaugurated on tho 13th.
Gknkral John F. Miller has boon
rlectod United Slates Senator from Califor
nia. Secretary Sherman is of the opin
ion that wo can not float a three-per-ccnt.
The Western Union and the Ameri
can Telegraph Companies havo been con
solidated. John Sherman was nominated for
. United States Senator from Ohio without
The MaTno Legislature has adopted
the committee's report, declaring Plaistod
The Connecticut Republican Sena
torial Caucus 'nominated Gen. Ilawley for
Senator by acclamation.
Farkell will a-k for a select commit
tee of tho House of Commons to inquire Into
the outrages In Ireland.
from the Senatorial
of Will Cumback
contest in Indiana
.leaves Gen. Ilarrrlson a walk-over.
It is estimated that tho Louisiana
fmgar crop has boon damagedbn an average
about 15 per cent, by the cold weather.
Justice Swayne's resignation will
lie tendered in a few days, and current ru
mor at Washlnton is that Stanley Matthews
will be his successor.
General Grant has published over
Ills signature, in the Chicago Tribune a long
article advocating tho construction of the
The Senate Committeo on Frivileges
nnd Elections have decided, by a party rote,
to call up the Kellogg case and dispose of it
at an early day.
The House Committee on Military
Affairs, by a vote of six to three, decided to
report adversely upon the bill placing Gen.
(inuit upon the retired list.
r The House Committee on Education
and Labor will report favorably the bill pro
viding th:t proceeds of sales of public lands
shall bo applied to' the education of the peo-
A plot to deposo tho Rajah and
massacre all European residents while in
church, has been discovered at Kolapore, in
India, and twenty-seven natives have been
PRESIDENT IIAYE8 Will give ft SCriOS
of State dinners prior to vacating the White
House. The first of these was tendered to
the Justices of the Supreme Court and took
place on tho 13th.
The defense in the Land League trials
opened on the 13th. JfeDonough denounced
tho prosecution as a landlords' indictment
ngainst the tenants of Ireland. The court
room was crowded.
The latest Cabinet speculation at
Washington is that Sherman, after bis elec
tlon to the Senate, is to resign that position
and remain in the Cabinet, and that Foster
will then be chosen Senator by the Ohio Leg
Timothy CoorER, colored, has re
ceived a verdict for $2,000 damages undnr
tho Civil KitrlitH act against the People's
Omnibus and Baggage Company of Chicago,
for forcibly electing him from one of their
conveyances on account of his color. This is
the second trial and a reversal of the former
The New Orleans Times roporte that
Jay Gould is negotiating, with every pros
pect of the bargain being consummated, for
tho purchase of the Morgan ltailroad to
Donaldson, which is to be made a part of
the New Orleans Pacific Road, thereby has
tening by a year the completion of that road
to New Orleans.
Governor Foster of Ohio denies
the rumor that his withdrawal from the Sen
atorial contest was in pursuance of an un
derstanding with Garfield and Sherman that
the latter should resign and enter the Cabi
net;'and he (Foster) succeed to the Senate.
He says there has been no understanding
whatever about the matter.
Rradstreet estimates last season's
acreage of cotton at 1G, 600,000, and the total
wop at 5,000,000 bales, distributed as fol
lows: North Carolina and Virginia, 417,000;
South Carolina, 42r,000; Georgia, fcW.OOO;
Florida, 65,000: Alabama, 000,000; Missis
sippi, 700,0011; Louisiana, 030,000; Texas,
. 1,12."),000; Arkansas, 380,000; Tennessee,
. A number of delegations of colored
men havo waited upon den. Garfield at Men
tor, urging the claims of their race In the
general distribution of offices under the new
Administration, and especially the propriety
and Justice of placing a representative col
ored man In the Cabinet. Senator Bruce is
the gentleman most pymlnontly named in
connection with a Cabinet position.
Upon motion of Senator Conkling,
the Senate reported back to committee the
nomination of Mr. Haskell to be Postmaster
at Albany, N. Y. y on the ground that the
term of otlicc of Craig, the incumbent, does
not expire until after the 4tli of March next.
Haskell is an anti-Conkling man, and one of
the recent appointments made by President
Hayes in New York in opposition, as charged,
to the Conkling influence.
The residence and barns of a wealthy
German named Viskow, four miles from
Oshkoth, AVIs., burned on the night of the
12th. Neighbors who went to assist in sub
duing the flames found a daughter lying near
the gate, insensible, with two largo gashes in
Jier head and her clothing partly burned.
The house and barn burned to the ground.
In the ruins of tho house were found tho
remains of Mrs. Viskow, her throat cut from
car to rar, and in the ruins of the barn was
found the body of Mr. Viskow, so badly
burned as to be scarcely recognizable. The
relations of the Viskow family are known to
have been unpleasant, and tho neighbors
generally believe that Vikow was the att
tliur of the whole terrible deed. There are
ome, however, who lay the deed to tramps.
PERSONAL AM) GENERAL.
A terrible outbreak of fever is re
ported at Tanderawe, County Armagh,
Ireland. Ono hundred and nine persons
are prostrated by fever, and many deaths
The Secretary of War asks Congress
to grant the right of way through the mili
tary reservations at Fort Bliss, Tex., and
Tort Winsatc, N. M., to the Atchison, To
peka & Santa Fo Railroad.
The annual exhibition of the Western
Poultry Club opened at Armory Hall, St.
Louis, on the 12th, to continue ono week.
Another publio appeal has been
mado in New York for tho relief of the col
ored refugees In Kansas, whose condition is
described as most pitiable.
Twelve persons were injured, nine
very badly, by the explosion of a keg of
powder in the store cf J. P." Andrews & Co.,
at Climax, Kalamazoo County, Mich. The
building was entirely demolished. " The
clerk was weighing out the powder when it
Ignited in some manner unknown.
A kerosene lamp exploded at tho
residence of Wellington Moscr, at Reading,
Pa., on the evening of tho 11th, fatally burn
ing three children. The building burned to
Gen. Roger A. Fryor, of New York,
has been retained as counsel for ex-Gov.
Sprague in the forthcoming divorce suit.
Senator McDonald, of Indiana,
was married In Washington, on the 12th, to
Mrs. Josephine T. Bernard.
The rear passenger coach on a Wa
bash train was ditched on the morning of
the 12th at Mitchell, twelve miles from St,
Louis, Injuring fourteen persons, nono fa
A celluloid factory at Newbury
port, Mass., was the scene of an explosion on
the 12th, by which Charles B. Schoficld was
instantly killed and Charles Hayes and Wal
ter Vanduzer were fatally burned.
A boiler in the Union Flouring Mills
at Detroit exploded on the 12th, killing
Richard Whittier, the engineer, Albert
Cresslin and Henry Schultz. The building
was badly wrecked, one end being blown
out completely. Loss about $30,000.
The dwelling of Timothy Cavan, near
Gaitharsburg, Md., was destroyed by fire,
and Cavan's sons, Francis and Denis, aged
11 and 13 years respectively, and an employee
named John Falby, 45 years of age, were
burned to death.
The Cheever & Burchard Cutlery
Company, on old and well-known St. Louis
business house,' have made an assignment
Liabilities about 5150,000; assets estimated
The live-stock firm of Jackman,
Hickman & Co., St. Louis, suspended on tho
A negro was shot to death by a body
of citizens near Marianna, Lee County, Ark
for committing a most horrible assault upon
the daughter of Sheriff Banks.
Hon. R.II. Stephenson, for fourteen
years Collector of Customs at Cincinnati, is
William II. Albright, manager of
the United States Express office at St. Paul,
Minn., killed himself with a revolver. His
accounts are said to be all right, and no cause
is known for his summary taking off.
At Peterborough, N. II., Patrick
Walsh cut his wife's throat with a razor and
then took his own life in the same manner
WalBh was intemperate, unthrifty and quar
relsome. Ilia wifo had some property when
she married him, and her refusal to meet all
his demands for money was the probable
cause of the tragedy.
II. W. Oliver received the Republi
can caucus nomination for United States
Senator from Pennsylvania. He was sup
ported by the Camerons. A number of Re
publican members refused to enter the cau
cus, and a bolt was apprehended.
Thomas C. Platt received the Re
publican caucus nomination for United
States Senator from New York another tri
umph for Senator Conkling.
McMillan is the successful candi
date for United States Senator from Minne
Thomas J. Kirk, a well-known hard
ware merchant of Chicago, committed sul
cldc on account of business troubles.
At Danville, Va., while a colored
woman was working around a fire in the
kitchen her clothing ignited and she burned
The will of the lato Joseph F. Armour,
of Chicago, bequeaths $100,000 to erect and
maintain a mission church and school in that
city. In memory of his wife. The rest of his
estate, which is valued at $1,600,000, is di
vlded among his heirs.
The protracted war in Southwestern
passenger rates was so far compromised on
the 15th that a general advance was made in
cut rates to all competing points.
John Waldraven, a farmer living
in Wood Township, Hocking County, O
while fooling with a loaded gun, accidental
ly discharged it, the contents lodging in the
breast of his son Christ, a very estimable
young man, killing him. The father
nearly crazed over the sad affair.
Patrick Pruky, a farmer living near
Weaver, Wabasha County, Minn., was
burned to death In his house, which was
burned to the ground. The fire was caused
by coals setting fire to the bed on the floor
near the fire.
Senator Conkling sent tho follow
ing telegram to his future colleague, Sena
tor-elect Platt, of New York: "I congratu
late the Republican party and the State of
New York on the choice of a Senator who
never apoligized for being a stalwart ltepuh
The latest intelligence from Peru
to the effect that the Chilian army is en
camped nine miles from Lima, which Is be
ing defended by tho Peruvian army and tho
citizens, native and foreign. A number of
dvnamito mines have been placed between
the city and the invading army.
Edward Reiniiardt, a wifo-murder-
er, was hanged on Staten Island, New York
on the 14th.
Warren Longmore, the nine-year-old
boy who willfully murdered his seven-year-old
playmate at Machias, Me., and then
mutilated and buried his body, has been
convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to
the Reform School until he attains liis ma
jority. The Anti-Jewish agitation has ex
tended to Saxony, Bavaria, Leipzig and
The residence of James O. Buckley,
on Hemlock Lake, :v miles smith of Roches
ter, N. Y.. burned on the night of the 12th,
and two of his chlldron, agod eight and ten,
perished in the flumes.
General Grant has been oloctod
President of the World's Fair Commission.
Annie Klodaske, a pupil in ono of
tho Chicago public schools, was standing in
front of a stove when tho flames shot out
and set her clothing on fire. Her Injuries
were supposed to be fatal.
S. B. Vance, Jr., son of Judge
ance, a prominent attorney of Evansville,
Ind., and formerly of Henderson, Ky., com
mitted suleldo at Mt. Vernon, Ind., on the
14th, by taking laudanum. Young Vauce
was under the Influence of liquor at the time
of taking his life. lie was a brother-in-law
of Shouse, who killed himsolf In Louisville a
few weeks since,
Jan. 10. In the Senate, a bill was Intro
duced by Mr. Logan, authorizing the Presi
dent to appoint General Grunt to the Arnty
retired list, with the rank and full pay of
eneini, with the privilege that the President
may, when In Ins opinion an emergency
arises requiring the services of the (ienerul
on active duty, assign him to
command commensurate with
the rank named. The hill was
referred to the Committee oh Military Affairs.
Tho Army Appropriation bill whs reported
and placed on the calendar In the House
a large number of bills were introduced I'M
In all. Among them were the following: by
Mr. Carpenter (It.. Iowa) To Increase bv
50 per emit, the duty on flaxseed or linseed
anu me manuiaotures thereof; ny Mr. Jtuclc
ner (D., Mo.) Requesting the President to
open negotiations with Mexico or Central
American .states for tho purchase and cession
to the United States of territory for voluntary
colonization of ihe colored population of the
i, mi :u states; Dy mr. iiatcn (I)., aio.j Author
izing the construction of a bridge over the
Missouri River at or near tho town of Arrow
Rock. Saline County. Mo. : bv Mr. WaddiU (I)..
Mo.)-"-J'rOvidlng that the counties of Harry,
Cedar, Dade, Greene, Lawrence and Polk be
taken from tho Eastern Division and made
part of the Western Division of the United
States District of Missouri. The Indian An-
Froprtntinn bill whs reported, referred to
omniittee of the Whole, and discussed at
Jan. 11. In tho Senate the Military Ap
propriation bill was reported. The bill to re
organize and discipline the militia of the
United States was reported adversely The
iiouso nuopteu a resolution, onerea oy Mr.
lilackburn. for the appointment i f a select
committee of live to in vesti gilt e certain charges
of violation of tho franking privilege. Tho
Indian Appropriation bill passed.
Jan. 12. In the Senate, Mr. Logan called
up the Joint resolution previously introduced
by him for extending the franking privilege
to all tho official business sent through tho
mails by members of Congress. He said the
franking privilege had been done away with
because of the dictation of a few newspapers
nnd the nctivity of Postmasters throughout
the country in getting up, under instructions
of the Postmaster-General, petitions to Con
gress for tts repeal. The Army Appropriation
bill was further considered The Houe
siient the entire day in Committee of the
Whole, discussing tlie Funding bill, but ad
journed without coming to a vote.
Jan. 12. In tho Senate, Mr. Logan called
up tho joint resolution previously introduced
by him for extending the franking privilege
o all the official business sent through the
malls by members of Congress. He said, the
ranking privilege had been done away with
because of the dictation of a few newspapers
nnd the activity of Postmasters throughout
t lie country in getting up, under instructions
of the Postmaster-General, petitions to Con-
ress for its repeal. The Army Appropriation
ill whs further considered The House
spent the entire day In Committee of the
Whole, discussing the Funding bill, but ad
journed without coming to a vote.
Jan. 13. The Senate passed a bill provid
ing for payment of damages which may be
occasioned to Indians on Minnesota reserva
tions by the construction ot reservoirs at the
head waters of the Mississippi, under the act
oi last year, ana also proviumg tnat the ap
propriation heretofore made for tho con
struction of u dum Ht Lake Winnl-
MgoHhish shall bo applied Immediately.
The resolution extending the franking Drivi-
lege, mtrocuicea uv air. i.ol'iiu, was referred to
the Committee on I'ost-onlces. The Army
Appropriation bill was further oonsidered
In the llouse.Mr. Johnston (D., Va.) from
the Committee on Military Affairs, reported
favorably the bill nlacingUen. K. O. C. Ord on
the retired list with the rank and emoluments
of General. The Funding bill was further
considered in Committee of the Whole and a
number of amendments disposed of.
Jan. 14. Ihe Senate passed the Army
Appropriation bill and adjourned til) Monday.
...Under tho House rules the session of
that body was confined exclusively to the
consideration of private bills in Committee of
uiu u uuie, uuu uiu r uuumg uiu nuu u res.
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
The mining town of Alta, Utah, has
been almost buried under the snow. A series
of avalanches have occurred, causing the
deaths of at least ten persons. The names
given are Mrs. Hasklns and her daughter
Jane, Charles Borbridge, Frank Laporte,
Robert llaworth, Van Morris, John
Fitzgerald, P. B. Lee, Wm.
Hollingshead, and a man named
Darby. Richard Williams and John Wash
ington are missing. Other disasters of i
similar nature are reported from other
localities in the Wahsatch and Big Cotton
Secretary Sherman has been on a
visit to Mentor.
The Greenback members of Congress
sent a congratulatory telegram to Governor
riaisted, of Maine.
'Buck" Walsh, a noted burglar,
sentenced to the Sing Sing (X. Y.) Prison
for twenty years, was shot dead on the 15th
by a guard while trying to escape.
Three men were recently lynched at
Colorado, N. Mex. , the present terminus of
the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad,
for having robbed a woman; and at San
Marcial, a few miles distant, two desper
adoes were "disposed of in an equally sum
mary manner by riddling their bodies with
At Point au Pelee Island, Lake Erie
on the 10th, a man named Reinhcimer shot
another, Andrew Henderson, a mail carrier,
and then blew out his own brains. The two
men had always been good friends, and In
sanity is suspected In the murderer, as he
had previously attempted to take his own
Knox Pinckard and a colored ser
vant were buried under a snowslide at
Georgetown, Colo., both being dead when
exhumed. William Puickard escaped with
The Texas & St. Louis Railroad has
been compled to Corsicana, 203 miles from
It is reported from Tucson, Nev., that
a stage from Messilla to Fort Cummings was
attacked by Indians about ten miles Fort
Cummings. The bodies of three men and
one woman, passengers, were found mutilat
ed and burnt . They were removed to Cum
mings. The Indians are supposed to have
numbered forty. They were being pursued
Cal. Huey was hanged at Osceola,
Ark., on the 14th, for the murder of John
liroadway, in Crittenden County, in the fall
There was no session of the Senate
on the 15th. The debate on the Funding
bill was further continued in the House, a
latge number of amendments being proposed
and mostly rejected.
OCCtlfttEXCES OF INTEREST.
The Trentle With Chlnu.
A Washington apodal of tho 10th says:
" Tho Chinese treaties were scut to tho Sen
Bto to-day, and the documents wore roferrod,
in Kxecutlvo tossion. to tho Committeo on
Foreign Relations. The treaties relate to ooin
" Tho Emperor of China agrees that the
Government of the United Stutos should ex
orcise entire control ojer the immigration of
Chinese into this country, Just as the Pekln
Government regulates Iho movement of for
eigners into their country. Whenever, in the
Judgment of this Government, tbo Immigra
tion ot Chlnose labor threatens to Injuro the
Interests of this country, we may restrict or
put a stop to it altogether. While tho
influx of Chinese is not prohibited In
terms, tho buuic end is practically accom
plished by allowing our Government to exor
cise its discretion in the premises, except in
case of those Nations of China who may come
here for other pin pines than lubur simply. In
Other words wfartrm.-to interfere with tho
going and coming of Chinese subjoots who
seek to invest capital, engairo in commerce,
study or travel; to engage in the practice of
the learned professions, or sclent Mo observa
tion or investigation. The Chinese already here
are to havo the sumo protection of lifo and
proporty as Is guaranteed to our own citi
zens. Tho Commercial treaty provides that
no differential or discriminating duties
shall be levied by either country at thoir
ports to the disadvantage of the merchant ma
rine or commerce, of tho other, which is, in
fact, in accordance with our statutes as at
present in force. It uppears aim that the
treaties do not profess to impair, abolish or
annul the Murlingame treaty, but rather de
hue and 8Uipleineut it, and supply regula
tions in certain particulars omitted in the
other document. Tbo Commercial treaty
specifies that tbo Americans shall not Import
opium into China, an article, by tho way, that
we do not have to export, and in return for
this concession avery Important consideration
is Provided in the way of special relief from
duties on our manufactured cotton fabrics to
our great udvautage over English goods."
A Poor-H ouse Horror.
Dover, Nt. H., January 7.
A ntSASTER without parallel in this section
befell the Stratford County PoorHouso, situ
ated abi ut four miles north of this city, at an
early hour this morning, whereby thirteen
paupers and lunatios lost their lives. At 1:30
o'clock Ure was discovered in the furnace
room of the main building, a three-story
edilloe of brtclt, in whiuh lived one hundred
and slxty-fcur persons besides the pbysioluns
aud attendants. In some wny the woodwork
near the furnace caught fire and burned
through one story before It was discovered. It
was then burning furiously, and In the absence
of facilities fur squelching the flames there was
nothing to dob.it to save the inmates, who
were immediately in a fearful state of excite
ment. Many of them were old, imbecile aud
helpless, and the spectacle as they rushed
about the corridors in utter bewilderment,
or crouched stupidly in oornors, absolutely
refusing to leave tho building, was terrible in
the extreme. For some time tho tlamoi
seemed to have a fascination which induced
them to return after having onco essapod.
Many of the children were saved by being
thrown from the windowj into tho arms of
those below. Ono poor Irish woman, who has
been u pauper four or five years, stood nearly
naked for three-quarter of n hour catouing
them in this way. Finally, after every effort
had been made, tho building was abandoned
and the flames had everything their own way,
There was no fire apparatus on the premises.
One engine from this city got within a mile of
the place, but could go no further, and could
have done no good even if it had been sta
tioned ut the farm, asthcro was no water to
use. When tbo flumos subsided, it was found
that thirteen human lives were lost.
A Fatal Lamp Explosion.
ltiUDlNa, Pa., Janunry 11.
Shoutlt aftor six o'clock this evening
conl-oil lamp exploded in tho residence of
W olliugton 11. Mo.ser, No. l.KiT Center uvenue,
in this city, which resulted in the burning to
death of two persons, and tbo fatal burning of
two others, both of whom will probably live
until morning. The family hud Just left the
supper table, and Mrs. Moser had gono to tho
cellar to obtain a can of oil for tho purpose of
filling a lamp. David Maurer. a boarder, blew
Into the larqp in ordor to extinguish it, when
an explosion took place, aud the burning oil
was scattered over tho room, which was
instantly a sheet of lhimo. Mr. Moser and
four children were in tho room with
girl named Sallio Kothgerber, fourteen years
of age, Mrs. Moser's step-sister. This girl had
the youngest child, eight months old, in her
arms, and ran up-stairs for the purposo of
escaping from the burning oil. Two of the
children, both boys, were carried out safely
by the mother, and the oldest child, Mary
Moser, aged eight years, was rescued from tb
flames, but not until she had been fatally
burned and is now lying in great agony, ber
death being momentarily cxpeoted. The
flames spread so rapidly that the houso, a
brick structure, was speedily consumed. The
girl Sallio Kothgerber, with the Infant, per
ished in the flames, and their bodies, which
are covered up In tho ruins, have not been re
covered. David Maurer, the hired man, wa
burned fearfully about the arms, hands and
The Exploitive Water Pitcher.
Mr, William H. Livbrqood, Principal of
the Boys' Secondary School, this olty, had a
singular experience on Saturday morning
lost, at bis home In Wrightsville. Ho was
sitting with certain members of his family,
when a loud report as of tbo discharge of
a heavily-loaded gun was hoard in the
sleeping apartment occupied by his moth
er, and be rushed there to ascertain the
cause. Imagine his Surprise to find that the
pitcher had exploded, and, with tbo bowl, had
beon broken into fifty pieces by actual count,
some of the ploces having been hurled across
the room. The most singular part of the af
fair was that the apartment was heated by a
register, and that the pitcher contained only
about a pint of water, and that was not frozen.
Had the pitcher been filled with ice, tbe crack
ing of it would not have been romarkable; but
there was no sucd cause, and the vessels were
not merely cracked, but seemed to have been
blown to pieces by an explosion. LancaUr
(Pa.) A'ew Era.
Tac fire losses in the United States and Can
ada for the last four years are shown by the
tables of the Insurance Chronicle, tho month of
December being partially estimated:
Total... !$7513IO0 S4Hi700 tVftWMOtt JW.VaiOt
A Rnllrond Ticket Twenty Tear Old.
Tub Hartford (Conn.) Tinv says that a pa
sengerona train from Springfield recently
gave the conductor a tickot purchased in Oo
tober, im. Ho bought it nt South Framing
bam. Mass., for Hartfotd at that time, but,
stopping over in Spring tie'd, ni l It stamped,
nnd then wont to Hsrtford iiy another route.
It was taken up by the conductor, who sain
that thn oldest one known to have been tuket
previously was eiehtevp years id.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
The outside fiber ot the cocoanut in
now used for shoo heels, and is said to
be a good substitute for leather.
Dr. Muller, of Geneva, has made
a calculation in which he estimates the
number of plant species existing on the
globe to reach a minimum total of 250,
000. An English chemist was troubled
with an escape of gas, and on removing
a large vinegar barrel he found that the
vinegar had leaked, and percolating
through t he floor had eaten a large hole
In the lead gas pipe.
The color-blind business is to be fol
lowed up by something else. A learned
professor at Heidelberg has no,w pub
lished statistics "showing that engine-
drivers on railways are peculiarly sub
ject to affections of the ear which might
compromise the safety of travelers."
The deepest artesian well in Califor
nia, near Stockton, has struck water at
976 feet, and flows 300,000 gallons daily.
X his gives nope that the higher lands
near the foot-hills, which are now only
useful for sheep pasture a few weeks
after the rainy season, 'will be redeemed
by deep borings.
An important invention is announced
to have been made bv JoscDh Albert.
the Munich photographer. By combin
ing the ordinary photographic process
with that pertaining to a peculiar print
ing press of his own invention, he is said
to have produced imap-es of objects
with tho finest shades of their natural
A St. Louis photographer has suc
cessfully used the electric light in print
ing photo-negatives. During holiday
weeK the sun was so obscured as to seri
ously interfere with negative printing.
In this exigency the electrio light was
resorted to and proved superior even to
the brightest of sun's rays. So the ar
According to Dr. Edward Smith, an
egg contains 16 1-2 per cent, of carbon
and 'i per cent, of nitrogen. Another
writer estimates that the value of one
pound of eggs as food for sustaining the
active forces of the body, is to the
value of one pound of lean beef as 1,584
to 900. As a flesh-producer, ono pound
of eggs is about equal to one pound of
That scientific wonders will never
cease is again illustrated by the fact
that fire-proof houses can now be built
out of cotton and straw. In the first
instance the cotton used is the refuse of
the plantations and factories. It is con
verted into paste, which gets to be as
bard as stone, and h called architectural
cotton. It is made in large slabs.
PITH AND POINT.
Experience is a school where a man
learns what a big; fool he has been
The average editor can sympathize
with England in her trouble with the
Hoers. Motion Advertiser.
A man never looks so much like a
red-handed villain as when he is told by
the photographer to look pleasant."
When one sees a man throjvn from
his saddle over the head of a horse, he
must recognize the power behind the
thrown. A ew Orleans ftcayunc.
A youno man in love is not neces
sarily a mathematician, but he is nearly
always a sigh for her. If you can't
cipher this out we sigh for you. Steu-
All the base-ball players have gone
into winter quarters, but you don't hear
anything of them except the batter, and
he is making short stops on the break
fast table. Burlington Uawkeye.
A Memphis woman ran against i
grocery awning in the dark and fractured
her jaw, and the jury returned only
eight dollars damages. It costs four
times that to hit a Detroit woman on the
nose with a soft snow-ball. Free Press.
A Cincinnati paper avers that " wo
mon dress too hastily." This clearly is
"sarkasm," or else the editor never sat
for two mortal hours in a hired cutter,
waiting for Angelina to " be down in a
moment." Calskill Becorder.
Tableau Vivant. Bridegroom (to
his little sister-in-law at the breakfast)
"Well, Julie, you've got a new
brother, now " Julie (enfant ter
rible) "Yes; and ma said the other
day to pa, she didn't think be was much
account, on'y it looked like Lottie's last
chancel" (Great clatter of knives, forks
and spoons). London Punch.
Nobody wants to be Secretary of the
Navy for the remaining two months of
Mr. Hayes's rule. A man couldn't
more than get the trick of walking with
his feet wide apart, pulling his trousers
up every little while aud nailing people
with "avast there, messmate," before
he'd become an ordinary landsman, and
then those habit3 woulci make him ap
pear ridiculous. Boston Post.
An Incident at a Hotel.
A singular affair happened at a
Petersburg (Va.) hotel the other day.
Two gentlemen, strangers to each other,
desired to bo called at an early hour in
the morning that they might take an
express train for the North. At the ap
pointed hour the hotel messenger rap
ped at the door of the man from Wash
ington to arouse him. The occupant of
the room, taking the messenger for an
intruder, jumped from bed, dashed at
him with a pitcher in hand, and chased
him from the room. Returning, the
gentleman by mistake entered the apart
ment of the New Yorker, who was
dressing, and whom he ajso took to be
an intruder. A contest of strength en
sued, during which the pitcher was
broken to pieces and both men were
slightly injured. The New Yorker es
caped from the room and called for
help, while the man from Washington,
master of tho situation, locked himself
inside. Help was soon obtained in the
person of some men in the hotel and one
or two police officers, and the man from
Washington was persuaded to open tho
door and go to his own room. He soon
after seemed to awaken as if from a
dream, appearing entirely ignorant of
what he had done. He apologized to
the New Yorker for his conduct, rtnd
they went North together on the train.
Our Younc; Folks.
A TALE OF A COMET.
We had seen tho streaming meteors' light.
With their trails of tiro, tho autumn night,
jviio iuikou oi inning say-roCKs nurteii
Krom somo long-since exnloded world:
Of comets frisking utnong the stars
uu tans line lioi v trains of cars:
And asked, "Should tho reckless onginoer
Of some raklsb comet steer
Crash ng Into our utmosphero.
now woutu tho planet s sho res st Mm7 '
Then wo conversed of the solar system,
Ana lunar men;
And Doctor Hon
Brought out his globe, at half-past ton,
And lectured, giving conclusive reasons
For tides, eclipses, climes and seasons;
Till, woitry at last. 1 went to bed,
with a jumble of woiidurlul things in my
Moons nnd comets and motoorltos,
Globes and circles and polur nights;
Ann toere i my tmiiKiug,
And drorsflv wlntrinir
At something a ray thro' my bed-curtains
Too bright for star, and. growing still
Making tbe moon-lighted chamber yet lighter,
n nioa very inuen asiomsneu me wnteri
I gazed from the casbinont.
And wondered, with ever-Increasing 'amaze
What the look of alarm on the Moon's frown
ing face meant.
For thore was the Moon, and, strango to say,
There, too, was the Kartb, just ovor the way,
Like the Doctor's globe, or a huge balloon,
Forty times larger, perhaps, than tho Moon,
All covered with circles, and looming in
There were groups upon It, and every face
Was turned one wav: and very ionir-ioiuted
Telescopes at the sky were pointed:
aiiq mere, witn a turnuie rusmng ana nura
ming And hissiuir of breath, wnn n Comet a-comlnirl
So long and so queer, and as it came nearer
it grew every moment longer and queorerl
Until I made out such a comical chap,
In a red-tlannei coat with a very long flap,
His noBO peering out from a very close cup,
His fingers in mittens, his chin In a wrap.
Like a tourist prepared for a very cold snapl
On, on ho sped, through tbe regions of space,
v itn very snort legs at a very long pace.
His woll-lUlod knapsack lashed on his back,
Extra shoes and canteen strapped under his
His cout-tall flying away on his track
Entangled far off in the Pleiades,
On the horns of the Hull and Orion's knees.
On, on he came,
With nose like a flame,
Po red I was sure tbo fellow'd beon drinking
(His canteen was empty, 1 know by tbo clink
ing); "And what can a sober Comet be thinking,"
I cried, "not to see thero, plain as tho day,
Tbe Earth, like a targot, hung right In his
The grot ps were beginning to hurry about.
And bus le and bustle and signal and shout,
And tbe Moou looked scared, whilo I shrieked
"Dear sir, I beg pardon, I don't know your
I pray you'll consider, and If it's the samo
To you, here's a planet 1 1 don't think you
Hut, sir, It will bo
A great fuvor to mo
And a very largo circle of friends, as you seo,
II you will drive round it instead of right thru
Ho put up his bead with a stupefied stare,
And says he, " I doclarel
No, 1 wasn't awaro!
And I'm going at such a deuce of a rnto
I'd stop if I could, but I tear it's too l.itel
Uless my stars I here I ami" He bad just time
When through it, hoad-foromost, ho went at a
As a circus rider dives through a hoopl
With aerah, - - -
And a roar as of thunder,
And How asunder;
The Moon, looking down, shed tragical tears;
While, winking hard and holding his ears,
The Comet oume out on the other sido,
Wheeled round, swore loud, and ruefully eyed
Tho ruin; sneezed two or three times; then
His long tall after him down the blue.
" Heavens and earth 1 what have I dono I
This does beat everything under tho sun!
1 don't care tho wink of a star," said he,
"For all tho damage dono to me" ,
(Feeling bis noso, nnd then with a lUrt
Carefully bnishing nway tho dirt
From bis coat and its stuiued and draggled
"But look at this dear little, quotr little
I'vo dono the business for her, and I van. It
Is quite too badl The fairest of creatures
How well I retnombor her pleasant features.
The smile on ber face and the light In her eye,
When I've touched my hat to her, hurrying
Many a time, on my way through the aky I
I'd mend tbe poor thing if 1 could aud I'll
How he got It, or whoro,
I cannot de -laro;
Hut thereupon he drew up a chair,
Hiuur his long coat-tail over tho buck.
Bat down by the pieces nnd opened his pack.
llrougnt rortn irom its aeptns a stout needle
And there he sat squinting and scratching his
As if rather doubtfully questioning whether
Twas possible ever to patch her togothorl
Meanwhile but how can I hope to tell
Half that, to my friends befeli
On tbe shattered and scattered shell?
How depict tbe huge surprise
Of some, at the very astonishing rise
Of their real estate, shot otf in tho sklos?
How describe the flying blocks.
The fall of stoi'plcs ana railroad stocks,
Tbe breaking of banks, and the stopping of
And all tbe various knocks and shocks
Frantic reporters rushing ab mt,
And correspondents setting out
In a big balloon, intending from It
To interview our friend, the Comet I
While the wide-awake dully press unfurled
Its rival bulletins: " End or tub WorldII
FlUOHTFUL COLLISION I AMERICA HIT I i 1
Fuix particulars! Canada hurlkd
Ovkr Nkw England! Thk Union split!!!
lktrhhuption of travel and trade i
tucomkt com1no to our aid!"
For now the Comet oddto see!
Although it didn't seem odd to me
With thimble and glue-pot, sewing and gluing
me nattered glooe, was cneeriuny aoing
All he could to restoro the ruin;
Fatlently replacing all
The scattered fragments, groat and small;
Witching here and stioktng thorn.
With a hopeful smllo and a satisfied air,
1'utting the planet into repair!
When all was dono, with a dexterous twirl
Of his 11 nirers. he set it once more a-whlrl.
While tbe Moon looked pleased as a smiling
Off he sped; and the planet spun
Awoy on Ita axis round the sun;
When, watching with curious eyes. I found
Ho hadn't made it precisely round I
The zones, moreover, were strangely mixed;
Constantinople was squeozed betwixt
Ht. Petersburg and Haltlmore;
South Carolina and Labrador
To Massachusetts wore snuirly tied;
New York and Paris were side by sido;
And, oddest of all earthly fates,
England was In the United States!
(lirenlund (he couldn't have mad"? agreator
Mistake) wa on the new equator!
While In each crack of the crust some bit
Of broken China was made to lit.
Whereupon I cried, with a wild hallo.
" H old on I come back 1 this never will do
Just see what a botch you'vomadol" Hoforo
He had time to turn, with a clang and a roar,
And a glare of Its own great Cyclops eye
The Lightning Kxpress went whizzing by
With a rush of steam.
And a howl and a scream.
That waked mo from my curious drenm:
Which the Doctor avers (and he makes It
Must all have rasped through my busy brain
With the passing of the midnight train!
J. T.-TrowbrUltfc, in WUle-Awake.
To know how to use money, how to
save it and how to spend it are very
important parta of education. Every
penny is an opportunity, and pennies
make dollars. There are very few
younz ladies and trentlenien who do not
spend a generous sum iu tho course of
the year, anu so olten it goes lor trifles
of no real value that when tho year is
ovor they have nothing to show for it.
Take the small sum of ten cents. It may
be exponded in chocolate cream drops,
and oaten up in a few minutes. It may
be spont in buying a dainty littlo easel
for your mother's photograph, or a
pretty illuminated card, or a gay , fan.
which, hung on the wall, will make a ,
vivid bit of color, quite brightening the
room. Down the street there is a
crippled boy, who watches you with a
sau, wistful face as you go bounding
past his window on your way to school,
l'oor Jimmy! tho hours move very
slowly, indeed, to him. He is fond of
reading, but he has read all the books
he possesses till he knows them almost
by heart. For ten cents you can buy a
beautiful story, or a charming illustrated ,
paper, which will give Jimmy two or
three days of delight. The money which
we deny ourselves, that we may bestow
Borne pleasure on others, always is the
best investment, for it returns us the
most true happiness.
Perhaps you can persuade your
parents to give you a small amount '
weekly or monthly for your particular
expenses. Julia and Arthur, a brother
and sister of my acquaintance, have
such a sum, and they are careful to
keep an exact account of all that thoy
buy and all that they give away. Their
pens and pencils, luxuries of every sort,1
and car fare, as well ao their charity
fund, come from this allowance, and
they are learning the right use ' of '
money as they never could in any other
way. A boy who has a scroll-saw may
earn a little income for himself, if he is
industrious, in his play-time. So may
one who has a printing-press. A givl
who has learned to embroider nicely,
or paint cups and saucers, can often,
have her own money; and let me tell
you, money that is earned by one's
own diligence is much more enjoyed
than any other.
A few days ago little Ailoe, a friend
of mine, was molding in clay and
drawing with crayons just for her
childish amusement. Last year, though
not eighteen, she was able to buy her
entire wardrobe from the proceeds of
her pencil. Economy is a noble word.
It does not mean stinginess, but rather
good management of whatever one has,
and care in the use of one's means.
Harper's Young People.
A boy who is polite to his father and
mother is likely to be polite to every
one else. A boy lacking politeness to
his parents may have the semblance of
courtesy in society, but is never truly
polite in spirit, and is in danger, as ho,
becomes familiar, of betraying his real
want of courtesy. We are all in danger
of living too much for the outside world,'
for the impression which we make in
society, coveting the good opinions of
those who are in a sense a part of our
selves, and who will continue to sustain
and be Interested In us, notwithatandinz
these defects of deportment and charac
ter. We say to every boy and to every
girl, cultivate the habits of courtesy aud
propriety at home in the sitting-room
and the kitchen, as well as in the parlor,
and you will be sure in other places to
deport yourself in a becoming and at
tractive manner. When one has a
pleasant smile and a graceful demeanor,
it is a satisfaction to know that these are
not put on. but that they bolon to tho
character, and are manifest at all times
and under all circumstances. Sunday-
This Buffalo Telegraph gives the his
tory of Mrs. Sarah Bell, of Leadville,
who was the pioneer white woman in
that town. She has dug in the mines,
fought in wars with Indians sido by side
with her husband, scoured the plains
on horseback as a scout, and became an'
expert iu tho business; helped found
the City of Leadville, mapped out roads,'
built houses, took: in washing from tno ,
Leadville miners, and is to-day in pos
session of a fortune that pays her an in
come of $30,000 a year. The Telegraph
intervieved her and learned this: ' oho
came from the North of Ireland to New
York City when she was sixteen years'
of age, and married a bookkeeper
named JosepL Ordway. Her husband
died a year later, and she went to
Leavenworth, Kas. ; from thence to
Denver, and finally, in 1876, to Lead
ville. In Denver she married a miner
named Frank Ray, but he died soon
after. She told how in Leadville she
braved the dangers and storms of win
ters before there were buildings there
to inhabit; how Cora, her seven-year-old
daughter, had to be kept wrapped
up in heavy blankets to keep her from
freezing while she pursued her task of
building a hut; how, when the place
became settled, she saw the land sho
had taken up turn into a fortune, etc.,
etc. She owns buildings in Leadville
that rent for $ 2,000 a month.;. 41 1 saw
my old man once sit on a horse and
shoot seven Indians without stopping;
and l'vo done something like It myself.
Young man," she added, with a "quiet
twinkle in her eye, " I've shot more
Indians than you ve got finger.3 and
toes. You wouldn't think, to look at
mo, would you, that I've gone out on
tho mountain side, up to my waist in
snow, and staked out the streets in
Leadville? But Its Gospel truth." She'
said she didn't know how long she
would stay in New York. Her property
in Leadville was attended to by agents,
and she felt perfectly content to stay
away just as long as she felt disposed.
She is now about fiftyyears old, weighs
about one hundred and forty pounds,
and is rugged and chipper.
Public opinion on the eubjeot of
faithless husbands is very strong in
Somerset, Ky. Mr. Love was that kind
of an offender. His wife led a mob
against him. He fled hastily, without
coat, trousers or boots, with the crowd
in close pursuit. At the end of a mile
he was overtaken, and left suspended,
head downward, from a tree. Ue was
almost frozen to death when, two hours
afterward, a humane preacher cut him
An English girl writes that no man
will stare long at a woman who doe
not stare back. That sounds very well,
but if she does not stare buck how j
she to know whether he has stopped
starius or nou
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