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Southern standard. (McMinnville, Tenn.) 1879-current, January 29, 1881, Image 1

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DKMOCIIATIC N lOlaTlCfct i'ttttlfl IN LITKltATUIttfli AND lUlOOlUCHrtlVK IN SOUTHERN INTKIIK8TH.
BY A. M. BURNEY & CO.
MCMINNVIKLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1881.
VOL. II.-NO. 11.
SEWS AND NOTES.
1 Suiiimnrjr of. Important Events.
Sitting-Bull is reported to bo again
- on iho war-path.
Tint WhittAcr Court-martial con
vened at'cw Yoik on the 20th.
. Tiik consolidation of tho Union and
Onlr.'l 1'nciiic Uailroads Is again rumored in
linu.icial circles.
. I
The Oklahoma colonists at Caldwell
have Unuiiy broken camp and departed in
various directions.
Mr. AV, II. Gakdner, of tho Louis-
vjHIo (Ivy.) Sunday Aiyun, died at Socorro
wdox., tin the loth.
: Tut! UotWo Comrnitiou on Post-offices
andTbst -roads will report unanimously in
favor of tho bill Introduced by lleprosenta
tivo Spriiier establishing, a postal telegraph
service, under the control of tho Govern
meat,
' '
The Chilian army of invasion occupied
Lima, Hie capital of -Peru, 'on the 7th. After
their signal defeat at both Sliratlores and
(horillos, tho Peruvians made no further
effort to May Iho advance of tho invading
urmy,
ANOTnr.it pnrty of exiled German
Socialists, thirteen in number, from Altona.
arrived in New York on the Wli. They had
only throe day In which, to make prepara
tions for their departure, and as a conse
iuenco ino.-t of them were compelled to
leavo their families behind them, having
tily; cnougji money to pay their own pas
sage. ..ddixjonal Senatorial elections, bold
on the l!Hh, resulted as follows: New Jcr
ey (iencral Scwell, licpublican; Ohio
.John Shormen.'ltcpublictin; West Virginia
Johnson M. Camden, Democrat; Wiscon
in Plulutus M. Sawyer, licpublican. The
Legislatures of Nebraska, Pennsylvania and
Tt'mifco took a number of ballots without
decisive results.
A MKMOitiAt, signed by every Re
publican member of tlm Ohio General As
sembly, recommending Governor Foster for
a position in the Cabinet under the new re
gime, has been forwarded to Gen. GarQcld.
Governor poster and his most intimate
friends, it is said, were not consulted in this
matter, and t.remuebcha,'rincd at what they
term this "work of ill-advised friends."
! Ax unprecedented snow-storm occur
red throughout Great P.ritain on the 19th,
completely blocking railway trallic and
causing great damage to property. In Lon
don tho gravest Inconvenience resulted
pun the stoppage of omnibuses and cabs,
and nearly all business was suspended. A
heavy gale likewise prevailed, causing great
damage to shipping and the docks. Tho
tide in the Thames was the highest ever
known.
Senatorial elections held in various
States on the 18th resulted in choiee of tho
following: Connecticut Joseph It. Haw
Icy, liepublicau; ltelaw are 'fliomas P. Hay
ard, Democrat, re-elected; Indiana llcnja
min Harrison, Republican; Maine Eugene
Hale, Republican; Massachusetts Henry
L. Dawes, Republican, re-elected ; Michigan
OmarD. Conger, Republican; Minnesota
S. J. R. McMillan, Republican, re-elected;
Missouri Francis M. Cockrcll, Democrat,
re-elected; New York Thomas C. Piatt,
Republican.
Thrhe different reports have been
submitted by the Congressional members of
the Hoard of Visitors to West Point. Sena
tor Garland and Representative Phillips de
clare that the mingling of the rue - i sub
ject to drawbacks which no legishi .iii can
control. Senator Edmunds is of opinion
that the standard of admission ought to be
raised; and Representatives McKintcy and
Pelton hold views directly to tho contrary.
Senator Garland presents a bill providing
that hereafter no otlieer above the rank of
Colonel shall be assigned to duty at the
academy.
The apportionment bill introduced in
the House by Representative Cox, of New
York, lixes the number of Representatives
at Bui, and apportions them among States as
follows: Alabama, 8; Arkansas, 5; Cali
fornia, r; Colorado, 1; Connecticut, 4; Del
aware, 1; Florida, 1; Georgia, 9; Illinois,
10; Indiana. V; Iowa, 10; Kansas, 0; Ken
tucky, lit; Louisiana, (i; Maine, 4; Mary
land, (i; Massachusetts, 11; Michigan, 10;
Minnesota,.'); Mississippi, 7; Missouri, 13;
Nebraska,:!; Nevada, 1; New Hampshire,
2; New Jersey, 7; New York, 81; North
Carolina, 8; Ohio, 10; Oregon, 1; Pennsyl
vania, it!; Rhode Isand, 2; South Carolina,
0; Tennessee, 9; Texas, 10; Vermont, 2; Vir
ginia, 9; West Virginia, 4, and Wisconsin,
8. As compared with the present numberof
members this bill makes the following losses
and gains: Arkansas, California, Iowa,
Michigan, Mississippi, South Carolina and
AVcst Virginia gain 1 each; Kansas gains 3;
Texas. 4; Minnesota and Nebraska gain 2
each; Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Hampshire,
Maine, 1nd!ana, Tennessee, Florida and Ver
mont lose 1, and New York loses 2.
PY the terms of tho treaty with China,
dated November 17, 1SS0, Iho Government of
China agrees (hat the Government of the
1'nitcd Slates may, whenever, Lit its opinion,
"the coming of Chines.' laborer to the 1'nit
cd States, or their resub neo therein, affect,
or threaten to affect, tho interests of that
country, to endanger the good order of tho
said country, or of any locality within the
territory thereof, mav regulate, limit or sus
pend such coming or residence, but may not
ansi lu ciy proimut it. l lie limitation or
suspension shall be reasonable and shall ap
ply only to v. him so who may gotothe 1'nitcd
States as laborers, other classes not
being included in the limitation.
Legislation taken in regard to Chinese
laborers will be of such a character only as is
necessary to enforce the regulation, limita
tion or suspension of immigration, and im
migrants bhall not be subject to personal
maltreatment or abuc.'' The fourth article
concedes that there may be diploma ! rep
resentation on the subject of these regula
ti us. In a word, they are not to be consid
ered as purely municipal, but shall partake
of a certain portion of the international char
acter. ThN treaty and the commercial treaty,
negotiated at the same time the main oh
) rt of which was to denounce the opium
iratlic will in all probability be ratified by
the S nate, and then I'oii'.'rcsS will have
ovr to regulate the coming of Chinese
laborers.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
A iioiIriblk triple, murder was com
mitted during tho night of tho 17th, near
Plain City, in Madison County, O., tho vic
tims being Mrs. Matilda Scott, a colored
widow, her daughter, aged 22, and adopted
son, aged 14, named Charles Ufwln , M;
three had their brains boaton out with a club.
Information of the crime was first ascer
tained from a colored man named Robert
Garnett, who camo Into town and reported
the affair in an excited manner. He was at
once suspected of being the murderer find
placed Under arrest. Garnett formerly
worked on the Scott place, and three months
ago left in anger because the widow would
not rent him tho ftirirt."
In Guilford Township, Jo Daviess
County, 111., the other morning, a 17-year-old
son of Martin F.hredt, a prominent farm
er, took tip. a rifle, gitpposcd to.be unloaded,
and pointing it at his elder brother, in ted,
ordered him, In a Joking manner to get up
or he Would sjioot him. The latter, entering
Into the spirit of the Joke, told bis brother to
lire away, lie did, taking deadly aim, and
a bullet penetrated his brother's neck, pass
ing through and lodging in the base of the
brain, causing instant death.
Captain IIenby M. Shreve, of St,
Louis, in 182!) Invented and put In operation
tho steam snag-boat now in Use upon tho
Mississippi and tributaries. In 18"4 ho ap
plied to the Government for compensation
for the use of said patent, and since that time
tho claim has been energetically pressed,
and nine different Congressional committees
have reported favorably on tho claim. Cap
tain Shrcve died in 1831. His heirs have just
received the sum of .f-Vttoo awarded upon
the claim by the present Congress.
The young wife of Adolph Btiettner,
of Detroit, Mich., being advised to take an
alcoholic sweat bath, placed n saucer full of
alcohol on the floor and deliberately stood
over it without taking any precautions rela
tive to her clothing, which took fire. Tho
unfortunate woman was terribly burned,
aud alive at last accounts, but in a critical
condition.
Miss Bkssie Werts, daughter of
William Werts, living near Prosperity, New
berry County, S. C, was brutally assaulted
and murdered the other evening while going
from her brother's house to her home. Two
negroes were arrested on suspicion, and
lodged in the guard-house. They confessed
their guilt, and at night a large body of men
took them out to lynch them. One was shot
to death where the crime was committed;
the other made his escape, but was subse
quently recaptured and hanged near Pros
perity by a crowd of whites and blacks.
A mo lumber lire occurred at Mich
igan City, Ind., on the 19th. The principal
losers are Peck & Son, $70,000, and Wilson,
Martin & Co., $13,000 the former insured
for $35,000, tho latter for $12,000.
Two more fatal co.vsting accidents
were reported on the 20th. At Woodruff,
N. J., Harrison White was almost instantly
killed by his sled striking a stump; and at
Port Jefferson, Long Island, Frank Tooker,
a college student, and J. Samuel Aekerly, a
printer, were both seriously injured by a
similar accident. It was not thought either
could recover.
By the explosion of a boiler at Dews
bury, York County, England, eleven persons
wero killed and sixteen injured.
TiiEyouu son of a farmer named
Longwell, who lives eight miles from Han
nibal, Mo., shot a companion named Harvey
with a revolver with which ho was playing,
causing death almost instantly,
Russia ville, Harvard County, Ind.,
had a $25,000 fire on tho night of the 19th,
supposed to have been of incendiary origin.
The regular Milwaukee passenger
train on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul
Railroad, on the night of the 19th, ran Into a
delayed accommodation train near Glen Oaks.
The most seriously injured of the passen
gers were Mr. and Mrs. Miller, of Liberty-
ville, Cook County, III., and Mrs. A. 15.
Cook, of Chicago, neither of whom was
likely to recover.
The Lancashire (Eng.) coal miners
to the number of 50,000 arc on a strike. Dis
turbances are feared, and a regiment of Hus
sars, has been dispatched to the scene of tho
strike, to be ready for any emergency that
may nrise.
A fatal railway accident occurred
on tho morning or the uist, on tne t ntcago,
Rock Island & Pacific Railroad. Tho ex
press train from Council liluffs was thrown
from tho track by a broken rail, near Pond
Creek, III., three passenger cars being badly
wrecked and one of them burned, caused
by tho overturning of a stove. All tho pas
sengers In the forward car were more or less
injured, and one, an old lady, Mrs. King, of
Wyandotte, O., was so badly burned before
being extricated from the wreck that she
died within a short time. Eight other pas
sengers were badly injured, but none, it was
thought, fatally.
Lemuel Freeman, aged 22, book
keeper for Sawyer, Goodman & Co., lumber
dealers, Chicago, accidentally shot himself
whilo dressing to make a call upon a young
lady to whom he was engaged to be married.
Ho died a few minutes afterward.
Frank Meyeh & Co.'s furniture fac
tory, Clinton and Secor Streets, Chicago,
burned on the 21st. A falling wall buried a
number of firemen in the ruins. Captain
Edward Murphy, Captain Joseph Donahue,
James Conway, Wm. H. Van (tsdel, James
Tobin and Tom Howard wero all seriously,
and probably most of them fatally, injured.
Eight or ten others received minor injuries.
Ei. 15ackis, a prominent young at
torney of Independence, Iowa, shot himself
and fet dead upon the grave of his young
wife, recently buried, lie was missing for
several days before his body was discov
ered. Fannie XEriiEit, aged 17, committed
suicide at Brownsville, Neb. The young
man to whom she was engaged to be married
had prove .1 false to her.
E. A. Sothekn, actor, tho famous
personator of Lord Dundreary, died in Lou
don on the 21st.
William Van Rlarcom, a farmer ot
Geneva, Mich., killed his wifeand then com
mitted suicide. Intemperance and family
troubl. s are assigned as the cause
Alonzo Boni, an engineer on the
Wabash Road, Jumped from his engine near
Cecil, ind., to avoid a collision, and was in
stantly killed. His lireman stuck to the en
gine and escaped injury.
Frank Hester was hanged at Dan
ville, 111., on the 21st, for the murder of bis
wife in Aui'iist lat.
CiKM.itAi. SiiK.uiDAN and three mem
bers of his Staff are in New Mexic-i, engaged
on a tour of inspeetinn of the military posts.
CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS.
Jan. 17. In tho Senato.tho Indian Appro
priation bill was reported. The bill passed
nppiopriuting $2X),0U0 for the puiehnno of cup
tiiln real cstuto of the Kieeilmeu's Savings k
Trust Cutnpunv lit WuMihikton; ulsn, tlio ltll
foi the relief o'f .;en. (triU A motto! td lay
nshbs tho regular nvuer, tint Unit 1 1 n 1 lid ay liilf,
mid take up tlin Kellogg ease, was antagonized
by tho Republicans, hnil eiiongli Democrats
voted In Mio negative to defeat the proposi
tion It was eoinmitteo diiy In lh llonso(
und very little of perioral publta In
terest was introduced except a resd
lotion by Mr. Newberry (It., Mich.)
providing tor a liiich joint commission on the
part of the I'nited states nnil tirent Itritain to
reconsider tho Halifax llsbeiy award ami In
Vesliiuo tho alleged false and f riiuilulent
proofs upon which that aw ard was niiido. Tho
Speaker mid before the House a communica
tion from tho Secretary of the Interior, trans
mitting tho report of'the Supcrtntriident of
the Cen-us, which shows the total population
ot the United states to be .'ilt.iw.scii. Mr. Cox
then introduce (in Apportionment bill,
which llxes tho iinnilier ot Uepresoiitatives
at :tol, and it was referred with eonniiimleii
liivti tn ihn Commit I oo on Census. Mr. Ford
((Jr., Mo.) mid Sir. Springer (IV, 111.) intro
duced resolutions directing the Committee on
I'ost-ollices to Inquire into tho expediency of
constructiiiK Government lines of telegraph
mid to report a bill tor that purpose. Under
a suspension of the rules a bill passed for
(pili ting titles of settlers on tho lies Mollies
lilver lands in the state of low ai
Jax. 18. The I5cli Ilalliday Claims bill
came up In tho Senate as tho rogulnr ofrlct
find was llnnlly passed 3.1 to lit the compen
sation being llxed nt $100,000, which was the
lowest amount of the various Bums named,
tho highest being $"00,000 In the House,
Mr. Sparks (I)., 111.), Chairman of tho
Committee on Military A Hairs, reported
back adversely a bill to place U. S.
tirant on the retired list of tho
Army. Mr. MeCook (tt., N. Y.) submitted n
minority report which Mgcther with the bill,
was referred to the Comini'teo ot the Whole
on the private calendar. The Naval Appro
priation bill was reported. The Funding bill
was completed in committee, reported to tho
House, and the mum iiicslum ordered on
tlm bill mid ninouduicnts. w ltbout coin
ing to a vote the House adjourned,
Tyo nniount of bonds authorized to be Issued
under the act in JUHI.OdO.OiiO, hearing three per
font, interest, redeiunnbln after live and pay
able ten yi urs from date of issue; nlso ceriiil
i ntes to" the mnotint of $;;(Ki,00O,0o0, bearing
snuje interest, redeemable after ouo year and
payable in ten veins. The Secretary of tho
Treasury is wdered to puy on boiids'acemed
during the veiir Issl all silver dollars of 41'i
grains and nil gold over $50,000,000 now held
In the Treasury for redemption purposes. Tho
three per cor. bonds authorized by the act
are to he thvonly bonds receivable nit security
forimtioiutl Panic circulation.
Jan. I'J. In the Senate, a bill to relievo
the political disabilities of Richard Fatherly,
who was Military Storekeeper at I.ittlo Itoc k,
Avk., at the breaking out of the rebellion, was
lejected by n vote of 30 to IK not the neecsj
Har two iliinls. A committee was appointed
to 'whom were referred the various hills in
troduced relntivo to tho pleiiro'.piieuiuonia
Und other infectious diseases of nnimals
hi the House the various amendments
to tho Funding bill were disposod of and tho
bill then pessed yeas, i:c; nays, li'i. All tho
amendments wero agreed to us adopted in
committee, with tho exception ot that pro
viding that hftoru any of the bonds or certill
eales authorized by this act are issued, the
Secretary of the Treasury shall pay on bonds
accruing during the year Issl all silverdollars,
midiill gold over $iiO .000,000 now in the Treas
ury for r domption purposes.
Jan. 20.-In tho Senate, Mr. McDonald
called up the resolution offerod by him last
session for tho appointment of a standing
committee on the rights of women citizens,
and made a speech in advocacy thereof.
Upon motion of Mr. Davis, of West Virginia,
the resolution was referred to the Committee
on holes. Tho proceedings wero witnessed
by a lurgo (lelenation from tho Woman's Suf
frngc Association, who occupied eenta In the
gallerv. Tho F'undinif 1)111 w
received from too House, anu referred
to the Committee on Finance.
The regular order being the bill to provide for
allotment of land in severalty to Indians on
various lcserviitions, und to extend the pro
tection o' tho laws of States tind Territories
over Indians and for other purposes, was taken
up, and occupied the reinainderof the day....
The Naval Appropriation bill was considered
in committee, reported to the House, and
passed exactly as reported from the Commit
tee on Appropriations. The amount appro
priated is il 4,4til,0O0.
Jan. 21. In tho Senate, Mr. Logan en
deavored to obtain inimodiate consideration
of the bill which he olferod as a minority re
port, to place (ienernl (Jraut on tho Army re
tired list, olijei lion vvng made und it was laid
over. The Indian Apimmiiation bill passed.
'I he Senate committee added $71,000 to theblll
ns it ciiine from the House. The Senate nd
ioiirned till Monduv The House passed
the Senate bill for tlio retirement of dcneriil
ord with tho rank and pay of Mainr-Uoiieral
1 hn contested Massachusetts election case of
l.ovnton UL'nniHt Loringcniticup, nml tho ma,
joritv resolution, in favor of tin) sitting mom
bcr, Loilng, was agreed to without division.
LITE NEWS ITEMS. -
A most terrible accident to an express
train took place on the New York, Lake
Krie & Western Railroad, at an early hour
on the morning of the 23d, at Tioga Center,
near Oswego, N. Y. The breaking of an axlf
on the locomotive whilo going at
a high rato of speed caused a con
cussion which - wrecked the entire train
with the exception of the rear sleepers,
which fortunately became uncoupled and so
were saved from destruction. The postal
car, next to the locomotive, turned com
pletely over, the combustiblo material with
which it was filled caught fire from the
overturned lamps, and the whole
car was soon in flames. There wero four
postal clerks at work in the car, whose escape
was cut off by the locked doors and they were
literally roasted to death. They were Daniel
II. Scybolt, of Mount Hope, N. Y.; Joseph
Itcidcnger, of F.ltnira, N.Y.; George W.
Ingraham, of Binghamton,N. Y., and Henry
1!. Fox, of New York. II. C. Brewet, ex
press messenger, met a similar fate by the
burning of the express-car. A number of
passengers and employees were injured by
the concussion, but none it was thought
fatally.
Dr. Rudolph Sciiarlach and his
son Herman, of Mexico, Mo., w ere both run
down and almost instant ly killed by a train
while walking along the Chicago & Alton
track on their way home to dinner on Sun
day, the 2.'!d. They had Jirst stepped from
one track to avoid a train coming toward
them, when another train backed down un
perceived from the opposite direction, crush
ing them beneath its wheels. The Doctor
was f0 years old and his son had just
reached 21.
Daniel Blake, second clerk of the
steamer Annie P. Silver, was shot and In
etautly killed on the 22d, by an insane pas
senger named Kirk Meruit, as the boat was
nearing New Madrid. Merch got on at Mem
phis and bought a ticket to New Madrid.
He became very sick soon after getting on
board und was given Highest attention. Just
before reaching New Madrid lie rushed out
on deck with his valise in one band and a re
volver in tho other, and insisted dhat
he had been carried past his destination.
Meeting Wake he first tired at him, the bail
striking him in the forehead; he then aimed
at the pilot, but Captain Silver seized the
maniac and after a desperate struggle dis
armed him. In the scullle the revolver was
discharged, the ball striking one of the Cap
tain's lingers and grazing the pilot's head.
Merch is a farmer and resides near New
Madrid, where he has the reputation of be
ing an industrious and quiet citizen. The
iiiuidered ni iu was about 20 years old and a
rcsiib nt of St. Louis.
Tiik Senate was not in session on tht
22d. Ti'e llou-e devoted the day to consid
eration of bills on the private calendar.
OCCURRENCES OP INTEREST.
Tho " I.coiurl Boy."
Nrw Yohk, Jnnunry 12.
Pitor. GiMiniR IIUNiiv Fox, In a lecture on
kln diseases id the College of Physicians and
Surgeons, exhibited as an Illustration tbs
"Leopard Hoy." After the1 Professor had ex
plained that tho color of dilferuiit raoes de
pended on the atrioitnt of pigment contained
ih tho skin, the boy, a young neyro about elev
On years old, was lot In. Ho Was scantily
dressed. His b dy Is mottled with a patch of
white skin. Prof. Fox said that tho white
spots had enlarged considerably sinco his first
examination of thu boy tbroe yoars ago, and
It was safe to predict that the process would
fco on until transformation wou'd bo com
blotod. The lad. In responeto questions, said
that he was black at birth, imd that white spots
began to appear wheu he was tUreo yuan old.
He suffered no pulri.
m r
An Overwhrlmliit Batn Storm.
Thk ilnizlllan colony of I'lumenau, largoly
peopled by sottlori -trow Cftmaiiy,: has met
with serious disaster in tho shape of nti over
whelming tropical rain storm. Dr. Dlumenau
writes to tho s'ddr and .Ifosci Zitiimj that a do
luge burst upon the settlers at three o'clock
on the morning of tho 'i.'dof September, and
lasted until eleven at night. Ovor twonty per
sons were drowned or lost their lives otherwise
during Its continuance. In a neighboring sot
tlement, eighteen lives wero lost, and doub
less many more In other places. Hundreds of
houses were destroyed, briduros washed away,
and streets and roads so utterly devastated as
hardly to leavo a traoe of their previous exist
ence. Dr. lllumenau's valuable library and
private papers and manuscripts were irrepara
bly damaged, and bis botanical garden, that
had been carefully cultivated for twenty-flve
years, was.partly uprooted and destroyed, and
partly buried lu mud. Most of tho colonists
aro destitute.
The Fuii'jh: Bill.
Wasiiinuton, January 19.
Poi.lowino Is tho full text of tho Fundlntf
bill as finally passed by the Houso to-day:
Section 1. lie It enacted, etc. That all ex
Istlng provisions of the law authorizing the re
funding of the National debt shall apply to
any bonds of the United States bearing a high
er rate of interest thnn4!4 percent, per annum
which may hereafter become redeemable; pro
vided th it. In lieu of the binds authorized to
be issued by tho net of July It, 1870, entitled
"An act to authorl.o tho refunding Of the
National debt," and acts amendatory there
to, and tho certificate authorized, by the
act or February 2H, 1!9, entitled "An net to
autnonze too issue or cortmcales or uo
posit in aid of the refunding Ot the
public debt," tho Secretary of the Treasury is
hereby authorized to Issue bonds in an amount
not exeoeding f liX),0,0X), which shall bear In
tercut at the rato of threo per C'nt, per an
nuin, redeemable at the pleasure of the
United States after live years, and payublo
ten years from date of issue, and also certifi
cates to tho amount of f.T00,iiO.O00, in denomi
nations of tlO, 20 or 1 3), either registered or
coupon, bearing Interest at the rate of threo
per com. per annum, rodcbmablo at the pleas
ure of the United States oftcr ono year, and
payable In ten years from da to. Tho bonds
and certificates shall bo in all other ropoets of
like character, and subject to tho samo provls.
Ions as the bonds authorised to bo issued
by tho act of July 14, ISTO, entitled "An
net to authorize tho refunding of tho
National dobt," and acts amendatory thereto;
provided, that nothing in this act shall be so
construed as to authorlzo an increase of the
public debt; and provided, further, that In
terest upon the slx-per-cent. bonds hereby au
thorized to be refunded shall ceaso at the
expiration of thirty days after notice that tho
same have been designated by the Secretary
of tho Treasury for redemption.
Skc. 2. The Secretary of the Treasury II
hereby authorized, lu process of refunding tbB
National debt, to exchange, at not less than
par, any bonds or certificates herein author
lzed for any of the bonds of tho United Statos
outstanding and uncalled bearing a higher
rnto of Interest than 4'i per cent, por annum,
and on bonds so redeemed the Secretary of tho
Treasury may allow to holders tho difference
between the interest on such bonds from tho
date of exchange to the time of maturity, and
the Interest for a like period on the bonds or
certiflcate issued; but none of the provisions
of this act shall apply to the redemption or
exchange of nny of the bonds Issued to tho
Pacific Railway Companies, and tho bondB so
received and exchnmrc 1 in pursuance of tho
provisions of this uoi shall be canceled aud
destroyed.
8t:c. 3. Authority to raise bonds and certifi
cates to tho amount necessary to carry out the
provisions of this aid Is hereby granted, and
the Secretary of tho Treasury Is hereby au
thorized and directed to mako suitable) rules
and regulations to carry this act into effect:
provided, that tho expenses of preparing, issu
ing, advertising and dlsp ising of tho bonds
and certificates authorized to bo lssuod shall
not exceed one-fourth of one per cent.
Seo. 4. That tho Secretary of tho Treasury Is
hereby authorized. If in his opinion it shall be
come necessary, to use not exceeding f50,000,
000 of the standard gold and sliver coin In tho
Treasury ia tho redemption of tho five and slx-per-cent.
bonds of I he United States, authorized
to bo refunded by tho provisions of this act,
and he may, at any time, apply the surplus
monoy lu the Treasury, not othorwiso appro
priated, or so much thereof as he may considet
proper, to the purchase or redemption of
United Statos bonds or certificates; provided,
that the bonds and certificates so purchased
or redeemed shall constitute no ourtof the
Sinking fund, but shall be canceled.
Sue. 5. From and after tho first day of Muy,
1881, the three-por-oent. bonds authorized by
tho first section of this act shall be the only
bonds roccivuble as security for National-bunk
circulation, or as security for the safe-keeping
and prompt payment of public money de
posited with such bunks; but whon any nuch
bonds deposited for tho purpose aforesaid
shall be designated for purchase or redemp
tion by tho Secretary of tho Treasury, the
banking association depositing tbo same shall
have tho risrht to substitute other Ibsucs of
bonds of tho United States 1n lieu thereof;
provided, that no bond upon which interest
bos oeased shull be accepted or shall booontln
ued on deposit as security for tho circulation
or fortho safo-keoping of tho public money
and In caso tho bonds so deposited shall not be
withdrawn, as provide! by law, within thirty
days after lntorost has ceased thoroon, the
banking association depositing the same shall
bo subject to the liabilities and proceedings
on tho part of tho Comptroller provided for in
Seo. 5,244 of the Uovlsod Statutos of tho United
States; and provided, furthor, that Seo. 4 of
the act or June 0, 1874, entitled "An act fixing
the amount of United States notes, providing
for a redistribution of the National Hank cur
rency and for other purposes," bo, and the
same is horeby, repealed, and Sees. 5,159 and
5.100 of tho Revised Statutes of tho United
States be, and tho same aro borehy, re-en
acted.
Sec. 6. That this aot shah tie known as "The
Funding Act of 1831," and all acts and parts of
acts inconsistent with this act are hereby ro
pealed.
The Episcopalians of St. Ioui8
clubbed together lately, hired a theater
for a week, paid the manager the salary
of the players, selecting, of course.
moral play, and at the close turned
over the profits to tho local charity for
the sake of which this new departure
was made.
Aiic.stol ii'.tic pray mice with shiny
Hie-like eyes oi jet was intely seen
upon a Quaker gray plush bonnet worn
by a weli-known la ly m-llmer in Parts.
mil IND POINT.
Look upward in tho city and see tho
network of wires. Then you will under
stand why it is natural that there should
bo so ninny rumors ia tho air. Boston
Transcript.
A red-headed man recently attended
a masquerade wrapped from his head to
his heels in a brown cloth and with his
head bare. He represented a lighted
cigar. Syracuse Herald,
After a Milwaukee doctor had put In
six months' time doctoring a man for
tapeworm, a darning-needle worked out
of the patient's shoulder. The doctor
made up his mind that something had
to come, if the man lived long enoughs
Detroit tree 1'ress.
" You aro in time," said the peda-
irogue to ono of his pupils, who entered
as the last stroke of the bell was dying
away. "Bad grammar," said the lad,
"and bad spelling, also ; for there's no
'u' in time." And now that boy is
having a bad spell also but not like
wise. Mcriden Recorder.
There are none so deaf as those who
won't hear. 41 Father," said a young
reprobate, pitching his voice so the old
gentleman would be sure to hear, "let
me have end hundred dollars P" "EhP"
said the parent, inclining his car. . " Let
mo have two hundred dollarsP'1 "I
heard you quite distinctly the first time,
my son, quite distinctly." Few Haven
Register.
"I'll tako a roll," said the saw-log
to the baker, as it went down tho hill.
Stcubcnvtlle Herald. " And I'll tako a
loaf," the saw said while they were roll
ing it back. Williamsport Breakfast
Table. But tho log fooled 'em while
they were rolling it by taking a turn
over. Richmond Baton. Please dough
nut jumble these statements, gentlemen.
Yawcob Stratlls. Reading such puns
might incite men to do waille aots.
Rome Sentinel.
" Yes, I'm going to skate," he an
swered, as his teeth rattled together and
his ear3 stood out like sheet-iron medals.
"Thev tried to stuff me with a storv of
a bov who froze to death on tho rink at
the park, but I wouldn't take it." " Did
one freeze to death?" "Naw! Come
to find out about it, he just froze his
ears and nose and fingers and toes, and
the rest of Ids body wasn't touched at
all ! They can't scare me with any of
their tales of horror!" Detroit Free
Press.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
According to an English patent,
mixture of locust beans (Ceralonia si
liqua) and tares Vicia sativa) may be
made to "yield an infusion closely re
sembling Mocha coffee.
It seems that the application of a tun
ing-fork to the web of the garden spider
will not only entice the insect toward it
but even cause the spider to act toward
a fly drowned in a repulsive substance
as though the fly were alive and without
so disagreeable a sauce.
Pampas grass is a very agreeable
thing to everybody possessing what im
pressionists delight to call, in their own
peculiar and vague way, the artistic in
stinct. Some farmers in Southern Cali
fornia have found that this beautiful
grass can be grown with very littio
trouble and sold for decorative purposes
at a large profit. One of these men put
three-quarters of an acre under the
grass, and was able to sell each head or
plume at two and a half cents, netting
about $500 ; another sold all he raised at
seven and a half cents a plume This
industry is growing. Ten thousand
plumes were disposed of in Southern
California last year. Europe could lake
an almost unlimited number of them.
At tho Greenwich Observatory a very
ingenious Instrument is in use to record
automatically the duration of sunshine
through the day. It consists of a glass
globe hung within a hemispherical cup
of slightly greater diameter, the cup be
ing lined with a strip of paper covered
with stencil ink. The globe is entirely
exposed upon the roof, and, while the
sun is smuitig, acts as a uurumg-giuss,
and causes a continuous line to bo made
upon the paper. This line will be
broken, however, as often as the sun's
light is obscured by clouds, and thus a
record of the amount of sunshine for the
day will be obtained.
The dangerous oronerties of carbonic
oxide have long been known an at
mosphere which contains only a little of
this gas may produce poisoning and
death, bome exact experiments on this
subject have now been described to tho
i rench Academy by M. Orenant. lie
concludes that a man, or one of the low
er animals, compelled to breathe for
half an hour in an atmosphere contain
ing only l-779th of carbonic oxide ab
sorbs the gas in such quantity that about
one-half of the red blood corpuscles
combine with the gas and become in
capable of absorbing oxygen ; in an at
mosphere containing 1,1440th of car
bonic oxide about a fourth of the red
corpuscles combine with this gas.
An Emperor's Little Joke.
The late Emperor Nicholas happened
one dav to be engaged in inspecting a
State Penitentiary in ono of the provm-
cial seats of government, andtooK it in
to his head to question some of the con
victs respecting the nature of the of
fenses for which they were suffering
punishment. "What aro you here for?"
he asked of one. "1 am innocent, im
perial Majesty," replied the prisoner,
falling on his knees ; "a victim of false
witness! A church was robbed a bea
dle knocked on the head the peasants
caught hold of me, and I knew nothing
about it." Similar replies were given
by other prisoners. The Emperor, ob-
viouslv bored by these successive pr
estations of guiltlessness, cast a glance
alonff tho line of prisoners until his eye
fell upon a ragged, wretched-looking
trvpsv, whom he beckoned forward with
tho words, "Of course you, too, are here
on a fa'se charge?" "Not a bit of it.
vour Maiestv." replied tho Tsigan ; "it
is all fair and square as far as I am oon.
cerned. I stole a pony from a trades
man." "Stolo a pony, did you?" said
the Czar, with a laugh ; and then, ad-
dre.sinz the governor of the prison with
well-assumed 8ternnes, "Turn that
eood-for-nothing rascal instantly out oi
doors. 1 cannot allow him to remain a
minute longer in such honorable and
virtuous company, lest he pervert all
these good, innocent people!"
Our Young Folks.
" SOME BODY."
A wonpehkim, child Is Augusta (Ir.icu,
With over u smile on her rosy lace;
Ah, if we only as much could say
Of somcbodi else not a inilo uway I
Augusta Grneo is a lady sweet,
aiiu loves lo no always nloo aud neat;
Slit would not worry for all tho world
Wbou her face Is washed, or hair Is curlod.
She does not scream when she has to go
Up stairs to lied; oh dear me, no!
Her round eyes stare In mildsurprlso
At somebody clso's horrid orios.
Kk never would stamp her foot, and say,
"l wiiif and "1 won t! that s tmncuoau
way:
Nor teaso for her Sunday shoos and hut,
lis oniy tne Dad littio gins do that.
If sho had a baby, do you supposo
tShe would lot it fall on its tender uoso,
Or Uing It awuy behind miiio chair.
Then go fur a walk and leave it there?
Nay, I rather think that Augusta Grace
Might shrink, ashamod, to fill somebody's
piace
Would prefer to bo If ono or tho other .
good wax doll than u naughty in other.
Julia il. Liana, in l'onti comjxmon.
THE
MESSENu'EU BOYS AT THE
CAPITOL.
A LAI) who visits tho City of Wash
ington for tho first time, and looks down
from the galleries of the House of Rep
resentatives or of tlio Senate on tho
busy scene below, will bo sure to rind
his eye attracted by groups of bright
looking and neatly-dressed boys mov
ing hither and thither about the Moor,
speaking familiarly with this and that
great man, or . amusing themselves on
tlio steps of the V ice -rresident s or of
tho Speaker's platform, and he will per
haps regard these boys witii something
like envy all the more when told that
they receive about two dollars and seventy-five
cents a day, during the ses
sions of Congress, to pay them fo- hav
ing such a good time.
Possibly our lad would not regard tho
picture as so pleasant if he knew how
burdensome are the duties of these boys,
and how exceedingly well they earn. tho
money paid them. There are nearly
thirty of them attached to tho House,
and half as manv to tho ijenato. Their
ages run from nine years upward, some
numbering twice as many Hummers;
and it is not by nny means tho oldest
who are the brightest und tho most
favored. They are of respectable fam
ilies; some of them aro nejihews of
Members of Congress a Member ouce,
indeed, had such questionable tasto as
to procure tho appointment of his own
son; and some oi them have been known
in alter years to become Member them
selves. Tho recently chosen Senator
irom Maryland is doubtless proud to re
member that ho himself was once
pago. Although in two or threo in
stances these boys have been elected to
their places instead of appointed, thov
aro usually appointed by tho Sergeatit-
at-Arms of courso on tho rocoinmon.
dation and through tho influence of tho
Congressmen and they tiro under his
control. The old custom of appointing
only orphan boys is no lonrror adhered
to. Iho boy who fell over the balus
trade, and wa3 made a pago by special
resolution of tho benato, is a very ex-
ceptional caso probably his favorite
song thereafter was, "Such a getting
up stairs, l no er did see.
Iho pages wear no uniform, or regula
tion clothes, or badges of any sort.
Thoy aro required to present themselves
lor work at nine o clockjintbo morning,
although Congress does not meet till
twelve, and they are not dismissed
until adjournment for the dav takos
place. They put the desks of tlio
Members in order, lilo for each tho
bills and papers which aro strewn about
in confusion, then go to tho Document
rooms and work there, helping to put
aflairs m shape; aud then present them
selves at twelve in the great chambers
of legislation to answer the clapping of
the Members' and Senators' hands, and
attend to their countless Wants. Now
thoy are sent hunting for some book
that is needed, for some man, now for
a glass of water, now they tako a mes
sage from ono Member to another at a
distance, from ono House to the other,
and sometimes to ladies in tho gallery;
they fetch a cup of tea into the Cloak
room; fetch tho hat and stick out of it;
they distribute mail by the armful;
they struggle into sight behind piles of
palm-leaf lans big as they are them
selvos, which are soon coolinr tho hot
air, if it bo a late session; and during
tho nights preceding the closo of tho
session they do not know what sleep is,
but are worn out with running and
waiting. Thus it will be seen that they
aro on their feet with but very littio
intermission, running and tumblingover
each other in their eagerness to please;
but they seem happy and good-natured
through it all, and when they do sit
down it is on the steps of iho presiding
oflicer's desk, where thoy are usually
tickling or punching or teasing each
other as if they had nothing elso to do.
and were passing away tho time.
Sometimes during a recess of Con
gress you may come upon them in a
wwer room assembled in a body, a
mimic Senate, ono of them in the chair,
und another making a speech, and Mr.
Blaine, and Mr. Conkling, and Mr,
Bayard and tho rest aro being imitatod
to tho life. It is in some contrast to
these gay rogues that one sees acrippled
and dwarfed little hunchback outside
tho Hall of Representatives, opening
and shutting a door for the passer in
hopes of the copper3 or tho nickel that
may be tossed him, although ho does
not bog. At night a littio goat car
riage comes for him, and he drives oil.
Tho pages whom wo have described
do not leave the Capitol during tho
hours of their servico, and carry no
messages beyond the doors. For out
side work there nre three riding pages,
who are furnished with horses, and
who go to tho various Departments, tho
Executive Mansion, or on other of the
outside errands of the legislators. Aud
theirs is not exactly the pleasant horse-
oacn naiug mat looks so attractive,
but, on tho contrary, it is hard and
weary work, cold in the winter, aud
burning under a fierce sun in the sum
mer, leaving them meanwhile as badly
oil as John Gilpin.
Many ot these youth are appointed
because there is some great need in
thpir families, or have some pitiabl'!
circumstances in their history. This
curly-headed littio fellow is the only
support of a mother and younger broth
ers aud sisters; there is ono who takes
care of a paralyzed father, the only rel
ative he has in tho world, going homo,
after his hard work, lo make life as
pleasant as he can for him who can
never do anymore work; hero is an
other whoso little houso is kept for him
by a child-sister, who looks for his step
at night with solicitude. Most of them
have somebody beside thomsel res to tako
a share of their earnings.
Beyond thoir regular pay, there aro
various perquisites and foes which
swell their incomo considerably. Thutt
they may often bo seen slipping nn open
book, with a bit ot blotting-paper,
under the noso of some member who is
silting at his desk; it is an album for
somebody who wants tho signatures
of all those statesmen which tho
Btatcsmen kindly give, but . which
nevertheless aro not always easy to ,
obtain, owing to the diUieulty 'of.',
unding individuals in their 'seats, a'
all of tho Congressmen aro by no means
in constant attendance, many of. thoni
being busy in committee-rooms, cr
lounging in cloak-rooms, or lunching,
or following tlio bent of thoir inclina
tions in other ways, and seldom coming
in after roll-call, save to bear a ncraiueu
speech, or to vote on measures with
which they aro already familiar, either
from the reading of tho daily journal of
proceedings, or in tho committee-room,
or by the word of mouth of others. For
every album that they thus ml witli
signatures the boy3 reecivo ten dollars
from tho eager visitor of tho Capitol,
and they fill a good many during tho
fear.
In another way they also sometimes
earn an additional penny, ror aner
any gentleman on tho flor has made a
particularly strong speech, tho mem
bers on his side of tho questiou aro
wont to subscribo for tho printing of
thousands of copies of the speech, to bo
sent broadcast into their districts; tho
pages therefore go about with subscrip
tion papers, and they nro allowed two
dollars for every thousand of tho
speeches that are taken.
If the boys of whom wo are speaking
are very bright, they are apt to bo,
spoiled, as in such caso tho Members
and Senators tako pleasure in indulging
them to some degree. But there are .
not many, it may be imagined, who aro
thus injured. Some of them, indeod,
are as careless as tho blowing wind;
these have no awe or reverence in their
compositions; tho great men with whom
they aro brought into contact are not
great men to them, but simply folks
who send them on errands, and tho'
directions given them go in ouo ear and
out tho other as we all know never
happens with boys anwhero else. Ono,
littio chap dispatched to the Document
room for tho "Fortification bill" asks for
tho "Mortification bill"; another, sent
for tho "Census," asks for tho "Ascen
sion bill"; still another, insisisting on
tho "Compulsive Capacity bill," and
returning without it, is told that ho was
sent for nothing of tho kind, but for
that on "Compulsory Pilotage," where
upon ho presently comes back to say
that there isn't any bill on "pul.sivo
politics." Tho samo youngster asked
tho Document Clerks for tho " bill for
tho Suppression of Supremo Litera
ture." A littio " compulsive capacity"
would have been good for this urchin,
were it to bo obtained as easily as wa3
thought by that gentleman whoso
daughter lacked capacity, as her teach
er said. "Got it, madam," said ho
"get it; she shall want for nothing that
money can buy her." To tho samo
class with those scatter-brained urchins
belonged tho littio follow who once
brought into the Congressional Library
a note signed by one of the most pow
erful "Sons of Thunder" in the Senate,
and which wo begged tho Librarian's
pardon for reading as it lay a moment
on tho desk besiile us: " William II.
Turner wants "Tho Headless Horse
man; or, The Scalp-Hunter.' I ask
that ho may havo it under tho rules of
tho Library." i
But to offset such idlo fellows ns tho
reader of "The Headless Horseman"
who cortainly could do no better than
hunt for a "scalp," and ahead with it,'
too there aro other paos who make it .
their business to understand their
duties thoroughly, and two or threo
who evou go so far as to read for them
selves every bill that is introduced, to
follow its fortunes, to be able to tell tho
person that asks just where it is in its
nrooress to oassae or defeat, and who
can always bo relied on by any meinour
who has boon absent or out of tho way
to let him know exactly what has been
done and said in tho mean timo, and
how tho vote stands on this question or
tho other. It would bo no wonder if
boys of this sort should bo indulged;
and there is littio danger of spoiling
such good material. Theso boys aro
learning the business of legislating, and
if they wish, will, in their turn, come
back some day to mako tho laws.
But careless or faithful, their origin
faces and light ways are a pleasant
sight to soo in all tho throng of bustling,
noisy men; and, as one looks at them
slipping about on thoir countless
errands, one feels as if tho boys them
selves bore some small part in the work
of governing tho country. Harriet
Preseolt Spolford, in Harper's Young
People.
Judge Clifford, of the United
Supreme Court, in his disordered men
tal state labors under tho impression
that cases are referred to him for opin
ions. Last week the Court received
from him nn opinion on one of tho
questions beforo it. Tt was written
verbatim as he had dictated it to his
secretary. Upon examination it was
found that while tho opinion was inco
herent it embraced many points of
sound law put in a way which showed
that Judgo Clifford, notwithstanding
his condition, retained much of what he
had learned by long study and experi
ence. The first Mayor of Now York was
Thomas Willet, who was bora In F.n
gland in 1611. Ho camo to Massachu
aetls when eighteen years old, and in
1617 succeeded Miles Standish in tho
military command of Plymouth Colony.
When the English took New York from
the Hollanders in 16G4 Captain Willet
was chosc i Mayor of the city and ad
ministered the Government for two
years, at the expiration of which ho re
turned to New England, whore he died.

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