tlC ! j I
11." ,1 1.
DKMOCItATIO IN POLlTICSl ItJRM IN LITKliATtTRICt AND lMiOOIUCHHlVlC IN HOUTIIKIIN INTKRK8T8.
.' 1 ,f,
BY-A,'M." BURNEY & CO.
MMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1881.
VOL. II NO. 13.
WS: AND NOTES.
lilt ,Uf'l -1 t T . .. .
j , i Suuiunrj of luiportuut Event.
- 'This President nominated Edward C.
k' JMlllnKR, ot Louisiana, United States Circuit
Judge for the Fifth Circuit.
'''"General Skobkloff has captured
Geok Tcpe after a hard fight in which both
jtfdss.8U8talned heavy losses. .
The consolidation of the New Orleans
Tacific and the Texas i'ucillo liail roads it is
believed will soon he effected. . .
Si'HAGLK has filed a petition
for divorce from his wife. ' The principal
grounds ullcged are desoition and adultery.
ty , The President Ms nominated Stanley
Mhea,4.-ipcIate Justice of na United
.States Supreme Court, vice Justice Swayne,
resigned.' ' ' ' '
The Tennessee Legislature, on the
2Sth, I elected Howell E. Jackson United
States Senator. lie is a "State Credit"
Democrat. , ,; '
f 1 IT I) r 1 xr ann-inltiitiuta am oarnncttv
..'jcoroplaltiinfr against the importation of
American productions, which, they say, se
riously affects their interests.
Mr. Shaw and the other Irish mem-
-" Tcrs of Parliament who seceded from the
Home Rule party have been asked to resign
their seats by their constituent.
.. v . '
Senatok Maxey, of Texas, was re
elected on tho first ballot. The vote stood:
Senate Maxey, 22; Throckmorton, 8; Davis,
1. Douse Maxey, 51 ; Throckmorton, 34;
'A ' D'avls, '5. - - -
A company has been organized at
r" Chlciigo for tho construction of a new tele
graph line to New York and other Eastern
points, i Now 5 York capitalists will co
operate.' ' ' J - !
President Hayes has
inottyr aiiM-Cnnkllng man for an important
J4 YrKrjftlce George II. Foster as
United States" Attorney for tbo Southern
District. niy. i .' '
Under the Springer resolution for a
postal telegraph, the Post-office Committee
is authorized to send for persons and papers,
mid will doubtless investigate the Western
'Union Company's affairs.
The Iloyal Irish Regiment of foot
lias been disbanded by the Government, for
' the avowed reason that it is so thoroughly
permeated with Fenianlsm as to be unrelia
ble in the event ot an Irish uprising.
Thk jury failed to agree in tho Irish
Land League trials. The announcement of
the result was loudly cheered hy the specta
tors present, and the event was celebrated
in', Dublin and elsewhere by bonfires, pa
rades, etc .
It is reported that Sitting-Bull has
surrendered to the Canadian authorities and
proposes to go to Fort Buford under the
protection of Uio Canadian police. lie says
lie intended to surronder to Major Brother
ton.lmtwas afraid he would be treacherously
i Pfror. Oscar, C. Hill, principal of
"the formal School at Oregon v Holt County,
Mo., it is said will be President Garfield's
private secretary. Mr. Hill was formerly a
teacher in the Hiram (O.) College when Mr.
Garfield was its President, and for many
years lived in intimate relationship with
him, both being likewise members of the
(tame church. .
The Tonca Commission unanimously
recommend that tho Government allot 180
acres of land to each man, woman and
child of the Ponca tribe of Indians,
said lands to be selected by them on
their old reservation in Dakota or on
land now occupied by the Ponca Indians in
the Indian Territory, said lands to bo secured
to them by patent and not subject to lien or
conveyance in any manner, either volun
tarily or Involuntarily, for a period of thirty
; ; .
, The dead-lock in the Pennsylvania
Legislature over the election of United
PtutoB Senator, according to dispatches of
the 2T)th, promises to be one of the most
memorable in tho history of our politics.
The majority of the Itepublieans support
Oliver, tho Cameron caucus nominee; tho
j ' bolters have united on Grow. Senator Wal
luce hasUien renominated by the Democrats.
A vote taken on tho 2ith showed Wallace,
S2; Oliver, 80; Grow, 65; scattering (all He
An official telegram in regard to the
events prior to the capture of Gcok Tepe
states that in consequenco of the largo num-
f 'bcr of porpscs of Tekke-Turkomans more or
' "less decomposed, lying before and behind
the HuBsliin positions, and In view of the im
possibility of burying them without incur-
, Oriug fresh losses, Gen. Skobelcff proposed to
tho Tckkes, from the tower of observa
tion eighty yards from the main ram
jiart of the fortress, that they should
') 1 remove their dead, hostilities to be sus
pended for an hour; and in order to avoid
nny misunderstanding it was proposed to the
Tekkes they should afterward reocrupy
their positions and should be first to reopen
the lire. This was done after due warning
given to the Itussians, the Tekkes taking
care not to fire until the Russians who had
temporarily left their trenches had returned
into thein. Tho conduct of the Tckkes-Tur
I'omans was altogether honorable. The fight
iug was afterward renewed with the former
The bill for the protection of life and
property in Ireland, introduced by Forster,
Chief Secretary of Ireland, empowers tho
Vitwrny to arrest persons reasonably suspect
i ed ns principals or accessories in treasonable
offenses. The bill is retrospective as regards
arrests for treason. It will apply to the
whole of Ireland, but, with regard to agra
riaa and other crimes, will apply
ii- .to proclaimed districts only. As
. Juslitlcntion for the proposed
Ji,7 Tlucasure, tho becrctary gave a long ami
detailed description of tho outrages which
bad been committed. He alleged that the
' Land League had a system of Constables in
all districts who recorded every Infringe
ment of the rules of the League. ' 'The re-
Milt is," he said, "the Land League Is su-
prcme. There Is a reign of terror. Those
who break the law are safe, while honest
men who keep it are in danger., The Land
League strikes terror. We" must therefore
Mrike terror into them; we must arrest these
criminals." His speech was loudly ap-ylauded.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
A passenger-car on the Cincinnati,
Mount Vernon & Chicago Itailroad was
thrown down an embankment near Millers
burg, O., on the 2(ith, seriously Injuring
Louis Games, conductor; - Dr. L. Firestouo,
Columbus; Mrs. Lydia Wholf, Clinton; John
J. Deetz aud wife, Berlin; John G. Weld
ner, Cleveland; V. S. Erb, Cleveland; Mrs.
Sylvester Days and her two children, Doyles
town. Some of the above cau not recover.
Several others were bBdly hurt.
The President has approved the son
tence of Paymaster J. U. Kelson, of the
Array, for embezzlement, which is dis
missal, two years at hard labor, and a fine of
SVsOO. ' - - ...
Lieut. Archie Gibson, of tho Sev
enth Cavalry,' died at tho residence of his
father in St. Louis, on tho 2th.
Arrangements have been completed
at Dos Moines to build a railway connection
between that city and the Wabash, in the
hope that it will be made a main lino to St.
For the six months ending December
31, 1880, there wero 131,000 more immigrants
arrived In the United States than during tho
same period in the previous year.
Mount Baker in British Columbia is
in a state of active eruption.
The firearm factories of Birming
ham are being guarded by policemen and
soldiers to prevent their being raided by tho
Cincinnati capitalists are forming al
6tock company, with a capital of flG,000,000,
for the permanent leasing of tho Southern
An air-line double-track steel railroad
is projected between New York and Chicago,
to be ultimately extendod to Omaha. The
corporation known as the "Continental Rail
way Company" has secured the necessary
franchise through tho different States, has
made the entire survey, and Is reported to
have expended already several millions of
dollars In preliminary work, with the inten
tion of pushing It to completion at the earli
est possible date.
Additional information from Indian
depredations in New Mexico is that three
miners and the driver ot a mail car have
been killed at Chloride Gulch. The mutilat
ed bodies of four women and children have
been brought to San Marciul. A squad of
cavalry put a band of Indians to flight after
the latter had fought a party of citizens and
Eighteen lives were lost by the
foundering of a harbor boat at Cherbourg,
Mrs. Collier, of Blandford, W. Va.,
fell down and broke a kerosene lamp which
she was carrying, setting her clothing on Gre
and suffering fatal injuries.
A local trading steamer capsized
near Singapore, China, causing great loss of
life. Seventy bodies had been recovered
and many more were carried away by the
Cool's livery stablo at Avoca, Ind.,
burncu on tue ntgnt or tne i;tn, and a
hostler, name not given, perished In the
flames, together with sixteen horses.
During tho absence of Mrs. Bash-
comb from her home at Altona, Clinton
County, X. Y., her house caught fire and her
four children were burned to death.
A iioiler in James II. Hall & Co
plow works, at Maysvillc, Ky., exploded on
the 27th, killing William J. Harris, the fire
man, and wrecking the building.
A grain elevator has been opened
at Port Royal, S. C. It is notable as being
the first and only one ever built on the South
A sionster petition, signed by 32.00Q
names, headed by Wendell Phillips, Bishop
Simpson and Rev. Joseph Cook, praying
Congress to observe the treaties made with
the Indian tribes, and in the future to do
Justice to the remnants of that people, was
presented iu tho Senate on the 27th by Mr.
Dawes . Tho Naval A ppropri at ion bill passed.
In the House the contested election
case of Yeats vs. Martin was taken up, and
after several speeches tho previous question
was demanded. The Republicans refusing
to vote left the House without a quorum and
Moses Twiggs, a Georgia murderer,
expiated ' his crime on the gallows at
Wayncsburg, on the 28th. His brother
Frank, who was sentenced to be banged at
the same time, was granted a reprieve for
A four-year-old child of Mr. Casey
died from hydrophobia at New Orleans,
having been bitten two weeks previously.
A fire at South Bend, Ind., on the
2Sth, destroyed seven large buildings, com
prising two dry-goods stores, one grocery
store, restaurant, shoe store, saloon, the
City Library and City Clerk's Offlce. Loss
from $o0,000 to $00,000. The Are was started
by a kerosene explosion, and owing to the
hydrants being frozen the Fire Department
could do nothing until they were thawed
out. " ... '
A defalcation of somo $25,000 or
$30,000 has Just been brought to light in the
Detroit Savings Bank, the oldest savings in
stitution in that city. The guilty p:rties are
two tellers, brothers, named Charles G. and
Herman II. Zieglcr, who have long been em
ployed by the bank and had its unlimited
confidence. The embezzlement has been
going on for ten or a dozen years Biid has
Just como to light. It is said thatbondsmcn
will make good the amount.
At Whitevale, Ont., Mrs. Shcppard
killed her two little boys, one aged throe
years and tho other seven months, the for
mer with a revolver and the latter with a
butcher-knife. She then probably fatally
stabbed herself. G-
Two deaths from what is designated
as winter cholera" occurred in Chicago on
Four of the burglars who robbed the
safe of the Union Iron Steel Works, at
Chicago, of $10,000, have been captured, to
gether with over $4,000 of tho stolen money.
It is said the watchman, who is under arrest,
furnished the clew to the police. The men
engaged in the burglary were all employees
of the company robbed.
Tns Pittsburgh towboat Bengal Tiger
blew out her drum-head near Cincinnati,
on the 28th, severely scalding a number of
those on board. Among the worst injured
are Charles Prreival, the pilot, and his young
daughter, and Miss Anna Phillips a friend
and guest of the latter. Frank Walton, Sam
ltaker and Milton McCabe were also badly
Clfoimios Lachance, who mur
dered a beaut if ul young girl named Odillie
pesilrt. under the uo"t Vrovn! circim-
stances, and sccroted her body In a well,
was hanged at Arthabaskavillo, Quebec, on
the 28th. He made a full confession of tho
Jan. 21. Senator Logan brought up the
Grant retirement bill in the Semite, and moved
Its present consideration to the exclusion of
till other business. This evoked u long dis
cussion, After which the motion was rejected-
yean, "ii; iihvh, 27 a party vote, except that
Lamar and Mel'li(:i-Noii,with Davis (111.), votod
vea with thu Republicans.... In the House, a
largo number of bills ware Introduced, the
most Important bcinx ono by Mr. Aeklin (I).,
l.a.) to roiruhito the cuvtoms duties on snar.
11 r. Cox (I)., N. Y.), Chairman of tho Commit
tee ou Census, reported tho Representative
Apportionment bill under tho new census.
Tho .Vost-otlleo Appropriation bill was con
sidered in Committee oi tho Wbolo.
Jan. 25. In the Senate, Mr. Logan made
another attempt to suenro a vote on the Grant
retirement bill, nnd Senator Lamar' made a
speech In its favor, but by a vote of iS to 28 tho
Senate refusrd to lay aside' the pending order."
The bill for distributing land iu severalty
nmonir the Indians was dlmssed tit lumrtli.
but no action taken Tho House passed
the rost-otlleu Appropriation bill. The Com
mittee on Elections repotted a resolution on
tnu contcstcu election case oi i ates vs. Mar
tin, First Congressional District, North Caro
Una. It declared Yutes, contestant, entitled
to the scat.
Jan. 20. In the Senate, Mr. Ingalls sub
mitted a resolution In reference to counting
the Electoral voto. The bill conferring upon
the Indians land in severalty was airuln taken
up biuI discussed ut longtli 'and m,raln went
over without action In the House, the
Postal Teli'irraph hill wa reported back and
placed on the calender. Mr. Ilieknell (I)., Ind.)
culled up the resolution proposing a joint
rule for counting the Electoral voto. Alter a
vain eltort to ai vivo arNoine determination in
refcrenco to tho time to be consumed
in the debate, Mr. Illcknoll de
manded the previous question. Mr.
Conner (It., Mich.) raised the question
of consideration. Tlio yeas and nays insulted
yeas,l:iU; nays, 124 in favor of taking up tho
Electoral resolution a strict party vote, ex
cept Messrs. Felton, Speer and Stephens (all
of Georgia), who voted in the negative with
the Uepublicans. Of the Grecnbaekers Ladd
ami btevenson voted in the Hnlrmatlvo. and
Jones, Lowe, Russell (N. C), March, (ill-
lette. Weaver and 1'ocuni in tho negative.
Mr. Ilieknell again demanded the previous
question, pending which Mr. Conger moved
there bo a call of the House. Tho tactics of
the Republican sido wero to answer to their
names on a cau ot tun iionse nut to remain
silent upon a motion to table the appeal, thus
leaving the House without a quorum and
forcing a call of tho House. Finally, lit 4 p.
m.. tho Democrats, becoming convinced that
thuv had not streneth enough to forco u vote
on tho pref lous question, yielded to a motion
to aujourn. .
Jax. 27. A monster petition, signed by
32,000 names, headed by Wendell Phillips.
Ilishop Simpson and Rev. Joseph Cook, prav
ing Congress to observe the treaties nindo
with tho Indian tribes, and in tho future to do
justice to the remnants of that people, was
presented In the Semite by Mr. Dawes.
The Naval Appropriation bill pimsed.
Mr. Ileck made a lengthy speech
ducod fiv him. farorlnir free whins, and Sir.
111 HniMHU t III U lUBIMMlHII! lilt" II 1UM V lllim
Klainc, in replv, urgea upon Congress tho duty
of irivimr some substantial tncouriiiromont to
American shipping uonipanlns. Tho bill to
establish an assay offlce la St. Louts passed.
..In the House tne contested election case
of Yoatcs vs. Martin was taken up, and after
several speeches tho previous question was
demanded. Tho Kepuiiucans refusing to vote
lel t the House without a quorum and it ad-
Jan. 23. In the Senate, Mr. Blaine in
troduced a bill for the establishment of Unttod
8tates ocean tnall service and revival of for
eiirn commerce on Americnn stoainshiDS.
Mr. Jtliilno said no introduced the Old as a
substitute for the one which was the subject
of Mr. Iteck's speech on tho previous day,
namely, free ships. It provides for the pay
ment to owners of American steamships of
compensation lor carrying tne mails varvlng,
according to conditions, from $.10 to yti
per nautical nine, ilia bin was reiurrcu,
The Indian land-ln-severatly bill was
further discussed and again went over.
Mr. Saunders, from the Committee on Indian
Affairs, reported favorably, with an amend
went, the bill to provido lor the sale of part
oi tue reservation ot the umalia tribe lanus lu
the Stnto of Nebranka, and lorotherpurposes,
Amomr the bills introduced wa one bv Mr.
Klrkwood (by request) To aid tho Unttod
Htntes Postal Telegraph Company In the con
struction and operation of postal telegraph
lines. The resolution calling ou the Secretary
of state for all Information In relation to tho
Halifax fishery award was ndonted. The
lious spent the ontirg day in Committee of
Urn Whole ou the private calendar, nnd en
joyed a long political discussion over the
merits of a bill lor the relief of Mrs. E. P. Page,
widow of Capt. Page of the U. 8. Navy. The
amount involved is $l:Ui. which was duo Cunt.
1'atre. upon his resignation from ths Navy In
1801, tho reason of his resignation being that
ins state nau seceaeu iroui tue union.
LATE NEWS ITEHS.
In the pedestrian contest for the
O'Leary belt, which closed at New York on
the 2Uth, five men remained to the close of
the match. The score is as follows: Hughes,
608 miles 3 laps; Albert, 658 miles; Vint, 650
miles; Krob.ne.529 miles; Howard, 515 miles,
Howell's best record, of 5U6 miles 63 yards,
was passed by nughes four hours ahead of
the time when Howell accomplished the
same distance, nughes Is entered for the
Astley belt race in London.
Tns residence of Mr. Wiley Emery,
near Casey villo, Ky., burned on the night of
the 2Sth,and Mr. Emery and seven children
perished in the flames. Foul play is bus
pected, as the neighbors who discovered the
fire used every effort to arouse the Inmates
of the house, but without success. Mr.
Emery was reported to have had a large sum
of money in his house.
J. O. Ccshino and Andrew Lesker
were instantly killed by the explosion of
some cans of nltro-glycerlno which they
were thawing out, at Kinsea Junction, ten
miles south of Bradford, ra. The build
ing was blown to atoms and several persons
standing outside were injured.
Gen. Btjford, who killed Judge El
llott at Frankfort, Ky., has been acquitted
on the ground of insanity.
Db. Washington F. ITarbaugh, a
prominent citizen and dentist of Tiqua, O
on the evening of tho 20th shot his wife
through the head with a revolver, killing
her almost instantly. He then with a shot
gun blew off the top of his own head. Dr
Uarbaugh was about 89 years of age. For
some time past he had been addicted to
drink and when under its Influence was ex
tremely quarrelsome. " He had sev
eral times beaten his wife, who
was a most estimable woman
Only a few months ago she was compelled to
hide for nearly a week to escape from her
brutal husband. Three yonng children are
left orphans by this tragic occurrence.
Thb brothers Albert P. and Charles
E. Talbot have been found guilty of the
murder of their father, at Maryville, Noda
way County, Mo., in September last
and sentenced to be hanged on
tho 2fth day of March next.
The scene in court following the Jud
sentence was most distressing, the mother,
sisters and other relatives of the doomed
men being present and expressing their
grief In the most heart-rending manner.
In the Senate, on the 29th, Mr. In
galls' resolution In reference to the Electoral
count was by a party vote referred to the
Committee on Electoral Count. Mr. Davis
tii'.I to confirm the title of Chicago to eertain
lands on the lake front was passed. Th
Houe finally disposed of the Yeates-Martln
rontivted case by giving the seat to X eates
aud he was duly sworn in.
ANOTHER RAILROAD HORROR.
Datnlli of One of the Many Recent Kail-
road Accident A Train on the New York
di Erie Hood Thrown from the Track
And Met on Fire, nnd Four Men Burned to
Et.MinA, N. Y January 23.
Ema train No. 12, from Buffalo, left Elmlra
last night at eleven o'clock for Now York.
The train consisted of ono postal car, ono ex
press car, two baggage cars and nine passen
ger coaches, most of them Pullman sleepers.
hen nvo miles west of Owoyo, noar Tioga
Center, one of tho driving-wheel axles of the
locomotive broke close up to the wheal, and
tbo entire train, which was going at tbo rate
of thirty-five miloi an hour, was thrown from
The accident occurred where there was no
embankment The engine kept Its feet, the
engineer applying the air-brakes ns soon as ho
felt the shock. The oars were stopped very
quickly, but the forward onca wero .turned
Mint and over two or three times, some going
on one sido of tho track and some on the
The engineer and flromnn escaped unhurt.
Tho po.ual-car oon tallied four clerks. This
car almost Instantly took Are and burned like
gunpowder. Tbo oil lamps usod probably ex
ploded and added fuol to the tiro. Every man
in the cur was roaslo d to a crisp. The remains
of ono, who weighed over two hundred
pounds, were gathered up and put In a small
In the express car was a messenger, Henry
Brewer, of Elmlra, and efforts wero made to
relieve him. A hole was out in a side door of
the cur so that he got his bead out, but hi legs
were fastened hy the plled-up mass of express
manor. Tho truln men tried to pull him out,
but the llamas drove tboiu away. Tbey saw
his hair and whiskers burned off, and then be
put bis hand up to his eyes aud fell back. Into
tho II a in o.
1 he men In tbn postal car must have per
ished very quickly, as not a sound came from
the wreck except tho ornckllng of tho flames.
The namoj of tho dead are : Joseph lteding-
cr, mall agent; honry C. Brewer, express
agent, of Elmlra; Mull Agent Seybolt, of
Mount Hopo; Mail Agent Ingraham, of Ding-
bamton; Mall Weigher Fox, of New York.
he'remnins woro taken to Owego, where aa
luquest was held.
WHAT A PASSKKOSR SAW.
Nkw Yokk, January 23.
The passengers onthotrain wrecked at Tioga
Station roachod New York to-night. Among
them was Henry CVilat, of Cleveluud,Goneral
Manager of th j South Shore Line, ono of the
pussenyiTS in tho forward sleeping oar. Ha
said to a Trihuns reportor; Tho crash oc
curred at about 11:55 o'clock, I should think-
some time aftor 1 hal gone to bed. It was
ery severe, and I woke with a start. Hastily
putting ou my coat, I rushed out and found
myself one of the llrst on thu ground. At ooce
began to look out tor tho union u iate people
n the forward cars. The soono that presented
Itself was terrillo. The postal car, which was
dlroctly behind tho engine, had been
throwu otl into a Held at right
angles to tho track, at a distanco
of nearly ono hundred foct, and
It was smashed all to pieces. The llamos Ira
mediately began to rUo from It, doubtless
caused by the flro In tho stoves and tbo ex
plosion of the kerosene lamps with which the
car was lighted, und in less than five minutes
tho wbolo car was In a blozo, which lighted up
the baro Holds around with gbartly glare. It
lay In a heap undor n large elm tree, which
soon took tiro and was cuvelopod In flames.
Nothing could bo seen at first ot t,bo mail
clerks who had occupiod tho car. and no sound
was board from thorn. Hut when the roof ot
tho car caved In throo ot the bodies could be
distinctly socn huddiod up In one corner of
the car, where it Is supposed they weretlirown
nud killed by the llrst shock. The other body
was found lu the opposite oml of tbo car, and
nil were so charrcJ and blnckcnej that Idciill-
tlcallou was almost Imposs.ble.
''Tbo cars which followed the postal oat
were not thrown from the r radwoy, but were
lying across tho track in tho utmost confu
sion. Tbo oxpross and baggago cars and the
smoking car wore oU the track, and tho first
caught fire lmmodlat ely. The door to It was
oomplo'oly blocked by tho express matter in
the car, and Ilrewer, the agent, was impris
oned amid tho tlnmo.4. His oriel attracted
attention and great efforts woro made to ex
tricate hlra from his torrible position, but In
yaln. Ho bad managed to get his head out of
a small window in the ond of tho car, whore
be begged in plteom tonos for thoso outsldo
to snvohlm. Tho door was forced open a few
lnohei, which lot In tho air, and the flames
bursting out ot the window, be fell back with
a groan and was not seen again alive. The
passongers had by this time oolloeted from all
parts of the train, and were supplied with shov
els from the village. Tbey tried to extin
guish the tlamos by throwing snow upon
the burning cars. They were soon
assisted by the Fire Department of Owego.
The three forward cars were burning at tbe
same time, and soon afterward the smoklng
oar began to blaze. One of those bad boon oc
cupied by the Alabama Negro Mlnstrol
Troupe, tbe mombers of which had been ablo
to osoape without any furthor lnjurios lhau
some severe soratobos and bruises. This car
was lying on its side, and it was some time be
fore all got out with tho assistance of those
outside. The baggage-master, Perry, was
found to have dislocated bis arm, and
I assisted two other men in pulling
bis arm Into Joint while he lay on
tbe snow. After this he worked like
a Trojan, and with the help of some of the
passengers he was able to save every piece of
baggage. Tbe coolness and good discipline
displayed by the employes on the train was re
markable. It was by their efforts that a seri
ous panio was prevented. As it was. all tbe
paseengors wore at first much frightened,
many rushod from the oars, half dressed, but
when they saw the danger "was over they be.
earn quiet, and were very willing to lond tholr
assistance In caring for those, who were in
jured and In putting out the Ore."
. Exposure and Death in the Snow.
Ox Thursday, December 00, at 1:90 p. ra.
Mr. Silas C. Lowe loft hero on foot to take
messages up to the steamer John Gates, at
Simmons' Landing, distance about twelve
miles. He passed our section in good spirits.
Two Indians going from here for Wallula were
some distance ahead of hiin and brokethepatb
lor him. It seems that he wont within about
three miles of the steamer and then turned
back. Nothing was heard of him until yester
day about one p. m., when Messrs. Koach and
Anderson came down from the Gates. After
walking about three miles .this way
they saw blood on the trail and sprinkled
along on the snow and places where tbe snow
was stamped down as If a person had been
crawling and rolling in It. They saw Thore he
bad walked from the railroad track out to a
telegraph pole, evidently to get kindling to
make a fire. Thoy found matches in one place
where he had tried to make a flro. Tbey came
on until within six miles of this plaoe, whore
tbey found Mr. Lowe lying la the snow and In
a dying condition. He was Just gasping for
breath. His hands were bleeding. Tbe skin
was torn from his flngors and hands In several
places, which I suppose he did In trying to get
sage brush to make a Are, as he had no knife
with blm. Mr. Koach came on Into town as
fast as possible to bring the news, and as soon
as I heard it I ordered our little swltob engine
to go out and bring blm in. We to k a box
car and a doien citizens. We wero detained
sometime by the snow on tbo track about a
foot deep. We arrived the-e about fifteen
minutes totwoand found him dead. Cor, ArV
uin l Qriymfcin.
ITM AJiD rOLNT.
A good housokteper A watch dosr.
The shoemaker has a chance of being
the last man when tho world comes to
an end. A'ew Orleans 1'icayune.
The girl who was courted by a spruco
young lawyer said she liked to bo pro
tected oy the strong,rm oi the law.
Theue is not a Smith in tho United
States Senate, and yet that body is sup
posed to represent the peoplo. Phila
A boy who can eallop alone the walk
with three boys on a sled behind him
nnds an armful of wood, a back-break
ing burden. Detroit Free Press.
A young city fellow bouirht a farm
last winter. lie bad a fine orchard of
about two hundred apple trees, and a
few weeks a?o he tapped "Wery one of
them for cider. Kenncbeo (Ale.) Jour
A little girl living down town was
saying her prayer the other evening and
had just finished "give us this day our
daily bread," when a precocious four-year-old
brother exclaimed, "Say took
les, Mamy I" Troy Times.
A big six-footer was lifting for
all he was worth on a wagon
wheel which was stuck, when a
little two-foot mite of humanity,
nearly as broad as he was long, and
just out of long dresses and into pants,
with hands in his pockets and a swagger
ing air, sang out : Mister, do you want
me to help you? I can grunt while you
South End Maiden asks: When
a young man comes twice a week with
a carriage and takes a young lady to the
theater and to a supper afterward, and
makes her magnilicent presents, what
ctoos it indicate?" It indicates, ma'am,
that he has got more money to fool away
than we have. Boston Post.
An, well! our lives are something like old
We serve our day and then are shelved at
T.tlfA TtlKrna ntntlt hfr nMntnM In (hnl. n.n.Mi
Home pages are blanks and misprints, and
Away forever; others, free iroui stain,
Bear virtue's Impress, and us Joys remain.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
An electric railway experiment is pro
posed ior i aris.
TnE exports of grain from the port oi
New York during the year 1880 reached
107,000,000 bushels, an excess of nearly
13,000,000 bushels over the exports ol
any previous year.
The Denver and Eio Grando Railroad
Company has awarded a contract for
141 uarrow-gauge locomotives to the
Baldwin Cumnany of Philadelphia. The
machines are to be delivered this year
Tho cost is over $1,000,000.
The corrosion of iron in boilers Is
due, for the most part, accordini? to M
Lodin, to the afcorption by the iron of
the oxygen in the water, and but slightly
by the absorption of oxvgen set free by
Al. -J 'Li -
wiu uuuuiupusiuon oi tne water.
The life of a submarine telefrranh
cable is shown by experience to be from
ten to twelve years. If a cable breaks
in deep water after it is ten years of age,
it can not be lifted for repairs, as it will
break of its own weight a fatal diffi
culty, and for which there seems to be
no practicable remedy.
The Photographic News describes a
detective camera, the invention of Mr.
Bolas. It is like a shoeblack's block,
and may be slung over the shoulder
with a strap. It carries gelatine plates
already in position, and a lens that is
always in locus for any mstance from
twenty to thirty feet. It may be dropped
in the street any time the owner sees a
group he wants a picture of. When it
touches the ground a bulb is squeezed
ana tne exposure is maae.
Compressed peat in London, and
maeea in almost an tne towns of con
siderable size throughout Great Britain,
is rapidly coming into use. On one of
the most important railroad lines, too,
compressed peat has for some time past
been used, and with entire satisfaction,
the fact appearing, from the engineer's
report, that twenty-one pounds of peat
will raise steam for a mile of transit,
while the number of pounds of coal
required to do the same work is twenty-
six. Its cost is less than one-half that
The metric system seems to be mak
ing progress in this country. In the
Marine Hospital service it has proved
an unqualified success, and the Medical
Journal states that nearly all visiting
lists, call-books and dose-books, as well
as works on Materia Medica, are now
being printed with metrio equivalents,
uir'le in many medical colleges it is now
hardly possible for students to learn, or
the instructor to impart, such branches
as histology, physiology, chemistry.
etc., without introducing the metrio
An Extraordinary Magnet.
Mr. and Mrs. John V. Collins, re
siding at 117 East Ninth Street, St. Paul,
are astonished, almost dismayed, at a
remarkable peculiarity only lately ob
served in their son, a boy 10 years old.
The boy is a healthy one, with nothing
odd in his appearance except that close
observers might consider his head dis
proportionately large. He attends a
lower-town Catholio school, and in
school appears as a rather bright
scholar, Dut wunout particularly siuui
ous habits just a stout 10-year-old boy,
with a boy's inclination for play and
mischief, but quick to learn when he has
to study. The peculiarity is that the
boy's left hand is a wonderfully strong
magnet. Metal articles of light weight
attach themselves to his hand so that
considerable force is required to remove
them. Knives, pins, needles, buttons,
etc., enough to cover his hand, will thus
attach themselves so firmly that tbey
can not be shaken off. Still more, the
attraction is so strong that a common
coal-scuttle can le lifted by it, and
heavier implements have been lifted by
rtroneer persons taking hold of his arm
With heavy articles, however, the boy
complains of sharp pains darting along
his arm. in a lesser degree nis icit arm
and the whole left side of his body ex
crU the same power ; but it is not at all
manifest on his right side. A scientific
investigation of tho phenomenon has
" Witat shall I send to thobahy?"
ht. Valentine ponders to-day,
"I know she'd teel hurt if nuglectod,
For girls always do, bo they say.
"Fho is alrnoxt too little for bonbons.
And pictures, though well In their way,
Are not good enough tor my lady,
bo what shall I do; who can say?
" If 'twas summer, I'd send her some roses,
To match cheeks as blooming ami fair;
Or stars could 1 get them or sunbeam i
As bright us bur own silken buir.
"There's naught that's too good for tho
Bo lnnoci'tit, glndsome and free.
Who brigbteiiB our lives wh b her l iughtor,
And drives uwuy care with her glee.
"Then what shall I send to the bahy?
1 with I could find something new, i
As fresh and as pure as my lady;
Ah, now I know what 1 will do.
" I will JuBt send hor plenty of kisses,
Too many there never can bo,
And surely the shyest of Misses
Will take them from un old chnp like mo."
THE DIFFERENCE IN TREES.
A Ten-Minute Merman to Children.
The Bible compares men to trees:
good men to good trees and bad men to
corrupt trees. David says that a good
man is like a fruit-tree, planted by the
channels of water, and yielding fruit in
its season. In tho ninety-secoud Psalm
it is said that the righteous shall flour
ish like the imlm tree, and shall prow
like a cedar in Lebanon. Isaiah speaks
of those whom the Lord has redeemed
as trees of righteousnoss; tho plant
ing of the Lord. ' In the Sermon on
tho Mount Jesus likens bad men to cor
rupt trees that bear evil fruit. And
Judo compares the wicked to trees that
have boon plucked up by the roots, aud
the fruit of which has withered. If you
have evef walked through a largo for
est, you have discovered that there are
a great many different kinds of trees.
And these different kinds of trees sug-
rrftut. tliA ftirTnrnimna wn ana in mm.
They may be said to represent charac
There is the elder, for example. You
aee it growing alon tho fences, it
oc:s like quite a strong treo when it
grows large; but when you cut through
the trunk or stalk you find that it is
hollow. You would hardly want to
take it for a cane and lean your weight
upon it if you were lame. It would be
very apt to break and give you a fall.
flow, men or boys who are not con
trolled by principle are like these elder
trees, iou can t depend upon them.
They are unreliable. They may look
well, but it will not do to trust them.
There is a hollow spot in their charac
ter, like the hollow heart of tho elder
sometimes, wnen you go out for a
walks in the country, you come to a lit
tle stream of water; and along its banks
you lind perhaps a great many bushes
or trees with slender yellow twigs. We
call them willows. If you take one of
these twigs in your hand, even quite a
large one, you fJud that it yields to your
slightest touch, iou can bend and
twist it with perfect ease. And some
boys are like these willow twigs. Thoy
are pliant They are easily turned
aside from tho right path. They yield
to very slight temptation. It is hard
for them to say No! when sinners en
tice them, and to stand up for tbe truth
in the face of opposition. We say of
such boys that they have no moral
strength, no backbone. They are like
One variety of the trees that line the
sidewalks in some of our cities is called
the ailanthus. It is a native of China,
believe, but has been transplanted
from its far-oil Eastern home into Ln-
gland and Scotland and America. Some
people aumire it; out u tho blossoms of
the ailanthus are as disagreeable to you
as they are to me, you would rather go
out of your way a block or two than to
get the strong, sickening odor. Let me
tell you who these ailanthus trees in the
time of blossoms remind mo of. They
make mo think of boys who have
lormed filthy and disgusting habits; of
thoso who deiile their mouths and soil
their lips with the juice of tobacco, or
with strong drink; or who smoke poor
nio-nra nr dirt.v rnnpa niit.il t.liov Vinnomn
offensive to people who are neat and
clean; or wno use ioui and proiaue
words, the unmistakable index of a bad
heart. I hopo that no lad who reads
this will consent to become a moral
Then, away off in that Eastern world
from which the ailanthus comes, there
grows another tree of which you have
all read, of which you may have read
somo things that are not true. It does
not grow in China, but to the south of
It, in the Sunda and Philippine Isl
ands. It is called the upas-tree. Upas
is the Malay word for poison. From
the juice of this tree tho Malays pre
pare a poison in which they dip the
points of their arrows. A wound inflict
ed by one of these poisoned arrows is
The storv of a rjoison vallov in tho
Island of Java, into which it is danger
ous to venture because of the odor
the upas-treo, is a mero fable,
is a narrow valley in Java in
neither animal nor vegetable lue can
subsist; but this is owing to great quan
tities of carbonic acid gas constantly
escaping from tho earth, the presence
of which is as fatal to the upas-tree as
to any othor. Tho real upas, with its
poisonous juice, may be said to repre
sent evil men and bad boys, whose in
fluence is hurtful and poisonous. Sol
omon warns us against them in the
Book of Proverbs. He says: " Walk
not thou in tho way with them. Refrain
thy foot from their path." We ought
to avoid them as we would the upas
trees if they really gavo out a poisonous
and deadly odor.
But there are other trees which rep
resent characters of a nobler sort. I
want to speak of two or three of these.
Did you ever sail up the Hudson in
the day time? If so you may have no
ticed, at many points, a dark evergreen
tree with a handsome, cone-shaped top.
It is commonly called the cedar,
though I believe its right name is the
Dr. Now these fir trees often grow in
clusters, sometimes many acres in ex
tent. And one peculiarity that thsy
have is that of crowing on rough and
soil. Ono would thiuk that the barren
ness of many of these places would dis-!
courage nny treo. But it is just ltero
that the lir tieo arrows in tho irrcatust
profusion and perfection, dod has"
made them, it would nsom,' on purpose"
to adorn and beautify ... these , waste
piaoes. I remember once conversing
with a couplo of bright young English1
men on the deck of a Hudson jUyerr
steamboat, who could hardly.be con
vinced that the beautiful and shapely lir
trees that we saw on a rocky ledgo ou
the west bank, not far above Newburgb
wero just as God made them grow.
They supposed that soma no , had
trimmed and cultivated them. . Do you
not know some peoplo Who tire ' like
these iir some who live in plain homes,
whose life is very lowly, wlio 'mako no
noiso in the world, whoiie ,lotis,a Joard.
one, but who so adorn the bumble
homo, and cheer and bless the lives that
are bems lived around them, that you
cannot help feeling, somehow, that God
put them where they are for;that very
purpose? They beautify and brightfcp
what would otherwise be ' a 1 bart-en
waste. Remember' that however ob
scure your life may be, you can make it
beautiful with tho beauty or tne Loru
Jesus Christ, and can help to iuake
somo homo that would otherwise bo bald
and unattractive a bright aild i happy
place. ; , ;,
How many little hands bavo been
busy this fall gathering the golden, or
russet, or bright red products of tho
apple orchards? Tho applo tree' rnay
not be very graceful or grands but it
has a peculiar beauty to our eyes, bo
cause of its usefulness. AH' 'through
the long winter wo rejoice in its 'fruit.
And I know a good many homely .peo
ple, who dress plainlv, and wno iiiuko
no show in tho world, but whose kind
ness of heart, and willingness ;to, help
others, and daily endeavor to make
themselves useful, give a beauty to their
life which is greatly to be preferred to
the short-lived beauty of a pretty , face.
We forget how plain thoy are. nicy
come to look handsome, to us. ino
beauty of the soul shines out an their
features, and makes tho most rugged
f ace. beautifuL , , . ,: i..u . i
Mv time is un. I fear, but there is oue
other tree that I want to speak bf."'..I
mean the oak. What a sturdy, vigor
ous tree it is! You can depend upon it,
from tho stout trunk down to the small
est branch. The lame' man'Tnny,''lcan
with conlidonce upon his staff; of .pak.
When tho oak treo grows, as. it oiten
does, on the bleak lull sidd; : fhe fade
winds only make it take deeper rqqt.
It is a good representative of .a typo of
maunoou mat we love to meet, hb
speak of men who have " a' heart; of
oak." We mean those men. ,who can
be depended on, who are true to their
principles, loyal to their convictions of
duty, bold and firm in their defense of
the right, steady and persistent in ad
vocating what they believe td be truth;
men who never desert a friend in his
hour of need or prove false to any
A little English boy was left by his
father at the main entrance to the Bank
of England one morning, with orders.to
remain there until his father came Ont.
But tho latter, being detained longer
than he anticipated, forgot his boy, and
passed out by another door. Jlo did
not think about him until late ' m"5 tue
afternoon; but he said to a friend 'that
he knew just where to loak for the
child. He was "sure that tho little fel
low had obeyed ordera.' "Aud i Stire
enough, when they . got to the entrance
to the bank, there he was, tired and
hungry, and wondering why father did
not come, but with no thought of yield
ing to his weariness and of abandoning
his post. That boy had in him the mak
ing of a man with a heart of oak. vnu
Which of the trees that have been
spoken of will you take as your, repre
sentative P Will you bo like the hollow
hearted elder, the pliant) willow, tho
unsavory ailanthus, the poison upas, or
will you try to be like the mddest'lir
tree, which gladdens the waste places
ot earth, or tho apple, which commends
itself by its friutfulncss, or the oak,
deep-rooted and sturdy, and ' sound' of
heartP Rev.- John Teal, in Christian
Union. ' , ,-. ,
A Friendly Horse. 1 t u .
Some boys had placed td "a 1 Hold a
snare by which they hoped to datch a
rabbit It was a sort of noose made- of
coarse, twisted grass. Fido, the dog,
put one of his fore-foot in tho uooso,
and in trying to- get 1 away his log was
doubled up by it Ho limped off howl
ing to his friend Hero, an old borso
that was grazing noar by. ' Fido lifted
up his leg, and Hero at once saw what
was the matter, but liero nau no knife
with which to cut tho noose. What
could he do? He did not stay long in
doubt. He put down his head, andbe-.
gan to gnaw at mo noose. ,,j.aKin
good care not to bite Fido, he nibbled
at the wisp or twisiou grass tin it
dropped off, and the good dog was free.
You should have seen Fido as ho
scampered round, jumped up and
barked at his old friend. "Barked at
him?" Yos; but it was all in, play, as
much as to say, "You dear old Hero!
How I thank vou! I will do as much
Lfor you, should youevergwt into trouble.
uow. wow, wow!" ,
And Hero galloped round, and threw
up his heels, but took good care not to
hit his friend Fido. Each seemed to bo
flad in the feeling that a kind act had
een done. ' " "' J'" '
This is a true story. Nursery. I
German newspapers are beginning
to take German women to task fpr tho r
slavish imitation of Paris fashions. The
excuse for this imitation is that there
is something "fine" in Parisian. designs
which Teutonic taste is incapable of
originating. The real reason, however,
according to the newspapers, is that
every German woman tikes ,to( bo
dressed like the women in the class
above her own; and in the highest
classes it has become a sort of tradition
that elegance in dress is unattainable
except by strict obedience to French
dictation. A prominent Berlin journal
is bold enough to denounce this tradi
tion as a mere superstition. Many of
the fashions imported from Paris, it
says, are repugnant to good taste; and
the writer calls upon German society
leaders to assert the National indepenu
,, I. n ;.. it ;..ni i .ill'
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