Newspaper Page Text
. ' U -J '-
-J 1- - , .ii.iJ
' ' DEMOCRATIC IN l'OLITICSt PUKE IN LITKHATURKi AND PUOQHKSHIVK IN 80UTHKIIN INTKUKHT8.
a;:m,;eijeney & co, mmjnnvi "r vol. n.-n77:;;;
:' . 1 i -i" 1 - : - " -, - 1 1 ' 11 " . , , , , 1 , , v
T f mm,
TIUBLNEWS IN BRIEF.
The New York Assembly lias passed
lull prohibiting consolidation of tclejjraph
companies t y - V ,
The Pennsylvania Lozislaturo took its
fourteenth ineffectual bnllot for United States
Senator on the 1st, the vote being Wallace,
7f; plKex, 7; Grow, 50; scattering, IX
.ll! -.!--- '
Secretary Schikz, in response to a
request from the Senate, on the 2d transmit
ted to that body a largo mass of official cor
respondence in reference to the Uto troubles.
The President; has nominated another
nnu"l,nilkling man, tionn W. .lacODUS, 10 DO
Vnilqd States Marshal for the Southern Dis
trict tfiSaw TiJofE. 'J'bo present Marshal,
' TVy'nc, an adherent of the senior New York
Senator, was a candidate for reappointment.
A passenger-car on the Fergus Falls
IMvlslon of the St. Paul, Minnesota & Mani
toba Railroad, on the 2d, near Klk River,
was thrown from the track and rolled down
an embankment Blxty feet high. Many of
the passongcrs were badly Injured, one or
more it was jhought fatally.
v - " ,
Tins Ways and Means Committee will
report a bill In favor of abolishing the tax on
matches, bank deposits, Including savings
. liabks, bank checks, patent medicines, per
fumery, etc.. Th) Committee refused to
adopt the reeoinniendalioii of the sub-coni-mittee
to abolish taxes on banu capital.
A delegation of leading Indiana llo
iniblicans have been ou a visit to Mentor to
present to -the President-elect the claims of
their State to a seat in the Cabinet. It Is
paid that Mr. New was the first choice of a
majority of the committee for a Cabinet po-
sit ion, hut no Individual name was presented
to Mr. Garfield.
The President, on the 2d, transmitted
toV&nres'tlie report of thcPonca Commis
sion, accompanied by a message recommend
ing 1. Tlio education of young Indians;
'J. Tho' allotment to the Indians of lands in
severalty; 3. Fair compensation for all lands
not required for Individual allotment; 4. In
vesting them ultimately with the rights of
After a continuous session of forty-
one, hours of the British House of Commons,
(luring which the Home Rulers used every
parliamentary device to defeat the motion,
tho Speaker ordered tho debate closed and
the Government obtained leave to bring in a
bill for the protection of life and property in
Ireland. .The Home Rulo members then left
the House in a body.
Hon. E. B. Wasiiburne, of Illinois,
on the 8d presented to the State of Missouri
a portrait, painted by Stuart, of Edward
Hempstead, Missouri's first Representative
in Congress. The presentation ceremonies
took place at Jefferson City, and were par
ticipated In by both Houses of the Legisla
ture, the Governor and other State officials.
The public debt statement issued
Feb. 1 shows a decrease of the debt during
January of .17,3S2,1(I7; cash in the Treas
iiiy,$221,li7l,'i3r; gold cortilicaUs, fti,541,
surer - certificates, i4(i,800,220 ; certili
deposit outstanding, !f8,CS!,000;
refunding cerliticates, .18C7,3o0; legal ten
dors outstanding,' ff31G.081.OIO; fractional
currency, 5 1,520,4.13. 1 2 ; less amount est!
. muted as lost or destroyed, act of June 21,
1879 (,375,974), $7,144,199.12.
Michael Davitt was arrested for
HoV reporting himself to the police in accord
since with the conditions of his tickct-of-
leaved ' The detectives, on arresting Davitt,
drove to Kingstown, where the prisoner was
placed ou board the mail steamer for London
Upon his arrival there be was taken before a
police magistrate and then transferred to
iMillliiuik Prison and re-invested with the
garb of a convict. Tho proceedings before
the magistrate were privato, but itlsoflici
ally announced that Davitt wss ordered to
liulsh the remainder of his sentence of penal
The recent decision of the United
ni.in. States Supreme Court, atlirming the Consti
tutionality of the Income tax, declares
1. That direct taxes, within the meaning of
Section 9, Article 1, of the Constitution, are
of two kinds only, viz., taxes on real prop
rrty and capitation, or poll taxes. 2. That
since the Income. tax wm neither a tax on
real estate nor a poll tax, It was not a direct
tax within the meaning of the Constitution,
and was not forbidden by Article 1, Section
11, of that instrument. 3. That it came prop
erly in the category of an excise or duty
which the Congress of tho United States had
full and Constitutional power to impose.
Justice Swavnc delivered the opinion.
Governor CirvRcniLL has submit
ted to the Arkansas Legislature a telegram
received by him from Jay Gould, In which
th writer, after alluding to the fact that
himself and friends have invested largely in
railroad property in Arkansas, says he re
grets to hear that Illiberal legislation is now
proposed, the effect of which will be to check
further proposed new investments in the
4 State, and urging the Governor "to counsel
such wisdom in legislation as will attract
capital, and promote settlements and tin
provemrnts,' rather ihnn drive It away
The Governor adds his indorsement to the
above, by expressing the opinion that ' 'any
unfriendly legislation in regard to railroads
at tho present time would retard the pros
" perity of the State for years to come."
There was an exciting scene in the
British House of Commons on the 3d. Mr.
Parnell denounced the arrest of Michael
l)avitt In unspairing terms, and the other
Home Rule members cheered him vocifer
ously and cried "Shame!" The Speaker
railed upon Mr. Gladstone to move his reso
lution of urgency, when Mr. Dillon rose, but
the Speaker refused to recognize him. After
n leing several times warned, and refusing to
yield the lloor, Mr. Gladstone moved Dillon's
suspension. Amid cheers, and cries of
O "Shame" from the Irish members, the Speak
er put the motion and It ws carried. Dillon
then refusing to withdraw, he was forcibly
removed by the Sergcant-at-Arms. The
other Irish niemler then severally rose
were "named"' by the Speaker and their
suspension moved ami carried. After the
o ralled obstructionists hsd all been ejected.
Mr. Gladstone moved me niu lor ine pro
tection of life and properly In Ireland was
xrgenf. The motion carried and the Houe
PERSONAL AKD GENERAL.
Capt. Joseiu Lawson, Third Cav
alry, died at Cheyenne, on the 30th, of para
lysis. He was one of the bravest and best
onicert in the service, having served with
distinction In the late war and since then on
The business portion of Plymouth,
Washington County, N. C. Was burned on
the night of the !)lst, caused by a kerosene
explosion. Thirty-three buildings, Includ
ing the Court-house and Episcopal Church,
and '400 bales of cotton were destroyed.
Losses foot up $1:27,000, with but small In
At Decatur, 111., on the 1st, John A.
Horns teln, aged AO. married to a girl only
10 years old, attempted to beat his wife's
brains out with an iron kettle and then
muuiicu uit oBri-rui nines in inn wirumi
after which he committed suicide by shoot
Ing )iImsolf twice through the' hesd. The
Ill-assorted pail had never lived harmoni
ously together, the husband bring jealous of
the wife, and for some tlmo past they had
been separated. ,
Three men in jail fit Albuquerque,
N. M., charged with tho murder of Col.
Charles Potter, some months ago, were
hanged by a mob on the night of the 31st.
They wero Escatastloo Pcra, Miguel Rarrera
and "California Joe."
Mrs. Steiiiien D. Lewis, of Helena,
Ark., was burned to death by the explosion
of a glass kerosene lump. Her husband was
badly burned while trying to extinguish tha
flames. . .
Eight Chinamen engaged in cutting
timber fourteen miles from Santa Cruz, Cal.,
were buried alive bv a land-slide.
A special from Fort Davis, Tex., 3d,
snvs: State troops, i-i strong, commanded
by .Col. Ilayler and Lieut. Nevlll, surprised
and attacked a strong band of Indians In the
Sierra Dkible, killing six and capturing three
squaws. These are supposed to be the
Indians who last fall attacked the Graham
party and recently captured a stage and
killed the driver, as clothing belonging to
both parties was found in their camp.
The boiler in a steam flouring-mill
at Kimmswick, Mo., exploded on tho 3d,
killing the two sons of Mr. Smith, owner of
tho mill, and another boy named Charles
Roker. The mill was demolished and sur
rounding buildings injured.
Two men were killed and several oth
ers iniured by the bursting of a fly-wheel In
(he Russian Mills, at Niles, O.
The three Maclains and Hare, who
murdered .Constable Usher and a settler
named James Kelly, in December, 1879,were
hanged at New Westminster, B. C, on the
Francis A. Dirivage, author and
poet, is dead; age, 07.
Ex-Gov. Scott, who shot and killed
Warren G. Drury, a drug-clerk, at Napoleon,
O., last Christmas eve, has been found guilty
of murder in the second degree and released
George Smith and Catherine Miller
were hanged at Williamsport, Pa., on the
3d, for the murder of the lattcr's husband.
Michael Davitt has beeu arrested
for violation of his tickct-of-lcave.
Three young men, said to be sons of
wealthy Monroe County, planters, were
lynched near Augusta, Ark., on the nicht of
tho 2d, for having committed a most atro
cious assault upon a highly respected young
lady of that place.
Hon. Fernando Wood, Representa
tive from New York, is at Hot Springs, Ark.,
for tho benefit of his health, which is greatly
impaired. He is accompanied by his family.
The ladios of St. Louis have organ
ized a formidable movement to compel the
closing of theaters and other places of
amusement on Sundays.
Martin Donley and wife, living on
Big Run, near Willlamstown, Va., died re
cently within a few hours of each other, in
great agony, with undisputed symptoms of
trichinosis. They had eaten of raw pork a
few days before. A portion of the meat was
examined, and found' to contain large num
bers of the fatal worms.
Rush Bennett, amulatto, washanged
at Eldorado, Ark., on the 4th, for the mur
der of Col. A. C. Jameson, a proinlneut law
yer and cotton plautcr of Union County, In
It is reported that an entire family of
several persons were found frozen to death
In their cabin near Burns, Minnesota, on the
line of the Winona & St. Peters Branch of
the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad.
A very palpable shock of earthquake
was experienced along the nudson River,
New York, on the morning of the 4th.
Mrs. Cook, a very aged lady, was
fatally burned at Columbus, O., her clothing
having taken fire from the grate. .
The Alamosa coach from Del Norte
to Alamosa, Colo., was robbed on the night
ofthe3dby two men, live miles from Del
Norte. Four mail pouches anil's treasure
pouch were taken. The passengers were
not disturbed. Tho amount in the pouches
A negro horse thief was taken from
an officer by a party of masked men at Co
lumbus, Texas, and riddled with bullets.
The people of Montgomery, Ala.,
have subscribed nearly all the money required
to build the Southern Railroad to the Flori
da line, through a rich cotton section.
At St. Louis, on tho oth, Xavier Wil
helm shot and killed his mistress, Agiae
Margot, and then committed suicide. The
parties were the keepers of n low "dive" on
Poplar Street, near the Levee.
Small-pox has broken out in the
Cook County (111.) Poor-house at Jefferson,
twenty-eight cases being reported
Jan. 81. In the Senate, Mr. Dawes deliv
cred a set speech on the Ponea Indian ques
tion, in which be criticised with some severity
the course pursued by Secretary 8ehur in re
iturd f those Indians. Senator ligau delend-
ed Secretary SeVirz and his entire adminis
tration ot the Interior Department In the i
House, Mr. Springer (D., 111.) Introduced. by J
ri'quesi, a 0111 biiiiuai u iiiiu no iuhultu swui
i ilnjsiijjoby Mr. Kirkwood ,'U.. Iowa). rrluti e
to inn l-ostiil irit-cmpu v.ominn,
ul-o a bill to provido for the ap
praisement of telegraph lines, property
and effects of eoiiipaniiQ acting under
provisions of the act of July 24, 1SX'., and to
procure information coneerinn1 the postal
tcli graphs of other countries. I!y the provi
sions ot this act of l"i, the telegraph coin
panics aie lnuilred to accept from the
I nited Slates the amount of Mioiraist l value
I ot their property, and all Unci- ol the com
panies now pioiinneniiv nciurriiie piiuiit-iint i
I i well tiled its acceptance of this provision of
I law, and obligated ilsi If to accept the
I amount of its appraised value when the
Willie is tendelcd by the l'nitHl Suites.
The bill . is reteu e. loth-1 I'OMtaH'ommii'--.
Mr. r rost ill.. Mo.) 1 iiioihu rd a hi I "iii Tl
scrv the puldse laud ,v tht. people and 'lis-
tribute them alttoir the people, the owners
pi the soil-." llclerred toCoiimiittt-e on 1'iililio
Lands. The Aurriciiltnval AuiiroDrlution bill
was reported from comniiuue. Among the
miscellaneous Items are the following: For
the purchase iinddisiribiitionof seeds, $sn.uoni
fur vitiiliiiuiiig expniiinents 111 connection
wllh tliti mimiiiuctme ol sutint from Doi-glium,
J-25.0OO; for contiHtiitig investigation relative
to Insect injuries tit iiKViciilturc, $1.1,000: for
further experiments in tea culture, f lO,nuo.
The Iowa contested election fuses wore dis
posed of without opposition by tlio with
drawal of the contestants (rain the Held, leav
ing Messrs. Sapp and Carpenter in mulls-
f illed possession. Tho limine then took up
lie Dl.tti'ii-t Appropriation bill, in tho consid
eration of which the rest of the day was
Feu. 1. -In the Senate, Mr. Morgan, from
tho Committee on tho Klectornl Count, re
ported Mr. IngalU' joint resolution with a
Hiibstltute iinnmdniimt a UK'ned upon by tlm
Democratic euueiis. H pmvidi-s that tlut
eiiiintinK shall tuko pltu-u in tint hall of the:
House of Hepii'sOntHllvcH, lit the presence of
the twrt Houses, the rrexident of tlm Seuutu
to preside; that one person be appointed
teller on h part ol tlio .senate,
ami two on fNthe part of tho House,
to mukn a IMtv. iiktlio vot as they
nh.nl I lie leclnredThTit the rmlt shall bd
livi'icil to the 1'rcHident of the Semite, wliti
shall announce the Mute of tlio vote Hnd tho
persons elet-ted. to the two Houses assem
bled as aforesaid, which shall bo deemed a
declaration of tho persons elected President
nnd Vice-l'resldent of the United States.
Jlr. Kdniiind-i objected to tho present
consideration of the resolution and it
was luid over ono day under the rules.
The l'onca troubles were again bronsht up by
Mr. Da wes and ho and Mr. Kirkwood had quite
an unlimited discussion. Mr. Loun Maid be
hail intended to call up the (.irant retirement
bill to-day, but not having bud an opportu
nity, ho now asked uniinlmuu coment to
niHko It the special order for Thursday.
Messrs. Vest nnd ICuton objected, the latter
remarking hu thnuKht the bill could wait u
week loiiL'er without anv Injury to It or tho
public. Mr. Lonun said be thought that when
llie scnnte could afford to listen to an hour's
talk about a dead Indian it might bo disposed
to tind n little time for u live liencrul. After
diseuHsioii, Mr. Lomni Rave notice of hisinten
tion to move to take up the bill to-morrow.
The Chinese treaties were reported wltti rec
ommendations for ratification. Placed on the
calendar. The Pension Appropriation bill was
then taken up, but laid Hsiile upon a motion
to tf into executive session Tho House
spent the entire day in Committoe of the
Whole ou District of Columbia Attain.
Feb. 2. The Scnatepassed the concurrent
resolution for counting the Electoral vote,
with un amendment providing for two tellers
on the part of the Senate instead of ono. Tho
lU'pnblienns supported an umcndmi'nt.ofrVreil
bv Mr. Edmunds, that the count should take
place in the Senate Chamber, but being voted
down the resolution passed with
out any further party division.
The Post-office Appropriation bill was
reported und the Pension Appropriation bili
taken up and considered at some length
In the House, after the reading of the Presi
dent's message on Indian affair, Mr. Reagan
(!., Mo.) made an attempt to secure consid
eration of his Inter-Stnte Oomnn-ree hill, but
Mr. t'ox (., N. Y.) ui,'ed the duty
of the House to take up tho
Apportionment bill, nnd tho question
ot consideration being raised, the latter, by
a vote of ISO to IIS. was Riven tho preference.
Mr. Cox then made a speech of some length in
support of his bill. The Post-route bill was
reported from the committee and passed.
Feb. 3. In the Senate, Mr. Morgan called
up tlie Joint resolution heretofore offered by
him, declaring tho President of tho Penatenot
lnvotcd bv the Constitution with the power
to determine what Klectornl votes shall be
counted. The Republicans llllbusteredugalnst
tho adontiim of the resolution, but it was
tlna'lv missed bv a party vote, with the ex-
euption of Mr. Conklinif, who votod in its
favor, and Mr. Vhte, who voted arainstlt.
The Apportionment hill brouuht on
long political debate in the House, which was
cut oft Dy an adjournment.
Feb. 4. Tin Senate Finance Committee
reported the Refiindingbill with amendments,
the principal ones being tliat the bonds shall
bo five-twenties, and tho rate of Interest on
them, as well ns on the ono-ten certificates,
shall be three aud one-half per cent, per an
num, payable seinl-nnnutillv. The section of
the bill known as the "Carlisle amendment
wblrh provided for the compulsory nse
of the new bonds as security for
tionnl bank circulation, is stricken out
Mr. Logan made another ineffectual effort
to take ud the (irnnt retirement bill, tho
negative votes being about the same as those
on the preceding day The House passed
the bill to provide for tho sale of certain
New York Indian lands in Kansas, Introduced
by Jlr. (Scales (U., N. V.) at the sec
ond session. (This bill as passed fixes
tho ririco to settlers at s:l. pur
rhasnble in tracts not to exceed ISO acres
navmentto be made in three annual install
nients, one-third at date of entry, one-third
at the end of ono year and the balance In two
vein s, with interest at fi per cent. Any of
these hinds not entered within one year shall
be sold at public sale at a price not'less than
that tlxed in the bill. The Pension bill was
considered in committee and laid aside with
The opposition of Senator Conkling
to the recent nominations for various ofuces
in New York by President Hayes has re
suited in postponement of their considera
tion by the Senate Committee until after
the 4th of March, as is Intimated.
The Ways and Means Committee
have voted to postpone present consideration
of the Kurd Tariff resolution.
The Select Committee of the House
on the Interoceanlc Canal will report favor
ably the bill to incorporate tho Interoceanlc
Transit Company (the Nicaragua route)
The bill provides for a Government guar
antee of interest for fifteen years at six per
cent, on $j0,0()0,000 bonds.
Thomas Carltle, the eminent Brit
ish author, died on the Oth. He was born in
Euclefcchan, Dumfrieshire, Scotland, Dee.
A destructive hre occurred on
Second Street, St. Louis, on the night of the
Oth, tho principal losses being the extensive
wholesale grocery house of the Greeley
llurnham Company, O. II. Peckham & Co.'s
candy manufactory, the Mound City Paint
& Oil Company's establishment, and S. B.
Sain & Co.'s grocery bouse. The fire origin
ated In the Greclcy-Bumham building, and
was caused by the breaking down of a plat
form on which was stored a largo quantity
of matches. The losses nggregate half-a-million
dollars, nearly covered by insurance.
IIev. J. M. Pickens, a well-known
Campbcllite preaeher, and Greenback can
didate for Governor of Alabama at the late
election) was shot nnd killed recently at
Mountain Home In that Slate, by a man
named Bob Letsnn. Mr. Pickens interfered,
but without success, to prevent Letson from
shooting William Davidson. The latter was
badly wounded and will probably not recov
er. Letson was arrested.
The north-bonnd express train on
tho Texas Central Rnllaoad was badly
wrecked nine miles north of Hempstead, on
the evening of the 5th. Tho engine fell
through Cedar Creek bridge, throwing the
express, two baggage and two passenger
coaches down a fifteen-foot embankment,
bottom upwards. The sleeper kept the
f track. The Strakosch A Hess English Opera
Troupe were among the passengers. Eight
een cMons were injured several seriously,
but probably not fatally. ,
Matthias Salmon, a bad character,
was lynched at Grantville, Nev., on the 5th.
He was under arrest for killing a man.
The Senate, on the 5th, passed the
: bill for the erection of a public building at
, (juincy, 111., and also the bill to establish an
additional land district i'n Kanjis. The
. House passed the Joint resoHitlnn for count
: intr the Elector! vote. The Apportionment
1 biil was airain taken up and stAC'f aKspceches
' nude thcreoa.
OCaJRKENCES OF INTEREST.
The Xt-xt Mt-naie.
Following Is a IM of members' of IhoHen.
ale of tho Forty-seventa Congress. Tboso
namoi marked with an asterisk are new mem
bers, while those inarkol (1 have been re.
elected, ltepublioans (ilT) In ltoimm lottors.
Democrats (DTI In ita'lm, and liidnondont (2
in small CAi'iTAi-s. Tho dates given tndlcnU
the yours In which tho terms of olllco expire:
ISK1. L. O. V.Lntmr,
jlSs7. J. : OcDiyc.
'm. Ccmve II. Vttt.
JiAh T. .Viirym.
IS.'). Jiimm L. I'uijU.
1SSII. A. l. Unrltnul.
issft. Jiinien ). H'litirr.
1SS7. i. .W. L'wkrcU.
iss:i. Alvin Saunders.
187. C 11. Van Wynk.
1SS5. .;(1iif 7'. h'diUll.
WB7. M. F. Miller.
lsS.1. Ileurv M Teller, issfl, John P. Jones,
lHSii. Nathaniel Pi HIIL 187. Mi h Fair.
I NKW MAM!SllinH.
m K. II. Rollins,
,m Henrv W. Ithilr.
SR OrvilloH. Piatt.
MM. J it- Hart ley.
18S3. KH S mUhuiv.
IHSk J. It. ii l'h'ti min
lb-sf. W, J. Howell.
lKS.r). Jtoseoe cnukllng.
1SST. Thomas Piatt.
1SS3. Afntf. 11'. itmisom.
IHS5. Ztliulm U. Vance,
1W5. Orji. H. CcntUetim.
1B(7. John Sherman.
1M)7. t T. F. Baiunf.
1R85. M'(M(iioii rJ7.
ISM. tC. II". Jimrs.
1S83. Ueili. H. Hill.
lasjj. J. K. lirtneix.
1SS3. David Davis.
18So. John A. Logan.
Vi,oihtfji. 1SS.1. Isifauettc (Imver.
Harrison.llSKV J;inf H. Slnlrr.
1HK1. B. J. Kirkwood. W Jas. D. t'ameron.
1SK). W. II. Allison. 18S7. (A Kepuhltean.)
KANSAS. IIIIOIIK ISLAM).
1S8S. Preston It.Plumb. l:k H. 11. Anthony.
lm, John J. Intrulls. ;ls7. A. E. Itumslde.
I Slll'TII CAItOI.INA.
m. MA'.llHtlt r.
1S30. M iulr, fiimpfim.
Muim (i. ihirrlD.
'iSsiL H'm. Vuke.
18M. S. It. Muttf.
!SS.i. Jiisiln 8. MorrllL
1 1887. Ki. K. Kdniunds.
IISKi. Jtihn II'. Jnhnson.
il887. Vm. Maiionh.
1HS.-1. Jdirj il. IklV'S.
P87. 'J. N. f 'iDUffcn.
I M ISC'INMX.
lsRL J,tmt IS. I1nh,
1SC5. JiJinS H'tMhinwi.
IKS:!. Win. P. Kellogg.
M A INK.
ISA'1. James O. Rlnlno.
1S87. Kuirono Hale.
1SS5, Jame li. rMnnc,
1887. A. P. (imwaii.
lSSIl. George K. Hoar.
1SS7. H. L. Dawes.
lssi Thos. W. l orry.
1887. 0. I). Conner.
ISA!. Win. Wlndom.
isn). v. n. i arpeninr.
IS87.8. J. It. Mu.Millan.'18S7. l'hilutus Kawyor.
TnE capture of (Jook-Tcpo by General Sko-
beletf, after a two weeks' sieire that was full of
desperate encounters and fruitless though tal
lunt efforts of the bcleairuered Turcomans to
crush the Russian forces, giei the latter ti
Arm foothold in Southern Turkestan and
places the Citv of Merv at their mercy. They
nre now but IfX) miles distant from that point.
and, uithoiijrh the sea-on Is unfavorable for
an advance upon it, there is no imestiou that
the dashing Skobeleff will uiako the essay If it
is a part of tho Russian p illey to occupy it.
Hitherto tho Government havo disclaimed
nil Intention of doinif more than to
punish the Turcomans for their predatory
incursions, and havo intimated that thor
campaign would close with the capture
of Gook-Tepe. Tho Russians, however, have
never yet conquered any of thetrliies In Tur
kestan without annexing some of their territo
ry, and if tbey propose to bold Turkestan or
any part of it there is no stronger or moro
strategical point to secure their occupation
than Merv, wnich is not only tbe central point
of the great Asiatic comm-'reiaf TilKliwriys
that con t nil tbo rich trade of th it region, but
is the natural base of operations against Per
sia and Afghanistan, and thus of the highest
lmiKirtancc from a military point of view. It
is the key to Cabul, ami once in possession
of Merv tho Russians would be within a
fortuight's distance of llerm, ami ono hun
dred miles nearer to It than the English
would be cither nt Cabul or Candahar. Tho
uneasiness of tbe English WarOMico Is there
fore enslly understood, for in case ltusla oo
eupies Merv sho is virtually menacing the
frontiers of Afghanistan and India. With
such a temptation before Russia, which is all
tho stronger because tho ltritlsh troops have
been withdrawn from Afghanistan, It may be
entirely probnblo that she will continue her
advance until she bolds all of Ttirkcstun in her
grasp. If she has been merely bent upon an
errand of revenge and to make good the losses
which tbe Turcomans of Geok-Tepe have in
flicted upon her arms, she will return to tho
Caspian, but It Is to lie taken into account that
the Turcomans of Merv were assisting their
brethren at Geok-Tepo, and that such a pro
text would Justify her In an advance against
tbe former city .-CViicnyo TrUtune.
Terrible Fate of a Fnther and Hx Children. I
Louisville, Ky., February 2.
Thk Courfer-JuuniaJ has the following spe- i
clal from Spring Lick, Ky.: Wiley Embroy, j
an old and respected farmer In Butler County,
and six of his children wero burned to death ;
on Friday nitfht, tho wifo and oldest daughter
escaping without Injury. The particulars of
tbe burning arc as follows: On tbe night re
ferred to Embroy nnd his family retired be
tween seven and eight o'clock, and at ten
o'clock the wife and husband were awakened
by the roaring of a fire, which they discovered
was up-stuirs, and in a room where six of their
children were sleeping.
Embrey rushod to tho stair-door, opened it,
and started up-stalrs. wbeu ho was mot by
the flames issuing from abovo, and fell
prostrate on the floor. His wifo and their
oldest daughter, who were sleeping in tho
same room, realizing the peril of tboir own
lives, rushod out of doors, leaving behind
them the old man and six children to perish
In the house, the roof of which was then fall
ing in. Tho old lady and hor daughter began
screaming at tbo top ol their voices, which
soon attracted several of their neighbors to
the horrifying scenoof disaster, but they ar
rived tow late to ronder any assistance what
ever. Lauguage Is wholly Inadequate to describe
the wails and moans of the grief-stricken
mother and daughter, who stood by gazing on
all that was dear to them on earth perishing Jj
the angry flames. Tho nro was not extin
guished until everything was consumed.
Among the debris particles of the bodies of
the father and children wero found, but not In
sufficient quantities to bo identified,
Wiley Embrey was a farmer, and, by dint of
hard work and the strictest economy, managed
to save up enough to live oasy and comforta
ble for tho remainder of his life. Tho wholo
Country is nearly paralyzed over tho horrible
death of Mr. Embrey and his six children.
It is not believed that Mia. Embrey and her
daughter will survive the shock.
A recent Cincinnati telegram says: "An
interview Is published with Dr.'tllackburn, of
Kentucky, who is queof the most experienced
choMara physicians In tho couitiry. He says
the eountry is pretty sure to suffer from chol
era tbe coming season. He says it Is now In
Chicago, under tbe name T 'cholerine.' His
theory la that it never failed that a cholera
epidemic followed upon the Let Is of an influ
enza epidemic. We have just had that. Men
and horses have suffered from it. The lull r
enza epidemics are due to the too great pro
portion of ozone In tbe atmosphere, and the
deficiency of it is the condition for cholera.
5Tature is constantly running to extremes,
and the excess of ozone is followed by a defi
ciency. 'I certainly have," continued tbe
doctor-Governor, 'bcenQpxpretinir ciiMera to
make its appearance in this section, and now
tbat it has appeared in ( hir igo, it is more
thar likely that we shall .have it. Hut,' Mid
he, 'there is an infallible preventive for cholera-'
SCIENCE ASD INDl'STUY.
An ingenius Frenchman has invented
ft matihino which makes real lace. It
is said to be as groat an invention in its
way as the Jacquard loditi. One1 nla
chino can do the work of several hun
The planetary discoveries of 1880
were eight in number, live of which
were made by Ilerr Palisa, Director of
the Observatory at Pola. The last was
discovered Sept. 30, and raised tho total
number of known small planeta to 2ia.
The physiologist Leo Haltzer has late
ly excavated from the alluvial stratum
of the Steigerthal.near Nordhausen, Ger
many! the skeleton of an antediluvian
rhinoceros in an excellent state of pres
ervation. Tho height of the animal
must have been seven feet, and its bulk
nearly that of an African elephant.
Experiments bv Prof. Colin, of Bres-
lay, with the electric light show" that
letters, spots and colors are seen at a
much greater distance through tho me
dium of electric light than bv day or gas
light. The sensation of yellow was in
creased sixty fold as compared with day
light, of red six fold, ana blue two fold ;
showing that the electric light would be
very useful where it is necessary to od
serve signals at a great distance.
Almost every day brings some new
application of electricity to the useful
arts. Dr. Siemens has designed an
electric elevator, which has been exhib
ited at the Mannheim Industrial Exhibi
tion, and is said to be a useful invention.
Ihe cage is carried by wire ropes, hav
ing counter" weights, so that, when
loaded, it is practically in equilibrium.
The current generator at the base is
electrically connected to the dynamo
machine in the cage, and tho lattef
works two toothed wheels takiug into a
metal rack running up the ceator of the
passage way of the elevator.
Cotton-picking by machinery has
long been a dream of the Southern
planters. The risk of planting revolves
about the picking season. The bolls
open irregularly, but they must be
plucked when they are at a certain stage
of ripeness, or be lost in wholo or part.
S. It. Cockerill, Vice President of the
Mississippi Valley Planters' Association,
believes he has arrived at a solution of
the problem. He says that it is a fact
that the bolls will continue to ripen and
open in due time if tho plant U cut up
by the roots and stacked, mere is no
practical difliculty in separating the
cotton from tho boll by machinery, if
tho stalks can be gathered and fed at
ono time. The apparatus for this
process has been invented and works
well. But everything depends on the
truth of Mr. Cockcrill's assertion that
cotton in its last stages will ripen in tho
PITH AND P0INT
The Tennessee Legislature has chos
eu a woman as engrossing clerk. The
susceptible bald-headed members swear
she is the most errossing clerk they
ever had. Lowell Cuizen.
Emhkoiderino ' ltemembor mo" on
a pair of presention suspenders will not
hit the mark. Omitting to properly
fasten the suspender buttons will keep
your memory green tti the mind of your
husband. New Haven Hcginlcr.
Thkrk is a man in our town,
And lie is wondrous wise ;
Whenever he has goods to sell
lie straight doth advertise;
And when he finds liH goods all gone,
With all his might and main
He hurries in anot her lot
To advertise again.
There is an Oil City boy who was
sent out collecting yesterday, and when
he roturncd in the evening and handed
in his bills unpaid, he said : ' The peo
ple around this town like me first-rate.
! They were so anxious to see me often
j that every man I went to told mo to call
I again." Philadelphia Bulletin.
It is not to be supposed that it is be
: cause of a lack of offers that so many
j Massachusetts women remain unmar
ried. Oh, no; the reason is that they
have been unablo to find a man who
can sit in an easy-chair five minutes
without raising the mischief with tho
tidy. Now, young man, you know why
leap year has passed you by. Boston
It was a bitter cold day when the
traveling combination which I have the
honor to feed gathered its solitary
valiso nd stepped ashore at Hartford.
The Dutch found this beautiful little
city here nearly 2-"0 years ago, and the
first thing they did was to establish
Colt's armory and go into the insurance
business. You can get insured here in
any way and for anything you wish-
mutual, endowment, tontine, accident,
intentional, nomadic, differential
protoplasmic, Baptist, old school
Presbyterian, Congregational, Bob
Ingersoll, renaissance, Gothic, Byzan
tine, greenback, composite, Corinthian,
Scotch, cheviot, gossamer, seamless,
new Wheeler & Wilson, barbed wire,
liver-pad and hard finish. It is -the
central and distributing point for the
entire insurance business of America.
No insurance company is genuine unless
"Hartford" is blown upon the bottle.
A Hero liewardedj
Last n'ght's Gazette states that the
Queen has been pleased to confer tho
"Albert Medal of the First Class" on
Farabani, Seedie Tindnl, serving in Her
Majesty's ship Wild Swan, for the fol
lowins services : On Auzust 8 last, while
the Wild Swan was off the coast of Mo
zambique, a fugitive slave boy, named
Farciallah, having jumped overboard
from a stage alongside the ship, was im
mediately seized by an enormous shark,
which bit off his leg at tho knee, drag-
cine him under the water. When he
rose to the surface tho shark again at
tacked him, tearing off his remaining
leg and part of his thigh. On Farejallan
beginning to rise to the' surface again,
closely followed by the shark, Farabani
jumped from the netting into the water
and brought the unfortunate boy to the
surface, nor did he leave tho water till
he hail placed him in a position of safety
The Captain of the ild Swan adds,
that what makes this, if possible, a more
gallant deed is the fact that Farabani
saw the whole of the horrible catastrophe
from the first seizure of the boy, and
that when he jumped into the water not
only the attacking shark but three other
were seen close to the ship, attracted nd
doubt by the blooa. London Jelegrajih
Our Young Folks.
Johnny, standing four feet two,
in bis suit of navy blue,
Agod ten years to a day.
Full of business and of pl.ij'j
Patronizingly looks dowtl
On the little downy crown,
And tho little upturned fuco.
Of the cooing baby, Grace.
" What's a baby good for, nowV"
Johnny ipiostious, with a brow
Puckered up into a frown,
As bo stands tbus looking down.
" can do a bonp, you know,
Fly n kite and shovel snow;
Hpaded up tho garden bod
Just tbis spring, as well as Xcd;
"Mother said soj but that's not
Half, nor quarter there's a lot,
Oh, a lot more I can do;
Base-ball, hookey, cricket, too.
" Rut this little baby now.
What's she good for, anyhow,
Tept to spoil u fellow's play.
And to get In folkses' way'
iiakos a lot of troublo, too;
Kucb a heap of things to dol
1 don't see why folks can't bo
lioru grown up as big us mel"
Just hero, baby gttrglod out
Kucb n jolly little shout I
Then began to babble l ast,
"Mu, ma, in a, ma," and at lust,
Yes, as suro now as tho world,
foft tbo bnby lips uncurled,
And commenced to slunmier out,
"Dou-ny, Iion-ny I" Such a Bhout
As our Johnny gave at this !
Then u great big smack. ug kiss
Fell on baby's check of pink
"Mother, mother, only think!"
Mother beard him loud exclaim,
"Somehow, baby'n b-armxl my name!"
Mother, laiighinirlv, looked on
For awhilu, us Master John
Kissed tho baby in delight,
Wbllo he held hor close nnd tight.
Then sho mischievously said.
Glancing at tho downy heud:
'" But this little bnby now.
What's sho good for, anyhow?'"
Johnny turned as red as fire.
Then tossed baby up tlm higher.
While the baby laughed and crowo 1,
Johnny, though his blushes glowed,
Answered, bold ns brass, Just this:
"Why, she's good to lovo and ki-s!"
Surah I'erru, in St. AVcAobw.
THE STOLEN TILLS.
A True Nlary.
Small Miss Rachel Winchester wasa
snapping-eyod Puritan of seven years.
one knew the shorter catechism and the
longer catechism; and if there had been
any middle-sized catechism, like the
midille-sizod bear,", vou know, she
would have had that at her tonirue's
end. She meant to be a pretty good
girl-only the catechisms had not had
time to strike in. Her brother Aiah, as
all called him, did not know even a
"kittenchism," and was not a bit
ashamed of it. Rachel and Zephaniah
lived with their grandfather, a doctor
Kachol had a friend, Scotch Marsrcry,
with -miU-c-Dcn blue eyes. One divv
she came to see Rachel, who couid not
play until sho finished her "stint:" live
rows oi Kniuing arouna a sock.
Ihen they went around to grandfath
er's ollice to see him get ready to go
away. Being forbidilou ever to enter
without permission, they sat down on
the doorsteps with Zephaniah and
It was a charming place. A dusty,
hollow-eyed skull sa ou a shelf, and in
the corner was a chest holding no
body knew what which was awful, you
know. Grandfather was making uu
powders, getting ready "blue mass. '
assaloptida and "green and yellow '
mixtures for his circuit around tho coun
try. Before he put them into his old
leather saddle-bans he looked over an-
other wallet that mado shivers run up
Niah's spino. Hero wero nippers,
pinchers, cutters, dashers, scissors,
tooth pullers and nose-wringers. Re
membering a certain poor tooth m his
possession, iNiah now arose and "molt
ed into tho distance," as artists say.
Ihe little girls sat still until grandpa
went away. W hen his big horse, Thun
der, had kicked up a c'oud of dust and
hid his long legs in it, Rachel Winches
tor, the small Puritan, whose ancestors
came over in the "May Flower," she
forgot all tho good in both catechisms
"Margery Campbell, let us go t" '
"But your gran' ther said we mustn't."
"Thafs just why 1 want to. What
is tho use of always behaving well?
Let's peck around a little bit Niah's
out of the way."
Margery consented. In they went.
First thev opened queer little drawers
full of cloves, spice, slippery elm and
alum. I hen they took hold of hands
and took a respectful view of tho skull.
"What is in the inside of it when it
is inside of us f whispered Margery.
" Why, nothing! The skin and hair
cover its outside and then it is hollow
that is why your head rings when you
get your ears boxed," said Rachel.
"Where do our brains be?" asked
"Oh why in our eyes, certainly.
As soon as you see something you begin
to think your th'nker is jour brains,
you know. Grandfather explains such
things to our family."
"We haven't got any grandfather."
" Oh, well, I know thi without mine,"
6aid Rachel, arrogantly.
They poked their lingers into every
thing sweet, sour, sticky or in any way
mysterious.- They smelt of various
poisons and, for a wonder, did not
taste. They put their tongues, how
ever, to a laudanum bottle and then
sputtered wildly into the air. At last
they found a nice clean vial full of
pretty white pills. They examined it
" Now, just let's take tho tin cup of
water," said tho enterprising Rachel,
"and swallow first ono of these, and
then a drink and then a nutlur, and soo
which can swallow tho roost!"
Margery agreed, "and at it they went
a pill a drink a pill a drink a
pill a pill a pill until the vial was
empty. Now you have of len heard that
our Puritan forefathers were very thor
ough well, so were our little fore
mothers. Perhaps if these children had not
taken so many, I inight have had to
end my story with a dreadful account
of their funerals: as it was, they over-
Ldid the matter, and their folly saved
Margery had not once winted; but
Rachel did not take time to wink, and
o came out three pills and a choke
ahead of her friend. W'heu all were
down thoy wont out aud sat dovn iu a .,
vacant lot near tho house. It was co d ' . .
and pleasant under tho fence, nnd they '?
began to tell Indian stories. Suddouly",
in the middle of ono Margery ex- v.,
Oh! I feel as I did .coming from"1!.'
Scotland, when the shin turned . over.'.",
"VVliiil uiU von?" Hn.ii! Rio-lii-l. ulira'li'.
"I guess it's tho weather rve bocir
feolinp: sort of lonesomo in my stuiu-' -- v
In a minute sho know exactly how ,
Margery felt coming over seas, fbr hci' '
lonesonieness increased and sho rapidly'"
lost "snap." , , . ; l i-
Margery, growing white and whiter,
slid down flat on the grass, then with rt '1
groan that seemed to conic from her lit
tle pggod shoes, became dreadfully
sick, aud Miss Winchester followed, t,
If they had swallowed the wholo '
contents of the doctor's saddlo-bagse.'
they could scarcely have sufl'ored more.
When it seemed as if they must havyV
thrown up not only tho pills, but tho
coats of their stomachs nnd their orig- 'v'
nal sin, they got up and staggered along Joi
by the fence; but were soon forced to.,,,.,
drop down again.
"I'm a-dyin'!" said Margery. "And i'n
I am afraid I want my mother.",
"Ain't it awful?", groaned Rachel.
"I've committed sin lately and I'n .
scared, too I broke a chinacup and hid ' ,
it up tho chimney. . i . -t
"Ves, we're both of us wicked a,
we'ro sick," moaned Margery. - "I,
mado faces, at my mother behind tho
door, when she wouldn't let me take her
gold ring." , ., . (.
"Hello down there! What you a-"'
doin'?" cried Zephaniah, his shook head Is
coming pver the top rail of tho fence,) ,
and he seeming to Jiang there by his ' c'
"O Niah, we're goin' to die!" an
swered Rachel, dismally, i: i il'
"What for?" he asked, not seeing y,,
the least uso in it. . ' ,
"We've killed ourselves," returned "I
Rachol, faintly. Sho must talk, whilo
breath remained; so she gave her,,
brother tho facts of the case. His face, " "
during tho story, showed disgust; at j 7
their present wilted condition, minglcd)tr,
with admiration for their daring ex
ploit. - '''iil' w
" Phu, Rachel! I wouldn't dio yon,, y,,
can't see 'em bile maple sap next year.'
"How can we help it?" gaspetf blucf j
cycil Margery. " , " .
' "Oh, lrll stiffen you up!" and .tfliih""""'!
suddenly unhooked himself from tho ,.)t
top rail and disappeared. They thought
he had gone to tell of them, and did " in
not care, for they wero so weak . and- nt
miserable. ' M "il
Ten minutes later he came stubbing'
along over the plowed ground towartt'M
them with one hand carefully shut ovec,,,v1
Ine other, lie dumped himself down
by their side. , ..mi
jNow," said ho, "we 11 take every '
hit of this lien, and it'll cure uaU'xii
Iheyfelt a little better, andsocu-,
rious to know what "this hero" was
that they forgot to ask Niah where ho " I
felt unwell. They looked eagerly into; a
his hand and sniffed with their litljo
noses. He. too, had been intd mis-'
chief; for in his not over-clean paw wtw J
all the white sugar it could hold, and
into that ho had poured at least a gill
of paregoric. i -jnuii vil
"Stick in jour fingers and lickfunj'y,,
off," said Rachel's worthy brother. ...
Grandfather Winchester might v eMx-m
have given this very remedy; but truo
it was, that beforo they had "licked". !
their finders many times, they'; were
better, able in fact to sit up and Walk jvi I'i
little way. ... ., Wi"
" I shall never sin any more, said
Rachel. ' ' u
"Nor I," said Margery. '"It mit-ftit ti
be dreadful wicked to tako pills w.lieoa-jll
you don't need "em." - x wt-(
"Awful!" said Niah, with a linishma...
application of his toniriio to his snn'll 1
palm. "Awful but we .nccdJk tliia'ifw
paregoric." - .. .11
l)o vou think." asked Rucli
I II' If 11 v
w. 1 till
havo got to tell grandfather of thlsf" .'
" No," said Niah, promptly.,,. ':v ,:n
"1 shall tell if it is right," s:tnlf
Rachel, lirmly. "I ain't goin ' to Bill111
any more." .i.nm I.'''it
Margery mascd.' Then she roniarkcd j,
"Tho pills didn't stay stealed long.
We can't give 'em back. I don't fcHt ' i
as if I needed nnyjnoru. punishing to
make me sorry." t , ( i(
" That's so," said Rachel. "We've
had our own punishiug." .
Aiiey each forgot that Jiairiirw
sinned and not suffered; while, ho, was,,,.
hardened enough not to think of him
self at all. . . f ;,.,,l,
When the afternoon crept out tinffcr''
the shadows of the evening the little.
Scotch girl went home with, ,a f ick
headache and was put to bed. Rahof
returned "tired out," she naid; aWd!i
meekly crept to hor couch tww bfutf
earlier than usual. Niah was a notable .
example of a scamp who escaped CoY
rcction. He fell asleep over his supper-iiL
in consequence of tho. drug, and slept.
all night the sweet sleep of innocence.'
Grandpa missed his jsiils in time, but -"M
went to his grave in ignorance of,,, tho
" manner" of their "taking off."
Rachol and Zephaniah more ' thriii",VM
once through a long life remoniboijd;.n(i
that day. Scotch Margery grew un ,
and grew old, too; but her eyes were ,n
nevor less blue than when she cknnK
from Scotland, and sho it was who Void,;,, .
this story to her grandchildren, with" ,'
those same eyes twinkling with fun.'1''
This is all, children, when 1 Imvtt
added a moral and a bit of, advice, ,
which just this onco 1 beg you not to
skip. , " : 'Vitm
Moral: Bo sure youpsia will ; lintjVi.j
you out as it did these littrw Puritans, ,
Indeed, it nearly turned them wiong-m
side out. . i, -rf si maj
Advice: Whatever you do do
thoroughly. Annette L. Nollf.in Jl'iifc
Awake. i 1 - U .iH
, , ,- ni.. -rr.it MftJi
Nixety million dollars js now, 'Vr. jr
oflicial estimate of tho cost of tlnjjii'u ' j
endeavor to extend British sway" lif '
Afghanistan, including therein the co i
of the frontier railways. tinU,rrHkf;dp'
solely as war necessities. To this! imi-t I.io
be added tho item of the livos lot mi;,pj
the suffering incurred among tho, Vroou' T
and among iheir families at nonie. , A ijTU
after all, tliis estimate includes onU ,'lli'.t
side. It forgets the lives and vrcfofiri y
lost by tho Afghans in defending l li!f -
homes. . :'! lavA