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DKMOCRATIO IN I'OLITICfi I,UIfl IN LITKllATUHKi AND l'HOOKKWSIVK IN HOUTHKUN INTKHESTH.
BY A. M. JBURNEY & CO.
MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1881.
VOL, II.-NO. 15.
. , mr& m t t t
Jay cm, i? .reported,, has pur
chased VtSontrd'llmii; Interest in the Vulcan
Mrel Works at SU Louis.
M.NtW; W ft... v- -V
Tub Senate Committeejon Territories
will report a bill for UiisrBti6n of the Ter
ritory of 1'cmlihiatmi Of the 'northern half
The CoTTjWitteefrin'rfest-offieos and
rost-road.fiVVotd injivor of $l,(Kw,000
subsidy to American steamers "in foreign
maj service. ,t, C" . f . '
Parnkll soon sails for America.
American. Fenians nre said to be arriving in
Kiiglaml from Ireland. Their movements
are closalwrtolicd-r - '--wyvr
P. A. Collins, President of the Amer
ican branch of the" Irish Land- League, ap
peals tQt ha American people and Irish n
America for, practical aid.
London was excited on the 11 Hi by
. . . . . . .
the reported discovery of a plot to blow up
Windsor Castlo. . Precautions were taken,
and tho Quet'ff'dctuyedTier return from Os
borne. 4 '
Chief Douglas has been released
nftcr a year xonQneinent at Fort Leaven-,
worth for partiQlpatiooi in the Meeker raag
hacre. lie ha pone back to his old bunting
The report is current in Wall Street
tlmt tioulh land Vandeibilt'are hereafter to
work'tosetlibr In the development of the
.Southwestern railroads and In the construc
tion of a line to the Mexican capital. -
It is reported that a syndicato has
liecn firmed for the purchase of the St. Louis
TiMMa, franchise, now'ownudby the Knapps,
with the purpose of starting a new Repub
lican datlwTii St, "Louis, in opposition to the
OhthDemicmL ' '
Fullku details regarding the battle
lictween the Dritlsh forces and the Roers in
.Smith Africa show that Gen. Col ley suffered
a defeat ami 'only succeeded In getting buck
tu eamjj under cover of darkness, leaving his
wouirfud on the field of buttle.
The Tennessee Legislature is Investi
gating ch a tires of bribery in connection with
the recent electron' pf Stnte officers by the!
. legislature. .Two.PBmucratic members who
voted for the ttcpublican candidates and
thereby secured ' their election are called
upon to defend their action.
The Ways rand Means Committee
have voted to present a 'bill 1 9 repeal the
stump tax on exports of tobacco and the iis
Icrnal revenue tax on matches, proprietary
medicines, perfumery, bank checks and
bank deposits. A motion to add salt to the
free list was lost live to five.
The steamer Bohemian, from Boston
to Liverpool, laden with cattle, meat and
(rain, was wrecked off the Irish coast during !
the recant; galea,' and thirty-five Hvcs were
lost, &mong them her commander, Capt.
irunK, and five men In charge of the cat
tic and refrigerators. Twenty-one of the
crew Wre saved. . '
The St. lx)uis 'JHmes was sold on the
Mh, by order of C'ourti aud was knocked
down for $:i4,rO0, the proprietors of the St
Louis !'iUeun being the purchasers. It
is understood that Its publication will be
permanently discontinued, and Its t Asso
ciated Press franchise thereby permitted to'
lapse. . ,
A number of prominent Cleveland
manufacturers identified w ith, the Iron in
terest have addressed a memorial to General
fiarticld, setting forth the Injury done to
their Interests by recent customs declsiojis
cf the Secretary of the Treasury, arid asking
that his successor be a mun who is more in
sympathy with the 'doctrine of protecting
' American Industries.
MFSsits. Oliver and Grow, the rival
llepublic.an contestants for thel'nitcd States
Jsenatorship before the Pennsylvania legis
lature, both announced tbelr withdrawal on
the 9th, after the twenty-first ballot had been
taken. The Oliver men then transferred
tbchwotes to- Wen. James A. Heaver, and
the (Jrow men gave theirs to Tlmnias M.
llsyne. The result of the twenty-second
(.allot was as follows: Wallace, 8'l; Heaver,
(K; Unj'nc, (W; scattering, 2ii.
The atest advices from Cape Town
are thai tha British f rces under command
of SjrlT. Colley are in a very critical posi
tion, having been cut off from their base of
Mipplics at Newcastle. The Boers have been
largely reinforced. An engagement occurred
on the 8th, brought on by (Jen. Colley
attempting to restore communication with
Newcastle. The Boers made the attack, and
it Is said were repulsed with considerable
Joss, but nevertheless succeeded In thwart
ing Geni Colley V plans', and he was forced to
fall back again to bis old camp.
The House Committee on Foreign
Affalrs.havlng under consideration the vari
ous Interoceaulc canal schemes, have de
. eided, by a unanimous vote, to report in
favor of a strict construction of the Monroe
doctrine. The committee hold that the
I'nited States should adhere to a strh-t neu
trality on all trans-Atlantic affairs, and
should expect and enforce non-interference
of European nations in the affairs of the
wholo American Continent. It is decidedly
opposed to the construction of an inter
oceanir canal underaKuropean protectorate,
or even the semblance of such.
The River and Harbor bill, as finally
agreed upon, appropriates a total of $10,180,.
800. For the Mississippi River the sums
appropriated are: " Carrying out 'the plans
of the River Commission, fl.000,000; re
servoirs at head of river, $150,000; from St.
Paul to n Moines, $200,000; to mouth of
Illinois River, $175,000; lower river, fOOOy
000; ;t lUibuque, $5,000; Galena, $12,
000: Hannibal, $20,000; Qulncy, $10,000,
Rock Island Harbor and Rapids, $14,-
000) .ioe harbor at Su Louis, $10,
000; Memphis, Stt.OoO; Natche aud Vi
da'lia, $.")O,0o0. Missouri River Above the
mouth! of Yellowstone, $40,000; survey of
river. It.TO.'sW; at Atchison, $20,000; Browns
ville, $10,oo0; Cedar River, $l.00O; Council
Bluffs and Omaha, $20,000; Eastportand Ne
braska Citv,$loo0; Ft. Leavenworth, $3,000;
Glasgow, $20,000; Kansas City, $20,000; Lex
ington, $10,000; Su Charles, $W,onn; St.
Joseph, $20,000; Vermilion, $1.,000; Ohio
River, total, 42JUI0O; Illinois KiNer, $2.000.
tisage Rhcf,, $0,orO;. Gasconade River,
JIO.Oisi; Chicago Harbor. $i.V,0.
rjRS.ONAL AND GENERAL.
The people of Montgomery, Ala ,
have subscribed nearly till the money required
to baild the Southern Railroad to the I'lori
da line, through a rich eotton section.
The five-story building of the West
cm Klectrlc Manufacturing Company, on
Sf'cw Church Strect,.Jfoy York, burned n
the 9th. Over 240 employees were at work
in the building at (ho-time the firo broke
out, arid the (lames spread s rapidly thai It
was necessary to rescue, a number of t ho
women by means of ladders.
i he town oi rass jsiancnac, Lit., on
Lake Pouchurrain, was demolished by. a
tornado on the '.ah. Every building In the
place. 'was swept away, but no lives were
Isom Cahtkk and his daughter, of the
Choetaw Kution, were drowned while at
teniptingjio cross the river al Fort Smith,
Arkansas." , "' ''" . ,
The steamsliip Joseiihino.fromllava
na to New Orloans, was wrecked on the 0th
near Ship Island. The passengers and crew
took to the boats and were picked up after
seven hours. They lost all their baggage.
; The Gunn Block, "at Denison, Texas,
occupied by the laUj Herald and the
wholesale grocery house of Marx Kuehn &
Co., was bymcd oh the morning of the 9th,
with Its entire contents. Lo?ses nearly cov
ered by Insurance.
' James Hickey, a noted thief and
desperado, was killed at ColllTsvillc, Tenii.,
while resisting arrest, having hrst fired at
the Marshal and a second time at a young
man who came to the officer's assistance.
Hickey was a stranger in Colliersvillw, but
was well known to the police of Memphis,
St. Louis, Chicago and other cities, hnving
figured prominently in a number of exten
Miss Ella F. Gilbert, a most esti
mable young lady of Norwnlk, O., who Oc
cupied the position of Deputy County Re
corder, wras run over and killed the other
morning while crossing the railroad track,
on her way to the Court-house.
The ice blockado of the Mississippi
at St. Louis was broken on the !)th and navi
gation resumed, after a close of seventy-one
days, Steamboatmen apprehonded no little
damage from the great fields of ice coming
dowu the Missouri, but fortunately their
fears proved groundless on this occasion.
Cuaiu.et IlARi'Elt, a colored man at
Fulton, Mo., drunk about one and a half
pint's of whisky at a drug-store on a wager,
aud died soon after from the effects.
The Cleveland Bar Association passed
resolutions favoring the confirmation of
Stanley Matthews as Supreme Court Justice.
Messks. Dillon and A. M. Sullivan
addressed a largo Anti-coercion meeting at
Manchester on tbeOth. '
The Chicago Board of Health's re
port for January gives UTO" deaths' for the
month, against 771 deaths for the same month
in 18.H0, aud (KI4 in 1879.
Foi'R thousand ootton weavers have
struck for an advance at Hyde, England, and
11,000 looms are idle.
A thain on the Central ltailroad of
New Jersey was thrown from the track near
Commnnipaw, on the 10th. One car over
turned and eaunht tire. Thomas Daven
port, of Round Brook; Edward Reeves and
Miss Nellie llaynes, of Elizabeth, were all
probably fatally injured. Others were badly
Three children a son of Jonathan
Allison, a daughter of Joseph Arnold, and a
colored boy were drowned while eroding a
swollen stream on their way home from
school, near Washington, Pa.
An explosion of fire-damp in the Kock
Hill coal bank, at Bobbins, near Lec
tonirt, O., on the 10th, caused the
death of Thomas I.ok-an and his
son ohn, 'James Median, Edward Smith,
Win. Haley and James Crouch, and the seri
ous Injury, of .several others, some of whom
couH not recover. '
The Southern Oil Works at Memphis
burned on the 10th, together wlih 2,000
barrels of oil, 1,000 tons of oil cake and
1,000 tons of cotton weed. Total loss, $200,
000; Insurance, $12:1,000. One hundred men
were employed In the works.
John P. Lkist, assistant weigher in
the Chicago Tost-office, is tinder arrest
for robbing the mails. Proof agaist him is
said to bo conclusive. From$12,'H)0tot."),000
of his plunder lnis been recovered.
A shocking accident occurred the
other day at the State Capitol, Lansing,
Mich. Robert Cllppcnger, a messeng. r boy,
twelve years old, was carelessly sliding down
the balustrade of stairs on the fourth floor,
when he lost his balance and fell to the mar
ble floor, eighty feet beneath, killing him In
stantly, bis neck being broken.
Mks. Ellen Edwauds Coh.e, wife
of Ma. -Gen. John M. Corse, died at Bur
lington, Iowa, on the 11th. Mrs. Corse was
widely known throughout the country for
her connection with various reform move
ments, and highly esteemed both for her
literary and social accomplishments.
Anna Heed, a lady medical student
at Aun Arbor (Mich.) University, commit
ted suicide bv drowning herself. No cause
A iiokhible crime is reported in
New Mexico. At Cauada de los Amosa, thir
teen miles from Santa Fe, Julian Vigil,
Mexican, killed his wife and young daugh
ter, chopping them with an ax, and severe
ly wounded his son, leavinif hira for dead.
The man then hung himsetf to a rafter In
the same room. Cause, Insanhv produced
Green Jackson, colored, was hanged
at Marion, Crittenden County, Ark., on the
11th, for the murder of another negro, com
mitted last spring.
Two grandchildren of a farmer
named Wagner, living near McIIenry, III.,
perished in his house, which burned on the
night of the 3th.
Feb. 7. In the Senate, the a'leged ceiisus
frauds In South Carolina were brought op by
the reading of the letter of the Secretary of
the Interior in response to tho resolution of
the Senate asking for Information on that
subject. Senator Uutler tok cx-casion to de
nounce with some asperity the assertions
made during the campaign by Senator Conk
ling und other Republican speakers, to which
Senator Conkling replied in an equally spirit
ed manner In the House a numberof bills
and resolutions on various topics were intro
1iiOd. An attempt bv Mr. Keagan to intro
duce the Kiver and Harbor bill underasus-
fiension of thai rules (it being private bill dav),
licked nine votes of the necessary" two-thirds.
Feb. t!.-In the Senate, the credentials of
Philetus Sawyer and Arthur P. Gorman, Sena
tors elect, w ere read and filed. Mr. Bruce,
fiom the Committee on Education and Labor,
1 r- ported adversely the joint resolution to pro
1 de for the enforcement ot the Eight hour
J A lcsnbit.o!'. of eied by Mr. Ctirkilng,
wtuvii'lnpted directing the Secretary ftf the
Ticanny to report totlio Senate the names it
all iiersooM nomjmitwt bv till' ftillcrtor Of lliu
l'ortof New York between. Jiihoar.y hnd l)t-cctnlit-l',
(S.S0, 'or appointment ' in (lie
NeW YUrk tUstoin-liKiiB", and whether
any have been appointed in Viola
tion of the Civil Service mien, eto,
Mr. ICuir introduced a Joint resolution pro
posing an amendment to the Constitution,
which was read. It prohibits litter the year
l'.KK) the inanuf ictmeund sale, anywhere with
ftl the United StutQ4, ol distilled alcoholic and
intoxic.itini; Jiqnors, except for medicinal,
mechanical, i einical Qr seicntlllc purposes,
and also prohibit- the exportation and im
portation of such Honors und their transpor
tation through uny part of the I'nited States,
except for medicinal und selciulllo uses, etc....
In the House Mr. Kenyan reported hack the
River and 11 arbor bill and It was refeivod to
dommittco of the Whole. Mr. Keiitfail stated
lie would move to o into eomni'ttuc on that
bill immediately Hftor the tilornlnn hour, but
Mr, Atkihs ffar'e notice bo would oppose it
with the J.ouislatlvc, Executive and Judicial
bill, which he thereupon reported haek from
the committee. A loan discussion followed
over tlio question ot precedence, which w
suited In a victor? for Mr. Atkins, nlid thri
IloiiHowont Into committee on (ha latter bilh
Ff.iL S. The Henate pttssed the Pension
impropriation bill, all amendments having
been previously laid on the table tor future
consideration. ...... The House passed the Leg
islative, Judicial and Executive Appropria
COUNTING THE ELECTORAL VOTES.
The formal counting of the Eloctoral votes
fol- President und vice-prcsldont took placo
in the hall of the House of Representatives, In
the presence of both Houses of Congress, on
the tth. Vice-President Wheeler occupied
a seat on the rixht of Speaker Ran
dall. Messrs. Thurman and lianilin acted
as Tellers on the part of th Senate and
Messrs. House and f rowley on the part of the
House. Tho proceedings were carried out in
the manner prescribed by the joint resolu
tion previously adopted, tho Vice-Ptosldont
opening the packages purporting to contain
the certificates of election, handing them to
the Tellers, bv whom they were rend, and
tium duly recorded. The result, us an
nounced oy Senator Thunnan, was it total
of unvotes, of which James A. tilu field add
Chester A, Arthur received 2U Voles and
Wliifield S. Hancock ami William H. English
1.".V Tho Vice-President then declined tier
Held and Arthur elected respectively as Pni
dent mid Vlce l'resident of the I'nited States
for four years from tne4thn March next. The
vote of (icorgla, not having been cast on the
dav prescribed bv the t ontltutinn, was
counted conditionally, as not affecting the re
suit The galleries and nil availablo space
With spectators to w it 1100 j the
Feb. 10. The Senate passed the bill ap
propriating $200,000for the purchase of ground
for tho erection thereon of a hall Of deposit
for the Covernirierit records. - The Pension
Appropriation bill was considered at lcnirth
In the House, Mr. Ke.igan (I.. Mo.)
moved to go Into Committee ot th Whole on
anil, though the motion was antagonized
the lover ami nuruor Appropriation mil
by Mr. Cx (I)., X. Y.j with the Apportion
tnent bill, it prcvail"U yeas, mi; naya,
7;i. After some desultory UUcusslon, Mr. Hea
gan moved thattho committee rl und report
the bill to the House, but Mr.' Cox nvsed a
point of onler and demanded the reading of
the bill for amendments. The Chair sustained
the point of order and the I'ouse, by a vo e
of 132 to 6, re:u-ed to sanction Mr. Iteagan's
appeal from the decision ol the Chair, so sev
eral amendments were got inandthebill went
over without action.
Feu. 11. In the Senate, Mr. Dawes made
n personal statement in regard to a recent
letter of Secretary hcliurz .in reference lo
I'onea affairs, Mr. Dawes charged that the
Secretary, While Having mil nnu-ial knllwl
edue of 'the wrongs inflicted upon the tribe
was the 0110 who had stood In the wuvof their
recelvinu any redress. Mr. Hoar offered
resolution instructing the Judiciary
Committee to consider and - report
eminent of large bodies ol organized and
whether the assemonng at me seat 01 uov-
armed troops not under the Command of olli
cers of the United States, or ItnV national uu-
thorltv, be not likely to piove in the future
dangerous In practice, and whether any leg
Islatiou or opinion ny 1 ongress on the sub
ject be desirable. Mr. Hoar said the
resolution had no relevancy to the
coming inauguration, but that the prece
dent now established by the presence of
numerous militia organizations might here
after in times of political turmoil and excite
ment proVo dangeious to' the peaceful and
orderly conduct of the Inaugural ceremonies,
Mr. Conkling thought tho time for the in
quiry, in view of the extensive preparations
by militia organizations nil over the country
to visit Washington, inopportune, and a keil
that the icolutioii be laid over under the
rule. Mr. Hereford construed the resolution
in allowing the regular army to attend and
forbidding the presence of volunteer organi
zations as an announcement of adoctrlnedan
gerous to the liberties of the people. The res.
olmion was laid over. The Postal Appropria
tion bill was further considered in Committee
of the Wholo.. ....The House spent nearly the
entire day in consideration ot private bill".
A pens.on of $!0 per month was voted the
vcueniulc Col. Hionius Worthington, of Ohio.
LITE SEWS ITEMS.
Toledo, O , suffered from an inun
dation on the 12th, causing at least half a
million dollars' worth of damage. The rail
road companies were the heaviest losers,
their tracks being all submerged and the
water standing from seven to nine feet deep
at the Union Depot. People had to be re
moved from their houses In bouts in some
eases;.' "A similar inundation occurred at
Washington, D. C, the wnter being four
feet deep on the lower part of Pennsylvania
Avenue, causing an entire suspension of
business. Long Bridge was swept away.
. The snow blockade throughout the
Northwest, caused by the storms of the
10th and 11th. was the worst of the season,
causing an almost complete suspension of
railway-traffic. The storm extended as far
south as Illinois, Missouri and Kansas, a
heavy fall of snow being accompanied by
high winds which drifted it into almost im
The marriage of the Baroness Bur-dett-Coutts
and William Ashmead Bart left
took placo at Christ Church, London, on the
12th.- The bride is 00 years old and the rich
est woman in the world. The groom Is un
der .'10, an American by birth, and Impe
cunious. President Hates attended the ban
quet of the Baltimore Tress Association on
the 12th, and responded at some length to
the toast " Our honored guest, the Presi
dent of the I'nited States of America."
"Daisy Deane," a variety actress at
Kansas City, wandered from her room while
insane from fever, on the nl'ht of the 12th,
and died from exposure during the night,
her lifeless body beicg found by her friends
after an all-night search. IShe was the w ife
of Billy Deane, a song-and-dance man.
The Postal Appropriation bill was
further discussed in the Senate on the 12th,
the mail steamship subsidy amendment,
offered by Mr. Hamlin, being the chief Item
of contention. Mr. Wallace raised the point
of order against Mr, Hamlin's amendment
that It would engraft general legislation
upon an appropriation bill, and upon the
question being submitted to tho Senate, it
was decided, 26 to 17, that the point of order,
was well taken, and the amendment was
therefore declared out of order. The bill re
ported by Interoccanlc Canal Committee in
aid of the Tebuantepec Ship Railroad
(Eads's scheme), gave rise to a noisy and
disorderly struggle over the question whether
the r port had been authorized. Finally, on
motion of Mr. Cox, the whole subject was
laid on the table bv almost a unanimous viva
voce vote. The Blver and Harbor bill was
considered in Committee of the Whole and
three of the forty pasres of the bill were dis
posed of. One of the amendments adopted
was that the Secretary of War shall, let 'by
contract all piiblic works to the lowest r
ponib!e bid. ft i f .
OrttlttlEJiCEri Or iS'fERfiSf.
'rile I'iit Arrltlrut ut lluffiilu.
Bl'KAU). X; Y February &.
Biioiiti.y lifter nine o'clock- this mornin
tie aruhe I roof of the ol I Heir York Central
Iiei ot mi Exchange street, overweighted with
atu.minUted snow and wtakcoed by the le.
inoMil of fornior offices which bad formed a
largo portion of Its support, Tell, burying a
number ol' ctiri and human beings beneath
the tangled 111118-1 of Iron, wood, glass, snow
and brick. The iiuinbur of narrow escapes
was large. In the curs of a waiting train a
few passengers, perhaps llftech or twenty
persons In all, were seated. Not one of these
were Injured, of course, all were much
fright nied, and, lielng Inside Iho cars, could
not tell at first Just what had oecuirvd. They
promptly realized, however, that they wer
virtually bur.ed, but thj naif and side wall
filling hud mado a sort of archway over the
cars, projecting them. Passengers recover'
log from the tlr-it shock und surprise bad uo
dilliculty in getting out in safaty.
The wora of clearing away- ttie dubris wilt
completed this afternoon. The killed ant the
coutident lid clerk of Superintendent Tilling
hast, Henry Walters, Captain John McUyrno,
of this city, who wa-i waiting to take a train
for Erie; Wni. 1). Wells, Car Inspector'! clerk,
und Levi S. Huntington, clerk In (he of
flcoof tno Buffalo, New York & Philadelphia
Kiiilinad. Captain Mcllyrne is the only one of
the victims marrie I. The cause of tho disas
ter is properly attributed to the weakening of
the north wall of the depot by cutting open
ings and pas-tago ways to connect with the
new structure, which attaches to' the
old, and by the removal of a number
of walls which formed different ollices
Inside of tho old structure, und
tho Immense body of snow which hid accumu
lated, and was made additionally heavy by tho
recent rain and thaw. Tho seene presented bj
the fallen structure wa-t a most ruinous one.
Large piles of bricks, Iron girders and heavy
timbers lay piled In an Indiscriminate mass,
while the ragged walls tottered aud roll in sec
tions. The noise resi-nibli d that of unearth
(jualcfl, and was heard u mile distant. The
whole old depot was 440 feet long: height of
the walls, 1 feet; width, 10.) feet, and height Of
arch, 76 feet. All but tirty fot of the walls
and four arches aro a mass of luim. It was
built In lSVr-.Vi. At 11 hour of the day orulght
could the accident have happened without more
terriblo loas of life, as the depot at the time
was comparatively (Icier led. 'J bo only tram
made up and in waiting whs tho Lake Shore to
Erie, which was awaiting tho coining of the
New York Cent ral,' and one from. the East,
both of which wer behind time. The fast
train went out about live minute before the
crash, aud tho Eastern train had la-en gone
about an h air. The last in a) I train, due alioiit
tho time of the accident, was behind time, and
also the heavy St. Louis aud Pacific Express,
A llenperute Btruccle with Two Hears.
LoTTlK Memm.t., the female hunter ot
Wayne County, Pa., has Just had another ad
venture worthy of record, ami one which came
so near costing her her life that shi will prob
ably in the future never resume her masrullni'
sport. A few days ami, just after the great
sleet storm which swept over the country,
Lottie determined lo go deer bunting. Don
ning her snow shoes sho stinted to cross Drlg
Swamp, a dense mu-s of scrub-oak and laurel
When she had reached the eenterof the marsa
she discovered the foot-prints of a very large
bear ou thu criuit; She followed the trail OUt
Of the swamp for about two miles, when she
d:so vcred thi! don wiilch tho auinial Inhab
ited. Entering the cave she found twoliltb
cubs on a lied of leaves in one corner. The
cutis were about tho size of kittens and were
Lottie was ju-t emerging from tho cave
when she win met by an Inunenso she bear.
1 be hear had heard the ctihi yell und was
making all possible speed to rescue tbem. Be
fore Lottie could druw her rilleto her shouldoi
the animal wus up n her and, grasping her In
her paws, gave her Riicb AterriblDSipieeiothat
she fainted, when the bear, thinking her dead,
released her grip. She fortunately rci-MJnod
eohsclnusni-ss tjuickty, and when the olifbeat
was playing with her cutis the plucky hunter
drew her rifle and shot her in tho side. The
bullet did not strike the animal's heart, and as
the brute dashed at her again Lottie drew her
bunting knife and with one 0 .Id stroke nearly
severed the lieur's bead from tho body.
Lottie was Just congratulating herself on
her successful escape when the dead bear's
mate made his appearance. Lottie's rille was
unloaded and she was totally unprepared for
a Bocond encounter, but determined to " tight
it out." The s'.iugluwas a long one. For
tunately the yoitug ladv was not incumbered
in her motions by petticoats, for iti all bet
hunting expeditions she wears puntalo ins of
doe-kin wlthu h i blouse. When, finally,
Lottie thought the bear was (load she stooped
over to cut his throat, und the animal, with
ono stroke, of his monstrous pnw, t ire the
clothing almost completely from her body,
During the protracted strunglo the bear had
reached the edgo of a ciiit fully Its) feet
high and sloping ut an angle of more
than 43 degrees dvwu to tho Wallinpaupack
Creek. As the animal k rubbed Lottie he com
menced sliding on tho slippery crust duwn
this utmost perpendicular slope. Lottie was
carried with him, and every foot of distance
truversod added to their velocity. When they
reached tho foot of the slope they struck
against a tree, completely killing the hear and
breaking two of Lottie's ribs, her left arm and
one of ber limbs, alio managed, however, to
crawl alwut a mile to a house,, where sho re
ceived medical treatment. . Tho first bear
killed weighed when dressed 4S3 pounds and
1bu male ono (Si pounds. Lottie, who Is im
proving s(owly, bus tho cubs in bor possession,
but Bbc says It will be some time before sho
will take another expedition of this kind.
lAi.-t urua iPa.) O-r. Arte York Tlmm.
Thomas Carlvi.k was born In 1T5 at Ecclo-
fechan, a small village In Diimlriesshlre, Scot
land, where his futhor was a fanner. At the
age of fourteen he entered the L'niveisltyrot
Edinburgh and pussed through the regular
course of study, lie icmalned ut ihol'nivor-
sity seven years after completing tho course,
and determine 1 to devote hlsllfo to litoiature,
He commenced bis literary career in by
contributing to the Edinburgh Encyclopedia
some a bio .articles of a biographical nature,
and followed up his success by articles for the
Ureirw of that city. Translations occupied
his attention for some time, and he gave the
public the geometry of Legendrc and Uoethc'
"willhehn Melstor." Tho "Life of Mcbillcr"
followed, being published as a serial in a Lon
don magazine. In lrcrr he married. Be
tween 1NM and 18.jy be was engaged
upon "Bartor Koaartus," aud In 1SU7
"Ihe French Kevolutlon" appeared. In IS4J
bo lectured on "Hero Worship," which essay
were afterwards published In book form. la
14.'l appeared his "Past and Present;" In 18
tho "Latter-Dav Pamphlets;" in lso, bis
" Lifo of John Sterling." His great work was
"Oliver Cromwell's Life and Speeches," which
was published In 1845. In la'n .Mr. Carlyle was
appointed trustee of tho National portrait
liallery. In l1! appeared his "Life of Fred
erick the Oreat," and In P& he became rector
of Ibe I'niverslty of Edinburgh. In 1S75 he
declined the Grand Cross of tho Order of the
Huth. For the last few years he bus lieen in
frail health, and has refrained from theseve
labor of the student and author, contenting
himself with visits from bis admirers and bis
lame, which was world-wide.
A little girl who appliud lo Quee
V letona. for her autograph, revive
ihe followinj: "lor of such is th
kingdom of Heaven. Victoria itcriua
HCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
A magnetic sand, imported from the
Isle of Bourbon, and sinoe found near
Morbihan, is said by M. Jjdaid to have
the properly of rapidly reviving plants
which had shown pronounced symp
toms of decay through disease.
The experimentof running a locomo
tive without brakes has just been suc
cessfully tried by the .Delaware, Lacka
wanna & Western ltailroad Company.
An nppliance by which power was ap
plied against tho piston was used.
I)n. Oscar Jennings, a physician of
standing in Paris, writes to the London
Iincct that in tho treatment of mental
isease ho has constantly used music,
which calms and soothes tho mind, and
is too precious an agent to be neglected.
Concerts form a part of tho regular
treatment in many asylums. It will be
remembered that Saul found satisfac
tion in music
I)u. Cech, of St. Petersburg, suggests
to inventors tho desirability of securing
some apparatus which will collect the
fine volatile oil of tho coffee bean, ono
half of which is lo3tby the present mode
of roasting. Tho beans contain 8 to 1:1
per cent, of this oil, which has ail the
llavor of coffee, and which would, if
9aved, form an excollent material for
jiquors. In 1S78 the quantity of coffee
roasted is estimated at about u,l)(JU
tons. ... ,
Mica has been implied to a new use,
that of fashioning it into middle soles to
boots and shoo. The invention con
sists of a sheet of mica imbedded in thin
coatings of cement, and placed in the
boot or shoe under and adjacent to the
in-sole, the upper leather of the shoe
lapping over its edges, or next under the
tilling, or between the filling and the
outer or bottom sole, and covering tho
upper space from the toe to the instep.
To obviate the dangers and troubles
caused by high steps to passenger
coaches, Miss Skerritt, a young lady of
Albany, N. Y., has liirented and pat
ented a folding step which when low
ered comes within a foot of the ground.
When the train is ready to start the
stops are tnrned out of the way by nieans
yf a lever, which always holds them se
cure. This'rentiers them free from ice
and cinders, and in descending from
litem one is in no danger of slipping.
Ano'her iiupot tant feature is that when
folded these step3 prevent passengers
from jumping off or on the cars. The
Delaware & Hudson Railroad Company
is testing the invention.
PITH AND POINT.
Shipwrecked sailors never need
starve while thet'e is A bight of rope
left. Ijoue'l VUi:tn.
"What is fame?" asks tho Philadel
phia Amerit:ai. rame is tne remit ot
being civil to newspaper mem Boston
Arkansas women love to whistle.
Boston Post. And what is more lovely
than tulips well blown? Philadelphia
No matter about the strike of the ice
utters up the Iludion. The ice cron is
argd and well set, and the harvest will
be immense, unless an untimely frost
should nip the blossoms. Andrews'
What becomes of all the 'old war
horse3 " after the campaign Is over and
the President is elected? Do they go
back to the plough? And echo answers
neiirh: they go to tne trough." our-
The young men of this are ing in
appearance, and arennedfor gazing;
they are .... of fashion, and do not
need a lamp-post to Keep them
selves perpendicular. Nyack City und
" Management of the world's fair"
is troubling New York just now. It is
a problem that Adam, struggled with
when there was only one world's fair,
and slu got tho best of him. Xtw
(Jlimpse of a future event: An im
mense ship carrying the Washington
Monument from the United States, then
an ancient and abandoned country, to
the grand republic of ' Africa, to bo sot
up in the big square in the City of Tim
buctoo. But we may euchre the Van
dals after all bv not completing the
monument. Ha! ha! We shall prove
too much for posterity. We are a won
derful peoplo. N. Y. Graphic.
The Textile Record has an engraving
of an "improved self-acting-mule." It
is generally understood tliat all mules
are self-acting, and it is with pleasure
that we note any improvement in the
animal. The improvement seems to do
away with the familiar appoarance ol
the mule ; in fact, the picture makes it
look more like a spinning machine than
a mule. Still it is to be presumed that
the kicks are softoned like the gentle
fanning of an autumn zephyr. Detroit
Letters are sometimes lost and found
in an odd way. A letter containing
money and directed to a New York
man, was, with others, given to the car
rier to deliver. Soon after, tho man to
whom tho letter was addressed com
plained that it had not been delivered.
An investigation was made, but without
any satisfactory result. The next year,
during the season of "spring cleaning,"
tho mystery was solved. The oilcloth
in the hallway was taken up, and on the
iloor, close to the front door, was found
the letter which had so long been miss
ing. The place had been closed when
visited by tile carrier, and in thrusting
the letter under the door he had pushed
it beneath the floor covering. Some
years ago, a young man was discharged
from a Connecticut post-oflice on sus
picion of dishonesty. The suspicion
arose from the unaccountable disappear
ance of some money leUe-sfrom the box
rented by an insurance company. When
the cool weather of autumn caused tho
president of this company again to wear
the light overcoat which he had laid
aside tt the end of spring, ne louna
these letters in one of the pockets. Then
he remembered that he must have
taken them from the office one Sunday
mornin2. on his way to church, after
ward forgetting them, and putting away
his overcoat for the season. 1 hus an
innocent young man had suffered from
the criminal f-arele'sness of another,
Our Youncr Folks.
WINTER AND SUMMER.
Oil. I wish the winter would go.
And I wish the summer would eoiuo.
Thou the big brown farmer will boo,
i he little brown ben will hum.
Ho, bum I
Then tho robin his life will trill,
Aim tho woodpecker bent Ills drum,
And out of their tenls in the hilt .
The little green troops will come.
Ho, hum! .
N'ow the blimsoms are sick in lied.
And the dear little birds nre dumb.
Tho brook has 11 cold In her head, ,
uu, summer takus long to cuno.
When In bouny blue field of sky,
And In bonny green del. Is below,
flic cloud-tlocks try and tho Inmb-llockB lie,
Then summer will conic, 1 know.
. . Ho.hu! .
'J'beu around and over the troes,
With a duller and llirt will go
A rollicking, frolicking brei.c,
Aud away with a whisk, ho, ho.
Oh, the blossoms take long to 00 mo,
And the icicles loiur to fir 1:
Itut the summer will conic, aud tho bees
And tho bright little brook will flow, - .
.1 know. Ho, ho.'
ft. ). KiwW fun, in St. A'iciofow,
THE NEW SCIIOLAIf.
Elueut Collins had never boen
marked absent or tardy since his first
going to school .in September, and it
was Lis ambition to iinish the whole
year without a " mark." partly because
he really liked to be prompt, and part
ly Ixseatuo he thought it would
bo so nieo to see his name in tho paper
at tho end of the school year.
December iiad come, and the short
mornings were very lively ones in his
mother's little kitchen, because of so
many things to be done before the nine
o'clock bell. There was the wood-box
to till, the canary to fee l, and generally
the cradle to rock, while the mother at
tended to such work as could be done
best while there was some one to look
after the baby,
Uu this particular morning, however,
the mother hud gone to Mrs. Urown's,
around the corner, fol' a cup of yeast,
and had become. so interested in a
recipe for chocolate cake, a pattern for
a boy's blouse, the pound party at the.
Methodist minister s, and some now
ways for trimming Christmas tree, that
she entirely forgot the time of day.
Meanwhile, little Klbert, with his
overshoes and , scarf on, and cap in
hand, rocked the cradle, and kept his
eves on the clock. Five, ten, minutes
passed away. The long hand was
crawling alarmingly near last-bell time.
He tied his scarf, pulled his cap over
his cars, and rocked harder than ever.
Still no mother. Then ho went to the
door, looked anxiously toward tho
corner, and sent out a lusty shout
"Manima-a-a, come ho-o-ome!" but
Ho one responded Aeept the baby.
Oh-dear! dear!" lie exclaimed, as he
rrished back to the cradle; and "lusty
then his expectant ears heard the first
Blow cling-clang of the last new. It
would ring for five minutes; the school
house was only three streets away, and
there was time enough yet, if he could
ouly start. One thing was certain he
troitld never leave Ins little baby sis
ter. He remembered a story of a poor
baby who was almost burned to death
because her brother, who had promised
to take care of her, left her, and rani
out on the street to play.
Ha went to the door and shouted
again. It was something like the case
of Casabianca, But when two mothers
are talking about patterns and Christ
mas trees, who ever know them to no
tice every little outside noise? Elbert's
shout ended in ft big sob. A man go
ing to lose his entire fortune couldn't
fetjl worse than this little fellow did,
with that dreadful "tardy" mark
hanginr over Ids head.
Then a happy thought Hashed into
his mind. Running to the cradle, he
caught up the baby", scattering pillows
and b'ankets right and left, bundled an
old shawl over her, snatched her half
lilled milk bottle, da.-hed out of tho
house, and ran oft' in the direction of
that clanging boll ns fast as his stout
young legs could carry him. The baby
was a light little mite, only two and a
half months old, and Elbert was nearly
six years, and largo for his ago.
He mot two women whom ho knew,
and who commenced making weak re
marks, like " Why, Elbert!" and
"What on earth!" but he bounded past
them, with no nnswer but his panting
breath, find reached the school house in
such good tinio that the bell gave its
last two clangs 111st as he nanuod over
his funny burden to the astonished
"I couldn't leave her, and I couldn't
bo late," he said, ns soon as he could get
breath enough to sneak. "And she' 11 go
toaleep and ue real good," ho continued,
tu the teacher began to unwind tho
And then tho whole room saw a sur
prised, half-smothercd-lookiiig little
baby, still in her night-gown, ono bare
foot sticking out, and her little fists
tightly clenched, as if defying anybody
to send her home.
Tho toachcr was a good-natured
young lady, and she laughed so that
sho almost dropped the baby on tho
iloor, and then the whole room laughed,
and finally Elbert joined in: for lie was
glad ho had escaped tho tardy mark,
aud the baby certainly did look funny
Of course there could be no order.
Nearly all the scholars had babies at
home, or were well acquainted with
those of their neighbors: but thoy acted
as if they had never seen one before,
and every movement of tho little pink
hands and every turn of the small bald
head made them scream with laughter,
until the principal of the school came
into tho room to see what the disturb
ance ' wrt3, and after trying to look
severe for live seconds, he laughed, loo.
And while all this fun was going on,
Elbert's mother was running wildly
through the four rooms of her little
house, calling her boy's name, aud feel
ing sure that the children were either
killed and thrown into tho cistern, or
else. carried off like Charley Ross, and
lost forever. The scattered pillows and
upset rocking-chair, indeed, mado tho
kitchen appear as if there had been a
struggle, ami tho wide-open door and
the gate creaking to and fro had a
dreadful look to Elbert's mother. Just
then the women whom Elbert had met
stopped at the rate, and said to the
mother, who was coming hurriedly out,
"Is anything tho piatter, Mrs. Col
lins?" ' " ' '
"Oh, I don't know whore my chil-.
dren are! I left them while I ran intu
Mrs. Hrqwn's a minute, and the kitch
en's all ripsot, and I'm afraid"
" Why, wo just now met Elbert wiMi
the baby, kiting-ulong like the wind,
over there by Webster & (ireelt'tO '
Leastways wo supposed it was the baby,
from the way he carried it. And ho
"Morciful man! he's takan her to '
About ten minutes later, , a flustered
little woman rapped a- tho deor of tho,
First Primary Uoom, aod 'inquired for
a baby. It was handed to n'm'i along" .
with an empty milk bottle,, aud wrap- 1
ping them both in a red cloak which
she carried; she thanked thl fcmlliirg'.
teacher, and walked quickly Iftme.
At first she had felt very angry to-, r
ward Elbert; but when sho looked at
tho clock, and remembered his horror
of being late, she softened toward him .
considerably, and by the time she .had .
got the baby home; and found her none '"
the' worse for her little ran away, tint t
had her laugh also; and being a fair
minded woman, she told .Elbert when ,.
he came home to dinner that it was
very thoughtless' irf her to have ta"d ho '
long at Mrs. Brown's. - And. Jilbertl.;
gave her a hug, and said ho was ' glad
lie didn't leai.'e the baby, 'cause sho"' 11
might have been burned up, you know!'' .'
Harper's Young People.
K-bb!e's Hide After Ills l ather.
Uouuie's father was going to the '
city, and going on horseback, too.
ltobbie wanted to ko very much, bat it..,
was a long way. ltobbie was very lit
tle, so he must stay at home with moth-
er. He watched his father ride away,
and he did not crv, as. everybody cx-
pected he would. O no, for a tine plan
had crept into his small liCad. 1
After his ' father was out of sight, ; .
Robbie looked around until he found
his stick horse. He didn't look for hi.-
bat, for ho didn't like to wear it. " Ho
only kept it on because; mother said,, if
he did not, he must wear a bonnet. ,
So, in his red dress, ltobbie went
trotting otf through the front gate. . No
body was on the watch, iugt.thcn, and",
master Kob got well out of sight before
any one missed him. . - j
He hl mado up his mind that ho
would go with father, and expected ev
ery moment to catch un with him.. ; '
The stick-horso trotted bravely along" y
tho muddy, road. Father's horse had
gone through tho mud. Robbie could
see the tracks of the hoofs; so he
would not turn asido either-but
splashed along through , every ; mud
hole. . , " - ,
At last the stick-horso did not trot su -merrily.
He fell into a walk, for
Robbie's slioes were so hcajy with mud t
ho could carcej drag trjem Q.at f.eacli
miry placo. His hands were very red
and cold, too. burely lie would soon
find father, so he trudged along the
muddy road. At last he did see a man,1
and on horseback, too. But he was.
coming towards Robbie. When at last
he came up to the stick-horse and its
tired rider, he stopped. " - -
Where are you going?" ho asked of
Robbie. , ..
Tm going after father, and he's '
gone to Richmond," said Robbie. . in-
"Well, I wouldn't go any farther to
day," said the man. "You get up here
in front of me and we'll have a tine ride
homo." 1 -. . (' , '.,'. y.
At first Robbie did not want to" turn
back. Bvit the kind neighbor persuaded
hiin, and took him, muddy shoes, stick
horso, and all, safely home. '
Whether mother had missed Robbie
before he got back, 1 don't know. But J
I do know she was glad the stick-horso
had not carried its little rider on any
longer journejs. ' f
Robbie was washed and kissed and
pettod, but hq never rode after father
again. Our Little Ones. ' "v"
: -1 i-H
Glacial Americans. ! . :j-
In such a winter as this it is peculiar- -.
ly gratifying to learn that there havo
been Americans who have seen the val
leys of this continent filled with gla
ciers, and even the mountain tops buried
in them. The Natural History Society
last night, discussing tecent discoveries j
in the irenton grave Deus,. seems to
; have about agreed, from the chipped
stone implements found at the depth of
sixteen feet below tne sunace, mat a
race of men lived in America, at the
same age that the most ancient dwell
ers in Europe laid down their stone shov
els and hoes foT future reference. vW6
have been in tho habit of considering
America tho land of big things, but it'
has most wonderfully dwindled, poaked
and pined since those days when tho ,
Delaware river flowed a mighty stream,
about fifty feet higher than its present
level, and mastodons were amoHg the
game in the New Jersey forests, whore ,
men now hunt deer and such small
game. These continued revelations of
the pro-historic population that occu
pied America before tho red Indians,
who begin to look like quite a tot 01 im
migrants, reveal also the gap between
thoso races and that which wo call the
" aborigines." This gap is a porten
tous fact in American history, and
proves that the human race has not so
good a chanco on this side of the planet
as on tho other, where the continuity of
the race was never so completely lost.
Starting even as iho two hemispheres
did, in tho paheolithio or neolithic age,
to judge froi theso discoveries of the
crude arts ot the cpochgSJio American
world "petered out" completely per-,
hajis at the very time when Egypt and
India were in their glory. With fee '
1,500 feet thick in the Delaware Valley,
then containing 6,000 sr.uare miles (as
Rev. Mr. Wright, of Andovcr, opined
last evening), and other glaciers where
other rivers aro now drying up, man,
was still able to exiat here as in Europe.
But something worse befell the "West
era" than the "Eastern"-world, and
crushed out human life here, or at Ictwt
shook off its grip upon the earth for
ages. Boston Transcript.
There is a goes at Lil'Jcpote Farm,
in Wiltshire, England, which is known
tq be nearly ninety years old, and may
be a rood deal older. . It was presented
to the father of its present owner on his
tenth birthday (in 108), and it wa
tlu-n coiiMdered aged.