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R.A.TIO IN lOIL.ITICH; ITJIIK IN LITEUATUKKi AND lMtOUIHOWHlV IS IN HOUTIIKUN INTKRKtjTH.
itJJM M. BURNET & 00,
MIINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, MARCH 5, 1881.
VOL. II-NO. 17.
H''Summyj'Qf Important Events. .
K"arff(ViJ)08Sr declared .between
Jx-Gaw4lEHKV D. Cook, of Wash
, Ington, died on the 24th.
sed the so-called
iiiX 281 to 30.
on Ibe 2.")th, the vote stand-
CoE5fsH, who killed Col, Shannon
ln$ducT"M SobtliThrt)lin4imne" months
ago, ban been IndMed (or murder. - -
Droz, previously Vice-President, has
been elected President of the Swiss Confed
eration In the "place of Anderwcrt, deceased.
.BtJxoiUousesof the Tennessee Legis-;
la lu re voted Ito take a recess, in order to
participate In; tbq Presidents, .inaugural
a tot'- 'i'
It f is understood that negotiations
have begun between General Colley and the
Boers, and it.U expected 'a truce, will soon
frflT jWtlltisaf lower House, on the
92d, by a vote of CO to 17, passed a Joint resi
olutlon proposing an amendment to the Con
stitutlon prohibiting the sale of liquor In
Women and children will, not be ex
empt from the operation of the Irish Coer
cion act, a motion exempting them having
beciurt fcccted In Uia Ilpuse of Commons by a
vq(ei(t:)q(io4!.i , j ,-'
Ge. Mahoe; the Virginia Senator-
elect, has chosen bis seat on the Republican
side, and a friend who Is constantly in com
munication with him predicts with confi
dence tii at Mabono will vote with the Repub
IjyinjartyV y y, V- ' . y '
f TrjK National Lancers oi Boston and
ti4Qio8ot;ChiJilostown, Masa.i received
n ovation at New Orleans on their arrival
tUcrUi lmrtltjipate n theMardi Gras festiv
ities. On Washington's Birthday there was
a grand parade and other fostivlties, par
ticipated In by the visiting and local militia.
. 'L. , i i
The deadlock In the Pennsylvania
LfgiHlatyrfl whs broken on the 23d, John J.
" Mitchell, of Tioga, being elected United
States Senator on tho thirty-fifth ballot, re
ceiving, the: "solid" . Republican "vote. Mr.,
Mitbiy jhasservc.d several terms in the
Hoicse of Representatives and is a member
of the present Congress.
Tji& HepublkanJlousQ Caucus, held
on the night of the 23d, resulted in a deter
mination to user all parliamentary tactics to
defeat the passage of tbc Apportionmentbill
the present session. Therc was considerable
diversity of ophiion'exprcssed, but it Is said
enough Republican 'members will hold out
to defeat the passage of the bill.
TiiR Yaqni Indians, a tribe having an
area of lands in Sonora covering 2o0 square
miles, are robbing all travelers who pass
thrmiptt their. country., and preparing for a
general revolt. The Mexican Government
will send thither four thousand soldiers, to
build posts and protect settlers. The red
men are about fifteen thousand strong.
George I. Senet, President of the
Metropolitan Bank, of New York City, has
putiittbetllspnsal of the Methodist Epis
copal Church .fJ40,000 in money and real es
tate, the money to be employed in the estab
lishment and erection in Brooklyn of a hos
pital, open to Jew end Gciltile, Protestant
and Roman Catholic, heathen and infidel,
on the same terms. :
Senator Matthew H. Cabpenteb,
of Wisconsin, died nt his residence In Wash
ington on the 2ith, after a long and painful
illness. He was born in Morctown, Vt., in
1824, removed to Wisconsin in 1848, and
established himself in legal practice. After
serviflg'ln the lower House of Congress, in
180!) ho was chosen United States Senator,
and in 1879 was .elected to a second term.
' The vacancy in the United States
Senate, caused by the death of Mr. Carpen
toV,can not be filled before the 8th of March,
the Constitution providing that the election
shall take place on the second Tuesday after
notice of a vacancy is communicated to'tho
Legislature. Mr. Cnrpentcr's death at this
Juncture gives the Democrats an undisputed
majority in the reorganization of the Senate.
Baron F. 13. von Becktolsheim,
lartustro-liungiirian Consul at St, Louis,
litis absconded, leaving many fflends in the
hirch who had granted him precuniary ac
commodations, and what is much worse,
baving appropriated to his own use various
sums of money Intrusted to him In his offi
cial capacity, the losers of which are gener
ally poor people, who have no recourse
jTiiBRE wasj an extremely panicky
feeling in Wall Street on the 2.'th, the cntiro
') list of tocks, falling off from one to six per
Mut 'mil nnvftriimpiit ltnnds nliont nnn-hiilf
. of, ooq per cent. In this emergency Sccre:
. , ary Sherman ordered tho Assistant Treas
urer to buy ,f 10,000,000 five and six per cent,
bonds, the effect of which was at once to
rase the market and check the tendency to
, R.ward a panic.
', , A significant meeting of Free Trade
. Democratic members of Congress took place
in Washington, on tho evening of the 22d,
' th( Ostensible occasion of the gathering be
ing ' a dinner given by Representative
Hurd, of Ohio. About thirty persons
were present and the preliminary steps were
taken toward forming a permanent organiza-
-1ion. It was tho general sentiment of thoso
present that Free Trade should henceforth
be made a prominent feature of the Demo
cratic National policy.
Eight liveware lost by the burning
'.Zpl William Sloan's store-houso and dwelling
' at Fast Liverpool, O., on the morning of the
23d. Tho Sloan family occupied the upper
portion of the building. They were n4
. awakened until the flames had cut off their
' ascapo by the stairway, and running
to a window, followed by bis family,
Mr. Sloam jumped out, telling his
wile to drop down the children
and then follow herself, and he would break
their fall. For some unexplained reason the
remainder of the family did not follow, and
ifjl were burned to death. Tho following Is
list of those who perished: Mrs. William
Sloan, aged 31 years; Lnella Sloan, 13; Clyde
Sloan, 12; Lizzie Sloan, 11, Alex. Sloan, U;
Pnul Sloan, .; another daughter, aged 1!
inoBtL; aud Wilbur Shee!s,brotheroOIr.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL
i ; .)! ii I i'l'iii !li .
The steamor J. M. Kerr, heavily
laden with cotton, ' sfinK IK) miles below
Natchez. No lives lost. 3 r- J C
ALnRitT Bucket, ;aged died of
hydrophobia at New Orleans on the 20th,
having been bitten by a dog six weeks pre
viously. . ..i .
James Felleu, aged 37, of Tonip
klnsville, Ky., was shot whtio standing in his
own doorway, tbo other night. William Smith
is the supposed murderer, und Kk is under
arrest, together with Feller's wife and step
daughter, who'arc held as accessories. Mrs.
Feller rau off with Smith soirtaiuonihs ago,
but her husband took her back again. She is
doscrlbbd ai.be ins god-lppk(inV, but having
a bad character.
At Ash Grovo, Shelby Couuty, 111.,
Mrs. Nancy I. Forbes fell into an ripen fire
place, holding her Infant child in her arms.
Tlie-ehlld was burned to- lciitlir mid-' the
mother was very painfully burned. about the
head nnd' face. "With lierjolotiilng nearly
burned off, Mrs. Forbes ran a quarter of a
mile to her father's house, where she died
lu great agony.
. ; The boiler " lii F.W. " .Meyer's soap
factory at Louisville, Ky., exploded on the
22d, killing. Meyer and. iujurinshls eon
r The National Association of the Veter
ans of the Mexican War
met at Louisville,
Ky., onthe22d, about two hundred being
present. ; , j j A
Mr. A. S. Mitchell, an old news
paper man, formerly of St. Louis, died at
Hot Springs, Ark., on the 2ud, of pneu-"
inonia. i ; r , , r , . .,
John Jackson and- Frank Otto, em
ployed In a livery-stable at Nebraska City
were burned to death. The stable caught
tire, and, while attempting to rescue the
horses, the burning hay-mow fell on them.
IIakry Martin, aged 18, of Mount
Blanchard, O., fatally shot himself in tt
stomach while showing his new revolver to
aome friends., - '.- ? 'f '.'?'
Gladstone met with quite a serious
accident on the 21th. While stepping from
his carriage he fell, striking the back of his
head on the carriage step, rutting it severely.
He will be laid up for some time. . , ..
Four men were recently found killed
In a whisliy hovel between Bacon Springs and
Fort Wlngate, N. M. ; There Was evidence to
show that a card party had been in progress,
wbich'probably ended in a general shooting
melee.- The proprietor of the place having
left, no further particulars can be obtained.
Roijert Hadkield, an old and well
known resident of Buffalo, N., Y., formerly
connected with the pre, while laboring un
deii a mental derangement shot himself
through the head, causing' instant death.
He was G7 years old, an Englishman by birth,
and Son of Robert HadnVld, tho noted Lib
eral, who represented tho Sheffield District
in Parliament for over 40 years.
John C. Morris, a well-known resi
dent of Indianapolis, committed suicide
while temporarily deranged. ', '
Several more Chicago dealers' in
buttcrlne have been fined for selling their
adulterated goods without advertising jts
character. They appealed, and will make a
test case as to the vallflity of the ordinance
under which they are being so vigorously
The Seventy-first New York Regiment
left for New Orleans on the 24th to partici
pate in the Mardi Gras festivities. They
stopped over in Cincinnati ono night, where
they were entertained with a public recep
tion and a banquet.
A railroad accident near Longview,
Texas, on tho 24th, injured twenty persons,
some of them seriously.
: Two passenger cars on the New Jer
sey Midland Rallied went dov. n an em
bankment near Dgdenshiirgl), took tire and
burned up.'; The passengers (some dozen in
number), and train men nil got out ulivc,
some slightly scorched, and all more or less
hurt, but none fatally.
The French bark Fannie, from Phil
adelphia, Sept. 80, for Havie, laden with
petroleum, has never been heard from since
site sailed, and is undoubtedly lost with all
on board, twenty-one persons.
Thirty-six successive shocks of
earthquake occurred at St. Michaels, In the
Azores. One church and 2J0 houses have
fallen. Several persons were killed.
The International Cotton Exposition
of Atlanta organized with II. T. Kimball as
President and Senator Brown Chairman of
.Gen. Ney, 'Due d'Elchingen, was
found 'dead at Chatillion,' in France, his
forehead plercud by a bulei and a pistol in
his hand. Gen. Ney was the grandson of
the famous Marshal Ney. ,
John Vanderhiede was hanged at
Shelbyville, Ky., on the 25th, for the mur--der
of a negro. This was the second execu
tion In this county of a white man for kill
ing a negro, the first having occurred in 182.').
E. O. Hatpen, a wife-murderer, was
banged at Windsor. Vt., on the 2dth.
Mr. Wm. II. II. Russell, a well-
known St. Louis lawyer, wbs murderously
assaulted In his office,, on the 25th, by a
clieut named Philip Brady, who felt ag
grieved at the slow progress of a suit in which
ho .is interested. A riveting-hammer was
the weapon of attack, and but for timely as
sistance Mr. Russell would doubtless have
been killed. As it was, he escaped with a
severe scalp wound.
A terrible tragedy Is reported from
Waverly, Lafayette County, Mo. Two young
farmers living near there, Wm. Fickett and
Martin Ross, became engaged in
an altercation, when pistols were
drawn and each shot the other. Pickett was
instantly killed and Kftss fatally wounded.
Pickett leaves a younj; widow; Ross was
Feb. 21. The Post-ronto bill passed the
Senate. The conference report on the Army
Appropriation bill was read and odopted. At
the expiration of the morning hour the Legis
lative Appropriation bill was taken up. Mr.
Davis stated the amount of estimates forisxj
(exclusive of official postnge) were $17,452,000;
that additional estimates of JIS.OOO had been
submitted, makln-r the total estimates $17,9tr.!,.
lii". The amount of tho bill as it passed the
House was $ I i.lK.V-PHi, to which the Senate
committee had added STIo.OWl, makine the to
tiU as reported to the Senate fl",H7S 2.K. The
avgi-egate as reported was $.H,42 less than the
estimates, this beinir in excess of the
total appropriation for lssl. This excess whs
lamelv one to the incrent of $t5:t,i?(0 on nc
eoi.nt 'of additional clerical force and facilities
for adjudication of pensions, and over yxo.noo
for tli Internal lievenue Oepartuient. In
reuard to tin' bitter item Mr. lavis said the
Commissioner had stated the reveunesfor the
current vear would exceed those, of the pre.
eeilmg y'eur nearly J'.'e.noo.oeO. and Ills ettn:ite
for the current year put the ligures at ; k nit
512,000,000 aliove those for this vear
In the House, Mr. McMalion (1)., O.) offered a
resolution citlliiiK on the SociutHry of the
Treasury for u statement of tho retundingof
bonds known at 10 40s, and the sale or ex
change of bonds In lieu thereof diii'tiiR the
year 1ST!), with a list of the syndicates, hunks,
hankers, brokers nnd other persons taking
the mine and tho respective amounts taken
by each; tuso, the amount of money
paid to eaeli and for wlint purpose oV
object hucIi piivmcntB were titadM.
etc., etc. Mr, WuHlor (U.. O.) Intibdiiced il
bill providing for the appointment of a Hoard
ot Filial Inspectors, whom) duty it shall be to
watch over the collections nnd expenditures
of the Federal Treasury. Mr. Stevenson (D.,
111.) submit' otl the resolutions of llielicncrai
AMt'.iubly Of Illinois, leeuminendlnij tho re
tirement of l'. S. (irant with the runk of Gen
eral. Mr. truer (It., Md.) introduced a bill
for tho uppolntuicnt of a Commissioner to
inquire into tho injustice of freight
charges upon inter-Htaio commerco and
to propose ii remedy. The bill to Ascertain
the Hinotiut due tho Choctaw Nation
of Indians by tho Government passed.
The bill simply ntith'M tzes theCourtof Claims
to try all questions uri.-inu fr.-m t;oalv stipu
lations with tho Choctaw Nuti -n, and render
judgment thereon. Mr. Slcmons (!., Ark.),
under iiislVuetions from the Comuntteo on
UnilrundH and ( uniils moved to Mirpeud the
ni cs snd J'hss the bill iiieorpo iniiiK the
Cherokee Arkansas River Railroad Company,
for tho purposo of constructing a inllivad
from Arkaiii-as City, Knns.. throiiKh the Indian
Territory to Fort binlth. Ark. Agreed to and
the bill pas ed. A motion to adjourn over
ushingtou s birthdiiv as aoleatLHl.
Feb. 22. The Senate passed the bill re
penting the law imposing u tax on bank de
posits. Tho provisions for tiiking off the
taxes on bank cup it it 1 and bank checks, which
were in tho bill hh originally repotted, were
stricken out. The House joint resolution nn-
propriatiug 10,000 (or a monument to murk
the liirtbpluco of Washington was adopt
ed. Senator Louan made another in
elfectual clfort to tako tin the Grant Retire
ment bill the vote standing -a yeas to 211 nays
rue nonse drmhco me Agricultural ad
propriiition bill. Anion the amendments
adopted is one nppropriaiuiK tiu.uuu ior tne
continuation ot experiments in connection
with the manufacture ot sugar frllm beets add
fur the cultivation ot ueois tor mat purpose.
Fiui. 23; The Senate passed the Fdrtlfi-
chtion Appropriation bill, the bill to graduate
tho price And dispose of tho residue of the
Cherokee strip lands in Kansas,' and tho bill
for the erection o( a new building for the
Congrcssionul Library. Tho bill fixes the site
for the new building upon tho six squares
on tho east trout ot mo cunitni frrounns
s:.J limits the cost of hinds and
(btmaires thereon to fl 000,000
The House considered the Civil Service. An
propriiition bill in Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Cox (!., X. Y.) called up as unfinished
business the Apportionment bill. Mr. Conner
(It.. Mich.) raised the ouestlon ot coAsldera
tioii, and upon the question being imt the
Republicans with one or two exceptions re
fused to vote, leaving. tho Ilouso without n
Feb. 2L-'The announcement of the death
of Senator Carpenter was made in the Sennto
immediately' after reading the journal, and
after passing the customary resolution the
Senuto udiourned out Of respect to his mem
(il'v..m.A deadlock occurred in the House
over tho Apportionment bill. A vote taken
on the ordering of the main uiiestion resulted
:',ti to 10, one less than a quorum. The Speak
er cast Ids vote lu the nfllrmativc.
thiM miikimi a ouorum. The Rcpuplicans
then resorted to dilatory proceedings to pre
vent n vote on the bill. A cull of the House
was ordered, and no quorum voting, the door
were closed and a resolution adopted direct
ing the Serueant-ut-Arms to enforce thn at
tendance of the nu tubers. Various absentees
were brought in at dllfeient times during the
day nnd evening, but up to midnight the Dem
ocrats hud not succeeded in vetting a quorum
and the House was still in session.
Feb. 23. The Senate Commerce Commit
tee reported bnek the Itiver ttnd Harbor bill
with amendments increasing the nggregnte
appropriations bv ovef $1,000,000. Tho Agrl
rultni'il Appropriation bill passed.... The nil -night
session ot the House terminated at 0:ftC
a.m., an agreement having been entered into
at that time for the appointment, of five mem
bers on each side of the House to confer and
determine upon some pliui.ot settlement re
gnrding the Apportionment bill. After recess
announcement was made of the death of Sena
tor Carpenter and the usniiJ resolutions passed.
The House then went into Comniltteo of the
Whole on the Sundry Civil bill. The amend
incut appropriating' $200,000 for naval stations
nnd coaling depots on the Isthmus' of Panama
bring under discussion, Mr. McMalion (D., .)
created (iiiite a sensation by charging that
behind this proportion was a scheme for the
benefit of the Chirill Land Improvement
('onipauv, which was tne owner of '.',
OiHI.ihkI acres of land on the Isthmus,
which included two harbors that wen-
to bo made coaling stations, und that
Mr. ltogers, the Iresident's private- seerotaiy,
hml appeared ueioie mo suu-coniiiiiuee nun
made an tirgumenc ior rue appropriation
The compromise committee on tne r nudum
bill did not reach any agreement during the
(lav, the Republicans standing out tor 319
he'preser.tatives. while the Democrats were
willing to concede 313. The number proposed
by the bill ls:i7.
LITE NEWS ITEMS.
. Gen. Collet, with' sir companies of
British soldiers, suffered a most disastrous
defeat at the hands of tho Boors at SpiUkop,
on the 27th uit., Gen. Colley himself being
killed, together with the greater
portion of his command, which consisted
of twenty-two officers and 027 men. Tho
British occupied the summit of a bill, up
whTch tho Boers charged four times, the last
attempt to capture it being successful, as is
alleged, solely on account of the British
running out of ammunition-
Princess Augusta Victoria, the
bride-elect of the eldest son of the Crown
Pi luce of Germany, arrived at Berlin on the
2'ith, and was publicly received by the Em
peror and royal family. The occasion was
made a grand fete day, business throughout
the city being suspended and tho streets and
buildings decorated in holiday attire. The
religious ceremony of the marriage was per
formed on the evening of tho 27th, a grand
court reception being afterward held, fol
lowed by a State banquet.
Fritz V. Haas and Catherine Hot
fart, bis alleged paramour, confined in the
Franklin County Jail at Union, Mo., under
Indictment for the murder of Mrs. Haas,
narrowly escaped lynching at the hands of
an Infuriated crowd. Under cover of dark
ncss the officers finally succeeded in getting
the prisoners out of town and conveying
them to SU Louis, where they are now safe
at least from mob violence. .
Thk Catholic Orphan Asylum at
Hyde Park, Scranton, Pa., partially burned
on the night of the 27th, causing the death
of seventeen of the lnmatas, all
children. The victims were locked in their
rooms on the third floor, and the dense
smoke and flames rendered it Impossible for
the sifters to effect their release. Only two
were touched by the flames, the others be
A Mexican named Manno, another
of the alleged murderers of Col. Potter, was
forcibly taken from the Jail at Albuquerque,
N. Mcx. , and hanged by the vigilautcs.
The Court-House at Greenwood
Sebastian County, Ark., and all Its content
were totally destroyed by fire on the night of
the 24th. Incendiarism Is suspected.
The Senate, on the 26th, after a pro
tracted session, passed the Ulvcrand Harbor
bill, the vote being 32 yeas to 12 nays. Those
voting nay were Messrs. Bailey, Bayard,
Blair, Pawes, Eaton, Harris, Jones (Xev.)
Kernan, Logan, Pendleton, Saulsbury and
Wallace. The House completed the Sundry
Civil Appropriation bill in Committee of the
Whole, and then took a recess till Monday
without taking a vote. The bill for the re
lief of settlers upon absentee Shawnee lands
In Kansas passed both Houses. The con
fcrence committee on the Apportionment
bill did not come to an agreement
OCCURRENCES OF INTEREST.
A Year of Horrors.
Ir (rood old Mother Phlpton. instead of
frliihtenhnr timid pe.iple w;th the prophecy
th. t tho worl l would o mie to nu cul in lssl,
had announoad that It woul l bo a very extra
ordinary year, am! that the natural elements
would bo in Unusual commotion. Involving
Vast destruction Of property and ontalllnar
great human suffering over wide sr?as, and
that an era of casualties would set In, occa
sioning severe loss of human llfo, and that
violence, murder nnd suicide would run ram
pant, she would have hit much nearer the
truth. Tboreyct remain ton mouths and a
half of tho year, and If tbo destruction wh ch
has been caused during tbo past six weoks
continues in lulytlilng like tbo sanlo pro
portion for tho rest of the yo ir it will bo
set down in all futuio tltno as the year ot
horror. The winter seepis to have accumu
lated Its raviiRes since tho 1st of January.
Fierce blizzards have continuously swept
down from tho Arctic region, via Manitoba,
piling up, snow almost moutitain-hlgh, and
burying many victims beneath its ava
lanches, while numerous othors have frozen
to death, exposed to its pitiless blasts. Con
tinuous rains have inundated tho Pnciflo
Coast untl have Washed out several iitlnirtg
towns. The toe gorges have burst with prertt
violence In thethaw and flooded Washing-tort,
Toledo, Philadelphia and other cities, involv
ing damages to property that amount up in
to the millions. Alnrgepartof New Orloans
has been under water for days. Innocent lit
tle brooks nnd creeks In tho rural districts
that have barely life enough to run in the sum
mer have been transformed into raging tor.
rents and have swopt away mills, furm-housos.
biidgos and fences, and inundated quiet coun-
try villages, juiiirouus rave oecn otocKed up
until supplies of tood and fuel bave irnrwn
BCarOeiihd prices havo mounted upward with
astonishing velocity. The ocean has been
strewn with wrecks. Not satisfied with
their damage in their own region, thssnow
bllzzards have brossod their natural bound
aries ' and devastate! unfamiliar re
gions, killing tiio fruit. Disease has
followed in tho track of thoso extraordinary
natural manifestations, nnd epidemics of sear,
let-fever, small-pox, diphtheria and othor dis
eases havo spread with fearful fatality. Every
element of destructivoncss seems to havo been
let loos?. In this country alono the railroads
have kiilod 102 persons and severely maimed
120 others, lly marine disasters 470 porsons
have lost their lives. By explosions and other
casualties 2fi persons have bcon killed in this
douiitry. Its reported by tcb graph, which only
takes cognizance of largor casualties. Not
content with tbo loss of llfo by natural and
unavoidable onuses, eighty wretched persons
in this country bave taken their own lives,
and 11H others have been murdered in six
weeks' time, and ttieic figures only Include
those whosonatnes have beon mentioned In the
telegraphic news, which, of course, only In
cludes a part of the whole number. Ch icaao
Triliune, February IS.
Municipal BondeJ Indebtedness. .
Mk. Koukkt 1. PoiiTKtt, special ngent of the
census on " Wealth, Debt and Taxation," fur
nishes an Intorcrtlng exhibit of the outstand-
ng bonded Indebtedness of the cities nnd
towns ot tbo United States containing a popu
lation of 7.500 Inhabitants nnd upward. Forth'
coming tables will Show tho purposos for
which all bonds wore issued in eneb year from
lsootolSHo. and the amounts maturing: each
ear from 1W0 to 1000. 1 h 3 figures given In
tho following tobio are suolnrt te possible re-
tum. iTVrfnJbmid- Per
td debt. Vdifta.
tl1.Kri.Vi0f 100 22
2,W2.40J, 3 S4
6l 1.301) 3
l.UsiS 570 7
6 9is,700 2
New o: k
Delnwar.i . .,
Oreiron. .. ...
m U,X0,7!3 f :Bi,31B,013 f !M 53
Geographically considoioJ, the bonded in
debtedness of the cit lei nnd towns of the
United Stat es, 'curtaining 7,500 inhabitants and
upward, Is as follows:
Nn. oil'op la-Tt)lnltioni-
c tit.. turn. ed&M. rercap a
Eastern . . j
fll3,lUS3i f02 18
72 4,0.vl Oi'i
115 3,52 1,801 !
In tho report of tho Stato of South Carolina
tho indebtedness of tho City of Columbia
(1000,100) is not include!. The report of tho
Btate of Tennessee does not include tho (repu
diated) ludobtedness of tho City of Memphis,
which is estimated at about 13,090,000. Tho
States of Colorado and Florida have no bonded
debt. Tho bon led indebtedness of New Vork
City amounts to f l;tt,407.4:U: of Chicago to
i:uii:i.noti. and or Liouisviuh, ivy., to u,!i,uoi,
Tho rates of interost paid rango from threa
to twelve per cent, per aiinuni. Il'axiinyion
tor. iv. a . Truwiie.
A Remarkable Prophecy,
Bv far tho most accurato estimate of future
population ever made In this country, or any
other, was mado by a man mimed Wntson in
1S15. As his predictions wcro published that
year ttaero can bo no doubt of the genuineness
of his "guesses." Ho predicted that the pop
ulation in 1SS0 would be 50,450,000. HU proph
ecliM were made in 1815, and here is the strik
ing manner in which successive censuses have
shown their accuracy:
As General Walker says, In speaking of this
mntter, it almost staggers credulity. "That
man, a more human being." says General
Walker, "should be ablo to predict fifty years
In advance the number of Inhabitants in a
rapidly-growing country within a fraction of
ono per cent.eems wondorful almost be
yond belief." Had the war not Inter
vened It Is believed that Watson's
predictions would bitvo held good in 1S70, and
also in lsso. Hut in 1870 be was ahead of the
census nearly 4,0(0.000, and In 1880 nearly 5,000,-
000. The losses of the war, d Irect and cont in
gent, we can never know, but Watson's fig
ures, almost absolutely accurate up to the war
period, would show It to affect us tbc present
year to tbe extent of nearly 5,000.000. That is,
had there been no war, the present population
of the United States would be about hS.OJO.O-JO.
Watson predicted that the population 4n 1000
would reach HiQ,0'.U,"00, but General Walker
do s not believe (t will be over about 80,000,000.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Joseph Albekt, the renowned Mu
nich photographer, has invented a new
process by which it is said that be is en
abled to produce pictures of persons and
objects with the finest shades of their
The various urban sanitary authori
ties of England and Wales hare expend
ed no less an amount than $7d,0U0i000
during the last live years in works of a
sanitary nature, and judging from the
steadily decreasing death-rate of the
period, it is implied that the large sum
has been judiciously laid out. The ex
ample is one that might well be followed,
and that with profit, by tn&ny localities
in tnis country, ... , , ..
A kkmarkablk bed of kaoline, cov
ering an area of eighty acres and of a con
siderable depth, has been discovered
near Bremond, Tex. A factory for the
manufacture of the article into porce
lain ware has been established at New
Orleans, and it is said is turning out
work fully equal to that made from im-
Siorted kaoline, and which will compare
avorably with ware made in Europe
and other foreign countries.
The number of elementary substances
recognized in chemistry has now reached
over 64, though for many years past it
has been expected that this numner
would be diminished rather than in
creased by the discovery that these
supposed elementary substances are
really various compounds of a few.
bpectroscopic observations and chemical
mathematics can be made to demon
strate that probably the four remarkablo
substances, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
and carbon, constitute the whole earth
and its inhabitants.
According to the Chront'que Indus
irielle, considerable quantities of beauti
ful objects of artificial amber are now
being produced in Vienna, and sold as
of real amber. The substance employed
is chiefly colophony, or resin, obtained
by decomposition of turpentine, though
several other ingredients are used to
give it the requisite qualities. The imi
tation is so perfect that the product has
the electric properties of true amber,
Ingenious manufacturers have even in
troduced into the substance foreign
bodies, insects, etc., to make the simi
larity more striking. . .
PITH AND POINT.
Some of the most timid girls are not
frightened by a loud bang. Lowell Cit
"Two bits in the West means a quar
ter of a dollar." St. Louis paper. In
the East it means death to the dog.
New York Graphic.
A great many people owe their gen
tlemanly appearance to their clothes,
and a great many owe their clothes to
the tailor. Detroit t-ree tress.
Advertising is a good deal like fish
ing, the more lines you throw out the
more you are apt to catch. But be
judicious ; do not throw out bait that
cannot be swallowed. Yonkers States-
Domestic Economy The art of liv
ing on nothing while doing a good busi
ness. Political economy The art of al
wuvs keeping; on the right side of the
party in power. Social economy
Tho art of livina; off somebody doing a
good business, without doing any busi
ness yourself. loronto urtp.
" Wiit should a red cow irive white
milk?" was the subject for discussion in
a suburban agricultural club. After an
hour's debate the secretary of the mat-
ng was instructed to milt the cow and
bring in a decision according to the
merits of the milk. It was blue. New
A well-to-do farmer strode into a
jewelry Rtore at Muncie, a few days ago,
and paid for a ring bo confessed to nave
stolen from the proprietor fifteen years
ago. He said ho had "been in hoil"
ever since. If it toojf lateen years ot it
to goad him up to paying for that ring,
it can't bo such a bad place as it has
been made out. Boston Post.
The author of "Adam Bcde," "Silas
Marner," 'lloniola," "Middlemarch,"
and "Daniel Deronda" was a woman of
extraordinary insight and reasoning
power, with a mental training ana com
prehensive acquirement which, without
her imaginative genius, would hffve
made her famous not only among
women, but among all contemporaries.
There is some disposition, accordingly,
and naturally, to underestimate her
high and beautiful imagination. But if I
tho lofty company of "Shakespeare's
women," as Shelley called them, re
ceived no real addition until Scott's
Jeanio Deans, has there been any such
permanent and noble accession to their
society since Jeanie Deans as Dinah and
KomolaP Dicken s women are amus
ing, Thackeray's Becky Sharp is an en
during figure of its kind, Jane Eyre is
pathetic, and a lovely throng flutter
through all the lesser novels ; but for
mingled dignity intelligence, pathos and
supreme womaniiuess, me range 01 our
imaginative literature shown no nobler
forms than Dinah and Romola.
Miss Burney, Miss Austen, Charlotte
Bronte, and George Eliot are the chief
Englishwomen among the novelists, and
unquestionably the one of greatest
power is she who lately d'ed. The dis
tinctions among them are absoMdy
marked. The hrst two conformed" to
Scott's assertion that the business of the
story-teller is to amuse ; the last two
were inspired by the humane desire of
great souls not only to amnse but to as
sist mankind. I low far this desire is a
constituent element of creative genius,
and whether, if the moral purpose be
excluded severely from art, the moral
result is not more surely attainedwe
need not now consider. It is very pos
sibly true. It is possible that Scott will
outlive the distinctively humaue school,
and that ho and Shakespeare and
Hoinor are moral only as nature is
moral, and therefore more deeply and
effectively moral than any other literary
influence can bo. But none the less tbe
creat zenius which was lately withdrawn
from us, and which will be always
known in literary history as George
Eliot, .will be always honored al as
one of the greatest literary forces in our
common languace. Editor's Easy
Chair, m Ilarjier's Magazine.
AN APPEAL TO WINTER.
t'OT.ii weather, go! O frigid dnllier, go!
Too long you've lingered hereabout
Too long, aias' loo lung ; you're dreadful slow!
C(imo, vamoose! clear! get out!
Too long you've nipped our ears nnd aching
To-i long you've pierced us through and
Too long ou've held us in your icy bunds
()h, leave us (puckly, do!
too long we've watched the mercury in tho
Too long we've tied ubotlt the thing ;
Much have wo all to answer for, ulusl
Come, go! 'twill soon be spring! .
Do go! The Ice man has his harvest made,
The coal men sure have made enough;
With colds and rhoumuths you've thousands
We've liud quite quantum mf.
Go, now ; there Is a time, I'm certain, quite,
When you wM be Dy lur weieomer,
Conic when the days ttfo hot, when skeeters
Yes, coma next snnimor.
- JSoiton TramcHpt,
A FATHER'S MISTAKE.
Who threw that snow-ball?" do
manded Mr. Gunther, stepping from his
door an instant after the missile went
crashing through a thirty-six by twenty
Inch glass in the bay window.
Johnnie farks," answered mil uiase,
in a rough voice.
Mr. Gunther scanned the group of
boys a ' moment silently. They ex
changed erlances in terror.
' It is Johnnie l'arks, l say; tne Kid's
ran home," said Bill, stepping forward
Sloan; "Gunther is going straight to
Parks', and Johnnie will catch it."
The rovernor will plank down the
stamps j he's able to. It's a good joke,
and & nice slide for you, hey?" and Bill
Blase chucked Clark Gunther under the
chin and the ribs. Clark was silent, and
very white. , ,
" Pshaw! now don't be a goose, nor a
ghost either. I declare, if he isn't as
white as any spook. Keep mum, boys ;
we won't peach. Clark, never fear."
With this the knot of boys separated,
and disappeared around the corner,
some of them hallooing' back to Clark,
or waving their hats. He stood irreso
lute, looking after his father, who was
nearinir Mr. Parks' In rapid strides.
Then, assured that the boys were all out
of sight, he ran to the barn and buried
himself in tne hay,
Mr. Gunther was kind and indulgent,
not only to his own sons, but others. He
had been much annoyed since the be
ginning of the snow season with the
school-boys snow-balling about his place
He gave them permission to play in the
back yard and about the barn, though
strictly forbidding throwing snow-balls
about the house. At this time the boys
had had great fun building a snow fort
in the back yard. Concealing a pail of
water behind it to harden the snow-balls
to throw at the enemy in the street had
so exasperated them that they were very
angry, and what began in a sham fight
ended in A real battle." The boys in the
street continued firing as they retreated
past the prescribed limits, until ono of
the hardened balls from the victorious
party struck the window.
Mr. Gunther grew more angry and
determined with every step. lie was
surprised to find Johnnie drawing his
little sister in the front yard.
" You can't deceive me, you young
rascal, if you did reach home first.
Where is your father?"
" In the library, I think, sir," replied
Johnnie, staring after Mr. Gunther as
he went hastily up the steps, and sooth
ing his sister, who was frightened at the
" I am sorry tft trouble you, Mr.
Parks," began Mr. Gunther, trying to
control himself, "but I have been so
annoyed with this snow-balling business
this winter that I ain uite. out of
patience, and it must be stopped. Your
boy, Johnnie, has just broken one of
my large windows, and if I had not for
bidden all the boys again and again
throwing around my house, I would not
have made an example of Johnnie at
this time. My boys have got to quit it,
and I mean other people's shall on my
premises. There is no reason in the
boys. You can not limit them ; it has to
be prohibited ; the school superintend
ent has stopped all throwing on the
school-house grounds. Why, it is
dreadful, sir, the audacity that boys
have in these days. Your Johnnie stared
at me as innocently as though he had
never seen a snow-ball, and was draw
ing his sister as a blind."
"I am glad you told me," said Mr.
Parks. " I will repair the damage and
punish the boy. Johnnie usually comes
directly home from school, his mother
tells me, and I am surprised ho should
stop without permission. I am away
from home so much the management of
the children is left mostly with my wife.
You are right about it, Mr. iuntncr; it
must be stopped."
Mr. Parks followed Mr. Gunther to
the door, and cut an apple branch, as
he called to Johnnie, getting very angry
himself before the time. He did not
oftcu punish his children, and he ought
never, becauso it was always in anger
and without waiting an explanation.
It must be said that Mr. Gunther felt an
inward satisfaction, as he passed out of
the gate, that one boy was about to get
his just deserts.
Mr. Parks took Johnnie roughly by
the arm and pushed him into tho library.
"And so you had to smash one of
Gunther's windows, did you? Why
didn't you come and tell me, and not
pneak this way?"
"Oh! papa, I"
" Not a word, now. I know all about
it, aftrl I'll teach you to let snow-balls
alone and find some other plaything, or
I'll show you how I can play with such
things as this," the blows falling thick
and heavy on Johnnie's back, and Mr.
Parks growing more and more angry.
, " But I didn't, papa ; I surely didn't,"
" Yon know you did ; what's the use
of lying about it? Mr. Gunther saw
you do it. Mow go to your room, and
see if you can let snow-balls alone in
Mr. Parks flung Johnnie from him,
and the boy ran wildly and blindly up
stairs. He had never seen his father so
angry, or been so severely punished.
Perhaps recent unsuccessful speculations
added to the father's anger, not being in
just the mood to pay five dollars for a
broken window. Moods do to affect
facts and phases of life.
When Mrs. Parks returned she found
Daisy crying in the nurse's arms,' and '.
refused to be comforted, because "buver , ,
dot lipped." Mr. Parks explained tho
matter to ins wile, nailing that jonnnio
deserved more than ho got, and mutter-
ing something about a gooa iive-aoiiur
bill to repair the damages, ana that lie
would not have such fooling. .
I never knew Johnnie to tell a lie, ...
whatever faults he may have. There ,
miy bo some mistake about it," said
Mrs. Parks, quietly. . -
Oh! you'll take sides witn the ooy,.,,
of course. You are always spoiling him ; 1
he never will bo good for anything," re-
turned her husband, not sulliciently
cooled to maintain his nstial gentlemanly ..;
manner toward his wife, in whom he
really had the utmost confidence in judg-,
ment and management.
Johnnie was sobbing hysterically, and :
at sight of his mother almost wt iuto
convulsions. - He . assured hor that he ,. -was
not only wholly innocent, but knew ,
nothing about it. bne tnea to persuaae
him to go down to tea. He would not ;,.
injustice is harder for a child to bear,
because they can not reason as well aa- t
an older person. Mrs. Parks left John
nie with a heavy Heart, ana a aouDt in
her mind of Johnnie's truthfulness. Mr.
Parks made no inquires about him, and
seemed absorbed in his evening paper, -
glancing sternly at his wife occasionally, (
as much as to say, "lou are coaming
They were gathering around the tea-1
table at Mr. Gunther's. He was wait- ,
ing an opportunity when all the children
should be present to deliver his final fiat
against snow-balling. Clark was the
last one to take his place, and slid noine-i
lessly into his seat. His mother quickly , ...
noticed something was wrong. Ilia eyes
were red had he been cryingP or was ; a
it the cold wind? " '
Mr. Gunther spok sharply about the!
mischief done, and said perhaps it was :;
unjust to punish one when all were tr
blame. " It would be well," he added 11 '
"to impress the lesson all around, at. (.
Johnnie was getting it when I left. Now
you understand there is. to be no morer
snow-balling about my premises." t
Clark arose to leave the table. "Why
don't you eat your supper, sir?" de-, t
manded his father, sternly. .
" I I don't feel well," stammered
Clark, leaving the room. ,.
He seemed very studious, for a boy
who did not feel well, that evening,! i
scarcely taking his eyes from his bool
for two hours. Then he sprang up sud1
denly, startling them all, exclaiming:. i
" Father, it's of no use, I can't stand
it any longer; I broke the window my
self; Johnnie was not there at all. I
would rather have had a thousand flog-" '
gings than had Johnnie unjustly pun-- .
ished. Come, go with me up there and ;
let's make it right."
it was not you who sata mat Jonn-
nie broke the window," said Mr. Gun
ther, amazed. ' ' I
" No, it was Bill Blase. He did it to
throw you off tho track. And I've beort
so sorry ever since that I didn't own . -; -right
up7 I can't live a he, sir, ami all
the boys on the street know that I did it.
n 1, ..n It ' .' ' .
Clark was trembling violently. Kis t .
mother put her arms about him and
kissed him without a word; but it
strengthened him. His father held his
hand tightly an me way, too iuu oi emo
tion to speak. '! ,.;
Mr. Parks looked very surprisea wpen
they entered the library. Clark blurted
out the truth without hesitation, adding, :
"I do wish you would give me a , whip- ,
ping, sir. Where is Johnnie?"
"My poor boy ! " exclaimed Mr. Parks,
sinking in a chair. He had been secret
ly troubled all the evening, and found t
himself going over and over a column
in his newspaper without understanding.
He knew that he had been hasty, and
thought perhaps too severe. He realized . ,
an unusual commotion about the houso,'
and hasty steps out and in the front
door, and withal he missed his wife anjl ;
the happy faceS of his children.
" Let us all go to Johnnie's room,"
said Mr. Parks, after a few minutes
silence. His hand upon the door, the i ,
three stood almost paralyzed at the
words that reached them : '.
"Oh, don't, papa; I didn't know :w
indeed I didnH know. Oh, don';!i
Mamma! mamma!" ...:
"Johnnie has been asleep," said the"
doctor, staring wonderingly - at the
strange group that entered the room. ,
"1 fear he is very ill. What a fever ho
has! What is the meaning of, this?"
he asked, looking from one to the other.
Mr. Park took Johnnie from tho bed,:,
and Clark took the little hot hands in
his. Kneeling by him he cried, "1 did
it, Johnnie ; I did it. I broke the win-1.
dow! Do speak, Johnnie." ,.."
" This is ciueer." said the little doctor.
slipping quickly to the boy, and scent
ing something of the trouble. " I com
mand silence, or, the child will, die."
Shivering sobs shook his frame, and ho
occasionally shrieked the terrible words.
The doctor prepared an anodyne, and
ordered that the child should not be dis
turbed except to give the medicine. Two
hours after he looked in again. ' Mr.1
Parks still held his boy in 'his arms ;
great cords stood upon his forcheail,
showing his suffering. The mother and
Mr. Gunther had both been' silently
weeping. Clark lay with his face buried
in a pillow. The doctor examined
Johnnie long and carefully, and firirflly
said he would be better when ho awoke.
So tho morning passed with less and lws
delirium, until, when daylight streaked
the sky, he had been sleeping quietly an
hour. ' -
When he saw his watchers he shrieked
and sprang away from his father to his
mother. She soothed him, telling him
there was good news for him. Clark
made him understand the truth in a few
words, and showing tho tender,' forgiving
love of a child to a parent, Johnnie stag
gered to his father's open arms,, and
gave him the first kiss. The doctor,
wiping his eyes as he stood unobserved
in the door, remarked, " You've no fur
ther need for my services. If there "ras
ff , better understanding between parents
and children I should not have half the
use for the medicine case I do now," .
Clark did not hesitate to confess tho
truth to the school-boys, and Bill Blaso's
cry of "Baby, baby!" foil harmless.
"Quid Scotch," in Interior. ! i ,
A fisherman from Kingston," Can
ada, is said to have found a $'20 gold
piece In a pike which ho caught , in the
Bay of iuinte. . f .