Newspaper Page Text
-J -ir lg- L- ' "i ' '-. - ii ' I , -' a , , 1 .1 1 . 1 1 1 i H 1 1 i',, , f t T . l , m s - 1 .
t ' , -" J , ; . J.. t 1 T " f r ' 7 . !"T f 1 ' ; ; ' -h i T-wf-'"jWJ m V 1VM (
' CV' ... . .. ' -r.----; ' . ; , . : i :.; ; , ,,-, ,-j ; -1 v; ' ' '
.HSli') V. "K
BY A. M. BURNEY & CO,-
McxMlNNVlLLp, TENNESSEp SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1881.
! .-i 4. !.'!.( i--.-.1-i4i- . -iv.4: ill J.lt n. tr- T. .TT. VA O . . . . Mi
NEV7S AND .NOTES.
A Summary of Important E?onta.
A illiam IIallkr, a prominent So
clulwt,cd aCincinnatl on the 1st.
TifM-riatiyjenata defeated" the
LofWtQuiw by i oti of 23 to 25: - -
lll3 Jrfrj.SoFEu' his been appointed
General Mlinngcr of tho St. Louis, Southern
t Iron Mountain Railway.
JTifn -F ijsQentij the l$t, issuod
pro'olamailoii convening the Senate In special
Hcssloa at noon on March 4.
TnK Apportionment bill, passed by
the Houi, vui jiot ootedipon)iy the Sen
cte, an theIore. (ailBJ to Income a law.?
Fernando Wood was a member-elect
. oL tlii FnrtvnvtliHunt'aud a special
cloc'Uoij 1H be buld in lils district to choose
GoyERNOi Foster commuted to Im
prison hient for life the sentence of John
w.bfl.VkM.taha.ve bceu hanged at Fre
mont, 0., on the 4th. . w ., - .
A telegram from Uhiii announces
that Don Francisco, Calderon has been elect'
ed Trof l-Motf Vr-ident of Fcru. Teace
negotiations -vfll probably be resnmed.
Jay Gould and party left St. Louis
on tho lt by (peclal train for a tour of in-
t.pccjIonb!rer the rilKa; linos controllod by
him in Missouri, Kan tafi, Texas and Arkan
sas, v ... 1 .
Secretahy Sherman, on the 8d,
fornmlly ojulfrqd to President Hayes hie
1-eHiKnntlim 'of 'the office of Secretary of the
TreBHury; in order to take his place in the
United States Senate. ' '
A piti tjWgrara of the 28th says
Mc. Heainc, land aent to the mother of
thQjito,Lqrd Jlountmorrin, was fired at by
two men, near his residence at Itallinrobe,
and mortally wounded, lie recoived six
The public debt statement issued
March 1 shows a decrease in the debt for the
month of February of 911,843,155." Cash in
the Treasury, $2.13,208.170; pold and silver
certillc:itc,!(fi4,42n,74.);; certificates of do
posit putbtapdtn37,9li.'),000; refunding cer
tllicatesl782,7.')0 leal -tenders outstanding,
if:i4i,l)8!,Ul(j; .fractional currency outstand
inj;, !Jlfi,n20,r7, less amount estimated as
lostordestrbycd tf8;373,934), 17,144,413.
TnE Safulwichj Islands are being de
astated by1 small-pox and other epidemic
diseases. At Jlonolulu a panic exists, and
tho white inhabitants are leaving as fast as
possiblabf sailing vessels, the mail steamers
refusing t J land or tako on passengers. The
sanitary rendition of the city is represented
being most wretched. There is not a
newer within its limits and its site is honey
combed with vaults that have not been
cleaned In a quarter of a century.
Tin-; Minnesota State Capitol at St.
Paul burned onthe night of tho 1st. The
lire broke but while both Houses of the Leg-
ihlalnre were in session, and the flames
spread. so rapidly that some of the law
makers had to escape by means of ladders.
The building was burned to the ground, en
tailing a los to the State of about .f 100,000,
besides the destruction of tho Historical and
Suprcm Court Library, which can not be
nltogcthpr replaced. The State records and
trust bonus were (stored In Ore-proof vaults
and. hereby saved. ..
TgK, Irish landlords, in consequence
of the passage of the Coercion bill, are tak
ing "united action for evicting defaulting
tenants, ' and will endeavor to supply their
places witl Protestant tenants from Ulster
aiuleUowhcre. . Tho eviction of Rev. Pat
rick Hurley, tho parish priest of Kilkoman,
Kings County, has created no little conster
nation. Other evictions are now of daily
occurrence. The League has issued a circu
lar to the Secretaries of branch Leagues
throughout Ireland, asking the details of all
CVictloUKWncc January 1.
A late Dublin dispatch eays : The
police arc very active making arrangements
fiir arrests, and lists of persons have been
prepaid! for immediate presentation to tho
Viceroy. The Land League will not be in
terfcred with so long as it keeps within
reasonable bounds. Owing to the near
approach of enforcement of tho Coercion
bill, several persons from tho other side of
the Atlantic disappeared from Dublin. The
Fenian element thero is considered con
tcmptihle,. and the authorities know every
thing conueclcd with it.
A wrecking train on the Hannibal
A St. Joseph, Railroad was dispatched from
ltrookllchl, Mo., on tho morning of the 1st
to the" assistance of a regular passenger train
previously uitciieu, near iSuvicr. xiio re
lief train was ompascd of two wrecking
ears, a caooose, na one. passenger-car,
There were on tne train anumherof railway
employees, surgwinf and citizens of Brook-
Held. It had proceeded a short dlctance and
bad got upon Brush Creek bridge, which is
a Howe trilsun, about one hundred feet long
when the bridge gave way w ilh a crash. Tho
engine went over the bridge safely-and did
not leave tin yackat all, The derrick car
also passed ver the bridge, but left the rails
Immediately afterward and went a hundred
feet Into the ditch, where it lay, wheels
up. Tlve , tool car,, which was next
bung for a moment "on the edge of the break
then fell, followed by tho caboose, which fell
on the top of it, and the passenger conch.
which fell oil top Of the Caboose. The pas
eeiiger coach had been attached to the wreck
ing train for the purpose of conveying the
wounded to Brookficld. Nearly all the peo
pie on the train were in the caboose, and this
fact accounts for the loss of life. When the
passenger coach fell upon the &iboose tho
latter was crushed to splinters, only the floor
remaining intact. Its dreadful effect is un
dcrstood by the statement that of all who
went down in the wreck only Mr. A. J. Car
ter, Superintendent uf Bridges, and two
other persons escaped death or injury.
The following s i Corrected list of those
killed and Injured. Six persons were killed,
viz. : V. LoeV,' A. Jury, Geo. Swlck, John
Connors, yf S. Hall. tt, and Ir. O. H.
AVood. -TbS tronndcffare Geo. AVenzel, F.
Tabler, M. M. lluuter, lr. Wm. Rear, H.
Carter,. Wuj; Huse, .1. Moorehcad, James
C'ouway,'. lames ' Cloud, P." Fitzgerald,
James SToTan, James Doyle and M. McGrail.
Some of the--, wounded were pronounced
FEES0NAL AXD GENERAL.
Mr. Michael Bom pit, partner of the
firm of E. Z. Simon & Co., Shreveoort, La.,
was killed on" tuo' 2J, Wliile ail flng in his
store, by jho falling ofo wall of aii'adjolulng
building which had been partially destroyed
by fire a horttfmd previously..' The .falllns
bricks crushed " in tho roof of tho Simon
store,-carried aw-iyiho iccond floor; !Ud the
whole mass fell upon Jlr,, Boupjt as ,he waq
sitting at his desk, burying him jjerenth'tons
of debris. He was dead when extuioated,
and was probably Instantly killed. " "
- Chicago has bad unothet small-pox
scare, -growing out or tne discovery ol the
fact that for somo tlmttst flvs persons
have beon down with the droad disease In
tho building No. 210ft Archer Avenue, oc
cupied by Henry Fiokart as a bocr Saloon.
The. matter was kept secret,' nr confessed by
Plckart, from fear of Injuring his business.
The. disease has spread to the adjoining
bouse..:..; .r-- -
, The boiler in .Charles Hofrence'B
saw-mili, at Melville, Henry County. Ind.,
exploded on the 3d, killing instantly L. X.
Martz, and Injuring several others.
A Fatal gas explosion occurred at J
o'clock on the night of the 3d in the Rocky
Mountain Coal and Iron Company's Coal
Mine Xo. 2, at Alma, Wyoming, three miles
from Evanston, by which fifty-five lives will
probably be lost. At lie time of the explo
sion there were fifty Chinamen and five white
men in the mine. From tho time of the ex
plosion till 8 a. m. no relief could bo af
forded tho doomed men, and tho mine slopo
was on Are at the time. . An entrance was
finally effected and fifteen Chinamen were
taken out alive, but all were badly wounded
and are likely to die. No white men were
saved. The explosion shook every houso In
A terrible explosion occurred at the
Turret Powder Works, on' the ' northern
shore of the bay, opposite San Francisco, on
the 4th, by which two Chinese, were killed,
five other Chinese badly wounded and two
white Workmen severely hurt. Tho build
ings were blown to atoms. 4 1 ' ' 4 '
The Italian, bark .. Aguo, bound from
Antwerp to Now York, was wrecked off the
western end of Coney Island, duringa severe
sale on the 4th, and only one man out of a
crew of fifteen was saved.
Pink Pratt, colored, was hanged at
Marietta, Ga., on the 4th, for a criminal as
sault upon a young white girl.
Feb. 28. The Setialo adopted the confer'
ence roporton the Legislative, the Post-rjfflce
and the Indian Appropriation bills Tho
House oiis.-ed the So ml it Civil Anofonrlntton
bill and weed to the conference reports on
ho Indian and I'ost-otlice ADoroiiriiition bills.
Mr. Retail (D., Tex.) moved to suspend the
ink's and non-concur in the senate amend
inehts to the River and Harbor bill. Agreed
to 174 to fill. An attempt to take up the Fend
ing bill was met by objections to lis present
consideration and no action was taken. En-
logics upon the late Represent alive Fernando
Wood ere delivered ut tho evening tonslon.
MAUtn 1. In the Senate, Mr. Eaton.
from tho Committee on Foreign Relations, rc
ported buck mindry bills and resolutions rec
ommending the construction of ship canals
or railways across the Isthmus. 11c suid the
committee asked to be discharged from the
nnxidcrution of all tlicso subjects, tliinking
tho time had not arrived when Congress
bhould express an opinion in regard to anv
particular route. Tho reipiest of
tho committee was enuipliud with.
The Senate agreed to the conference reports
on tho ltiver and Harbor and the Fortilleution
Appropriation bills In the House, u loiter
from the Secn-tnrvof War, transmitting the
report ol the JUi.-slssippl ltiver Commission,
was referred to the Committee on Commerce,
A report was made and ndnnted conllrmlnit
me rignt oi air. ACKien to ins sent in tne con
tested cast) of the Third Louisiana District.
The conferen' o report on the ltiver and llur.
oor uiu was agreed to. xne r uniting mil oc
cupied tho attention of tho House, for
the most part of the Mission. Mr. Tucker
(I)., a.), who bad charge of ti e bill,
demanded the previonsipiestion upon concur
rence in the Senate amendments, which wns
carried, lifter considerable lilihtistering on
the part ol certain Itepublieans, led by Messrs.
Conger und Robeson, the vote heing'llil to I'll.
Mesvrs. Anderson, lielford, Cannon. Dick,
Diinnell, Taylor (O.). and Washburn voted
with the Democrats in the atlirtnative, while
hu tircenbnekers voted in the nejative with
tho Kepuhlicans. Tho opponents of tho hill
then endenvored to secure consideration of
various amendments in order to send ih" bill
buck to the Senat". but they were uniformly
voted down. The House took a recess, until
Wednesday, the Kuiidtng bill thereby main
tabling its precedence over all other business.
March 2. The Senate took up the Sundry
Civil Appropriation bill. Mr. Reck suid tho
Senate Committee added S.ll'.t.WK) to the bill
as it passed the House. An amendment ap-propniitingf'V-lM)
to reimburse the President
the amount paid for expcnscBof theLouis ana
(McVeigh) Commission of April, '77, upon
which a separate vote hnd been requested by
Mr. Conkling, was considered, and gave rise
to quite an Interesting debate. Mr. Reek read
letters auiircB.scii to tun House uoinm.ttee on
Appropriations by Secretary Slieinian, stating
tho President bud paid the amount ad
vanced by the First National Hunk of New
link City, and giving an Itemized list of ex
penditures of the Commission, aggregating
the total of the amendment, lie admit ted in
reply to Mr.Miixeytheuppropriation.if made,
would not be in pursuance of anv law.astbere
was no law to warrant it. lie tnougnt, now
ever, it would look like a small piece of busi
ness to refuse to make this provision. He had
endeavored to defeat Hayes at tho polls, but
Having, neon unsuccessiui, am not propose
now to take vengeance upon him orto stick
pins into mm. hh iiopea a pnnticuiuiscussion
might be avoided, as this might endanger, by
delay, the whnlu bill. Mr. bailey also tavored
paying the cla'm. Mr. Conkling, after some
sarcastic remarks, In which the Commission
ers weie styh d "tho tonn'sta," said it the
amendment was adhered to he would deem it
his duty to enter into apolitical discussion,
so, far as such discussion was needed
to aolve the question of the propriety
of making an appropriation which, in bis be
lief, would be worse than unlawful. Mr. Heck,
t i avoid lurihcr debute and save time, moved
to lav the committee's amendment on the ta
ble. Mr.Thurman Said be would renew the mo
tion, because ho wanted to adjourn tho tight
over to the next Congress. He wanted bis
friend from New York (Coukling) tomeetfacb
to faoe his ( Thin niRii's) successor (Sherman),
a member of lVesidentllHyes'sCublnet, under
wbn'b.accordlngto his friend from New York,
this great crime was perpetrated, and to dis
cuss the propriety of the thing with Sherman.
He did not feel called upon to
defend this Administration ot its modes, or
the wav it got into p'wer, but his successor
could do it, und be (Thurman) would wait till
tho men who had inaugurated and executed
this wrong were able to be beard in their own
defense. A motion to table the amendment
was then agreed to without division and with
but one dissenting voice. The bill then
passed The House met in continuance of
the previous day's session, and the Funding
Din wns passed, wituout aivision. Tiie nen
riency bill, the last of the appropriation
bills, also passed.
Feu. 8. The Senate passed the Appro
priation bills and the Japanese Fund bill. A
resolution of thanks to Vice-President Wheel
er was unanimouslv adopted President
naves 8 message vetoing tne iti'iumnng inn
was received bv tho Houso and, by a vote of
136 to I IH, ordered piinuwi an t laid on the ta
ble, which signified there would be no turthor
action takvn on the bill . by tho present
House. Mr. Cox (D., N. Y.) uiovii) to suspend
the rules and pass the Apportionment bill on
the basis ot 301. This mel ting with opposi
tion on the Republican side, Mr. Cox
so amended ns lo bring up for consid
eration the ApportiomnQit- bill, and ro
have votes taken on the numbers 322, 319,
315, 307, und when the majority shall agree on
any number to l ave the bill, with the second
snd third section of the original bill, put on
tussage without delate. No further objacMoa
icing msdx'lhe House fiit proceeded to vote
upon :122. Rejected, yens, ll; nuys. 132. A
ote w hs then taken lin SIX This number was
agreed to yeas, 13tf; nays, 123. The result
ns recoived with foiiio applanso on the Re
iiulilicuu fide, Kiliin ;er was the only Repub- i
lican who voted iu the negative, while
the following Democrat.. voted in 'the!
allU'inuiive: JtulUUuuvor, Rluknell. Cotfmtli,
rciton. uiu, iiiiicuins, .tew. Kieliardson
(S. v.), Ryan (i'a.), Tillman, Wise and
W right Mr. Cox then stuted ho in
tended to abide bv the will of the lnaior-
ity, and though he would vole fignbist tho bill,
he would perforin his dot v ttnd present it in
the proper shape The bill then pasod-'jeiii
Hi nays, U.I, and provides as follows; 44
Sertion 1. That from and after the 3d of
March, luS'l, the House of Representatives
miu ne composed ot :im inuuiDers. to he
apportioned among the several States
as follows: Alabama, H; Arkansas.
S: California, 6; Colorado, Ij
i oiimicucuv, t ; I'einwarc, i ; r loiiua, z; Geor
gia. 10: Illinois, 20; Indiana. 13: Iowa. 10: Kan.
mis.H; Kentucky, 11; Louisiana. H: Maine. 4:
Mai viand, 8; Mj-mrhns.tts, 11; Michigan, 11;
MinuviHKa, 6; Mississippi, 7; Missouri,'-14;
Nebraskii, 3; Nevada, 1; New llaiini-blre, 2;
New Ji rney, 7; New York, 38 ; North Carolina,
n; uiug, u; iiregon, i: i'enusvivama, '';
Rhode Ulnud.S; sonih Carolina, Ik-Tennessee,
10; Texas, 10; Vennont, 2; Virginia, 10;
West Virginia. 4; Wisconsin. 8. - ! - l
T'iie gains and lossesof the several HtntCs KV
the Apportionmeittbtll nfe: t'nins--Arkansiia
1, Cabfornla 4. lieorgla 1; HltnoLs 1, Iowa 1,
Kan-as S. KoHtuckv 1, Mtui-wchusetts 1. Mlebi-
kran 2, Minnesota ?, MiShiasippi 1, Missouri 1,
neorasKai, itorm i iiioiina j, tiiuot!, l'enn
sylvanla 1, South Carolina i, Texas 4, Virginia
i, vt est i liginia i; toiui i. i.ohos .Maine I,
New Hampshire 1, eruiout 1 ; total S. lly this
apportionment the NonU gains hi and 'loses
3 net gain 13; tho South galua IS und lose
Miitcn 4. After an all-nlght's sossion, in
which tho last ot the appropriation bills was
finally disposed of, at 6:20 a. m. the Sennte
iook a recegs until soon nttor whleh hour
the gallevie-i were thrown open to the holder
oi tickets to w itness the Inaugural ton cere
moniiM... .The House met at 10 o'clock, and
immediately protests were entered bv several
members uguinst tho placing of soldiers in
stead of civil otllC' rs to guard tho doors of
the Capitol. It was explained that the sol
tliers bad been called upon to reinforce the
police, and was due to an inadvertence
on the part ot tho Serg hnt-at-Arms,
A resolution was ottered bv Ms. Ilutehin-t. do.
elat ing Mint " the p a-lng of armed men nt tho
doors of this Capitol is wit ho-1 authority of
iuw, a oieueii ui me privileges OI tins House,
and a restraint on the ltboriiei ol the citizens.
which Should be condemned, und direetin-
the Speaker to causa their -instant removal
from the approaches of this hall." Mr. Conger
mot on to lay the wheie subject on the table.
Rejeded Mi lo 12. Then, it being 10 minutes
to 12 o'o ock, Mr. Hu'chins st ited that he
would ask no timber action on hij re-tolutlon.
The rules wi r.t suspended, and. Mr. Oox hav
ing taking the ohair, Mr. Conger said it was
with pleasure he w ag permitted to olfer the
Ittstih ed, That the thanks of this House are
due and tendered to the lion. 8. J. Randall,
Sneaker, for the ability, fairn-ss and courtesy
w ith which he has presided over tho deliber
ations during the Forty-si.xth Ct ni(ress. v
this resolution was a lopteo, mo oniv
negative vote being cast by Mr. Young, of
The hour of 12 having arrived. Speaker
Randall, who hnd resumed the chair, paid:
"Tee work of this Congress is done, lieforo
uttering the linal words of its adioarnmont,
precedent Justifies a few appropriate rettec-
tions. In 1874 tho Demncralio party, after a
long interval, ooia neu control oi tins House.
With the close ol this session it is again in a
minority. At the outset it bad to fuce a tiiinn
cial crisis almost unparalleled In our hl-tory.
i.aoor unemployed, traueuepresseu, eoinmer
vial dlMHters widespread, gloom everywhere;
It stopped extravagance, established economy
in the Administration, restored conildenoe.and
now with loudness it beholds the Republic,
launcbo lonacareerof unexampled pri.Biieritv.
it found gold at u premium mid tiie notes of
the Government ut a discount. It leaves the
credit of tho United States better than ever
before, and uneqnalod in the money markets
ol tho world. It has witnessed the removal of
sectional distrust ana the restoration of ner
feet unity within our borders. It has given
birth to all era of liutcrnal concord. Men of
all classes and every Bection seem now to
strive who shall best serve tho common weaU
With the expenditures of the Government
lessened and the payment ol interest reduced,
the crowning triumph of the Democratic Ad
ministration vm the effort to lefund the
public dobtat three pi rccnt. 'Slight laughter
on the Republican side.4 i am sincerely
grateful to the members ot the House, of evcrv
side, for the vote ot thanks with which
tlicv have favored . me. I nm sensible
how much I owe to the generous forbearance
and active good will of my fellow members.
Thrive elected to an exalted pos tion, it mnv
bn personal prido for me to remark thnt dur
ing all those orvicos no decision of the Chulr
has boon overruled, but it is of higher iiiinflrt.
and tho reliown much more enduring to the
Houso of Representatives, thnt iis fair famo
for that entire period is unstained. Members
have differed widely, and yet, manifestly act
ing lrom a deep conviction of duty, tliev have
won mutual esteem, ror myself. I shall ro-
tiie from the Speaker's chair with no unkind
feeling tow ard a Military member. Wishing
you one and all a safe return to your, homos, it
only remains for me, in obedience totbe man
date of the Constitution, to declnre this House
adjourned without day." Applause on the
floor and in the gaiiery.j
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
President Garfield sent to the Sen.
ate, on the Cth, the following nominations
for Cabinet officers, which were unanimously
confirmed without reference or roll-call:
James G. Blaine, of Maine, Secretary of
William Windom, of Minnesota, Secretary
or tne Treasury.
Wayne McVeigh, of Pennsylvania, Attor
Thomas L. James, of New York, Postraas
Samuel J. Eirkwoed, of Iowa, Secretary
Of the Interior.
Robert T. Lincoln, of Illinois, Secretary of
William II. Ilunt, of Louisiana, Secretary
oi tne :savy.
Vice-President Arthur occupied
the chair of the Senate on the 5th. Mr. Hoar
offered a resolution extending to Winfleld
S. Hancock the privileges of the floor during
his stay in Washington. Adopted unani
mously. The nominations of the President
for Cabinet officers being received, the Sen1
ate went into executive session and then
Ex-PresAent Hates and family left
Washington by special car, on the Cth, en
route to their Ohio home. At Severn Sta
tion, twelve miles from Baltimore, while
rounding a curve at a high rate of speed, the
train came into collision with another train
of empty passenger cars, drawn by two
locomotives, also running at full speed. The
effect of the collision was to throw the three
locomotives into the ditch, each a shapeless
wreck. The first and second passcu
gcr-cari . were partially telescoped
together. The car occupied by ex-Presi
dent Hayes's family was the fifth in the
train and escaped uninjured, although its
occupants were pretty badly shaken up. J.
Wymau Young, of ShamoKin, Pa., was in
stantly killed, and some six other passengers
occupying the first car were more or loss iu
lured, ur tne train men, Jonn uuver, a
baggage-master.was killed; Harry Frecburn,
engineer, fatally Injured, and several others
seriously hurt. :
Governor Crittendex, on the 6th,
peremptorily removed from office St, Louis
Police Commissionsrs Finney and Moffet,
the Governor's previous polite request for
thcrr resignations having been unheeded
The Governor's action is based upon the re
cent report of the Grand Jury, which anl
madverted quite severely upon some of the
official action of the Commissioners named
The island of Isehia, in the Medit
erranean, at l he north entrance of the Bay
of Naples, has bccij, visited by a terrible
earthquake. "At Cassa Macciola 300 houses
were demolished, and 110 dead bodies had
been taken out of the ruins with o'hers re
maining yet uncovered. There wes consid
erable loss ot life in other parts of tbi
The Fanaio; Bill Tctoei'
, ' ; If, 4 WASUIKIITON.p. C., t1arjh8. s
The follow'iusris tho messnrre.of 'Pres
ident Iluyr s, vetoing tho Funding bill:
l'o the Ilouso of Representatives! 4
Having considered tho bill entitled "An act
to facilitate the funding of I hp National debt,"
(am constrained to .return it to tho ItoUso ol
Representatives. In which It originated, with
the following statement of my objections to
Its passageC The Imperative necessity for
prompt action, and the prenrtro of piibllo
uutlos in this, tho closinff woek of my term of
jimce, compol mo to refrain from anyntteuipt
to make any rully sails! aotory presentation of
my objections to the bill. ' Tbe importance of
the pusiago at the prwsout aessioa et Con-
cress of a suitable measure for refunding the
National debt which Is about to mature is
generally recognized.' It ba been urged Upon
tne attention of Couiriois by the SeOretBry of
tbe Treasuryi and In my last annual nlcssagd.
ir Successfully accomplished,' It Willsebure a
large deoreas,in the annual interest payments
Of the Nation, and I campily rocomnir-iid that
tf the bill before41 me shall falL? another
measure for this purpose b adopted before
the prosent Congress adjourns. V, hllo, in my
Opinion", it would be wise to authorize the
Secretary of the Treasury, in his discretion, to
offer to the publie bohds bearing 3 per cent.
Interest In uld of refunding, 1 should not
doom it iny duty to interpose my Constitu
tional objection to tho passage of tho present
Din ir it did not contain in Its fifth soo
tion provisions which, In my judgment,
seriously impair tbe rslue an 1 tenS to the de
struction of tho present National Banking
system of tho country, a his system has now
been in operation almost twenty yoars. No
safer nor moro beneficial tanking system was
ever established. Its ndventauesns a business
arc free lo all who havo tbo urocssary capital.
It furnishes a currency to tho nubile which.
tor bonvcuienco and.' security of the. bill-
holdor. has probublv never bten cmialod b-r
that of any other banking System. lis nOtcs
nro secured by deposit with the Government
of InteTCSl-bcariug bonds .of the United
States. The suction of tbo bill before me which
relates to tbo National Hanking systotn, and
to which (Hdcet'on Is made, is not an essential
part of a refunding measure. It is is follows!
"SECTIONS. From and after the first day
of July, 1SS1, the threo-per-cent. bonds au
thorized by the first section of this act
shall bo the only bondj receivable as security
for National Bank circulation, or as security
for the safe keeping and prompt payment of
tbe publio money deposited with, such banks,
but when any such bonds, deposited for tbo
purpose aforesaid, shall be designated for
purchase or redemption by the Secretary ot
ine Treasury, tue banking association de
positing the same shall havo- the right to sub
stitute other Issues of tbe bptids of the
Utlited States In lieu thereof; pniuidcd.tbat no
bond upon which interest, has ceased staidl
tie accepi e l or continued on deposit as secu
rity for circulation or for tho safekeeping of
the public money, and In case the
bunds so deposited shall not bo withdrawn, as
prov ided by law, within thirty days after Inter
est has ceased thereon, th banking associa
tion depositing the s ime shall be subject to
liabilities and piocecdlugs on tho part of the
Comptroller provided for in Section 6,2Ji of
tho Revised Statutes of tho United States; and
provided further, that Section 1 of tho act oi
June 20, 1S74, entitled "An act tlxlng the
amount of United States notes and providing
for the redistribution of .N'aiionaJ. Rank cur
rency and for other purposes, bo and tht
satno is hereby repealed, and Sections 2,159 and
5,1110 of the Hcvl ed Statutes bo and tbo sum
are hereby re-enacted."
Under this section It Is obvious that no addi
tional banks will hereafter be organized, ex
cept possibly in a few cities or localities where
tho prevailing rat s of Interest. Iu ordinary
business are extieinnly low. No ncW batiks
can be organized, and no increase of tbe capl
ml of exisil ig banks can be obtained, except
by the purchase and deposit of three por cent.
onds. No other bonds of tbo United States can
no used for that purpose. The one thousand
millions of other bonds recently Issued by tho
United States, and bearing a higher rate of in
terest than three per cent., and, thcrefe o, i
better security for tho bill-holder, cann t.
after the 1st of July next, bo received as secu
rity forbank circulation. Tht3 Is" a radical
change In the Hanking law. It tikes from the
hanks tho right they have heretofore bud un
der the law topurcba-te and deposit as securi
ty for tholr circulation any of thebonds issued
by tho United Stales, nnd deprives tho bill-
holder of tbe best security w hich tbe nanks are
able to give, by requiring them to deposit
i onds having tho least valun of any bonds
issued by tho Government. Tho average
iale of taxation of capital employed In bank
ing is more than double the rato of taxation
upon capital employe! in other legitimate
business. Under tbesa circumstances, to
amend the Ranking law so as to deprive the
'anks of tbe advantiign of securlngtbclr notes
by tbe. most valuablo bonds issued by tbe
Government will, It Ij believed, in a large
part of tho country lea practical prohibition
of the orKanlztng of new banks, and prevent
existing banks from enlarging their capital.
The National Banking system, ' tf con
tinued at all, will be a monopoly
in the hands of thosn already engaged
In it, who may pu:cbase Government
bonds bearing a more favo able Interest than
. tho threc-per-ccnt. bonds, p lor to next July.
To prevent the further organization of banks
Is to put in Jeopardy the whole system by tak
ing from It tnatfeaturotbat makes it, as it now
Is, a banking system free, upon tbe same
terms, to all who wisb to engage In it. Even
the existing banks will be In danger of being
driven from business by the additional disad
vantages to which tbey will be subjected by
In short, I cannot but regard the fifth sec
tion of the bill as a step In the direction of
the destruction of tbe National Banking sys
tem of our country, which, after a long pe
riod of business depression, has just entered
upon a career of unexampled prosperity.
The withdrawal of ouirency from circulation
by tbe National Hanks, and the enforced wind
ing up of the banks in consequence, would
Inevitably bring serious embarrass
ments and disaster to tho business of tbe
country. Banks of Issue .are essential Instru
ments of modern commerce. If the present
efliclcnt and admirable system of banking is
broken down. It will inevitably be followed by
a recurrence to other and Inferior methods of
banking. Any measure looking to such a
result will he a disturbing element In our
financial system. It will destroy confidence
and surely check tbe growing prosperity of
Believing that the measure for refunding
the Nntlonal debt Is not necessarily connected
with the National Banking law, and that any
Refunding act wlll'defeat its own object if It
Imperiled tbo National Banking system or se
riously impaired its usefulness, and convinced
that section 6 of tbe bill before me would,
if It should become a law, work a great barm.
1 herewith return the hill totbe House of Rep
resentatives, for that further consideration
which Is provided for In tbe Constitution. 4
(Signed) KuiRKHroKD R. Hatbs.
Executive Mansion4, March 3. 1881.
A school-teachfr in Brks County,
Pa,, has whipped fiity-eie-flt pupils and
had rights with sevevteen fathers since
November 1. Durins tho holiuays he
breaks colts Hnu hunts wolves.
The estimated rent of the new build
in-j on the corner of Broadway and
Wall Street, New York, will net to its
owners the priucciy sura of f 180,000 a
Ills Inaugural Address. '
Fellow-Citizens: Wo stand to-day upon
an eminence w hich overlooks h hundred years
of national lilo-a century crowded,; with
pel lis, but crowned w ith the trihiniitl of lib
erty and love, Before continuum the onward
march, let us pause on this height for mo
inetit to strengthen our faith androndw our
litlpo by a glance at the pathway along which
bur people have traveled- : ! .-. 1
, It Is now three days liloro than a hundred,
years since the adoption of the fli-st writteii
Qpnstitution of the United states tho Arti
cles of Confederation und Perpetual Oilon.
The new Republic was then beset with danger
on every band. It bud hot oonrinored a place
in the family of nations. Tho decisive battle
of the war for independence, whose centen
nial anniversary w ill soon be irrntelullv cele
brated at Yorktown, had not yet been f onht.
The colonies were struL'L'limi not only anuinst
the armies of Ureat Britain, but against the
Settled opinions ot mankind, for the world did
-not believe that the supreme authority of tho
uovernment cotuu ub huIciv entrusted to tiiu
guardianship of the people themsMvefjr w e
can not overestimate the fervent love.iilte.lH'
gent eour ;e, niid common sense with which
our father made the great experiment of
eelf-KON eminent. When they fii'inl, eftc a'
short time, that the conloderacy ot the .suites
was too weak to meet the necessities of a
glorious nnd expanding republiu, they boldly ,
set it aside and in its steiul re-established the
National Union, founded directly upon tbe
will of the people, endowed with future pow
ers of self-preservation and with 'iituplu au
thority for tho accomplishment of its great
objects. Under this Constitution, tho-bound-uries
of freedom were enlarged, the founiln
tions of oilier and peace have been strength
ened, and the growth in all the better ele
ments of national life bni vindicated the Wis
dom of the founders and given now hope to
their descendants. Under this Constitution
our people long tigo made themselves safe
Hgiiinst danger from without, and seenretl for
their mariners and ona cmuUity of rights
on nil the 'seas,- Under this Constitution
twenty-live state-houses have been add
ed to the Unioit; with Constitutions nd
nWs trained and enforced by their own eitl
iens to secure tnnnifold bies-ire.'s of local and
wlf-government. The jurisdiction of this
Constitution now Covers en urea flfty tlnies
greater than thtit of the o-Hgiual thirteen
btati'B, and the population U twenty times
greater than that of 17t0. The trhd of the
Constitution came nt lu-t under the tremen
dous pressure of civil war. We ourselves are
witnei-SRs that tho Union emerured from the
blood and lire of that conflict purified and
mnuo stronger lor an oenencent purposes oi
pond government, and now, at tho close of
this tlrst century of growth, with the inspira
tions ol its history in their hearts, our people
have lately reviewed the condition of tne Na
tion, passed judgment upon the ucts and
opinions of political parties, and have regis
tered their will concerning the future admin
istration of tho Government. To interpret
and to execute that w ill in accordance with
the Constitution is the paramount duty of
Kven from this brfef review it Is manifest
that the Nut loll is resolutely facing to the
front with the resolution to employ its best
energies in developing tbo great possibilities
bf the future, sacredly reservingwliateverhin
been gained to Liberty and Government dur
ing tho century. Our people are determined
to leave behind theip all thoso bitter rontro.
vei-sies concerning things w hich have been1
Irrevocably settled, the further discussion of
which can only stir up strife and delay tho
onward march. The supremacy of tho Nation
and its laws should no longer bo the question
of debate. That discussion which for half a
century threatened the existence of theUnlon
was closed at laxt in the high court of war by
a decree, from which there is no appeal, that
the Constitution and laws made in pursuance
thereof shall continue to he the supreme law
of the land, binding alike on the States and on
the people. This decree does not disturb the
autonomy of the States.nor interfere with any
of their necessary rules of local self-government:
but It does (IX andestnbllshthe iicrtna-
heiit supremacy Of the Union; The Will of the
Nation, speaking with 4he Voice ot battle
und through tho amended Constitution , hits,
iuiiiiicil the great promise oi 1776 ay proclaim
ing liberty throughout the land "to all the iu
The elevation of the negro race from slavery
to the fiill rights of citizenship Is the most Im
port ant political change we have know n since
the adoption ot the Constitution of 1770. No
thoughtful man can fall to appreciate its
behetlcbnt results upon our peopio. It has
freed us from the perpetual danger of war
hnd dlsoliitioni It hits added immensely to
the moral and Industrial forces ot our people,
It bus liberated the muster as well as the
rlave from the relations which wronged and
enfeebled both. it has surrendered to
their own guardianship the manhood of
more than Ave millions of people, nnd
has opened to each one of them
n cureer of freedom and usolnlnei-s.
It has given new Inspiration to the power of
self-help In both races by making labor more
honorable to one and more necessary to the
Other. Tho iiillueneo Of this force will grow
greater and bear richer fruit with tho coming
years. No doubt the great chango has causiwi
a serious disturbance to our Southern
community. This is to be deplored, though it
was unavoidable, but those w ho resisted the
change should remember that In our Instuu
tions there was no middle ground for tho ne
grorace between slavery and equal eltlzon
ship. There can bo no permanent disfran
chised peasantry in the United Stntes. Free
dom can never yield Its fullness of blessings
as long us tho. law or Its admlnisttatlon places
the smallest obstacle in the pathway of nny
Virtuous citizenship. The emancipated race
has already made remarkable Urogrcsn. with
unquestionable devotion to the Union, with a
patience and gentleness not born of fear.
They have "followed the light as God gave
them to see the light." They are rapidly lav
ing tho material foundation of sell -support,
widening tho circle of Intelligence, and begin
ning to enjoy tho blcsslngsthat gather around
the homes of the industrious poor. They do-
serve tne gonerous encouragement oi an good
men. So far as my authority can lawfully ex
tend they shall enjoy tho full and equal pro
tection of the Constitution and laws.
Tho free enjoyment of eqnnl suffrago Is still
in question, nnd a frank statement of tho
issue may aid its solution. It is alleged that
in many communities tne negro citizens are
Iiractichliy denied the freedom of the ballot,
n so far lis the truth of this allegation is ad
mitted, it is answered that in many places
honest local government is impossible u the
mass of uneducated negroes are allowed to
vote. These arc grave allegations. So far as
the latt er is true it is no palliation that can bo
offered for opposing the freedom of the ballot.
Had local government Is certainly a great evil
which ought to be prevented, but to violate
the freedom and sanctity of suflrago Is more
than an evil. It is a erimo which if persisted
In will destroy the Government itself, and
suicide Is not a remedy. If in other lands it
be high treason to compnss the death of tho
king, it should be counted nolessacrlmo here
to strangle our sovereign power and stifle its
voice. It bus been said that unsettled ques
tions have no pity for the rcposo of nations.
it snoniu lie saiuwitn vno inmost empuasis
that this question of sutf rage will never give re-
fioscor safety to the States orto the Nation un
it each within its own Jurisdiction makes and
keeps tho ballot free and pure by the 8tton i
sanctions of tho law. Hut tho danger which
arises from ignorance in tbo voter can not be
denied. It covers a field far wider than that
of negro suffrage and the present condition
of that race. It is a danger that lurks and
hides in the sources and fountain of power in
every State. We have no standard by which
to measure this disaster that may be brought
upon us bv ignorance and vice in the citizens
when Joined to corruption and fraud in the
suffrage. The voters of tho Union, who make
and unmake Constitutions, and upon whose
will hangs the destiny of our Government,
can transmit their supreme authority to no
successor save tho coming generation of
voters, who arc the sole heirs of tho sovereign
r lower. If thut generation comes to Its inher
tanco blinded bv Ignorance and eoiruptod
by vice, the fall of the Republic will be cer
tain and remediless. The census has already
Bounded the alarm in appalling tlgures, which
mark how dangerously the tide of Illiter
acy has arisen among our voters and
thelrcblldren. To the South tbe question Is
of supreme importance. The responsibility
for tho existencoof slavery doe not rest upon
tbe South alone. TheNationitself Is responsi
ble for the extension of suffrage, and is under
special oblirations to aid in removing the
illiteracy which It has added to the voting pop
ulation. For North and South alike there Is
but one remedy. All constitutional power of
the Nation and' of the States and all volunteer
forces of people should be summoned to meet
this danger bv the saving intiueneo of nnl
vcrsa education. It Is the hign privilege und
sacred duty of those now living toedncate
i,..ir ncecssors and fit them by intelligence
and virtue for the Inheritance which await
them. In tnis oenencient worn seciiunsHiiu
liniild be fonrutten and partisanship
should lie unknown. Jx t our people find a
now meaninir In the divine oracle, which n
dares thut " A litt le child shaU lead them," for
our uttlc children will soon control the desti
nies of the Republic.
My coinitrvim n. we do not now differ In
our'ju'ltiiiientconcerninif the controversies of
past generations, and fifty years hence our
children will not be divided in their opinions
cotueinlm? our controversies. They will
surely bless their fathers nnd their, fath
orV God that the Uliion was preserved, thnt
shivery whs overthrown, titnlithat both races
were imide eimill bufot-e tjir law. We may
hasten or w e may retard, but wo cau not
prevent, final reconciliation, is it not possl.
bin for us now to make u 1 nice with time by
anticipating and accepting its Inevitable vev'
diet? I'liiterprisef of tlio highest importance
to our moral nhft: material well-teing IVivit
us to oiler un. ample scope for the employ'
tilent of our first powers. Let all (mr petiple,
leaving behind thorn tiie but tie-Holds uf (load
issued, move forward, nnd in the strength Of
Liberty and restored Union win the. grandest
vft'tiirftiof peace. ' ' 4 -
The lu-ospo.ity wh leh.now.Tirovn.il Is with
Out a parallel in our history.' Fruitful seasons
huve done much to wociiie it,.: Jstit they have
not ilone all. The preservation of publio
credit and the resumption of .ipecie payments,
so Hiiceessiully obtained by the administrii.
tiun of my pi oderesnor, Jnis' enabled our peo
ple toiecuro the bleachers which the season
brought Ry the experience -of commercial
nailo'ns in all uu-es it lias been found thnt gold
and silver allot (led the only Biita toujiJntloii
for monetary system. Confusion has recent
ly bean rrcutu
value of tlio tw
the lcttdlii! com
secdre.the g-rmerai mo of ifth motulr. !ConH
gnw suoni. pro-, ice that t" compulsory
eoinnwooc silver no if requu-oflbv law inaynos i
disturb our moiiciarv system bv driving cither
metal out of oiviiihiion. if powifbie -soch an
uujusimeni annum ne muue.ium ion inirciiiw
ing power of every coined dollar will be ex
''"Jl,"'- '12 ,5!,,l"J'!lyl,;,?,ir i1?
National Government in connection iith the
currency of "tiie country is io coin end
iteciare its value, t.ruve ilouots nave, been
eiitnrtitinea - whet tier. Congress is
r Congress is mithnrrxed
bv the Constitution to nuike inv form ot im
pel-money IPja! lender, 'ilin present issue of
l nlteu states notes lias been sustained
necessities 'of war, but' Mich paper'
lllieo. rsui-.es Ilou-sim-occuUBllliiieu,ilvi.K i-
1' ShuUm I
depend for its vaiuo and currency, upon its
convenience in Use nnd its prompt reneinp-
tion in Coin at the will of the holder, and not
upon its eompuisorycircuiarioni These notes
, ., i K. 10 vv . ti
11 1 lie limners ii.'iiana utne promises biioiiri
bo kept. . The refunding of tne nm ionai d. bt .
ut njower rate of interest sllould bo nccom-
tiHuTiiiil urit nit, rtfiim,. nil. fhd willuli-uttrnl irt 1
tiie national banknote, and thus disturbing
the business of the country. I venture to re'
for to tiie posh ion I iuffe occupied on the
linunolal question during long service in Con.,
irress. nnd to sav tbattinieltiidexiieriencebas
strengthened the opinions 1 have sq of ion ex
pressed on these subjects. The nuances ot
the tjnvci-nmi'iit shall suffor no iiotriment
which it mnv he possible for my udministra-
of ngriep,t,TTe deserve ore
r... , 4i, ....t. i,. .i.e. I
nayo yet received, -ine laims oi too
l!nltod Slates afford homes and Ctrl'
piovmeut for more than one-half
our penple and furnish much
oi all our exports. As, t lie
tiiiei-sof the soil theiightsotpraeticaiscience
and experience, (hir manufacturers me rap- 1
nny muicing ns iniiustnousiy lnuepenueni ana
itablc fields of employment. 4 This steady and
healthy lfrowtli sboiild still bn inniutatnciL
Our tiiciiities for transportation should be
promoted by the continnou improvement oi
our harbors and great Interior watcr-n nys,
una by un increase to our - tonnage
on tho ocean. Tho development rf the
world's commerce has led to un urgent de
mand for shortening the iriertt- sea voyage
arounu l apc Horn uy coiutiriictiug4 euip-.t
canals or railways across the Isthmus which
unites the two continents. Various' plans to
this end have been suggested and will need
consideration, but none ot them huve been
sulhotenlly matured to warrant ps in extend
ing nceuninrv hid. I he subject Is one which
w ill immediately engage tho attention of the
uovnrnmcnt, with a view to tiiorougn proiee
tion to American interests. We will urge no
narrow policv, nor neck peculiar or exclusive
nrivlleurcs in anv commercial route, but in the
language of mv predecessor, "1 beliovo It to
ue tue right and duty of the tutted Mutes io
assert aud maintain suen supervision and
authority- over uny intcr-ocpamc omul across
the Isthmus that connects North and ."onth
America as will protect our national inter
The Constitution auarantees absolute re
ligious freedom. Congress is prohibited from
making any laws respecting theestiiblishiueiit
of religion or prohibiting tho free exercise
thereof. The Territories of the I nite-AMates
a reproach to thfi Government that in the
most populous of tho Territories a constitu
tional guarantee Is not enjoyed by the people
and the authority ol CunuieRsisai;! at naught.
Tho Mormon Church not only Otlends the
moral sense of mankind bv- sauotioning
polygamy, bat prevents the adinlnistrntio-.i of
justh-e. in niv Judgment Congres-i, while re
specting to the uttermost the conscientious
convictions and religiotia scruples of. every
citizen, ought to prohibit within its jurisdic
tion nil criminal practices, e-pcciuUy of tlillt
Class which destroys lainiiy iv;ntions auu en
dangers tho social order.' Jicu I an any ec-
clesinstical orrani.ution bo safely permitted
to usurp in the smallest degree the tuucliona
und powers of the National Government, .
The civil service can never bo placed on n
satisfactory basis until it is rcgidat.'d bylaw
lor tne good ot tne srrvicv i:scii. lortnu pro
and wrong. 1 shall at the proper time ask
Congress to fix tho tenure of minor otltccs of
the several Executive departments and rue
scribe the grounds upon which removals shall
be made during the terms for which the lnl
Cninbcuts have bcemtppointed flmtllyeactlnp;
always witmnttie ntitnoruy ami tne nintta-
turns of the constitution, invading ncithcrtuu
rights of tho Statu nor tlio reservcd'righis of
Hie neoo e.
it will be the nnrpo'C of mv administration
to maintain authority in. all place within its
jurisdiction, and to enforce olvd ence to the
laws of the Union.- 'i hu interests of the pe.,
pie demand economy In all the expenditures
of the Government, and require hunort and
faithlul service of all executive olliceis, id-
luembering that olllcos were enuk d, not tor I
the benellt oi lncuuilients or their supporters,
but for the service ol the Government. i ;
And now, fellow-citizens, 1 urn about to as
sume the great trust which von have commit
ted to mv bunds. 1 uuiienl lovoti for that
earnest und thoughtful support which mukus.1
this Government in fact, as it is In law, nt.ov- I
ornment ot tbe people. I smiu greutiy reiy
upon tho wisdom und oairio.lsiii oi ion-
greet and of those who may i; (shane
with me the the resnonslbiliiies and duties of
tho Administration. iAnd upoa our efforts
to nromofe the welturo of this great ue ole
onu the Goveminent, I- reverently inVoko the-
support and blessing of the Almighty God.
i , . . , , . i'
. The Inaugnrntion Ceremonies.
. J 4 WASIttNilTOS,March4.
All Washington ivas out at an early hour,
notwithstanding the stonn, and men, women
and ehi:dren were hurrying through tho snow
nnd slush from every direction, all intent on
reaching Pennsylvania Avenue lo Itncse the
lnnuguial 1 1 recession, or Hie Capitol, ,to he
present at tbe ceremonies to tako pllice there.
At about II o'clock tbe piocessiou, under
command of Gen. Sherman, moved toward tho
Capitol, Pennsylvania Avenue tor it -s whole
length being Jiimnieil' with spectators. The
military and civic display was the liin-st ever
witnossed at the National-Capital.' 'ibe vuri-
ous divisions marched along the avenue ac
cording to propi amine, and at lm'f-past 11
the head of the procession, passing around
tho south wing, reached the eastern front of
theCiiDitol. .Tho Presidential' carriage was
driven to tho lower entrance of the Senate
wing, and the Preside -it-elect, accompanied
bv tlio Vieo-Prnsldent elect and Senators Pen
dleton und Thurniau, entered the building
and proceeded to the Vl o-Presfdent's room,
whore they remained till lit o cluck.
At 10:30 a. m. the Senate Chamber was
thrown open to the ticket-holders und the
galleries were soon filled. The arrival of r.cn.
Hancock, esoorted by Senator Uluinc. was tho
signal for tumultuous applause. lie took his
seat at the left of the chair. Soon alter Gen.
Sheridan cniiiti in and he was also loudly
cheered. The lHplomatin corps and the
.Insticesof the Supreme C ourt occupied scats
immediately in front ot the chair.
The Presidential process:on, headed i.y
President Hayes and lTesident-olect l.ai liclif,
jimmy entcrea under the escort ol the com-
nitttoe, and two minutes later was followed
by ieo-l'resident-elect Arthur, in charge
of a sob-eomunttee, all pieseut iii-the chain-
per rising upon eaeii occasion.
Vice-President-elect Arthur Was then intro
duced to the Semite by Vice-President Wheel
er. He delivered ths usual formal address and
then took the oath of ollli e.
After wltnwslng the adniinlsterlnsr of the
outh to Mr. Artbur, Mr. uurlle u was escorted
tothoea- jmrtlroof the Capitol nd there
assented to the oath of otlu-e which was Iro
prs.sively rend bvM.4bU"f-Jiistice Wnlte. Ixiud
applause saluted the new President, who
modestly awaited with slightly flushed face
tbe subsidence of the cheering, and then read
lils inaugural address.
i py vartgiious in tuflmianve I a treauau upua uumuu, iu,uii;u, uu, ne,,,. .
osneluls, JiUt I confidently be- AlwdWliat Iia niiiild' show all ihniff-irtsi
... 1... ...... t. i - .... ... ' .....I
morciai nations which will of the butterfly in a caterpillar andcouiti
are sbject to the direct legislative nm horlty aoes puuosopny liiu us in ine uust com- .
of Congress, and hence tho General Uovm-ii- m interests of life while unfolding be-'
mcnt is responsible for nnv violation of the . ii:,.,nki n.i. ir .,
L'.n.t!tutlo .i.innvoft.hem. It is. therefore, fore US the illimitable. BosUm Post. '
ri'tuin nt iiwiva u nrt nrn ntttriiKt mii ui i i nn rT tyi tt Tfi TTiv tv iwiHi. fmn ti T.nni, fiw
arts,? o day by it and I gueSs the thing', xnn,.., ..
by tho inordinate pressure for place, and for , down. It hain't tlCKCU a solitary. OnCO ,
the protection ofi ncumbeuts agiiuist intrigue oinrn TVo hd it. ' Don't Toil have an41 '
science And uotstrt. -ww
: (There are fift kM8of flpWerTfo-"
ing in' tho Arctic rogions -whlohrare t .bei-W.
found nowhere else, Thoy ar$ yUip,
thern of a' white or yellow colorC
, .A Paris manufacturer cl'airris to have' v'
discovered Br-proeess-lor ffttbetitntinjf the
leaves pfjthe cucalyptusreQ,., jhwk
boming emit a . delieioiia .perfume, for
tabaeoo leaves Iri making cigaiy. Ji lo 'H
A P;nLADBL?pi4-infttt)i'iotouliedn (i
method of supplying. beacon .lijfUts viUi t, j
compressed gas. The apparatus'ill "
keep a beacon light Tubing for "two
months, and will autoratically-TOpTatorr
the liijht. uThe.gas used .ia njadefrvm,.,.,,!
crude petroleum, and costs twenty cents
a thousand. j ii -ji j wi t..w
In 16G9 JohanniaSwanmiwdaTO wroievf s.n
make the change of thc-caterpillar pro-
A ,WjVi fln. that hft yiiM . nrn.liioo
" -vi . ..--.mm-j-i , r---
a creature half buttertlv and half cater-.
pillar. - 4 ; Tab exberhnent was performed"
I ' a. . ; . I - l. : u u .1 .
r , . t li..l, I41.. .,,t
m the presonce of the Dukd of Tuscanyi tt t
" Ship Railroads haye a precedeatia u ,'
tjerrnany, where vessels of sixty, ton? I
capacity are carried overland from tho
twlr, , ,),- iAa-r. tbo ttlhln'M H
"l'f"". "" " k 4-"4"' '
Oborland CanaL In West .Prussia.. , This
ship railroad has 4eeri "in successful
- .. --l,f
VI'Cl ailUi AVI WUl DlAk&UU UUI .
when the idea vra8 first broached it) -was '
-idir-nlnil hv . nuprohrMlv l Kvnn . then ! I .
riUlCUieU . py , eyerVDOUy.,) , V00 men, 1,,-B
however, there had Jjeen a precedent for
finescnemein a roau over our Aiieguttiiy
,. , j . -.Ui,44. v ii.nr
jange.v on .which four-ton canas-boM'f.'J'i'n
were Carried., . . (
I J -.';u;li i
. . ' -
A lecture by Dr. O. J. Lodge, deliy-
i erey at the London Institution; shows In
a very lnietngiDie way xne. rutauom ne
tween electricity and liehtv , The lecture i ; ,.i
was for the mpst part expository, and
, , ,', . , . . ltai. I'bXf
traced generally the -Bteps'by which "M
Clerk Maxwell arrived at tuealmostcerv.yis'-l
tain conclusion that light ta an electro-
mn-Tiietio niatnrhftncf4.. wit n Rome of tho
gtartung results' wmou that-staicsnent
. ,. . j- ..
implies. A prediction of what sooms
8i0h Gf views and 'Dictures uyraeansol. ti
. . . .
"4J ....v. ,- t1 (,, (l
PITH km POIST. u ,la
Quite a number of ryonng,;women'
have recently been killed while coasting.
Yonne man. if you have a good girl
don't lot her slide. Philadelphia Chroh-icle-IIerald:
' , - " ' ft avitr.l
the largest part alreauf iheoreticauy possioic, ana may,;f
1V'' !IL'I.VJI..r.,i . be soon practically accomplished, was ' ,
Df. Lodge the transmis-'1 " '
Two of the- elephants wintering la-r? I
Rrldp - onort were taken with the chills.
and t.itir tmllons of whisky were Erlvon
... 5 , . ; '
each.- Arf elephant with the chills Is
the best position in tha country Dan-,.
bury News. ., .... ... .....
When you meet a man with a fancy
pair of scissors in his vest-pocket, you
mav set him down as a drV-EOOds clerk
,1:. f4 . . -i-,f, " ;
or an editor. If his clothes are lino ana
fashionable, you may know he is hot an
editor. Waterloo Observer. ' j -. , j
O protoplasm I O bioplasm t O mys
tic depths of the unknowable! Herbert
Spencer has the dyspepsia and it was
brought on by eating peanuts;! .'; Thus
j :i ..-1- a,..-, j
Taa last words of a dying photogra
5 her "Now keep very still. "-rpciroi-f,' t.
'ree Press. '" Those of a'dvinf? ferrv-
mrtn '"I'm going over' the 'riyef.'M' '""''!
8tcubcViM.Ueraia.r. inosepi: a apng, ; f
barber "I'm going" to make a uye."- ...
liichmond Batori: The printer's "This
is my lasttake.V-r-rorcAtfrs fifafi!e.i.Thft's
editor's-' Aty WWTrtfW,
mer . ....
I've ' brought " this thermbmetef "
back," said, a down-town inair;a8..he tf.M'
threw the instrument on the .counter ol ... , .. ,
a hartl ware, store. " ITiere isn't a mem-
It M I a -1 .l A ..... A.ll IV t-Z .V '
you have any
keys for e'emP"' and because a voong i'( i
woman wno was Duying a pair , scia;,
sors snickered, he turned red in the face
and left the store, muttefmrTrometmng
about " new fanglod ideas' -beiibg nui
8adces." New Uaven Register.
Bhjs stood on the curbstone so fcharmlngi 1 ; . I
All dressed in a neat suit of blue ; .
And she looked for above all eaith-eharnungi , .-.k.
So gentje, angelio and true, , , .
But thorO came by a lumbering wngon, ,' ' ' ' ' v)
with wheel spiumimg muu auauout: ., ,ji
Arid it left her with not a dry rug on, -
, Aud w iped, aU tier liuioceuco out. j 4i'. u . vi
For I heard no, I'll never reveal It
A word that Was naughty and tnTtf ;,; 1 . " "
And I buttoned my ooat to conceal it t - .
in the depths oi my gnet-Btricaon nonrr.'
j , r r t ; -llaslon Courier.
IT!., , 'I vi i , -i . - ,"l i".
i i Mistook the Signal. - ( .m
A'wLl-KWO-wTf engineer oh the j'4 P.s i
who 'has a .plight , impediment in , hie, i
speech, had an interview 'a few days
since with his Division Superintendent,
the nature of which gradually leaked u v
out and became a souccftl-consiacra-ble
fun for the boyg, j Ilho. story goeijir
that on 'a recent rnri his engihe had a
collision with a cow. resultinfr disas
trously to the animal iiqnestidn. ) By n; ha-i
rule of tec rauroaa oompany sucn acci
dents must be reported by the engineer
and conductor in writing, and for some
reason the engineer forgot his duty on
this occasion, until he was summoned
before the railroad magnate for private , ';
investigation. , .
i Mr. ' --. said the Superintendent,'
"how is it that yon failed to report: thod:
killing of a cow on your run Pi suoh a .. i
dateP ' " ".'
" I d-d-d-d-don't remember ' ahy
su-s-s-s-sueh ; accident,', , replied' , the ; ; )l
tnirrVit. nf thn footboard. Rcratchinp- his
U" nl .u..f.,ll- .v'i.;i. .if jfl 1.. 7-lR' t
. . " " . . " HKlt -1
i well, you certainly must nave iu uea h h
a oow on limi iuu, ivi ii wm itjumrxim ,.)
uue iorm oy ina-conuucior,4,4 lnsistou
, - , -i j . .. ,:j .
the Superintendent. ' . ' "
jM-n-n-no, i a-a-a-aian.Tv;,uia-iUia ..t
engineer. -, . r . , r . , .
" Aow Ja-rt think a mpmenl ana see u '
you can't remember ltf'i eauLtncpcr.
elBtent interrogator,4 -., ' , J T.-,f,
" No. I ki-ki-can'i remember ki-ki-kni-
inzany cc-oow. 1 d-d-do remember Vr''
stri-strtrikiufc one, -bib-but I ; looked,,, 7
out of the wi-wi-wi-wi-window.- and,
s-s-saw her laying on her b-b-back," by '
the 1 side of the tra-a-ck,4 moving her ! !'
feet" (motioning with his hands).; t gu 1. ,
aneau, ana 1 w-w-wv. u vu iueau tuui.
she w-w-w all right."
He was warned not to be too sure o!
such signals in the future. Omaha Bee,
! ( I