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DEMOCRATIC IN POLITICS! I'UUK IN LITKHATUUKi AND lMloaitlCHHlVK IN SOUTHERN INTERESTS.
BY A. M. BURNEY & CO.
MMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1881.
VOL. II -NO. 19.
NEWS. AND NOTES.
A Summary of Important Eveut3,
Gen. and Mk9. Grant breakfasted
with President Garfield and family at the
White HoUSO. . e
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company
has purchased the Philadelphia, Wilmiust on
& Baltimore Road. '; ' '''''
William T. Fktb has received the
Republican nomination for Senator from
Maine, to succeed Blaine.
Kx-Senatob Angus Cameron, of
M'lsooiisln, received the Republican nomina
tion for United States Senator to fill the va
cancy caused by tho death of Senator Car
penter. . Aurah S Hewitt has addressed a
letter to ex-Gov. Jewell, incloslwr $100 to
defray the expenses of " hunting down the
laseal who forged the Morey letter," and
promising more if necessary.
The Atchison, Topcka & Santa Fe
and tho Southern Pacific Railroads have con
nected rails at lotninf,r,New Mexico, and of
ficial announcement it made of the opening
of the through route on March 17.
Governor Crittenden, on the 11th,
removed Morgan Roland, tho obstrcpeiruis
St. Louis Police Commissioner, thus making
three vacancies In the Board,and then nomi
nated John II. Maxon, Samuel Cupples and
Jit'. Simmons for the positions.
John T. Kifjii has received the Re
publican nomination equivalent to an elec
tionfor Congress i the Seventh Michigan
District, to fill the place of Conger, resigned.
Mr. Rich is a member of the present State
Senate and has twice served as Speaker of
tho lower House.
Gen. Grant arrived in Washington
on the 7th, 'and was reported to be in close
conference with Logan, Cameron and Conk
liug, the event causing no little speculation
In political circles. The Globe-Democrat' s
ppeclal is authority for the statement that
the Stalwarts are anything but pleased with
some of the Cabinet appointments, that of
McVeigh being particularly obnoxious.
James W. McDill, of Afton, Union
County, Iowa, has been appointed by the
Governor of Iowa United States Senator to
fill " tho vacancy caused by tho
resignation of Senator k'irkwood. Mr.
McDill was born in Ohio In 1834, removed
to Iowa In 1877, served several terms as Cir
cuit and District Judge, and was a member
of the Forty-third and. Forty-fourth Con
gresses. He has never takeu any very activo
part In politics.
The President has nominated Levi P.
Morton, of New York, Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary, to France;
"Win. M. Evarts, Allen G.Thurman and Tim-
" othyimwor ommissionersTin me part or
tho United States to the International Con
ference at Paris; David 1). McClung, Com
missioner of Custom, Cincinnati; John AV.
(ireen. Collector of Internal Revenue for the
fjecond District, Iowa; Robert S. Taylor, of
Indiana, Member of the Mississippi Im-
. The Secretary of the Treasury, on the
11th, issued a decision on tho request of va
rious national banks to withdraw their legal
tenders deposited to rrtlre circulation. Ho
, maintains that "precedents of the Depart
ment in similar cases should be adhered
to here and no return of legal tender made."
Secretary Windom expresses the opinion
that no stringency In the money market need
bo apprehended, owing to the large amount
of bonds that have been and are being pur
chased bv the Government.
Secretary Blaine has sent a note
to the RritUh Legation on the subject of the
false reportB sent by ' the Acting British
Consul at Philadelphia In regard to the prev
alence of disease among swine of tho 'West
ern States. The Secretary reiterates
tho statements made in Evarti's
note of the 7th of March, that all means
of information at the recourse of the De
partment concur in showing tho late pub
lished report as .wholly without foundation,
and sends copies of resolutions of the Mer
chants' Exchange of St. Louis and Chamber
of Commerce of Cincinnati, explicitly deny
ing the report of disease among swine, and
showing the condition of the stock in the
States of Ohio and Illinois is exceptionally
The Congressional Committee of tho
National Greenback party has issued an ad
dress to the people of the United States. The
national banks and railroad and telegraph
companies as at present controlled are de
clared to lie inimical to the rights of the peo
ple, and no redress for existing grievances
can be looked for from cither of the old par
ties. The Committee therefore earnestly
advises the formal Ion of clubs in every city,
village and town in the United States, with
a view to a through organization and
final triumph of the National party.
Thomas J. Durant, Lee Crandall, Edward
Daniels and Eperltus Howe, members of the
Executive Committee of the Greenback Con
gressional Committee, have addressed a let
ter to Thompson II. Murch, Chairman of the
committee, in which they decline to attend
the meeting called by Mureh in New York
They also intorm mm ins resignation as
Chairman of the committee is accepted, and
they will call the entire National Committee
together soon to elect his successor.
The following are the important
change agreed upon in the Chairmanships
Wtlie Senate Committees: Johnston, of Vir
ginia, in place of Eaton, Chairman, of For
eign Relations: Williams, of Kentucky,
Chairman of Manufactures, in place of
Grover, who succeeds Randolph as Cbair
jnaHof Military Affairs; Judge Davis suc
ceeds Thurman as Chairman of the Judiciary
Committee; Jones, of Florida, succeeds Mc
Donald as Chairman of Public Lands;
Groome, of Maryland, succeeds Withers,
of Virginia, as Chairman of Tensions;
Call, of Florida, succeeds Kernan on
patents; Butler, of South Carolina, succeeds
Garland, of Arkana, on Territories; Far
ley, of California, succeeds Hereford, of W.
v Virginia, on Mines and Mining; Garland
succeeds Wallace on Revision of Laws;
Brown, of Georgia, succeeds Bailey on Ed
ucation ami Labor; Walker, of Arkansas,
ruceecds Butler on Civil Service and Ke
trenehment; Hampton, gf South Carolina,
gets Civil-service Reform, and Hill goes to
the. Printing Committee.. Senator Cock
rell is to remain Chairman of the Claims
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
The office of the Union Express Com
pany at Louisville, Ky., wag robbed tho oth
er night of some $3,500, the story being that
masked robbers broke In, bound and gagged
tho watchman and blow open the sate.
Investigation fastened the crimo upou the
night watchman, a young man named Frank
Brewer, and his uncle, Frank Rose, aged
about BO, the latter being the brother of Val.
j Rose, formerly of tho Adams and more re
cently ol tue Union Express Company. Both
men are under arrest.
Ex-President Hayes had a cordial
reception both at Cleveland and Fremont on
his return home.
The firit important arrest under the
Coercion act was mado on the 8th, tho vie
tira being Joseph B. Walsh, of Castlebar, a
prominent merchant, a cousin of Michael
Davit, and actively identified with the Land
League. The arrest caused great excite
At St. Louis, on the 8th, Michael J.
Rcilly, an ex-policeman and ex-letter-carrier,
snot anu instantly killed Albert C. Hatch, a
shoemaker, aged 42. Hatch's wife was the
causo of the murder, sho having on several
occasions left him to take up with Rcilly,
who is himself a married man with several
children. Tfie injured husband had doubt
less made threats against the destroyer of his
domestic peace, and both men went
armed, prepared to shoot on sight.
The meeting finally took place. Hatch tried
o draw his revolver, but was forcibly re
strained by a third party, and meanwhile
Rellly, who was greatly excited, shot his an
tagonist through the head, the muzzle of his
revolver almost touching his face. The
murderer gave himself up without resist'
The case of the United States against
Captain D. S. Payne, of Oklahoma fame,
came up in the United States Court at Fort
Smith, Ark. , on the 8th , on demurrer to de
fendant's answer, and was argued at length
The case was taken under advisement by the
Court until pext term.
The Boston capitalists interested in
the Santa Fe Road and the Mexican Central
project have organized another company
which will lay a track from Altala, on the
Gulf of Mexico, to Durango, some twohun
dred miles distant.
The fine block of buildings on Union
Avenue, between Mulberry and Santa Fe
Streets, Kansas City, occupied by Wood
ward, Faxon & Co., wholesale druggists,
Kelly, Willis & Co., wholesale hardware, and
Oglcbay A Co., wholesalo grocers, was en
tircly destroyed by fire on the morning of the
10th, together with nearly the entire stoAs
of the three firms named. The origin of the
fire is unknown. Woodward, Faxon & Co
loss, fa'j.OOO; insured for $00,000. Oglebay
& Co.'s loss, $S0,000; insured for $75,000.
Kelly, Willis & Co.'s loss, $80,000; fully in
sured. , The buildings, owned by Leach,
Olmstcad & Hall, were valued at $50,000, on
which there la $28,000 insurance.
Fqui naiuv .wi -LiiljLjuredxJwo
it was thought fatally, Vy the exploslouoT a
millstone in Fischer's flouring-miils, South
Desplaines Street, Chicago, on the 10th. Au
gust Fischer, proprietor of tho mill, J. II
Taylor, a miller, and Theodore ISlakeley and
John Newberry, laborers, were the victims
of the casualty. It was said the last two
could not survive.
Mrs. Frances E. Willard, heading
a committee of Temperance ladies, on the
8th visited the Whlto House and presented
to President Garfield an oil portrait of Mrs
Hayes, w hich was designed and subscribed
for in commemoration of her determined
stand for Temperance. President Garfield
accepted the gift, on behalf of the Nation, in
a few well chosen words
The dwelling of Mrs. Levi Belknap,
of Kat Barnard, Vermont, was burned, and
bcr body was found In the ruins. Suspi
cious circumstances, strongly indicatin
murder, will probably lead to the arrest of
one or more persons.
The principal business portion of
Rosita, Colo., including the Post-ofllcc, was
destroyed by fire on the morning of the 10th.
Losses aggregate about $'130,000, with com
parativcly small Insurance.
Geokge-E. Gooch, a heavy Chicago
butter and cheese exporter, failed on the
Queen Ca'roline, the widow of King
Christian VIII., of Denmark, is dead.
Mrs. A. B. Vines, of Elkader, Clay.
ton County, Iowa, died from the effects of
eating canned salmon, which had become
tainted and the can corroded.
Several lives were lost on the 9th,
by the burning of a large drapery establish
ment, known as Le rrintrmps, in Paris.
Up to tho 10th of March about fifty
arrests had been made in Ireland under the
Coercion law. Tho most conspicuous per
sons so far arrestefl are Joseph B. Walsh,
an extensive merchant in the Town of Cas
tlcbar, in tho west part of tho Island, arela
live ofiMicbaci Davitt: Cornelius hcogh, a
farmer living at Cahirconlish, in the
County of Limerick, and Michael
B. Boyton. The latter .
a brother to Taul Boyton, the swimmer. He
claims to be an American citizen, having
lived several years in Baltimore. Walsh,
Keogh and Boyton are confined in Kilmain
ham Jail, near Dublin. The Land League
intends to investigate every arrest carefully
and place the particulars before the British
Ex-Senator Simon Cameron cele
brated his 82d birthday at Havana on the
8th. He was waited on by several Amcri
can residents. The Cuban authorities ex
tended to him the freedom of the city
Thomas M. Baker, clerk in the Dead
letter Office, has been arrested on a charge
of rilling dead letters. Baker has been
twelve years hi tho Department
The family of Samuel Margerat, at
Napoleon, O., were poisoned by eating wild
parsnips. One son, aged 18, died from the
A large number of Germans from
San Francisco purpose settling near Acapul
co, Mcx., where they have purchased Gov
eminent lands at 40 cents per acre, payable
In ten years. r.
Mr. Brf.nnam, a member of the New
York Legislature from the Malone district,
committed suicide, by taking fMson. He
had recently worked T&ry iard, and took the
fatal dose while suffering from nervous pros
John Kerwood, a Kansas City prin
ter of disratcd habits, on the 11th was shot
and killed in a scuffle by his stepson, a lad
about IS years old, The evidence goes to
show that the boy Interfered to save Ids
mother from a beating, and liiat the step-
fathir then knocked the boy down and
finally drew a pistol, a sou file for tho posses- i
slon of which ensued between the three, the j
son fnally securing it and in the melee shoot
ing bis stepfather. The killing is generally
A most frightful calamitv occurred in
Buffalo, N. Y., on the 11th. A boiler un
dergoing repairs at the Pha'nix Iron Works
exploded whllo being tested, killing six men
and wounding seven others, tome of whom
can not possibly recover. The dome of the
boiler, weighing over 200 pounds, w as car
ried swiftly through the air for a distance of
500 feet and fell upon the sidowalk. Another
mass crushed through the roof of an elevator
several hundred fet distant; a third frag
ment was carrled800fcetaway,andcamedown
tight in front of a man as ho emerged from
his door, while a fourth was found an eighth
of a mile distant. A number of the sur
rounding buildings were badly wrecked by
the flying debris. Jfbe names of the killed
are: Robert Patterson, Wm. Gibson, '.John
Langenfeld, Francis Chadwick, John For
rest and Wm. Wager. Carl Otto Wolf, Alex.
Rupert and Henry Mackay were supposed to
be fatally injured.
The terrible murder of Miss Mattie
Ishmael, near Jor.esboro, Craighead County,
Ark., has been mosttorrlbly avenged. Four
Woods luid Burt Hoskins, were arrested for
the murder and held to await the action of
the Grand "Jury. At midnight a body of
masked men, variously estimated at from
200 to 300, surrounded the buijdlng in which
the prisoners were confined, overpowered
the guards, broke In the doors and window s,
seized the terrified negroes, and, dragging
them to a tree about 200 yards away, hung
them. It is reported that the negroes made
a full confession of their guilt, claiming that
they killed Miss Ishmael for refusing to lead
them to the spot where her fathcr'i money
A passenger train on the Denver &
South Park Railroad was thrown from the
track near Thompson Colo., on the 11th.
The slo'cpor turned a complete somersault,
and landed in Flatte River, down a twenty
five foot embankment. ,L. J. Smith, of
Leadville, and II. J. Stennard, Pullman
Conductor, were sorlously injured. All the
passengers were more or less scratched and
JlDQEjOiiN W. JHOMAS, a promi
nent New Orleans lawyer, dropped dead on
The President has nominated Henry
G. Tearson for Postmaster at 2ew lork
Mr. Pearson was First Assistant to Mr.
March 7. The Senate met and adjourned
without transacting any business. Senator
elect Mahonc, of Virginia, was sworn in.
March 8. Communications were laid be
fore the Senato from Messrs. Kirkmood and
lllalne announcing that they hud forwarded
their resignations to the Governors of their
respective Matet. ine nominations oi Miit
the.w (iolf. cx-Serreltt'-y fur tiie . Navy, for
I'nltiMl stHt4 AtUirmw fur W'Bl VirvlntA:
juku.l.. v.i-i.u., i,f Mulligan, for Con ho 1 lit
Klicims,midLiffwlRM'hniojui,f UiiocU Island,
Consul (.ennui ut Rome, weiw hu to the
Senate uy me I'resiuent anu promptly eon.
tinned. (Frishie and Richmond were nomi
natcd by Hayes, and were favorably reported
nut not actt-u upon.)
March 9. The Senate convened at noon.
A telegram irom tno uovernor ot iowa was
ed. announcing the appointment of J. V.
McWU to fill tho unexpired term of Mr. Kirk
wood. A message Irom ti e President was re
ceived, and tho enute v.unt into executive
March 10. Senator Pendleton offered a
resolution providing for tho organization of
tho Senate Committees. Senator Anthony ob
jected to its present consideration, and it wus
oroereu t do pnninu anu tone over.
March 11. The Democrats made another
move toward organizing the Senate Commit
tees, but wero blocked by a point of order
raised by Senator Conkllng and sustained by
the ire-iTcsiuem. lninng ine discussion
Senator Daviu Davis dellned his position. He
declined to accept the Chuirmanshiu of the
Judiciary Committee, but announced his in
tentlou of sustaining the Democratic organl
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
The Emperor Alexander of Russia
W-as assassinated on Sunday, the Mth. Whilo
the Czar was returning with the Grand
Duke Michael from Michael Palace In a closo
carriage escorted by eight Cossacks, a bomb
was thrown near the carriage, which imme
diately exploded, shattering the vehicle
Tho Czar and his brother alighted
uninjured. A second bomb was then thrown
and fell close to the Czar's feet, its explo-
sion shattering both legs below the knees and
inflicting other terrible injuries. The
Czar was immediately conveyed
in an unconscious state, t the
Winter Pabice, where ho died at 4:80 p. m
The Grand Puke Michael was slightly
injured by the explosion, and several at
tendants were wounded, two fatally. Two
men, disguised as peasants, threw the fatal
bombs. Both were arrested.
The well-known passenger steamer
James Howard, of the Anchor Line, was en
tirely destroyed by fire at her wharf in St
Louis on the night of the 13th. She had jns1
arrived from New Orleans with a large list
of passengers, when the fire broke
out under the cabin stairway in
the forward part of the boat. The
flames spread so rapidly that all on board
had to flee for their lives, leaving their bag
gage behind them. Th coolness of Captain
Pryan was doubtless, the means of Baving
many lives. The Howard was built in 1870,
and cost 310,000. Her cargo was valued at
Four masked men entered the rest
donee of Miss Elizabeth Roberts, 100 Second
Place, Brooklyn, N. T., in broad daylight,
bound and gagged Miss Roberts and a fe
male servant, and under threats of Instant
death compelled the lady to hand over to
them three $1,00 bonds and a quantity of
valuable Jewelry. They then hastily drove
off in a wagon which they had in waiting.
The Wakefield Rattan Works, at
Wakefield, Mass., were almost entirely de.
stroyed by fire on the 12th. Loss about
$"ii,i00; insurance, $823,fJ00. Five hundred
persons are thrown out of employment.
Carl Schurz has been banqueted by
the German-American citizens of Baltimore,
and will receive a similar compliment in
General Hancock was entertained
by the Manhattan Club in New York City
on the night of the 12th,' nearly all the lead
in jr. Democrats of the city being present,
the most notable exception being Mr. Tilden
The Archbishop of Dublin, in his
Lenten pastoral, severely censures the
I. nut League, and especially condemns the
Ladies' Land League.
A company has been organized and a
charter applied for to build a telephone line
between Kansas City, St. Joe, Atchison,
Leavenworth, Lawrence and Topeka
Brief lllnicrnphli'iil Hkrlohc. of this Prcal-
drill' Olllcl"! i-ainiiy no inn s-crrin-
rln Arr, brre 'J'her 1'nme rrom, und
Wlmt They Have llerelofore Atcom-
Tho following are brief biographical
sketches of the members of the new
JAMES G. BLAINE SecuwAnT or Stat.
Mr. Illnino was born In Washington County,
Pa., January 31, 1S30; graduated at Washington
College, Pennsylvania; odrpted the editorial
profottdorf, and wcut to Malno,whorcho edited
the Portland Advertitcr and tho Kenuebco
Journal; was a member of the Maine Legisla
ture in 1850, '1)0, 'til and '03, eerrving the last
two years as Fpeakcr of '1ho Houso; was
elected to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth.
ortletb, Forty-first," Fort y-secona and Forty-
third Congresses (nerving lu the Forty
llrst, tho Forty-second ft'iu tho Forty
third as Fpcakort: was re-cledted to the
'orty-fourtb, 'Congress as' a ltopubllcan;
as elected to the United f littes Senate to
till the vacancy occasioned Cy liie relgnatlon
of Lot M. Morrill, appointed f-ocretary of tho
Treasury, and was elected for the ensuing
term, which will expire March 3,1183. The
people are familiar with his great campaign
for nomination for the Fresldenoy.
THOMAS L. JAMES Postmaster-Gkxkral.
Mr. James was born at Utlca, N. Y., March
N, l&ui; was educated at the Utlca Academy,
and at tho ago of fifteen was apprenticed to
loom tho printing business to Wesley Uailey,
the velorau abolition editor of tho Liberty
I'rtKt. He sorved with Mr. Bailey for five
years, and then purchased tho Madixon County
Journal, then a Whig paper published at Ham
ilton. When the Republican party was
formed bo mado tho Journal a Republican pa
per and labored tor the election of Fremont.
For five years be held the position of Collector
of Canal Tolls at Hamilton, and then removed
to New Vork City, where ho secured an ap
pointment as Inspector of Customs under
Hiram Barney, Collector of the Port. In 1864
bo was mado a Weigher, and In 1869 Deputy
Collector. Upon the inauguration of the Clvll-
Pervice Reform he wus mado President of the
Hoard of Examiners for the Custotn-House.
In 1873 bo was appointed Postmaster of New
York by President Grant, and bold tho posi
tion until bis uppoiutmeut as Postmaster-General.
ROBERT T. LINCOLN Skcretart or War.
Mr. Lincoln, the eldest son and only surviv
ing child of Abraham Lincoln, was born in
Springrleld, 111., August 1, 1843. Ho prepared
for college ut Phillip' Academy, Exotcr, N.
11., and, having entered Harvard, graduated
the summer of 18CL Four months subse
quently he became a member of the Harvard
Law School. Dot, before finishing the courso,
he went into the army and wo3 on General
(J runt's stuff with the rank of Captain, from
February 20 to Juno 10, 18&i, serving until tho
war closed. He then returned to his law
books, and completed his studies. Ho located
In Chicago, and was admitted to the Bar by
the Supreme Court ot the State, February
ISO. In September of the following year
ho was married in Washington, by Bishop
Simpson, to Mary Harlan, daughter of ex-Sen
ator Harlan, ot Iowa. He and his wife spent
six months of the summer and full of 1872 In
Europe, nnd, on returning to Chicago, be asso
ciated himself with Mr. Edward S. Isbuin, in
law practice, and tho two bavo been partners
ever since, tbo firm being one of tbe best
known in tbe city, and d.in rt nirgcnnd Im-raJ
live tmstiMst. sir. i.taont n'.. w
lwu,l in the footsteps ol his illustrious father.
an I Is a "stalwart" Republican, tbouirb, witb
local c.veepi Ions, be bus taken no active pari
in politics. HiMvns a Presidential Elector at
i he last election.
Mr. MsoVeah .was born at Phirnixvlllo,
Cbrster County, Pa., April 19, 18H, and is thus
in his foity-clghth year. He wus named after
Isaao Wayne. Ho received his early educa
tion in Chester County, but was prepared for
college at Freehold Seminary, In Montgomery
County, tin lor tho instruction of J. W. Sun
derland, LL.U. He graduutod at Yale College
in tbe famous class of 1KV1, and then studiod
law with tbe Hon. Joseph J. Lewis, of West
chester, and wus in that borough ad
mitted to tho bnr April 26, 18o6. Soon
alter bis admission to tbo bar he was
ehotcd District Attorney of Chester County..
mi l served In that capacity for tbree years.
During the war for the Union Mr. McVeagn
was twice In tho sorvUe, first as a Captain of
a company of caval.y. which was in the serv
Ico for two weeks only, when the Invasion of
the State was threatened, in September, 1863,
and as a Major on tbo staff of MajorGenoral
Couch durig tho emergency of tho following
year. In early ll!o Mr. McVeaoh married a
daughter of Mr. Lewis, his law preceptor, and
after her death, in 18H7 be married a daughter
of cx-Senutor Simon Cameron. In 1870 ho was
appointed to succeed E. Jay Morris as Minister
to Constantinople, a position which be held
until tho closo ot 187L
WILLIAM WINDOM-Sbcretabt of th
Mr. Wlndorri was born In Bolmont County,
Ohio, May 10, 1827; received an academlo edu
cation; studied law ut Mount Vernon, Ohio;
practiced bis profession In Ohio and In
Minnesota until 18.YJ; wus elocted Prosecuting
Attorney for Knox County in 1852; removed
to Minnesota in IHiu; wus a Representative In
the Thirty-sixth, Thlrty-sevonth, Thirty
eighth, Thlrty-uinth and Fortieth Congresses;
was appointed by tho Governor of Minnesota,
In July, 1870, to till tho unexpired term of the
Hun. Daniel H. Norton, deceased, In tbe Senate
of the Cnited States: was subso inently elect
ed as a Republican, and was re-elected in 1877.
His term of service would have expired March
SAMUEL J. KIHKWOOD-SECRBTAHT Ol
Mr. Kirkwood'was born in Harford County,
Maryland, December zu, 1813; recolved a
limited education at tbo academy of John
Mcl.eod In Washington City; removed to
lticbliind County, Ohio, la 1835, and studied law
tbero; was admitted to the bar InlStis; was
elected Prosecuting Attorney In 115 and again
In 1847; was in 185V51 a member of the Con
vent ion that formed the present Constitution
of the State of Ohio; removed to Johnson
Count v, Iowa, in 16.); was elocted to the
State Senat" In 1856; was elected Governor in
ls5 and aaln in 1H1I; was In lva nominated
ly riesulcut Lincoln and conllrmed as Minis,
terto Denmark, but declined the appoint-
mont; was In iSiiO elected to the United Statel
Senato to llil tuc unexpired terra of the Hon.
James Hiirlun: w;is in 1875 again elected Gov
ernor of lowu and resigned that otlloe Junuary
31, 1877: wus elected In January. 176, to the
United States Senate as a Republican to
sueootMl tieorire . w right. Republican. His
term of service would have expired March 3,
WILLIAM H. HUNT-SBCRBTABY OF TH
Mr. Hunt is a native of Louisiana, and
comes of a prominent family. When tbe war
broke out be adhered to the Union side.
and remained a steadfast supporter of tbe
cause to the end. For this reason be was os
tracised by his family, and, when politics be
gan to reshnpe themselves in fhe South after
tbe war, became a Republican and bos
been a Kcpubllenn ever since. He ras
first hrotnrlit Into nminin'-iiCH In Louisiana
politics when bo became the counsel for Gov.
Kelloirg in hisconle-it wllh Mehnery. He sub
sequently became a raiidldate tor Attornev-
Geneml on the Kepiitilican ticket, was eloet
ed, nnd se ved one term: be wn re-elected as
Attorney-General on the ticket with Packard
Curiously eimuiih, he was thrown out of oilier
through the inlluenceof tho MiicVeairh Com
mission which overturned th Pnckard Gov
ernment and in'tnll'Hi X cholls while the ore
pnratious were l"-ing made to sent Hnreg In
VViishlnirt m. M.icVpagh, the head of tbr
Commission, and Hunt, the overthrown At
tornev-tieni in! of I 'iiilna. now meet on I
Ci iuuion plane in General dm Held 8 Cabinet.
Mark Twain Tells a Story.
At a recent dinner of the Boston Papy
rus Club.Mark Twain, being called upon
for a speech, said ;
" I am perfectly astounded at the way
history repeats itself. I find myself sit
uated at this moment exuetly and pre
cisly as I was once before, years ago, to
a jot, to a tittle to a very hair. Ihere
isn't a shade of difference. It is the
most astonishing coincidence that ever
but wait. I will tell you the former
instance, and then you will see jt your
self. Years ago I arrived one day at
Salamanca, N. Y., eastward-bound.
Must change cars there and take the
sleeper train. There were crowds of
people there, and they were swarming
into the long sleeper train and packing
it full, and it was a perfect purgatory of
rush, confusion, gritting of teeth, and
soft, aweot, and low profanity. I asked
the young man in the ticket-oflice if I
could have a sleeping section ; and he
answer No!' with a snarl that shriv
eled me up like burned leather. I went
off smarting under this insult to my dig
nity, and asked another local official,
suplicatingly, if I couldn't have some
poor little corner somewhere in a sleeping-car;
and he cut me short with a ven
omous No, you can't; every corner's
full. Now don't bother me any more,'
ivnd he turned his back and walked off.
My dignity was in a state now which
can not be described. I was so milled
that well, I said to my companion, If
these people knew who I am, they'
but my companion cut me short there
and said, Dou't talk any such folly ; if
they did know who you are, do you sup
pose it would help your high mightiness
to a vacancy in a train w hich has no
vacancies in it?' This did not improve
my condition any to speak of, but just
then 1 observed that the colored porter
of the sleeping-car had his eye on mo.
I saw his dark countenance light up
He whispered to the uniformed conduct
or, punctuating with nods and jerks to
ward me.and straightway this conductor
came forward, oozing politeness from
every pore, and said: 'Can I
bo of any service? Will you
have a place in the sleeper?' 4 Yes,1 I
said, 'and much obliged, too. Give me
anythins: anything will answer.' lie
said, we have nothing left but the big
family stateroom, with two berths and
a couple of armchairs in it, but it is en
tirely at your disposal. Here, Tom,
take these sachela aboard.' He touched
his hat and we and the colored Tom
moved along. I was bursting to drop
iust one little remark to my companion,
but I held in and waited. Tom made
us comfortable in that sumptuous grettt
apartment, aud then said, with many
bows and a perlect auiuence oi smiles,
Now, is dey anything you want, sahP
case you Kin nave jes anymiu you
wants. It don't make any differeuce
what it is.' I said, Can I. have tome
hot water and a tumbler at 9 to-night,
blazing hotP You know about the right
temperature for a hot Scotch punch.'
Yes, Bah, dat you kin; you km 'pen on
it. I'll get it myself. 'Good! Now
that lamp is hung too high. . Can I
have a big coach-candle fixed up at the
head of my bed, so that I can read com
fortably?' 'Yessah, you kin. I'll fix
her up myself, an' I'll fix her up so
she'll burn all night. Yes, sah; an'
you can jes call me anything you wants,
and dish yer whole railroad u oe turned
wrong eend up an' inside out for to git
it for you. uat's so.' And ne disap
peared. Well, I tilted my head back,
hooped my thumbs in my arm-holes,
smiled a smile at my companion, and
said, gently; Well, what do you say
now?' My companion was not in a
humor to respond, and didn't. The
next minute that smiling black face was
thrust in at the crack of the door, arid
this speech followed : 'Laws bless you,
sah, 1 knowed you in a minute. 1 told
de conductah so. Laws ! I knowed you
de minute I sot eyes on you.' 'Is that
so, my boy? Handing him a auadruple
feel Who am' IP' 'Jennul McClcllan,'
and he disappeared again. My com-
ninlnn anul vinnirnrishlv. YVoll. woll !
... , ..
what do you say now
!' Uirrhr. thorn
comes in the marvelous
mentioned a while ago, viz. : I was
speechless ; and that is my condition
now. Perceive itP"
One ot the Mysteries of Mormonisin.
Notwithstanding the books which pur
port to reveal . these mystenes and
miseries oi iuormonism, the secret rites
of this singular religion have never yet
been made known, notably those enacted
in the Endowment House. Like the
secrets of Masonry, they are kept in
violable, even by renegades. One part
of their religion spociously appeals to
the superstitious, credulous element in
woman's nature. It is that no woman
nan Antar tVio Iiinrrrlnm of TTonvon nn.
less as the wife of Sumo man, hence old
maids are scarce in Ltah. If a woman
is resolutely opposed to matrimony, and
especially polygamy, sealing overcomes
the difliculty. Sealing constitutes a
nominal marriage, and also helps a
woman financially, for a husband is
bound to do something for every one of
his sealed wives, if it is but to send her
a pound of tea weekly. I know three
old maids the eldest is about 80. They
weave rag carpets for a living, and are
all sealed to the same man, who fur
nishes their groceries and insures their
entrance into Heaven. If an old maid
has neglected to be sealed, and she is
on her death bed, some neighbor is hur
riedly sent for to be sealed to her. The
cerempny is simple, consisting of a few
words and a little anointing with oil.
N. . Sun.
Miss Mildred Lee, daughter of Gen.
R. E. Lee. is said to be a beautiful and
queenly woman. She has been in
Washington this winter, and has re
ceived many attentions. No daughter
of Gen. Lee has married, and Custis
Lee, President of Washington and Lee
University, is a bachelor long past the
meridian of life.
Robins are so thick in Burke Coun
ty j Georgia, that a negro man of
Waynesboro amuses himself by catching
them with fishing-hooks. He baits the
hook and throws his line over the limb
of a tree on which the birds most do
congregate, and waits for them to bite.
Every man's house is his castle, but
every man can't be King of Ashantee.
Lu Grille Courier-Journal.
Physical Training as a Means of Mental
One of the serious problems which
modern scionce encounters is how to
deal with more particularly, how to
prevent the excessive nervous develop
ment, and through that thfl frequent
mental failure or derangement charac
teristic of modern life. Tho mad poet's
sarcastic remark that brains had brought
him to the asylum a fate his interro-
fator ran no risk of was bitterly true ;
ut it is not volume of brain so much as
an unbalanced development of brain
that leads to insanity or a liability to
that distressing malady. That the rapid,
eager, restless, auxious life which most
of us lead tonda to produce an increas
ing complexity of the nervous system, an
physiologist agree. That. this complex
ity of nervous organization lays us liable
to the deveJspTU,ent of a condition of ur
stauie menial anu nervousequmunum is
only too clearly proved by the statistics
of our asylums.
What are we to do ? We can not rad
ically change our style of living to that
of our slow-going ancestors; on the con
trary, the indications at e that our chil
dren's children will, by contrast with
their more active life, look back upon
our age as measurably serene. It i3 re
motely possible that a new order of in
vention may reverse the tendency of the
race and relieve the future of much of
the mental and nervous strain which
we have to endure ; but it does not look
that way now. The immediate future,
at any rate, is pretty sure to intensify
the conditions which so many break
down under to-day. Must the mental
breaking down increase in frequency 'in
proportion P Or can we pitch upon some
means whereby the rising generation
can be fitted to endure the strain which
will come to them better than the men
and women of to-day bear the burden of
A generation ago the popular theory
was that mental discipline, with the
brain development which early and long
continued schooling gives, would furnish
the capacity for mental work and men
tal endurance which would best lit the
coming man for the work he would have
to do. The result has been to increase
the work to be done, and the speed of
doing it, without materially increasing
man's capacity for toil. In many cases
the course of education pursued seems
rather to have lessened the endurance
of our people, and to have hastened the
mental collapse of many of our brain-
workers. And the school children of
to-day have more to do than their fathers
and mothers had, and have to bear no
inconsiderable portion of the evils of
modern life besides ; that is, if constant
excitement, haste, and worry are to be
accounted obstacles to healthy mental
and nervous development. That they
can not fairly be considered beneficial is
Sneaking of the nervous excitements,
and" their results, due to our modern
education and the rate and manner of
our living, aa eminent English physician
(Dr. Browne, editor of the lsnluh, med
ical Journal) says: "The cerebral
tissue becomes more and more highly
organized.convolutions obtain secondary
gyri, and with each differentiation iu
structure new possibilities of disturb
ances are introduced; while the very
differentiation in question produces in
turn new mechanical devices, which
again 'introduce a more complicated
mode of life with which the nervous sys
tem must keep pace."
If there were no possible corrective to
this tendency to increase the nervous
strain of life more rapidly than the
nervous organism can acquire power to
enduro it, the inevitable destiny of civ
ilized men would be the mad house or
something near it. But there is promise
of such a corrective. Tho late Dr.
Seguin demonstrated many years ago
that the undeveloped, brains of the
feeble-minded could be stimulated to
healthy growth by patient and systemat
ic training of the muscles and the organs
of sense. Dr. Browne looks to a corre
sponding physical culture of those of
normal brain endowment to give Ihem
the increased brain capacity which will
fit them for the severer needs of our in
creasingly active intellectual life, and at
the same time make them better able to
resist the inroads of mental disease.
'Muscular exercise," he says, "has
been hitherto thought to expand the
lungs, quicken the circulation, and brace
the nerves; but to this must now be
added tho pregnant idea that it also con
tributes to the brain growth and mental
evolution. As a large part of the brain
is composed ol motor centers, we may,
in the nascent state of the organ, power
fully act on the brain by putting into
methodical exercise the muscles which
we know to be directed by its various
parts ; and especially the centers gov
erning the movements of the hand ought
to be Drought into training by careful
drill of manual movements, so that, in
due time, a cunning right hand may be
the servant of every man to some me
chanical art, and of every woman to
some technical work."
And not only is it possible, as Dr.
Browne suggests, to fortify the young
against the mroads of mental and nerv
ous disorders by the development of
brain capacity, stability and symmetry,
through manual training, but there is
gained also, by means of such training,
the additional safeguards which come
from such dealing with realities, from
having always at hand the means of
healthful recreation, and from the con
scious ability to do, ifiiecessity compels,
something that will win support.
Industrial education thus takes on an
importance far greater than has hither
to teen accorded it. It becoms a rjrties
sity, not merely to those w ho are Wcly
to spend their lives as artisans, but even
more to those who may never earn a
day's wages at the bench men of in
dependent fortune, professional men,
business men, and women in all the
walks of life, to whom physical training
may mean, not bread and butter, but
mental health. Scientific American.
A circus proprietor has offered a
premium of $10,000 to the loveliest lady
in America on the condition that she
give her services for thirty days as tho
main participant in a grand daily,
pageant. It is stated that as beauty,
and not talent, is required, good looks
alone will secure the prize. But what
man, or men, will dare decide the question?
SCIENCE AXD INDUSTRY.
rrof. Bouchardat attributes to the
vine powerful sanitary properties. Ho
asserts that wherever it is cultivated to
any considerable extent there is a very
sensible diminution of intermittents.
The virtue is attributed to the action of
the vine on the eflluvia which cause
fevers. l, .
In a paper by M. Muntz on the con
servation of grain in reservoirs, road bo
fore the French Academy of Science, it
is stated that to secure all the advan
tages of such means of storage the grain
should be comparatively dry, tho closure ,
perfect, the temperature of the walls '
pretty constant. . . ;
A simple hygrometer can be made
bv a piece of catrut and a straw; The '
.catgut, twisted, is put through a hole in, ;
a dial, in which a straw is also piaceu.
Tn dry weather, -the. catgut curia up ; in
damp, it relaxes ; and so jne straw is ,r
turned either to the one side or the ophel". '
Straws do not only "Bhow which way'?
the wind blows," you see.
A corporation has been recently or
ganized in Boston, with a capital of $1,-
000,000, to finish the bottoms of boots
and shoes by a new invention. ' It is
claimed that by the aid of the machine
sLx hundred to eight hundred boots can
be finished by one operator in one day,
where one hundred and fifty to two hun
dred are now done by hand. .
Mr. W. II. Freece has determined,
with a very close approximation to ac
curacy, the area protected by-a proper.
ly adjusted lightning rod. llis conclu
sion is that a lightning rod protects a '
conic space whose height is the length ,
of the rod, the base being a circle
having its radius equal to the height of
the rod. This was tbe conclusion ar- ,
rived at by Sir William Snow Harris '
when engaged in fixing his protectors to
the masts of ships. . j
A dairying company of London has
lately established a laboratory at which
samples of milk received from farmers
are subjected to chemical analysis.'
Frizes have been offered by the com-i
pany, which are to be given to those .
farmers whose milk-supply stands high-" 1
est in quality during a stated period of
time. The samples of milk are care
fully examined by the company' an-
alyst, whose analyses 'and reports will ,
decide the competition for the prizes. It
is expected that much valuable informa- '-
tion respecting methods for producing" '
the richest possible milk will be secured
in this way.
A Nuremberg chemist has devised . ..
a new method of decorating silks and
other fabrics, which is expected to su
persede embroidery. 1 he art is called
' eidographie," and the operator uses ,
hollow pencils which are charged with
a fluid metallic compound. On ex- !
posure to air the compound instantly1 ,
hardens. Every color can be produced,
and the designs traced with the pencil
are exceedingly durable, lasting as long
as the materials on which they are I
traced.' Glass can be Btained and wood- -enware
and pottery decorated by the
same process. The manufacture of tho
pencils has already become a considers-
ble industry in Germany. ' .
PITH AND POINT.
An umbrella always reminds us of
the man who wants to bet. It is a put .
up or shut up" contrivance. Boston
Post. - r ;
It is remarkable how much of good
can be found to say of a man after he is
dead. A skinflint died in this State not '
long ago, and numerous virtues were. '
squeezed out of his memory by the power
of the printing press. Danbury News.
Limerick No; an editor doesn't
know everything. Editors only claim
to average about three times as much
knowledge as the ordinary run of men.
But perhaps this is a low estimate.
Editors are naturally modest Jtoston , ,
Ashmead and the Baroness are just' '
as happy as two sucking doves. He i
calls her " Birdie," and she keeps her -f
new teeth in his shaving-mug. Bless tho
dear old girl ; she always was a giddy i
thing. Huwkeye. .,
Vaccination parties are the latest
novelty in society. Tho young peoplo
meet together, the doctor pops In and '
the company is vaccinated in the most,,
jolly and approved manner. Syracuse
Herald. , t . ,
The sexton's aweetheart'a name was Noll,
AndsliH wus called the village bello; ,
When hope had made tlm sexton bold, '
One night lits love for Nell be toll'd, , . :
While to his neck she fondly clung, '
And lovingly her hand he wrung;
Her sentiment with his just chimed, '
And his ap-peal she thought well-timed, ,.
And haviiig toll'd his love so well,
She whispered he might ring t he bollo.
The young lady in seal sacque ahd '
fur bonnet was at the lecture, and dur- f
ing the entire hour her pencil was busy. n
An elderly lady had noticed this' with
unconcealed pleasure. At the close of '
the lecture she stepped up to the young ...
lady and congratulated her upon her
good sense in taking such copious notes.
' Oh," exclaimed Miss Sealskin,' . " I .
wasn't takiBg notes. I was only putting
down a list of things I have got to get
on my shopping trip this afternoon."
The elderly lady simply said Oh 1 " but '
she looked crueUy disappointed. 2?osfon
State of Man Before Death.-
A Danish physician, E. HornerfStnn, '
has written an interesting essay on the
state of man just before death. Much
experience and fine insight have led
the author to conclusions which can not
but be grateful to those who stand at a
deqgtiied, to those who mourn oVer a
loss, and to those who fear death.' Here
is one statement out of many: "The
feeling of death's approach changes and.
purifies the innerJensc, while the outer
sense, including that of bodily pain, is .
made dull by the gradual decrease of ,
tbe vital functions." The experience of ,
others corroborates this. -g(V slow death
usually prepares tho mind of the patient
for the final step, and often makes the
latter welcome. Hence, so few peoplo :
who are mortally ill are really afraid to
die. Persons wno have for a time lost .
the use of their senses by drowning or
suffocation confirm this experience, '
while persons in perfect health shrink
from death as they do from eating an,
unknown drug or from playing with un
known animals. Death seems hanlj
chiefly to surviving friends. . (