Newspaper Page Text
m f t K S
DKMOCKAtiq IN.POLlTICHt PURE IN LITKHATUKK! ANti PKOGUKSS1VK IN SOUTHKUN 1NTEHMSTS.
BY A. M.'BURNEY & CO.
MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY,; MARCH 2G, 1881.
VOL! II -NO. 20.
W , l'm KM. t - II U lkfl E !K IK "Jl fl V . IK l IV, M ? 1 WAAI ""
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n 1st .
i. oummary 01 imponant liventa.
A DHEA.DFUI. plaguo is playing sad
Lnvoo Inthe villages of MeBoputumia.
J. Stanley Urown has been appointed
Private Secretary to Trcsldcnt Garfield.
(iEneual Eckeht says twelve hun
dred, miles of Western Union wires wiU b
? C-Tif t ffenera
toward Mexico and the Pacific,
"Tilt general "outlook for " tho winter
wheat crop'ls conntJred' favorable, with a
.prospective, yield about the same as that of
frtfHNasQnri j (t ' . t.
The Narj J)eparjment has purcfiased
tho whalinff Kteamcr Mary and Helen, for
,,.J1100,000, tubp sent In search of the missing
,,,'iAreUc explorer Jeannette.
TiiF.Vnited States of Colombia has
rfi(iiiii tiiWiIsthwius -fit ransina, to coiinect
i WitMhe International lines.
The Pope'jg encyclical letter has been
issued proelatinitl itlie Jubilee from March
10 to November 1 for Europe, and to the end
of the vear for the rest of the world.
It is not believed that Alexander III
w ill in any material way modify the repres
sive policy against the disaffected in Russia
which was carried out by his father.
lTas understood tm the 18th that
f ,J the J)emocrati(i Senators would" resist by
(".n'attlaiiieiiturv devices, all attempts of the
lieiiublicans to elect new officers of that
A Washington dispatch of the 17th
stated Hint the Republicans will nominate
Mr. (iorham for Sccrctajry-bf the Senate,
and Manistree, of Virginia, a Readjustcr
and friend of Mahone, for Scrgeant-at
Arms. r t
The Igxioan .Telegraph Company's
cable from Brownsville,Tcxast to Vera Cruz,
viii-Tumplco, has been completed and con-
Cilulatory inossages have been exchanged
Jielweennho Presidents of the United States
CIjW-Gen. Emory Ui'ton, U. S. A
committed suicide by shooting, on the 15th,
near San Francisco. Gen. Upton was
wtll-kmwn autbqrlty-on military tactics,
v And auLlior.of ork ou that subject.
-it v . . a i. t.. b,,i,inAt . rmA
cause of his suicide is not known.
Hon. Edward Sere, Consul General
of ltglgium to the United States, has arrived
in ChicusA) to investigate what may be
termed the pork scared H Is said that rep
rcseiitat ives from Spain, Portugal and Aus
tria will instigate a similar investigation t
TtiE Stockmen's Conventio'ri,- hold at
Caldwell, Kans', elected S. S. Birchfield,
Prerldent, aud Robert F. Cramford, Scere
tary. The Cherokee range was divided into
"six" districtswith a captain for each, and
May 1 fixed as the date for beginning the an
On St. Patrick's Day, Mr. Lowell? the
American Minister at the Court of St,
James,' received a telegram from the Prcsi
dent of the Knights of St. Patrick, of St
Louis, expressing sympathy with Parnell
nd rqiiuesting Lowell to forward the tele
gnuii to Parnell. '
A nox containing forty pounds of
gunpowder with a lighted fuse attached was
found by a policeman on duty near the Lord
Major' ofLondon'g residence on the night of
tho Kith. He extinguished the fire and took
.' the Jmx to tho police station. .There is no
clew to the guilty partiosv.
' JA'ccoRDtNO to reliable information
Orange, Free State farmers are in a very un
"fx'tded condition and only nwalting a sufll
cient excuse to Join the Rocrs. They regard
Ithonstrong reinforcements coming from
. JJnglartd with suspicion,, as indicating aiv
nexatioii of the Free Slates.
w.i km. Grant has resigned the Tresi
dency of tho World's Fair, in consequence
as is said, of hit Mexican engagements. It
is known ha has been for some time dissat
istkrt with the slow progress made In raising
fuiuTs to enrry out Ihe enterprise, and has
expressed doubts as to Its ultimate suecesB
The, iQlolie-DaHocrafs Washington
speclsl of the 17tli say that Representative
Farwcll niiii Senator Logan have locked
horns id a contest over the Marshalship'of
the Northern District of Illinois. Senator
LojniM ehainpinns the cause of "Long"
Junes:' while Mr. Farwell's man js Stillwell
Alexander III. , has, by a special
ukase, summoned th peasants to take the
oatlyif allegiance. A decree is published
granting persons deported 1a Iberia, with
the loss of. civil rights,, pcrmbsiou to, en
g&d i"l omnmorciaj or prtifessibnal pursuits
aflci tfiree years' good behavior. The same
privilege will be accorded political exiles.
subject to the approval of the Minister of the
Interior. Another nitro-glycerine plot has
Veen discovered In St. Petersburg. The po1
Hi have taken possession of a small shop
0, icath which was found the entrance to
mine leading under the street where tho late
F.nip-ror was accustomed to rido. ' A num
her of arrests have been made.
1 An alleged fraudulent !and-titlo
Bi'neme of gigantic proportions lias been un
earthed by United States Petective Tyrrell
and a number of arrests have been made of
parties said to be criminally Implicated
the swindle. Chief among these Is Robert
L. Lindsay, a St. Louis lawyer. Addison F.
Hums, an attorney and real estate agent
and II. R,Mi'Clellan, a Notary, in Pittsburgh,
Pa. ; Orlando Van Hiso and John K. Corwin
attorneys and reaj estate agents, and Georgo
Linn, all of Cleveland, are also under arrest.
The land Involved in these transactions lies
in Southeast .Missouri, and comprises, it
rsiimitteU, from 4,000.000 to 6,000,000 acres,
This land wUi owned' by the Government,
and under the act of ISM was opened up for
sale to actual settlers at a few cents per acre
It is now known that the Land Register at
Jijhkrou Entered these hinds in the names of
V'Vsfcl ho never appearedeforo him in
person : parties who matte application for land
did not settle out hem as required by law,and
made deeds.or other parlies did in their name
before they , were lawfully entitled to
them. Nameswere forged of parties who
never went near the lauds. The whole busi
ness seems so have been conducted In a
fraudulent manner. Some of those original
IrMmplirstcd are desd. A great deal of the
land has passed through a number of hands
and is now held by mmx-ent parties, who do
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
Dublin ' telegrams of the ICth state :
Iler Majesty's ship Valorous has taken pro
cess-servers and eighty policemen to the
slands Littormullin and Fcenlsh, belonging
o the Forster magistrate. Tho tenantry owe
5,000," Two hundred policemen have been
dispatched in all haste to Clifdcn District,
whero a disturbance has arisen between the
Catholics and Fleming relief expedition.
One man is reported killed. There is a bit
ter feeling in the district because a large
number of processes were served. Justice
itzgerald, In opening the Korrv Assizes,
said 403 crimes had been reported the last
seven months, seven-fold of tho record tho
same period tho previous year. ! I ' "
There is a deficit in tho Ashuolot Sav
ings Bank pf Winchester N.. II. ,
amounting to . over $100,000, . ' The
Treasurer of the bank." Mr. , Ellerov
Albee, has assigned alt ' his personal
property to make good the deficit. It is be
lieved the defalcations have been in progress
for years and entirely unsuspected, Thade-posit-bookB
have bcon called in and show
that $150,000 mado ' to appear "as ' drawn
have not been drawn by. depositors.
A colored 'woman named Amy
Bradford, at Shreveport, La., was overhaul
ing a trunk, and coming to a small derrin
ger pistol therein, her little sonr -who
was standing beside, her, wanted it to plsy
with. Tho mother; hot dreaming it was
loaded, picked" upthe pistol and playfully
pointed it at' the boy, Saying, "I'll shoot
you," when it went off, the ball entering
Just above the right eye, passing Into the
brain. The wound was pronounced fatal.
A singulAr occurrence is reported
froni the vicinity of Florence, S. C. Mr.
Jas. Best was overtaken by a severe storm,
and was tinrrylng across a field to a place of
shelter when a terrific crash came, killing
him instantly. The strangest occurrence in
connection with the affair is that the light
ning, after killing Mr. Best, dug his grave,
tearing the earth to a grentdepth, and bury
ing the body. The poor fellow had to lie
dug out with a spade.
Judge 1). G. Venable, United States
Commissioner, was thrown from a wagon
and killed near his place at Denlson, Tex.,
on the 17th.
John.O'Nkil, Secretary of a loan as
sociation at Taunton, Mass., having been
detected in a course of systematic etnbezzle-
mcnt, killed himself with a revolver.
William E. Fitzgerald, a, fl alive of
Ireland, aged 40, a well-known local politi
cian of New Orleans, an insurance agent by
occupation, committed suicide on St. Pat
rick's Day. He leaves a wife and five "chil
dren. - No cause assigned for bis self-murder.
. .a i. . V
Chas. L. Gates, son of the late Sec
retary of the Memphis Cotton Exchange,
Samuel M. Gates, recently deceased, com
mitted sulcido on the 17th by shooting him
self through the-heart. The deceased was
33 years of.aga and for the past two years
has been leading a very dissipated life...
Two polar expeditions are to be fit
ted out and sent north early this coming
summer under the direction of Gen. Hazen,
the Chief Signal Officer, for purely scientific
purposes. , j. .
C. G. Shanklin, a well-known busi
ness man of Hopkinsville, Ky., killed him
self on account of financial embarrassments.
The! Cotton Compress at Jackson,
Tenn., was burned on the night df the Kith
with all its contents. Total loss about $35, -
A genuine social sensation is now be
ing enjoyed by scandal lovers in Berlin,
caused by tho elopement of Count Herbert
von Bismarck, sou of the Chancellor, with
the Princess Elizabeth of Carolath-Beuthcu,
wife of Princo Charles of Carolath-Beuthen,
Count of Schonaroh, etc. ' ' ' '
A feud of long standing between the
Ludling and Stubbs familiar of Monroe,
La., culminated on tho 17th In the killlrg of
Fred.Ludling, a son of Judge Ludling; form
erly Chief Justice of Louisiana, and the
wounding of Frank Diukgrove, a cpusin of
young Ludling, aud a man named Mitch
enor, Stubbs's manager. The affray oc
curred on the Stubbs place, where Ltidling
and his cousin had gone to resent an Injury
done by Stubbs's manager to some of
Ludllng's' wagons which had been
driven on the place against his orderB,
It seems that Dinkgrove and Mitchenor shot
each other; who shot Ludling is not posi
tively known, as several persons.were pres
ent and n number of shots were fired.' Lud
ling's revolver was taken from his body with
all the c.itridges intact, which U evidence
that he bad no part in the shooting. Judge
Ludling was in Washington at the time of
the sad affair, and Mr. Stubbs was not di
rectly concerned in it ,
7, Harry Hulse has been sentenced at
Cincinnati to Imprisonment for life for com
mitting a criminal assault upon a young
Edison has just obtained, his tliree
hundred and first patent. '. . ' V
A. Y. McDonald, of Dubuque, Iowa,
was shot through tho breast by a burglar
with whom he had grappled In his bed
room. There is a chance of his recovery,
On the same night Richard Kirmes, a Du
buque watchmaker, wag shot in the hand by
a burglar who was attempting to enter his
The towboat John Means, of the St.
Louis & New Orleans Transportation Com
pany, exploded her boilers on the evening of
the 17th Just above Osceola, Ark., and sunk
out of sight almost immediately. She car
ried a crew of twenty-six incn,four of whom
viz., John Scales, a pilot, a deck-hand
named Morris, ar.d two firemen, Germans
were killed or drowned. Several others, in
eluding Capt. McClelland, wero somewhat
George Jones,, Treasurer of the
Grant Income fund, announces through the
New York Ttmeshat the desired subscrip
tion of $2!W,0tK) lias been completed, 'and
nearly all paid 1n. The funds will be In
vested so as to produce an annual income of
about $15,000, which will be made payable to
Gen. Grant's order. The ultimate disposi
tion of the fund is left entirely discretionary
With the donors.) q j j j j
Henry Kutchell, 'a German, 'aged
about .10, was. recently foully -murdered oh
his claim about five miles west of Cawk'cr
City, Kans. R. W. Kuox and his son and
two other men have been arrested on sus
picion. Knox and Kutchell had bcwi hav
ing some litigation about the land occupied
by the latter.
Henry Howland, engineer, and
Wm. R. VAvter, brakeman, were killed by
a collision at the Stock-yards at Rarsons.
James Black, colored, was-hanged
at Marion, S. C, pn the. 17th, for tho mur
der of a friend in a quarrul about a woman.
Ilo was convicted by a Jury composed of six
white men and six colored.
SAjiEL Ltwisa well-known mining
speculator, Vlllcd himself with strychnine at
Deadwood. He formorly lived at Ann Ar
bor and Ypsllantl, Mich. , ,
Samuel Cluoston, of Valley Forge,
Pa., was shot twice and killed by a burglar
who had entered his sleeping room and
whom Clugston undertook to capture. The
murderer has probably been arrjsted. .
March 14. Resolutions were offered bj
Mr. Morgan, and, unanimously .adopted,, ox.
bwlinu to tut!,, Government anil )cojlc! ol
llimls its ( -ondoii-noo' tn tbetr sad national
bun-HVraieut.' Jlr. 1'einlli'toD niOvpii thai tho
ijrimto picx'eml tocWt the committees, and
piotciloi! hulnsr ipijiicr delay 4 oiKuuising
tho Semite. Mr. Allison moved to
K into executive eoston. Reject
ed 3? k Ja 3L Mr... MiilionO voted
with the ttepubiicana in the Hlllrnintive. Mr.
UonkliiiK nred the impropriety of tho Demo
crats organizim; the committees, when within
a few iluvs the Republican vafnurlea would lie
tilled and they -would thon have a mnjority
mid tho whole piuceodium would be over
turned. Mr. Hill, of Georgia, then arose, and
in a most sarcastio manner, lookinir at Mr.
Mahouo but not In any way iiIIikIiivk
to him directlv, said ' be did not
believe any mnn elected as a
Democrat would vote with the liemilillcnns
tooi'xauhcii tho Smiuto.. "No man deemed by
liny constituency wurlby ol a place in this
body, will be guilty ol this treachery." This
broimht Mr, Mahone to his feet, mi l in n most
liiipassioneu manner he denned his position
by declaring that lie bail not been eleetoil by
Uia LiBuiooi'Htiu party, lm tfopmnitioii to if,
and be hurled tho word trait'ir hack Into
tho teeth of the gentleman from Geortr'a.
1 serve notice on tint centleinnn that I in
tend to bol lie custodian of my own Democra
cy. 1 do rfot intend to bl lain by the gentle
man's caucus ; 1 am in every sense a free man
here, and trust to be able to protect mv own
rights and defend those of the peoplo whom I
represent, certainly to take niy own part."
I Appinnsa on tnu tioor and in the galleries,
which was reprimanded by the Vlee-1'resl'
M Altai 15. When the Senate met the desk
of Mr. Mnhonowae decorated with a handsome
basket of flowers. Mr. Voorheos called up the
resolution previously offered by him, culling
on the Attorney-General for information as to
tho names of Deputy United Htittca
Marshals appointed . In the. State of In
diana to attend the noils at tho election in
that State in October last. On motion of Mr.
Kdimimls, an amendment was adopted call-
inx fur any information ititlittposMessioiinftho
iHioniey-ueneriu Deunng unon the necessity
(or the employment of such marshals. The
resolution, as ameded, was ugreed to. Mr.
Pendleton called up hU reorganization reso
lution, when lir. Cameron, of I'unnftvlvn
niu. interrupted with n motion to ndlburn.
Lost yens, M : nays, ; Mr. Davis, of 1 llinois.
voting wiin tnn iH'mocratH, aim .nr. Aianono
with the Republicans. Mr, Cameron, of l'enn-
sylviuiui. tulloweu up.witli a motion to pio
coed to tho consideration of executive bus!
urn. -l,OM-yeRM, H; nays, 37.- Mr. l'endleton
moved to adjourn. It was evident, he Said.
no vote could be reached on the pending busi
ness. ,jgi eeu to.
March 16. Nothing was done. In the
course of some fehiarks upon the existing
deadlock,' Mr. 'Beck; said that as there was a
Hepnhltciin President bnckedbva Republican
House it might be better for the lieinocratie
party that ho alstt hud the Senate ut ills back,
un 1 hud the credit of all that was good and
the responsibility for all that wH.s bad ; there
lore no (isecK) tnoiignt tno .senate might in
well adjourn, and a motion to thut etfci t was
carried without opposition.
March 17. Mr. Kdgarton, of Minnesota,
was sorn in and took his seat. It was an
nounced that Senator Edmunds and Senator
Vance had paired for the session, the former
Imving gone to r ionua ior ins netutli.
Mauch 18. The Senate Committees were
finally organi.ed, on the Republican basis,
tlic Vice-1'resldent casting his vole to ducido
the tie between tho two parties -37 to 37. Mr.
Davis, of Illinois, voted In the negative with
the Democrat. When 'Mr. Mabone's name
whs reached be alo voted with the Demo
crats, and a "buzz" of astonishment run
a in ftn d the assembly, but before the reylt
was iinnortiucd he arose mid changed
his vote, amid some applause and
some vigorous lilslng in the galleries.
Mr. Vance and Mr. hdimiuds we'e paired.
The ViCii-I'rondent then suid: "The vote of
the Senate being evenly divided tho Chair
will voti) yen." fie therefore de
clared the motion carried. Senator Saulsbury
placed himself on record as opposing the
right of tho Vice-President to decide a iiie.
Hon ot this chnrnctcr. Mr. i.ognn said the
Viee-I'resldeht merely followed precedents,
and diluted a similar case in lsT'i. After an ex
ecutive session the Senate adjourned until
' ' ' LATE NEWS ITEMS.
Matilda Streazle, 21 years old, ar
rested for infanticide at Cincinnati on the
10th, testified that she gave birth to the
child in an' gut-houge unattended, knifed it
to death to still Its cries,' and threw it into
the vajilt to conceal her shame, claiming to
be mentally deranged. Examination of the
body showed twenty mortal woundB. Carl
Seibcl, the reputed father, has also been
A railway collision near Palestine,
Ttrx., on the 18tb, resulted in tho death of
J. E. Bond, express messenger. . Nine per
sons were Injured. Part of a freight train
detached from tho locomotive, started down
grado by the wind, was met by a passenger
train from Longvicw while at great speed.
Hugh CPHara, a miner, was found
dead on the track near Alton, III., having
been struck by a train.
A boiler explosion in Tyler & Ilar
rod's saw-mill at Frankfort, Ky resulted
in the death of eight men. , ' . ,
The body of an unknown man, rid
dled with bullets, was found hanging from
a tree near Jacksboro, Tex., on the 10th.
At St. Joseph, Mo., on the 19th, Jno.
E. Adams died from an overdose of mor
phine mistaken for quinine.
The Bartlett cloth works, at New
buryport, Mass., was burned on the 18th.
The loss may reach $300,000; insured for
Mrs. Zumalt, tho widow who was so
badly burned In Platte County, Kans., the
other day, died on the 18th.
A eire in Hillsdale, Mich., on the
10th, destroyed property valued at $12,000,
including the roof and steeple of a Metbo
Wm. Foley was shot dead by City
Marsual Lewter, at Corning, Ark., the 20th
Foley and some companions were drunk and
defied the authorities. .
Adam Bvers, a saloon-keeper at River
side, near Cincinnati, in a tussle with -one of
his boarders on the 20th. fell and broke his
(rfit'V. v - .-- -
m m i n .
int. niangieu remains oi jonn &eals,
the missing pilot of the tow-boat John
Means, were found on the 19th in a field sixty
yards distance from the bank of the river,
Alexander Snidxu, a farmer, was
killed by a fall from his wagon near Union
City. Mo., on the 18th.
1 . T-v I Ml
lATKitK douley was KUled DV a
Chicago Alton train near riainview. 111.
Koukrt Lynch, a minor, died oa the
if th I mm the effects of a fall in'-i thatt at
Tombstone, A. T.
Michael Fitzpatrick, a boy of 16,
was InMantly killed and his body horribly
mutilated bv th machinery of a s iw f-irtnry
Vloltnt Daitth or the CVar or KiiMla-Tha
A St. PMEnsiii'lKj correspondent of a Lorn
don pnper, under datoo' Ihe lath, says: The
Imperial carriage was attacked on tho Lkat
Klnotsky Canal, opposite the Imperial stables,
whilo the Emperor was returning with the
Grand Duke Miuhael from Michael Talace in a
closed carriage, supported by eight Cossacks.
Tho first bomb fell near the carriago, destroy
ing thelwok part. The Czar and his brother
alighted uninjured. Tho assaBsin, on being
seized by a Colonel -o( tho i olioo,; drew
a . rovulvor, -" I but,. was- v., prevented
from firing it . A second bomb
was then thrown by another person, and foil
close to tho Gear's feet, Hs explosion shatter,
ing both leg. The Car was' immediately con.
voyod in an. unconscious' stiite Jo tho Winter
Paluco, wuero he'diud tit-3.30 toil Itteriioon.. ,
' I j HIS I,ST MOMKNTB. . v i r - '-
1 1 f I ; i Sr. PrtEHtuimd,Waroh H. .
' tt Is how stated that the assassias whokiliod
tho Czar drove irt an open carriago) und wero.
thus enabled to avoid suspicion, aud getcloso
to tho Imperial sleigh. Tbelonibi which rhtf
murderers threw, and which did the fatal work,
exploded with such force as to tour up tho en
tiro pavement around- the place where they
struck 'and to make a hole four feot deep in
the ground. '-
Dr. Dvoriuchlne, who was among the phy
sicians first summoned to the Czar,, immedi
ately fetched tho necessary instruments for
amputating his legs, which wore held by the
ticeh only, tho bones being brokon. Hlood
flowed copiously from the ulcerated wounds.
India rubber bandages were applied first to
tho right leg, below the kneo, and then to the
left. Tho Czar's right hand, on which was a
Klove, was found to tm ntearty Ineerafedr his
marriage ring was broken to pieces and
driven into , tho flesh., Th urguns tlod
up - the 'sovoral arteries, : M length,
under i tho influence ot sulphate of
oxygen and loo, tho Emperor openod his
eyes, and respiiation becamo moro apparent.
Chaplain lljainor availed birasvtf pf the-trrter-vul
of apparent co isclonsness to administor
the sacrainent, and for a moment some hopog
woro entertained of tho Czar's life. Hut a
minute or two afterward his heart ceased to
beat. During tho final flicker of life the mem.
bcrs of the family surrounded t ho bed, and the
Archpricst recited tho prayer for those in ex
tremis, alt present knocliug. The spectacle
Was hearti ending. 1 . T-' .
l'H(X'!,AMATION OP Ar.EXANtlF.R 111.
The following Imperial manllei-to has been
" We, by llic graeo of Godt Alexander III.,
Emperor mid Autocrat of nil the Russia, Czar
of Poland, (iriuid Duke of Finland, etc.,
hereby niiike known to all our liiiihlul sub
jects that It has plea-ted the Almighty, In ills
inscrutable wilt, to visit Uus-la with heavy
blows of late, and to call her benefactor,' the
Emperor Alexander II., to Himself.
' ile fell by ihe hands of the impious mur
derers who had rcimatedly souirht bis nrocious
lite, ami nu d.) their uttc!ii:piii.luiuuo Iboy
saw In him the protector oi' iiunln. tho fouil
dailon of bergria nes-', Hurt tho promoter of
the welfare ol' tho Hug-dun people. . Let us
bow to the unfathoiniiblo will of 11, vine Piovi.
denee, andotlortotho Almighty our prayers
for the reposo of tbe puru soul of our beloved
fitt her. ' C. 'j ' i
Wo ascend tho throne which wo inhorit
from our forefntiors-the throne of the Rus
sian Kinplre and ihcCHrdoin ami G nind-Duke-dom
lusoparably connected with it. Wcassiimo
tho heavy burden which God has imposed
liM)ii us with a firm rcliunow upon HiHliiii;hiy
help. May Ho IiIcsb our work to the weliiiro
or our beloved fatherland, aud may lie guide,
our strength for the happiucssof all our faith
In repeating before Almlgbty God tho
sacred vow mado by our fathers to devoto,
according to tho testiment of our lore
lathers, our whotc life to care for the wollnrd
ami honor of Russia, we call upon our lai'h
Inl subjects to unite before the altar of I ho
Almighty their prayers with ours, and com
mend them to swear fidelity to us and to our
siicccsor, bis Imperial Highness the Heredi
tary Grand Duke Kicolni.
"Civen nt St. Petersburg, Anno Domlui IfSI,
nu the llrst year or ourreigii. L
111 I Hi II I'll 1C AL, SKt.l'C'H.
Alexander 11., tho late Emperor, was born
April 17 (April 8j, new stylo), 1I8. He was the
eldest son of Emperor Nicholas Land ot Prin
cess Charlotte, of Prussia; educated under the
Fupcrvl-don of his father, by General Moerdor,
a learned Germ in, and tho Ui:ss!im poet Jon
kowski; entered tho army In U31; was Colo
nel In the regiment ol' grenadiers in Ki't;
t'hniu cllorof tho University ot Holslng-fors,
Fin and, ill 1st!; win 8ui0.intondent ot the
military schools of the Empire In 1S4H;
Was' appointed to a command In ' the
Caucasian army in VSOi succeeded to
tho throne at the death of bis father id
18.'5, and . wag crowned ,, at ;" Moscow" In
1S68. v In 1811 he married the Empress Maria,
daughter of the Into Grand Duke LudwiglLi
of Hesso-Darmstadt. ' The Czar leaves six
children "Alexander;' who- fuccccds to tho
throne; tbe Grand Duke Vladimir, tho Grand
Duke Alexis, the Grand Duchess Mario, tho
Grand Duke Serglus and the Grand -Dtiko
Paul, tho last-named being in bis twenty-first
year. Their first-born son, Nicholas, died at
Nice, Fiance, 1W5. Since the death of: the
Empress, in lsgo, the Czar contracted a mor
ganutic marriage with his former mistress,
the Princess Dolgnrouski. There have been
Wive previous attempts on tho life of tho Em
peror. - .
- Tint s-tw C7.au, - .
Alexander was born March 10, 18(5, married
Marie-Kcodorovna, Princess DftgmaY, daugh
ter of King Christian IX., of Denmark, who
bad previously been engaged to his elder
brother. Their eldest child, Nicholas Aiexan
dcrovitcb, was born May 18, ISiid. George,
their second son, was born May 10, 1871; their
f bird child, a daughtor, Xcnla, was b:irn April
18, 1815, and their fourth, Michael, was born
December 5, 1878.
THK FOIIMKK ATTKMPTS AT ASSAS8 ""ATION.
This is the sixth attempt wh' Sas been
mado upon ; tbe Czar's Hfo, tho ' 'aving
tit eti made on April 1(1, lstitl, when . fired
at w hile ontodng bis carriage at 8t. I'tters
buig. '1 he pistol, however, whs tin nel asido
by Diinitrl Korakosow, who was afterward en
nobled for the act. The second attempt was
uindo at Paris, Juries, Ie7, by DerOAowskl, a
I'ole, who fired In'o the carriage in which the
Cnr was seated with his two sous
and tho Fmreror Napoleon. Both sov
ereigns escaped unhurt. Another g-eut
(hook whs given to publlo fecii.ig
April H, 1877, when Alexander Bolovieff at
tempted to shoot tho Czar in front of tho
house of the military start in St. Petersburg,
Tbe assassin was an ested. Another attempt
was made December a, l"n, when a mino wug
exploded under the railroad with tho Inten
tion of blowing up the train on which ho was
entering Moscow. His Majesty, however, was
not in tho train. About seven o'clock on the
evening of the 17th of February,. 1880, an ex
plosion occurred In the basement of the lm
pe-ilnl Winter Palace, under tho principal
g'ltird-rootn. Owing to an aeeidont the Czar
and the members of tho royal faoiliydld not
Jitter at the uual lime. The explosion made
i hole in the dining bull flittc.i feet long and
.Twelve feet wide. The escape of the Emporqr
wis almost miraculous. Eight soldiers sta
'.Uned In the guard-room wero killed... Tiio
ai.vtb, Ihe last and suecesarul attempt, (schron
A lady Iiv'mj near Moultonvillo,
N. H., has obtained one hundred anil
tvventy-flve eprgs frotri'one turRey "since
Isst fall. Paste thisupinyourhennery,
st-ys an exchange. ' It may brinjr your
fowls to a realisirjs- sense of their un
worthiness. ' i , ' 1 , . ; j '
Four or five female peddlers ,have
been gullin; the ladies of C'incinnati
with laco at five dollars jet yard which
usually costs thirl v cents at the stores.
Senator (iorhtun, of M-irCln-nil. h
PITH AND POINT.
' ---Don't you know how hard it is for
some people to get out of a room after
their visit is really over P One would
think they had boon built in your parlor
or study, and were waiting to be launch
ed. Ilolmes. ,---
" I suppose you are very glad that
your niLsband is entirely well of his rheu
matism ?". said a doctor to a fashionable
Galveston lady. "Yes, I suppose I ought
to be, but from now on wo , will have to
guess at the weather or buy a barome
ter, if his bones quit aching before a
damp jfe?i-Qalvestm News. .
, -Al countryman, from New Hamp
shire, who hail never heard of a bicycle,
came to Doston, and when-ho beheld n
youth whirling along upon one of those
airy vehicles, he broke out into a solilo
quy" thus: "Colly, ain't that queer.
Who'd ever 'spect to see a man ridin' a
hoop-skirt." American Queen.
Gulls. They were watching the sea
gulls whirling in graceful circles above
the waters oftho bay, while tho rays of
the sinking sun covered the land-scape
with a flood of gold. Finally he turned
to her, and in a voice trembling with
emotion asked : "Darling, if wo were
sea-gulls would you fly away with mo
and bo at restf" To which she answer
ed, with her gaze fixed on a far-off mass
of castellated clouds, "No, George, I'd
let you fly away, and then I'd have all
the rest I wanted here." Brooklyn
"Now, I tell you, there's nothing
particular about me," said the fat man
by the stove. " I ain't one of those kind
who is always finding fault with my
victuals and that sort of thing. So
long's a meal is well cooked and served
hot, nnd there's enough of it, and it's
nice and rich, I'm satisfied, and I don't
fo growling, around the women folks,
'm one of those men who can put up
with anything in the shape of eating, as
long's it's good and nice." Portsmouth
Tho other day ohe of Westficld's
young lawyers had. a case on trial be
fore the local court, and the testimony
of the opposition being rather uninter
esting and monotonous he let his
thoughts ramble to pleasanter themes.
At any rate that is a fair supposition,
for when tho other side was through
with the ; witness and the voice of the
Judge spoke the lawyer's name, he
opened his, half-closed eyes with a sud
den start tand ejaculated, . " V hat did
you say, dear?" Ihe Court and wit
nesses roared, the young limb of the
law looked confused, and the jolly Judge
remarked that it was not good taste to
get the different kinds of courting mixed
up, though each was good in its place.
bjjringpeia (Mass.).MepuUUcan. :. : !'
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Discoveries of clear sheet mica
have recently been made near JJaldy
Mountain, twenty miles northwest front
Las Vegas, which can be cut in large
A common process for discovering
the presence of vegetable fiber in woolen
goods is to take half a dozen sticks of
caustic potash and put them into a gill
of water, which boil. Put the sample
into the boiling solution, and let it re
main about twenty minutes, in which
time all the animal matter will be dis
solved, and that of vegetable origin will
The manufacture of cheap candies
from white earth, or terra alba, mixed
with a little sugar and glucose, is car
ried on extensively in New York. A
census taker who investigated the con
fectionery business reports that 75 per
cent, of most candies is composed of
these substances, and some others, no
tably "gum drops," contain still less
8g, fV - v
I Itis reported that a wild plant, which
Eowst so- profusely on high lands in
mitdana that the planters have tried
for years to exterminate it as a pest, has
been discovered to yield a woody fiber
closely resembling jute, but of a much
finer quality. It is claimed that tho
process of preparation is very simple,,
and far lees expensive than that of jute
or ramie. The planters' name for it is
tho American or Creole tea plant.
1 frof. . Carnelly of Sheffield has
shown that liquids can be reduced to a
solid or frozen siate and still retain their
heat. In order to convert a solid into a
liquid the pressure must be above a cer
tain' point. As long, therefore, as the
ceeossary pressure is maintained, no
amount of heat will liquify it. By. ob
serving this law, Prof, Carnelly succeed
ed in freezing ,'some water in a glass
vessel Which remained so hot as to purn
(he hand. ,
I Some qbsorvations made at tiiesseri
last winter by Herr Hoffman throw light
on the way in which plants are injured
in time of nam frost. The great ad
vantage of a hillv position was then an
parent ( the plants so situated took little
or no harm, while in the valley there
was extensive injury. The injury, too,
decreased in proportion to elevation
above the valley. Still more instructive
was the fact that one and the same bush
was killed in its foliage on the south side,
while on tho north side it remained
green. The author infers that it is not a
particular degree of cold that kills a
filant; but the amount of quick thaw-
The "resonator" is tho name given
by Signor Bach to his new invention for
increasing the volume and power of
the human voice when singing. This
appliance is based on the oflice per
formed by the hard portion of the pal
ate, which acts as a kind of sounding
board when the mouth is open for sirr
ing, and it is for the purpose of increiw
ing the efficiency of the palate in this
respect that the resonator has been de
signed. , It consists ol a gold plate nttea
to the roof of tho month, close above the
upper teeth much in the same 'way as
the gold plate pi set of artiiieial tout h
the plate having attached to it another
gold plate which is convex downward in
both directions. ' A hollow sounding
board, as it may be termed, is thus
formed, and is said to have a rcnurka
ble effect on the volume of sound pro
ducible by the person wearing the in
strument. It is also stated that the ap
paratus has no prejudicial effect upon
tho distinctness of articulation, and that
TUE BABY'S NIGHT-BELL. .
Oh, it was funny I Pponmyword
i ue ipieerest story that over 1 lieurd
'I he one Unit lately to mo was told .,
Auoiu a 1'iitiy just ono year old.
I ri. I
It given a baby a terriblo frlirht.
To wako up suddenly in the night; i i ' .
aiki what can it do but cry and scream
When it's tuul suoli a dreadfully naughty
..... iiiiiu uauj in i.ii,u i it-u
Keaches over tho crib and takes n bell, i -i
Which hi' rings as loud as over he can, ,
Till the mother oomcs to borlittlo man.' ' '
11, If ,Kla llltln n 1 '
You may lio sure that eho gives a spring ' i
Whon sho hoars tho boll go ting-a-llug-hug,
And bugs and kisses away each trace ' '
Of a liown thut rest on tbo baby's luoo. ,
Now, I wouldn't believe this story: I couldn't,
Jf I'd made it up: and I know you wouldn't;
Hut It's true, for 'twas told me not long ago. ,
Uy tho baby's mother, who'ought to know. '
... , lOUMl UJIlipuiim;,.
I'jThe baby's dreadful sick, and moth
er wants you to couie quick."
Aunt Rachel put ' down her sewing,
and looked first at little Tom Jackson,
who stood in the doorway, all out of
breath nnd much frightened, and then
out of the window to her nopliow, Trotr
ty. who was busily engaged building- a'
snow man just then. . . ... , .,.
"Wont you comer" asked Tom,
anxiously.' - - 1 ' ' 1
.VI suppose I must and trust tof
Providence," rejiliod Aunt Rachel, ris
ing and putting avVay her work". But,
judging from tho look of nnxiety on hor
lace, her trust in "Providence ' was
not very secure. '
"Ihere is no knowing what he'll take
into that head of his to do," she said to.
herself, ns she put on her bonnet, look
ing Trotty ward. . . '
Aunt lvachel considered all boys as
unnecessary evils, and this particular
specimen of the species sho regarded as
one of her greatest means of grace. Not
that Trotty was a particularly bad boy,
but he was a thorough boy, going from
one piece of mischief to another with
untiring energy. . ;
Just at present he was slopping with
Aunt Rachel. The twins had the meas
les, the baby was teething,, and poor
mamma, between them all, was .about
used up. So Aunt Rachel had benevo
lently taken Trotty home with her for
a visit. "
It certainly Hid sfnm very Innnnsiil.
crate in baby Jackson to take this time
to fall sick; but, sinco she hud. Aunt
Rachel could not in couscieuco refuse
her aid. So, with many a caution to
Trotty, who appeared to have not a
thought in the world beyond hit Snow
man, and many a foreboding, she sot
She bad not been gonb live' minutes
before he conceived the brilliant ideaof
arraying his imago in her Sunday bjn
net and cloak. ,
, This seeming to him. an unusually
happy thought, ho at once set ,n,bout
putting it into effect, without for a mo
ment stopping to consider whether orr
not Aunt Rachel would object. "It'll
be the funniest thing that ever was,"
he chuckled to himself as he rushod in
to the house. I ,
The cloak, lie knew, was .hanging
jn tho halLcloset, the bdflnet was in its
box on' the lower shelf pf tho china
Alas' for Trotty! another unlucky
thought occurred to him as ho opened
that door, and spied on the top itself
numerous jars of preserves. Trotty
had one weakness, and that was plum
preserves, particularly 'Aunt Rachel's,
and never in all his life had , lie any
thinu likeenongh. There stood alarge
Jar of it right in. front; idid ever 'any
thing look more tempting! . ., v
Trotty deliberated a minute or two,'
looked out of thd window, down the
Street. No feign of Aunt Rachel. Then
he looked up again, aud a minute after
he had the big family Bible in the chair,
and was climbing tip. ;-) w! ,, :1 ) i
Ho had his hand on the jar, and was
slowly' working it along to the edge of
the shelf, when Bomething happened,
he never quite knew what, only down
came the nresorves, chair, r Biblo and
himself, all in a heap on the 'floor', f '
Such a looking child as ho was-r-pro-serve
in his curls, eyes, fln, his jacket
and pants, every where but in his mouth,
and for the first time In' his lifo he had
no desire to have it there. He was very
sure, in fact, that he would never want
to taste it again, no matter how long ho
lived. , ' .. . ' '! . '
; But what should he do was the ques
tion he asked as ho picked himself
slowly and sorrowfully up and surveyed
the scene. ' ' .
t "I want to i seo- my mothor," ho
said, with a queer little quiver in his
Voice. "'' '' , " '!'
Then, after another brief survey, he
pulled his cap down over; his. siicky
curls, put his hands, likewise siicky,
into his pockets, and went straight out
of tho house, down the street, looking
neither to tho right nor left.'
i Mamma hid given tho twins their
supper in the nursery, had undressed
baby and was rocking him to sleep
whon the door opened, and a queer lit
tle ligure came rushing up to her with
"I fought I'd come homo," ho
Mamma put the baby , down in the
cradlo nnd took the littlo wanderer up.
"How did you get herd, my son?"
sho asked, helping him off . with his
boots, and holding his almost frozen
little hands and feel in hers.
" I coined mvself. I got lost two or
free tinicq, and I was awful tired,; but I
kept a coming, 'cause I wanted you." .
Mamma waited in speechless anxiety.
What had this little son of hers been do
ing? Had he sot. lire to Aunt Rachel's
house, or what P ' ' "
"Well, dear, toll mamma all about
it," she said at length.
"I made a snow-man, an' Aunt
Rachel went awav, an' I fought I'd
dress it up in, her lings, you kuow; and
1 saw the plum preserve and--
didn't think to say Get thee behind me,
Satan.'likc vou told mel to -and I slipped,
1 guess, and it brokod and spilled
ami 1 canio homo to you."
That was Trotty s story, told with
many tears. : -Mamma drew a breath of
relief; it was not so bad as it might
have been, lsut, nevertheless, uroitv
.Ji,iiiL.l,,-'-J nVi in i I, J,tt,iiii ii i'i
mamma was puzzled to know what to
do with him.
I think," sho said, aftor what seemed
a long time to 'Jrrotty, who was waitiugl
anxiously to know Ins punishment, " i
think my littlo boy must go right back
to Aunt Rachel. Here comos papa, ho
will take ycu."
"Oh!" cried Trotty, in dismay, "I
don't want to. You punish mo your
self, mamma, harder' u everything."
But mamma was firm. Trotty had
disobeyed Aunt Rachel, and to her ho
must go, oonfess and submit to what
ever punishment she decreed.
' It was almost dark when Aunt Rachel
found herself at liberty to return home.
She looked anxionsly all the way up tho
street, but no Trotty was to bo seen any
where, and her observant eyes took- in
the fact that the snow, man was just
where she left it; Trotty having evi
dently abandoned it immediately. Then
she went into the house; all was still aud
" Trotty!" she called.
No answer. What had happened to
him! But tho instant she lighted a lamp
she discovered what had taken placo.
" Did 1 ever in all my lifo!" she ex
claimed, indignantly, as sho surveyed
tho ruins. "Of all things in the world,
deliver mo from a boy!"
- Presently she began to wonder whero
the child was, and sho left Things as
thev wore to search for him. But no
Trotty was to be found anywhere.
" Dear mo," she exclaimed, really
worried now. "What if ho has start
ed home and got lost. I declare I be
lieve I'd forgive him a dozen times over
to know he was safe." .
Just thon tho door opened, and thero
stood somebody of about Trotty' s size.
For a minute or two ho stood hesitat
ing, with downcast eyes; thon, vory
cautiously, he hazarded a glance uj
into Aunt Rachel's face, and then
why, ho burst into tears! . "I'm sor
rier'n anything," he sobbed; " please
Ho looked so pitiful, so frightened, so
"sorrier than anything," that Aunt
Rachel took him up in her arms and
kissed away the tears, kindly assuring
him ho was forgiven.
" I don't see what makes mo do so
many naughty things," said Trotty to
his mother, as she tucked him into bed
that night. " I mean to be real good,
and then something comes into my
mind, and 1 docs it beforo I links,
sometimes and sometimes I docs link,
only I don't hard enough, y guess. I
should s'poso I'd learn, causo I havo so
much trouble' and tribilation being
naughty. I guess I have learned sonio
to-day, though." Kate Sumner, in S.
8.-Timet. . , . v
.The Jinsling Bells. . :
TIow many boys andrirTs know how
tho jingling sleigh-bells are madoP
How do vou think' the little iron ball
gets inside tho bell? It is too big to bo
put m through the Holes in the ucli,
and yet it is inside. How did it get
This little iron ball is called "tho
jinglet" When you shake tho sleigh-
bell it jingles. When the horse trots
the bolls jinglo, jingle, jingle; in mak
in? the bell, this jiiijrlet is put inside a
littlo ball of mud, just tho shape of the
inside of tho bell, ihon a mold is made
just the. shape of the outside of tho
boll. This mud hall with the lingtct
inside is placed in the mold of tho out
side and tho melted metal is poured in,
which fills up tho spaco between tho
mud ball and mold."
When th mold is taken off, vou seo a
"sleigh bell, but it would not ring, as it
is full of dirt. Ihe hot metal dries tno
dirt that the ball is mado of, so it can
be all shaken out. After the dirt is all
shaken out of holes in the bell, tho lit
tle iron jinglet will still be in tho bell,
and it will ring all right.
It took a (rood manv vears to think
out how to make a sleigh-bell.
Bragginff Boys and Doing Boys, i
Have vou not heard how some boys
brag about what they aro intending to
do? They are always going to do won
" You just wait," say they, "and wo
will show you, some day, what wo can
do." 1 '
Now is your chanco, we would say to
you. i ou are old enough now, and you
will never have a Dotter timo. ueuor
begfli now: we aro anxious to see your
first effort. Let us at once see you
animated by tho practical purpose of
doing, not by the dream, and then wo
will compute your future for you.
; Make an effort. Even if you shall
fail the first timo, a hundred times, still
continue to try. Tho result is inevita
ble.' It is only those who falter that
come to grief. Well Spring. . .
; In New York there are about 500
venders of sawdust, having a capital of
$200,000 invested, and doing a business
amounting to more than $2,000,000 an
nually, rorty years ago tho mills wero
glad to havo sawdust carted away;
twenty-nve years ago it could do oougut
for iilty cents a load, but tho price has
increased, and now it brings $3.50 a
load at the mills. It is used at the'
hotels, eating-houses, groceries, nnd
other business houses. It is wet and
spread over floors in order to make tho
sweeping cleaner work. Plumbers uso
a great deal about pipes and buildings
to deaden walls and floors. Soda-water
men and packers of glass and small ar
ticles of every kind use it, and dolls
and some living creatures ate moro or
less stuffed with it Washington mar
ket takes two or three loads a day, and
a groat deal is spread on tho piers, nnd
stables require many loads a day. Yel
low pine makes tho best sawdust, as it
is the least dusty, and has a good,
healthy smelL But any white wood
dust will do. They make a great deal .
of black walnut sawdust, but it will not
sell,- and is burned.
The British colonies that havo ex
hibited the smallest increase betweeu
1873 and 187'J are Tasmania and West
ern Australia. Neither of them pos
sesses thrt fl&mo great attractions as
their neighbors, but both have lately
shown signs of more rapid progress.
New Zealand, the Britain of the South,
show? the most marked increase of pop
illation, that having risen from