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BY A. M. BUKNEY &
A Summary of Important Events.
r -. .
IIOn. XJabl ISchurz is to De banquet
ed both In St Louis and New York City.
Gekmant favors international co-op-crailon
for the extirpation of Nihilists.
Gen. Gonzales Ortega, one of the
most famous of Mexican soldiers, died a few
The Spanish Ministry resigned on the
23d, on account o! a vote of want of confi
f donee y the Uppet House.
A Washington dispatch of the 25th
says the "President has decided not to call a
specjal session of Congress unless something
j. unloosed for happens. ; i
.. ' -
The President has nominated Mr.
.ltobert R. HItt, of Illinois, (who has been
. Secretary of Legation at Paris since 1874 J to
frceedt5oK John Hay as First "Asslstanf
ocreUry of Btate.
The Rhode Island Democratic State
Convention nominated Horace M. Kimball
for Governor and W. L. Segar for Lieutenant-Governor.
The Republicans renom
inated the incumbents.
Turret now agrees to make the ad
ditional concessions to Greece In Thessaly
and cede Crete Instead of Eplrus. The Em
bassadors referred the proposal to their re-
fspccttvo Governments. It is stated that sev
eral Persian tribes, under a Persian General,
erhslica the frontier toward Bagdad and pil-
aged several villages.
The trial of young Kalloch in San
Francisco for ' the murder of De Young,
of the Chronicle, resulted in a verdict of not
guilty. The announcement of the verdict
caused intense excitement throughout the
city, the prevailing opinion being that Kal
loch's acquittal, which was based upon the
theory of gclf-defcnse, was not. Justiflcd by
the evidence In the case.
i Dublin dispatches state that Laugh
lin. convicted of committing the outrage on
Suundars,'ut Cork, has been sentenced to
Jei years' Imprisonment, The Emergency
1'emmlttee have sent a force of Ulster labor
ers to. the relief of O'Donnell (Catholic), of
Italmillett, There are said to be about ten
thousand stand of arms In Ireland which
"have been bought with Fenian money.
In making the New York nominations
the President is thought to have about
equally divided the Important offices between
the two Republican factions of that State,
with the evident Intention of harmonizing
the party. Robertson's nomination for Col
lector 16 said to be especially obnoxious to
Senator Conkling, and it was current report
in Washington on the 2Hd that he would
vote asainst his confirmation.
The Republican nominations for Sen
ate officers are: Secretary of the Senate,
Geo. C. Gnrham, of California; Sergeant-at-Arms,
Henry Riddelberger, of Virginia;
Principal Executive Clerk, James R. Young,
of Pennsylvania; Chief Legislative Clerk
Charles W. Johnson, of Minnesota; Chap
lain, Kevi Dr. Byron Sunderland, of Wash
ington. Riddolberger Is a warm personal
and political friend of Senator Mahone. He
was a Colonel in the Confederate Army, and
is now one of the editors of the Staunton
Secretary Kirkwood has approved
the decision of the Commissioner of the
Land-otllce that lands embraced In the old
Cherokee Reservation so-called, near Dar
dunelle, Ark., are not subject te entry and
not Included in tho grunt to the Little Rock
& Fort Smith Railroad Company.
Congressional legislation to extinguish
the reservation is suggested; also, the prior
ascertainment 'of any valid Indian claims,
and that actual scttbrs on the reservation be
protected in their homestead right. Ques
tions relative to this reservation have been
ponding ' before the Interior Department
'The Boers have accopted tho British
terms of peace. These provldo for the ces
sation of hostilities, Unit all arms, munitions
and (fther property captured by cither sido
shall be restored; that the Transvaal shall
be granted independence subject to condi
tions to be hereafter settled by the Royal
Commission, and that tho Boer Government
shall commence after the commission shall
have made a report. Meanwhile British
garrisons are to remain in tho Transvaal
without in anywise interfering with local af
fairs. The Hoer forces will disperse forth
with and Capt. Elliott's murderer is to be
The President on the 23d sent anoth
er long list of nominations to the Senate,
among tho mors important being the fol
lowing: Wm. II. Robertson, Collector of
Customs, Port of New York; Wm. Walter
I'helps, of New Jersey, Minister to Austria;
Edwin A. Merrill, of New York, Consul
Gcfllralfo London; AdamRudeau, of New
York, Charge d'Affairs, Deimurk: Lew
is Wallaoe, of Indiana, Charge d'Affairs,
Paraguay and Uraguay; Michael J. Cramer,
of Kentucky, Charge d'Affairs, Switzerland;
Wm. E. Chandler, of New Hampshire, Sollc
Itor General; Samuel F. Phillips, of North
Carolina, Judge of tho Court of Claims; L
A-. Sheldon, of Ohio, Governor of New Mex
ico; Tlios. M. Niehol, of Wisconsin, Com
missioner of Indian Affairs.
The destruction of the Italian Opera-
house at Nice, France, by fire on the night
of the 22d, was caused by a gas explosion,
which occurred soon after the curtain bad
been-' raided. The flames suddenly burst
forth in Immense volumes communicating
to ihe scenery and stage properties, and be
fore the audienre recovered from their first
horror the entire building was in flames.
Some one turned the gas oil In n
rffortato stop the fire, and then
terrible panic ensued., The audience be
rtilic rfantlc, and in their endeavors to es
cape all sought personal safety and the
wcakx&were remormlessly knocked aside
and trampled upon. The exits of the theater
were very narrow and badly arranged, and
the supply of water very inadequate.
Most of the artiste were in their dressln-
'Vooms, and were aware of tbetr dafftrcr, but
It was too late to escape. Mine. Donadio,
the prima donna, was saved, but le Villiers,
Cthe tenor, Miller, basso, CarboCE, baritone,
and a number of chorus singers were burned.
I'pto midnight l.V) bodies had been extri
cated from the ruins, and the death-list was
r-elieved to be still far from complete.
PERSONAL jlSD GENERAL.
Hon. John U. Pktit, Judge of the
22d District, Indiana, and for several terms
Uepresontatlve in Congress, died at Wabash
on the 21st.
An express train on the Lake Shore &
Michigan Southern Railroad ran off the track
at Nottingham, eight miles east of Cleve
land, on the night of the 22d, while running
at a high rato of speed. Engineer John
Lace and fireman Henderson were killed.
Messenger August Schneider was severely
but probably not fatally Injured. No pas
sengers were injured, though all the for
ward cars were considerably shaken up, and
the express and baggage cars were badly
The large three-story brick building
of the Rochester (N. Y.) Hydraullo Corn"
pany fell In ruins on the 21st.. The cause
is believed to have been an explosion of the
steam boiler used for heating the building.
Joseph Schell, aged 20, was killed tntntlv
on the sidowalk by a falling wall. f our or
five other men ereJaiiuU. "ne fatally.
TiiKUhicago & Alton's elegant new
dining-car Occidental took fire about forty
miles from Kansas City, on the night of the
23d, and was entirely destroyed.
A most brutal outrage was recently
committed upon a lady near Evening Shade,
Ark., the wife of Mr. L. Royall, County
Treasurer of Sharp County. Three young
men who-have hitherto borne a good reputa
tion are under arrest charged with the terri
Great excitement prevails in Madrid
on account of mysterious bomb -explosions
occurring in the public streets. A bomb,
with fuse attached, has been found in front
of the Duke Ossuna's palace. The police are
Charles L. Ibach, of Indianapolis,
expired after suffering torture from trich
inosis for eleven weeks.
Colonel F. C. Rockwell, a class
mate of President Garfield at Williams Col
lege, has been detailed Superintendent of
Public Buildings and Grounds at Washing
ton. Pat. Ebert, who came to Rolla,
Mo., about a month ago, with the ostensible
purpose of opening a saloon, wag detected in
trying to burglarize the Rolia National Bank
on the morning of the 23d, and, refusing to
surrender to superior numbers, was shot
dead. For three nights Pat had
worked unmolested in tunneling
an entrance to the vault from a
vacant building adjoining the bank, and on
the fourth night, just as he seemed about to
reach the coveted prize, he was pounced
upon by the City Marshal and bank officers,
who had been secreted in the bank. It Is
not known that be had any confederates.
A new steamboat line from Dubuque
to St. Louis is being organized, to run in
connection with the Chicago, Milwaukee &
St. Paul Railroad.
Four unmasked men stopped the
Corpus Christ! stage, seventy miles south of
San Antonio, Texas, the 22d, and robbed six
passengers and the mail. About 1(400 and
three watches were secured from the passen
gers. The robbers were all young men.
Mr. T. M. Sinclair, head of the
great pork-packing house of T. M. Sinclair
& Co., died on the 24th from Injuries re
ceived on the previous day by falling through
the hatchway of his packing-house at Cedar
Rapids, Iowa. Mr. Sinclair controlled the
largest pork-packing business In the world,
the firm having brunch houses in several
American cities as well as In Europe.
Wm. L. Ewinq is the Republican can
didate for Mayor of St. Louis.
At Sioux City, Iowa, on the 24th,
Gustav Friederich, a German saloon-keeper,
40 years of age, shot and instantly killed
girl named Helen Eberhardt, aged 14.
Friederich then shot himself through the
heart. The girl's parents lived In
a houso adjoining Fricderich's sa
loon, and he had become very fond of
her, frequently calling her his daughter.
He loft a lct,ter by which It appears ho fully
contemplated suielde, but as no reference is
made there to the girl, it is conjectured that
the killing of her was a sudden impulse with
Plano, 111., had a $20,000 fire on the
night of the 23d.
Indictments have been found against
Nicolal Roussakoff, Andrai Telejkoff, Tlmo
fei Miehacioff, and a woman named Hesse
Hoffman, for complicity in the assasination
of the Czar. Another arrest has been made
of a female Nihilist named Sophie Pieoffsky,
the daughter of a Councilor of the Ministry
of Domains. She is reported to have con
fessed giving the signal to Hartman for ex
ploding the mine under the imperial train
near Moscow, and also the signal to Roussa
koff to throw the bomb which shattered the
Czar's carriage. The Government has as
signed to the defense of the prisoners able
The Mexican Chief Engineer has sur
veyed the Tehuantepec route and reports
Capt. Ea'ds's project entirely practicable.
Conductor J. II. Curry, of the At
chison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, was
shot and Instantly killed by Joseph E.
Bright, a saloon-keeper, at Las Vegas. The
general Impression Is the shooting was un
called for, and threats of lynching were free
ly indulged in.
At Cambridge, Mass., Mrs. John H.
Healy was sitting In a room with three chil
dren, when her dress took fire from a bit of
burning paper in the hands of a little boy,
and ere tho flames could be extinguished the
poor woman burned to death in the presence
of the little ones, who were powerless to
render any assistance. The scene when the
husband and father returned to his home
was heartrending in the extreme.
Seven masked men entered the house
of John Connor, aged 81, who lives alone
with his wife at Catfish, Clarion County,
Pa., bound and gagged both, compelled the
old gentleman to give the combination of
the safe, and stole 15,000 Government cou
pon bonds, unregistered, and from $"i,flO0 to
jlO.000 cash. The old people were roughly
handled, and may not survive the shock of
the outrage. 0
Col. E. A. L. Roberts, the inventor of
the oil-well torpedo, Is dead. He is said to
have been more widely known throughout
the oil regions of Pennsylvania than any
other man. He leaves a large fortune.
Wm. A. Hunter, aged 4.1, sen of the
Mayor of Brooklyn, N. Y., committed sui
cide at Fall River, Mass., whither he had
fled from his home on account of pecuniary
difficulties. He was a prominent church
member. He leaves a wife and three chil
dren. Kate Lehen, aged 16, was fatally
burned at F.rie, Ta., by her clothes taking
fire from the stove while cooking. She
IN 1'OLlTlCHt PURE IN
MCMINNVILLE, TENNES'EE, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1881.
rushed out Into the open air, and ran wildly
about until every article of clothing but her
shoes was burned off.
March 21. Beyond the confirmation of n
few executive appointments no business was
March. 22. Senator Voorhees offered a
resolution declaring "That the hostile atti
tude assumed by the national banks toward
refunding the national debt at a low rato of
interest, and tlio recent attempt to dictate tho
legislation t Coinrross on the subject, are
contrary to the bost interests of tlio people
and well calculated to excite their alarm tor
tlio future." Senator Voorhees announced
bin intention . of submitting soma re
marks in support of the resolution. (Senators
Morrill and Perry objected to the introduction
of the resolution as being out of order, and it
was laid over. A large number ot nomina
tions were continued in executive session
Among new nominations sent in by the I'resi
dent were AlbortWoodonek, Collector of In
tcrnal Revenue tor the Third District of 1111
nols, and A. M. Jones, United. State Marshal
ZZ" iSUKWorn'ces' resolution
in reference to h national banks was again
called up by him in the Senate on the 23d, and
after a lengthy discussion regarding prece
dents, in which Senator Sherman took the
ground that it was admissible, objection was
withdrawn. Tho resolution then went over
one day under the rules.
March 24. Mr. Dawes called up the res
olution for the election of officers of the Son-
ate. Mr. Davis, of Illinois, further explained
bis position. He said that while he hud voted
with the Democrats to sustain the organiza
tion of tho Senate, it appeared from the re
sult of the contest over tho committees that
the Republicans had a majority. "However
fleotinu or traditional that majority may be,
we nve oommnrtdod to accept it and to obey
it. 'ino majority mat cnoosos tue commit
tees is fairly entitled to choose the otll
ccm of the Senate. One naturally goes
with tho other in order to perfect
tho organization. This conclusion will
neither be deluved nor obstructed by an yvoto
of mine, and it can not be reached too goon
for the public intei est. I do not regret at nil
that the new Administration, which has to
confront the country with its policy, should
have control of both branches of 'Congress.
Tho responsibility for measures proposed
can not be avoided. With tho power to initi
ate all legislation, the majority is not large
enough to indulge in rash experiments, and
the minority U suitlciently strong to check
any tendency to (Access. Be
twi-en these two elements tho great
voice of independent opinion can Hlwus be
heard with effect, and tho country hag every
prospect of peare and prosperity." The Dem
ocrats opposed the resolution on the ground
that tliis was a session for executive business
only, and that a reorganization of ofliclals
had nothing to do with it. The Republican
Idea was that, it being a Republican Senate,
every oillce belonged to them by right, and
that every placo from Secretary to page was
part and panel of the Republican Sen
nte organization. A motion of the Democrats
to go into exeetitivo session whs lost by u
vote nt M to 31, Duvis and Mahono voting with
the Republicans. The subsequent proceed
liws varied but little from this. Mr. Cameron,
of Pennsylvania, pave open notice on tho
floor that tho Republicans intend to light it
out to the bitter end. The Democrats accept
ed the issue, and there is evident deter
mination on both sides. The Democrats
say that when night comes they will leave fif
teen of their number.sulllcient to call tlieyeas
and nnvs. and the others will go home to rest.
The Republicans. Hftor as"ertainiug that the
Democrats mean to continue a determined
t1ghtwid also detail relays. The contest
promises to be one of tho most determined
that has ever occurred between the partios in
5'ARCH .5. The Senatorial ead-lock con
tinued. During some remarks on the ques
tion at issue, Soimtor Johnston said: "It was n
great revolution which saw the Republican
purtv In caucus nouilnato for one of the high
est offices of the Senate a Democrat and a re
puillatlnnlst, a man who would be a petty
lawver but for his repudiating opinions, lie
(Johnston) wanted to see whetherthe Senator
from uhlo (Sherman), who hud so builded up
the credit of the I'nited states, would vote for
Riddleberger." Ho proceeded to give a brief
record of tho public acts of M ft bono and Rid
dleberger to show they were Democrats and
wpudiutors. and in reply to a suggestion by
Dawes, that his (Johnston's) colleague, Ma
hone, was sick and absent, said he wag will
ing to postpone his speech if Dawes would
poBtjjone his resolution, an agreement which
Dnwcs d c ined to make. After a lengthy de
bate, participated in by Senators Logan vid
Dawes on the Republican hide, and Reck,
Harris and Johnston on the Democratic side,
apeecn-making was abandoned and tho roll
call followed on alternate mot ons made
on the Democratic sldo to adjourn and to go
into exocutive session. These mo i ns wore
all deleatcd, generally by a tio vote, but at C
o'clock so many senators were paired tho
Senate was left without aquorum an the roll
was called. Mr. liavard suggested that, us it
w as not dosirable the strugj.(o should degen
erate into one of physical endurance, it was
better to adjourn. Mr. Dawes assented, and
the senate uujournpu.
LATE SEWS ITEMS.
Capt. John S. Wise, son of the late
ex-Governor Wise, has announced his In
tention ot accepting the nomination for Gov
ernor of Virginia at tbe hands ef the Read
J listers. He says ha fully indorses Ma
hone's course In the Senate.
Gen. Grant loft New York for Gal
veston on the 28th, en route for Mexico,
where he will remain until June, to look
after the railway Interests with which he has
become connected. He is accompanied by
Senor Romero and U. S. Grant, Jr., who
goes as his father's private secretary.
Dick Osborn, generally bad char
acter, was lynched at Walhalla, Washington
Territory, the other night, for killing a man.
J. W. Tatlob, Deputy Postmaster at
Marshall, Texas, on the 20th shot and in
stantly killed Wm. Alford, son of Col. Alford,
a well-known citizen of tbe county. There
had been a previous quarrel between the
parties, and Taylor claim to have acted In
Bclf-defense. He was admitted to ball in
Serious losses are reported in the
Platte Valley, Neb., caused by a sudden
and almost unprecedented rise in the river.
Prince Charles has been pro
claimed King of Roumania,
Commodore Robert W. Shufeldt,
of the United States Navy, has accepted the
command of the navy of China, at a salary of
20,0OO per year.
A battle has taken place at Boleka,
In Basuland. Col. Carrlngton and several
other British were severely wounded.
H. P. EprLT has been arrested at El
Dorado, Saline County, 111., charged with
robbing the Tost-office at WlWIeld in0e
cember last. He has confessed the crime,
also to stealing a horse In the same neigh
borhood. Epply is a bad case, ftld has ah
ready served one term la the Pennsylvania
A young negro committed a most ag
gravated assault upon a beautiful young
white girl near Sparta, Ga. The next morn
ing his body was found suspended from
tree and riddled with bullets.
. . S".
i Wheeling, y . v a., suffered frons
two destructive fires on the 2Uth, theprincl
pal losses being jO. Mendel & Co. 's furni
ture factory, the Wheeling City Fleur Mills,
Girard & Tattle's wire works, and B. Bach's
The Saxony Woolen Mills at Colum
bus, Ind., burned on the 20th. Loss overv
$75,000: insurance, J2:,000.
The Chicago Democrats have rcnoml
natcd Mayor Harrison.
There was no change in the situation
of affairs In the United States Senate on the
20tb, and after a brief session adjournment
was bid until Monday.
LITKHAURE, AND I'llOGItKSHlVIC IN SOUTHERN INTKRKST8,
The Mlssoniland Frands A. Glffanlle
From the jishington Tost, March 19.
The press jipatches which have been
Published re?dinir ths recent arrest of
the laud swindrs in St. Louis give no idea ot
the extent of ll fraud. The officials in the
General Land-tlce in the city regard it as
the greatest sWidle ever perpetrated on the
Government, ad its Immensity can only be
realized wherufl the facts in the case ara
known. - Its Iiceptlon dates back to the
year 1804, moJ than a quarter of a century
ago. In that tear, on the 4th of August, an
act was passe by Congress graduating val
ues of publictands to actual settlers and
cultivators fron $1.25 to 12 1-2 cents per
acre. Just afttr the passage of thts act a
ring was formed Missouri to obtain pub
lic lands by illegal methods. Borne of the
men whoengagod iu the scheme are still Ur
the Government om'criil'mSsVnl'ljftAbRt
collusion with tbe swindlers. The latter pre
pared and brought to several of the Land
offices In Missouri a quantity ot false evi
dence, alleging that the public lands for
which patents were desired were actually
settled and cultivated according to law.
This was sent to Washington by tho Regis
ters and Receivers, and on the presentation
of this alleged proof patents were Issued for
hundreds and thousands of acres of land to tha
swindlers. All their well-laid plans seemed
to prosper. Then the war came, and all
Southern and Southwestern Missouri, ths
scene of the swindling operations, was In a
state of confusion. During the time it is be
lieved the swindlers made tbe most of their
opportunities and abstracted as many patents
as they could find. When everything had
quieted down they commenced to sell off the
patents in a manner that was as plausible as
It was successful. It was as follows: Mr.
A came to Mr. B with a United States patent
tor a certain number of sores. It was a gen
uine patent, though obtained by fraud. Ac
companying it was a deed purporting to be
made out by the person whose name ap
peared on tbe patent. That deed was a
forgery. To obtain their end the swindlers
had committed two crimes. Some Idea it
thus given ot the enormity of tbe fraud.
First hundreds of affidavits that the signet
had actually settled and cultivated the land
were prepared, when tho person whose
name was afllxed never existed. Page after
page of some of the entry books in tbe Mis
sourl Land-offlce have been found to be filled
with the names of fictitious persons to whom
patents were issued. Then, having secured
a patent to the land by fraud, a deed which
was not worth the paper It covered was writ
ten and banded to the guileless purchaser at
bona fide evidence that his title to the prop
erty was complete. There was another and
more careful way In which the skillful swin
dlers worked. Mr. A appeared to Mr. B,
who wished to purchase as the agent of Mr
C, a third party. "Mr. C wishes to sell thli
land," said Mr. A to the victim, "and will
probably accept your offer. Call around to
morrow at 1 o'clock. In the meantime I
will see him." It is needless to say that thli
third party was a "straw man," who nevei
existed. When B appeared next day A
showed him a deed signed with C's name
but which really tud been drawn up by A
within an hour afttr be had left the day be
fore. As if to guard against any possible de
tection of fraud, the swindlers used what
they called a "smoked deed." This was
deed discolored by smoke or coffee, and
made to appear of sufficient age to corre
spond with the date it bore. They grew so
expert at the practice of smoking freshly
prepared deeds that the deception escaped
discovery. The Investigation which led to
the exposure of the glgantio swindlers was
instigated a little over a year ago by a letter
received by Secretary Schurz. This stated
that one Robert P. Lindsay, .of St. Louis.
whose father had once been In charge of the
Land-office at Ironton, and wht had thus
had access to the contents and records of the
office, possessed one or two boxes filled with
United States land patents which were cer
talnly genuine, although Lindsay might have
obtained them by questionable means. Tho
letter alleged that hd kept these boxes con
cealed or moved them by stealth, and had
queer dealings with queer people. The
writer, who professed to be a friend to
Schurz, suggested in conclusion that it
might pay to look inte the matter. The
statements of the letter were deemed of such
importance that the Secrotary at once se
cured Special Agent D. P. Terrell, of the
Treasury Department, to work up the case
Hii experience during the thirteen months
he has been employed would, If published,
read like a novel. He has been In nearly ev
ery city in the country, under assumed
names. He has figured In the pine woods of
Missouri as a saw-mill owner or prospector,
and in the Western cities as an Eastern cap
italist who wanted to buy a large quantity ot
land in the southern part of Missouri, and
was on an anxious search for the real owner
of the property. In his Investigations he
found that the ramifications of the swindle
extended to Pittsburgh,,Cleveland and other
cities. His labors were at last crowned with
success. A few days ago a number of per
sons, Including Lindsay, were arrested in St,
Louis or the cities named. They have all
given bail or are on trial. It is stated at the
Lund-office that the ring has obtained fraud
ulent titles to more than a million acres of
land; tbe larger proportion ot this vast area
they have sold to Innocent settlers, who are
now living in peace around happy hearth
fires. Legally they have no title to the land
they occupy, and the Government can cause
it to revert to the United States. Will thl
course be pursued? Is a question wbloh can
not now be answered. Government official
who were conversed with to-day say that It
will rest with the Secretary of the Interior
and the Attorney-General to decide whether
civil suits shall be begun at once to vacate
the titles to these lands. It ia believed that.
whatever Is determined upon, It will be so
arranged that the blow shall not fall too
heavily upon the thousands of duped settlers
whose hitherto undisputed titles to their
homes have been rendered valueless at on
swoop by this exposure.
Cleveland, Q. Mavch 19. George LlnnjJ
one of the men arrested for complicity in tb
itand swindle business, was admitted to bail
In the sura ot $5,000 for appearance on the
25th for hearing. It has been decided, con
trary to some expectation, that a preliminary
hearing will be held here, Detective Tyrrell
being the principal witness. The United
States Attorney has been visited to-day by
larce numbers of purchasers of Missouri
lands, who suspect the validity of their titles
One deed to eight hundred acres, in the pos
sossion of a prominent citizen, was found, on
examination, to be even without tbe ac
knowlcdgmont of aiotary, and worthless
On the reverse side was found an abstract
ihowin; that tbe grantor had sold the land
t different times to three different parties,
rbft White, Colored and Cuineso repu
tation of the United States.
Washington, March 20.
ArrvmniNa to the tables of the Census De
partment, the while population of the United
States has Increased since 1870 from 83,502,215
to l,402,408. or nearly 2J per cont.i tne ooiorcu
population from 4,8M,387 to 8,577,497, or nearly
85 por cent., and tho Chinese population from
63,254 to 105,679, ot about 67 per cont. The fol
lowing taule shows the number of whltei,
negroes and Chinese In each State and Terri
n (iff. t iNYMYO. wimrat,
43.11 16 it
2i 4 518
Onncctlcut . ...
New Mexico... ...
North Carolina. 8U407
out ti Carolina.
43.402,408 7,577,497 105,679
In California tho Chinese population has In
creased in ten years from 49,310 to 75.122; in
Arizona, from 30 to 1,632; in Oregon, from
8,3U)to 9,508; In Washlntrton Torritory, from
(34103,227. In Idaho tho Chinese numbered
4,274 In 1870, and 3,378 In 1880.
Standing aud Select Committees of the
V S. Senate
WASniNOTOM, Mnrch 18.
Tbs following aretho Senate Commlttoes as
elected to-duy under a Republican resolution
adopted by a vote of 38 to 37, the Vice-Presi
dent giving the deciding vote in tbe afflimu'
tlve. Tbe first named on each committee is
I'rivlleiroa and Elections Honr. Cameron
(Wis.), Teller, Sberman, Frye, Suulsbury, Hill
(Ua.). Viiucf. l'uirb.
Foreign Relations Burnside, Conkling, Rd-
munus, Miller, terry, Jonuston, Morgan, uUi
Finance Morrill, b&orman, lrerry, Jotic
(Nov.). Allison, Piatt N. Y.), Bayard, Voorheis,
Beck, McPherson, Harris.
Appropriations Alason, IOjran, DawS,
riumb, Hale, Davla (W. Va.), liwk.-.Kunsom,
Commerce Conkling, McMillan, Junes
Nev.i, Kellogg, Conger, Ransom, Coke, For-
M ami I act u res Conger,
Agriculture Mahone. Blair, Plumb.
wyok, Davis (W. Vs.), siatvr, ueorge.
Military Affairs Loifan. llumsido. Cainorou
(Pa.), Harrison, Kewcll, Cockrell, Maxoy,
Naval Affairs Cameron (Pa.), Antho:iy, Rol
lins, Miller, Mahone, McPherson, Jones il'la.),
Judicial v Edmunds. Conkllnir. Loirau.
Ingalis,MoMll!an, Garland, Davis (Hi.), Bayard,
Post-Otnoes and Post Roads Kerry, Hill
(Col.), Piatt (N. Y.), fawyer, Mubono, Mttxcy,
Saulsbnrv. Furley. Giooine.
rubllo Lands t'luniu, mil iuoi.i, uinir, van
Wvck. McDill. Jones (Fla.1. Grover. Walker.
Private Land Claims Bayard. Jonas. Call.
Indian Aitairs Dawes, Ingalls, Saunders,
Logan, Caiuron (Wis.), tjyke, Pendleton,
Pensions-Teller, Plntt (Conn.), Blair, Mitch
ell, bdgerton, Uroomo, Blater, Jacksou, Cam
den, Revolutionary Claims Johnston, Jones
(Fin.), Hill (Ga.), Anthony, Dwes.
Claims Cameron (Wis.), Frye, Teller, Hoar,
Conger. Pugh, Jackson, Guorgu, Fair.
District of Columbia Ingalls, Rollins, Mo-
Mlllan, Haw ley, McDlll, Harris, Uutlor, v anue,
Patents-Platt (Conn.), Hoar, Mitchell, Ed
gcrtun. Coke, Call, Williams.
Territories Saunders. Kollogg, McDill, Saw
yer, llutler, Gurlund, Vest. o
ltauroHns ncoogg. paunuiiru, juiior, nuw
ley. Sawyer, Sowed. Lamar, Grover, Williams,
Mines and Mining inn (ixn.i, Jones (nov.h
Van Wyck, Miller, Hampton, Fair, Camden.
Revision of Laws -McMillan, Piatt (Conn.),
Hale, Davis Ull.), Pendleton.
Education and Lalior Hiair, Morrill, Burn-
Side, Ldgerton, Mahone, Maxoy, Brown,
Civil Service iiawiey, itolims. Jones (acv.j,
Hill (Col.), Butior, Walker, Williams.
Contingent Expenses Jones (Nev.), Piatt
Engrossed Bills Raiilsbury, Call, Conkling.
Rules Fryo, Hoar, Sherman, Call, Gorman.
Improvement of tne Mississippi River
Mitchell, Kellogg, Van Wyck, Fryo, Jonas,
Cock n il, Jackson.
Transportation Routes to the Seaboard Har
rison, Cameron (Pa. Blair, Piatt (N. Y.),
Heck. Voorhees. Camden.
Joint Committee on Public Printing An
thony, Hawley, Gorman.
Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills Piatt
(N. Y.v. Rollins. Puirh.
Joint Committee on Library Sherman,
Joint Committee on Publlo Buildings and
Grounds Rollins, Morrill, Cameron (Wis.),
Jones (Flo.), Vest.
Civil Pervioe Sawyer, Rollins, Dawes.Hamp
t'ensns Halo, Morrill, Cameron (Wis.). Mo
Dlll, Pendleton. Morgan. Harris.
Epidemic Diseases Harris, Lamar, Garland,
Jonas, Teller, Miller, heweil.
Nicaragua Claims Davis (W. Va.), Groome,
.lohtistim. Hnwlev. Mitchell.
On Erection of New Library Building Voor
hees, Butler, Morrill.
A Dog Digs Into a Grave.
Last Friday Martin Flannlgan, an Irishman
living four miles southeast of this city, died,
and was burled Saturday In the Catholic grave
yard, which lies In the northeastern part of the
city, inside the city Uinits. Yesterday after
noon some parties, In going through theceme-4
tery, noticed that the dirt of a newly-made
grave was torn up and soattered in every di
rection, which naturally aroused their curiosi
ty and led them to investigate, expeoting of
course to nna tbe grave robDea ny gnouis.
Instead of this, imagine their horror to find a
larre dog in- the grave endeavoring to
gnaw through the coffin box, and which
turned upon Its lntrudvs with gleaming eyes
and. growling ferociously, stood its ground,
nor could It be driven away. One of tbe par
ties procured a shotgun and killed the hcast,
which had no doubt ben digging since the
casket was lowered Into the grave. The occur
rence is so horribly revolting in Ita character
as to make the Mood almost curdle In any
one's veins who looks at tbe disturbed grave
Had not the persons who dlsoovered It acci
dentally wandered tnto that part of the ceme
trv. wlihout a doubt tbe coffin would have
been torn open and the corpse horribly mutl
lated. CoJumou nl.) Sptcial to Cincinnati
Among Mr. Tennyson's perquisites
ns laureate is a yearly pension of one
hundred pounds for some imaginary
service to tho Queea.
Adapting One's Self to Circumstances.
In America perhaps as many people
suffer from trying to live in a style be
yond their means as anywhere else, or
more, in proportion to iub uuuiuci ui
whole. But in this fertile land this
should not be. And in select
ing and building one's nouse
too careful an estimate as to actual or
probable income and the cost of main
taining it can not be made. Most of
the large cities are overcrowded. Farms
are waiting to be tilled, and waste
nidnpa tn be filled ud with people. The
emptying of these places of abode would
possibly soonest solve the tenement
house problem. Wise legislation will
hnln the matter on. with good architec-
turn arrangements auu puuauLiuuyy w
r. . -i !l l n
aSSlSt. liXXl 11 13 a IUtH,LCl uccumg '6VU"
attention, unless our fair cities are to bo-
enma a. hint iinon eivliizntion. . uuiuitu
uemgs can hot preserve the decencies of
life in some tenement houses as they now
exist, and religion and nature demand
a reform. In most other styles of build
ing, improvements can be made, and in
some are greatly needed : but given con
scientiousness and intelligence in those
who inhabit them, they will improve
them, and in fifty years from now we
predict great changes for the better in
the dwellings of the American people
Then in foods. The Puritans had com
paratively coarse fare. Neither manu
facture nor commerce could convert the
raw material into wholesome and
palatable viands, or bring those
from other climes. Even their
favorite cup of tea must be dispensed
with at the imperative call of duty. But
they ate their homely fare, as the Spar
tans of old their black broth, with hero
ism ; and if there were occasional mur
muringa and longings for the "flesh-pots
of Egypt," they endured so far as to
leave this fertile land an inheritance to
their children, and children's children,
to untold generations ; shall we say fort
ever P If so, it will be held by each gen
eration enduring tho trial of the hour
without flinching. Mr. Carlyle said to
Lord Macaulay, on seeing his face in ro-
fose: "I noticed the homely Norse
eatures that you find everywhere in the
Western Isles, and 1 thought to myself,
Well! any one can see that you are an
honest, good sort of fellow, made out of
oat-mpaL' " This same simple diet of oat
meal' has produced many other remark
able personages. And the simple faro
of the early settlers undoubtedly in
creased their hardihood. The rivers
and sea gave them fish in abundance,
and the forests game. They raised some
vegetables. Corn was generally a sure
crop, and hasty-pudding as famous a
dish as ever oat-meal m Scotland. JNow,
at the South the principal foods among
the poorer classes are corn-meal and
pork, with occasionally a little molasses
and coffee. As a whole, the American
people eat better than any other that
is, have food in greater variety
and of better quality than any
other nation of the earth. Simplicity of
life is practiced only by the very poor
so far as regards eating. In prepara
tion of foods by cooking we are,
economically, far behind the French,
however. But nature gives such an
abundance that to go hungry here seems
the grossost mismanagement. There
are places where fresh meats are hard
to obtain. But the vast caftning estab
lishments make up somewhat for this.
Not by giving nice, juicy beefsteak, by
any means, but fresh salmon, or oysters,
or bouillon soup j something that will
take the place of beef for a time at
least. When far from market, and
wishing something delicate and nour
ishing for an invalid, I have found a
snipe stewed, a quail broiled, a red
squirrel made into broth, some nicely
prepared trout, answer the purpose ad
mirably. Almost every locality win
furnish something wholesome, appetiz
ing and cheap. In large cities every
thing must be bought; but then most of
our cities are too lull of people in pro
portion to the country places anywhere,
and nature holds out an inviting hand
to their half-starved denizens. One may
greatly prefer a dinner of roast beef,
with the accompanying vegetables, to
one of wild-fowl or iish ; and were I long
compelled to live on bacon and hoe
cake. I should confess being stiff-necked
and rebellious, even were the motives
for my doing so exceeding strong. Cor,
Christian at nork.
The Plainness of Persian Dress.
The Governor of the Derguez is a fine
looking man, with coal-black beard,
over the middle height, and apparently
about fortv-nve vear3 of age. LiKe
most rjeonle of high rank in Persia, he
dresses with an excessive nlainness.
whioh might seem affected did one not
Know mat an external luxury in uress is
despised as womanish. Of course the
regalia of the sovereign on state occa
sions forms an exception ; but even he,
on ordinary occasions, dresses in con
formity with the existing tastes.
In these districts a chief will load hi3
horse with gorgeous trappings, and en
circle its neck with a heavy silver collar
set with cornelians, to indicate the rank
of the rider, he himself, so far as dress
is concerned, being indistinguishable
from his own principal attendants riding
around him. In accordance with the
same custom, no Persian will wear a gold
ring, those used by men being invariably
of silver and of the slenderest, most
unadorned pattern. A Turcoman will
wear absolutely nothing in the shape of
jewelry, except a signet ring; and even
this is only worn by a chief or a wallah,
whose functions occasionally require
them to append their seals to various
documents. The seal is always en
graved on a cornelian, and tho setting
invariably silver. A Persian will occa
sionally wear some stone of price, but
always mounted in silver. I recollect
seeing ofrthe finger of tho Shah Zade
Prince-Governor of Meshed, a diamonc
which can not have been worth less than
lUOsterlin. but the slender thread of
silver round the finser was scarce dis
cernible. -London Kews.
There was a novel sight in Virginia
City the other day. It was of a big In
dian carrying a papoose in bis arms,
The spectators were beginning to ex
press their surprise, when his squaw
camo wearily around the corner, bend
ing under the weight of two sacks of
Buzzing a telephone" is the latest
VOL. II.-NO. 21.;
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. M
Strawberries cultivated at Charlos-i
ton, S. C, are expected to yield 1,000,-
000 quarts for the Northern markets
from 250 acres of land. ' '
The use of gas as fuel enable the
manufacturers of steel ana g ass ia .
Pittsburgh to produce those articles wr
more cheaply than formerly. i .'
A tea plantation was estaunsueu
last year by Count d'Amigo upou bia
estates near Messina, Italy. The, tea
plant is said to thrive finely mere, ana
its leaves are in no wise inferior to those i
of the Chinese plant. ; .-i
Prof. J. Lawrence Smith, or Louis- ,
villo, Ky., describes a new series of
spordumene found in Alexandria Coun-'l
ty, North Carolina. The vein bearing ,
it runs about due east and west,' and
dips about an angle of 70 degrees. He 1 "r
expects thatfurther and more exhaustive -exploration
will result in the discovery .
of crystals having a commercial value as
gems. This pew variety he calls by the !
name of hiddenite.
Concerning " applied science,"
Prof. Huxley recently remarked : I
often wish that this phrase bad never .
been invented, for it suggests that there ,
is a sort of scientific knowledge of direct
Jiraotical use which can be studied apart '
rom another sort of scientiflo kdowl-
edge which is of no practical utility, and ,
whioh Is termed "pure science."' But r
there is no more complote fallaoy than "
this. What people call applied science ,
is nothing but the application of pure
science to particular classes of
problems." ' ; '
Prof. Fleeminz Jenkin has stated
that the following are the main ' condi-'
tions to be fulfilled in putting a house '
into good sanitary order: 1. The liquid ,
refuse from the house must have a free
passage to the town sewer. ' 2. The aif
from the town sewer must not have a
free passage into the house drain. 3, ,
No air or gas from the drainage chan- 1
nels of the house must enter the house.
4. No water or liquid must leak from
those channels into the ground under
the house. 5. The drinking water must
be stored in such a manner as to run no
risk of contamination. 6. The air of the
dwelling-rooms must be supplied with
out contamination. - r' 1
Perfumers are aware of the Curious !
fact that some of our sweetest and most
delicately scented flowers are of no value ;
for perfumery. For example, no pro
cess has as yet been discovered by which ;
the fragrance of sweet-brier and eglan
tine can be extracted and preserved, but
a good imitation is produced by a com-
pound of neroli oil, with alcoholic ex-, (
tracts ol rose pomade ana oi orange
flowers. Lily of the valley, which is
likewise unavailable to the perfumer, is .
well imitated by a combination ol vanti-
extract of tuberose, Jasmine ana
otto of almonds. Lilies are little used
in perfumery, their odors being too pow- ,, ,
PITH AND FOIST. ,
Barren mountains are not worth
Kind words are bald-headed. They
can never dye. N. 0. Picayune
O for the trnstmer davs of youth." ' '
sings the poet in the Chicago tribune ;
from which we infer that her dressma-, , ,
ker has adopted the cash system of cut
ting. Detroit Free Press. . , '
Fashion says that ia tbe "paper-"
hoop" dance "tne genuemen iorm a (
circle, turning their backs to a lady, who
is placed in their center and.breaks the 1
hoop upon the bead oi tne gentleman ,
with whom 6he would dance." This is
as good as a oircus. N. O. Picayune.
" I declare I'll never go to another
matinee as long as I live," said young
Mrs. Guffey the other day, , throwing
herself into a chair and fanning herself
indignantly. "Wasn't the play good?"
asked Guffey. "Oh, gflod enough, I -
suppose ; but that disgusting, stuck-up ,(
Mrs. Diffenderfer sat below me with
such a lovely bonnet on that I couldn't '
hear a word." Son Francisco Post.
A few davs aeo a youthful Zulu of
about twelve summers named Pea-Blossom
was convicted of stealing in a Gal
veston court and-sentenced to imprison- (
ment in the County Jail. " lie Is rather
young to steal, I should suppose," re
marked a bystander to unoie aiose. ;
"No. sah. he is not too young to steal, .
but he is cotched a little earlier den de
rest ob 'em, dat's all." Galveston
News. '. , v 'i ,i .1.
Young Hayseed, a knowing young
fellow from the country, was in town the
other day and "put up " at one of the
first-class hotels. Alter dinner ne strouea (
out to the office, and picking up a tooth
pick from the box on the effice counter,
. . . a . .
used it vigorously on a set oi tooaceo
stalned grinders, and then replaced it
carefully in the box, saying as he did so,
" Some folks would put that air sliver
in their pocket and kerry it away, but j
there haint nothing mean about me, I
kin tell you." Boston Commefial Bul
"Yesterday was my wife's birth
day," remarked a prominent Galves
tonian to a friend. "I suppose you '
made her a nice presentP" "Oh, yes; ,
I never omit that." "Did you give her
some oostly jewelry!" " Well, no ; what '
I gave her was not quite thatexpensive.".
"What was it?" " I gave hor a pretty ..
trong hint that she would not be over
looked next unnstmas, proviaing sna
behaved herself properly, made the fires ,
in the morning, and pulled off my boota
when I came home tired." Qalveston
A. Coroner's Juror at the Age of 104.
Louis Lessard, of Montreal, was born
in Paris, France, in 1777, and tho other
day he fulfilled the duties of a Coroner's
juror with the keenness ef intellect of a
man half his age. His extreme age was
doubted until he produced a silver
snuff-box which he said was presented (
to him by Napoleon I. after the battle of
Austerlitz, and began a narration of
facts that bore the impress of truth. Ha
served under Napoleon in most of his
great battles, ending at Waterloo. He
came to Canada in 1830, and held a
commission in the British militia during
the French Canadian rising of 18.17.
lie has a most vivid and accurate recol-,
lection of the Napoleonio wars. He has .
been twice married. His first wife died '
twenty years ago, and his second, wife '
he led "to the altar in July last. She is
51 years of age.
i ' !;