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DEMdoRTIO IN POLITICSt i?tTlliC IN L1TKHATURE) AND PBOGBKB8IVK IN SOUTHERN INTERESTS
"BY A; M. BURNET CO.
MIINNVILLE, -TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, APRIL 1G, 1881.
VOL. ILNO. ; 23. : v.
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7 " '
NKWS AND - NOTES.
A Summary of Important Events.
Tue Rhode Island State olectioa, hold
on the Oth, resulted in the re-election of all
the Republican nominees. The minority on
Oovernor la about 8,000. . ' ; i . ,
Secretary Blaine is investigating
the arrest of Boyton In Ireland, but he
thinks all that this Government can do is to
ask good treatment for the prisoner.
The Governor of Tennessee has
signed the hill to 6ettle tho State debt at
10O..i. The House passed tho Senate bill to
settle the debt of the extinct Municipality of
Memphis at 83 1-3 cunts and 4 per cent. In-
torW f i ' ;'-'.'..
- ... ,. .
The St. Louis municipal election re
sulted in t clean sweep fpr the Republican
ticket Ewlng's mujorlty over Overstola for
Mayor being over 13,000, and the majorities
(or the other Republican candidates from
6,000 to 8,000. ; . ; ,
The Missouri State Wool-Growers'
Association held their second regular meet
ing at Scdalla on the Oth. There were near
ly 100 prominent wool-growers in attend
ance, and about fifty new members were re
ceived. 4 The old officers were re-elected. A
large number of choice blooded sheep were
on exnibition, and prizes were offered for
the best shearer and the host fleece of wool.
' i Gen. McCook, who has been on Gen.
Sherman's staff for years, has been ordered
to Join his regiment at White River, and
Chaplain Mullins has been ordered to take
charg of education In tho army. The army
officers say Secretary Lincoln has expressed
the intention of revolutionizing the stuff ap
pointments. He thinks some officers have
been enjoying easy berths too long, and that
it is fair to give thejn a taste of service and
, . let those who have seen hard service perform'
staff duty awhile.
I An order has been issued by Postmaster-General
James, to take effect the 1st
of May, which will reorganize the entire
railway mail service. All employees doing
the same work are placed upon an equality
as regards salary. All appointments of em
ployees and local mail agents will be for a
probationary period of six months and at a
salary pot exoeeding $000 per annum. If at
the expiration of six months such employees'
records aro satisfactory, appointments will
be made permanent.
A Washington dispatch of the 7th to
the Associated Press says: "President Gar-
Held and Secretary Itlaine are both annoyed
at the continuance of the Senate dead-lock
and think that the nominations ought to be
confirmed without delay. They were dis
appointed at the action of the last Republi
can caucus. Hale, Frye, Ingalls, Blair and
others think executive sessions should be
held without delay, and they will try to have
another caucus called to reverse the decision
' of the last one. If the dead-lock continues
much longer It Is stated that the President
will use his power to break it. This is the
( The Irish members of Parliament
arc generally satisfied with the provisions of
the Land bill, but express fears that the
House of Lords may insist on amending it,
a resolution for which purpose has
already been introduced by Lord
Klcho, Liberal Conservative. The Duke
of Argyle has resigned from the Cabi
net on account of his opposition to the bill.
He said bo docs not oppose the extension of
ownership of land to peasants, but ean not
consent to destroy the ownership of land by
other persons, 'he House of Commons has
adjourned until the 25th Inst., and the Lords
until the 5th of May.
A Washington semi-official dispatch
says: "The proposition made by a gentle
man who attended the recent financial con
ference in New York, namely, to extend
maturing ji and 6-per-ccnt. bonds at a lower
rate of interest, is very generally approved
by Treasury ollicials (with the exception of
the Secretary, who will not express an opin
ion on tho subject) , as the most feasible plan
which the Government can pursue. The
Secretary of the Treasury is not required to
give notice before calling the
outstanding G-per-ccnt bonds for
redemption. These bonds amount
in the aggregate to tl.r, 000,400, and are re
deemable June 3) next, after which date
any that may be called will cease to draw in
terest. The aggregate amount of 5 per cents,
redeemable May 1 is H'3,51K),8."3. Should
this method prove successful It would not
bo necessary to sell any bonds whatever.
While nothing can be said ofliclaliy as to the
course to bo adopted, there is good authority
for stating that this plan Is receiving thorough
consideration, and tho indications appear
to be in favor of its adoption. "
Gladstone introduced tho Irish Land
bill in the House of Commons on tho 7th,
accompanied by a speech of over two hours'
duration, at the close of which he was loud
ly cheered. Tho priaclpal features of tho
bill are thus summarized in Mr. Gladstone's
" The present bill does not Introduce unreg
ulated tenant rights. Provision in made lor
preventing it fiotu passing Into extravagance
ami protecting just right of Innitlonls l.y
liriniriiiu Into fair competition tint tenant'
Halit to ns.slirn and the landlord's right to get
what the land is reasonably worth. The sal
ient point and cnulinal li'iiturc of the bill is
the iiiHtilution of a court to take cognizance
of rent, and which will not he debarred trom
taK nn cognizance oi tenure ana assign
incut. There are strong grounds for making
resort to ttiis court optional instead
of compulsory. There mav bo tenants who
do not di'slro the interference of this court
Kvery existing tenant might call on thecourt
to tlx the Judicial rent tor tllleen years, dur
ing which there could he no chanuc, no evic
tion, except for breach of certain thinm
specilied. The Ulster custom will remain as
now, at tho tenant's oit ion; h;:t le.na:its will
have the protection of the general provisions
of the bill for controlling augmentation of
rent. The power to contract out of tills act
Is given where tne rout amounts to 1200 year
ly. Tho court will have tlnal authority
over all land cases. It is to consist of three
person, one of whom must be a Judge or ex
Judge tl the Supreme Court. lis proper seat
will be at Dublin; but extra commissioners,
and if neei ssary sub-commissioners, iiihv be
appointed under control of the Central Com
mission, civil bill courts to be courts of thst
instance. It Is propositi to assist tenants to
purchase their holdings and invest Hie courts
with power to purchaa hUMi-i from landlords
desiring to sell mid i ccll tt.ili, ret amine the
title guarantee tor repay men td against
subdivision. Advances will be fraaW to own
rs, tenants and solvent companies formed
for thejwirposenf reclaiming land or ter other
agricultural improvements, on condition that
the advances do not exceed the amount the
borrower lias laid out on bis own behalf. Ad
vances will also be made to assi-t emigration.
They ill he under thecontrolof a l.andCoiu-inis-ion,
subject to the consent of the Treasu
ry, ami be made eitlierto eo'onial govern
ments or to companies. It is not proposed to
plaee anv limit on these advances beyond
making them secure."
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
The damage done by tho recent over
flow of Dakota rivers Is said to be Incalcula
ble. Many live! have beenlo'tt, hundreds of
building swept away, arid thousand. of
head of stock drowned. Railroads afe ru
ined, and all sorts of property damaged.
A ukase has been issued at, St. Peters
burg ordering an election for 2'iS' members
of a temporary Council to assist tho Com
mandant of the city, All landlords and In-J
aepcnaem tennnts may vote. The late Czar
had projected the extension of this plan to
the whole empire. " , ,-
Thb Porte agrees to cede Kholoun
to Persia as demanded by England and Rus
sia In accordance with the treaty (f Berlin.
Seven lives wero lost by the upsetting
of a boat on the Ashley River, near Branchy
ville, S. O, on the 8ttw.' S i it U i.
Francisco Timino, a sheep herder,
was lynotied near Lotnpoc.TaT,, tor assault1
Ing and murdering Mrs. "Sargent." :
The damage in Spain, by floods is es
timated at $1,000,000, and 'thirty thousand
persons are said to be In want of provisions.
The workingmen, of Now York are
demanding an Increase of 60 cents a day lu
their wages. In many instances it has been .
already granted. .'' '
B. F. Harrington, an outlaw, was
shot and killed in Mount Princeton, Colo.,
while attempting to escape from tho officers.
. The Iowa State Brewers' Convention
met at Dubuque on tho Oth. , , -
The Society of the Army of the Ten
nessee met at Pike's Opeia-house, Cincin
nati, on the tilh. Gen. Sherman presided, and
read a sketch of the Battle of Pittsburg
Landing, illustrated by maps and charts dis
tributed among the members..' After the
day's session' was coucluded, the Society
assisted at tho unveiling of tho MePhcrson
statue in Fountain Square.
Carter Harrison, Democrat, has
been re-elected Mayor of Chicago by about
8,000 majority, and.tho balance of the Dem
ocratic ticket by somewhat smaller majori
ties. The Chilians threaten to levy $20,000
each on fifty Peruvians as a sort 6f war in
demnity. The Peruvians protest, but it Is
not likely that their protest will have much
effect. ''.' v
In Russia-Poland the peasants refuse
to swear allegiance In United Greek church
es. They demand to bo sworn before Cath
olic priests, and have driven away Greek
priests. Tho Governor of the province de
clares they must take the oath in Russian
The Khomnis and other Berber tribes
threaten some of the French settlements' In
Algiers, and French troops have been dis
patched to tho frontier to act against them.
The Illinois and Mississippi Canal
Commission has arranged for a Northwestern
convention at Davenport on May &", the del
egates to be appointed by the Governors,
Hoards of Trade and Farmers' Clubs. 'The
object of the gathering is to invoke the aid of
Congress in creating a water route from the
Mississippi to the lakes.
A fearful accident occurred at
Johnson's flouring mill, Monroe County,
Ark., a few days since, resulting in the
death of two men, Burrows and Jackson,
and the probably fatal injury of several
others, Including Mr. JohnBon, owner of
the mill. ' The casualty was caused by the
bursting of one of the millstones. The build
mg was uemoiisiien Dy tne force or the ex
The recent deaths from trichinosis at
Hoboken, X. Si, it is now alleged were due
to eating sausage imported from Germany.
The Parkison Hotel at Orange, Fla.,
has been destroyed by fire. All the guests
escaped. T'he loss is $12,000.
At Washington, Ga., Calloway
was shot and killed by bis brother-in-law,
A. Smith. Tho trouble grew out of.a busl
ness transaction. Both of the gentlemen are
Ex-Congressman Price, of Iowa,
has been offered, and has accepted, the office
of Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
The widow of John Brown, who was
hung at Harper's Ferry, is in Washington
seeking a position under the Government.
as she is poor.
An illicit distillery has been captured
in Somerset County, Pa., with 1.7) barrels of
whisky. Four men were taken prisoners
and brought to Pittsburgh for trial
Most, publisher of the London Social
istic organ, the Freiheit, was.committcd for
trial on a charge of having in tho columns of
his paper incited the people of a foreign
State to sedition and rebellion, and bail was
The continued illness of Secretary
Blaine, according to a recent Washington
dispatch, is iuite seriously regarded by h Is
friends. lie is now laid up at his residence,
Ills disease is stated as no" rheumatism,
This Is aggravated by over-exertion. Blaine
is harder worked than any man in the Cab
inet, and his friends aro fearful of its pros
trating him. , , ,
The Grand Duke Nicholas Constan-
tinovilz has been arrested and interned in
the castle belonging to his father, the Grand
Duko Constaatine, brother of the late Czar,
near St. Petersburg, on suspicion of being
concerned in political intrigues in favor of
his father. It Is not known whether the lat
ter was a party to the intrigues.
The rolling-mill at Topeka, Kans.,
owned Jointly by the Union Pacific and At'
chlson, Topeka & Santa Fc Railway Com
panies, burned on tho evening of the 7th
Loss about l00,ooo. From 200 to 30U men
are thrown out of employment.
Archbishop Feehan of Chicago was
formally inducted into his exalted office on
the 7th, with most Impressive ceremonies.
Six Bishops and 120 clergy participated in
the exercises, which took place in the pres
ence of a large audience at the Cathedral of
the Holy Xame
Davu Ross, arrested on suspicion of
murdering John Barenberg, a wealthy bach
elor fanner of Greenfield, O., has confessed
the crime, but claims to have killed him in
self-defense. Ross formerly worked for
Baronberg, and has not a very good reputa
At Sunbury, Pa., while Mrs. Hover
and family were at dinner, her daughter,
aged 17, and son, aged 14, quarreled. The
boy left the table, and returning with ashot
(run, fatally shot his sister. The boy gives
as s reason for committing the crime, "They
would not give me enough to cat."
It is reported that ex-Gov. Thomas
A. Osborn, of Kansas, is to be recalled from
the Chilian Mission and the position given
to Gen. Kilpatrick, of Xew Jersey, who
formerlv held It
The schooner Fred Brown, of Provi
dence, R. J., was sunk oft Capo Cod on the
fith ;inst.; through a collision with the,
schooner N. JI. Skinner, of Taunton.. Copt.
Small, tbeMato; Mate's wife, three children
and oue seaman were drowned.
The house of Edwin . Reoves, near
Staunton, Ya., was recently burned, and two
children perished in the flames. Reeves
himself was jrobably fatally injured.
Ai Luck, a Chinaman, wad hanged.
at Nevada City, Cal., on the 8th, for the
murdor of oue of his own countrymen.
The trial of the assassins of the Czar
began at St. Petersburg on the 7th. Ad
mission to the court is only by ticket.. Ten
scats arj jissigriod to the foreign press and
hve to the Russian press. There are a large
number of witnesses to be examined.
The great English University toat
race took place on the Thames.. j 8th,
the Oxfords coming In about three lengths
ahead of the Cambridge crew -
John Williams, a colored wife-niur-
dcrcriwas hanged at Waverly, Tenn., on
the 8th. .. . . ;,,
The remains of Sonator Carpenter
wero taken from Washington on the 8th,
under the escort of a Congressional commit
tee. They will be Interred at Milwaukee!
The shocks of earthquake continue in
Cbloandare fast completing the general
ruin. Four hundred corpses have already
been found, and the loss of life Is'placed aft""" u(1 sale of these substitutes for buttet
ure thousand. Thirty villages . wore de
stroyed, and forty thousand people are des
titute. General Longstreet has ordered the
American corvette Galena to proceed to the I
Island of Scio with succor for the sufferers;
Some fourteen out of the thirty-two
counties in Ireland have been "proclaimed'l
under tho Disarming act. All persons In
these districts will have to obtain licenses
in order to bear arms. The cities of Cork,
Limerick and Galway are also "pro
claimed." ... '
The Chicago street-car strike was
terminated on the 8th, by the company mak
ing a full concession to the demands of the
Four convicts made a desperate at
tempt to escape from the Michigan State
prison. One of them, named Lynch, knocked
down a keeper, and the four then ran to
scale the wall, where a Udder had been
previously placed. The alarm was given and
the guards arrived in time to defeat the es
capade. Lynch, the ringleader, was shot
and killed Just as he had mounted the top of
the wall, and one or two othors were Injured
in the melee.
April 4. The political discussion was re
sumed, the principal debaters being Senators
Johnston and Dawes.
Ai'itiL 6. Mr. MePhcrson asked leave to
present a petition reciting the tact that Mich
ael lSuynton, a citizen of the United 8tateg,had
been arrested, and thrown into prism by the
liritish Government on the vague charge of
Inciting crime and violence, and bad
been denied tbe right to trial
before a jury of bis peers; and
culling upon Congress to demand that the
United Slates Government should interfere
for his protection. Tho petition was signed
bv members of certain land leagues of New
Jersey and Now York. Mr. Hoar objected to
the consideration ot tne petition until tho
business now before the Semite, the election of
oillcers, was disposed of, and it went over
under the rules.
April 6. The political debate was con
tinued, Messrs. Bayard and Sherman being
pitted against each other lu defense of their
respective party policies'. Senator McPherson
got in his lioytou petition, no objoction being
April 7. Senator Vance represented the
Democratic side in tho Senate debate to-day,
the burden of his speech being a defense of
North Carolina on the debt question. Mr.
Kellogg replied for the Republicans, and a
somewhat lengthy and heated discussion fol
lowed, which drew out Messrs. Ransom, Call,
Htu'ris, Shciman, Beck, Daweg and Hoar. At
the end of this discussion, on motion of Mr.
lturnside, the Senate adjourned until Monday
veas, 33; nays, 10 the hegative votes being
cast by Democrats.
LITE SETTS ITEMS.
A Washington dispatch of the 9th
thus summarizes tha political situation:
There are now 205 nominations awaiting ac
tion and five treaties for consideration. It it
said to-day, with some show of truth, that
the Republicans may some time next week
go into executive session for the purpose of
confirming the most important nominations,
if enough Democrats vote with them to do
this . promptly, but should an at
tempt be made 'in exeputive. session
ra select certain men for confirmation tbe
Dumocrats would probably resist and insist
on taking up tbe nominations in proper or
der. Tbe Republicans would be glad to
con Arm the most important nominations, if
they could do that and then resume their
fight, but if they go into executive session
one time they know it leaves the DemouraU
the advantage. ,
.' The Missouri River rise washed away
the levee north of Council Bluffs, Iowa,
flooding the bottom lands In and about tbe
city from four to six feet in depth. Some
800 persons were driven from their homes.
No cases of "drowning occurred," aU
though there were several narrow es
capes. Railway connection with Omaha
was entirely suspended. At the latter city
immense damage was suffered by manufac
turing establishments, lumber yards, etc.,
situated on the bottoms. The highest point
of the flood was reached about midnight of
the Oth, when the river commenced falling
The trial of the Nihilists arraigned
for the murder of the Czar terminated on
the 10th. After three honrs' deliberation
the court returned a verdict ot guilty agalast
all, and sentence to death by hanging was
pronounced. Sophie Fiuftsky'i sentence
will be submitted to the Czar for confirma
tion because she is of noble birth.
Three horse-thieves were recently
overtaken in Hill County, Texas, fcy vigl
lantes t Johnson County, and summarily
A revenue officer named Seagraves,
stopping at a farm-house in Macon County,
Tenn., was called out by five mea, taken to
tbe woods and shot twice through the head.
The steamer Victory, from Keokuk,
with corn, was driven against one of the St.
Louis bridge piers aad sunk on the 9th.
Cooper & Co., engine builders at Mt.
Vernon, Ohio, lost $100,000 by an incendiary
fire on the 8th.
The floods in Hungary extending over
vast tracts of arable land, four battalions
of engineers have been ordered to Mertzel,
on the Taciss. . p.
Patrick Coleman, supposed to have
participated in the attempt to blow up the
Mansion House m London, to safe with
friends in New York City.
Oleomargarine in Now: York,
Whatever- may be the fact in respect to the
qUnllty nf oleoma 'tcnrlne and lard birter
whetberthpse sub r. anon aro bettor- or worse
than re il but toe: whether thoy areh iruilessor
hurtful or boneP.oiul to the po s ms J cuttn?
them It is clear that f o cntMiiinor, ha an
indefeasible r.ght to know when he is buying
tllOin., 't -.( j J ft ,;; J ( Wff !
Frotu'tht loitliiiony already glvcri before
the committve pf the Leg sliituw now lnve tti
gatlnj this sntijett in mis city It appovg" lb. it
In the greater number of cases this in forma
Hon is not attnlnab.enrAs a mutter of V busi
ness," It was Said on Saturday, thi3nH'rwho
has laid in a stock of thesa substitutes tor but-'
tor (jetting him lesj' thai! ijiittor-Mltirti IV jn-;J
utuiuua iu sen luetic ai tuc niai kci price or uut
ter, beettusd if they werd Bold at a fair profit
and under their rcul names the consumer
would not take them. " . ,
: This may bo rcgardod as a very shrewd. prn
deeding front the point of yluw of tho grocer,
but from tho poliit 01 VleiT'nr iu publiu it Is
thoroughly disreputable ai.a outrageous, and
L an cad should be male of It forth v'Uii. ,
Borne distinguishing marks shot) Id be affixed
to these substances, in order to prevent con-4
sutr.eis from being swindled, for that is tbe
precise word which Uesoribea trade of this
ort. .. ... ... , .. ,
It oleomargarine and lardlnc are wholesome
and worthy objects of conimcrcd, they will
Surely make their way under tmo colors: but
whether they are so or not, the public cannot
afford to be cheated systematically as to an
important part of their dally food.
;,Somc of tbe monoonccrned In tbe manufact
nave esiiinauiu uuiitiu reiiuiuuuus 10 bubikiu.
If they have any intelligent regard for their
reputation they will forego for the present all
argument as to tbo actual qualities of these
gUbstanoes, which is an entirely secondary
matter, an1 will unite in defense of tho con
munlty from an unconscionablo practice in t
wclt-devised and practic iblo measure which
Will enable any buyer, however dull bo or Sbs
may bo, to distinguish readily and oertainly
the substitutes for butter from tbe genuine
article. V '.
' According to .the testimony presented ori
Saturday, no one in th'.z or tbe adjacent cities
can tell as bo sits down to dinnor this evening
of what the "butter" on his table is made.
' From this doubt and uncertainty tbe public
must bo relieved, and we bopo that the relief
will bo given voluntarily ,X.lst, JfurchJA
1 Father's Vengeance.
Orncuns from this State have just returned
from Texas with old man Dahlgreen, arrested
on a charge of murder, who has a most re
markable history. He lived before tho war in
the northern partof TViSnessae. His home was
a pleasant one, and with bis wife and two sons
be lived very happily on his farm until a uar
rol arose between neighbors. The dilticulty
was patched, but one .l tho sons both of
whom had grown to man's estate conceived
tta' he had boon wronged, and one day while
be and bis brother were passing along the road
in a wagon ihey came np with live men. their
neighbors, and tbe iiuanol broke out afresh.
The young men wero courageous, and would
not be intimidated by their opponents.
Hot words led to. blows, and tho .five men,
pulling pistols, fired upon tbo Dublgreon boys
and killed thorn. They ran away, and, fearing
the vengeance of old man Dahlgreen for he
w as even then considered quite an old man
disappeared from the community. Of course
Dahlttroeu and bis wife were nearly distracted
at the sad death of their "boys," of whom they
were very proud, and Mrs. Dahlgreen noVerre
covered from the blow, but about the time the
war broke out died, and the husband was left
to lament the separation of bis family.
He conceived the Idea that nothing was left
in this life for bim except to obtain venge
ance.on the men who bad robbed him ot his
sons. He devoted the reinalndor of bisllfoto
this purpose. He began systematically to
search for tbe flvo men. wbose names wero
Griilley, Black, Hewitt, Meyers and a man
called Black Tom," but whose truo name was
Lunly, and one after another was met and
He had no scruples, no conscience." His sole
object was to put the villains who made life
no objejt to him out of th'i wny. He took no
interest in the war. It mattered not whether
the North or SOutb. were victors.' He shot
Meyers and Ltirdy In Tennessee, and escaped
the oillcers who were set upon nis track. - i
The old man disappeared from his country,
and no traoes of him wero ho.ird for several
years. Tbe man Gridley died of pneumonia
in Cincinnati, and Black is serving out a term
in tbo Slate Penitentiary at Columbus, for
burglary. . ; ; , .
The lust of these men. Hewitt.' was slowly
Jt surel,' tracked by Dahlgreen to Colorado,
.nd In a little town on tho frontier of tho
Jtate, at Coyote, ho came up with hlin and
shot him In oold blood, after he" hnd thrown
up his hands and asked for mercy. Tho little
community was terribly, excited aboit tho
murder, and started olhcor on tbo t ack' Of
Dahlgreen, who threw loam off , tho scept.
No niuro was heard of him until last month,
when Inforii.ution wa received that .ho was
in Houston, Tex., and there he "was TirrostM
Denver (Col.) ( or. C uiinnatl Timtu-Slar.
Mutilating His Tongue.
KiNOHTort, Ont., April 4.
FnANcois Chahon, a Frenchman, being ina
pressed with the fact that" he had made too
much use of bis tongue, cut off a portion of It
lust evening. Tho blooding was prorrtsoTthC
man becoming faint from the Irnsof blood bo
fore assistance wa ?cnr-d. He said that he
bad talked too much and he wi'S gittlnif him'
self Into trouble. He had been told' by son o
person "that bo vh mid have ,a piece of his
tongue taken off." an I be ) ruc.udd to ndoirt
me aavionr-m?nr.(rii it "a liuor to perioral
tho operation, but this wai taken away from
bim. After a time he took a common awl and
drove it through tbe tip of his tonguo, split
ting the latter for a'xnit half 'on Inch. He
next took a common Jackknilo and out away
part or the papilla. While, in a frcn'.y trom
his sutlcringsho attempted to hang himself.
but was saved by his wife. Ho. was veiy de
termined about cutting out his tongue, . He
told a reportor that It caused him any amount
of dillieu ty, and bo felt tmt It would be safer
to extract it. Since bis exploit Tie thinks bo
didn't go ab mt t lc business right, but If he
bad a good instrument he believed ho would
bavo succeeded. Kor many years he has boon
under tho belief that (he tongue li thebnnoof
an evil, and for weeks he has refused to Bpcak
A Fearful Explosion.
A recent Wilkesbarre (Pa.) dispatch to the
Chicago Tribune says:"1' A fearfut explosion
of dynamite occurred soon after midnight
this morning at the Heidelberg shaft of the
Lehigh Valley Coal Compinr, a few miles
north of this city, by which William Tlensley,
of this place, was torn to shreds, and tbe en
gineer, Willinra Williams, of Pittston, was
probably fatally injured. The Heidelberg is
a new work in the rock, tbo coal not being
reached. Hcnsiey was in tho engine-house
affixing a pcrouasion cap to a charge
of the powerful , explosive containing
a pound and a half, when it ex
piodccl, and tbo concussion suit tea some
ten pounds more standing near by. The
effect was fearful. Tbe engine-houae and
holding cnninea weio eransbed into atoms
and seut flyina through the air like tops of
thintios. iiidow were broken in 1'Itt.stou,
and tne people start'Ht iromtnetr wxm tn af
friifht. tearinir that the town h id been blown
up t.r an unusual accumulation of flreilump
in tne orae,i-oui mine uciow, mm ana py
some mean? licen Isimtel by tbe miners at
work down in the vilterran"Hn ehiiinhprs, nev
er Having neurit suen a racaei netore '
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
i Gen. Eaton, the Commissioner of
ducatiom calls tho attentldn of AmerU
Can scientists .and Engineers to a prize
of 25,000 francs offered by the King of
the Belgians for the best work " on im
proving ports established on low and
sandy coasts ;" the award is to be made
by a jury of seven, three of whom will
be llolgjans and four foreigners of differ
ent nationalities, x '- ; ; . . !. ; j i J .
Owing to tho difficulty, under cer
tain conditions of the atmosDhere. of
distinguishing botweon s lighthouse and
an ordinary lamp on shore, it is pro
posed in England that each Hghthousa
should bd able to establish its identity
by a Bysteiti of group flashings that is,
l . LI . ' .1 . , . .
uy a comuinaiion oi long ana .snort
Hashes similar to the. Morse telegraph
system. - Fog-horns are to make them
selves known by. long and short notes.
The large quantity xt milk used in
manufacturing .establishments Is re
marked upon oy te. London Times. In
certain classes of pizuient-prinUno- work.
which is indeed a- species of paintine-4
i;uiui3 ueui!' liviu on mo nice in an inso
luble condition; so as to present a full,
brilliant f ftdO milk has been found a
convenient and. economical vehicle for
effecting the process.' Woolen manu
facturers, also, have long made great
use of a mixture 'of- olive oil and milk,
the animal fat in the latter furnishing an
element of more powerful effect upon
the woolen fibers than purely vegetable
oil alone. , . - .
A new mineral called Iliddenirehas
been discovered -In Alexander County,
N. CL It is said to be not only the finest
and most beautiful of American gem
stones, but like the emerald has taken
its place among the gems of highest
rank and value, some specimens having
oeen recently sola for the price of dia
monds of equal size, and in one instance
a stone not entirely perfect, of about
2 1-2 karats, was sold at the rate of over
8125 a karat. In the gem mart its name
is lithia-emerala, and is to the species
spodumene precisely what emerald is to
tne species beryl, being only a beautiful
green variety. This is said to be the
first purely American gem ever discov
ered, and its remarkable beauty is highly
prizca by mineralogists and dealers in
precious stones generally.
PITH AND FOIST.
i It is customarv for an ollloial to be
sworn Into office, and to be sworn a1
whde he remains in, hew Orleans PiO'
New York consumorS have Com
plained so bitterly of the high pried of
coal that the dealers nave kindly re
duced the wages of coal shovelersi
When Matt Carpenter was a boy ho
didn't like to work on a farm, and he be
came a United States Senator. Farmers,
cut this out, and don't let your boys see
Id. T) . . j T,
it. vuxton rose.
A Frannh rhAmUt pan tnl-A oniror
flour and other substances and maite a
nicer egg than any hen ever left in a
nest, and now the only excuse for keen
Ing fowls is that they may annoy the
people next aoor. JJelrou iree Press,
A poet tells us "It is not always
May." Net until this winter did we de-
cide that this was correct. Now, how
ever, we are prepared to go further and
say that it is sometimes December, and
frequently January, and we are pretty
'sure we've had a little February, and
just now it seems very much like March
In fact we don't remember that it was
ever May. It may have been once, but
up to the time of going to press history
nas not repeated itself . March will con
tinuethe attraction until further notice.
See Vennor's advertisement. Lowell
Lines to the hog s , s
: Rooting grunter, lowly pig,
i Awake! Arise! thv fame is hiir:
Thy name in passed from mouth to month.
i from east to west, Irom north to south,
Men of business, men of wealth,
Where'er they meet, ask of your health:
And men renowned, our Lowell. Noyes,
With one accord lift np their voice
i And tell tbe natives over there
' That trichinosis is a setire.
r Xtwbuniport Herald.
to smoke, my boy P" said an elderly-
looking lady, in a railway wamng-room,
to Young America, who persisted in
puffing a cheap cigarette, much to the
old lady's discomfort. " Oh, I smoke
for. my health,1, answered the boy,
emitting a volume of smoke from his
mouth which almost strangled the old
lady. " Uut you never heard of a cure
frcm smoking," continued the lady
When she bad regained consciousness.
V Oh, ye I did,"- persisted the boy, as
ho formed his moutn into a young
Vesuvius working on full time ; that's
the way they cure pigs.", Smoke on,
then', quickly replied the old lady ;
"there's some nope lor you yetl"
Yonk Statesman. 1
A Good Joke on a Lawyer.
An honest German laborer was pass
ine along tho street a day or two. ago,
when a small dog rushed out of a yard
and bit him on the leg, tearing his pants
and leaving the print of his teeth in the
calf. 1 lie German Hastened to a law'
ver's office and asked the barrister if he
could not sue the owner of the dog for
damages.' The lawyer agreed to take
the case, and made ' propositions for
filing a suit for $5,000 damages, alleg
ing mat, me uog was a iorouious uniuiau,
blv lacerated, necessitating the expend!
ture of" large sums for medical attend
ance and for a new pair of pants. The
client was directed to go to the house of
the owner of the dog the next day, make
a demand for the $5,000, and ascertain
the name of the defendant. He called
at the house earlynthe next morning,
and asked for the " boss." He was
somewhat surprised when the lawyer
presented himself as the owner of the
little dog. The lawyer was no less sur
mised to- learn that his black-and-tan
was the cause of the trouble, ' and he in
formed the client that a suit would not
be maintained, as the injury done was a
mere tnile, and the dog was only in
fan.- The result of the conference was
that the lawyer gave the client 65 cents
to pay for patching his pants, and took
a receipt in full satisfaction of all claims
for damages. Both parties were satis
fied, and the courU were spared the
trouble of trying a vexatious and costly
damage suit. Louts iilu'je-Vcmocrut
Our Youns Folks.
Rick fend Karl alway spent a
111 tho spring at Uncle Budgo1 .
it una (induced lor two or three years
that they .ware thsre on All-fools'
Day, and at tho ond of tho. hist visit
Uncle Budge, on leaving thenl at
the cars, had urged them to come on
for the same time next vcar. addinc.
If you succeed in foolii)2 mo then; I'll
give you each a gold piece."
tncio uudge as completely , forgot
having made such au oiler, livo minutes
after the boys had waved their hats in
good by, as though there were no April-
fool Uays and no gold pieces in the world.
' But not so with tho Barnes boysi
Gold pieces' were Hot so ulentv with
them that thoy would be ant to let
such an offer pass in one ear and out of
tho other. Already swats at the cirous.
lishing-rods and skates were iu wild
confusion in their brums.
A whole year to think ud some-
' 1 don t believe thereto bit nf use
n trying, ' answered Karl. "Veve
Cottle to tho conclusion no end of times
that Wo can't fool Uncle Budge, and
We Can t. That's all there is about it."
".No harm in trying," venturned tho
not easily discouraged K;ck, thinking
how often ho had admired the gold dol
lar on Chan Holmes' Watch chain.
'Let's try, anyway.""
So next April-fools' Day finding them
at Unelo Budge's, Karl and Kick were
tiptoeing about very early. They
spread the Berk ville" Morning Argus of
April 1. 1880 which they had slipped
out of Uncle Budge's file the day before
out on the floor, sprinkled soma water
over it, folded it carefully, and Karl
went quietly down stairs, opened tho
side door, laid tho paper there, and took
up stairs the Argus that the carrier had
About an hour afterward the break
fast-bell rang, and the boys went down
stairs. There lay the paper by Uncle
Budge's place, which caused so preter
naturally solemn an expression to come
over their faces that Aunt Budge was
quite worried. ...
ow, I hope you re not getting
homesick," she said to Karl; "i know
there's not much goiu' on for you, as is
Uticd to a large family and a good deal
of noise; still ' in a more cheerful tone
"we'll think of something after I've
done up my work. 1
An amused smile nlavcd about Kick s
ips, to hide which lie leaned his head
On his hand.
"Your toothache nin'tconio on aga'ii.
Richard?" inquired Aunt Budge, sym
"Uh, l ia all right," said one, wlnlo
the other assured Aunt Budge that ho
didn't want to go home a bit, and Was
having the best sort-of a time.
'Undo Budge has gone over to Wil
son's," said Aunt Budge, "but may bo
in any minute. He Jeft word not to
wait breakfast. Can you reach tne
"Well, well," began Aunt Budge, "if
another of those Wilkinses isn't mar
ried! Amanda J. Why, how, I was
thinking that Amanda went last year;
but no, come to think, it was Alvira. It
does seem that just as reg-lar as spring
comes round, off one on 'em goes. Now
Amanda is "
But Aunt Budge's dissertation was
Cut short by a choking scene, in which
Hick pounded his brother with such
foruo ou the back that it was a wonder
they heard the front door open at all.
"There's Uncle Budge," said Rick,
hurriedly. ' "Don't tell him anything
you ve noticed in tho Argus, Aunt
Budge, or ho 11 suspecU V
suspect!" echoed Aunt liudge, her
mind still on tho Wilkinses. "buspect!
hh sh! implored. Karl. "It s a
fool, Aunt Budgo. Help us to carry it
out. Last vear s paper don t you seer"
Well, well, I deolare!" said Aunt
Budge, as the real state of the caso
flashed over her. "Alien, collecting
her thoughts, "I wa3 right about its
being Amanda, and" 15ut Aunt lsudgo
interrupted herself by laughing so
heartily that the boys found themselves
compelled to join her, though it ap
poared from the conversation, when
Uncle Budgo came to breakfast, that
Aunt Budge had been recounting some
of the boys pranks of years before.
v "How old was I then?" asked Karl.
k'I mustn't forget to ask mamma, when
I get homo, if she remembers it."
Uncle Budgo seated himself, and
asked for the paper. Squinted at tho
date as Karl held it toward htm, and
then said: "I believe I'd rather have
little younger paper than that. This
comes within ono of it. boys, but I guess
1 11 take tne ow on the eighty
" "Well, now!" exclaimed A tint Budge,
admiringly. "And he never so much
as took it in his hand."
"We enn't fool Uncle Budge," said
Kail, xtti.ingf anh word slowly.' "That
may as well pass into a provcro. It ono
not be done."
"I'm not so sure. We're not through
trying vet, you know," put in Rick,
with a peculiar look at his brother.
Karl motioned him aside after break
fast. - '
"What did you mean?" ho asked.
"That I've an idea. Just listen;"
and a great many questions and an
swers wero exchanged in a hurried un
"(jrand it it will work. Jhon.we
must be all ready by the timo he comes
down stairs t . .
" Yes, and beforo that send a tele
gram to the boys." . - -
"The boys" meant Hal and1 Jack
Putnam; "a telegram," a note pinned
to the string that went round a wooden
peg at one of the Budgett windows.
and another at tho Ptitnams'.
"Why?" (liiorried Karl.
"You'll see," replied Rick, a,? ho
"'Be on the look-out for Uncle
Budge. B. S.'"
Tho telegram came as tbe. Putnam
boys were breakfasting, and Jack
laughed as he read it aloud.
"What is the fun?" asked Mrs. Put
nam. "And how strange it is I cannot
.remember those bovs' names. Which
F- . ! : ,. i IJ-l li Iff,
one. now, lsu iimiiguiiiiusuii o. a. r
"Neither," laughed the boys, mer
rily. " B. S? means Big Show.'
An April-fool on Mr. BmlgetL"
"And mustn't be missod," added
Hal. Jane, please tell us when you
to -iir. liiuigcii come uo n street.
' Jane went into tho kitchen, : where t-f
she hurriedly told the cook, .that :'Mr rfl
Budgett would probably . bo, coming
down town "soon, with' "April-fool"' ' '
chalked on his back. ' -..i 1 Msv,:tp
Ye don't maue it!" cried tho, in, y4
tcrcsted Bridget. "Oh, thim' byesf'
thim b es!" and she How after the doJ-"'
parting' milkman with the nevys,. oimV..;v.
ting, however, the word "probably.""
But to mturn to Mr.' Budgett. 1Jnst r'
as he was putting on his coat, .he heard i$
whispers of,-. ., . . ,, , , .;. ., , ,
, fllo'sgoinflf.Karl.assureasrmalivor "
And hasn't noticed it. -"Well, that' "1
too good." ,-.'M i.g VJ
V He's looking in tho glas9 now." .
'Sh sh! don t make so much noise". " 1 .
; i"He sees it, I'm sure, or he'd, hayo'-"'
gone long ago." ,, ,. . , , .'..,,
"Sh-sh! can't you?" '
Mr. Budgett heard it all. "1 believa' '
I've left my pocket book,", ho said, half
aloud, R9 he turned, to go up-stairs. . . ,
it's all up now," said Karl, TCxedlyJ1 1
' Maybe not. Keep dark.'! t -a .! (
"CoUillU't Very wru wnnvmtrj .
tier these coats. Why doesn't; he go?
I'm smothering." ' ' "' '"'
This decided Mr. Budgett. Up. Juij
went, uul with Aunt Budge's hand-glass
and the mirror took a Coraplcto survey j.v''1
"Did you hnd it?" ' callod -Amilrril
uutige, as no came uowu again. . r t
"les," from uncle budge, who was
istening for more whispers. . mik II .fct.vti
V e 11 open the window, and ,wn,tcu'ilYi
him down the street." ,, ,
"Sh-sh! Ho w the Ptitnams wiUstarcl" 1U
A suppressed giggle followed.,1) r.-i.i'i
The shutting of the front door was a. i.
signal for the boys to rush w ildly out of
the hall closet into the aining-room,'"'
where Aunt Budge was hovering oyorW
the breakfast dishes.
What is it?" cried Aunt Budge,
putting on her glasses, 'i "Oh,-what red
faces! Did vou get shut in?"
" We're fooling Uncle Budge," i eaidp
Rick, breathlosslv. "He uromised us
each agold pieco if we could," tind'he1''''
dashed up-stairs after Kan.
They raised the windows cautiously. "
Kill nnt tnn nolnlln fnr tTnfli Tttli4fM V
lie heard but did hot looK up, xnougif 'u
le began to feel a little ill at ease; and (t
no less so when the milkman, who was
flushing away from the Putnams', reined f;j
in Ids horses very noticeably, nudged
the small boy on the side of tho wagon, "
and bothlookcd curiously at hirri.' ""l'!"
Mr. Kudgett walked a few steps, then
looked furtively behind him. i ImagindJ V
his i feelings at discovering' thatT the ti
milkman had stopped, his horses, and, .f
that the small boy was running quietly
alter him, but stopped as he noticed " y
Mr. Budgett glance around. J ' .
There certainly is something ' - L
wrong," decided Mr. Budgett; "though; ip
1 didn t think those little rascals would
make a spectacle of me. As I , live,
their heads are out of the Window yet.
And look at the Putnams!" he ex
claimed, aloud. " v.)
Well might he stop in sui prise. There
was Mrs. Putnam standing in the libra- '
ry window, with Abby and baran ou
tiptoe beside her; the two boys at the
lai'ire unner window poking each other'
and giggling audibly j Mr. Putnam at a li. ,1
third, apparently consulting , a ther- .
mometer, but looking across at Mr.
Budgett as though he possessed4 far;
more interest for him than any degroo, .L.
on tho indicator; and lastly, Janqand .
Bridget on the side stoop, gazing as'. w
though they were candidates" for Bar- .1 oi
hum t. , ...... ! . j.
- Uncle Budge turned abruptly and
went homo. ' ' Jr. "... ..' ,i ly.itt )
"Polly, what's the matter with mefi.
he asked, walking into the dining-room,
where Aunt Budge was drying her eof-v'
fee-cups. ''AH Borkville i9 agog.? M -brut
"Berktiile agog!" cried Aunt Budge, t
inspecting Mr. Budgett, critically.
"I'm sure I don't know over-what in? 1
However, the boys are up to something,; ikV)
for they said as much." ' "
Of course they are," agreea - uncie""
Budge; "but can't you take it off, roily?
It's on my back, I guess." . .. ,
Something alive!" screamed Aunt
Budge.. "Why donr you shake yourivi
self, Jacob?",,,, , , , .... j,i j,.,, til7f
Uncle Budge laughed heartily.. r .
"It would bo as well," advised Aunt
Budare. "to give 'em the gold .at once
for they'll play tho trick, Jacob, what
evcr it is, on you till yoff do.' "
"Give thcin the ' gold!"; exolaimedX
Undo Budge, wonderingly. "Mjeaj Lm
Polly, what do you mean?" '" " (
"I hey say you promised 'em atgoia sr
piece hist year if they'd; come.on, nd.j d
fool vou this." ,..'' j . l
"I did?"-with still more surprise ' In4 '
his voice- "I did? -JFon ' my word !!& Lit
forgotten it. Well, well," producing
tho purse that Polly had knitted for him
years ago. "Where "arc "the rascalsP"
Then going to the stairs vKicld And
Karl, come down here," he called,
with an affocted sternness in his voice.
"Tho idea of your daring to make a guy ,t
of your old uncle! ' " ' "
"We haven't made a guy of you.'!'
Said the boys, rushing down; "ands it)(ii
isn't a mean fool at all, Uncle Budgo,,, n
for it's really uotuiug." ,,,(,
" Nothing!" echoed Aunt Budge;. J J
" Why is everybody staring, theii?" .
" Only the Putnams," they explained.
"We sent a tolegram to the boys-" 1 '
"Telling them what?" interrupted ' 1 Ui
Uncle Budge. "Not all about it. 1 hope?" '
' No; merely to be on the look-out bmd
for you.". i. '.,r li
"Yon don't mean it!" chuckled, m
Uncle Budge; "and that that wbolo.it(i
family is fooled from garret to cellars
milkman included. Well, well, pretty "
good, pretty good. ' Yon deserve a re M
ward, boys, for there'll be few trioks,,a
played to-day that'll end as pleasantly "
as this. It's the right kind of one, and t J
tho more of that sort the morrier." , u
"Beauties, ain't theyP", criqd Aunt ,,.(
Budgo, admiringly, as the boys laid, nm
their gold pieces on the table where thd
sun came streaming in, and callod her '
to look at them. 1 " "'
"Seems to me," said Karl, ''they'n? f!w
bigger than Chan Holmes'." ' " I -'
"His has worn down, perhaps,'!. said',
Rick, spinning his glittering coi,T'
"Why, look here! what'g this?,. Mwp,a,.
and a half D."'
."No you don't," answered Karl, '
knowinglv. "I'm tooYell posted on
tho day' of the month.'r :.':.- ) I r-'i-n'i
" Well, I know these are twojdollar-
and-a-half pieces," cried Rick.. snatch-,
ing his hat, " and I'm off to thank TJrr
(de Budge for his fooL" and' away he (:a
went, and Karl, after him when" Id f
found It was true. Kate li'. 'McDoiccti
in. I lamer1 a Younti I'eonlt. '' ' "''