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DKMOCUATIO IN 1'OLlTlCHi lUItK IN LITKUATUllKi AND I'ltOGItlflSSlVlC IN HOUTIIKIIN 1NTEHESTH.
BY A. M. BURNET & CO.
MMINxVILLE; TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1881.
VOL. II.-NO. 21.
NEWS AND NOTES.
A Summary of Important Events,
The British authorities have made ar
rangements to seize as a treasonable publi
cation copies of the New York Irish World
detained for Queenstown,
The anti-Jewish petition presented to
Bismarck the other day is in 20 volumes.
Tbe 225,000 names Include thoso of noble
men, generals and officials.
The Pennsylvania House of Repre
sentatives refined to pass a resolution in
dorsing President Garfield's Administration
and Instructing tbe Senators from that State
to vote to confirm bis appointments.
Jay Gould has purchased of Col.
""taomds A. Scott the controlling interest in
' f'Texa.s & Pacific Railroad and succeeds
the latter as President of the company. ' Mr,
II. M. Iloxiclus been chosen Superintend
emV . , ' " ;, , '
Davenport and llock Ial and". suffered
great loss from the rise in the Mississippi on
the 14th, oaused by -the lee gorge. All
nlong tho river fronts and tbe adjacent
low lands tho water was from one to five feet
The Denver Republican is informed
that tho Denver & Rio Grande Railway Com
pany intend Importing 10,000 French labor
ers and a corps of French engineers to work
on the extensions of the iiir-llue in Moxico
Mayor-elect Means, of Cincinnati,
who was elected on a temperance and gen
eral reform platform, has given out that he
will be;;in tbe work of reforming tho city by
i;foslng the saloons on Sundays between the
hours of 11 a. m. and 2 p. m.
Sophie Pieoffskv, Roussakoff,
KTi.altschitisch, Jeliaboff, and Michaeloff,
the Russian Nihilists condemned forconnec
tion with the recent assassination, were
lianued at St Petersburg on the loth, in the
presence' of au immense assemblage.
The now railroad route to California
by the Atchison, Topeka A Santa Fe Rail
road has served a notice that it will not re
ceive freight for the Pacific Coast. This is
Tcgarded as a move on the part of Jay Gould
to retain the business for the Central Pacific
Tostm aster-General James has ap
pointed a commission to make a thorough
examination into the alleged steamboat mail
service irregularities on the several routes
centering at Memphis. The commission
wi:l also look Into the management of the
rost-olllco in that city.
James O'Brien, alias Robert Lind
say, who testified falsely, as afterward con
fessed, In the Morey letter case, that he knew
II. L. Morey, etc, has been sentenced by
Judge Cowing, of the New York Court of
General Sessions, to imprisonment In Sing
Sing Prison for eight years.
' Hon. Hiram Price, of Iowa, recently
nominated for Indian Commissioner, has as
gaumed control of the office as far as be can
under the circumstances until he is con
firmed. He can not sign official papers, but
t bis authority will be recognized in the Inte
rior Department, and therefore his Indian
policy will be at once put in force. He will
undoubtedly be one of the first confirmed
when the Senate dead-lock is broken.
District-Attorney Bliss, of St.
Louis, has had a conference with the United
States Attorney-General in regard to the
prosecution of the parties connected with the
extensive Missouri land frauds recently dis
covered. The Attorney-General decided
that tho proper course is to prosecute ac
cused persons before the United States
Court, and not before State Courts. Mr.
llliss will accordingly prot-ecute the accused
Senator Davii Davis has written
a letter, addressed to John A. Martin, of
.Kansas, which is attracting some atten
tion. In it he expresses the opinion that
both the Democratic and Republican parties
arc controlled by the monopolists, and that
neither can assert Its will or policy, or that
of its constituents. He believes the disinte
gration of existing parties and a general re
organization of political elements is the only
solution of pcmlin,1; political dilllculties.
A Washington dispa'xsh says: A
movement to unite the Republicans, Grcon
backers and Independents of Mississippi in
opposition to the Democrats in the approach
ing State election has been organized. Ex
Congressman McKee has been appointed to
organize the Fusion Committee and he will
be its Chairman. Ex-Governor Alcorn will
' be tho candidate of the Fusionists for Gov
ernor, and they count upon getting many
Democratic votes. Tho President sustains
the movement and will give it his counte
nance and suppor. Similar movements
are being organized in North Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and Arkansas,
and it Is expected to make it genoral in the
It is estimated from tho official rec
ords in the Surveyor-General's Olhee that
227,0H acres of land have been submerged
on the Dakota sido of the Missouri River
during the recent overflow. The region in
undated embraces po'tions of Yankton,
Clay and Union Counties, and Is thickly set
tlod, being the oldest occupied land in the
Territory. The War Department has been
authorized to issuo army rations for two
, weeks, and clothing and supplies. An ar
rangement was also made by which salt meat,
which can not be furnished at needed points
in sufficient quantities by the War Depart
ment, will be furnished through the Interior
' Department from Indian supplies, to be re
placed eventually by the War Department.
Secretary Windom's plan of ex
tending the matured (l-per-cent, bonds at
3 1-2 per-eent interest is said to receive the
almost unanimous concurrence of the banks
and other holders of the bonds. Any holder
of these securities can have them continued
at tbe pleasure of the Government, at the
rate of 3 1-2 per-eent. interest, by forward
ing them to the Treasnry Department to be
stamped, semi-annual interest payments to
be in ide by check to the holder's address.
The Government will pay no expense of
transportation on bonds received, but will
return such securities by prepaid registered
ml!. It Is believed the same course will be
pursued with the maturing 5-per-cenU
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
AniEL Wilson, a wealthy bachelor
of North Andover, Mass., was awakened by
tho noise of footsteps in the house on the
morning of the 13th. He remained awake
until about 4 o'clock, when tho door of his
chamber was burst in and two men rushed
into the room. He seized bis rille, which
Was standing near tho bed, and fircdhittlng
the foremost burglar. Roth fled down tho
stairs after the shooting and Mr. Wilson arose
from his bed. He found finger marks in
blood on tbe plastering at the west window,
and about 120 feet from tho house found tho
body of a young mau behind a stone wall.
It proved to be that of Arthur Foster, a stu
dent of tboologyut Phillips Academy; lie
had been shot in the left arm, the ball pass
ing Inlo his chest and through bis heart. A
few minutes afterwards Luther Foster, twin
brother of tho killed burglar, appeared on
the scene, and confessed that he and Arthur
bad conspired to burglarize the houso. He
saidjiis brother XulldajuLafter Jumping from
the window. ,
. ....... 5
Stockton's gang of desporadoes are
still depredating in Arfiba County, N. M.,
and committing murder. Adjutant-General
Frost reports from thero that ho can hot or
ganize his militia to fight the desperate gang,
being unable to obtain transportation from
here for his arms and other equipments.
,L. II. Phillips, a farmer of Liberty
Township, Warren County, Iowa, horribly
maltreated his wife, and drove her from the
house. Twelve of the neighbors subsequent
ly armed themselves and went to Phillip's
house, forthe purpose, as alleged, of protect
ing his wife, who had meanwhile returned
to her home. A meleo occurred, in which
Phillips was shot dead. The' parties en
gaged in the affair have been put under ar
rest and held for the Grand Jury to deter
mine their resonsiblllty.
The employees of the Consolidated
Street-car Company of Cincinnati struck on
the 14th for an advance in wages, causing a
general stoppage af street-cur traffic on all
the lines controlled by the company, which
comprise some thirteen different routes,
covering all the principal thoroughfares in
the city. Tbe Covington and New
port employees also voted to take a
hand In tho strike. The rate of
wages heretofore paid has been froml.ftO to
ft. 73, employees being required to work fif
teen hours per day, not excepting Sunday
The advanced rate demanded Is $2.00 and
$2.25 per day. The company express a de
termination not to accede to (he demands of
tbe strikers, and say they will have no difli
caltyln supplying their places at the old
rate of wages.
James Dalet, proprietor of the Con
naught (Ireland) Telrgraph, has been ar
rested under the Coercion act. The arrest
caused considerable excitement.
Rev. W. Morley Punshon, the dis
tinguished English preacher and author, is
Parnell, addressing a Land League
conference at Dublin, characterized many
of the provisions of the Land bill as illusory,
particularly the provisions for securing free
sale. The bill, he said, would not benefit
tenants in arrears. Dillon said the bill, if
passed, would destroy the power of the
Land League, and warned the tenant farm
er against being led to accept It. A reso
lution passed declaring the bill inadequate.
Cadet Buck, of Texas, who shot
John G. Thompson, Jr., of Ohio, a student
preparing for West Point Academy, has
been tried and acquitted.
A post-mortem examination held on
the body of Hattie Deuoll,the Iowa City fast
ing girl, showed that there was not a single
drop of blood in her body, and that her
stomach was entirely void of substance. The
body weighed forty-five pounds.
At Goffstown, N. II., an octogenarian
named Franklin Aiken was overcome by
smolfe and excitement m trying to save
his homestead from fire, and was burned to
At Red Oak, Iowa, on the Mth, a
young lady named Sadie Spencer was struck
by a locomotive and literally torn t "1 pieces.
At DeGraff, O., on the 14th, Jonathan
Thatcher and Jacob Rowley quarreled about
some houso rent, and Thatcher was stabbed
in the neck and abdomen. The wounds are
severe but not fatal. Thatcher was formerly
editor of the DcGraff Banner,
Three large petards thrown into
houses in Madrid, Spain, caused considerable
damage to property, No one hurt.
Elmore T. Coiib, son of one of the
wealthiest men of Cleveland, O., blew his
brains out on the 14th.
' A delegation of Virginia Republi
cans, headed by Congressman Jorgensen,
called on tho President on the 15th and beg
ged him not to recognize Mahone nor to
encourage any Republican coalition with
Col. A. J. Broad, Head Paymaster
of the U. S. Army, just returned from White
River Agency, Colo., says he thinks a Ute
war almost certain. Tbe settlers are in
arms In anticipation of an outbreak. There
are about seventy families In the Uncom
pahgre country, and only 100 soldiers at the
cantonment, while the Utes can muster 700
'warriors. The settlers have petitioned the
Governor for protection.
Hf.nry Dierson (colored) was
hanged at Dcs Arc, Ark., on the 13th, for
the murder of bis wife in the autumn of 1S70.
Several thousand people witnessed tho exe
cution. The billiard match in New York City
resulted Scbacfcr 4,000, Slosson 2,780.
Two brothers, Joscphus and Aristedes
Bass, at Magnolia, N. C.,had a dispute over
some work on the 15th, when the youngest
pulled out a razor and cut the other's
throat from ear to ear. 1
J. G. Unser, a Cincinnati Post-oflice
clerk, has been detected in robbing the
Mrs. John Simmons, her 4-year-old
son, and her mother-in-law, Kmily Parker,
were murdered, the 14th, south of San An
tonio, Texas. F.S. Phillips, a sheep-herder,
is under arrest charged with the crime.
W. J. Mundf.n, member of the Low
er House of the North Carolina Legislature,
has eloped with the wife of J. A. Johnson.
They carried off a large amount of money.
The latest returns state that 8,000 per
sons were killed and 10,000 injured by the
earthquake on the island of Chio. AtNevita
1,000 were killed.
Charles Pikrronet, freight con
ductor on the Laramie Division of the Union
Pacitle Railroad, called Roadmaster H. C
Graves out of the telegraph office at Lara
mie ( itv and shot Mm dead on the 15th.
A ct'Rioi'S story is told concerning
two tramps who were taken In and set to work
by Ren Davis on his plantation on Fifteen
mile Bayou, on the St. Francis Hlver, forty
miles beloW Madison, Ark, Tbe'Otucn of
the houso became strangely enamored of the
two tramps, the result being that Mrs. Ben
Davis and lior daughter-in-law, wife of her
husband's son, one, day left their home in
company with their new friends
and took passage down tho- river
On a flut-boat Young Davis pursued the
roiuuutic elopers, and overtaking them near
Grant's Landing, shot one of tbe men as he
stood on tho deck of the fiat-boat. The body
was subsequently found, and in the dead
man's pocket was a pardon from Oov. Cul-
lom, of Illinois; to a man named Clark,
which Is supposed to sufficiently establish his
Identity. The other rogue and the t wo women
had meanwhile deserted the boat and fled
across the country, pursued by the rclentlcsB
' C. Furlong, one of a crew of riv
er pirate, has been arrested for complicity
in the wrecking and pillaging of the steamer
City of Vicksburg.
J. L. Ramsat, of Ramsay & Son,
commission merchants, Chicago, suicided
with a revolver on the 14th." Unsuccessful
speculation is said to have been the reason.
Ait.il 11. Two votes in the Senate on
motions to go into executive session disclosed
the presence of only a bare quorum of un
paired Senators, viz., twenty Republicans and
nineteen Democrats, The pi-iiiCipiil speech of
the day was made by Senator Vest, of Missou
ri, llu took up the declaration of Sherman,
Unit no Stiite-i or municipalities bud repudi
ated their debts save such us were under
Democratic control, und asserted that Minne
sota, Iowa, Illinois and Kansas bud harbored
repudiation, und that it prnnp of Northwest
ern Mutes had priictieiilly repudiated up
ward of $1iKi,IKK),ooo of bonds.
Aritii. 12. On motion of Mr. Burnside, a
resolution was adopted requesting the Presi
dent to communicate to the Senate any In
formation in tho possession of tho Govern
ment touching the alleged arrest and Impris
onment of Michael Itnyioii, who cliiimsto be a
citizen of the United States, by the Govern
ment nf Great Britain. Mr. Heck then took
the lloor and spoke nt some length in support
ol the Democratic position.
April 13. This was another day of hot
political und personal debnte In tho Sonato.
Mr. Pendleton iiatt the floor, and criticised
pretty freely tho alleged bnriruln between the
Uenubllean senators und Air. Ainnonc, sir,
Inwu replied with some warmth, churning
the nou menus with having mitiie un lnoitec
tiinl ellort to secure Muliniie'ajjvnto by of
fcring him some olliciul perquisites.
1 hH lirouglit Messrs. neck, Harris, ituticr,
Hill and other Democrats to their feet, who
crowded Mr. Dawes with demands for the
names of the Democratic Senators who had
been parties to the alleged negotiation. Mr.
Ihiwe flnitUv cxiiliLincd that he had not in
tended to ciuirge that direct proposals hnd
been made ov the other side to the senator
from Virginia, lint that the Democrats In cau
cus had tnken the preliminary steps for doing
so. and were prepared to enter into unv or
rungeiiient with Mr. Mahouo that would
secuie his vote. Senator Hill, of
Ucorislii. then got the floor and
proceeded to scourge Mr. Mahone. Tho
m'ter sprang to his feet and asked Mr. Hill if
bo meant to imply that his vote had been or
could be bought Mr. HI 1 replied at length,
to tho effect that the Democrats would not
(live a fig for his vote. Not satisfied with the
answer. Mr. Mahone said: " If ho does menu
to imply that my vole has been or could be
bomrht. he states or undertakes to convey
that which is foul, untruthful, false, and no
man le th in a coward would make it."
Mr. Hill, in a pointed manner, said the Sena
tor from Virginia was powerless to insult any
body, and then, in reply to uquestion by Mr.
( ameron, said his answer was on record, and
If ituone thought lie could suppress discus
sion by playing the bully he was mistaken.
Great "confusion existed dining the debate,
which whs eagerly listened to oycrnwded gal
lei ies. and some of the cooler beads nmdo i
motion to go Into executive session, by which
tho dispute -was temporarily ended and the
Senate soon alter adjourned.
AritiL 14. A day of unusual calm fol
lowed the i-tormy session of yesterday, und
many visitors who hnd come ftntleihatlng a
renewal of hostilities went away disappoint
ed. The usual motions, to proceed with the
election of ollicevn and to go into executive
session, were made ut un curly singe of the
proceedings, and then Senator Morgan took
the floor and was followed by Messrs. Brown
and Hour. Senator Conkling put In his ap
pearance for tho first time in several days.
The Senate adjourned till Monday.
LATE NEWS rfEHS.
Prksident Garfield has received a
letter from a Chicago Socialist who consid
ers him as much a "despot as tbe Czar of
Russia," and hints at dynamite and nitro
Jorgensen denies having indorsed
the movement for a straight Republican
ticket in Virginia and tho proposed removal
from office of Readjustee. His visit to th0
White House was simply to introduce the
delegation to the l'resident.
Henry Swearingeu, a resident
of Dayton, Cal., shot his' mother-
in-law, Sirs. David Boucher, killing her.
He next shot his wife in tho arm, and then
seizing her and placing a pistol toherbreast,
fired it with fatal effect. He then sent a bul
let through his own brain. Mrs. Boucher
was tbe widow of the late State Senator for
Butte County. '
A xrain on tho Chicago & Northwest
ern Hallway bound for Chicago was thrown
off the track sixteen miles south of Milwau
kee, on tho 17th. There were no less than
seventeen passengers slightly injured, al
though not ono was seriously hurt.
Near Laurinburg, N.C.the other day,
Sim. Deberry, enraged by some words from
Miss Ann Murphy, a young woman upon
whom he had called, went out to tbe wood
pile for un ax, returned In a theatrical man
ner, and knocked her senseless and bleeding
by a blow on the head, throwing the weapon
at her as he made his escape. Tho wound is
Five bodies from the wrecked steam
er J. G. Huntington have been picked up by
tho crew of a life station, near Chatham,
Mass. One was identified as K. II. Ames.
Dispatches to Constantinople repre
sent the ravages of the plague at Bagdad as
terrible, proving fatal In ten hours. Nedjed
and Djuhara were burned on the 8th.
In New York City, recently, the cloth
ing of Agnes Talne, five months old, took
fire and she was severely burned. Her
mother was also badly burned trying to put
out the fire, and the grandmother, who
came to their assistance, was so shocked that
sho fell down and her neck was broken.
The mother and child wore taken tSlhe hos'
pital, where both died within a few days.
At Butler, Ga., recently, a negro con
victed of burglary and larceny and sentenced
to the Penitentiary for ten years, punched
out both bis eyes.
At Little Rock, Ark., on the 16th, the
body of a man supposed to be Win. Scott, of
Illinois, was found floating in the river,
Murder is Fuspected, and the remains await
Col. Henry W. Farkar, who was on
Gen. s'edgwick's ataff during the war, and
for ten years pre ious was managing editor
of the Chicsgo Ertnin'j Journal, was found
dead in bed in Chicago on the 17th.
A TERRIBLE CALAMITT.
Piartlt'iilnr of the ICrprnt Kurlhiunk In
the laland of Kitri-'rhouminiU ol" People
Killed tJreut Dcntllulluit Among the
Scio, April 8;
It Is now believed that throughout tho whole
island, which contained 70,001) inhabitants,
e,U0J or 7,0Oj woro kll.ed and :5 percent, of ihe
Survivors wounded. The Fronch, British,
United Ktatci and Austrian gun vessels in the
harbor are doing all lu their powr to usilst
the authoiiilei lu tbe work ot relief.
Only ten of the luhaU.ants of Cbe-me were
killed, but many bouses are In ruins and &),-
000 people are without shelter.
A correspondent at Sclu telegraphs, undor
date of the th, us follows:
' I have Just ar.ived hero from Const adtlno-.
pie, and I find a plctureof desolation Ju l as is
rarely witnessed, Tuotown kOk lU lf it "had
been terribly bombarded. Hundreds of houses
are transformed into a shiipclmts tnnjs ol
ruius, under which lio burled an unknown
number of victims. A majority of tho re-
malu.ng bouses aro already cruoke 1 . :ri root
less, and may fall at any moment. Nearly ev
ery building in tho town suffered moroor less.
" The Inhabitants wander about, anxious to
search for missing relatives or lost property,
but afraid to rl.-ktholr Uvea in the perilous
work of clearing away the rubbish. Muny who
are willing to expose themselves to danger are
prevented by friends or by tho police.
Fear, grief and despair are depicted on
nearly every faoe. Nearly, all have some
sad or trugio tulo to tell. Tho first shock
was felt Bundny Hf tormxm, about half-past one
o'clock. Immediately bouses began to fall.
Wild shrieks were bcurd on every sido. Then
followed an awful silence of some inlnutos.
Tbe terrified survivors graduuily ventured
ihto the narrow limes and rcuched the opell
spaces. Shortly afterwards another terrible
shock completed the devastation. All nltfbt
Shocks succeeded each other ut short inter
vals, and each ono was preocdod by dull
Bounds like subterranean explosions. Since
that frequent shocks have been felt. A few
moments ago, while writing the present dis
patch, I distinctly beard an explosion, and felt
the earth tremble; but, as I am under canvas,
1 havtt nothlnir to fear.
" The old G oaoese Fortress, colli alning about
400 houses, inhabited by Mussulmans and
Jews, suffered more than tho rest of the town.
Tho ground there sunk about half a motor, and
nearly all tho houses were immediately de
stroyed, aud several hundred persons must
have perished. It Is known that about thirty
Mussulman women wore assembled in one
house, not one of whom escaped. The south
ern part of tbe island U said to have suffered
more than this town.
"1 visited Chesme this afternoon. Only about
ten Inhabitants were killed, but many houses
wore lu ruins aud many more dilapidated.
Tho Mayor assured me thut three fourths of
tho houses are In a dangerous condition. Tbe
Inhabitants are afraid to live lu those which
ttro uninjured, for every night slueo Sundro'
frequent shocks have been felt Neurly all
prefer to camp out. As tbe weather Is fine
tbe hardship in this respect is not great. It le
eald that throughout the-district not less than
80.000 people are with nit shelter. In Kostro
tho Work of extricating bodies mid attending
tbe wounded Is progressing satisfactorily, but
the stilling odor In tho vicinity of many of the
ruins proves thut tho former operation is fat
from complete. On tbo other hand, some
wonderful escapes have .occurred. Ona wom
an was. buried under ruins fifty-two hours, and
at last was rescued, buying kIvcii birth in tbe
meantime to a child. Tho cbild is dend, but
the mother is doing well." .
The Murderers of the Czar Tried, Con
victed and Sentenced. ,
St. 1'etkuSiU'Hi:, April 9.
In the trial of the Nihilists implicated In the
nssassinution of the late Czar, niter tho read
ing of tbo Indictments was concluded, tho
President or the Court asked tho prisoners
whether they wished to sav anything, ltous
sukoff, who throw one of the bombs, spoke for
half an hour. Ho said ho primarily desired to
agitato peacefully, but entered into the lato
conspiracy, seeing no other way out of the to-
MlchallotT, who was arrested as bo entered
Itoussakotl's bouse, said ho bclonired to tire
Terrorist faction of tho party, but denied
Korsakoff's statement that bo paiticipated in
the arrangements for the muiderof the Czar.
' llessy Hell'iiuinii acknowledged that f h' kept
a conspirators' lodging-house, whi b was a
depot for tbeir implements, but denied buying
actively participated in tbo Czar's assassina
tion. Klbaltschitlsch, the bomb-maker, avowed
bis oonnoetlou with "Tho Will of tho People
Party," their wisb, ho suid, being to gain boir
objects by peaceful propagundu, but they
Wero reluctantly obliged to adopt Terrorist
measures. He admitted preparing five bombs.
Sophia Pleotlsky avowed Lerpartic.putionln
the preptirutlon of tho Moscow mine, und l;l
the murder of the Czar.
JcllubolT, who Is the most intelligent of tbe
prisoners, fluently relut d, with diabolical sat
isfucllon, the history of the two Aloxandrolsky
mine s. Ho suld he wa-i at the bead of one
group of tbo paity, and was charged by tbo
entire committee with tho work'of oigunizlng
an attack by bombs, and wa4 connected with
the ttodowii street mine us a simple worker.
After tho-o dccla utlons thu Procurator
suited it would peihaps be possible to shorten
the trial. Jeliaboir, lu his statement, attempt
ed to extenmito tbo cases of Kous-ukotl and
Michnliolr, by asserting that tho former was
on.y a propagandist among tho workmen, and
knew nothing of tho ttrraitgomeut for the
murder ot the Czar until tho day of its accom
plishment, and the latter was entlroly uncoiu
nceteil with tho crime. J el i aboil' showed groat
skill in cioiscxan'it ilng tbo witnesses, andsuo
cceded in utteriy conldsliig one of llioai.
. Sr. l'lrF.iisiiuicii, April 10.
At tbe triul of tho Nihilists Saturday, As
sistant Prosecutor Mevnuioil strongly do
nounced tho revolutionary doctrines am)
deeds avowed by tho accused; demanded thiv
severest penalty for till implicated, nn I con
cluded by declaring that tbo fidelity of tho
people to tbe Imperial throne was unshaken,
and that tbo efforts of tho Tcrroi lst party in
this diieeilon bad proved absolutely abortive.
'J he piisoners listened unmoved. Jeliaboff
and Kibiilt-chitsclli took notes.
Alter tho recess counsel for the defense
spoke two hours. Jeliaboff spoko in his own
behalf. Ho was 8evir.il times interrupted by
Ihe presiding Judge. When Jeliaboff finished
the Court asked tho accused W they hud any
further defense to urge, Hnd they replied
in the negative The Court retired for
consultation, and returned nl Vi-MQ
this morning. . Twenty-four questions
formulated for determination concerning
the prisoners' guilt wco then read.
The Court nain retired to consider tho ver
dict. After three hours' deliberation tboy re
turned at :20 a. m. witb a verdict of guilty
against all, and tbo sentcner: to death by bang
ing wns pronounced.
fophlu l'ieoffsky's sentence will be submit
ted to the Czar for con llrmat Ion, because sho
It of noble birth.
There is a great deal of natural tact
In children. When a little one was
asked by her proud mother to read her
last composition to the minister she
began: "Tho cow is the most useful
animal in the world," and then, remem
bering the minister's presence, added,
The Denver Tri'mt assures ,ts
renders that the ground i fro.en sudeep
that the roots of the lea plants in China,
have been affected.
Story of Hardship
Nkw Yohk, April 11.
Ttm steamship' Nebo, from Itlo Jnnolro, nr
Hvod lo-day. Her Captain rfcpofts that ha tell
in with the bark Tiger, from Liverpool for
Ilaltlmore, seventy-seven dnys out, short ot
provisions, and supplied her. Tho crew were
lu tbe most deplo able condition, having bus
tulnud life for swe -al days on strips ot leath
er lonkel In lump-oil, until the oil gave out,
and then On tho Captain's dog, alter wbicb
there was milling but cunniballsm and d?ntb
lUrlmr tbem In tbe face. To add to tbctr suf
ferings, twovfssals pa.sed several days before
within short distance, but paid qo attention to
their signals of disti o-l.
Asthe steamer Nebo came up with the Tl
rer, they saw the liiller lowering a boat.
After some liniments of bard struggling she
tame alongside, her occupants dressed in oil
skins, and evidently tery weak.
"What do you want" sang out Captain Gor
don. "Wearestarvla tp death I We aro starv
ing t death!" exclaimed a man fn the stern
beels, excitedly. ' ' -
"Did you say you were starving?" demanded
Ibe Captain again, In surprise. , '
'"Vol, we are starving. See, this is all we
have had to eaf for nihe days." '
He held aloft the skin ot a dog, and one Ot
tbe men held up a piece of btioi leather.
"God help us!" exclaimed Captain Gordon.
"Come on board right away and we will do
whnt we can for you." A ladder was then
lowered, and tbe men were helped aboard tbe
Nebo and given food. Tbe young German
commander of the Tiger told tbe Captain
of the Nebo he had been aeventy-seveu
days out from Liverpool with a cargo
of common salt, and he had been
lu a most dreadful condition. He was
bound to Baltimore, and made Crtpe Henry
early In January, and was blown off sboro Into
tbe Gulf Britain. From that time he hud
been tossed hither und tbitller by the winds
and currents. He bud twelve men before the
mast, all of whom hud displayed the utmost
fortitude under the most trying circum
stances. Provisions ran short one month
go. Tbe beef gave out first, and then tbe
bread, nine days ago: that is, nine days be.
fore spoken by tbe Nebo. Tbe Inst drop of
waier was drunk, and thon, tbree d ijs later,
everything, even to toots and sboet, bad been
devout ed. They wore literally ' without tilt
or sup." Tbe Captain's ddg bad been killed,
skinned and ea'.en. Then lots were cast for
th tat. The poor beast was saved by the Cap:
tain himself, who besought the men not to de
8 troy it. Tbe starving men spared the cat, cut
np tbeir boots, soaked tbe strips in lamp oil.
and ate tbem. Ihi horrible food gave
out, and then tho poor wretches eyed
each o.hor suspiciously and hungrily,
and would have killed the cat
could they have found it. But tbe Captain
hid It, and tbe pangs of hunger were unup-
peased for five diys. Some of tbe men medi
tated suicide. God knows how many of tbem
thought of murder and cannibalism. Had the
steamer not come to th rescue, tbe Captain of
tbe Tiger said he thought something more tei
tibia than starvat on would have been enacted.
The Nebo sent a month's provisions on board.
Wbon tbe first boat-load arrived the
mate leaped aboard tbe Tiger, eating a
biscuit. He was pounced upon by
his shipmates, who literally fought
like dogs for a tracker. Then they rushed
upon the otter provisions and tore them in the
lama way ss famished wolves miaht have
done. Tbe officer of ths Nebo adds: "Wegot
the provision on board and set tbem at large
once more. They sbook tbo reefs out of tbeir
tepsails, set their topgallant ais, an I steered
in our wuko. The wind wai rUht aft. but tbe
vessel's bottom win so full of barnacles that
sbt could no! m -ikn much hndway. She whs
able to get Hli'ii, however, and when la-t we
saw her she wis si 'ic li e- Hdicu and thanks,"
Fur Noi'lhwcst It inti-r KxncrlcNfCs.
A story told by Joseph ftorrette, of Big
Lake, Dakota, who has just managed to break
through the terrible snow blockade In that sec
tion o tho country, gives only a fair state
ment of the troubles experienced by the set
tlers of tho Northwest during the sercre win
ter. Mr. Sterrctto pre-empted 100 acres of
farm land in liig Lake two years ago, and at
once moved on it with his family und settled
down to work. At the end of the year ho was
in shape for farminir, und bad a o unforta'olo
cabin. Last year he bum sled sixty acres
of wheat, twenty-llvo bushs's to tho
acre, and rcallzod fl,':00. He luid In auuiintlty
of fuel, and prepared for winter, Dot It proved
mo ro severo than he or bis neighbors had o il
culattd. In faai, Btcrrette's better prepara
tion for tho rigors of Ihi? season turned out to
be the only means which prevented himself,
family and several neighbors from starving
or freezing to death. In February ho found
it necessary to rescuo tbo ontiro families of
two neighboring farmers not so well housed
from perishing Iw cold by taking them into
bis own house. The cold was so steady and so
bitter that before the season was half over the
fuel which bo had gatberdd to last until spring
was all consumed.
Then ho and tho men staying witb him went
out and took down the fences and outhouses
and burned them. The heavy snow-fall, which
at this time blockaded the railroads, was piled
in such drifts about th i house where Sterette
and bis neighbors were domiciled as to abso
lutely out otf all communication with the out
side world. Tbe mercury fell lower than ever;
the winds grew flercor, and the surrounding
snow caked and solidified. At this time the
men dug their way, or rather mined
it, through the blockado to tho railway near
by, and dug out tics which, they chopped up,
took home, and burned to cook their scanty
food, and save their wives and children from
freezing. When tbe ties und telegraph poles
that could be reached wero consumed, it was
decided to dig through to I ho cabins of those
Sheltered In Sterrette'g house, anil break them
up for fuel. This was done. 1 be bitter cold
still continuing, Sterrette's furniture was next
sacrificed, even to the bedsteads, trunks and
While the cold-imprisoned ploneeri were
upon this last supply of fuel a consultation was
held, and it was decided to make a desporuto
attempt to drive through tho deadly blasts
on tbe crust for relief. John Becker
ugrecd to go. A sleigh was prepared, and
witb five borscs hitched to it Becker started.
It was a terrible undertaking, and when the
brave man loft there were tears frozen on his
cheeks. Becker persisted In taking a tine
shepherd dog. He gavo as his reason: " I
don't know wbat may happen; I would rathor
bury Cat lo in my belly than have him fieeze
todentb." Sterrette and bis companions be
came alarmed when at tho end of two days
Becker did not return, and they started out
for him. They had not gone far when they
came across a hole in a drift where Becker
had broken through. Tbe man was found
curled up in tbe sleigh, fiozcndoad. His faith
ful dog was lying huddled up against bis
breast, dead. Tbe nvo horses wero standing
lifeless on their feet, unfrozen stiff. Tbe men
carried Becker's body l ack, mado a cotlln of
the sleigh, nailed the corpse up in It, and then
reverently placed it in the corn crib until tbo
weather should permit of its burial.
Soon ifter this, and juct as the party was on
the point of despair, the weather moderated
eudicicntly to break tho snow blockade, and
Rerrette and friends found relief. A n Igh
boring lamily during this time had no other
food Mmu so ip made from an ox-pelt, wbich
happened to bj in the house wlion tbe block
ade !P!?un. Notwiths amliiiB all tnls. .Mr. Si er
ic: t.? suvs Ihe people lne tue country, and say
ihi f will "tav und in the ful ure ba prepared
for severe winters. The land is good, Ibe soil
isileep b o, iimsi of ihe settlers are foreign
ers, and the owner-hip of tar.d is to tbem so
novel and precious that Ibey will not give it
up, Liuljutiue liuic i) u''. UmOiix O utt.
l'rof. l'rMlors Romance.
Some weeks ago Prof. Richard A.
Proctor, the noted scientist and astron
omer, quietly made advent into our
tilidst tin heralded. Ho took quarters at
the Pacific Hotel, and thero he has been
ever since until Monday last, when he
took his leave of the city, Many, per
haps, have marveled at his continued
stay here, but this was doubtless par
tially offset by an injury he received in a
wreck out a short way on the Hannibal
Hoad on the 2:sd of last month. 1 ne
famoila Professor found in St; Joseph
more man a passing cause lor remain
ing go long. Long ere arriving here he
had met, wooed and won one of fc?t. Jo
seph's most lovely ladies. It was in
lands far distant, separated by the oroau
blue ocean, and under circumstances
strangely peculiar, furnishing data for a
romance in real lifo which ranks in the
top lists. - ... v,j , ... " . ,
OUUJUIilllltt uuutijf NIC tin I V ijiuioi ia.su
year Mr. and Mrs. Hobfirt Crawley, of
St. Joseph, left here seeking the health
of the former in foreign climes. lie had
been quite unwell for along time, and
his family physician and friends pre
scribed a sea voyago and a stroll on tho
shores beyond a Very salutary remedy.
Mr. Crawley was generally known here,
and was held in tho highest esteem by a
large circle of friends who had been won
lo his favor by his generous nature and
kind, Christian character. He was the
leading local representative of tho St
Joseph and AVestarn Division of the
Union Pacific Hailway, and held this im-
tiortant post for a number of vears. Ill
tcalth coming upon him, lie took to
lighter work with less responsibility, and
accepted ft position tendered him in the
office of the Bluffs Iload here. This he
had to give up, and shortly afterward
started on his voyage with his wife, thd
point of destination being Australia,
which they reached in dee course of
About the same lime that Mr. and Mrs.
Crawley left their native soil, the famous
astronomer, Prof. Praetor, set out from
Liverpool, accompanied by his wife,
who had long been in delicate health.
Their objective point was Australia, the
motives prompting the steps doubtless
being about the same as In the case of
Air. and Mrs. Crawley. The health
soeking particn arrived on foreign soil
about the same time, and circumstances
conspired to place them in intimate ac
quaintance. For a time the change of
clime was beneficial to the health of both
invalids, but it was only temporary in
both instances, and in August last they
both died, their deaths occurring within
a few days of each other. I3oth the liv
ing were grief-stricken at their I03S, and
the many peculiar coincidences served
to arouse the sympathy of each for the
other. Their mission was a fruitless
one so far as saving tho life of their help
mates was concerned, aud shortly after
they took passage in the same steamer,
intending to return to their respective
homes Mrs. Crawley to America and
Mr. Proctor to England. What trans
pired between that time and now is a
mere matter of conjecture only, and
while such Is the case, subset mdflt mat
ters which have como to light warrant
the impression that before they parted
thev learned to look upon each other
with favor, and doubiloss with admira
tion and love. It is sufficient to know,
however, that the great and learned
Professor at the same time wooed and
won the St. Joseph lady, and their mar
riage is to take place in this city in the
balmy month of May. It is their inten
tion to be niarried in a rather unpreten
tious manner, and leave ftt once for a
tour of the world.
Mrs. Crawley was reared, and for the
most part educated, here in St. Joseph.
Her mfliden name was. Mis3 Sallie
Thompson, and she is tho eldest daugh
ter of our highly esteemed fellow-townsman,
Captain C. M. Thompson. She
is a lady of rare culture, high refine
ment, and will reign a queon In any
household. . ' .
Trofessor Proctor is probably well-
known by most of our roaders, but a
short sketch in this connection may not
bo inappropriate. The astronomist was
onrn in vnuisea, jngiunu, iuarcu -.,
1837, and is consequently in his forty
fourth year. He was married in 18G0,
and tho two Jived very happily together.
Inl8Gbby tho failure of a London bank
he lost a fortune he had accumulated,
and his scientific work was considerably
hampored by duties arising from this
circumstance. In 1870 he wrote " Other
Worlds Than Ours," which first gavo
him prominence. Prom 1870 ho has
been, perhaps, the most fertile and pop
ular writer "upon astronomical subjects
of the present day. In 187:1 he made
his first visit to America, and in 1875
came over again. 67. Joseph Mo.)
A Woman Who t'onld Swim.
From a young man who came up on
tho Jordan from a trip to Florida yes
terday, we learned of a most miraculous
escape from drowning of nine persons.
A gentleman named Dr. Cushman, of
Brazil, accompanied by his family, had
been on a visit to his grandmother, Mrs.
Keycs, of Ljla, Fla:, aud were on tlioir
return homo. It was necessary that
they should cross the Dead Lakes in a
small boat in order to reach the steam
er, and when near the center the boat
struck a stump and sunk. The entire
party, consisting of tho Doctor, his wife,
his wife's sister, live children and a
nurse, were all thrown out in the water.
Upon rising to tbe top, t he Doctor took
two of the children on his back, and his
wife, who was a good swimmer, did the
same. They carried them to the near
est stump and left them, and returning
for the others took them in the same man
ner, thereby placing the entire party in
places of safety. There they remained
until 1 hey could secure assistance from
the shore, which soon came, and they
were all safely landed. This may ap
pear like an exaggerated story to some,
but the young gentleman who informed
us is perfectly reliable, and says he saw
the party with his own eyes. The Doc
tor's wife is certainly a woman of rare
nerve and forethought, and her behavior
on this occasion was most courageous.
Columbus Ga.) Times.
During the past forty years the
Rhode Island Legislature "has framed
thirty-eight different dog laws.
Whittaker is going to lecture,
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Statistics collected by Prof. C. G.
llockwood show that since March 1, 1880,
there have occurred on the American
continent forty-five earthquakes thirty
live on tho North American continent,
four on tho West India Islands, and six
In South America.
A correspondent of the Michigan
Medical News cites two instances which
tend to show that door and window
screens protect the inmates of houses
provided with them from malai ia. It
is certainly a precaution worth trying
by those compelled to live in malarial
The works for the proposed tunnel :
from Dover to Calais have nipdo such
satisfactory progress that its promoters
are now able to employ three shifts of
men constantly throughout the iwe ity
four hours, and are sanguine of being
able to bore about thirty feet peT day
when all the machinery is completed. ,
la a paper on dew aud fogs, Herr
Dines says that morning fog along a
river course arises when the water is
warmer than the air over it, the evap
oration going on more quickly than the
vapor can be carried away.and is, there
fore, condensed and spread as fog.
Tho evening fog on moist, low-lying
meadow land he. attributes to a lower
ing of temperature of the grass surface
by radiation, and a conseqent condensa
tion of the acqueous vapor in the lowest
layers of thd atmosphere.
The explorations recently made of
deep-sea bottoms show a novel constitu
ent of such bottoms to be pumice dust,
arising, it is presumed, from submarine '
volcanic action ; so general is it, in fact,
that it rarely fails to appear when care
fully looked for in any of tho dredgings,
and it is believed to be the chief origin
of tho deep-sea clays. An additional
element, which appears to have been
detected at great depths, is "cosmic
dust," or dust formed of aerolites. An
other Interesting point ia these explora
tions is tho finding of manganese perox
ide in nodules inclosing organic remains
sharks' teeth and pieces of bone. :
The works for the Paris Exhibition
ot electricity will soon begin. A via-,
duct ' will be built for the English elec
trical railway by Siemens, which will
convey visitors from the Place de la
Concorde to the Palais de l'Industrio.
Tho internal arrangements will only be
made at the end of the Art Exhibition,
which will take place from May to July.
The French exhibitors of tho electric
light havo come to an agreement in or
der to combine for the illumination of
the nave and other parts. They are
trying to obtain from the High Commis
sion an idemnity for their working ex
penses. Mr. Shelford Bidwell describes in
Naluret he result of some experiments
in sending pictures by the telegraph.
This he accomplished by using an ap
paratus resembling Bakewell's well
known copying telegraph. In tho trans
mitter U)e image was focused upon a
revolving cylinder, to which a selenium
cell is attached. At the other end of
the who a platinum point presses
against the surface of sensitive paper
prepared by passing it through a strong
solution of equal parts of iodide of po
tassium and water. The arrangement
is such that the selenium cell, by inter
cepting the current, causes a whito spot
to appear on the receiver corresponding
in shape and size to the picture focused
on the transmitting cylinder. The ex
periments are as yet crude, but full of
PITH AND poimt.
Nature unadorned A leafless tree.
riiiladelphia Chronicle. n , -
It will soon be a case of shear necos- ,
sity with the sheep. Detroit Free I'ress.
McStiven says the crowned heads of 1
Europe are all trembling in their boots.
-N. 0. Picayune, i
Why continually h 3fik of the prin- ..
tor's craft? As a rub typos are as hon
est as any tradesmon in the world. N.
Even the broker will get broke.
Yonkers Oar.elte. But the plumber is '
always plumb. Cambridge Tribune. ( ,
A man should always be polito to .
the minister who married, him. Any
other treatment might be misconstrued.
rhilailclphia News. ' ,
There are 100,000 commercial trav
elers in this country. Among such an ! t
array of drummers there must needs be . .
many sticks. Boston Transcript.
If we ever start a newspaper we 1
shall call it "The Blood." It would
have a circulation all over the world.
Whitehall Times. Yes, andbeuniver
sally red. Yawcob Strauss. j
"Acquires the confection," is the-'
Boston girl's translation of "Takes the ,
cake." Similarly, "The proper caper" '
becomes "The correct contortion." '
Boston Times. -.
" Yes, sir," said Mr. Gallagher, " it
was funny enough- to make a donkey
laugh. I laughed till I cried," and then
as he saw a smilo go round the room, ho
grew red in the face, and went away,
mad. Boston Post.
An ethereal maiden called Maud
Was suspected of being u fraud ;
Sciu ce a crumb was alio able
To cut at tbe table. 1
But out in the pantry Oh 1 lawdl ' :.
Thero has been a great deal of bad
feeling between two Galveston families, '
hence thero was much surprise when . ,
they intermarried. A friend, in speak
ing to the father of the bride, asked if
the families had made friends. " Not a
bit of it. I hate every bone in my son-
in-law 's body." ' Why did you let him i . .
marry your daughter, then P" "To get !
even with him. I guess you don't know
that girl's mother as well as I do." ..
The recklessness with which some ,
persons, when sick, swallow anything
that anyone sees fit to recommend as
likely to benefit them, has been illus
trated afresh by three grown Yankees of
the farming persuasion, resident in
South Hadley, in the Stite of Massachu
setts. They were sick; a neighboring .'
ruralist brought them some stuff in a .
bottle, which he said he had found un
der a fence, and had used with gratify
ing results; they dosed themselves withO.
it on this recommendation; the stuff
turned out to be horse liniment; one of
the men is in a very bad way, and all
three have 9ued the neighbor,