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DKMOCItATItJ IN I?OLITlCH l'UUK IN LITKJIATUUKi 'AND PnOGItKS8IVK IN HOUTH1CIIN INTKUKSTH.
BY A. M. BURNEY & CO.
MPMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, j SATURDAY, APIUL -30, 1881.
NEWS AND NOTES,
A Summary of Important Events.
The importation of American pork
Into Turkey Is prohibited. -
, Thk President nominated Gon. James
Longstrcet, now Minister to Turkey, United
States Marshal for Ueorsrln.
The effort to displace John Kelly as
liead of the New York Tammany organiza
tion at the recent election failed. '
The United States Courts it seems
have no jurisdiction In the Missouri land
fraud cases, and the licensed parties will be
proceeded against by indictments in the
State Criminal Courts. Lindsay lias already
been indicted, and some of the others will
irobably meet with the Bame treatment.
Tim unprecedented rise In the Dcs-
rlalneg Hlver canned the breaking f IbeitTe cltHike an earthquake.
canui ana the inundation of tbe entire dis
trict along Archer and Blue Island Avenues,
Chicago. A similar state of affairs exists in
Juliet and other towns aloiiK the canal. The
losses, both to the Slate and to Individuals,
are very serious.
The President has nominated Richard
A. Elmer, of New York, .Second Assistant
Postmaster-General; W A. M. drier, of
Pennsylvania, Third Assistant Postmaster
General, vice A. 1). llazen, appointed
Assistant Attorney-General of the. Post
Ofllce Department; George B. Everett,
United States Collector of InternaKevenue,
Fifth District of North Carolina.
The International Monetary Confer
ence nonvened in Paris on the 19th. Fifteen
Slates were represented Germany, Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Spain, United States,
France, England, Greece, Italy, Holland,
Portugal, Russia, Sweden and Switzerland.
The English and Italian delegates had not
arrived. On motion of Mr. Evarts, Delegate
Magnin, French Minister of Finances, was
elected President of the Conference.
A Berlin correspondent says that the
Czar will reside at the diminutive chateau of
Gatschiniik, guarded by six cordons of sol
diery. His Majesty Is never seen outside the
inner circle. Aniteschoff Palace, tho town
mansion, has been intrusted to tho guardian
ship of 3"H) men of the Pavlowsky Guards. A
Nihilist manifesto, announcing the approach
ing death of Alexander III., has been re
ceived by allthe Russian Ministers and court
The National Convention of tho Land
League opened at Dublin on th21st. One
thousand delegates were present. Parnell
presided. A resolution was adopted declar
ing Davitt should be released, and thanking
Irishmen in America for their support.
The opinions expressed by delegates were
strongly adverse to the Land bill, but it
was generally considered the measure should
not be rejected until an effort is made to
T 1 1 k Secretary of tho Interior has re
ceived a circular issued bv the "Kreedinen's
Oklahoma Association" of St. Louis, J. Mil
ton Turner President, and Hannibal C. Car
ter General Manager. It promises l.lKHi
acres of land to every freediitati who will go
and occupy the public lands of Oklahoma.
Secretary Klrkwood has referred Ihecircular
to the Commissioner of the General Land
Office, with a view to ascertaining the legal
ity of the proposed occupancy of the Gov
ernment reservations in that Territory.
The north wing of the Illinois Hospi
tal for the Insane at. Anna, III., was entirely
destroyed by fire on the nitjlil of tho lKtli.
Estimated loss between HVl.OW) and 1175,
000. The fire originated in a bath-room, but
in what, manner is not known. The patients
were all gotten safely out of the building af
ter the alarm was given, but one of them,
an old man named N. Fcrkle, from Monroe
County, returned unobserved to his room
and perished in the flames. Two fire com
panies from Cairo, dispatched by special
train, did effective service In quenching the
The Rock River Hood has caused in
calculable losses. The lower part of Ster
ling, 111., including the Fair Grounds, is
"submerged, and the distilleries, with bun
dreds of cattle, are on an island, the water
crowding dangerously on all sides. Tbe
Chicago k Northwestern Railroad track for
five miles is completely covered with water
and much of it Is washed away. 1 wo iron
bridges at Klgin City have bceli swept away,
the ice -gorge in the Fox River having broken
and carried away the dams at Carpenters
ville and Dundee.
A Washington Associated Tress dis
patch of the 21st savs: The action of the
President In removing Prady, Second As
sistant Postmaster-General, has revived the
matter of the star route service and former
charues in that connection. Not only has
Brady been removed, but tho President has
ordered that the star route matter be thor
ougbly investigated with a view of ascertain
ing all who had any connection with it. Post
master-General James Is conducting the
investigation, nnd It is given out that he
has discovered enough to warrant the
removal of several otlieials in the depart
ment. It Is stated that some of the accused
parties will be Indicted in the end. In
shorrlime .lames will publish the result of
the investigation, but at present the Depart
ment onlv savs that hundreds of tlwiusands
cf dollars were unnecessarily expended in
expediting routes, and that wlien all useless
expenditures are cut down the Post-office
Department w ill be nearly self-sustaining,
On the morning of the 21st, as the
right express train west-bound on the Rock
Island Division of the Chicago, Milwaukee
A St. Paul Railway was moving at ordinary
speed across the trestle-work over the Mcro
dosia River, one mile south of Albany, III.
the trestle gave way, and the train without
warning was suddenly precipitated into the
river. The train consisted of an engine
tender, h.iggalfr-car, passenger and sleeping
cars. All went down except ' the
fclecper, which remained suspenUe
. over the end of the bridge at an an
rlc of forty-five degrees, the ur
per end high in the air. Two ears floated
off down stream. The passenger coach
lodged against an island forty rods away,
and the baggagc-car stuck in the miiUIWM'f
the stream about the same distance. Three
persons were rescued from the top of a car
as it floated down the stream, and others
saved themselves bj8 springing upon the
o abutments of a wagou-bridge some diMancc
&lelow. Tho engineer and fireman disap
peared with the cab in deep water. Eight
lives is all are reported to hav been lost.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL. ?
Sheriff W. F. Beattie', of ' Critten
den County, Ark., on the 21st was shot and
killed by a negro namod Hayes White, whom
he was attempting to arrest for having rob
bed the store of Mr. Truckler, at Crawfords
ville, a few nights previous. White had
been previously arrested, but overpowired
the officers and escaped, after having seri
ously wounded Tumor Hendricks, a colored
constable, and Emmctt Sweptson, a white
citizen, who were taking him to Jail.
The Sanitary Council of the Missis
sippi Valley met at Evansvillc, Ind., on tho
20th, and discussed various mutters relating
to tho coining season of epidemics.
The Dittmar Powder Works at Bing
hamton, N. Y., were destroyed" on-the 21st
by the explosion of nitro-glycerine and 10,
000 pounds of powder. Puddings were de
molished and property destroyed for miles
around.. On thp same day an explosion, Jn a
powder-mill near Bridgeport, Conn., shook
At Aberdeen, Ky., on the 20th, Mrs.
Catherine Cannon, aged 80, during tho tem
porary absence of her daughter, with whom
she lived, fell into-the fire and was fatally
burned. She was dead when the family re
turned. .!"'" '
A SERtors malady is afflicting tho
orscs of Chicago. The disease Is a very
malignant one. It appears first In the feet,
ust above the hoof, and develops very rap
idly. Veterinary surgeons describe It as a
swelling, followed by a supitiration, which
breaks out, producing a running sore. As
tho disease grows, tho limbs become swollen
nd sometimes spreads to tbe body; ' When
this occurs it is apt to bo fatal. It seems to'
be a sort of aggravated form of tbe scratches,
and is apparently caused by long and con
tinuous exposure to cold and wet.
Cyrus Young, known as the " Coal
King of tho Tuscarawas Valley," was almost
Instantly killed near Lawrence, O., by being
iauglit in the shafting of a portable engine.
He was considered the wealthiest mail of
Stark County, the value of his possessions
being estimated at $1,000,000.'
John Holloway has been arrested at
Silver Lake, Kosciusko County, Ind., to
answer for the alleged crime of murdering
is wife and one-year-old babe," in April,
18S0. To conceal the criino it is alleged he
burned the house. The circumstances were
cry much against Ilolloway from the start,
but no one would venture to have him ar
rested. Mrs. Walker, of Canton, and Mrs.
Martin Coffee, of Weathersficld, Conn.,
were fatally burned on the 21st, being sur
rounded by flames while burning brush.
Hon. Rowland E. Trowbridge, late
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and for jicv-
ral terms Representative in Congress from
Michigan, is dead, aged 00.
AN order , is Issued by tho Tost-office
Department declaring postal cards uninall
ablc with anything but the direction on the
At Charleston, ten miles from Tomb
stone, Arizona, three cowboys entered the
store of Springer t Hacker and compelled
the proprietor to open the safe, from which
they took ijsuO. Although disguised, the
robbers were recognized. The following
ht Deputy Sheriff Bell and a posse sur
rounded a house, demanding their surren
der. The demand was answered by a volley
from Winchesters, when the arresting party
pencil upon the robbers with shot-guns,
mortally wounding two, Burns and "Club
The failure of tho Senate to confirm
the nomination of Stanley Matthews as Su
preme Court Justice leaves the Court with a
bare quorum, and the absence of a single ac
tive member now compels adjournment.
The Cincinnati street-car employees
are on a strike for higher wages.
Smai.l-pox is epidemic both in the
Sandwich Islands and China.
Derviscii Pascha, with 10,000 Tur
h troops, attacked and defeated the Al
banians near I'skup.
Twenty-five thousand emigrants
left Hamburg for America the first three
months of the present year, against 8,000 for
the same time last year.
On the 1st of June the Chicago, St.
Louis & New Orleans Railroad Company will
change the guage of their road from the
Southern standard, 5 feet, to the Northern
standard of 4 feet 8 1-2 inches. This Is the
C 'st important road east of tho Mississippi
to take this step.
Lucinda Fowlkes, a colored wom
an, was banged for the murder of her hus
band at Lunenburg, Va., onthe22d. About
an hour before she was hanged she made a
full confession, giving minutely the details
of the murder. On the same day, at Abbe
ville, s. C, Abe Martin, an old colored man,
was hanged for the murder of his wife. The
execution was private, under the State luwl
Col. W. J. Parks died at his homo
in Yell County, Ark. , on the 21st. He had
resided fifty-fonr years la tho State, repre
senting Y'ell County In the Legislature throo
successive terms, and filling other offices of
honor and trust.
A fatal shooting affray occurred at
San Francisco, Cal., on the 22d, which led to
the killing of Thomas Cunningham, com
mission merchant, by hU brother-in-law,
John A. Chandler, nephew of the late United
States Senator Zach Chandler, and business
manager "of the San Francisco ipint of the
Amu. 18. The reassembling of the Senato
liter its three days' recess was tnarkod by no
change in the situation. " Tho usual routine
motions were gone throueh with tn a perfunc
tory manner. The speakers of the day were
Messrs. Dawes, Saulsbury, Kurnsido and
llcok. but, with the exception of soma sharp
sparring net w een Dawes una linen, uio orii
torical display was without especial intor
est. - y
Arrui. It). As a step toward breaking the
existing deadlock. Senator Blutr offered ares
olution declaring that, in tlto judgment of tbe
Senate, the public interests rucpiire Congress
to be convened In public session immediate
ly. Mr. Illnir. in support of his resolution.
urged the dutv ot the Senate to couftrni the
lre-t(lent's nominations, now hold in abey
ance, and which ho belluved could only be ac
complished by the culling of a special session
of ('onui'PsH. Senator Lor an made a speech of
some ldigth, tn reply to the oft-repeated
charge that lie had' been In sympathy
with the South nt tne nrcnKng net ot tii
rebellion. He said h was not occestomed to
rclute slanders, but usthe charge that lie had
been in sMiipathv rvph the rebellion had
been again stalled h" d-siied to review thn
history it hie conduct and the lirvHklng out
of the war. At the breaking out of the rebel
lion U bad lived ut Murion, Williamson
County, III. People of that county lid been
D-Miioci ais, most ot them from t h South. n
the l.'tti of .iprll, W'l, a lew Democrats
hud got tokcther at Marion and pscd
rr-mliutons in tavorof secession und rebellion.
In Mn follow lng some men from Williamson
County hail be"n organized Into a cooipanv
by Thorndvke Brooks, a Marylan ler, and had
Joined tbe Southern army. Of those resolu
tions or of limn leiiviuir top tho South lie bud.
no knowledge, mid tho cbarge ho had Insti
gated that conduct was absolutely lalse. Ha
received a lui'Ke number of letters from
prominent, citizens of Illinois, all of tbcin,
lie stated, being Democrats, testifying
to the fact he bad always been loyal to the
Union, mid contradicting all chiirVcs which
bad been uiudo against him of sympathy with
tho rebellion, lie also read a luitcr' from
Thomdyke lirooks to prove he (Ixin) had
known not bin of the departure of tho men
of Williamson county to join tho rebellion.
In conclusion, bo said: "I put this testimony
on record for this reason, that my children
iiftcrine may not have these slanders thrown
in their faces without the power of repelling or
repudiating them. The reason is, still furl her,
1 put Ilium on record that they mayenduro
in this Senate chamber, so they may be notice
to Senators of all parties and creeds that
hereafter In this Senate no Insinuation of thai
kind will ba Hubinittedto by mo. I do it for
this purpose as notice that insinuations shall
not ho intuit) hereafter on this floor in mv
presence by any man. I will not submit to ft
tiny lonyur." , ,.
April 20. To-day's session of the Senate
was enlvencd by another spirited debate, tho
principal participant bi-tuar Messrs. butler,
HumslrtB, Dawes, .loops', Krnwn and r'rj e.
'J he latter opened the lmli wltli a hot political"
speech, in which lie denied that "oiitriiKOg"
bad ceased to exist in the South, as claimed
by the Democrats. Mr. Itutler said Mr. 'ryo
made use of tho old dodge of pollticiutiH
and lawyers, of callini; "stop thief," In order
to divert public, attention from the real issue.
The real question here was, "Had there been
n lls(iniceliil bargain in this Senate by which
tho olllces of the Senate were to bo turned
over to those to whom thev donot inflong."
Mr. Rurnside: "Or whether tho minor
ity shall rule or not." Mr. Hutler: "That
bus nothing to do with it." Mr. lturn
tddo (excitedly): "I sav there lias been
no bargain, and any man who says there
has been Bays, what is lalse." Mr. But lor
paused before making any rcplv, which pause
was taken advantage of by Mr. liuriisldo to
repeat the statement Unit the statement that
there was a bargain wus talse. Mr. Hutler
(ipiiekly) : "Tho Senator may characterize It
as fal-e ns much as he pleases. 1 say inasmuch
as the Senator lias seen tit to snv tl'ie charge is
false (after a nausc) I will not make It in this
chamber." Mr. Uurnsldo: "I say any man
who aays thero is a bargain savs what
is false; und now the Senator may say what
he likes. 1 say it is false, false, false (em
phasizing each repetition of the word
with a blow of his clenched hand noon
his dusk), in every word, in letter and in
spirit. Laughter and upplause. 1 have
beard this thing long enough. I do not, as an
bonoi able mini, piopose to sit bore and listen
to It, a ml any man w ho says there is a corrupt
bargain on this siduof tbe'chaniber, say, tells
k falsehood." Mr. Hutler (culmlv): "The
Senator has the right to gay what he pleic-cs.
I am not to be betrayed into any excitement."
Mr. HtiriiMido: "I am not the least bit excited.
I bond laughter, in which Mr. Itutler joined
heartily, und which was occasioned bv .Mr..
isuriisiuo'8 manner unu uisciuimer.j 1 am
just giving emphasis to what I propose to
Bay." Mr. itutler: "I say the Senator is un
commonly eunblrt." Mr. liurnsidc: "1 am
In perfect good humor and perfectly culm,
Mr. Jresidcut." Renewed laughter.l Mr.
Itutler: "I congratulate tho Senator on
keeping cool. 1 am delighted to see him so
cool." Laughter. J Mr. liui nside: "I do not
speak as loud as the 8enator, but 1 reiterate
my statement that any mun who savs Micro
was a bargain on this side of the chamber says
what is false." Mr. Hutler: "Another ease "of
coolness (alluding to the emphasis .Mr.
lliiniside placed upon the word false). I want
to sny to too Senator, and all other Senators
on that side, when they adopt the tactics he
bus adopted, If he supposes by the use of such
language as that he can doter me from a full,
complete and iimpialilied discussion of a pub
lic act, the'Senator is simply mistaken."
Aritu. 21. A quiet and uneventful session.
Senator Jonas read a telegram received by
him from Lteut.-Oov. McIIenry, of Louisiana,
in reference to tho alleged "outrage" upon
one Heath, of Massachusetts, refened to by
Senator IJuwcs in his speech a few days prev
ious. The telegram was us tollows: "Heath's
statement iibsolutulvaJset jmuuirtv i,...j
to obtain tnsnrunce.TfiOOO; VuTiialton by ap
praisers to adjust loss, $1,400. Matter Investi
gated bv Grand Jury ut last term, and a letter
from Jiidgo ltrldger savs that at the.Iulj term
siilllcieut evidence will have been obtained to
Ai'ttn.22. A colloquy took place between
Messrs. Sherman and IteckJ concerning the
dilatory proceedings. Mr. Sherman declared
the doctrine the minority should rule danger
ous and revolutionary. Messrs. Harris and
Sherman engaged in a' brief discussioo lot Mr.
Riddlobcrgcr, and Mr. Sherman guid be did
not know what the majority would do,
but the fact that it should 'be compelled
to think; of what it would do showed
a revival of the doctrines of Isrtl. After a dis
claimer by Mr. itiirnside of a;,y Intention on
W ednesday to reflect upon any Senator, Mr.
Jonas took the tloorar.d the Heath matter wus
revived, Mr. Dawes joining issue with Mr.
Jonns. Mr. Hawley read extracts from a
speech ot tho "reconstructed rebel, e.x-tiov-ernor
Rrown of tieorgia," to which Mr. Brown
replied, and thou the. Senate adjourned until
Tuesday next, ns fho Farragut statute will bo
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
Kear Ozier, N. M., on the 22d, a pas
senger coach Jumped the track and rolled
down an embankment, 130 feet. Mrs. C.
Di ctodedat, James Lynch, I). O. lirewer, O.
Hall, L. Isaacs, 1). C. Wilson, D. C. Shoelcs
and one unknown were killed. George ln
nian, George It. Page, D. R. Brewer, N.
J. Brewer and several others were wounded.
The residence of S. Ball, Mayor ot
Salinas, Cal., was burned the other night.
Mrs. Ball and two children were suffocated.
A daughter of John Haley lost her
life by the upsetting of aboat at Charlestown,
W. Va. She was.attending a funeral at the
John Gi vmpher, a Hungarian who
had been asleep for some three weeks at the
Allcntown, Pa., Poor-house, Jumped out of
a window the moment ho awoke, falling 2d
(eet, and will probably die from his injuries.
1 TriinTY masked horsemen rccontly
took a colored man named Louis Whittaker
from the Jail at Gadsden, Fla., and hanged
him to a tree. Whittaker was charged with
murdering a white man.
iA TWELVE-YEAR-OLD SOH of II. D,
Root, of Reading, O., hanged himself with
a halter because his father threatened pun
lshment if he persisted in flaying with an
B. W. Hext and John Conner, re
spectable citizens of Miller, Ga., quarreled
about five ocnts, the latter receiving a death
wound from his antagonist's revolver.
AiBoston, Mass., on the 23d, James
Tracy was arrested for inftiotingwounds up
on Mrs. Elizabeth Tape from which she died
The town of Greenville, Plumas
Countv, Cal. , burned on the 23d.
At" Bartwcll, N. C, Henry Hill, col
ored, was hanged for murdering Thomas
Skelton, the Jailer of Hart County. Andrew
Tell, also colored, was hanged on the 22(1, at
Monticello, Fla., for the niurderofj. II,
"Wbttaker in December last.
Kev. II. Thomas, of Ozark, Ark., re
cently committed suicide by taking lauda
num. He had for ten years been afflicted
with blindness, which was gradually grow
ing worse, and which drove biin to despair
and death. lie leaves a widow and eight
Wm. M. Grkenleaf, a grandson of
the President of the Franklin Insurance
Company, was arrested at Penver, Colo.,
on a charge of forgery.
A dispatch from Lcmberg, Austria,
says a ferryboat crossing the Dncister River
ipet and sixty-three persons were drowned
Another account puts the number at thirty.
A stage bound for El Paso, Texas,
v is stopped and robbed, sixty miles west of
fun Antonio, recently. The two robbers se
ci.red 75 cent.
The Recent Floods - la Dakota.
A Sioux Citv (Iowa) speolal to the Chicago
3Y(uiie of the l!"th says:. ,
At a llttlo station, on ffhat was onco .tho
Dakota Southern, called Meckllu, are l"i peo
ple, men, womoa and children. All are quar
t "red In Taylor's Elevator, llvltu on tbo bare
boards, without covering of any descrlptton,
and many of them destitute of the proper
clothinsf. Thirty of tho numbor are seriously
sick nearly all tho women in fact and their
condition is pitiable tilths extrome. Yawls
from Yankton have carried them some food,
but they need, or soon will, much more.
Their homes are desolated or utterly annihi
lated, their cattle and horses drowned, and
evon the very land, onco thoirs, so changed In
appearance nd covered with ioe and sand
that, tho waler if one, thoy can
soaroely tell whero their several
boundaries aro, or their localities fixed even.
They can no inorohopo to la so crops this year
than they can to rcsurreot thoir dead stock.
Isolated from any but the rarest visits from
their roilows, the weaitor among tbom (fradu- that he has succeeded in ridding him
aUy.suwi.mbiuK to.WaTrt, et.ld and'despadvf fieif'6f attacks of gouty rheumatism,
.""M Mitjo ii. lit1" iufju.a uiiiigiug
naught of hope or comfort, who can wonder
that even frontlor hardiness ami hopefulness
have waned to tbo vanishing point. They are
roprosonted as huddlod in touching misery,
causing stout mon to grow mulst-cyed and
curse their Inability to give spoedy relief.
Even if they could bo ta'ton away thero is
no place to take them. Their neighbors are
noiuly as had off, and lack the wherewith
to relieve thoir wants. Your correspondent
has been asked over and over ajralu to try
and awaken a practical sympathy for them
among the Eastern " po iplo, and of my
own knowledge I can say that clothing, food,
ineillciiio or money sent here would be faith
fully distributed and accounted for. Should
any donations bo mado I would advise that
they ho sent here care of Dr. W. It. .Smith,
Mayor of Sioux City, or to Yankton, via this
place, care of Captain D. D. Wheeler, United
States Army. As soon as bouts can run up
the river the supplies could bo carrlod to thoir
several destinations. There noed bo no feat
of sending an over-supply. Tho sufferors are
absolutely destitute With one or two men
who have come down bore in yawls I have had
interviews, and they say it Is completely be
yond them to concoive why tbo loss of life
was not ns entire and appalling -m the
destruction of property. That women and
child. en especially should escape from such
nn aggregation of terrlblo forces is Inex
plicable, and possibly tlrao may reveal
numerous casualties at present unsuspected.
Let me tell you of ono torriblo voyage. About
eight miles above Vermilion stood bofore the
Mood two log houses, tho property of Hanson
and I.arisou, brothers-in-law. On tho day of
the break-up Hanson trot uneasy, but sootns
to have lost tlmo trying to savo his stock, so
that be and his hired man had to take a boat,
and thorein carried his wife and children to
Larison's house, which stood on a little hlghor
ground. Tho men then returned for old Mrs.
i. arisen, who is so feeble as to require assist
ance, f-'c.ireoly had thoy entered the house
ere they felt it moving under them. Terror
strickon, they ran to tbo window to find them
selves in tho center of a moving, cradling
moss of tco and. Hood, steadily
going down the rlvor. Of the terrors of that
dark riae who shall speak. The reverberating
detonations of the huge bio ks of Ice, as.
forced into the air, they foil again, grinding all
beneath them into powder, tho almost abso
lute certainty that lu a low moments at best
the houge would give way and leave them
Struggling In th thn
agonizing fears tbo husband and father must
have fi lt as to the fate of tho3o left behind,
whom he had no reusoii to supp.iso would es
cape nil made up a situation as terrioie aa
any of Jules Verne's mo -t harrowing Imagi
nation. Hut the stanch logs fasten
ed together by large wooden pins
held firm, and seven miles below Vermilion,
fifteen from tbe starting point, the ark of safe
ty found an Ararat, and rested, if not on dry
ground, at least on some motionless founda
tion. Forcing open the back door, fancy Han
son's astonishment at finding qulotly chewing
her cud and standing securely on a huge block
of Ice the favorite family cow, who had shared
the perils of the awful Journey, and Is to day
alive and well in Vermilion, having climbed
the barricades ot ice like a chumols. Hanson
and his man. after a perilous Journey ovorthe
newly-formed ice, succeeded in making theli
way to Vermilion, currying old Mrs. Larison
with them most of tho way. Meanwhile, those
left behind in Larison's house had really suf
fered more, though not In apparently so much
danger, for the house stood tlrtn. A couple of
brothers named W eeks, who live about four
miles north of Vermilion, voluntoorcd to go to
Larison's in a yawl, if possible, aud learn the
fate of thoso left there. After much danger
and difficulty they reached tbe spot, finding all
alive, though sadly distrosed. Mrs. Hanson's
feet were frozen solid. AH had lived for two
days on raw chickens, tho fowls having boen
driven by fear Into the huuso. Had hot help
arrived when It did death must have soon en-
cued. These Incidents and the particulars I
have given rest upon undoubtedly authentic
reports. I could multiply similar stories
Saved by a Rosebush.
An exploring party, of which W. D. Trctty
man, who rosldes back of Portland, was
member, wero exploring a wild section of
country, about fifteen miles this sldo of the
Cascr.dcs, near Multnomah Fulls, a few days
ago. The gorges, ravmoj and rugged mount
ain sides woro covered deeply with snow,
upon the curfneeof which wus a heavy orust as
smooth ns a sea of Ico and as cold as t he charity
of a millionaire. Tho party was making slow
nrotrress nlonir tho backbone of a divide. On
the right-hnnd side was a slope of about lot)
loot to an abrupt clltr, bennntn wmcn, udoui
fortv feet below, was a chasm filled with tm-
monso rocks. Mr. J'rcttyinan was dressed In
an oilskin coat, which was closely buttoned.
Whilo looking out over the valley beneath,
his feet slipped, and he fell on tbo right sldo
of the divide. Tho oil 'kin coat acted like a
snow-shoe, and away went Mr. Prettyman
spinning down the mountain side like Hash
When wilhin twenty-five feet of the precipice
be grasped a rosebush, tbo only tree or shrjrli
within reach, ami as it tore through his hand,
lacerating bis lingers, ho was brought to a
stun nciirlv on tho brink. It was a moment
of horror, lest the shrub give way and he lie
dashed to death on tne rocas neiow. his com
panions made all haste, and, throwing hira a
mpe, he managed to crawl back to a plaoe of
safety, leaving a track of blood on the snow
as it streamed from his torn and lacerated
bands. I'ort'.anil tore.) Iwirnm.
A CnAnMiTTE (N. C.) special of a recent date
to tho Chicago Time says: " One of the most
temarkable deeds of mortgage probably ever
made was put upon record In the Register's
office horo. According to the terms of this
mortgage, Charles Dldcnover, n intelligent
but impecunious man, conveys himself and
all right and title to himself to another to have
and to hold forever, to secure a dobt ho owes
the mortgagee. The deed was duly witnessed,
signed and scaled. Dldcaorer u a married
man, and therefore, undor tho laws of this
State, beforo a man can convey any real estate
his wile has to give her signature th"-reto.
acknowledged before a Jotary Public or
Magistrate. Although It Is doubtful whether
the object In this ensn has the
chiiractfir ot this pronerty, liidenover's wife
waives ail other rights, titlo mid claims to
him In fatr.ir nf thr mnrtirairoe. and has stxrnod
a deed of conveyance, and acknowledged the
same with all due form before a Magistrate.
The cae is one of the most remarkable ever
known In this section, and Ht tracts wide
spread lnteie-it. If a man can mortgage
himself and convert his IkhI.v Into legal col
lateral It will ooen up a new c'assof security,
which will be hailed with great pleasure If
many an Impecunious man. If the legality
ot this deed is continued by the conns It wi
not be a great whilo betore Ihdcnovers ex
ample will be followed by manj' hard-pressed
c. Mors In the old North St-'e "
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY,
The vapors of nitrous ether are rec
ommended by M. Peyrnsson as a disin
fectant and antiseptic. Thoy have neither
a disagreeable nor hurtful smell.
Tho object-glass for the Lick Ob
servatory telescope in California is to be
three feet In diameter, and, if success
fulr will be the most powerful instru
ment of the kind ever made. About
three years will be required to finish the
An instrument, called the margari
moter, has been invented by two Par
isian chemists for detecting the pres
ence of margarine in butter. It is based
on the different densities of butter and
the greasy substances substituted for it
or mixed with it.
Bv means of a strictlv vegetable
diet, Dr. Hureau de Villeneuve states
with which he had been alllicted for
years, and of which several of his an
cestors had died.
Last year it was said that Professor
Baeyer, of Munich, had produced indi
go artificially, but the process did not
admit of the successful production of
indigo blue on a manufacturing scale at
a reasonable cost. Sinco that time tho
Professor has continued to work on the 4
problem, and he has so far succeeded
that he has taken out a patent for tho
artificial manufacture and application
of indigo blue.
As the result of his personal obser
vations, M. Carlet states that the walking
of insects may bo represented by throe
men in Indian file, the foremost and
hindmost of whom keep 3tep with ouch
other, while tho middle one walks in tho
alternate step. The walking of arach
nids can be represented by four men in
file, the even numbered ones walking in
one step, while tho odd numbered onos
walk in the alternate step.
A very fine preparation for making
steel very hard is .composed of wheat
flour, salt and water, using, say two
teaspoonsful of water, one-half a tea
spoonful of flour and one of salt; hoat
the steel to be hardened enough to coat
it with the paste by immersing it in
the composition after which' heat it to
a cherry red and plunge it in cold, soft
water. If properly done, the steel will
come out with a beautiful white surface.
It is said that Stubbs' files are hardened
in this manner.
The oldest medical work extant is a
roll of papyrus obtained by the cele
brated German archieologist, Kbers, in
Kgypt. He was traveling in that coun
try a few years since and learned that a
papyrus roll had been discovered lying
by the side of a mummy. After consid
erable difficulty he became possessed of
it. It is about eleven inches wide and
sixty feet long, ai d is in excellent pre
servation. It was written 1522 years be
fore the Christian era, when Moses had
just reached his twentv-lirst year. The
lUU'UUl 19 UOI1DTDU 1AJ iA? bUDgtcnb XllOtll,
who was deified by tho Egyptians on ac
count of the civilization which he brought
them. It is the intention of Kbers to
make a complete translation of this
PITH AND POINT.
It is a wise man who knows which
side his bread is oleomargarined on.
It is noticeable that thin women al
ways talk the fastest. A double chin
can not be wagged with celerity, even
by a woman. New York Commercial
i The giraffe has never been known
to utter a sound, in this respect it re
sembles a young lady in a street car
when a gentleman gives up his scat.
-Dr. Holmes complains that " mak
ing verses is not so easy as sliding down
hill,1' thus exposing himself to the con
tempt of the Sweot Singer of Michigan.
-That very popular Polish nobleman,
Hotwiski, is going into retirement in a
few weeks. He will be sadlv missed in
social circles, and his place will be large
ly filledby the German Count, Eiscolager.
Shall I read you a pretty story, Ef-
fie?" "Has it got a moral to it?"
" Yes darling." " Then, Mumsey, I'd
rather not. A story with a moral to it
is like jam with a powder in it." I'unch.
" Look here, boy," said a stern Gal
veston patent, "you are telling me a
falsehood. I can read it in your face."
Whv. pa, vou know you can't read
worth a cent without your spectacles."
The Chinese professor at Yale had
one student last year. The student pro
gressed so favorably that at the end of
the session he was able to enjoy
reading his first tea chest. Commercial
Out in Leadville when one is intro
duced to a stranger the polite thing is
to ask, " W hat was your name bctoro
you camo here?" The next question,
aecoruing to ine ruics 01 enqueue, is,
"How did you manage to escape?"
Oil City Derrick.
The mountain climbers seem to have
become dissatisfied with the limits of the
Alps. They are scattering over the
globe in search of new peaks to con
quer. The recent exploits of Mr.
Whymper and his companions among
the giants of the Andes have just been
followed by a still more hazardous per
formance in Guatemala, where some
fearless explorers clambered to the top
of the active volcano, El Fuego, boldly
penetrating the curtain of deadly vapors
about its summit under protection of a
favoring wind. The volcano and its
neighbor, El Agua, have a curious his
tory. The City of Guatemala was first
placed near El Agua, and in 1541 was
destroyed by an earthquake and inunda
tion. The inundation was ascribed to
the mountain, and so the city was rebuilt
further to the north. This brought it
nearer to El Fuego, which proved to be
as formidable an enemy as tho other
mountain. It shook up the inhabitants
with earthquakes and terrified them with
eruptions of lava, until in despair they
moved their town a second time, and,
going still further north, founded the
present Capital City of Guatemala upon
Our Youiifr, Folks.
.- 14 WE10QLER.
A sad llttlo wriggling boy was Tod;
Tho very curls wagged on the top of his head;
He never wits quiet from morning till niirht.
Tor bopping and Jumping wns all his delight;
He pranced and danced,
Till ho made you quite ill;
Ho wriggled end Jiggled
And ncocr kept stilll
Well, his arms and his legs came loose ono day,
And waved about In a d eadl'ul way;
Ko to tie on a string wus all they could do,
And then they painted him yellow and bluel
As a Jumping Jack, Ted
Could pranco his till
He could wriggle and Jlgglo
Aim never keep will
A Trn-Mlnnte Mrrnion for t'hlldrrn.
' "Be ye kind to one another." Kph. lv.,8?.
.Did you evr notice the way in which
a train of railroad cars aro fastened to
gether? At the end of eacli car is a
bolt, which slides in and out a little
way, to which is hooked another bolt
just like it on the next car. When the
engine backs and tho two cars come to
gether, they do not strike with a hard
dump, jolting the passengers out of
their seats, but the two fastenings meet,
each slides in a few inches, breaking
tho foreo of tho blow, and the two cars
conic together easily and gently. These
slides are called buffers, because they
"cach other and save the cars from
many a bump. Now, do you know that
everybody can carry with him a buller,
which will help him to avoid hard hits
with other people? That bullcrisitttcf
ncss. A kind word, spoken gently even
in answer to an unkind one; a kind ac
tion, socking the good of another; above
till, a kind heart, lull of love, will make
till around us friendly and li 11 the world
You remember how Joseph went out
of his prison to become a Prince. If he
had moped and sulked in Potiphar's
house, as he had some reason for doing,
or had sat down in the, prison cross and
snappish, do you suppose ho would ever
have risen to greatness? .No, for all
his ability, but for his kindness, and
cheerful, helpful spirit, you and I would
never have heard of his name. Moro
than ono man since his time has found
kindness useful in bringing him success.
Once a young man with very litt'e
money opened a small store in a New
England city. So few people came in
to buy his goods that he grew dis
couraged, and said to himself, as he shut
up his store one Friday night, "It I
don't have more customers to-morrow
I'll give it up and go away." Just tiien
a little girl came along, looked up at
him, and said:
"Are you the man that keeps this
"Yes," I19 answered, "this is my
store; but it is shut and locked up now."
"Well," said the little girl, "won't
you please open it again and sell mo a
spool of No. 70 cotton? All the stores
to finish my dress to-night, so that 1
can go and visit my auntie to-morrow."
The young merchant could not re fuse
the child's pleading voice; so ho un
locked the store, went in, lit his lamp,
found for her tho spool of thread, and
took her six cents. She went happy on
her way home; the next day her mother
camo in with two other ladies, thanked
him for his kindness, and bought some
goods, as did the other ladies also, who
had heard the story, l erhaps they
toltl it to others, for more customers
camo in, and from that day his store
was successful. Afterward he became
very rich, and used to say, "I owo it
all to that spool of cotton." But it was
the kindness, more than tho cotton,
which won him friends and success; for
who wouldn't rather buy of a kind,
pleasant person than of ono who seemod
selfish and careless of others?
And kindness will overcome dilli
culties when harsh and severe treat
ment only increasds them. Unco so
runs an old fable the Lord command
ed an an;el to destroy a great iceberg.
frivins him a thousand Years for his
task. He called tofcther an armv of
men with pickaxes and shovels, and let
them dig at tho iceberg for live hundred
years; but even then they had only
made a hole in it, and it seemed as big
as ever. Then he called for the storms
to beat and blow upon it. For four
hundred years more tho rain and snow
fell, and the north wind whistled around
its crown, but it onlv crew the greater.
At bust the angel went back to Heaven
and said, " Lord, I cannot destroy this
great mountain!" Then the Lord said,
I will show you how to conquer it.
So ho called upon the sun to shine with
warm rays upon it; and the soft south
wind to breathe upon it; ana soon the
great mountain of ice melted away anil
only showed whore it haa Doen by tho
green meadows, all the greener because
of its moisture. So, it you want to
conquer an enemy, watch your chance,
not to throw a stone at him, Uut to do a
kind act or speak a kind word, which
will melt him and make him' your friend
forever. That is the way that Christ
wins us, by loving us, anil blessing us,
and dying in our stead; and even so
may wc, (Jhristliko, win and save oth
ers' llev. J. L. Uurllul, in Christian
What a Pig: Man Am I!
Tommy Stiles lived on a farm, and
went to the district school. Ho was a
bright boy, nnd always learned his les
sons welL Put he liked best to hear
the older children recite. He was
fond of history. He liked to hear of
wars, and the brave deeds of soldiers.
One line Juno day Tommy thought ho
would play soldier himself, and go to
war. lie put on an old red vest which
his father wore in the brass band. His
mother made him a paper soldier-cap,
with plumes. Ho had a wooden gun, a
tin sword and a small drum.
There was no other boy tlfere to play
with him and so he "made believe" he
was the whole array. He was Captain
Thomas, and Tommy the drummer
boy, and Tom the soldier and all
three wero the army. Then Captain
Thomas laid, "Forward, march!" and
waved his sword. Tom shouldered his
gun. Tommy beat the drum -but this
was not easy', for Tom's gun and Cap
tain Thomas sword were in the wav.
Then the army marchel to the lie!d
behind the barn.
Up and down it filed, back and forth,
now quick, now slow. Indeed, now
and then it hopped! Captain Thomas
had to call out to Tom pretty often
to keep step. But there was1 no
fault to lind with Tommy. Uo
drummed so hard that ho scared
tho hens and sheep. All went well,
only for ono thing. Unoo Tom ran
so fast that he tumbled down and
bumped the army's nose against a
6tone. Then Captain Thocu.w wfcs
angry, and scolded poor Tom well, I
can tell you. '','"';'
At last a grand charge was mado.'
Tho army raced after Spot, the t-alf,
and thumped tho drum, and shook the
sword, and threw stones. (This was
firing tho gun.) Poor Spot was put to
flight. Ho ran off up tho hill, with his
heels and tail flying wildly in tho air. '
Then the army marched back to the
garden fonco, and Captain Thomas
mado a speech. "Soldiers," baid he.
"we have whipned the whole world, ,
and It has run away. I did it with my
sword. Now I must be the'King." ,
Just then Trix, tho gray goose,
stretched her neck through tho fence
nnd bit Tommy ou the leg. , Tho Cap
tain, the drummer, and the whole army
raised a loud yell, whilo 'Prix hissed
fiercely. Then down went the drum,
and tho gun, and tho sword. The army
limped off as fast as it could to -tho.
kitchen. Had you scon Captain Thom
as, soon ntter, Bobbing on his. pother's
lap, you would not have dreamed "fto -was
tho little man who had - just
"whipped the whole world.":
Notice. Do not boast of what , you
have not done. Some old gray gooso
may hear you. (Jur LUllc Ones.
Skipping'. , . ;
Hoys, I want to ask you how you
think a conqueror mado out who went
through tho couutry he Was trying to
subdue aud whenever ho found a fort
hard to take, left it alone. Don't 30,11
think the enemy would buzz wild there,
like bees in a hive, and when he was
well into the heart of the country don't
you fancy they would swarm out and
harass Inm terribly? . '
Just so, I want you to remember,
will it bo with you, if vou skip over tho
hard places in your lessons and loavo
them unlearned; you have left an ene
my in tho rear that will not fail to
harass you and mortify you times with
out number. i
"There was jut a littlo bit of, my
Latin 1 hadn't read," said a vexed stu
dent to me," and it was just there tho
Professor had to call upon 1110 at exam
ination. There were just two or tlueo
examples I had passed over, and ono
of these I was asked to do on the black
board." The student who is not thorough is
never well at his case; he cannot forget
tho skipped problems, and tho con
sciousness of his deficiencies makes him
nervous and anxious. '
Never laugh at the slow, plodding
student; tho time will surely come wheu
rbrt loiti.1, will Hq tinti(,rt It fnl-V..t
to bo thorough, out it more than pays.
Resolve, when youtako up a study, that
you will go through with it like a suc
cessful conqueror, taking every strong
point. , ;
If tho accurate scholar's diflicultics
closed with his school lifo it might not
be so great a matter for his future ca
reer. Put ho has chained to himself a
habit that will be like an iron ball at his
heel all the rest of his life. Whatever
he does will be lacking somewhere. He
has learned to shirk what is hard, and
the habit will grow with years. .Voni
ing blur. -.,.- 1
When They Found Her Dead.
Children are the sunshine of life.
They are tho soft wind which thaws
away the snow and ico of selfishness.
They are the atmosphere in which old
ago finds hours of yotithfiilnesH. M
Prospect street lived an old woman
who made herself a terror to every
child who passed her door. Her house
was old and grim. Thn dark curtains
were always down, the doors were sel
dom opened, and no child passed it
without fearing the evil spirit that
seemed to lodge there. The old wom
an cursed any one who dared peer
through the fence, and if seen abroad
sho was carefully avoided.
A few days ago the children saw tho
inside of her house for the first time.
The old. woman had been found dead,
and men and women had assembled to
respect her cold clav. Witlr them
came the children. They , wore the
first to forget what she had been, and
tho first to shed tears over tho close of
her earthly career. Men and women
were satisfied when the body had been
dressed for tho grave, but the children
brought flowers and laid them on her
grizzly hair until she seemed to wear a
crown of glory; thoy placed a. beauti
ful lily in her bony fingers, a green
vino over her breast, and when theenr
tain wan raised and the sunshine
streamed in and fell upon the dead, men
and women said: '"
"It is the face of a mother aud a
woman, and we were too harsh with
her. Let God remember that she was
all alono and had much to endure." '
The work of the children had robbed
death of Its look, and molted frozen
hearts, and as they stood around tho
bier and sang: i
" Yes, we'll (father at tho river
Tbut Hows by the throne of (lod,
Men pressed each others' ; hands and
"Would that our hearts would always
bo tho hearts of children." Detroit
Free 1'rcss. f
Tho following anecdote is told of
Alexander 1L A few years before his
death, while visiting Odessa, a cash
iered officer broke through his guaids
and, casting himself on his knees,: be
sought the Emperor to grant him justice.
The Emperor answered that he would
consider his case. "No, no." ex
claimed the man, "if you do not see
justice done mo at once 1 am lost.
Then the Czar heard his story, saw that
a cruel wrong had been done, and
promised that the ollicer .should bo re
instated. Even this, however, did hot
satisfy the man. "Toll me here, be
fore everybody, that 1 am an officer ot
yours. Father, aud sijn this paper.
Your mere word would not be obeyed
once your back was turned." : Nicholas
would have bounded at, this insinrra
tion. but Alexander II. tacitly acqui
esced in it and did wh:l was ashed ot