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DEMOCUATIC IN POLITICS) PUBK IN IilTKltA-XUIlKj AND miOOIllCSKIVK IN SOUTHERN INTKRKST8. :
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BY-A. M. BURNEY & CO. - MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE,' SATURDAY; MAY '14, 1881;' ; ; . ; VOL. II NO. 27. i
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KEWS : AND NOTES.
A Summary of Important Events.
The Missouri l'aciflo extension to
Fort Worth, Tex., is completed.
Ex-J'ostmaster-Genbual Kbt ex
presses bis utmost confidence in Brady's in
tegrity and regards him an "one of the ablest
and host )tlleer8 that ever presided over the
Central Bureau of the Pom-olttce Depart
ment." J The Postmaster-General has declined
to make a special investigation af Mr. Dor
scy'j connection with tlio star route con
tracts. The former has assured Mr. Dorsey
ho wilj be attendod to. along with the rest.
A general investigation is under way which
willjofludc'hiiiK . h
The Kansas Prohibitory law went in
feeffect M.iyl: At Leavenworth many of the
saloon men continued their tratlic, with tho
intention of contesting the validity of the
law. Generally throughout tho State, how
ever, tho liquor dealers havo closed up their
places and cither removed clsewhoro or en
gSd in other businerti. ' . ' '
John Dillon was arrested atl'ort
Arlington, on his way to Dublin, upon a
warrant dated April 3D, . charging him with
inciting persons to forcibly oppose and resist
execution sales, processes of law for Riving
possession of land, and riot and assault. On
his arrival at Dublin ho was taken to Kil
luSinham Jail.' There was not tho slightest
attempt at a popular demonstration.
The President on the 5th sont a mes
nago to the Senate withdrawing the follow
ing New York nominations: Stewart L.
Woodford, United Slates Attorney for
Southern District; Asa W. Tcnny, United
States Attorney, Kastern District; Lewis E.
Payne, United States Marshal, Southern
District; Clinton McDougull, United States
MiiAhnil, Northern District; John B. Tay
lof, Collector (if Customs, Buffalo. These
jrciiUeinen are all known as friends and ad
herents; of Senator Conkling, The nomina
tion of Judgo Robertson for Collector of
Customs was not withdrawn.
" As a result of the conference between
President Garfield, the Secretary of War,
and Generals Sherman and Sheridan, an or
der has been promulgated restoring the mil
itary divisions to the same status as before
the order of December 8, 18$0, which created
Ihe Division of the Gulf. By the new order
Gen. Schoficld Is placed on waiting orders
until further order of the President, with
full pay. The territory formerly embraced
in the Division of the Gulf Is restored to the
Division of.the Missouri which will remain
under command of Lieut' Gen. Sheridan.
The Divisions of tho Atlantic and thpPaoJtlc
will remain unchanged, under command re
spectively .of Gen. llaifcoek and Gen. Mc
.Dowcll. - '. '
In 1879 Joseph Funk . and J. Black-
1 Ji'an, of. riiiludclphia, made bids and wcxa
awarded contracts for three star-route mail
contracts In Texas, giving as bondsman W.
K. Casen. The contractors never attempted
to perform their contracts, and they were
accordingly given over to the next highest
bidders at a largely increased compensation.
The Tost -ollice authorities have noy caused
the arrest of the three parties named, on a
charge of conspiring to defraud the United
States by the execution of worthless bonds,
it being evident that both the bidders
and bondsman were mere "straw" men,
and acted in collusion with other parties.
Neither Punk, Blackmail nor Caen is of the
least pecuniary responsibility. They are all
throe, however, in some way connected with
Joseph I'. Black, a coal operator and con
tractor, hose arrest has also probably been
effected ere this. Funk is his brother-in-
law, Blackiuan is his coachman and Casen a
sort of general dependent. The prisoners
were lodged in jail in default of $T,0K) bail
One of the developments of tho star
route contract Investigation now in progress
is the fart that a contract was let for river
service from St. Louis to St. Paul, going in
to effect July 1, 1SS0. . On June 30, Ihe day
preceding that date, Mr. James K. White,
Mail Superintendent at Chicago, notified the
Department at Washington that tho route
win an entirely superfluous one, being coy
ered by existing service at every point north
of Keokuk, Iowa, far better than It could be
by tho river route, and recommending that
the route be discontinued. No notice being
taken of this, again on July 8 Superintendent
White wrote the Department a letter of slm
liar import, adding the information that the
only service performed over the routo
was tho carrying of an empty mail
pouch each way, and saying in conclu
sion "It it is the intention of the Dc
partmcnt to have the exchange of cmp
ty pouches between St. Paul and St. Louis
continued, please so advise." . This commit
mention was likewise shelved in Washington,
and the service was continued until March
31, 18S, at an expense of .fan, 08 1. Postinas-ter-Gcneral
James has now sent .special
'thanks to Superintendent White for his
earnest protests against this fraud, and he Is
instructed to investigate another river route
in tho same vicinity.
Rkkkkkino to the. President's with.
drawal of the New York nominations, the
Wa-bington correspondent of the St. Louis
VUiW' Democrat telegraphs in substance:
The war has bemin In earnest. If any doubts
have; existed as to w hat the Administration
Intended to do In the ('onkllmj-tiohcitson
imhmKlio, such doubts were set at ivsUo
davbv the withdrawal of names of Mr. Conk
lieg's fiienils. This summary action of tho
President created a decided sensation; and is
tho only topic In political circles to-night.
That tlio President should take this method of
asMuning the offensive appeals as much of
surpi Ihc to his fiienils as to anybody else. It
had been tatntly rumored about midnight las
night that Mr. Conkling would to-day call up
the uncontested nominations from his State,
which meant bis friends, and press them for
contli million. The President doubtless un
derstood this, and quickly decided to fort)
stall such a proceeding by their withdrawal
The comment on the course ot the President
Js w idespread, and differs only as tho com
mediator Is in sympathy with Uartleld or
Mr. Conkling. The hitter's friends are
of the opinion that the President has
prcatlv Overshot tin mark. It will drive
Senator o sipiHie issue between Conkling
and Garfield. They may take thtdr choice,
but Ihey liiu-it take one or the other. Tho
President's friends lire hltfhlv pleased nt his
exhibition of backbone. They dwlare he will
jrrin 1 Conkling tn powder before this fight is
over. 1 lie Democrats are chuckling in great
glee over the bloody prospect. They consider
tliat, terminate as (he tight may, it will bring
good to them and theirs. There is a livoly
prospect ahead, that is generally conceded.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
John IIaiin committed suicide nt
Spade's Depot, Itipley County, Ind.. by
throwing himself Into burning brush-heap.
Intemperance and family troubles had ren
dered him desperate.
The switchmen employed upon the
various railroads centering in Chicago en
tered upon a strike on the 2d, their demand
being for a general advance of wages to $3.00
and $'2.75 per day.
M. Shilling and J. Epstein, two
merchantsof Palestine, Texas,were drowned
in Clear Lake by tho capsizing of thoir boat
. A Tuukisji victory over tho Alban
ians at Prlsrcnd is reported. Tlio aggregate
losses in killed and wounded aro placed at
, The journeymen bakers of New York
atul Brooklyn are on a strike.
Gen. John Preston, of Columbia, S.
C, is dead.
Colorow, the Ute Chief, and seventy
five lodges of tho red men were recently en
camped within three miles ot the military
post on tho White liiver, and it looks as if
they meant to be troublesome.
John W. McClvny, one of the
Judges of Johnson County, Mo., was struck
by lightning and killed near Warrcnsburg,
on the 1st. He was well known and highly
A sad accident occurred at Grerffeda,
Miss., tho other day. Capt. Fowler, drug
gist, was charging a soda fountain, when the
generator exploded, fatally injuring Dr.
Kay, the leading physician of tho city, who
died two hours afterward, Capt. Fowler's
injuries, it is thought, will also prove fatal.
A mketinq of Oklahoma colonizers
was held at Wichita, Kaus., on the 3d.
Capt. Payne was present and announced tho
unfavorable result of his trial before the
United States Court at Fort Smith. Resolu
tions were adopted denouncing the injustice
ot the verdict and pledging renewed efforts
to effect a lodgment in the Territory.
The Executive Committee of the Ar
ansas Democratic State Central Committee
have called a meeting of the entire committee
for the 24th of May, to consider the question
of differences between Democrats In this
State on the debt question. '.
Two hundred bale3 of cotton, in tran
sit from St. Louis to the steamer Asdrubal
for the Continent, were burned at New Or
leans on the 3d. Loss, $8,000; insured.
Arrangements have been consum
mated for tho consolidation of the Missouri,
Kansas & Texas and Texas fc International
and Great Northern Railways. The St.
Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern and Texas
Pacific will be consolidated the Pith Inst.
A train dashed into a carriage cross
ing the track at Camden, N. J., on the 2d.
Mrs. Valentine Crim was killed, and her.
husband and Adolphus Butler were seri
THEKEare over 3,000 applications for
Consulships now on file at the tate Depart-
man! In Waaklnfflnn TlioM .rn aHntif 1 "l 1
m' .iL-f""-"" "u """"""1WSslrm, clearing the calendar of treaties and
consulates an miu, nuu mere ire umj uuuiti
half a dozen vacancies.
At a banquet to Gen. Grant In the
City of Mexico, he was toasted by the Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs as "the great, good,
and tried friend of Mexico."
Several passenger coaches were
thrown down an embankment on the Troy &
Boston Railway, near Eagle Bridge. No
War between Japan and China is
A telegram from Montevideo says
the British war Hloop Dotcrel was blown up
recently at Sandy Point, Straits of Magellan.
Eight officers and 135 men were killed, only
fifteen of the vessel's complement escaping.
The following is a list of the killed
and wounded in the two wrecks that occur
red on the 2d on the Texas & Pacific Road at
Sweetwater and Katula, near tho western
terminus: Frank Lewis, engineer, and his
irothcr, J. Lewis, fireman, residence Knox-
ville, Tenn.; J. Langdon, brakeman, resi
dence unknown; Win. Dye, residence Fort
Worth; M. B. Sanders, engineer, residence
The President has nominated Eliot
C. Jewctt, of Missouri. Assayer in charge of
tho Assay Office at St. Louis.
A little daughter bf Dennis Mc-
Cauley, of Dennison, Ohio, was met by a
man named Sheets, who gave her two rail
road torpedoes, telling her they contained
candy, and that she must open them
with a stone. She innocently laid one of
them down on the sidewalk and tried to
burst it open with a brick. After striking
two or three times the torpedo burst with a
terrible force. The little girl's eyes were en
tirely destroyed, and she was otherwise so
badly injured that It was feared she can not
A train on the Little Rock and Fort
Smith Railroad ran over and killed Annie
MarlindaIe,of Alma,the other day. The girl,
who was only 12 years old, was crossing the
track when the train came In sight, and was
paralyzed with fright and unable to get out
of the way. The body was frightfully mu
tilated. S - ,
Morris Cheney and Daniel Abbott
were crushed to death and several others
were seriously Injured by the falling of a
building which had been "jacked" for re
pairs at Littleton, N. II.
Five cases of giant powder, contain
ing 500 pounds, exploded in New York City
the other day, without damage to person or
A break in the levee above St. Louis,
on the 6th, threatened the town of Venice
with destruction and caused hundreds of
families to abandon their dwellings. It also
interrupted grain shipments on several rail
roads to such an extent that the elevators
were obliged to shut down,
Justin McCarthy has given notice
in the House of Commons that he will move
at an early day that the action of tho Irish
Executive in arbitrarily arresting a member
of Parliament and proclaiming the City of
Dublin under martial law Is an abuse of the
powers granted bT the Coercion act, and is
calculated to arouse dissatisfaction and mur
the results of the remedial proposals,
Five Directors of the defunct First
National Bank of Newark, N. J., have been
indicted for conspiracy and aiding and Blun
ting falsification of the books and reports ot
Cork and Kilkenny (Ireland) are
proclaimed under the arms acL
In 2sew York City the other day a
a Mi Fannie Blanchette, of Buffalo, died
from the effects of lead-poisoning, resulting
from the use of cosmetics. v v .
IT is current report that ex-Secretary
Schurz is to take up his permanent residence
in New York City.
Lieut. Uullis, who pursued the In
dian murderers of tho McLauron family
across the Rio Grande into Mexico, overtook
them and kilted four bucks and ono squaw,
wounding and capturing several squaws and
Mrs, Callen and her 3-ycar-old son
were drowned while crossing the Chippewa
River, at Benson, Minn., in a skiff. Their
bodiei were recovered.
Three children were killed by light
ning near Winona, Miss., on the 5th.
Hayes White, the murderer of Sher
iff Beattlo of Crittenden County, Ark;, has
been sentenced to be hanged, on tho 10th of
The newly Invented Fontaine engine,
recently tested on the Canada Southern Rail
way, made the most astonishing speed on
record lll'miles In 08 minutes. -
May 2. Mr. Farley called attention to
the large number of nominations awaiting
action, and moved an executive session. II 0
said potitlons were daily coming from Cnlifor
nia asking for tho consideration of the Chi
nese treaty, and other important mnttersi
A debate ensued between Messrs. Dawes and
Farley, tho Chinese question receiving con
siderublu attention. Senator Heck said the
Republicans had not dared to ko into execu
tive session because Of divisions In tho party
on Important nominations. The usual motion
to go into executive session was defeated.
May 8. Mr. Davis, of West Virginia, took
the floor with a speech upon the debt ques
tion between the Virginias, premising his re
marks with nn expression of regret that the
speech made by the Kcmitors from Virginia
and Ohio (Mtthone. and Sherman) should have
compelled him to discuss in tuts chamber
what he considered to bo purely a local mat
ter. Tho debt question In Virginia had never
been mado a political one, and he regretted
that the Republican Senators should make
statements retlecting upon the action of the
Democrats of t hat State on th- question. Mr.
Davis gave n historvof tbedebteomplieation,
and said the Virginias and their people will
pay their debts, and the sooner the better.
He" hoped tho two States would soon come to
gether and settle the question.
May 4. The Senate opened with the
formal announcement from Mr. Diiwes that
the tight should go steadily on as before. Ho
arraigned tho Democratic party tts obstruc
tionists, who had paralyzed the efforts of the
majority of the Senate to complete its organ
ization, He declared the Democratic ntinoiltv
revolutionary, but at the close of his remark's
Mr. Dawes said it would not do for the Re
publicans to neglect their duty elsowbero
while thoy wero resisting the minority. Rec
ognizing the necessity of tills, he would move
to drop the ngnt lor a time ana attend to oth
cr pressing business. This created consider
abb; amusement on the floor and in the
galleries, even Republican Senators not re
fraining from a smile at the way the question
was llniuly put. There was some little spar
ing between Pendleton, Dawes und Reck, and
tlio motion lor an executive session was car
ried unanimously, j tie executive session
was very dull indeed, being mostly devoted to
the reference of nominations and the Chi
nese treaties. The follow ing were continued
by unanimous consent : Robert Hitt, Illinois,
Assistant Secretary of State; Hiram I'rlep,
Iowa, Commissioner of Indian Atlairs; Alfred
M. Jones, United States Marshal, Northern
District Illinois; Sanford A. Hudson, Wiscon
sin. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court ot
Dakota; Joseph O. Jones, Postmaster, Terr
May 5. The Senate transacted a remark-
taking Unnl action on eighty-tour nominations
in about four anil a halt Hours, i no llrst mat
ler disposed of was the Chinese Immigration
treaty, wiiicii was rnmica without amend
ment iv a practically unanimous vote, i no
Chinese rotiimercinl tveatv. nfterhHof discus
sion. wits also ratified without amendment.
rrocceding with the calendar ot treaties, the
Senate next ratillcd in quick succession the
extradition treaty with the United States of
'o omliia: Consular convention with Itnlv.
modifying and d"llnlng the judicial powers
of certain consulates; Wio convention with
Morocco respecting the taxation prerogatives
ot the Moorish uoveriimcnt ; ana t no treaty
with Japan, prescribing reciprocal duties
for the Japanese and United States Govern
ments in case 01 suipwreiKs upon tueir ro
May C Mr. Dawes made an attempt to
speak on the resolution for the election of
fennte officers, but the Democratic Senators
resumed the tactics of alternating motion to
go into executive session una to. ndlourn
until Mr. Dnwes gave up the fight for the dav.
and, upon his motion, the Senate went into
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
A Washington dispatch of the 7th
says a Republican caucus will be called early
In the week, to consider the pending situa
tion. It is intimated that President
Garfield's friends will inaugurate a change
In their mode of tactics, by assuming the of'
tensive In case Senator Conkling should en
deavor to shelve the Robertson nomination.
Six miners lost their lives by a fire in
a coal shaft at Carbondalc, Kans.,on the 0th
Fourteen of their companions were rescued
from their perilous poslthin after great ex
ertion, and were resuscitated.
Eads' ship railway contract has been
unanimously approved by the Mexican
Chamber of Deputies.
The Trince of W ales and Prince and
Princess William of Russia have arrived at
Vienna, to be present at the marriage of Ru
dolph and Stephanie.
A freight engine and ten cars went
through a bridge on the Green Bay k Min
nesota Railroad, between Elm Lake and
Dextcrvllle, Wisconsin, the other day. The
bridge bad been set on fire by a miscreant.
The engineer was seriously hurt.
Surveyors on the Muskogee & Fort
Smith Branch of the Missouri Pacific have
been driven off by the Cherokees. The In
dians are reported obstinate. It Is not
doubted that the Missouri Paciflo folks will
assert their right to build the road.
A dispatch from St. Petersburg says
measures are on foot to lessen the rent for
lands from thirty to sixty-five per cent.
This will apply to the thirteen Northern
Governments. There will be other measures
of amelioration for the South. The expecta
tions of a constitution are probably chimer
The festivities arranged for the mar
riage of Prince Rudolph and Prin
cess Stephanie at Vienna were for
mally begun on the 6th, the day of the
Princess's arrival at Vienna. A grand cortege
escorted the royal lovers to the castle. Tho
first carriage contained the Emperor and
the King of the Belgians; the second the
Queen of the Belgians, PrlncM
Stephaule and Prince Rudolph; the
third the Empress Clementine and her gov
erness. The route of procession was lined
with troops and the- crowd of people num
bered thousands, who greeted tha
party.cspccially the Princess Stephanie, with
the loudest and heartiest acclamations.
The party on their arrival were affectionate
ly welcomed by the Emp ress in the grcal
gallery of the castle. On the 7th the festiv
ities were continued almost without inter
mision during the day and terminated
with a grand state hall at Hoffburg at night.
Mr. George C. Hardi, a well
known Journalist, editor of the Satunh)
Jlt' icm, died at Indianapolis on the Sin.
Ex-Soldiers nud tlio Kemestead Laws.
Itakr tho liberty of sending you the follow
ing, believing that tho information therein
contained will prove of great value to ox-soldiers
who havo heretofore' made homestead
entries or who may contemplate such action,
and should bo widely disseminated.
Tho Commissioner of thu. General Land Of-
tlco was asked: " Whether, after a soldier has
in person or by agent mado au entry for a oer
tain quarter section he may assign bis interest
thereinto another before ho has commenced
his rcsidenco on and Improvement ot tho
land? If tho soldlor should so vacate
his entry or full to appear within six months,
could be at some future tlnu.' enter upon other
Tue following is a copy of the response
made by the CumuiUs! ncr: '
" In renlv I have to infotm von flint a rl.
dlor caunot make an or g mil homestead entry
iiy Hiiorucy or Hvcui. iiu limy nio a n niie
stead de. laratory statement by agent lllevisod
Statutes Soo. Z O il, or, having undo n hoino
siead eutry prior t Jure:.".!, ii,4 r Irs tfcnu
Im acres, he may make additional enti y LUo
vlsed Statutes 8eo- ntij tor such ipuiutltv of
uiuu ns may ue necessary to fgifrontii wltb
bis original hoinestt a I IiiO seres, und this iid-
dltlonal entry may be locaiod by tin agent
duly uutnorizcd by power of attorney, and
the party is u t required to reside upon or
cultivate tbo land embraced in suuh
additional entry. provided that he
shall have complied with all legal
requirements respecting his original entry. In
me uvcut. inai tne original entry or a soldier
mado prior to Juno ft!, IM, b'is been canceled
for any reason the area of land embraced In
such entry being less than liK) acres t be puny's
right to an additional entry still exists, but he
will be required to reside upon and improve
the land embraced In his additional entry tbo
same as though ibe original entry had not
"A soldior within the meaning of this letter
Is a person who served during iho war of the
rebellion for ninety days or more in the armv
of tho t'nlte I states, a,,d who was honorably
discharged therefrom. Tbo snmo privileges
are extended to persons who served as above
In tho navy or marine corps and. received
'Any person, sold er or citizen, who should
mnke ahomestead entry under existing laws
and fail to comply with legal requirements
respecting residence and Improvements will,
upon the cancellation of his or her entry by
reason of suoh failure, forfeit all rights under
tbc Homestead laws, and cannot thereafter
make a homestead entry.
"The tiling of a homestead declaratory
stntemcnt uudef section Revised Nat-
utes secures to tne party a preference rhdit to
make a homestead entry for the land tiled
upon within six muntlis lroiii the date of til
ing, should a party who had mado such a
tiling fail to make a homestead entry for tho
land Hied upon, such failure would not
operate to defeat his right to make tt hoine-
Biead entry lor such laud if no adverse claim
tor the same appears, or. If the land tiled upon
shall havebeon otherwise disposed of, be may
legally make a I omcstead entry for any
oilier vacant unappn printed public land not
exceeding in area tbc maximum quantity al
lowed by law."
Tho object of tho Commissioner in the
above U tter was to clearly distinguish be
tween an aclual homestead entry and a more
declaration of intention to ma'te such entry.
ino nnnjr or a acciaiatcry statement by a
soldier gives him no title to the land, but
only serves to notify the woild tb.it ho Intend
to make entry of tbo land tiled upon. If he
fails to make entry of tho land within six
months from date of filing, his clnim expire)
by statutory limitation and h:s riu-hts under
section 2,:R)IMtcviS( d Statutes are exhausted,
and he cannot leg, illy file an ther declaratory
statement for homestead pu-pojos. II is right
to make a homestead entry rouinins intaot,
however, and ho may nt any future tlmo
make such entry lor tnq Jimd. filed .upon, (if
vacant or for o. her lana subject to disposal
unuer tne iiotncstcau laws, w:th the same
privileges ns though he had not filed tho de
Jinny persons erroneously suppose that fit
lng a homestead declaratory statement Is
equivalent to making n homestead entry, and
that having ma to such tiling nothing more is
require 1 of them than to go upon the land to
resi'le. and nt the proper timo make final
proof. To correct this false impicssiou 1 havo
taken the trouble to write and send votl the
nlmve, hoping thnt It may have the bcncllt of
extensive circulation among soldiers, and
prove the incans.ol 'omibling them to better
know and protect their right s. IKtwihtidni
Cor. Chicutjo liUu-octnii.
Tns itdiliniul Cazrllc of a recent date has n
record of tho rail oul accidents occurring
during last March. The o were In all IMncci'
dents, whereby thirl y-eight persons were killed
and 171 Injuro l. Sixteen accidents caused tho
death of one or nioro persons; tweniyllve
caused Injury but not ilealh, leaving seventy-
two, or K1.7 per cout. of the whole number, in
which no injury to persons is recorded. As
compare:! with March, 10, there was an In
crcusu of forty-eight accidents, of twenty-ninc
in the numb, r killed and of HI in that injured
The flr.-t quarter of tho year contrasts with
tho first quarter ot 183 ) as follows
lVcdciif. Kflft. Injured.
.innunry &.M ;:u is
February ll!l 27 t'O
March ii:l 38 17
m OS 612
Accitlrnt. Killed, fiiiure.l
! 11 DO
84 10 4H
, t 9 iJJ
For the year ending with March tho record
Is as follows:
ccidrn's. KlUnl. Injura!.
April 71 H 4".
May 4tl 30 107
June 5H IS 77
July 7i 21 100
August ,. 112 4:) , Jill
Seplembor 124 IS 51
Octobor r.'O Oil 137
Noveinier nr, 40 IBS
Peoumuor i:r 29 141
,'lanuary i'JI 10 VU
February li!l 27 2-V1
March 113 38 177
Totals 1,37! 374 1,(T2
Same months 1M70-.B0.... K3 i;:i ti:;8
Same months 1378-711.... HI 21tl 84J
A Terrible Death.
A tri'LY horrible Incident is reported In th
Vicnese papers as hav ng recently taken
place In tbo great paper-mill of Me-srs. (icl-
lerth & Fucrth, at l'llscn. It having been re
ported to the manager of that Institution that
the great steam boiler was fot.l and tho fur
naces required cleaning, he caused tho fires t
be extinguished and employed a gang
workmen to execute tho necessary cleansing
operations. One of the laborers, a powerful
young fellow of nineteen, named Anthony
Kaczander, after toiling bard at his share of
the Job for several consecutive hours, Iny
down In the huge air-pipe, runn'ng under the
main furnace, Intending to snatch a few mo
ments' rest. He must bnvaj fallen Into
a deep sleep, for, wbon the
masons instructed to brick up the en
of the pipe later on in tbo day carried out
thoir orders, he made no sign. As soon as tho
furnace was pronounf cd to be again in work
Ing order the stokers were Instructed to light
the fires, and did so. Presently Kiicamde
was missed In the Skill. Scsrch was Insiliuted
for him, but In va fT Next morning tt appears
to have occurred to one of his fellow-work
men that bo might havo crept into tho al
pipe. Upon this suggestion being communi
cated to tho mannger, steps were at once
taken to break Into the closed mouth of tbo
tube; and, sure enough, the charred skcleto
of Anthony Kacnnder was discovered, lyln
clo-c to the Issue, bricked up during fcls heavy
slumber of the previous afternoon. In
probability, awnkenM by the heat soon aftor
tbc fires were lighted, he had crawled toward
the outlet, and, finding it fmcuotrably closed.
bad rtsiguod bimself to bis fate.
, ' A Bostoniau'a Curious IVill. . ,.
Tho Ebon Wright will Is the social
sensation in Boston. Kbon Wrisrht was
very wealthy old bachelor, who had
inherited a good deal of money, which
he had more than doubled by his own
business sucoess. He was not an amia
ble man neither was he fond of his re-
ationa. He had favorites outside of
thorn, but they wore not manyi Ono of,
nis neighbors at his seaside Country ro
sort wai Gfln. Charles A, Whittier, a
Boston broker. Mr. Wright took a fan
cy to him and to his family; They are
among the most respected of our Boston
people. 1 Mr. Wright was fond of Visit
infr them and having thom visit him.
Mrs. Whittier was kind to the old gen
tleman, and a - pleasant friendship ex
isted between them, , He probably con
fided in . her more than any ono else.
This sjiii f Jievwent to Florida vpo6r
state of health. Ho grew worse there,
and, hitt case becoming critical, he tele
graphed to Mrs. Whittier that he should
ka to Bee her.1 Sho started at once for
the South, and took with her. a Boston
physician, whom, it is said, she engaged
at the rate of $100 per day. Mr; AVright
t i? 1 . . , lit'..
uiu not live long aiier sne reacuea mm.
When ho died it was found that he had
made a will soon after her arrival, in
which, after bequeathing $200,000 or
$800,000 in legacies, ho had given her
the entire balance of his fortune', amount
ing to probably H.JiOO.OOO. Such an
immense bequest, as you may suppose,
has astonished every one. It is a stu
pendous result from an old man's fan
cy. Mr. Wright's ' own relatives have
been cut off with very little. Two of his
sisters have but $1,000 eaoh. The
proceedings seems to hive been a freak
of a man with uoamiablo ai well as sym
pathetic impulses. ; Xo very great pe
cuniary hardship grows out of the will
in most cases, as Mr. Wright's relations
are generally well off in the world. I
hear, however1, that this is not the fact
as regards ono of his sisters. On the
other hand, neithef dods Mrs. Whittier
need the money. Her husband is a very
bold and successful operator in stocks,
and is said to have made $300,000 in the
last year. lie is a partner of Mr. Henry
Higginson. who I told you last week
had guaranteed so much money to the
new musical enterprise in Boston. The
goneral inquiry now is as to whether the
will 13 to stana or be contested. No
body knows anything on the Bubject,
Mr. Wright's relatious are entirelv re
tlcont. One runlor Is to the effect that
Gen Whittier decided that : he would
not receive the money. Another! and a
more probable one, is that he is in ne
gotiation with the relations, and has
made propositions to yield up to them
$1,000,000 and accept the rest. He is
to sail Saturday in company with one of
Mr. Wright's nephews, which looks like
a good understanding hero. Mr. Wright
was, it is said, in an unhappy frame of
mind toward almost every one in his
last days 1 in a Southern hotel; 'but
whether there is enough In this and in
his eccentric will to prove him of un
sound mind is the point to bo settled.
Boston Cor. Hartford Courant.
The rasslou for. Arctic Exploration.
Lieutenant tlobert M. Berry, who has
been serving on the Jeannette Relief
Board as junior member and Recorder,
is now ordered to the command of the
relief ship, the Mary and Helen. Ho
was on the Tigress in search of the miss
ing members of the l'olana crew, and
has a passion for Arctic explorations
So, alas I had Lieutenant De' Long, to
whom the writer once said at table, in
the month before he sailed in command
of the Jeannetto : 'How can you leave
your charming wife and little daughter
to go on such a long and doubtful oruiser
Let some bachelor oilioer go in your
place." "And let" the old bachelors
have all the glory of enterprise?" he
said, hall reproachfully, to which his
wife added quickly, "And I, too, am
enthusiastic for my husband to go. I
would not deter him for anything." The
thought of that beautiful lady and child,
from whom the infatuated explorer tore
himself awav, is harrowing to one who
saw them daily and knew what a per
fect home circle it was. ' He-Was fine'
grained and brilliant a handsome,
dashing oilioer; she a lady of intellt
gence and culture, the daughter of- a
captain in the merchant service. 1 hey
are remembered with kindly interest at
their hotel here, the Ebbitt House; where
also Lieutenant Berry had his Washing
ton quarters. The latter is a bachelor,
fortunately; hois six feet two inches
high, of fine physique and powerful
frame, remarkably cool, and is said to
have great thoughtiulness in the care 01
those under him. He is about thirty
five years old, was born in Kentucky,
entered the Waval Academy in lsoz,
graduated in 1806, has served in the
bouth and -North Atlantic station, on
the European Station, has been on duty
Tit the Torpedo Station, and was execu
tive olliccr 01 tne training ship baratoga
for the last three years, from which duty
he was detached when ordered as a
member of the Jeannette Relief Board.
Washington Republican. . .
Texas Stage Robbers Ontwitted.
Col. L. Caldwell reports that when it
was known that the robbers had stop
ped the coach, money and valuables
changed positions. Judge Leisering
shoved his fine watch and chain into his
boot ; Capt. Millet jerked off his watch
and chain and threw them into the
brush, and then cut a slit with his pen
knife in the lining of the coach and put
$G00 in greenbacks out of the way, all
being done before the robbers could get
.the passengers out of the stage. Capt.
Milletpvore a line diamond pin up near
his collar-button, which, wearing a
heavy beard and holding his head down,
the thieves failed to discover. The rob
bers abused and cursed the passengers
for being so poor and penniless, and
kept them standing with their hands np
for two hours. Col. Caldwell says tha
robbers obtained but a few dollars from
the passengers. Cvrput Christi Texas)
The new Governor of Candahar,
Muhamid Hashim Khan, is a loutish
looking vouth of nineteen. Shamsuddin.
Khftn,"the te ficfo Governor, U fcnjn.
telligent man of forty-live.
Tho singer is better than most mor
Ulsl. He is happy when he finds hi
cane in do. Si F Lonoell Courier: '
A Mine for Sale.
We have decided to sell our claim in
the North Park known as the New Jeru
salem mine, owing to tho press of other
work and the fact that tho capital stock
of the concern is needed for otiior pur
The mine is situated near tho apex of
the Continental divide, at an altitude of
10,000 feet above the level of the sea.
The claim is a great deal higher than
the price we hold it at.
We have never successfully developed
the claim, for several reasons. In tho
first place, the winters are so severe at
that elevation that a shaft sunk in tho
suniniw season is 'hearcd. out," so to
speak, every spring. This is discourng.
ing. No :m in wants to dig a 30-foot
shaft in a claim only to find the next
snrine that It. hn. Iwnn nne,7nrl hut. of
the ground or Is sticking 1)0 feet up into
Again, there is an avalanche of snow
and loose rock that starts from this
point everv Tuesdav. Thursdav and
Saturday, when on time, and it fills tha
shaft full. You can work all dav Sun-
(lay and Monday frcoing tho shaft ol
snow and debris, and on Tuesday
morning before breakfast thoro is your
roguiar avalanche piled in there ajain,
and waiting to be dug out.
Ihis becomes at last wearisomo and
Unsatisfactory. It tends to discourage
ment and loss of conhdonce. Beside,
if the avalanche isn't on time, and is re
ported several hours late, suppose she
should make up an hour and reach tbo
claim while the Superintendent was
down in tho bottom of the shaft.
This has happened several times al
ready, and Superintendents are getting
There are verv few men who dossoss
the required agility to climb up a thirty-
loot shalt in time to skip an avalanche.
Ihreo bupenntendents of the Jew
Jerusalem mine will be thrown in with
the property. Thev are down in tho
bottom of the shaft now. They don't
shut down work soon enough. One of
them was delayed about getting out.
and when the avalanche had passed the
Second ono started in to dig him out,
und had just got -down pretty near him
when another premature avalanche
came past. Then the third ono started
in to dig out the other two. He didn't
calculate just right, and he is there, too.
Una has given the mine a bad repu
tation And nrpinrllcpd noonln ntrninat. it.
' One advantage of the claim, Eowever,
is that nd one can ever successfully
jump it. A mine at an altitude of 10,000
feet is a very dillicult thing to jump. A
man would nave to run two miles, aud
jump off a spring board, in order to get
velocity enough to jump a claim at that
altitude. Laramie Wy (wto.) worn-
A Southerner's Flylnjr-Machlne.
It is now learned that Dr. Daniel As-
bury's flying-machine will be given its
finishing touches within ono week. For
two years Dr. Asbury, wit h the aid of a
skilled mechanic, has been engaged in
perfecting hU idea. So far as can be
gathered from the description, of those
who have enjoyed the privilege of
ing its construction, about the following
: 1 . : ,.:,. 'i'l.:.. . ...... I
men 19 2iveu ui lb . xuu in aiitiuu ivy ci 1,3
to fust principles for its basis. Nature
furnishes the model, and ihe birds of the
air are robbed of the secret of their mo-
tive power for its purpose. The body
of the invention is in shape something
between a boat and the body of a bird.
Tho wings are mado of canvas and con
structed in imitation of a bird's wings.
They measure thirty feet from tip to tip
They are made to operate, not by work
lng the arms, as is supposed, but by in
genious machinery to which a pedal is
attached, and which is worKed by me
foot like a sewing-machine.. This is only
used when it is desired to ascend. As
soon as a proper altitudo is reached tho
napping of the wings is dispensed with,
and the wings being extended on a lovel,
the bird-machine, with tho aid of pro
pollers on the sides, sails through the air
any distance desired. 1 he machine is
nicely balanced, and if it is desired to
j - 1 i j 1 , rt u.., 1
UUnvUim. nil limb is uuuusaivi v la w iuiuyt i
ft littl otm wofcrht forward to rive tho
beak tho right incline downward and
ftA vKinnf ia aita'inaA lit A aUlirtf'd I
renutation as an inventor is established
. . . .. . - . . . . I
by his method ol curing toDacco, exten-
sively in use, in this State and in Vir
ginia, and leads 10 a nope mat nis latest
r. i 7 - i , . it
laca may ue a buuuuss. wtwrwuu iv.
( A Giant's Breakfast.
In regard to the appetite of Chang,
tho giant,' the National Republican
(Washington has the following : For
breakfast, when he was feeling well, he
drank a large pot of coffee, a pitcher of
milk, ate three pounds ol steaK, two good-
sused trout, a half-dozen hot rolls, with
a few et ceteras thrown in and a lot of
frnit to taper off with. Mr. Chang al
ways emerged from these dietetic con
tests smilingi but tho waiters were sort
of withered and limp, oo was m.
Pierce. He. however, feels relieved
now that Mr. Chang has taken his de
parture. He was a very pleasant, quiet
guest, but $6 per day doos not, as a
rule, balance his table performance.
Among the numerous appliances
added to the ship which goes in search
of the Jeannette is an observatory
balloon, from which it is expected a view
of thirtv miles can be had if it readies
the altitude of balloons sent up in this
climate. Bombs will bo used in the
progress of the search to give sign of
their presence in the Arctic. 1 ho ves
sel is not to winter in the Arctic except
to promote the search for which sho is
sent out, nor then except in a secure
harbor; nor is she to remain more than
one winter away from home. . .
A novelty in shape of a snow castl6
was erected bv Thomas minor, in ms
field in Trince Edward's Island. It took
fifty men three days to build the struc
ture; which was 40 feet long, 27 feet
wide, and capablo of holding iM per
sons seated. An entrance hall 17 feet
long was also mado. It was opened for
the sale ol coffee and tea, at an admis
sion fee of 4d.f and proceeds were given
to the poor. For several evenings an
instrumental concert was given to full
houses, gas being introduced into tht
snow building without difficulty.
The now lirht at Eddvstone will be
risible in clear weather for seventeen" '
and a half milos; it is to bo' .liW foot -it
abovo high water. . It will bo in full , ,
working order by March, 1882.' ;
The Chief of tho Paris Fire Brigado "
has recommended that the lighting of
large warehouses by electricity bo rondo
compulsory, in order to prevent a re
currence of such a disaster as tho do-"" I
Blruction by fire of the Prilitemps o.-ta-bi . ?
lishment. . , . ,
The waste of material in coal min
ing is enormous. It is estimated 'that ' '
only two-thirds of the coal in workable.; j
veins is taken out; there is a further loss ..
of 25 per cent, in tho preparation and
delivery. The ltcading Jiaiiroad im-" '
pany ha; spent SUSOO.UOP in the attempt ;.
to uuii.o waste coal oy ournpg. it in -
locomotives constructed for tho purpo.se.
sively used in Germany. Bark is wholly .,' t
dispensed with, and inorganic com-. , k
pounds take its place. The now process
requires from four to six weoKs lor its i"
completion, and tho particular feature,, ,(
is described to bo the action ot chromic ,
acid, for the generation of which tt hum- " 1
bor of substances, soluble in water, me
brought together so as to effect tho dc-., -
composition ol Dichromate 01 potasn.
It has long been known that sul--
phur cools a hot bearing, but the reason., a it
why is doubtful. Von Hceron : statcsr
that tho fine metal dust formed when a
journal runs hot, and which 'strongly ' rJ
acts upon both journal and bearing, ,,, t
forms tho sulphide with tho sulphur.
This compound, which grows soft and
greasy, does not cause any appreciable 1 1 '
amount ol motion, isuiphur ami grease, ,
in combination are in regular usq on .
board the steamers of the North rter- "
man Lloyds. . Mr.i.-j
An easy method for showingwhether,i i
butter is adulterated with beef fat has t
been submitted by linger. He saturates
a cotton wick with a suspected sample, i
which is first melted, lie then lights. , ,
the wick and permits it to burn for
about two minutes. At tho end of that' ' !
time, when the wick is extinguished, an, .
odor like that given off by a tallow can- ,
die, when its namo is blown out, is read-'
ily perceived if the butter is nrtiucial. - 1
Although some of tho underground ,
telegraph wires in Germany havo been, ,
in use for five years, they have cost noth
ing for maintenance, and are not likely ' ' '
to need any repairs for years to .come. ' , , i
There are now 8,000 miles of such wires
emploved. The plan adopted consists
in enclosing seven or more separately T
insulated conductors with a coil of moist .,
hemp, surrounded by a complete sheath "
rf iron wire, which again is covered with
a layer of hemp-yarn impregnated with
a protecting compound. . . ,
The American Meteorological So
ciety proposes, as the span of territory '
from Newfoundland to Oregon is CO de .
grces, four hours of time, that a stand
ard time lor the country do oncainea oy
taking a meridian in the middle of tho !
continent, DO degrees west ol ureen- ,
wich, and proceeding to the east and
west by steps ol one nour eacn. in oiner
words, the continent would be laid out
in four parallel north and south strips,
r,l, tKAntrmno Ana hmir vuln. in pn.rh
each 15 degrees, one hour, wide, in each
of which and for the whole of which'
standard time would bo based on tho.,
meridian in the middle of this strip,
vim AND POIST.
-Spring chickens and maple sugar
aro always in season, without any re- '
gard for spring. N, O. Picayune., ., ; . i
Whv is a follow with a bad cold in ,
the head like Niagara Falls P Because
he's a catarrh-racked. N. Y. News. '
A bonnet to be in the hight of fash- ' '
ion now must not be tho shape pf any
other bonnet. Philadelphia News.' ,4
Everything has to pay up some-
times', even tho little chickens nave to "
sholl out. Steubenville Herald.
We are glad to see that tho usoal
, bVi . ; o,,i iKia ,1
toU-grown pantl r is " thbyear.
on uuie, aim urw uucu ivuiuu m vimvuo
on time, and has
- - , m (ji,,';,,.,..
Pts of the comtrj. -Chicago Tribune
A circus proprietor advertises ms t.
oftAUT UQ tVia OTrtflfAqh thinT 11 11 (1 ft r CftH- '''
vas. This is a mistake. The.greateat
., . 1 . !. ,L. 1 . Il...,.
ming unaer canvas is wio uui. - -,
tli hihia Chronicle-Herald,
It is supposed that when winter was1 "
going out it collided with spring coming J
in, and tho seasons were so badly tci-. v,,
escoped that it is difficult to tell t'other ' '
from which. Norristbwn Herald; 1 ' 1 ' '
A professor at Cornell, lecturing on r
the effect of wind in some Western parts.
remarked : "In traveling along the road.
I even somotimes found ; the logs bouud
and twisted togethor to such an extent,
that a mule couldn't climb over thein,
so I went around." College Journal.
Swoet flowers! that from yoursunny nooks
Give welcome to the vernal tun t , r
Flow JoyoiiH, an each bright oyo looks i 1
. Alolt,iloth aooiii tho life bc(n. ,
How oloquont ye seom of tlaya
When lovers near your haunt will chance, ;
And Miu yourdaintv forms will pralso,
And ho up soildod cliffa will nrauoo, - -.
And gut much verdure on his pants. ' '
Two Cincinnati ladies, who had ,
lately returned from a trip abroad, wero
exchanging opinions in reference to the
famous pictures they bad seen. , "Give
me the Reconnaissance school of art,"
exclaimed one, "so full of sympathy,'
of poetry ; so different from the Pro- j
Kachelite." "it's very true wnas you
say," observed the other, "but as for
me, I just dote on the Dustledorp school!
the paint is so much fresher." irooi
lyn tagle. - ' .
An Austrian Diana, - T .'
The Empress of Austria is ono of tho
greatest hone women of the age. There
are few men in the world who can keep
up with her in a rido across the country.
It is true she carries only 117 pound v
while the average weight of horsemen u
1G0 and over. Mio prefers Ireland on
account of the roughness of tho country
to hunt in; but the land disturbances
this year have forced her to go to Eng
land. So she has settiea at uomner
rnere Abbey for six weeks. She hunts
four times a weeks, and no lady in Lng--land
can keep np with her. She is notj
afraid of the most hery sted mat any
m&n dare mount. She expects to spend
f 100,000 before her return to her owa
country. Dcmorest $ Monthly, ,