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"UKMOCUATIC IN5 'POLITICS! 1TJHI2 IN LlTKUATUHi:i AND 1'ltOOUKSMlVlS IN SOUTHKHN INTKItK-iTfS
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,','.:. : , V-MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, JUNE 25, 1881.
VOL. II.-NO. 33.
HEWS AND, NOTES.
A Srunmarjof Important Evonts.
Tuft JProslJonti has appointed 75bah
land, of Kansas, Commissioner of
thu GeherifLiind Office.
l'u Ohio- Giyenbaok-Labor Conven
tion; at Columbus, on the lBth, nominated
. John Sluix for Governor and Charles Jen
kins fqr Lieutenant-Governor.
J. A. Bknti.ky lias tciidorod his ros
fmiMoa as Commissioner of Pensions, and
W. Vr. Dudley, United States Marshal for
Indiana, has" been uppolnlud in bit stead.
TilE, Pennsylvania Greenback State
CdnYcdtfo'n met" at Pottsvillo on tho 10th and
nominated R. W. Jacksou, of Mercer Coun-
1 V .'r' "Sia ' Tii'3 Greenback
platform for 13-0 was reutllimed aud adopted.
TuKN.ew Hampshire Legislature
eleVledthe following State officers: . Secre
.tnfjesrf Slate, A. B. Thompson; Treasurer,
SoloA Carter; State Printer, Parsons It.
Cogswell; Commissary-General, GeorgoE.
The doBillock in the New York Leg
islature continued on the 17th, with no im-
mediate p rospeet ot a choico for Senators.
The ooniniiltoe Investigating the uttered
tribory rate bad elicited no now evldcnco of
A tlutilla of barges, carrying 100,
000 bushels of grain, has started from Peo
ria for New Orleans. TUo shipment was
niRile nn experiment to ascertain if corn
thus tdilpi6d will gHiinruto heat on the trip
und depreciate in grade.
Kotwithstandino tho fact that the
GQvemor of Utuh has (lrcn a certificate of
ffectfo'ii to Campbell, as Representative-elect
from that Territory, Clerk Adams has placed
the liHino of Cxnuon upon the roll of tb new
HoiiHe, his action lining baod upon the faot.
that Cn n non received au undisputed majori
ty of the votes cast, as certified to by the
I. 'uited States Court at Salt Lake.
i . ...
Tub Iowa Democrats met in State
Convention at Des Moines on the ltith. lion.
WA. Stone was made Chairman. The Na
tional 'platform of 1876-80 was reatUrmed.
Nominations were as follows: For Govern
or, L. G. Kinne, of Tama; Lioutcnant-Gov-crtior,
J. M.Walker.of Polk; Supreme Judge,
II. R. llcndcrshott, of Wapello; Superin
tendent of Public Instruction, Walter II.
Butler, of Delaware.
ft i m in i - -
Whittakek, the colored West Point
cartel, who was granted a court-martial at
his own request, has been declared guilty of
Brtving inflicted upon himself the injuries
charged upon his fellow students. His
friends arc d'issaticfled with tbo verdict,
which they claim is not Justified by the evi
dence, and will appeal to ths Jurtgo Advo
cate for a rehearinz, or to the Prealde.nt to
set aside the verdic'.
Secrktakt AVindom has summarily
uismissea ritney from tue putillo service
nnd abolished the ofHoe of Custodian of tho
Treasury. There never has been any law
authorising the place of Custodian. The
tl titles heretofore performed by the Custo
tijan are Imposed, by order of the Secretary
abolishing tbo ofuco, upon Chief Clerk Pow
ers, who has been diligent and per.titent in
working up and exposing the frauds of the
In the Joint Convention at Albany, N.
Y., on the 17th, Assemblyman Tutblll, a
Btalwsrt, denounced Depew as the head
lobbyist of corporations, and said Barber
and Edwards were bis nontenants. The
room of Barber, ha said, had long been the
headquarters whoro legislation was bought
and sold, a gaino of cards being made a veil
to cover nsked bribory. He said Barber and
bis corrupt. aKonts wore the managers of the
present cunva, and were attempting to
niako their chief, who supplied all the mon
ey, a United States Senator.
Secrktaky AVinuom positively re
fuos to give out for publication tho report
of the committee that lnvestiirtcd-Custodlan
Pitney. Secretary Windom said the report
was made up and submitted to him for his
private information, and while he In imated
that he will act upon it very soon, he em
phatically refused to give anything of it con
tents. Assistant Secretary Upton, Chief
Clerk Power und Appointment Cleric Lain
phere, the officer complicated by the report,
liave lienn furnished with a copy In order
that they might prepare their defense.
'.Thb Secretary of the National Green
bai ;k Committee says the Greenback members
of the next Congress will stand solidly to
gether on all quuKtlons. He savs nine mem-
beis of the noxt House are pledged to meet
In Greenback caucus and determine upon
and carry out Greeiback policies. These
nine mnmbers counted upon are: Laild and
Mo roll, of Maine; 1! ram In and Motgrove, of
Pennsylvania; Rice, Ilszi ltloe, Burroughs
and Ford, of .uissnuri; sn l Jones, of Texas,
J. Hyatt Smith, of Brooklyn, It is understood,
will vote with the Republicans, as will also
the two Rcadjusters from Virginia.
Tub Agricultural Department reports
the acreage of cotton to be slightly in escess
of that of last year a little less than one per
cent. The condition is much lower, being OS
this year afaiu t 09 last year same time and
Hi In 1870. The weather Is generally reported
too wet and coy, and tho crop consequently
1 wr,f backward. Spring wheat Is in con
ditlon fully equal to that of last year, but the
area sown Is 14 percent, less. The average
condition of winter wheat for the whoie
' country is placed at 7fl, the Slates of liehl
pan, Illinois and Indiana showing the low
est average on account of unfavorable
Weather and damage from the chinch-bngs
' and Hessian tlv.
A pft.ko ation composed of white and
colored Republicans from Virginia, headed
1 ly Gen. W. C. Wick bant, on the 17th railed
upon President Garfield to protest against
hi taking sides wilh the Maltone-Rf tilill
can coalition. They arc determined to run
a straight-outjtepubllenn ticket this fall in
any evert nd have started a newspaper to
nv.riiitOsi 1heir interests In the canvass. The
president is reported to have said he be
lieved first and t remost in the msintensnee
of a Republican r-rjisnizatioa and principles
but if there was a litirr.il movement in Vir-
pinia hain2 for its purpose the defeat of the
Bourbons, it might be wrll to look Jnlo Its
nieiits. He was uttei ly opposed, however,
to Republicans ba ing ingjni to do with
nv movement tainted with repudiation.
i'fcKMJNAL AM) GENERAL.
Tiik Kentucky Sta'o Commisioner of
Agriculture roports great damage to crops
Mit. Ali uei Cinijvif.i.Lj a farmer ro
sltiliiK nrar Raymond, HI., was roturnin.,'
with bis family from a inoetiii. in town on
the nijihtof the lltb, whsn in crossinif the
track of the Wabash 8t.: Louis .tj'acifle
Railroad his wagon was s'ruck by the ex
press train, running at a btgh rate of speed,
Instantly kilting Mrs. Criswell, her. babo
(two years old), and two nephews, nijed re
speutivol; eight and flftnen years; also one
horso. ; Sliange to relate, Mr, Criswell, and
Mr. Cfark and wifej who wore in the wukoii,
wcru only.sllgbtly injured, The vi-rdict of
the Coroner's Jury Vsi tlinLthey catne to.
their death by iho 'criminal carelessness of
the conductor and engineer.-Ji ''' -: '
... ; Sam Jones and Dell Ivribs,' both
young men, wont bvr the dam at 'Marshall
town, Iowa, and wore drowned.
Luui.noton, Mich., has been almost
destroyed by firo.' Tho entire business p'n'r
Uon of the town is swept away. Loss about
A pautt of armed men took posses
sion of the Jail at Dover, Pope Countv, Ark.,
on tho Lltb, and bun.; Cal. Emery, the wife
murderer, whoso death snnlcnco Governor
Churchill a few weeks since commuted to
twenty-one years' imprisonment in the Pen
itentiary. Emery resisted and was shot in
the hoad. It was supposed hu was dead
TtiK jury In tho Victoria disaster in-
vcsiigaiion, at i.omlon, Out., have found a
verdict cennirln; the owner, captain, and
enslneerof the ill-fatod vessel. The Gov
ernment Inspector Is also hold to blame. -
Owing to violations of treaty stipula
tions exUtinir bctweeu the Governments of
the United States and Mexico, the Governor
of Texas has issued a proclamation with
view of putting a stop to them.
Mr. Clive Hkrsek, a well-known
member of the Soldenj Opera Company,
committed suicide by Jiimpln? from a bridge
into the river near Ceutral City, Colo,
malriuiouial relations were unhappy.
Indianapolis, Ind., has been consti
tuted a port of delivery,
A si'ecial from Winncpcg says war
has broken out between the Sioux and Crecs,
A battlo has been fought near the Moody
Mountain, In which twenty-eight of the for
mer were killed.
The recent fire at Quebec, according
to official reports, destroyod (H2 houses, ren
dering 1,211 families, or 6,028 people, home
less. Two-thirds of these lusi their all, and
bad no insurance.
It is reported that PeLcsseps' canal
project on the Isrhmus of Panama does not
progress favorably. Stations have been
abandoned, brigades dUbandcd and many
engineers have returned home and work
men have been discharged. Tho Star anl
Herald says: " We would like to see a littlo
more accomplished on the isthmus, and ;
little less blowing in Paris about the busi
ness." . ,
Tiik Illinois State Board of Health
has issued a circular to the different health
authorities of the Northwest inviting them
to a conference at Chicago, on June 20, to
take into consideration a plan for concert of
ction, in -connection with tho National
Board of Health, to prevent the introduc
tion into this country and spread of small
pox. The prevalence of small-pox at this
time Is noteworthy. It U now known to ex
lit at seven poiuts in III n iis, and is mainly
owing, it Is assorted, to its introduction by
Near Weston, Platte County, Mo.,
negro named Cliarles Dideil assaulted
young lady .named Nancy Stilwcll, and aftc
a violent struggle, in order to shield himself
front the discovery of bis crime, cut his vie
tim's throat. He was discovered by two la
dies passing by, who gave the alarm. The
villain fled, but was pursued and captured
by a psrty of citizens, forced to confess, an
was then hanged to a bridge, the brother of
the victim adjusting tbo noose.
Silas M. Waite, until recently Pres
ident of the First National Bank of Brattle
boro, Vt., has been found guilty of fraud
and embezzlement and sentenced to six
years' Imprisonment In the House of Cor
Juan Montkrea killed Leon M.
Gallagher In Taos County, N. M., and was
hanged by the vigilantes.
Gen. It. C. Newton, who was sent
by the Governor of Arkansas to Investigate
the troubles In Perry County, has returned
and reports everything quiet and the affair
greatly exaggerated. He says the civil ofll
cers are amply able to enforce the laws, and
anticipates no further disturbances.
At Rogers' Mills, Ga., the other day,
Mr. and Mrs. John Middleton were drowned
Uobeut Martin, an Englishman, 60
yesrs of age, living in Newark, N. J., shot
bis wife and child on the 14th. The woman
was almost instantly killed. Tho child, a
girl two years and six mouths old, was
wounded In two places, it is thought fatally.
Martin was arrested.
Myers and Brown, tho Now Madrid
(Mo.) murderers, have been sentenced to be
banged on the loth or ,lulv, and .Mitchell, as
accessory to tho crime, has been sentenced
to thirty years' In the Penitentiary.
Patrick Morris and Thomas Hcgan
perished in afire at Pierrepont's stores,
Brooklyn, N. Y., on the l.th. The loss on
bonded goods and buildings is estimated at
The two stages running between Fay-
etteville and Alma, Ark., were both robbed
on the night of the 1Mb., near a point where
they pass each other, about twenty miles
north of Alma. The north-bound stage
first came along and was stopped: the rob
bers, two in number, presenting their re
volvers at tli bead of the driver, compelled
him to dismount and have his bands secured,
after doing which thev blindfolded and
bound the passengers, at the tame time re
lievlng them of their valuables. The other
stsge soon put in an appearance and the drl
ver and passengers were put through a sim
ilar programme. The robbers did not get a
very heavy return for their labors, only
about S.T5 in cash and a goM watch andchain.
They ripped open the mail bags, however,
taking all the regl-tered letters and valuable
Gkorok T. Larkix, Deputy United
Stales Marshal, shot and kiltSTliB rWiisln,
a.'so named I.srkin, nJr Rodgersvile, Tenn.
Larkin had violated the revenue law, and bis
cousin went to arrest him in a field. Lai kin
re-Med the officer, and was shot down. The
officer was arrested. It was feared tbe pri
oner would be luiched, and the Governor
was telegraphed for aid. The Governor r-
crcd the Knoxville Rifles to the scene of
xcltcment and to protect tho prisoner from
Jim Moon, a notod desperado and
gambler, was shot dead iu Dcuver by Clay
Wilson, another of the same fraternity!
Gbokok W. Pauoett, William
Brown, Patrick McQown, Amos Manley and
Abel Manley have been sentenced by Judge
Parker, of the United States Court at Little
Rock, Ark., to be hanged on the 0th day of
September next, fof murders committed In
the Indian Nation, - - . . , i '.
Ten men, who had been handling
conl and repairing barges near Cincinnati, on
ho lUth, attempted to reach the shore by
means of a small skiff, which capsized, and
all went under the water. Three of them
swam to shoro. One was rescued after a
great deal of trouble,, and la a very critical
cgndttlotu The others were drowned.
Tin! United States . steamer Alliance
has sailed on a four mouths' cruise In search
of tho missing steamer Jcannette.
It is reported that tho Houston &
Texas Central Railroad Company will com
mence tho construction of the road from
Whitney, Hill County, to Dallas, to connect
with and use the line ngreed upon by the
Chicago, Texas & Mexican Central, the St.
Louis it San Francisco, and the Gulf of Colo
rado & Santa Fn Roads, to Paris, Tex., and
perhaps to Fort Smith, Ark., thus giving all
these anti-Gould lines a good Northeastern
ouilet to St. Louis and Chicago, Independent
of the Gould system.
At Elizabeth, N. J., Martin Magic, a
younsj man of good family, shot Miss I an-
nic Walker, a dressinsker, Inflicting merely
a flesh wound. He then put two bullets Into
his own body, causlnx almost instant death
Maglo had been verging upon Insanity for
somo time, and his friends had Intended to
place him in an asylum, but had criminally
neglected to do so. He was a suitor for
Miss Walker's hand, and Jealousy was tho
immediate cause of the crime.
A Detroit grave-robber has been
sentenced to five years In the State-prison.
At Lockland, O., the littlo daughter
of Marion Thompson, one year old, being
leftaiono In lied, crawled to the foot of the
mattress and fall through botwenn the slats
of the bed, hanging suspended by tho head.
She was de id when discovered by the ag
Tiie residence of Mrs. Gilman, a
wealthy widow of Klttery Point, Me.,burned
one ni(.'bt recently, and she was supposed to
have perished ill the flames. It is now evl
dent that she was murdered and the house
set on lire to destroy evidence of the crime.
CiiAiii.KY Allison, Henry Watts and
Lewis Perkins, three noted highwaymen,
who have committed many crimes in New
Mexico nnd Colorado, an! for whose arrest
heavy rewsrds were offered, have ft n it 1 1 y
The lOfith anniversary of tho battle of
Bunker Hill, June 17th, was celebrated at
Boston. A specially Interesting feature of
tbe day was tbe formal dedication ofabronze
statue of Col. Win. Prescott, the hero of the
A ni mher of employees have been
discharged from the United States Senate by
Scricant-at-Arms Brigbt,Includigone who
has been retained more than twenty years,
having been originally appointed by tbe
Democratic Sergcant-at-Arms before the re
bellion. Wm. Cantt was hanged at Colorado
Sorings, Colo., on tbe 17th, for the murder
of Police-oflleer Perkins.
Wm. A. Brainkrd, associate editor
of the Plantm' Jortrnal, and Rev. Joseph
Anstett, pastor of St. Maurice Church, died
from the effects of the heat at New Orleans
on the 17th.
The Swepson Mills, Alamanc, N. C,
burned on the 17t,h. Loss, $200,000.
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
There was a conference at New York,
on tbe ISth, between Gen. Grant, Vice
President Arthur, ex-Senators Conkling and
Piatt and other leading Stalwarts. What
took place has not been made public.
A recent anti-Italian demonstration
at Marseilles at one time threatened to as
sume very serious proportions. When the
first detachment of troops returning from
the Tunisian expedition marched past the
Italian Club House, some of the habitues
gathered on the steps and at the windows
and hissed, which so infurla ed the French
populace on the sidewalk that in a few mo
ments there was hardly an unbroken pane
of glass in the entire front of the building.
S. Dillisoer & Sons' dUtillory and
warehouse at Bethany, Pa., were destroyed
by fire on the 17th. Loss, $150,000; partially
covered by Insurance.
Ex-Senator Henrt S. Lane died iu
Crawfordsville, Ind., on the 17th. He was
80 years old.
Frank W. Felt, agent of the Mis
sourl Pacific Railway at Oswego, Ivans., and
his assistant, Ed Gibson, wero shooting at a
telegraph polo the other day, when a wild
ball struck Mrs. Wilmoth, an aged lady, In
the back, wounding her It is thought fatal
ly. Mrs. Wilmoth was milking a cow about
seventy-five yards distant, and could not be
seen by either of the gen lemon.
T. II. Blunes and O. 11. Richardson
were killed by a collision of trains on the
Texas Pacific Railroad near Baird, Texas
Wm. Monroe was run over by an entire train
near North Vernon, Ind., and lived a few
hours. Ed. Tucker was cut In two near
Bowling Green, Ky., a number of cars pass
ing over hlin.
At I.eadville, Colo., on the 18th, ox-
Ald man John McComb shot and probably
fatally wounded James McDon dd, the well
known variety actor. McComb's buggy was
hitched before the house, when McDonsld
requested and, hn claims, received permis
ion to tako so no children riding. He put
several children in tbe busgy and drove
around the block. On his return McComb
was in a rage, and regardless of the children
fire l twice, one ball ;trlkin McDonald in
t ie head.
At Fort Worth, Texas, on tho 17th
Henry Hitler bad a difficulty with Deputy
Sheriff HU'hnoie, of Corsleana. Ilrtlcr wrs
st ibl.ed five times, and died. He was
German of high standing, lligunote was
caotured and lodged in Jail.
At Marshall, Tex., Bob Dill, colored
shot Iskc Virge and took to the woods. He
w is pursued bv a posse to a point near the
L-ui-irina line, fifteen mil s east of the city
when the fugitiv e made for a eanebrake
Ju-t as be was about to dl-appear fifte. n
iw n y shots wire fir. d after him and tl
n.r.-uit ended. He had received his rtulcu
FARM R JOlhV.
" If I'd nothing to do,! a,(' farmer John,
" To fret or to botliel mo
Were I but rid of this noimtain of work,
Wna ftgoou mau l pouiu iioi
Tho pigs pet out, nii.t the cows get Iri,'
Hem thev have n il.Mil to no :
An 1 the weeds in tiiegai'don and ill thooorn
Why, they Iniily Iriglilcn uie.
" It worries mo out of te'iiner qutie,
And well nlith out tf niv head.
What a curse it U t hsi u man most toll
Like this for his duiiy oread 1"
But Farmer John he uroko his leg,
Aim was Kepi. iur mi.ny-ft wock
A helpless unit an ldlnman
W lis Ho thoretoro mud and meek?
Nay; what with tlic pabi, and what with the
nut , i .
Of sitting with nolhlrk to do
And the furnnvork bote'io, I by u shiftless hand,'
no ijoi very ioss aiia.oiiio.
. ,. . .i'
Ho scolded tin children n'l cntfnd tbe dog
Thui fawned about his -.".,'.
And snarled at lus whV,' tn,.i,,i she was kind
And patient as wllu could bo.
lie grumbled, and whined, and frottod, and
. The whole of tho long day through.
u,Twlll ruin ine quite," cried Funuor John,
"To sit here witn nothing to do:"
Ills hurt not well, and ho wont to work,
And a biiHtnr man Ih'io be, -A
happier man, or a pleasunter man,
Vou never would wish to see.
Tho pl;rs got out, and ho drove them back,
WhiMtlinK right merrily;
llo mended the fence, aiid kept tbe cows
Just where thoy ought to be.
Weeding tho gardon was jolly fun,
And ditto hoeing the corn.
" I'm happier far," said Tanner John,
" Than J'vo been since I was born."
He learned n lesson that lusts him well
'Twill last him hts whole life through. -
He (rets but seldom, and never bocuuso
Jlu ha plenty of work to do,
" I tell you what," says Farmor John,
" They are oilhor knaves or fools
Who long to bn idle for Idle haods
Are the Devil's chosen tools."
. Ellen f. Alltrtvn, in Chicago Tribune.
HOW THEY CALLED THE E3GIXE.
Fred, Sophie, Jack, Teddy, Emma,
and Sally Whitely were cousins, and
lived with their fathers, who were broth
ers, on threo separate farms in tho val
ley of the Oelawaro.
Fred and Sophie lived with their
father and mother on the east side of
the valley, high up on the mountains.
Their homo was called the "Hill
From tho lawn in front of tho house
thero was a wide view for miles up and
d-iwn the magnificent valley. Directly
opposite, about four miles away, were
the wooded mountains that bounded the
valley on the west.
Iu a little cross valley could be seen a
small white house, so far off that it
looked merely like a white speck. This
was called " Beeohwood," the home of
Emma and Sally.
Far away to tho southwest could be
seen the spires and chimnevs of a town.
and on a lull just above the town could
bo soen another white speck. This was
1 ITizeldell," the homo of Jack and
rsetwecn these three houses were
miles and miles of woods and fields,
farms and orchards. There was a river
flowine down throuchthe vallev.acanal
and a turnpike, and sevoral country
Boechwood and Hazuldell could be
seen from the Hill Farm, and, of course,
the boy-cousins near the town, and the
girl-cousins in the side valley, could see
the white house high on the mountains to
the east. - At the same time, Beechwood
could not be seen from the town, be.
cause tnero was a projecting spur on
the mountan range that cutoff the view.
To get from the Hill Farm to Beech
wood, Fred and Sophie took the road
down the mountain-side toward the
northwest, till they met the valley road.
when they turned to the left and went
over the river and canal till they struck
the turnpike, when they turned to the
right and went up tlie valley beside tho
canal for some distance, and then turned
to tho left into tho lane that led to
In all, ' vas about four miles and a
half, though in an air-line it was less
than four miles. To eo to the town and
to Ha.eldell they took the same road till
they struck the turnpike, when they
kept to the left and followed the canal
and the river to the town.
In passing along Main Street they saw
tho post-oflice and tho steam fire-engine
house, and Hazeldell was about a quar
ter of a mile out of the town. This ride
was over ten miles, and the trip there
ana oacK made a good dav s journey
i hese tlnnsrs are ail verv lmnortant
if you wish to understand the wonder
ful way in which these bovs and etrli
useu, evory sunny day, to talk to each
other over this wide, and beautiful
I bey had a telesn-aphr No. -Or
telephone? Not at all. These things
would need a wire from one farm to
the other, and would cost a great deal
Everv oloasant day 1 red and Soohie
would talk to the girls at Beechwood, or
the boys at llazelaell, and thoy in turn
would talk, to the cousins in the Hill
But if Emma and Sally wished to say
anvthino- to their bov-cousins at Hazel-
dell, they had first to say it to Sophie or
Fred, and they in turn repeated it to tho
The mountain spur rather interfered
with conversation between Ha.eldell and
Beechwood, and the talk had to go way
round nearly thirteen miles by the way
of the Hill Farm.
It all came from something they read
in the newspaper, one morning in May,
whilo all the cousins were spending the
day at the Hill Farm.
Fred thought he could make the ma
chines, and every one said ho or she
would learn the alphabet. Tho alpha
bet? Yes. The Morse alphabet, of d ts
ami dashes. You know it. means
A, - means B, - - - means C,
means D, - means E, means F, etc.
The things Fred said he would make
were cortainly very curious.
First, there was a piece of wood two
feet long, five inches wide, and one inch
thick. At one end was fastened a thin
piece of pino, nine inthes square; and
liaving in the center a round hole, two
inches in diameter. About threo inches
from the other end of the long piece of
wood, on tho upper side, was bored a
round hole, and in this was placed a
wooden pin, that Cited ra( her tightly,
ni d yet l'lose enough to be easily turned
round by the hand. This pin projected
slightly out of the hole, and on top was
fastened by a screw a Hat piece of board
about six Inches square. On opposite;
sides of this were placed wooden
standards, or uprights, six inches high.
Betwoen those, near the top, was piv
oted a saiall pocket mirror.
The mirror turned easily on the pivot,
just like the glass on a bureau, and as
tho little table on which it stood could
turn round on its center, tho mirror had
two motions, rottnd and round horizon
tally, and up and down, or vertically)
Tho wooden backing of the mirror was
ikon off. and a small ninhole was made
in the quicksilver with the point of a
I here was also a second pocket mir
ror, to be held in the hand when needed.
Throe machines exactly alikci wore
made, and tbe 2irls at B echwood had
one; the boys at Hazeldell had one, and
the other was kept ot tho Hill ittrm
Such machines as those are .called
Heliographs," and by the aid of the
sun they may be nsed to send a message
over miles and miles of couutry.
In the united States Coast Survey,
and in the army, they are sometimes
used to send a mossage from one station
to another, tifty miles apart
1 his is the way the cousins worked
On tho lawn before the house at the
Hill Farm, and in plain sight of Beech
wood and llazeldell, Fred set up two
short posts, and mvilcd a board on top,
ior a uiuio on wniun to piaue ineir ue no
graphs. Suppose Sophio wished to talk to tho
girls opposite or the boys far down the
valley, hue placed the instrument on
tho table and pointed it, say at tho house
in Beechwood. Then she stooped down
and looked through the tiny hole at the
back of the mirror in fact, looking
through the mirror. Then she moved
the instrument about till she could see
tho house directly through the hole in
the sight. Now sho knew the center of
the mirror and the hole in tho sight (or
front of the apparatus) and tho house at
Beechwood were in a line. Then, by
moving the glass tip or down, or round
on its pivot, she caused the light of the
sun falling on the mirror to be retlected
through the sight directly to the house
at Beechwood. Emma and Sally would
then see, away on the hills to the east, a
small white star, very bright, and hay
inir Rirange, quivering motion.
If the sun was not in the right place
in the sky to shine on tho mirror, Sophie
used the second mirror, held in her
hand, to throw a reflected beam on the
Of course, as the earth turned round
the sun would appear to change its placo
in the sky, and the machine would not
Work. To correct this, Sophie had only
to watch the beam of light falling on the
sight, and to move the mirror onco in a
while and thus keep the light shining on
the bole in the screen. As long as this
was done the apparatus would work, no
matter how much the earth moved.
Now the whole thing is cleir enough.
If tho beam of sunlight sent from the hill
could be seen at Beechwood, Sophie had
only to shado tho mirror with her hand
or a piece of card-board, and thus sho
might cut off tho light at will and spat
it up into long and short flashes.
If she let it tlash once quickly, and
then once twice as long, the girls at
Boechwood would see the flaming white
star give a short wink, a flash, and then
a long flash, and they knew that meant
the letter "A; ' one long flash and then
three short ones would mean "B ;" two
short flashes, then a pause and one more
short flash would mean "C ;" a long and
two short winks stood for "D;"ono
short wink meant ME," and so on.
So it was the six cousins, with their
heliographs, telegraphed to each other
every sunny day, and sent all sorts of
messages Hying over the country In the
most lively manner possible.
I be mountain between uceenwood
and Hazeldell prevented the messages
from going direct, so they were sent
three miles across the country to the
hills, and v red or Sophie repeated them
ten miles down the valley to the boys.
To tell of ail thoy did would fill a book ;
to relate what funny work they made
wilh the flashing letters, and how a cloud
sometimes passed before the sun and cut
a message iti two, would no doubt be in
teresting, but more important things
were abont to happen.
One day, in haying-time, the family
at tho Hill Farm were all seated at din
ner, and the farm hands wero eating
theirs in the barn, when tho dairy-maid
came rushing to the house, screaming:
" Fire t Fire ! The barn's on tire ! "
The whole family ran out of doors and
over the road to the barn.
Sure enough. One corner of the barn
was blazing brightly and the roof was
covered with smoke, leaking from every
It was the old, foolish story. One of
tho men would smoke, and the barn was
to bo the price of his folly
Farmor Whitely saw at once that the
great danger was from sparks setting
fire to the dwelling-houso. Ho told the
men to save the horses, carriages and
tools and let the barn go nothing could
save it and ho would ride to town to
call tho steam fire-engine.
Fred and tho men worked manfully to
gave what thoy could from tho barn, and
his mother and the maids carried pails
of water up stairs to pour on tho roof,
in case it took fire.
As for Sophie, she disappeared and
no one knew what became of her till af
ter it was all over.
Farmer Whitely's horse had been at
work all the morning. Tho road was
steep and stony. Twice he stumbled
and nearly fell. The farmer whipped
Poor man! When his house was
nearly on tire, the life of one horse didn't
seem to be or mucn vatue.
The poor beast did his best, for it was
a terrible race twelve miles to the
I town. It took more than six minutes to
get to the turn where the road branched
off toward the river,,
Ah, there's tho Bridge! Soon he
would be on the turnpike and have a
straight rond to the town. Ah ! what's
that? A team, tearing alonJte road
at full speed. It was his brother from
Ho stopped a moment and held up a
fire-extinguisher, to show he was bnng-
The brothers did not say a w.ord, but
each whipped up his horse and drove
Farmor Whiioly wondered how his
brother could havo got the news so
quickly, but he supposed that ha mui-t
have seen the smoke from lus House.
Tho horse mado hotter time on tho
turnpike, and twice tho farmer looked
back to see tbo tail: column oi siuoko
rising over the woods.
On and on he rode, as fast as the poor
old horse could go. Perhaps there would
yet be time to sve tho house.
Ah! what's thatr hmokor lie stop
ped the horse and looked ahead. There
was a column of inky smoke rising over
the trees. It was the steamer!
Ho had iust time to turn aside upon
the grass whet it came up four horses
on the full run, and the driver standing
up and cracking his long whip over
their heads. It went thundering by,
leaving a trail of sparks behind it upon
the ground. .. ., ... ..
ViUtat'i thatR A cloud of dust m tho
road a bell ringing furiously. In an
instant the hose-carriage came tearing
along tho road, and behind it came a
light express-wagon, full of men and
It was his brother from Hazeldell,
with tho two boys, Jack and Teddy, and
half a dozen firemen.
Farmer Whitely did not stop to ask
how they got tho news. He only turned
his horse and followed the frantic pro
cession amid a cloud of dust and smoke,
as it raced along the dusty turnpike.
Tho blazing Darn sent up columns of
smoke, and showers of sparks fell over
all that part of the farm.
A load of hay in the fields took fire,
and burned till the wheels of the hay
cart fell to pieces. Nobody , paid any
attention to it, for the house was in
Twice the roof took fire, but they
managed to pour water from the attic
window and put it out. At last a spark
lodged on the cornice behind the
chimney, whore it was not seen for a
few moments, and very soon a corner of
the house was all afire. Then there was
the wildest, confusion. Tho house would
go. Nothing could save
" ilurrah ! Here's the engine ! "
It came up the hill, tore round the
house right through the flower-garden
to the well, and in half a minute the
hose-cart was there and all the men. In
exaotly three minutes they had on a
good stream. The house was saved I
The barn was a total loss, and the en
gine played upon the ruins to prevent
tho sparks from nylng.
Farmer Whitely invited his brothers
and the boys and all the firemen to sup
per, for everyone was tired and hungry.
Even the engine horses were lot out into
tho fields to have a roll and a bite of
Of course, they all talked It over, and
said the engine came just in time; yet
there was one thing nobody oould uu.
derstand how did the brothers and the
firemen get the news?
Well," said the captain of the Are
company, "tho first thing we knew,
your nevies the little chaps from Ha
zeldell came to the station and told us.
They didn't holler firo in the streets, but
they just said as how you had a fire.
Of course, we hitched up and started
right away, and when we were about a
mile out on the road we saw the smoke.
How the boys found it out is more than
Brother Whiteley, from Beechwood,
"I was in the barn, just putting the
horso in, when Emma and Sally came
out with the extinguisher and said your
barn was on lire. 1 don't Know now
they heard of it, unless they saw tho
smoke. Even then I don't understand
it, for they said it was the barn, and we
can't see the barn from our house."
Sophie and Fred and Jack and Teddy
were solemn as owls, and never said a
Brother Whitely, from Hazeldell,
"I was at the post-office with the
team when I saw the engine start out.
The boys came along just then and said
it was your barn, and I took them up
and the firemen, and started. How the
boys heard of it I couldn't guess."
Then it all camo out, and everybody
wanted to kiss Sophie. Every one said
she was a bright and sensible girl to
call the firemen and her uncles. She
had saved her father's house by calling
the engine with a heliograph. Qoldeil
A Flunkey and a Sovereign.
Mr. Lawrence Jerome has just de
parted for New York after a somewhat
extended sojourn on this side of the
water. Everybody knows of the jolly
" Larry," and will therefore be able to
appreciate the following anecdoto of an
experience in London inimitably told by
hinisolf. His niece, Leonard Jerome's
daughter, is the wife of Lord Randolph
Churchill, who also needs no introduc
tion to American readers, and behold,
therefore, our friend Larry at the por
tals of their town-house, accosting a
" Is Mr. Churchill at home?"
(The footman shivers.)
" Me Lud is in Ireland."
"Humph! What's he doing in Ire
land?" (The footman is silent with horror.)
"Is Mrs. Churchii.l in?"
(The footman quivers with indigna
"Me Lady, sir, is not down stairs
"Not up! Humph! A pretty time
of day to be in bed ! Well, you just tell
Mrs. Churchill "
(Tho footman pales and Is about to
summon assistance to eject the audaci
ous intruder when a silvery laugh and
a voice floats down from over the banis
ters, " I hear you, Uncle Larry! Come
The footman, bowing low, "Oh, sir.
me Lud! pardon me. If you please, me
Lud, this way.' London Lor. rmuati-
In Leicester, England, many per
sons are being d tily summoned to the
police court for refusing to comply with
the compulsory vaccination act. A fine
of ten shillings or seven davs imprison
ment is the penalty, and over 2,000 cases
remain to be tried.
-The Canada Pacific Railwav has
sold 200,000 acres of land to a French
agricil'.t.ral so'ie'V at l.." per acre.
SCifcSCE A LNUL'SrUl'.
A tricycle, propelled by steam, has
boou nuvlo in Geneva, Switzerland. It
accomplishes about twenty-tlvo miles an
hour. ... '
M. Shvedoff endeavors to maintain
in the Journal of the Russian Physical
and Chemical Society that hail is of cos
mic origin, and is a variety of meteor
The American Architect says that
many architects, in constructing' house
this spring, are providing them with in
sulated wires laid under the plastering, .
ready for tho introduction of electrio
' Tho wool clip of the world has in
creased fivo times since 1880, when it
was about 320,000,000 pounds in weight.
In 1878, tho latest year for which there
are complete figures, the total was 1,
GSbUW,UUU pounds. , ''. -
The beet-root sugar business in jew , -
England is reported to he a failure,,
mainly for lack of cheap labor and other ;
factors necessary to produce a large sup
ply of beets at small cost. There is no
trouble, however, in getting good sugar
from tho boots that New England pro
duces. Prof. Bouchardat attributes to the
vine powerful sanitary properties. Ho
asserts that wherever it is cultivated to
any considerable extent there is a
very sensible diminution of intermitlents.
The virtue is attributed to the aciion oi
the vine on the effluvia which causo
The Minneapolis Tribune boasts
that since the adoption of the "new pro
cess" of making flour in 1871 that city
leads the market. From 30,000 barrels
in 18G0 and 585,000 in 1873, the produc
tion of 1880 reached 2,051,841 barrels.
The capacity of the Minneapolis mills is
now 25,2o5 barrels a day.
To Duter, of Greifswald, is attrib
uted the first visible demonstration of
the circulation of blood in the human
body. In this oporation, the patient's
head being fixed in a frame having a
contrivance for supporting a microscope
and a lamp, his lower lip is arawn out
and fixed on the stage of tho micro- .
scope by means of clips, the inner sur
face being uppermost, and having a
strong light thrown upon it by a con
denser. This arrangement being com
plete, all the observer has to do is to
bring the microscope to boar on tho
surface of the lip, using a low power
objective, and focusing a small super
ficial vessel; at once he sees tire endless
and wonderful procession of the blood
corpuselos through the minute capilla
ries, tho colorless ones appearing like
white specks dotting the rod stream.
PITH AND POIST.
When two porsons fall in love the
only way to get out is to fall out.
A Pittsburgh plumbor stole $700
from a house in which he was working
the other day. It was a great streak of
luck for the house-owner, as the plum
ber didn't dare to come back for his pay.
" Here's a fly in my soup, waiter."
"Yes, sir, very sorry, sir, but you can
throw away the fly and eat the soup,
can't you?" "Of course I can; you
didn't expect me to throw away tho
soup and eat the fly, did your'' Austin
Fair book agent to venerable mer
chant "I've a work here to which I
wish to call your attention." "Madam,
1 blush to tell you that my education was
neglected in early life; and I am only
jiist learning to read words of one sylla
ble. If you had a primer, now "
44 You wouldn't believe it," remarked
Bliffers, who had just returned from
' Yurrup," 44 but 1 toll you it's a lact.
There aro plenty of little shavers in
Paris, not more than three or four years
old, who can spoak French!" And
Bliffers wondered why we manifested so
littlo surprise at the remark. Yawcob
The Legislatures of Michigan and
Wisconsin both debated a bill entitled:
Anv Derson who shall, after the pass
age of this act, knowingly falsify as to
the number and size of fish taken
at any time shall be guilty of a mis
demeanor, and be punished by thirty
days in the county prison, without re
lief. ''Detroit tree tress.
In a certain aristocratio Galveston
family there is a young lady, and she
has a beau, and uie presumption is ne
is not particularly bashful when he and
the apple of his affection are alone, or
think they are. wnai strengthens tnis
view ot toe case is ine iaci mat tuo
young lady has a small brother named
Tommy, and therother night there was
a tea-party at the family mansion, ana
the supper table was very much crowd
ed, so much so that Tommy's younger
sister was crowded up very close to
him, whereupon he made the remark
out loud : 44 Mamma, sh? trowds mo so
close I can't brcove. I ain't her beau,
ami?" If Tommy should become un
well that beau would not be the proper
man to send for the doctor in a hurry.
A Practical Temperance Lecture.
One of the most practical and com- .
mon-sense temperance lectures that we
have seen Is contained in a circulars
issued by Dr. F. J. Bancroft, surgoon of
the Denver and Rio Grande Road. It
is worth considering by everybody. The
circular says: "The continued or the
excessive periodical use of malt or alco
holic liquors should be abstained from
by every one engaged in operating ine
road, not only on account of the great
risks to life and properly incurred by
intrusting them to the oversight of those
whose intellects may be dulled at times
when most care is needed, but also, and
essentially, because habitual drinking
has a verv bad effect upon the constitu
tion, which is a serious matter to men so
liable to injury as railroad employees
always are. It so lessens the recupera
tive powers of the body that simple
wouniis are followed by the most serious
and dangerous complications. Fractures
unite slowly, if at all, and wounds of a
grave nature, such as those requiring
the loss of a limb, are almost sure to end
fatally. No employee can afford to take
such risks, and the railroad company
can not assuron such rer"iicl,,iill"w-