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-- DHMOCIUTtO ,W lOLIT10H, PCK INUTKU.Tr f ITT I ' PTT
BY A. M. BURNEY &
NEWS AND' NOTES.
A Summary of Important Evout3,
Tun House of Commons, by a vole of
173 to SI), has rejected a bill for the abolilon
of capital punishment. '
The temperance question is assuming
p ruinoimt Importance In North Carolina
and threaten! to disrupt both political par
ties. The Republican State Central Com
mittee at ltlchinond, Va., on the SUt, de
cided, by only one dis-ontlng vote, to call a
Convention on August L'4.
Kx-GovKRsoit Nelson DixaLEr,
Jr., has received the Uupubllcnn nominatioD
for CoiitfrcM In the Second Maine District,
in place of Krye, chosen United States Sena
tor. Ex-Skxatok Dousky denies the ro
port that ho lms abandoned big residence In
Arkansas. He Darn he will build hiin a
bouse nt Hot Springs and make that place
Upton, Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury, has been sent on a Government
Mixtion to Europe. Prior to his departure
be pbiccd bis resignation In the hands of
Congressman Steer, of Georgia,
who was olectcd as an Independent Demo
crat, It Is reported has declared his purpose
In vote with the Republicans in the organi
zation of the nest Houso.
The Italian residents of Marsoillos
arc quitting the city In large numbers. The
animosity betweon Frenchmen and Italians
Inn causod serious conflicts in various parts
of France, including Paris. Counter-demonstrations
have taken placo In Naples, Pal
ermo, and other Italian itles.
M. Additional removals of Tost office
Detriment officials Include Cspt. XV. II.
J timer, in charge of the eclehratod Star
routes, and AVm. Sickles, also In the Contract
office. Turner is known to have been cog
n'.ant of the frauds committed in his de
partment, 1 iut particrps crhninis.
Jacobs, one of the Democratic candi
dates for United States Senator in New
York, has withdrawn bis name, on account
of doubts regarding bis eligibility, he being
n member of the Legislature, (iarkson It.
Potter, formerly Ifepresonta'lve In Congress
from the Westchester District, has been
fcubstituted In bis stead.
The Treasury investigation, it is re
ported, has been summarily discontinued.
Tlio damaging evidence disclosed against
Pitney, Upton, Power, Lampherc and other
prominent officials has been partially given
to the public, but much, it Is alleged, still re
mains untold regarding the inside workings
of the Peparlmant.
In consequence oi tno trouoies m
Indian Territory growing outof Hie different
Interpretations of treaty stipulations and of
the Permit laws passed ly the Iin'-ian Legis
lature In 1870, (requiring all whito men re
siding In the Territory to pny a yearly tax,)
the Secretary of the Interior has been ap-
YCll'cd to to suspend the action of the tax
law until Its validity can be passed upon by
I'kksidknt Garfield, interviewed at
Long liranch on the 21st, in reference to the
Marsbal.hip of New York, U reported to
liave said: "If any one has promised any
olllcc In New York or elsewhere, It has beeu
done without consultation with me and with'
out my knowledge. I may have spoken about
the filling of the office with a new liieum
b nt, but as for making any promise of the
pott It is absurd."
General Brady, through counsel,
made an application In the Washlng'on
Criminal Court, on the 2!M, for an immcdi
ate investigation of the public charges made
against him in connci lion with the star-route
frauds. Col. Cook, Special Assis'ant Attor
ncy-Oeneial, opposed thn motion, on the
irroimd that the (iovernnient bud not yet
.prepared Its case, and would not be ready
before the September term. The Court de
nied the motion.
Governor Crittenden, at nearly
. the last hour, granted a respiteof four weeks
to tho Talbot brothers, sentenced to be
banged at Jlaryvi le, Mo., on the 24th, for
till) initrilerof their father. The dale of their
execution is postponed till July 22. Extra
ordinary efforts were put forth to obtain
executive clemency, and It Is understood
some important evidence was presented to
tho (iovernor not produced at the trial
Twenty thousand people bad gathered to
witness the execution, and us threats of
lynching were freely made, the armed guard
about the Jail was doubled.
j .John I. Davem'Out testified before
the Investigating Committee at Albany, N
Y., on the S:id. He corroborated substan
tially the statement of Senator Stratum as to
tho tender of the office of U. S. Marshal to
the latter, on condition that he should vote
Against Cnnkling, but said he hud no author
it v from President (iartfeld to set In the mat
ter. Hud conversed wllh the President re
irardine it. but Slrahan's position on the
Senatorial question was not mentioned.
He had received pennisiou from the l'resi
dent to freely disclose everything that look
place between them in lefoivnee to this af
The deadlock in tho Now York Legis
lature, continued unbroken on the 21st, with
no sinus of any Immediate solution of
the Sensorial puzzle. Ex-Vlce-Presldcnt
.V heeler has come forward as a leading can
didato again; t Conkling, and It is understood
lie favors a compromise by which the Stal
warts shall have the naming of one Senator
and the Half -breeds (ho other. The Stal
warts held a conference, which w.s ad
dressed nt length by ex-Senator Coukllng,
He utterly repudiated any plan looking
to ft compromise, and stated as his
ultimatum the cloc ion of two S'nlwart
Senators or an adjournment to give (he
people of the State a chance to pass upon the
questions at issue. The Half-breeds met
fin I were addressed by Senator Woodin. Ho
favored a compromise, but bitterly opposed
letting Conkling have the naming of one of
the Senators. A resolution was adopted
TiledL'inc those nreent to remain the year
out if Senators were not sooner elected
Twelve Keatherheads also met in confer
nice. Thev are agreed upon one point, viz
to suppurt neither Conkling nor Drpew, but
fail to unite upon anv one candidate), ltiey
will vote with the Half-breeds on the ques
tion of adjournment
IERSONAL AMD GENERAL.
Grkat excitement prevails In West
ern New York over the finding of tho sup
posed remains of William Morgan, who
wrote a book about fifty-live years ago pur
porting to expose the secrets of Masonry.
Morgan suddenly disappeared before bis
book was given to the public, and bis fate
has ever ilnco remained a mystery. The
remuins were exhumed at Pembroke, eleven
miles from Iiatavla. The grave contained a
silver ring marked " W. M." aiid and some
partially obliterated nmiihcript on which
are clearly legible the words "Masons,"
"liar," "prison," " kill and the full name
" Henry Brown." At the time of Morgan's
disappearance Henry Brown was a lawyer in
liaiavin, and a prominent Mason,
The famous Pond divorce case at
Boston resulted In a verdict for Mrs. Pond,
the defendant, the Court holding tbera was
no evidence in the easo upon which a decree
of divorce for adultery could be granted.
Especial interest was taken in the triul from
the fact Hint Major Pond was at one time the
agent and protege of Henry Ward Bcecher,
and tho marriago was brought about mainly
through Mr. Bcecher's intercession, the lady,
it would appear, being brought into itsomo
what against her better judgment.
The National Temperance Convention
of tho Methodist Church met at Saratoga,
N. Y., on the 21st.
A new Chinese Minister has been ap
pointed to this country, as successor to Chin
Lan Pin. The name of the new Minister is
Chiang Tsan YII. Be has been a prominent
revenue official In China and is well spoken
of by his countrymen.
Another lopping off of Star-routn
contracts has been mado In the case of that
portion of mail route No. 32,024 (from Vin
ita, Indian Territory, to Las Vegus, New-
Mexico, B. W. Packer, contractor) which
extends Uirough the uninhabited region be
tween Tula, Indian Territory, and Mobeeta,
in Northwestern Texas, a distance of 3iM1
miles. This entire routo, which is 810 miles
In length, was served tri-weckly. It has now
been curtailed, as above, the saving effectod
being 2,000 per annum.
Wm. Burnett and Charles Green,
stevedores, were killed and four others prob
ably fatally Injured by a boiler explosion at
Medford, Mass., on the 21st. A schooner and
several buildings were shattered.
A railroad wreck near Iowa City on
the 20th resulted in the death of T. Norton
and P. Malonc, engineer and brakeman.
Itiiinaid, the fireman, was badly injured.
Tho Kansas Supremo Court has ren
dered a decision In the druggists' cases at
Topcka. The Court held Unit the grant of
power to the Probato Judge to Issue permit
was valid, so that the act was not unconsti
tutional, although it restricted to one class,
namely, the druggists, the right to receive a
permit to sell intoxicating liquor.
A reunion of Hood's Confederate
Brigade took placo at lirenham, Texas, on
Hie 22d, 120 members being present.
K T ml HAlf rfiKUAvm nr MM m ni n A '
at the First National Bauk of Detroit on tho
22d. A man in a carriage called out tho
Cashier for a moment, and during bis ab
sence two confederate entered the building,
one of whom engaged the President In con
versation while the other scooped up a hand
ful of bills, amounting to $2,080, and quietly
slid out. The robbery was not discovered
until all three had gotten safely outof reach.
The Hazlitt brothers, Bill and Ike,
were recently Kineu oy a puny w cow uuj
at Eureka, N. M. The killing was done in
revenge for the Hazlltt's having shot Leon
ard and Harry head, the Contention stage
Sickness compelled Weston to retire
from tho walking-match for the Astley Belt
at London on the 22d. ltowell had scorod
278 miles and Weston 201.
A carkiaoe driven by Michael Early
was struck by a Full Kiver train near Hunt
ington Heights, Mass., on the 22d. Early
was thrown twenty-live feet and killed, and
the two occupants of the carriage, James
Bennett ami James Shields, were terribly
injured, probably fatally. Both horses were
Thomas Garfield, uncle of tho
President, was instantly killed, and Mrs.
Alonzo Arnold, 'Ister of Dr. Uoynton, prob
ably fatally Injured, near Cleveland, O., on
the 2-'d, while attempting to cross the New
York, Pennsylvania A Ohio Kuilway track In
front of a train.
Mr. H. S. Haves, Prosidentof the In
ternational & (Ireat Northern Railroad, has
been elected First Vice-President and Gen
eral Manager of the following lines, cinbrac-
ng tho entire Gould Southwestern system:
The Missouri Paeitic and. leased lines, tho
St. Louis, Iron Mountain R Boumern anu
Texas & Pacilic. Captain Hayes will estab
lish bis headquarters at St. Louis. Hie
present General Managers, Messrs. Tnlmage,
of the Missouri Pacilic; hoper, ox tne iron
Mountain, and Hoxie, of the Texas Pacific
and International A (ireat Northern, con
tinue in their respective duties.
A cyclone in the district of Blois,
France, caused damage of several million
Tombstone, Arizona, had a serious
fire on the 22(1. One hundred and fifty build
ings in the business portion of the town were
destroyed. The losses will probably aggre
galea quarter of a million. About 8'K) peo
pie are homeless. The fire originated in asa
loon, from the opening of a barrel of whisky,
tho fumes of which communicated with
At Virginia City, Nov., on the 23d,
Daniel Kelliber, Deputy County Clerk, was
stabbed and killed on tho street by Dennis
Hennessey, curbstone broker. The cause is
not fully understood, but it is believed to be
The Baptist Churc h at Garrettsvillo,
O., was blown up on the 22d by powder or
dynamite. The inside of the church was al
most entirely destroyed. The explosion was
so heavy as to arouse people a mile away.
The criminal Is at large and there is no clew.
Mrs. Anna Bonner, wife of a planter
residing near nickman, Ky., went to bed
wl'h her two children, leaving a pan of
burning chips near the bed-side to smoke
out the mosquitoes. Forgetting the fire she
fell asleep, and awakened to find herself and
children surrounded by Tames. She man
aged to escape, but both herself and chil
dren were so badly burned it was thought
all three would die.
Parnell will return to the United
States iii July, on an extended political
Two negroes were recently lynched at
Danbury, Stokes County, N. C, their crime
being against white women.
A lunatic named Hoffman mado a
murderous attack upon two boardors at the
Mound City House, Kansas City, on th2d,
one of whom, George Lucas, was so horribly
Injured that he will die. Hoffman was
sleeping in the loom with tho others, nnd
suddenly drew a largo knife and rushed upon
them, culling right and left.
Two new comets have been discov
ered. In a fit of dolirium tremens, Matthow
O'Donnell, a laboring man, of East Sagi
naw, Mich., committed "harlkari" with a
razor, cutting open his abdomen. He only
lived a short ilmo. .
A dispatch from Tunis says tho Bey's
steward has taken refuge at the English
Consulate with securities and Jewels worth
a million franus, and that ho embezzled the
accounts of tho stewardship for many years.
. The remains o Mrs.IIenry Hatter
man, of New York City, were cremated in
Le Moyne's furnace on the 24th.
Charles G. Helphrky, conGned in
the Ozark (Ark.) Jail under conviction of
murdering a young man named Jamos, two
years ago, mado his escape a few nights ago
by sawing a bar from his cell.'
Depltt Collector Keely, of the
San Francisco Hovenuo OIBce, is a defaulter
to the amount of $2,000, and has fled.
Charles A. Anciiisi, who esoaped
from the custody of a Deputy Sheriff in
New York while under charge of embezzle
ment, and who, In the false guise of a secret
service officer of the Treasury Department,
swindled runny persons in St. Louis, New
Orleans, Memphis and other places, has
been arrested in San Francisco.
Jay Gould is reported to have pur
chased the St. Louis Bridge and Union De
pot, and to have obtained a perpetual lease
of the Tunnel and Transit Railway across
Singular fatality attaches to Klachi
Female College, near Shrcvepnrt, La. Two
Professors lately committed suicide, one was
killed by a recent tornado.and now the death
of tho President, the Rev. J. II. Tucker, Is
Charles Walker, City Marshal of
San Marclal, N. M., was shot and killed by
Paddy Ryan, who recently escaped from jail
at El Paso del Norte, where ho was confined
for shooting a Mexican.
Joseph Mobrey, a tramp, killed
James Guinty with a brick at Wilmington,
Del., on the 24th, for ejecting him from a
hotel where ho asked for food.
.Wyatt Holmes, a colored murderer,
was hanged lit Holly Springs, Miss., on the
Dr. Chapin, for several years an in
mate of the County House, Charlotte, Mich.,
cut his throat and died in a few minutes.
He was supposed to be over 100 years old.
At Union City, Ind., an old lady
named Cassiday was killed whilo crossing
the track under somo freight cars standing
in the yard.
at 6rVnVays"a Hu'ndTcd'&panlards -'vcFe mas
sacred by the insurgents during tho recent
raid on the Esparto factors at Saida. Four
hundred persons were wounded and taken
A Montenegrin officer went to the
Winter Palace at St. Peteriburg, on the 23d,
and demanded an audience with the Princess
ot Montenegro. Being refused he stabbed
the officer on duty. The Russian officer
then shot the Montenegrin dead.
11. IL Bruce and A. J. Pike were
killed by the explosion of a hol er near MU
lersvllle, Mo. The building was torn to
Clarence J. Davis, a cutter, killed
bis brother-in-law, Alonzo Barrett, at De
troit, Mich., while under the Influence of
liquor imbibed at the soldier's reunion on
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
A dispatch from the City of Mexico
lays a train on the Moreles Railway was pre
cipitated Into the San Antonio River by the
falling of a bridge. Some 200 persons were
killed or wouuded, moBtly soldiers.
1roop8 have been dispatched to a
point In San Juan County, Utah, 125 miles
west of Durango, where at) outbreak is
threatened by Pah Ute Indians. A number
of tattle men have disappeared and are
thought to have been killed.
George Williams, proprietor of a
restaurant at Cleveland, O., was killed on
the 2f)th by William Fritch, of Columbus,
who is probably insane. Fritch says be
went to the desk to pay for some refresh
mcnta, and discovering that he had no money
he felt an irresistible impulse to shoot the
bEtTENTEEN persona were Kiueu ana
. 1 . ...
five wounded by an explosion In the Louise
Tieffan colliery, Austria.
Frank Braga. Secretary of the
Portuguese Protective and Benevolent So
ciety, San Francisco, Cab, bas absconded,
being a defaulter to the amount of about
At Washington, V. U., on tne zotn
J. Y. Christmas fatally shot his partner, W,
G. Whitney. Whitney was the son of Mrs.
General Gaines by her first husband, and
Christmas her son-in-law. There had been
bad feeling between the two for some time
Workmen on a strike, having at
tacked tho Town nail at Dramnicn, Nor
way, to release two comrades arrested, were
fired upon by troops. One man was killed
and several wounded. One officer and some
soldiers were Injured.
C. P. Coyle shot and mortally wound
ed Joel A. Phillips, yesterday, at Jasper
Fla. They were both from Madison, attend
Ing as w itnesses in the trial of Savage and
James for the murder of I rank Tatterson
in Madison, In February last, during the
taking of testimony In the Finley-Bisbee
contested election case.
At Paterson, N. J., on the 25th, Ed
ward De Porter, the rejected suitor of Silvi
Knockardt, fatally stabbed the father of the
girl and made a murderous attack upon Ar
thur von der Capella, her accepted suitor.
Two sons of Jared Smith, of Eden,
Vt., aged 8 and 10, were drowned while
playing upon logs, on the 20th. Louis
Malirrr, Julius Michel and Willie Chouppo,
all of St. Louis, were drowned while bath
ing in the Mississippi.
One of the bodies recently found
floating in the river at Kansas City proves to
be that of Rev. Sidney M. Stray, of Warren
County, N. Y., recently pastor of the fash
ionable church at Lake George, attached to
the Troy Presbytery. f?V supposed he com
mitted suicide in order in veape tho ven
ee.'Uec of a brother-in-law, who was after
him for shoot ine bis sifter some time ago.
TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1881.
A Singular nml Fatal Accident.
One of the most extraordinary fatal accl
ionls on record' occurred lust evening on the
Punysvillo plank-road, a short distance
back of Allegheny City. It seems that be
twoen night and nine o'clock at night Al
bert Beck and a young man r.amed Becker
bad a foot-rnce on tho public road near Ep
pert's saloon, and not far from the toll-gate.
It appears that the young moil, bad started
on their race and were well under way
when Beck, who was about three yurds
ahead, running wllh his eyes to the ground,
ran against John Born, who was returning
from bis work. The collision was unavoid
able, because It was so dark that neither
could see the other approaching. As Beck
was under full headway they came together
with tremondous force, their heads striking
together. The collision was a most unfortu-
ate affair for Mr. Bom. He 3idl to.tha
ground, nnd w imlsequenuy picked up
and carried into the house of his brother, Mr.
Wm. Born, who lives In the immediate vicin
ity of the accident. Mr. Albert Scbofinett, a
neighbor, was dispatehed for a physician,
and started for one on horseback. In bis
hurry his horse stumbled and ho was thrown
to the ground, breaking his leg. Finally,
Dr. Eggers, of Allegheny, arrived, but Mr.
Bom was a dead man, having lived scarcely
fl .e minutes after the accident. Tim acci
dent, as before stated, was a most extra
ordinary one. Beck, who was- doing the
running, says he knows nothing save that he
was stopped suddenly in the race by his head
coming in collision with the head of Mr.
Born. The collision caused Beck to re
bound. Beck suffers from a bruise on the
head, which is swelled up to a considerable
size. It Is supposed that Mr. Born'i death
resulted from concussion of the brain. Mr.
Reck made no effort to get away, holding
that the sad termination of the race Was
The deceased, who was between forty and
fifty years of ge, was a well-to-do farmer
and was well-known In the Allegheny mar
ket, where he did business for many years
past. J'iUJii'rih tl'n.) I.tvhr
One of the boldest and most daring rob
beries ever peipetrutcd in this State took
place a few miles this side of Pugosa Springs
on Thursday night, the passengers on San
derson & Co.'s stngo being the victims.
From an interview held with all the passen
gers who were on th stage at Uie time the
road-agents captured it we learn the follow
Sanderson A Co.'s stage-coach, Charley
Gates, of this city, driver, left Amargo, New
Mtxico, the present terminus of the Denver
A Rio Grande Railroad, at tho usual time
on Thursday, with seven passengers aboard.
At about ribt o'clo.k in the evening the
coach, bad passed through tho rough gulcb,
about three miles this side of Pagosa
prings, and was Just entering the p'uk
hen four horsemen came up the road and
halted, two horsemen on each side. When
p, there is a man inside we
want." They then rode nearer to the
stage and commanded the passengers
to tile out and stand in line, at the same time
covering the passengers with eight Colt's
No. 45 revolvers. When the occupants of
the coach were in line, tie robbers compli
mented them on their soldier-i ke appear
ance and proceeded to relieve them of their
money, watches and cbains and Jewelry.
They managed to get about $1,000 in cash,
$2,300 In drafts, live watcnes and chains, lour
linger rings, and a diamond pin. After giv
ing up their valuables the passengers were
allowed to resume their seats in the coach,
and when the coach was about to start, and
the road-ugents were turning to leave tbe
scene of their operations, one of them sud
denly made up his mind that there was a
better horse attached to the stage than the
one be posiessed; so the party returned, and
the fastidious highwayman unharnessed the
horse that seemed to take his fancy and re
placed him with a little broncho he was rid
ing. "When the passengers arrived at this
place they were "flat broke," and lome of
the commercial men remarked that if their
bouses wanted to do any more business in
this part of the State, they could do It through
the mail. Dui zngo (Colo.) Utivrd,
A Romantic Story.
There Is quite a romantic story iold In
connection with tbe land-slides on the Bal
timore & Ohio Road. A McKeesport (Pa.)
young man named Gardner was engaged to
be married to a West Newton (Pa.) young
lady named Miss Nellie Downs, and tbe
wedding lmd been arranged for Thursday
evening, and accordingly the ard'iit lover
hoarded the Unloutown accommodation on
Thursday afternoon, with tho intention of
reselling West Newton in time for the cere
mony. As fate would have it, however, Just
as the train reaohed Scotthaven a large land
slide was encountered, and as a matter of
course further progress was birred, and, to
make matters worse, when tbe train was
run back to Armstrong another land-slide
was encountered at that point, and thus the
train was held on both sides by great bar
ricrs of earth.
This was not tbe worst, however, for when
the young man bethought him of .telegraph
ing to his lady love be found himself in a
still greater dilemma, upon making tbe dis
covery that the heavy masses of earth and
rock which fell from the hills had broken
down a number of telegraph-poles, snd, of
course, carried the wires with them, thus
cutting off all telegraphle communication.
But even under these adverse circumstances
the young man did not give up, for he
procured a torch, and, together with
nine or ten other male passengers and
two ladies, was piloted over the
mountainous obstruction by the train
hands, who supplied the party with a torch
to light them on their way, and, after a he
roic and wearisome trudge ever ten miles,
reached the residence of the ladv late at
night, and, although muddy and weary
arrived in time to havt the ceremony per
formed, and at eleven o'clock that niht the
happy couple were made man and wife
Tbe lady is said to possess equally as much
nerve as her husband, as she was at the
time nlirht operator at McKeesport, and
during the long hours of the nieht sat with
a very pretty little revolver by her side, pre
pared to defend herself against all intrud
ers. J'ilUburgh (V) 2)rpifcA to Cturixnad
Class in history: Teacher "Vh
waa the hero of Cow pens?' An awful
t.i!enee follows, which is at last broken
by the littlo snub-nosed boy in the back
row, who cries, in a nii'ing voice. " Sit
SCIENCE ASil) INDUSTRY.
Tho manufacture of oil from Amer
ican cotton seed has begun in Italy on a
largo sealo. It is mixod with olive oil,
and sold for table tiso.
Tho first rolling-mill in America
was built at Middluboro, Mass., for l'e
ter Oliver, one of tho Crown Judges in
tho Province, in the year 1751. .
Tho German Post-office has adonted
and uses postage stamps whose colors
can be canceled by water. This pre
vents fraud, for as soon as tho stamps
aro washed the color is obliterated.
Mr. W. II. Preece suggests that the
flow of tidal waters, and in elevated
stations wind power, might be used to
reduce the cost of producing the current
for the electric light.
Efforts are now in progress to at-
traot to LouLoia.no. tUa. .oillr rrrwtrs nt
Provence, whose prospects in France
have been blighted by plagues affecting
grapevines and tho silk culture.
A Dresden man has made a good
lubricant for shafts by mixing tho whites
of eggs with the finest graphite powder,
until the consistency of a firm dough.
This is kept in boiling water until the
whole is coagulated. The mass is then
reduced to powder.
Belgium promises to become the
great industrial teacher of Europe.
Many foreigners are now attending her
schools. She has fifty-nine technical
schools, thirty-two industrial schools,
and a higher commercial school all re
ceiving funds annually from the State.
It will surprise many to learn that
rice ha9 a nutritious percentage of 88,
while beef ha but 26. Still civilized
mankind will adhere to tho latter with
the idea that it has the most nourish
ment. The difference between a oound
of beef and a nound of rice is verv
marked, the latter bcinir 100 Der cent.
cheaper and 100 per cent, more valua-
Die to tne common laborer than tho beef
A correspondent of the Baltimore
nun thus describes a filter which ho
eays he uses with perfect success for all
the water his family requires. It is a
gallon-glass funnel with a small piece of
sponge in tne Dottom, ana on which
rens half a dozen Mender sticks to fa
cilitate the percolation, then placed at
intervals an around ana oeneath a pieco
of muslin a foot or so square. Tho mus
lin is filled with, say, a pint of closely
powdered charcoal. Through this ho
filters the water. At first a little of the
charcoal passes through, but it soon bo-
comes a perfect filter.
PITH AND POINT.
Two million hobby-horses were
mado in the United States last year.
This is an average of about two and a
half to a politician. Detroit Free Press.
The man who was (bn ennloaS nor.
aietl. 11B II 1U 111 Llio ito-uuuao itu "vita
chateau during the contest. Boston
Edison is at work on an electric
dressing machine which will do its work
so rapidly that the owner can chango
his clothes with the weather and yet
have time to eat two square meals and a
lunch each day. Philadelphia News.
When a Boston girl is presented
with a bouquet she says: "Oh, how de
liciously sweet;. its fragrance impreg
nates the entire atmosphere of tbe
room." A down-east girl simply says:
'It smells scrumptious; thanks, lieu
An over-fastidious fellow at a first
class restaurant was complaining be
cause a beef-steak waa not cooked to
suit his taste. "It takes away my
ametite." he said, " to eat it." " Then
it must suit you," said a friend. Why
boP" "Because that is what you are
eating it lor."Philndclphi'i Sun.
When a boy sees a big hornet's
net depending from the branch of a
tree ho is not satisfied that it is loaded
until he hits it with a stone. He would
rather heave a rock at it than to have five
dollars. In a few seconds he would
rather five dollars that he hadn't heaved
the rock. Norristown Ilerald.
" I can't think that all sinners will
belost," said Mrs Nimbletung. "There's
my husband, now. He's a bad man, a
verv bad man, out i trust ne win do
Baved at last. I believe he has suffered
his duo share in this life." " Amen 1 "
shouted Nimbletung from tho back seat
Mrs N. gave him such a look, but said
nothing. Boston iranscriin.
Do Birds Bury Their Dead!
While strolling through the woods at
Gorniac Lake yesterday afternoon, I
suddenly came across half a dozen birds
of the vane'v Known as tirown-tnrusnor
mocking-bird. Ihey were an Dusy
working at some object on the ground,
and did not notice my intruding till I
was upon them, when, with a shrill cry,
nest of voun? birus, when to my sur-
tvrise I found tho dead body of a female
thrush, which had been killed by a shot
from some hunter's gun, ana naa iauen
where it lay. The birds which I noticed
about it had been covering it over with
leaves, sticks, littlo tufts of grass, etc
until only its feet stuck out. Immcdi
atelv the storv of the Babes in the Wood
covered with leaves by robins came to
my mind, and all seemed real as the
time when in childhood I read the story
and believed it to be true. Anxious to
see what the birds would do, I stepped
back of a largo tree to a little distance
onrt watched them. Slowly the birds
ramo back one by one, and continued
the work of burying the dead bird
Whilo enffaeed hopping about after
leave and grass, they would chirp, in a
low, melancholy key, what I took to be
.1 J ,l. llUla li'irtft'n fun-
the dirge-notes of the little bird's fun-
pral. I did not have it in my Heart to
disturb them, and watched them at their
labors for a full half-hour, at the ehd of
which time the dead bird was completely
This in some way answers the ques
tions so many times asked : "What be
coRieof all the birds? Do they ever
die? And do their mates bury them?"
I have no doubt but that the various
species of birds thus dispose of their
dead. Bailie Creek (Mich. 1 Cor Chica
tnev uew uu a buuu
- UA Vt,.nJ tn wntnh mr mnvA- ui u'lJ0 "ft".'" " ""'Vi.fi f- -r
Fu" T .". J a i many pleasures thaL he may have more
ments. Having my cunos.ty aroused, 1 1 n(J oye his b(Jfoved book,,
went to examine what I supposed was a . nnth(, ' nt. be faraoU3 as ftn ex-
Our Toung Folks.
wis a I WAS A
Oh, I wish I was a srrown-up,
And nobody coiihl say ;
"No. n , you can t do so nmi-so,"
Ul. " If yon'ro iron 1, you mav,"
If trrown-iips waited to bo nood
Ilofo e they h id their fun,
A trreat deal that Is iroinir on,
1 (tuess, would not bo dono.
Oh, I wish I was a irrown-up.
Thon I'd plHy w.th bitfver boys,
Anil spend a hundred dollilrt
For notlilnif ol'e but tovs.
I'd trivo tlio l'nllows all a bout,
A knifo mid kite and hall:
I'd sit up into, an t sometimes
Wouldn't (to to bod at all.
Oh. I wlh I wa a grown-up,
I'd wear my ory best,
with long ne ild chain n-damrllna;
Across my stiir whto vest;
With b K top-boots so heavy
I eouid wn In out HnywbVro:
" " u n kvi.1 ..... ill tll.y pt.kwi - .
And a close shave on my bair.
Ob, I wish I was a grown-up,
As tail as my uapn,
I'd have a pistol and a cano,
And marry Maifuie Carr.
I'd have a party overv nhrht
How Jolly it would social
I'd have u house of citron cake,
And a lawn of leuion cream.
Oh. I wish I was a srrown-up,
I'dbnvon siuiiniiiir yaohlj
And eat at th-s tl st table
Whletho beef 'teak was hot)
I'd aro nifht In tho pn lor.
No matter who was thcroi
I d have it sonn of horses,
And koep a dancing bearl
But, thon, I ain't a grown-up,
I'm a boy that has lo miml,
With a littlo blue-checked npron,
That but ions up liehind:
And thi women uome and kiss me,
A ml o ill mo "littlo dear;"
And 1 shan't be a grown-up
Jo many a long y. ar.
.Vw. M, K tluUt, in 1'imfi's Compmifort.
A WORD TO SUIOOL-BOYS.
Whenever I meet a party of you on
your way to school, I am strongly
tempted to stop and have a little chat
with you. . Possibly you might, call
what 1 would- say very much like
preaching. Well, it might start earnest
thoughts, and we are apt to call words
which do that preaching. I wonder,
boys," if you realize wbat it costs to cet
an education. Have you ever hoard
how much your own city or town annu
ally devotes to the schools. Have you
ever considered how much your parents
must expend to keep you clothed and
in school for ten or twelve years? How
much parents often deny themselves,
how many pleasures and limir es, that
the boys may have a eood hirh-school
education, and then, perhaps, go to
college. Then how much labor you
yourself must give, how many years of
labor it costs you to obtain even an or
dinary education to tit you for a busi
ness life, and if you study for a profes
sion there must be three or four years
more ot naru work.
So you see it costs a irreat deal iu
ucation; but let me tell you a secret.
It costs much more not to have one!
For without it how helpless you are;
all your life long you will have to bo
paving others lor the use ot tneir
brains, and are at a disadvantage at
every turn iu life. If you have
capital and go into business, you
must pay a hih-priced man for
doinsr much which you ought to be
capable of doing, and even then you
are in a measure in the power ot an
other. If you are so unfortunate as to
have a dishonest book-keeper or cash
ier, he may swindle you out of half
your profits, and you will never be able
to discover it.
I remember years airo a janitor cm-
ployed in our school building who could
neither read nor write. He frequently
hired the boys to add up a bill for him,
or write a letter, and they invariably
charged him ten or fifteen cents for
their service. It was not very large
hearted for the boys to ask payment for
such a small service; but that is not the
point I want to make. I ho ignorant
man had to pay for the uso of a little
learning, and you will find it the same
the world over; all businesi men will
tell you'that knowledge and judgment
are hired only at a great expense, in
any pro ession or trade you will find
(other thinrs oeins equal i tne man oi
the best education has the advantage.
And lastly, the lack of knowledge
will cost you the society of cultivated
people, for of course you cannot asso
ciate with the educated if you are igno
rant; they would not enjoy your socie
ty, nor you theirs. Ignorance win cost,
you much mortification and many re
grets for lost opportunities, so when
you grow disheartened that you are
giving up so mucn ior your euucation,
remember it will cost you mucn more
not to have one.
If you will carefully observe men you
will find that most of them have an
ambition; by that I mean a fixed deter
mination to possess something, or to
imoi'AnH in amiiH uinlertakiiif One man
longs to be lome learned, and will spend
plorer, so he turns away from all the
. . i . i
com orts ot a quiet nome, arm wiiuueis
over strange countries, suffering untold
discomforts that he may become noted
as a traveler or d seoverer. Another
has set his heart upon riches, and
toiling early and late turns his heart and
mind from" much that is ennobling, bo
coming old and worn in his pursuit for
Now, do these win the object for
which thoy are striving? Invariably,
if they are persistent in their efforts;
there are few things within the bounds
of possibility that you cannot possess if
vou natientlv and perseveringly work
for them. Then how important is it
that your ambition should be a noble
one. Have you ever asked you: self the
ouestion. "What is my turn in nier
Probably vou will sav that you are now
' . .
too young and iticxperienced to deter
mine wnat traue or caning you wm iui-
low. That is true, but if you are oia
enough to bo in school you can under
stand that you may work for some ob
ject, and this should be clearly doiined.
You want to get the most thorough
education possible. Your advantages
may be limited, or may bo very good;
in either ease you want to make the
most of them. Having set your heart
on this, do not look far ahead and ex
pect to accomplish great things when
you take up advanced studios. Do not
VOL. II.-NO. 34.
oxpect algebra and geometry to make
you accomplished mathematicians un
less you have first conquered arithmetic.
Bemotnber the duty which is of first
importance is tho one which lies nearest.
Do you remember the legend of tho
man in pursuit of the four-leaf clover?
When a boy he was told that if ho could
find a four-leaf clover it would be to
him a tal'sman of good fortune, and
with it in his possession success in any
undertaking was sure; so earlv in li o
he started out to search for this littlo
token of good. He left his home nnd
friends to wander alone in this pursuit,
traveling across continents and oceans
in his search, but all in vain. At last,
a disappointed ami worn-out old man,
ho returned to the old homestead to
die; and as ho tottered up the familiar
pathway, lo! close beside the doorstep
grew a fnir-loaf clovcrItrnay be that
between the leaves of The o'esplseii'speYP
er; it surely is somewhere among your
school books. Uoldcn liule.
Work nnd Play.
Don't loiter, boys and girls. When
you know what ou ought to do, then
go about it promptly; and work at it
diligently, aud finish it. Work first,
and rest afterward. Never dawdle. la
there a garden to be weeded, corn to bo
hoed, hay to be raked, coal to bo
brought up, an errand to be dono, a
lesson to be learned? make that tho
first thing, and if possible, the only
thing, until it is finished. Your com
fort and your success in life depend
very much upon the habits jou form in.
this matter. A
You find some people who are always
saying they have so much to do, and yet
they seem to accomplish very little.
They are not comfortable, and they are
not successful. Perhaps they have a
letter to write; and they worry over it
every day for a week, exhausting as
much strength in this useless worry and
" dread to go about it," each day as an
other would in writing and posting half
a dozen letters. The successful men
i railroad presidents, bankers, manufact
urers, merchants, farmers are men who
have wbat we call executive ability, or
"dispatch." It is tho power of forming
an accurate judgment quickh, doing a
thing, or giving order for it, at once,
aid then dismissing it from the mind,
so that tho next th ng may be taken up
and dispatched. Tho hour's duties aro
done in the sixty minutes, tho day's du
ties within business hours; nnd then
the mau may read, ride, talk, sleep,
rest, with a mind free from care. If the
boys and girls manage their work thus,
then they will enjoy their play. Sctof
af s Companion.
Insects Killing' Inserts.
It is often found that human iuterfor-
a time the destruction ot oiras as ino
supposed foes of the farmer has left tho
ground free for the worse devastations
of unchecked insect life. la a recent
article, commenting on soma of Sir
John Lubbock's entomological observa
tions, the writer says:
"While men have been devising
scientific schemes for the amelioration
of insect plagues, and fondly imagining
that upon ourselves has rested tho bur
den of keeping tho animal world within
nrnnor lim.ts. the insects themselves
have taken the matter in hand aud
been actively carrying into effect the
plans and suggestions which, if left to
us, would never have got beyond tho
preliminary stages of consideration. In
the orchard the fruit farmer watches
with lamentation the depredation of
the wasps among his plums, and his
children come crying to him with tho
tale of their sufferings, how they picked
up a fallen pear and were stung by
the wasp inside. Yet all th s tune,
so naturalists tell us, there aro
wasps that sting wasps and hornets that
lie in wait among tho tempting fruit to
carry off or decapitate the smaller dep
redators. In the hot summer days Hii9
but it is a comfort to Know
that whenever they sit down on bushes
their enemies are on tho watch for
them; that not only spiders catch and
eat them, but winged things of their
own kind devour them readily. The
pnrkrnufih is an abomination in a kitch
en, but if he ventures to walk abroad
the I'ompilus takes him by the n jse,
and, having stung him senseless, drags
him away, to some convenient chink
that serves it for a larder. The spiders
that creep about where thoy have no
business to be, and spin threads across
pathways, so as to catch the faces of
passers-by, are constantly be3et by lly
focs, who treat them with a delightful '
contempt, using their fat, round bodies
to lav their eggs in, and even slor
in" them up liko apples to feed the
young Hies when thoy are hatched.
Tho caterpillars that destroy our
yeo-etables and work havoo in the
llower garden are not the nresponsiDio
tyrants that they seem, for thoy go in
mortal terror of their lives all day long,
r.ot orjly from other caterpillars that eat
them, but from a number of winged
creatures that take a truculent delight
intheirtender bodies. The beetle which
we call a cockchafer, and which in
France does almost incredible damage,
has another beetle told off to it, whose
only dutv is to hunt and kill it. Tho
wbeiit-tly, snug though it thinks itself
tucked up inside the husks of tho grain, '
is found out by a special lly whose
whole work in life is to lay its eggs
in the other's body; and even tho gall
flies insiae their secret chambers, the
clover-llv hidden in the little flower,
and the wireworm under ground, are
each of them the particular objects of
nn rsu it and 8lauirhter to appointed in
sects. To this complete ch lin of crime
and punishment man can add nothing,
but he can at any rate take the broad
hint which the insects give him. aud
assist them to indulge their benoficial
The old Child houso at Norwich
Town. (Conn.), has not been tenantel
for many years. It was decided tho
other day to smoke out tho myriads of
swallows that year after year had found
lodging in the wide-mouthed chimney.
Straw was pro -ilred. placed in the lire
place and lighted. As tho smoke wont
billowing up, tho swallows came down
by the do.ens and hundreds. Not less
thaa four or live hundred were killed.