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II Jl It
DEMOCRATIC IN I'OLlTlCHt PUKK IN LITKnATTJlllCt AND 1'nOGItKSSlVK IN KOUTIIKIIN INTKUKSTS.
BY A. M. BURNEY & CO.
M!MMJsTUiLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1881.
VOL. II.-NO 49.
r, ... cr in ; - .
NEWS: AND NOTES
A Bummaiy of Important Event.
Although pcaco is under discussion
liy Die representatives of Chill and the Pro
visional Government, tho commanders of
tho iiriny of occupation and of the l'ierola
nnd Montoucro troops are busily making
preparations which indicate further strife.
Tim Veiled I'ropbots' pageant at St.
Louis, nn Uie night of the- 4lh, was entitled
"A brcaoi.of Woodland Life," represented
by twenty-one illuminated tableaus. It was
a most magnificent spectacular exhibltlen,
- and was witnessed by probably half mil
lion people. " "
"A 'committee of tho Confederate
bondholders of London recently issued a re
iuest 1hat "all interested should register.
.1-1 . I.. ...... ...1 H - i i r .. .M
' to thomte'Ijrrislatiircs in the South, and
honcc several purchases of bonds were made
at 8 to-4 per Cent. '
NEiioN' W. Aldkich, the new United
: fttatos Senator from 'ftliode Island, succcs
. or to $cntor J3urnside, deceased, has al
... ready ,scrved in Congress as Representative
from the First Pistrict. lie began life as a
' ' grocer's clerk, with only a common-school
education, and as ho is not yet 40 years of
j age, ho will be tho youngest member of the
Senate. ----- ......
The Board of Managers of the Na
. (( MoiiaJ Temperance Society have adopted nn
, address to President Arthur, earnestly be
- seeching him that In dispensing ofllclal hos-
.polity at the White House, in his ap'polnt-
-iiofiis ttftho public sirvice, and In all pub
lic matters, he use his great opportunity to
discourage the habit of social drinking nnd
in othenyU vrmuote the suppression of In-
tcnippfijjiy)i:j . -'
T remains of President Garfield
fi;ift'lbeh"'t'ranHferred from the casket in
.Vtileh they wore originally placed to an cle-
r jgtif itir-Uhi case, made of sheet bronze.
Thtf-iviiMlitfrWere found to "be In on unex
pectedly good state of preservation, and now
that the proper casket has been provided, it
is piubablo that the plan? of the Monument
Committee will be changed and Instead of
the bddy,unig put In the ground, a crypt
will be waited aud, the casket exposed to
, . -
..TiiEvMassachusetts Democratic State
"Convention placed in nomination the follow
ing, Jth-ket: For Governor,1 Charrcs 1.
'-TbOBipsoitj Lieutenant -Governor, James II.
'arletiun'r Secretary of State. (Jen. Michael
T. lloi'iahuo;' Treasurer and Ueceivcr-lien-cral,
Col. Francis J.' Parker; Auditor, Chas.
t."KI ldr Attorne-Geiieraf, Gen. Patrick
'"A. Collih. 'The resolutions adopted favor
revision of tho tarltt taws, .the reform of
thV'ttVlP'fcervlec, the 'encouragement , of
Anirlcdri (hipping by the removal of oner?
,tv"om itak&tlMifptc.,'etc.' . . ' '
' Tnisreek and Cherokee Indians are
yftlfl trib considerably worked up ; over the
""rfforts'of jay'C.oulii to. secii.rc ' the jight of
'""'" Wiiy'llirouirh tlieir coiiutVy for u. cast and
';;,ysVriiy-olia'. ( The" C'ouiivlls :'o'f these Na
' "'tiimVli'a'vo ibc power to .grant the privileges
oskeirfor, and a tcng. pressure is being
ty'ijebi to Iep; to fnduco them Jo do so.
'"'lierols,1 fjowcyor ijy Ti'ttlo .opposition to
i;raQtingtii,i jlgul i'J way inany leading In-
dfanS nbfili'ng thal'si'ieh a step would be the
" Vihirliig 'wedge for tho. future dismember-
.'. incnt-of tho Indian country. ''
.MOIT!Mf - . ' .
The Farmers 1 National Alliance, in
fiessiwi, recently at Chicago, received a re
lortfroin ' flie Secretary giving the total
membership at '21,500; number of Alliances
now ; organized, 1,000, distributed as fol
lows: Nebraska, 201; Kansas, 285; Iowa,
150; New York, CO; Wisconsin, 51; Michi
gan, 1!); Missouri, It); Indiana, 10; Illiuois,
45,i"iid Minnesota, 50. Resolutions were
adopted opposing all monopolies, favoring a
just income tax, condemning freo railroad
passes, demanding impartial laws for the
(iiiallx itlon of the transportation of freight
and passengers, and declaring that the adul
teration of food Is as dishonest and more in
jurious, tha-i counterfeiting money and
should bo punished as severely. The officer
elected for the eiwulng year arc: President,
.lolm 1). .lames, of Kansas; Viee-President,
Hon. Malt Anderson, of Wisconsin; Secre
tary, 1. W. Wood, of Illinois; Treaiurcr,
Alien Knot, of Nebraska.
A UKCKNT Washington dispntch says:
Col. W. W. ludley has been for some
weeks Investigating a ling in tho Pension
OthVc. Tho fact that there were fraudulent
pensions on the roll has long been known,
. and the claim agents under previous Com
missioners have borne the brunt of the
tilamc for these frauds. Col. Dudley earlv
became convinced that many of them were
the work of those inside tho ollice,
and started quietly but vigorously to fer
ret . out the unfaithful clerks. He Is
almost ready to nuke arrests. When the
blow falls, his prosecutions will v le 'Willi
thosoof the Postmaster-General. It is not
, j el known how many arc implicated, but the
number under investigation now Is about
thirty. The amount of money Involved will
reach into tho millions, when the amount
paid and to be paid is considered. Of
. i course tho prosecution will extend to thoso
who have fraudulently received pensions.
' The Secret Service hero has under surveil
lance more than 2O0 persons in various
States, whose arret will follow closely upon
thai of the clerks.
, TnK'vXew York Republican State
Convention, held on the 5th, proved to be a
fairly harmonious gathering, considering
the acrimony that prevailed in many of the
primary contests. The Half-breeds had an
undisputed majority in tho Convention, and
controlled its organization and shaped mat
ters generally after their own fashion. The
niesinir Conkling delegates, from Oneida
and other districts, were remorselessly ex
cluded. Won., Joseph 15. Carr was 're
nominated for Secretary of State, Ira Daven
KrU, iav nominated for Comptroller,
7; KH Russell for Attorney-licneral,
,:J.-5m(s W. nusted for Treasurer," Silas Sey
f mftqriirt".Stato Engineer, and Francis M.
.1 ' Vittch Jot Judge of the Court of Appeals.
' -T?,rcu'tullMiis adopted deplore the assas-
-sin!en' of President Garfield, warmleom-
. cWii fiiC incisures inaugurated during his
MlTTrtn1srrstlon, Especially th proserution
of the Star-route fraud", and promise Tres
ident Arthur a hearty support In pressing
, Ith m to ihe full limit of his auftiority. Con
lideiiee is expressed in President Arthur's
integrity and pat rhvlc Intentions, with the
hope that his Administration will he In line
w ith that of his lamented predecessor.
PERSONAL AXD GENERAL.
Tue defendants in the Star-route
cases on the 4th entered a motion to quash
the Information filed against them. The
Court took tho matter under advisement.
The dead body of Nellie "Wright, a
beautiful girl of 20, was found floating in
the canal near Albion, f. Y. The post
mortem examination showed that sho had
not como to her death by drowning, and a
number of contusions upon her head and
body gate evidence that she had been foully
dealt with. A man named Fred. Hopkins,
with whom she had been intimate, has been
arrested, charged with her murder. The
parents of the girl are small farmers In the
vicluitv, but for somo years sho had not
lived at home, but worked Around at vari
ous places.' ; ' V i.
While Ralph Uurbin and wife and
daughter, aged 10, and a MUa Buck, sUter J
of Mrs. Durbin, and three small children
were returning from church at Danville,
Knox County, O., they attempted to cross a
stream subject to high floods. Mrs. Durbin,
Miss Durbin and Miss. Buck wero drowned.
Mr. Durbin got out by his own effort, and
Mr. James Shcllubargcr rescued tho chil
dren. The graveyard insuranco business in
Pennsylvania is assuming alarming propor
tions. At Wilkesharro, within a month,
four old people have died under suspicious
circumstance, all of whom were heavily In
sured by outside speculators.
The project of a National Garfield
Memorial Hospital, to bo established in
Washington, and, If practicable, on the very
ground where President Garfield was strick
en down, is being canvassed In Washington;
with good prospects of Its ultimate success.
Goveuor IIOYT notifies the Insur
ance Commissioners of Pennsylvania he will
not issue any more lotters patent to mutual
assessment insurance companies. As the
Governor construes the law, the business Is
lot conducted legally.
Foub boys wore stealing a ride in a
freight-car loaded with corn, when the train
ran oft the track near Morrison, 111., the car
they were In turned over, and all were
smothered to death.
Caleb F. Hauris and wife, of Provi
dence, R. I., were drowned in Moosehcad
Ms. Green, residing on the York-
town Pike, near Muncie, Ind., was seri
ously shot in the breast from a toy pistol in
the hands of a young son. '
Ohson Pratt, the oldest Apostlo of
the Mormon Church, is dead, aged 70.
Gov. CuLLOM, of Illinois, has issued
a proclamation offering f50:) reward for the
arrest of tho notorious Williams brother,
whoso last murderous offense was the kill
ing of Sheriff Lammy, f Calhoun County.
They are believed to be still secreted in the
John and James Pickard, brothers,
were killed by a boiler explosion at Carroll -
A small child, while standing near
molasses evaporator, near Dandrldge,
Tcnn., witnessing the evaporation with
great glee, lost Its fooihold and fell into the
seething mass, and was dead before its hor
rified relatives could rescue him.-
The German ship Hugo was burned
in the South Paeillo Ocean and the Captain
with eight men floated eight hundred miles
to the coast of Chill In nine days.
The insurgents in Tunis arc charged
with fresh outrages. At.Wadzergha a rail
way station was fired and ten employees
massacred. Tho st itlon-master, an ex
Lieutenant. 'in. the Frqnch riny and a
Chevalier of the Legion of Honor, was
burned alive. f r .--I
Captain IIowoate returned unex
pectedly to Washington and announced him
self ready to stand trial. He was taken to
jail. Ill bondsmen feel greatly relieved by
Franklin J. Moses, formerly Gov
ernor of South Carolina, has been up in the
police headquarters at Xew York for swind
ling William Li Hall out of 1(25.
At Richmond, Va., Marvin, the biga
mist and forger, was sentenced to tho Peni
tentiary for ten years.
There havo recently arrived by
steamship at New Orleans 800 German and
300 English immigrants, for settlement in
Texas, and 250 Italian laborers for work up
on the New York, Texas & Mexican Rail
William Kroeger, aged GO, and his
wife, aged 50, residing near Vincennes, Ind.,
wero brutally beaten by two negroes, whq
broko Into their bedroom at two o'clock in
the morning for the purpose of robbery.
Kroeger rose up in bed nnd was immedi
ately knocked back by a blow on the head.
Ills wife then raised up, with a similar re
sult. After stvlking the woman two blows
and Kroeger five, rendering them sense
less, the villains searched until they found
what money was In the house, $ 15, and then
escaped. As soon as they were out of the
room, Kroeger, whose reason had returned,
sprang out of bed, grabbed his gun and fired
both barrels after them, but his eyes wero
full of blood and his aim was poor. They
got away, but were subsequently arrested.
There Is great excitement, with some talk of
Recent Irish news: A farmer
named Leary, living near Rathmorc, on
Lord Kcnmaro's property, was shot by a
band of armed men, who visited his house
to warn him not to pay rent. He has since
died from his wounds. A man carrying
boycotted oats In the Parish of Doon, Coun
ty Tipperary, was shot, and it was thought,
mortally wounded. Mr. Bingham, land
lord, while riding near Erris, County Mayo,
was fired at. A girl on the car with him
was wounded. The assailant, who was dis
guised in female elotlilng, escaped.
An oil train of fifty cars on the Erie
Railway, took firo neai Tort Jcrvis, Y,
Fifteen cars were cut loose from the rear of
the train, where the tire occurred, and the
remainder of the train was pulled oft to a
safe distance. As the burning cars explod
ed volumes of flames shot hundreds of feet
Into the air, and the burning oil and frag
ments of tanks were thrown 1,000 yards. So
Intense was the heat that the telegraph
wires were melted.
Arizona Hill, an old Government
scout, whose real name was James A. Lewis,
L .., ., i mi.., ,..i.x,.K.ir.....J
i...., o.i.. .h...tw,i,.v Rill t,in,nt1
v.w., ...... . . r
and tried to "run the town."
Two men wcJS killed and three others
badly injured by the falling of some masonry
near Livermore, Pa. f.
Rtv. Wart RomnsoVD. died
at his home in Louisvvi'le, Ky., on the oth,
after suffering from canuer of the Binrva.-.ti
for elghtcoiTi'lb?1''. Dr. JtiibJCon vvas
onq of the alries JVfholcJf ilrt'pies. lie wan
born In BtrjhQj)j fouidj TJiorne, Ireland,
In the year 1814, and was consequently In
his Ctth year at the tinio Of his doatli.
The trial of the Rev. Dr. Thomas, of
Chicago, for heresy, was begun by tho
Hock River M. F.. Conference at Sycamore,
III., on the 5th.
Pulaski, N. Y., burned on the Cth to
the extent of $200,000.
At Shenandotrrgo C-'oiitiJ-Tlowa,
Robert Bell was shot ikiM j If Jiii wife
in a fit of insanity;; , f h ;doclareJi jlhal she
was commanded hy an aiigct. to commit fh'a'
: JlLiH.WaiE, a Texas highwayman
has bocn sentenced to the Penitentiary for
iA '1R. rine Blu,T Ark- oa lhe
niornlng bflh'e 7th, destroyed about $ 100,000
worth of property, including the office of
tho J'w, E. L. Taylor & Co.'s .dry-goods
store and J. II. Dcllman's hardware storo.
The Protestant ministers of Washing
ton called on. the President on the 7th.
President Artier will retain his
quarters at tho residence of Senator Jones
until tho White House repairs are completed.
The President positively declines to hear
any applicants for public olllees, and thinks
the minor offices now vacant should be tilled
by the heads of the various departments. .
The Rose City 1 louring-mills of Lit
tle Rock, one of the largest manufacturing
establishments of tho Southwest, wero to
tally destroyed by pre Rtf-rHo"'t!ffi7 i Loss be
tween ?:W,000 and ?W,00D,Vartially Insured.
Severe frosts have occurred in the
Carolinas and Virginia, injuring tobacco
and, it Is feared, killing the late growth of
cotton. . ! i .. t .: ' . "
Miss Sadie Sims, of Raleigh, N. C,
was fatally poisoned by the administration
of arsenic by mistake for quinine. Her
sister, who committed the fatal error, was
crazed with grief. ' .
Wm.'.Cox Jesse Monroe nuxa Win.
Delaney, the three young men who robbed
the Iron Mountain Express Company and
the passengers on train Xo. 4, near Hope,
Ark., September 22, pleaded guilty to four
teen indictments for robbery, and were each
sentenced to seventy years In the Penitcu.
tiary. ' . , . , .
Two robbers, known as Clark alias
Butch, and Frcnchy, both formerly of the
notorious Stockton gang, were lynched at
Socorro, N. M. William Nicholson was
lynched at Saunders Station, N. M.,for
murder. Church, the murderer of Miss
Thompson, Newton, N. C, was taken froih
lull Ann hAtif'o!. i
Captain IIowoate was taken before
the Criminal Court on the "th, jn obedience
to a writ of a haheaskvprpukj t, Jljstrict At
torney Corkhill stated the Xlovcrnment
would be satisfied. with $10,000 additional
ball.buteouttael fcirlhadafetta.miil ft pmIiI
be impossible 7ot' their cliont lo obtain that
The Minnesota Leriidcrabj have nom
inated the fallowing tleketr Governor, Gen.
It. W. Johnson; Lleutcnant-Gevernor, E.
r. Barnum, of St. Cloud; Auditor, Rudolph
Lehmli k s, of Stillwater; Secretary of State,
A. T. Lambeto, of-'-Wt.' Peter; Treasurer,
John F. Russell, of Houston' Coun'y; At
torney-General, George N. Baxter, of RU-e
County; Rallroad"C6iiimlssioner,RS. Cook,
of Ow'iitonna. The Convention indorsed
Judges Clark, Dickinson and MUchell, the
present Supremo Judges. Dickinson and
Mitchell are Republican )iotnlnee s.
Wm! T6VN9KNi, ka ' dry-goods mer
chant of Franklin, Ind.f was .fqund, dead
with' a bullet hole' lirhls foreheadVin bis
room at a Cincinnati hotel. A noto to his
wife shows it was suicide, though no motive
for the net can bo discovered.
LATE EWS ITEMS.
"Washington dispatches of the 9th
say the conference between th ijto'piiblican
and J)cmocrallc Caucus committees as to
Senate organization failed. The Democratic
committee statod tlroV had :QO authority to
enter into a consideration of the question of
the election of President of the Senate; that
their caucus Insisted on the right of tho
Democrats to elect that ofllcer. Tbe Repub
licans then proposed to confer In relation to
the entire organization of the Senate Tho
Democrats declined to consider the Presi
dency of the Senate as n question at issue
and the Republicans refused to hold a con
ference. The Democratic Caucus nomina
natcd Senator Bayard for President; the
Republican Caucus. Senator Edmunds.
The arrival of Roscoe Conkling at
the National Capital and his prolonged con
ference with the Iresidont.was Uie subject
of the greatesf cortiment at "Washington on
Telegrams to Santa le, N. M., say a
fight between Indians and citizens took
place at Wilcox, Arizona, on tho Cth. Tho
Indians seemed to have mado the attack on
the whites, who were thrown Into great oon
fusion, and were retreating. The bodies of
five Hnc-repairers were seen near the track,
shot through the head.
Near Clinton, Iowa, on th.0 th, a
passenger train dashed into a heavily laden
freight car at a crossing, throwing It on to
the platform of the station.. J. J. Flanagan,
the agent, and Arthur Cuddy, a lad of 13,
were killed and three other bystanders more
or less injured
G. W. Freeman, a carpenter, 45
years old, met death on the cowcatcher of a
fast train leaving JcHersoa I ty on the fth.
Gen. Josef-iI C' Abbot,' ex-United
States Senator, died at Wilmington, X. C,
on the 8th.
A dispatch from Denver, Uoio., says
a controversy took place over the telegraph
wires between J. S. McBrido, operator at
Glnrictta, and Jack Ilardj, operator ut Levy
Station. The latter went .to Glorietta and
called on McBrido about midnight for tho
purpose of revenge. Hardy was found on
the floor of the telegraph office fatally shot.
McBrido Is missing, and thevhootingissup
posed fo he Instltialde. 1 1 ' '
John Lyons, of Torre Haute, was in
stantly killed while working with a clearing
gang of tho Indianapolis, Blnomington &
Western Extension, near Lynn; Ind. Be
lug 72 years old and a Utile deaf, they could
not make him hear, and a tree, which was
being cut dop,,.fcll acros hhs, mashing
. ....I i i..,v I A
his skull, brcakirj,- both legs and one arm.
Alex. Perkins, while drunk, went to
sle.ep between the tios of the Littb Rock
Misissinid liiwr A Texas Railroad, at
Woodson, near Little Rock. The morning
train cut off a leg and arm, Uea.h resulting
Blair ill en I by the Surgeon of the Ite
uluortlie rom-.llortein Kxkniiaa
Hon of the I tody or President Car
' Held. '
, Pa ii.AUKi.pni A, October i.
The October issue of the ylmertcan
Journal of Medical Sciences contains the
following official report, of tho autopsy
of President Garfield, prepared by the
surgeons in charge:
OmciAL lUcoitn or tub Poht-Mohteii' Ex
agination of tho boily of President J. A.
. Garfield, niado September 20, 1BS1, com
tnetluiiiK ttt 4:8) p. eighteen hours after
I death, pi) Fmncalyn Cottage, Eiboron, N. J.,
present una assisting. Dr. 1). W, bliss, Sur-
gcomOcneraU. K. Ilarnes, V. 8. A..Surpr on
,i J. J. Woodward, V. 8. A., Dr. Robert ltcy
burff. Dr. Frank' II. Hamilton, Dr. D. Hayes
Aynew, Dr. Andrew II. Smith, of Klboron
and 'cw York, and Acting .Asststant-Hup.
Toon I). S. I.amt), of the Army Medical Mu
eeiim of Washington, D. C:
, lieforc commencing the examination a con
sultation was bcld by these physicians in a
roo u adjoining that in which tho hody lay,
and it was unanimously agroed that the dis
section stjould bo made by Dr. Lamb, and that
Siiigcou Woodward should rooord the observa
tions made. It was further unanimously
airrceJ that the cranium should not bo opened,
furoon Woodward then proposed that tho
examination should be conductrd as follows:
That the body should be viewed extornally,
and any morbid appearances existing re
.oorded. That the citheter should then bo passed In
to tbe wound, aa was done during life, to wuBh
It out for the purpose of assisting to And the
position of the bullet. -
'lhata long lnciBlon should next be made
from the superior extremity of the sternum
to the pubis, and this crossed by a transverse
one Just below the umbilicus.
That the abdominal flap thus made should
then be turned baolc and the abdominal vis
That, uftor the abdominal cavity was opened,
tbe position of tbe bullet should bo ascer
tained, if possible, before making uny further
incision, and that, Anally, the thoraolc viscera
t hould be examined. ' -
This order of procedure was unanimously
erged to. , ,
Tiio examination was then proceolod with,
nnd tho following external appearuncos wore
The body wns considerably emaciated, but
the face was much less wasted than thcllmbi.
A preservative liuid had been injected by the
embalmcrafew houri before into the left
femo al artery. Tho pipes used for this pur
posu were still In position. The Interior aur
faco of the body presented no abnormal ap
pearances, and there was no ecchymosis, or
other discoloration of any part of the abdo
men. Just below the right car, and a littio be.
bind it, there was au oval ulcerated opening,
obiut half an inch in diametor, from which
somo sanlous pus was escaping, but no tumo
factlon could ba observed In the parotid ro-
Ion. A considerable number of purpura-llke
tpott wctj scattered thickly over tho left
scapula, and thence forward as far as the
lulu.- .TUoy ranged fiom one-eighth to
ouo-l'ourih of nn inch in diametor, .wore
slightly - elevated and. purpuracoous on
tbe surface, and many of tbcm were
jCijiilIUCLLts in grnuns oHwH ta font ot morn,
similar but much less abundant eruption was
observed sparsely scattered over tho toorroa-
pondinir region on the right side. An oval,
excavated ulcer, about an inch long, tho re.
eult of a small carbuncle, wns seated over the
spinous process of the tenth dorsal vertebra.
Over tho 'sacum there wero four small bed-
soros, tho largest about half an Inch In diame
ter. A few ncno pustules and a numborof
Irregular spots of post-morlom hypostatic con
gest'.on wore scattered over tho shoulders,
back, nnd buttocks. Tho interior part of tho
scrotum wns much discolored by hypostatic
congestion. A group of hemorrhoidal tu-
mori, rather larger than a walnut, protruded
from tho nnus; Tho depressed cica
trix of tbo wound mndo by tho
plstbl bullet 'wns recognizee) over tbo tenth
tiitoici.stiil space, three nnd n half inches to
right of tbc'vertebrnl spine. A deep linear
Incision (mado In part bytheopertHlon of July
SI, mid extended by that of August 8) occa
pled a position closely corresponding to tbo
upper bolder of the right twelfth rib. It com
mem-cd posteriorly nlionltwo Inches from tho
vertciiau spine ami c.vtcnucu lorwaru n uiiio
more than three Inchon At tbo interior ex
tremity of this incision tbero whs a deep,
nearly soiiare, nlirnded surface about an inch
in its;., A well-oiled, lloxible cat bctor, four
teen inches long, wns then passed Into this
wound, a bad been dono to wash It out dur
ing life. More rosistaneo wns nt first encoun
tered than had usually boon tho caso, but
after soveral trials the catheter entered with
out any vlolonco to tbo full length. It wag
then left in p sition, and tho body disposed
supinely for tbe examination of tbe vlsoora.
.' .'The cranium was uot opened. A long Inci
sion was made from tho supc-lor extremity of
the sternum to tho pubis, followed by a trans-
verso incision crossing tho abdomen Just bo
low the umbilicus. Tho four Haps thus formed
wero turned back and tlio abdomln ( vlsocra
exposed. Tho subcutaneous adipose tissue
divided by the incisions was a little more than
onoe RMh of nn inch thick over tho thorax,
but was thicker over tho abdomen, bolng
about u ijUnrier of an inch along tbe linea
alba ami as much ns hulf an inch thick toward
tho outer extremity of tho transverse InelBion,
On inspection of tho abdominal viscera
sltua, tbo transverse colon whs observed to lie
a little nbovo tho line of tbe umbilicus. It
was firmly adherent to tbe anterior edge of
the liver. The greater omentum covered the
Intestines pretty thoroughly, from the trans-
Ver.'o colon almost to the pelvis, it was still
qutte fat and very much blackened by venous
congestion. On both sides its lateral margins
were adherent to the abdominal parietles,
opposite the eleventh and twelfth ribs, on the
leftside, tho adu'esions were numorous, tlrm,
well-oraanlied and, probably, o d. . ,
A foot-noto here sayts: "These adhesions
and I ho firm ones on the right side, as well as
those of Iho spleen, possible date back to an
iittaok of ctm.nlc dysentery, from which the
patient is said to have suffered during the
Civil War. On the right side thoro wero a few
similar adhesions and a number of more
dclicnte anrt probably recent ones."
A mass of black, coagulated blood covered
and conccalod tho spleen and tho isft margin
of tbe. greater omentum. On ra sing this
omentum It was found that this blood mass
extended through the left lumbar and ilaio
roifions, and dropped down into the po'.vis. in
which thero was somo clotted blood and
rather more than a pint of bloody fluid.
A foot note Vie says: "A large part of this
fluid, bad protwUy transuded from the In
ject Ion niB'.erial 6t tbo cmbulmerS."
The blood cougula, having been turned out
and collected, measured very nearly a pint
It was now evldmt that secondary hemor
rhage bad been the immediate causo of death,
butt be--point from which tbe blood hades-
ended was not at once appaienu
The nmcutuut was not adherentto the lutet
tines, which were moderately distendod with
ira. So intestinal adhesions were ioi.no otn-
pc than those between tne transverse colon
TiTH tve liver already mentioned. The abdom
inal cavity being now washed out as thor
oughly us possible, a frnltlcjs .attempt was
made to obtain aome indication of the posi
tion of the bullet before making any further
incisions, fly pushing tho Intestlnea aside
the extremity of tho catheter, which had
enssed into the wound, could be felt between
Ui pcrik ucuin and the rbrnt iliac fas:, tut
tt had evidently flouiueu upon usun, ana, ai-
thou ;b n prolonged search was made, nothing
could be S'---u or felt to indicate tho fry
enoe ot the bullet, either lb that rcgidn Or
Tbe abdomlual viscera were then carcf'iily
removed from tbe body, placed in suitaele
vessels, and examined seriatim, with the fol
Tbe adhesions between the liver and trans
verse colon proved to bound an abjeoss cavity
between tho undor surface of the liver and
the transverse mesc-colon, which involved the
gall bladder and extended to about the same
distance on each side of it, measuring six
inches transversely and four inches from bo.
fore, backward. . This cavity waa lined by a
thick pyogenlo membrane,- which completely
replaced the capsule ol tuat part or mo under
surface of the liver occupied by the abscess.
It contained about two ounces of greenish-
yellow fluid a mixture of pus and biliary
tnattor. This abscess did not Ibvolve any por
tion of the substance of the liver except the
surface with which It was In contact, and no"
Communication could be dotocted between it
and any part of tho wound. ... i "
Some recent peritoneal adhesions existed
between tbo upporsuriaee of the right lobe
of tbe liver aud tbo diaphragm. Tbo liver
was larger than normal, weighing eighty
four ounoos. Its substaneo was Arm, but of a
pale, yellowish color on in lurraoe and
throughout tho Interior of the organ, from
ratty degonorntlon. No evidence that it had
been penetrated by the bullet could be found,
norwere there there any abscesses orinfuro-
lions In any part of tho tissue
The spleen wai connected by dlnphram ad-
bosions. There wore several rather deep
congenial fissures In Its margins, giving it a
looulated appearance. It was abnormally
largo, weighing eighteen otincej, of a very
dark lake red Color, both on tbe surface and
on section. Its parenchyma was soft and flab
by, but contained no abscesses or infarctions.
There wore somo roecnt ceritonenl adhe
sions bctwe n tho posterior wall of tho stom
ach and the posterior abdominal parietles.
with this exception no abnormaltics were dis
covered In tho stomach or Intestines, nor wero
any other evidences of general or local peri
tonitis found besides those already specified.
Tbe right kidney weighed six ounces; the
left kidney seven. Just beneath the capsule
of the left kidney, at about the middle ot its
convex border, there was a little abscoss one-
third of an inch In diameter, There were three
small serous cysts on tbe convex bordorof tho
right kidney, just beneath its oapsule. In
other respects tbe tissue of both kidneys was
normal In appearance and in texture.
Tbe urinary bladder was empty.
Behind tho right kidney, after tho removal
of that organ from tho body, tho dilated track
of tbe bullet was dissected into. It was found
that from the point at which it had fractured
tbe right eleventh rib (three inches and a half
to tho right of the vertebral spine; the missile,
bad gone to the left obliquely forward, pass
ing through the body of the first lumbar ver
tebra and lodging in the adipose connective
tissue Immediately boiow the lower border of
the pancreas, about two inches and a half to
the left of tbo spinal column, and behind tbe
peritoneum. It bad become completely en
cysted. Tbo track of the bullet between tho
point nt which It had fractured tho clevonth
rib and that at which it ontered tbo first lum
bar vertebra was considerably dilated
and the pus bad burrowed downwards
through the adipose tlssuo behind
tho right kidney, nnd thence bad
found Its way bolween the peritoneum and
I uiimiuh- iimixuumj
channel, which extended almost to the groin.
The adipose tissue behind tbe kidney, in tho
vicinity of this descending channel, was much
thickened and condensed by inflammation. In
tbe channel, which was found almost free
from pus, lay the flexible catheter, Introduced
into tbe wound at tho commencement of tbo
autopsy. Its extremity wa found doubled
upon itself, immediately beneath tho perito
neum, reposing upon tho iliao fascia, wboro
tho channel was diluted into a podch of con
siderable size. Tbls long-descending channel,
now clenrly seen to havo been caused by the
burrowing of pus from the wound, was sup
posed during life to have been the track of the
Tbe last dorsal, together with the first and
second lumbar vertebras and tbe twelfth rib,
wero then removed from the body for more
thorough examination. When tbls ex
amination was made it was found
that tho bullet bad penetrated tbo first
lumbar . vertebra in the uppor part of
the right side ot its body. Tho aperture by
which it entered involved tho intervertebral
cartilage next above, and was situated just
below and anterior to tbe intervertebral
foramen, from which its upper margins wero
about one-quarter of an inch distant. Passing
obliquely to tho left and forward through tho
upper part ot tbe body ot tbo first lumbar
vertebra, the' bullet emerged by an aperture,
tbo centre of which was about bait an inch
to tbo loft of tbo median lino, and which also
involved the intervertebral cartilago next
abovo tbe cancellated tbsue. The body of tho
first lumbar vertebra was very much com
minuted, nnd the fragments somewhat dis
placed. Several deep fissures extended from
tho track of the bullet into tbe lower part of
tho body of tho twelfth dorsal vertebra. Oth
ers extended through tbo first lumbnr verte
bra Into tho Intervertebral cartilago between
it am the second lumbnrvertebra. Doth this
cartilage and that' next above were partly de
stroyed by ulceration. A number of minute
frngmonts from the fractured lumbar vcrto
.bra had been driven Into tbe adjacent soft
pmts. It wns 'further round that Ihe right
twcirth rib also was fractured at a point ono
Inch and a quarter to tho right or tbe trans
verse process of tho t-cirth dorsal vertebra.
This injury bad not been recognized during;
On sawing through tho vertebra a llttlo to
the right of the median line, it was found
that the spinal column was not Involved by
tbe track of tho bullet The spinal cord and
other contents of this portion of tho spinal
canal presented no abuoimal appearances.
Tbe rest of the spinal cord wai not examined.
Beyond the first lumbar vertebra the bullet
Continued to goto tbe left, passing behind tbe
pancreas to the point whnro it was found.
Here it was envclopod In a firm cyst of con
nective tissue, wb.ch contained, be-ldcs the
ball, a minute quantity of inspissated, somo
what cheesy pus, which formed a thin layer
over a portion of the surface of the lead.
Thore was also a black shred adhering to a
part of tbe cyst wall, which proved, on micro
scopic examination, to bo tbo remains of a
blood clot For about an inch from this cyst,
tbe track of ' tho bull behind tbo
pancreas was completely obliterated br
tbo healing process. Thenco, as far back
ward as the body of tbo first lumbar
vertebra, the truck was flllol wttb coagulated
blood, which extended on tbo left into a regu
lar space rent In the adjoining adlposj tissue
Behind tbe peritonoum and above the pan
creas the blood bad worked Its way to the left,
burrowing finally through the peritoneum bo-
hind tbe spleen into the abdominal cavity,
Tbe rending ot-tho tissues by tbo extravasa
tion of this blood was undoubtedly the cause
of the paroxysms of pain which occurred
short time before death. This mass of coagu
lated blood wis of Irregular form, and nearly
s large as a man's fist It could be distinctly
reen from in front, through the peritoneum,
after Its site behind the greater curvature of
the stomach had been exposed y tho dissec
tion of the greater omentum from tho stom
ach, and especially after tome delicate ad
hesions between tbe stomach and part of tho
peritoneum covorlug the blood-mass had been
broken down by tbe fingers.
. From tbe relations of the mass, as thus seen,
It was believed that the hemorrhage had
proceeded from ono of the mesenteric arte
ries, but, ai it was clear that a minute dissec
tion ww Id bo require! to determine the par
ticular branch Involved, it was agreed thut
tb infiltrated tissues aud Rdjolnlnf sort parts
should be presorved fif subsequent study.
On examination an4 direction mad in ac
cordance with this agreement It was found
that tbe fatal hemorrhage proceeded from
rent nearly four-tenths of aft I itch long In toe
main trunk of the splenfo ttrte'ry( two Inches
and a half to the left of tho cu-lino axis. Tho
rent must have oocurrod at least several days
before death, since the everted edges In tho
slit in the vessel wero unltod by ftrm adhesion
to tbe surrounding connective tissue, thus
forming an almost continuous wall, bounding
tbe adjoining portion of thn blood clot. More
over, tbe peripheral portion of tbe clot in this
vie n'.ty was disposed In protty firm concent no
layers. , ' ',.."
It was further found that the cyst below tbo
lower margin of the pancreas, In which the
bullet was found, was i-ltuated three Inches
and a balf to the loft of tbe ecrllao axis.. .
Besides the mass Ot coagulated blood Just
desonbed, another about the slio of a walnut
was found in the greater omentum, neai th.,
splenic extremity of the stomach. Tbe com
munication, if any, between this and tbe
larger hemorrhagic mass could not be medo
. The cxam'natlort of tbo thoraclo vlsoora
resulted as follows:
Tho heart weighed eleven ounces. All tho
cavities were entirely empty cxeept the right
ventricle, In which a few shied3 of soft rod
dish coagulated blood adhered to tbe Internal
surface On tbe surf noo of tho mitral valve
there wore sevoial - spots of fatty de
generation. With this exception the
enrdiao valves were normal, Tbe mus
cular tissue ot tbe heart was soft, nnd
tore easily. A few fpota of fatty degenera
tion existed In tho lining membranes or th
aorta, just abote tho semilunar valves, and s
slender clot of fibrin Was found in tho aorta,
whoicitwas divided about two inches from
these valves for the removal of the hcilit
On the light side slight pleuritic adhesions
existed between the can vet surface of the
lower lobe of tbe lung nnd the costal pleura,
and firm adhesions between tbe anterior edge
of tbo lower lobe, tho pericardium, and the
diaphragm. Tho rlht lung weighed thirty,
two ounces. The posterior part of tho fissure
between its upper and lower lobes was con
genially Incomplete. Tho lowor lobe of tho
right lung was hypostaticnlly congested, and
considerable portions, especially toward Its
base, wero tbe seat of the broncho-pncumnnln.
Tho bronchinl tubes containod a considera
ble quantity of stringy muco-pus. Their
mucous surface was reddened by cntarrhal
The lung tissue was oedormntous.
A foot-note here say s : "A part at least ol
this conditlou was doubtless due to tho ex
travasation of the Injection fluid usod by tho
Tbo lung tissue contained no abscesses oi
Infurcations. On the left sldo, tho lower lobe
of the lung was bound, behind to tbe costal
pleura, above to the upper lobo, and below
to the diaphragm, by pretty firm pleuritic ad
hesions. , .,
The left lung weighed twenty-sovcil ouneos.
Tbo condition ot Its bronchial tubes, and of
tho lung tissue was very nearly the sanio as
on tho right sido, tho chief difference being
tbat tbo area of broncho-pneumonia in the
lowor lobo was much less extensive in the left
lung than In the right In tho lateral part of
the lower lobe ot tbe left lung, and about an
Inch from its pleural surface tboro was a
rut ion, each about oue-eiahlh of an iucti In di
There were no Infurcations, and no abscess
es in any part of the lung tissue.
Tbe surgeons assisting at tho autopsy were
unanimously of the opinion tbat, on reviewing
the history of the case, in connection with the
autopsy, it is ipuie ovinem inai lao umoreDi
aunmiratiiursurfaces. and especially tho fract
ured spongy tissue of thevortobra, furtiiso a
sufficient explanation of tbo septic conditions
Which existed aurinir lire.
A h, nit ii n hour ufiur the Dost mortem exam
inntion was comulcled. the physicians named
ntthe commencement of this report assem-.
bled for further consultation in an adjoining
cottage. A brief outline of tbe results of th i
nost-niortem examination was drawn tin.
sinned by all the phvaicians nnd banded to
Frlvate-secrotary j. (Stanley iirown, wno was
requested to furnish copies to tbe newspaper
, if. v. plow,
J. K. Hahnks,
J. J. Woodward,
D. 8, Lamb.
As tho above report contains rarngrnn'is
dntallinir obsnrvnlions mado at Wosbiinrtcn
on the patbologieal specimens preserved for
that purpose, the names of Drs. K. II. Hamil
ton. 1). Haves Airnew nnd A. H. Hniltli are not
appendod to it. It has. however, been sul
mitted to them, and thoy have given their
assent to mourner portions oi tno report.
Lynch Law in Illinois.
. Bixxminoton, 111., October 1.
Tho most bloody and exciting tragedy in the
history of tbls (McLean) County occurred here
this evening. About half-past six o'clock Ted
Franks, the jailor, was shot and killed by
prisoner, named Charles Tierce, alias Howlctt,
incarcerated for horse-stcnllng. Tho Jnllor
went Into the Jail to change Iho prisoner from
one coll to another. Tbo jailor bad a revolver,
ffi-callbor, in bis hip-pocket, and no coat oa.
lie went to unlock tho cell-door, when tha
prisoner seized tho revolverand shot the Jailor
in tbo back. Tho jailor then- turned around.
and was shot In the shoulder. Tbo prisonot
fired a third shot, and the ball pierced Frank's
heart going clear through tbe body, killing
blm Instantly. Tho other prisoners seized
tbe murderer and prevented blm from es
caping, and wrested tbe revolver from him,
News of the murder spread like wild-fire.
and cries of vengeance wore soon beard
from tho knots of men about tho atreets,
Dy eight tho Jail was entirely surroundod
by at least five thousand mon, women and
boys, evory ono demanding tbo blood of the
murdoror. The Bhorlll and police summoned
a strong force to guard tho jail, and did
all la their power; but at nine o'clock a mob
of howling meu gained entrance, after nearly
tearing down tbe jail. For over an hour the
mob worked enthusiastically and madly, amid
tbe yells, screams and cheers of tbe lookers-
on. when thy had forced tbo inner iron
d'xirs In thev mit a rone around tho murder
er's neck, and dragged him out through the
wild crowd to a locust tree near by, at the
corner of Market and Center stro ts. In
a few minutes he was dangling In tbe air, a
lifeless corpse. Tbe shileks nnd groans of tbe
victim of mob violence could bo hoard while
he was being dragged remorselessly to the
tree"; but bis cries were drowned in loud
cboersaud yells of "Hang hlinl" "I.ynoh
him! The wildest excitement prevailed,
Borne of tho best citizens wero in the front
business men cheered and enoournged tho
lynchers, and women cheered and waved
handkerchiefs when tho hope whs strougost
thut I'atsey Dcvine. charged with the murder
of Aaron Goodfellow in IHifl, now a prisoner
in Jail, would bu lynched, ton; but tbo mob
dispersed without touching him, though the
feeling was very sti ong.
When tho murderer was raised tho first time
Ofllcer UHiley, of the police loroo. Imperiled
hislifobv runnfnr In and tutting theroim.
letting the body fall. Attempting to rei cat
tbls act oi bravery he came near being killed.
Jailer Franks wns a noble man and a uood
cltlren. liked by all. Ho had lived hero over
twenty years, and bis death Is universally lit-
m-Mitca tnmuKnoui me cuy. rierco stole
norso and buggy hero a few weeks ago. am!
was captured at Jacksonville, whore be is
known as a bad man. Ho was only twenty
years old, oi medium sue. smooth race am!
brown hair, wllh a boil countenance. Aftc
bunding on the tree thirty minutes, and hav
ing been scon by thousands of people, tbe
body or tbe muMf-rer was cut down and taken
possession of by tbe Coronor.
The decision of tho Supreme Court giving
Patwy Ilevlne anew trial was received here
yesterday, and exasperated tbe people, they
believing he bad a fulr trial. This certainly
caused intense excitement this evening. Cries
of "Jusi Ice and courts a farce!" were tre iuent
ly he ird during the excitement, and it la gen
.rliy t.f.iievr.1 il he decision was partially
tbe cause of the people taking this matter ba
to tneir own usnus.
SCIENCE AJiD IHDUSTRf.
A German physician 'assorts that
railway employees are liable to affec
tions of tho spinal cord.
-Tho nnnual production in the United
Statos for several years past has boon
about seven billion pins. : ' i
It is Sir Jolm Lubbock '.s opinion
that bees are, in a rough kind of way,
sensitive to color, and that their fnvbrita
color is blue..: . . . ; i
There is in the Taris Electrical Ek-
ibition an induction coil capable ol
giving a spark forty-two inches long
and piercing a block of glass six inches
thick. . ; :
The Superintendent of the Census
Bureau says that notwithstanding the
large production of coal inthi3 coun.
try, tbo use ot wood lor msi ls.greauj
In excess of coal, the ratio being tS lout
to one. - - " -' i
Cyclones are observed to extend
over a circle from one hundred to five
hundred, of sometimes one thousand
miles in diameter. In the West Indies
they are sometimes as small as one hun
dred miles in diameter, but dilate to six
undred and one thousand miles on
reaching tho Atlantic. They sometimes,
however, contract, increasing greatly in
violcHCo during the process. (
Prof. Hutchinson has, in one of his
lectures, mentioned a Tory interesting
fact ascertained in lierlin. Among Ko
man Catholics, who prohibit marriages
between persons who are near Iwod
relatives, the proportion of deaf-muW
g 1 in U.UiJU ; among l'rotestants, wno
view such marriages as permissible, the
ni-nnntlrtn la 1 In 9 000 whila omnnff
Jews, who encourage intermarriage with
blood relations, the deaf-mutes are as l
Eggs, says M. Arsonval, during the
first days of incubation absorb much
heat. This process is accompanied by
an absorption of oxygen and an abun
dant liberation of carbonic acid. During
sleep animals absorb much oxygon and
evolve littio heat, the emission of car
bonic acid varying very little. Animals
are not merely the seat of oxidations and
combustions. Every living being Is, at
the same time, a reduoing apparatus
which effects synthesis. , j . j
It was the discovery of sheet-iron
rolling in 1728 which gave the great im
petus to the tin-plate trade in England.
Tho manufacture of tinned sheet iron
had been introduced there from the con
tinent in as early as 1070, but it had not
becomo established until about half a
century later, and for many years the
English continued to import plates from .
Hamburg, to which they now send thou
sands of boxes annually. Tbe Conti
nental ana early English tin-plates were
hammered, not rolled.
A (!nnadian nannr savs that Cana
dian girls make better wives than any to
be found on this sido of the border. Let
'em como over then and got husbands
worthy of them. Buffalo Courier.
Base-ball is called our national '
Same; and latterly the lioston nine
ave been doing so nobly that they
themselves are in aanger oi oeing uaiieu
tho national game. Newton ltepubli
can. , , -
Elonuent!" Raid tho Denver man
of his favorite clergyman, "eloquent!
why he's the most eloquent man in
America, lie can hold nis congregation
in their seats with a first-class dog-fight
in progress outside." Boston Post.
PhilarlnlnVila Tinners are comnlain-
ing of the scarcity of pretty girls on tho
ntraota This reminds nn that wa have
before wondered whether Philadelphia
1 -II i. U
nas any preuy gins at au or iiul. ai
sho has, they must all bo concealed be
hind those confounded shutters. IawoII
Courier. , , ,
"Mir nn " said the wise father.
deftly laying the skate strap along the
shrinking bacic oi nis nownng son, -x
am doing this for your own good." And
aa thn liul iumned clear over the saw-
buck- he wailed, "Don't make me too
good, dad ; be not righteous overmucn,'
you know." Burlinqton llawkeic.
St. Louis is to have a grand pageant
called the "Veiled Prophets," tho per
formers wearing veils so they ca rvotbe
recognized. It's a good idea. It is very
distressing to all concerned to hav9
Prince Carnival, Kinp Momus, or Prime
Minister Israfel halted and dunned for a
wash bill. Texas Si tings.
" T think it all humbuc for a man
to attempt to disparage his own impor
tance. A man should think a good deal
of himself. H he doesn't nobody else
will. I think a good deal of myself, and
think I ousrht to : it's a duty." Thus
Smith. "Very true," said Fogg, "but
it doesn't reflect much credit on your
taste." Boston Transcript.
I stood on the porch at evening,
. i , i . . I. n . ........ .liAnlltf .Iz-wi, . ,
And the June-bug bright, in the starry night,
Flew merrily through the town. '
0, sweet were the gentle Bcpbyr
That blew from the balmy South,
And red were tbo lips, ami sweet the sips,
That I took from the pretty mouth.
Ilor tiny waist was encircled
liy my arm so strong and truo,
Bald I, "Whose ducky are yon, love?"
."Yours." she murmured, "and whoso are
O, tho hallowed houra of that evening! '
- O, the cruel eaprlce of Ifatel
Uer father, unkind, came up from behind,
And tired mo over tbe gate.
What Electricity is Doinij.
Ex-Minister White says that while in
Paris he visited the Electric Exposition,
llo says Mr. Edison hasoneof the finest,
if not the finest exhibit in the building.
The Siemens Brothers, of Berlin, who
are laying the new Atlantic cable, have
also a fine exhibit. The clectrio rail
road, as laid in Berlin and Paris, is a
perfect success. " I think," said Mr.
White, "it will create a revolution
before long. Tho elevated railroads
must soon adopt that system, for it does
aw:ty with the wear and tear of the
heavy engines. Siemens Brothers are
preparing to establish a new road in
lierlin about four miles long. The only
apparatus the car carries is carried in a
box underneath tho floor about three
feet long, threo feet broad and eighteen,
inches high. The car stops and starts!
as easily as a horse-car, and runs at tho
rate of about fifteen or twenty mlki
soon ajter. b: