Newspaper Page Text
Time TablfKcMJXB (
Lv. Sparta ...T..!'.!...l ...10 50 aii
The Progressive Farmer.
3 05 am.
', 3.15 am.
3 54 am.
4 03 am.
. 4 10 am.
4 35 am.
5 05 mu.
5 25 am.
' 5 45 am
. 6 30 am.
7 20 am.
5 30 am.
6 30 urn.
7 00 am,
7 25 am.
7 60 am.
8 13 am.
Doyle !..,... .........11 20 am.
Holders U 45 am.
Walling 11 55 am.
Rock Inland... 12 05 pui.
Rowland.: ll! 45 pm.
McMinnville 1 15 pm.
Suiartt........ ......... 1 45 pm.
Morrison.. 2 10 pm.'
Summitville 2 S3pra.
Manchester, 3 15 pin,
Tullahoma.. 4 15 pm.
, , GOING NORTH. '
' ,f'U 1" ' ' Pass '
Lv. Tullahgma...;..I.i..lO 00 am.
" Manchester 10 45 am.
" SuitiuiilA'illt) ....U 15 am.
" Morrison....M.'.......ll 35 am.
" McMinnville..;.'H..12 15 pm.
, " Kcnylnnd .. nn ,J 45 puu S 50 am.
" Rock Inland 1 05 pm. , 9 15 am.
....1 .to or .....
. .. atiinK ....(. r io imr ;r4l)ui.
Holder... ...(...JiJ. 1 21 iui r l5 am..
; D6ve .7.7. T 40 pm! I ;(T 5Vam.
Ar. Spuria .., ,., 2 05 pinj ( 10 25 am.
Passenger train pas 1'ullanonm, going
touth 9 53 a m. 10 24 p m and 5 65 p m ; go
ing north, 4 32 p m, 2 58 a 7 82 a ni.
- ' " V TT7J
, "Malls.- ' 'i V ;
Tullalioma to McMinnville Arrives 12:10 p.
in.: leaves 5:20 a. m., daily except Sundays.
McMinnville to Sparta Arrives 5:30 a.m.;
leaves 12:00 p.m.! daily except Sundays.
Through mail to and from beyond Tulla
hoina, arrives 8.00 a.'iu., leaves, 12.00 m.
Beersheba Springs Arrives 6:30 p.m.;
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays; leaves
6:00 a. m , same days, j .
Smithville (route No. 19355)-arrives 12:00
m., Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays;
leaves 1:00 p.m., same days. '
Woodbury Arrives 12 ni., Wednesdays
aud Saturdays; leaves 1:00 p.m., same days.
Horse Shoe Falls Arrives 12:00 m., Wed
nesdays and Fridays; leaves 2:00 p. w..
Methodist Rev. J. T. Curry.
iantor ; services every Sunday morning and
night. Sunday-school at 9 A. M. Prayer
meeting Wednesday night.
Christian Services every Sunday. Prayei
meeting Wednesday night.
Presbyterian Rer. F. L. Leeper, pastor.
Preaching every Sunday morning and night;
prayer meeting every Wednesday night.
Sunday-school every Sunday morning at 9
o'clock. - : -
Cumberland Presbyterian Rev. G. T.
Stalnback pastor; servicesevery Sunday and
at night; prfcyermeeting Wednesday night.
Sunday-school 9.-30 a. ru. -
Baptist Dr. A. D. Phillips, pastor.
Preachine everv 8undsv morning and
night. Prayer meeting every Wedueaday
night. Sunday school 9:30 a. m.
CH ANCERY Sits 4th Monday in May aud
November; W. S. Bearden, Chancellor;
J. C. Biles, Clerk.
CIRCUIT Sits 2d Monday in January,
May, and September; M.D. Sroalluan,
Judge; W. V. Whltson, At-torney-General:
I. W. Smith, Clerk.
COUNTY Sits by quorum lBt Monday in
every month; full court every quarter;
A. C, Myers, Esq., Chairman; W. L.
SwanD, Clerk. .,-'
OTHER COUNTY OFFICIALS I. L.
Rheav, 8heriff; Jno. L. Jaco, Register;
G. N. M." Newby, Trustee and Tax Collec
tor; John F. St. John, Tax Assessser;
Geo. T. Purvis, Ranger; Mat. .lones,
Jailer; W. N. Mitchell, County Superintend
ent of Public Instruction.
MUNICIPAL OFFICERS Mayor, D. B.
Carson ; Aldermen, J M Cunningham,
W S Lively, W II Sagar, Geo 8 Stroud, W C
Arledge, Frank Maddux. Street Commis
sioners, D B Carson, W II Sagar, J M Cunningham.
F& A. M. Warren No. 125 1st Thursday
. night in every month, in their hall over
the court room. I. J. Tuckmax, W. M.
DOYAL ARCH CIIAPTER-3r Thurday
lb nightin every month.
T. C. Lisd, II. P.
IO.O. F. McMinnville, No. 146;every
Tuesday night, in their hall over Worn
ack & Colville's store.'
' J. B, Wkiii:, X. G.
F. L. LeWee, Secretary.
Rebekah Degree, meets First -Thursday
aight in each month.
Mrs. W. S. Livkly, N. G.
Mrs. J. H. SiierRILL, Secretary.
KNIGHTS OF HONOR-Mountain City.
No. 140; meets in Masonic hall 2d and
4th Monday nightsin every month.
Titos. Black, Rep. G. W. Brittain, D.
Cor. Country Gentleman. 'FT T , '
The farm Is a field 6f mifital labor
aa well as of physical toil. It is a
field whore activity of thought is hh
needful as activity of the hand, and
no man is a good farmer in our day
who is not a good thinker. A con
stant toiler with the i hand to the
neglect of thought is not a true, farm
er of the present age, but ' drudge
who, labors; .without, reward.. , It, Is
one of the great blessings of an ad
vanced civilization : that. "( mind is
made to guide, direct j and relieve
the burdens of physical toil,' ami no
where is there a better illustration of
the benefits which "mind can confer
to relieve the labor Of the hand, than
in agriculture. It is 'only necessary
to refer to he mowing machine,, the
jreaper,' the horse-rake, ''.the rnanure
spreadeiv thV threshing 'f machine,
cloVer-huller. and the perfect chilled
piow, io ue convinceu oi mis. . , ,
In t lie days' ,when alL. labor was
done by physical force, the battle was
to the strong, as well as riches to men
of understanding, but In our day the
battle. on the farm is to men i of
thought, rather t,han; men of strength.
The time 'can well be'' remembered
by many of the present generation
when the man of the strongest mus
cle, who would handle the scythe,
the sickle or the cradle and the hoe
with the greatest force, and with
diligence, was called the best farmer,
and was generally the most success-
Tools wi'l be put in order, and the
best procured, ' so ' that the efficient
work can be done1 with the labor em
ployed, and no time lost for want of
profitable employment. When .re
pairs of tools are needed, they should
not be left till wanted, but repaired
in advance, that no delay be had in
waiting for them. '
Seeds of the best varieties and of
the best quality will be" procured In
advance, that no delay inay be neces
sary when seed time comes. The
selection of seeds may be a matter of
much thought, for poor' seeds under
the best cultivation will seldom re
turn any profit. The injury to crops
from planting imperfect seeds, is
vastly greater than we ' estimate,' of-
ten amounting io one-nan a common
crop. ; The allowing crops to be chok
ed and damaged by weeds for the
want of cultivation, is another waste
that the thoughtful farmer will not
allow, knowing that the timely culti
vation of his crop will save the
double purpose of keeping back or
destroying weeds and all foul stuff,
and of keeping the crop in a thrifty
and growing condition. It Is seldom
that any labor is lost to a growing
the land Is at the same time seeded
with clover or grass to be fed, ' made
into manure or to be plowed under
to restore fertility.!' . -: I
The direct profit from clover or
grass is not as great as from grain,
yet indirectly it is much greater.
What avails it to a farmer if by the
use of expensive concentrated fer
tilizers he is making a few profitable
crops, if meanwhile his land has been
running down until- It ,is nearly
valueless? Southern planters, who
crop year after year . with cotton
grown. ; by 'use . of phosphates, find
their land good for nothing after a
time. Then they abandon it, let It
run wild until nature slowly, In , her
Own way', restores another lneasure
of fertility to bo 'used up as before.
This is not real farming. It; Is the
attempt by speculators to make a
few cotton crops at least expense
without regard to any consequences
to the land they cultivate.
Some of the commercial fertilizers
are so soluble that if not used up by
the first ropthey are liable to be
washed away and wasted during the
ensuing winter. Nitrate of soda is
one. of these. It is a most powerful
NIGHTS' AND LA iTY'S tIONOR-2nd
; and 4thThursday nights in every month
i i i ;- l'." s. i. Xiivni.lL, i .
ful in accumulating money; but
times have changed, and mind has
gained a victory over strength. Suc
cessful farming can only be awarded
to those who, by the exercise of
thought, make every resource avail
able to their interest. There Is no
such thing as success, at the present
time, in haphazzard farming; there
must be order and system, care and
thoughtfulness, in every department
of farm management, or no profit
will be realized.
At the present time of general de
pression in every branch of business,
we can expect only a small margin
of profit, and for that profit we must
take advantage of every means, and
economize in every way. If the
steer raised on the farm, of common
stock, will be worth at three years
old $30, a cross of improved stock
with a little better care, or like age,
would be worth $40. The dairyman
who makes his common herd pay
but $30 a season will, by a little care
in the selection of cows from the best
milking stock and with better at
tention, bring them up to In
feeding for pork, when fed in a care
less and thoughtless way, a bushel of
corn will make but six or seven
pounds; but. when fed with care,
the corn made Into meal and scalded
or properly soaked, a bushel will
make ten or twelve pounds or a gain
of one-third by economy in leeding.
In the making of dairy products, the
range of values are as one to three,
or, in other words, the best butter
sells quicker, Is in better demand at
30 cents than the poorest at 10 cents
or the ordinary at 20 cents.
The grain-grower who cultivates
his land in an ordinary, way has no
regard to rotation of crops, and with
but little care for soil fertilization,
will expend from $4.00 to $6.00 per
acre for crop bt ! whealt, tha ' may
yield from sixteen to twenty bushels,
and at present" prices would bring
$3 or $4 for the "use of land; with the
loss of fertility... TJieA mougnuui
crop, that is expended in destroying stimulant, and can be applied at the
weeds, for the stirring of the surlace
sdl is what crops mast need to give
them healty growth.
' These are a few of the many things
that mark the diuerence between the
farmer of today, and the farmer of
former times the farmer who thinks,
and he who dots not. The farmer
who is successful in his pursuit, and
he who fails, and says farming is a
hard life he will no longer follow.
The man who is too indolent to
think, or too weak to lay plans in
business that will lead to reasonable
success, Is a man behind the age in
which he lives, and will soon find
himself a drudge or a servant of
others. None but the thoughtful,
the diligent, the progressive, belong
in the present age, and none but
those will achieve the rewards be
longing to it. F, P. Root, Monroe
Co., N. Y.
Manuring for Fertility.
1 Poisonous Drapery.
1 ' tfetonnel :oii t"hV cheaper grades of $8 or $10, and the like rule will ap
'which are often used ' in decorating ply to all other grain crops: ; If a crop
rooms, are often more dangerous pf barley is grown, thfarmcrl who is
from' . arecnica'l poisons.' than green not alert may let it become over -ripe
wallpaper. 4 ! ; i'JL. before harvesting, and the grain is
uOiit of fort'v.four aamDlea recently stained and the market value reduc-
examined in London, none weVe free oxl ten cents per bushel. If beans are stable manure, unless extra expense right to think and it is at least good
frnm own n r throo horl nn v : fa nt wrnwn. fhP tnfmcr W in mPfitS Wim "B u;u iuyuhcu hi iccuiug iui ""a mai iney lire uu Hie bcuh.ii ivi
A u w 4 a . -h. w san v "J i v-Bw-pkw t I 1
success allows no time to pass '.unim
proved in harvesting, and securing
the crop undamaged by wet weather;
but the thouehtless farmer allows the
rain and damp ; weather to injure sively thfi crop, home-made stable
farmer has learned 'that,1'' to expend
$3 or $5 per acre nlore in fitting and
fertilizing, the land will safely return
thirty bushels per accg, and a profit
For what is manure, says the
American Cultivator, mainly used?
To make the crop, is the first and
most natural answer to this question.
Until the necessity of making the
soil fertile presses Itself on the farm
er this is the only correct answer.
While land retains most of its virgin
fertility manure is little thought of.
It lies under the barnyards because
the cultivator has not spare time to
draw it away. In the early settle
ment of the Mohawk Valley in
New York State, farmers sometimes
removed their barns to get away
from the acoumulations of manure
that were rotting them down.
Others built their barns close to the
banks of streams for the purpose of
having these bear away the manure
that would otherwise become a nui
sance. Some of them had perhaps
read in ancient history that this was
the way in which Hercules per
formed one of his great labors in
cleaning the Augean stables by turn
ing u river so mat it ran tnrougn
them. The successors of those early
farmers have since bought hundreds
of thousands of dollars worth of com
mercial fertilizers to replace what
their fathers ignorantly threw away.
In modern times, to superficial
view, the relation of the manure to
the crop grown by it becomes all the
time more obvious. We make the
manure so soluble that, as large a
proportion as possible is used by the
first crop. Unless that pays for the
manure applied, it is usually thought
that the experiment in buying ma
nure has proven a mistake. It is
a perfectly natural and reasonable
view for the farmer, heavily in debt,
that whatever he expends in money
must bring its return within the
year. The commercial fertilizer
comes within this category. The
rate of 100 to 150 pounds per acre in
spring to the wheat crop. . Its cost
by the quantity is about three cents
per pound. A dressing of JKU pounds
would furnish nitrogen enough for
twenty seven bushels of wheat and
1,200 'pounds of straw, that would
cost $7.50 and If all the benefit went
to wheat, would immediately pay.
But it is not likely that the wheat
crop during the short time of its
growth in the spring could use so
much. ' A portion must be loft for
the clover and grass following the
grain crop. '
It is argued by some that because
of this diversion of the costly fertili
zer to crops less salable than wheat,
the change can not be made with
profit. This does not follow. If the
first direct benefit of all manures was
given to gra93 and clover we believe
the mass of farmers would be richer
than now. The fertilizer might not
seem to pay so well as when applied
directly to a grain crop, but it would
soon so enrich the soil that the farm
would become selfsupportiug as re
gards fertility, and the furthe pur
chase of commercial manures might
be dispensed with. That' is the
mark toward which the farmer
; Justice to Democrats. -'
Special to Memphis Commercial.
Wabhington, Mar. 20. Speaking
of the Featherstone-Cate contest and
its outcome, today one of the Demo
crats mentioned as being absent said.
The impression has been sent
abroad that Democratic absentees
caused Cate to be unseated. On pa
ges 1,984. to .1,988 of the .Record is
shown every Democrat paired on vo
ting except two, Whitthorne and
Clancy, and every Republican paired
or voting, except five, Carter, Della-
ven, Lows, McCormick and Wright.
There were then 171 Republicans and
159 Democrats, a Republican majority
of twelve. Setting two of the five
not paired against the two Democrats
not paired would leave a Republican
majority of ten, or setting the absen
tees not paired against "the absentees
paired they had seven majority.
Pairing is a matter of honor among
members, recognized by the, rules of
the House, and the absence of
one precludes the, other from
voting, so that the paired member
reduced the vote equally on the two
On calling the previous question
the vote stood 141 Democrats and Re
publicans in the negative and 145 Re
publicans in the affirmative. On the
substitute declaring Cate elected the
vote stood Democrats and Republi
cans 138 affirmative, and Republicans
in the negative 144. On the resolu
tion unseating Cate the vote stood,
yeas, Republican, 147 ; nays, Demo
crat and Republican, 138. On the res
olution seating Featherstone the votes
stood 146 Republican yeas and 135
nays. Only two Republicans voted
with the Democrats and the pro
gramme to unseat Cate, which was
well understood beforehand, was ex
cuted by the Republican party as
originally planned. To make a sen
sation, or to vent somebody's spleen,
men were assailed who were paired
and absent by laws of the House, and
the Republican party was credited
with a degree of honesty at the ex
pense of absent Democrats to which
it is not entitled. 1
Mrs. Michael Curtain, Plainfield,
111., makes the statement that she
caught cold, which settled on her
lungs; she wa3 treated for a month
by her family physician, but grew
worse. He told her she was a hope
less victim of consumption and that
no medicine could cure her. ner
druggist suggested Dr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption: she
bought a bottle and to her delight
found herself benefited from first
dose. She continued its use and after
taking ten bottles,found herself sound
and well, now dcM-s her own house
work and is as well as Khe ever was.
Free trial bottles of this CJreat Dis
covery at Ritchey & Rostick's Drug
The Farmers are Moving.
The farmers of the country, from
one end to the other, are busier in
politics than they have been for
many years. It is a healthful and
and unhealthful sign. It Is 'unhealth
ful because it shows a tremendous
pressure of injustice which1 drives
them to make determined efforts' for
relief. It is healthful because it
shows a spirit fully aroused.' The
farming population is a slow-moving
mass and they bear wrong ' and ' in-
Justice'with wonderful patience. It
is only when 'wrong becomes intoler
able that their vis inertia Is overcome.
We do not agree with all the:' reme
dies sought by the farmers' organiza
tions. Some we think Impracticable
and visionary, some wrong In
principle and mistaken as to the
consequences. But farmers have a
The Q. O P. and Their Tariff Bill.
The McKinley tariff bill continues
to be discussed by the politician, the
press and the people, and may be
said to have thus far received much
the worst of the criticism. The bill
has offended all sorts of Republicans
by showing up the very inconsisten
cies of the system of protection.,
Eastern Republicans are down on it
because it increases the duty on one
import and decreases it on another,
while Western Republicans are down
on the bill because it decreases the
duty on the one and increases it on
the other. The bill is a sham and a
delusion, the trick of pampered trusts,
a blood-sucking enemy to the people.
It will never be enacted into a law
and never should be, but at the same
time the Republican party will neg
lect to offer as a substitute : any bill
whatever, either in the nature of a
relief from the hardships of the pres
ent law or of a revision. The Repub
lican party is pledged to one or the
other, but will eventually be forced
to confess itself unequal to the pledges
it has taken upon itself. In the con
tumely with which tariff failure will
enshroud the party in , power, even
the Reed code and the treasury loot
ing and the seat stealing methods of
the present session may be lost sight
of. .M.L.vJ.i .
traces, twenty oneliad larger traces,
eleven were classed as very bad, and
nine were called "distinctly danger
ous." One v specimen yielded 19J
grains of white arsenic to the square
yard. The greens ' aud blues were
the least harmful, while reds, browns
and blacks were heavily loaded with
poison," ... j,
purpose, does not. - In fact it is often
made by farmers a distinction be
tween the two that while the bought
manure helps mainly if not exclu
My wife for 'several years had been
an invalid and slowly 7 grew worse.
I tried doctors ' but ' Iheir skill
failed. ) A neighbor recommended
Dr.' Rull's ' SarsaparilhV and her
health began to mend 'at bnce. She
weighs fifteen' pourfds more, thin
she did four months ago, and feels
quite strong and well. f7. IT. Strain,
0r, OT i .'..wrs'Mf :'
them in the field, or puts them in
the mow damp where they stain and
are damaged twenty-five or fifty per
cent in value. ' The only profit Is in
always raising the best of all pro
ducts, and in saving expense by the
use or labor-saving macmnerywnen
la the employment of labor on the
farm, a strict regard to economy
must be observed, so that every day's
work will bring its proper return.
Plans of necessary work will be made
in advance, and nothing allowed to
suffer for want of time and attention.
manure helps to keep up fertility of
Yet these two purposes cannot be
kept distinct, let anyone try as they
will. If stable manure did not gen
erally benefit the first crop it would
more often than it is be left undrawn
in the barnyard. If the bought fer
tilizer did not add something to the
fertility of the soiUhe cultivator us
ing it would quickly run ashore. A
single failure of crop from a bad sea
son would strand him. So as com
mercial fertilizers' are mainly sown
with grain to be sold off the farm,
measures oi reuei. iney are tne
natural enemies of trusts and of
exhorbitant tariffs, and their Interests
must make them act with thevDemo
cratic party. There are other tenta
tive theories advanced by some of
their organizations upon which we
think further consideration' will
chauge their views. And we believe
that the final conclusion to which
they will come will be that the"
interests of agriculture in the United
States are suffering not so much for
the need of new legislation as from
unjust laws which need to be repeal
ed. What the farmer needs is a
market in which to buy and s?9,
free from the intermeddling of Gov
ernment, and without having to pay
fines to Government pets.
An Expression of Confidence.
(ico, I'Rowell & Co., of New
York, the publishers of the ! Ameri
can Newspaper Directory, undertake
to rate newspaper circulations ,very
much as the mercantile agencies re
port the capital and credit of the bus
iness community. About one pub
lisher In ten tells his exact issue with
truthful precision. Some of the oth
er nine decline to tell the facts be
cause they assert that those who do
tell are iu the habit of lying. " How
ell & Co., after an experience of more
than twenty years, have come to the
conclusion that this view cannot to
sustained.; In the twenty-second an
nual Issue of their book, now in the
binder's hands, they designate every
paper that,- is rated in accordance
with a detailed statement from the
publisher; and offer to pay a hun
dred dollars for every instance
which can be pointed out of a mis
statement for which a publisher is re
sponsible. The Standard is one of
the papers that is willing to have it
known how many it prints and
whose good faith the Directory pub
lishers will guarantee. ;'(,
Meters. Rowell& Co., also write
us, "It Is a fact that less than one
P iper in stxTEKN has furnished Such
si i dght-out statement of actual issue
as you have done."